Second Ordinance On The Explosives Act

Original Language Title: Zweite Verordnung zum Sprengstoffgesetz

Subscribe to a Global-Regulation Premium Membership Today!

Key Benefits:

Subscribe Now for only USD$20 per month, or Get a Day Pass for only USD$4.99.

Second Regulation on the Explosives Act (2). Explosive V)

Non-tamper table of contents

2. Explosive V

Date of release: 23.11.1977

Full quote:

" Second Ordinance on the Explosives Act in the version of the Notice of 10. September 2002 (BGBl. 3543), as last amended by Article 2 of the Regulation of 26 June 2000. November 2010 (BGBl. I p. 1643) "

:Recaught by Bek. v. 10.9.2002 I 3543;
last modified by Art. 2 V v. 26.11.2010 I 1643

For details, see the Notes

Footnote

(+ + + text evidence from: 1.12.1977 + + +)


for details on the stand. name="BJNR021890977BJNE000204377 " />Non-Official Contents

§ 1 Scope

(1) The Regulation applies to the storage of explosive substances (explosives and explosives). other explosive substances). (2) The Regulation does not apply to explosive substances
1.
on road, rail, water, and aircraft during transport,
2.
on the in number 1 , as far as the materials are kept for the purpose of vehicle operation,
3.
which are in operation,
4.
which are available in the amount required to complete the work,
5.
which is finished or intermediate products for a short period of time.
unofficial table of contents

§ 2 General requirements

(1) Explosive dangerous goods Substances shall be kept in accordance with the provisions of the Annex to this Regulation and, moreover, according to the state of the art, the other secured scientific evidence and the generally accepted rules of safety technology.(2) The rules and findings made known in accordance with Article 6 (4) of the Explosives Act may be deviated if the protection of life, health and property, employees and third parties at least in a comparable manner by other measures can be deviated. is guaranteed. This shall be demonstrated by the competent authority upon request. Non-official table of contents

§ 3 Exceptions

The competent authority may, upon written request, make exceptions to the provisions of the Annex to this Annex. Allow regulation if
1.
is a different, equally effective measure or
2.
the implementation of the provision would lead to a disproportionate degree of hardship in individual cases and the deviation with the protection of employees and third parties; and is compatible with public security concerns.
Non-official table of contents

§ 4 Inventory and tolerability group mapping

(1) Those who manufacture explosive materials which are not yet assigned to a storage group in the intended packaging by the Federal Institute for Materials Research and Testing (Bundesanstalt), will be brought into the scope of the law or to keep it in and store it or leave it to another person, the substances and the type of packaging of the Federal Institute shall be displayed. The display must contain information about
1.
the name of the fabrics,
2.
the chemical composition and physical properties of the fabrics,
3.
the composition (material, form) of packaging, gross mass and volume of packages as well as the mass of substances.
(2) (omitted) (3) The Federal Institute arranges the displayed explosive substances in the intended packaging according to the Points 2.1.2 to 2.1.5 or 3.1.1.1 to 3.1.1.3 of the Annex to this Regulation of the relevant storage group and the explosives of storage groups 1.1 to 1.4 in accordance with point 2.7 (1) in conjunction with Appendix 5 of the Annex to the relevant Tolerability group. It shares the association with the display. It lists the mappings according to sentence 1, which should contain the following information:
1.
the label of the substance or object,
2.
the storage and compatibility group associated with the product,
3.
the security-related packaging features and
4.
if necessary special Safety instructions.
The list is to be interpreted at the Federal Institute during the service hours. At the request of a third party, a copy or reproduction shall be left to the third party for reimbursement of costs.(4) In the case of explosive substances which are intended solely for military use, the competent authority of the Bundeswehr shall be replaced by the Bundesanstalt in the cases referred to in paragraphs 1 and 3.(5) In this case, the storage and compatibility group determined by the Bundesanstalt or by the competent authority of the German Armed Forces shall be based on the storage of explosive materials. Non-official table of contents

§ 5 Type approval

(1) The application for component type approval for components or systems of a warehouse, in particular: for cabinet, shall be subject to the authority competent pursuant to section 17 (4) of the law (approval authority). The application shall be accompanied by the drawings and descriptions of the type and mode of operation, as well as the calculations required, for the purpose of the examination.(2) The authorisation authority may require that it or the body designated by it be entrusted with a model.The authorisation authority may, before deciding on the request, request that an expert opinion be submitted to an expert body to be determined by it.(4) The authorisation authority shall grant the applicant an authorisation certificate. This must contain the following information:
1.
Applicant's name and address,
2.
type and model name of the component or system,
3.
the key features of the component or of the system,
4.
type and shape of the approval mark,
5.
the content limitations and the secondary provisions of the authorisation.
(5) The holder of the authorisation shall affix the approval mark permanently and clearly visibly on each piece of the post-built piece. unofficial table of contents

§ 6 exemption from permit reservation

Small quantities of explosive substances as specified in point 4 of the Annex may be kept without authorization pursuant to Section 17 of the Act. The rights of permission in accordance with § § 7 and 27 of the Act remain unaffected. Non-official table of contents

§ 7 Administrative Offences

Administrative Offences as defined in Section 41 (1) No. 16 of the Explosives Act, who intentionally or negligently contrary to § 5 (5) the approval mark does not apply or not in the prescribed manner. unofficial table of contents

§ 8 (omitted)

- unofficial Table of Contents

§ 9 (Berlin-clause)

- unofficial table of contents

§ 10 (Entry into force, expiry of legislation)

-Non-Official Table of Contents

Annex To § 2 of the Second Regulation on Explosives Act (2. Explosive V)

(site of the original text: BGBl. I 2002, 3546-3554;
of the individual amendments, cf. Footnote) Content Overview
1
definitions
1.1
Explosives
1.2
Other explosives
1.3
Throughput
1.4
Flugfeuer
1.5
Stock
1.6
Net Explosives Mass (NEM)
1.7
Nettomasse
1.8
Location-Fixed Inventory
1.9
Location-moving stock
1.10
Protection distances
1.11
Security spacings
1.12
Explosives
1.13
traffic lanes
1.14
living space
1.15
throwing pieces
1.16
ignition materials
2
Storage of explosives in a warehouse
2.1
General
2.1.1
Storage Groups
2.1.2
Storage Group 1.1
2.1.3
Storage Group 1.2
2.1.4
Storage Group 1.3
2.1.5
Storage Group 1.4
2.2
General Requests
2.2.1
Location to access
2.2.2
Protection and Security Distances
2.2.3
Fire Protection
2.2.4
Electrical Energy Protection
2.2.5
Protection against theft and external action
2.2.6
Protection against water and unauthorized use Access
2.2.7
Other rules
2.3
Non-accessible warehouses
2.3.1
General
2.3.2
SchrankStore Design
2.4
Betretable Camp
2.4.1
General
2.4.2
Ground-covered storage
2.4.3
Free Stock
2.5
Storage in stationary bearings
2.5.1
General
2.5.2
Construction and Setup
2.5.3
Operating Rules
2.6
Storage in transportable bearings
2.6.1
General
2.6.2
Construction and Setup
2.6.3
Operating Rules
2.7
merge
2.8
find ammunition and warrior weapons
3
Storage of other explosive substances in a stock
3.1
general
3.1.1
storage_groups
3.1.1.1
Storage Group I
3.1.1.2
Storage Group II
3.1.1.3
Storage Group III
3.1.2
Storage Group Mapping
3.2
General Requests
3.2.1
Location to access
3.2.2
Protection and Security Distances
3.2.3
Fire Protection
3.3
Storage in stationary bearings
3.3.1
Construction and Setup
3.3.2
Operating rules
3.4
rearrangement
4
Storage of explosives as well as other explosive materials outside of a warehouse (small quantities)
4.1
General
4.2
Explosive Storage Requirements
4.3
Requirements for the storage of other explosive

Asset directory
Appendix 1
Inventory protection distances with Explosives of storage groups 1.1 to 1.4
Appendix 2
Safety distances for storage with explosives in storage groups 1.1 to 1.4
Appendix 3
Protection distances for warehouses with other explosive materials of storage groups I to III
Appendix 4
Safety distances for warehouses with other explosive substances in storage groups I to III
Appendix 5
Compatibility Groups
Attachment 6
Storage of small quantities in the commercial area
Asset 7
non-commercial storage of small
1
definitions
1.1
explosives, explosives, propellant (propellant powder, propellant charges, rocket propellants), pyrotechnic ammunition, pyrotechnic articles, primers, pyrotechnic articles and the explosive substances intended for their production, as well as the substances treated in accordance with Article 1 (2) 2 of the German Accident Hazards (Explosives) and Items.
1.2
Other explosive materials, explosive materials that are not explosives.
1.3
Throughput is the quotient of the net mass of the material used (kg) and the measured burning time (min) determined in case of a fire test for the purpose of assignment to storage groups. For the storage group assignment of the other explosive substances, the burning behaviour of a substance in its packaging, based on a net mass of 10 000 kg, is characterized by the corrected substance throughput A (deep) k (kg/min). It takes into account the degree of completeness and uniformity of the burn-up as well as the heat radiation (emissivity) of the flames.
1.4
Flugfeuersind Burning surrounding parts from a fire or explosion earth.
1.5
Storage area is the one set for the storage of explosive substances Surface.
1.6
Net explosive mass (NEM) mass of the explosives (including the phlegmatizing agents) without their wrapping and packaging.
1.7
NettomasseMass of other explosive materials (including the phlegmatizing agents) without their wrapping and packaging.
1.8
Location-fixed warehouses accessible and non-accessible warehouses that are permanently connected to the ground or remain in the same place for more than six months.
1.9
Location-moving bearings are bearings that are not firmly connected to the ground and remain in the same location for no longer than six months.
1.10
Remote Distances (Distance Range) are the distances to be kept to the public or neighborhood.
1.11
Security clearances (near range) are the distances to be kept within a holding.
1.12
Explosives ind parts of exploding items as specified in item 1.1.
1.13
Road-bound roads, Rail and shipping lanes which are fully accessible to public transport, other than those with a low traffic density.
1.14
The residential area is not -related area of inhabited buildings. Buildings and facilities with rooms that are not only intended for temporary residence of persons and are suitable, are the same as inhabited buildings.
1.15
Litter Parts of the warehouse, its facilities, or the packaging that are produced in the event of an explosion.
1.16
Explosive Materials, which are triggered when a chemical reaction already detonated in small masses.
2
Storage of explosives in a warehouse
2.1
General (1) The requirements of the number 2 apply to explosives.(2) Explosives may not be stored outdoors and on vehicles.
2.1.1
Storage Groups The explosives are divided into four storage groups. Safety requirements arise from the storage group, in particular with regard to the protection and safety distances. The characteristics of the explosives, in particular their behaviour in the packaging in the event of a fire, a deflagration or detonation, and the dangers arising therefrom, are decisive for the classification. In the case of explosives in storage groups 1.1 to 1.3, the seriousness of the damage and the damage range shall be determined by the net explosive mass.
2.1.2
Storage Group 1.1The Explosives of this group can explode in the mass. The surrounding area is endangered by pressure effects (shock waves), by flames and by sprinkles and throwing pieces. In the case of heavy-jacketed objects, an additional danger arises from heavy explosives. Explosives which are assigned to subclass 1.5 in accordance with the provisions of the vehicle regulations are to be treated as explosives in storage group 1.1.
2.1.3
Storage Group 1.2The explosives of this group do not explode in the mass. Objects explode during a fire first of all. In the course of the fire, the number of objects exploding at the same time increases. The pressure effect (shock waves) of the explosions is limited to the immediate environment; there are no or only minor damage to the construction works of the environment. The surrounding area is endangered by light explosives and by flying colours. Continuously thrown objects can explode during the impact and thus transmit fires and explosions. In the case of heavy-jacketed objects, an additional danger arises from heavy explosives. Explosives classified according to the provisions of subclass 1.6 under the law of the vehicle are to be treated as explosives in storage group 1.2.
2.1.4
Storage Group 1.3The explosives of this group do not explode in the mass. They burn very violently and with strong heat development, the fire spreads rapidly. The surrounding area is mainly endangered by flames, thermal radiation and flying colours. Objects can explode occasionally, individual burning packing pieces and objects can be thrown away. The threat to the environment by explosives is low. The buildings in the surrounding area are generally not endangered by pressure effects (shock waves).
2.1.5
Storage Group 1.4The explosives of this group do not pose any problems. significant danger. They burn off, individual items can explode as well. The effects are largely limited to the package. Explosive pieces of dangerous size and flight range do not arise. A fire does not cause an explosion of the entire contents of a package.
2.2
General Requirements
2.2.1
Location of accessible explosives must not be kept immediately at access to workplaces. This does not apply if the protection of the users of the accesses is otherwise given.
2.2.2
Protection and security distances (1) camps must be from residential areas and from At least the protective distances referred to in Appendix 1 and other protective equipment in need of protection and other explosives storage facilities shall have at least the safety distances referred to in Appendix 2.(2) The calculation of the protection and safety distances shall be based on the net explosives mass.(3) If the explosives stored in one place are divided into subsets and if the division of explosives is not subject to simultaneous deflagration or detonation of other subsets, the distances referred to in paragraph 1 shall be determined by the To base the subset, which requires the greatest distance.(4) Where explosives of several storage groups are stored together, the sum of the net explosives of the substances and objects of all storage groups shall be used and the calculation of the distances referred to in paragraph 1 shall be the calculation formula for to use the storage group, which requires the greatest distance from the endangered objects. In this case, net explosive materials of the storage group 1.4 remain unaccounted for, unless a significant increase in danger can occur.
2.2.3
Fire protection (1) Explosives must be stored in such a way that their temperature does not exceed 75 degrees C.(2) Flammable and flammable materials must not be stored at a distance of up to 25 m from the explosives (fire protection area). In this area, it must not be smoked and open light or open fire should not be used.(3) The fire protection area must be marked if the local or operational conditions so require.(4) The fire protection area may be reduced to the extent that fire protection is achieved in an equally effective manner.
2.2.4
Protection from electrical energy Dissolvable objects may not be stored in areas where electromagnetic fields (e.g., currents of electrical installations, high-frequency energy) can act on them in a dangerous manner.
2.2.5
Protection against theft and action from outside (1) bearings are to be built in such a way that explosives are secured against theft. The protective measures shall be in accordance with the possible threat to public safety which may be caused by the improper use of the explosives.(2) bearings for igniters and explosives to be protected equivalent must meet at least the following requirements in terms of design and operation:
-
bearings must not have windows.
-
bearings must have doors that are against the use of force, and of welding and cutting tools and other tools are sufficiently resistant.
-
Blankets (roofs), walls and floors of the warehouses must be sufficient to be resilient.
-
The persons responsible under the law on explosives have to take measures to ensure that the bearings are reliably closed, no longer Key sets present as required for proper operation, the keys to the warehouse are properly stored and unauthorized persons are not accessible, and a suitable control system is available to allow unauthorised removal
(3) Inventory for explosives and explosives to be protected must meet the following requirements with regard to design and operation:
-
Inventory must not have windows.
-
bearings must have doors that provide adequate protection against the application of burglary tools.
-
Blankets (roofs), walls and floors of the warehouses must be sufficiently resilient.
-
The following Persons responsible for the Explosives Act have to take measures to ensure that the bearings are reliably sealed, no more key sets are present than necessary for proper operation, the keys to the warehouse are properly stored and Unauthorised persons are not accessible and a suitable control system is available to prevent unauthorized removal.
(4) Inventory for all other explosives must be subject to the following requirements with regard to the design and operation of the equipment; suffixed:
-
bearings must not have windows. This shall not apply to the storage of non-brittle items of the storage group 1.4 and pyrotechnic articles of categories 1 and 2 belonging to the storage group 1.3.
-
Measures must be taken to ensure that the bearings are reliably closed and that the keys are not accessible.
(5) Protective measures under paragraphs 2 to 4 may be in part, to the extent that an equivalent level of protection is ensured by the installation of hazard warning systems or by means of surveillance.(6) Tools or devices that enable or support theft or burglary operations are to be kept under wraps in a suitable manner outside of operating hours.
2.2.6
Protection against water and unauthorized access (1) bearings are against the intrusion of ground and precipitation water as well as to protect against flooding.(2) Inventory shall be fulfilled if the local or operational conditions so require.
2.2.7
Other provisions (1) Packingpieces or other containers with Explosives are
-
so to place, set and stack, that they do not depend on their location can modify
-
so that safe handling is possible and that its weight does not deform in a way that is dangerous for safety
(2) Explosives which are unusable or whose use is no longer permitted shall be kept separately and separately by species; they shall be disposed of as soon as possible.
2.3
Non-accessible warehouses
2.3.1
General (1) The bearings must be built from non-flammable building materials . They must be firmly attached to a concrete soleplate of at least 0.1 m and be fitted either with an earth overlayer of at least 0.6 m (1.0 m in the case of cabinet bearings) or installed in waxed rock or solid ground.(2) The storage occupancy shall not exceed 1 000 kilograms of NEM. The internal dimensions must be sufficient to be able to handle the storage material without danger.(3) If ignition means are also stored in the bearing, a compartment must be present for the latter, which compartment is divided by a partition and has its own closing device. The separation must be such that the transmission of detonation of the ignition agent to the other explosives is prevented.(4) In the compartment referred to in paragraph 3, the net explosive mass of all ignition agents shall not exceed 4 kg. The net explosive mass of the individual ignition agent shall not exceed 5 g.
2.3.2
Design of SchranklagernFür Schranklager (SchranklagernFor Schranklager), which corresponds to Section 17 (4) of the The provisions of point 2.3.1 (2), (3) and (4) shall apply in accordance with the provisions of the Explosives Act of its type in accordance with the provisions of the Pre-fabricated cabinet bearings must have a sufficiently firm and resistant outer wall.
2.4
Betretable stock
2.4.1
General (1) Storage facilities are only allowed to run in a single-storey manner.(2) Storage buildings must be constructed in fire-resistant construction.(3) Storage buildings for explosives in storage group 1.1 must be provided with a storage capacity of more than 1 000 kg of NEM, either with an earth surplus of at least 0.6 m or fitted in a grown rock or a stable floor. In the case of a storage capacity of up to 1000 kg of NEM, it is sufficient for the storage building to be walled around.(4) doors must be opened to the outside.(5) The internal dimensions must be sufficient to be able to handle the storage material without danger. The height of the storage space must be at least 2 m.(6) If ignition means are also stored in the warehouse, a separate room (compartment, niche, chamber) must be available for the latter with its own closure. The separation must be such that the transmission of detonation of the ignition agent to the other explosives is prevented.(7) In a compartment or a niche referred to in paragraph 6, the net explosive mass of all ignition agents shall not exceed 10 kg. For more than 10 kg, a special chamber is required. The net explosive mass of the individual ignition agent must not exceed 5 g.
2.4.2
Ground-level storage (1) The earth's surplus must be on all sides, except for access, at least 0.6 m.(2) In the case of earth-covered warehouses in blow-out construction, protective measures shall be taken, if necessary, against dangerous effects in the blow-out direction.(3) The ceiling shall not contain any steel or reinforced concrete girth.(4) In the case of warehouses with a hard-to-dismantled ceiling, the ceiling must be firmly anchored to the walls.
2.4.3
Free-standing warehouses (1), which are neither earth-covered nor embellified (free standing warehouses), must have sufficiently resistant ceilings (roofs) and walls if the stored explosives can be endangered by throwing or explosives.(2) Free-standing bearings made of light construction materials may only be erected where a dangerous external action is not to be expected.
2.5
Storage in stationary bearings
2.5.1
General number 2.2 is for the storage groups 1.1 to 1.4, points 2.3 and 2.4 are available only for the storage groups 1.1 to 1.3 and for the storage groups 1.1 to 1.3 and for the storage groups 1.1 to 1.3. Ignition means of the storage group 1.4 Application.
2.5.2
Construction and equipment (1) The floor must-as far as necessary-be electrostatically conductive as well as a density, and have a smooth and easy-to-use surface, and can be easily cleaned. In the floor, channels may be located only if it is ensured that no explosives and no other hazardous materials can be deposited there.(2) Electrical installations and equipment must comply with the provisions applicable to electrical installations in explosives-hazardous premises.(3) The surface temperature of heating surfaces and heating lines in the storage space shall not exceed 120 degrees C and must, moreover, be regulated in such a way that the explosives do not accept temperatures which can lead to a dangerous reaction.(4) bearings must be protected against the dangers arising from atmospheric discharges. If this is not fulfilled by its natural position or sufficient soil release, a lightning protection system must be present.(5) Storage must have sufficient ventilation.(6) On the outside of the inner door or, where there is only one door, on the inside of the door, clearly legible and permanent inscriptions are to be affixed, from which the storage groups, the compatibility groups and the maximum permissible Net explosive materials of the explosives to be stored.
2.5.3
Operating regulations (1) bearings must be preserved in good construction condition. Facilities shall be properly operated and maintained. In the storage rooms and within the enclosure, order and cleanliness must be respected.(2) Explosives shall not be placed on and directly on heating surfaces or heating lines.(3) Only equipment and tools which are necessary for the storage or use of the stored explosives and which cannot lead to an increase in danger may be stored and used in the warehouse.(4) Explosives may only be stored in the shipping packaging; this may be dismissed for operational reasons if the containers are so closed and procure that the contents are not impaired and that explosives are not can reach the outside.(5) Only persons responsible under the Explosives Act, or only under their supervision and, incidentally, only after their instruction, may enter the camp.(6) Only the work necessary to carry out the operation must be carried out in warehouses, including the removal of samples and the identification of the samples.(7) Fire or hot work shall only be carried out if all explosives are removed, the warehouse is cleaned and a written permission of the person responsible under the Explosives Act has been issued. The work may only be carried out under expert supervision.(8) Existence of risks of external exposure to explosives (e.g. fire, thunderstorms), employees and third parties must immediately leave the danger zone or go into cover. As far as possible, the danger zone must be blocked. Other employees and third parties must be warned of the danger.(9) Electrical installations, alarm systems and lightning protection systems must be checked before the warehouse is put into operation and at least once a year to ensure that they are in a proper state of operation. A certificate shall be issued on the outcome of the examination. The certificate must be kept.
2.6
Storage in transportable bearings
2.6.1
General number 2.2 finds for the storage groups 1.1 to 1.4, the numbers 2.3 and 2.4 can be found only for the storage groups 1.1 to 1.3 and for the ignition means of the storage group 1.4. Application.
2.6.2
Construction and device (1) number 2.5.2 (2), (3) and (6) apply.(2) Section 2.5.2 (4) shall apply. This does not apply to steel cabinets.
2.6.3
Operating rules (1) point 2.5.3 (1) to (5) and (9) apply.(2) Only the works necessary for the operation of the warehouse may be carried out in the warehouse and in its immediate vicinity. In addition, a stay is not permitted here.(3) With the exception of the works necessary for the storage, only works which do not pose a risk shall be carried out at a distance of 25 m from explosives. This has to be determined beforehand by the person responsible under the Explosives Act. Fire or hot work shall not be carried out until all explosives are removed, the warehouse is cleaned and a written permission from the person responsible under the law on explosives has been issued. Fire or hot works may only be carried out under expert supervision.(4) In the event of danger (e.g. fire, thunderstorms) employees and third parties must immediately leave the danger zone or go into cover. As far as possible, the danger zone must be blocked. Other employees and third parties must be warned of the danger.
2.7
Storage (1) Explosives will be subject to their compatibility with the Concreting in compatibility groups according to Appendix 5.(2) Explosives may be stored together in one room according to the following table:

Compatibility group_ABCDEFGHJLNS
A x
B x  x
C x x x x a) b) x
D x x x x  a) b) x
E x x x x a) b) x
F  x x
G x x x x x
H  x x
J x x
L  c)
N a) b) a) b) a) b) a) x
S x x x x x x x x xx


It means:
1.
combinations identified with "X": A aggregation is allowed;
2.
with "a)" marked combinations: Different types of items that conform to the classification 1.6N according to the law of the fare may only be used as objects the storage groups 1.2 are stored together, if it is shown by tests or by analogy, that there is no additional risk of detonation by transmission between the objects; otherwise, they shall be deemed to be objects of the storage group 1.1;
3.
combinations marked with "b)": When objects of the compatibility group N with substances or objects of the compatibility groups C, D or E are stored together, the items of the compatibility group N shall be treated as if they had the properties of the compatibility group D;
4.
"(c)" marked combinations: explosives of compatibility group L may be stored together with packages containing similar explosives of this compatibility group.
(3) Explosives may not be used with other materials. Materials that contribute to increasing the risk.
2.8
Fundmunition and warrior weapons The numbers 2.1 to 2.7 are also available on
3
Storage of other explosive substances in a warehouse
3.1
General (1) The requirements of point 3 apply to explosive substances which are not explosives and which cannot explode in the mass. They are hereinafter referred to as substances.(2) Point 3, except point 3.2.2, shall also apply to explosive substances which are not explosives but which can explode in the mass (storage group 1.1). In addition, points 2.2.2 and 2.2.6 shall apply to this group of substances.(3) Substances may be stored in storage buildings or in storage rooms of one or more floors. Only those substances for which this is not excluded in the storage group assignment taking into account the thermal stability of the substance and the nature of the packaging must be kept in the open air.
3.1.1
Storage Groups The fabrics are divided into storage groups. The classification shall be based on the properties of the substances, in particular their behaviour in the case of burning off in the packaging, and the resulting risks. The safety requirements are derived from the storage group, in particular with regard to the protection and safety distances.
3.1.1.1
Storage Group I (1) The substances of these Group burn very violently under strong heat development. The fire is spreading rapidly. The packages can also explode singly with a low pressure effect; the entire contents of a package can thereby be implemented. Packing pieces can be thrown away. The danger to the environment by throwing pieces is low. The buildings in the surrounding area are generally not endangered by pressure effects.(2) The storage group is divided into Ia and Ib. The storage group Ia comprises the substances having a corrected substance throughput A (deep) k greater than or equal to 300 kg/min, the storage group Ib the substances having an A (low) k value greater than or equal to 140 kg/min, but less than 300 kg/min.
3.1.1.2
Storage Group II (1) The fabrics of this group burn heavily under strong heat development. The fire is spreading rapidly. The packages can also explode in a single tent with a low pressure effect; however, the entire contents of the package do not thereby change. The surrounding area is mainly endangered by flames and thermal radiation. Buildings in the surrounding area are not endangered by pressure effects.(2) Storage Group II comprises the substances having an A (deep) k value greater than or equal to 60 kg/min, but less than 140 kg/min.
3.1.1.3
Storage Group III (1) The substances of this Storage group burn off, with the burning rate and effects of the fire being comparable to combustible materials.(2) The storage group III comprises the substances with an A (low) k-value less than 60 kg/min.
3.1.2
Storage group allocation (1) The storage group allocation results from the corrected substance throughput A (deep) k.(2) The substance throughput referred to in paragraph 1 shall be determined by tests. It may also be determined on the basis of experience with comparable substances.(3) For substances of storage group Ia, the A (deep) k value is part of the storage group name.
3.2
General requirements
3.2.1
The location of accessible materials must not be kept directly at access to workplaces. This does not apply if the protection of the users of the accesses is given in other ways.
3.2.2
Protection and security distances (1) camps must be of residential areas and of At least the safety distances referred to in Appendix 3 and the safety distances referred to in Appendix 4 for the protection of buildings and installations in need of protection and of the storage facilities for explosive substances shall be at least the same.(2) In the determination of the distances, the net mass of the substances shall be taken as a basis.(3) If the substances stored in one place are divided into subsets and, by means of this subdivision, a simultaneous burn-off of other subsets is excluded, the distance referred to in paragraph 1 shall be taken as the basis for the determination of the distances referred to in paragraph 1, which shall: requires the greatest distance.(4) Where substances from a number of storage groups are stored together, the sum of the net masses of the substances of all the storage groups shall be the determining factor for the determination of the distances referred to in paragraph 1 and shall be based on the storage group which shall be the largest distance from the storage group. at risk objects. In this case, net masses of the storage group III remain unaccounted for, unless a significant increase in danger can occur.
3.2.3
Fire protection (1) At a distance to 25 m of the stored substances shall be defined as a fire protection area, which shall be marked if the local or operational conditions so require.(2) The fire protection area may be reduced to the extent that fire protection is achieved in an equally effective manner.(3) Suitable fire-fighting equipment must be available and accessible at any time.
3.3
Storage in stationary bearings
3.3.1
Construction and equipment (1) The storage buildings or storage rooms in single or multi-storey buildings must be constructed of non-combustible building materials. This does not apply to roof structures, doors, windows as well as relief surfaces in lightweight construction.(2) The floor must-as far as necessary-be electrostatically conductive, have a density, level and tread-proof surface and can be easily cleaned. In the floor, channels may be located only if it is ensured that no substances and no other dangerous materials can be deposited there.(3) Electrical installations and equipment must comply with the provisions applicable to electrical installations in hazardous premises at risk of explosives.(4) bearings must be designed in such a way that the substances do not accept temperatures which can lead to dangerous reactions.(5) bearings must be protected against the dangers arising from atmospheric discharges.(6) In the storage area, clearly legible and permanent inscriptions are to be applied, from which the storage groups and the maximum permissible net masses of the substances to be stored are produced.(7) In the case of outdoor storage, the packages or other containers shall be protected from the effects of weather which may lead to an increase in danger. Paragraphs 2, 3, 5 and 6 shall apply mutatily.(8) Free warehouses are to be met if the local or operational conditions so require.
3.3.2
Operating regulations (1) Stock must be in good construction Condition is obtained. The facilities shall be properly operated and maintained. In the storage rooms it is necessary to pay attention to order and cleanliness.(2) Substances may only be stored in the shipping packaging. This may be dismissed for operational reasons, if
-
procure the containers in such a way, and are closed, that the contents are not impaired and substances cannot reach the outside, and
-
the substances also in these containers of a storage group
(3) Packings or other containers shall be placed or stacked in such a way that
-
they cannot change their position from themselves,
-
they don't weight them in one of the security to be deformed,
-
it is possible to use it safely and
-
which is (
) Only equipment and tools necessary for the storage or use of the stored substances may be used in the storage area
and that could not lead to an increase in the risk.(5) Camp may only be entered by the persons authorized to do so.(6) Only the work necessary to carry out the operation must be carried out in warehouses, including the removal of samples and the identification of the samples.(7) Fire or hot work shall only be carried out if all the substances have been removed from the storage area, but at least from the environment of the working area, which is at risk from heat or spark, and this is cleaned and a written Permission has been granted by the responsible person. The work may only be carried out under expert supervision.(8) The risk of external exposure to the substances (e.g. fire) may not be present in persons in the camp. This shall not apply to persons who are used in the event of danger to the security. Employees and third parties must immediately leave the danger zone. As far as possible, the danger zone must be blocked. Other employees and third parties must be warned of the danger.(9) The electrical installations must be tested at least once a year prior to putting into service and, at least once a year, on their regular condition. The lightning protection systems shall be tested at least every three years.(10) Substances may not be placed on and directly on heating surfaces or heating lines.(11) If the storage temperature does not exceed or fall below a certain limit value (maximum or lowest storage temperature), it shall be monitored-if necessary-.(12) Substances that have a temperature higher than the maximum storage temperature by more than 10 degrees C shall not be stored.(13) In the area of fire protection, smoking must not be allowed and open light or open fire must not be used. Highly flammable or flammable materials may not be present in the immediate vicinity of the storage area.(14) In the case of substances which can be unmixed during storage, adequate phlegmatisation shall be ensured by means of appropriate measures.(15) A maximum storage period must be established during storage with a dangerous reduction in the stability of the substances. This must not be exceeded.(16) Substances which have come into an irreversible state which may lead to a dangerous reaction, or other substances which are no longer usable, shall be kept separately and separately by species; they shall be as soon as possible;
3.4
Storage fabrics must not be stored together with explosives. Various substances may only be stored together with each other or with other materials in so far as a significant increase in the risk of danger cannot occur.
4
Storage of explosives and other explosive materials outside of an approved warehouse (small quantities)
4.1
General
(1)
Explosives and other explosive substances may be kept outside an approved warehouse up to the net explosives or net masses (small quantities) fixed in Annexes 6 and 7, subject to the following requirements. The maximum permissible mass can be distributed over several rooms of the same type, but it must be used only once.
(2)
The control of small quantities is not to be applied to the storage of explosives and substances of several lines of the tables of Annexes 6 and 7. This does not apply in the cases referred to in point 4.2 (1).
(3)
Appendices 1 to 4 do not apply to the storage of small quantities.
4.2
Requirements for the storage of explosives (1) Shall explosives and other explosive substances present in different rows of tables of Appendix 6 or Appendix If they are listed together in a room, the maximum permissible total occupancy for this room shall be the smallest maximum permissible net explosive mass or net mass of the relevant rows. By way of derogation from the first sentence, the explosives and detonation cords listed in row 1 of the tables of Appendix 6 or Appendix 7 may, together with the ignition means listed in row 8 of the tables, be allowed to appear up to the maximum number of the explosive devices listed in the tables. the maximum permissible net explosive mass shall be retained if the ignition means are stored in containers which prevent the transmission of detonation from the ignition means to the explosives.(2) Where there are several types of storage in a building of the same type, or where the building is used by several undertakings at the same time, point 4.1 (1), second sentence, second half-sentence shall not apply to pyrotechnic articles of the same type. Storage Group 1.4 in Appendix 6, if the storage locations are in different fire sections. For pyrotechnic articles falling within category 2 of storage group 1.4 in Appendix 6, this shall apply only for the period October to March inclusive.(3) If explosives and other explosive substances are to be stored in a transportable manner, the installation shall be in accordance with the authority responsible for the fire protection sector.(4) Explosives may only be stored in suitable rooms.(5) It is necessary to take the necessary measures to prevent the theft and unauthorized removal of explosives.(6) Point 2.7 shall apply.(7) Explosives intended for the blading shall be kept for a maximum of one week.(8) In the event of danger, the person who intervenes in the security of the security shall be known to the place of storage.(9) Explosives must be kept in such a way that their temperature does not exceed 75 degrees C.(10) In the storage room, it is not possible to use smoked or open light or open fire. Flammable or flammable materials must not be stored in the immediate vicinity of the explosives. Suitable fire-fighting equipment must be available and accessible at any time.(11) Explosives may only be stored in the shipping packaging or in the smallest packaging unit. In the case of broken packages, measures must be taken to ensure that the contents are not impaired and that the explosives cannot reach the outside.(12) Explosives may be stored in a container only separately from objects with an ignition material. The separation must be such that the transfer of a detonation to the other explosives is prevented.(13) Containers are to be protected from outside dangerous effects. They must be kept in such a way that, in the event of an explosion, the effect of dangerous sprenchings and litter remains confined to the immediate environment.(14) Containers must be externally provided with the hazard pictogram "GHS01" in accordance with Article 19 (i). V. m. Annex V, point 1.1 of Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 of 16 June 2008 December 2008 shall be in the current version in each case. Up to the 31. The container may instead use the symbol "E" in accordance with Annex II to Directive 67 /548/EEC of 27 May 2015. June 1967, respectively, in the current version. The hazard pictogram or danger symbol must be permanent and visible.
4.3
Requirements for the storage of other explosive hazardous substances. Substances (1) Substances may only be stored in suitable rooms.(2) The necessary measures shall be taken to prevent the unauthorised removal of substances.(3) Point 3.4 shall apply mutatily.(4) Are substances of different storage groups (cf. Point 3.1.1) is stored in a storage room together, the maximum permissible total occupancy for this room is the net mass of the storage group with the maximum permissible laden mass of the storage group according to annexes 6 and 7. the highest degree of danger.(5) In the event of danger, the person who intervenes in the security of the security shall be notified of the place of storage.(6) Substances must be kept in such a way as to ensure that the permissible storage temperature is not exceeded.(7) In the storage room, it is not possible to use smoked or open light or open fire. Easily flammable or flammable materials must not be stored in the immediate vicinity of the substances. Suitable fire-fighting equipment must be available and accessible at any time.(8) Substances may only be stored in the shipping packaging or in the smallest packaging unit. In the case of broken packages, measures must be taken to ensure that the contents are not impaired and that the substances cannot reach the outside.
unofficial table of contents

Appendix 1 to the Appendix 1 to the Appendix for protective distances in accordance with point 2.2.2 of the Appendix for Inventory Explosives of Storage Groups 1.1 to 1.4

(site of the original text: BGBl. I 2002, 3555;
of the individual amendments, cf. Footnote)
1
General (1) The shelters of the camps to objects in which human gatherings are permanent or common , or to increase the size of objects of particular importance or design with respect to the distances of the number 2.(2) In the case of bearings erected on embankments, the protective spacings can be reduced in the directions in which the pressure effects (shock waves) are to be expected to be lower. If increased effects are to be expected in one direction, the distance to be protected in this direction is to be increased.
2
Protection distances for bearings with explosives of the individual storage groups
2.1
Storage Group 1.1 (1) For warehouses with explosives of storage group 1.1, a guard distance must be maintained. The guard distance is calculated
1.
to residential areas according to the Formula E = 22 x M1/3*); an additional hazard due to heavy explosives, however, must be kept at a minimum distance of 275 m;
2.
on transport routes according to the formula E = 15 x M1/3*); there is an additional hazard due to heavy explosive devices, but must be kept at a minimum distance of 180 m.
(2) In the case of low-cost local conditions, the storage group 1.1 can be used for storage in the case of a storage capacity up to 4 000 kg NEM shall be reduced by 20 per cent the distances specified in paragraph 1.
2.2
Storage Group 1.2For storage with explosives of storage group 1.2, a Protection distance is maintained. The guard distance is calculated:
1.
to residential areas
a)
after the Formula E = 58 x M1/6*); however, it is a minimum distance of 90 m ;
b)
according to the Formula E = 76 x M1/6*) in the case of heavy-jacketed objects, which give an additional hazard due to heavy explosives; However, a minimum distance of 135 m must be observed
2.
to traffic routes
a)
after formula E = 39 x M1/6*); however, it must be kept at a minimum distance of 60 m;
b)
the Formula E = 51 x M1/6*) for heavy-jacketed objects, which provides an additional hazard due to heavy explosive devices; however, it must be kept at a minimum distance of 90 m.
2.3
Storage Group 1.3 (1) For warehouses with explosives of storage group 1.3, a protective distance has to be maintained. The guard distance is calculated
1.
to residential areas according to the Formula E = 6.4 x M1/3*); it is but a minimum distance of 60 m;
2.
for traffic routes according to the formula E = 4.3 x M1/3*); however, it is a minimum distance of 40 m .
(2) With a storage capacity of up to 100 kg NEM, a protective distance is not required. However, constructional measures must ensure that no effect occurs to the outside or only in the non-dangerous direction.(3) If special protective measures are taken, the protection distance in the protected direction of action can be partially or completely eliminated in the case of a storage assignment of more than 100 kg NEM. The same applies, if the fire behaviour of the packaged explosives justifies this.(4) If explosives of storage group 1.3 are stored in such a way that an explosion can be expected to result in an explosion, the protective distances of the storage group 1.1 shall apply to these bearings.
2.4
Storage Group 1.4 (1) For warehouses with explosives of storage group 1.4, a protective distance is not required with a storage capacity of up to 100 kg NEM.(2) In the case of a storage occupancy of more than 100 kg NEM, a distance of at least 25 m must be maintained for the protection of residential areas and traffic routes.(3) If special protective measures are taken, the protection distance in the protected direction of action can be partially or completely eliminated in the case of a storage assignment of more than 100 kg NEM.
*)
E = Distance in Meter
M = net explosives mass in kilograms.
unofficial table of contents

Appendix 2 Annex Safety distances as specified in point 2.2.2 of the Annex to the Inventory of Explosives of Storage Groups 1.1 to 1.4

The original text: BGBl. I 2002, 3556-3563;
of the individual amendments, cf. Footnote)
1
General
1.1
Each Warehouse represents both a hazardous object (donor) and an endangered object (acceptor).
1.2
The safety distances for bearings with explosives of the Storage Groups 1.1 and 1.3 are based on the formula
E = k X M (high) 1/3 *)
toif minimum distances are not set
1.3
Minimum distances are set for storage with explosives in storage groups 1.2 and 1.4.
1.4
The distance between two warehouses must be calculated by both the donor and the acceptor; for the safety margin, the greater value is the most significant.
1.5
When defining the direction of action on the blow-out pages, the section shaded in the figure below (angle of opening 60 degrees) is
(: non-representable illustration,
Fundstelle: BGBl. I 2002, 3556)
-----
*)
E = Distance in meters.
k = Constant, which depends on the storage groups, the type and the protectors of the donor and acceptor.
M=net explosives mass in kilograms.
1.6
Explosives of storage group 1.3 are stored in such a way that The safety distances of the storage group 1.1.
2
Safety distances for storage in the case of an explosion can be expected to be caused by an explosion.
2
Operations in which explosives are manufactured, processed, processed, recovered or destroyed
2.1
As a function of their design, they are designed for use in the storage of explosive materials. Explosives
-
of storage groups 1.1 and 1.3 the k-factors or the minimum distances in tables 1 and 2 and 5,
-
Storage Groups 1.2 and 1.4 are the security distances in Tables 3 and 4, and 6
. For the tables, use the column with the symbol that corresponds to the conditions in the direction of action.
2.2
For storage with explosives of the storage group 1.1 the distances must be increased if the design or location of the building (Donator) is expected to have a directed effect (focusing).
2.3
For stock with explosives in storage groups 1.1 to 1.3, the distance may be reduced or eliminated in the case of small net explosive materials or by the nature of the explosives or by means of structural measures to ensure that the explosive substances are not dangerous effect cannot occur in a certain direction.
2.4
Places are more likely to be considered as buildings of light construction. Also the buildings of the non-hazardous operating part are to be considered as an acceptor.
2.5
Buildings with explosives without permanent jobs will be like buildings of the Columns A 5 to A 8 of Tables 1 to 5 are treated.
3
Safety clearances for other storage warehouses with explosives in storage groups 1.1 to 1.4 are usually the k factors or the minimum distances depending on the type to be used in accordance with Table 7.


(Fundstelle: BGBl. I 2010, 1681)
Table 1

Safety clearances for bearings with explosives in storage group 1.1 according to Appendix 2, point 2
-k factors and minimum distances-Explosives that do not explode in the event of an explosion
Dangerous Operating Part Harmless
Operating PartIn Impact directionBuildings and places with
explosives
(except warehouse) Explosives-onerous buildingsearth-covered with wall *)
or heavy walls
and heavy roof with wall *)
or heavy walls
and light roofing without wall *) earth-covered with wall *)
or heavy walls
and heavy roof design with wall *)
or heavy walls
and light roof design without wall *) buildings that are the
Manufacture of service-onerous buildingsHazed object
(acceptor A)




dangerous object
(Donator D)A 1A 2A 3A 4A 5A 6A 7A 8A 9A 10A 11
In action direction Earth-covered D 1 2, 5 3, 0 3, 5 4, 0 0, 8 2, 5 3, 0 4, 0 4, 0 8, 0
(30 m) **)
8, 0
(30 m) * *)
with Wall *) ,
heavy roof execution
D 2 2, 5 4, 0 6, 0 6, 0 0, 8 2, 5 4, 0 6, 0 4.0 2) 8, 0
(30 m) * *)
8, 0
(30 m) * *)
with Wall *),
lightweight Roof construction
D 3  2, 5 3, 0 3, 5 5, 0 0, 8 2, 5 3, 0 5, 0 4, 02) 8, 0
(30 m) * *)
8, 0
(30 m) * *)
without Wall *) D 4  2, 5 4, 5 6, 0 8,0 1) 0, 8 2, 5 4, 0 8, 01) 6, 0
(30 m) * *)
8, 01)
(30 m) * *)
8,01)
(30 m) * *)
*)
or equivalent (r) protection device, a fire wall is not considered to be equivalent
* *)
= Minimum distances
1)
Only allowed with particularly favorable local or operational conditions.
2)
If the donor is a bearing, the k-factors of the column A 4.
Notes:For storage volumes of more than 1 000 kg of NEM, the warehouse must be provided with an earth quilting or in grown rock or solid soil
In the case of storage quantities of up to 1000 kg of NEM, it is sufficient for the bearing to be relocated (cf. No. 2.4.1 (3)


(found: BGBl. I 2010, 1682)
Table 2

Safety clearances for bearings with explosives in storage group 1.1 according to Appendix 2, point 2
-k factors and minimum distances-
Explosives that are heavy explosives in an explosion
Dangerous Operating Part Harmless
Operating PartIn Impact directionBuildings and places with
explosives
(except warehouse) Explosives-onerous buildingsearth-covered with wall *)
or heavy walls
and heavy roof with wall *)
or heavy walls
and light roofing without wall *) earth-covered with wall *)
or heavy walls
and heavy roof design with wall *)
or heavy walls
and light roof design without wall *) buildings that are the
Manufacture of service-onerous buildingsHazed object
(acceptor A)




dangerous object
(Donator D)A 1A 2A 3A 4A 5A 6A 7A 8A 9A 10A 11
In action direction Earth-covered D 1 2, 5 3, 0 3, 5 4, 0 0, 8 2, 5 3, 0 4, 0 8, 0
(40 m) * *)
8, 0
(40 m) * *)
8, 0
(150 m) * *)
with Wall *) ,
heavy roof execution
D 2 2, 5 4, 0 6, 0 6, 0 0, 8 3, 0 4, 0 6, 01) 8,0 1)
(40 m) * *)
8, 01)
(40 m) * *)
8, 0
(150 m) * *)
with Wall *),
lightweight roof execution
D 3 2, 5 4, 0 6, 01) 8, 01) 0, 8 3, 0 6, 01) 8, 01) 8, 01)
(40 m) * *)
8, 01)
(40 m) * *)
8, 0
(150 m) * *)
without wall *) D 4  2, 5 6, 0 8, 01) 8, 01)
(180 m)**)
0, 8 4, 5 8, 01) 8, 01)
(180 m) * *)
8, 01)
(180 m) * *)
8, 01)
(180 m) * *)
8, 0
(275 m) * *)
*)
or equivalent (r) protection device, a fire wall shall not be considered as equivalent
* *)
= Minimum distances
1)
Only allowed with especially favorable local or operational conditions.
2)
If the donor is a bearing, the k-factors of the column A 4.
Remarks:For storage quantities of more than 1 000 kg NEM, the warehouse must be provided with a soil or in grown rock, or
In the case of storage quantities of up to 1 000 kg of NEM, it is sufficient for the bearing to be placed around the bearing (cf. No. 2.4.1 (3)


(BGBl. I 2010, 1683)
Table 3

Safety clearances for bearings with explosives in storage group 1.2 according to Appendix 2, point 2
-Minimum distances-
Explosives that do not explode in the event of an explosion
dangerous operating part-dangerous
operating partIn the direction of actionbuildings and Places with
explosives
(except bearings) Explosives-onerous buildingsEarth-covered with wall *)
or heavy walls
and heavy roof running with wall *)
or heavy walls
and lighter Wall *) ground cover with wall *)
or heavy walls
and heavy roof design with wall *)
or heavy walls
and light roof design without wall *) Buildings that are used by the
manufacturing BuildingHazed object
(acceptor A)




dangerous object
(Donator D)A 1A 2A 3A 4A 5A 6A 7A 8A 9A 10A 11
In action direction Earth-covered D 1 (-) **)
25 m 1)
(-) * *)
25 m1)
(-) * *)
25 m1)
(-) * *)
25 m1)
(-) * *)
25 m1)
(-) * *)
25 m1)
(-) * *)
25 m1)
(-) * *)
25 m1)
25 m 40 m 60 m
with Wall *) ,
heavy roof execution
D 2 (-) * *)
25 m1)
15 m
25 m1)
15 m
25 m1)
15 m
25 m1)
(-) * *)
25 m1)
10 m
25 m1)
15 m
25 m1)
15 m
25 m1)
25 m 40 m 60 m
with Wall *),
lightweight roof execution
D 3 (-) * *)
25 m1)
25 m 60 m 75 m (-) * *)
25 m1)
10 m
25 m1)
60 m 75 m 75 m 75 m 90 m
without wall *) D 4 (-) * *)
25 m1)
25 m 75 m 90 m (-) * *)
25 m1)
25 m 75 m 90 m 90 m 90 m90 m
*)
or equivalent (r) protection device, a fire wall is not considered to be equivalent
* *)
= no distance control
1)
This distance is valid for items with their own drive, for example: B. Missiles.

(Fundstelle: BGBl. I 2010, 1684)
Table 4

Safety clearances for bearings with explosives in storage group 1.2 according to Appendix 2, point 2
-Minimum distances-
Explosives that are heavy explosives in an explosion
Dangerous Operating Part Harmless
operating partIn the direction of actionBuildings and places with
explosives
(excluding warehouses) Storage with explosives onerous buildingsearth-covered with wall *)
or heavy walls
and heavy roof construction with wall *)
or heavy walls
and lighter Wall *) ground cover with wall *)
or heavy walls
and heavy roof design with wall *)
or heavy walls
and light roof design without wall *) Buildings that are used by the
manufacturing BuildingHazed object
(acceptor A)




dangerous object
(Donator D)A 1A 2A 3A 4A 5A 6A 7A 8A 9A 10A 11
In action direction Earth-covered D 1 (-) **)
25 m 1)
(-) * *)
25 m1)
(-) * *)
25 m1)
(-) * *)
25 m1)
(-) * *)
25 m1)
(-) * *)
25 m1)
(-) * *)
25 m1)
(-) * *)
25 m1)
40 m 60 m 75 m
with Wall *) ,
heavy roof execution
D 2 (-) * *)
25 m1)
15 m
25 m1)
40 m 40 m (-) * *)
25 m1)
10 m
25 m1)
25 m 25 m 60 m 75 m 100 m
with Wall *),
light roof design
D 3 (-) * *)
25 m1)
25 m 100 m 135 m (-) * *)
25 m1)
10 m
25 m1)
100 m 135 m 135 m 135 m 135 m
without wall *) D 4 (-) * *)
25 m1)
25 m 135 m 135 m (-) * *)
25 m1)
25 m 135 m 135 m 135 m 135 m135 m
*)
or equivalent (r) protection device, a fire wall is not considered to be equivalent
* *)
= no distance control
1)
This distance applies to items with their own drive, for example: B. Missiles.

(Fundstelle: BGBl. I 2010, 1685)
Table 5

Safety clearances for bearings with explosives in storage group 1.3 according to Appendix 2, point 2
-k factors and minimum distances-
Hazy operating part harmless
operating partIn the direction of actionBuildings and places with
explosives
(except Warehouse) Storage with explosives-onerous buildingsEarth-covered fire wall wall fire resistance-
stand-class F 30
with wall *) wall fire resistance-
stand-class F 30 without
wall *) or blow-out side
with or without Wall *) Earth-covered firewall wall Fire resistance-
stand-class F 30
with wall *) Wall fire resistance-
stand-class F 30 without
Wall *) or blow-out side
with or without wall *) Buildings that are used by the
manufacturing BuildingHazed object
(acceptor A)




dangerous object
(Donator D)A 1A 2A 3A 4A 5A 6A 7A 8A 9A 10A 11
In action direction Earth-covered D 1 (-) (10 m) 1, 0
(10 m)
1, 25
(15 m)
(-) (-) (-) 1, 25
(15 m)
1, 4
(15 m)
1, 4
(40 m)
1, 4
(60 m)
openless fire wall D 2  (10 m) 1, 0
(10 m)
1, 25
(15 m)
1, 4
(15 m)
(-) (-) 1, 25
(10 m)
1, 4
(15 m)
1, 7
(15 m)
1, 7
(40 m)
1, 7
(60 m)
Wall Fire resistance class F 30 with wall *) D 3 1, 0
(10 m)
1, 25
(15 m)
1, 4
(20 m)
1, 7
(25 m)
(-) (-) 1, 4
(15 m)
1, 4
(20 m)
2, 5
(30 m)
4, 3
(40 m)
4, 3
(40 m)
Wall Fire resistance class F 30 without wall *) or unprotected or Ausblaseseite, but with Wall *) D 4 1, 4
(15 m)
1, 4
(15 m)
1, 7
(20 m)
2, 0
(25 m)
(-) 1, 25
(10 m)
1, 4
(20 m)
1, 7
(20 m)
3, 2
(40 m)
4, 3
(60 m)
4, 3
(60 m)
unprotected or Blow-out page without wall *) D 5 1, 4
(15 m)
1, 7
(20 m)
2, 0
(25 m)
3.2 1)
(40 m)
(-) 1, 4
(20 m)
1, 4
(25 m)
3, 21)
(40 m)
4, 31)
(60 m)
4, 31)
(60 m)
6,4
(60 m)
*)
or equivalent (r) protection device; (-) = no distance control; () = minimum distance
1)
Only allowed with particularly favorable local or operational conditions.
Remarks:a)The roof must match the same fire resistance class as the walls. This does not apply to buildings with a blow-out side if the roof is used as an additional relief surface.
b) For donors, where an explosion of explosives can be expected in the manner of storage conditions, the distances of Table 1 must be maintained.
c)The table applies to quantities greater than 10 kg; for smaller quantities, the distance after the relationship is 0.1 × quantity [kg] × minimum distance [m] to


(Fundstelle: BGBl. I 2002, 3562;
of the individual amendments, cf. Footnote)
Table 6
Safety distances for warehouses with explosives of storage group 1.4 according to Appendix 2, point 2
Distance between buildings at least 10 m.
Is by building measures, at least A fire wall ensures that no hazardous effect occurs on adjacent buildings, the distance can be reduced or it can be omitted.


(Fundstelle: BGBl. I 2010, 1686)
Table 7

Safety clearances for bearings with explosives in storage group 1.1 to 1.4 according to Appendix 2 number 3
-k factors and minimum distances-
Storage Group Endangered Object
(Acceptor A)



dangerous object
(Donator D) Explosives-vulnerable storage
Operating buildings and
attachments 1)Unprotected
in the direction of impact

Earth-coveredA 1A 2A 3
1.1 D 1 In the direction of action unprotected 8,0 2) 3)
(180 m) *)
0, 8 8, 03)
(180 m) *)
D 2 In the direction of action on earth 4, 0 0, 8 4, 04)
1.2 D 1 Unprotected in the direction of action  (90 m) 4) *) (25 m) *) (90 m)4) *)
D 2 In the direction of action on earth  (-) 5) **) (-)5) * *) (25 m) *)
1.3 D 1 In Effect direction unprotected or Ausblaseseite 3, 22)
(40 m) *)
(-)5) * *) 4, 32)
(60 m) *)
D 2 Unprotected in the direction of action,
wall, however, at least fire resistance class F 30
1, 7
(20 m) *)
(-)5) * *) 3, 2
(40 m) *)
D 3 In the direction of action on earth  25 m (-) * *) 1, 4
(25 m) *)
1.4Distance between buildings at least 10 m.
Is guaranteed by building measures, at least by a fire wall, that no dangerous effect occurs on adjacent buildings, the distance can be reduced or it can be omitted.
*)
= Minimum distance
* *)
= no distance control
1)
z. B. Buildings with permanent workplaces and/or which serve the permanent presence of people; buildings, installations or facilities which, in the event of damage, constitute a hazard (e.g. B. Gas containers, specific utilities).
2)
For the presence of permanent jobs in the acceptor, the minimum distance must be maintained.
3)
In case of additional endangerment due to heavy sprenchment or throwing, as well as with a significant increase in danger due to damage (secondary effect), the Keep minimum distance.
4)
The double k-factor is to be used for additional hazards due to heavy sprenchment or throwing pieces. the Increase the minimum distance by 50 percent.
5)
A minimum distance of 25 m must be maintained when storing items with their own drive.
Non-tampering table of contents

Appendix 3 to the Annex Protection distances according to point 3.2.2 of the Annex for storage with other explosive substances of the Storage Groups I to III

(site of the original text: BGBl. I 2002, 3564;
of the individual amendments, cf. Footnote)
1
Storage Group Ia (1) In the storage of substances of this Storage Group is not required for a net mass up to and including 100 kg. However, it must be ensured that an effect cannot occur to the outside or only in the non-dangerous direction.(2) When more than 100 kg net mass is used, the distance to the living areas is calculated according to the formula E=0.185 x A (deep) k (high) 1/2 x M (high) 1/3 1), but a minimum distance of 30 m is to be observed.(3) When more than 100 kg net mass is used, the distance to be protected from traffic routes is calculated according to the formula E=0.124 x A (low) k (high) 1/2 x M (high) 1/3 1), but a minimum distance of 25 m is to be observed.(4) If protective measures are taken, the protective distances in the protected areas of activity can be omitted in part or completely.(5) If the effect is to be expected to be increased in one direction, the protective distances shall be increased in this direction.
2
Storage Group Ib (1) In the case of storage of In the case of a net mass up to and including 200 kg, a protective distance is not required for the substances of this storage group. However, it must be ensured that an effect cannot occur to the outside or only in the non-dangerous direction.(2) If more than 200 kg net mass is used, but not more than 10 000 kg net mass, the distance between the guard and the living areas shall be calculated according to the formula E = 11.0 x M (high) 1/5 2), but a minimum distance of 30 m shall be maintained.(3) When more than 10 000 kg of net mass is used, the distance to the living areas is calculated according to the formula E = 3,2 x M (high) 1/3 2).(4) If more than 200 kg net mass is used, but not more than 10 000 kg net mass, the distance to be protected shall be calculated in accordance with the formula E = 7,3 x M (high) 1/5 2), although a minimum distance of 25 m shall be maintained.(5) In the case of an occupancy of more than 10 000 kg net mass, the protective distance to traffic routes is calculated according to the formula E = 2.1 x M (high) 1/3 2).(6) If protective measures are taken, the protective distances in the protected areas of activity can be omitted in part or in whole.(7) If there is an increased effect in one direction, the protective distances in this direction must be increased.
3
Storage Group II (1) In the case of storage of In the case of a net mass up to and including 200 kg, a protective distance is not required for the substances of this storage group. However, it must be ensured that an effect cannot occur to the outside or only in the non-dangerous direction.(2) If more than 200 kg net mass is used, but not more than 10 000 kg net mass, the distance between the distance to the living areas shall be calculated according to the formula E = 7,5 x M (high) 1/5 2), but a minimum distance of 25 m shall be maintained.(3) In the case of an occupancy of more than 10 000 kg net mass, the protective distance to living areas according to the formula E = 2.2 x M (high) 1/3 2) is calculated.(4) If more than 200 kg net mass is used, but not more than 10 000 kg net mass, the distance to be protected shall be calculated in accordance with the formula E = 5,1 x M (high) 1/5 2), although a minimum distance of 25 m shall be maintained.(5) In the case of an occupancy of more than 10 000 kg net mass, the distance of protection from traffic routes shall be calculated according to the Formal E = 1.5 x M (high) 1/3 2).(6) If protective measures are taken, the protective distances in the protected areas of activity can be partially or completely eliminated.
4
Storage Group III (1) In the case of the In the case of a net mass up to and including 200 kg, the storage of substances in this storage group shall not be subject to a protective distance. However, it must be ensured that an effect cannot occur to the outside or only in the non-dangerous direction.(2) If more than 200 kg net mass is used, a minimum protection distance of at least 25 m must be observed for residential areas.(3) If more than 200 kg net mass is used, a distance of at least 16 m must be maintained for traffic routes.(4) If protective measures are taken, the protection distances in the protected areas of activity can be partially or completely eliminated.
-----
1)
E = Distance in m, A (deep) k = corrected substance throughput in kg/min, M = Nettomasse in kg.
2)
E = Distance in m, M = net mass in kg.
unofficial table of contents

Appendix 4 to the annex security distances according to point 3.2.2 of the Annex to the warehouse with Other explosive substances in storage groups I to III

(site of the original text: BGBl. I 2002, 3565;
of the individual amendments, cf. Footnote)
1 Storage Group Ia (1) In the storage of substances of this Storage group is not required at a net mass up to and including 100 kg (100 kg).(2) If more than 100 kg net mass is used, the safety margin shall be calculated according to the formula E = 0.092 x A (deep) k (high) 1/2 x M (high) 1/3 1), although a minimum distance of 25 m shall be maintained.(3) If more than 100 kg net mass is used, the safety distance to other bearings with explosive substances shall be calculated according to the formula E = 0,115 x A (deep) k (high) 1/2 x M (high) 1/3 1), but with a minimum distance of 10 m is to be respected.(4) If protective measures are taken at the operating buildings or installations or at the storage facilities, the safety margin in the protected direction may be omitted in part or in whole.(5) Where there is an increased effect in one direction, or if the operating buildings or installations in the vicinity of a warehouse are particularly vulnerable, the safety distances in this direction shall be increased .2 In the case of a net mass up to and including 200 kg, the storage of substances in this storage group does not require a safety margin.(2) Where more than 200 kg net mass is used, but not more than 10 000 kg net mass, the safety margin shall be calculated on the basis of the formula E = 5.5 x M (high) 1/5 1), but a minimum distance of 25 m is to be respected.(3) In the case of an occupancy of more than 10 000 kg net mass, the safety distance to operating buildings or plants shall be calculated according to the formula E = 1.6 x M (high) 1/3 1).(4) If more than 200 kg net mass is used, the safety distance to other bearings with explosive substances shall be calculated according to the formula E = 1.6 x M (high) 1/3 2), but a minimum distance of 10 m shall be maintained.(5) If protective measures are taken at the operating buildings or installations or at the storage facilities, the safety margin in the protected direction may be omitted in part or in whole.(6) If there is an increased effect in one direction, or if the operating buildings or facilities are particularly vulnerable in the vicinity of a bearing, the safety distances in this direction shall be increased. In the case of a net mass up to and including 200 kg, the storage of substances in this storage group does not require a safety margin.(2) If more than 200 kg net mass is used, the safety margin shall be calculated according to the formula E = 1.1 x M (high) 1/3 2), although a minimum distance of 25 m shall be maintained.(3) If more than 200 kg net mass is used, the safety distance to other bearings with explosive substances shall be calculated according to the formula E = 1.1 x M (high) 1/3 2), but a minimum distance of 10 m shall be maintained.(4) If protective measures are taken at the operating buildings or installations or at the storage facilities, the safety margin in the protected direction may be omitted in part or in whole.(5) Where there is an increased effect in one direction, or if the operating buildings or installations in the vicinity of a warehouse are particularly vulnerable, the safety distances in this direction shall be increased to 4 storage group III (1) the storage of substances in this storage group shall not require a safety margin in the case of a net mass of up to and including 200 kg.(2) In the case of an occupancy of more than 200 kg net mass, a safety distance of at least 10 m has to be maintained for operating buildings and installations.(3) When more than 200 kg of net mass is used, a safety distance of at least 10 m must be maintained for other storage with explosive substances.(4) If protective measures are taken at the operating buildings or installations or at the bearings, the safety distance in the protected direction may be partially or completely eliminated.
----- style="font-weight:normal; font-style:normal; text-decoration:none; ">
1)
E = Distance in m, A (deep) k = corrected substance throughput in kg/min, M = Nettomasse in
2)
E = Distance in m, M = Nettomasse in kg.
Non-official Table of contents

Appendix 5 to the Annex Compatibility Groups according to point 2.7 of the Annex

(Fundstelle: BGBl. I 2010, 1688)
Compatibility
Group_Description
A Ignition fabric.
B Ignition Means with less than two effective fuse devices. Included are items such as: B. Explosive capsules, detonators and detonators, even if they do not contain an ignition material.
C Fuel or other deflagrating explosives or objects with such explosives.
D Detonating explosives or black powder or object with detonating explosives, each without Ignition means or ignition means with two effective safety devices and without any driving charge or with ignition means with at least two effective securing means.
E Item with detonating explosives without ignition medium or with ignition means with two fuse devices, with driving charge (other than those consisting of flammable liquid or flammable gel or hypergola).
F Object with detonating explosive with its own ignition agent, with driving charge (other than those made of flammable liquid or flammable gel) or hypergolas) or without the driving charge.
G Pyrotechnic set or pyrotechnic object.
H Subject, which contains both explosives and white phosphorus.
J Subject, which contains both explosives and flammable liquids or flammable gel.
L Explosives or subject matter with explosives, which poses a special risk (e.g. For example, because of its activation in the presence of water or because of the presence of hypergolas, phosphides or a pyrophoric substance) and requires separation of each species.
N Subject, which contains only extremely insensitive detonating substances.
S *)Explosivstoff so packaged or designed to limit any effect on the shipment item caused by a non-intended reaction, unless the item of mail is damaged by fire. In this case, the air impact and the splintering effect shall be limited to such a degree that fire-fighting or other emergency measures in the immediate vicinity of the mail piece shall not be restricted or prevented
*)
The assignment to the compatibility group S assumes the allocation to the storage group 1.4.
Non-Official Table of Contents

Appendix 6 to Appendix Storage of small quantities in the commercial area as specified in point 4 of the Annex Maximum allowable Net explosives/net masses in kg

(Fundstelle: BGBl. I 2010, 1688-1689)

Aufbe-
truthort




Warehouse-
gruppeArbeitsraumSales raumBuilding with living room building without living space outside of a building/transportable storageStorage space storage room with at least the fire resistance class F30/T30z. B. Containers1234567
Storage Group 1.1 
1 Explosives, detonation cords n. For example, +) n. For example,+) 1 5 5 25
2 Black powder, propellant powder, propellant charge, pyrotechnic sentences of the category *) S2 n. For example,+) n. For example,+) 3 25 25 25
3 Igniton n. For example,+) n. For example,+) 0, 1 1 1 1
4 Pyrotechnic objects of categories*) 3, c) 4, d) T2, f) and P2 h) n. For example,+) n. For example,+) 5 5 5 5
Storage Group 1.2 
5 Pyrotechnic objects of the categories *) 3,c) 4,d) T2,f) and P2 h) n. For example,+) n. For example,+) 5 15 25 25
Storage Group 1.3 
6propellant powder, propellant charge, pyrotechnic Sets of categories*) S1 and S2 n. For example,+) n. For example,+) 10 25 25 25
7 Pyrotechnic objects of categories*) 2, b) 3, c) 4,d) T1, e) T2,f) P1 g) and P2h) as well as pyrotechnic ammunition of the classes * *) PM I and PM II 5 5 15 50 50 50
Storage Group 1.4 
8 Igniton n. For example,+) n. For example,+) 0, 2 2 2 2
9 Pyrotechnic articles of all categories*), a) to h), 1), pyrotechnic sentences S1 and S2, and pyrotechnic ammunition of classes**) PM I and PM II, of which not more than 20% without packaging in accordance with § 21 (4) of the 1. Explosive V 70 70 100 100 350 350
10 Pyrotechnic articles of the Class T1 i) and the category*) P1 for the installation in vehicles 10 10 10 10 100 100
11 Storage Group Ia n. For example,+) n. For example,+) 10 25 100 100
12 Storage Group Ib 20 n. For example,+) 10 25 200 200
13 Storage Groups II and III 60 20 75 150 200200
+)
not allowed retention.
1)
The pyrotechnic items on row 10 are excluded.
*)
Mapping to categories according to § 6 (6) of the First Regulation Explosives Act.
* *)
Mapping to classes according to § 11 paragraph 5 of the Decree ordinance.
a)
Category 1 is class I in accordance with § 6 (4) of the First Regulation on Explosives Act in the up to 30 years.
b)
Category 2 is class II in accordance with § 6 (4) of the First Regulation on Explosives Act in the to the 30th
c)
Category 3 is class III in accordance with § 6 (4) of the First Regulation on Explosives Act in the to the 30th
d)
Category 4 is class IV in accordance with § 6 (4) of the First Regulation on Explosives Act in the to the 30th
e)
The T1 category is the part-stage and theatre fireworks-subclass T1 in accordance with § 6 (4) of the First Ordination on the Explosives Act in the up to 30 years.
f)
The T2 category is the part-stage and theatrical fireworks-subclass T2 according to § 6 (4) of the First Ordination on the Explosives Act in the up to 30 years.
g)
Category P1 is the part of subclass T1 in accordance with Section 6 (4) of the First Regulation Explosives Act in the up to 30. The new version, which is not stage and theatre fireworks, will be in force in September 2009.
h)
Category P2 is the part of subclass T2 according to § 6 Paragraph 4 of the First Regulation on the Law of Explosives in der der bis zum 30. The new version, which is not stage and theatre fireworks, will be in force in September 2009.
i)
Class T1 in accordance with § 6 (4) of the First Regulation Explosives Act in the up to 30.
2009
Non-official table of contents

Annex 7 to the Annex Storage of small quantities in the non-industrial area after Point 4 of the Annex Maximum permissible net explosives/net masses in kg (

point: BGBl). I 2010, 1690)
Aufbe-
location
Inventory-
groupBuildings with living space building no living spaceinhabited space uninhabited space1234
Storage Group 1.1
1 Explosives, detonation cords n. For example, +) n. For example,+) 5
2Black powder, propellant powder, propellant charge, pyrotechnic sets of the category *) S2 n. For example,+) 1 3
3 igniter n. For example,+) 0, 1 1
4 Pyrotechnic objects of categories*) 3, c) 4, d) T2, f) and P2 h) n. For example,+) 1 1
Storage Group 1.2
5 pyrotechnic articles of categories*) 3, c) 4,d) T2,f) and P2h) n. For example,+) 2 5
Storage Group 1.3
6propellant powder, propellant charge, pyrotechnic sets of categories*) S1 and S2 n. For example,+) 3 5
7 Pyrotechnic objects of categories*) 2, b) 3, c) 4,d) T1, e) T2,f) P1, g) and P2h) as well as pyrotechnic ammunition of the classes * *) PM I and PM II n. For example,+) 3 5
Storage Group 1.4
8 Igniton n. For example,+) 0, 1 1
9 Pyrotechnic articles of all categories*), a) to h), 1), pyrotechnic sentences S1 and S2, and pyrotechnic ammunition of classes**) PM I and PM II; thereof no more than 20% without packaging in accordance with section 21 (4) of the 1. Explosive V n. For example,+) 2) 10 15
10 Pyrotechnic objects of class T1 i) and the Category*) P1 for installation in vehicles n. For example,+) 1 1
11 Storage Group Ia n. For example,+) 3 5
12 Storage Group Ib n. For example,+) 3 10
13 Storage Groups II and III n. For example,+) 520
+)
not allowed retention.
1)
pyrotechnic articles of the Line 10 are excluded.
2)
Category 1 and 2 pyrotechnic articles and PM I pyrotechnic ammunition may be stored up to 1 kg
*)
Mapping to categories according to § 6 (6) of the First Regulation on Explosives Act.
* *)
Mapping to classes in accordance with § 11 paragraph 5 of the decision-making regulation.
a)
Category 1 Class I according to § 6 (4) of the First Regulation on Explosives Act is in force until 30.
b)
Category 2 is class II in accordance with § 6 (4) of the First Regulation on Explosives Act in the to the 30th
c)
Category 3 is class III in accordance with § 6 (4) of the First Regulation on Explosives Act in the to the 30th
d)
Category 4 is class IV in accordance with § 6 (4) of the First Regulation on Explosives Act in the to the 30th
e)
The T1 category is the part-stage and theatre fireworks-subclass T1 in accordance with § 6 (4) of the First Ordination on the Explosives Act in the up to 30 years.
f)
The T2 category is the part-stage and theatrical fireworks-subclass T2 according to § 6 (4) of the First Ordination on the Explosives Act in the up to 30 years.
g)
Category P1 is the part of subclass T1 in accordance with § 6 (4) of the First Regulation Explosives Act in the up to 30. The new version, which is not stage and theatre fireworks, will be in force in September 2009.
h)
Category P2 is the part of subclass T2 according to § 6 Paragraph 4 of the First Regulation on the Law of Explosives in der der bis zum 30. The new version, which is not stage and theatre fireworks, will be in force in September 2009.
i)
Class T1 in accordance with § 6 (4) of the First Regulation Explosives Act in the up to 30. September 2009.