Second Ordinance On The Explosives Act

Original Language Title: Zweite Verordnung zum Sprengstoffgesetz

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Read the untranslated law here: http://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/sprengv_2/BJNR021890977.html

Second Ordinance on the Explosives Act (2. SprengV) 2. SprengV Ausfertigung date: 23.11.1977 full quotation: "second regulation to the Explosives Act as amended by the notice of 10 September 2002 (BGBl. I p. 3543), most recently by article 2 of the Decree of November 26, 2010 (BGBl. I p. 1643) is changed" stand: Neugefasst by BEK. v. 10.9.2002 I 3543;
 
as last amended by article 2 V v. 26.11.2010 I in 1643 for more information on the stand number you see in the menu see remarks footnote (+++ text detection from: 1.12.1977 +++) § 1 scope of application (1) the regulation applies to the storage of explosive substances (explosive materials and other explosive substances).
(2) the regulation does not apply for explosive substances 1 on road, rail, water and air vehicles during transport, 2. the vehicles referred to in paragraph 1, substances for purposes of vehicle operation are stored, 3. you are in the operation, 4 you are kept in the amount required for the progress of the work, 5. you temporarily be turned off as finished or intermediate products.

Article 2 General requirements (1) explosive substances are under the provisions of the annex to this regulation and in addition to the State of the art to keep the other backed up scientific findings as well as the generally recognized rules of safety technology.
(2) the rules made pursuant to § 6 paragraph 4 of the Explosives Act and knowledge can be derogated from, if employees and third parties is guaranteed by other measures at least in the same way the protection of life, health and physical goods. This is to demonstrate to the competent authority upon request.

§ 3 which competent authority may upon written request exceptions to the requirements of the annex to this regulation allow exceptions, if 1 an other, equally effective measure is taken, or 2. the implementation of the provision in some cases would lead to an unreasonable hardness and the deviation with the protection of employees and third parties and is compatible with the interests of public safety.

§ 4 storage and compatibility group assignment (1) who commercially manufactures explosive substances, which are associated, in the provided box by the Federal Institute for materials research and testing (Federal Agency) nor any storage group, spends in the scope of the Act or introduces and even store or another left wants to, has to display the materials and the method of packing the Federal. The display must contain information about 1 the name of the substances, 2. the chemical composition and the physical properties of substances, 3 the nature (material, shape) of the packaging, the gross weight and the volume of packages, as well as the mass of the substances.
(2) (dropped out) (3) that maps Bundesanstalt displayed explosive substances in the packaging provided for paragraphs 2.1.2 and 2.1.5 or 3.1.1.1 3.1.1.3 shall be applicable of the annex to this regulation the relevant storage group and the explosives of the bearing groups 1.1 to 1.4 by number 2.7 para 1 in conjunction with Appendix 5 of this annex of the appropriate compatibility group to. It must notify the Association the display. Leads a list of mappings pursuant to sentence 1, which should contain the following information: 1. the name of the substance or item, 2. the storage associated with the product and compatibility group, 3. the security-relevant features of the packaging and 4 if necessary, special safety instructions.
The list is interpreted during the business hours at the Federal Institute. At the request of a third party a copy or reproduction is to leave this for cost reimbursement.
(4) as far as it is explosive materials intended solely for military use, the competent authority of the Bundeswehr occurs in the cases of paragraphs 1 and 3, the Office of the federal institution.
(5) whoever keeps explosive substances, has to apply that here by the Federal agency or storage determined by the competent authority of the Bundeswehr and compatibility group.

§ To provide type approval (1) which is the application for the type approval of components or systems of a bearing, in particular for cabinet storage, 5 (approval authority) authority according to § 17 para 4 of the Act. You are the application for the examination to include necessary drawings and descriptions about the type and the mode of operation, as well as any necessary calculations.
(2) the licensing authority may require that a leave is you or the location specified by you.
(3) the licensing authority may require before the decision on the application, that an opinion is submitted to an expert body to be determined by you.
(4) the food and Drug Administration granted the applicant a letter of admission. This must contain the following information: 1. name and address of the applicant, 2. type and model designation of the component or system, 3. the essential characteristics of the component or system, 4 type and shape of the approval mark, 5. the content restrictions and the incidental provisions of the approval.
(5) the holder of the authorisation has to attach permanently and clearly visible on each reconstructed piece of the approval mark.

§ Must be stored without permission according to § 17 of the Act 6 exemption from the approval of small amounts of explosive substances referred to in point 4 of the annex. The permit reservations to paragraphs 7 and 27 of the law remain unaffected.

§ 7 rude is offences within the meaning of § 41 para 1 No. 16 of the Explosives Act, who intentionally or negligently does or does not affix the approval mark contrary to § 5 paragraph 5 in the prescribed manner.

§ 8 (dropped out) - section 9 (Berlin clause) - section 10 (entry into force, expiry of legislation) - Appendix to § 2 of the second regulation to the Explosives Act (2. SprengV) (site of the original text: BGBl. 2002 I, 3546-3554; regarding the details of the changes see footnote) table of contents 1 definitions 1.1 explosives 1.2 other explosive substances 1.3 throughput 1.4 flight fire 1.5 storage area 1.6 Nettoexplosivstoffmasse (NEM) 1.7 net mass 1.8 fixed bearing 1.9 transportable storage 1.10 separation distances 1.11 safety distances 1.12 appreciable 1.13 1.14 roads living area 1.15 throw pieces 1.16 explosives 2 storage of explosives in a warehouse
2.1 General 2.1.1 bearing groups 2.1.2 bracket assembly 1.1 2.1.3 bearing Group 1.2 2.1.4 storage group 1.3 2.1.5 bearing Group 1.4 2.2 General requirements 2.2.1 able to access 2.2.2 protection and safety distances 2.2.3 2.2.4 fire protection from electrical energy 2.2.5 protection against theft and external impact 2.2.6 protection from water and unauthorized access 2.2.7 regulations 2.3 not accessible storage 2.3.1 of General 2.3.2 type of closet storage 2.4 accessible camp 2.4.1 of General 2.4.2 Erdüberschüttete bearing 2.4.3 freestanding storage 2.5 storage in stationary bearings 2.5.1 General information
2.5.2 construction and furnishings 2.5.3 operating rules 2.6 storage in transportable storage 2.6.1 of General 2.6.2 construction and furnishings 2.6.3 operating instructions 2.7 together storage 2.8 found ammunition and explosive force-weapons of war 3 storage other explosive materials in a camp of 3.1 General 3.1.1 bearing groups 3.1.1.1 bracket Assembly I 3.1.1.2 storage group II 3.1.1.3 shall be applicable storage group III 3.1.2 storage group mapping 3.2 General requirements 3.2.1 able to access 3.2.2 protection and safety distances 3.2.3 fire protection 3.3 storage in stationary bearings 3.3.1 construction and furnishings 3.3.2 operating instructions 3.4 together storage 4 storage of explosives and of other explosive materials outside a camp (small amounts) 4.1 General 4.2 requirements for the storage of explosive substances 4.3 requirements for the storage of other explosive substances plant directory Appendix 1 separation distances for bearings with explosives of the storage groups 1.1 to 1.4 system 2 safety distances for storage of explosives of the bearing groups 1.1 to 1.4 Appendix 3 safety distances for bearings with other explosive substances of the bearing groups I to III, Appendix 4 safety distances for bearings with other explosive substances of the bearing groups I to III
Appendix 5 compatibility groups system 6 storage of small amounts of commercial applications annex 7 storage of small quantities in the non-commercial sector 1 definitions 1.1 explosives are explosives, fuels (propellant powder, consumables, rocket fuels), pyrotechnic ammunition, pyrotechnic articles, igniters, pyrotechnic compositions and to the production of certain explosive substances, as well as the according to § 1 para 2 German equivalent substances and articles.
1.2 other explosive substances are explosive substances which are not explosive materials.
1.3 throughput
(min) is the quotient of the net mass of the used material (kg) and the appropriate duration determined during a fire test for the purpose of mapping to storage groups. For the storage of explosive substances grouping, is the combustion behavior of a substance in its packaging, based on a net mass of 10 000 kg, the corrected material throughput A(Tief)k (kg/min) characterized. The degree of completeness and uniformity of the combustion cycle as well as the thermal radiation (emissivity) of the flames are included in it.
1.4 flight fires are burning flying parts from a fire or stove explosion.
1.5 storage area is the area designated for the storage of explosive substances.
1.6 Nettoexplosivstoffmasse (NEM) mass of explosives (including the Phlegmatisierungsmittel) without its wrapping and packaging.
1.7 net mass mass of other explosive substances (including the Phlegmatisierungsmittel) without its wrapping and packaging.
1.8 fixed bearings are accessible and non-accessible bearings which are fixed to the ground or for more than six months in the same place will remain.
1.9 transportable bearings are bearings that are not fixed to the ground and not more than six months in the same place will remain.
1.10 safety distances (remote area) are distances to be observed to the general public or neighborhood.
1.11 safety distances (proximity) are the distances to be observed within a company.
1.12 appreciable parts exploded objects are referred to in point 1.1. 1.13 transport routes are exempt from road, rail and inland waterways, which are fully accessible to public transport, those with low traffic density.
1.14 living area is not related to the operation in context inhabited buildings. Buildings and facilities with rooms, which are suitable not only for the temporary stay of persons determined be inhabited buildings.
1.15 throw pieces are parts of the camp, its facilities or packaging, that occur while an explosion and be thrown.
1.16 explosives materials that detonate when triggered a chemical reaction in small dimensions.
General information (1) the requirements of paragraph 2 apply 2 storage of explosives in a warehouse 2.1 for explosives.
(2) explosive materials should not be stored outdoors and on vehicles.
2.1.1 the explosives storage groups are divided into four storage groups. Safety requirements in particular as regards the protection and safety distances result from the storage group. The properties of the explosive substances, in particular their behaviour in the box at a fire, an explosion or detonation and the resulting dangers are decisive for the classification. For explosives of the bearing groups 1.1 to 1.3, the severity of the damage and the damage range is determined by the Nettoexplosivstoffmasse.
In the crowd explode 2.1.2 bracket assembly 1.1 which can explosive substances in this group. The environment is threatened by pressure impact (shock waves), flame and explosive and throw pieces. An additional exposure to heavy appreciable occurs when heavy coat-objects. Explosives are assigned according to risk good legal regulations of the subclass 1.5 are as explosives of 1.1 storage group.
2.1.3 bearing Group 1.2 the explosive substances in this group do not explode in the crowd. Objects explode first individually in a fire. The number of simultaneously exploding items increasing in the course of the fire. The pressure effect (shock waves) of explosions is limited to the immediate environment; No or only minor damage caused on buildings of nearby. The area is threatened by light of appreciable and flying sparks. Flying objects can explode on impact and transfer to fires and explosions. An additional exposure to heavy appreciable occurs when heavy coat-objects. Explosives are assigned according to risk good legal regulations of the subclass 1.6 as handle explosives of storage group 1.2.
2.1.4 storage group 1.3 the explosive substances in this group do not explode in the crowd. They burn very violently and under strong heat, the fire spread quickly. The environment is threatened mainly by flame, radiant heat and flying sparks. Items can explode sometimes, individual burning packages and items can be thrown. The threat to the environment by appreciable is low. The buildings in the area are generally not at risk from pressure impact (shock waves).
2.1.5 bearing Group 1.4 providing explosive substances in this group no significant risk dar. You burn off, individual objects can also explode. The effects are largely confined to the parcel. Of appreciable of dangerous size and distance do not arise. A fire causes no explosion of the entire contents of a pack.
2.2 General requirements 2.2.1 location explosives may be not directly stored to access at entrances to workplaces. This does not apply when the protection of users of access in some other way.
2.2.2 protection and safety distances (1) bearing must from residential areas and transportation routes at least the separation distances referred to in annex 1, as well as by other vulnerable buildings and equipment, and other camps for explosives at least the safety distance referred to in Appendix 2 have.
(2) in calculating the protective and safety distances, the Nettoexplosivstoffmasse will be applied.
(3) if the explosives stored at a location in subsets are divided and a simultaneous deflagration or detonation of other subsets is excluded by this subdivision the subset is so for determining the distances referred to in paragraph 1 to be based, which requires the greatest distance.
(4) be stored explosives of several storage groups together, the sum of the net explosive mass of substances and articles of all storage groups is to use and to apply the calculation formula for the storage group to determine of the distances referred to in paragraph 1, which requires the greatest distance to the explosive objects. Net explosive mass of storage group 1.4 disregarded this, except that a significant increase of risk can occur.
2.2.3 fire protection (1) explosive substances must be kept so, that their temperature cannot exceed 75 degrees C.
(2) in the distance, up to 25 m from the explosives (fire protection area) may not be stored flammable and combustible materials. In this area may be non-smoking and naked lights or open flames used.
(3) the fire protection area must be marked if the local or operational circumstances so require.
(4) the fire protection area can be reduced, as far as the fire in the same effective manner is achieved.
2.2.4 protection from electrical energy electrically between objects may not be stored in areas, in which electromagnetic fields (E.g. by electrical equipment, high-frequency energy currents) dangerously can act upon them.
2.2.5 (1) storage requires protection against theft and external impact to build that explosives against theft are secured. The protective measures must comply with the threat to public safety, which can be achieved through the improper use of explosives.
(2) bearings for igniters and equivalent to protective explosives must meet at least the following in terms of construction and operating requirements:-bearing may have no Windows.
-Warehouse must have doors that are sufficiently resistant against the use of force, as well as by welding and cutting tools, and other tools.
-Ceiling (roof), walls and floors of the warehouse must be sufficiently resistant.
-The persons responsible under the Explosives Act have to meet, that the camp closed, no longer key phrases as necessary available for proper operation, which properly kept keys to the camp and are not accessible to unauthorized and a suitable control system exists to prevent unauthorized removal measures.
(3) camp for explosives and explosives equivalent to be protected must meet at least the following in terms of construction and operating requirements:-bearing may have no Windows.
-Warehouse must have doors that offer sufficient protection against the application of burglary tools.
-Ceiling (roof), walls and floors of the warehouse must be sufficiently resistant.
-The persons responsible under the Explosives Act have to meet, that the camp closed, no longer key phrases as necessary available for proper operation, which properly kept keys to the camp and are not accessible to unauthorized and a suitable control system exists to prevent unauthorized removal measures.
(4) stock for all remaining explosives must meet at least the following in terms of construction and operating requirements: -.
Camp may have no Windows. This does not apply when storing not yield-objects of the warehouse Group 1.4 and pyrotechnic articles of category 1 and 2, which belong to the storage group 1.3.
-There are to meet, that the camp closed and the keys are not accessible to unauthorized actions.
(5) protective measures can be dropped partially according to paragraphs 2 to 4, where an equivalent protection for the installation by hazard notification systems or by guarding.
(6) tools or equipment that can enable theft - or acts of burglary or support, must be kept out of the opening hours in an appropriate manner under lock and key.
2.2.6 (1) bearings are water and unauthorized access to protect against the ingress of groundwater and rainfall water and flood protection.
(2) bearings are to be fenced if the local or operational circumstances so require.
2.2.7 are regulations (1) packages or other containers containing explosives - to provide, to set and stacking, that they do not change their situation by itself can, - so to stack that safe handling is possible and can be deformed by their weight not in a manner that endangers the safety.
(2) explosive substances, that are unusable or the use of which is no longer allowed, are separately and separated according to species to be kept; they are to be disposed of as soon as possible.
2.3 not accessible storage 2.3.1 General (1) the stock must be built of non-combustible. You must with at least 0.1 m of strong concrete sole strongly connected either with an Earth covering of at least 0.6 m (at Cabinet warehouses 1.0 m) fitted or built in fully grown rock or steady ground.
(2) the storage occupancy must be not more than 1 000 kg NEM. The internal dimensions must be sufficient to the goods without to manage risk.
(3) also igniters be stored in the warehouse, a specialist must exist for this, which is separated by a partition wall and has an own locking device. The separation must be such, that prevents the transmission of detonation of the igniters on the other explosives.
(4) in the compartment pursuant to paragraph 3, the Nettoexplosivstoffmasse of all igniters must be no more than 4 kg. The Nettoexplosivstoffmasse of the individual Zündmittels must not exceed 5 g.
2.3.2 the requirements of 2.3.1 number type of wardrobe storage cabinet storage, which according to § 17 para 4 of the Explosives Act of their construction should be allowed to apply paragraph 2, 3 and 4. Ready-made cabinet camp must have a sufficiently solid and resistant outer wall.
2.4 accessible camp 2.4.1 General (1) buildings may be carried out only storey.
(2) storage buildings must be built in fire resistant design.
(3) storage buildings must be provided a storage occupancy of more than 1 000 kg NEM either with an Earth covering of at least 0.6 m or built in fully grown rock or stable ground for explosives of the bracket assembly 1.1. For a storage occupancy up to 1 000 kg NEM, the wall of the warehouse building is sufficient.
(4) doors must open outwards.
(5) the internal dimensions must be sufficient to the goods without to manage risk. The height of the storage space must be at least 2 m.
(6) also igniters be stored in the warehouse, a separate room (specialized, niche, Chamber) with its own closure must exist for this. The separation must be such, that prevents the transmission of detonation of the igniters on the other explosives.
(7) in a compartment or a niche according to paragraph 6, the Nettoexplosivstoffmasse of all igniters must be not more than 10 kg. For more than 10 kg, a Special Chamber is required. The Nettoexplosivstoffmasse of the individual Zündmittels must not exceed 5 g.
2.4.2 Erdüberschüttete the Earth covering must camp (1) on all sides, until on the access, be at least 0.6 m.
(2) in Earth-ueberschuetteten camps in off bubble design, protective measures are against dangerous effects towards off the bubble, if necessary, to meet.
(3) the ceiling may contain no steel or concrete beams.
(4) in the case of bearings with hard knockdown ceiling, the ceiling with the walls must be firmly anchored.
2.4.3 freestanding storage (1) bearings, which are neither Earth ueberschuettet nor umwallt (free-standing stock), sufficiently resistant ceiling (roof) and walls have, if the stored explosives can be endangered by throw - or of appreciable.
(2) freestanding storage made of light materials may be built only there, where dangerous outdoor exposure is not expected.
2.5 storage in stationary bearings 2.5.1 of General number 2.2 finds for the storage groups 1.1 to 1.4, the numbers 2.3 and 2.4 are only for the storage groups 1.1 to 1.3 and igniters of the warehouse Group 1.4 application.
2.5.2 - have if necessary - be electrostatically conductive and have a dense, flat and slip-resistant surface and easy-to-clean design and Setup (1) the floor. Channels may be located in the floor only, if it is ensured that there no explosives and no other hazardous materials can be deposited.
(2) electrical systems and operating materials must comply with the regulations for electrical installations in explosive-endangered sites.
(3) the surface temperature of heating and heating cables in the storage room must not exceed 120 degrees C and must be regulated in addition that the explosives accept no temperatures, which can cause a dangerous reaction.
(4) storage must be protected against the dangers of atmospheric discharge. This is not met, due to its natural position or a sufficient Earth covering a lightning protection system must exist.
(5) stock must have adequate ventilation.
(6) on the outside of the door or, if only one door is present on the inside are clearly readable and durable markings to attach the storage groups, the impact and the maximum net explosive mass of explosives to be stored will comprise.
2.5.3 operating instructions (1) bearing must be preserved in good condition. Institutions are to operate properly and to maintain. In the storage rooms and inside the church yard is to ensure order and cleanliness.
(2) explosive substances must not be placed on, and directly on the heating surfaces or heating cables.
(3) in the camp only devices and tools may be kept and used, that are necessary for the storage or use of stored explosives and which may not lead to an increase in risk.
(4) explosive substances may be kept only in the shipping container; This may be departed for operational reasons if the containers are so sealed and constructed, that the content is not affected and explosives cannot reach outwards.
(5) stock may be entered only by people in charge under the Explosives Act or under whose supervision and only according to their instructions.
(6) in camps, only the procedures necessary to their operation may be made; These include also the removal of samples and marking.
(7) fire or hot work may only be carried out, if all explosives, cleaned the camp and given a written permission of the person in charge under the Explosives Act. The work may be carried out only under expert supervision.
(8) dangers an outer influence on the explosive materials (E.g. in case of fire, thunderstorms), so employees and third parties must go immediately leave or to cover the danger zone. As far as possible, the danger area must be cordoned off. Other employees and third must be warned of the danger.
(9) electrical equipment, hazard notification systems and lightning protection systems are to check before commissioning of the warehouse, as well as at least once a year to its proper state. On the outcome of the examination is a certificate to teach. The certificate is to be kept.
2.6 storage in transportable storage 2.6.1 of General number 2.2 finds for the storage groups 1.1 to 1.4, the numbers 2.3 and 2.4 are only for the storage groups 1.1 to 1.3 and igniters of the warehouse Group 1.4 mutatis mutandis application.
2.6.2 construction and Setup (1) number 2.5.2 paras 2, 3 and 6 shall apply.
(2) number 2.5.2 shall apply paragraph 4. This shall not apply in the case of steel cabinets.
2.6.3 operating rules (1), point 2.5.3 para 1 to 5 and 9 shall apply.
(2) in the camp and in whose vicinity only the necessary work to the operation of the camp may be made. In addition, a stay is not permitted here.
(3) with the exception of work necessary for keeping only such work may run at a distance of 25 m of explosives, which cause no hazard. This has previously to determine the person responsible under the Explosives Act. Fire or hot work may be carried out regardless of which only then, if is been all explosives are removed, cleaned the camp and issued a written permission of the person in charge under the Explosives Act. Fire or hot work may be carried out only under expert supervision.
(4) in the case of danger (E.g., fire, thunderstorm), employees and third parties must immediately leave the danger area or go down. As far as possible, the danger area must be cordoned off. Other employees and third must be warned of the danger.
2.7 combination storage (1) explosive substances are classified with regard to their compatibility with combined storage in compatibility groups according to annex 5.
(2) Explosivstoffe dürfen gemäß nachfolgender Tabelle zusammen in einem Raum gelagert werden:
Verträglichkeitsgruppe
A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
J
L
N
S
A
x
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
B
 
x
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
C
 
 
x
x
x
 
x
 
 
 
a) b)
x
D
 
 
x
x
x
 
x
 
 
 
a) b)
x
E
 
 
x
x
x
 
x
 
 
 
a) b)
x
F
 
 
 
 
 
x
 
 
 
 
 
x
G
 
 
x
x
x
 
x
 
 
 
 
x
H
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 
 
 
x
J
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
x
 
 
x
L
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
c)
 
 
N
 
 
a) b)
a) b)
a) b)
 
 
 
 
 
a)
x
S x x x x x x x x x x es means: 1. with "X" marked combinations: A combination storage is permitted;
2. with a) featured combinations: different types of items that are dangerous good regulations of classification 1.6N, may be stored 1.2 together only as objects of the storage group, if is proven by testing or analogy that there no additional risk of detonation transmission between the items; otherwise, they are as items of 1.1 storage group to handle;
3. with b) marked combinations: when articles of compatibility group N with substances or articles of compatibility groups C, D or E together are stored, the articles of compatibility group N are treated as having the characteristics of compatibility group D; 4 c) marked combinations: explosive substances of compatibility group L may be stored with packages with similar explosives of this compatibility group together.
(3) explosive substances should not be stored with other materials together, contributing to an increase in risk.
2.8 found ammunition and explosive force-weapons of war the number of 2.1 to 2.7 are to apply also to find ammunition and explosive power and weapons of war.
General (1) the requirements of paragraph 3 apply 3 storage of other explosive materials in a camp of 3.1 for explosive substances, which are not explosives and which may not explode in the mass. You are referred to as substances.
(2) No. 3, except point 3.2.2, also applies to explosive materials which are no explosives, but can explode into the mass (storage group 1.1). The numbers 2.2.2 apply in addition to this group, and 2.2.6 (3) substances may be stored in storage buildings or in storage rooms of single or multi-storey buildings. Outdoor only such substances may be stored, for which this is not excluded storage group allocation, taking into account the thermal stability of the substance and the type of packaging.
3.1.1 storage group the substances are divided into storage groups. The properties of substances, in particular their behavior upon combustion in the packaging, and the resulting dangers are decisive for the classification. The safety requirements, in particular with regard to the protection and safety distances are derived from the storage group.
3.1.1.1 storage group i (1) the substances in this group very violently under strong heat to burn down. The fire spread quickly. The packages may also occasionally explode with little pressure effect; This can put to the entire contents of a package. Packages can be thrown. The threat to the environment through pieces of litter is low. The buildings in the area are generally not at risk from pressure effect.
(2) the storage group is divided into IA and IB. The bearing Group IA includes fabrics with a corrected material throughput A(Tief)k equal to or greater than 300 kg / min, the bearing Group IB substances with an A(Tief)k-Wert greater or equal to 140 kg / min, but less than 300 kg / min. 3.1.1.2 storage group the substances in this group burn II (1) violently under strong heat development. The fire spread quickly. The packages may also occasionally explode with little pressure effect; While not the entire contents of the package continues to however. The environment is threatened mainly by flame and heat radiation. Buildings in the area are not at risk from pressure effect.
(2) which includes II storage group the substances with an A(Tief)k-Wert greater or equal to 60 kg / min, but less than 140 kg / min. 3.1.1.3 bearing group burn the substances in this storage group III (1) off, and burn rate and effects of the fire are comparable where flammable substances.
(2) the stock Group III includes the substances with an A(Tief)k-Wert of small 60 kg/min. 3.1.2 storage group mapping (1) which results in storage group mapping is corrected material throughput A(Tief)k. (2) the fabric throughput pursuant to paragraph 1 tests determines. It can be set on the basis of present experiences with similar substances also.
(3) in the case of storage group IA substances, the A(Tief)k-Wert is part of the storage group name.
3.2 General requirements 3.2.1 location materials must be immediately stored to access at entrances to workplaces. This does not apply when the protection of users of access in some other way.
3.2.2 protection and safety distances (1) bearing must from residential areas and transportation routes at least the separation distances referred to in Appendix 3 as well as vulnerable buildings and equipment and storage of explosive materials have at least the safety distance referred to in Appendix 4.
(2) in determining the distance, the net mass of the substances is to be based.
(3) the materials stored in a location in subsets are divided and a simultaneous combustion of other subsets is excluded by this subdivision the subset is so for determining the distances referred to in paragraph 1 to be based, which requires the greatest distance.
(4) be stored substances of multiple storage groups together, the sum of the net mass of the substances of all storage groups is to create the storage group, that requires the largest distance to the endangered objects governed by and for the determination of the distances referred to in paragraph 1. Net mass of stock Group III disregarded this, except that a significant increase of risk can occur.
3.2.3 fire protection (1) at the distance up to 25 m from the stored materials is set a fire protection area, which must be marked, if the local or operational circumstances so require.
(2) the fire protection area can be reduced, as far as the fire in the same effective manner is achieved.
(3) suitable fire-fighting facilities must be available and accessible at all times.
3.3 storage in stationary bearings 3.3.1 construction and equipment (1) the warehouse or the storage facilities in single or multi-storey buildings must be built out of non-combustible materials. This does not apply for roofs, doors, Windows, relief surfaces in light construction.
(2) the floor must - have if necessary - be electrostatically conductive, have a dense, flat and slip-resistant surface and easy to clean. Channels may be located in the floor only, if it is ensured that there no substance and no other hazardous materials can be deposited.
(3) electrical systems and operating materials must comply with the regulations for electrical installations in explosive-endangered sites.
(4) storage must be designed that the substances take no temperatures, which can lead to dangerous reactions.
(5) storage must be protected against the dangers of atmospheric discharge.
(6) in the storage area clear and permanent labels are to install, emerge from which the storage group and the maximum permissible net mass of the substances to be stored.
(7) in the case of storage in the open air are the packages or other containers from the weather, which can lead to an increase in risk to protect. Paragraphs 2, 3, 5 and 6 shall apply mutatis mutandis.
(8) camp in the open air are to be fenced if the local or operational circumstances so require.
3.3.2 operating instructions (1) bearing must be preserved in good condition. The facilities are properly operated and maintained. In the warehouses is pay attention to order and cleanliness.
(2) substances may be stored only in the shipping box. This must be adhered to for operational reasons, if the containers be constructed and are closed, that the content is not affected and substances cannot reach outward, and -.
associated with the substances in these containers of a storage group.
(3) packages or other containers are to provide or to stack that - they cannot change their position by itself, - they are deformed by their weight not in a manner that endangers the safety, their safe handling is possible and - measures necessary to maintain the safety of the substances can be taken.
(4) in the storage area, only equipment and tools must be used that are necessary for the storage or use of stored substances and which may not lead to an increase in risk.
(5) stock may be entered only by authorized persons.
(6) in camps, only the procedures necessary to their operation may be made; These include also the removal of samples and marking.
(7) fire or hot work may only be carried out, if is been all substances have been removed but at least leave the storage area from the environment of the work area endangered by heat or sparks, it cleaned and a written permit issued by the person responsible. The work may be carried out only under expert supervision.
(8) dangers an outer influence on the substances (E.g. in case of fire), are not allowed to people in the camp. This does not apply to persons who are used in case of danger to the security. Employees and third parties must immediately leave the danger area. As far as possible, the danger area must be cordoned off. Other employees and third must be warned of the danger.
(9) the electrical equipment must be checked before use and at least once a year to its proper state. The lightning protection system must be checked at least every three years.
(10) substances must not be placed on, and directly on the heating surfaces or heating cables.
(11) not exceed the storage temperature must a threshold or below (maximum or minimum storage temperature), it is - if necessary - to monitor.
(12) materials, which exhibit a to more than 10 degrees hotter than the maximum permissible storage temperature may not be stored.
(13) in the area of fire protection may not smoke, and naked lights or open flames are not used. In the immediate vicinity of the storage area, highly flammable or flammable materials may not exist.
(14) in the case of substances which can separate during storage under risk, a sufficient phlegmatisation is to ensure through appropriate measures.
(15) must be expected during storage with a dangerous reduction in the stability of the substances, is to set a maximum duration of storage. This must not be exceeded.
(16) substances which have been in a State of irreversible, which may cause a dangerous reaction, or other no longer usable substances are separately and separated according to species to be kept; they are to be disposed of as soon as possible.
3.4 combination storage materials should not be stored with explosives together. Different substances may be stored with each other or with others only materials, as far as this an essential increase of risk can not enter.
4 storage of explosives and other explosive materials outside an approved camp (small amounts) 4.1 General (1) explosive substances and other explosive substances must be stored in compliance with the following requirements outside of a licensed warehouse to the net explosive mass defined in units 6 and 7 or net mass (small amounts). The maximum permissible mass may be divided between several rooms of the same type, she may be used but only once.
(2) the regulation of small quantities is not to apply to the storage of explosives and materials of several rows of tables of units 6 and 7. This does not apply in cases the number 4.2 para 1 (3) for the storage of small amounts of the plants 1 shall not apply until 4.
4.2 requirements on the storage of explosives (1) explosive substances and other explosive substances, which are listed in different rows of the tables of in Appendix 6 or Appendix 7 to keep together in a room, so the respectively smallest maximum Nettoexplosivstoffmasse or net mass of affected rows is considered maximum allowable overall occupancy for this room. By way of derogation from sentence 1 may the explosives and detonating cords, which are listed in row 1 of the tables of the Appendix 6 or Appendix 7, together with the Fireworks, which are listed in row 8 of the tables to each listed maximum net explosive mass be retained, if kept the igniters in containers that prevent the transfer of detonation of the fireworks on the explosives.
(2) several storage places of same kind exist in a building or the building at the same time, is used by several companies is number 4.1 paragraph 1 sentence 2 second half-sentence, no application for pyrotechnic articles of bearing Group 1.4 in annex 6, if the storage places in different fire compartments. This applies to pyrotechnic articles of category 2 of the warehouse Group 1.4 in annex 6 only for the period of October to March.
(3) to explosives and other explosive materials retain ortsbeweglich, is the site with the authority responsible for fire protection to vote.
(4) explosive substances may be stored only in appropriate areas.
(5) whereas the necessary measures must be taken to prevent theft and unauthorized removal of explosives.
(6) number 2.7 finds appropriate application.
(7) explosives, intended for blasting, must be stored at most a week.
(8) in the event of danger, the storage place is the people who intervene to security, to known type.
(9) explosives must be kept so that the temperature can not exceed 75 degrees C.
(10) in the storage room must not smoke, and naked lights or open flames are not used. In the immediate vicinity of the explosive substances, inflammable or combustible materials should not be stored. Suitable fire-fighting facilities must be available and accessible at all times.
(11) explosive substances may be stored only in the shipping box or in the smallest packaging unit. Incomplete packages are measures to meet, that the content is not compromised and cannot reach the explosives to the outside.
(12) explosive substances may be stored separated only in a container of objects with explosive. The separation must be such, that prevents the transmission of a detonation on the other explosives.
(13) containers can be protected from dangerous influences from the outside. They need to be kept so, that the effect of dangerous explosives and pieces of litter on the immediate environment will be limited in the case.
(14) containers must be outside No. 1272/2008 of 16 December 2008 marked in the current version m. Annex V, point 1.1 of Regulation (EC) with the hazard pictogram "GHS01" article 19 i. V.. Until May 31, 2015 the container may be instead each marked with the danger symbol "E" referred to in annex II of to Directive 67/548/EEC of 27 June 1967 in the current version. The hazard pictogram or danger symbol must be permanent and visible.
4.3 requirements for the storage of other explosive substances may be stored only in suitable spaces (1) substances.
(2) whereas the necessary measures must be taken to prevent unauthorised removal of materials.
(3) section 3.4 applies appropriate.
(4) be stored substances of different storage groups (see paragraph 3.1.1) in a storage room together, so permissible total capacity is a maximum for this space after the attachments 6 and 7 maximum permissible net mass of the storage group with the highest level of risk.
(5) in case of danger is the people who intervene to security, to announce the place of storage.
(6) substances must be kept so that the permissible storage temperature is not exceeded.
(7) in the storage room must not smoke, and naked lights or open flames are not used. In the immediate vicinity of the substances, flammable or combustible materials should not be stored. Suitable fire-fighting facilities must be available and accessible at all times.
(8) substances may be stored only in the shipping box or in the smallest packaging unit. Incomplete packages are measures to meet, that the content is not affected and the substances cannot reach outwards.

Appendix 1 to the annex separation distances referred to in point 2.2.2 of annex for bearings with explosives of the storage groups 1.1 to 1.4 (site of the original text: Federal Law Gazette 2002 I, 3555; regarding the details of the changes see footnote) (1) the separation distances of bearings to objects where all the time or frequently held gatherings of people or objects of particular importance or design are 1 General outline to enlarge the intervals of the number 2.
(2) in the case of camps built on slopes, the separation distances in the directions, is that with lower pressure effects (shock waves) can be reduced. Is to be expected with increased effects in one direction, is to increase the separation distance in that direction.
2 separation distances for storage of explosives of for each storage group a safety distance must be adhered to 2.1 stock Group 1.1 (1) for camp with explosives of 1.1 storage group. The separation distance is calculated 1 to residential areas according to the formula E = 22 x M1/3 *);
an additional risk from heavy appreciable, is however a minimum of 275 m to comply;
2. to transport routes according to the formula E = 15 x M1/3 *);
an additional risk from heavy appreciable, a minimum distance of 180 m but must be observed.
(2) in the case of favourable local conditions up to 4 000 kg NEM can be reduced for substances of the bracket assembly 1.1 for a storage occupancy the distances specified in paragraph 1 by 20 percent.
A safety distance must be adhered to 2.2 stock Group 1.2 for bearings with explosives of the bearing Group 1.2. The separation distance is calculated: 1 to residential areas a) according to the formula E = 58 x M1/6 *).
However, it is a minimum distance of 90 metres to comply;
b) according to the formula S = 76 x M1/6 *) with heavy coat-objects, which is an additional hazard of heavy appreciable; However, it is a minimum distance of 135 m to comply with;
2. traffic routes a) according to the formula S = 39 x M1/6 *).
However, it is a minimum distance of 60 m to comply with;
b) according to the formula E = 51 x M1/6 *) with heavy coat-objects, which is an additional hazard of heavy appreciable; It is however a minimum of 90 m to comply with.
A safety distance must be adhered to 2.3 storage group 1.3 (1) for camp with explosives of the bearing Group 1.3. The separation distance is calculated as 1 to residential areas according to the formula S = 6.4 x M1/3 *);
However, it is a minimum distance of 60 m to comply with;
2. to transport routes according to the formula E = 4.3 x M1/3 *);
It is however to comply with a minimum distance of 40 m.
(2) in the case of a storage occupancy up to 100 kg NEM, a separation distance is not required. Through structural measures must however be ensured, that no effect occurs outside or only in the direction of non-hazardous.
(3) special protection measures taken, the separation distance in the direction of protected action may be omitted when a storage occupancy partially or completely over 100 kg NEM. The same applies if the fire behaviour in the packaged explosives justifies it.
(4) explosive substances in the stock 1.3 so stored, that is to be expected an explosion at an inflammation, so a safe distance away not necessary apply to these bearings which separation distances of the bracket assembly 1.1. is 2.4 storage group 1.4 (1) for bearing with the bearing Group 1.4 explosives at a camp occupancy up to 100 kg NEM.
(2) when a storage occupancy exceeding 100 kg NEM, a separation distance of residential areas and transportation routes of at least 25 m must be adhered.
(3) special protection measures taken, the separation distance in the direction of protected action may be omitted when a storage occupancy partially or completely over 100 kg NEM.
---*) E = distance in meters M = Nettoexplosivstoffmasse in kilograms.

Appendix 2 to the annex safety distances referred to in point 2.2.2 of annex for bearings with explosives of the storage groups 1.1 to 1.4 site of the original text: Federal Law Gazette 2002 I, 3556-3563;
regarding the details of the changes see footnote) 1 General 1.1 each bearing a dangerous object (donor) as well as an endangered object (acceptor) represents.
According to the formula E = 1.2 which margins of safety for storage of explosives of the storage groups are 1.1 and 1.3 to calculate k X M(hoch)1/3*), as far as not minimum clearances are set.
1.3 for bearings with explosives of the bearing Group 1.2 and 1.4 minimum clearances are set.
1.4. the distance between the two camps must be calculated both the donor and the acceptor; for the safety distance is governed by the greater value.
1.5 in determining the direction of effect from bubble side is the area shaded in the illustration below (opening angle 60 degrees) into account.
(Inhalt: nicht darstellbare Abbildung, Fundstelle: BGBl. I 2002, 3556) - *) E = distance in meters.
k = constant, which is dependent on the storage group as well as the type and the guards of the donor and of the Akzeptors.
M = Nettoexplosivstoffmasse in kilograms.
1.6 explosives of storage group 1.3 so stored, that when an infection with an explosion is expected, so the bracket assembly 1.1. safety distances are valid for these bearings 2 safety distances for stock in companies, where explosives are manufactured, processed, edited, recovered or destroyed are 2.1 depending on their construction are for bearings with explosives - bearing groups 1.1 and 1.3 the k factors or the minimum distances in the tables 1 and 2 and 5 , - the warehouse Group 1.2 and 1.4 listed the security gaps in the tables 3 and 4 and 6. At the tables, the column with the symbol shall use that corresponds to the conditions in effect direction.
2.2 for bearings with explosives of the bracket assembly 1.1 the distances must be enlarged, if due to the type or the location of the building (donor) a-oriented effect (focus) is expected.
2.3 for bearings with explosives of the storage groups 1.1 to 1.3, the distance can be reduced or be omitted if it is small net explosive mass or is guaranteed due to the nature of the explosives or by structural measures, that a dangerous effect in certain direction can not occur.
2.4 places are to make buildings in lightweight construction. Also the building of the safe part of the operation are to be regarded as acceptor.
2.5 building are treated with explosives without permanent jobs like building the columns A-5 A 8 tables 1 to 5.
3 safety distances when other warehouses for storage of explosives of the bearing groups 1.1 to 1.4 are to be used in the rule the k-factors and the minimum distances as a function of the type as shown in table 7.
(Reference: Federal Law Gazette I 2010, 1681)
Table 1 margins of safety for bearings with explosives of 1.1 storage group by Appendix 2 point 2 - k-factors and distances - explosives, which make no serious appreciable hazardous non-hazardous part in an explosion part influence towards the buildings and places with explosives (excluding stock) camp with explosives other building Earth ueberdeckt with wall *) or heavy walls and heavy roof duty with wall *) or heavy walls and light roof duty without wall *) Earth ueberdeckt with wall *) or heavy walls and heavy roof duty with wall *) or heavy walls and lighter Dachausführung without wall *) buildings, which serve the manufacturing object (donor D) dangerous other buildings endangered object (acceptor A) A 1 A 2 A 3 A 4 A 5 A 6 A 7 A 8 A 9 A 10 A 11 in the direction of effect Earth ueberdeckt D 1 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 0.8 2.5 3.0 4.0 4.0 8.0 (30 m) *) 8.0 (30 m) *) with wall *) ,
schwere Dachausführung
D 2
2,5
4,0
6,0
6,0
0,8
2,5
4,0
6,0
4,02)
8,0
(30 m)**)
8,0
(30 m)**)
mit Wall*),
leichte Dachausführung
D 3
2,5
3,0
3,5
5,0
0,8
2,5
3,0
5,0
4,02)
8,0
(30 m)**)
8,0
(30 m)**)
ohne Wall*)
D 4
2,5
4,5
6,0
8,01)
0,8
2,5
4,0
8,01)
6,0
(30 m)**)
8,01)
(30 m)**)
8,01)
(30 m)**)
*)
oder gleichwertige(r) Schutzeinrichtung , a fire wall is not considered equivalent *) = minimum distance 1) only permissible for particularly favourable local or operational conditions.
(2) if the donor is a camp, the k factors of the column apply 4. remarks: in quantities of more than 1 000 kg NEM the warehouse with a covering of Earth must be provided or incorporated into adult rock or steady ground.
 
Quantities up to 1 000 kg NEM is sufficient to the wall of the camp (cf. No. 2.4.1 para. 3).
(Reference: Federal Law Gazette I 2010, 1682)
Table 2 security clearances for bearings with explosives of the bracket assembly 1.1 for Appendix 2 point 2 - k-factors and distances - explosives, of the appreciable heavy in an explosion form dangerous part of non-hazardous part of influence towards the buildings and places with explosives (excluding stock) camp with explosives other building Earth ueberdeckt with wall *) or heavy walls and heavy roof design with wall *) or heavy walls and light roof duty without wall *) Earth ueberdeckt with wall *) or heavy walls and heavy roof design with wall *) or heavy walls and lightweight roof version
without wall *) buildings, which serve the manufacturing object (donor D) dangerous other buildings endangered object (acceptor A) A 1 A 2 A 3 A 4 A 5 A 6 A 7 A 8 A 9 A 10 A 11 in the direction of effect Earth ueberdeckt D 1 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 0.8 2.5 3.0 4.0 8.0 (40 m) *) 8.0 (40 m) *) 8.0 (150 m) *) with wall *) ,
schwere Dachausführung
D 2
2,5
4,0
6,0
6,0
0,8
3,0
4,0
6,01)
8,01)
(40 m)**)
8,01)
(40 m)**)
8,0
(150 m)**)
mit Wall*),
leichte Dachausführung
D 3
2,5
4,0
6,01)
8,01)
0,8
3,0
6,01)
8,01)
8,01)
(40 m)**)
8,01)
(40 m)**)
8,0
(150 m)**)
ohne Wall*)
D 4
2,5
6,0
8,01)
8,01)
(180 m)**)
0,8
4,5
8,01)
8,01)
(180 m)**)
8,01)
(180 m)**)
8,01)
(180 m)**)
8,0
(275 m)**)
*)
oder gleichwertige(r) Schutzeinrichtung , a fire wall is not considered equivalent *) = minimum distance 1)
Only permissible for particularly favourable local or operational conditions.
(2) if the donor is a camp, the k factors of the column apply 4. remarks: in quantities of more than 1 000 kg NEM the warehouse with a covering of Earth must be provided or incorporated into adult rock or steady ground.
 
Quantities up to 1 000 kg NEM is sufficient to the wall of the camp (cf. No. 2.4.1 para. 3).
(Federal Law Gazette I 2010, 1683)
Table 3 safety distances for bearings with explosives of the bearing Group 1.2 according to Appendix 2 point 2 - minimum - explosives, an explosion not heavy appreciable hazardous non-hazardous part form part of influence towards the buildings and places with explosives (excluding stock) camp with explosives other building Earth ueberdeckt with wall *) or heavy walls and roof heavy-duty wall *) or heavy walls and light roof duty without wall *) Earth ueberdeckt with wall *) or heavy walls and heavy roof duty with wall *) or heavy walls and light roof duty without Wall*)
Gebäude, die der
Herstellung dienen
sonstige Gebäude
Gefährdetes Objekt
(Akzeptor A)
Gefährdendes Objekt
(Donator D)
A 1
A 2
A 3
A 4
A 5
A 6
A 7
A 8
A 9
A 10
A 11
In Wirkungsrichtung
erdüberdeckt
D 1
(-)**)
25 m1)
(-)**)
25 m1)
(-)**)
25 m1)
(-)**)
25 m1)
(-)**)
25 m1)
(-)**)
25 m1)
(-)**)
25 m1)
(-)**)
25 m1)
25 m
40 m
60 m
mit Wall*) ,
schwere Dachausführung
D 2
(-)**)
25 m1)
15 m
25 m1)
15 m
25 m1)
15 m
25 m1)
(-)**)
25 m1)
10 m
25 m1)
15 m
25 m1)
15 m
25 m1)
25 m
40 m
60 m
mit Wall*),
leichte Dachausführung
D 3
(-)**)
25 m1)
25 m
60 m
75 m
(-)**)
25 m1)
10 m
25 m1)
60 m
75 m
75 m
75 m
90 m
ohne Wall*)
D 4
(-)**)
25 m1)
25 m
75 m
90 m
(-)**)
25 m1) 25 m 75 m 90 m 90 m 90 m 90 m *) or gleichwertige(r) protective device, a fire wall is not considered equivalent *) = no distance control 1) this distance applies to objects with equity drive, such as missiles.
(Reference: Federal Law Gazette I 2010, 1684)
Table 4 safety distances for bearings with explosives of the bearing Group 1.2 according to Appendix 2 point 2 - minimum - explosives, of the appreciable heavy in an explosion make more dangerous part of non-hazardous part of influence towards the buildings and places with explosives (excluding stock) camp with explosives other building Earth ueberdeckt with wall *) or heavy walls and heavy roof design with wall *) or heavy walls and light roof duty without wall *) Earth ueberdeckt with wall *) or heavy walls and heavy roof duty with wall *) or heavy walls and light roof duty without wall *)
Gebäude, die der
Herstellung dienen
sonstige Gebäude
Gefährdetes Objekt
(Akzeptor A)
Gefährdendes Objekt
(Donator D)
A 1
A 2
A 3
A 4
A 5
A 6
A 7
A 8
A 9
A 10
A 11
In Wirkungsrichtung
erdüberdeckt
D 1
(-)**)
25 m1)
(-)**)
25 m1)
(-)**)
25 m1)
(-)**)
25 m1)
(-)**)
25 m1)
(-)**)
25 m1)
(-)**)
25 m1)
(-)**)
25 m1)
40 m
60 m
75 m
mit Wall*) ,
schwere Dachausführung
D 2
(-)**)
25 m1)
15 m
25 m1)
40 m
40 m
(-)**)
25 m1)
10 m
25 m1)
25 m
25 m
60 m
75 m
100 m
mit Wall*),
leichte Dachausführung
D 3
(-)**)
25 m1)
25 m
100 m
135 m
(-)**)
25 m1)
10 m
25 m1)
100 m
135 m
135 m
135 m
135 m
ohne Wall*)
D 4
(-)**)
25 m1)
25 m
135 m
135 m
(-)**)
25 m1)
25 m
135 m
135 m
135 m 135 m 135 m *) or gleichwertige(r) protective device, a fire wall is not considered equivalent *) = no distance control 1) this distance applies to objects with equity drive, such as missiles.
(Reference: Federal Law Gazette I 2010, 1685)
Table 5 safety distances for bearings with explosives of the bearing Group 1.3 part of non-hazardous according to Appendix 2 point 2 - k-factors and distances - dangerous part influence towards the buildings and places with explosives (excluding stock) camp with explosives, other building Earth ueberdeckt öffnungslose fire wall wall fire stand class F 30 wall *) wall fire stand class F 30 without wall *) or off bubble page with or without wall *) Earth ueberdeckt wall fire öffnungslose fire wall State class F 30 wall *) wall fire stand class F 30 without wall *) or off bubble page with or without wall *) buildings, which serve the manufacturing object (donor D) dangerous other buildings endangered object (acceptor A) A 1 A 2 A 3 A 4 A 5 A 6 A 7 A 8 A 9 A 10 A 11 in the direction of effect Earth ueberdeckt D 1 (-) (10 m) 1.0 (10 m) 1.25 (15 m) (-) (-) (-) 1.25 (15 m) 1.4 (15 m) 1.4 (40 m) 1.4 (60 m) öffnungslose fire wall D 2 (10 m) 1.0 (10 m) 1.25 (15 m) 1.4 (15 m) (-) (-) 1.25 () 10 m) 1.4 (15 m) 1.7 (15 m) 1.7 (40 m) 1.7 (60 m) wall fire resistance class F 30 with wall *) D 3 1.0 (10 m) 1.25 (15 m) 1.4 (20 m) 1.7 (25 m) (-) (-) 1.4 (15 m) 1.4 (20 m) 2.5 (30 m) 4.3 (40 m) 4.3 (40 m) wall fire resistance class F 30 without wall *) or unprotected or off bubble page, but with wall *) D 4 1.4 (15 m) 1.4 (15 m) 1.7 (20 m) (25 m) 2.0 (-) 1.25 (10 m) 1.4 () 20 m) 1.7 (20 m) 3.2 (40 m) 4.3 (60 m) 4.3 (60 m) unprotected or off bubble page without wall *) D 5 1.4 (15 m) 1.7 (20 m) 2.0 (25 m) 3.21) (40 m) (-) 1.4 (20 m) 1.4 (25 m) 3.21) (40 m) 4.31) (60 m) 4.31) (60 m) 6.4 (60 m) *) or gleichwertige(r) protective device; (-) = no distance control; ) = Minimum distance 1) only permissible for particularly favourable local or operational conditions.
Comments: a) the roof must meet the same fire resistance as the walls. This does not apply for building off bubble side, if the roof is used as additional relief surface.
 
(b) for donors, in which depending on the storage conditions at an inflammation of explosives with an explosion is to be expected, the spacing of table 1 are to comply.
 
(c) the table applies to quantity greater than 10 kg; for smaller quantities, the distance is the relationship to 0.1 × × distance [m] quantity [kg].
(Reference: Federal Law Gazette 2002 I, 3562; regarding the details of the changes see footnote)
Table 6 safety distances for bearings with explosives of Commons group of 1.4 according to Appendix 2 point 2 spacing of buildings with each other at least 10 m.
By structural measures, at least through a fire wall, ensure that no hazardous effect on neighboring buildings occurs, the distance can be reduced, or he may be omitted.
(Reference: Federal Law Gazette I 2010, 1686)
Table object (donor D) dangerous 7 safety distances for bearings with explosives of the bracket assembly 1.1 to 1.4 object (acceptor A) endangered according to annex 2 paragraph 3 - k-factors and distances - bearing group camp with explosives vulnerable premises and assets1) towards exposure to unprotected exposure towards Earth A 1 A 2 A 3 1.1 D 1 in direction ueberdeckt unprotected 8,02) 3) (180 m) *) 0.8 8.03) (180 m) *) D 2 in the direction of effect Earth ueberdeckt 4.0 0.8 4.04) 1.2 D 1 in direction unprotected (90 m) 4) *) (25 m)*)
(90 m)4)*)
D 2
In Wirkungsrichtung erdüberdeckt
(-)5)**)
(-)5)**)
(25 m)*)
1.3
D 1
In Wirkungsrichtung ungeschützt bzw. Ausblaseseite
3,22)
(40 m)*)
(-)5)**)
4,32)
(60 m)*)
D 2
In Wirkungsrichtung ungeschützt,
Wand jedoch mindestens Feuerwiderstandsklasse F 30
1,7
(20 m)*)
(-)5)**)
3,2
(40 m)*)
D 3
In Wirkungsrichtung erdüberdeckt
25 m
(-)**)
1,4
(25 m)*)
1.4
Abstand der Gebäude untereinander mindestens 10 m.
By structural measures, at least through a fire wall, ensure that no hazardous effect on neighboring buildings occurs, the distance can be reduced, or he may be omitted.
) = Minimum distance *) = no distance control 1) such as buildings with permanent jobs or that serve the permanent stay of people; Buildings, equipment or facilities that pose a threat in damage (such as gas tanks, certain utilities).
(2) in the presence of permanent jobs in the acceptor, the minimum distance must be observed.
(3) in the case of additional exposure through heavy explosives or pieces of litter as well as significant increase of risk resulting from damage (secondary effects), the minimum distance must be observed.
(4) in the case of additional exposure to heavy explosive or throw pieces of double k-factor or the minimum distance must be used to increase 50 percent.
(5) for storage of goods with self drive, a minimum distance of 25 m must be observed.

Appendix 3 to annex separation distances according to point 3.2.2 of annex for bearings with other explosive substances of the bearing groups I to III (site of the original text: Federal Law Gazette 2002 I, 3564; regarding the details of the changes cf. footnote) 1 storage group IA (1) for the storage of substances of this storage group is in a net mass 100 kg a safe distance away unnecessary. It must be however ensured that an effect can occur not outward, or only in the direction of non-hazardous.
(2) in the case of an occupation of more than 100 kg net mass is the separation distance to residential areas according to the formula E = 0.185 x A(tief)k(hoch)1/2 x M(hoch)1/3 1) calculated, where however a minimum distance of 30 m to comply with is.
(3) in the case of an assignment of more than 100 kg net mass is the separation distance to roads according to the formula E = 0.124 x A(tief)k(hoch)1/2 x M(hoch)1/3 1) calculated, where however a minimum distance of 25 m to comply with is.
(4) protective measures are taken, the protection gaps in the protected effect directions can be partially or completely.
(5) is to be expected with an increased effect in one direction, so the separation distances in this direction are increasing.
2 Commons Group IB
(1) for the storage of substances of this Commons category, a separation distance is not required with a net mass 200 kg. It must be however ensured that an effect can occur not outward, or only in the direction of non-hazardous.
(2) in the case of an occupation of more than 200 kg net mass, but by not more than 10 000 kg net mass, the separation distance S to living according to the formula M(hoch)1/5 2 = 11.0 x) calculates where however a minimum distance of 30 m to comply with is.
(3) in the case of an assignment of more than 10 000 kg net mass is the separation distance to residential areas according to the formula S = 3,2 x M(hoch)1/3 2) calculated.
(4) in the case of an allocation of more than 200 kg net mass, but by not more than 10 000 kg net mass, the separation distance S to roads according to the formula M(hoch)1/5 2 = 7.3 x) calculates where however a minimum distance of 25 m to comply with is.
(5) in the case of an allocation of more than 10 000 kg net mass is the separation distance to roads according to the formula E = 2.1 x M(hoch)1/3 2) calculated.
(6) protective measures are taken, the protection gaps in the protected effect directions can be partially or completely.
(7) is to be expected with an increased effect in one direction, so the separation distances in this direction are increasing.
3 storage group (II) (1) for the storage of substances of this storage group is not necessary a safe distance away at a net mass 200 kg. It must be however ensured that an effect can occur not outward, or only in the direction of non-hazardous.
(2) in the case of an occupation of more than 200 kg net mass, but by not more than 10 000 kg net mass, the separation distance S to living according to the formula M(hoch)1/5 2 = 7.5 x) calculates where however a minimum distance of 25 m to comply with is.
(3) in the case of an assignment of more than 10 000 kg net mass is the separation distance to residential areas according to the formula S = 2.2 x M(hoch)1/3 2) calculated.
(4) in the case of an allocation of more than 200 kg net mass, but by not more than 10 000 kg net mass, the separation distance S to roads according to the formula M(hoch)1/5 2 = 5.1 x) calculates where however a minimum distance of 25 m to comply with is.
(5) in the case of an allocation of more than 10 000 kg net mass is the separation distance to roads after the formal E M(hoch)1/3 2 = 1.5 x) calculated.
(6) protective measures are taken, the protection gaps in the protected effect directions can be partially or completely.
4 storage group III (1) for the storage of substances of this storage group is at a net mass 200 kg a safe distance away unnecessary. It must be however ensured that an effect can occur not outward, or only in the direction of non-hazardous.
(2) in the case of an occupation of more than 200 kg net mass, a safety distance must be adhered to residential areas of at least 25 m.
(3) in the case of an assignment of more than 200 kg net mass, a safety distance must be adhered to roads by at least 16 m.
(4) protective measures are taken, the protection gaps in the protected effect directions can be partially or completely.
---1) = E in m distance, corrected material throughput = A(Tief)k in kg/min, M = net mass in kg.
(2) E = distance in m, M = net mass in kg.

Appendix 4 to annex safety distances according to point 3.2.2 of annex for bearings with other explosive substances of the bearing groups I to III (site of the original text: Federal Law Gazette 2002 I, 3565; regarding the details of the changes cf. footnote) 1 storage group IA (1) for the storage of substances of this storage group is in a net mass 100 kg a security clearance not required.
(2) in the case of an occupation of more than 100 kg net mass is the safety distance to buildings or equipment according to the formula E = 0,092 x A(tief)k(hoch)1/2 x M(hoch)1/3 1) calculated, where however a minimum distance of 25 m to comply with is.
(3) in the case of an assignment of more than 100 kg net mass is the safe distance to other camps with explosive substances according to the formula E = 0.115 x A(tief)k(hoch)1/2 x M(hoch)1/3 1) calculated, where however a minimum distance of 10 m to comply with is.
(4) protective measures on the business premises or equipment or the bearings are taken, you can omit the safety distance in the direction of protected partially or completely.
(5) is to be expected with an increased effect in one direction, or the premises or installations in the vicinity of camp are especially vulnerable, so the safety distances in this direction are increasing.
2 Commons Group IB (1) for the storage of substances of this storage group is not required when a net mass a safety distance 200 kg.
(2) in the case of an allocation of more than 200 kg net mass, but by not more than 10 000 kg net mass, the safety distance is E to buildings or equipment according to the formula M(hoch)1/5 1 = 5.5 x) calculates where however a minimum distance of 25 m to comply with is.
(3) in the case of an assignment of more than 10 000 kg net mass is the safety distance to buildings or equipment according to the formula E = 1.6 x M(hoch)1/3 1) calculated.
(4) in the case of an allocation of more than 200 kg net mass is the safe distance to other camps with explosive substances according to the formula E = 1.6 x M(hoch)1/3 2) calculated, where however a minimum distance of 10 m to comply with is.
(5) protective measures on the business premises or equipment or the bearings are taken, you can omit the safety distance in the direction of protected partially or completely.
(6) is to be expected with an increased effect in one direction, or the premises or installations in the vicinity of camp are especially vulnerable, so the safety distances in this direction are increasing.
3 storage group (II) (1) for the storage of substances of this storage group is not required a security clearance at a net mass 200 kg.
(2) in the case of an allocation of more than 200 kg net mass is the safety distance to farm buildings and equipment according to the formula E = 1.1 x M(hoch)1/3 2) calculated, where however a minimum distance of 25 m to comply with is.
(3) in the case of an assignment of more than 200 kg net mass is the safe distance to other camps with explosive substances according to the formula E = 1.1 x M(hoch)1/3 2) calculated, where however a minimum distance of 10 m to comply with is.
(4) protective measures on the business premises or equipment or the bearings are taken, you can omit the safety distance in the direction of protected partially or completely.
(5) is to be expected with an increased effect in one direction, or the premises or installations in the vicinity of camp are especially vulnerable, so the safety distances in this direction are increasing.
4 storage group III (1) for the storage of substances of this storage group is at a net mass 200 kg a safety distance not required.
(2) in the case of an occupation of more than 200 kg net mass, a safety distance must be adhered to farm buildings and equipment of at least 10 m.
(3) in the case of an assignment of more than 200 kg net mass, a safety distance must be adhered to other camps with explosive substances of at least 10 m.
(4) protective measures on the business premises or equipment or the bearings are taken, you can omit the safety distance in the direction of protected partially or completely.
---1) = E in m distance, corrected material throughput = A(Tief)k in kg/min, M = net mass in kg.
(2) E = distance in m, M = net mass in kg.

Appendix 5 to annex compatibility groups referred to in point 2.7 of annex (reference: Federal Law Gazette I 2010, 1688) Verträglichkeits-group description A dynamite.
B igniters with less than two effective protective devices. Items such as such as blasting caps, ignition devices for blasting and kindling Hat are included, even if they contain no explosive.
(C) fuel or other deflagrating explosive substance or article containing such explosive substance.
D Detonierender explosive substance or black powder or object with detonierendem explosives, each without igniters or igniters with two effective securing devices and without driving cargo or igniters with at least two effective protective devices.
E item with detonierendem explosive without igniters or igniters with two safety devices, with driving charge (other than those that consist of flammable liquid or flammable gel or hypergolic).
F item with detonierendem explosive with his own igniters, with driving charge (other than those that consist of flammable liquid or flammable gel or hypergolic) or without a driving charge.
(G) pyrotechnic set or pyrotechnic article.
H object that contains both explosives and white phosphorus.
J object that contains both explosives and flammable liquid or flammable gel.
L explosive substance or article containing explosives, which presents a special risk (E.g. due to its activation in the presence of water or because of the presence of hypergolic, Phosphiden or a pyrophoric substance) and requires a separation of each individual type.
N object containing only extremely insensitive detonating substances.
S *)
Explosive so packed or designed that any occurring by an unintended reaction effect on the shipping units will be limited, unless the shipping units by fire damage. In this case the air blast and the splinter effect on such limited remain, that fire - or other emergency measures in the immediate vicinity of the shipping piece not be restricted or prevented.
) The assignment to the compatibility group S requires the assignment to camp 1.4.

Appendix 6 to annex store smaller amounts in the commercial sector referred to in point 4 of the annex maximum permissible net mass of explosives/net mass in kg (site: BGBl. I 2010, 1688 - 1689) are storage of local of respect for group work room showroom building with living room building without living room outside a building / transportable storage storage storage storage with at least the fire resistance class F30/T30 such as container 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 bracket assembly 1.1 1 explosives , Sprengschnüre
n. z.+)
n. z.+)
1
5
5
25
2
Schwarzpulver, Treibladungspulver, Treibladungen, pyrotechnische Sätze der Kategorie*) S2
n. z.+)
n. z.+)
3
25
25
25
3
Zündmittel
n. z.+)
n. z.+)
0,1
1
1
1
4
Pyrotechnische Gegenstände der Kategorien*) 3,c) 4,d) T2,f) und P2h)
n. z.+)
n. z.+)
5
5
5
5
 
Lagergruppe 1.2
 
 
 
 
 
 
5
Pyrotechnische Gegenstände der Kategorien*) 3 ,c) 4,d) T2,f) und P2h)
n. z.+)
n. z.+)
5
15
25
25
 
Lagergruppe 1.3
 
 
 
 
 
 
6
Treibladungspulver, Treibladungen, pyrotechnische Sätze der Kategorien*) S1 und S2
n. z.+)
n. z.+)
10
25
25
25
7
Pyrotechnische Gegenstände der Kategorien*) 2,b) 3,c) 4,d) T1,e) T2,f) P1g) und P2h) sowie pyrotechnische Munition der Klassen**) PM I und PM II
5
5
15
50
50
50
 
Lagergruppe 1.4
 
 
 
 
 
 
8
Zündmittel
n. z.+)
n. z.+)
0,2
2
2
2 9 pyrotechnic articles of all categories *), a) to h), 1), pyrotechnic sets S1 and S2 as well as pyrotechnic ammunition of the classes *) PM I and PM II, of which not more than 20% without packaging according to § 21 para 4 of the 1 SprengV 70 70 100 100 350 350 10 pyrotechnic articles of class T1i) and the category *) P1 for the installation in vehicles 10 10 10 10 100 100 11 bearing Group IA n. such +) n. such +) 10 25 100 100 12 storage group IB 20 n. e.g. +) 10 25 200 200 13 storage groups II and III 60 20 75 150 200 200 +) not allowed storage.
(1) pyrotechnic articles of line 10 are excluded.
) Mapping to categories according to § 6 paragraph 6 of the first regulation to the Explosives Act.
) Mapping to classes according to § 11 paragraph 5 of the regulations.
(a) category 1 is to equate the class I according to section 6, paragraph 4, of the first regulation to the law on explosives as amended by force until September 30, 2009.
(b) the class II is category 2 according to § 6 paragraph 4 of the first regulation to the Explosives Act in force until September 30, 2009 amended to equate.
(c) the class category 3 is III according to § 6 paragraph 4 of the first regulation to the Explosives Act in force until September 30, 2009 amended to equate.
(d) the class category 4 is IV according to § 6 paragraph 4 of the first regulation to the Explosives Act in force until September 30, 2009 amended to equate.
(e) the part of stage and theatre Fireworks - the subclass T1 according to § 6 paragraph 4 of the first regulation to the Explosives Act in force until September 30, 2009 amended is category T1.
(f) the part of stage and theatre Fireworks - the subclass T2 according to § 6 paragraph 4 of the first regulation to the Explosives Act in force until September 30, 2009 amended is the T2 category.
(g) the part of the subclass of T1 is category P1 according to § 6 paragraph 4 of the first regulation to the Explosives Act in force until September 30, 2009 amended to equate, not stage and theatrical Fireworks.
h) part of the subclass of T2 is of category P2 according to § 6 paragraph 4 of the first regulation to the Explosives Act in force until September 30, 2009 amended to equate, which is not stage and theatrical Fireworks.
(i) class T1 according to section 6, paragraph 4, of the first regulation to the law on explosives as amended by force until September 30, 2009.

Appendix 7 to annex store smaller amounts in the non-commercial sector referred to in point 4 of the annex maximum permissible net mass of explosives/net mass in kg (site: BGBl. I 2010, 1690) are storage of local of respect for group building with living room building with no living room inhabited room not bewohnter space 1 2 3 4 bracket assembly 1.1 1 explosives, detonating cords n. such +) n. such +) 5 2 black powder, propellant powder, consumables, pyrotechnic compositions of category *) S2 n. such +) 1 3 3 igniters n. such +) 0.1 1 4 pyrotechnic articles of category *) 3,c) 4,d) T2,f) und P2h)
n. z.+)
1
1
 
Lagergruppe 1.2
 
 
 
5
pyrotechnische Gegenstände der Kategorien*) 3,c) 4,d) T2,f) und P2h)
n. z.+)
2
5
 
Lagergruppe 1.3
 
 
 
6
Treibladungspulver, Treibladungen, pyrotechnische Sätze der Kategorien*) S1 und S2
n. z.+)
3
5
7
Pyrotechnische Gegenstände der Kategorien*) 2,b) 3,c) 4,d) T1,e) T2 ,f) P1,g) und P2h) sowie pyrotechnische Munition der Klassen**) PM I und PM II
n. z.+)
3
5
 
Lagergruppe 1.4
 
 
 
8
Zündmittel
n. z.+)
0,1
1
9
Pyrotechnische Gegenstände aller Kategorien*), a) bis h), 1), pyrotechnische Sätze S1 und S2 sowie pyrotechnische Munition der Klassen**) PM I und PM II; davon höchstens 20% ohne Verpackung nach § 21 Abs. 4 der 1. SprengV
n. z.+)2)
10
15
10
Pyrotechnische Gegenstände der Klasse T1i) und der Kategorie*) P1 für den Installation in vehicles n. such +) 1 1 11 bearing Group IA n. such +) 3 5 12 storage group IB n. such +) 3 10 13 storage groups II and III n. such +) 5 20 +) not allowed storage.
(1) pyrotechnic articles of line 10 are excluded.
(2) pyrotechnic articles of category 1 and 2 and pyrotechnic ammunition of the class PM I may be stored up to 1 kg.
) Mapping to categories according to § 6 paragraph 6 of the first regulation to the Explosives Act.
) Mapping to classes according to § 11 paragraph 5 of the regulations.
(a) category 1 is to equate the class I according to section 6, paragraph 4, of the first regulation to the law on explosives as amended by force until September 30, 2009.
(b) the class II is category 2 according to § 6 paragraph 4 of the first regulation to the Explosives Act in force until September 30, 2009 amended to equate.
(c) the class category 3 is III according to § 6 paragraph 4 of the first regulation to the Explosives Act in force until September 30, 2009 amended to equate.
(d) the class category 4 is IV according to § 6 paragraph 4 of the first regulation to the Explosives Act in force until September 30, 2009 amended to equate.
(e) the part of stage and theatre Fireworks - the subclass T1 according to § 6 paragraph 4 of the first regulation to the Explosives Act in force until September 30, 2009 amended is category T1.
(f) the part of stage and theatre Fireworks - the subclass T2 according to § 6 paragraph 4 of the first regulation to the Explosives Act in force until September 30, 2009 amended is the T2 category.
(g) the part of the subclass of T1 is category P1 according to § 6 paragraph 4 of the first regulation to the Explosives Act in force until September 30, 2009 amended to equate, not stage and theatrical Fireworks.
h) part of the subclass of T2 is of category P2 according to § 6 paragraph 4 of the first regulation to the Explosives Act in force until September 30, 2009 amended to equate, which is not stage and theatrical Fireworks.
(i) class T1 according to section 6, paragraph 4, of the first regulation to the law on explosives as amended by force until September 30, 2009.