ACT 324 OF 1996
Official Gazette No. 42899 of October 16, 1996
why some rules for the deaf population are created. Summary
THE CONGRESS OF COLOMBIA DECREES:
ARTICLE 1o. For purposes of this law, the following terms shall have the scope indicated below for each of them.
: It is a generic term used to define a person with a hearing loss. Effective Jurisprudence
Sordo: That person who has a hearing loss greater than ninety decibels (90) that prevents you acquire and use oral language properly. Effective Jurisprudence
Hearing impaired: Decreased hearing that strictly does not become total, which is designated by the term Cophosis.
Colombian Language Manual: Is expressed in the visual-manual mode.
Is the code whose medium is visual rather than auditory. Like any other language has its own vocabulary, idioms, grammar, syntax different Spanish. The elements of this language (individual signs) are the configuration, the position and orientation of the hands in relation to the body and the individual, language also uses the space, direction and speed of movement and facial expression to help convey the meaning of the message, this is a visogestual language.
Communication: It is a social process in which it is necessary at least to have two people at interrelation of ideas or messages, a sender and a receiver or speaker.
For communication to occur it is necessary that exists between the partners motivation to transmit and receive.
There must be intervened explicit or implicit agreement between the partners on the use of a code enabling the organization of messages transmitted taking a particular medium or channel of communication.
Prevention is understood as the adoption of measures to prevent a physical, intellectual, psychiatric or sensory impairments (primary prevention) or at preventing impairments from causing a permanent functional limitation or disability (secondary prevention) occurs. Prevention may include many different types of action, such as primary health care, prenatal and postnatal child care, education in nutrition vaccination campaigns against communicable diseases, measures to control endemic diseases, standards and security programs, prevention of accidents in different environments, including adaptation of workplaces to prevent occupational disabilities and diseases, and prevention of disability resulting from pollution of the environment or caused by armed conflict.
Rehabilitation: Rehabilitation is a process designed to ensure that people with disabilities are able to achieve and maintain optimal functional state, from the point of physical, sensory, intellectual, psychological or social, so that they have means to change their lives and become more independent. Rehabilitation may include measures to provide or restore functions, or compensate for the loss or lack of a function or a functional limitation. The rehabilitation process does not involve initial medical care.
It covers a wide range of measures and activities from more basic and general rehabilitation to goal-oriented activities, such as vocational rehabilitation.
Interpreter for the Deaf: People with extensive knowledge of the Colombian Language Manual that can perform simultaneous translation of the Spanish language spoken in the Manual and vice versa. Effective Jurisprudence
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ARTICLE 3. The State will sponsor research, teaching and dissemination of Language Manual Colombiana. Effective Jurisprudence
ARTICLE 4. The State shall ensure that at least one of the daily news programs of national audience includes translation Colombian Language Manual. Likewise, the State shall guarantee the Colombian Language Translation Program Manual general interest, cultural, recreational, political, educational and social. Editor's Notes
The 5th ITEM. The State will guarantee, production logistics infrastructure and financial means to the deaf community has access to local, regional and national Colombian television channels to broadcast their programs, their culture, interests, etc.
ARTICLE 6o. The State shall ensure that progressively in education and formal and informal institutions, different levels of study, action and monitoring that provide technical and pedagogical support for this population, in order to ensure the specialist for integration of care believe these students on equal terms.
Similarly, the state will create labor centers and professional qualification for the deaf population.
ARTICLE 7. The State shall guarantee and provide the assistance of qualified interpreters to make it a means through which deaf people can access all services as Colombian citizens were under the Constitution. For this, the State organized through Government buildings or Agreements with Associations of the Deaf, the presence of interpreters for access to these services.
The State also promote the creation of training schools for deaf interpreters. Effective Jurisprudence
Article 8. The State shall provide the necessary mechanisms for the production and import of all kinds of equipment and specialized auxiliary resources required in the areas of education, communication, training and rehabilitation in order to facilitate the interaction of the deaf person with the environment.
Article 9. The state will subsidize deaf people for the purpose of facilitating the acquisition of assistive devices, auxiliary electroacoustic and all kinds of elements and equipment needed to improve their quality of life.
ARTICLE 10. The State shall ensure that establishments or undertakings at the national, departmental, district and municipal ownership interest that is a percentage of occupationally linked. A deaf people who can not be included occupationally the State shall give priority to be included in the Subsidized Social Security. Effective Jurisprudence
ARTICLE 11. The State shall establish legal protection for the father, mother or who have under their care or legal protection, facilities available in their working hours, for medical, therapeutic and educational care for their children. Effective Jurisprudence
ARTICLE 12. The state will provide and guarantee the necessary financial resources and define financing strategies for implementation of this law.
ARTICLE 13. The President of the Republic shall exercise the regulatory power of this law within a period of twelve (12) months.
Article 14. This Law governs from its publication and repeals provisions that are contrary.
The President of the honorable Senate,
LUIS FERNANDO LONDOÑO CAPURRO.
The Secretary General of the honorable Senate,
PUMAREJO PEDRO VEGA.
The President of the honorable House of Representatives,
GIOVANNI LAMBOGLIA MAZZILLI.
The Secretary General of the honorable House of Representatives, DIEGO VIVAS
REPUBLIC OF COLOMBIA - NATIONAL GOVERNMENT.
Published and execute.
Given in Santa Fe de Bogota, DC, on October 11, 1996.
Ernesto Samper Pizano.
The Minister of Finance and Public Credit, José Antonio Ocampo Gaviria
The Minister of National Education,
OLGA DUKE OF OSPINA