Resolution on some issues of agricultural and rural development _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ I-ASSESSMENT of the SITUATION from the founding to the present, our Party has always affirmed the importance of the issue of farmers, agriculture and countryside. In the process of renovation, the correctness of the party about the agricultural, rural development has evoked tremendous source of motivation of the people, brought to the very important achievements. The past ten years (1988-1998), agricultural production grows relatively comprehensive, continuous, high speed (4.3% increase per year on average). Rural economic structure the first step moving towards increasing the proportion of industry and services. Export turnover of agricultural, forestry and fisheries increase quickly, some items have large exports (rice, coffee, rubber, shrimp ...). Infrastructure, especially irrigation system is enhanced. The life of the great peasant parts improved. Many new factors in agriculture and new rural construction appears. Achievements that contribute vital to stability and socio-economic development of the country, at the same time continue to affirm the crucial position of agriculture, the rural areas of our country.
However, in the process, also exist problems to be solved and cons should fix: slow shifting economic structure; the application of scientific and technological progress, especially on the many varieties of crops, livestock are limited, the processing industry and underdeveloped industries; market of agricultural goods were difficult, competitive ability of agricultural products goods, surplus labor, more infrastructure, production and life in some regions is still very high: the relations of production in rural areas is slow innovation; the tremendous potential of the land, sea and forest workers in some regions not yet exploited effectively; the life of a farmer, and parts in remote areas is still very difficult.
The cause of the weak on are: 1. We have not taken seriously the right path has been outlined in the resolutions of the Congress and much of the Central resolutions: considered the industrialization and modernization of agriculture and rural areas is an important task of leading the industrialization modernization in the current period.
2. Some policies of the party and the State to slow innovation, yet airy, missing sync, not yet fit the background of large-scale goods production and export, particularly the policies regarding land, credit, science and technology to the market. The study uses the advanced management experience in the world in terms of the much more limited. Investment in agriculture and rural areas is still low.
3. in operating the attention, yet capture the practices, not timely remove difficulties and obstacles, fashioned mistake, deviations in implementing the policy; slow summarizing experience and the new model, the new elements of the masses, of the base unit. The State economy has yet to be strengthened in order to promote the role and guide economic support households, economic cooperation, private sector. Industrial, commercial yet strong links should not serve good agriculture and new rural construction. The law of the land had not yet conform; the implementation of the many cons and embarrassing.
4. Some leading cadres, management yet acutely aware the position, the role of agriculture, rural areas and require strengthening the Alliance working class with the peasantry and intellectuals in the period of industrialization. An unspecified number of local civil force potential true focus is promoted in rural agriculture. Management system, the direction of agriculture and rural development is also scattered, low-force, not to meet the requirements of the new situation.
II-the VIEWS and OBJECTIVES of DEVELOPMENT a. perspective 1. Importance to implementing industrialization and modernization of agriculture (including forestry, fisheries, matchsticks) and rural construction, put Agriculture and rural economy up big production is extremely important task both immediate and long-term, is the basis for stable economic situation , politics, society, strengthen the Union working class with the peasantry and intellectuals, promote industrialization and modernization of the country's socialist-oriented.
2. promote economic restructuring, develop agriculture with industry, processing industry associated with market production to form the Association of agro-industry-market and service right in the countryside and on the nationwide; attached agricultural development with the construction of the new countryside; tied industrialization to implement democratization and enhance recreation, training of manpower in rural areas: a new labour, create jobs, improve livelihoods, poverty reduction, narrowing the gap between the living standards of urban and rural areas, implementation has resulted in the development of the population.
3. Promote the advantages of each region and country, apply the fast progress in science, technology to develop diversified agriculture, meet the growing demand for agricultural products and industrial raw materials, the strong direction up exports.
4. Develop agriculture with many economic sectors in which the State holds the role, along with cooperative economy gradually became platforms, partnerships and guidelines of private economy development in accordance with the law. Continue to develop various forms of economic cooperation; the type of cooperative services to the economy of farmers, gradually build agricultural cooperatives under the law on cooperatives; attach importance to the State's economic links with other economic sectors. Facilitate and strongly encouraged farmers and those who have the ability to develop agricultural production, business, industrial, and rural services.
B. objectives 1. Ensuring national food security in all situations. Gradually improve the structure and quality of meals, advance to the nutritional standards.
2. economic restructuring of agriculture towards industrialization and modernization, the rapidly increasing volume of goods products, especially agricultural, forestry and fisheries through processing; increased exports; reduce the rate of agricultural workers, increasing the proportion of the service industry in the rural economic structure.
3. To enact several measures to create jobs, raise the income of the rural population; delete hungry households (in 2000), reduce the rate of poverty; develop socio-economic infrastructure of rural society, developed irrigation systems, ensuring smooth roads to the town centre, there are enough schools, clinics and potable water for living.
4. Protect the ecological environment; preventing deforestation; There are policies to mobilize the people and economic sectors to actively farming, protection of regeneration and afforestation, bringing the ratio of forest cover reaches 48% in 2010.
5. Improve the efficiency and capacity of catching, attention to intensive farming and promote marine aquaculture, seafood export service; striving to soon stand in the ranks of those countries producing hydro, the world's largest seafood.
6. Implementation of democratic regulation, ensure social and political stability, rural solidarity.
III-SOME Advocates, MAJOR POLICY 1. Promote implementation of industrialization and modernization in developing agriculture and the rural construction promoting intensive farming of rice, gradually forming the focus region producer of rice productivity, high quality associated with processing industry, preserving the harvest to improve grain production and boost exports.
Form the focus of industrial crops, vegetables, fruits, intensive farming, use of high-quality varieties associated with processing industry and the market to improve the value of products to meet domestic demand and exports.
Encourage cooperative, household economics and farm animals in large and medium scale, stitch-like attention and processing industry, market livestock products; implement measures to improve productivity and lower the price, bringing real livestock became the main production sectors in agriculture.
Focus on capital efficient protection of existing forests and woodlands, enriched for special-purpose forests, forest. Effective implementation the project to plant five million ha of new forests. Formation of productive forest focus tied to processing and improve the efficiency of the profession.
The sync program for investment in farming and fishing associated with the modern. Investment priorities for off-shore fishing program. There are agricultural support policy, fishermen exploit the water likely to aquaculture producers and provide the same good, prevention of the disease, farmers support aquaculture development.
Support, encourage the production and use of mechanical equipment, machinery manufacturing, production and processing of agricultural, forestry and seafood. The restoration and development of traditional villages. Encourage the development of the industrial establishments use more labor and materials in place.
There is strong encouragement of capital, the business of investing in agriculture, rural areas, spend a significant proportion of the State capital mobilization is to invest in agricultural development, rural industrial complexes formation-services-agriculture in the geographical conditions.
2. Policy on the economic sectors of economy in agriculture, the countryside survive long, each component has the position, role and are encouraged to develop the Socialist oriented.
a) promotes economic development.
Economy of rural households (agriculture, forestry, fisheries, industry, services, the surplus from the craft ... or do a lot of industries is the type of organization of production effectively about social-economic, exist, long-term development, have important positions in the agricultural production and the process of industrialization modernization of agriculture, the countryside. Continue to encourage the development of strong household economy to generate the amount of diversified products with high quality, high value, increase income per family farmers, improve all aspects of life in the countryside, providing products for municipalities, industry and exports, at the same time make the economic restructuring from the economy.
Soon finished the delivery of land and the certification of land use to long-term stability for farmers; expand the loans to farmers in many forms match each type of crop, livestock to support at the right time, the right audience really needs and the ability to effectively use the loan, first focus on meeting the needs of the breed, the essential supplies, technical services; Add the resource to the processing facilities; have the mechanism and form appropriate organizations to create the stick on the Organization and benefit between the processing facilities with a production unit of raw material. Promote the work of agriculture, forestry, fisheries, support farmers rise in goods produced with increasingly large scale, in association with industry and rural services is currently developing agricultural farm model, popular and family farms, essentially economics households producing goods with a larger scale , employer, amount of capital of the family is essential to effective business. A division of farm labor outside of the family, have hired more labor to produce business, farmland area revolves around the level limit for filling in each region in accordance with the law.
The State has a policy of encouraging development of forms of family farms such as the kind of production the household economy. Particularly encourages the farmers family farms and other economic elements link together, forming organizations, economic cooperation forms to expand the scale of production, business, attraction is supporting households is also difficult.
b) economic development, cooperation and economic cooperative development towards producing household goods is the basis for the formation of economic development and cooperation links with the new on-demand household economy in order to create higher-quality, productivity, bring about practical benefits for farmers and society.
The activity of the cooperative association with both household economic support, facilitating economic development, household to just contribute to promote the efficient investment of the State on the individual areas (especially on irrigation and engineering ...). Encourage cooperative, households, the economic development component of the form link, cooperation on a voluntary basis, under the provisions of the law.
To sum up, reviews the situation more fully in economic development cooperation and implement the law on cooperatives to orient and promote cooperation in economic and social development cooperation towards diversity, on a voluntary basis of farmers and the support of the State.
Focus on implementation, with the solid and consistent step transforming the agricultural cooperatives under the law on cooperatives. For the cooperative quite average, and continue to support to solve the problems on the property, capital funds, loan officer training, expertise, management ... to convert into new cooperative. For the weak cooperatives, has more support measures still do not fix, members have aspirations then consider each case could dissolve, guide and help farmers form the economic cooperation organization. Consider solving the outstanding debt to facilitate the reorganization of the cooperative.
Encourage agricultural cooperative industry restructuring, evolving into the agricultural production cooperative, General Services business.
In places not yet having agricultural cooperatives, should make good propaganda, support, encourage the formation of the type of cooperation towards the production and life services according to the needs of farmers.
Enhanced training, fostering economic cooperation and for the cooperative. There are mechanisms to select people elected who are qualified, experienced, good qualities to join management of the economic cooperation organization.
c) enhance the role of the State in economic, agricultural, rural.
State economic activity in agriculture employment services-oriented input, output; investing in these areas, the areas that the other ingredients can't afford or don't want to invest; or to support other economic components development, first of all is the field: hydraulic, mechanical, electrical, building facilities each; Science and technology; processing industry, import and export business and agricultural, forestry and seafood mean major economic-social security and defense.
Consolidate, enhance the performance of the agricultural, forestry and fishing enterprise to do well as the center of production, scientific, technical services in each area. Increase the potential of the enterprise has the important position, producing effective business; rearrange the weak business and selective held added some strong new enterprise to ensure the dominant role of the sew provides the same materials, entitled technical lead, processing and consumption of agricultural products. Encourage State enterprises to long term contracts with farmers, with the cooperative to supply materials, raw materials and product sales, create a stable connection, with farmers.
The renovation of land management and the labor of the agricultural market by reviewing, reorganized the agricultural market. Agriculture, forestry school only retained land has been investing and investment plans under the project feasible. An area of land not yet and not used to high for local Government to delivered to the farmers under the law. The agricultural, forestry and land use field effectively compared to the farmers to use, but every year the Ministry of agriculture and rural development and the people's committees of provinces and cities must reassess land use efficiency of upland field to have the proper adjustment. Delivery of lands, gardens of the Castle stable for households agriculture and forestry school members and local households in place associated with the final product, according to the Guide, check out the industry and of the technical school of agriculture, forestry and technology. Can delivery a part produced for households, agriculture, forestry school members to economic development, not to disparities between households agriculture and forestry school members and local households. For rubber farm, must maintain and develop in each planning region; the capacity and quality of processing industry, guaranteed to consume most of the LaTeX output of agriculture and the cultivation of rubber.
Strengthen and improve the performance of State economic units, army units do the economic areas, the geographical importance, just business, just support the designated minorities, immigration, stability of production, life, poverty reduction, contributing to economic development , hold security defense border region and geographical strategy.
Consolidation of State business organizations and business critical and essential items in the countryside. Diversifying the forms the link between State business with cooperatives and other economic components; keep abreast of the market solves better output, have enough reserve force market intervention when necessary by economic measures aimed at limiting the highest price surge. Against speculation, not to farmers were pressed, pressed the price when buying supplies and selling products.
d) On the other economic sectors in agriculture.
-Encourage people to have capital, experienced business managers themselves or associated, in any form joint venture to develop the industry, the service industry, particularly the processing industry and industry use more labor, building some infrastructure, economic development, farm , large scale business or associated with other economic sectors to invest in each particular project to exploit, using effectively the empty earths, barren hills, wasteland in the middle of the mountain, coastal, ... State welcome, encourage the ranchers, land reclaiming part of the stocks, gardens or livestock for workers (farmers), support, materials and capital inputs (except for fade into how public money target product) to farmers to gradually rise into a living link with the large farm owners and farm owners Guide to sign labor contracts with employees According to the law on the basis of mutual benefit. Particularly for the farm in the Plains, needs business investment direction in the development of processing industry, large-scale breeding, not used much arable land.
The private capitalist economy and state capitalist economy is the economic component in the economy of many components developed long socialist-oriented as the VIII Congress of the party was identified. The State encourages domestic private and foreign investors to invest in the agriculture business, especially investment in the agriculture industry and infrastructure construction.
The political Committee the Government party officials with the Central Committee, the Central Economic Committee took back the situation to officers, public officials, Communist Party members did the term beyond the farm economy filled with large scale, research, proposed the policy advocates, the Politburo decided to appropriate resolution approach.
Prohibiting the abuse of rights officials to informally, pressed to buy the land for sale, pressed make illegal benefits, makes people resentful.
-Pilot form joint venture between the State with private capitalism in the field of agriculture in some areas. Encourage households, farm owners affiliated with State enterprises construction of processing facilities, search market of agricultural products.
3. the Constitution of the land policy, land Law of 1993 and the resolutions of the party has insisted the land owned by the whole people, unified state management of all lands under planning, the plan and the law, ensure the correct use of purpose, are effective. State land, land rental to the Organizer, personal, household use of long-term stability. State valuation of publicly land, based on each type of land, each region and the level of investment in the construction of infrastructure ... as the basis for policy formulation of land use rights transfer, the level of compensation when land, mortgage loans, etc, when.
About accumulation of land: The land use right transfer, accumulation and agrarian focus is the phenomenon will occur in the process of agricultural development up great products, made in economic restructuring and assigned back to the social workers in the process of industrialization and modernization of the country. The buildup and focus their land must be controlled, regulated by the State, in accordance with the process of transferring economic structure and title development of industry, services, labor fades gradually from agriculture to industry, trades, services and development trend of economic forms of cooperation in agriculture , not to the process occurs spontaneously make the farmers lost rice fields that do not find employment, become poor. In many practical measures to create conditions for all farmers who mainly lived by farming, there is ground to produce.
Landless farmers for production, especially in the Mekong River Delta today needs to be a specific classification and solved by local police under the directive 23-CT/TW on 29-11-1997 the Politburo leadership made the work of poverty, and poverty reduction.
On land, term leased and fill time limit for delivery of the land: the land and the land use right certificate long-term stability for farmers, resolve disputes and grievances about land make sure every moment, lands forest management owners are legitimate, specific.
Keep the term fill level (by region as already stipulated in the 1993 Land Law, but need to study more specific rules according to the partition and according to soil type, focus on the region of the Highlands, South.
Farmers are allocated land to produce State (not paid) within the limit of filling and the State land rental term beyond filling in the conditional region. Those who are not farmers by the State land use rental space, Bare hills and mountains, coastal inning, wasteland to investing, developing agriculture, forestry, fishery, with an area of suitable to each region according to the provisions of the law. Based on the actual situation at present, the need to increase the time limit for delivery of agricultural land to households and individuals to farmer assured production development investments.
Protect water rice farming land on the basis of combining the economic and administrative measures. The crops on land planted with rice or rice land to use for other purposes must follow the planning and must be competent to decide in accordance with the law. Continue expanding the reclaimed land to plant rice in the condition to offset part of area to get to work.
On the use of bare soil, Bare hills and forest land: State needs quick production planning, building the infrastructure to encourage individuals, organizations and foreign countries to invest in the exploitation of land use blank, barren hills. First of all need to prioritize delivery of forest land for residents and the population tune in the Red River Delta, the Mekong River up the Highlands, South East. The State supports and delivered to the cells, the sedentary can live by farming, forest and trades for investors to hire business under the provisions of the law, including the form of large farms. Encourage all economic sectors to capital leasing land under production projects to exploit land use in developing agriculture, forestry, fishery with many forms (Garden Hill, forest gardens, VAC, partner development of processing industry ...).
Review planning, determine the exact area of forest, special-purpose protective forests are protected, farming, regeneration and planted with new crop varieties suitable to preserve the ecological environment; preventing deforestation is already planning to take the land for other crops.
The base content and ideological direction on this front, the Government submitted to the National Assembly adopted the amendments and additions to some of the things in the 1993 Land Law in the last session in 1998. At the same time to sum up the implementation of the Land Law in 1998, on that basis, the preparation of the revised Land Law building has comprehensiveness.
4. Policy on Science and technology in the coming years, priority investments in the following areas: irrigation development is the leading measures to intensive farming, increase service and exploitation of new land. First of all, investment priority to upgrade and strengthen the management to increase the efficiency of extraction works were there; focus capital completed the unfinished construction work to soon put into use a new investment for the truly urgent and highly effective. Investing to develop small irrigation works associated with hydropower in mountainous, consolidating and developing the system of levees on the River, the sea dike and flood prevention works, storm, to mitigate the damage. Have the policy of encouraging the people to participate in investment and management, harnessing the irrigation.
Proper for the development of science and technology in the agricultural and rural sectors, and to apply the achievements of modern biology. Investment priorities for research and application of new varieties, and high-quality rice varieties in service exports, rice, vegetables, plant materials, pets, create breakthrough in productivity, quality and competitiveness of agricultural products on the markets of the region and the world.
Focus on reinforcing the Organization and enhance the effectiveness of the system of research institutes, centres, organization of scientific careers in the agricultural, forestry and fisheries.
The State creates the conditions and encourage the development of processing technologies, to reduce post-harvest losses, improve product quality, support and create conditions for promoting research, production machinery, equipment, production and processing of agricultural, forestry and seafood.
5. investment policies, credit and the market gradually increase investment for agriculture and the countryside. First focus investment in building and developing basic infrastructure (roads, irrigation, electricity, schools, clinics..,) in the countryside, noting the high regions, remote areas. Encourage people, domestic and foreign investors to invest in the areas that directly serve rural agricultural development. The study plan to leave adequate rate of tax revenues from the use of agricultural land for communal and district budget (most communes) to invest again for farming, rural. There are specific regulations and policies to mobilize the contributions of reasonable people on the rural construction. Reviewing, deleting the kind donations laid out arbitrarily, contrary to law.
The extension of credit, ascending, medium and long term loans to meet capital requirements for agricultural industrialization, rural; implement the preferential policies on interest rates and repayment term for private credit to the priority programme of agricultural development, rural. The deadline for the loan must match the growth cycle of the animals, plants and the depreciation period of agricultural machinery.
Market development, agriculture, forestry, fisheries in the country on the basis of facilitating increased the income of the people and implement the mechanism of goods circulation ventilation. Implement measures to expand the export market; There is a policy to encourage and create favorable conditions to the production units in the economic sectors to boost export of agricultural products.
6. A number of social policy, a policy of restructuring agricultural production, development of processing industry and services in all economic sectors to attract more workers, create jobs for rural workers. At the same time have left labor distribution planning, the population in each locality and on nationwide. Implementation of the policy, the national program on poverty, and poverty reduction in rural areas. To sum up, there are specific measures to limit the level of disparity of income and life between urban and rural areas, between the residential class, between the regions within the country, first of all need a clear focus for over 1,700 town especially hard.
Implementation of the policy, the policy on development of education and training, health, culture and birth plan on rural areas, raise, raise the level of technical science, ideology, ethics, culture, lifestyle, health of populations, the development of human resources trained to promote innovation and socio-economic development in rural areas.
IV-organization DIRECTS implementation of the industry and the relevant authorities for comprehensive research of the problems of agriculture, farmers and rural areas as a basis for building the appropriate policies and guidelines with practical, high, in order to make industrialization and modernization of agriculture and the countryside. Building care staff, party members in rural areas through planning, training, upgrading, selection of officers. Have the proper policy for the training of officers, attracted intellectuals and officials on the work of the castle in the countryside.
Strengthening the leadership of the party, particularly interested in strengthening the party organization base and clean, treat this as an important factor in ensuring the success of rural development.
Enhance State Planning Director, distribution of productive forces, build policy, management of the national program in agriculture and the countryside, to develop a number of key program consistent with the new requirements, the full implementation of the comprehensive management of land resources, agriculture , water, forest and building a new countryside. Promote decentralization of budget management, investment, industrial processing facilities, irrigation systems, agricultural, forestry, the services associated with production for the city, the city; expand the powers of the provinces and cities in the market access and export work organization to have the monitoring, proactive and timely.
Strengthen the Administration and implementation of democratic rules in the countryside. Exert the role of Vietnam Fatherland Front, of the Vietnam farmers Association and other unions to contribute to motivate the entire population strength gradually build the Socialist Vietnam rural rich nice, hearty nationalism, civilization and modernity.
Implementation of the resolution of the Politburo about some problems of agriculture, rural development is the task of the whole party. The level of delegation of the party, the Communist Party, the party officials responsible Board of popular, holds the resolution, build and implement the plans and programs in the industry and local units. Especially the provincial Standing Committee based on the situation of local characteristics to directly implement and steering organizations perform the resolution for proper and effective surveillance. The Board thought-the Central cultural and propaganda levels compiled popular documents to a basis, directing news agencies of propaganda disseminated the resolution in many forms match the overwhelming masses of activities in the field of agriculture and the countryside.