THE SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIETNAM.
Central, December 22, 2011
Approval of the mineral strategy by 2020, vision by 2030
Government Law Base December 25, 2001;
Digital Minerals Law 60 /2010/QH12 November 17, 2010;
Resolution 02-NQ/TW on 25 April 2011 by the Politburo on the direction of mineral strategy and mining industry by 2020, vision by 2030;
Base of Economic Development Strategy-2011-2020;
At the suggestion of the Minister of Natural Resources and the Environment,
1. Directed by
a) Minerals are non-renewable resources, belonging to an important property of the nation that must be managed, protected, exploited, used in reasonable use, savings, effective in response to the requirements of industrialization, modernization of the country, economic sustainability-social and economic development. the long-term, long-term and defense, security, environmental protection;
b) The investigation, the mineral evaluation must go ahead one step, clarify the potential for mineral resources to set up exploration, exploitation, processing, mineral use, and national reserves.
c) The exploration, mining of minerals must be tied to the processing, used in accordance with the potential of each mineral type and the needs of the economic sectors;
d) The mineral processing must use advanced technology, eco-friendly, creating products with high economic value; primarily catering to domestic use, the latter export product exports have high economic value on the mineral-scale minerals. A scale.
Promote international cooperation to take on modern science, apply advanced technology in the investigation, exploration, exploitation and processing of minerals.
An investment priority for the basic geological investigation of the mineral and marine parts of the land and the sea, and the islands to clarify the potential for mineral resources. Exploration, exploitation of minerals associated with processing and efficient use. Balance between mining with mineral reserves; sustainable development of the mining industry tied to environmental protection and ensuring defense-security.
a) The completion of the mapping of geologic mapping and mineralogical investigation 1/ 50,000 on the territory; complete geological investigation work, 1/500,000 of the sea mineral; the assessment of the potential for mineral resource potential for mining and storage. the nation;
b) The probe response the demand for extraction, processed by 2050 for minerals: Coal, uranium, titanium-zircon, rare earth, apatite, iron, lead-zinc, copper, tin, manganese, chromite, bauxite, glass sand and several other minerals;
c) The mineral exploitation must be tied to the processing, creating a product with high economic value; by 2020 the end of mineral processing facilities, outdated technologies, low economic efficiency, environmental pollution; forming processed industrial zones. mineral, which is focused on advanced technology, has a scale that corresponds to the potential of each mineral;
d) Only export products after a high-value processing of large scale minerals. The remaining minerals exploit the demand in the domestic demand for increased energy reserves as the basis of economic sustainability-the society;
) Encouraging cooperation, exploration, exploitation, processing of certain types of mineral deposits in foreign countries, the priority of the minerals in Vietnam has a need for use.
4. Development orientation
a) The basic geological investigation of minerals
-A priority for completing the geological mapping and mineralogical investigation rate 1/ 50,000 on the territory, the islands; the census of the marine mineral 1/500,000, the focus of the investigation, the discovery of minerals in the areas of the structure. It ' s a very beneficial geology.
-Total potential evaluation of some important mineral types: Coal brown in the Red River Delta; bauxite, iron laterite in the Highlands; rare soil-uranium, zinc lead in the Northwest, Vietnam, China; lithium, gold in Central China; white marble in the North; slices of tiles in North America; Central; uranium and some other mineral deposits in the structures have the premise and signs favorable to depths of 500 m, some areas to depths of 1,000 m.
b) exploration, mining, mineral processing.
-Mineral Mineral: Push for a deep exploration of less than -300m for mines in Quảng Ninh, Taiyuan, Quảng Nam; selection of some of the most promising areas in the Red River Delta, exploration to depths of -1000m. New investment and renovation, expansion of a number of mines in the Quảng Ninh coal tank; renovation of the upgrading of coal-intensive industrial areas in Quảng Ninh, Taiyuan ensured environmental safety standards; the selection of experimental extraction methods. In some areas of the plains of the Red River, the Red River, which ensures environmental safety, does not affect economic-social development on the ground, as the basis of a solution for the solution of the overall coal tank after 2020;
-Radioactive Minerals (uranium): Complete exploration of uranium ore in the Pà Chu-Pà Bi mines, China ' s Klot-Slot in Quải Nam and some other promising areas; technological research, perfective processing of engineering uranium processing and safety solutions. in the extraction, uranium ore processing, which serves the need for raw materials for the Atomic Power Plant.
+ Ore titanium-zircon: Exploration, large-scale mining supplies the material for the intensive processing project centered on the Liang Shan region, Province of Binh Shun. Accelerate the construction of titanium ore-intensive plants (rutile-artificial, pigment, titanium titanium) in the direction of advanced technology, not polluing the environment. Forming the titanium mining industry-zircon is compatible with the potential for resource discovery. The National Mineral Reserves Planning in the period at Binh Shun to deploy economic-social development projects on the ground.
+ Ore bauxide: Complete exploration of the Western-region bauxite deposits, Blessed have been investigated, evaluated. Implementing the New Rai mining operation, the Ministry of Human Resources serves the raw materials for the 02 alumina production projects in the Forest Council. The implementation of the mining projects, production of other alumins in Lin Shao, Đồn Dân Hưu, Phưu Phưa was made only after the top 2 projects were in operation and was evaluated economically. The feasibility study of aluminium production project in Vietnam to deploy after 2015.
+ Ore Iron: Deploying exploration to potential mines in the province of Yan, Lao Cai, Shanxi, Hà Giang, Phú Thọ, Beijing, Guangdong. The mining operation must be attached to the use address, serving a project of iron production, domestic steel, non-export of iron ore.
+ Rare land ore: Complete exploration of rare earth mines in Lai Châu, Laos Cai. Project deployment, rare earth ore processing in East Pao mine (Lai Châu) and Yen Phú (Yen).
+ Ore Copper: Completed exploration of copper mines in Lao Cai, Lai Châu, Yan, Shanxi. The investment expanded the base of metal processing in Laos. Mining projects must be attached to the address used for domestic processing projects; no copper ore exports.
+ Ore lead-zinc: Deep exploration and the expansion of the Coal Market Deposits, Fort Market for Repleniching Ore Reserves For Mining Projects; completion of the exploration of potential mines in Bien Bien, Quiet, Proclamation, Hà Giang, Cao Cao. The extraction of the ore only serves the project to make deep metal, zinc; no lead-zinc ore exports. New ore areas are developed in the North, Cao by entering the national mineralogical reserve.
+ manganese ore: Completed exploration in the region with potential in Heilongjiang Province, Proclamation, Cao Cao to exploit as a material for the feromangan processing project, manganese electrolyc EMD serves domestic demand; does not export manganese ore and produce it. After processing.
+ ore chromite: The demand base uses processed products from the crop of chromite in industries to 2030 to grant exploitation, processing in line with the need for use; balance between exploitation with national reserves forming the mining industry, manufacturing and manufacturing. I mean, turn the cromite in the Old World. Do not export chromite ore and after processing.
+ Gold Mineral: Only exploration, mining to the original gold mine. The gold ore processing technology must use advanced technology, does not adversely affect the environment, water resources; no exploration, mining of mineral gold.
+ For other metal minerals: Impleminable exploration, exploitation must be associated with a deep-processing project primarily serving domestic demand, non-export of ores and after processing.
+ Minerals as cement materials: Exploration, mining of mines serving cement projects in the approved cement industry development planning. Do not exploit the limestone at the ridge area along the two sides of the highway to protect the landscape.
+ White limestone mineral minerals: Big-scale mining and white limestone concentration processing at the Art of An, Quiet; restricted to small-scale mining; do not export blocks of blocks.
+ Minerals make ceramic materials-glass: Exploration, mining of the kaolinh area, feldspat at Propaganda, Yen, Lao Cong, Lao Cần, Lue, Hue, Tue, Tue, Tue, Yue, Yue, Yue, Yue, Yue, Yue, Yue, Yue, Yue, Yue, Uk. Exploration, mining of white sand mines in Quảng Ninh, Quang Ping, Hue Tiansheng, Quảng Thiên, Khánh Hánh served raw materials for the project of glass processing, molding, enamel frit, unbaked brick.
+ Minerals as a mineral material: Exploration, granite mining, abatuation gabroo in the provinces of Yan, Thanh Thao, Anhui, Binh An, Binh Yan, Khánh Hải, Khánh Lân, Dân Lắk, Gia Lai, Kon Tum, Western Ninh, and the deposits of low-level deposits at the High School, Thailand No, no, no, no, no, no, no, no, no, no, no, no. No mass export.
+ Ore apatite: Complete extended exploration, additional exploration for investigated areas. Technological research uses the category 2 ore, to invest in processing projects. The licensing of mining must be attached to the processing projects, the production of the unicorns, the DAP, the production of phosphorus, the smelting molecule; the apatite ore exports. Balance the domestic demand for regulation of the national mineral reserve.
-The common building materials.
Mining of common building materials must be associated with labor safety, landscape protection and the environment. Do not exploit construction materials on the foothills of the hillside, mountains, along the highway routes to protect the landscape.
-The hot water minerals, the mineral water.
Promoting the exploration of the reserves, the quality of mineral water sources, the hot water to exploit the use is effective, rationing according to the need for socioeconomic development.
-For oil oil: The implementation of the Vietnam Petroleum Industry Development Strategy has been approved by the Government with the goal of "Development of the Petroleum Industry to become the economic-engineering sector, synchrony, including: Search for exploration, mining, shipping, and research." processing, storage, distribution, service and export, import ".
c) International cooperation: International cooperation priority, foreign investment in investigation, exploration, coal mining, iron ore, plaster, salt mines and other mineral deposits abroad. Promote cooperation with developed countries to take up advanced technology in the geological investigation of minerals, mineral exploration and mining, rare earth ore processing, titanium-zircon, lithium ...
a) The policy of protection, use and reserve of mineral resources
-Using mineral resources ensuring savings, efficiency, response requirements for sustainable development;
-Balance to secure the reserve of mineral resources serving the need to develop the economic and long-term industries;
-The extraction, processing, mineral use of domestic manufacturing; the export, import of minerals according to the principle of balance, ensures domestic production needs; only export products following the processing of high economic value for the mineral is present. Big scale.
b) scientific and technological policy
-Encouraging cooperation of advanced technology, eco-friendly, mineral processing;
-Enhanced capacity, device innovation, technology; there is a policy of developing human resources high in management, investigation, exploration, mining, mineral processing.
c) Investment policy
-The investment priority is to accelerate the basic investigation of the geology of the mineral;
-Diversification of the investment capital for the geology of the geology of the mineral;
-Encourage investment technology investment, deep and eco-friendly.
6. The solutions
a) Management and Planning
-Complete the legal system of legal rule on the mineral; raising the capacity of management from the Central to the Local;
-Joint coordination between the Central and the Local to boost inspection of the inspection, test of mineral activity; serious treatment of the violations of the law in mineralogical activity, the creation of the mechanism and restructure of the mining industry, the mineral processing;
-Construction of mineral planning by the provisions of the Mineral Law and in accordance with the orientation of the Strategy; the localization of the national mineral reserve.
b) Science and Technology
-Training team of science and high-level technology in many forms;
-Once advanced technical applications, modern equipment in investigation, exploration, mining, and mineral processing;
-Enhancing the technology of the furnace in the depths of the furnace.
-Building the technical standard of equipment, mining technology, mineral processing, to protect the environment and not waste resources.
-annually priorititiate sufficient funds from the state budget source for the basic regulatory work of the mineral in accordance with the planning, plans have been approved;
-Strengthening investment for new technology research and application research activities in the field of geological investigation of minerals, exploration, mining, and mineral processing;
-Regulating financial policies related to mineral export activity in the direction of export-based product exports high value for mineral-scale minerals;
-Building a career-compliant mechanism in accordance with occupational privilege, ensuring stable development of human resources for investigation, exploration, exploitation and processing of minerals.
d) Environmental Protection
Promote the test work, oversee the implementation of the laws of environmental protection; treatment of cases of violation by law.
Ministries, disciplines, the People ' s Committee of the provinces, cities and organizations, the individual involved in the function, the task of coordination of the organization and implementation of the content of the mineral strategy and the construction of programs, the mission under the Action Programme of the The government implemented Resolution 02-NQ/TW on 25 April 2011 of the Politburo on the direction of mineral strategy and mining industry by 2020, vision by 2030.
What? 4. The ministers, the Prime Minister, the Head of the Government, the Chairman of the Government, the Chairman of the People's Committee, the Central City of the Central Committee, is responsible for the decision.