Circular 40/2015/tt-Btnmt: On The Process Of Emission Monitoring Techniques

Original Language Title: Thông tư 40/2015/TT-BTNMT: Về quy trình kỹ thuật quan trắc khí thải

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DEPARTMENT OF RESOURCES AND ENVIRONMENT
Number: 40 /2015/TT-BTNMT
THE SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIETNAM.
Independence-Freedom-Happiness
Hanoi, August 17, 2015

IT ' S SMART

In terms of the process of gas observations i

_____________

The Environmental Protection Law Base June 23, 2014;

Base of Protocol 21 /2013/NĐ-CP March 4, 2013 of the Government regulates the function, mandate, jurisdiction and organizational structure of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment;

At the suggestion of the Attorney General of the Environment, the Chief of the Legal Affairs and the Chief of Science and Technology;

The Minister of Natural Resources and the Environment of the Environment regulates the process of emission biometric observations,

What? 1. The adjustment range

1. This information regulates the process of emissions of emissions from the chimney, the exhaust of factories, manufacturing facilities, processing, business, industrial services and waste incineration (later known as the basis).

2. Operational emissions by automated observational devices, which are not continuously under the regulation of this information.

What? 2. Subject applies

This information applies to environmental management and organizations, individuals with regard to environmental monitoring activities.

What? 3. Explain words and abbreviate letters

1. The isokinetic method of sampling (isokinetic) is the method of sampling the speed conditions of the injection of the sampling pump at the head of the suction at the exhaust velocity at the point of smoking.

2. The direct measurement device is the device that is put into the environment that needs to be measured and displayed at the time the value of the parameters to be measured.

3. The abbreviate letters in this Information are understood as follows:

-US EPA method: method by the American Environmental Protection Agency.

-AS: Australia ' s national standard.

-ISO standards.

-JIS: Japan ' s industrial standard.

What? 4. The principle of applying the standards, the institute method

1. The adoption of the standards, the method of the institute to comply with the standards, the current method of observational and environmental analysis is specified in Clause 2 and Clause 3 This Article 8.

2. The case of the criteria, the current method of observing and the analysis of the specified environment at Clause 2 and Section 3 Article 8 This is modified, added or replaced by the standard, the new method.

What? 5. emissions engineering processes

The emissions engineering process regulates the details at Article 6, Article 7 and Article 8 of this Information.

What? 6. Define the target of the survey program

1. Provide the number of materials serving the control of air pollution, the management of the Central and Local Air Environment.

2. Do the regulations, observational requirements, environmental monitoring of the competent state agency.

3. Evaluation of compliance with the environmental technical standards associated with emissions.

4. Evaluation of the working performance of the systems, the emissions processing device.

What? 7. observational program design

1. Identilocate the location and number of points of view: executed by regulation at Annex 01 issued by this message.

2. Identilocate the number of views

The base of regulations, the requirements of the state agency to be competent; environmental engineering standards for the emissions of industries, waste incineration; the objective of the observational program; the type of production, scale, the source of waste to determine. The following:

a) The required parameters of direct observation at the scene include: temperature, velocity, flow, moisture content, molar mass molecules, dry gas pressure. Technical regulation on the parameters of direct measurement at the scene is specified in Appendix 02, 03 and 04 issued by this Information;

b) The sampling parameters at the scene for analysis in the laboratory include: General Dust, PM 10 , SO. 2 , NO. x (NO and NO 2 ), H 2 SO 4 , smokness, CO, H 2 S, COS, CS 2 , Pb, F - Organic compound, dioxin/furan (PCDD/PCDF), total organic substances that do not include methane (TGNMO), HBr, Cl 2 , Br 2 , HF, HCl, Sb, As, Ba, Be, Cd, Cr, Co, Cu, Mn, Ni, P, Se, Ag, TI, Zn, Hg, compound hydrocarbon compound (PAHs);

c) The parameters: SO 2 , NO. x (NO and NO 2 ), CO, O 2 In addition to the site sampling and analysis in the laboratory as specified at this point b, it is possible to use a direct measurement method at the scene when fully responding to the specified conditions in Annex 6 issued by this message.

3. Identilocate time, frequency and number of observational samples

a) Time of observation: the sample taken at the time of the production activity of the facility reaches a minimum of 50% of the design capacity. The facility must operate stable operations throughout the sampling period;

b) observable frequency: minimum of 01 times/03 months;

c) The number of samples in 01 observed: a minimum of 3 gues/01 times.

4.

A plan to observe the emissions guarantees include the following:

a) List of personnel who perform observations and assignments for each participant in the field;

b) List of organizations, individuals participating, coordination of environmental observational implementation (if any);

c) Catalogue of equipment, tools, chemical chemicals at the scene and analysis in the laboratory;

d) Media, protection equipment, safety security for environmental monitoring activities;

Parameters, observational methods at the scene, samples to take, sample volume, preservation method, transport and sample time;

e) Digital, analytical method in the laboratory;

g) The cost of doing environmental observational;

) Plan for quality assurance and quality control in environmental observations.

What? 8. Implemency program

1. prepare work before conducting a survey

a) Preparation equipment: observational devices must be regulated, calibrated, maintenance, and inspection, hygiene under the regulation of the state authority to be competent or in the direction of the manufacturer;

b) Preparing tools, tools, chemicals, and filtration materials: based on observations of observational parameters to prepare the impact tubes, the absorber, the absorber, the suitable gas-containing instrument. The filter material must have a temperature limit greater than the emissions temperature and in accordance with the observational parameters;

c) Preparing of auxiliary devices including satellite navigation equipment (GPS), camera, radio, computer;

d) Preparing a labor protection tool: full preparation of the protective equipment such as clothing, shoes, dedicated gloves (made with heat and anti-acid materials); masks or anti-aircraft wear; helmets; hard caps; medical equipment;

Locating the field of observation: the need to conduct a field survey at the chimney and locate the observation site, prepare holes for the sample, the floor of the work, the lifting methods, the infrastructure, the labor safety, the power source before the observation. The preparation of the sample loss must guarantee the size of the hole, the suitable location for the sampling operation;

e) Check and assemble the device: check the sample head, check the head of the pitot tube to ensure the holes are not contaminated with the wrong number; check the filter material, record records (including box casing, sample preservation packaging) before installing the device; assemble the device. Sample the manufacturer's instructions and check the device's depth. It is necessary to seal off the sample to ensure that it is not contaminated with the dust when transporting the devices to the sample location.

2. View at the scene

The observation of emissions at the scene adheres to the regulatory methods in Table 1 below:

Table 1: Method of emission of emissions at the scene

TT

Parameters

Standard Number, Method

1.

Define a position of view

• US EPA method 1

2.

Speed and traffic

• US EPA method 2

• ISO 10780

3.

Dry gas mol mass

• US EPA method 3

4.

Moisture content

• US EPA method 4

5.

O. 2 , temperature, pressure.

• Use a direct measurement device

6.

General Dust (PM)

• US EPA method 5

• US EPA method 17

• ISO 10155

• AS 4323.2:1995

• JIS Z 8808:2013

• TCVN 5977:2005

7.

Sulfur dioxide (SO 2 )

• US EPA method 6

• US EPA method 8

• US EPA method 8A

• TCVN 6750:2005

• TCVN 7246:2003

• JIS K 0103:2011

• Use a direct measurement device

8.

Nitrogen oxide (NO x )

• US EPA method 7

• TCVN 7172:2002

• TCVN 7245:2003

• JIS K 0104:2011

• Use a direct measurement device

9.

Sulfuric acid (H 2 SO 4 )

• US EPA method 8

• US EPA method 8A

10.

Fumes

• US EPA method 9

11.

Carbon oxide (CO)

• US EPA method 10

• TCVN 7242:2003

• Use a direct measurement device

12.

Hydrogen sulfide (H, S), carbonyl sulfide (COS), carbon disulfide (CS) 2 )

• US EPA method 15

• US EPA method 15A

13.

Lead (Pb)

• US EPA method 12

• US EPA method 29

• TCVN 7557-1:2005

• TCVN 7557-3:2005

14.

Total fluoride (F) - )

• US EPA method 13A

• US EPA method 13B

15.

Organic compound

• US EPA18

• US EPA 0030

16.

Dioxin, furan (PCDD/PCDF)

• US EPA method 23

• TCVN 7556-1:2005

• TCVN 7556-2:2005

• TCVN 7556-3:2005

17.

The total organic matter does not include methane (TGNMO)

• US EPA method 25

• US EPA method 0031

18.

Hydrogen bromide (HBr), chlorine (Cl 2 ), brom (Br 2 )

• US EPA method 26

• US EPA method 26A

19.

Hydrogen fluoride (HF)

• US EPA method 26

• US EPA method 26A

• TCVN 7243:2003

20.

Hydrogen chloride (HCl)

• US EPA method 26

• US EPA method 26A

• TCVN 7244:2003

• JIS K 0107:2012

21.

Metals include antimony (Sb), arsenic (As), barium (Ba), beryllium (Be), cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), manganese (Mn), nickel (Ni), phosphorus (P), selenium (Se), silver (Ag), tali (TI), and zinc (Zn).

• US EPA method 29

• TCVN 7557:2005

22.

Mercury (Hg)

• US EPA method 29

• US EPA method 30B

• US EPA method 101A

23.

PM 10

• US EPA method 201

• US EPA method 201A

24.

Aromatic hydrocarbon compound (PAHs)

• US EPA method 23

• US EPA method 0010

3. Analysis in the Lab

The analysis of the laboratory emissions in the laboratory must comply with the regulatory methods in Table 2 below:

Table 2: The method for analyzing emissions in the laboratory

TT

Parameters

Standard Number, Method

1.

General Dust (PM)

• US EPA method 5

• US EPA method 17

• ISO 10155

• AS 4323.2:1995

• JISZ 8808:2013

• TCVN 5977:2005

2.

Sulfur dioxide (SO 2 )

• US EPA method 6

• US EPA method 8

• US EPA method 8A

• TCVN 6750:2005

• TCVN 7246:2003

• JIS K 0103:2011

3.

Nitrogen oxide (NO x )

• US EPA method 7

• TCVN 7172:2002

• TCVN 7245:2003

• JISK 0104:2011

4.

Sulfuric acid (H 2 SO 4 )

• US EPA method 8

• US EPA method 8A

5.

Fumes

• US EPA method 9

6.

Carbon oxide (CO)

• US EPA method 10

• TCVN 7242:2003

7.

Hydrogen sulfide (H) 2 S), carbonyl sulfide (COS), carbon disulfide (CS) 2 )

• US EPA method 15

• US EPA method 15A

8.

Lead (Pb)

• US EPA method 12

• US EPA method 29

• TCVN 7557-1:2005

• TCVN 7557-3:2005

9.

Total fluoride (F) - )

• US EPA method 13A

• US EPA method 13B

10.

Organic compound

• US EPA method 18

• US EPA method 5040

11.

Dioxin, furan (PCDD/PCDF)

• US EPA method 23

• TCVN 7556-1:2005

• TCVN 7556-2:2005

• TCVN 7556-3:2005

12.

The total organic matter does not include methane (TGNMO)

• US EPA method 25

• US EPA method 0031

13.

Hydrogen bromide (HBr), chlorine (Cl 2 ), brom (Br 2 )

• US EPA method 26

• US EPA method 26A

14.

Hydrogen fluoride (HF)

• US EPA method 26

• US EPA method 26A

• TCVN 7243:2003

15.

Hydrogen chloride (HCl)

• US EPA method 26

• US EPA method 26A

• TCVN 7244:2003

• JISK 0107:2012

16.

Metals include antimony (Sb), arsenic (As), barium (Ba), beryllium (Be), cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), manganese (Mn), nickel (Ni), phosphorus (P), selenium (Se), silver (Ag), tali (TI), and zinc (Zn).

• US EPA method 29

• TCVN 7557:2005

17.

Mercury (Hg)

• US EPA method 29

• US EPA method 30B

• US EPA method 101A

18.

PM 10

• US EPA method 201

• US EPA method 201A

19.

Aromatic hydrocarbon compound (PAHs)

• US EPA method 23

• US EPA method 0010

a) Regulation of general dust observational techniques (PM) specified in Annex 05 issued by this message;

b) For the parameters that have not yet been specified standard method at paragraph 2 and paragraph 3 This, accept the application of methods, other international standards have the equivalent or higher accuracy;

c) Quality assurance and quality control in environmental observations are made in accordance with the regulation of the law.

4. Digital processing and reporting

a) Processing of the number of observations including the examination of the number of observations and the calculation of the results of the observed results.

Environmental observational metrics are examined based on the following types of records:

+ The current observational record includes the receipt, sample log, measurements at the scene, the sample receipt, the results of the measurement at the scene, the calculation results, the field observations;

+ Laboratory analysis records include experimental redaction, calculation results, laboratory analysis, original data stored in analytical devices;

+ The profile of quality assurance and quality assurance work and the minimum laboratory includes the receipt, sample journal sampling and the results of the current quality control sample, the results test results by the current standard gas, the end of the study. Laboratory quality control samples;

+ Profile profiles, equipment calibration including stamps and certificates that have to be managed with a system saved and ready to provide when required by the state authority to have jurisdiction.

-Calculating results:

+ Results are reported as the average result of at least 03 samples in 01 observations;

+ The case of observing the parameters at the scene states at Point 2 Article 7, the calculation of the observed results must be made as specified in the 5 Annex 6 issued by this Information.

b) Report results

The report of the emissions observations made in accordance with the regulation of the law on environmental and minimum observational data management must include the following main content: The objective of the observational program; the observation unit (name, address, the person). sample); the base name, the source property, the operating feature of the facility at the time of observation; information about the observational program: location and number of views, the number of sources of observations, observational parameters, observational time, methods and equipment. observed; the process of implementation and result of observational results (observational results of each sample or each measure, average results and sample-sampling). The field, the results of the standard gas test at the scene, comment, evaluate results.

What? 9. Effect of execution

It has been in effect since October 5, 2015.

What? 10. Terms of execution

1. The minister, the head of the peer-to-peer agency, the Head of the Government of the Government, Chairman of the People ' s Committee of the Department and the organizations, the individual is involved in the responsibility of this private practice.

2. The Environmental Directorate has the responsibility of guiding, examining, monitoring the implementation of this Information.

3. In the course of this announcement, if there is difficulty, the entanging of the agencies, organizations, individuals with the opinion reflects by the text to the Ministry of Natural Resources and the Environment to review, resolve.

Minister.

(signed)

Nguyen Minh Quang