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The CIRCULAR issued to national technical regulation on labor safety for the system of conditioning _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ pursuant to Decree No. 106/2012/ND-CP dated December 20, 2012 of the Government functions, tasks, powers and organizational structure of the Ministry of labor, invalids and Social Affairs;
Pursuant to Decree No. 127/2007/ND-CP on 1st August 2007 detailing the Government's implementation of some articles of the law on technical regulation and standards;
Pursuant to Decree No. 132/2008/ND-CP on December 31, 2008 detailing the Government's implementation of some articles of the law on product quality, the goods;
At the suggestion of Director of Department of labor safety;
Minister of labor, invalids and Social Affairs issued a circular regulating the national technical regulation on labor safety for refrigeration systems.
Article 1. Attached to this circular to the national technical regulation on labor safety for refrigeration systems.
Symbol: QCVN 21:2015/BLDTBXH.
Article 2. This circular has effect from the date of Jan. 25, 2016.
Article 3. Ministries, ministerial agencies, government agencies, people's committees of provinces and cities under central and individual organizations concerned responsible enforcement./.
DEPUTY MINISTER signature (signed) Doan Mau Diep QCVN 21:2015/BLDTBXH NATIONAL TECHNICAL REGULATION on LABOR SECURITY SYSTEM for CONDITIONING National technical regulation on safe work of refrigerating system preface QCVN 21:2015/BLDTBXH-national technical regulation on labor safety for the system due to the Bureau of labor safety of compilation Ministry of labor, invalids and Social Affairs issued Circular No. 50/2015/TT-BLDTBXH on December 8 in 2015, after the opinion of the evaluation of science and technology.
NATIONAL TECHNICAL REGULATION on LABOR SECURITY SYSTEM for CONDITIONING National technical regulation on safe work of refrigerating system 1. General provisions 1.1. Scope 1.1.1. This regulation stipulates the requirements for the safety of people and equipment in the process of production, circulation, import, install and operate the system.
1.1.2. this Regulation applies to the system in which the solvent evaporation cooling and condensation in a closed cycle, including heat pumps and absorption systems, except the system uses water or air cooling lips.
1.1.3. this Regulation applies to the installation of new air conditioning systems, air conditioning systems are moving from positions to other operators except the air conditioning system was designed on vehicles such as cars, frozen or cold systems on ships.
This regulation also applies to cases of cold system moved from agent to agent.
1.2. The object of this Regulation applies to: 1.2.1. The organizations and individuals who manufacture, import, circulation, installation and use of the system;
1.2.2. The bodies and organizations, other individuals involved.
22.214.171.124.1 terms explained. Air Chamber: the Chamber containing the parts of the system (for security reasons) but does not include the Chamber contains the evaporated, the condensation or pipe.
1.3.2. The connector pipe pipe: the different parts of the system.
1.3.3. safety structure: Van or the disc explosive designed to automatically reduce the pressure when pressure is too high.
1.3.4. refrigerants: the Environment is used in thermodynamic cycle opposite to absorb the heat of the environment needed for cooling and heat load into the environment have a higher temperature.
1.3.5. Weld connection: pairing Relationship sealed is done by connecting the metal details together in plastic or molten state.
1.3.6. in addition to this regulation the terms mentioned above also apply to the terms defined in ISO 6644:1996 (ISO 5149:1993) air conditioning system used to do conditioning and heating-safety requirements.
2. technical provisions 2.1. General rules: The system of conditioning in the object and scope of section 1 must ensure minimum technical characteristics according to the technical requirements of ISO 6644:1996 (ISO 5149:1993).
2.2. Specific provisions: 2.2.1. Classification: the requirements and safety measures for the system is set up based on the elements: space cooling, cooling methods, cooling the environment.
Application of the classification system under Chapter 2-classification of ISO 6644:1996 (ISO 5149:1993).
Classification by cooling the environment do not apply to: R11, R12, R13, R502 has now banned uses.
2.2.2. Requirements for structural design and application of Chapter 3 of ISO 6644:1996 (ISO 5149:1993).
2.2.3. Requirements for use: 126.96.36.199. Air Chamber:-Chamber machines for installation of the air conditioning must have enough size to easily reach the machine parts, there is enough space for the service, maintenance and operation of the machine.
-Height space below the device placed across the aisle not less than 2 m.
-Air-conditioned Chamber to have the doors open to the outside (self close from the outside), the number of doors must be sufficient to ensure the person can freely escape when there is an emergency situation. There are no openings for cooling the environment to be able to escape the other parts of the building.
-The cameras must be ventilated to the outside. If no required mechanical ventilation, can use natural ventilation to the regular opening doorway or the grid iron. However does not used the method of natural ventilation can be arranged when no openings for ventilation, because this will affect the concentration of the solvent vapor refrigerant.
-The total area of the openings for natural ventilation must correspond to the volume of the lips in the whole cooling system was installed in the air Chamber, and in accordance with the formula (4.1) of the ISO 6644:1996 (ISO 5149:1993).
-The circulation for natural ventilation must be free of obstructions such as walls, columns returns around buildings or obstructions similar returns.
-Proper mechanical ventilation with use of electric fans are likely-out Chamber air intake to a minimum are given in the formula (4.2) of the ISO 6644:1996 (ISO 5149:1993).
-The path of the air into the fan or in the pipeline must be placed near the machine and be screened. Waste air must be discharged outside the building by appropriate to not cause danger. Openings for clean air brought in must be arranged so that the air exhaust not be bouncing back.
-In the cameras do not have natural ventilation the mechanical ventilation must be conducted continuously to ensure health for the operation.
-The adjacent Chamber with air Chamber used for different purposes with only cameras with automatic doors closed, sealed fit and able in time for at least 1 hour.
-All the pipes and pipes go through the wall, the ceiling and the floor must be sealed tight-fitting.
-The ventilation holes to the outside are not arranged in under emergency exit or stairs.
-Must have at least one emergency exit.
-Must have the remote control switch to stop the machine is placed outside and near the entrance of the Chamber.
Must-own part layout and a ventilator check state of emergency placed outside, close to the cameras.
-Do not use the device can arise the fire in the air Chamber.
188.8.131.52. The other special precautions: a) the fan protection and machine parts in motion: The fans and all the machine parts have motion must be shielded and protected.
b) Lips refrigerants in air Chamber:-only stored the lip type refrigerants of Group 1 as classified in section 2.3.1 of ISO 6644:1996 (ISO 5149:1993).
-Must have own container for refrigerants in Group 2, Group 3 as classified in section 2.3.1 of ISO 6644:1996 (ISO 5149:1993).
-No direct waste solvent cooling the outside environment.
-The tank is not filled in excess of the volume of a container for each type of refrigerant lip c) The sea warning: The cold Chamber, the Chamber has the dangerous gases, the air Chamber ... must be clear warnings on the doors along with the message "no free duty on". They also must have the message "forbidden to operate the device when not allowed".
d) safe for people in cold Chamber:-Must guide layout out the exit door with an independent power source, or use paints glowing in case of broken lights or incidents causing loss of power.
-After stopping work, must check to make sure no one else remained inside the cold Chamber's door locks.
-Cold Chamber are designed to ensure people in the Chamber conditioning can escape or can tell people outside at any time. Cold Chamber must have enough these following conditions: + the doors can be opened from both inside and outside;
+ Installation of signal lights, horn or ringing is controlled from the inside near the entrance and can be seen, be heard from outside.
+ Equipped with axes in the inside near the entrance;
+ Contact telephone equipment to the outside of each cold Chamber;
+ In case the doors are closed by electric or compressed air to have a structure to open the door by hand from the inside;
+ The exit door are insulated and opened from within;
e) must have devices that spray water to use in case of leakage of ammonia.
g) water pipe: connect the water pipe to the water supply or waste water place must comply with national or international standards.
h) refrigerant: lip Exhaust When cooling the environment emissions required to have picked the right technical requirements, all waste solvent cooling the outside environment.
I) labeling system for conditioning has been assembled and installed at the scene: apply under section 4.2.7 of ISO 6644:1996 (ISO 5149:1993).
184.108.40.206. The requirements on the use of the system of conditioning and cooling corresponds to the space: to apply under section 4.3 of ISO 6644:1996 (ISO 5149:1993).
2.2.4. operational requirements: 220.127.116.11. Training: a) the training of operators:
-Operators must be trained and must have the skills, the skill and understanding of the relevant equipment. Operators must be trained on labor safety and hygiene and are certified according to the rules.
-Before putting the new system in operation, the operator must be guided on the composition, operation and safety measures required; to understand the dangers due to the special nature of refrigerant causes for human health.
b) operation: the unit uses refrigeration system contains more than 25 kg cooling the environment to put a visible sign near the compressor conditioning, on which record instructions about the work to be performed in case there is trouble damaged and leakage are as follows:-the instructions to turn off both system in case of emergency;
-The name and address of the station fire, the police and the hospital;
-Name, address, telephone number of the repair services. On the table need the diagram of the device on which the number of the instruction or other notes of the valve block.
c) documentation:-production facilities or the installation must provide accompanying a cold system documentation includes one or more and must provide full instructions on safety.
-The documentation must include the following minimum content: + more detailed information about the items scored on accordance with instruction sheet part b, section 18.104.22.168 mentioned above;
+ Presentation of the purpose of use of the system;
+ Description and devices along with circuit diagram for cooling and electrical diagrams;
+ Details about start and stop the machine;
+ Describing the cause and method of repairing the damaged;
+ Outlined the measures along with maintenance schedule maintenance.
+ Accurate information about refrigerants used and warnings necessary for this type of environment.
d) Loading the cryogenics: lip-lip refrigerants is not loaded in accordance with the system of conditioning leads to explosion or other accident.
-The amount of cooling the environment contained in the average does not exceed the permitted number values. The volume of the lips contain refrigerants in the comments recorded on the average.
e) maintenance:-careful care To all parts of the equipment to avoid damage to the machine and to dangers for people. The damaged when discovered to be corrected immediately.
-All the tools and safety equipment has installed must be maintenance and must be rechecked every time conducted repairs on the system.
g) fix:-If in the process of repair and improvement, are required to use the instruments to create the arc and flame like electrical equipment, welding equipment, arc welding copper flows, this work is only done in the rooms were adequate ventilation. When the repair is in progress, the ventilation equipment must operate continuously and all the Windows, the doors must be open.
-In the case of repair of parts of the cycle cooling the environment, in addition to the repair also need layout 1 supervisor to observe and help. Must have the necessary protective equipment and tools ready to fire.
-Electric arc welding work and welding flow due to the welder qualification enough done.
22.214.171.124. Means of protection: To protect people and equipment must have the means of protection appropriate to the size and type of refrigerating system in cooling the environment; specifically the following:-to choose fire extinguishers are suitable fluid environment to avoid dangerous reactions occurring between the liquid lip in the fire extinguishers with refrigerants.
-Must be equipped with means of protection such as the personal protective clothing, masks and protective gloves must be stored carefully, safe in the shed; the depot is located near the system of conditioning. The supply of this type of respirator or respirators must depend on the nature of refrigerants.
3. Regulations on labor safety management in the manufacture, import, circulation, installation and use of the system.
3.1. the technical profile of the system includes: 3.1.1. A general presentation; a calculated choice of equipment components;
3.1.2. the overall refrigeration systems drawing that shows the main parameters and dimensions;
3.1.3. the principle drawing activity and the main technical characteristics of the system;
3.1.4. test procedures and test;
3.1.5. installation and operating instructions safe.
3.2. Conditions to ensure safety for domestic refrigeration systems: systems of conditioning in the scope of this regulation must: 3.2.1. Sufficient technical records;
3.2.2. conformity certified and announced the combination rules (according to the method of assessing the match: 8 method specified in circular No. 28/TT-BKHCN on December 12, 2012 of the Ministry of science and technology);
3.2.3. conformity sign was tagged before putting out the circulation on the market;
3.2.4. Subject to the supervision of the Agency to check the quality of products, goods belonging to the Ministry of labor, invalids and Social Affairs.
3.3. security conditions for imported system: 3.3.1. Cold import system to satisfy specified in section 3.1, conformity certified and announced the combination rules (according to the method of assessing the match: 8 method specified in circular No. 28/TT-BKHCN on December 12, 2012 of the Ministry of science and technology) by the specified certification organization of Vietnam or foreign certification organization recognized under international treaties to which the Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a member or international agreement to which the competent authorities of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam signed.
3.3.2. In the case of imported systems that according to bilateral agreements, multilateral between competent authorities of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam with the country exporting system specified is not checked when importing the system is free of import inspection.
3.3.3. system imported does not satisfy the provisions of Item 3.1 shall when imported to be the specified inspection organization or recognized by international treaties to which the Socialist Republic of Vietnam is a member or international agreement to which the competent authorities of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam signed the inspection at the gate to enter.
3.3.4. system imported must be inspected according to the procedures prescribed and dealt with if there is violation of the law.
3.3.5. refrigeration system only be installed when the following conditions:-there are enough technical records;
-Certified conformity, conformity announced as specified. Cold import system must have completed customs procedures;
-The details of air comes to sync or produced in the form of links many, many countries will ensure its technical characteristics system name.
3.3.6. Unit installation, adjustment, maintenance and repair of refrigeration system must have the following conditions:-Have legal personality, being the competent authority the registration level of business activity in this field;
-Have sufficient technical staff has been trained in specialized techniques. Having a team of skilled technical workers, training, and certification of labor safety and hygiene as specified;
-Qualified technical, technological capabilities for the installation, calibrate and repair;
-Comply with the instructions of installation, operation, use of the manufacturer and to ensure the specifications of the system according to technical records;
-On the basis of technical records, unit installation must establish the following documents to hand over to the unit using: + manual, use the secure system of conditioning before put into use;
+ Guide to maintenance mode, regular and periodic inspection;
4. technical safety inspection and registration system 4.1. The system of conditioning before putting into use must be calibrated first, periodic inspection during use, and extraordinary auditing under the auditing process by the Ministry of labor, invalids and Social Affairs.
The technical safety inspection system auditing organizations must be safety Bureau, Ministry of labor, invalids and Social Affairs specified in sequence.
4.2. In the course of the audit, the auditing organization and management unit uses refrigeration systems must adhere to strict auditing process refrigeration systems safety engineering due to the Ministry of labor, invalids and Social Affairs.
4.3. The system of conditioning after satisfactory inspection must be stamping as specified.
4.4. system control for the cold cycle is 11 years.
5. Inspect, examine and handle breach 5.1. Inspection and handling of violations in the implementation of this regulation by the State labour inspection done.
5.2. The quality control of the manufacture, import, circulation and use of the system is done according to the law on product quality, the goods.
6. The responsibilities of organizations and individuals, 6.1. Organizations and individuals on duty, import, circulation, repair installation, management and use of the system is responsible for compliance with the provisions of this regulation.
6.2. this regulation is grounds for the Agency to check the quality system conducted the inspection and also the grounds for the organizations conduct conformity assessment certificate of conformity.
7. Implementation 7.1. Industrial Safety Bureau, Ministry of labor, invalids and Social Affairs has the responsibility to guide and inspect the implementation of this regulation.
7.2. State management agencies of local workers have the responsibility to guide and inspect, examine the implementation of the provisions of this regulation.
7.3. this regulation takes effect after 6 months from the date of signing.
7.4. in the implementation process, if there are problems, the agencies, organizations, individuals concerned are responsible for timely reflection with the Ministry of labor, invalids and Social Affairs to consider resolution./.
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