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On The Basic Principles Of The (Strategy), The State Environmental Policy For The Period To 2020

Original Language Title: Про Основні засади (стратегію) державної екологічної політики України на період до 2020 року

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About Primaries (Strategy)
environmental policy of Ukraine
for the period by 2020
(Information of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (VR), 2011, N 26, pp. 218)

Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine Oh, I am. :
1. Insure the main principles (strategy) of the State
Ukraine's environmental policy for the period by 2020 (added).
2. Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine to develop and approve
31 March 2011 National Environmental Protection Action Plan
natural environment.
3. This Act will take effect from the day of its publication.

President of Ukraine V. YASUKOVIC
Um ... Kiev, 21 December 2010
N 2818-VI

Law of Ukraine
of December 21, 2010 N 2818-VI
environmental policy of Ukraine for the period by 2020

Anthropogenic and technogenic load on the environment
the environment in Ukraine several times above the relevant indicators
in developed countries around the world.
Life expectancy in Ukraine is on average around 66
years (in Sweden-80, in Poland-74). This is largely due
Environmental Pollution by
The failure of production activities of mining,
metallurgical, chemical industry and fuel energy
The primary causes of environmental problems of Ukraine are:
inherited structure of the economy with a predominant particle
resource-and energy-intensive industries, the negative impact of which was
Increased transition to market conditions;
The development of basic industrial and transport funds
The existing public health management system
Environment, Regulation of Use
natural resources, lack of clear separation
Environmental and economic functions;
lack of the formation of civil society institutions
lack of understanding in the society of conservation priorities
Environmental and Sustainable Development Benefits;
The undermaintenance of environmental law.
Atmospheric Air
According to public statistics reporting in 2009,
The main pollutants of atmospheric air are enterprises
the processing and mining industry and the enterprises of electricity and
heat energy (according to 31 and 21 and 40 percent of the total
the volume of emissions of pollutants coming into the atmosphere
Air pollution from stationary sources of pollution). Polluting emissions
substances of moving sources account for 39 per cent of the total
The number of emissions of pollutants in the air.
Emissions of pollutants are automotive
91 percent of pollutants emitted by moving drugs
Prior to pollutants that are mostly thrown into the
atmospheric air, belonging to nitrogen oxide, carbon monoxide, dioxide
and other sulfur compounds, dust.
The number of cases of above is increasing
Regulations for the limit of permissible emissions of pollutants
Stationary sources. The main reasons given to the
Unsatisfactory status of atmospheric air quality in populated areas
(a): (...) (...)
Gas equipment, failure to be reduced
the emission of pollutants to established regulations,
low technology implementation rate and significant increase
the number of vehicles, including those on line
Over recent years in industrialized cities,
The atmospheric air was constantly registered for the presence of up to 16
of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, of which 8 are carcinogens,
(nitrozodimethyam and nitrosodiethyethylamine) and heavy
metals (chrome, nickel, cadmium, lead, beryllium). With this in
amounts of contamination by chemical carcinogens to the largest drinking weight
have compounds of the class of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.
A total carcinogenic risk in 2009 reached 6.4-13.7
The case of oncological diseases per thousand persons
Beyond international risk indicators.
Water Guard
Water usage in Ukraine is predominantly
unsustainable, unproductive water costs increase, volume
suitable for water resources due to pollution and
The exhaustion is decreasing. Practically all surface water sources and
The soil is contaminated. Basic substances that lead to the
pollution,-compounds of nitrogen and phosphorus, organic substances, which
Subjected to light oxidation, poisoning chemicals, petroleum products, heavy
metals, phenols. Intense eutrophication of internal bodies
Leading to the deterioration of the state of Black and Azov.
Beyond the level of rational use of water resources and
Water quality Ukraine, according to UNESCO, among 122 countries
Ranked number 95.
The state water management system needs a
Non-delayed reforming in the direction of the transition to an integrated
Management of water resources. Management functions in the field of conservation,
the use and reproduction of water is distributed among the different
the central authorities of the executive power, leading to their
Duplication, an ambiguous interpretation of the provisions of environmental protection
legislation and inefficient use of budget funds.
Ukraine's drinking water supply is nearly 80 percent
The use of surface water is provided. Environmental
surface water objects and water quality in them are essential
The factors of the sanitary and epidemics of the well-being of the population.
Water most water facilities by degree of pollution
I'm sorry, but I'm sure it's not enough.
Underground waters of Ukraine in many regions (Autonomous)
Republic of Crimea, Donbass, Transniprovya) by its quality
comply with regulatory requirements to water sources, which
It is related to anthropogenic pollution. Special
Concern causes the state of the water supply of the rural population,
as the centralized water supply provided only 25
Percentage of rural areas of Ukraine.
Water pollution causes the disease to occur.
variety of diseases, reducing general resistance
organism and, as a consequence, to increase the level of
Incidence of disease, including infectious and oncological diseases.
Non-compliance with regulatory quality of regulatory requirements is one of
causes the spread of many infectious and non-communicable diseases.
Land and soil protection
The state of Ukraine ' s land resources is close to critical. For
the period of land reform, a significant number of problems in
The area of land relations is not only unsettled, but also exacerbated.
Among the lands of Ukraine, the largest area is land
agricultural destination (71 percent), 78 percent from
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Throughout the territory are common land degradation, among others.
which the most massive is erosion (about 57.5 per cent)
territory), pollution (about 20 per cent of the territory),
(about 12 percent of the territory). Decreases content
Nutrients in soils, and the annual loss of hummus is made up
0.65 tons per hectare.
The issue of land conservation is largely due
the process of inventory and system automation
Conduct of the State Land Cadastre, Imperfection
Land-based documentation and the lack of legal
Ensuring, conducting educational and educational work,
Low institutional capacity of relevant bodies
Executive power.
Conservation of forests
In the area of forests and the reserves of timber Ukraine is a state of
A shortage of forest resources.
Forests occupy more as 15.7 percent of Ukraine ' s territory (9.58%)
million hectares) and are located mostly in the north (Polissia)
and the West (Carpathians). Optimal, on European recommendations,
is the index of the leasty 20 percent, for achieving what is necessary
to create more than 2 million hectares of new forest. Total area
Forest vegetation has increased since 1961 with 7.1%.
up to 9.5 million hectares (33.8 per cent).
If the combined rate of the iron will be preserved, then only
after 20 years in Ukraine will be achieved the optimum level
Forests of the State of the State of the Republic of the Republic of the Republic of the Republic of the Republic of the Republic of the
The fund covers about 1.2 million hectares, or 35 percent.
Nature Reserve Fund of Ukraine. Proportion of conservation forests
is under the control of the State Committee, is 15.4
The power and the reproduction of forests are entrusted to
the central and local agencies of the executive, leading to their
Duplication and inefficient use of budget funds. System
Management in the field of conservation and reproduction of forests not fully
provide multi-purpose, continuous and unspoken use of
of resources and forest ecosystems. Reform must be done
Environmental protection system
And economic functions.
According to cadastral accounting, in Ukraine in early 2009.
numbered 8658 deposits with 97 species of minerals and almost 12
Thousands of them have been forgiven. One of the largest is coal reserves,
Iron, manganese and titanium circadian ore, as well as graphite,
kaolin, oil salts, sulfur, flamboyant clay, flanking
The stone. The proportion of them in Ukraine is significant. Total 2009
There were more than 2,000 mining companies functioning. Total
The number of projects produced is 3000. In volumes
The extraction is dominated by iron iron, floral limestone,
A stone coal, as well as building stones.
Most of the minerals in Ukraine are mined within
Several major mining and industrial regions, Donetsk,
"Kristenko-Nicopolis, Prykarpatski". Long-term
the intensive use of the resources of the interior in these regions led to
major changes in the geological environment and the emergence of extraordinary
Natural and technogenic situations. Main factors
The negative impact is extremely high concentrations
Mining enterprises, high level of production
vast majority of deposits, insufficient funding
work aimed at reducing the impact on the environment
An environment made up of the development of deposits.
Emergency situations
There is a high risk of occurrence in Ukraine.
of the extraordinary situations of natural and technological nature. To
Ukraine functions 23767 potentially dangerous businesses and businesses
other objects, accidents on each of which can lead to
The emergence of emergencies of the technogenic and natural
the nature of state, regional, local and bulk
Each year registered to 300 emergencies of natural and
The technogenic character that caused people to die
Major economic losses.
The main causes of technology accidents and disasters
to increase the negative impact of the
Natural and technogenic situations in Ukraine are:
The legacy of major foundations, particularly environmental
destination, large volume of transport, storage and
the use of hazardous substances, the emergency state of a significant part
Community networks, lack of investment support
the process of implementing the latest resource-building and environment
clean technologies in the ecologically dangerous industries,
-metallurgical, chemical, petrochemical and energy;
environmental problems associated with substantial changes of the state
Geological and hydrogeologic environments
closing the nervous mining companies, the mines and the
cutting, the reluctance of the master ' s business to take action from
preventing crashes and disasters on heightened objects
hazards and potentially dangerous objects, etc.
Waste and dangerous chemicals
In 2009, due to the failure of the entities
The production activity was 1.2 million tons.
The waste I-III is not safe. The bulk of these waste (0.9
million tons, or 75 percent of total volume) shipped to
The class III is a hazard, and the I-II waste is a class of danger.
3.8 and 299.2 thousand tons.
The environmental problem is the treatment of household appliances.
Waste. Nutritional rates of waste on average
are 220 to 250 kilograms per year per person, and in large.
The cities reach 330-380 kilograms per year, respectively. Solid
Household waste is mostly buried in 4157 garbage dump facilities
and polygons with a total area of about 7.4 thousand hectares and only
about 3.5 percent of solid waste is burned on two
The garbage cans in the cities of Kiev and Dnipropetrovsk. For
calculated, about 0.1 percent of household waste is
A significant threat to the environment and
The health of a person makes medical waste containing dangerous
Pathogenic and conditionally pathogenic microorganisms. Ukraine annually
produced approximately 350,000 tons of medical waste, which
have a potential risk of infection spread.
Ukraine has a tendency to increase volume
(a) The basis of the work of the United States of America.
The volume of the imported solid waste, which in 2009 reached
50.1 million cubic meters, increases each year by almost 4
millions of cubic meters. In 2009, a collection of services
The solid waste has been covered by 72 percent of the population.
The percentage of solid waste increases
waste that are not subjected to fast decomposition and need significant
storage space. Number of overloaded garbage cans
is 243 units (5.8 per cent of its total), and
1187 units (28.5 per cent) do not meet environmental standards
By the end of 2009, there were 2987 stores in Ukraine.
more than 20,000 tons of unsuitable pesticides, more than half of the
of which are unknown mixtures of highly toxic pesticides that belong to
List of persistent organic pollutants.
Today in Ukraine, a system of bidecepics is created,
the main purpose of which is to ensure safe failure
Genetic engineering and genetics
of the modified organisms and the prevention of unauthorized and
Achieving this goal is predicted by preventing
environmental, economic, social and other risks associated with
using genetically modified organisms and the failure
of genetic engineering activities, as well as processes that make up
a threat to national interests.
In the process of joining the World Trade Organization Ukraine
Took an obligation to establish a legislative framework in the field of
Biotechnology in accordance with international norms and principles. This is
Qualifies the need for comprehensive study and consideration
international experience, including EU member states.
Biological and landscape diversity
Taking less than 6 percent of Europe ' s area, Ukraine owns
about 35 percent of its biodiversity. Biosphere of Ukraine
contains more than 70,000 species of flora and fauna, including flora-
more than 27,000 species, the fauna is more than 45,000 species. Per
recent years have observed an increase in plant species and
Animals listed in the Red Book of Ukraine.
Ukraine is located at the intersection of the migration pathways of many
species of fauna, through its territory two major global
the migration routes of wild birds, and some nesting sites have
international value. More than 100 species of migratory birds
They are protected in accordance with international obligations.
The Nature Reserve Fund of Ukraine is composed of more
7608 territories and facilities with a total area of 3.2 million hectares
(5.4 per cent of the country ' s total area) and 402.5 thousand hectares in
within the Black Sea waters. Share of Nature Reserve
in Ukraine is insufficient and remains significantly smaller than
most of Europe, where the area is occupied by nature reserve
The area is an average of 15 percent.
Extensive development of agriculture led to
a significant reduction in landscape diversity. More than 40 percent
The area of Ukraine in the past has been occupied with steppe landscapes. On
Today, it's about 3 percent. In These Territories
centered 30 percent of all species of flora and fauna listed before
Red Book of Ukraine.
Over the years of independence, the area of the Nature Reserve Fund of Ukraine
increased in two times, but separate objects of the nature reserve
The Fund is in control of the executive
power, for which nature reserve is not a priority.
The main threat of biodiversity is human activity.
and the destruction of the natural environment of the existence of flora and fauna.
Catastrophic decline observed
wetlands, steppe ecosystems, natural forests.
The destruction of the environment takes place
due to the breeding of land, forest mining with further change
to the purpose of the purpose of land, destruction or destruction of territories,
Industrial, residential and free construction, etc. Seeding
The non-indigenous species in natural ecosystems causes significant
The imbalance in the biocentes. Manage biodiversity
Freshwater and marine ecosystems develop not as fast as
for terrestrial ecosystems, which has a negative impact on the volume of fish stocks
and the environment of water living resources.
To stop the processes of deterioration of the environment
The natural environment must increase land area
(a) which is a strategic objective in achieving environmental
The balance of the territory of Ukraine. Increase in national area
The emoreges should take place as a result of the expansion
existing and creation of new facilities of the natural-conservation fund.
The task of protecting biodiversity is not resolved during the
The privatization of land, training and execution of branches
regional and local development. No anchored on
in accordance with the law of order of the limits of objects
The natural-conservation fund results in a violation of the requirements
The commandment. Slow is the installation pace of the installation (on
region) coastal protective stripes along the seas, rivers and
around the bodies that perform the role of ecological corridors.
Providing environmentally balanced environmental management
United Nations World Conference on Natural Resources
environment and development adoption of the declaration and recognized the concept
sustainable development of the dominant ideology of civilization in the twenty-first
Sustainable socio-economic development of any country
Means such a functioning of its host system, when
are simultaneously satisfying growing material and spiritual needs
the population is rational and environmentally secure
Development and highly efficient balanced use
natural resources, creating favorable health conditions
human rights, conservation and reproduction
the environment and natural resource potential of the public
Integration of environmental policy and improvement of the system
integrated environmental management
Taking a future impact on the environment in the planning phase
policies, plans and development programs are not legally binding in
EU legislation in Ukraine.
Environmental aspects were not widely reflected in the
Economic policy. Introduction of the latest environmental
clean technology and the spread of the best experience is very
Slow down. Low energy prices to be held during the year
long time as well as high level of equipment
have led Ukraine to sixth place in the world.
volume of gas consumption, exceeding 3 to 4 times the number of countries
Europe. Only for the last three years as a raise
Gas prices are used measures aimed at developing sources.
" Renewable and alternative energy.
It is also necessary to resolve the issue of environmental protection
Natural Environment in Military Defense
of an industrial complex that is not available for the appropriate
supervision and control leads to environmental violations
legislation, pollution of surface and soil waters
petroleum products, destruction of natural landscapes, unsatisfactory
The recovery is not suitable for the use of land. Domestic
Businesses and other entities are not created
environmental management and environmental waste management
products. As of 2009, there are 1630 businesses in Ukraine.
received certificates of quality management systems, including 55 and
systems of environmental management. Only for 256 products of products 27
commodity manufacturers have received an environmental certificate for compliance
international environmental criteria under the requirements of international
ISO 14000 series.
Integration of environmental policy to industry policies,
Mandatory use of the ecological component of the assembly
strategies, plans and programmes of development of Ukraine, implementation of
environmental governance in enterprises, environmental management
economic activity is a path to the modern sectoral
environmental policies implemented in Western countries and
Central Europe.
Regional Environmental Policy
Differences in social and economic development of regions of Ukraine
Have unequal technology load on the environment
A natural environment. It is assumed that the position of the Main States
(Strategy) of State Environmental Policy of Ukraine for the period to
2020 (further-Strategy) and developed on its
National action plans will be integrated into regional programs
Socioeconomic development and detailed
regional plans for environmental protection operations
Environment of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, areas, cities of Kyiv and
Sevastopol based on which local action plans will be developed
Environmental protection prepared at the level of
Rural, village and city councils.
As a result of the execution of local plans of action,
enhance the role of local governments in the process
implementation of public environmental policies, determine the direction of its
improvement with respect to regional specificity and Guidelines
principles of sustainable spatial development of the European continent
(Hannover, 2000).
The goal of national environmental policy is to stabilize and
Improving the state of the environment of Ukraine
by integrating environmental policies to socioeconomic
Development of Ukraine to ensure environmentally sound natural environment
environment for the life and health of the population, implementation of
the balanced system of natural resources and conservation of natural
The main principles of national environmental policy are:
strengthening the role of environmental management in the public
management of Ukraine in order to achieve the equality of the three components
development (economic, environmental, social)
Prioritizing sustainable development;
understanding environmental impacts during acceptance
management solutions, when developing documents that contain
political and/or software principles of state, branch office
(sectoral), regional and local development;
Cross-sectoral partnership and stakeholder engagement;
preventing the emergency situations of natural and technogenic
the nature of the analysis and forecasting of environmental
risks that are based on the results of strategic environmental
assessment, public environmental examination, as well as public
Monitoring of the environment;
ensuring environmental protection and maintenance of environmental
balance on the territory of Ukraine, overcome the effects of Chernobyl
The responsibility of the current generation to preserve the environment
for the benefit of the coming generations;
the participation of the public and the subjects of the host system in the formation
and implementation of environmental policies, as well as regard to their
Suggestions for the improvement of environmental legislation;
Responsibility for breach of legislation
Concerning the protection of the environment;
prioritization of the requirements "of the environment"
the environment and user of natural resources pay a full price ";
the responsibility of the executive bodies for accessibility,
Timeliness and authenticity of environmental information;
availability, authenticity and timely receipt
Environmental information;
State support and promotion of domestic entities
The construction of the production,
to reduce the negative impact on the environment
the environment.
National Environmental Policy aims to achieve
Strategic objectives.
Target 1. Improving public environmental awareness
Tasks in this area are:
Establishment of a national security information system
increasing the privacy of environmental information and social
Environmental protection advertising distributed regularly
media: by 2015-by 15 percent, to
2020 is 30 percent of the basic level (here and beyond the text)
(a) Baseline for 2010;
promoting the development of information centres, territorial
bodies of the specially authorized executive branch of the executive branch
Environmental Protection and Environmental Protection
information center formed with specially authorized
Environmental Protection Authority
creation up to 2015 networks of public public
automated information and analytical system
access to environmental information, including
national system of natural resources cadastre, emission registers
and the transfer of pollutants, and by 2020-systems
management of environmental information, according to EU standards;
development prior to 2012 and implementation by 2020
support programs for public environmental organizations and
the proof of volume of its funding: in 2015-to the level of at least
2 percent of total expenditures of the State Protection Fund
natural environment of Ukraine, in 2020-before
A level of at least 3 per cent of those outstanding;
development until 2015 and the implementation of the Environmental Strategy
Education for the Sustainable Development of the Ukrainian Society and
Economy of Ukraine
creation up to 2015 of systems of environmental learning and
enhance the qualifications of public servants, to the competence of which
Health issues of the environment;
creation of a network of regional
environmental education centres based on educational institutions,
Non-governmental environmental organizations;
development until 2015 by the organizational mechanism of local,
regional and national level for active engagement
public to the process of environmental education for sustainable
Development, environmental education and education;
systematic information on the activities of the executive board
in the area of environmental protection through the
Official websites and media;
creation until 2012 and the introduction to 2015 of the mechanism
ensuring public access to environmental information and
participation in decision-making according to the provisions of the Convention on
access to information, public participation in the process of acceptance
solutions and access to justice on matters relating to the environment
(Aarhus Convention) ( 994_015 );
promoting the publication and distribution of the report of the public
Environmental Organizations for Public Assessment
National environmental policy since 2011;
creation up to 2015 conditions for public assessment
activities of the executive branch, the exercise of the public
Environmental Protection;
assistance to local communities on the implementation of an incurable
Management and environmentally friendly technologies; creating in
each area of information and experimental and
Demonstration-training centres of support for implementation
and distribution of models of non-shell farming and environmental
The friendly technologies by 2020;
Providing public support for the establishment and development of settlements
on energy and resource-making technologies
of construction, and the integrated implementation of such technologies
Prior to 2015
inclusion of the formation of environmental culture, environmental
education and enlightenment in public target, regional and local
development programmes.
Goal 2. Improve environmental situation and level rise
environmental security
Tasks in this area are:
improving the level of environmental security by introducing a
2015, a comprehensive approach to risk assessment,
preventing and minimizing the effects of natural disasters according to
The Johannesburg Plan of Action:
atmospheric air
decrease in the emission volume of common pollutants
stationary sources up to 2015 by 10 percent and to
2020 is 25 percent of the baseline;
moving sources by setting the content of the content
contaminants in processed gases until 2015
Euro-5 to 2020-Euro-5 to 2020;
defining the target indicators of hazardous substances in
atmospheric air, particularly for heavy metals, non-methane
volatile organic compounds, dependent of dust particles (diameter less than 10)
(micron) and persistent organic pollutants in order to
taking into consideration the emission of technological emissions
Pollutants on stationary sources of contamination;
optimization of the national energy sector structure
economy by increasing the volume of energy use
sources with low carbon dioxide emissions by 2015 per day
10 percent and by 2020 by 20 percent, and also providing
the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions according to
The countries of international obligations under the framework of the
Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on
Nations on Climate Change 995_801 );
The definition until 2015 of the major public policy
adaptation to climate change, development and production
National Plan of Action for the mitigation of the
climate change and prevent anthropogenic impacts on climate change by
period until 2030, including within the implementation of the mechanism
Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on
Nations on Climate Change 995_801 ), projects in common
Implementation and projects of targeted environmental (green)
conservation of water resources
reforming during the first phase of the state system
management in the field of conservation and rational use of water
by implementing an integrated management of water resources in
A pool principle;
reconstruction of existing and construction of new urban
construction to decrease by 2020 by 15 per cent of the level
pollution pollution (primarily organic)
substances, nitrogen and phosphorus compounds), and decrease by 2020
a year by 20 percent (until the base year) the discount is not clear enough
development and execution until 2015 of the plan for
Reduction of pollution levels of inland sea waters and
territorial sea with the goal of preventing the growth of anthropogenic
impact on the environment and the restoration of ecosystems
Black and Azov Seas;
Land and soil conservation
reduce by 2020 on average 5-10 percent of fruit
of arable land in areas
The slopes are more than 3 degrees, water-protected areas,
Conservations of degraded, low-productive and technogenically
Contaminated farmland with further iron
In the forested and forested areas of the area, and with the involvement in the steppe zone;
Until 2015, a complete account of environmental protection
in the process of relocating land for facilities
industry, construction, energy, transport and communications and
when deciding to delete (heap), grant, modify
Target of land;
development and implementation by 2020 of the management system
Agrolandscape by forest-based methods on the basis of sustainable
Forest care
increase by 2020 of the area of area up to 17
percent of the territory of the state by recovering forests
logging on land areas of the forest fund, creating
Forest management system
the purpose and lands reserved for the healing, recovery and
creating new field forest bands other than natural steppe
geological environment and superhuman
Implementation of the environmentally sound technology by 2020
Mining, compulsory redevelopment and
Environmental rehabilitation of areas violated by the
The failure of the production activities of the chemical,
mining, oil refining industry, in particular
providing up to 2020 recultivation of land on an area of no less than
4.3 thousand hectares;
ensuring maximum use of mined
minerals, minimizing waste in their extraction and
exercise until 2015 by state accounting of artesian
Wells and equipment by their means of measuring volumes of mined
protection against emergencies of the technogenic and natural
increasing by 2020 efficiency of the functioning of the State
the system of coordinating the activities of the executive authorities and bodies
The Local Government with the Prevention of Extinction Emergencies
situations of natural and technological nature and promotion
(a) operationalization of the response;
Modernization by 2020 of the national system of informing
the population of natural and technology emergencies
Ensuring the functioning of local alert systems
To ensure a reduction in 2015
the volume of the transmission of radionuclides beyond the exclusion zone and the zone
Unconditional (compulsory) resettlement by functioning
scientific-founded system combining natural renewable energy
processes with meliorative, logging and technical measures,
which increase the barrier function of the natural-tech complex
Exclusion zone;
Ongoing ongoing radio environmental monitoring
The timing of the work of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant
The conversion of an object to an environmentally secure system;
Implementation of projects for rehabilitation of territories
Radioactive contamination as a result of the Chernobyl disaster
return of the land of the Chernobyl exclusion zone
Ukraine with the aim of further effective use and development
industrial site and production infrastructure
The Chernobyl nuclear power plant and the exclusion zone;
Reduction of population and rehabilitation levels
Radioactive contaminant areas
Chernobyl disaster, by means of radiation
protecting the population and the environment, the development of productive forces
contaminated regions, recovery of production and social
infrastructure in these territories, removing restrictions on
Production of agricultural products;
Ensuring the implementation of radio environmental and
Social and economic measures on radioactive contaminated
territories, support and doing distributed data banks with respect to
Radioactive contamination of the natural environment (at the level of
and areas), estimates of the dose of population living on
contaminated territories, by evaluation, forecasting and acceptance
Operational decisions;
implementation of projects of efficient use of forest resources
in the territories, radioactive contaminated from the crash on
Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant, primarily in order to prevent forest
Consolidation by 2020 shores of water facilities within
defining during the first phase of all territories
There is a threat to the occurrence of emergencies in connection with
non-arbitrary technology and environmental status, and the area of their
with a division of the safety category;
waste and dangerous chemicals
provide a storage of 70 percent of the household up to 2015
waste cities with a population of no less than 250,000 per person
specialized and environmentally friendly, as well as 2020
year of storage in full of such waste as well as reduction
by 2020 in special places storage for household waste
15 percent of the basic level of waste generated waste
Biological degradation;
increase by 2020 at 1.5 times the volume of the detachment,
Disposal and use of waste as secondary raw materials;
introducing the latest technology disposal technologies
Until 2020, residual dehydration
accumulated not suitable for use of pesticides by means of
introduction of environmentally sound technologies of their dehydration and
development until 2015 and running until 2020 of the plan of measures
concerning the replacement of particularly dangerous chemicals produced by
and used in the major sectors of the national economy, and
ensuring their safe transportation and storage;
creating up to 2015 safe handling systems with
Medical waste;
Exercise of control of import into territory of Ukraine
genetically modified organisms, preventing them
Uncontrolled and widespread by 2015
A permissive system in the field of handling genetically modified
organisms, including regarding their transboundary movements,
To ensure the coordination of genetic and engineering activities;
providing for the first phase of the development
Regulations on State Regulation and
Control in the field of handling of genetically modified organisms
And the failure of genetic engineering activities;
improvements during the first phase of the leisure system in
the treatment of genetically modified organisms, including
including their transboundary movements, and providing
Coordination of genetic engineering.
Target 3. Achieving a human health safe
natural environment
Tasks in this area are:
preventing the violation of sanitary and hygienic requirements
the air in populated areas (with a population of no less than 250
thousands of persons) by creating and refining up to 2015 systems
automatic monitoring and strengthening of environmental control over the
Air quality;
Overwhelmingly (90 percent) of ensuring compliance by 2020
hygiene requirements for the quality of surface water in places
The Intensive Water Use (for localities with
The number of inhabitants is no less than 250 thousand people);
full compliance of normative requirements to sources
A central drinking water supply until 2015;
Overwhelmingly (70 percent) of enforcement until 2020
hygiene requirements for the quality of water used in the
for the needs of drinking water and cooking the rural
preparation prior to 2015 of the state target program
Assessing and preventing health risks
Ukraine from the factors of the natural environment
Involve the application of risk assessment methodology; introduction
by 2020 managed environmental risk management (including
Emergencies of the Emergent and Natural
in nature);
implementation of the environmental marking system by 2020
Goods and food products;
detecting environmental risk zones and the preparation of public
A target program for reducing the technogenic pressure on health
The population of environmental risk zones by 2020;
strengthening up to 2015 of state environmental control for
The implementation of legislation in the process of placement, construction,
exploiting new and redevelopment of existing industrial
businesses and other facilities on the basis of risk assessment for
Population Health;
creation up to 2015 institutional institutions to inform
Population on environmental risks;
expansion of the sanitary-epidemiological and
Environmental Protection in the Programme of Management of Management
until 2015 and improvements by 2020 of the system of continuous
Health care for individuals who work in the area of
development prior to 2015 regulatory framework on environmental
Insurance based on the definition of harm,
What can be caused by the health of the population;
development until 2015 of the state monitoring system
The Environment, by its modernization,
strengthening coordination of monitoring subjects and
improving data management systems as the basis for adoption
Management decisions.
Target 4. Integration of environmental policy and improvement
integrated environmental management system
Tasks in this area are:
Adoption of the agenda.
the duty of integration of environmental policy to others
documents containing political and/or software principles
Public, sector (sectoral), regional and local
Development until 2012;
institutional development and strengthening of public
Management in the environmental sector;
development within the process of "Dovkyll for Ukraine" partnership
between sectors of society with the aim of engaging in planning and
Implementation of the environmental policy of all stakeholders;
implementation of systems of environmental management and training
public targeted programs on the environmental management of individual industries
the national economy to predict technical reequipment,
implementation of energy efficient and resource-making technologies,
Low-income, free and environmentally sound technology
development and implementation by 2015 of the stimulus system for
entities implementing environmental management system
governance, the principles of corporate social responsibility,
Apply environmental auditing, production certification
products, its quality according to international conservation
standards, improve the environmental performance of products
According to the established international environmental standards;
in industry and energy:
approval in 2012 the concept of implementation in Ukraine more
clean production and approval until 2015 of appropriate
Strategies and National Action Plan;
development prior to 2015 methodology for determining the degree
of environmental risk due to the production activities of the
Dangerous objects;
in the transport and road industry:
Up to 2015 anti-noise facilities/screens (s)
locations where the localities are located near the motorway) in
Settlements with a population of at least 500,000 people
and by 2020, in populated areas with the number of population not
Less than 250 000 people;
creation until 2015 of economic conditions for development
Environmentally friendly transport infrastructure, particularly
public, increasing by 2020 share of public
Transport in total infrastructure by 25 per cent;
improving the requirements prior to ensuring environmental security and
The reliability of the pipeline;
in housing and construction:
a revision of the legal framework for the purpose of providing
environmental requirements, particularly for energy and resource
in the process of industrial and residential design, construction,
Renovation and dismantling of buildings;
increased energy and resource creation in multi-dimensional
In agriculture:
creating conditions for a wide implementation of environmentally
and organic technologies of agriculture
the farms and achievements in 2020 of their use and
the two-fold increase in terms of their use in 2020 to
Base level
in the military defense sector:
development prior to 2015 incentives to encourage implementation
systems of environmental management in military formations,
to provide an environmentally sound environment by 2020
Environmental management in the course of operational and combat training, under
Military exercises and training sessions;