Rs 131.235 Constitution Of The Republic And Canton Of The Jura, Of March 20, 1977

Original Language Title: RS 131.235 Constitution de la République et canton du Jura, du 20 mars 1977

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131.235 constitution of the Republic and Canton of Jura from March 20, 1977 (State March 11, 2015) the Jura people aware of his responsibilities before God, before men and to future generations, trying to restore its sovereign rights and create a United community, gives the Constitution whose content follows: the Jura people a preamble of the Declaration of the rights of man of 1789 of the Universal Declaration of the United Nations proclaimed in 1948 and the European Convention on human rights of 1950.
Under these principles, the Republic and Canton of the Jura, from the Act of freely available to June 23, 1974, determined to build a prosperous society, guarantor of human rights and respect for the environment, promotes social justice, encourages cooperation between the peoples, plays an active role in the communities of which she claimed.

RS 0.101 accepted by referendum Nov. 28. 2010, in effect since Nov. 28. 2010 warranty of the SSA. fed. March 6, 2012 (FF 2012 3603 art. 1 ch. 8, 2011 7403).

I. the sovereignty art. 1 State the Jura Republic is a democratic and social State based on the brotherhood.
It forms a sovereign canton of the Swiss Confederation.

Art. 2 exercise of sovereignty sovereignty belongs to the people, which exercises it directly or through its representatives.

Art. 3 language the french is the national and official language of the Republic and Canton of the Jura.

Art. 4 cooperation the Republic and Canton of the Jura collaborates with the other cantons of the Swiss Confederation.
It strives to ensure a close cooperation with its neighbours.
It is open to the world and cooperates with the anxious people of solidarity.

Art. 5 coat of arms the coat of arms of the Republic and Canton of the Jura are the following: "Party money Episcopal Lacrosse gules and gules three fasces of money."

II. fundamental rights art. 6 equality before the law men and women are equal before the law.
No person shall harm or take advantage of the fact of birth, origin, race, beliefs, opinions or his social situation.

Art. 7 human dignity human dignity is inviolable.
All human being has the right to the free development of his personality and the equal opportunities.

Art. 8 freedoms individual freedom is guaranteed.
Are including: a. the right to life and to physical and moral integrity; (b) the right to respect for private life and the home; (c) the right to marry and the right to have a family life; (d) the right to bring up and educate his children; e. freedom of thought, conscience and religion; f. the freedom of having to express and disseminate opinions, especially the freedom of press; g. freedom of association, meeting and public event; h. freedom of study and teaching, i. freedom of art and research, j. freedom to choose and exercise a profession; k. freedom of commerce and industry l. freedom of establishment; Mr. freedom of access to public office.

Art. 9 legal protection in general cannot be removed from his natural judge.
Any party shall be heard before a ruling on his case.
Everyone has the right to consult the record of his case, except in the cases provided by law.
The lacking parts of resources entitled to free legal aid under the law.

Art. 10 repealed by referendum on Nov. 30. 2008, with effect from Jan 1. 2011 warranty of the SSA. fed. Dec 10. 2009 (FF 2009 8295 art. 1 ch. 5-5361).

Art. 11 censorship censorship is prohibited.

Art. 12 property ownership, recognized in its private function and its social function, is guaranteed within the limits of the law.
Gives the right to fair compensation, if possible prior expropriation.
In an overriding public interest, the State takes measures to prevent the abusive exercise of the property, including on the ground, houses and important means of production.
The State promotes the accession of farmers to rural land ownership.
The law can confer a right of pre-emption to the State and the municipalities when a preponderant public interest.

Art. 13 limits of fundamental rights fundamental rights may be restricted only by law and only in the sense of an overriding public interest.

Art. 14 effects of rights fundamental all public power is limited by fundamental rights.
Each exercises its rights respecting those of others.

Art. 15 homework each is required to perform its legal duties towards the State and the municipalities.

Art. 16 right of city law regulates the conditions and procedure for the acquisition of cantonal and communal citizenship.
Communal freedom of the city founded the cantonal citizenship.

III. the tasks of the State 1. Family art. 17. the State protects and supports the family, natural and fundamental cell of society.
It reinforces the role in the community.

2. social security art. 18 principle the State and municipalities promote the general welfare and social security.
In particular, they protect people who need assistance because of their age, their health and their economic or social situation.
They encourage the integration of migrants in the Jura social environment.

Art. 19 right to work the right to work is recognized.
With the assistance of the municipalities, the State strives to promote full employment.
Every worker is entitled to the wage which ensures a decent standard of living.
The State encourages the placement.
It promotes the economic and social integration of the disabled.

Art. 20 protection of workers to the protection of workers, the State: a. organizes the mandatory unemployment insurance; b. establishes the occupational medicine; c. legislates on working conditions; d. promotes the participation of workers within companies; e. protects workers and their representatives in the exercise of their rights; f. shall ensure the application of the principle "to equal work, equal pay"; g. recognises the right to strike; the law determines the public services where it can be regulated.

Art. 21 social peace the State established a cantonal body of conciliation and arbitration to intervene in social conflicts.

Art. 22 right to housing the right to housing is recognized.
The State and local authorities ensure that any person obtains, on reasonable terms, appropriate housing.
They are taking measures to protect tenants against abuses.

Art. 23 insurance and social benefits the State and municipalities can supplement insurance and social benefits of the Confederation and create others.
The State widespread family allowances.
For the financing of the insurance and social benefits, the Act is based on the principle of solidarity.

3. social assistance art. 24. social assistance is the responsibility to the State and the municipalities.

4. public health article 25 general protection the State and municipalities shall ensure hygiene and public health.
They promote preventive medicine and encourage activities to provide care to the sick and the disabled.
The State regulates and controls the exercise of the medical and paramedical professions.

Art. 26 organization of the hospital system the State organizes and coordinates all of the hospital system and ancillary medical services.
It provides for their maintenance.
He entrusted the management to an institution under public law.

Accepted by referendum Nov. 28. 1993, in effect since Nov. 28. 1993. guarantee of the SSA. fed. Sept. 16. 1996 (FF 1996 IV 882 article 1 section 8, I 1249).
Accepted by referendum Sept. 26. 2004, in force since Jan. 1. 2005 SSA warranty. fed. of 6 October. 2005 (FF 2005 5625 art. 1 ch. 7 2715).
Accepted by referendum Nov. 28. 1993, in effect since Nov. 28. 1993. guarantee of the SSA. fed. Sept. 16. 1996 (FF 1996 IV 882 article 1 section 8, I 1249).

Art. 27 care home State promotes home care.

Art. 28 animal health the State organizes the health police.

Art. 29 insurance are mandatory insurance in case of illness, accident and maternity.
The State promotes the support of the cost of dental care under Medicare.

Art. 30 the State sport encourages the general practice of the sport.

Art. 31 the State Public Health Council establishes the public health Council.
The law regulates in the composition, functioning and powers.

5. school art. 32 mission school's mission is to ensure their full development in children.
She assumes, jointly and severally with the family, their education and their education.
It forms human beings free, aware of their responsibilities and able to take in charge their own destiny.

Art. 33 school obligation is mandatory.

Art. 34 public schools the State organizes and controls public school.
Access to nursery school is guaranteed.
Education is free.
Public school respects freedom of thought, conscience and religion.

Art. 35 Division of labour the kindergarten and the elementary school responsibility to the State and municipalities.
High schools, vocational schools, trade schools and business schools are the responsibility of the State.
In some cases, vocational training may be entrusted to private institutions.
The State assumes the initial and ongoing training of teachers.

Art. 36 training for the disabled


The State maintains or encourages the specialized institutions in which persons with disabilities receive training adapted to their State.

Art. 37 training outside the canton the State creates necessary by agreements, the opportunity to acquire certain formations that are not provided in the canton.

Art. 38 private schools the right to open private schools is guaranteed within the limits of the law.
The State supports private schools at the conditions set by the law.

Art. 39 monitoring schools are placed under the supervision of the State.

Art. Has 40 right to training the right to training.
The State and local authorities facilitate attendance at schools and universities, as well as vocational training in general.

Art. 41 School Council the State appoints the School Board.
The law regulates in the composition, functioning and powers.

6. the culture and education of adult art. 42 activities cultural State and Commons support cultural activities in the field of creation, research, entertainment and broadcasting.
They ensure and contribute to conservation, enrichment and development of the Jura heritage, including the patois.
They promote the illustration of the French language.

Art. 43. the State Adult Education and Commons encouraging the education of adults.

7. the Office of women's art. 44. the State establishes the Office of the status of women, whose tasks include: a. improve the status of women; b. promote access of women to all degrees of responsibility; c. eliminate the discrimination it can be investigated.

Sustainable 7.developpement art. 44a. the State and local authorities ensure the balance between the preservation of the natural environment and the requirements of economic and social life.
In the performance of their duties, they respect the principles of sustainable development and take into account the interests of future generations.

8. the environment and the art territory. 45 State environmental protection and local authorities protect the man and his natural environment against pollution; they fight in particular the pollution of air, soil, water, and noise.
They save the beauty and originality of the landscape, as well as the natural and architectural heritage.
The State protects the flora and fauna, including the forest.
It regulates the practice of hunting and fishing.

Art. 46. the State planning and Commons provide a judicious use of the ground and a rational occupation of the territory.
They save in the extent possible forest area and the agricultural area, where forestry and agriculture are still priority.
They reserve the spaces needed for the development of the economy and communication channels.
They strive to spare for common use favourable to health and recreation places.
They consider the opinion of the people in question.

9. the economy of art. 47 development of economy the State encourage the economic development of the canton. It takes into account the needs of the regions and ensures the diversification of activities.
It can, for this purpose, create services and support institutions, including an economic and social Council advisory and economic development agency.

Art. 48 buildings and roads the State legislates in buildings and roads.

Art. 49 public transport the State promotes public transport.

Art. 50 resources natural state control exploitation of natural resources.

Art. 51 agricultural policy the State sets an agricultural policy.

10. the protection of consumers art. 52. the State considers the interests of consumers.

11. humanitarian aid art. 53. the State encourages humanitarian assistance and cooperates in the development of disadvantaged peoples.

12. the public order art. 54. the State and municipalities provide public order, security and peace.

IV. organisation of the State 1. General principles art. 55 separation of powers legislative, Executive and judicial powers are separated.

Art. 56 basis of public acts any act of authority must be based on the principles of law and good faith.
It must be suitable for its purpose.

Art. 57 responsibility the State and the municipalities are responsible for damage authorities and officials cause, without law, in the exercise of their functions.

Art. 58 retroactivity of laws laws cannot have retroactive effect if they impose charges or new obligations to individuals or to Commons.

Art. 59 delegation of powers the people, the Parliament and the Government may delegate their powers according to the law.
Regarding the people and Parliament, the law limits the purpose of each delegation and specifies the purpose and scope.

Art. 60 need law law that skills derogating from the Constitution can, in case of war or catastrophe, be transferred temporarily to the Parliament or the Government.

Art. 61 legal information and State mediation organized in principle free legal information service.
He may establish an independent mediation in administrative matters.

Art. 62 incompatible functions no one may exercise at the same time two of the following functions: Member of Parliament, Member of the Government, permanent judge, Prosecutor.
Members of the Government cannot belong to a district or town authority.
The permanent judges can be part of a municipal authority or to another authority of district.
Federal parliamentary mandate is incompatible with the following functions: depute Deputy in the cantonal Parliament, judge standing, Attorney and member of the Government.
...
The law regulates the cases of incompatibility of the non-permanent judges and officials.

Adopted by popular vote on April 5, 1987, in force since April 5, 1987. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. March 9, 1988 (1988 FF I 1392 art. 1 c. 5 221).
Repealed by referendum of April 5, 1987, with effect from April 5, 1987. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. March 9, 1988 (1988 FF I 1392 art. 1 c. 5 221).

Art. 63 incompatibility between parents the law regulates the incompatibilities of functions between parents and allies.

Art. 64. dual activity supported by Member of the Government or permanent judge is incompatible with any other paid activity.

Art. 65 term of Office MEPs, members of the Government, judges, prosecutors and members of the district and commune authorities are elected for five years.
The presidents and vice-presidents of the Parliament, the Government and the cantonal court are elected for one year.
Any person elected during the period shall hold office until the end of the.

Adopted by popular vote on March 7, 2010, in effect since July 1. 2010 warranty of the SSA. fed. March 2, 2011 (FF 2011 2737 art. 1 ch. 5, 2010 7239).

Art. 66 re-election to the Council of States members and members of the Parliament are eligible for re-election twice consecutively.
Members of the Government are eligible for re-election twice.
The presidents and vice-presidents of the Parliament, Government and the cantonal court are not immediately eligible for re-election in the same quality.
Members of other authorities of the State and district levels are freely eligible for re-election.

Adopted by popular vote on March 7, 2010, in effect since July 1. 2010 warranty of the SSA. fed. March 2, 2011 (FF 2011 2737 art. 1 ch. 5, 2010 7239).

Art. 67 public hearing the debates of Parliament and the General Councils are public.

Art. 68 public information the cantonal and communal authorities inform the people about their activity.
They publish important projects allowing for public discussion.

Art. 69 seat of the Parliament authorities and the Government are based in Delémont.
The cantonal court and the Court of first instance have their headquarters at Porrentruy.
The cantonal administration is decentralized.

Accepted by popular vote from 29 nov. 1998, in force since Jan. 1. 2001 warranty the SSA. fed. June 14, 2000 (FF 2000 3419 art. 1 ch. 9-1048).

2. political rights art. 70 voters are voters regarding cantonal every man and every woman holding Swiss citizenship, aged at least 18 years and domiciled in the canton.
...
Are voters in local area every man and every woman holding Swiss citizenship, domiciled in the municipality and at least eighteen years old.
The law regulates cases where a voter is deprived of his political rights.

Repealed by referendum Nov. 29. with effect from Jan 1, 1998. 2001 warranty the SSA. fed. June 14, 2000 (FF 2000 3419 art. 1 ch. 9-1048).

Art. 71 content of political rights any elector has the right: a. to take part in the elections and popular votes; b. to be elected to a public service in accordance with the Constitution and the law; c. sign initiatives and referendums.

Art. 72 Freiberger of outside the law rule the political rights of the Jura established outside of the canton.

Art. 73 foreigners Act defines and regulates the right to vote and other political rights of foreigners.

Art. 74 popular Elections voters in the Township shall elect: a. members of the Parliament and alternates; (b) the members of the Government; (c) the members of the Council of States.

...
The voters of the municipality shall elect:

a. advisors General; b. the Mayor and municipal councillors; (c) the members of the other local organs if the Act or the municipal regulation provides.

Popular elections are held by secret ballot.
Members of the Council of States, members of the Parliament and councils are elected in proportional representation.
The members of the Government and mayors are elected by majority voting.

Repealed by referendum Nov. 29. with effect from Jan 1, 1998. 2001 warranty the SSA. fed. June 14, 2000 (FF 2000 3419 art. 1 ch. 9-1048).
Accepted by popular vote from 29 nov. 1998, in force since Jan. 1. 2001 warranty the SSA. fed. June 14, 2000 (FF 2000 3419 art. 1 ch. 9-1048).

Art. 75 cantonal popular initiative: conditions two thousand voters or eight municipalities can ask by a popular initiative conceived in general terms or written from scratch, the adoption, amendment or repeal of laws or constitutional provisions.
Five thousand voters can ask in general terms that the Parliament has the right of initiative of the Federal State.
The initiative must conform to the upper right, concern only a single domain, and not to be not impossible, otherwise the Parliament separate him for cause of nullity.
The initiative may be withdrawn to the conditions laid down by law.

Accepted by referendum Sept. 26. 2004, in force since 1 sept. 2006 SSA warranty. fed. of 6 October. 2005 (FF 2005 5625 art. 1 ch. 7 2715).
Accepted by referendum Sept. 26. 2004, in force since 1 sept. 2006 SSA warranty. fed. of 6 October. 2005 (FF 2005 5625 art. 1 ch. 7 2715).

Art. Cantonal initiative 76: procedure Parliament decides if it adopts or changes as a result of an initiative conceived in general terms provisions in the Constitution or the law.
If Parliament decides to not pursue a valid initiative or not not, within a period of two years, she is introduced to the popular vote.
Parliament can oppose any initiative a counter-proposal.
If the people accept an initiative designed in general terms, Parliament must meet within a period of two years.
If the people accept both the initiative and the counter-proposal, is passed which got the largest number of votes.

Accepted by referendum Sept. 26. 2004, in force since 1 sept. 2006 SSA warranty. fed. of 6 October. 2005 (FF 2005 5625 art. 1 ch. 7 2715).
Accepted by referendum Sept. 26. 2004, in force since 1 sept. 2006 SSA warranty. fed. of 6 October. 2005 (FF 2005 5625 art. 1 ch. 7 2715).

Art. 77 mandatory referendum are subject to popular vote: a. the principle of a total revision of the Constitution and, at the same time, constitutional addendum governing arrangements; b. the constitutional provisions; (c) initiatives to which the Parliament does not suite; d. Any expenses not determined by a law, if it is a one-time expense greater than five hundredths of the amount of revenue brought to the last budget or a periodic expense greater than five thousandths of the same amount; e. laws and decrees which cost subject to the obligatory referendum; f. the treaties, concordats and other public law agreements which derogate from the Constitution complete or cost subject to the obligatory referendum; g. the budget of the State in accordance with art. 123, art. 4 and 6.

Approved by referendum on May 17, 2009, in force since Jan. 1. 2011 warranty of the SSA. fed. Dec 8. 2010 (FF 2011 255 article 1 point 5, 2010 4463).

Art. 78 optional referendum are subject to popular vote if requested two thousand voters or eight municipalities: a. laws; b. any costs not determined by a law, if it is a spending unique greater than five thousandths of the amount of revenue brought in the last budget or a periodic expense greater than five ten thousand of the same amount; c. the treaties, concordats and other conventions of public law that are exceptions to the law complete or cost subject to optional referendum; d. real estate transactions, bonds and participation in a business, if the amounts involved are greater than five thousandths of the amount of revenue brought to the last budget; e. plans in the cases provided by law; f. initiatives filed by the Federal State.

Art. 79 referendum on Parliament's decision the Parliament may submit to popular vote any decision he took.

Art. 80 petition law everyone has the right to petition to the authorities.
Any authority before a petition is required to treat and respond.

Art. 81 political parties the State recognizes the role of political parties and promotes their activity.

3. Parliament art. 82 role Parliament is the main representative of the people.
It determines the policy of the canton.
It exercises legislative power, subject to the rights of the people.
He exercises supervision over the Government, administration and judicial authorities.

Art. 83 legislative competence Parliament: a. developing the constitutional provisions in the event of partial revision of the Constitution, (b) enacts the laws, particularly those governing the introduction of the federal law.

He enacts decrees that implement the important enforcement provisions of federal and cantonal laws.
Projects of constitutional provisions, laws and decrees are the subject of two readings.

Art. 84. other jurisdictions subject to the rights of the people, Parliament: a. elects members of the cantonal court, the Prosecutor and the members of the other authorities designated by the Act; b. approves treaties, concordats and other conventions of public law that are not the responsibility of the Government; c. discuss the Government program and its realization d approves the cantonal plans affecting the economy , the construction, the development of the territory and determines mandatory; e. Approves financial state plans; f. adopts the budget and approves the accounts g. stop any expenditure not determined by a law, if it is a single amount greater than five ten thousand of the amount of revenue brought in the last budget or a periodic expense greater than five cent-milliemes of that amount; h. decide on the conclusion of transactions , the granting of guarantees and participation in business enterprises if the amounts involved are higher than five ten thousand of the amount of revenue brought in the last budget; i. Authorizes public borrowing j. approve management reports of the Government, the courts and independent cantonal institutions; k. slice conflict of jurisdiction in which the Constitutional Court is currently; l. exercises the right of pardon; Mr. grants amnesty; n. pronounces on the answer given by the Government to Federal consultations affecting important; o objects. exercises the right of initiative of the Federal State; p. has the right to request, with other cantons, the extraordinary meeting of the Federal Assembly and the presentation to the popular vote a federal law or a federal decree; q. has any other skill that is attributed to him by the Constitution or the law.

Art. 85 composition the Parliament has 60 members.
The law regulates the election of Deputies.

Art. 86 Election for the election of the Parliament, each district form a constituency.
Three seats are allocated automatically to each electoral district, the other being then divided proportionately to the population.

Art. 87 convening Parliament meets on convocation of the president:. in cases provided for by the regulations; b. when he decides specially; c. at the request of the Government; d. when 12 members required indicating the objects to process.

Art. 88 independence of parliamentarians members freely serve their term.
They cannot be sued for what they say in the exercise of their mandate.
They are accountable to Parliament.

4. the Government art. 89 role the Government conducts the policy of the canton.
He exercises executive power and directs the administration.
He represents the State.

Art. 90 legislation the Government is involved in the development of legislation and may propose to Parliament any constitutional provision, act or decree.
Subject to the jurisdiction of Parliament, it enacts ordinances that put in execution the federal law, the laws and the decrees of the cantonal.

Art. 91 right of emergency in case of emergency, the Government may enact ordinances and take measures that derogate from the laws, decrees or laws.
These orders and measures remain in force as long as arrangements could not be taken in accordance with the Constitution, but a year at the most.

Art. 92. other skills the Government, subject to the powers of the people and Parliament: a. appoint officials and any other person responsible for a public service cantonal; b. stop any expenditure not determined by legislation; c. Decides the conclusion of property transactions, the granting of guarantees and participation in business enterprises.

In addition, the Government:

a. concludes the conventions of public law dealing with matters of minor; b. presents to the Parliament, in Parliament, a policy agenda; c. present at the Parliament, at the end of legislature, a report on the implementation of his program; d. plans, subject to the powers of the Parliament, the activities of the State and provides for the realization of the plans; e. prepares and submits to the Parliament the budget and accounts of the State; f. administers the property and the State finances; g. ensures public order and has to this end of the cantonal military: h. executes the laws, decrees and orders, as well as judgments; i. coordinates the activity of the authorities and organizes the administration within the law; j. assumes oversight of Commons; k. monitors the cantonal autonomous; l. statue on the complaints and appeals in the cases provided by law; Mr. grant cantonal citizenship; n. responds , subject to the powers of the Parliament, in consultation with federal authorities; o. consults and informs regularly members of Parliament; p. any other jurisdiction under the Act or is not devolved to a specific authority.

Art. 93 composition and election the Government consists of five members.
For the election of the Government, the canton forms a single constituency.

Art. 94 Chair and Vice-Chair the president and the vice-president of the Government are elected by Parliament.

Art. 95 college Government is in college.
Important Affairs remain within its jurisdiction.

Art. 96 departments each Member of the Government heads a Department whose assignments are set by law.
Coordination between departments must be ensured.

Art. 97 relationship with Parliament the Government may submit proposals to the Parliament.
He attends the meetings of the Parliament and can intervene on each object.

Art. 98 Advisory Board of the Jura from the outside the State establishes the Advisory Council of the Jura domiciled outside the canton.

Art. 99 administration official is in the service of the people.
The administration must be effective and efficient.

Art. 100 institutions or institutions of self-government law may entrust certain tasks of the State institutions or independent institutions.

5. the authorities legal art. 101 independence courts are independent.

Art. 102Tribunaux of first instance justice of first instance is made on the whole of the canton by the Court of first instance.
The cantonal court rules at first instance in the cases provided by law.

Accepted by popular vote from 29 nov. 1998, in force since Jan. 1. 2001 warranty the SSA. fed. June 14, 2000 (FF 2000 3419 art. 1 ch. 9-1048).
Accepted by popular vote from 30 nov. 2008, in force since Jan. 1. 2011 warranty of the SSA. fed. Dec 10. 2009 (FF 2009 8295 art. 1 ch. 5-5361).

Art. 103Tribunal cantonal court of second instance is made by the cantonal court.

Accepted by popular vote from 30 nov. 2008, in force since Jan. 1. 2011 warranty of the SSA. fed. Dec 10. 2009 (FF 2009 8295 art. 1 ch. 5-5361).

Art. 104 Constitutional Court the Constitutional Court of the cantonal court control on request and before implementation, the constitutionality of laws.
She judges within the law: a. disputes relating to the validity of the decrees, arrested, cantonal and municipal regulations and orders; b. disputes over autonomy of Commons, recognized churches and their parishes; c. disputes over the exercise of political rights, the validity of the elections and cantonal votes and, on appeal, of the elections and votes held in the districts and the Commons; d. conflict of jurisdiction between cantonal authorities unless the Court constitutional itself being a party; e. other cases prescribed by law.

Accepted by popular vote from 30 nov. 2008, in force since Jan. 1. 2011 warranty of the SSA. fed. Dec 10. 2009 (FF 2009 8295 art. 1 ch. 5-5361).

Art. 105 minors in criminal matters, the protection of minors is a particular jurisdiction.

Art. Criminal 106Instruction and Crown public action is exercised by the public prosecutor.

Accepted by popular vote from 30 nov. 2008, in force since Jan. 1. 2011 warranty of the SSA. fed. Dec 10. 2009 (FF 2009 8295 art. 1 ch. 5-5361).

Art. 107Organisation, skills and procedure the law regulates the procedure for election of the judicial authorities, their organization and their skills, as well as the procedure within the limits of federal law.

Accepted by popular vote from 30 nov. 2008, in force since Jan. 1. 2011 warranty of the SSA. fed. Dec 10. 2009 (FF 2009 8295 art. 1 ch. 5-5361).

V. the districts and communes 1. Art districts. 108-status districts are of the administrative districts of the canton.
The law regulates in the organization.
It sets the mode of election of authorities and responsibilities.
...

Accepted by popular vote from 29 nov. 1998, in force since Jan. 1. 2001 warranty the SSA. fed. June 14, 2000 (FF 2000 3419 art. 1 ch. 9-1048).
Repealed by referendum Nov. 29. with effect from Jan 1, 1998. 2001 warranty the SSA. fed. June 14, 2000 (FF 2000 3419 art. 1 ch. 9-1048).

Art. 109 number and extended the territory of the canton is divided into three districts: Delémont, Les Franches-Montagnes, Porrentruy.
The districts are defined by law.

2. the common a. provisions general art. 110 legal nature and autonomy municipalities and the Association of communes are public law communities.
Their existence and their autonomy are guaranteed within the limits of the Constitution and the law.

Art. 111 monitoring Commons are placed under the supervision of the Government.
The Government monitors in particular their financial management and delivery of tasks that are referred to it by the Confederation and the canton.
If it finds irregularities, the Government takes the measures provided for by law.
In severe cases, it can suspend the municipality bodies and replace them with an extraordinary administration.
When the bodies of the municipality may be composed, the Government established a special administration.

Art. 112 merger, division, change of limits Commons cannot change their limits, merge, split, or be attached to another district without the agreement of their constituents and the approval of the Parliament.
The State facilitates the mergers of municipalities.
Conditions and in the exceptional cases provided for by law, the Parliament may decide the merger of two or more municipalities, or changing the limits between common.

Art. 113 Association of communes for certain tasks of common interest, municipalities have the right to associate in trade unions which may include external communities in the canton.
The Constitution and the rules of the Union must be adopted by the municipalities in question and approved by the Government.
The Government has over the Association of communes the same oversight on Commons.
In the cases provided by law, the Government can decide the Foundation of a Union of communes and to establish the Constitutive Act and the regulations.

b. municipal Commons art. 114 tasks the municipal commune assumes local tasks devolving to the Confederation or canton.

Art. 115 organization the municipal commune gives himself an organisational regulations.
This regulation must be adopted by the electorate and approved by the Government.
The Government gives its approval if the regulation is in accordance with the Constitution and the law.

Art. 116 bodies the municipal commune must have the following: a. the electoral body; (b) the Municipal Council; c. the committees prescribed by law.

Art. 117 electoral body municipal sovereignty belongs to the electoral body.
The electorate expressed in Municipal Assembly or by ballot.
Skills of the electoral body, the Organization and the functioning of the Municipal Assembly, elections and the right of initiative are regulated by the law, which may refer to the municipal regulations.

Art. 118 general Council the Municipal Assembly may be replaced by a general Council.
The election, the skills, the Organization and the functioning of the general Council, as well as the referendum against its decisions, are regulated by the law which may refer to the municipal regulations.

Art. 119 Municipal Council the Municipal Council is the executive and administrative of the municipal commune authority.
It is chaired by the Mayor.
The election, the skills, the Organization and the functioning of the Council are regulated by law, which may refer to the municipal regulations.

c. the other art. 120. the canton knows, also municipal Commons, mixed Commons, the common bourgeois and sections of town, including the law rule status.

VI. Finance 1. Taxes and fees art. 121 fiscal sovereignty of the State and municipalities collect taxes and other public contributions necessary for the performance of their tasks.
Public contributions are instituted and, for the most part, regulated by law.

Art. 122 tax duty taxpayers participate jointly and severally, according to their economic capacity, and the State of Commons expenses.

2. the management of public finances art. 123 General provisions the State and municipalities must be administered in a spirit of economy.

The State manages its finances in considering the needs of the whole of the canton.
State common and develop financial plans based on a planning of public tasks.
The principles of public finance management are regulated by the law.
The State regulates the control of cantonal and municipal finance.

Art. 123aFrein to the debt of the State budget should present a degree of self-financing higher or equal to 80%.
Overdraft on the balance sheet or if gross debt is more than once and a half the amount budgeted in respect of cantonal taxes, the degree of self-financing should be at least 100%.
Parliament may, by a majority of at least two thirds of the members, depart from the al. 1 and 2 in extraordinary circumstances; However, it cannot depart from two consecutive years.
When the majority of two thirds of members of Parliament cannot be achieved or when Parliament has deviated from the al. 1 and 2 the previous year, the budget which does not meet these conditions is subject to the obligatory referendum.
If the people accept the budget, the derogation within the meaning of para. 3 can be applied to the next budget.
If the people rejects the budget, Parliament shall adopt a new. If it does not meet the conditions of the al. 1 and 2, it is subject to the obligatory referendum.
Moreover, the law stipulates the details of the debt brake.

Accepted by popular vote on May 17, 2009, in force since Jan. 1. 2011 warranty of the SSA. fed. Dec 8. 2010 (FF 2011 255 article 1 point 5, 2010 4463).

Art. 124 advertising accounts and budget the budget and accounts of the State, those of municipalities, Association of communes, of their establishments and institutions, are public.

Art. 125 funding all Bill, decree or stopped entailing expenses is accompanied by a financing plan.

3. the financial equalization art. 126. the State is taking steps to mitigate the inequalities between municipalities of economic and financial capacity different.

4. the autonomous economic institutions art. 127 cantonal bank the State creates a cantonal bank placed under his supervision.
It guarantees the commitments.
The cantonal bank supports the economic policy of the canton.

Art. 128. other institutions the State, municipalities and the Association of communes can participate in economic companies or create.

5 enjoy art. 129. the feast of the mines and the treat of the salts are reserved for the State.

VII. the Church and the State art. 130 recognized churches, the Roman Catholic Church and the Evangelical Reformed Church of the canton are recognized communities in public law.
Parliament can recognize as lasting and important churches.
Other religious communities are subject to private law.

Art. 131 independence recognized churches organize themselves independently.
Each recognized Church gives himself a church Constitution, which must be adopted by its members and approved by the Government.
The Government must approve the ecclesiastical Constitution if adopted according to democratic principles and in conformity with the Constitution and the law.

Art. 132 belonging to a recognized church each inhabitant of the canton belongs to the Church of his confession if he fulfills the conditions it requires.
Any member of a recognized church can out in a written statement.

Art. 133 parishes churches recognized landscape the cantonal territory into parishes, according to the provisions of their constitutions ecclesiastical parishes are communities of public art. 134 finance recognized churches or their parishes may collect taxes as supplements to the taxes provided by law.
The State and the municipalities are collaborating on the perception of the church tax through their administrative services.
Recognized churches or their parishes tax decisions are subject to appeal in accordance with the law.
The law regulates the cases in which the State pays subsidies to the churches.

Accepted by popular vote from 30 nov. 2008, in force since Jan. 1. 2011 warranty of the SSA. fed. Dec 10. 2009 (FF 2009 8295 art. 1 ch. 5-5361).

VIII. the revision of the Constitution art. 135 principle the Constitution can be revised in whole or in part.
Any revision must be submitted to popular vote.

Art. 136 partial revision partial revision follows the ordinary legislative procedure.
It may involve one or more items.
It must relate to only one subject.

Art. 137 total revision the total revision of the Constitution is proposed to the people by way of referendum or by Parliament.
A constitutional additive rule procedures.
If the constitutional additive is rejected, the Parliament submits to the people a new project within the period of a year.

Art. Territorial 138Modifications the Republic and Canton of the Jura can accommodate any part of the Jura territory directly concerned by the vote of June 23, 1974, if this part is regularly separated under federal law and the law of the canton concerned.

This disp. did not the federal guarantee (art. 1 of the AF on sept 28. 1977 - FF 1977 III 266).

Art. 139Processus for the creation of a new canton Government is empowered to initiate a process for the creation of a new canton covering the territories of the Republic and Canton of the Jura and the Bernese Jura in respect of federal law and the cantons concerned.

Accepted by popular vote Nov. 24. 2013, in effect since Nov. 24. 2013. guarantee of the SSA. fed. March 11, 2015 (FF 2015 2811 art. 1 ch. 10, 2014 8899).

Final and transitional provisions art. 1. the constituent Assembly decreed the entry into simultaneous or successive of the provisions of this Constitution.

Art. 2. the Constitution of Jura replaces that of the canton of Berne in the territory of the Republic and Canton of the Jura.

SR 131.212 art. 3. the legislation of the canton of Berne is received in the State which is the day preceding the entry into force of the Constitution, insofar as it is not contrary to his, and as long as it has not been amended according to legislation drafted by the constituent Assembly and adopted by the electoral body.
The legislation becomes that of the Republic and Canton of the Jura and will remain so until it has not changed in the forms provided for by the Constitution.

Art. 4. the constituent Assembly is the Parliament until the day Jura Parliament is constituted.
It exercises the powers, with the exception of those provided for in art. 84 litt. (a) of the Constitution.

Art. 5. the Bureau of the Assembly is engaged in Government until the day where the Jura Government is made.
To exercise the powers, with the exception of those provided for in art. 92 litt. (a) of the Constitution.
The constituent assembly defines the tasks of the Office.

Art. 6

...
Parliament is the third Monday after his election and the Government the next day.
Challenges on the exercise of political rights, the Organization of the elections and the recognition of the results are judged by a Committee of the constituent Assembly created for this purpose.

Repealed by referendum of March 7, 2010, with effect from July 1. 2010 warranty of the SSA. fed. March 2, 2011 (FF 2011 2737 art. 1 ch. 5, 2010 7239).

Art. 7. the members of the Council of States are elected for a period that ends at the same time as the legislature of the national Council.

Art. 8 in derogation of art. 62, al. 4 of the Constitution, no member of the Government cannot sit in the Federal Assembly in the eight years following the election of the first Government.

It's the al. 4 in its content of March 20, 1977.

Art. 9. the law facilitates the granting of citizenship Jura to the Confederates established June 23, 1974, in the territory of the new canton.
These provisions remain in force five years at most.

Art. 10. all cases pending before the administrative and judicial authorities of the canton of Berne pass to the competent authorities of the Republic and Canton of the Jura when these are formed.
The Bureau of the Assembly, then the Government may make agreements with the canton of Berne that some pending cases ends in front of the Bernese authorities, the consent of the persons concerned being reserved.

Art. 11. the Government sets the entry into force of this amendment.
The law may provide a transitional period for the implementation of the new judicial organization.
For the period from the entry into force of this amendment to 2002, Parliament elects the judges of the Court of first instance and magistrates.
Until the entry into force of the amendment of the law on judicial organization, the Government can adopt the necessary provisions by way of order.

Accepted by popular vote from 29 nov. 1998, in force since Jan. 1. 2001 warranty the SSA. fed. June 14, 2000 (FF 2000 3419 art. 1 ch. 9-1048).
It's the mod. art. 69, 70, 74, 102 and 108 (reform of the judiciary), in force since Jan. 1. 2001 art. 12. the Government sets the entry into force of this amendment.

Accepted by referendum Sept. 26. 2004, in force since Jan. 1. 2005 SSA warranty. fed. of 6 October. 2005 (FF 2005 5625 art. 1 ch. 7 2715).
It's the mod. art. 26 al. 2 (transfer of loads of health to the canton), in force since Jan. 1. 2005 art. 13


The Government sets the entry into force of this amendment.

Approved by referendum on May 17, 2009, in force since Jan. 1. 2011 warranty of the SSA. fed. Dec 8. 2010 (FF 2011 255 article 1 point 5, 2010 4463).
It's the mod.:-art. 75, al. 1 and 3, and 76, al. 1 and 4 (Introduction of the popular initiative drafted from scratch), in effect since Sept. 1. 2006; -art. 102 al. 1, 103, 104 al. 1, 106, 107, 134 al. 3 and the repeal of art. 10 (implementation of the Swiss codes of criminal and civil procedure), in force since Jan. 1. 2011 - art. 77, let. g and 123A (Introduction of a debt brake mechanism), in force since Jan. 1. 2011 art. 14. the Government sets the entry into force of this amendment.
MEPs, members of the Government, judges, prosecutors and members of the district and commune authorities who are elected before the entry into force of this amendment continue in Office until the end of the four-year period for which they were elected.
If they are elected in a legislature of four years within the meaning of para. 2, after the entry into force of this amendment, they only until the end of this parliamentary term.
From the entry into force of this amendment, members of the Government are re-elected only twice, the elections and re-elections prior to the entry into force of this amendment being counted.

Adopted by popular vote on March 7, 2010, in effect since July 1. 2010 warranty of the SSA. fed. March 2, 2011 (FF 2011 2737 art. 1 ch. 5, 2010 7239).
It's the mod. art. 65 al. 1, 66 al. 2 and the repeal of art. 6 al. 1 avail. end and trans. (Mod) the duration of the legislatures and re-election of the members of the Government, in effect since July 1. 2010 index of contents numbers refer to the articles and divisions of public articles of the Constitution acts, Foundation 56 Administration - administration of property and Finance of the 92f - cases pending before the authorities state Bernese disp. end and trans. 10 authorities judicial authorities-judicial administrative districts - 108 v. Commons - Municipal Council - 119-111 extraordinary administration administration 89 - branch officials v. officials-incompatible features 62 to 64 - Government v. Government-ecclesiastical taxes - 134 independent mediation in administrative matters 61 - 92i - headquarters of the cantonal administration 69-monitoring-82 administrative tribunals 102 c adults, culture and education 42, 43 Age - to be voter-70 to be elected 71 b Agriculture - accession of farmers to the property land rural - 12 46 - 51 humanitarian aid - 53 agricultural policy planning - social 24 allowances 23 planning - approval of cantonal by Parliament 84 d plans - principle 44, 46 amnesty, competence of the Parliament 84 m arms 5 Art, freedom 8 i constituent assembly - entry into force of the Constitution disp. end and trans. 1 - legislation disp. end and trans. 3 - role of Parliament disp. end and trans. 4 - role of the disp Office. end and trans. 5 Federal Assembly - consultation and information of federal parliamentarians, Government 92o - extraordinary meeting, competence of the Parliament 84 p - incompatible features 62, disp. end and trans. 8 judiciairegratuite 9 Association assistance, freedom 8 g insurance unemployment insurance - 20 - insurance and social benefits of the Confederation 23 - illness, accidents and maternity 29-29 judicial authorities 101 to 107 dental insurance organization - cases pending before the authorities Bernese disp. end and trans. 10 Constitutional Court of the cantonal court 104-independence of the courts - 101 minors 105-Crown - 106 organization, skills, process 107-cantonal court 103-102 - legal protection - general trial courts-9 separation of powers 55-82 Kantonalbank 127 Budget monitoring and accounts - competence of the Parliament of 84 f-jurisdiction of the 92nd Government - advertising - 124 vote popular 77 g, 123 a Office of the status of women 44 Canton - canton sovereign of the Confederation 1 - creating a new canton - 139 law Canton city 16-voters in cantonal matters 70-body cantonal conciliation and arbitration 21 Cantons, cooperation 4, 84 p bonds v. Real Estate Transactions censorship, ban public offices 11 - right to be elected 71 b - freedom to access 8 m hunting 45 constituencies - administrative 108-election for election to Parliament 86 - for election to Government 93 citizens - cantonal citizenship 16, 92 m disp. end and trans. 9. political rights 70 to 81 - equality before the law, religious communities 130 6 collegiality 95 trade and industry, freedom 8 k Commons-welfare 24-44 a, 46 - planning other Commons - 120 autonomy, litigation 104 b - culture and adult education 42, 43-duties to Commons-15 General provisions 110 to 113 - right of communal city - 16 right of pre-emption-12 school 35-voters in municipal matters 70-elections - 74 duration of 65 functions 14 disp. end & trans-incompatible functions-62 training 40-public information - 68 municipal - task 114-organization-115 bodies 116-electoral body 117-general Council 118-119 Municipal Council - number of Commons - for an initiative-75 for an optional referendum 78 - public order 54-fiscal equalization 126-environmental protection 45-retroactivity of laws 58-public health - 25 tasks of Commons in collaboration with the State 18 , 19, 22, 23 skills-conflict of jurisdiction between cantonal authorities 104 d-59, 60 - delegation right to need 60-Government 89 to 92 - 83 Parliament, 84 Concordats v. treaties Confederation - insurance and social benefits 23-sovereign canton 1-Federal consultations 84 n, 92n-convening extraordinary Federal Assembly 84 p-right federal, introduction and execution 83, 90-election of the members of the Council of States 74(c)-initiative in federal matters , referendum optional 78 f - term federal parliamentarian - incompatible features 62 social conflicts - cantonal conciliation and arbitration 21 awareness body — at school 34-freedom 8 e City Council - popular elections 74 b - principle b 116, 119 Advisory Council of the Jura from the outside 98 Economic Council and social Advisory Council of States - 74 c, disp popular elections 47. end and trans. incompatible functions 7 - 62-reelection of 66 deputies - proportional general tips - popular elections 74 74 a - incompatible features 62.-publicity of debates 67-proportional 74 Council of public health 31 School Board 41 consumer, protection 52 Constitution - canton of Berne disp. end and trans. 2 - Jura - entered into force disp. end and trans. 1 - review - jurisdiction of Parliament 83 a - waiver, need 60-principle 135-referendum law required 77 a, b-partial revision 136, 77 b, 83A, - total revision 137 - constitutional referendums - conditions-75 procedure 76 ecclesiastical Constitution 131, 133 buildings - and roads - 48 cantonal plans, approval by Parliament 84 d Federal Consultations - competence of the Parliament 84 n-92n Conventions of public law - compulsory referendum Government response 77 f - optional referendum 78 c-competence of the 92 Government has - training off Township 37 Cooperation - with the other cantons, neighbors, peoples-4 development of disadvantaged peoples 53 faculty - training 35 Constitutional Court - conflicts of jurisdiction decided by Parliament 84 k-104 Culture Organization - cultural activities 42 debates advertising 67 decrees, laws and ordinances-jurisdiction of Parliament 83 - validity, litigation delays 104A-initiatives 76-complete revision of the Constitution , rejection of the constitutional additive 137 Delegation of powers 59, 60 departments 96 spending - powers of the Parliament 84 g - skills of the Government 92 b - financing 125-referendum optional 78 b, c, d-mandatory referendum 77 d, e, f members - of Parliament, number 85 - duration function disp 65, 14. end and trans - popular elections 74-incompatible functions-62 independence-88 information and intelligence to federal parliamentarians-92n re-elections 66, 14 disp. end & trans-responsibility sustainable development 44 88 has economic development, office 47 duties towards the State and the municipalities 15 fundamental right dignity 7 Districts - duration of the functions of members of authorities 65, 14 disp. end & trans-incompatible features 62-number and extended 109-re-election of the members of the authorities-66 articles 108 home - right to respect 8 b - voters 70 rights - right - to life and to physical and moral integrity 8 - to respect privacy and the home 8 b - marriage and family 8 c-to raise and educate his children 8 d-the natural judge-9 to free legal aid-9 to work 19 - to the housing 22-opening of 38 private schools - training-40 city 16-9 legal protection


-fundamental rights 6-16 - political 70 to 81 - effects of human rights 14 - law 6-exercise of rights equal political rights, litigation 104 - limits of rights fundamental 13, 14-the first elections of disp. end and trans. 6 emergency - jurisdiction of the Government 91 - law right of requires 60 federal law - introduction and execution 83b, 90 32 to 41 economy - planning 46-47 development plans cantonal, competence of the Parliament 84 d - culture and Education 42, 43-32 to 41 equal school adult education - the law-6 "for equal work, equal pay" 20 f churches - autonomy , litigation 104 b - belonging to a recognized church 132-finance-134 parishes - 133 recognized 130 voters 70 - electoral body 116 a, 117 - voters rights 71-number of voters - for a popular initiative-75 for an optional referendum 78 Elections, appointments - Parliament - president and vice-president of the cantonal government 94 - Tribunal, Prosecutor and other officials designated by law 84A - the Government - officials 92A - popular - body election 116 a 117 - rights 71 - cantonal 74 - local 74 - first election and constitution of the Parliament and Government disp. end and trans. 6 secret - ballot - 74 majority proportional 74-74 - validity, 104 c eligibility disputes - right of access to the charges public 8 m - right to be elected 71 b Government borrowing - competence of the Parliament 84 children i - right to bring up and educate his children 8 d-school 32 to 41 teaching - freedom 8 h - free 34 economic enterprises - State participation - competence of the Parliament 84 h - competence of the Government 92 c environment , protection 45 establishment, freedom 8 l institutions-approval of management 84 reports j - autonomous - 100 other institutions 128-cantonal bank - 127 economic 127, 128 State 17-107-authorities judicial v. authorities-judicial duties towards the State 15 - right of pre-emption-12 Church and State 130 to 134-democratic and social State 1-Government v. Government-Organization of the State Parliament v. Parliament-representation 89-sovereignty - 1 - General principles 55 to 69 - 70 to 81 political rights - tasks of the State 17 54 foreign - rights policies 73 - migrants 18 study, freedom 8 h Expropriation 12 family - family allowances-23 with the school 32-17 - family life protection, right 8 c wildlife, protection 45 women - Office of the status of women 44-equality before the law-6 "for equal work, equal pay" 20 f - insurance and social benefits - 23 funding plan 125 finance 121 to 129 - administration of the goods and the finances of the State 92 f-churches - 134 management of public finance - general provisions 123-123 - advertising debt brake accounts and budget 124-Financing 125-fiscal equalization-126 self-sustaining economic 127, 128 - taxes and fees - fiscal sovereignty - 121 duty tax 122 - financial state plans, approval by Parliament 84 e-sportive 129 flora, protection 45 staff - administration-99 incompatible features 62-appointment, has jurisdiction of 92 Government - liability 57 public functions - right to be elected 71 b - duration features 65-62 to 64 military incompatibility cantonal 92g forest - land-use planning 46-protection training 45 - 35 - faculty right 40 - disabled-36 out of township 37 - professional 35, 40 debt brake 123A merger, division, change of Commons 112 Government - Office of constituent Assembly disp. end and trans. 5 - delegation of powers 59 - right need 60 - time functions - of the members of the Government 65, 14 disp. end & trans - the President and Vice-President 65 - elections - of the members of the Government by the people 74b, 14 disp. end & trans-majority voting 74 - the President and vice-president by Parliament 94 - 62, 64-re-election incompatible functions - of the members of the Government 66, 14 disp. end & trans-of the president and vice-president 66 - process creation of a new canton 139 - meeting of Parliament 87 c-separation of powers 55-seat of Government 69 - monitoring monitoring Grace v. - right, jurisdiction of Parliament 84 l strike, right 20 g disabled - training-36 economic and social integration 19-care hospitals 25 - organization of the hospital system Hygiene 25 tax - ecclesiastical royalty 121-134 26 122 incompatibilities - double activity-64 between parents 63-incompatible features 62 independence - parliamentarians-88 of the courts 101 Public Information - on the activities of the authorities-68 on 68 Initiative projects - competence of the Parliament 84-o of the Federal State 75, 78 f-law 71 c-initiative cantonal popular - conditions-75 procedure 76 - revision of the Constitution 137 Institutions private - vocational training 35 public school integrity v. physical and moral right 8A public interest - law pre-emption and the State of Commons 12 - limit of human rights 13 judgments - running 92 h judges - right to a natural judge 9 - duration function 65, 14 disp. end & trans - election 65, 14 disp. end & trans-incompatible features 62-legal protection - generally 9 Jura from the outside - Advisory Council 98 - political rights 72 language - French 42 - national language and official 3 - 42 Legislation - canton of Berne disp patois. end and trans. 3 jurisdiction of the Government 90 - competence of the Parliament 83 freedoms, fundamental rights 8 tenants, protection against abuse 22 housing, law 22 laws - skills of the Parliament 83 b, p 84-competence of the Government 92 h - constitutional referendum - 77 e - optional 78A - 58 entertainment retroactivity - planning 46 mayors 119-104 - elections popular 74 - b majority voting 74 public demonstration, freedom 8 g wedding Law 8 c medicine 25 - work 20 b - Hospital v. hospitals Mediation - independent body of mediation in administrative matters 61 Migrants - insertion in the social Center Jura 18 military - military forces available cantonal 92g minor-protection in criminal matters 105 Crown 106 nullity - of initiative 75 Opinion freedom 8 f public order 54, 92g 21 relative social peace - incompatible features 63 Parliament 82 88 - delegation of jurisdiction 59. - right of need 60 - right of initiative in respect Federal 75 - time functions - 65 members - the president and the Vice President 65 - elections - MEPs 74 - proportional 74 - incompatible features 62-67 - reelection - of 66 deputies open - the President and the Vice President 66 - 78 optional referendum f-referendum on the decision of the Parliament 79 - role of the constituent Assembly disp. end and trans. 4. separation of powers 55-seat of the Parliament 69 MPs v. Members parishes 133 Participation-a company economic v. Real Estate Transactions - of workers within companies 20 d Patois 42 heritage 81 political parties-Jura 42 - natural and architectural 45 fishing 45 thought, freedom 8 e - at school 34 financial equalization 126 Petition right 80 people - delegation of powers 59-exercise of sovereignty 2-representation by the Parliament 82 complaints and remedies 92 l Plans - approval by the Parliament 84 d-realization by the Government 92d-optional referendum 78 e full employment 19 animal health policy 28-farm 51 - economic of the canton - 127 General - program and report on its implementation 92 b, c-role of Parliament 82 - role of Government 89 Pollution 45 powers, authorities-judicial authorities v. authorities-judicial coordination of the activity of the authorities-92i incompatible functions-62 re-election 66-separation 55-seat of the authorities 69 public power - limiting 14 Preemption - right granted to the State and to the Commons 12 press freedom 8 f social benefits - Confederation 23 deprivation of political rights criminal Attorney - duration function 65, 107 70 14 disp. end & trans-election by Parliament 84-incompatible functions-62 Crown 106 Profession, freedom 8 j Government program - discussion by the Parliament 84 c property, guaranteed 12 - consumer - 52-environment 45-Legal Protection in general 9 - tenants - 22 workers 20 Publication of 68 advertising projects - accounts and budget - 124 debates 67 management - the Government, the courts and independent cantonal institutions reports , approval by Parliament 84 j research, freedom 8 i Referendum-Law 71 c - optional 78 - mandatory 77-on decision of the Parliament 79 Regale 129 Religion freedom 8 e - at school 34 legal information - legal information 61 Representation Service-of the people by the Parliament 82 responsibility-of the State and municipalities-57 members 88 natural resources 50 retroactivity of laws 58 meeting freedom 8 g roads v. Constructions and roads public health 25-31 - v. hospitals - hospitals care v. care-planning 46 election-secret - 74 proportional - 74 majority 74 social security 18 to 23 Public Services - right to strike, regulation 20 g - dental-29 home-27 25 sovereignty 1 to 5 - exercise 2 Sport 30 patients

Monitoring - administration and judicial authorities 82-common-92j schools-39 of the Government 82 - the Association of communes Association of communes 110 113, 113 land - planning-46 territorial changes 138 treaties and concordats and conventions of public law - approval by the Parliament 84 b - competence of the 92 Government has-referendum mandatory 77 f - 78 optional referendum c Real Estate Transactions , bonds and participation in a business - competence of the Parliament 84 h - competence of the Government 92 c-78 optional referendum d public transport 49 work - right to work 19-protection of workers 20 - "to equal pay for equal work", 20 g cantonal court - court constitutional 103a, 104-103 administrative court d-decisions of the churches, use 134 - duration of the functions of the president and vice-president election by Parliament 84-65-judgment at first instance 102-re-election of the president and the Vice President 66-69 102 - seat 69 life trial courts, right seat - and physical and moral integrity 8 a - life private and home 8 b - life family 8 c popular Votes - law 71 - cantonal popular initiative 76 - law or federal decree, competence of Parliament 84 p-optional referendum mandatory referendum validity litigation 104-77-78 approved by referendum 20 March 1977 , in force since March 20, 1977. Guarantee of the SSA. fed. Sept. 28. 1977, with the exception of art. 138 (FF 1977 II 259, III, 266).

This publication is based on the Federal guarantees published in the FT. It can thereby delay temporarily the cantonal publication. The date of the State is the last AF published in the FT.
Accepted by referendum Nov. 28. 2010, in effect since Nov. 28. 2010 warranty of the SSA. fed. March 6, 2012 (FF 2012 3603 art. 1 ch. 8, 2011 7403).
Accepted by referendum Nov. 28. 2010, in effect since Nov. 28. 2010 warranty of the SSA. fed. 6 March 2012 (FF 2012 3603 art. 1 ch. 8, 2011 7403) State March 11, 2015

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