Rs 0.107 Convention Of 20 November 1989 On The Rights Of The Child

Original Language Title: RS 0.107 Convention du 20 novembre 1989 relative aux droits de l’enfant

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0.107 original Convention on the rights of the child signed in New York on 20 November 1989 approved by the Federal Assembly on 13 December 1996, Instrument of ratification deposited by the Switzerland on 24 February 1997 entry into force for the Switzerland on 26 March 1997 (State 4 June 2014) preamble the States parties to this Convention, considering that in accordance with the principles proclaimed in the Charter of the United Nations, recognition of the dignity inherent in all members of the human family as well as equality and inalienability of their rights are the Foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world, bearing in mind the fact that the peoples of the United Nations have in the Charter, proclaimed their faith in human rights, in the dignity and worth of the human person and human again, and they've resolved to promote social progress and to establish better conditions of life in larger freedom, recognizing that the United Nations, in the Universal Declaration of the rights of man and in the International Covenants on human rights proclaimed and agreed that everyone can take advantage of all the rights and all the freedoms which are set out, without distinction none, including race, color, sex, language, religion, political opinion or any other opinion, national or social origin, wealth, birth or any other situation, recalling that, in the Universal Declaration of human rights the United Nations has proclaimed that childhood is entitled to assistance and assistance in special, convinced that the family, the fundamental unit of society and the natural environment for the growth and well-being of all its members and particularly children, should receive protection and assistance she needs to be able to play its full role in the community Recognizing that the child, for the development of his personality, should grow up in the family environment, in an atmosphere of happiness, love and understanding, whereas it is important to prepare fully the child to have an individual in society life, and to raise him in mind ideals proclaimed in the Charter of the United Nations, and in particular in a spirit of peace dignity, tolerance, freedom, equality and solidarity, bearing in mind the need to provide special protection for the child has been stated in the Geneva Declaration of 1924 on the rights of the child and in the Declaration of the rights of the child adopted by the General Assembly on 20 November 1959, and that it has been recognized in the Universal Declaration of human rights in the international Covenant on Civil and political rights (in particular arts. 23 and 24), in the international Covenant on economic, social and cultural rights (in particular in article 10) and in the statutes and relevant instruments of specialized agencies and international organizations who are concerned about the well-being of the child, bearing in mind that, as stated in the Declaration of rights of the child , "the child, due to his lack of physical and intellectual maturity, needs special protection and care, such as appropriate legal protection, before as well as after birth", recalling the provisions of the Declaration on social and legal principles relating to the protection and the well-being of children, especially considered in terms of adoption and foster care on national and international practices , of the standard minimum rules of the United Nations on the administration of justice for minors (Beijing Rules), and the Declaration on the protection of women and children in emergency and armed conflict, recognizing that there are in all countries of the world children living in especially difficult circumstances, and that it is necessary to pay special attention to these children taking due account of the importance of the traditions and cultural values of each people for the protection and harmonious development of the child, recognizing the importance of international cooperation for improving the living conditions of children in every country, and particularly in developing countries, have agreed to the following: RS 0.120 RS 0.103.2 RS 0.103.1 first part art. 1 in the sense of the present Convention, a child means every human being under the age of eighteen years old, except if the majority is attained earlier under the legislation which is applicable.

Art. 2-1. States parties undertake to respect the rights that are set out in this agreement and to ensure them to all children within their jurisdiction, without distinction, regardless of any consideration of race, color, sex, language, religion, opinion political or otherwise of the child or his parents or legal representatives, of their national, ethnic or social origin their fortune, their failure situation, birth or any other situation.
2. States parties take all appropriate measures to ensure that the child is actually protected against all forms of discrimination or punishment motivated by the legal situation, activities, reported opinions or beliefs of his parents, his legal representatives or members of his family.

Art. 3-1. In all decisions affecting children, whether through public institutions or private welfare, the courts, administrative authorities or legislative bodies, the best interests of the child must be a primary consideration.
2. States parties undertake to ensure the child protection and care necessary for their well-being, given rights and duties of parents, guardians or other individuals legally responsible for him, and they take all legislative and administrative measures to that end appropriate.
3. States parties shall ensure that the functioning of the institutions, services and institutions that are in charge of children and ensure their protection complies with standards established by competent authorities, particularly in the field of safety and health, and regarding the number and competence of their staff, as well as the existence of a control appropriate.

Art. 4. States parties undertake to take all legislative, administrative and other measures that are necessary to implement the rights recognized in the present Convention. In the case of economic, social and cultural rights, they take these measures in all the limits of the resources available to them and, if it is necessary, in the context of international cooperation.

Art. 5. States parties respect the responsibility, right and duty that have parents or, where applicable, the members of the extended family or the community, as provided for by local custom, guardians or other persons legally responsible for the child, to give to it, in a way that corresponds to the development of their skills, orientation and advice appropriate to the exercise of the rights recognised in the Convention.

Art. 6-1. States parties recognize that all child has an inherent right to life.
2. States parties ensure in the extent possible the survival and development of the child.

Art. 7-1. The child is registered as soon as his birth and as soon as it has the right to a name, the right to acquire a nationality and, as far as possible, the right to know their parents and be cared for by them.
2. States parties shall put these rights implemented in accordance with their national legislation and the international instruments applicable in this area, in particular obligations in cases where otherwise the child would be stateless.

Art. 8-1. States parties undertake to respect the right of the child to preserve its identity, including nationality, name and family relations as recognized by law without unlawful interference.
2. If a child is illegally deprived of elements of identity or some of them, States parties shall provide appropriate assistance and protection so that its identity is restored as quickly as possible.

Art. 9-1. States parties ensure that the child is not separated from his parents against their will, unless the competent authorities decide, subject to judicial review, and in accordance with the laws and procedures, that this separation is necessary in the best interests of the child. A decision to this effect may be necessary in certain cases, for example when parents mistreat or neglect the child, or when they live separately and a decision must be made about the place of residence of the child.
2. in all cases provided for in paragraph 1 of the present article, all interested parties must have the opportunity to participate in the proceedings and make their views known.

3. States parties respect the right of the child separated from both parents or one of them to maintain regular personal relations and contacts with both parents, unless this is contrary to the best interests of the child.
4 when the separation is the result of measures taken by a State party, such as the detention, imprisonment, exile, deportation or death (including death, regardless of the cause, in the custody) both parents or one of them, or of the child, the State party provides on request to the parents, the child or, if appropriate, to another Member of the family there essential information on the whereabouts of the Member or the members of the family, unless the disclosure of such information is detrimental to the well-being of the child. States parties shall also ensure that the presentation of such a request does not itself of adverse consequences for the person or people interested.

Art. 10-1. In accordance with the obligation of States parties by virtue of the by. 1 of art. 9, any request made by a child or his parents to enter a State party or leave for the purpose of family reunification is considered by States parties in a positive spirit, with humanity and diligence. States parties shall also what the presentation of such a request entails no adverse consequences for the applicants and their family members.
2. a child whose parents reside in different States has the right to maintain, save in exceptional circumstances, personal relations and direct contacts with both parents. To this end, and in accordance with the obligation of States parties under paragraph 1 of art. 9, States parties respect the right of the child and his parents to leave any country, including their own, and to return to their own country. The right to leave any country may be subject to restrictions that are prescribed by law which are necessary to protect national security, public order, health or morals, or the rights and freedoms of others, and which are consistent with the other rights recognized in the present Convention.

Art. 11-1. States parties take measures to combat the illicit transfer of children abroad and travel.
2. at this end, the States parties encourage the conclusion of bilateral or multilateral agreements or accession to existing agreements.

Art. 12-1. The States parties guarantee the right to freely express his opinion on any question interesting, the views of the child being duly taken into account having regard to his age and maturity to the child who is capable of discernment.
2A this end will be given including the child the opportunity to be heard in any judicial or administrative proceedings affecting, either directly or through a representative or an appropriate body, in a manner compatible with the rules of procedure of the national law.

Art. 13-1. The child is entitled to freedom of expression. This right includes freedom to seek, receive and spread information and ideas of all kinds, without consideration of borders, in oral, written, printed, or artistic form, or by any other means of the choice of the child.
2. the exercise of this right may be subject to that restrictions which are prescribed by law and are necessary: has) to respect the rights or reputations of others; or (b) to safeguard national security, public order, health or morals.

Art. 14-1. The States parties respect the right of the child to freedom of thought, conscience and religion.
2. States parties respect the right and the duty of parents or, where appropriate, legal representatives of the child, to guide it in the exercise of this right in a way that corresponds to the development of its capabilities.
3. freedom to manifest his religion or beliefs may be subject only to the restrictions which are prescribed by law and are necessary to protect public safety, public order, health and morals, or the freedoms and rights of others.

Art. 15-1. States parties recognize the rights of the child to freedom of association and freedom of peaceful assembly.
2. the exercise of these rights may be subject only to restrictions that are prescribed by law and are necessary in a democratic society, in the interests of national security or of public order, public safety or to protect health or morals, or the rights and freedoms of others.

Art. 16-1. No child will be of arbitrary or illegal interference in his private life, family, home or correspondence, or illegal attacks on his honour and reputation.
2. the child is entitled to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.

Art. 17. States parties recognize the importance of the function performed by the media and ensure that the child has access to information and material from national and international sources, especially those aimed at promoting social, spiritual and moral well-being and physical and mental health. To this end, States parties: has) encourage the media to disseminate information and materials that present social and cultural assistance to the child and answer the spirit of art. 29; b) encourage international cooperation to produce, share and disseminate information and material of this type from different cultural, national and international sources; c) encourage the production and dissemination of children's books; d) encourage the media to take particularly account of the linguistic needs of indigenous children or belonging to a minority; e group) contribute to the development of appropriate guidelines intended to protect the child from information and materials that are harmful to her well-being, taking into account the provisions of art. 13 and 18.

Art. 18-1. States parties are working their best to ensure recognition of the principle that both parents have common responsibility for which is to raise the child and ensure its development. To raise the child and ensure its development responsibility the primary responsibility of parents or, where applicable, to his legal representatives. They must be guided by the best interests of the child.
2. to guarantee and promote the rights set forth in the present Convention, States parties give appropriate assistance to parents and legal representatives of the child in the exercise of the responsibility which they raise the child and ensure the implementation of institutions, institutions and services responsible for the welfare of children.
3. States parties take all appropriate measures to ensure that children of working parents the right to benefit from the services and day-care institutions for children for which they are eligible.

Art. 19-1. States parties shall take all the legislative, administrative, social and educational measures to protect the child from all forms of violence, infringement or abuse, physical or mental, abandonment or negligence, ill-treatment or exploitation, including sexual abuse, while in the custody of his parents or one of them, his or his legal representatives or any other person to whom it is entrusted.
2. these protection measures will include, where appropriate, effective procedures for the establishment of social programmes to provide necessary support to the child and to those to whom he is entrusted, as well as for other forms of prevention and for identification purposes, report, referral, investigation, treatment and follow-up for cases of ill-treatment of the child described above , and include, as appropriate, procedures for judicial intervention.

Art. 20-1. Any child who is temporarily or permanently deprived of their family environment, or in its own interest cannot be left in this environment, is entitled to protection and special aid from the State.
2. States parties provide for the child in accordance with their national legislation alternative care.
3. this alternative care include having the form of placement in a family, the kafalah of Islamic law, adoption or, if necessary, placement in an appropriate institution for children. In the choice between these alternatives, it is given to the need for continuity in the education of the child, as well as his ethnic origin, religious, cultural and linguistic.

Art. 21. the States parties that recognize and/or permit adoption to ensure that the best interests of the child is paramount in this area, and:

(a) ensure that the adoption of a child are permitted only by the competent authorities, who check, in accordance with the law and procedures and on the basis of all reliable information related to the case under consideration, adoption can take place in view of the situation of the child from its father and mother, parents and legal representatives and that ((, if any, individuals have given their consent to adoption knowingly, after to be surrounded advice necessary; b) recognize that adoption abroad can be considered as another way to ensure the necessary care to the child, if in his country of origin, it cannot be placed in a foster or adoptive family or be suitably high; c) shall ((adoption abroad, that the child has the benefit of safeguards and standards equivalent to those existing in the case of national adoption; d) take all appropriate measures to ensure that, in cases of adoption abroad, the placement of the child does not result by an undue material profit for the people who are responsible; e) the goals of the present article by concluding bilateral or multilateral agreements or arrangements , as the case may be, and strive in this context to ensure that the placements of children abroad are made by authorities or bodies.

Art. 22 1. The States parties take appropriate measures for a child who is seeking refugee status or who is considered a refugee under the rules and procedures of international law or national applicable, whether alone or accompanied by his father and mother or of any other person, receive protection and humanitarian assistance necessary to allow him to enjoy the rights that recognize this Convention and other international instruments in the rights of man or of a humanitarian nature that those States are parties.
2A this end States parties work together, as they deem it necessary, to all the efforts made by the Organization of the United Nations and other intergovernmental or non-governmental organizations competent working with organization of the United Nations to protect and assist children who are in a similar situation and to search for the father and mother or other members of the family of any refugee child in order to obtain the information necessary to reunite him with his family. When neither the father nor the mother nor any other Member of the family can be found, the child is granted, according to the principles set out in this agreement, the same protection as any other child permanently or temporarily deprived of his family environment for any reason whatsoever.

Art. 23 1. States parties recognize that mentally or physically disabled children should enjoy a full life and decent, in conditions that ensure dignity, promote self-reliance and facilitate their active participation in the life of the community.
2. States parties recognize the right of children with disabilities to benefit from special care and encourage and ensure, to the extent of available resources, the provision, on request, disabled children eligible and those who are responsible, assistance adapted to the State of the child and the situation of his parents or of those to whom it is entrusted.
3. in the view of the special needs of children with disabilities, assistance in accordance with the by. 2 of the present article is free whenever it is possible, taking into account the financial resources of the parents or of those to whom the child is entrusted, and it is designed so that children with disabilities have indeed access to education, training, healthcare, rehabilitation, preparation for employment and recreation , and benefit from these services in a way to ensure fullest possible social integration and personal development, including in the cultural and spiritual domain.
4. in a spirit of international cooperation, States parties promote the exchange of relevant information in the field of care of preventive health and treatment medical, psychological and functional of disabled children, including through the dissemination of information concerning methods of rehabilitation and services of vocational training, as well as access to these data, in order to allow States parties to improve their capabilities and skills and to widen their experience in these areas. In this respect, it is considered especially the needs of developing countries.

Art. 24 1. States parties recognize the right of the child to enjoy the highest attainable standard of health and to benefit from medical services and rehabilitation. They strive to ensure that no child is deprived of the right to have access to these services.
2. States parties strive to ensure the full realization of this right and, in particular, to take appropriate steps to: a) reducing mortality among infants and children; b) ensure all children medical assistance and the necessary health care, emphasis on the development of primary health care; c) to combat disease and malnutrition ((, including primary health care, thanks to the use of readily available technology and the provision of nutritious foods and drinking water, given the dangers and risks of pollution of the natural environment; d) ensure mothers to prenatal and postnatal care appropriate; e) to ensure that all groups of society, in particular parents and children (, receive information on the health and nutrition of children, the benefits of the breast feeding, hygiene and safety of the environment and the prevention of accidents, and receive assistance to build upon this information; f) develop preventive health care, advice to parents and education and services in family planning.

3 States parties shall take all appropriate effective measures to abolish traditional practices prejudicial to the health of children.
4. States parties undertake to promote and encourage international cooperation to ensure progressively the full realization of the rights recognized in the present article. In this respect, it is considered especially the needs of developing countries.

Art. 25. States parties recognize the child who has been placed by the competent authorities to receive care, protection or physical or mental health treatment, the right to a review journal of the treatment and any other circumstances relating to the placement.

Art. 26-1. States parties recognize all child the right to benefit from social security, including social insurance, and take the necessary measures to ensure the full realization of this right in accordance with their national legislation.
2. benefits must, when it is necessary, be granted account view of resources and the situation of the child and those responsible for its maintenance, as well as any other considerations applicable to the claim for benefit made by the child or in his name.

Art. 27 1. States parties recognize the right of every child to a standard of living adequate for his physical, mental, spiritual, moral and social development.
2. it is the parents or other persons with responsibilities of the child first and foremost the responsibility to ensure, within the limits of their possibilities and their financial means, the living conditions necessary for the development of the child.
3. States parties shall adopt appropriate measures, in light of national conditions and within their means, to help parents and others responsible for the child to implement this right and offer, in case of need, material assistance and support programmes, particularly with respect to food, clothing and housing.
4. States parties shall take all appropriate measures to ensure the recovery of the alimony of the child from its parents or other persons having financial responsibility in its regard, whether on their territory or abroad. In particular, to take account of cases where the person who has responsibility for the child lives in one State other than that of the child, States parties encourage accession to international agreements or the conclusion of such agreements and the adoption of all other arrangements appropriate.

Art. 28 1. States parties recognize the right of the child to education, and in particular, to ensure the exercise of this right progressively and on the basis of equality of opportunity:

((a) make primary education compulsory and free for all; b) they encourage the development of different forms of secondary, including general professional education, make it open and accessible to all children, and take appropriate measures, such as the introduction of free education and offering financial assistance in case of need; c) they provide everyone access to higher education ((, depending on the capabilities of each, by all means appropriate; d) they make open and accessible to all child information and orientation school and professional; e) take measures to encourage regular attendance at school and the reduction of dropout rates.

2. States parties take all appropriate measures to ensure that school discipline is applied in a manner consistent with the dignity of the child as a human being and in accordance with this Convention.
3. States parties promote and encourage international cooperation in the field of education, with a view notably to contribute to eliminate ignorance and illiteracy in the world and to facilitate the access to scientific and technical knowledge and modern teaching methods. In this respect, it is considered especially the needs of developing countries.

Art. 29 1. States parties agree that the education of the child should: a) to promote the development of the personality of the child and the development of his gifts and his mental and physical abilities to the extent of their potential; b) instil the child respect for the rights of man and fundamental freedoms and principles enshrined in the Charter of the United Nations; c) instill in the child of respect for his parents its identity, its language and its cultural values, as well as respect for national values of the country in which he lives, the country from which it can be native and different civilizations of hers; d) prepare the child for the responsibilities of living in a free society, in a spirit of understanding, peace, tolerance (, gender equality and friendship among all peoples and ethnic, national and religious, and groups with people of Aboriginal origin; e) teach the child the respect for the natural environment.

2. no provision of this article or art. 28 will be interpreted in a way that infringes on the freedom of individuals, physical or legal entities to establish and direct educational institutions, subject to the principles set out in paragraph 1 of this article are respected and that education provided in these establishments complies with the minimum standards that the State will be prescribed.

Art. 30. in States where there are minority ethnic, religious or linguistic or persons of Aboriginal origin, an Aboriginal child or owned one of these minorities cannot be deprived of the right to have its own cultural life, to profess and practice their own religion or to use his own language in common with the other members of his group.

Art. 31-1. States parties recognize the child the right to rest and leisure, to engage in play and recreational activities at his age, and to participate freely in the cultural and artistic life.
2. States parties respect and promote the right of the child to participate fully in cultural and artistic life, and encouraged the Organization to its intention of appropriate recreation and recreational, artistic and cultural activities, in terms of equality.

Art. 32 1. States parties recognize the right of the child to be protected against economic exploitation and not be bound to any work that is hazardous or likely to compromise his education or harm his health or his development physical, mental, spiritual, moral or social.
2. States parties to take legislative, administrative, social and educational measures to ensure the application of this article. At this end, and in view of the relevant provisions of other international instruments, States parties, in particular: a) set a minimum age or minimum ages for admission to employment; b) provide for appropriate regulation of the hours of work and terms of employment; c) provide penalties or other sanctions appropriate to ensure the effective application of this article.

Art. 33. States parties shall take all appropriate measures, including legislative, administrative, social and educational, to protect children against the illicit use of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, as defined the relevant international conventions, and to prevent children from being used for the production and trafficking of illicit substances.

Art. 34. States parties undertake to protect the child from all forms of sexual exploitation and sexual violence. To this end, States shall in particular all the appropriate steps on national, bilateral and multilateral to prevent: a) that children be incited or forced to engage in sexual activity illegal; b) that children are exploited for purposes of prostitution or other illegal sexual practices; c) of children are exploited for the purposes of the production of shows or pornographic material.

Art. 35. States parties take measures in both national, bilateral and multilateral, to prevent the abduction, sale or traffic in children for any purpose whatsoever and in any form whatsoever.

Art. 36. States parties to protect the child against all other forms of exploitation prejudicial to any aspect of their well-being.

Art. (37 States parties shall ensure that: has) no child is subjected to torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. Neither the death penalty or life without parole sentence should be pronounced for offences committed by persons under the age of eighteen years; b) no child is deprived of his liberty in a way illegal or arbitrary. The arrest, detention or imprisonment of a child must be in compliance with the law, be a measure of last resort, and be as short as possible time; c) every child deprived of liberty be treated with humanity and with the respect due to the dignity of the human person, and in a way taking into account the needs of persons of his age. Specifically, every child deprived of liberty will be separated from adults, unless it is estimated better to not do it in the best interests of the child, and he has the right to stay in touch with her family through correspondence and visits, save in exceptional circumstances; d) children deprived of their liberty have the right to quick access to legal or other appropriate assistance , as well as the right to challenge the legality of their deprivation of liberty before a court or other competent, independent and impartial authority, and that a quick decision on the matter.

Art. 38 1. States parties undertake to respect and to ensure respect for the rules of international humanitarian law that are applicable in armed conflict and that the protection extends to children.
2. States parties take all possible measures in practice to ensure that persons under the age of 15 years do not participate directly in hostilities.
3. States parties shall not enlist anyone under the age of fifteen years into their armed forces. When they incorporate individuals over 15 years but under the age of eighteen years, States parties are trying to enlist older priority.
4. in line with the requirement that their responsibility under international humanitarian law to protect civilians in armed conflict, States parties take all possible measures in practice so that children who are affected by armed conflict receive care and protection.

Art. 39. States parties take all appropriate measures to facilitate the physical and psychological rehabilitation and social reintegration of any child victim of any form of neglect, exploitation or abuse, torture or any other form of punishment, or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment, or armed conflict. This rehabilitation and the reintegration take place in conditions that promote health, self-respect and dignity of the child.

Art. 40 1. The States parties recognize any child suspected, accused or convicted of breach of the criminal law the right to a treatment that is likely to promote his sense of dignity and self-worth, which reinforces his respect for the human rights and freedoms of others, and taking into account his age as well as the need to facilitate their reintegration into society and to assume a constructive breast of it.
2. at this end, and account taken of the relevant provisions of international instruments, States parties shall in particular:


((a) to ensure that no child is suspected, accused or convinced of breach of the criminal law due to actions or omissions that were not prohibited by national or international law at the time they were committed; b) to any child suspected or accused of breach of the criminal law have at least the right to the following benefits: i) be presumed innocent until his guilt has been legally established (ii) to be informed promptly and directly of the accusations against him, or, if necessary, through his parents or legal representatives, and assistance legal or other appropriate assistance in the preparation and the presentation of his defence, iii) have his case heard without delay by an authority or a Court of law competent independent and impartial, according to a fair hearing according to law, in the presence of legal counsel or other and, unless it is considered contrary to the best interests of the child due his age or situation, in the presence of his parents or legal representatives, iv) not to be compelled to testify or to confess guilty; (interview or do question the witnesses, and obtain the appearance and interrogation of witnesses on his behalf under conditions of equality, v) if have violated the criminal law, to appeal this decision and any measures stopped accordingly to an authority or a higher court competent, independent and impartial, in accordance with the law, vi) get free assistance of an interpreter if he doesn't understand or does not speak the language used (vii) that his privacy is fully respected at all stages of the procedure.

((3 States parties strive to promote the adoption of laws, procedures, implementation of authorities and institutions specially designed for children suspected, accused or convicted of offence to the criminal law, and in particular: a) to establish a minimum age below which children are presumed to have not the capacity to infringe the penal law; b) to take measures, whenever it is possible and desirable to treat these children without resorting to judicial proceedings, provided, however, that human rights and legal safeguards should be fully respected.

4 a range of provisions, including care, guidance and supervision, advice, probation, foster care, to General and professional education programs and other solutions to institutional will be planned to ensure children treatment in line with their well-being and proportionate both to their circumstances and the offence.

Art. 41 none of the provisions of the present Convention does not infringe the provisions most conducive to the realization of the rights of the child which may be included: a) the law of a State party; or (b) in the international law in force for that State.

Second part art. 42. States parties undertake to publicize the principles and provisions of the Convention, through active and appropriate for adults and children.

Art. 43 1. In order to review the progress made by States parties in the execution of the obligations under the present Convention, shall be established a Committee on the rights of the child which shall perform the functions defined below.
2. the Committee consists of eighteen experts of high moral standing and with a recognised expertise in the field covered by this Convention. Its members are elected by States parties from among their nationals and sit on personal title, given the need to ensure equitable geographical distribution and in the light of the principal legal systems.
3. the members of the Committee are elected by secret ballot from a list of persons nominated by States parties. Each State party may nominate a candidate from among its nationals.
4. the first election will be held within six months following the date of entry into force of this Convention. The elections will be held every two years thereafter. Four months before the date of each election, the Secretary-General of the United Nations in writing invite States parties to put forward their candidates within a period of two months. The Secretary-General will then prepare the alphabetical list of the nominees, indicating the States parties which have nominated them, and shall communicate it to the States parties to this Convention.
5. elections are held at meetings of States parties convened by the Secretary-General at the headquarters of the United Nations. At those meetings, for which the quorum shall consist of two thirds of the States parties, the candidates elected to the Committee are those who obtain the largest number of votes and the absolute majority of the votes of the representatives of the States parties present and voting.
6. the members of the Committee are elected for four years. They may be re-elected if their application is resubmitted. The term of five of the members elected at the first election ends after two years. The names of these five members shall be chosen randomly by the Chairman of the meeting immediately after the first election.
7. in the case of death or resignation of a member of the Committee, or if for any other reason, a member declares not being able to perform his duties within the Committee, the State party which had applied shall appoint another expert from among its nationals to fill the vacancy thus until the expiry of the corresponding mandate, subject to the approval of the Committee.
8. the Committee shall adopt its rules of procedure.
9. the Committee elects its bureau for a period of two years.
10. the meetings of the Committee shall normally be held at the headquarters of the Organization of the United Nations, or in any other appropriate place determined by the Committee. The Committee shall normally meet annually. The length of its sessions is determined and modified, if necessary, by a meeting of the States parties to the present Convention, subject to the approval of the General Assembly.
11. the Secretary-General of the United Nations puts at the disposal of the Committee staff and facilities that are necessary to perform effectively the functions entrusted to it under this Convention.
12. members of the Committee established under the present Convention shall, with the approval of the General Assembly, of the fees levied on the resources of the United Nations under the conditions and in the manner prescribed by the General Assembly.

New content according to the Dec. 12 D. 1995, in force since Nov. 18. 2002 (RO 2007 4095).

Art. 44 1. States parties undertake to submit to the Committee, through the Secretary-General of the United Nations, reports on the measures they have adopted to give effect to the rights recognized in the present Convention and on the progress made in the enjoyment of these rights: a) within two years from the date of the entry into force of this Convention for the States parties concerned; b) then every five years.

2. the reports prepared pursuant to this section must, if necessary, indicate the factors and difficulties preventing States parties to meet fully the obligations under this Convention. They also contain sufficient information to give the Committee a clear idea of the implementation of the Convention in the country concerned.
3. States parties presented a comprehensive initial report to the Committee have, in the reports that they then present him in accordance with para. (b) by. 1 of this article, repeat basic information previously provided.
4. the Committee may request States parties all information related to the application of the Convention.
5. the Committee shall submit every two years to the General Assembly, through the economic and social Council, a report on its activities.
6. States parties ensure their reports widely in their own country.

Art. 45. to promote the effective implementation of the Convention and to encourage international co-operation in the field covered by the Convention:

(a) the specialized agencies, the United Nations Fund for children and other bodies of the United Nations have the right to be represented at the examination of the application of the provisions of the present Convention that fall within their mandate. The Committee may invite the specialized agencies, the Fund of Nations for children and all other competent bodies as it may consider appropriate to provide expert advice on the application of the Convention in the areas falling under their respective mandates. It may invite the specialized agencies, the Fund of the United Nations for children and other bodies of the United Nations to report on the implementation of the Convention in the areas that fall within their field of activity; b) the Committee shall, if it deems it necessary, to the specialized agencies, the United Nations Fund for children and the other relevant agencies any reports from States parties that contain a request or indicating a need of advice or assistance techniques ((, accompanied, where appropriate, the comments and suggestions of the Committee affecting such request or indication; c) the Committee may recommend to the General Assembly to request the Secretary-General to the Committee for studies on specific issues affecting the rights of the child; d) the Committee may make suggestions and general recommendations based on information received in application of art. 44 and 45 of the present Convention. Such suggestions and general recommendations are transmitted to any State party concerned and brought to the attention of the General Assembly, accompanied, as appropriate, comments from States parties.

Third party article 46. the present Convention is open for signature by all States.

Art. 47. the present Convention is subject to ratification. The instruments of ratification shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

Art. 48. the present Convention will remain open for accession by any State. The instruments of accession shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.

Art. 49 1. This agreement will take effect on the thirtieth day following the date of the deposit with the Secretary-General of the United Nations of the twentieth instrument of ratification or accession.
2. for each of the States that ratify this Convention or acceding are after the deposit of the twentieth instrument of ratification or accession, the Convention will enter into force the thirtieth day following the deposit by that State of its instrument of ratification or accession.

Art. 50 1. Any State party may propose an amendment and submit the text to the Secretary general of the United Nations. The Secretary-General then communicates the proposed amendment to States parties, asking them to let him know if they support the convening of a conference of States parties to review the proposal and implementation to the vote. If, within four months following the date of this communication, a third at States parties express themselves for the convening of such a conference, the Secretary-General shall convene the conference under the auspices of the Organization of the United Nations. Any amendment adopted by a majority of the States parties present and voting at the conference is submitted to the General Assembly for approval.
2. any amendment adopted in accordance with the provisions of the by. 1 of the present article comes into force when it has been approved by the General Assembly of the United Nations and accepted by a majority of two thirds of the States parties.
3. when an amendment enters into force, it was binding on States parties that have accepted it, other States parties remain bound by the provisions of this Convention and all previous amendments accepted by them.

Art. 51 1. The Secretary general of the Organization of the United Nations will receive and communicate to all States the text of reservations which have been made by States at the time of ratification or accession.
2. no reservations incompatible with the object and purpose of this Convention is permitted.
3. reservations may be withdrawn at any time by notification to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, which shall inform all States parties to the Convention. The notification takes effect on the date on which it is received by the Secretary-General.

Art. 52. any State party may denounce the present Convention by written notification to the Secretary-General of the United Nations. The denunciation shall take effect one year after the date on which the notification was received by the Secretary-General.

Art. 53. the Secretary-General of the United Nations is designated depositary of this Convention.

Art. 54. the original of this Convention, of which the English, Arabic, Chinese, English, french and Russian texts are equally authentic, will be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
In faith whereof, the undersigned plenipotentiaries, duly authorized by their respective Governments, have signed this Convention.
Made in New York, 20 November 1989.
(Follow signatures)

Scope of the Convention may 21, 2014 States parties Ratification, accession (A) Declaration of estate (S) entry into force Afghanistan * March 28, 1994 27 April 1994 South Africa June 16, 1995 July 16, 1995 Albania February 27, 1992 28 March 1992 Algeria * 16 April 1993 16 May 1993 Germany * * 6 March 1992 5 April 1992 Andorra January 2, 1996 February 1, 1996 Angola 5 December 1990 4 January 1991 Antigua - and - Barbuda October 5, 1993 4 November 1993 Saudi Arabia 26 January 1996 A February 25, 1996 Argentina * 4 December 1990 3 January 1991 Armenia 23 June 1993 A 23 July 1993 Australia * 17 December 1990 16 January 1991 Austria * * 6 August 1992 5 September 1992 Azerbaijan 13 August 1992 A September 12, 1992 Bahamas * 20 February 1991 22 March 1991 Bahrain 13 February 1992 A 14 March 1992 Bangladesh * August 3, 1990 2 September 1990 Barbados 9 October 1990 8 November 1990 Belarus 1 October 1990 31 October

1990 Belgium * * 16 December 1991 15 January 1992 Belize 2 May 1990 2 September 1990 Benin 3 August 1990 2 September 1990 Bhutan 1 August 1990 2 September 1990 Bolivia June 26, 1990 September 2, 1990 Bosnia and Herzegovina 1 September 1993 S March 6, 1992 Botswana * March 14, 1995 has 13 April 1995 Brazil September 24, 1990 24 October 1990 Brunei * December 27, 1995 has 26 January 1996 Bulgaria June 3, 1991 3 July 1991 Burkina Faso 31 August

1990 30 September 1990 19 October 1990 Burundi 18 November 1990 Cambodia 15 October 1992 A 14 November 1992 Cameroon 11 January 1993 10 February 1993 Canada 13 December 1991 12 January 1992 Cap - green 4 June 1992 has 4 July 1992 Chile August 13, 1990 12 September 1990 China * 2 March 1992 1 April 1992 Hong Kong 7 September 1994 September 7, 1994 Macao October 19, 1999 December 20, 1999 Cyprus 7 February 1991 9 March 1991 Colombia * 28 January

1991 27 February 1991 22 June 1993 Comoros 22 July 1993 Congo (Brazzaville) 14 October 1993 has 13 November 1993 Congo (Kinshasa) 27 September 1990 27 October 1990 (North) Korea September 21, 1990 21 October 1990 (South) Korea * November 20, 1991 20 December 1991 Costa Rica 21 August 1990 20 September 1990 Côte d'Ivoire February 4, 1991 March 6, 1991 Croatia 12 October 1992 S 8 October 1991 Cuba * August 21, 1991 20 September 1991 Denmark * * 19 July 1991 18 August 1991 Djibouti December 6, 1990 January 5, 1991 Dominique March 13, 1991 12 April 1991 Egypt * 6 July 1990 2 September 1990 El Salvador El July 10, 1990 2 September 1990 United Arab Emirates United * 3 January 1997a 2 February 1997 Ecuador March 23, 1990 2 September 1990 Eritrea 3 August 1994 2 September 1994 Spain * 6 December 1990 5 January 1991 Estonia 21 October 1991 A November 20, 1991 Ethiopia 14 May 1991 A Fiji 13 June 13, 1991 August 1993 12 September 1993 Finland * 20 June 1991 20 July 1991 France * 7 August 1990 6 September 1990 Gabon 9 February 1994 11 March 1994 Gambia 8 August 1990 7 September 1990 Georgia 2 June 1994 was July 2, 1994 Ghana 5 February 1990 2 September 1990 Greece 11 May 1993 10 June 1993 Granada 5 November 1990 5 December 1990 Guatemala 6 June 1990 2 September 1990 Guinea 13 July 1990 has Equatorial Guinea 15 September 2, 1990 June 1992 has 15 July 1992 Guinea - Bissau August 20, 1990 September 19, 1990 Guyana January 14, 1991 February 13, 1991 Haiti June 8, 1995 8 July 1995 Honduras 10 August 1990 9 September 1990 Hungary October 7, 1991 6 November 1991 Cook Islands * June 6, 1997 has 6 July 1997 Marshall Islands October 4, 1993 3 November 1993 India * December 11, 1992 has 10 January 1993 Indonesia September 5, 1990 5 October 1990 Iran * 13 July 1994 12 August 1994

Iraq * 15 June 1994 has 15 July 1994 Ireland * 28 September 1992 28 October 1992 Iceland * October 28, 1992 27 November 1992 Israel 3 October 1991 2 November 1991 Italy * 5 September 1991 5 October 1991 Jamaica May 14, 1991 13 June 1991 Japan * April 22, 1994 22 May 1994


Jordan * 24 May 1991 23 June 1991 Kazakhstan 12 August 1994 11 September 1994 Kenya 30 July 1990 2 September 1990 Kyrgyzstan 7 October 1994 A 6 November 1994 Kiribati * 11 December 1995 has 10 January 1996 Kuwait * October 21, 1991 November 20, 1991 Laos 8 May 1991 A June 7, 1991 Lesotho 10 March 1992 9 April 1992 Latvia 14 April 1992 A may 14, 1992 Lebanon 14 May 1991 13 June 1991 Liberia 4 June 1993 4 July

1993 Libya 15 April 1993 A May 15, 1993 Liechtenstein * 22 December 1995 21 January 1996 Lithuania 31 January 1992 A 1 March 1992 Luxembourg * March 7, 1994 6 April 1994 Macedonia 2 December 1993 S November 17, 1991 Madagascar March 19, 1991 18 April 1991 Malaysia * February 17, 1995 March 19, 1995 Malawi 2 January 1991 has 1 February 1991 Maldives * 11 February 1991 13 March 1991 Mali * September 20, 1990 20 October 1990 Malta 30 September 1990

October 30, 1990 Morocco * 21 June 1993 21 July 1993 Mauritius 26 July 1990 has 2 September 1990 Mauritania May 16, 1991 15 June 1991 Mexico 21 September 1990 21 October 1990 Micronesia 5 May 1993 4 June 1993 Moldova 26 January 1993 A 25 February 1993 Monaco * 21 June 1993 has 21 July 1993 Mongolia 5 July 1990 2 September 1990 Montenegro 23 October 2006 S 3 June 2006 Mozambique 26 April 1994 26 May 1994 15 Myanmar July 1991 14 August 1991 Namibia 30 September 1990 30 October 1990 Nauru 27 July 1994 has 26 August 1994 Nepal 14 September 1990 14 October 1990 Nicaragua 5 October 1990 4 November 1990 Niger 30 September 1990 30 October 1990 Nigeria 19 April 1991 19 May 1991 Niue 20 December 1995 has 19 January 1996 Norway * January 8, 1991 7 February 1991 New Zealand * 6 April 1993 6 May 1993 Oman * 9 December 1996 has 8 January 1997 Uganda

17 August 1990 16 September 1990 Uzbekistan 29 June 1994 has 29 July 1994 Pakistan 12 November 1990 12 December 1990 Palau 4 August 1995 3 September 1995 Palestine April 2, 2014 has 2 may 2014 Panama 12 December 1990 11 January 1991 Papua New Guinea March 2, 1993 April 1, 1993 Paraguay 25 September 1990 October 25, 1990 Netherlands * * 6 February 1995 8 March 1995 Aruba * December 18, 2000 18 December 2000 Curaçao * 17 December 1997 17 December 1997 part Caribbean (Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba) * December 17, 1997 17 December 1997 Sint Maarten * 17 December 1997 December 17, 1997 Peru September 4, 1990 October 4, 1990 Philippines August 21, 1990 September 20, 1990 Poland * 7 June 1991 7 July 1991 Portugal * * 21 September 1990 21 October 1990 Qatar * April 3, 1995 May 3, 1995 Republic Central African April 23, 1992 23 May 1992 Dominican Republic 11 June 1991 11 July 1991 Czech Republic * February 22, 1993 S January 1, 1993

Romania 28 September 1990 October 28, 1990 United Kingdom * 16 December 1991 15 January 1992 Anguilla * 7 September 1994 7 September 1994 Bermuda * 7 September 1994 7 September 1994 Isle of Man * 7 September 1994 7 September 1994 Cayman Islands * 7 September 1994 7 September 1994 Falkland Islands * 7 September 1994 7 September 1994 Islands Pitcairn (Henderson, Ducie, Oeno and Pitcairn) * 7 September 1994 7 September 1994 Turks and Caicos * 7 September 1994 September 7, 1994 British Virgin Islands * 7 September 1994 7 September 1994 Jersey April 29, 2014 April 29, 2014 Montserrat * 7 September 1994 September 7, 1994 St. Helena and dependencies (Ascension and Tristan da Cunha) * 7 September 1994 September 7, 1994 Russia 16 August 1990 15 September 1990 Rwanda 24 January 1991 February 23, 1991 St. - Lucia 16 June 1993 July 16, 1993 Saint - Kitts - and - Nevis 24 July 1990 2 September 1990 Saint - Marino 25 November 1991 25 December 1991 Holy See * 20 April 1990 2 September 1990 Saint - Vincent and the Grenadines 26 October

1993 25 November 1993 Solomon Islands 10 April 1995 A may 10, 1995 Samoa * November 29, 1994 29 December 1994 Sao Tome - and - principle may 14, 1991 A June 13, 1991 Senegal 31 July 1990 2 September 1990 Serbia March 12, 2001 of 27 April 1992 Seychelles 7 September 1990 to October 7, 1990 Sierra Leone June 18, 1990 2 September 1990 Singapore * 5 October 1995 A 4 November 1995 Slovakia * * 28 May 1993 S January 1, 1993 Slovenia 6 July 1992 S 25 June 1991 Sudan August 3, 1990 2 September 1990 Sri Lanka 12 July 1991 11 August 1991 Sweden * June 29, 1990 September 2, 1990 Switzerland * February 24, 1997 26 March 1997 Suriname 1 March 1993 31 March 1993 Swaziland * September 7, 1995 7 October 1995 Syria * 15 July 1993 14 August 1993 Tajikistan 26 October 1993 A 25 November 1993 Tanzania 10 June 1991 10 July 1991 Chad October 2, 1990 1 November 1990 Thailand * March 27, 1992 At 26 April 1992 Timor - weighted 16 April 2003 A May 16, 2003 Togo 1 August 1990 2 September 1990 Tonga 6 November 1995 A 6 December 1995 Trinidad and Tobago 5 December 1991 4 January 1992 Tunisia * 30 January 1992 29 February 1992 Turkmenistan 20 September 1993 A October 20, 1993 Turkey * 4 April 1995 4 May 1995 Tuvalu 22 September 1995 A 22 October 1995 Ukraine 28 August 1991 27 September 1991 Uruguay * 20 November 1990 December 20, 1990 Vanuatu 7 July 1993 6 August 1993 Venezuela * 13 September 1990 13 October 1990 Viet Nam 28 February 1990 2 September 1990 Yemen may 1, 1991 31 May 1991 Zambia 6 December 1991 5 January 1992 Zimbabwe 11 September 1990 11 October 1990 * * reservations and declarations.
Objections.
Reservations, declarations and objections, with the exception of Switzerland, are not published to the RO. Texts in french and English can be found at the address of the Internet site of the United Nations: http://treaties.un.org or obtained in the Direction of public international law (FDFA), the international treaties Section, 3003 Bern.

Until June 30, 1997, the Convention was applicable to Hong Kong on the basis of a declaration of territorial expansion of the United Kingdom. Starting from July 1, 1997, Hong Kong became a special administrative Region (SAR) of the People's Republic of China. Under the Chinese statement on Dec. 19. 1984, the agreements that were applicable to Hong Kong before its handover to the People's Republic of China continue to apply to the SAR.

Reservations and declarations the Switzerland Switzerland refers expressly to the duty of any State to apply the standards of international humanitarian law and national law, insofar as they ensure better child protection and assistance in armed conflicts.
Art. 5 art. 7 art. 10, by. 1 is reserved to Swiss legislation, which does not guarantee family reunification to certain categories of foreigners.
Art. 37, let. c the separation of young people and adults deprived of freedom is not guaranteed without exception.
Art. 40 is for the Swiss juvenile criminal procedure guaranteeing nor the unconditional right to assistance or separation, at a personal level and organization, between the investigating authority and the authority of judgment.



Scope of Amendment No 4 June 2014 States parties Ratification Declaration of estate (S) entry into force South Africa August 5, 1997 November 18, 2002 Algeria January 21, 1998 18 November 2002 Germany 25 June 1997 18 November 2002 Andorra January 17, 1997 November 18, 2002 Saudi Arabia 30 June 1997 18 November 2002 Argentina March 2, 1999 November 18, 2002 Austria February 1, 2002 November 18, 2002 Bahamas 23 October 2001 November 18, 2002 Bahrain 13 June

2000 18 November 2002 Bangladesh April 23, 1997 November 18, 2002 Belarus 23 September 2003 September 23, 2003 Belgium June 29, 2004 June 29, 2004 Belize December 15, 2000 November 18, 2002 Bhutan 17 March 1999 November 18, 2002 Bolivia March 15, 1999 November 18, 2002 Botswana March 6, 2002 November 18, 2002 Brazil February 26, 1998 18 November 2002 Brunei June 28, 2000 November 18, 2002 Bulgaria 25 June 1999 November 18, 2002 Burkina Faso 18 July 26, 1999 November 2002 Cambodia August 12, 1997 November 18, 2002 Cameroon October 5, 2001 November 18, 2002 Canada September 17, 1997 November 18, 2002 Chile 19 August 1997 November 18, 2002 China July 10, 2002 November 18, 2002 Cyprus September 20, 2001 November 18, 2002 Colombia January 31, 1997 November 18, 2002 Congo (Brazzaville) February 28, 2000 November 18, 2002 (North) Korea February 23, 2000 November 18, 2002 (South) Korea 3 February 1999 November 18, 2002 Costa Rica February 12, 1997

November 18, 2002 Côte d'Ivoire 25 September 2001 November 18, 2002 Croatia 26 May 1998 18 November 2002 Cuba October 23, 1996 18 November 2002 Denmark September 10, 1996 18 November 2002 Djibouti September 21, 2001 November 18, 2002 Dominique July 5, 2001 November 18, 2002 Egypt 28 December 1998 18 November 2002 UAE United 11 November 1997 18 November 2002 Ecuador February 25, 1998 November 18, 2002 Spain 13 January 1998 18 November 2002 Estonia 6 December 2000

November 18, 2002 Ethiopia 15 April 1998 18 November 2002 Fiji August 20, 1997 November 18, 2002 Finland 3 January 1997 18 November 2002 France 20 June 1997 18 November 2002 Georgia April 11, 2000 November 18, 2002 Ghana February 3, 2011 February 3, 2011 Greece 23 September 1997 November 18, 2002


Grenade may 20, 1999 November 18, 2002 Guatemala December 26, 2002 December 26, 2002 Guinea may 14, 1999 November 18, 2002 Guyana September 15, 1998 18 November 2002 Haiti December 20, 2000 November 18, 2002 Indonesia December 17, 1998 18 November 2002 Iran 13 November 2001 November 18, 2002 Iraq December 31, 2001 November 18, 2002 Ireland November 18, 2002 November 18, 2002 Iceland January 14, 2000 November 18, 2002 Israel December 27, 1999 November 18, 2002 Italy 14 September

1999 November 18, 2002 Jamaica April 6, 1998 November 18, 2002 Japan 12 June 2003 12 June 2003 Jordan September 24, 2002 November 18, 2002 Kenya February 12, 2003 February 12, 2003 Kyrgyzstan may 31, 2000 November 18, 2002 Kiribati 9 September 2002 November 18, 2002 Kuwait may 9, 2003 may 9, 2003 Laos September 22, 1997 November 18, 2002 Lesotho, on November 12, 2001 November 18, 2002 Lebanon July 14, 2000 November 18, 2002 Liberia September 16, 2005 16 September

2005 Liechtenstein 21 January 2000 November 18, 2002 Lithuania 27 March 2002 November 18, 2002 Luxembourg July 11, 2000 November 18, 2002 Macedonia 16 October 1996 18 November 2002 Malaysia August 19, 2002 November 18, 2002 Maldives 2 November 1998 18 November 2002 Mali 4 March 1999 18 November 2002 Malta may 1, 1997 November 18, 2002 Morocco January 27, 1997 November 18, 2002 Maurice August 25, 1999 November 18, 2002 Mauritania August 20, 1999 November 18, 2002 Mexico 22 September 1997 November 18, 2002 Moldova January 30, 1998 November 18, 2002 Monaco 26 May 1999 November 18, 2002 Mongolia December 19, 1997 November 18, 2002 Montenegro 23 October 2006 S 3 June 2006 Mozambique March 4, 1999 November 18, 2002 Myanmar 9 June 2000 18 November 2002 Namibia 11 December 2001 November 18, 2002 Nicaragua January 23, 2003 January 23, 2003 Niger 24 October 2001 November 18, 2002 Norway February 24, 2000 November 18, 2002 New Zealand June 16, 2000

November 18, 2002 Oman October 16, 2002 November 18, 2002 Uganda June 27, 1997 November 18, 2002 Uzbekistan April 25, 1997 November 18, 2002 Pakistan January 19, 2000 November 18, 2002 Palau April 26, 2002 November 18, 2002 Panama 5 November 1996 November 18, 2002 Paraguay December 12, 2003 December 12, 2003 Netherlands 4 December 1996 18 November 2002 Aruba December 18, 2000 November 18, 2002 Curaçao 4 December 1996 18 November 2002 part Caribbean (Bonaire (, Sint Eustatius and Saba) December 4, 1996 18 November 2002 Sint Maarten 4 December 1996 November 18, 2002 Peru 26 January 2000 November 18, 2002 Philippines January 14, 1998 November 18, 2002 Poland September 2, 1999 November 18, 2002 Portugal June 29, 1998 November 18, 2002 Qatar 5 May 1999 November 18, 2002 Czech Republic 23 May 2000 18 November 2002 Romania 3 October 2002 18 November 2002 United Kingdom July 17, 1997 November 18, 2002 Russia 1 May 1998 18 November 2002 Rwanda September 19, 2001 November 18, 2002 Saint - Marin October 10, 2000 November 18, 2002 Holy See August 15, 1996 November 18, 2002 Samoa 22 March 2002 November 18, 2002 Senegal 5 November 2003 November 5, 2003 Serbia October 4, 2001 November 18, 2002 Sierra Leone November 27, 2001 November 18, 2002 Singapore March 29, 2000 November 18, 2002 Slovakia July 29, 1999 November 18, 2002 Sudan April 9, 2001 November 18, 2002 Sri Lanka February 29, 2000 November 18

2002 Sweden October 17, 1996 18 November 2002 Switzerland 2 December 1997 November 18, 2002 Suriname May 23, 2002 November 18, 2002 Swaziland January 17, 2002 November 18, 2002 Syria June 16, 2000 November 18, 2002 Chad may 16, 2002 November 18, 2002 Thailand April 30, 1998 November 18, 2002 Togo June 19, 1996 18 November 2002 Trinidad and Tobago 1 November 1996 18 November 2002 Tunisia 29 March 2001 November 18, 2002 Turkey December 9, 1999 November 18, 2002 Ukraine 3 July 2003 Uruguay 17 February 1999 November 18, 2002 Venezuela November 2, 1998 November 18, 2002 Viet Nam January 11, 2000 November 18, 2002 Yemen 3 April 1997 18 November 2002 Zambia 9 August 2000 November 18, 2002 Zimbabwe 27 August 2002 November 18, 2002 the amendment does not apply to Tokelau.

1998 2055 RO; FF 1994 V 1 RO 1998 2053 1998 2055 RO, 2004-339, 2007 417, 2010 1619, 2014-1311. A version of the update scope is published on the web site of the FDFA (www.dfae.admin.ch/traites).
Art. 1 al. FY Dec. 13 1. 1996 (RO 1998 2053).
RO 2004 3877 RO 2007 3839 RO 2007 3839 2004 339 813 RO 2007 4095, 2014 1417 RO. A version of the update scope is published on the web site of the FDFA (www.dfae.admin.ch/traites).

State 4 June 2014

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