Rs 0.103.2 International Covenant Of 16 December 1966 On Civil And Political Rights

Original Language Title: RS 0.103.2 Pacte international du 16 décembre 1966 relatif aux droits civils et politiques

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0.103.2 text original international Covenant rights civil and political concluded in New York on 16 December 1966, approved by the Federal Assembly on 13 December 1991 Instrument of accession deposited by the Switzerland on June 18, 1992, entered into force for the Switzerland on 18 September 1992 (State October 27, 2011) for States parties to the present Covenant, whereas that in accordance with the principles statements in the UN Charter , the recognition of the dignity inherent in all members of the human family and their equal and inalienable rights is the Foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world, recognizing that these rights derive from the dignity inherent in the human person, recognizing that, in accordance with the Universal Declaration of human rights , the ideal of human being free, enjoying civil and political freedoms and released of the fear and poverty, cannot be realized that if conditions allowing everyone to enjoy its rights civil and political as well as economic rights, social and cultural, are created, considering that the UN Charter imposes on States the obligation to promote the universal and effective the rights and freedoms of human respect taking into account the fact that the individual has duties to others and to the community to which it belongs, and shall strive to promote and respect the rights recognized in the present Covenant, have agreed on the following items: first part art. 1-1. All peoples have the right of self-determination. Under this right, they freely determine their political status and freely provide their economic, social and cultural development.
2. to achieve their purposes, all peoples may freely dispose of their wealth and natural resources, without prejudice to the obligations arising out of international economic cooperation, based on the principle of mutual benefit, and international law. In any case, a people cannot be deprived of its own means of subsistence.
3. States parties to the present Covenant, including those who have the responsibility to administer the territories and trust territories, are required to facilitate the realization of the right of peoples to self-determination and to respect that right, in accordance with the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations.

Second part art. 2-1. The States parties to the present Covenant undertake to respect and to ensure to all individuals within their territory and under their jurisdiction the rights recognized in the present Covenant, without distinction none, including race, color, sex, language, religion, political opinion or any other opinion, national or social origin, fortune, birth or other status.
2. States parties to the present Covenant undertake to arrange, in accordance with their constitutional procedures and the provisions of the present Covenant, to allow the adoption of such legislative or other measures, to give effect to the rights recognized in the present Covenant which are not already in force.
((3 States parties to the present Covenant undertake to: a) to ensure that any person whose rights and freedoms recognized in the present Covenant will have been violated will have an effective remedy, even though the violation would have committed by persons acting in the exercise of their official functions; b) to ensure that competent, judicial, administrative or legislative, authority or any other authority competent under the legislation of the State (, will decide on the rights which form the use and to develop the possibilities of judicial remedy; c) ensure good follow-up by the competent authorities to any remedy which granted.

Art. 3. the States parties to the present Covenant undertake to ensure the equal right of men and women to enjoy all the rights and political rights set forth in the present Covenant.

Art. 4-1. In case a public emergency threatening the life of the nation and is proclaimed by an official act, the States parties to the present Covenant may take measures derogating from the obligations under the present Covenant, provided that these measures are not incompatible with the other obligations under international law and that they cause not a discrimination based only on race, the strict measure where the situation requires color, sex, language, religion or social origin.
2. the previous provision allows no derogation in art. 6, 7, 8 (1 and 2), 11, 15, 16 and 18.
3. States parties to the present Covenant which make use of the right of derogation must, through the Secretary-General of the United Nations, immediately report to other States parties the provisions to which they have derogated and the reasons that caused this exception. A new communication will be made through the same, on the date on which they have put an end to these derogations.

Art. 5-1. Nothing in the present Covenant may be interpreted as implying for any State, a group or an individual a right any to engage in an activity or to perform an act to the destruction of the rights and freedoms recognized in the present Covenant or restrictions more than planned audit Pact.
2. it cannot be admitted no restriction or derogation from the fundamental rights of man recognized or existing in any State party to the present Covenant pursuant to law, conventions, regulations or customs, on the pretext that the present Covenant does not recognize them or recognizes them to a lesser degree.

Third party article 6-1. The right to life is inherent in the human person. This right shall be protected by law. No person shall be arbitrarily deprived of life.
2. in the countries where the death penalty has not been abolished, a sentence of death may be imposed only for the most serious crimes, in accordance with the legislation in force at the time when the crime was committed and who should not be in contradiction with the provisions of the present Covenant or the Convention on the prevention and punishment of the crime of genocide. This penalty can be applied only pursuant to a final judgement rendered by a competent court.
3. when deprivation of life constitutes the crime of genocide, it is understood that nothing in this section authorizes a State party to the present Covenant to derogate in any way from an obligation any assumed under the provisions of the Convention on the prevention and punishment of the crime of genocide.
4. all sentenced to death has the right to seek pardon or commutation of the sentence. Amnesty, pardon or commutation of the death penalty in all cases may be granted.
5. a death sentence may not be imposed for crimes committed by persons under 18 and cannot be executed against pregnant women.
6. no provision of this article may be invoked to delay or to prevent the abolition of capital punishment by a State party to the present Covenant.

Art. 7. no one will be subject to torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment. In particular, it is forbidden to submit a person without his free consent to medical or scientific experience.

Art. 8-1. No one shall be held in slavery; slavery and trafficking in slaves, in all their forms, are prohibited.
2. no one shall be held in servitude.

3. a) nobody will be required to perform forced or compulsory labour; b) paragraph of this paragraph cannot be interpreted as prohibiting, in countries where certain crimes can be punished with forced labor, detention the completion of a sentence of penal servitude, imposed by a competent court; c) is not considered "forced or compulsory labour" within the meaning of this paragraph (: i) any work or service, not referred to in para. b, normally required of a person who is detained under a court ruling regular or who was the subject of such a decision, is released on parole; ii) any service of a military character and, in countries where conscientious objection is allowed, any national service required of conscientious objectors under the Act; iii) any service required in the case of force majeure or disaster threatening the life or well-being of the community; iv) all work or any service forming part of normal civic obligations.

Art. 9-1. Everyone has the right to liberty and security of the person. No one can be the subject of an arrest or arbitrary detention. No person shall be deprived of his freedom, if it is for reasons and according to the procedure provided by law.
2. anyone who is arrested shall be informed, at the time of arrest, of the reasons for his arrest and will receive notification, within the shortest period of any charge against him.

3. any person arrested or detained of the head of a criminal offence will be translated in promptly before a judge or other officer authorized by law to exercise judicial power, and will have to be tried within a reasonable time or released. The detention of persons awaiting trial should not be the rule, but release may be subject to guarantees assuring the appearance of the person at the hearing, to all other acts of the procedure and, if necessary, for the execution of the judgment.
4. anyone who is deprived of his liberty by arrest or detention has the right to take proceedings before a court so that it decide without delay on the lawfulness of his detention and order his release if the detention is illegal.
5. every individual victim of arrest or unlawful detention has the right to repair.

Art. 10-1. Any person deprived of liberty is treated with humanity and with respect for the dignity inherent in the human person.
2. a) the defendants are convicted, except in exceptional circumstances, separated and are subject to a separate regime, appropriate to their condition of people not convicted; b) young detainees are separated from adults and it was decided their case as quickly as possible.

3. the prison system is a treatment of the convicts whose essential goal is their amendment and their social rehabilitation. Juveniles are separated from adults and under a regime appropriate to their age and legal status.

Art. 11. no one may be imprisoned by reason only that he is not able to perform a contractual obligation.

Art. 12-1. Every person lawfully in the territory of a State has the right to move freely and to choose freely his residence.
2. any person is free to leave any country, including his own.
3. the above-mentioned rights can be restricted only if they are prescribed by law, necessary to protect national security, public order, health or morals, or the rights and freedoms of others, and consistent with the other rights recognized by the present Covenant.
4. no person shall be arbitrarily deprived of the right to enter his own country.

Art. 13. a foreigner who is legally in the territory of a State party to the present Covenant may be expelled only in pursuance of a decision taken in accordance with the law and at least compelling national security reasons for not doing, he should have the opportunity to argue the reasons that militate against his deportation and make his case reviewed by the competent authority , or by a person or persons specially designated by the authority, by representing to this end.

Art. 14-1. All are equal before the courts and the courts of justice. Anyone is entitled to have his case heard fairly and publicly by a competent, independent and impartial tribunal established by law, which will decide the merits of any charge in criminal cases directed against her, either challenges on its rights and obligations of a civil nature. The camera may be delivered during the entire or part of the trial is in the interest of morals, public order or national security in a democratic society, or when the interest of the private lives of the parties so requires, or even to the extent where the Court deems it absolutely necessary, when due to the particular circumstances of the case the advertising would be detrimental to the interests of justice; However, any criminal or civil judgment will be public, unless the interest of minors requires that it be otherwise or if the trial concerns matrimonial disputes or the guardianship of children.
2. everyone charged with a criminal offence is presumed innocent until his guilt has been legally established.
3. any person charged with a criminal offence is entitled, in full equality, at least the following guarantees: a) A be informed, within the shortest time, in a language he understands and in detail, nature and grounds of the accusation against him; b) to have time and facilities to prepare his defence and to communicate with counsel of his choice; c) to be tried without undue delay; d) to be present at trial and to defend himself in person or to have the assistance of a lawyer of his choice; (if she does not advocate, to be informed of his right to have one, and, whenever the interests of justice so requires, to receive automatically a defender, without fresh, if it doesn't have the means to pay; e) A question or have examined the witnesses against him and to obtain the appearance and interrogation of witnesses on his behalf under the same conditions as witnesses; f) to have free assistance of an interpreter If she does not understand or does not speak the language used in court; g) A will not be forced to testify against themselves or to confess guilty.

4. the procedure applicable to young people who are not yet major under the criminal law will take into account their age and interest in their rehabilitation.
5. any person convicted of an offence has the right to review by a higher court conviction and sentencing, in accordance with the law.
6. where a final criminal conviction is later overturned or grace is granted because a new or newly revealed evidence that a miscarriage of Justice has occurred, the person who has suffered punishment to reason for this condemnation will be compensated according to law, unless it is proved that the non-disclosure in due time of the unknown fact it is responsible in all or part.
7. no person shall be prosecuted or punished due to an offence for which he has been acquitted or convicted by a final judgment in accordance with the law and penal procedure of each country.

Art. 15-1. No one will be sentenced for actions or omissions which did not constitute a criminal act according to national or international law at the time when they were committed. Similarly, it will be not inflicted no greater sentence than that which was applicable at the time of the offence. If, subsequent to this offence, the law provides a lighter sentence, the offender shall benefit from.
2. nothing in this article not opposed to judgment or conviction of any individual because of acts or omissions which, at the time when they were committed, were required for criminals, according to the General principles of law recognized by the community of nations.

Art. 16 everyone has right to the recognition of his legal personality.

Art. 17-1. No one will be subject to arbitrary or illegal interference in his private life, family, home or correspondence, nor to unlawful attacks on his honour and reputation.
2. everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.

Art. 18-1. Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; This right includes the freedom to have or to adopt a religion or belief of his choice, the freedom to manifest his religion or belief, either individually or in common, both in public and in private, through worship and the performance of rituals, practices and teaching.
2. no one will suffer strain that may impair his freedom to have or to adopt a religion or belief of his choice.
3. freedom to manifest his religion or beliefs may be subject only to restrictions that are provided by law and are necessary to protect security and order, public health, morals or the freedoms and rights of others.
4. States parties to the present Covenant undertake to respect the liberty of parents and, where appropriate, legal guardians to ensure the religious and moral education of their children in accordance with their own convictions.

Art. 19-1. No one may be molested for his opinions.
2. everyone has the right to freedom of expression; This right includes freedom to seek, receive and spread information and ideas of all kinds, without consideration of borders, in oral, written, printed, or artistic form, or by any other media of his choice.
3. the exercise of the freedoms provided in the by. 2 of the present article has special duties and special responsibilities. It may therefore be subject to certain restrictions, however, which must be such as are provided by law and are necessary: a) for respect of the rights or reputations of others; b) has the backup of national security, public order, health or public morals.

Art. 20-1. Any propaganda for war is prohibited by law.
2. any call to national, racial or religious hatred that constitutes an incitement to discrimination, hostility or violence is prohibited by law.

Art. 21


The right of peaceful assembly is recognized. The exercise of this right may be subject only to restrictions that are imposed in accordance with the law and which are necessary in a democratic society in the interests of national security, public safety, public order or to protect health or morals, or the rights and freedoms of others.

Art. 22 1. Everyone has the right to freedom of association with others, including the right to form trade unions and join for the protection of his interests.
2. the exercise of this right may be subject only to restrictions that are prescribed by law and which are necessary in a democratic society, in the interests of national security, public safety, public order, or to protect health or morals or the rights and freedoms of others. This article does not have to submit to legal restrictions the exercise of this right by the members of the armed forces and the police.
3. no provision of this article to States parties to the Convention of 1948 of the International Labour Organization concerning freedom of Association and protection of the right to organize to take legislative measures reached - or to apply the law to interfere - with the guarantees provided in the convention.

SR 0.822.719.7 art. 23 1. The family is the natural and fundamental of society and is entitled to the protection of society and the State.
2. the right to marry and to found a family is recognized to the man and the woman marriageable age.
3. no marriage shall be entered into without the free and full consent of the future spouses.
4. the States parties to the present Covenant will take the appropriate steps to ensure equality of rights and responsibilities of spouses in marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution. In case of dissolution, arrangements will be made for the necessary protection for children.

Art. 24 1. Every child, without discrimination no based on race, colour, sex, language, religion, national or social origin the fortune or birth, entitled, on the part of his family, society and the State, to the measures of protection required by his status as a minor.
2. every child must be registered immediately after birth and to have a name.
3. every child has the right to acquire a nationality.

Art. 25. every citizen has the right and the opportunity, without any of the discrimination referred to in art. 2 and without unreasonable restrictions: a) to take part in the conduct of public affairs, either directly or through representatives freely chosen; b) to vote and to be elected, during periodic, honest elections, by universal and equal suffrage and by secret ballot, ensuring the free expression of the will of the voters; c) access, on general terms of equality, to the public of his country.

Art. 26. all persons are equal before the law and are entitled without discrimination to equal protection of the law. In this respect, the law shall prohibit any discrimination and guarantee to all persons equal and effective protection against discrimination, including race, color, sex, language, religion, political and other opinion, national or social origin, wealth, birth or any other situation.

Art. 27. in States where there are ethnic, religious or linguistic minorities, persons belonging to these minorities may not be denied the right to have, in common with other members of their group, their own culture, to profess and practise their own religion, or to use their own language.

Fourth part art. 28 1. There is established a Committee on human rights (hereinafter referred to as the Committee in the present Covenant). This Committee is composed of 18 members and functions defined below.
2. the Committee is composed of nationals of States parties to the present Covenant, which must be of high morals personalities with acknowledged expertise in the field of human rights. Account will be taken of interest posed by the participation in the work of the Committee of some persons having legal experience.
3. the members of the Committee are elected and serve in their individual capacity.

Art. 29 1. The members of the Committee are elected by secret ballot from a list of persons meeting the conditions provided for in art. 28, and presented for this purpose by the States parties to the present Covenant.
2. each State party to the present Covenant may nominate two people more. They must be nationals of the State presenting them.
3. the same person may be resubmitted.

Art. 30 1. The first election will take place at the latest six months after the date of entry into force of the present Covenant.
2. four months at least before the date of each election to the Committee, other than an election to fill a vacancy declared in accordance with art. 34, the Secretary-General of the Organization of the United Nations in writing invites the States parties to the present Covenant to designate, within a period of three months, the candidates proposed as members of the Committee.
3. the Secretary-General of the United Nations lists alphabetical of all persons so presented by mentioning the States parties who presented them and communicates it to the States parties to the present Covenant no later than one month before the date of each election.
4. the members of the Committee are elected during a meeting of the States parties to the present Covenant convened by the Secretary-General of the United Nations at the headquarters of the organization. At this meeting, where the quorum is two thirds of the States parties to the present Covenant, members of the Committee are elected the candidates who obtain the greatest number of votes and an absolute majority of the votes of the representatives of States parties present and voting.

Art. 31-1. The Committee cannot include more than one national of the same State.
2. for elections to the Committee, it is taken into account an equitable geographical distribution and the representation of the different forms of civilization and of the principal legal systems.

Art. 32 1. The members of the Committee are elected for four years. They may be re-elected if they are presented again. However, the terms of nine of the members elected at the first election shall expire at the end of two years; immediately after the first election, the names of these nine members are randomly by the Chairman of the meeting referred to the by. 4 of art. 30 2. At the expiration of the mandate, elections are held in accordance with the provisions of the previous articles of this part of the Covenant.

Art. 33-1. If, in the opinion unanimous other members, a member of the Committee has ceased his functions for any cause other than absence of a temporary character, the Chairman of the Committee shall inform the Secretary-General of the Organization of the United Nations, which then declare vacant the seat occupied the Member.
2. in the event of the death or resignation of a member of the Committee, the President shall immediately inform the Secretary-General of the Organization of the United Nations, which declared vacant from the date of the death or the one on which the resignation takes effect.

Art. 34 1. When a vacancy is declared in accordance with art. 33 and if the term of the Member to be replaced does not expire within six months following the date on which the vacancy has been declared, the Secretary-General of the United Nations shall notify the States parties to the present Covenant which may, within a period of two months, nominate candidates in accordance with the provisions of art. 29 to fill the vacancy.
2. the Secretary-General of the United Nations alphabetical lists of the people thus presented, and communicates to the States parties to the present Covenant. The election to fill the vacancy takes place then in accordance with the relevant provisions of this part of the Covenant.
3. any member of the Committee elected to a seat declared vacant in accordance with art. 33 is part of the Committee until the normal expiry of the term of the Member whose seat become vacant to the Committee in accordance with the provisions of this article.

Art. 35. members of the Committee, with the approval of the General Assembly of the United Nations, receive emoluments from the United Nations resources under conditions established by the General Assembly, in view of the importance of the functions of the Committee.

Art. 36. the Secretary-General of the United Nations puts at the disposal of the Committee staff and material resources that are necessary to perform effectively the functions entrusted to it under the present Covenant.

Art. 37 1. The Secretary-General of the United Nations shall convene the members of the Committee, for the first meeting, at the headquarters of the organization.
2. after its first meeting, the Committee shall meet at every opportunity provided by its rules of procedure.
3. the meetings of the Committee are normally held at the headquarters of the Organization of the United Nations or at the United Nations Office in Geneva.

Art. 38. any member of the Committee must, before entering office, make a solemn commitment to perform his duties impartially and conscientiously in a public meeting.

Art. 39


1. the Committee elects its bureau for a period of two years. Members of the Board are eligible for re-election.
2 the Committee shall itself establish its rules of procedure; This must, however, include the following provisions: a) the quorum is twelve members; b) decisions of the Committee are taken by a majority of the members present.

Art. 40 1. The States parties to the present Covenant undertake to submit reports on the measures that they have adopted and which give effect to the rights recognized in the present Covenant and on the progress made in the enjoyment of these rights: a) within a period of one year from the entry into force of the present Covenant, for each State party concerned regarding him; b) then whenever the Committee upon request.

2. all reports will be sent to the Secretary-General of the United Nations, which will forward them to the Committee for review. Reports should indicate, where appropriate, the factors and difficulties affecting the implementation of the provisions of the present Covenant.
3. the Secretary-General of the United Nations may, after consultation with the Committee, communicate to interested specialized agencies copy of all parts of reports that may relate to their area of expertise.
4. the Committee shall examine the reports submitted by States parties to the present Covenant. It addressed to States parties its own reports, as well as all general comments as it deems appropriate. The Committee may also transmit to the economic and social Council these accompanied observations of copies of the reports it has received from States parties to the present Covenant.
5. States parties to the present Covenant may submit to the Committee for comments on any observation which might be made by virtue of the by. 4 of this article.

Art. 41 1. Under this section, any State party to the present Covenant may at any time declare that it recognizes the competence of the Committee to receive and consider communications in which a State party claims that another State party fails in its obligations under the present Covenant. Communications under this article may be received and considered only if they come from a State party which has made a grateful statement, in which case, the competence of the Committee. The Committee receives no communication interesting a State party which has not made such a declaration. The following procedure applies to communications received under the present article: a) If a State party to the present Covenant considers that another State also party to this Covenant does not apply the provisions, he may by written submission, the attention of that State on the issue. Within a period of three months from the receipt of the communication, the receiving State will be the State which sent the communication of explanations or all other written statements clarifying the matter which should include, to the extent possible and useful, information on its rules of procedure and remedies is already used ((, is pending, is still ouverts.b) If, within a period of six months from the date of receipt of the original by the State, the issue is not resolved to the satisfaction of both States parties concerned, one as the other will have the right to submit to the Committee, by notice to the Committee as well as other State interesse.c) the Committee may hear a case referred to it only after being assured that all remedies remedies have been used and exhausted, in accordance with the generally recognized principles of international law. This rule does not apply in cases where the procedures of Appeal exceed reasonable deadlines.
(d) the Committee shall hold its meetings in camera when examining communications under the present article.e) subject from provisions of paragraph c, the Committee puts his good offices available to the States parties concerned, in order to reach an amicable solution to the issue based on the respect of the rights of man and fundamental freedoms, such as recognizes them the present Pacte.f) in any matter referred to it the Committee may request the interested parties referred to in para. b to provide information pertinent.g) the States parties concerned, referred to in para. b, is entitled to be represented during the consideration of the matter by the Committee and to make submissions orally or in writing, or in one and the other forme.h) the Committee must submit a report within a period of twelve months from the day it received the notification referred to in para. b: i) If a solution could be found in accordance with the provisions of paragraph e, the Committee merely, in its report to a brief statement of the facts and of the solution reached; ii) If a solution could be found in accordance with the provisions of paragraph e, the Committee merely, in its report to a brief statement of the facts; the text of the written comments and the minutes of the oral observations presented by States parties interested are attached to the report.

For each case, the report is communicated to the States parties concerned.

2. the provisions of this article will come into force when ten States parties to the present Covenant have made declarations under paragraph 1 of this article. The declaration is filed by the State party with the Secretary-General of the United Nations, who shall communicate copy to other States parties. A declaration may be withdrawn at any time by notification addressed to the Secretary-General. Such withdrawal is without prejudice to the consideration of any matter which is the subject of a communication already transmitted under this article; no further communications of a State party will be received once the Secretary-General has received notification of withdrawal of the declaration, unless the State party concerned has made a new declaration.

Art. 42 1. (a) If a matter submitted to the Committee in accordance with art. 41 is not resolved to the satisfaction of the State party concerned, the Committee may, with the prior consent of the States parties concerned, appoint an ad hoc conciliation commission (hereinafter the Commission). The Commission shall make its good offices available to the States parties concerned, in order to achieve a settlement of the issue, based solution on the respect of the present Covenant; b) the Commission is composed of five members appointed with the agreement of the States parties concerned. If the States parties concerned fail to an agreement on all or part of the composition of the Commission within a period of three months, the members of the Commission on which the agreement is not made are elected by secret ballot among the members of the Committee, by a majority of two thirds of the members of the Committee.

2. the members of the Commission serve as individuals. They must be nationals of the States parties concerned or of a State which is not party to the present Covenant, or of a State party which has not made the declaration under art. 41 3. The Commission shall elect its Chairman and adopt its rules of procedure.
4. the Commission normally holds its meetings at the United Nations Headquarters or at the United Nations Office in Geneva. However, it may meet in any other appropriate place determined by the Commission in consultation with the Secretary-General of the United Nations and the States parties concerned.
5. the secretariat provided in art. 36 also lends his services to the commissions appointed under this section.
6. the information obtained and collated by the Committee are made available to the Commission, and the Commission may request the State concerned to provide any additional relevant information.
((7. After studying the issue in all its aspects, but in any case within a maximum period of twelve months after in were received, the Commission shall submit a report to the President of the Committee, which shall communicate it to the States parties concerned: a) if the Commission cannot complete its consideration of the matter within twelve months, it confines itself to indicate briefly in her report where it is the examination of the question; b) if one is reached a settlement settlement of the issue, based on respect for the human rights recognized in the present Covenant, the Commission merely indicate in his report the facts and rules that it has achieved; c) if it failed to a regulation within the meaning of para. b, the Commission shall include in its report its findings on all points of fact relating to the issue between the States parties concerned and its views on the possibilities of settlement of the case; the report also contains the written representations and minutes of the oral observations presented by States parties interested; d) if the Commission's report is submitted in accordance with para. c, interested States parties report to the Chairman of the Committee, within a period of three months after the receipt of the report, whether or not they accept the terms of the report of the Commission.

8. the provisions of this article are without prejudice to the powers of the Committee provided for in art. 41.

9. all expenditures of the members of the Commission are also apportioned to the States parties concerned, on the basis of an estimate established by the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
10. the Secretary-General of the Organization of the United Nations is entitled, if necessary, to pay the members of the Commission of their expenses, until the reimbursement has been made by the State party concerned, in accordance with the by. 9 of this article.

Art. 43. the members of the Committee and the members of the ad hoc conciliation commissions which may be appointed in accordance with art. 42 will be entitled to the facilities, privileges and immunities granted to experts on mission for the United Nations, as set out in the relevant sections of the Convention on the privileges and immunities of the United Nations.

Art. 44. the implementation of the present Covenant provisions apply without prejudice to the procedures established in the human rights under the terms or under the constituent instruments and the conventions of the United Nations and the specialized agencies, and do not prevent the States parties to resort to other procedures for settling a dispute in accordance with General or special international agreements that bind them.

Art. 45. the Committee addresses each year to the General Assembly of the United Nations, through the economic and social Council, a report on its work.

Fifth part art. 46. nothing in the present Covenant may be interpreted as affecting the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations and of the constitutions of the specialized agencies which define the respective responsibilities of the various organs of the United Nations and institutions specialized in the issues dealt with in the present Covenant.

Art. 47. nothing in the present Covenant will be interpreted as an attack on the inherent right of all peoples to enjoy and use fully and freely of their wealth and natural resources.

Sixth part art. 48-1. The present Covenant is open for signature by any State member of the Organization of the United Nations or a member any of its specialized agencies, any State party to the Statute of the International Court of Justice, as well as of any other State invited by the General Assembly of the UN to become party to the present Covenant.
2. the present Covenant is subject to ratification and the instruments of ratification shall be deposited with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
3. the present Covenant will be open to accession by any State referred to the by. 1 of the present article.
4. the membership will be done by the deposit of an instrument of accession with the Secretary-General of the United Nations.
5. the Secretary-General of the United Nations informed all States which have signed the present Covenant or who have joined the deposit of each instrument of ratification or accession.

SR 0.193.501 art. 49 1. This Pact shall enter into force three months after the date of the deposit with the Secretary-General of the United Nations of the thirty-fifth instrument of ratification or accession.
2. for each of the States that ratify the present Covenant or acceding are after the deposit of the thirty-fifth instrument of ratification or accession, said the Pact will take effect three months after the date of deposit by that State of its instrument of ratification or accession.

Art. 50. the provisions of the present Covenant shall apply, without limitation or exception none to all constituent units of federal States.

Art. 51 1. Any State party to the present Covenant may propose an amendment and submit the text to the Secretary general of the United Nations. The Secretary-General shall transmit then all draft amendments to the States parties to the present Covenant, asking them to indicate whether they wish to see a Conference of States parties to review these projects and put them to the vote. If a third at least States declare themselves in favour of this invitation, the Secretary-General shall convene the conference under the auspices of the United Nations. Any amendment adopted by a majority of the States present and voting at the conference is submitted for approval to the General Assembly of the United Nations.
2. these amendments come into force when they have been approved by the General Assembly of the United Nations and accepted, in accordance with their respective constitutional rules, by a majority of two thirds of the States parties to the present Covenant.
3. when amendments come into force, they are compulsory for States parties which have accepted, other States parties still bound by the provisions of the present Covenant and any earlier amendment that they have accepted.

Art. 52 independently planned notifications to the by. 5 of art. 48, the Secretary-General of the Organization of the United Nations shall inform all States referred to the by. 1 of this article: a) signatures affixed to the present Covenant and the instruments of ratification and accession deposited in accordance with art. 48; b) the date on which the present Pact will enter into force in accordance with art. 49 and the date on which will come into force the amendments provided for in art.. 51 art. 53 scope October 27, 2011 Declaration recognizing the competence of the Committee on the rights of man under art. 41. other reservations and declarations 1. The present Covenant, of which the English, Chinese, Spanish, french and Russian texts are equally authentic, will be deposited in the archives of the United Nations.
2. the Secretary-General of the United Nations will transmit a certified copy of the present Covenant to all States referred to in art. 48 (follow signatures) scope on 27 October 2011 States parties Ratification, accession (A) Declaration of estate (S) entry into force Afghanistan 24 January 1983 has 24 April 1983 South Africa * 10 December 1998 March 10, 1999 Albania 4 October 1991-4 January 1992 Algeria * September 12, 1989 12 December 1989 Germany * * December 17, 1973 3 January 1976 Andorra 22 September 2006 December 22, 2006 Angola 10 January 1992-10 April 1992 Argentina * August 8, 1986

8 November 1986 Armenia 23 June 1993 A 23 September 1993 Australia * * 13 August 1980 13 November 1980 Austria * * 10 September 1978 10 December 1978 Azerbaijan 13 August 1992 A November 13, 1992 Bahamas * 23 December 2008 March 23, 2009 Bahrain September 20, 2006 has December 20, 2006 Bangladesh * September 6, 2000 has 6 December 2000 Barbados * January 5, 1973 23 March 1976 Belarus * November 12, 1973 23 March 1976 Belgium * * April 21, 1983 21 July 1983 Belize * 10 June 1996 September 10, 1996 Benin 12 March 1992 has 12 June 1992 Bolivia 12 August 1982 has 12 November 1982 Bosnia and Herzegovina * 1 September 1993 S March 6, 1992 Botswana * September 8, 2000 December 8, 2000 Brazil 24 January 1992 A 24 April 1992 Bulgaria * 21 September 1970 23 March 1976 Burkina Faso 4 January 1999 has 4 April 1999 Burundi 9 May 1990 has 9 August 1990 Cambodia 26 May 1992 26 August 1992 Cameroon

27 June 1984 27 September 1984 Canada * * may 19, 1976 August 19, 1976 Cape - Verde 6 August 1993 has 6 November 1993 Chile 10 February 1972 23 March 1976 China Hong Kong June 20, 1997 1 July 1997 Macao * December 3, 1999 December 20, 1999 Cyprus * April 2, 1969 23 March 1976 Colombia 29 October 1969 23 March 1976 Congo (Brazzaville) * October 5, 1983 January 5, 1984 Congo (Kinshasa) 1 November 1976 was February 1, 1977, Korea (North)

September 14, 1981 has 14 December 1981 (South) Korea * April 10, 1990 July 10, 1990 Costa Rica 29 November 1968 23 March 1976 Côte d'Ivoire 26 March 1992 has 26 June 1992 Croatia * October 12, 1992 S 8 October 1991 Denmark * * 6 January 1972 23 March 1976 Djibouti 5 November 2002 has February 5, 2003 Dominica 17 June 1993 has 17 September 1993 Egypt * 14 January 1982 14 April 1982 El El Salvador 30 November 1979 29 February 1980 Ecuador *.

6 March 1969 23 March 1976 Eritrea 22 January 2002 has 22 April 2002 Spain * * 27 April 1977 27 July 1977 Estonia * October 21, 1991 has 21 January 1992 United States * * 8 June 1992 8 September 1992 Ethiopia 11 June 1993 A 11 September 1993 Finland * * 19 August 1975 23 March 1976 France * * 4 November 1980 4 February 1981 Gabon 21 January 1983 was 21 April 1983 Gambia * 22 March 1979 A 22 June 1979 Georgia 3 May 1994 A

August 3, 1994 Ghana * September 7, 2000 December 7, 2000 Greece * may 5, 1997 August 5, 1997 A Grenada 6 September 1991 has 6 December 1991 Guatemala 5 May 1992 5 August 1992 Guinea * 24 January 1978 24 April 1978 Equatorial Guinea 25 September 1987 A 25 December 1987 Guinea - Bissau November 1, 2010 February 1, 2011 Guyana * 15 February 1977 15 May 1977 Haiti 6 February 1991 was May 6, 1991 Honduras 25 August 1997 November 25, 1997 Hungary * *.

January 17, 1974 23 March 1976 India * April 10, 1979 July 10, 1979 Indonesia * February 23, 2006 23 May 2006 Iran June 24, 1975 23 March 1976 Iraq 25 January 1971 23 March 1976 Ireland * * December 8, 1989 8 March 1990 Iceland * 22 August 1979 22 November 1979 Israel * October 3, 1991 January 3, 1992


Italy * * September 15, 1978 December 15, 1978 Jamaica 3 October 1975 23 March 1976 Japan * 21 June 1979 21 September 1979 Jordan 28 May 1975 23 March 1976 Kazakhstan January 24, 2006 April 24, 2006 Kenya 1 May 1972 A March 23, 1976 Kyrgyzstan 7 October 1994 A 7 January 1995 Kuwait * 21 May 1996 21 August 1996 Laos * September 25, 2009 December 25, 2009 Lesotho 9 September 1992 A 9 December 1992 Latvia * 14 April 1992 A 14 July 1992 3 November 1972 Lebanon has 23 March 1976 Liberia September 22, 2004 December 22, 2004 May 15, 1970 Libya has 23 March 1976 Liechtenstein * 10 December 1998 10 March 1999 Lithuania 20 November 1991 has 20 February 1992 Luxembourg * 18 August 1983 18 November 1983 Macedonia 18 January 1994 S November 17, 1991 Madagascar 21 June 1971 23 March 1976 Malawi 22 December 1993 has 22 March 1994 Maldives * 19 September 2006 December 19, 2006 Mali

16 July 1974 23 March 1976 Malta * 13 September 1990 13 December 1990 Morocco 3 May 1979 3 August 1979 Mauritius 12 December 1973 A 23 March 1976 Mauritania * November 17, 2004 February 17, 2005 Mexico * 23 March 1981 A 23 June 1981 Moldova 26 January 1993 A 26 April 1993 Monaco * August 28, 1997 28 November 1997 Mongolia * November 18, 1974 23 March 1976 Montenegro 23 October 2006 S 3 June 2006 Mozambique 21 July 1993 21 October 1993 Namibia 28 November 1994 at 28 February 1995 Nepal 14 May 1991 has 14 August 1991 Nicaragua 12 March 1980 12 June 1980 Niger 7 March 1986 at 7 June 1986 Nigeria 29 July 1993 has 29 October 1993 Norway * * September 13, 1972 23 March 1976 New Zealand * 28 December 1978 28 March 1979 Uganda 21 June 1995 A September 21, 1995 Uzbekistan 28 September 1995 A December 28, 1995 Pakistan * * 23 June 2010 23 September

2010 Panama 8 March 1977 8 June 1977 Papua New Guinea July 21, 2008 to October 21, 2008 Paraguay 10 June 1992 has 10 September 1992 Netherlands * * December 11, 1978 11 March 1979 Aruba 11 December 1978 11 March 1979 Curaçao December 11, 1978 March 11, 1979 part Caribbean (Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba), on December 11, 1978 11 March 1979 Sint Maarten 11 December 1978 11 March 1979 Peru * April 28, 1978 28 July 1978 Philippines * October 23, 1986 January 23, 1987

Poland * * March 18, 1977 18 June 1977 Portugal * * 15 June 1978 15 September 1978 Central African Republic 8 May 1981 has 8 August 1981 Dominican Republic 4 January 1978 has 4 April 1978 Czech Republic * * 22 February 1993 S January 1, 1993 Romania * December 9, 1974 23 March 1976 United Kingdom * * may 20, 1976 20 August 1976 Bermuda may 20, 1976 20 August 1976 Gibraltar 20 May 1976 20 August 1976 Guernsey may 20, 1976 20 August 1976 Isle of Man 20 May 1976 20 August 1976 Cayman Islands may 20, 1976 August 20, 1976 Falkland Islands may 20, 1976 20 August 1976 Islands Pitcairn (Henderson, Ducie, Oeno and Pitcairn) may 20, 1976 August 20, 1976 Turks and Caicos may 20, 1976 August 20, 1976 British Virgin Islands may 20, 1976 20 August 1976 Jersey 20 May 1976 20 August 1976 Montserrat may 20, 1976 August 20, 1976 St. Helena and dependencies (Ascension and Tristan da Cunha) 20 May 1976 20 August

1976 Russia * 16 October 1973 23 March 1976 Rwanda 16 April 1975 A 23 March 1976 Saint - Marino 18 October 1985 18 January 1986 Saint - Vincent - and - the Grenadines 9 November 1981 9 February 1982 Samoa * February 15, 2008 has 15 May 2008 Senegal * 13 February 1978 13 May 1978 Serbia March 12, 2001 27 April 1992 Seychelles 5 May 1992 was August 5, 1992 Sierra Leone 23 August 1996 A November 23, 1996 Slovakia * * 28 May 1993 S 1 January

1993 Slovenia * 6 July 1992 25 June 1991 Somalia 24 January 1990 was April 24, 1990 Sudan 18 March 1986 has 18 June 1986 Sri Lanka * 11 June 1980 has 11 September 1980 Sweden * * 6 December 1971 23 March 1976 Switzerland * * 18 June 1992 to September 18, 1992 Suriname 28 December 1976 was March 28, 1977 Swaziland 26 March 2004 was 26 June 2004 Syria * 21 April 1969 23 March 1976 Tajikistan 4 January 1999 has 4 April

1999 Tanzania 11 June 1976 11 September 1976 Chad 9 June 1995 has 9 September 1995 Thailand * October 29, 1996 to January 29, 1997 Timor - Leste September 18, 2003 has 18 December 2003 Togo 24 May 1984 was August 24, 1984 Trinidad and Tobago * December 21, 1978 March 21, 1979 Tunisia * 18 March 1969 23 March 1976 Turkmenistan 1 May 1997 was August 1, 1997 Turkey * September 23, 2003 December 23, 2003 Ukraine * 12 November 1973 23 March 1976 Uruguay * 1 April 1970 23 March 1976 Vanuatu November 21, 2008 February 21, 2009 Venezuela * 10 May 1978 10 August 1978 Viet Nam * 24 September 1982 has 24 December 1982 Yemen * February 9, 1987 may 9, 1987 Zambia 10 April 1984 has 10 July 1984 Zimbabwe * 13 May 1991 has 13 August 1991 * reservations and declarations.

* Objections. Reservations, declarations and objections, with the exception of Switzerland, are not published to the RO. Texts in french and English will be available at the United Nations Internet site address: http://treaties.un.org/ or obtained in the Direction of public international law (FDFA), the international treaties Section, 3003 Bern.

Declaration recognizing the competence of the Committee on the rights of man under art. 41 the Switzerland Switzerland declares, under art. 41, that it recognizes, for a period of five years (from April 16, 2010), the competence of the Human Rights Committee to receive and consider communications in which a State party claims that another State party fails in its obligations under the Covenant.

Other reservations and declarations Switzerland art. 10, by. 2, let. b:
...
Art. 12, by. 1: The right to move and to choose freely his residence shall apply subject to the provisions of the Federal law on foreigners that stay and setting permissions are valid only for the canton which issued them.
Art. 14, by. 1 and 5...
Art. 14, by. 3, let. d and f:...
Art. 20: The Switzerland reserves the right not to adopt new measures to ban propaganda for war, which is prohibited by art. 20, by. 1 art. 25, let. b: this provision will be applied without prejudice to the provisions of law cantonal and communal who plan or admit that elections within assemblies are not run by secret ballot.
Art. 26: Equality of all persons before the law and their right to equal protection of the law without discrimination will be guaranteed only in connection with other rights contained in the Covenant.

1993 750 RO; FF 1991 I 1129 RO 1993 747 RS 0.120 RO 1993 769 3103, 1996-717, 2003-4079, 2004 1375, 2005 2615, 2007 415 3837, 2008 645, 2009 7097, 2010 2987 and 2011 6527. A version of the update scope is published on the web site of the FDFA (www.dfae.admin.ch/traites).
2010 2987 Art. RO 1 al. FY Dec. 13 1. 1991 (RO 1993 747) RO 2007 3837 RO 2007 3837 RO 2003 4080, 2004 1375 State October 27, 2011

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