Rs 0.518.523 Additional Protocol Of 8 December 2005, The Geneva Conventions Of 12 August 1949, Relating To The Adoption Of An Additional Distinctive Sign (Protocol Iii) (With Annex)

Original Language Title: RS 0.518.523 Protocole additionnel du 8 décembre 2005 aux Conventions de Genève du 12 août 1949 relatif à l’adoption d’un signe distinctif additionnel (Protocole III) (avec annexe)

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0.518.523 original protocol additional to the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949, relating to the adoption of an additional distinctive emblem (Protocol III) concluded at Geneva on 8 December 2005, approved by the Federal Assembly on 24 March 2006, Instrument of ratification deposited by Switzerland on July 14, 2006 entered into force for the Switzerland 14 January 2007 (report on June 30, 2015) preamble the High Contracting Parties , (PP1) Reaffirming the provisions of the Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 (in particular art. 26, 38, 42 and 44 of the Geneva Convention 1) and, if any, of their additional protocols of 8 June 1977 (particularly SS. 18 and 38 of additional Protocol I and article 12 of the additional Protocol II), regarding the use of distinctive signs;
(PP2) who want to complete the provisions mentioned above in order to strengthen their protective value and their universal character;
(PP3) noting that this Protocol does not affect the recognized right of High Contracting Parties to continue to use the symbols they use in accordance with the obligations that their obligations under the Geneva Conventions and, as appropriate, of their additional protocols;
(PP4) Recalling that the obligation to respect the persons and property protected by the Geneva Conventions and their additional protocols is the protection conferred on them by international law, doesn't depend on the use of the emblems, signs or signals distinctive;
(PP5) stressing the distinctive signs aren't supposed to have religious, ethnic, racial, regional or political significance;
(PP6) emphasizing the need to ensure full respect of obligations related to the distinctive signs recognized in the Geneva Conventions and, where appropriate, in their additional protocols;
(PP7) Recalling that art. 44 of the Geneva Convention 1 makes the distinction between protective use and the indicative use of distinctive signs;
(PP8) Recalling further that national societies who undertake activities on the territory of another State must ensure that the emblems that they plan to use these activities can be used in the country where these activities take place as well as in the countries of transit;
(PP9) acknowledging the difficulties that the use of existing identifiers can pose to some States and some national societies;
(PP10) Noting the determination of the international Committee of the Red Cross, the International Federation of the societies of the Red Cross and Red Crescent and the international movement of the Red Cross and Red Crescent to keep their names and their current distinctive signs;
agreed to the following: RS 0.518.12, 0.518.23, 0.518.42, 0.518.51 RS 0.518.12 RS 0.518.521, 0.518.522 RS 0.518.521 RS 0.518.522 art. 1 respect and field of application of this Protocol 1. The High Contracting Parties undertake to respect and to ensure respect for this Protocol in all circumstances.
2. this Protocol reaffirms and supplements the provisions of the four Conventions of Geneva of August 12, 1949 (hereinafter "the Geneva Conventions') and, where applicable, of their two additional protocols of 8 June 1977 (hereinafter ' the additional protocols of 1977") relating to distinctive signs, namely the Red Cross, the Red Crescent and the lion and Red Sun, and if applies in the same situations than those which are referred to in these provisions.

Art. 2 distinctive signs 1. This Protocol recognizes an additional distinctive sign in addition to the distinctive signs of the Geneva Conventions and for the same purpose. Distinctive signs have the same status.
2. This distinctive sign additional, consisting of a red frame in the shape of a square on the edge, on a white background, is consistent with the illustration in the annex to this Protocol. In this Protocol, reference is made to this distinctive sign as a "third Protocol emblem".
3. conditions of use and respect of the third Protocol emblem are identical to those established for distinctive signs by the Geneva Conventions and, as appropriate, by their additional protocols of 1977.
4. the medical services and religious personnel of the armed forces of the High Contracting Parties may, without prejudice to their current emblems, use temporary any distinctive sign mentioned in the by. 1 of this article, if such use is likely to strengthen their protection.

Art. 3 indicative use of the emblem of the third Protocol 1. The national societies of the High Contracting Parties who decide to use the third Protocol emblem will be able, when they will use this emblem in accordance with relevant national legislation, choose to incorporate, as an indication: has) a distinctive emblem recognized by the Geneva Conventions or a combination of these emblems; or (b) another emblem that a high contracting party actually used and who underwent communication to the other High Contracting Parties and the international Committee of the red cross through the depositary before the adoption of this Protocol.

Incorporation must be made in accordance with the illustration presented in the annex to this Protocol.
2 a national society that chooses to incorporate within the third Protocol emblem another emblem, according to the by. 1 of the present article, may, in accordance with national legislation, use the name of this emblem and display this emblem on its national territory.
3. the national societies can, in accordance with their national legislation and in exceptional circumstances and to facilitate their work, use temporarily the distinctive sign mentioned in art. 2 of the present Protocol.
4. This section does not affect the legal status of the distinctive signs recognized in the Geneva Conventions and in this Protocol; It does not affect the legal status of any particular emblem when it is incorporated as an indication according to the by. 1 of the present article.

Art. 4 international Committee of the Red Cross and International Federation of the Red Cross and the Red Crescent. the international Committee of the Red Cross and the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent societies, so that their staff duly authorized, may, in exceptional circumstances and to facilitate their work, make use of the distinctive sign mentioned in art. 2 of the present Protocol.

Art. 5 missions under the auspices of the United Nations the medical services and religious personnel participating in operations under the auspices of the United Nations may, with the agreement of the participating States, use one of the distinctive signs referred to in art. 1 and 2.

Art. 6 prevention and repression of abuses 1. The provisions of Geneva Conventions and, where applicable, additional 1977 Protocols governing the prevention and repression of misuse of distinctive signs apply identically to the third Protocol emblem. In particular, the High Contracting Parties will take the necessary measures to prevent and punish, at all times, abuse of distinctive signs mentioned in art. 1 and 2 and of their denomination, including their perfidious use and the use of any sign or designation constituting an imitation.
2. Notwithstanding the by. 1 of the present article, the High Contracting Parties may permit prior users of the emblem of the third Protocol, or any sign constituting an imitation, to continue such use, provided that such use can appear, in time of armed conflict, such as to confer the protection of the Geneva Conventions and, as appropriate, of the additional protocols of 1977 , and as far as rights allowing such use were acquired before the adoption of this Protocol.

Art. 7 dissemination the High Contracting Parties undertake, in time of peace as in time of armed conflict, to disseminate this Protocol as widely as possible in their respective countries and, in particular, to include the study of military training programs and to encourage the study by the civilian population, so that this instrument can be known of the armed forces and the civilian population.

Art. 8 signature this Protocol will be open to the signature of the Parties to the Geneva Conventions the day of its adoption and will remain open for a period of twelve months.

Art. 9 ratification this Protocol will be ratified as soon as possible. The instruments of ratification shall be deposited with the Swiss federal Council, depositary of the Geneva Conventions and the additional protocols of 1977.

Art. 10 accession this Protocol will be open to accession by any party to the Geneva Conventions not signatory to this Protocol. The instruments of accession shall be deposited with the depositary.

Art. 11 entry into force 1. This Protocol shall enter into force six months after two instruments of ratification or accession.
2. for each of the Parties to the Geneva Conventions which will ratify or adhere there later, the Protocol will take effect six months after the deposit by that party of its instrument of ratification or accession.


Art. 12 conventional reports on the coming into force of this Protocol 1. When the Parties to the Geneva Conventions are also Parties to this Protocol, the Conventions shall apply as they are supplemented by this Protocol.
2. If one of the Parties to the conflict is not bound by this Protocol, the Parties to this Protocol will remain nevertheless bound by it in their mutual relationships. They will be bound also by the Protocol for that party, if it accepts and to apply the provisions.

Art. 13 Amendment 1. Any High Contracting Party may propose amendments to this Protocol. The text of any proposed amendment will be communicated to the depositary, which, after consultation with all the High Contracting Parties, of the international Committee of the Red Cross and the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent, will decide whether to convene a conference to consider the proposed amendments.
2. the depositary will invite to the conference of the High Contracting Parties and the Parties signatories of the Geneva Conventions or of this Protocol.

Art. 14 denunciation 1. In case a high contracting party would turn this Protocol, the denunciation will produce its effects only one year after receipt of the instrument of denunciation. If, however, at the end of this year, the denouncing party is in a situation of armed conflict or occupation, the effect of the denunciation will remain suspended until the end of the armed conflict or occupation.
2. the denunciation shall be notified in writing to the depositary, who will inform all the High Contracting Parties of this notification.
3. the denunciation shall have effect only in respect of the denouncing party.
4. any denunciation notified under the terms of the by. 1 shall affect obligations already contracted because of the armed conflict or occupation to the title of this Protocol by the party denouncing for any act committed before such denunciation becomes effective.

Art. 15 notifications the depositary shall inform the high Parties contracting as well as the Parties to the Geneva Conventions, whether they are signatories of this Protocol: a) signatures affixed to this Protocol and of the instruments of ratification and accession deposited in accordance with the art. 8, 9 and 10; b) the date on which this Protocol will enter into force in accordance with art. 11, within 10 days after the entry into force; c) of communications received in accordance with art. 13; d) denunciations notified pursuant to art. 14 art. 16 registration 1. After its entry into force, the Protocol will be forwarded by the depositary to the United Nations Secretariat for the purposes of registration and publication, in accordance with art. 102 of the Charter of the United Nations.
2. the depositary will also inform the Secretariat United Nations of all ratifications, accessions and denunciations which he can receive about this Protocol.

RS 0.120 art. 17 authentic texts the original of this Protocol, of which the English, Arabic, Chinese, English, french and Russian texts are authentic, shall be deposited with the depositary, which will send certified copies to all Parties to the Geneva Conventions.
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Annex third Protocol emblem (art. 2, para. 2, and art. 3, para. 1, of the Protocol) art. 1 sign distinctive art. 2 indicative use of the emblem of the third Protocol Incorporation according to art. 3 scope on 30 June 2015 States parties Ratification membership (A) entry into force Albania February 6, 2008 has 6 August 2008 Germany 17 June 2009 17 December 2009 Argentina * March 16, 2011 September 16, 2011 Armenia 12 August 2011 is February 12, 2012 Australia July 15, 2009 January 15, 2010 Austria 3 June 2009 3 December 2009 Belarus March 31, 2011 has 30 September 2011 Belgium may 12, 2015 12 November 2015 Belize 3 April 2007 has 3 October 2007 Brazil August 28, 2009 February 28, 2010 Bulgaria 13 September 2006 13 March 2007 Canada * November 26, 2007 May 26, 2008 Chile July 6, 2009 January 6, 2010 Cyprus November 27, 2007 27 May 2008 Costa Rica 30 June 2008 December 30, 2008 Croatia June 13, 2007 13 December 2007 Denmark may 25, 2007 November 25, 2007 El El Salvador September 12, 2007 12 March 2008 Spain 10 December 2010 June 10, 2011 Estonia February 28, 2008 August 28

2008 United States * March 8, 2007 September 8, 2007 Fiji 30 July 2008 A January 30, 2009 Finland 14 January 2009 July 14, 2009 France July 17, 2009 January 17, 2010 Georgia March 19, 2007 September 19, 2007 Greece October 26, 2009 26 April 2010 Guatemala March 14, 2008 September 14, 2008 Guyana September 21, 2009 at March 21, 2010 Honduras 8 December 2006 8 June 2007 Hungary November 15, 2006 May 15, 2007 Cook Islands 7 September 2011 A 7 March 2012 Iceland 4 August 2006 February 4, 2007 Israel * November 22, 2007 22 May 2008 Italy 29 January 2009 July 29, 2009 Kazakhstan June 24, 2009 A 24 December 2009 Kenya 28 October 2013 April 28, 2014 Latvia, on April 2, 2007 October 2, 2007 Liechtenstein 24 August 2006 February 24, 2007 Lithuania 28 November 2007 may 28, 2008 Luxembourg 27 January 2015 27 July 2015 Macedonia 14 October 2008 14 April 2009 Mexico July 7, 2008 January 7, 2009

Moldova * August 19, 2008 19 February 2009 Monaco 12 March 2007 September 12, 2007 Nauru 4 December 2012 June 4, 2013 Nicaragua April 2, 2009 October 2, 2009 Norway June 13, 2006 January 14, 2007 New Zealand October 23, 2013 April 23, 2014 Uganda 21 May 2008 has 21 November 2008 Palestine January 4, 2015 A January 4, 2015 Panama April 30, 2012 October 30, 2012 Paraguay October 13, 2008 13 April 2009 Netherlands December 13, 2006 13 June 2007 Aruba

December 13, 2006 June 13, 2007 Curaçao December 13, 2006 13 June 2007 part Caribbean (Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba) December 13, 2006 13 June 2007 Sint Maarten December 13, 2006 13 June 2007 Philippines August 22, 2006 February 22, 2007 Poland October 26, 2009 April 26, 2010 Portugal April 22, 2014 October 22, 2014 Dominican Republic April 1, 2009 October 1, 2009 Czech Republic 23 May 2007 November 23, 2007 Romania may 15, 2015 United Kingdom 23 November 15, 2015 October 2009 23 April 2010 Akrotiri and Dhekelia June 15, 2011 December 15, 2011 Anguilla June 15, 2011 December 15, 2011 Bermuda June 15, 2011 December 15, 2011 Guernsey June 15, 2011 December 15, 2011 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands June 15, 2011 December 15, 2011 Isle of Man June 15, 2011 December 15, 2011 Cayman Islands June 15, 2011 December 15, 2011 Falkland Islands June 15, 2011 December 15, 2011 Pitcairn (Ducie Islands (, Henderson, Oeno and Pitcairn) June 15, 2011 December 15, 2011 TCI June 15, 2011 December 15, 2011 British Virgin Islands June 15, 2011 December 15, 2011 Jersey January 7, 2013 July 7, 2013 Montserrat June 15, 2011 December 15, 2011 St. Helena and dependencies (Ascension and Tristan da Cunha) June 15, 2011 December 15, 2011 territory Antarctic British 15 June 2011 December 15, 2011 British territory in the Indian Ocean June 15, 2011 December 15, 2011 San - Marino June 22

2007 December 22, 2007 Serbia 18 August 2010 18 February 2011 Singapore July 7, 2008 7 January 2009 Slovakia May 30, 2007 November 30, 2007 Slovenia 10 March 2008 September 10, 2008 South Sudan January 25, 2013 has 25 January 2013 Sweden August 21, 2014 February 21, 2015 Switzerland 14 July 2006 January 14, 2007 Suriname 25 June 2013 has 25 December 2013 Timor - Leste July 29, 2011 January 29, 2012 Ukraine January 19, 2010 July 19, 2010 Uruguay 19 October 2012 19 April 2013 the reserves and statements are not published to the RO. The texts can be found at the address of the website of the depositary www.dfae.admin.ch/depositaire or obtained with the Directorate of public international law (FDFA), Section of international treaties, 3003 Bern.
For the Kingdom in Europe.

2007 189 RO; FF 2006 1889 art. 1 al. 1 FY to March 24, 2006 (RO 2007 185) RO 2007 196 3929, 2008 665, 2009 2547, 2010 29 3529, 2011 3681, 2012 3811, 2095 2013, 2014 2415, 2015 2507. A version of the update scope is published on the web site of the FDFA (www.dfae.admin.ch/traites).

State 30 June 2015

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