Rs 748.121.11 Ordinance Of The Detec On 20 May 2015 Concerning The Rules Of The Air Applicable To Aircraft (Ora)

Original Language Title: RS 748.121.11 Ordonnance du DETEC du 20 mai 2015 concernant les règles de l’air applicables aux aéronefs (ORA)

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748.121.11 order of the DETEC on the air rules applicable to aircraft (ORA) on 20 may 2015 (status July 15, 2015) the federal Department of the environment, transport, energy and communications (DETEC), view the art. 75 of the order of 14 November 1973 on aviation, in the execution of the implementing Regulation (EU) No. 923/2012 in the version that binds the Switzerland under point 5 of the annex to the agreement of 21 June 1999 between the Swiss Confederation and the European on air transport community, stop: Chapter 1 provisions general art. 1 report with European law the rules of the air applicable to aircraft are governed: a. first by implementing Regulation (EU) No. 923/2012; b. supplementary by this order.

Art. 2 scope territorial rules of the air within the meaning of this order apply in Swiss airspace.

Art. 3 special cases this order does not apply to military aircraft, these being subject to the requirements laid down by the command of the Air Forces in agreement with the federal Office of civil aviation (FOCA) and within the limits of the art. 107 of the Act of 21 December 1948 on aviation.
With the exception of art. 9, this order does not apply to kites, ascending parachutes, tethered balloons and aircraft without occupants, which are subject to the order of 24 November 1994 on special categories aircraft.
Slope gliders and gliders of slope electric are subject to the rules of the air applicable to gliders, unless otherwise provided by the Ordinance of 24 November 1994 on special categories aircraft.
The gliders whose engine is running are subject to the rules of the air applicable to aircraft, gliders whose engine is stopped are subject to the rules of the air applicable to gliders.

SR 748.0 SR 748.941 art. 4 authority the competent, OFAC is the competent authority within the meaning of art. 2, c. 55, of the implementing Regulation (EU) No. 923/2012.

Art. 5 use of the airspace classes the terms of use of the classes of airspace in Switzerland are attached in Appendix 1.

Art. 6 reference to the rules will BE the provisions of the schedule to the regulations (EU) n 923 2012 referenced in this order are referred to by the abbreviation 'Will BE' followed by a digit.

WILL = Standardised European Rules of the Air (standard European air rules) Chapter 2 General rules of air Section 1 provisions various art. 7 noise abatement it is forbidden to cause an aircraft more noise than that resulting respectful behaviour and a job right.

Art. 8 aerobatic flights of acrobatics in the airspace of class C and D or above airfields require authorisation.
The authorization is issued by the competent body of the air traffic control or, if it fails, by the head of the airfield.
The authorization is granted if given traffic conditions, aviation safety is not compromised.
Acrobatic flights are banned over areas with high density of urban areas, as well as night.
Aerobatics flights will not be made: a. less than 500 m above the ground planes or helicopters; b. less than 300 m above the floor regarding the gliders.

FOCA may authorize derogations from the minimum flight height if required by the drive for competition or air demonstrations. It sets the conditions required in the interest of safety in this regard.

Art. 9 release and application objects and liquids cannot be dropped or applied from an aircraft in flight only with the authorization of the FOCA.
Can be dropped without permission: a. the ballast, in the form of water or sand; b. emergency: fuel or dangerous objects if possible at a place determined in agreement with the competent body of the control of air traffic; c. the objects or substances intended for relief operations; d. above an airfield: the towlines and jettisonable trolleys; e. for the parachute jumps : the indicators of drift; f. for landing: the smoke; g. air competitions: the dispatches.

Art. 10 restricted areas and danger areas the FOCA may establish the following areas in order to ensure air safety: a. restricted areas within the meaning of rule SERA.3145; b. hazardous areas within the meaning of art. 2, c. 65, of the implementing Regulation (EU) No. 923/2012.

Art. 10aRestrictions to the operation of certain aircraft on national airports exploitation gyroplanes and electric-powered aircraft with aerodynamic controls is prohibited on the airports of Geneva and Zurich.

Introduced by chapter I of the O of the DETEC on June 24, 2015, in force since 15 July. 2015 (2015 2177 RO).

Section 2 of Art. collision Prevention 11 flights in training in the case of training flights, only the requirements of rule SERA.3135 apply.

Art. 12 aircraft approaching from the front along a slope when both aircraft are along a slope and they are approaching from the front, or almost from the front, approximately at the same height, the aircraft that has the slope on his left should deviate to the right. It is prohibited to go below or above the other aircraft.

Art. 13 overflow in glider along a slope glider evolving along a slope must not exceed an another glider flying approximately at the same height.

Art. 14 volts of gliders the pilot of a glider that is meeting another glider that runs the volts in ancestry deviate to the right.
The pilot of a glider who enters an ancestry which already operates another glider must run its volts in the same direction as the first.
When two gliders or more change along a slope, no pilots to perform some volts or turns against the slope.

Art. 15 flight information area a flight information zone (FIZ) is an airspace defined around an aerodrome within which flight information service and alerting service are provided by an aerodrome flight information service (AFIS).
An AFIS is a service providing commanders to aircraft of the useful information to ensure safe and effective flight near the airfield as well as tracks and routes traffic.
Radio contact with AFIS must be ensured at all times within a FIZ.
For the rest, the rules of the class of airspace in which the FIZ is located shall apply.

FIZ = Flight Information Zone AFIS = Aerodrome Flight Information Service Section 3 Plan flight, announcement of flights and pass for distance flights art. 16 filing the flight plan the duty to file a flight plan is governed by rule SERA.4001.
No flight plan is required for cross-border in a glider or balloon flights when foreign countries do not require the filing of a plan of flight (rule SERA.4001 let. b, ch. 5). Countries that do not require the filing of a flight plan are published in the aeronautical information publication.
To facilitate the task of the search and rescue service, flight plans can be filed for flights according to the rules of flight that are not subject to the obligation to file a flight plan.

The aeronautical information publication can be obtained against payment at Skyguide (aipversand@skyguide.ch) and available for free at FOCA, 3003 Bern.

Art. 17 content of the flight plan a flight plan must include data to be provided in accordance with the standard ICAO flight plan form.
A simplified within the meaning of rule SERA.4001, let's flight plan. a, which is just about the part of the flight for which an ATC clearance is required may be filed by radio at the same time where authorization is requested.
The term "airfield" contained in the flight plan may also relate to the landing grounds used by aircraft to the specific field of use such as helicopters or balloons.

The standard form included in the aeronautical information publication. The latter can be obtained against payment at Skyguide (aipversand@skyguide.ch) and available for free at the federal Office of civil aviation (FOCA), 3003 Bern.
ICAO = international civil aviation ATC organization = Air Traffic Control (air traffic control) art. 18 announcement of flights an aerodrome operator may require that planned take-offs are announced in writing if required by the imperatives of local oversight.

Art. 19 form for distance flight in the case of cross-border glider or balloon flights for which the filing of a flight plan is not required (art. 16, para. 2), flight published by the FOCA form must be completed and carried on board.

The form for distance flight can be obtained from the FOCA, 3003 Bern.

Section 4 Service of aviation art. 20 air traffic control service it is necessary to use the service for the control of air traffic for the following flights: a. flights to instruments subject to paras. 3 and 4; b. flights to view under rule SERA.8001, let. b, c and d.


Notwithstanding the separation requirements under rule SERA.8005, the air traffic control body may, exceptionally, issue a clearance at the request of an aircraft in class D or E airspace, provided that: a. the aircraft maintains its own separation in a specific part of the flight below 3050 m (10 000 ft) of ascent or descent phase and day in VFR weather conditions; and Frenchie. the other aircraft approved clearance.

The FOCA may authorize an aerodrome operator to apply an approach procedure instrument without using the air traffic control service if the required safety evidence is provided.
It can also allow the same conditions the application outside of the airfields of instrument flight procedures without recourse to the air traffic control service.

Art. 21 reviews of position required information will be sent automatically to the competent body of the the air traffic control during the transition to each reporting point declared compulsory in the aeronautical information publication, unless the air traffic control body has expressly provided otherwise.
When such reporting points are not specified, the position reports will be given in accordance with the instructions of the competent body of the air traffic control.

The aeronautical information publication can be obtained against payment at Skyguide (aipversand@skyguide.ch) and available for free at FOCA, 3003 Bern.

Art. 22 interruption of communications in case of failure of the radio equipment during a controlled flight in VFR weather conditions, he must: a. continue the flight according to the last received clearance; b. land on the first suitable airfield which arises; c. announce the arrival to the competent body of the air traffic control using using the faster communication.

Radio equipment failure during a flight in instrument meteorological conditions, it must: a. continue the flight according to the current flight plan; b. start the descent above the navigation aids of the aerodrome of destination, to the expected approach time which has been communicated and confirmed last. If such a time has not been provided or confirmed, it should be to stick as close as possible to the time of arrival according to the current flight plan; c. follow the normal instrument approach procedure as specified for the aerodrome in question; d. land within 30 minutes following the scheduled arrival time according to the current flight plan.

If the levels of clearance is that part of the route, the aircraft will be maintained to the last levels provided and confirmed to the points specified in the clearance. Thereafter, it will be kept at cruise levels specified in the filed flight plan.
The CRDD 7600 indicator must be set in A mode.
Specific local procedures contained in the aeronautical information publication are reserved.

The aeronautical information publication can be obtained against payment at Skyguide (aipversand@skyguide.ch) and available for free at FOCA, 3003 Bern.

Chapter 3 rules VFR Section 1 minimum applicable art. 23 General provisions of day, flights under visual flight rules will be made so that the minimum visibility and distance from clouds referred to in rule SERA.5001 are respected.
Class G airspace goes from the ground at 600 m above the ground.
In the airspace of class G, the flight out of the clouds is a permanent view of the ground.
Visibility in flight in the airspace of class G amounts in principle to 5000 Mr. of the in flight visibilities reduced to the most, at 1500 m may be authorized for flights taken: a. at speeds of 140 kts IAS or less, for the opportunity to see any other aircraft or any obstacle in time to avoid a collision; forgotten the source. in circumstances where the probability to encounter other aircraft would normally low, for example in areas with low-density traffic and for aerial work at low altitude.

Helicopters can fly with a flight of at least 800 m visibility if they fly at a speed that allows you to see any other aircraft or any obstacle in time to avoid a collision. Flights in flight visibilities less than 800 m are allowed in special cases such as medical flights, search and rescue flights as well as flights to fight against the fires.
The limits of the day and the night are set in the aeronautical information publication.
Operating helicopters in special cases such as medical flights, search and rescue flights as well as flights to fight against fires may derogate from the requirements of rule SERA.5010, let. a and b.

IAS = Indicated Airspeed (IAS) the aeronautical information publication can be obtained against payment at Skyguide (aipversand@skyguide.ch) and available for free at FOCA, 3003 Bern.

Art. 24 takeoffs from helicopters and balloons by ground fog or mist high when minimum cannot be met due to fog on the ground or high fog, the takeoff of helicopters and balloons is authorized if: a. Visual Flight meteorological conditions prevail above the fog layer. and sib. the lower limit of the fog layer is not more than 200 m above the place of take-off and that the layer itself does not have a thickness greater than 300 m.

OFAC sets for these cases special departure procedures here.

Art. 25 flight in the clouds in a glider in the clouds in glider flights follow the following rules: a. they are allowed only in the cumulus and cumulonimbus, but never in compact schools of clouds; b. the clouds may touch no obstacles nearby; c. the vertical distance between the base of the cloud and the obstacle to the highest ground must be at least 300 m.

A flight in the clouds cannot begin unless it has been authorized by the competent body of the air traffic control.

Art. 26 areas of glider gliding areas are fixed in the aeronautical information publication. They are published as restricted areas.
Inside these areas of gliding in the airspace of class E, gliders are watching, by derogation from art. 23, al. 1, the following minimum distances: a. a vertical distance to clouds of at least 50 m; b. a horizontal distance to clouds of at least 100 m.

Gliding areas rules do not apply: a. inside control zones active (CTR); b. in control areas (TMA) terminals; (c) in the airspace of class G; d. in the other regulated or dangerous areas.

The Terminal control area is a portion of area control, in principle established, at the crossroads of ATS routes around one or several important airfields.
Flights to the instruments are not allowed inside the gliding areas.

The aeronautical information publication can be obtained against payment at Skyguide (aipversand@skyguide.ch) and available for free at FOCA, 3003 Bern.
CTR = Control area TMA = Terminal Control Area ATS = Air Traffic Service (air traffic service) art. 27 flights at night according to the rules of VFR flight plan is filed pursuant to rule SERA.4001 in the case of night flight according to the rules of flight beyond the vicinity of an aerodrome. This obligation does not apply to the flights referred to in art. 4, by. 1, of Regulation (EU) no 923/2012 that are carried out at night in airspace class E and G.
Flights under visual flight rules cannot be made until night and destined to airfields equipped and authorized for this purpose. The FOCA may, in special cases and conditions in the al. 3 and 4, allow exceptions to this restriction. It is not applicable to the flights search and rescue, police, education and emergency transport by helicopter, as well as balloon flights.
The following minimum values apply to flights at night under visual flight rules: a. flight visibility: 8 km; b. horizontal distance to clouds: 1.5 km; c. vertical distance to clouds: 300 m.

A derogation from the minima prescribed in para. 3 is permissible if the airfield and the aircraft remain constantly in view of the other and if the competent body of the air traffic control gave the permission, or, if this is lacking, with the permission of the head of the airfield.
Exceptions to these conditions may be allowed in special cases such as medical flights, search and rescue and fire-fighting helicopters.
In flight at night under visual flight rules, the aircraft establishes and maintains two-way communication on the radio channel appropriate to the service of air traffic, as long as it is available.

Pursuant to rule SERA.5010, special VFR flights may be authorized within a control zone.

Art. 28 minimum heights of flight the minimum heights referred to in rule SERA.5005, let. f, apply to flights day and night visual flight rules.
Insofar as they are necessary, the flights below the minimum heights are allowed only: a. during search, rescue or police flights; (b) for the purpose of take-off and landing; c. exercises of in plane emergency landing outside of the heavily populated areas where an instructor or a pilot authorized to conduct an initiation is present on board; d. during helicopter flights made for purposes of instruction in out of heavily populated areas and, with the permission of the head of the aerodrome for the purpose of training on an aerodrome or near an aerodrome; e. on flights in a free balloon made for training purposes, provided that an instructor is present on board; Phew. with special permission of the FOCA.

The minimum height for the slope in glider flights is 60 m above the ground. A sufficient side spacing of security must be maintained against the slope.

Section 2 payload of transponders art. 29 aircraft motorized flying under visual flight rules carry and use a transponder mode S of level 2 at least responding to the need for basic monitoring with the code IF management in the following cases: a. in the case of flight in the airspace of class C or D; (b) at an altitude that is not less than 7000 ft in the case of flight in the airspace of class E; c. in all classes of airspace in the event of flight conducted at night under visual flight rules.

Once a transponder is embedded, it must also be used out of airspace referred to in para. 1. by way of derogation to the al. 1 and 2, the competent body of the air traffic control may issue a policy requiring the extinction of the transponder.
In addition, in transponder mandatory zones defined by the FOCA in application of the implementing Regulation (EU) No. 923/2012, the carriage and the use of a transponder mode S requirements set out in para. 1 are required.
The codes to be used are published in the aeronautical information publication.
Aircraft operators shall ensure that the mode S transponder data are accurate, complete and up-to-date. This also applies to data transmitted on a voluntary basis.

The aeronautical information publication can be obtained against payment at Skyguide (aipversand@skyguide.ch) and available for free at FOCA, 3003 Bern.

Chapter 4 article instrument flight rules 30 minimum flight heights minimum heights following flight apply to flights to the instruments: a. over the highlands more than 3050 m/sea: at least 600 m above the highest obstacle located within an 8 km radius around the estimated of the aircraft position; b. elsewhere: at least 300 m above the highest obstacle located within 8 km around the position of the aircraft.

It is accepted to waive the minimum heights of flight for the purpose of take-off and landing.

Art. 31 transponder aircraft motorized flying under instrument flight rules carry and use a transponder mode S of level 2 at least responding to the need for basic monitoring with the code IF management.
The competent air traffic control body may issue a policy requiring the extinction of the transponder.
Aircraft operators shall ensure that the mode S transponder data are accurate, complete and up-to-date. This also applies to data transmitted on a voluntary basis.

Chapter 5 provisions final art. 32 repeal and amendment of other acts the Ordinance of the DETEC on May 4, 1981, concerning the rules of the air applicable to aircraft is repealed.
The amendment of other acts is regulated in the Appendix 2.

RO 1981 1066, 1985 1908 ch. II, 1989 560, 1992 548, 1993 1377, 1994 3076 art. 22 ch. 1, 1996 2802, 1997 905, 2001-511, 2006 4279 4701, 2008 639, 2011 1153 art. 33 transitional provision by derogation from art. 29, the A/C mode transponders already installed on aircraft at the date of the entry into force of this order remain usable for flights according to the rules of flight to view up to March 31, 2016 regardless of the class of airspace. However, in case of exchange of these transponders, these must be replaced by transponders such as those specified in art. 29, al. 1 in the case where they are used in air spaces required to lift and use of transponder in accordance with art. 29 art. 34 entry into force this order comes into force on June 15, 2015.

Appendix 1 (art. 5) using classes of airspace in Switzerland class main areas of use complementary use A do is not used in Switzerland B is not used in Switzerland C - airspace above FL 195 - control areas terminal with high traffic according to the flight rules instruments Jura Plateau FL 100 until the FL 195 - Airways in the Alps - Alps : - during operating hours MIL FL 130 until the FL 195hors of operating hours MIL FL 150 up to FL 195 in accordance with aerospace 1: 500 000 map and publication of aeronautical information D - other control areas (TMA) terminal with traffic according to instrument flight - control Zones (CTR) in accordance with the aerospace 1: 500 000 map and the aeronautical information publication E - off spaces of class G D and C in accordance with the aerospace 1: 500 000 map and the aeronautical information publication F is not used in Switzerland G - ground up to 600 m AGL in accordance with map 1: 500 000 aviation and the aeronautical information publication FL = Level Flight (flight level) the publication can be obtained for a fee from the federal Office of topography , 3084 Wabern, and available for free at FOCA, 3003 Bern.
The aeronautical information publication can be obtained against payment at Skyguide (aipversand@skyguide.ch) and available for free at FOCA, 3003 Bern.
AGL = Above Ground Level (agl) status on July 15, 2015 Appendix 2 (art. 32, para. 2) Modification of another Act...

The mod. can be found at the RO 2015 1643.

State July 15, 2015

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