455.110.2 order of the groups on the protection of animals at slaughter (OPAnAb) of August 12, 2010 (State on December 1, 2010) the federal Office of food safety and Veterinary Affairs (groups), under art. 209, al. 1, of the Ordinance of 23 April 2008 on the protection of animals (OPAn), stop: Section 1 purpose and scope of application article 1. this order sets the protection of animals during their slaughter within the meaning of art. 2, al. 3, let. n, NAFO. It contains provisions on: a. unloading, accommodation and support of animals in slaughterhouses; b. requirements to be fulfilled by the facilities and stunning fixtures; c. Routing and immobilisation of the animals before stunning; d. stunning and bleeding of animals; e. monitoring.
Section 2 unloading, accommodation and support for animals in slaughterhouses s. 2 responsibilities as a recipient of animals within the meaning of art. 153 NAFO, the operator of the slaughterhouse is responsible for: a. receipt of animals; b. their expectations or their (hosting) lairage in the abattoir; c. the care that must be taken in.
It refers to the persons responsible for the reception, accommodation and care of animals.
S. 3 unloading slaughterhouses must have adequate facilities to unload the animals of their means of transport.
Such as bridges and ramps unloading facilities shall be equipped with lateral protection to prevent animals from falling or escape.
The gradient of the unloading ramps should not exceed 20 degrees. If the slope exceeds 10 degrees, ramps shall be equipped with a non-slip floor.
S. 4 time limit in which the animals must be slaughtered animals other than cattle, sheep, goats and pigs must be slaughtered within a maximum of four hours after arrival at the slaughterhouse.
Animals that remain in the containers until the time of slaughter must be slaughtered within a maximum of two hours of their arrival at the slaughterhouse. The time limit may be extended to up to four hours if the animals waiting area is equipped with an active ventilation system.
Young milk-fed animals must be slaughtered the day of their arrival.
S. 5 requirements for hosting the routing corridors should not be used as a place of accommodation.
If the animals are slaughtered within a maximum of four hours after their arrival, the minimum conditions of their accommodation must comply with annex 4 NAFO. If they are slaughtered within a time greater than four hours, they should be accommodated in accordance with Annex 1 NAFO.
Lairages and the waiting areas for animals which remain in freight containers shall be equipped with an efficient ventilation system. If the ventilation is provided by a system of active ventilation, fresh air supply must be guaranteed even in the case of system failure.
Outdoor waiting areas shall be provided with adequate shelter from the weather.
If the ambient temperature is high, or in heavy weather, the pigs must be refreshed by spraying water.
Sick, injured and debilitated animals must be hosted separately and slaughtered or killed as soon as possible after their arrival at the slaughterhouse.
Animals suffering from injury very acute or very painful must be stunned and put to death without delay.
S. 6 additional requirements in the case of housing during the night if the animals referred to in art. 3, let. (b), of the order of 23 November 2005 concerning the slaughter of animals and the control of meat (beef cattle) are not slaughtered the day of their arrival, the art. NAFO 3 to 14, and annex 1 NAFO are applicable.
Monitoring of the general State of the animals referred to in art. 181, al. 7, NAFO, and their supply must be ensured the evening of their delivery, and then regularly at intervals of 12 hours at most.
Controls Officer registered his name, the date and time of the checks carried out. Controls evidence must be presented to the official veterinarian on request.
RS 817.190 s. 7 map of the occupation of the premises a plan of occupation of the premises for accommodation of the animals to the slaughterhouse must be established.
The occupation plan must indicate for each animal species and for each animal category the maximum density allowed as hosting lasts more or less than four hours.
Section 3 requirements that must complete facilities and stunning equipment art. 8 duties of the operator of the slaughterhouse, the operator of the slaughterhouse must be able to prove to the competent cantonal authority: a. before being put into service, facilities and stunning fixtures were the subject of a technical manufacturer receipt attesting that they are ready to use and they work perfect and consistent to their destination; b. that it has all the technical documents relating to facilities and stunning fixtures.
S. 9 maintenance facilities and devices of stunning at the technical reception facilities and stunning fixtures prior to their commissioning, the manufacturer fixed the magnitude and the rate of maintenance work. This work must be performed by the manufacturer himself or on behalf of it.
The interval between two maintenance shall not exceed two years.
Section 4 delivery and immobilization of animals before stunning art. 10 delivery and introduction into the installation of stunning routing corridors to the stunning facility and entry thereof shall be constructed so as to foster the independent progress of animals, taking into account the characteristic behaviors of each species.
The corridors of transport to the installation of stunning and the entry thereof must be flat, non-slippery, do not cause injury and be illuminated so as to not to dazzle the animal or create some grey areas.
The corridors of transport to the installation of stunning and the entry thereof must not submit: a. cuneiform narrowings or obstructions to the delivery; b. narrowings cornering; c. surrounding elements which, attracting the attention of animals, hinder their advance; d. changes of direction angle less than 100 degrees; e. turns with less than three meters RADIUS.
The transport corridors must be accessible from all sides so that staff can intervene directly and at any time on the animals that are there.
The individual transport corridors must be installed so as to prevent animals from climbing on each other. To this end, should limit the height of the passage or ask longitudinal bars to prevent animals jump.
In the individual transport corridors for animals of the bovine species, the vertical space must be 20 cm at least above the withers.
An installation of immobilization should not be accessible via several parallel corridors at the same time if the width of its entry is limited to that of an animal.
S. 11 aid to routing electrical instruments only allowed electric instruments to advance the animals are electric prods, each electric shock is limited to a second maximum.
Aid to routing electrical instruments cannot be used on pigs and cattle in good health, injury-free and suitable for the market, and their application is allowed only on the muscles of the hind limbs.
Their use is permitted only if the animals refuse to move forward in the corridors where they walk in single file or when entering the installation of capital, either immediately before, either during the introduction in the installation.
The electric instrument of aid delivery cannot be used repeatedly if the animal reacts and can flee the electric shock.
The electrodes of the electrical stunning equipment should not be used as instruments of support to the delivery of the animals.
S. 12 sound level in the area of carriage of animals in the area of transport of animals, the noise level of base in case of operation of the installation and uninterrupted delivery of animals should not exceed 85 dB. Sporadic sound peaks are allowed.
S. 13 capital capital facilities must allow fast and efficient animal stunning and immediate access to bleeding. These facilities can be used as a waiting room.
Immobilized animals must be immediately stunned.
The installation of immobilization should be constructed so as to allow the immediate stunning repetition if an animal has been inadequately stunned.
Installation of immobilization of bovine or equine animals should limit the movements of the animal's head to allow exact positioning of the instrument of stunning.
Electrical equipment used for stunning should not be used for the maintenance and immobilisation of the animals.
S. 14 suspension of poultry the size and shape of the hanger of slaughter used to suspend live poultry prior to slaughter should be adapted to the size of the poultry and the species. Each animal must be suspended by two feet at the handlebar of slaughter.
Live poultry including size or weight compromise the success of the stunning must be stunned and bled by hand. Such poultry may be suspended only after having been bled.
Suspended poultry must be stunned at the earliest 12 seconds and no later than 60 seconds after their suspension.
In the area where poultry remain suspended, the lighting must be favourable to their appeasement.
Section 5 stunning art. 15 requirements to be met by the stunning methods depending on the animal species the stunning methods shall comply with minimum technical requirements according to the animal species concerned. These requirements are set out in schedules 1 to 6.
S. 16 success of stunning unconsciousness and insensibility must be: a. immediately after the use of a mechanical process; b. in the first second in the event of electrical stunning.
S. 17 control the success of stunning the operator of the slaughterhouse shall designate a person responsible for the control of the stunning success.
The responsible person shall regularly check the stunning success. It must in particular documenting the shortcomings noted during the stunning and the measures taken to remedy this. Entries must be kept at least one year and presented on request to the competent authorities.
Methods of the control are set for each stunning method and for each animal species in annexes 1, c. 3, 2, ch. 7 and 8, 3, c. 3, and 4, c. 5.
S. 18 immediate steps in the event of insufficient stunning if an animal shows completion of the stunning of the signs of a return to the sensitivity and awareness, it must be immediately a new technically correct stunning before be bled. If poultry show such signs, immediate killing is also allowed.
Appropriate replacement equipment shall be ready for use immediately, either to again stun an insufficiently dazed animal, or to kill poultry.
Section 6 bleeding art. 19 execution of bleeding the duration between the end of the stunning process and the beginning of the bleeding must be measured so as to exclude any return to the sensitivity and awareness before death.
Beef and runners birds stunned by a process that does that a temporary state of insensitivity and recklessness must be bled by incising both carotid arteries or a section at the base of the neck.
A three minute interval at least must elapse between the beginning of the bleeding of animals for slaughter and other activities of slaughter on these animals.
S. 20 control of bleeding and the actual death execution of bleeding must be regularly checked. The operator of the slaughterhouse shall designate a person for this purpose.
The actual death must be verified by sampling. A focusable light source to verify if the pupil dilation is maximum will be used for this purpose.
The responsible person shall document all the signs of a return to the sensitivity and awareness or any late occurrence of death, likewise that the measures taken to remedy. Records should be kept at least a year and submitted to the competent authority on request.
S. 21 immediate steps in the event of insufficient bleeding if an animal shows signs of a return to the sensitivity and awareness due to an insufficient bleeding, it must immediately be subject to a new technically correct stunning. If poultry show such signs, immediate killing is also allowed.
If there is a doubt as to the death of the animal at the time where will begin subsequent steps of the slaughter, the animal must be immediately bled again or put to death.
When domestic poultry is bleeding by an automatic neck-cutters, animals not seized or insufficiently seized by the PLC must be immediately bled by hand.
Section 7 statutory auditors art. 22. the operator of the slaughterhouse is responsible for the documentation and control tasks at the art. 6, al. 3, 8, 17, al. 2, and 20, al. 3. the official veterinarian supervises the measures taken by the operator of the slaughterhouse and control documents by survey.
Section 8 provisions finals s. 23 transitional provisions relating to the buildings and technical installations the transitional period is ten years from the entry into force of this order for the adaptation of existing buildings of slaughterhouses allowed to the requirements of art. 10. the transitional period is five years from the entry into force of this order for the adaptation of the technical installations of the slaughterhouses authorized the requirements laid down in the art. 13, 14 and 19, and in the annexes 2, c. 1.1, 1.3, 1.4 and 1.5, 3, c. 1.7 to 1.11, and 4 c. 1.1, 2.4 and 2.5.
2010 4957 s. RO 24 transitional provisions relating to the methods of stunning with the agreement of the groups, the competent cantonal authority may authorize a slaughterhouse in activity at December 1, 2010 and who does not meet the requirements of art. 15 to continue its activities until November 30, 2020 at the latest. Applications must be submitted to the competent cantonal authorities to May 31, 2011 at the latest.
The groups gives his agreement if the slaughterhouse operator proves on the basis of expertise established by a recognized expert that the State of insensitivity and recklessness of animals obtained by the process used at the slaughterhouse lasts until the end of the bleeding. The measures necessary for this purpose should be mentioned in the expertise. Expertise must be given to the groups to November 30, 2011 at the latest.
S. 25 entry into force this order comes into force on December 1, 2010.
Annex 1 (Art. 15) stun gun captive bolt 1 requirements to be fulfilled by the instruments and the munition 1.1 for the captive bolt stunning, only can be used equipment appropriate to the species and to the weight of the animal.1.2 captive bolt gun cannot be used if stem retracts fully into the front sheath each tir.1.3 the use of the captive bolt guns that are not operated by a load or by compressed air is not allowed, except for stun rabbits, poultry and birds coureurs.1.4 the length and the diameter of the captive bolt and the power of impact must be such that stem sure pierces the skull cap. The load or pressure must be adapted in a way that can be seen objectively, the weight and the size of the animals in accordance with the instructions of the fabricant.1.5 guns captive bolt used for animals other than rabbits, domestic poultry and runners birds, shall comply with the following parameters: a. stem exceeding length sheath : at least 8 cm; for cattle and adult horses: at least 9 cm; for the buffaloes, yaks and heavy bulls (over 800 kg): at least 12 cm; b. caliber stem: at least 7 mm for the small animals, such as lambs, kids and piglets. at least 9 mm for animals of greater size; c. stem hammering speed: at least 55 to 60 m per second for stems in large caliber 60 to 70 m per second; d. the charge energy: 350 to 400 D.
1.6 for rabbits, poultry and runners birds, the caliber of the stem must be 4 to 6 mm.1.7 ammunition must be stored in the sec.1.8 it is forbidden to use wet ammunition, including those present alterations in color, and open cartridges having lost powder.
2 the gun captive bolt 2.1 positioning the captive bolt pistol must be positioned so that the fired shot damage strongly or destroy the vital centers of the base of the brain of the animal in etourdir.2.2 at the time of the shooting, the captive bolt pistol must be placed and pressed firmly on the head of the animal.2.3 in bovine animals - Buffalo except - equine, swine, the spray gun must not be placed on the nuque.2.4 in sheep and goats, the gun can be placed on the neck if the presence of horns excludes the frontal position. The stem should be oriented towards the middle of the cerveau.2.5 the captive bolt gun should be positioned as follows: a. in horses: exactly at right angles of the front surface on the median, 2 cm above the intersection of the diagonals between the middle of the eye and the environment of the base of the ear opposite;
b. except for mature bulls, heavy cows and yaks from cattle: exactly at right angles to the front surface on the median; in mature bulls, heavy cows and yaks: about 1 cm next to the median line, slightly above the intersection of the two diagonals connecting the middle of the eye and the environment of the base of the opposite Horn;
c. in sheep and goats without horns: in the middle of the previous line connecting the ears, by directing the shooting down in the direction of the throat;
d. in sheep and goats with horns: behind the occipital Ridge connecting the horns on the halfway line located directly behind the base of the horns, with shooting in the direction of the base of the tongue or, viewed from the side, in the direction of the throat;
e. in pigs in cuneiform head: on the median of the head, 1 cm above the line that connects the middle of both eyes or, viewed from the side, towards the outer base of the ear.
f. in pigs in inclined front: on the median of the head, 2-3 cm above the line that connects the middle of both eyes, perpendicular to the surface of the front;
g. in rabbits: on the median of the cranial CAP, between the two ears in the direction of the lower jaw; the animal must be secured in the neck;
h. in farmed cloven-hoofed game: slightly next to the midline, at the height of the point of intersection between the diagonals that connect the middle of the eyes and the middle of the base of the opposite ear. males carrying wood: at the junction between the lines that connect the middle of the eyes and the opposite wood base.
i. in domestic poultry and birds to runners: perpendicular to the highest point of the head, in the direction of the throat or at the junction between the diagonals that connect the middle of eyes in the middle of the base of the ear.
3 main symptoms to monitor the success of the gun 3.1 captive bolt stunning success of stunning an animal must be checked mainly on the basis of the following symptoms: a. immediate collapse; b. tonic cramp (high intensity lasting muscle contractions) followed by the clonic phase (rapid series of short seizures); c. respiratory arrest; d. lack of reflex corneal; e. lack of rotation of the eye; f lack of reaction to pain stimuli (reflex of the nasal septum or the peak in poultry) g. lack of vocalizations, eth. lack of voluntary movement, attempts to get up.
4 duration before bleeding 4.1 after the captive bolt pistol stunning, bleeding through incision must be made no later than in the: a. 60 s in cattle, sheep, goats and horses; b. 20 s in sheep and goats with horns and stunned by the means of a shot in the neck; v. 20 s for other animal species.
State on January 1, 2014 annex 2 (art. 15) individual electrical stunning 1 requirements to be met by the facilities and equipment 1.1 electrical stunning equipment shall be equipped with: a. measuring instruments calibrated displays in the field of vision of the operator actual power used to stunning; b. a display of the frequency of the electrical current is adjustable; the intensity and tension v. automated stunning set apart an acoustic or optical signal warning the operator when the current minimum is past and a warning to the operator of a bad evolution of the current; both signals shall be clearly distinguishable from one another; d. a possibility of connection to external measuring instruments used for recording electrical data during the process of stunning.
1.2 the electrodes must be adapted to the animal species and the size of the animals; the electrodes contact surfaces must be free from rust, dirt and remnants of tissus.1.3 adjustable stunning devices should indicate the electrical parameters in terms of current intensity (amp; A), voltage (volt; V), frequency (Hertz; HZ) and duration (seconds; s) of the current specific to each program, so that a correlation between the settings indicated on the unit and the programme concerned is possible.1.4 facilities and automatic stunning fixtures shall permanently display the following parameters: a. the effective current intensity (A), voltage (V), v. frequency (Hz) d. the duration of the passage of the current (s).
1.5 a system must report the actual values of intensity, voltage, frequency and duration of the passage of the current compared to the values required for stunning to the operator.
2 installation of the provisions 2.1 electrodes must be taken to ensure good electrical contact and reduce resistance to the conductivity; It is necessary in particular to remove excessive layers of wool or fur at the points of application of the electrodes and humidifying and open areas. For electrical stunning of sheep, it is appropriate to use electrodes with spikes long enough to cross the laine.2.2 in the case of automatic stunning, animals must be sorted as needed on the basis of their taille.2.3 the electrodes should be applied between the eye and the ear so as to guarantee the passage of electric current through the brain (passage of current through the head).
Application of the clamp at the head of the pig 2.4 in bovine, ovine and caprine animals, the passage of current through the brain can be obtained not by the passage of current through the head as described in point 2.3, but by the installation of one of the electrodes to the head and the other on the back (passage of current through the body).2.5 in cases where the electrodes are changed position to allow current to pass from the head to the heart (electrical stunning in two phases), one of the electrodes must be placed at the head and the other in an area behind the anatomical region of the heart.
Application of the clamp to the head and the heart of pork 3 Passage of electric current through the brain 3.1 in case of electric shock by the head, the electric current must pass through the brain before crossing the body; in case of electric shock by the whole body, the current must move simultaneously in the brain and body.
4 parameters of electric current through the brain of mammals 4.1 in mammals, with a unit now the current constant, the minimum effective intensities to reach in the first second, with a minimum voltage of 220 V and a frequency of 50 Hz AC database, shall be the following: category of animal current cattle up to 200 kg of live weight 1.3 A bovine animals of more than 200 kg of live weight 1.5 A sheep , goats 1.0 A pigs up to 150 kg of live weight 1.3 A pigs of more than 150 kg of live weight 2.0 A rabbits 0.4 A 4.2 minimum electric current application times are as follows: a. 8s animals non-capital is there is no passage of current through the heart immediately after; b. 3s in animals not immobilized If there is a passage of current through the heart immediately after; v. 3 s in immobilized animals, except in the case of fully automated pigs electrical stunning; d. 1 s in the event of electrical stunning fully automated pigs before the connection of the electrode in the heart and a total of 3 s.
4.3 the alternating current (AC) single sinusoidal or square with a frequency of 50 Hz can be used for electrical stunning. If the slaughterhouse operator uses a constant voltage device, or other types of alternating current (AC) power sinusoidal or square or other frequencies as 50 Hz AC, it must establish under art. 24 that the effect is the same relying on expertise carried out by an independent scientific body.
5 parameters of electric current through the brain of poultry 5.1 in poultry, with a unit now the current constant, the minimum effective intensities to reach during the first second at a frequency of 50 Hz AC and maintain at least during the specified period are as follows: category of animal intensity duration hens under 2 kg of live weight 100 my 4S hens from 2 kg of live weight 400 mA 4 s turkeys 400 my 4S ducks, geese 600 mA 6s runners birds 500 my 4S 5.2 with a constant voltage device AC voltages to be applied and the minimum effective intensities to reach during the first second and then maintain at least during the time stated are as follows: category of animal intensity voltage duration less than 2 kg liveweight 240 chickens my 110-120 V 7 s hens from 2 kg liveweight 400 mA 180 V 7s turkeys 400 mA 180 V 7s ducks, geese 600 my 180 V 7s 5.3 If the operator of the slaughterhouse applies any parameters other than those indicated in ch. 5.1 and 5.2, it must establish under art. 24 that the effect is the same relying on expertise carried out by an independent scientific body.
6 trigger from a judgment of cardiac function by passing an electric current through the heart 6.1 if the bleeding does not intervene in the 20s following the passage of current through the head, the operator must cause an interruption of cardiac function by passing electric current by the coeur.6.2 the passage of current through the heart must in all cases be preceded by a passage of current through the head for at least 3 s except in the case of passage through the whole body and in the case of fully automated stunning of the porcs.6.3 fully automated stunning of pigs must be preceded by a passage of current through the head during 1 s to the moins.6.4 in cattle of more than 200 kg of body weight, in pigs and in the case of frequencies above 100 Hz the passage of current through the head must be accompanied by, or immediately followed by a passage of current through the coeur.6.5 the current passing through the heart must be sinusoidal type, at 50 Hz, and must comply with the following parameters: species / animal category the current duration of the passage of the current Condition additional a. pigs 1 A 4 - b s. cattle up to 200 kg 1 A 5s the passage of current through the head must be maintained c. cattle of more than 200 kg 1.5 A 5s the passage of current through the head must be maintained d. bovine animals of more than 200 kg 2.5 A 15 s after the passage of current through the head e. chickens
0.24 A 5 s - 7 main symptoms to monitor the success of the electrical stunning by passage of current through the head 7.1 in mammals, the success of stunning shall be checked mainly on the basis of the following symptoms: a. stiffening and collapse immediate; b. tonic cramp (high intensity and long-lasting muscle contractions) followed by the clonic phase (rapid series of short-term convulsions); c. respiratory arrest during more than 20 s; d. lack of response to a painful stimulus at the stop of the tonic-clonic cramps (absence of reflex of the nasal septum); e. lack of corneal reflex at the stop of tonic-clonic cramps; f. absence of vocalizations; ETG. lack of voluntary movement, attempts to get up.
7.2 in poultry, the effectiveness of stunning should be checked mainly on the basis of the following symptoms: a. immediately as soon as the stiffening of current; b. cramp tonic with a duration of 20 s with extension of the legs, ecarquillement of the eyes and respiratory arrest v. phase clonic with reflex reflex wing beats and legs movements; d. lack of corneal reflex to the judgment of the tonic-clonic cramps; e. absence of vocalizations; ETF. attempts to get up, lack of voluntary movement.
8 main symptoms to monitor the success of the electrical stunning causing an interruption of cardiac function 8.1 the success of stunning shall be checked mainly on the basis of the following symptoms: a. immediate stiffening as soon as the current; b. a tonic cramp v. respiratory arrest; d. clonic phase (rapid series of short-term convulsions); e. lack of response to a painful stimulus at the stop of tonic-clonic cramps; f. absence of corneal reflex after the end of the tonic-clonic phase; ETG. total relaxation of the body and maximum dilation of the pupil.
9 documentation and measures 9.1 for the slaughter more of 10 animals per day, the success of the electrical stunning shall be verified by sampling during the day of slaughter, controlling and documenting the presence, immediately before the start of the bleeding, the main symptoms from this form of stunning. Cases where stunning proved ineffective should be documentes.9.2 If 1% of animals or more with obvious symptoms of inadequate stunning, corrective measures must be taken; These measures must be documented.
10 duration until the bleeding in animals warm-blooded, incision of bleeding should be performed in the 20s after electrical stunning, unless a judgment of heart function caused previously.
State on January 1, 2014 annex 3 (art. 15) electrical stunning of poultry in a water bath 1 requirements to be met by the facilities and equipment 1.1 rail suspension of poultry must be accessible along its entire length. The water bath must be visible.1.2 the area where one bleeds poultry must be visually accessible along its entire length; the measures provided for in art. 21 must there be taken immediately before the start of the bleeding or immediately before the beginning of the scalding and the plumaison.1.3 because of its size and its depth, the water tank used to stun poultry must allow a full immersion of the head of all animals; the water level must be reglable.1.4 when the stunning of poultry in water bath, avoid any prior contact of a part of the body other than the head with electric power; It must particularly avoid that at the time of the disposal of certain animals, water overflows from one side and comes in contact with animals not yet etourdis.1.5 of the appropriate provisions must be taken to ensure an efficient passage of current through the body of the animal. Includes ensuring that there is a contact enough between the legs of poultry and the hangers and ensure wetting of the crochets.1.6 available to the electrodes in the water bath and Earth must guarantee the passage of current in the whole body of each of the animaux.1.7 the electrodes immersed in water must be placed on the length of the tray eau.1.8 the installation of electrical stunning shall be equipped with : a. measuring instruments in the field of vision of the operator the intensity and the actual voltage of electric current; b. a display of the frequency of electric current if different settings of this parameter are possible; c. an acoustic or optical warning to the operator of the inadequacies of the stunning related to changes in the intensity of the electric current; ETD. possibility of connection to external measuring devices for recording electrical data during the process of stunning.
1.9 for all stunning whose electrical parameters are adjustable, the operator must have a mode of employment indicating clearly the types of current, intensity, voltage, frequency and the actual duration specific to each program, so you can correlate the settings indicated on the device and the concerne.1.10 program adjustable stunning facilities shall permanently display the following settings : a. the effective intensity of current (average RMS RMS in A), b. the effective voltage (RMS v effective average value), v. frequency (Hz) current, etd. the speed of the stunning chain (m/s).
1.11 the deviations of the effective voltage reaching more than 5% down and the nominal frequency of the current variances must be recorded and the measures taken to remedy must be documented.
2 passage of electric current in the water bath 2.1 in the case of stunning of poultry in water bath, there must be a sufficient voltage to produce an intensity guaranteeing each animal.2.2 stunning if poultry have not been stunned or were partially stunned in the tray of water, they must be immediately stunned or put to death in the main.2.3 with a frequency of 50 Hz , the effective average intensity that must be achieved for each animal in the first second and maintained at least throughout the specified period is as follows: category of animal intensity duration hens 100 my 4S turkeys 150 my 4S ducks, geese 130 mA 6s quail 45 my 4S 2.4 in chickens and turkeys, with greater than 50 Hz frequency the effective minimum current intensity to be achieved the frequencies for each animal in the first second, and to maintain at least 4 s is as follows: frequency hens turkeys over 50 to 200 Hz 100 my 250 my 200-400 Hz 150 mA 400 mA 400 to 1500 Hz 200 my 400 my 2.5 under art. 24, the operator of the slaughterhouse which applies to parameters other than those of c. 2.3 and 2.4 shall be able to establish on the basis of scientific expertise, conducted by an independent expert scientific body, that the effect is analogue.2.6 If the bleeding occurs not within 10 s after the end of the passage of electrical current, this shall result in a stoppage of cardiac function in accordance with ch. 18.104.22.168 to cause an interruption of cardiac function by the passage of electric current , must be for more than one second at least a 50 Hz sinusoidal current with the following intensities: a. 150 mA for hens; b. 250 mA for turkeys.
3 the success of electric stunning and bleeding 3.1 control the success of stunning shall be checked mainly on the basis of the following symptoms: a. immediate stiffening at the time of the passage of the current; b. lack of reaction at the time of the incision of bloodletting; c. lack of voluntary movement, attempts to recover during the bleeding; ETD. relaxation of the body, absence of corneal reflex, maximal dilation of the pupil before the scalding.
3.2 has each new consignment check to the early success of the electrical stunning and bleeding by survey. The check consists in verifying the presence of the main symptoms caused by efficient electrical stunning immediately prior to the start of bleeding and immediately before the scalding and plucking. Cases where stunning proves to be insufficient shall be documentes.3.3 the sample size must match the number of animals of a batch that pass on the chain for 1 min, but must not be less than 20 animals. If deviations from the standards are found during the inspection by survey, corrective measures must be taken immediately and documented.
RO 2011 4489 State on January 1, 2014 annex 4 (art. 15) exposure of pigs to carbon dioxide 1 requirements to be met by the facilities and equipment 1.1 the stunning of pigs to carbon dioxide shall comply with the following requirements: a. entry into the conveyor must be located on one level and devoid of threshold and slope; b. the conveyor and the wells in which pigs are exposed to CO2 shall be lighted by a indirect light; c. a window should allow to inspect the inside of the well permanently and safely; d. pigs must stand unless their thorax is compressed, and their feet touch the ground closed until they lose consciousness.
1.2 make sure that the maximum capacity of the installation of the CO2 stunning cannot be exceeded (number of animals per hour). The minimum duration of exposure to the gas and CO2 concentration at the level of the head of pigs should not be below standards prevues.1.3 the minimum concentration of CO2 must be 84% by volume and the exposure duration minimum of 100 s.1.4 only the person responsible may make changes to the technical settings; These changes must be recorded.
2 measuring instruments and statements 2.1 the wells in which pigs are exposed to CO2 must be equipped with sensors to measure the concentration of the gas: a. at the point where the head of the animal enters in an atmosphere having a CO2 concentration of 84% by volume; b. to the point where the animal's head comes out of the atmosphere of CO2 with a concentration of 84% by volume.
2.2 the stunning installation must have a system to identify the time of exposure of an animal at lowest concentrations of CO2 prescrites.2.3 CO2 concentration and the time of exposure of the animals to at least 84% of volume must be registered permanently; deviations from the standards and the measures taken to remedy must be documentes.2.4 instruments of measurement referred to in 2.1 and 2.2 c. must always be visible and give a warning signal optical and sound when the minimum exposure duration is less than the fixed standard or the concentration of CO2 (% by volume) descends more than 60 s 2% by volume or more below the minimum fixe.2.5 the proper functioning of the instruments of measurement referred to in 2.1 and 2.2 c. must be checked at least once per semester and results must be documented.
3 delivery of pigs to the side well to exposure to CO2 3.1 routing automated by groupe3.1.1 the mechanism of introduction of pigs by group in the carrycot must function so that the pressure that is exerted on the pigs is not too strong. The pressure of the removable wall growing pigs in the nacelle, and which must be moved closer to the entrance of the carrycot, must be limited to a maximum value (number of animals multiplied by 100 kg).3.1.2 when operating a door by pneumatic separation blocking the compartment for the introduction of pigs in the nacelle, the lateral pressure exerted on a pig must be limited to 50 kg.3.1.3 in the case where the system has on the way to the installation of dizziness, a partition automatically pushing pigs forward, the speed of the partition must be set between 0.2 and 0.5 m/s. Partition growing pigs should not greater than 100 kg pressure and must be moved closer to the door of separation if there are une.3.2 moving animals in the installation of etourdissement3.2.1 the pigs must be introduced into the well of exposure to CO2 with the concentration predicted at ch. 7 without delay and if possible without intermediate stop no later than 20 s. after the entry of the first animal in the installation.3.2.2 conveyors must be responsible for at least two pigs; the number of animals must be adapted to the space available.
4 exposure to CO2 4.1 the CO2 concentration of 84% by volume required for stunning of pigs should be reached within 15 s after its release into the air; at least 84% of CO2 concentration must be maintained for 100 sec. at least. Less than 100 s cannot be compensated by a higher concentration of CO2.4.2 in systems that contain more than one stop in the sink for CO2, the concentration to the lowest point of the installation must reach at least 90% by volume at the height of the head of the animals.
5 control 5.1 CO2 stunning success the success of stunning of the animal must be checked mainly according to the following symptoms: a. failure to react to a stimulus of pain (reflex of the nasal septum); b. expansion of pupils v. lack of spontaneous closure of the eyelids; d. absence of regular breathing (also of short and choppy aspirations at short intervals); e. lack of vocalizations; f. lack of effort to get up , spontaneous movements; g. release total-body; ETH. lack of response to incision of bleeding.
5.2 the success of carbon dioxide stunning must be verified by sampling several times during the day of slaughter. Check the main symptoms due to this form of stunning immediately before the start of the bleeding. Cases where stunning proved insufficient must be documentes.5.3 If the number of animals with obvious symptoms of insufficient stunning or insufficient bleeding is 1% or more, of the corrective measures must be taken and these measures must be documented.
6 new stunning 6.1 when carbon dioxide stunning is insufficient, the pigs must be stunned with a gun Rod perforante.6.2 between the location where the pigs are evicted from the installation of stunning and the end of the string of bloodletting, a captive bolt gun in charge appropriate to the category of animals concerned must always be available to immediately stun inadequately stunned animals.
7 settings 7.1 CO2 stunning CO2 concentration, duration of exposure to CO2 and the interval between the outlet and the beginning of incision of bleeding must be correlated as follows: Concentration CO2 exposure to CO2 interval until the bleeding a. at least 84% vol CO2 100 s max. 55 sec after exit b. at least 84% vol CO2 120 s max 60 s after release v. at least 84% vol CO2 150 s
Max. 70 sec after exit d. at least 88% vol CO2 150 s max. 100 sec after exit e. at least 90% vol CO2 120 s max. 70 s after release 7.2 the maximum time interval allowed from the time of the output of the carrycot up bleeding through incision applies to each animal individually; When there are several animals in the nacelle, the interval is the last animal that arrives at the etourdissement.7.3 under art. 24, the operator shall establish through scientific expertise, conducted by an independent expert scientific body, that the effectiveness of other parametric values is analogue.7.4 expertise must establish the success of stunning on at least 1000 pigs in operating conditions normale.7.5 expertise must indicate how the settings under c. 7.1 are coordinated between them and specify what maximum capacity (number of animals per hour) result for stunning installations.
State on January 1, 2014 annex 5 (art. 15) stunning rabbits and poultry by a blow on the head 1 stunning rabbits and poultry by percussion 1.1 stunning percussion should be used on animals of a live weight of 10 kg maximum, and only by means of mechanical devices which allow to kick on the frontal bone without fracture.1.2 the performer shall ensure that the point of impact of the device and the power of the load of the cartridge or the tension of the spring is a spring device correspond to the manufacturer's instructions and that the animal is immediately put into a State of insensibility and unconscious until his mort.1.3 animals stunned by percussion should be bled without retard.1.4 incision of bleeding must intervene within 10 s after stunning.
2 stunning of poultry by a blow to the head 2.1 one person is not authorized to stun more than 200 animals per day with a blow to the tete.2.2 stunning shall be carried out in a sufficiently powerful hit on the back of the head with a hard object, blunt and lourd.2.3 incision of bleeding must intervene within 10 s after stunning.
State on January 1, 2014 annex 6 (art. 15) dizziness with a bullet in the brain (with a pistol, a revolver or a rifle) 1 animals for slaughter 1.1 if beef is stunned by a bullet in the brain, it must be bled immediately after the tir.1.2 the shot should be shot in the head so that the animal is immediately stunned. The caliber of the bullet and the impact energy must be suffisants.1.3 only are admitted bullets which at the time of the impact deform, or disintegrate. The use of shielded bullets is interdite.1.4 the firing position shall be selected as follows: a. in horses: perpendicular to the frontal surface on the centreline, at the point of intersection of the two diagonals connecting the middle of the eye to the middle of the base of the opposite ear.
b. in cattle: perpendicular to the frontal surface on the centreline, at the point of intersection of the two diagonals connecting the middle of the eye and the environment of the base of the opposite Horn;
1.5 if owned grazing of beef cattle is stunned by bullet in the head, it is necessary to use a sniper rifle. Shooting distance should be chosen between 10 and 20 m; the shooter must have a support for its canon. The ball must reach at least 400 m/s and reach the body with 100% of its energy.
2 game held in pens
2.1 game held in pens can be stunned or killed only using Buckshot with a calibre of at least 6.5 mm (calibre. 257) and with an impact energy of at least 2000 joules on 100 m.2.2 shooting distance must be between 10 and 30 m.2.3 deer may also be stunned by Buckshot of 5.6 mm calibre (calibre. 222) with 300 J energy out of the barrel under the following condition : shooting distance is less than 25 m; b. the animal is pulled from an elevated point from 1 to 4 m; etc. raised point is located in an enclosure whose soil is not hard and which the barrier reaches a height of at least 1.80 m.
2.4 the shooting for complete inmate game enclosure, for as much as it is necessary, must be performed with pistol or revolver ammunition which the energy out of the barrel is at least 250 J. The ball must reach the animal's body to 100% of its energy.
State on January 1, 2014