Regulation (2014:21) On The Geological Storage Of Carbon Dioxide

Original Language Title: Förordning (2014:21) om geologisk lagring av koldioxid

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Read the untranslated law here: http://rkrattsbaser.gov.se/sfst?bet=2014:21

section 1 of this regulation are notified



1. on the basis of Chapter 4. section 9 of the Environment Act in respect of section 10,



2. on the basis of Chapter 9. section 6 and 15. section 28 of the environmental code in

case of 9, 11, 25, 27-41, 45, 46, 48-54, 58, 59, 64, 67, 68

and 70 sections,



3. with the support of 26 kap. section 19 of the environmental code regarding paragraphs 42 to 44,

4. with the support of 26 kap. section 20 of the environmental code in terms of section 47,



5. with the support of 27 Cape. section 2 of the environmental code in relation to paragraphs 55 to 57,

and



6. Moreover, pursuant to Chapter 8. 7 or 11 §

the Constitution Act. Regulation (2014:432).



Words and expressions in the regulation



paragraph 2 of this regulation,



geological formation: a litostratigrafisk unit within which

distinct layers of rocks can be found and mapped,



geological storage of carbon dioxide: storage of carbon dioxide streams

who has injekterats in an underground geological formation,



storage place: a distinct volume within a geological formation

used for the geological storage of carbon dioxide with

the associated surface installations and injekteringsanläggningar,



the storage complex: the storage site and surrounding geological

area that can affect storage integrity and security,

and



supervisory authority: the authority under

environmental protection Regulation (2011:13) supervises

geological storage of carbon dioxide. Regulation (2014:432).



3 section hydraulic unit referred to in this regulation a cavity

as



1. is hydraulically communicating,



2. is porous,



3. has such properties that pressure changes are technically

measurable,



4. lead the technically measurable pressure changes on, and



5. limited by impenetrable faults, salt layers,

litologiska borders or other impermeable layer or

the wedge formation of the geologic formation or of a

bedrock in this formation comes into the day.



paragraph 4 for the purposes of this regulation,



CO2 stream: a flow of substances that results from

processes for CO2 capture, and



koldioxidplym: the volume of carbon dioxide which spreads in a geological

formation.



paragraph 5 of this regulation,



significant disturbance: any disturbance at the injection or

storage or in the case of the storage complex

nature that may pose a risk of leakage of CO2

or risk to human health or the environment,



corrective action: any action to remedy

a significant disturbance or seal a leak be taken to

prevent or stop emissions of carbon dioxide from a

storage complexes,



the closure of a storage site: permanent cessation of

koldioxidinjektering in a storage location, and



liability transfer: transfer to the State of the responsibility that

an operator has in the case of a storage location.



section 6, otherwise, words and expressions in this regulation the same

importance in the environmental code.



Application



section 7 of this Regulation shall apply to the geological storage of

carbon dioxide in Sweden, the Swedish continental shelf and the Swedish

economic zone. Provisions on the continental shelf, see the

Lagen (1966:314) om kontinentalsockeln. Provisions on

Sweden's economic zone, see the Act (1992:1140)

economic zone.



section 8 of the Ordinance shall not apply to storage



1. refers to a combined planned storage of less than 100 000

tonnes of carbon dioxide, and



2. measures are being taken for research, development or testing of new

products or processes.



The location of a repository



§ 9 A geological formation may be used for the storage of

CO2 only if



1. There is no significant risk of leakage of

carbon dioxide from the repository, and



2. storage of carbon dioxide on the site does not present any

significant risk to human health or the environment.



section 10 of the geological storage of CO2 may only occur in Swedish

economic zone and the areas that are not part of the real estate in

Swedish territorial waters from a nautical mile off

the baseline.



Such storage shall not take place



1. in the vertical water column (water column) between

the surface of the water and bottom sediments, or



2. in storage complexes extending beyond a State within

The territory of the European Union or outside the economic

zone into such a State.



If, pursuant to article 6 of the 1996 Protocol to the 1972

Convention on the prevention of marine pollution by

dumping of wastes and other matter (SUN 2000:48) requires a

specific agreement between Sweden and another State and Sweden

has not entered into such a contract, the storage of carbon dioxide

not be in a storage location that spans both

Swedish territory or the Swedish economic zone and

the other State's territory or economic zone.



Assessment of storage site suitability



section 11 of The who intends to carry on a business with geological

storage of CO2 will make an assessment of the geological

line suitability as repository and acquire the

knowledge and information necessary to make the assessment.

The assessment shall be made in accordance with paragraphs 12 and 25 and



1. include a description and an evaluation of

the storage complex and its surrounding area, and



2. be made to the methods which, at the time of the assessment is

the best.



Model for the assessment of appropriateness



section 12 of the assessment under section 11 is included making a volumetric

and three-dimensional static geological model of

the storage site and storage complex. CapRock and

areas and fluids that are interconnected by hydrological

the storage site and storage complex to be included in the model.



If necessary to meet the requirements of best practice,

assessed with a series of models.



section 13 A model under section 12 shall be done with the safe knowledge that

possible in the case of



1. storage complex geology and Geophysics,



2. the presence of the storage complex of the groundwater that can

be used for drinking water and storage complex hydrogeology

otherwise,



3. volumetric calculations of pore volume for injection of

CO2 in the storage complex and its final

storage capacity and storage complex in reservoarteknik

Moreover,



4. dissolution rate, mineraliseringstakt and other

geochemistry,



5. permeability, sprickbildnings press and other

geomekanik,



6. seismicity,



7. Wells and boreholes, which can serve as pathways and

the presence of otherwise of natural and manufactured cracks

and channels and wells, direction, cracks and

channel condition,



8. the areas surrounding the storage complex that may be affected by

the storage of CO2 in the storage site;



9. population distribution in the region is over

the place of storage;



10. close to Natura 2000 areas for protection under

European Parliament and Council directive 2009/147/EC of 30

November 2009 on the conservation of wild birds, in wording as

Council Directive 2013/17/EU, and Council Directive 92/43/EEC of

21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna

and plants, in the wording of Council Directive 2013/17/EU,



11. access to potable ground water, hydrocarbons and other

valuable natural resources,



12. activities relating to the exploration, production, or

storage of hydrocarbons, geothermal use of aquifers,

the use of underground water reserves and other

activities surrounding the storage complex, and any

interaction with such activities,



13. close to the places where carbon dioxide might

come for storage in a repository with an estimate of

the total potential of CO2 as economically can be

available for storage, and



14. access to suitable transport network for carbon dioxide.



The knowledge referred to in the first subparagraph shall be documented.

Knowledge of geoscience and storage complex

geomechanical characteristics referred to in the first subparagraph 1 – 7 are to be included in the

the model.



section 14 of the model under section 12 shall be carried out with computerised

reservoir Simulator and, with the use of the knowledge

obtained under section 13, describe the storage complex in the case of



1. the physical trap geological structure,



2. reservoir geomechanical, geochemical and flow-related

properties,



3. reservoir layer in the form of caprock,

seals, porous and permeable horizons and surrounding

formations,



4. the problem and the possible presence of antroprogena

fissures and channels,



5. storage complex area and depth,



6. pore volume and porstorleksfördelningen,



7. the initial liquid distribution, and



8. any other relevant characteristics.



section 15, Every uncertainty in a model under section 12 shall be assessed.

The uncertainty for each parameter that is used for the model shall

be assessed through the development of a series of scenarios for each

parameter and calculation of an appropriate

probability range.



Dynamic modeling for the aptitude assessment



16 § using the models referred to in section 12 shall

the assessment under section 11 shall be made with a dynamic modelling.

Simulations of injection of CO2 in the storage site

to be included in the modeling. The simulations shall relate to several different

time step of Grouting.



section 17 of the modeling aim to assess the

CO2 injection and storage site dynamic

behavior. Short-term and long-term simulations to be done

so that it is possible to assess what is going on with

the carbon dioxide and how it behaves for decades and

millennia.



Modelling should be made taking into account the



1. carbon dioxide streams characteristics,



2. the potential injekteringstakten,



3. how the injected carbon dioxide reaction with minerals in

the storage complex is reflected in the model (reactive

processes),



4. the dissolution rate of water,



5. the reservoir Simulator used and that it may be required

multiple simulations to validate certain findings, and




6. how effective modeling is concerned about how the different

individual effects in the Simulator to interact (merge

processes).



section 18 of the modeling will provide knowledge about the



1. the geological formation pressure and temperature as a

function over time by injekteringshastighet and cumulative

injekteringsmängd,



2. areal and vertical spread over time,



3. characteristics of carbon flow in the reservoir and flow

behavior in different phases (phase behavior),



4. mechanisms for and extent of carbon sequestration

including overflow levels and lateral and vertical

seals,



5. secondary containment systems in the storage complex which

as a whole,



6. storage capacity and pressure gradients on

the place of storage;



7. risk of cracking of caprock

and storage complex;



8. the risk that carbon dioxide should penetrate into the caprock,



9. risk of leakage from the storage site by abandoned

or inadequately sealed wells or otherwise,



10. the migration rate from open reservoirs,



11. sprickförseglingstakten,



12. changes of pH, mineral formation or other

factors related to formationernas fluid chemistry or reactions

related to this,



13. displacement of fluids in the formation, and



14. increased seismicity and elevation at surface level.



section 19 of a reactive modelling should be made to assess the

the effects of changes and reactions referred to in section 18 of the

12.



Aptitude assessment accuracy



20 § Multiple simulations shall be undertaken to establish the

aptitude assessment accuracy in case of certain

parameters. The simulations shall be based on the parameters

changes in the static geological Earth model, as well as on various

probability calculations and assumptions in the dynamic

the modeling.



Risk assessment in the aptitude assessment



section 21 of the suitability assessment of storage site should contain

an assessment and description of the risks, an

exposure assessment and impact assessment under sections 22 to 25.



The assessment shall take into account all the factors that have

importance of assessment accuracy.



section 22 of the description of hazards should be done with the help of knowledge

from the dynamic modeling under paragraphs 16 to 19 and from

the simulations under section 20. Risk characterisation shall include

the full range of possible operating conditions for examining

Security storage complex and shall contain a statement

for the potential for leakage of CO2 from

the storage complex with regard to the



1. potential leakage pathways;



2. the potential magnitude of leakage from läckagevägarna

(feeds),



3. a maximum of reservoartryck, maximum injekteringstakt,

temperature, sensitivity to various assumptions in the static

geological models and other critical parameters that can

affecting potential leakage,



4. displacement of fluids and the formation of new topics in the

geologic formation and other secondary effects of

CO2 storage,



5. the structures that will be made in the context of the project,

and



6. factors that might pose a hazard to human

health or the environment.



section 23 of the exposure assessment shall be based on the description of the

environment, population and activities above

the storage complex, what happens to the carbon dioxide and how it

behave in the event of leakage from the potential

leakage pathways have been identified.



24 § Impact assessment shall be based on information about

the sensitivity of particular species, communities or habitats

who may be affected by potential läckagehändelser that has

have been identified. The assessment should include the effects of



1. exposure to high levels of carbon dioxide in the soil, in

bottom sediments in the biological world, the bottom (benthic

the zone) and in the biosphere that may lead to choking or

carbon dioxide poisoning,



2. reduced pH values in the surrounding area as a result of

carbon leakage, and



3. other substances that may be present in leaking CO2 streams on

because of the existence of impurities in the carbon dioxide streams

injekterats or new substances formed through storage of

carbon dioxide.



Impact assessment must be carried out with a temporal and spatial scale and

be linked to a series of potential läckagehändelser of different

scope.



section 25 of the risk assessment should



1. on the basis of risk description and exposure

and impact assessments,



2. cover the security and integrity of the storage complex on card

and long term as regards the risk of leakage under the

proposed conditions of use,



3. cover the effects on human health and the environment, and



4. include an assessment of the uncertainties that have

identified in connection with the description and assessment of

the storage location and, when possible, a description of the

opportunities to reduce uncertainty.



Permits and plans



section 26 of the Regulations that authorisation to geological

storage of carbon dioxide are found in environmental assessment regulation

(2013:251) and the Regulation (1998:899) concerning environmentally hazardous

activity and health protection.



section 27 of The who intends to carry on a business with geological

storage of carbon dioxide, before business begins establishing

proposal for a



1. a plan describing the measures to be taken in

the event of leakage of CO2 or significant disruptions to

storage complex (corrective action plan),



2. a monitoring plan for inspection in accordance with chapter 26. § 19

Environment Act and section 43 of this regulation, and



3. a plan for maintenance after closure.



Item 2 of the first paragraph apply in addition to the monitoring programmes that can

be required under Chapter 26. section 19 of the environmental code.



Provisions relating to an application for a permit for geological

storage of carbon dioxide should include a proposal for a

monitoring plan and a draft plan for remediation

operations, see Chapter 22. 1 a of the environmental code.



section 28 Permits for geological storage of CO2 may only

be used if the operator demonstrates that the operator has

the financial resources required to carry out geological

storage of carbon dioxide and to carry out the monitoring

as required by section 42.



section 29 If someone has permission to the geological storage of

carbon dioxide according to Chapter 9. the environmental code, may not be

authorization for storage in the same storage location.



30 § If there is more than one storage location in a hydraulic

device, is authorized only if the potential

touch interaction is such that both the storage locations

at the same time, comply with the requirements of the Environment Act and regulations

announced on the basis of the beam.



section 31 On multiple has applied for permits for geological storage

of carbon dioxide in the same storage location, it shall take precedence as a

has



1. permission to explore the continental shelf for the purposes of geological

storage pursuant to lagen (1966:314) om

the continental shelf,



2. completed the survey of the site,



3. met all the conditions in the permit, and



4. applied for permission to the geological storage of carbon dioxide.



Monitoring plan



32 § the monitoring plan referred to in paragraph 27 2

shall relate to the management of the risks identified in the

the risk assessment according to paragraphs 21 to 25. The plan shall comply with the requirements of

paragraphs 33 to 37.



section 33 of the monitoring plan should be detailed

information on the monitoring that will be done during

the business ' main phases. This includes monitoring of

baseline, the monitoring of operation and monitoring

closing. For each operational phase to the monitoring plan

contain specific information about the



1. the parameters to be monitored,



2. What is the technology used for the monitoring and the reasons for

the selected surveillance technologies,



3. which locations are being monitored and the reasons for the selected

locations for sampling, and



4. when sampling should occur and the reasons for

tagningarnas sample distribution over time.



section 34 monitoring plan must include:



1. monitoring of leakage of CO2 at

injekteringsanläggningen,



2. monitoring of the volumetric flow of carbon dioxide at

injekteringsbrunnstopparna,



3. monitoring of the pressure and temperature at

injekteringsbrunnstopparna, to the extent necessary for the

determining the mass flow rate,



4. chemical analysis of the injected material,



5. monitoring of reservoir temperature and pressure, in the

extent necessary to determine CO2 phase,

behavior and status, and



6. monitoring of the parameters that are otherwise

identified as necessary to meet

the purpose of surveillance.



section 35 in relation to the technology used for monitoring should

the monitoring plan may mean that the technology is chosen as the

with the best available techniques when the plan is drawn up. The

selected technology should



1. involve the presence, location and

migration routes in the geological formations, and at

formationernas surface can be detected,



2. provide information on koldioxidplymens behavior in terms of

pressure and volume, as well as horizontal and vertical sprawl so

the simulations of the dynamic model in accordance with paragraph 16 of may

adjusted for increased accuracy, and



3. in the event of a significant disruption or

carbon migration from the storage complex give information about

previously undetected leakage pathways within a large geographic

area.



36 § monitoring plan will mean that the monitoring

adapted to current conditions by



1. information collected is compiled and interpreted, and



2. the observed results are compared with the behaviour that

foreseen in modelling and simulation under section 20.



section 37 If the observed results referred to in paragraph 2 of section 35 is different

significantly different from that envisaged, the


the models referred to in section 12 shall be calibrated so that the models

reflects the observed results. The calibration shall

based on the data captured in the plan and the

additional data that may be needed to increase security in the

assumptions that are added to the basis for the calibration.



Financial security



38 the security referred to in section 15. 36 § environmental code should

apply until



1. transfer of responsibility has been made, or



2. a new security has been provided in accordance with a new

permit, if the permit envisaged when the safety

asked have been revoked in accordance with Chapter 24. paragraph 3 of the Swedish environmental code and

the regulatory authority has not decided to the storage site should

be closed.



Composition of CO2 streams



section 39 The CO2 stream that are injected in the storage location,

consist of only carbon dioxide. CO2 stream may, however,

contain traces of other substances than carbon dioxide derived from

sources of carbon dioxide emissions, the separation or

injekteringsprocessen and trace substances added in connection

with monitoring and control of the movements within the

the storage complex. The concentrations of such substances must not

exceed levels that could



1. have a negative impact on the storage location or security

and operation of the infrastructure used

transport of carbon dioxide,



2. constitute a significant risk to human health or the

the environment, or



3. contrary to the requirements of other legislation.



section 40 of the operator must not allow a low power

injected into the storage site without having



1. composition of the CO2 stream is analysed and

the presence in it of corrosive substances and other substances that have

significance for risk assessment according to paragraphs 21 to 25, and



2. made a risk assessment of carbon dioxide the power given

to the levels of other substances than carbon dioxide referred to in section 39

and with respect to licence conditions on

the composition of the CO2 stream.



41 § the operator shall keep a list of

the quantity and composition of, and the characteristics of the

CO2 streams delivered to and injected in

plant.



Monitoring and control



42 § the operator's inspection in accordance with chapter 26. § 19

the environmental code, in terms of geological storage of carbon dioxide

aim to



1. compare the actual and modelled behaviour of the

carbon dioxide and the water contained in the storage location,



2. detect significant disturbances,



3. monitor the movements within the storage complex;



4. detecting leakage of CO2;



5. detection of significant adverse effects on drinking water and

the surrounding environment;



6. detection of significant adverse effects on human health

or the environment,



7. assess the effectiveness of remedial actions

taken,



8. continually assess safety and storage complex

function in the short and long term, and



9. assess whether the stored carbon dioxide will remain

completely and permanently contained.



The control should include injekteringsanläggningen and

the storage complex. If it is possible to control even

include koldioxidplymen and the surrounding area.



43 § the operator shall update the monitoring plan in

needs and not more frequently than every five years.



44 section supervisor shall examine the updates of

the monitoring plan.



Leakage of CO2 and interference



45 section where for a facility for the storage of carbon dioxide

occurs significant leakage of CO2 or significant

interference, the operator shall



1. as soon as possible inform the supervisory authority and the

the authority is the supervisory authority under the law

(2004:1199) on emissions trading, and



2. adopt measures, in accordance with the plan for remediation

measures and other measures that may be required to

protect human health or the environment.



§ 46 if the operator fails to comply with an order from

the supervisory authority to take action as required under section 45

or if the supervisory authority is of the opinion that it is required by other

reasons, the supervisory authority shall apply the measures provided for in

the operator's expense.



Environmental report



47 § in the case of geological storage of carbon dioxide, such

environmental report referred to in chapter 26. section 20 of the environmental code, in addition to the

as follows from section 31 of the Ordinance (1998:899) concerning environmentally hazardous

activity and health protection or regulations announced by

The environmental protection agency, contain



1. the results of the surveillance referred to in section 42;



2. information about the surveillance technology being used,



3. a copy of the list that has been conducted in accordance with section 41, and



4. proof that the financial guarantee is still

valid and in force.



Conditions for closure of the storage site



48 § a storage site shall be closed only if the

the supervisory authority decided that the place of storage,

be closed.



Decision to a storage site should be closed



49 section Supervisor, after application of the

the operator may decide that the storage site should be closed,

If



1. the operator has fulfilled the conditions for closure

as determined in the permit,



2. the operator has made an update of the plan

for maintenance after closure referred to in section 27, first paragraph

3 and the update include a risk analysis and an analysis of

the best possible technology for closure of the repository, and



3. the supervisory authority considers that the updated plan for

maintenance after closure can be approved.



section 50 of the regulatory authority may, in the particular case, give dispensation

from the requirement that all conditions relating to the closure of the State

must be fulfilled.



Responsibilities and obligations after

closure



51 § When the regulator has decided that an

the storage site should be closed, the operator shall



1. sealing the storage site and the removal of

injekteringsanläggningarna, and



2. prior to the transfer of responsibility has been



(a) according to § 42) monitor,



b) take remedial action under section 45;



c) surrender if necessary according to the law

(2004:1199) on emissions trading in the event of

leakage of CO2;



d) where necessary, take preventive measures under Chapter 2.

the environmental code and the remedial measures in accordance with Chapter 10.

the environmental code, and



e) establish environmental report in accordance with chapter 26. section 20 of the environmental code and

section 47 of this regulation.



The conditions for transfer of responsibility



section 52 The responsibility referred to in paragraph 2 of section 51 shall be taken over by

the supervisory authority when it has decided to

the transfer of responsibility will take place and the obligations set out in paragraphs 53 to 55 is

met.



section 53 Before transfer of responsibility shall include all available

data show that the stored CO2 will remain

totally enclosed permanently. To carbon dioxide must be assessed

be totally permanently enclosed,



1. the injected CO2 behaviour in conformity with

the modeled behavior,



2. there be no detectable leakage of CO2;

and



3. it is likely that the repository will

be sustainable.



54 section supervisor shall determine the time at which the

the transfer of responsibility pursuant to section 52 shall take place at the earliest. Period

between the time of the decision to the storage site should

closed and the time of the transfer of responsibility should, however, always

amount to at least 20 years, unless the supervisory authority

considers that all available data indicate that the stored

the carbon dioxide will remain fully and permanently

contained at an earlier time.



55 § the operator shall pay a fee to

the supervisory authority before the transfer of responsibility.



The fee will be used to cover the supervisory

costs to ensure that the carbon dioxide remains

completely and permanently contained after

the transfer of responsibility.



56 section supervisor shall determine in each individual case

the size of the fee pursuant to § 55, taking into account the

information about the storage that is relevant in order to assess

the costs for discharging the responsibilities covered by

the transfer of responsibility. The fee shall, however, always cover

the costs of monitoring for a period of 30 years from the

the transfer of responsibility.



57 § Supervisor may provide for how

the fee will be calculated, how it should be paid and other conditions

relating to the fee.



Cases of transfer of responsibility



58 section If an operator applying for the transfer of responsibility

or the regulatory authority on its own initiative take up such a

question, the operator shall provide a report certifying that the

the requirements of section 53 is met.



59 section Supervisor may provide for what

report under section 58 shall contain and how the data should

are reported.



60 § supervisor shall make the report referred to in 58

§ available for European Commission within one month from the

the report has been received in the case.



61 § When the conditions according to §§ 53 and 54 are met

the supervisory authority shall prepare a draft decision on

the transfer of responsibility and in the draft set



1. the manner in which it has been established that the repository has

sealed and injekteringsanläggningarna have been removed, and



2. the additional requirements for the sealing of the storage site and

for the removal of injekteringsanläggningarna as

the supervisory authority deems necessary.



If the supervisory authority is of the opinion that the conditions for

the transfer of responsibility is not met, it shall

inform the operator about the reasons for this.



62 section supervisor shall send a copy of the data

the case and the draft decision on transfer of responsibility to the

The European Commission and give it the opportunity to be heard.




63 § when the European Commission has given its opinion of the draft

to decisions or announced that it will not give its opinion

and when the regulator is satisfied that

the conditions in paragraph 51 and 53 to 55 sections are

met, the supervisory authority shall issue a final decision in

If the transfer of responsibility. The decision shall contain the reasons for the

deviation from the comments made by the Commission.



The supervisory authority shall inform the Commission of the decision.



Revocation of authorization



section 64 Of the authorisation for the geological storage of carbon dioxide has

been revoked by virtue of Chapter 24. section 3 of the environmental code, may

the supervisory authority may decide that the place of storage,

be closed.



65 section if it is likely that a new State for

activities will be provided, the regulatory authority in the

rather than decide that the storage site should be closed

submit to the operator to take the necessary steps in

pending a new authorisation is needed to



1. monitor according to § 42,



2. take corrective measures under section 45;



3. comply with the CO2 streams in the State

and in paragraphs 39 and 40,



4. surrender allowances under the Act (2004:1199) if

carbon trading, and



5. take action under Chapter 2. section 3 and 10.

the environmental code.



If the supervisory authority's injunction does not

followed, the supervisory authority of the operator's

the cost of carrying out the necessary measures. The injunction shall

contain an indication to that effect.



section 66 If the regulator decides that a storage site shall

closed after the authorization has been revoked, shall

the supervisory authority at the expense of the operator



1. make sure that the plan for maintenance after closure is

updated and the update include a risk analysis and

an analysis of the best available technology for technical improvements

and the closing of the place of storage;



2. take measures according to the plan, and



3. take the necessary measures to comply with the requirements of § 51

2.



67 § If a permit for geological storage of carbon dioxide has

been revoked by virtue of Chapter 24. section 3 of the environmental code, may

the regulatory authority may decide to transfer of responsibility will take place.

Liability in such a case, the transfer may take place only when all

the available evidence indicates that the stored CO2

will remain completely and permanently contained,

the repository is sealed and injekteringsanläggningarna

been removed.



Liability after transfer of responsibility



68 section costs incurred due to inadequate

information, non-disclosure of relevant information, negligence,

intentional deception, lack of care or other errors of

the operator, shall be paid by the operator while

If the transfer of responsibility has been made.



List of closed storage sites



section 69 authority should maintain a list of given

permission for storage of carbon dioxide and of closed

storage sites.



In the case of closed storage sites to the list

contain



1. information in the form of maps and cross-sections showing the

closed storage site spatial demarcation, and



2. information that is relevant to assessing whether the stored

the carbon dioxide will remain fully and permanently

enclosed.



70 section Supervisor may provide for

obligation on operators to provide the information

needed list pursuant to section 69.



71 § When the supervisory authority manifests itself in questions about permits

for activities that may affect or be affected by a closed

storage site shall ensure that the information from the

the list is entered in the trial.



Supervision



section 72 rules on supervision and control are found in chapter 26.

the environmental code, the environmental protection Decree (2011:13) and in

Ordinance (1998:901) if the operator's

own control.



73 section for each facility for the purposes of geological

storage of carbon dioxide, the supervisory authority shall make at least one

monitoring visits a year for three years from the

the storage site was shut down and every five years thereafter, until

transfer of responsibility has been made.



Tillsynsbesöken shall include Grouting resin and

monitoring plants and storage complex effects

on human health and the environment. If necessary, the visits

also include injekteringsanläggningarna and other

surface facilities, assessing the injection and monitoring

carried out by the operator and the control of the registry

held by the operator.



74 § Supervisor should always make the monitoring visits



1. If the supervisor became aware of leakage of

carbon dioxide or significant disruptions,



2. the environmental report indicates that the condition or conditions that

applicable to the business have not been followed and the deviation does not

is calling,



3. If serious complaints relating to human health or the

the environment has been focused on the business, or



4. in other situations where the administrative authority finds that

appropriate.



75 section no later than two months after the monitoring visits to

the supervisory authority



1. in a supervision report describe how the business meet

the terms and conditions applicable to it and specify whether

additional measures need to be taken, and



2. send the report to the operator and the appropriate

make the report available to the public.



76 section supervisor shall regularly review the

financial security referred to in section 38, and assess whether it is

adapted to the need.



section 77 When the transfer of responsibility has taken place, monitoring visits in accordance with

sections 73 and 74. The regulatory authority may reduce its

surveillance as specified in section 42 to the level that is needed to

detecting leakage of CO2 and significant disruption.



If leakage of CO2 or significant interference detected

of the supervisory authority or will to the supervisory

knowledge, the storage location is being monitored to the extent

required to assess the scale of the problems and the

remedial effectiveness.



Cross-border cooperation



78 section Supervisor and the authorities examining the issues

for the geological storage of CO2 shall take the

measures for cooperation with other relevant EU countries needed

for questions regarding transboundary movements of

CO2, transboundary storage sites and

transboundary storage complexes should be resolved in a way that

comply with the provisions of the concerned countries are implementing

European Parliament and Council directive 2009/31/EC of 23

April 2009 on the geological storage of carbon dioxide and amending

Council Directive 85/337/EEC, European Parliament and Council

Directive 2000/60/EC, 2001/80/EC, 2004/35/EC, 2006/12/EC and

2008/1/EC and Regulation (EC) No 1013/2006, the wording

pursuant to European Parliament and Council Directive 92/EU.



Questions about storing carbon for someone else



§ 79 Questions about storing carbon for someone else under 28

Cape. 14 and 15 of the environmental review by the

the supervisory authority.



80 section Of a query according to Chapter 28. section 14 of the

the environmental code falls under the jurisdiction of both the Swedish and

or more other EU countries ' jurisdiction, shall

the review authority shall consult the relevant authorities in

the other countries so that the provisions apply to a

uniform manner.



Reporting



81 section supervisor shall fulfil the

reporting obligations arising from



1. Article 27 of the European Parliament and Council directive

2009/31/EC, and



2. decision 2007/2 of the Convention for the protection of the marine

environment of the North-East Atlantic (SUN 1994:25).