Read the untranslated law here: http://www.boe.es/buscar/doc.php?id=BOE-A-2015-5853
Law 16/1999, of May 4, creation of the College of Geographers, is the legal instrument of its creation as a corporation under public law, with legal personality and full capacity for the fulfilment of its purposes. Its first transitional provision provided that the Managing Committee of the school of Geographers would take over, temporarily, of the Association of Geographers until its final regulation and the Constitution of the aforementioned school governing bodies.
In accordance with the second transitional provision of the law 16/1999, of May 4, creation of the Association of Geographers, by order of the Ministry of public works, of 30 May 2001, the provisional statutes of the aforementioned school were approved. Thus, article 6 of the interim Constitution it stipulates that representative bodies, Government and administration of the College of Geographers are the General Assembly and the Governing Council, article 7 of the abovementioned provisional statutes to devote to the regulation of the General Assembly as the supreme organ of the Association. The Assembly General ordinary of the College, at the meeting held on March 6, 2010, approved the definitive statutes and agreed to elevate them to the Government for approval, through the Ministry of public works, which relates pursuant to article 3 of the law 16/1999, of May 4, creation of the Association of Geographers.
Law 17/2009, of November 23, on free access to services and their exercise and activities the law 25/2009 of 22 December, modification of various laws for its adaptation to the law on free access to the services and your exercise activities, transposing the directive 2006/123/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council , December 12, 2008, on services in the internal market, and incorporate it into our domestic law. Both laws are applicable in the three territorial administrative levels, General Administration of the State, autonomous communities and other local bodies, as well as the so-called corporate governance. Such is the case of professional associations, reason why its statutory rules must be adapted to provisions in these laws and, in particular, to the provisions of article 5 of law 25/2009 whereby important modifications are introduced in law 2/1974, 13 February, professional schools, focusing on the simplification of procedures the reduction of administrative burdens, the reinforcement of the guarantees of consumers and users and various measures that increase transparency in the performance of these public corporations and their collegiate.
The normative project is adopted pursuant to article 149.1.18. ª of the Constitution, to be exclusive competence of the State the basis of the legal regime of public administrations. The new statutes to accommodate the requirements of law 2/1974, on 13 February, professional associations, in particular, to those established by law 25/2009 of 22 December, above.
In accordance with the provisions of article 6, paragraphs 2 and 5, of the Act 2/1974, 13 February, professional associations, as well as with the provisions of article 24 of the Law 50/1997, of 27 November, the Government, the new statutes are subject to the approval of the Government. In processing the project has received the opinion of several ministerial departments, consideration of other related professional associations linked with the Ministry of public works, as well as with the assent of the Council of State. For its report, has also referred to the communities and autonomous cities.
In his virtue, a proposal from the Minister of promotion, according to the Council of State and after deliberation by the Council of Ministers at its meeting of May 14, have: single article. Approval of the statutes.
Approve the statutes of the College of Geographers inserted below.
Sole repeal provision. Repeal legislation.
The order of the Ministry of development on May 30, 2001 that were approved provisional statutes of the Association of Geographers is repealed.
First final provision. Skill-related title.
The present Royal Decree is issued on the basis of provisions of article 149.1.18. ª of the Constitution, which attributes to the State the exclusive competence to dictate the bases of the legal regime of public administrations.
Second final provision. Safeguarding of regional powers.
The regulation contained in the statutes, approved by Royal Decree, sets, without prejudice resulting to the autonomous communities, under powers having attributed in terms of professional associations, constitute associations of Geographers in their respective territories or regional councils.
Third final provision. Entry into force.
This Royal Decree shall enter into force the day following its publication in the "Official Gazette".
Given in Madrid on 14 may 2015.
The Minister of promotion, ANA MARÍA PASTOR JULIÁN statutes of Association of GEOGRAPHERS chapter I provisions general article 1. Constitution and definition.
1. the Association of Geographers is a corporation under public law which is constituted on the basis of article 36 of the Spanish Constitution, and is governed by the provisions of the legislation on professional associations and all legal regulations that may apply, by law 16/1999 of May 4, creation of the Association of Geographers , and by the present statutes and other College rules.
2. the College of Geographers has its own legal personality and full capacity for the fulfilment of its purposes.
3. the College of Geographers will relate with the General Administration of the State through the Ministry of public works.
Article 2. Regional and headquarters.
1. the territorial scope of the College of Geographers is the State Spanish, compatible with the autonomy of their bodies in the different territorial delegations and the solidarity among them all.
2. the seat of the College resides in Madrid, without prejudice to the establishment of other offices in the delegations that may, with respect to the powers of the local authorities.
3. the use of the official languages in bodies and school communications is regulated by the provisions of the current legislation on language use in the State and the autonomous communities.
Article 3. Purposes and functions of the College.
1 are fundamental aims of the College management of the exercise of the profession of a geographer, institutional representation and defending the professional interests of referees, as well as the protection of the interests of consumers and users of the services of their members, without prejudice to the competence of the public administration on the basis of the civil service relationship , in your case.
2 functions of the College, for the legitimate performance of its purposes are: to) collegiate to represent the profession of geographer before public authorities, authorities, companies and individuals, with authority to be part in many lawsuits, records and administrative procedures affecting the professional interests and exercising the right of petition, according to the law.
b) ordering, in the sphere of its competence, the professional activity of referees, ensuring the ethical and professional dignity and respect for referees and individual rights, as well as exercise disciplinary measures relating to its members, in accordance with the provisions of the statutes.
(c) to ensure the moral, technical and social prestige of their collegiate, promoting corporate of all kinds, aimed at mutual good feelings, and leading measures to prevent unfair competition between them.
(d) defend the propriety, the rights and the interests of the profession at all levels.
(e) exercising many functions are entrusted to them by public administrations and collaborating with these, as well as organizations and individuals, by conducting studies, reporting, queries solution, development of statistics and other activities related to its purposes that can be requested or agreed to formulate on its own initiative.
(f) promote and contribute to the progress of the methods and techniques of the profession and the dissemination thereof, helping scientific research and the establishment of many rules tend to increase the effectiveness of graduates in the development of their activities.
(g) maintain contact with educational centers and facilitate access to the professional life of the new graduates.
(h) propose to the competent authorities the adoption of measures are considered suitable for the development and improvement of the profession, suggesting improvements in the drafting of the necessary legal provisions to this end to the relevant bodies.
(i) managing the collection and receive professional fees earned by referees, in the same legal replacement, request free and expressly, as well as develop a form of note by custom that referees can present to their clients when they required it, with the precise description of the object of the provision, together with the detail of fees that accrue or the agreed method between the two parties for the determination of the same.
j) endorse the related professional referees, in the terms established by article 13 of the law 2/1974, 13 February, professional associations and the Royal Decree 1000 / 2010 of 5 August, on visa mandatory College.
(k) adopt measures conducive to avoid the professional intrusion.
(l) cooperate with the official bodies concerned in the way that proceed in the designation of the geographers for the issuance of reports, opinions, valuations, appraisals, etc., in professional interventions of judicial affairs.
(m) take part in councils or advisory bodies of the Administration in respect of their professional competence, in accordance with the rules governing these.
(n) award, at the request of interested parties, solve discrepancies that may arise on the fulfilment of obligations of the work carried out by referees in the exercise of their profession.
(o) information in judicial or administrative proceedings in which professional fees, are discussed at the request of the relevant judicial or administrative authority.
(p) responding to requests for information about its members and firm sanctions they imposed, as well as requests for inspection or research that ask you any competent authority of a Member State of the European Union.
(q) all other activities which legally can be developed for the management and development of the profession and of the collegiate.
3. in accordance with the provisions in article 14 of law 2/1974, of 13 February on professional colleges, the College of Geographers may not establish indicative scales or any other orientation, recommendation, guideline, standard or rule on professional fees, except for the exclusive purpose appraisal of costs and of the jura's accounts of lawyers. These criteria shall also be valid for the calculation of fees and corresponding to the effects of taxation of costs in legal aid.
Chapter II of the members of the College of geographers and the professional exercise article 4. Members of the College.
1 graduates may be part of the College of Geographers in geography. The licensed in geography and history (geography section) may be also in the College of Geographers.
2 persons licensed in philosophy and letters, branches or specialties of geography, whose qualifications derived from included studies plans may integrate in the College of Geographers in the in article 11.3 of the Royal Decree 1497 / 1987, of 27 November, common general guidelines of the curricula of the titles of official character and validity in the national territory.
3. equally, will integrate into the College of geographers who possess the official degree degrees in geography, whose qualifications derived from curriculum in accordance with Royal Decree 1393 / 2007 of 29 October, which establishes the planning of official university education.
4. in addition, is can integrate who have university degrees officers or equivalents that demonstrate a dedication continued to geography, before the governing bodies of the Association of Geographers meeting the requirements established by law, and its inclusion in the College by the Board of Governors, agreed provided there is a professional school that need to register these graduates.
5. also persons possessing foreign degrees which have been declared may be integrated into school equivalent to the Spanish university degrees in geography, corresponding to the fields of Humanities and social sciences established in annex II of Royal Decree 967/2014, of 21 November, is establishing the requirements and the procedure for approval and Declaration of equivalent qualification and official University academic level and for the validation of foreign studies of higher education, and the procedure to determine the correspondence to the levels of the Spanish qualifications framework for higher education of the official titles of the architect, engineer, graduate, technical architect, technical engineer and diploma.
Article 5. Honorary members.
The Governing Board may be granted the appointment of Member of honour of the Association of Geographers to persons who, by their merits scientists, technicians or professionals, anyone who is your academic qualification, contributed significantly to the development of geography or the profession of geographer. The appointment will be strictly honorary nature, without prejudice to participation in collegiate life and school services.
Article 6. Practice of the profession.
1. members of the College are subject to the statutes of the Association, without prejudice to the rights of challenge which they are legally entitled.
2. the exercise of the profession will be free competition, in accordance with the provisions of law 15/2007, of July 3, for the defense of competition.
3. the profession of geographer can exercise in a liberal way, either individual or associatively or employment relationship with any public or private undertaking. In any case, the practice of the profession is based on respect for the independence of the professional criteria, without unlawful or arbitrary limits on the development of the work and in the service of the community.
4. in accordance with article 2(5) of the Act 2/1974, of 13 February on professional associations, in the requirements that force to practise exclusively as geographer or which limit the joint exercise of two or more professions, will be only those established by law.
5 professional practice in corporate form is governed by provisions in the laws. In any en ningun caso case professional associations or their college organizations can, by themselves or through their statutes or the rest of the College rules, set restrictions on professional practice in corporate form.
6. in the performance the deontological rules approved by the College, that may not be contrary to provisions of these statutes, nor against any legal provisions shall be respected. Ethical standards will be available online to all referees can refer to them via telematics.
7. in relation to the recognition of qualifications, both in the case of temporary displacement of a Spanish Member to another Member State as a professional in another Member State of the European Union to Spain, and in accordance with the provisions of article 13 of the Royal Decree 1837 / 2008, is sufficient communication to the competent authority, prior to the first displacement to practise on a temporary basis.
Article 7. Licensing procedure.
1. the decision regarding how college admission is the responsibility of the Standing Committee of the Board of Government of the College, or, where appropriate, the corresponding Territorial Board, which once received the timely request for membership, remember membership. Procedures may be carried out via telematics. The admission shall be considered firm if within the period of thirty days, from the date of application, the Standing Committee or the Territorial Board not had agreed to deny it.
2. once resolved favourably the request for admission, is necessary, to formalize admission to College, pay the fee of incorporation having designated at that time the General Assembly, which, in any case, shall not exceed the costs of processing. Against non-eligibility decisions of licensing can be reconsideration of replacement before the Standing Committee or the corresponding Territorial Board, as a formality prior to the administrative contentious jurisdiction, in their case.
Article 8. Loss of the condition of College.
Referees will lose this condition: to) at his own request, by notifying in writing its purpose, to the Secretary of the College.
(b) to not meet the ordinary or extraordinary fees corresponding to a calendar year.
(c) by judgment that I get the accessory of disqualification for professional practice.
(d) as a result of disciplinary punishment for the Commission of an offence qualified as very serious, according to article 40 of these bylaws.
Article 9. Recovery of the condition of College.
Retrieves the status of College: to) on request reinstatement, if low was at his own request.
(b) when payment of arrears, if down was due to lack of payment.
(c) when obtained rehabilitation, whenever prompted for admission and be accepted by the Government of the College Board.
Article 10. Services.
to) the school of Geographers, in accordance with article 13 of the law 2/1974, of 13 February on professional associations, shall endorse the professional jobs in their area of competence, in accordance with the Royal Decree 1000 / 2010 of 5 August, on visa mandatory College.
(b) in any case, the College of Geographers, by itself or through its statutory forecasts, may impose the obligation to endorse the professional works.
(c) the visa aims to: 1 prove the identity of the geographer or responsible for geographers and their current qualification for the job in question.
2. check the correctness and formal integrity of documentation of professional work in accordance with the applicable legislation.
3rd make other findings that assigned the laws and general provisions.
d) where the resolution on the visa refusal is will be motivated and notified in due form.
(e) the College shall establish standards and requirements for the formal presentation of the works for your Visa, which may include the visa by telematic means. In accordance with the provisions of article 13 of the law 2/1974, on 13 February, on professional associations, the visa shall not include fees or other contractual conditions, whose determination is left to the free agreement of the parties. When the collegiate visa is mandatory, its cost will be reasonable, not abusive or discriminatory.
(f) the possible vicarious liability of the school means in the terms established in article 13.3 of the law 2/1974, 13 February, on professional associations.
2 service members and users.
(a) the College will create a service to members and users who will process and resolve many complaints referred to collegiate activity or referees submitted by any user or professional college, as well as organisations of consumers and users on your behalf or in defence of collective interests.
b) the College, through this service, shall decide on the application initiating the arbitration consumption path; opening a sanctioning procedure; archiving, or taking any other decision that if appropriate.
(c) the regulation of this service shall provide for the submission of complaints and claims via telematics.
3. one stop shop.
(a) the College will have a web page and will collaborate with public administrations as necessary so that through the planned stop in the law on free access to service activities and the exercise, practitioners can make all the necessary arrangements for licensing and to unsubscribe at school , through a single point, electronic and distance. Through this one-stop referees may: 1 obtain all the information and forms necessary for access to and exercise of their professional activity.
2. submit all documentation and necessary requests.
3rd learn about resolutions and other communications of the College in relation to their applications.
4th the status of procedures that have interested consideration and receive notification of the acts of procedure mandatory.
(b) by the concerned one-stop shop, to better defend the rights of consumers and users, the Association of Geographers will provide the following information, which must be clear, unambiguous and free of charge: 1 access to the collegiate record, that will be permanently updated and which shall include, at least, the following data: name and surname of the licensed professionals number of licensing, official titles of those who are in possession, address professional and professional situation.
2nd claim routes and resources that may be brought in the case of conflict between the consumer or user and a college or professional school.
3 details of the associations or organisations of consumers and users that the recipients of the professional services can contact for assistance.
4th the content of codes of ethics.
(c) the College shall adopt the necessary measures to comply with the provisions of this article and will incorporate compatible technologies that ensure the exchange of data with other college organizations and public administrations.
4. annual report.
) the College of Geographers is subject to the principle of transparency in its management. To do this, you must prepare an annual report containing at least the following information: 1 annual report of economic management, including staff costs sufficiently disaggregated and specifying the remuneration of the members of the Governing Board because of his position.
2. amount of the applicable fees broken down by concept and the type of services provided, as well as the rules for their calculation and application.
3rd aggregate information and statistics relating to information and disciplinary procedures for phase of instruction or who have achieved firmness, with indication of the infringement to which they refer, processing and the penalty imposed in his case, agreement, in any case, with the legislation on protection of personal data.
4th aggregated information and statistics on complaints and complaints filed by consumers or users or their representative organisations, as well as about its procedures and, where appropriate, of the reasons for dismissal of the complaint or claim, agreement, in any case, with the legislation on protection of personal data or estimate.
5 changes in the contents of their codes of conduct, if you dispose of them.
6 the rules on incompatibilities and conflict of interests that are members of the boards.
7th statistical information on the activity of visa that may have occurred.
Where appropriate, the data will be disaggregated territorially by corporations.
b) the annual report should be public through the web site in the first half of each year.
Article 11. Rights of referees.
They are referees recognized the following rights: to) act professionally at the State level, either in a particular way or to any business or management service.
(b) the use and enjoyment of real school and the services that it has established.
(c) take part in the deliberations and voting in these statutes and the general regulation of internal regime was planning to.
(d) carry out blueprints, projects, reports, appraisals, valuations and other works that are requested to school by official bodies, entities or individuals and that apply them per shift previously established, as provided in the rules of the regime inside.
(e) raise the Board of Government necessary defense be injured or undermined their rights and interests as a professional college.
(f) assisting the corporate events, whenever it is compatible with their activities and on equal terms for all referees.
Article 12. Obligations of the collegiate.
They are obligations for referees who then specified: to) abide by and comply strictly how many prescriptions contain these statutes. The regulation regime inside that will develop them, as well as other regulatory provisions approved by the College.
(b) pay the fees and rights that have been approved for the support of the school and at the end of the forecast.
(c) submit to the visa of the school documentation to all professional work carried out in the exercise of the profession, in the terms established in article 13 of the law of professional associations.
(d) with regard to the governing bodies of the school and collegiate members meet the duties of discipline and professional harmony.
(e) inform the Governing Board, all the facts that may affect the profession, individual or collectively, and to be determined its intervention.
(f) inform the College all the cases that are known professional intrusion or who still registered missing obligations which as such contract.
Chapter III administrative divisions of the College of Geographers article 13. Administrative divisions of the College.
1. the school is organized geographically in territorial delegations, without prejudice to the provisions of article 47 of these bylaws. The geographic scope of the delegations will be, as a minimum, of an autonomous community or an autonomous city.
2. the Board of Directors of the delegations has own powers and other delegates of the General bodies, in a coordinated manner, in accordance with these statutes and the corresponding regulations.
3. within the framework of the statutes and regulation regime inside, the territorial delegations will have its particular operating rules.
4. referees are assigned to a Territorial delegation by reason of habitual residence or as the place where carry out their professional activity. In the case of not having established the corresponding Territorial delegation, will they relate to school directly through its General organs.
5. the collegiate living abroad will be attached to the Territorial delegation that they indicate.
6. the territorial delegations, shall be regarded as representative bodies, on behalf of the College, to the corresponding regional and local administration.
7. in those communities where territorial delegations has not been established, the Governing Board may appoint a delegate, with representation in the autonomous administration functions.
Article 14. Regulation of territorial delegations.
1. to create a Territorial delegation, it will be necessary to ensure compliance with the requirements and procedure laid down by the regulation of internal regime. The agreement on creation of the delegation will be communicated by the Governing Board to the General Assembly, for approval, with effect from the next financial year.
2. when in a constituted Territorial delegation don't give the requirements regulated in these statutes or in the regulation of internal regime for its existence, the Governing Board, report of the Board of delegations, it may refer to the approval of the General Assembly the dissolution of that one.
3 regime inside rules shall lay down the necessary measures so that a Territorial Board fulfills its obligations.
Article 15. Segregation of territorial schools.
1 may constitute, by segregation of the College of Geographers existing, territorial colleges of scope equal to or less than an autonomous community, in accordance with the provisions of relevant regional legislation. Segregation process will be initiated at the request of the members of the autonomous community in question, when so decide it the simple majority of the Census gathered in special Assembly convened for this purpose. Segregation agreement shall only be validly adopted if a majority of registered referees gathered in Assembly, vote in favour of segregation sense.
2. the segregation of territorial delegations to form an independent school will involve the modification of article 2.1 of the present statutes in the sense of adapting its territorial scope new collegiate reality, excluding its territorial scope that resulting from segregation. State College will keep its legal personality, and will continue to hold ownership of their heritage, and equal rights and obligations for all purposes. All this without prejudice, by the Board of Government of State College, agreed to facilitate economic resources that allow you to start the journey of the new College, including the secondment of heritage to the new College.
3. the creation of a regional College will entail the need to promote, before the competent bodies, the creation of a General Council of schools. The process will begin within a maximum period of six months from the establishment of the regional College. As the Council believed and becomes operational, State College interim form, assume its responsibilities.
Chapter IV article 16 governing bodies. Governing bodies.
1. the bodies of representation, governance and administration of the College of Geographers are President, General Assembly, the Governing Board, the Standing Committee and the Board of delegations.
2. the organs of territorial delegations will be the territorial President, territorial Assembly, and the territorial Board.
3. the status and functioning of these bodies shall comply with the rules contained in these bylaws, as well as the regulation regime inside and other college provisions. The Governing Board may agree to the establishment of other bodies consultative status.
4. on a suppletive basis will be application collected for organs collegiate in the second chapter of the title II of law 30/1992, of 26 November, legal regime of public administrations and common administrative procedure.
Article 17. General Assembly.
1. the General Assembly is the supreme body of the Association, is composed of all the members with equal voting, and will adopt its agreements by a majority and in accordance with these statutes and other regulations collegiate.
2. participation in the Assembly will be personal.
3. regardless of general remission of the preceding article, internal regime regulation governs requests, the operation and the necessary majorities for decision-making according to the material. Be noted, in any case, the following requirements: to) the assemblies held regular meeting at least once a year and extraordinary sessions whenever the Governing Board agreed on its own initiative or at the request of 15% of the collegiate. In this case, the application shall contain the proposed agenda.
(b) only may be agreements on matters listed in the order of the day. At the point of pleas, questions and proposals may agree, if necessary, taking in consideration of matters for incorporation to the agenda of a future meeting.
(c) the meetings shall be presided over by the President of the College, which will order and will moderate the debates and votes. The secretariat will serve as the Secretary of the Association and of the Governing Council, who will lift the minutes of the meeting, with the approval of the President.
(d) arrangements shall be made by simple majority of the votes cast. However, the agreements shall require a majority of two-thirds of the votes cast as regards the approval of changes in the current statutes, extraordinary fees, motion of censure against the Governing Board in full or any of the members and dissolution or change in the name of the school.
Article 18. Functions of the General Assembly in regular session.
Corresponds to the General Assembly in regular session: to) approve the proposed bylaws as well as proposals for amendments for their elevation to the Government, through the competent Ministry.
(b) approve the internal regime regulations, as well as their modifications, and the remaining College regulations.
(c) the creation of institutions promoted by the Association of Geographers, as well as their bases and projects of statutes.
(d) approve the annual budgets of income and expenditure for each financial year as well as the clearance of the accounts of the previous financial year.
(e) deciding on proposals of College property investment.
(f) to approve the minutes of the previous General Assembly.
(g) approve the memory of annual management, which will include the economic management and the disciplinary action in defence of the interests of consumers.
(h) to meet, discuss and, where appropriate, approve many proposals subjected him on the initiative of the Governing Board or of 5% of the collegiate. In the latter case, the proposals must be submitted in advance to be included in the agenda, as specific points of the same. When these proposals are submitted, at least by 5% of the members, will be forced inclusion in the order of the day.
(i) approve, on the proposal of the Board of Governors, the renovation of the vacant charges of the Governing Board, or vacancies of President or Vice President.
Article 19. Functions of the General Assembly special session.
Corresponds to the General Assembly special session: to) promote the dissolution of the Association, or the change of its name, in accordance with the provisions in article 50 of these statutes and in the rules of the regime inside.
(b) resolve all those issues which, at the request of 15% of the collegiate and collegiate have justified the convening of the extraordinary General Assembly of the Association.
Article 20. The Board of Governors.
1. the Governing Board is the Executive and representative organ of the school exercising powers not reserved to the General Assembly or assigned specifically to other collegiate bodies, as well as those attributed to him expressly in these general statutes.
2 the Governing Board is constituted by: to) a President, a Vice-President, a Secretary and a Treasurer, who are those of the College.
(b) the members to be determined in the internal regime regulations, which shall not be less than seven.
3. the positions of President, Vice-President, Secretary and Treasurer shall be incompatible with the President of Territorial delegation.
4. in the composition of the Board, a balanced presence of men and women will be sought.
Article 21. Powers of the Governing Board.
They are powers of the Governing Board: to) enforce the agreements of the General Assembly.
(b) comply with and enforce the statutes and regulations of the school, as well as their own agreements.
(c) direct the management and administration of the College for the fulfilment of its purposes.
(d) an official and public, and express the opinion of the College in matters of professional interest.
(e) represent the professional interests before public authorities, as well as ensure the prestige of the profession and the defence of their rights.
(f) submit studies, reports and opinions when they needed you, advising in this way to the organs of the State and any public or private entities. For these purposes, the Governing Board may appoint working committees, or nominate referees as he deems appropriate to prepare such studies or reports.
(g) designate, where appropriate legal or regulations, representatives of the school in the advisory bodies of the different public administrations.
(h) facilitate the courts of Justice collegial relationship that might be required as experts in judicial affairs or designate them, as appropriate.
(i) agree on the exercise of actions and the filing of administrative and jurisdictional appeals.
(j) submit any matter of general interest to the College for the deliberation and agreement of the General Assembly.
(k) exercise disciplinary powers that correspond to the Governing Board, subject to the provisions of these bylaws.
(l) to organize activities and services cultural, professional, care and welfare for the benefit of the members.
(m) create commissions open, on its own initiative or referees, in accordance with these bylaws.
(n) collect the fees and contributions established, the annual budget, the annual financial statement, execute the budget and organize and direct the operation of the services College General.
(o) develop and propose to the General Assembly the reform of the internal regime regulation.
(p) inform referees activities and school agreements and prepare the annual report of its management.
(q) employ and cesar administrative and school service personnel.
(r) meet, where appropriate, the extraordinary appeals against acts or agreements of the Government Board of the College.
(s) remember the call of ordinary and extraordinary sessions of the General Assembly, in accordance with these bylaws.
(t) call the choice of charges to the Governing Board as appropriate, according to what is established in the fifth chapter of these bylaws.
(u) acquire or dispose of any kind of assets of the College, according to the existing and approved by the General Assembly budget.
(v) any other function that is not expressly assigned to the annual General meeting or extraordinary, or specifically assigned to other collegiate bodies.
Article 22. Sessions.
1. the Governing Board shall meet many times be convened by its Chairman, on his own initiative or at the request of a third, at least, of its components. In any case, will meet at least twice a year.
2. regardless of general remission of article 16 of these statutes, the regulation regime inside will regulate its regime of call and its operation. Be noted, in any case, the following requirements: to) announcements will include the order of the day, and agreements on matters not included in this, except that all the members of the Board are present and the urgency of the matter it is declared by the favourable vote of the majority may not be taken.
(b) so that the Governing Board is quorate must attend at least the Chairman and the Secretary or those who replace them.
(c) the Secretary shall raise Act sessions, which must be approved by the Governing Board.
(d) arrangements shall be made by simple majority. In the event of a tie, the vote of the Chairman will be quality. Optionally, the Governing Board may invite to its sessions, in advisory non-voting capacity, persons whose assistance is considered suitable.
3. the matters that are subject to approval by the General Assembly shall be treated in a session of the Governing Board expanded with the Presidents of the territorial delegations.
Article 23. Standing Committee.
1. the Standing Committee is the highest collegiate body responsible for the management of the ordinary Affairs of the College between sessions of the Board of Governors, as well as the monitoring of the implementation of the agreements of this.
2. the Standing Committee is composed of the President, the Vice-President, the Secretary and Treasurer, and at least one vocal, elected from among the members of the Board of Governors. Members will be appointed and relieved of his post by the Governing Board. A balanced presence of men and women will be sought in the composition of the Standing Committee.
3. the Governing Board may temporarily delegate to the Permanent Commission those powers and functions deemed appropriate for the better management of the Affairs of the College and the implementation of agreements between its sessions. In any case be delegated competences laid down in points, g), i), j), k), n), or), p), q), r), s), t) and u) of article 21 of the present statutes.
4. the Standing Committee may adopt the necessary resolutions which for reasons of justified urgency may not be delayed until the next session of the Governing Board. In this case, the Standing Committee must give the Governing Board at the first meeting held account for their ratification, modification or revocation.
5. in the internal regime regulations, will be regulated its functioning, as well as the calls. The Standing Committee will meet as often as is necessary for the proper execution of their duties, being convened by the Chairman, on his own initiative or at the request of half of its members. It may invite to its sessions to other members of the Board of Governors when thus deemed suitable according to the topics to be treated.
6. the Standing Committee informed about its activities at the sessions of the Board of Governors.
Article 24. The implementation of the agreements and proceedings books.
At school will be, necessarily, two books of records, where be transcribed separately those corresponding to the General Assembly and the Governing Board. These minutes must be signed by the President or by who, in their functions, has chaired the Board or the Assembly, and by the Secretary or who has held roles in such therein. Members of the Governing Board shall be responsible for the agreements adopted even though they were not present at the meeting in which are taken, except when providing express evidence of his vote against.
Article 25. Responsibilities of the Chairman of the Board.
They correspond to the President the following powers: to) summon, open and lift the ordinary and extraordinary sessions of the General Assembly and the Board of Governors, as well as preside over them and the proceedings that they have place.
(b) convene and preside over the election of members of the Governing Board.
(c) decide, with your vote, the ties in the voting.
(d) adopt, in the event of extreme urgency, the necessary resolutions, realizing immediately to the relevant body for its agreement, modification or reversal in the first session that takes place.
(e) represent College and of the Board of Governors.
(f) to coordinate the actions of the members of the Governing Board, without prejudice to the competence and responsibility in its management.
(g) sign the certifications issued by the Secretary.
(h) legitimize his signature books of accounts and any other official nature, without prejudice to statutory probates.
(i) endorse the reports and communications that are officially directed by school authorities and public or private entities.
(j) authorize the entry or withdrawal of funds from current accounts or saving for College, joining his signature of the Treasurer.
(k) by express agreement of the Governing Board, may be granted to in favor of prosecutors in the courts and lawyers on behalf of the Association in defense of the College and the profession.
Article 26. Responsibilities of the Vice President.
The Vice President shall replace the President in case of absence, vacancy or illness and shall perform all functions that entrusted the Governing Board or delegate to the President.
Article 27. Responsibilities of the Secretary.
1 correspond to the Secretary the following powers: to) write and give faith of the minutes of the ordinary and extraordinary sessions of the General Assembly and of the Board of Governors.
(b) keep the documentation of the school and collegiate records.
(c) issuing certifications, with the approval of the President.
(d) issuing and handling communications and documents, giving account thereof to the Governing Board or the competent authority.
(e) exercise the headquarters administrative staff and services of the College.
f) visas record book.
(g) write the memory of annual management to the General Assembly.
2. a member of the Governing Board elected by it can replace the Registrar in cases of absence, vacancy or disease and perform all functions that the Governing Board entrusted.
Article 28. Responsibilities of the Treasurer.
1 correspond to the Treasurer the following powers: to) raise and guard of the school funds.
(b) collect, signed receipts and payments related to the management of the school.
(c) draw up the preliminary draft budget of the College that the Governing Council must submit to the General Assembly.
(d) make the balance of the budget of the previous year that the Governing Board must submit for approval in the General Assembly.
(e) propose to the Governing Board credits and supplements, increases or reductions of revenue enablement projects when necessary.
(f) take the relevant accounting books.
(g) by express agreement of the Governing Board, open savings accounts, together with the President and another Member of the Board of Governors, appointed for the purpose, on behalf of the College, and withdraw funds from them by signing two of the three persons.
(h) take inventory of assets of the College, which will be your manager.
2 vacant the post of Treasurer, shall exercise the functions of the Governing Board Member elected to the effect, until its replacement in accordance with the present statutes.
Article 29. Responsibilities of the vowels.
They correspond to the members the following powers:
(a) perform few tasks be entrusted by the General Assembly, the Governing Board or by the President, prior knowledge of the Governing Board, as well as develop and chairing commissions created with the permission of the Government of the College Board, and in accordance with the provisions of article 22 of these statutes.
(b) collaborate with the remaining officials of the Governing Board and replace them in their absence, vacancy, or disease.
Article 30. Vacancies in the Board of Government of the College.
1. vacancies occurring on the Board of Government at interelectoral shall be filled between those people who get more votes in the above-mentioned Board on the proposal of the members of the Governing Board.
2 a third component of the Governing Board may be replaced by this procedure as a maximum.
3. vacancies covered by this procedure must be endorsed at the next General Assembly which will convene, either ordinary or extraordinary.
4 by-elections to the Government of the College Board is convened if generated vacancies exceed the third of initially elected members or if simultaneous vacancies in the offices of President and Vice President.
Article 31. The Board's delegations.
1. the Board of delegations is the consultative body, moderator, advice, coordination and regional balance of the school and integrates the views of elected officials in the territorial delegations in their midst. It will be composed of the following members: to) the Presidents of the territorial delegations.
(b) the President, the Secretary and the Treasurer of the College.
2 shall exercise the functions of President and Secretary the same people who wield them in the Government of the College Board.
3. the Board's delegations will hold at least one annual session. It also held special sessions on the initiative of the President of the College or a quarter of its members or of the Board of Governors. To be validly constituted is required the support of at least half of its members. They shall have the right to vote at the meeting of delegations of the Presidents of the delegations and the President of the College. Agreements shall be adopted by a majority.
Article 32. Powers of the Board of delegations.
They are attributed to the Board of delegations the following powers: to) mediate, trying the search for solutions to conflicts that may arise between the delegations.
b) inform prior and mandatorily agreements of the Governing Board on the following matters: 1 reform of the statutes of the school.
2nd development and reform of the regulation of internal regime.
3rd creation or dissolution of territorial delegations, in the terms established in these statutes.
4th appeals against agreements of the territorial boards and conflicts between them.
5 on the necessary measures so that a Territorial Board fulfills its obligations, as determined in the regulation of internal regime.
6 any other matters of professional significance at national level.
7th professional ethical standards, with subsequent agreement in General Assembly, and on the proposal of the Governing Board.
8th Bases of creation and projects of statutes of the institutions promoted by the school.
(c) propose to the Governing Board the award of the title of Member of honour and any other distinction.
(d) submit to the Governing Council proposals and recommendations on its own initiative.
(e) create presentations by fields of activity or specific issues, to make proposals to the Governing Board or the Board's delegations.
(f) carry out actions of mediation and arbitration at the request of the collegiate bodies.
(g) and, finally, perform many functions and prerogatives, not stated expressly, are a consequence of the above.
Article 33. Duration of the mandate of the members and delegations of Board sessions.
The mandate of the members of the delegations Board coincides with the charges that each holds in the Governing Board (President, Secretary and Treasurer of the school) or in the respective territorial Government Councils.
Article 34. The Territorial General Assembly.
1. the Territorial General Assembly, composed of all referees assigned to the delegation, is the supreme body of the delegation.
2. the Territorial General Assembly shall meet at least once a year.
3 functions of the Territorial General Assembly are the following: to) adopt and amend the rules of procedure by the delegation.
(b) choosing and separate the members of the Board of Territorial Government and to monitor their activities.
(c) to approve the budget and liquidation of accounts of the delegation.
(d) approve the annual management of the delegation memory.
(e) to ensure the fulfilment of the purposes of the Association of Geographers in the territorial scope of the delegation.
f) resolve on any matter other than within their competence are proposed to him by the Board of the Territorial Government.
Article 35. Local government councils.
1. the territorial Government Councils manage and represent the interests of the College within the territorial scope of the corresponding delegation, in accordance with the principle of subsidiarity and with the provisions and guidelines of the territorial assemblies, and extend to all acts competence of the delegation. The internal rules of each delegation will determine the actions for which the express authorization of the corresponding Assembly is required.
2 referees from each provincial delegation, gathered in Assembly shall elect among its members a Board of Territorial Government for a period not less than two years nor more than four years, in accordance with the regulation regime inside of each delegation. In that regulation will be also regulated the procedure for the exercise of the vote by mail.
3. the territorial Government committees will be constituted by a President, a Vice-President, a Secretary, a Treasurer, and a minimum of three members, in accordance with the established the regulations of each delegation.
4 corresponds to the territorial Governing Council: to) the management of the financial resources of the corresponding provincial delegation.
b) organize activities and educational, cultural, health care services and, in general, all those who may be of interest to referees.
(c) collaborate with other public and private entities that maintain activities or services of interest to the professional activity of the geographer.
(d) care, in its territorial scope, conditions of professional practice and public screening of the profession.
(e) submit reports and opinions to authorities and agencies of its territorial scope.
(f) agree on presentation of claims and administrative claims and propose to the Government the filing of administrative and jurisdictional appeals.
(g) that the Governing Board delegated them from among those provided for in articles 13, 21 and 23 of these statutes, in accordance with regime inside.
(h) inform and report to the Board of management.
5. the functions of the members of the boards of territorial Government are understood to be in its sphere of competence, to the designated generally to members of the Board of Government of the College in articles 25 to 29 of these statutes.
6. the Chairman of the delegation holds the representation of the Association within the scope of the delegation.
Chapter V electoral system article 36. Governing Board election.
1. the College of Geographers held regular elections to cover the charges of the Board of Governors every four years.
2. the members of the Governing Board shall be elected by all members through free, direct and secret universal suffrage being electors and eligible all referees who don't are sanctioned with suspension of their college rights, and who are familiar with payment of their assessed contributions.
3. the lists of the members with voting rights will be exhibited in the headquarters of the College and on the website of the College, for ten days, and with a notice not less than twenty days from the date of the elections.
4. inside of three days of the exhibition, may be made claims that would place, which will be resolved by the Board of Government within the other three days.
5 when it is not proclaimed more than one ticket, the proclamation is equivalent to the choice of its members for the charges that have been proposed.
6. the regime inside regulation will establish the electoral regime and, especially, the formation of the Election Committee, the vote by mail, and deadlines for challenges to results.
Chapter VI Economic and administrative article 37. Legal capacity in the economic and financial field.
The College of Geographers has full legal capacity in economic and patrimonial. The College of Geographers must have the resources necessary to meet duly entrusted, the aims and functions being obliged to contribute to the sustainability of expenditures in the form to be determined in its rules of internal regime referees. The heritage of the College is unique, although the use of their property may be attached to the territorial delegations.
Article 38. Financial resources of the College.
1. the College of Geographers will obtain economic resources through compulsory contributions of collegiate arrangement at the beginning of generality and use of College services. These are: to) registration fees, which in any case shall not exceed the costs associated with the processing of the registration.
(b) the regular annual fee, whose amounts will be set for each period by the General Assembly on the proposal of its Governing Board.
(c) the extraordinary fees, approved by the General Assembly.
(d) the intervention or price of visa fees.
(e) the surcharges for delay in payment of any concept in accordance with what is established by the internal regime regulation.
2 other sources of income are: to) from the property and rights of College heritage and of its publications.
(b) grants, donations, and any analogous concept, granted to the College by public administrations, public or private entities, chartered or other legal or physical persons.
(c) rights by studies, reports and opinions issued by the Governing Board or the committees to which it has delegated its realization.
(d) rights by use of the services which the Governing Board has been established, including the precolegiados fees.
3. the collection of financial resources corresponds generally to the Governing Board, and to the territorial delegations in the terms in which, according to the regulations, be delegated them.
Article 39. Quotas.
Any change in fees will be clearly reflected in the budget of the year and will require the approval of the General Assembly.
Article 40. General budget.
1 general of the Association of Geographers budget shall be prepared by the Board of Governors, in accordance with the principles of efficiency, equity and economy, and will include all income and expenses, coinciding with the calendar year, and shall be subjected to the approval of the General Assembly, in accordance with article 19 of these statutes. The funding of each delegation should be included in them. As long as the budget is not approved, will be extended the approved for the previous year, at the rate of 1/12 per month.
2. in the general budget will be assignments for the organs and general services, institutions and territorial delegations, taking into account the number of members assigned, delegated revenues and expenditures produced and activities promoted, compared to the previous year, introducing weighting factors and a constant term.
3. with the aim of correcting imbalances and make effective the principle of solidarity between constituted territorial delegations, there will be in the budget an inter-territorial compensation fund administered by the Government Board that will complement, where appropriate, and by unique circumstances, the allocations provided for in the previous issue. For this purpose, will be used as a minimum a two with five (2.5) per cent and a maximum a five (5) per cent of the annual budget.
4. the approved budget and the liquidation of the previous budget will be published in the media of the school.
Chapter VII ethics regime and disciplinary article 41. Code of ethics.
The code of ethics of the profession, to be adopted by the General Assembly, subject to the laws, will be publicly known and accessible electronically via the College website.
Article 42. Disciplinary regime.
1. the College of Geographers exercises the disciplinary functions for the correction and prevention of the College duties and professional ethics violations that referees committed.
2. absences are classified into mild, severe and very severe.
3 will be minor misconduct: a) the lack of veracity in the personal data provided to the College of Geographers.
(b) not OK, except for just cause in the opinion of the Board of Government of the Association of Geographers, the performance of the tasks required by the Corporation.
(c) the actions or omissions listed in paragraph four, when they did not have enough entity to be considered fouls graves depending on the damages, intentionality or recidivism.
4 will be serious misconduct: a) the breach of the regulatory legislation of professional practice, these statutes and regulations of internal regime and the decisions adopted by the governing bodies of the Association of Geographers.
(b) the breach of the duties relating to relations with third parties.
(c) cause damage that may pose serious economic damage to the heritage of the College of Geographers, their governing bodies or referees, as well as cause damage that badly affect their image and good name.
d) professional work with omission of the visa schoolboy on the assumption that it is enforceable pursuant to articles 5.q) and 13 of the law 2/1974, 13 February, and the Royal Decree 1000 / 2010 of 5 August, on visa mandatory College.
(e) do not keep secret the deliberations and agreements by members of the Board of Government of the Association of geographers and commissions that can form in the bosom of the same, when the character reserved within the Board or Commission is established.
(f) harm, insult, or vejar companions on the occasion of the exercise of their professional activity.
(g) the breach of the obligation of provision of the recipients of the professional service of the information required in article 12 of the law 2/1974, 13 February, professional associations.
5 will be very serious misconduct: a) the Commission of fraudulent offense, in any degree of participation, as a result of the exercise of the profession, declared by final judgment.
(b) the cover-up professional when it had been declared by final judgment.
Article 43. Sanctions.
1 when the faults committed by an individual professional, the Association of Geographers may impose the following penalties: to) by the Commission of minor misconduct: sanctions of conjugation of the President a warning or a warning in writing of the Board of Governors.
(b) by the Commission of serious offences: the penalty of temporary suspension of membership of the accused for a period of up to six months.
(c) by the Commission of very serious misconduct: sanctions to temporary suspension of membership of the accused for a period longer than six months and less than three years, or expulsion from the College.
(d) the sanction of suspension of membership shall entail, during the time of the same, the deprivation of the collegiate electoral rights and the prohibition of bear corporate charges.
2. sanctions must be stored due adaptation between the gravity of the fact constitutive of the infringement and the sanction applied, especially considering the nature of the damages and the existence of intentionality or recidivism.
3. the resolution that impose a penalty will establish if it becomes public once it reaches firmness, in the restricted area to members of the website of the College of Geographers, without prejudice to the provisions of current legislation on protection of personal data.
Article 44. The ethics and Disciplinary Committee.
1. the Commission on ethics and disciplinary Affairs is the titular collegiate body of the disciplinary authority.
2 this body shall consist of the following members: to) the President of the College, which will be its Chairman.
(b)) the Vice President, who will be his Vice President.
(c) the Secretary, who shall act as Secretary.
(d) a territorial Chairmen of the area or areas to which belong or denounced referees, who shall appoint a «ad hoc» belong the Commission itself).
(e) three members of appointees appointed by the Governing Board from a list proposed by the Commission. The mandate of these members shall be four years.
Article 45. Processing of records.
1. the disciplinary procedure will start ex officio by the Commission of ethics and disciplinary, matters on its own initiative, at the reasoned request of the Dean or the Governing Board, or by complaint signed by a member or a third party with legitimate interest, which shall indicate the violations committed.
2. when mediate complaint, the ethics and Disciplinary Committee will be the opening of a procedure of prior information, practiced which will be sorted the file of the proceedings or the initiation of a disciplinary.
3. the initiation of the disciplinary agreement should collect the identification of the person or persons allegedly responsible, briefly exposed facts that motivate the initiation of the case, its possible qualification and sanctions that could apply, without prejudice to whichever of the instruction, as well as the indication of the right to make declarations alegaciones and the audience in the procedure and deadlines for their exercise. Agreement shall be notified to the interested parties.
4. the ethics and Disciplinary Committee shall appoint from among its members an Instructor who will be responsible for the instruction of the disciplinary.
5. after the appropriate investigative steps, the Instructor will propose the dismissal of the case if it could not find evidence of unlawful disciplinary or formulated statement of objections, otherwise. Resolution declaring the disciplinary proceedings shall be immediately notified to stakeholders.
6. in the statement of objections setting out with precision, clarity and duly motivated, professional or collegial acts that are presumed illicit, the qualification of the type of violation that incurs the conduct and the sanction, if any, can be won. Shall be granted to the person concerned within fifteen working days to answer in writing and make the appropriate statement of disclaimer, to contribute documents and information, propose tests that deems appropriate and concrete means deemed appropriate for his defense. All admissible in law means test may be used. The Instructor will practice which it considers relevant proposals or that it may agree. Hearings and tests taken shall be recorded in the record.
7. the Instructor will formulate a proposal for a resolution, which shall determine accurately the facts imputed to the prosecuted, shall indicate the violation or violations committed and the sanctions that apply. This proposal will be transfer to the party concerned, which shall be granted new pending hearing on within fifteen working days so that you can claim as it deems opportune or convenient to their right.
8 concluded the examination of the disciplinary case, the Instructor will give account of their performance and forward motion for a resolution, along with all documents, testimony, proceedings, administrative acts, notifications and other proceedings that have been made in the procedure, to the Committee ethics and disciplinary that this agreed resolution deemed appropriate. The adoption of the corresponding resolution shall abstain Member who had acted as an Instructor.
9. the resolution will be motivated and decide all the issues raised. It may not be about facts other than that served as the basis for the motion for a resolution. The notification of the decision shall indicate the resource that proceed against it, the body responsible for its resolution and the time limit for its filing.
10. against the resolution putting an end to the disciplinary may appeal to the Governing Board, in accordance with the provisions of article 48 of these bylaws.
11. the disciplinary procedure can be developed by the interior of the school regime regulations.
Article 46. Appeal against decisions of the Commission on ethics and disciplinary Affairs.
1. against the resolutions of the Commission on ethics and disciplinary Affairs appeal is may be brought before the Board of Governors, whose decision puts an end to the administrative procedure.
2. the filing of the appeal does not suspend the execution of the decision appealed against, without prejudice to the established in the regulatory law of the administrative jurisdiction.
Article 47. Termination of the disciplinary liability.
1. disciplinary responsibilities become extinct with the fulfillment of the sanction, the death of the offender, the prescription of the offence or the prescription of the sanction.
2 regarding the prescription of infringements and sanctions: to) minor faults shall be extinguished after six months.
(b) the serious faults, at the age of two.
(c) the very serious misconduct, for three years.
(d) sanctions for minor misconduct shall be extinguished after six months.
(e) the serious penalties for failure, two years.
(f) penalties for very serious offences, three years.
3. the period of limitation of offences will start counting from the date of the Commission's failure, and, in terms of sanctions, from the day following that which you purchase firmness the resolution by which the sanction is imposed.
4. the limitation periods will be interrupted by the initiation of the sanctioning procedure or execution, respectively, with knowledge of the person concerned, resuming the deadline if the procedure was stalled for a month for reasons not imputable to the suspect or offender.
Chapter VIII legal regime of article 48 College acts. Legal regime of collegiate events.
1. the acts and provisions of the school subject to administrative law will be contested directly before the administrative courts, in accordance with the provisions of law 29/1998, of 13 July, exhausted once corporate resources.
2. the agreements and resolutions of the Board of Governors deplete the corporate route. However, they may be subject to appeal before the same Board of Government, within the period of one month, in accordance with the provisions of law 30/1992, of 26 November, legal regime of public administrations and common administrative procedure.
3. the agreements and resolutions of other collegiate bodies, except for the General Assembly, does not put an end to the corporate route and are actionable in appeal before the Governing Council, in the period of one month, in accordance with the provisions of law 30/1992, of 26 November.
4. the agreements and arrangements of the General Assembly of the Association are directly contested before the administrative courts, in accordance with the provisions of law 30/1992, of 26 November.
5. the acts of the collegiate bodies shall be null full right or voidable pursuant to articles 62 and 63 of the law 30/1992, of 26 November.
Chapter IX modification of the statutes and dissolution of the Association article 49. Amendment of the statutes.
The reform of the statutes can only occur by agreement of the extraordinary General Assembly which shall be adopted by a majority of two-thirds of registered voters, on the proposal of the Governing Board. Subsequently, it shall be sent to the competent public administration, for their legal procedures.
Article 50. Dissolution and change of name of the school.
To proceed with the proposed dissolution or change in the name of the school you will need to request it to the Governing Board, in writing reasoned, 50 per 100 of the members individually or collectively. Receiving this request, the Governing Board will notice the Board's delegations and proceed to the immediate convocation of the extraordinary General Assembly, to be announced, when less thirty days in advance, stating the object of the call in a national newspaper and the official bulletin of the State by means of circulars to all referees. Agreement proposal by dissolution or change in the name to be valid, it will be necessary that sanction it, at least the absolute majority of referees, and two-thirds of those present or represented at the extraordinary General Assembly. Proposed dissolution, the Governing Board shall submit to General Assembly prior to the vote, the destination to be given to the assets and funds of the College. Agreed the dissolution, the General meeting will appoint the Commission corresponding liquidator.
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