Resolution Of June 3, 2015, Of The Directorate-General Of Evaluation And Territorial Cooperation, Which Publishes The Teaching Of Evangelical Religion Of The Primary Education Curriculum.

Original Language Title: Resolución de 3 de junio de 2015, de la Dirección General de Evaluación y Cooperación Territorial, por la que se publica el currículo de la enseñanza de Religión Evangélica de la Educación Primaria.

Read the untranslated law here: http://www.boe.es/buscar/doc.php?id=BOE-A-2015-6707

The law 24/1992, of November 10, which approves the agreement of cooperation of the State with the Federation of Evangelical religious entities of Spain, article 10 provides that in order to give effectiveness to the provisions in article 27.3 of the Constitution, as well as in the fourth article of the organic law 8/1985 of 3 July regulating the right to education, which is guaranteed to the students, their parents, mothers or guardians who so request, the exercise of the right to receive religious Evangelical teaching in public schools and private agreements, provided that, in terms of the latter, the exercise of the right does not come into conflict with the central character.

The Evangelical religious teaching will be given by teachers appointed by the churches belonging to the Federation of Evangelical religious entities of Spain, with the agreement of this.

The contents of the Evangelical religious teaching, as well as relating to the same textbooks, will be designated by the respective churches with the agreement of the Federation of Evangelical religious entities of Spain.

The available additional second. Teaching of Religion, of the organic law 2/2006 of 3 may, education, amended by organic law 8/2013, December 9, for the improvement of the quality of education, establishes in paragraph 2, that the teaching of other religions other than Catholic, shall conform to the provisions of cooperation agreements concluded by the Spanish State with the Federation of Evangelical religious entities of Spain. It same available in its paragraph 3, express that it determination of the curriculum and of them standards of learning evaluable that allow the checking of the achievement of them objectives and acquisition of them powers corresponding to the subject Religion will be competition of them respective authorities religious.

On the other hand, Royal Decree 126/2014, 28 February, by which establishes the basic curriculum of primary education, in its second additional provision. Teachings of religion, established that the teachings of religion will be included in the primary education in accordance with the provisions of the Royal Decree.

Them administrations educational shall ensure that, to the home of the course, the parents, mothers or tutors legal and in its case the students can express its will of that these receive or not receive teachings of religion.

The evaluation of the teaching of religion will be held as indicated in article 12 of the Royal Decree.

Also, has that the determination of the curriculum and of them standards of learning evaluable that allow the checking of the achievement of them objectives and acquisition of them powers corresponding to the subject of Religion is competition of the authority religious.

In accordance with the stated precepts, it has been determined the curriculum of the teaching of Evangelical religion for primary education.

In his virtue, a proposal from the Federation of Evangelical religious entities of Spain, first.

Giving publicity to the curriculum of the teaching of Evangelical religion of primary education included in the annex.

Second.

Have your publication in the «Bulletin official of the State».

Madrid, 3 June 2015.-the Director-General of evaluation and Territorial cooperation, José Ignacio Sánchez Pérez.

ANNEX introduction in the stage of education primary the area of it teaching of Religion Evangelical has it purpose of train to the students to know it faith Evangelical from a perspective Biblical, it communicate in your life daily in situations of coexistence religious and cultural and participate active and responsibly in the society of that form part. With this approach, the teaching of Evangelical Religion exceeds the framework of instruction and acquires a new dimension, where not everything is restricted to tangible and temporary, but that opens a path to transcendence and eternity. The answers that students at this stage begins to occur with respect to transcendent questions will powerfully influence on the integral development of the person.

For the indicated purpose the design of the curriculum for the teaching of Evangelical Religion has been assuming the elements provided for by article 6 of the law 2/2006 of 3 may, education as amended by organic law 8/2013, 9 of December, for the improvement of the quality of education, understanding that this provided the processes of teaching and learning of Evangelical Religion in relation to other subjects that are taught in the same stage. To the same time is les gives to them professional, from its autonomy pedagogical, the possibility of meet with its function of program so can adopt innovations methodological by itself same or in collaboration with them equipment teaching of them centers in that is integrate.

These curriculum elements include the realization of the purposes to reach along the stage through the development of the intended contents that they articulate around six blocks. These relevant content have continuity with those provided for as minimum contents in early childhood education and include: 1. the Bible, the word of God; 2. Jesus Christ, the only mediator and example to follow; 3. the Church, the people of God; 4. the world that God created; 5. the family; 6. the amor de Dios. For the assessment of the achievement of the planned objectives arise the corresponding evaluation criteria, which have been set forth in a descriptive manner, and in whose formulation has been careful to ensure that they refer in each case to any of the proposed objectives. It cannot be otherwise if we remember that both acquire relevance at a time other than the learning process; objectives to consider learning that students should acquire and the criteria of evaluation in checking if reached. Assessable learning standards conceived as specifications of the evaluation criteria are and to establish what students should know, understand, and know-how, proposed as a minimum unit that must guide the development of the learning of students. In all the elements have been taken into account key competences set out in the existing order to the teachings of Evangelical Religion, as in other subjects dealing with students of primary education, ensure an approach to teaching and learning that leads to implementation of integrated content, in order to perform adequately the activities and effectively resolve complex problems.

However, the approach to the teaching of Evangelical Religion overcomes the basic curricular approach in the sense that includes orientation for students based on the knowledge and analysis of the biblical teachings, are entered in the search for valid answers to the concerns that arise in the different areas of their existence. This means that objectives, competencies, evaluation criteria and measurable learning standards fit in the most appropriate way, combining the technical aspects of curriculum development with other theological and anthropological aspects that are unique to this area.

In this situation the purpose of Evangelical Religion teaching focuses on: 1. be aware of the existence of God, the Supreme being, who is interested in every human being in a personal way.

2. identify the origins of the freedom and dignity of all persons in relationships with peers, as beings created equally by God.

3 see the Bible as the book by means of which God has revealed to man your will and purposes for humanity.

4 learn about the person of Jesus Christ, his life, his work and his message of salvation.

5 assess the experience of the first Christian communities as a model for expression of fraternal love and coexistence of the household of faith.

6. analyze the attitudes and values of the biblical characters using the information transmitted by the Bible to initiate the formation of its own system of values.

7. know and rating your body, created by Dios, adopting an attitude responsible to itself same, knowing use it as instrument of communication and relationship right with them others humans.

8. respect and appreciate the natural environment such as creation and manifestation of the power and love of God.

9 rating the family as a sign of God's love, place where develop responsibilities and acquisition of the first beliefs, examining different families of the Bible.

10. express their relationship with Dios and his knowledge biblical in situations regular of its environment.


In addition to what was said until now, the teaching of Evangelical Religion has primarily develop in students a 'conscience and Christian expression' exceeding described competence areas it shares with the rest of subjects in primary education. It involves the opening of the child and the girl to the divine, learning of eigenvalues of Christianity and the adoption of attitudes and behaviors of the Evangelical faith that this curriculum gives answer. This order includes that value, measure, appreciate, internalize, and communicate, among other skills, the message and the practice Christian. And they do this development aside remaining competencies defined, but integrated and closely related with them way since the development by the boy and the girl from a biblical worldview, implies that simultaneously affect their communication skills, his performance in the environment, its cultural expression or its competition social and civic to cite some examples. Said of another mode, is is of put to the students in the context of the teaching of Religion Evangelical in situations in which have that develop your option personal, in consciousness and freely, from them budgets expressed in them elements of the curriculum, entails the stimulation of all them capabilities that is intended to develop in this stage.

Cross-cutting elements to be introduced throughout all the stage of primary education in the course of the teaching of Evangelical Religion include reading comprehension, oral and written expression, the media, the information technology and communication, entrepreneurship, civic and constitutional education. Teaching programming will include the prevention of violence in all its forms, as well as other risk situations (exploitation and sexual abuse, misuse of the information technologies and communication). Skills such as creativity, autonomy, initiative, teamwork, cooperation, and critical sense will be strengthened. And is will promote the development of them values Christian that foster the love, the respect, the cooperation, the equality, the freedom, the justice and the peace.

Guidelines for teaching methodology in accordance with the existing concept of curriculum definition of objectives, key skills, content, evaluation criteria and measurable learning standards has supplemented by the reference to the guidelines of teaching methodology, meaning the process whereby the former is reached. The own identity of the teaching of Religion Evangelical determines them orientations of methodological didactic necessary so teachers and students develop the curriculum in accordance with them decisions of concretion of the same taken in them corresponding schedules didactic and sequence of units didactic. In the educational project of each centre that has been offered for consistency with the values, objectives and priorities of the same contributing to enrich programming of the teaching of Evangelical Religion must be integrated as part of all the curriculum followed by students of primary education.

In the development of this curriculum, teachers in the teaching of Evangelical Religion have a special role to integrate their specific training in the area providing your knowledge and participation in the context that they do, and their identity as Christians believe the message and the job they perform. In this sense acquires a significant relevance, within the functions it shares with the rest of the teaching staff of the stage, the elaborate didactic programming, design, develop the didactic units and the tasks of class according to the characteristics of their learning environment and needs of their students.

In the application practice of these settings the Faculty has of have in has that those students and students learn when involved in experiences, are these real, simulated or fictitious. In this sense the master or master of the teaching of Religion Evangelical is converts in a facilitator of experiences to the students in which, in addition to raise them content and attitudes that is aims to teach, designed situations that put in contact to your students with characters biblical and with situations rich in which put in practice them principles of the Christianity Evangelical. Also has a function mediating contributing in the process of teaching and learning resources and means necessary for the interpretation of facts, ideas, principles, data or values, and guide and spiritual guidance, is providing a biblical view of the same and models of practical application in everyday situations. Finally, it has a value of set model that students tend to learn attitudes of people in authority. Therefore the teaching of Evangelical Religion teachers have to assume an ethical role of Christian attitudes and a pedantic role that provides student resources, means and necessary guidance so that they are able themselves to develop their own interpretations and personal conclusions from the situations raised.

Students who learn the teaching of Evangelical Religion must be active, who intend to multiple situations of search and participation and who is expected to propose at the same time different for the same answers. Training, is a priority from an early age, in the knowledge and management of the Bible as you refer to it throughout all his learning as a basic source for the understanding of the way in which God has approached and revealed to the human being. This training for biblical research is complemented by the use of extra-biblical sources, sometimes matching with other materials that also studies (literary, historical, documentary) as a guarantee of the complementarity of the teaching of Evangelical Religion with the rest of the curriculum and its contribution to the integral formation of the pupils in primary education.

Consider students learning the teaching of Evangelical Religion in this age implies to take into account its own interests and its features evolving when implementing different learning situations. That's why throughout the stage, the teaching of Evangelical Religion must tend to facilitate one growing autonomy of the student body and a progression from immediate knowledge towards greater levels of abstraction. They should be enhanced as it moves on the stage situations with an ever-increasing doses of confrontation and critical exercise that allows you to strengthen the faith and Christian values which acquires. Logically, all in a climate of freedom and coexistence, which is not intended so that the message is accepted, how much is learned. It is not intended to impose externally virtues, beliefs or ways of behaving, but yes expect that they flow in from convictions students sufficiently deep.

The teaching of Evangelical Religion arises simultaneously as a living learning space, both age groups who are to teach it, the whole of the Centre and group class where it coexists with other colleagues and other options. For this purpose, the teacher, in addition to with his attitude and example, has the possibility of working in various groupings designed with the flexibility to respond to different learning goals. Similarly teachers in teaching of Evangelical Religion (ERE) has to reflect on time management to propose to students area tasks, so that these allow students to work properly both when it is approaching for the first time the proposals as when it is reviewing its work. The education of Evangelical Religion teaching must, in short, manage time and workspaces so to facilitate the active and responsible students work.

It is pertinent to consider the relevance of educational resources between the methodological decisions to adopt, so that it is in the very identity of the ERE the priority use of the Bible as a basic and essential resource. However other materials, printed, digital will be included in the process of teaching and learning or otherwise, that are incorporated as a means to stimulate the study of the Bible. He teaching of ERE participates in the production of these materials and in its broadcasting and Exchange in forums specific created in the frame of FEREDE and that have the importance of be a space of growth professional to the facilitate it training e innovation permanent of the faculty.

With regard to strategies methodological properly these not is identifies the teaching of Religion Evangelical with a unique method universally applied, but is the teaching which must adopt decisions concrete of how work and guide the work in each case for reach them purposes planned, with them maximum dimensions possible of quality, in accordance with the context in that is located. In any case, these methodological decisions the teacher should take into account the importance of stimulating the motivation of students, enhance their self-esteem and autonomy, developing work-sharing strategies and promote communication with families.


Finally, the evaluation of the teaching of Religion Evangelical is understands as description of them learning achieved by the students and must differentiate is, for avoid reduce it to she, of the rating or trial that is relevant give to the end each unit of time planned for this (quarterly, annual or to the end the stage). It should be noted that the evaluation of the teaching of Evangelical Religion, in accordance with the rest of the stage, shall be continuous, and will take as a reference the evaluation criteria and measurable learning standards laid down in each of the courses and attend to the personal characteristics of each student in order to facilitate the individualization necessary to ensure success for all. For this it is essential that the teacher, in its methodology, has adequate records of collection of information based on the own elements of the curriculum, and that count also with self-assessment strategies by own students and fluid communications with families. This participation of students and families facilitates that they can contribute in a coherent manner to personal, spiritual, and social development of students.

The teaching of Evangelical Religion, in primary education, contributes to the integral development of the individual, in accordance with the regulations for management of the education system. In this sense it assumes that any learning to be, must be meaningful and allow the mobilization and application in real situations, by complex are, of what has been learned. Evangelical Religion teaching aims, therefore all students acquire knowledge, develop skills and abilities and manifest attitudes of critical and responsible citizens, able to know the reality, to interpret it, Act on it, resolve problematic situations from the base of the Christian faith.

EVANGELICAL RELIGION 1st course content criteria of evaluation learning standards evaluable block 1. God we love God is creator.

God loves me and gave me life.

Jesus teaches me that God cares for me.

Jesus I taught that I can speak with Dios.





1 understand that creation and life are signs of God's love to everyone.

2. identify the prayer as a means which God provides for personal communication with him.





1.1 acknowledge and understand that God is creator.

1.2 identifies and lists samples of the love of Dios in his own life.

1.3 tells his words with care of God over creation and people based on various Biblical stories.

2.1 describes the prayer as a medium for the communication personal with Dios.

2.2 identifies the prayer as one of the main teachings of Jesus.






Block 2. The Bible God me speaks in his book the Bible.

The Bible, the best book for me.

The ten commandments: the rules of Dios.





1 analyze and memorize various biblical texts that present the Bible as a means by which God speaks to us, guides us and teaches us.





1.1. it recognizes the value of the Bible as a means by which God speaks to us, guides us and teaches us.

1.2 describes with his words moments, characters, and text showing the Bible as the word of God.

1.3 analyzes, of way guided, texts biblical that present the Bible as medium by which Dios us speaks, we guide and us teaches.

1.4 explained orally the meaning of biblical texts worked in the classroom.

1.5 identifies the commandments and rules found in the Bible as part of what God wants for it through drawings and dramatizations.






Block 3. Jesus Christ, the only mediator and example to follow Christmas: Jesus born.

Jesus loves me so much that he has given his life for me.

Jesus dies and resurrects by me and brings her salvation.





1 understand the redemptive work made by Christ, analyzing the personal implications.





1.1 you understand that Jesus is the instrument that God uses to bring salvation to unite all Christians in the same family.

1.2 expressed orally the observations made about the love of God towards man.

1.3 it gives examples about the unconditional love of God talking in class with their peers.

1.4 identify events and characters of the New Testament which speak of God salvador plan.

1.5 performs works and simple presentations to individual and group level, expressing his understanding of the facts narrated in the Bible about the birth, death and resurrection of Jesus.






Block 4. Village of Dios Pentecost, the coming of the spirit Santo.

I am part of the family of Jesus: the Church.

The life of the early Christians.

God wants that all kinds of people are part of his people.





1. identify in texts of the New Testament, situations and actions that are expressions of brotherly love and coexistence of the household of faith, talking about the value of.

2 discover that through accepting Jesus as Lord and Savior can be part of the people of God, the Church.

3 recognize that all peoples and ethnic groups may be part of the family of God, the Church.





1.1 identifies situations and actions that express brotherly love.

1.2 know and participate in situations of coexistence of the family of God.

1.3 describes the events which mark the birth of the Church.

1.4 relates his words with the coming of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost.

2.1 exemplified different ways express brotherly love in the local church.

2.2 expresses his experiences as a receiver and producer (issuer) of brotherly love.

2.3 identifies and comments passages that speak of the opportunity of forming part of the household of faith.

2.4 participate in communication of the faith to others.

2.5 you rate the importance of meet and share in the local church, following the example of the first Christians.

3.1. you understand that the local church is open to all kinds of people.

3.2 understands and appreciates the cultural differences inside and outside the church making drawings and posters alluding.






Block 5. The world that God created God has created a beautiful world for me.

The story of Genesis from the creation.

God takes care of the creation and I cared for to me.





1. observe the nature and dialogue about them details and features of the environment natural that manifest the form of be of who it created, contrasting them with the way in that the Bible us shows to Dios as creator.





1.1 express comments about the greatness of Dios revealed in its creation.

1.2 shares the benefits of that Dios is author of the creation and that the care.

1.3 identify and difference of what is created by Dios facing what is product of the man.

1.4 knows the story of the creation and the sequence followed to its culmination.

1.5 performs activities that demonstrate care toward its environment natural and social.

1.6 made with different forms expressive, the story about the creation starting from the data biblical.






Block 6. Family and relations family of Jesus and my family.

I enjoy the love of God with friends.

The joy of sharing. Share is to help.

Love, respect and obedience in the family.





1 show respect and care toward each other in everyday interaction and games.

2. to identify the members of the family of Jesus, and the roles assigned by God for each one of the members of the family (father, mother and children).





1.1 acknowledges the care of the family to the children.

1.2 you understand the signs of love in the family.

1.3. debate on how your family can help you to grow, to be healthy and to learn.

1.4 meets the family of Jesus and admires their example.

1.5 it offers examples of how to care for their neighbor.

1.6 participates actively in situations of communication and relationship with others.

1.7 expresses attitudes of respect and care towards himself and others.

1.8 participates in actions of caring and sharing with others.

1.9 it respects the rules of operation of the group.

1.10 identifies David and Jonathan as friends who are looked after and helped each other.

2.1 you understand that Jesus grew to being part of a family.

2.2 he explains with his words obedience as an expression of love, parents and Jesus.

2.3 draws examples of how the disciples were friends of Jesus.





2nd course content criteria of evaluation learning block 1 standards. God loves us God has created me and put in a family.

Love of God and love of neighbor.

All persons are important to God and he has a plan for each one of them.

Examples of people who showed love of neighbor.





1 understand that life is a gift from God through our parents.

2 discover that each person in this world has different qualities and together we can help us and complete us.


3. identify the attitudes and actions of Jesus with the people that suffered discrimination.

4 discuss how to act to follow the example of Jesus in his dealings with people.





1.1 read various stories of families of the Bible, identifying the relationship parent-child in each an of them.

2.1 it talks about the fact that every person in this world has different qualities and together we can help us and complete us.

3.1 known Bible stories where Jesucristo treated with people marginalized as a sign of his love.

3.2 identifies and lists the attitudes that Jesus showed to marginalized people.

3.3 tells, dramatizing or through another medium expressive, them actions that Jesus performed as displays of love towards them others.

3.4 describes orally or by written actions that can make imitating the example of Jesus.

4.1 acts showing attitudes and actions that reflect God's love in your environment.

4.2 express through correct media drawings in relation to all persons, including discrimination.

4.3 it dialogues about specific ways in which we can imitate the attitudes and actions that Jesus had discriminated against people.






Block 2. The Bible know the word of God.

Structure of the Bible: books, chapters and verses. Old and New Testament.

Jesus Christ, the main theme of the Bible.





1. know the division into Testaments of the Bible and how to look up a passage, identifying Jesus Christ as the main theme of the Bible.





1.1 shows knowledge of the structure of the Bible: its books and the division in chapters and verses.

1.2 explains in General as the Old Testament and New Testament point to Jesus.






Block 3. Jesus Christ, the only mediator and example to follow Jesus birth.

Jesus, our example in the Christian life.

His baptism and temptation in the desert.

Jesus helps us make good decisions in our life.

The disciples of Jesus yesterday and today.

Death and resurrection of Jesus.





1 identify and order temporarily, through the study of passages from the Gospels, the main facts of the life of Jesus.





1.1. study of guided way the life of Jesus.

1.2 known them made major of the life of Jesus.

1.3 order temporarily the main facts of the life of Jesus.

1.4 identifies and relates some parables and miracles of Jesus.

1.5 exhibits by various means (verbal, plastic) information related to the life and teaching of Jesus.

1.6 develops the information gathered through drawings, diagrams, etc.

1.7 identify implications for the life and teaching of Jesus, the disciples and in his own life, exemplifying with situations of their lives and environment.






Block 4. People of God God called Abraham.

Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph: Patriarchs of the people of God.

Abraham example of trust in God and his promises.





1. know the biblical story of how began to form the people of God.

2. analyze through the life of Abraham how friendship with God involves trust and obedience.





1.1 identifies Abraham as the first Patriarch of the people of God and describes how was his calling.

1.2 argues the answer practice that Abraham gave to Dios in its so-called.

1.3 recognizes the line of succession of the Patriarchs: Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and Joseph.

2.1 express through drawings attitudes and values that emerge from the proposed biblical texts.

2.2 analyze orally and in writing behavior expressed by the characters studied.






Block 5. The world that God created the order of creation.

God makes us responsible for the care of his creation.

The value of people.





1 recognize God as creator, identified traits of his character, his eternal purpose and plan of redemption for mankind.

2. to make excursions, visits to parks or gardens, and in their everyday actions in the environment of the school, take care of nature, expressing attitudes of respect towards the natural environment.

3 understand that according to the Bible, freedom, and value people has its origin in the fact that God created human beings in his image and likeness.





1.1 identify and describe specific situations in which God shows his love to people in various biblical accounts.

1.2 it gives examples of the creation.

2.1 admires the order that is created by God, and enjoy its beauty.

2.2 narrates in the biblical account of the creation order.

2.3 respects the natural elements of your environment (animals, plants, minerals...)

2.4 shows responsibility for the maintenance and care of nature.

2.5 offers examples of how to take care of nature.

2.6 participates in the care of their natural environment: in your neighborhood, home and school.

3.1 his words highlighted the practical implications that has recognized the man as created in the image and likeness of God.

3.2 understands and is able to explain that God is the giver of life and we have to protect it.






Block 6. The family and relations of the Patriarchs family.

Learning to trust God.

Joseph and his brothers. The importance of forgiveness in life.

Jesus teaches me to help others as he did.





1 discover in the biblical text how lived different people, analyzing their attitudes and values and expressing them through different languages.





1.1 assess and compare the behaviour and attitudes of workers talking in class about them biblical characters.

1.2 expressed orally and in writing the values and behaviours manifested by the studied characters differentiating the different types of examples.

1.3 responds comprehensively the issues raised concerning the biblical characters.

1.4 it expresses their Bible knowledge and elements of their relationship with God through different languages (oral, written, body, plastic and musical).





3rd course content criteria of evaluation standards of learning evaluable block 1. God we love Dios we love as we are.

The love unconditional of Dios to the totality of the person.

All those people need to love and be loved.





1. recognize to the man as be created to the image of Dios and manifest attitudes and behaviors based on the respect to this.





1.1 identifies features of the image of Dios in the human being in situations of his own environment talking about them with the class.

1.2 known the care of Dios on the creation and each person giving examples specific starting from their observations and knowledge.

1.3 assumes responsibilities for the care of the own body as image of Dios.

1.4 obtains information by different sources, including the digital, related with help and serve to those others.






Block 2. The Bible the Bible, the message of God the humanity.

The Bible, a book inspired by God. Their unity and coherence.

God inspired different men to write his word.





1 analyze and memorize various biblical texts that present the Scriptures as a means by which God has revealed to man his will and purposes for humanity.





1.1 identifies and knows to place characters and key biblical texts presenting Scripture as a means by which God has revealed to the human being.

1.2. it recognizes the value of the Bible as the revelation of God's plan showing respect for the word of God and reading the Bible.

1.3 in the Bible itself identifies moments, characters, and text showing the Scripture as the inspired revelation of God's plan.

1.4 analyzes biblical texts that present the Scriptures as a means by which God has revealed to human beings and has unveiled its purposes for humanity.

1.5 explained orally and in writing the meaning of biblical texts worked in the classroom.

1.6 known some of the writers of the Bible.






Block 3. Jesus Christ, only mediator and example to follow the Easter, and those sacrifices in the old testament.

The prophets spoke of a Savior.

Birth of Jesus, the true motive of the Christmas.

Jesus, the Lamb of Dios.

Jesus saves and we offers the forgiveness of our sins.





1. discover that Dios has a purpose eternal of salvation for each person.

2. identify and distinguish in several texts of the New Testament, the ideas Basic that summarized the message of salvation that Jesus proclaimed.

3 express thoughts and feelings before the message and work of Jesus Christ, using different languages.





1.1 identifies and relates to facts and characters of the old and new testament that speak of the plan of God Savior.

1.2 you understand that Jesus is the instrument that God uses to bring salvation to gentiles and Jews in the same family to unite.


1.3 expressed orally and in writing the observations made about the love of God towards man.

1.4 understands and gives reasons about the unconditional love of God.

1.5 understands and appreciates the birth of Jesus as the true reason for Christmas.

2.1 he converses on biblical texts that express the spiritual and moral need of the human being.

2.2 Express in various ways the content of biblical texts that identify Jesus as the only Savior and mediator between God and human beings.

2.3 analyses the facts that surrounded the death and resurrection of Jesus.

2.4 distinguishes the basic content of the message of Jesus Christ.

2.5 appreciates the importance personal of live always with Jesus explaining their implications.

2.6 collects and selects information on the life, death and resurrection of Jesus in different sources.

3.1 you understand how to obtain the forgiveness of sins through Jesus explaining his words with relevant biblical texts.

3.2 Express by means of various languages (oral, written, body, plastic, musical), their thoughts and feelings to the message de Jesucristo.






Block 4. Village of Dios God wanted to reveal is to the human beings and for this chose to a village.

History of the people of Israel in the old testament until the period of the judges.

Through Jesus, God gave the opportunity so that everyone could be part of his people.

Jesus forms and heads the family of faith.





1. analyze how Dios is reveals to them humans from the start of the humanity and along the history biblical (until the period of the judges).

2 discover that through accepting Jesus as Lord and Savior can be part of God's people.





1.1 analyzes and summarizes the content of texts read about who is and how is Dios for the people of Israel and for the Christian.

1.2 includes and explains how God acts in the midst of his people.

1.3 identifies some prominent characters of the people of God: Patriarchs and judges.

1.4 it is located in the Bible texts presented to the people of God as a means by which God has revealed to the human being.

1.5 known and lists some of the difficulties that the characters biblical faced as messengers of Dios.

1.6 understands and tells some of the stories of heroes of the faith both directly of sources biblical as complementary.

1.7 identifies and assesses the divine intervention in the experiences of the biblical characters telling Biblical stories in their own words.

1.8 develops personal conclusions from the knowledge from the experiences of the biblical characters and explains them in writing.

1.9 it is located on the internet and other sources, Biblical maps related to the people of Israel.

2.1. the Gospels examined passages that speak of the opportunity of forming part of the household of faith.

2.2 draw posters making clear that he understands the meaning of the great Commission.

2.3 identifies and summarizes passages that speak of the opportunity of form part of the family of the faith.

2.4 participates in activities of communication of the faith to others.

2.5 reads and analyzes the biblical passages which teach that Jesus is and leads the family of faith.






Block 5. The world that God created God cares and sustains creation.

The creation as a sign of God's love to people.

Personal responsibility in the care and conservation of nature.

God will make a new creation.





1 dialogue starting from the analysis of biblical texts, why as human being is invaluable and deserves to be nurtured and respected.

2 show actions that denote care and respect for the plants and animals of their immediate environment, and concern for the conservation of the natural environment.





1.1 Express by written the remarks made about the attributes of Dios reflected in the human being.

1.2 participates in dialogues, debates and other exhibitions about the origin of the human being from a position biblical.

1.3 is valued to itself same as person and his body as creation of Dios.

1.4 uses texts biblical about the dignity of the people.

1.5 related freedom, dignity human with the fact of be created by Dios explaining some of them consequences practices in our society.

1.6 identifies the implications practices personal that has the made of recognize to the others as creation of Dios.

1.7 manifest behaviors of respect by the dignity and freedom itself and of the others people.

2.1 respects those elements natural of their environment.

2.2 shows responsibility in the maintenance and care of the nature.

2.3 participates in the care of their natural environment: in your neighborhood, home and school.






Block 6. Family and relations family planned by God. Biblical family model.

Biblical examples of family and interpersonal relationships.

The importance of the worship of God.

Worship as a demonstration of love of God. Praise and worship.

Internal and external coherence of the Christian life.





1 discover through the biblical text how lived different people, analyzing their attitudes and values and expressing them through different languages.

2. know God's purpose for the family, identifying the characteristics of the Christian family, both on family experiences as biblical.

3. recognize the worship as displays of love to Dios, differentiating between cult external and the worship of heart.





1.1 discriminate attitudes and values that are derived of them texts biblical proposed participating in discussions.

1.2 argues its position personal with regard to those behaviors, values and attitudes manifested by those different characters biblical.

1.3 express through different languages the attitudes and values manifested by various characters biblical.

1.4 reflects and express by written the lessons learned with regard to the attitudes and values of those characters biblical.

2.1 analyzes how can help to your family: obeying, collaborating and giving love.

2.2 understands that is part of a family that is loved by Jesus.

2.3 identifies different roles family.

3.1 analyzes and discusses the difference between cult external and worship to Dios of heart.

3.2 you understand the importance of having a special day in the week to go to church and honor God in this way.





4th course content criteria of evaluation learning standards evaluable block 1. God we love God loves us at all times.

God remains with us in the midst of testing.

God is merciful to us.

The love of God, an undeserved gift.

The love of neighbor.

The golden rule.





1 dialogue starting from the analysis of biblical texts, why as human being - both his person and his body - is invaluable and deserves to be nurtured and respected.

2 use the Bible to find answers to questions existential and ethical that arise in daily life, summarizing its findings and communicating them to other classmates.





1.1 identify the personal practical implications that the fact of recognizing others as God's creation.

1.2 expresses respect for dignity and liberty own and behaviors of other persons.

2.1 use the Bible to find answer to ethical and existential questions that arise in everyday life.

2.2 it raises ethical questions from the reading of the Bible.

2.3 find answers in the Bible to the existential and ethical questions raised.

2.4 compare experiences raised with biblical models and situations.

2.5 it communicates to others the answers found in the Bible to the existential and ethical questions raised.

2.6 it biblically argued their positions in situations of opposition or confrontation with other ideas.

2.7 it relates several biblical texts together.

2.8 shows sensitivity to injustice.

2.9 participates in actions of care for others.






Block 2. The Bible New Testament. Matthew, mark, Luke and John. Jesus, God and man.

The coming of the Holy Spirit.





1 compare the approaches of the four Gospels on the person of Jesus.

2. identify and analyze verses in the book of acts of the Apostles which shows that Jesus left the Holy Spirit to guide us and help us.





1.1 understand and debate that Jesus is Dios-hombre and siervo-Rey.

1.2 reads and analyzes the biblical accounts showing Jesus as son of God.

1.3 known who are the authors of the four Gospels.

1.4 includes the difference of them four Gospels as regards the structure of them events of the life and made of Jesus.

2.1 identifies and analyzes passages biblical that show that Jesus left to the spirit holy to help us and guide us.

2.2 handling the Bible with autonomy locating texts with different criteria.






Block 3. Jesus Christ, the only mediator and example to follow







Jesus, the Messiah announced.

Teachings of the parables of Jesus.

His life and miraculous events.

The last week of Jesus before going to the cross.

Jesus we reconciled with the father.

Jesus the master.

Jesus Christ the Lord.

Jesus will return as King.





1 realize, with the help of the teacher a simple research on the person of Jesus from the consultation of various biblical and extra biblical sources, developing the information gathered and communicating the results to the rest of the class.

2. analyze the encounters that Jesus had with people suffering discrimination - through texts of the Gospels, discovering the attitudes expressed towards them and the actions carried out on its behalf, realizing that today we can follow his example and talking about ways to concrete in that I can do it.





1.1 queries, to perform works and research, sources biblical and extra-biblical.

1.2 performs simple research on the person of Jesus (who is, was born when, where and how they lived, who claimed to be, how they died, where is now).

1.3 selects and uses different sources in the development of research simple.

1.4 elaborates the information (texts, pictures, tables, murals, schemes).

1.5 communicates orally and written findings and its conclusions of investigations carried out.

1.6 identifies various prophecies of the old testament concerning Jesus as Messiah.

1.7 identifies and relates some parables and miracles of Jesus.

1.8 includes the teaching of the parables and their applications today.

1.9. debate on the implications that the fact that the Bible teaches that Jesus is the Lord, and will return as King.

1.10 read biblical passages proposed by Professor and dialogue on reconciliation that Jesus brought by his death on the cross.

2.1 know the biblical accounts where Jesucristo treated with people marginalized as a sign of his love.

2.2 identifies and communicates in class on the attitudes that Jesucristo showed towards the marginalised people.

2.3 it tells what Jesucristo performed as a sign of love for others.

2.4 describe orally or in writing actions that can be done to imitating the example of Jesus Christ.






Block 4. Village of Dios history biblical since first of Samuel until second of chronic (from Samuel until the fall of Jerusalem).

The role of prayer, obedience and trust in God.

David, prototype of an eternal reign.

The true repentance.

The fear of God and the wisdom.





1. read biblical texts, selected by the teacher, capturing the general sense of them, and summarize the main ideas expressed about who and how is God.

2. identify and understand who God is and how God is for the people of Israel and for Christians - as the Bible presents it.

3. to analyze the importance that has in the Christian life, obedience, trust in God, repentance and the fear of God.





1.1 handling the Bible locating texts with different criteria.

1.2 you understand the general meaning of biblical texts that reads.

1.3 identify specific contents of the biblical texts that reads.

1.4 summarizes the contents of read texts of the old testament from first of Samuel until second of Chronicles.

1.5 make inferences and obtain conclusions from the reading of biblical texts.

2.1 contrast ideas that others have about God with the way in which it is described in the Bible, establishing similarities and differences.

2.2 reads texts biblical of the old testament in which who speaks is Dios same or people that are praying or giving testimony to others of who is Dios or about what he has done.

3.1 identify the characteristics and consequences of true repentance.

3.2 he converses on the biblical principle that to obey is better than sacrifice.






Block 5. The world that God created God created human beings in his image and likeness.

Responsibility for creation and the importance of the work.





1. identify features of the image of God in their own natural environment and social situations.

2. analyze the biblical conception of work as a positive task within the framework of human dignity.





1.1 identify features of the image of God in man.

1.2 identifies effects of sin against the image of God in man.

Recognizes the importance of helping and serving others preparing a list of personal ways to practice support 1.3, and service to others in its family, school and social environment.

1.4 recognizes situations of discrimination and marginalization as offense to God to discussing this in class.

1.5 knows and appreciates that the discrimination and marginalization are undesirable facts.

1.6 participates in the improvement of the situations in their environment.

1.7 meet God on the creation's care.

2.1 you understand that God has given us the responsibility to work for the good of this world.






Block 6. Family and relations biblical foundations for interpersonal relationships: friends, work and Church.





1. Express in situations and contexts everyday its knowledge biblical and elements of its relationship with Dios and with other Christians using different codes expressive.

2. understand the messages that receives from others and participate in situations of dialogue although involve confrontation or disagreement.





1.1 expresses his knowledge biblical in situations and contexts everyday.

1.2 uses different codes expressive to communicate his faith and his knowledge biblical (as the language verbal, body, plastic and musical).

1.3 identifies situations personal in which can contribute to improving the situation of the people and the coexistence.

1.4 investigates on the search of the salvation from the men.

1.5 assesses and compares the behaviour and the attitudes of characters biblical worked.

1.6 responds comprehensively the issues raised concerned to those characters biblical.

2.1 dialogues and debate on those messages that receives from others (media of communication, family, friends, school).

2.2 elaborates or creates posters, in group, of coexistence and relations with others.

2.3 includes those messages on the faith and the Christianity that receives from others.





5th course content criteria of evaluation standards of learning evaluable block 1. God we loves Dios not watch them appearances but the heart of the people.

Those two commandments main.

God us justified by grace through the faith in Jesus.

God forgives our sin when we repent.





1. analyse through different texts Biblical, how by love and mercy, Dios us justifies and forgives through Jesus and us requests that show mercy to them other people.





1.1 Express orally the observations made about the love of Dios towards the human being and debate on the Sin and the gift of the justification by the faith.

1.2 identifies, reads and analyzes passages of the old and of the new testament that speak of the plan salvador de Dios.

1.3 puts examples of actions which Jesus performed as a sign of love for others.

1.4 describes actions that can be done, imitating the example of Jesus 1.5 differentiates and dialogues about the content of the message of Jesus.

1.6 discriminating attitudes and values that emerge from the biblical texts proposed drawing up lists or tables that reflect the information.

1.7 it analyzes the role of repentance in the Christian life as a condition to be forgiven.






Block 2. The Bible Jesus, the central message of the Bible.

Importance of knowing, deepen and live according to the word.

Review of the old testament. Classification of the books of the old testament.

Letters or Epistles of the New Testament.

The letters of Paul and other writers.

God's Word has a valid message for all time and for all people.





1 understand that God reveals us his will and purposes through the Bible.

2 locate in the Bible, reading and memorizing various texts, analyzing your message.

3. know the structure of the Bible, used literary styles, writers who participated in each Testament and handle it with autonomy.





1.1 identifies and knows to place key biblical texts presenting Scripture as a means by which God has revealed to the human being.

1.2 analyses and values biblical texts that present the Scriptures as a means by which God has revealed to human beings and has unveiled its purposes for humanity.

1.3 compares the knowledge obtained from God and the Bible from his reading with the ideas in the respect that you get from other sources (people, media, books,...).

2.1 with autonomy and regularly read biblical texts.

2.2 memorize biblical texts.

2.3 includes the general sense of biblical texts that reads.


2.4 identify specific contents of the biblical texts that reads.

2.5 looking for versions of the Bible online and read texts in this format.

3.1 explains the structure of the Bible with his words.

3.2 known writers who participated in each Testament, relating the author and his work.






Block 3. Jesus Christ, the only mediator and example to follow the role of the prophets in the old testament.

Isaiah announces the birth of Jesus.

The cultural aspect of Christmas and the biblical message of the incarnation.

Jesus chose to twelve disciples to carry out its purposes.

God invites us to hand over our lives to participate in his divine plan.

Jesus is risen and has overcome death.

The sovereignty of God over our lives.

The resurrection and life eternal, the hope of the believer.





1. investigate the role that developed the prophets of the old testament.

2. identify various prophecies of the old testament which refer to Jesus.

3 differentiate the cultural aspect of Christmas, the biblical message of the incarnation.

4 to describe features of the participation of Jesus in the history (past, present, and future).

5. understand that the person of Jesus transcends his earthly life and know the Christian hope of the second coming of Christ.





1.1 analyzes attitudes and values expressed by various biblical prophets.

2.1 related prophecies of Isaiah about the Messiah, with its fulfillment in the life of Jesus.

3.1 you assess the meaning of Christmas, being able to distinguish between the cultural aspect of this festival and the biblical message of the incarnation.

4.1 recognized the disciples of Jesus, its characteristic features and the importance of their choice.

4.2 includes, analyses and dialogue about biblical texts related to the resurrection and the second coming of Jesus.

4.3 know the characteristics of the character divine of Jesus.

5.1 you understand that God's Kingdom will be established on Earth by Jesus.

5.2 shows confidence in that the second coming of Jesus will be in power and glory.

5.3 appreciates the implications that for his own life and that of the Church is the hope of the second coming.

5.4. Expresses its knowledge and confidence in the second coming of Jesus.






Block 4. Village of Dios the fidelity of Dios and the fulfillment of their promises.

The importance of faith in God and obedience to the word in our relationship with God.

Jesus, the Lamb of God has been our punishment.

God and his word, Center and priority of our lives.

The problem of idolatry into Israel and the abandonment of the priorities of the Christian.

Birth of the early Church. The life of the early Christians.

The Church as body of Christ.

Function of the members of the Church.

The Mission of the Church and the great Commission.

The Church, local and universal.





1 discover and share how God reveals himself in human beings throughout biblical history.

2. identify situations and actions that are expressions of brotherly love and coexistence of the household of faith in texts of the acts of the Apostles and the Epistles.

3 discuss brotherly love: the value that has the possibility of experiencing today brotherly love and the conditions that make it possible.





1.1 it is located in the Bible texts presented to the people of God as a means by which God has revealed to the human being.

1.2 analyzes and summarizes the content of texts read about who and how is God for the people of Israel and for Christians.

1.3 identify the prominent characters of the people of God.

1.4 identifies and assesses the divine intervention in the experiences of the heroes of the faith.

1.5 it is located on the internet and other digital sources, Biblical maps related to the people of Israel.

1.6 analyzes the history of God's people, the early Church and the characters involved in their events, associating the historical facts with the characters involved.

2.1 you understand concept and mission of the Church.

2.2 missionary, in short research papers, related to the great Commission of Jesus with the work from different sources.

2.3 explains and analyzes different ways to express brotherly love.

2.4 identify the passages related to actions and situations described in the acts and Epistles which are expressions of brotherly love.

3.1 it talks about different ways to express brotherly love in the local church.

3.2 expresses his experiences as a receiver and producer (issuer) of brotherly love.

3.3 difference using your words, universal and local church.






Block 5. The world that God created God exist before creation.

The power of God in the creation.

The revelation of Dios in the creation.





1. observe the nature and dialogue on the details and features of the environment natural that manifest the form of be who it think.

2. express through different schemes how the Bible shows to Dios as creator.





1.1 relates the information obtained in web pages of entities and institutions that work for the conservation of the environment with passages biblical about the creation.

1.2 shares some texts Bible in which appears Dios as father, son and spirit Holy related with the creation.

1.3 it is made with different forms of expression, the story in the biblical passages on the establishment from the biblical data.

1.4 manufactures various schemes (pieces of content, conceptual maps, clouds of words, etc.) on Christian life and biblical content using traditional media and digital applications.

2.1 express comments about the greatness of God revealed in his creation.

2.2 performs activities that demonstrate care toward its natural and social environment.

2.3 it dialogues about their natural surroundings as a manifestation of the creator.

2.4 lists details and features of the nature that us give clues about the character of who them created.






Block 6. The family and the relationships the love to Dios and to the neighbor.

The family of Abraham.

A family loved by Jesus: Marta, Mary and Lazarus.

Friends of God.





1. make a follow-up of the relations of friendship and family that appear in the Bible identifying traits distinctive.





1.1 see in the Bible different experiences family, as those of Abraham or of Marta, Maria and Lazarus.

1.2 exposed elements of their relationship with God and with other Christians in familiar situations outside.

1.3 identify features of the friends of God appearing in the Bible.





6 course content criteria of evaluation learning standards evaluable block 1. God loves us God is our refuge.

The prophets taught to trust in God.

The grace of God that releases.





1 recognize the characteristics of God, who will serve as refuge and trust.





1.1 expresses by different means the biblical concept of God as a refuge.

1.2 it is related the teaching of different prophets on the confidence in God.






Block 2. The Bible process training, transmission and preservation of the Bible.

The reliability of the copies of the books of the Bible.

The original languages of the Bible.

Translations of the Bible to the Spanish and other languages of the world.

The fundamental value of having the Bible in all cultures.

The direction of God for our lives through his word.

Strategies and sources for the study of the biblical message.

Practical application of Bible reading.





1. know the protection of God on the Bible throughout history so you booked your training, development, and preservation to the present day.





1.1 knows and understands about the Bible throughout history God's protection.

1.2 identify evidence of the protection of God on the Bible throughout history.

1.3 identify forms and literary styles and languages of biblical texts.

1.4 acknowledges in the biblical texts the opportunity that had different characters become part of the people of God and the message of salvation extends to all the peoples and ethnic groups.

1.5 describe forms and ways that God has used to preserve the writing up to our days.

1.6 identify situations in the contemporary world that pose a risk for the transmission of the Bible.

1.7 is starts in the processes of the study Bible Basic.

1.8 participates actively in the conservation, dissemination and defence of the writing.

1.9 obtains, edit and share images on the writing and preservation of the Bible.






Block 3. Jesus Christ, the only mediator and example to follow Palestinian in times of Jesus.

Characters historical in the birth of Jesus.

Jesus brought the salvation to the world and mark the history of the humanity.

The resurrection of Jesus as fact historical. Evidence Bible and external.


The resurrection of Jesus as the basis of Christianity.





1 research on the person of Jesus (who is, was born when, where and how they lived, who claimed to be, how they died, where is now) from the consultation of various biblical and extra biblical sources.

2 developing written texts, pictures, tables, murals, or schemes, on the information collected to investigate and communicating the results to the rest of the class.





1.1 inquiry, to carry out work and research, biblical and extra-biblical sources.

1.2 planning the research process anticipating phases and resources in each of them.

1.3 selects and uses various sources in the development of simple research around the birth of Jesus.

1.4 looking for versions of the Bible online.

1.5 identify different old testament prophecies concerning Jesus.

1.6 looking for maps on the web of the places in the life of Jesus.

2.1 elaborates of way autonomous and critical the information obtained from different sources using formats varied (texts written, pictures, tables, murals, schemes) on the resurrection of Jesus.

2.2 reaches and exposes personal conclusions from simple research.

2.3 communicates orally and by writing them results and their conclusions of research and monographs made.






Block 4. People of the integrity of the Christian God. The example of Jesus.

The persistence in the prayer.

The growth of the Christian as a disciple of Jesus.

The confidence in the sovereignty of Dios.

Institution and meaning of the celebration of the "Lord's Supper".

The suffering in the Christian life.

The Church persecuted throughout the centuries.

The importance of the freedom religious.

Luther and the pillars of the Protestant Reformation.





1. read texts Biblical, selected by the Professor, capturing the sense general of them themselves, and summarize the main ideas expressed about who is and how is Dios, comparing them with them ideas that other people have about it.

2. use the Bible to find answer to ethical and existential questions that arise in everyday life.

3. know the main characteristics of the Protestant Reformation and reformers.





1.1 explained orally and by writing how his growing physical, mental, emotional and spiritual are part of the plan of salvation Dios for your life.

1.2 reflects about the sovereignty of Dios.

1.3 compares the knowledge that obtains of Dios and of the Bible starting from your reading with them ideas to the respect that obtains of others sources (people, media of communication, books, etc.)

2.1 use the Bible to find answer to ethical and existential questions that arise in everyday life.

2.2 it raises ethical questions from the reading of the Bible.

2.3 find answers in the Bible to the existential and ethical questions raised.

2.4 compare experiences raised with biblical models and situations.

2.5 it communicates to others the answers found in the Bible to the existential and ethical questions raised.

2.6 it biblically argued their positions in situations of opposition or confrontation with other ideas.

2.7 related biblical texts between various texts.

3.1 known and reflects on different moments, characters and situations in the history of the universal Church (revivals, expansion,...).

3.2 chronologically ordered events, characters and situations in the history of the Church.

3.3 identifies signs of religious intolerance.

3.4 knows and participates in different ministries which have links with the Church 3.5 knows the work and life of the reformers and outstanding personages of the Church in Europe.

3.6 it is located on the internet and other digital resources information on the biography of reformers and prominent characters.






Block 5. The world that God created God created man in his image and likeness.

Equality and freedom of the people.

The tie, consequences of sin and its solution: believe in Jesus.

The new life in Christ and the process of sanctification of the believer.





1 recognize man as being created in the image of God and manifest attitudes and behaviors based on this respect.

2 to analyze the work of Christ on our behalf and the importance of faith.

3 compare the new life in Christ, with the process of sanctification of the believer.





1.1 biblically argues in relation to the origin of the human being.

1.2 identifies characteristics of the image of Dios in the human being.

1.3 identifies effects of the sin against the image of Dios in the human being.

1.4 shows sensitivity to the injustices social and human.

1.5 seeks information about the rights human and select the relevant.

1.6 recognizes situations of discrimination and marginalization as offense to God.

1.7 rate discrimination and marginalization are undesirable facts.

1.8 participates in the improvement of conditions of society.

1.9 it assumes responsibility for the care of the own body as image of God.

1.10 Gets information from different sources, including digital, related to help and serve others.

1.11 expressed the importance of help and serve others recognizing situations of discrimination and marginalization as offense to God and as undesirable and that participates or brings in the improvement of such situations in their environment.

2.1 relates the sin as a situation of slavery, with the work of Jesus's release.

3.1 analyzes and compares the new life in Christ, with the process of sanctification of the believer.






Block 6. Family and relationships proverbs teach us to family life.

Diversity and respect.





1 lessons about the family that found in books of the Bible.

2. respect the individual and cultural differences.





1.1 identifies in the book of proverbs different teachings about family.

1.2 defines and makes possible problems of coexistence.

1.3 use creative thinking in the analysis of problems and proposals for action approach.

2.1 identify elements of cultural diversity in various texts of the Bible.

2.2 draw making it clear that he values the cultural diversity and respect among human beings.

2.3. it proposes alternatives to the resolution of social problems.