Read the untranslated law here: http://www.boe.es/buscar/doc.php?id=BOE-A-2015-8433
Real Decree 907/2013, of 22 November, which establishes the title of technician in emergencies and Civil protection and fix their minimum educations, acts in accordance with the Royal Decree 1147 / 2011, July 29, which establishes the general management of the vocational training of the educational system, and in article 9 defines the structure of the titles of professional training and specialization courses , on the basis of the national catalogue of professional qualifications, the guidelines laid down by the European Union and other aspects of social interest and implements the mentioned title of technician in emergencies and Civil protection.
The organic law 2/2006, of 3 may, education, establishes the educational administrations to develop the curriculum of the titles of professional training, starting from the basic curriculum and under the conditions laid down in article 6 bis.4. Schools will develop and complete, where appropriate and as established by the educational administrations, the curriculum of the different stages and cycles in use of their autonomy as set out in chapter II of title V of the aforementioned organic law.
In accordance with the above and once the Real Decree 907/2013, 22 November, has set the professional profile of the title of technician in emergencies and Civil protection, the basic aspects of the curriculum and other aspects of the academic planning that ensure a common training and guarantee the validity of the titles throughout the national territory now determine, in the field of management of the Ministry of education, culture and sport, the expansion and contextualization of the contents of the professional modules included in this title, respecting the professional profile of the same.
The needs of a market of work integrated in the European Union require that the teachings of training pay special attention to the languages of the countries members, incorporating them into its training offer. In this sense, this training cycle includes in the curriculum for training in English language, in response to the provisions of the Royal Decree 1147 / 2011, July 29.
In addition, the curriculum of the training cycle is established since respect autonomy pedagogical, organisational and management of the centres that offer vocational training, promoting these teamwork of teachers and the development of plans of training, research and innovation in the teaching field and actions that promote the continuous improvement of the training processes.
On the other hand, professional training centres will develop the curriculum established in this order, taking into account the characteristics of the student body, with special attention to the needs of persons with disabilities.
Finally, it should be noted that this training cycle curriculum integrates scientific, technological and organizational established teachings aspects for students to acquire a global vision of the productive processes of the emergency and Civil Protection technician's professional profile.
In the process of elaboration of this order has issued report of the State School Board.
For all of the above, in virtue, I have: chapter I General provisions article 1. Object.
This order is intended to determine, from the basic curriculum established in the Real Decree 907/2013, 22 November, which establishes the title of technician in emergencies and Civil protection and fix their minimum educations, the curriculum of the training cycle of grade average, corresponding to the aforementioned title.
Article 2. Scope of application.
The curriculum established in this order shall apply within the territorial scope of the Ministry of education, culture and sport management.
Chapter II article 3 curriculum. Curriculum.
1. the curriculum for the teaching of vocational training of the educational system corresponding to the title of technician in emergencies and Civil protection, established in the Real Decree 907/2013, November 22, is determined in the terms set out in this order.
2. the professional profile of the curriculum, which is expressed by the general competence, professional, personal and social competences and qualifications and units of competence of the national catalogue of professional qualifications, is included in the title of technician in emergencies and Civil protection, referred to in the preceding paragraph.
3. the General objectives of the curriculum of the training cycle, the objectives of professional modules expressed in terms of learning outcomes and assessment criteria are included in the title of technician in emergencies and Civil protection, referred to in paragraph 1 of this article.
4. the contents of the professional modules that make up the present curriculum, adapted to the socio-economic reality, as well as the prospects for economic and social development of the environment, are those set out in annex I of this order.
Article 4. Adaptation to the socio-productive environment.
1. the curriculum of the training cycle regulated by this order is established taking into account the socio-economic reality and the geographical, socio-productive and labor characteristics of the environment's implementation of the title.
2 vocational training centres will benefit necessary autonomy pedagogical, organisational and economic management for the development of the teachings and its adaptation to the specific characteristics of the socio-economic, cultural, and professional environment.
3. the authorized to deliver this training cycle will realized and develop curricular and organisational measures that are most appropriate to the characteristics of its students and of their production environment, flexibly and in use of their pedagogic autonomy, within the general framework of the educational project, in the terms established by the organic law 2/2006, education.
4. the curriculum of the training cycle regulated by this order will take place in educational programs or curriculum development, enhancing or creating the culture of prevention of occupational hazards in the spaces where be given professional modules, as well as promoting a culture of environmental respect, excellence in work, compliance with standards of quality, creativity, innovation gender equality and respect for equality of opportunity, the 'design for all' and universal accessibility, especially in relation to people with disabilities.
Article 5. Adaptation to the educational environment.
1. the vocational training centres managed by the Ministry of education, culture and sport will develop the curriculum established in this order, taking into account the characteristics of the students and the environment, attending especially to persons with disabilities, in terms of accessibility and support resources needed to ensure that this student can study these teachings in the same conditions as the rest.
2. in addition, the teachings of this cycle will be taught with a flexible and open methodology based on self-learning and adapted to the conditions, capabilities and needs of students, so as to enable reconciliation of learning with other activities and responsibilities.
Article 6. Duration and sequencing of professional modules.
1. the total duration of the teachings relevant to this training cycle, including the professional training module in workplace, is 2000 hours.
2. the professional modules of this training cycle, when they are offered on a face-to-face basis, will be organized in two academic years and shall be adjusted to the sequencing and weekly hourly distribution determined in annex II of this order.
3. the first academic year will take place entirely in the educational center. To be able to attend the second course, you will need to have passed the professional modules involving altogether, at least eighty percent of the hours of the first course.
4. ensure the right of registration of those who have completed a professional module in another autonomous community in the terms established in article 48.3 of the Royal Decree 1147 / 2011, July 29, which establishes the general management of the vocational training of the educational system.
5. in General, during the third quarter of the second year, and once achieved the positive assessment in all professional modules in the educational center, the professional training module will be developed in work centers.
6. exceptionally, and in order to facilitate the adjustment of the number of people registered to the availability of training in enterprises or organisations jobs, about half of the second year students may develop this module professional training in workplace during the second quarter of the second year, provided they have positively passed all the professional modules of the first academic year.
7. without prejudice to the foregoing, and as a result of the temporality of certain economic activities that can prevent the development of professional training module in workplace can conform to previous assumptions, this will organize in other periods coincide with the development of the economic activity of the professional profile of the title.
8. in any case, the evaluation of the professional training module in workplace will depend to the positive evaluation of the rest of the professional modules of the training cycle.
Chapter III faculty, spaces and facilities article 7. Qualifications and accreditation of teachers requirements.
1. the specialties of faculty with teaching attribution in professional modules that constitute the teachings laid down for the title referred to in article 1 of this order, as well as equivalent qualifications for the purpose of teaching, are pick-ups respectively in annexes III A and III B of the Real Decree 907/2013, of 22 November.
2. with the aim of ensuring compliance with article 12.6 of the Real Decree 907/2013, of 22 November, for the delivery of professional modules that comprise it, privately owned centres or public owned by other than the educational administrations, it must demonstrate that it complies with all the requirements established in that article, providing the following documentation (: a) certified photocopy of the official academic title demanded, according to the qualifications listed in annex III C of Royal Decree 907/2013, of 22 November. When linked with the professional module that you want to impart, the presented qualifications deemed that it encompasses the objectives of the module itself. Otherwise, in addition to the degree, the documents referred to in subparagraph (b) be provided) or c).
(b) in the event that want to justify that teachings leading to the qualification provided encompasses the objectives of professional modules that is intended to impart: personal academic certification of studies, original or authenticated, issued by official site, stating the teachings taken detailing the subjects.
Studies programs provided and completed by the person concerned, original or certified photocopy them, sealed by the University or corresponding official or authorized school.
c) where it is necessary to justify through work experience, at least for three years, has developed its activity in the sector linked to the professional family, its duration will be credited with the corresponding supporting official document, which will be: certification of the company or employer organization specifically indicating the activity carried out by the person concerned. This activity has to be implicitly related to the learning outcomes of the professional module which aims to impart.
In the case of those who work on their own, statement by the person concerned of the most representative activities related to learning outcomes.
Article 8. Spaces and facilities.
Spaces and facilities which must comply with the vocational training centres, to enable the development of teaching activities, are those set out in annex III of this order and shall comply with the provisions of article 11 of the Real Decree 907/2013, of 22 November, as well as the legislation on equal opportunities, 'design for all' and universal accessibility , prevention of occupational health and safety in the workplace.
Chapter IV other offers and modality of these teachings article 9. Offer remote.
1. the professional modules offered to distance, when by its characteristics they required, ensure students the attainment of all the objectives expressed in the results of learning, through face-to-face activities.
2. the provincial directorates and the departments of education shall take the necessary measures and will give detailed instructions to centres authorized to deliver this training cycle in face-to-face mode, to start up and operation of the offer of the same distance.
3 authorised centres for imparting teachings of professional distance learning will have appropriate curriculum materials to be adapted to the provisions of the fourth additional provision of the organic law 2/2006 of 3 May.
Article 10. Combined offer.
In order to respond to the needs and personal interests and give the possibility to combine training with work, with other activities or situations, the offer of these teachings for adults and young people in special circumstances can be combined between regimes of classroom teaching and distance simultaneously, provided the same modules in two modalities do not take at the same time.
Article 11. Offer for adults.
1. the professional modules of this training cycle associated with units of competence of the national catalogue of professional qualifications may be a modular offer aimed at adults.
2. This training will be developed with an open and flexible methodology adapted to the conditions, capabilities and personal needs that allow them to reconciliation of learning with other activities and responsibilities, fulfilling the provisions of chapter I of title IV of the Royal Decree 1147 / 2011, July 29. In addition, this training will be capital to achieve a degree of professional formation, for which it will be necessary to prove the requirements of access.
3. with the aim of reconciling the learning with other activities and responsibilities, the provincial directorates and the departments of education may establish specific measures to fulfil the provisions of article 41 of the Royal Decree 1147 / 2011, July 29, and enable a range of face-to-face and distance simultaneously.
4. with the aim of promoting lifelong training, the Directorate-General of professional training of the Ministry of education, culture and sport may authorize the provincial directorates and the departments of education teaching, in the centers of their competence, professional modules organized in training units of shorter duration. In this case, each result of learning, with their criteria of evaluation and its corresponding block of content, will be the minimum and indivisible unit of partition.
Sole additional provision. Authorisation to impart these teachings.
Provincial and regional ministries of education processed authorization to the General Directorate of vocational training to be able to impart the teachings of this formative cycle of complete or partial form regime face-to-face and distance, of centres who request it and meet the requirements under the current legislation.
First final provision. Application of the order.
The Directorate-General of professional training, is authorized in the scope of their powers, to adopt measures and enact the necessary instructions for the application of the provisions of this order.
Second final provision. Implementation of these teachings.
1 during the 2015-2016 the first course of the training cycle will be implemented article 1 of this order refers to that.
2 during the 2016-2017 will be implemented the second year of the formative cycle article 1 of this order refers to that.
Third final provision. Entry into force.
This order shall enter into force the day following its publication in the "Official Gazette".
Madrid, 21 July 2015.-the Minister of education, culture and sport, Íñigo Méndez de Vigo and Montojo.
Annex I modules professionals 1. Professional module: Maintenance and checking of the functioning of the material means employed in the prevention of risks of fires and emergencies.
Contents: a) preparation and implementation of personal protective equipment: selection of personal protective equipment. Features. Categories and pictograms.
Use of personal protective equipment. Conservation and maintenance.
Complementary technical instructions and regulations associated with the manufacture, use and maintenance of equipment. Technical requirements and obligations arising from the regulations of equipment and specific legislation.
Features, techniques, use, maintenance, cleaning and troubleshooting or frequent defects of the personal protective equipment for firefighters (helmets, clothing personal protective garments stay in Park, gloves, boots and specialized suits, among others). Chemical protective level II (splash) and level III chemical protective NBC suit (encapsulated).
Levels and types of intervention in emergencies and provision of personal protection means to each of them.
Personal protective equipment used in the prevention and extinction of fire regulations.
(b) preparation and implementation of respiratory protective equipment: Physiology of respiration. Not breathable atmospheres: products of combustion, smoke, carbon monoxide, hydrogen cyanide, stifling atmosphere, dangerous and deadly exhibitions, and toxic and corrosive gases.
Respiratory protective equipment: filtering equipment and breathing equipment independent of line, closed and open.
Components of autonomous breathing (ERA) from open circuit equipment: bottle of compressed air, trellis, mask, pulmoautomatica and pressure reducer valve.
Equipment inspection and troubleshooting: check pressure, leaks, positive pressure and acoustic signal of low pressure in the bottle.
Fitting and removing the was correct.
Maintenance guidelines: daily and periodic. Cleaning and basic maintenance of the ERA. Periodic maintenance of the was carried out by a specialized company.
Breathing air bottles: typology. Reviews and periodic testing of breathing air bottles.
Breathing air bottles charging procedures. Air consumption calculation.
Applicable regulations for loading and inspection of ERA, according to type and use. Regulation of pressure devices concerning facilities for loading and inspection of bottles of autonomous respiratory equipment for underwater and surface work.
Compressors: parts, operation and prevention of occupational risks. Guidelines maintenance: inspection, detection of regular basic maintenance and troubleshooting.
Basic rules of safety in the use of the ERA.
(c) preparation, putting into operation and basic maintenance of the equipment and tools used in interventions: bending of hoses. Drive hoses: pressure of use, standardised diameters and connection fittings and racoradores. Tapafugas and salvamangueras. Connection elements: forks, reductions and adapters.
Equipment and tooling of fire water supply: hydrants, mouths watering, columnillos and keys.
Equipment, supplies and water extraction tools: manguerotes, valve foot and keys. Pumps: pumps, electric pumps and turbopumps.
Equipment and tools of attack to fire with water. Soon relief reels: low pressure and high pressure. Spears: solid, triple effect, hollow-Jet Jet, launch monitor. Cutting the Spears for its maintenance.
Cleaning of the pre-mixers and foam fire attack teams. Premixer for aspiration, launches of low and medium expansion. High expansion foam generators. Foams and dosages.
Fans and smoke extractors. Batefuegos and backpacks. Thermal vision cameras.
Maintenance of water purification units. Assembly diagrams and measurements.
Electrical equipment and high and low pressure lifting cushions. Electrical and hot work of cutting and demolition equipment: generators, plasma cutting equipment, equipment of oxicutting, saw, grinder or radial electric chainsaw and chainsaw, portable battery drill, saw portable battery and hammer. Spotlights and lighting Globes.
Hydraulic cutting and separation equipment. Hydraulic group. Hydraulic separator. Hydraulic shear. Hydraulic cylinders. Hoses with system CORE.
Traction and trawl equipment: winch and tractel.
Detection of victims in sinking equipment: detection by sound and image detection.
Individual materials mandatory in aquatic rescue: wetsuit, helmet, vest, gloves, boots, goggles and flippers.
Materials of collective use: rope safety, buoys and rescue tubes, boards, immobilization, inflatable boat, floating nest stretcher, motorcycle salvage, lighting systems, reel, cutters, evacuation or access specific materials.
Tools employed in the shoring and bracing. Chainsaw. Hand saw. Tack hammer. Tongs. Wood Auger. Kickstand. Plumb line. Level. Square. False bracket. Flanges. Monkey wrench. Telescopic strut. Pot. Cold chisel. Pointer. Catalan palette. Shovel terrera. Shovel hoe. Pickaxe. Mace of iron.
Tools used in the progression with ropes. Anchor material. Special materials. Maintenance and expiration of materials. Textiles and ropes, belts and harnesses. Rescue ladders. Norm UNE EN 1147. Stairs: hooks, gaffs, banister and expandable or sliding ladder. Large stairs. Advantages and disadvantages of wood, fibre and aluminium scales. Maintenance.
Tools and equipment for protection against electrical hazard (sidewalks and insulating carpets, rescue poles, insulating tools and handles quita-fusibles).
Detectors and meters of dangerous substances: explosimeters, gas detectors and detectors of radioactivity.
Sanitary material: first aid kit, stretchers, vacuum and resuscitators pulmoautomaticos mattresses.
Operation and maintenance of first level of radiocommunication equipment. Fixed and portable stations. Feeders, batteries and antennas. Electric radio coverage. Radio networks simple, with repeaters and dynamic allocation of frequencies.
(d) maintenance of first level and checking the status and operation of emergency vehicles: performance and the engine explosion and diesel engines components. Two-stroke and four-stroke engines. Propulsion. Front-wheel drive and total propulsion.
Difference between urban vehicles and 4 x 4: suspension, transmission, differentials, main parts, minimum height, angle of attack, tipping angle, wading and radio rotation. European standard for fire-fighting vehicles.
Maintenance. Types of oils, greases and other fluids. Transmission lubrication. Level control and replacement of engine oil, hydraulic oil and other fluids. Transmission lubrication. Electrical system of the vehicle. Cold start System. Preventive measures to be taken for the maintenance of vehicles.
Storage, transfer and treatment of fuel, water and oils. Fuel circuit and its components. Regulations relating to the handling and storage of fuel. Prevention and fight against pollution by hydrocarbons. Lubricating oil circuits: components.
Analysis and treatment of water for engines and boilers.
(e) verification of the provision of emergency vehicles: fire engines: lightweight urban pump, heavy urban bomb, light forest pump, heavy forest pump, pump light nurse and pump heavy nurse.
Other extinction, salvage vehicles: automatic AutoScale, mobile cranes, AutoScale semi-automatic, manual AutoScale, articulated autobrazo and extensible autobrazo. Vans: useful, shoring and Falsework, booking of air and dangerous goods. Special vehicles of the fire services.
Road Safety Act and other regulations consistent.
Hydraulic system of vehicles autoescala or auto-crane: characteristics and basic maintenance.
Provision of material of emergency vehicles. Location and stowage.
Types of pumps. Centrifugal pumps: parts of a pump, low pressure pumps, high pressure pumps and pumps combined. Characteristic pump curves. Rules of use, suction and priming the pump. Principles of aspiration.
Automatic dosing of foam: typology, foams, injection pumps, flow meters, and control system. Cleaning and basic maintenance.
(f) maintenance of infrastructure aimed at the prevention and extinguishing of forest fires: forest fire prevention infrastructure. Types and features. Necessary condition and operability.
Forest fire infrastructure. Types and features. Necessary condition and operability.
Problems of preservation and operation of infrastructures of preventing and extinguishing forest fires. Preventive and measures corrective measures against the reduction of the operational capacity of the infrastructure.
Maintenance and adaptation of prevention and forest fire suppression infrastructure requirements. Types of necessary maintenance work of the infrastructure for the prevention and extinction. Needs of human resources and materials of major maintenance work. Measurement of the cost of the work. Main risks of maintenance work.
Reports and inventories of infrastructures for the prevention and extinction of fires.
(g) maintenance and use of equipment and tools for intervention in forest fire control: equipment and tools used in forest fire control. Types and features. Common and special applications.
Appropriate State of equipment and tools for forest fire suppression to ensure operability and effectiveness.
Average forest firefighting tools and equipment life. Problems arising from the continued use of equipment and tools. Problems resulting from the incorrect use of equipment and tools.
Maintenance of equipment and tools for forest fire suppression techniques. Average cost of repairs and replacement of equipment and tools of extinguishing forest fires.
Conditions of storage and transport of equipment and tools for forest fire suppression.
Methods of filling and updating of inventories.
2. professional module: Monitoring and operational intervention in forest fires.
Contents: a) application of detection, localization and communication of information of forest fires: identification of risk elements. Activities and applications generate a forest fire.
Surveillance and detection of forest fires. Media. Manning's first attack of the means used in the monitoring of forest fires. Principles of establishment of surveillance based on risk and means available routes.
Location of forest fires. Media and equipment used. Applications. Management and interpretation of cartography.
Characterization of forest fires. Analysis of the columns of smoke according to the typology of the fire. Relevant information. Characteristics and needs of the intervention in the first attack.
Characterization of the starting zone of the forest fire: topography, vegetation, population and settlements, infrastructure and economic activities.
Transmission of information on forest fires. Analysis and synthesis of information obtained during the monitoring. Standards and protocols of communication according to the average employee.
Estimation of necessary means. Estimated travel times. Procedures and protocols of displacement according to the type of intervention unit.
(b) preparation of intervention in a forest fire: preparation of personal protective equipment. Teams. Applications and procedures of verification and placement of PPE. Criteria for selecting according to type of intervention.
Preparation of communication equipment and location. Teams. Verification of operation. Operation of the equipment of communications and location.
Preparation of equipment and tools of intervention of forest fires. Equipment and tools. Transfer of equipment and tools. Verification of the operativeness. Common and specific applications.
Selection of routes. Travel safety regulations. Limitations of vehicles. Minimum requirements of the tracks and paths. Mapping of optimal routes. Calculation of times.
(c) transfer by land to the forest fire scene: transport and forest fire suppression vehicles. Uses the field. Forest fire engines light and heavy. Fire engines suckler. Tools and accessory equipment.
Specifications of transport and forest fire suppression vehicles. Specific equipment: devices trailer, hydraulic installation, tanks, fixed winders, generator set of foam pump, staffing and equipment. Applications according to typology of intervention.
Driving of vehicles of transport and forest fire control. Light and heavy vehicles driving techniques.
Techniques of driving on roads and forest tracks. Integration of the vehicle driver. Ergonomics.
(d) Organization of the helicarrier to the place of the fire and air media work: evaluation of the behavior of the fire from helicopter.
Helicarrier staff and extinguishing media: types and characteristics of transport helicopters. Boarding protocols: placement of the helibucket and the oversleeve of aspiration. Rules of transportation of personnel by helicopter. Helicopter transport of fuel standards. Protocols of transport tools and equipment from extinction. Protocols of landing. Protocols of communication with the Commander and the outside.
Air facilities in forest fire control. Use of helicopters of intervention: transport helicopters and extinction, helicopters, bombers and helicopters of coordination, communication and sending of images. Use of intervention aircraft: amphibious aircraft, cargo planes land, mixed amphibians/charge on land and aircraft of coordination, communication and sending of images.
Air media work procedures. Protocol for loading and unloading of water and flame-retardant substances, in aircraft, from Earth. Work from the ground with air facilities. Safety standards. Communication with air facilities. Protocols. Aviation alphabet.
Limitations of aerial media performance. Regulations of civil aviation. Other limitations according to media type.
(e) operational intervention in situ in forest fires: evaluation of the evolution of the forest fire. Verification of assets affected by the fire.
Selection and use of tools and equipment of extinction: pulasky, hoe, mcleod, shovel, palin, gorgui, batefuegos, loincloth, chainsaw, burst extinguisher, torch drip and fire-extinguishing backpack, among others. Vehicles and machinery: bulldozers and pumper truck nurse, among others.
Working protocols and safety standards with air facilities for ground personnel.
Types and techniques of direct attack: with hand tool and by laying hose, among others.
Types and techniques of indirect attack jobs: line of Defense, line two feet, burning of ensanche and fire, among others.
Types and use of water and retardant chemical products of combustion.
Risks and safety measures. Features. Advantages and disadvantages. Manual operation with retardant.
Strategies and tactics used in forest fire control. Stages of a forest fire: fire active, stabilized, controlled and extinguished. Zoning of a forest fire: forehead, flanks and tail. Sectors. Fires in wildland-urban areas. Particularities. Interpretation of topographic maps (scales, contour and altitudes).
Organizational structure of the fight against forest fires. Emergency management system. Principles and characteristics. Commissioning. Command in initial attack and extended attack wildfire and organizational structure.
Assessment of logistical requirements and equipment. Needs of refreshment and relaxation at work in forest fire control. Types of equipment and minimum requirements. Needs of logistical resources in forest fires. Main faults of the media, equipment and tools for forest fire.
Own forest fire communication protocols and standards. Communications by radio and other devices. Specifications with aerial means.
3. professional module: Operational intervention in urban firefighting.
Contents: a) transfer to the fire scene: preparation or Assembly of personal protection in urban fire control equipment. Verification procedure and control of PPE. Correct applications during the intervention. Preventions. Ergonomics in the use of the equipment.
Preparation of respiratory protective equipment. Verification and placement procedures. Correct applications. Preventions.
Preparation of equipment, instruments and intervention of fire equipment. Procedures of verification and stowage.
Route selection and location of water media. Reading of urban maps. Optimal routes. Location of hydrants and other means.
Regulations and documentation of vehicles. The vehicle preparation and verification of vehicles tools and accessories.
Procedures and techniques of fire and rescue vehicles. Fire engines: urban light and heavy, and nurse. Autoescalera. Rescue vehicles. Vehicles: rescue, vehiculo-grua and transport of material.
Characteristics of the vehicles used in urban fires. Specific equipment according to type.
Driving of emergency security and effective.
Techniques in driving heavy vehicles of emergencies in different situations: roundabouts, distance of safety, curves and driving train of output. Driving on roads in difficult conditions: water, ice and wind.
Integration of ergonomic and the vehicle driver.
(c) intervention in fire in the presence of electricity: characteristics and type of electrical systems with risk of fire: stations, lines of transportation, distribution of high voltage, substations, and low-voltage distribution lines. Transformers: classification and elements.
Effects of electric current on the human body.
Low-voltage distribution networks, rush and link facilities: classification and elements.
Personal security features: insulation material. Correct use and application of security protocols.
Means of detection and measurement for low, medium and high voltage.
Distance from safety.
Maneuvers of fire in the presence of electricity. Extinguishing agents extinguishing techniques. CO2 extinguishers. Dry-powder extinguishers. Procedures for working safely in a fire in the presence of electricity.
(d) control and interior fire suppression: effective use of water as an extinguishing agent in fire from inside. Extinction methods: direct, indirect, open, closed, cooling of gases and offensive.
Development of a ventilated compartment fire.
Development of fire in an unventilated compartment.
Recommendations in the working procedures.
The interior fire safety measures.
Ventilation of indoor fires.
Couples smoke diving techniques: forward onto a wall, without references, tracking and search for people in homes, attacking fire, down stairs and turns, detection and bran of obstacles, transmission of information to the partner and use of guide string.
(e) control and industrial fire suppression: products involved in industrial fire and its risks.
Types of construction of industrial activity. Fixed systems in an industrial enclosure.
Factors involved in the development of an industrial fire.
Phases of industrial fire: affectation to a sector or area and widely spread.
Control and industrial fire suppression maneuvers. Extinction. Cooling. Gases abatement.
Use appropriate extinguishing media: drive systems, semi-rigid hoses drive, connecting hoses and Spear of extinction, among other systems. Safety procedures.
Methods and techniques of ventilation of fumes in industrial fires. Ventilation of high-rise buildings.
Use of intervention and security equipment: PPE, it was, and brought chemical protection. Security protocols.
(f) control and extinction of fires with hazardous substances: hazardous substances. Regulations on hazardous substances. Risks associated with dangerous substances.
Plans of action in a fire with hazardous substances. Control and fire hazardous substances control maneuvers. Vehicles and containers for transport of dangerous goods. Signage of vehicles and containers.
Procedures of control of access to the disaster area.
Appropriate means of extinction and containment. Usage and dosage of automatic dosing of foams.
Use of appliances and equipment for the detection of hazardous substances.
Interventions in accidents with hazardous substances.
4. professional module: Operational intervention in the event of natural, technological and anthropogenic origin.
Contents: a) intervention in collapsed, partially collapsed structures or at risk of collapse and subsidence of the ground: common pathologies in buildings. The State of ruin. Displacement of pillars. Unstable walls. Forged. Covers. Stairs.
Procedures and systems strengthening of structural elements. Displacement of land. Propping. Bataches. Falsework and shoring. Formwork and work with wood. Demolition of parts and debris. Lifting, drag, shooting and movement of heavy loads. Selective withdrawals. Unloading of machinery or elements of weight and vibration.
Assessment of the condition of buildings. Symptoms of the lesions of the building. Separation of structural elements. Cutting of wood, metal and concrete. Cutting tools. Welding techniques. Crashes and collapses. Causes, types and characteristics of structural collapses. Survival gaps, risks, access and locations of hidden victims. Influence of natural phenomena in buildings in poor condition. Protection of fundamental and secondary elements to these phenomena. Breakdown of materials.
Renovation of the facade and covers. Injuries to facades. Media used. Use of power tools. Use of power tools. Urban vehicles. Autoescalera. Security protocols.
Causes of pathologies in building: technical, accidental and caused.
Constructive analysis. Types of structures. Types of land. Types of materials used in construction. Installations in buildings.
(b) intervention in emergency installations of energy in buildings, public or long-distance, homes, businesses, urban and interurban (distribution systems): intervention in systems in buildings. Localization. Layout and situation. Use symbols. Basic components. Pipes and pipelines. Deposits. Rush. Distribution networks. Consuming appliances. Gases: densities and behaviour.
Intervention in installations of electricity in buildings. Localization. Layout and situation. Use symbols. Basic components. Low-voltage distribution networks. Electrical connections. Processing centers. Risks arising from work with electric power facilities. Standards and guidelines in safety in the work with electrical installations.
Intervention in installations of water in buildings. Localization. Layout and situation. Use symbols. Basic components. Pipes and pipelines. Devices. Valves. Pumps and tanks.
Heating, ventilation and air conditioning installations. Localization. Layout and situation. Use symbols. Basic components of heating. Boilers and burners. Pipes and heating elements. Basic components of the air conditioning. Heat pump. Air conditioning units. Air conditioners. Consoles of condensation. Basic components of ventilation. Types of ventilation. Natural forced. Natural. Evacuation by smoke in homes, premises and garages.
Transportation facilities. Escalators. Elevators and freight elevators.
(c) intervention to risks caused by hazardous substances: risks associated with hazardous substances in urban and peri-urban environments.
Oxidizing substances and organic peroxides.
Use of detection equipment and appliances.
Techniques of intervention with hazardous substances: gases abatement, containment of liquids, confinement of containers of solids and transfers.
Use of containment and spill control dams. Other vehicles and containers for the transport of dangerous goods. Signaling.
Decontamination procedures for victims and involved. Speech material.
Use of suits of protective nuclear, biological and chemical (NBC) with dangerous substances. Risks in the use of costumes. Safety procedures.
Use of personal protective equipment (PPE and was) with dangerous substances.
(d) intervention to risks caused by hazardous substances NBC.
Identification of chemical, biological and nuclear risks in urban environments.
Use of relief, communications equipment and decontamination equipment. Security protocols.
Storage, packaging and transport regulations: tags, panels, waybills and shapes of containers, among others.
Techniques and procedures of treatment of hazardous substances. Neutralization, dilution, venting, relicuado, corking, mating, sobreempaquetamiento, dispersion, atomization, cleaning or removal. Measurement of levels of pollution according to the type of substance.
Measurement and sampling of affected areas. Treatment of security of the samples.
Characteristics and properties of the materials involved: density, viscosity, water solubility, mixing, reaction, changes of State and pressure of steam, among others.
Explosion and fire hazards: BLEVE, Boilover, Slopover and Frothover.
Procedures and decontamination equipment.
Use of chemical protective suits. Level II and III work NBC suits. Use of PPE and RPE. Security protocols.
Procedures for coordination with the bodies and security forces at risk with NBC substances in urban environment.
(e) technical assistance to the population in situations of risk to persons, property or the environment, arising from torrential storms, avenues and uncontrolled water environment: use of electric pumps, water pumps and positive displacement pumps.
Procedures in butron in vertical and horizontal opening.
Use and maintenance of technical manual PA or mobile units, warning by noise and lighting systems, and others, before possible people with auditory, visual or motor impairment. Collective risk communication techniques.
Flows, rivers, ravines and characteristics of water flows. Laminations and elements of limitation or containment of flows. Consequences and urgent withdrawal procedures or techniques.
Measurement of levels and flow rates. Maps of risk of flooding, Isochrone of avenues in risk points and transit roads. Use of bilge pumps and equipment of capping and containment of avenues and floods. Temporary facilities for rescue or mooring for in buoyancy. Elements of surface mooring in avenues or floods, anchors, functionality, placement and risks arising from improper installation.
Use of electrical, mechanical and hydraulic pumps. Types of pumps, flow rates and pressures.
Special sludge pumps. Use, functionality and maintenance.
Procedures of realization of dykes. Equipment and systems of formwork and masonry.
The use of special vehicles for urban works. Vehicle cradle with snow ploughs. Working at height vehicles. Vehicles workshop with technical equipment for work in buildings (props and dewatering). Vehicle crane or boom. Vehicles, shovels, retro and movement and displacement of ground equipment. Other vehicles for urban use: boats, cars, trucks and conveyor belts.
Procedures for removal of trees or other urban obstacles in danger. Use of chainsaws, cold and hot cutting equipment (plasma, oxy-acetylene and radial). Use of equipment of shot or clamping (tractel, winches and pulleys, among others). Measurement, evaluation, and drinking water (PH, salinity, and calcification) treatment. Chemicals for neutralization.
(f) techniques to support the population and restoration of normality in situations of potential risk: use, Assembly and maintenance of portable water purification stations, wastewater and sanitation networks interim storage.
Use and application of portable lighting stations, generators of electrical energy and electrical supply or extension facilities. Use of tools for the Assembly of electrical parts. Rescue tools to electrical hazards such as insulating stool, dielectric gloves, rescue pole and cutting of fuses, among others.
Electrical hazards, electrical accidents and rescue of persons in situation of electrical hazard. EPI for electrical hazard.
Driving of vehicles.
Execution of prescribed burning techniques. Prescription criteria. Prescription and evaluation sheets. With rules. Risks. Perimetracion of farms.
Animal rescue. The behavioral characteristics. The handling of animals. Capture physical and chemical systems. Safe use of ladders. Bee swarms handling, packaging and mobility techniques. Behaviour of swarms and colonies. Use and safety of chemical deterrents.
Use of tools, EPI and collective means of protection in the works with animals. Capture tools: networks, links, landing nets, bags, hooks, among others. Hoisting of animals with mechanical, air or manual means. Guidelines for the use of special harnesses. Precautions in the removal of dead animals. Use of disinfectants elements according to regulations.
5. professional module: Operational intervention in search and rescue activities.
Contents: a) rescues and rescue height: regulations and legislation on working at height and in confined spaces. Using tools of progression by ropes. Basic physical concepts applied to the use of ropes and progression tools by ropes.
Technical standards of prevention on work at height. Characteristics and correct and incorrect uses of the individual and collective material used in work at height: strings, ribbons, plates of cast, harness, lanyards, anchor ropes, descenders, blockers, anti-hair loss elements, connectors, fixed anchors, pulleys, compound pulleys, pulleys and brake, tripods, winches and stretchers.
Execution of the knots. Tie-in, anchor, union, blocking, directionals, tensioning and special. Execution of the knots.
Dynamic chain of security, fall factor, force shock, lever, pulley effect, dynamic and static, assurance and diverters.
Safety anchorage systems: online and on triangle.
Techniques: anchors, declines by ropes, progression, lifelines, promotions by ropes, step intermediate anchors in descent and ascent, zip lines, polifrenos and hoists.
Procedures of rescue for ascent and descent of dimension 0. Insured Rapel, evacuations by descent with evacuation or camilla. Progression with cord: structure and scale of hooks secured. Evacuations by rise: with evacuation or camilla.
Rescue with AutoScale. Approach, measures of security and assurance of the victim.
Rescue ladders. Norm UNE-EN 1147. Stairs wood and fiber. Recommendations for use and maintenance.
(b) the rescue of people trapped in lifts, elevators and indoor: description and types of lifts: electrical, hydraulic and screw. Elements to take into account during the procedure: fourth machines, pictures of maneuver, main switch, hollow of the elevator cab, counterweight, vehicle, stirrup, parachute, footguards, guides and shock absorbers.
Safety measures for work in elevators. Use of cutting and demolition tools in interventions in lifts and enclosed spaces.
Procedure for rescue in elevators with people locked up.
Procedure for rescue in elevators with trapped people.
Procedure for rescue in elevators with victims by precipitation.
Forced entry. Non-destructive opening of doors (non-destructive rapid access), destructive techniques (using manual levers, by hydraulic nails and by beating) and by manipulation of closures (through action in the lock) and performance in lock.
Specific applications of the techniques of rescue and mobilization in enclosed spaces.
(c) traffic accidents and other means of transport rescue: rescue in traffic accidents: components technicians and medical components. The cycle of salvage: notification and response, movement and location of vehicles, lighting and signage, stabilization, release, extraction and mobilisation of victims. Termination.
Organization of the intervention. Command and control, delegation and transfer of command. Coordination with the health teams.
Risk control. Location of emergency vehicles. Approach, location of vehicles and signage. Stabilization of vehicle maneuvers: on one side, on the roof, and emergency. Control of circulation by traffic officers.
Assessment of probable risk by hazardous substances, fires or electrical systems. Spills of fuel and other liquids and fluids of the vehicle.
Release tools: hydraulic, pneumatic, electrical, cutting and manuals. Elements of protection. Safety standards.
Access to the victim and release maneuvers: withdrawal of crystals, removing doors, removed ceiling, displacement of dashboard and side connectors. Rescue trucks and buses.
Risks, preventive and operational measures in bailouts in railway accidents. Grounding the catenary.
Risks, preventive and operational measures in bailouts in tunnels.
Techniques of mobilization in the interior of the vehicle. Basic maneuvers, extractions and emergency mobilizations. Special cases.
(d) of people and rescue of objects in the aquatic environment: use of the material for the rescue of persons in aquatic environment surface: individual materials (wetsuit of neoprene, helmet, vest, gloves, boots, goggles and fins) and collective (rope safety, buoys and rescue tubes, boards, immobilization, inflatable boat, floating nest stretcher and salvage motorcycle elements). Risks and prevention in water rescue.
Techniques of location of victims in the aquatic environment: lighting, streets, circular and incremental.
Performance in the water rescue sequence: entry into the water, approximation, control, towing and water extraction. Techniques for entering the water. Swimming adapted to the rescue.
Control of the victim and zafadura techniques. Direct trailer "body to body" techniques. Techniques of trailer using rescue material.
A rugged water extraction techniques.
Water rescue in waters with current: secured walking, swimming, maneuvering with throwing and maneuver with Tyrolean traverse.
Visual communication signals.
(e) location and rescue of people buried, confined spaces or open-plan spaces: constructive typologies. Traditional techniques, metal structures and reinforced concrete structures. The sinking and collapse of buildings. Type: in carport, cantilever, V-shaped, layered, side fall and combined sinking.
General safety interventions. Safety zones and escape routes. Unsafe actions and conditions. Use of personal protective equipment.
Procedure of work in collapsed structures: recognition and evaluation, distribution of the area of work, allocation of functions, rescue of injured in surface search and location of non-visible victims. Stabilization of structures and opening holes. Extraction and transportation of victims. Removal of debris.
Distribution of areas of work for the location of victims. Recognition and evaluation of the area of sinking or confinement. Marking areas inspected. Search techniques: little-damaged structures and surface search search in possible gaps in survival, search after selective withdrawal or full of debris. Contact with victims.
Stabilization of structural elements. Shoring of emergency, constructive conditions of the shoring and procedure to perform a shoring. Propping: light, semicuajada and curd.
Equipment and tools for drilling and cutting: flame cutting, cutting by plasma, hydraulic equipment, saws, circular saws and hammers for drilling. Use and safety standards.
Clearing operations. Precautions before different collapses: masonry and wood, masonry-beams of concrete, reinforced concrete structure with concrete, metal structure and steel joist floor joists, metal and concrete beams structure. Drilling on structural elements. Landslides containment.
Force maneuvers. Use of traction and drag tools. Risks and precautions. Use of lifting tools: cushions, cylinder, levers, steel cables, chains, shackles, pulleys, slings and anchoring systems. Execution of maneuvers.
Release and transport of injured techniques: without camilla, camilla and vertical evacuation.
Procedures of work on descents and ascents in confined spaces. Risks in confined spaces: physical, mechanical, chemical and atmospheric. Precautions on access and evacuation of firefighter and victim.
Location of people in open spaces. Zoning and coordination. Use of tracking dogs.
6. professional module: Inspection of facilities, events, and facilities for the prevention of fires and emergencies.
Contents: a) check of the passive protection systems in establishments and events facilities: basic fire safety legislation: code building (CTE) and regulation of fire safety in industrial establishments.
Sector and area of fire. Uses of the buildings according to the CTE.
Level of intrinsic risk and type of buildings in industrial establishments. Maximum sector size. Unlimited and sector of minimal risk.
Sectorizadores elements. European classification of the elements sectorizadores. Rationale for classification: theoretical justification, classification and marking.
Structural strength. Structural protection: type, massiveness and calculation of thickness of application. Equivalent time and simplified calculation systems. Maintenance of the elements of passive protection.
(b) verification of the conditions of evacuation of persons in establishments, events and facilities: densities and calculation of occupation.
Types of output according to plant and building. Protected corridors and stairs. Specially protected stairs. Halls of independence.
Origin of evacuation and maximum routes of evacuation and cul de sac. Minimum number of exits.
Capacity of the various means of evacuation. Safe outdoor space. Assignment of people into outlets and blocking hypothesis.
Valid doors for evacuation. Door retention systems. Emergency lighting requirements. Development of an evacuation in enclosed spaces and open spaces.
Signaling of evacuation.
Combustibility of materials. European classification and its justification. Protection of fuel elements.
«Design for all» conditions.
(c) checking of the safety systems enables existing establishments, events and facilities: minimum requirements in terms of characteristics, use, documentary accreditation and maintenance of active protection systems guidelines: fire extinguishers, equipped fire hydrants, water, dry column, automatic fire detection, automatic fire extinguishing systems and fire alarm system.
Types, features and recommended applications of fire extinguishers, fire hydrants and detection of fires and automatic extinction systems.
New technologies for fire control: agents halocarbonados, inert gases, water mist, CAF and aerosol generators systems.
Smoke and heat control systems. Ventilation through ducts. Differential pressure of protected areas. Extraction of fumes in garages: natural or forced, extraction of smoke and heat through issues with natural or forced draught.
Signs of active protection of manual use. Minimum requirements as regards protection active in activities and establishments. Relationship with the likely risks depending on its use, surface, height of evacuation, level of intrinsic risk and other risks.
«Design for all» conditions.
(d) verification of accessibility, urban conditions and networks of existing institutions, events and facilities hydrants: use and disposal of emergency intervention vehicles. Relationship with roads and access.
Dimensions and minimum characteristics of vials of approximation, of the environment of the buildings and facades. Access to closed blocks and traffic on subway seats. Common problems in accessibility of emergency vehicles.
Typology of hydrants. Use, location and features of the hydrants. Signage of hydrants: painted cover and pavements vertical and by using signaling.
Use, location and benefits of dry columns.
Street, takes data and routes for emergency vehicles.
Review of fire hydrants, dry columns and selection of route sheets.
Management of the information collected.
(e) verification of self-protection and emergency facilities, events and facilities inspected planning: legal bases for emergency planning. Territorial and special plans.
The municipal emergency plan: objectives, functions, parties, coordination and responsibilities.
The basic standard of self-protection: scope and structure. Identification of owners, description of activity, inventory, analysis and risk assessment.
The risk and prevention of fire.
Risks in agglomeration of public activities.
Inventory of human and material resources. Maintenance of the facilities. Emergency action plan. Integration of the self-protection plan. Implementation and updating of the plan of self-protection.
The Organization of the emergency: functions, roles, communications, actions, external aid and responsibilities.
Planning of self-protection and safety spectacles with Fireworks.
The first intervention team training: theory of fire, fire extinguishing agents, use of fire extinguishers and equipped fire hydrants, and personal protective equipment. Risks and procedures.
The regulation of pyrotechnic articles and cartridges.
7. professional module: Initial health care in emergency situations.
Contents: a) recognition of the signs of vital commitment: pathophysiology of the breathing process: respiratory mechanics, breathing rate, and thoracic injuries. Signs and symptoms.
Pathophysiology of circulation: cardiac cycle, heart rate, pulse and blood pressure. Signs and symptoms.
Neurological pathophysiology: changes in the level of consciousness.
Signs of life commitment in adult, child and infant.
ABC (Airway, Breathing, Circulation) initial assessment process: estimation of the patency of the airway, ventilation watching and observation of the movement.
Taking of vital signs: respiratory rate, heart rate, pulse, temperature, blood pressure and capillary filling time.
Assessment of the level of consciousness. Quantitative assessment. Glasgow coma scale.
Performance with safety showing self-confidence.
(b) application of basic life support techniques: cardio. Concept and causes.
Control of airway patency.
Basic cardiac electrophysiology. Properties of myocardial cells: Automation, conductivity, excitability and contractility. Conduction system of the heart. Electrocardiogram. Electrocardiogram of effort.
Rhythm disorders: bradycardia, tachycardia, and fibrillation.
Basic CPR and instrumental. Mouth to mouth breathing. Mouth breathing. Resuscitation mask ventilation. Ventilation with self-inflating bag. External cardiac massage. Protocol on the basis of patient (infant, child and adult).
Indications of ventilatory support.
Opening of the airway techniques: controlling frente-menton and traction of the mandible.
Permeabilization of the devices Oropharyngeal airway.
Cleaning and airway clearance techniques.
Semi-automatic external defibrillation (AED). Operation and maintenance of the automatic external defibrillator. Protocol for the use of the automated external defibrillator. Collection of data of an automatic external defibrillator. Utstein method.
Post-resuscitation measures. Controls: airway and breathing, circulation, brain function and temperature.
Application of personal self-defense and security protocols and standards.
(c) classification of victims: the triage: concept, objectives and general procedure.
First and second triage.
Assessment by criteria of gravity: inspection, evaluation and therapeutic decision.
Classification of methods for initial triage according to their operating base: functional methods, injuries methods and mixed methods.
Categorization of victims and labeling procedure. First, second, third and fourth category.
Coding and triage cards structure: data and color codes.
Take decisions quickly. Self-protection. Environmental pressure control.
(d) classification of therapeutic actions in multiple victims care: urgency and emergency: concepts.
Comprehensive system of accident and emergency (SIE). Characteristics and structure of the comprehensive system of accident and emergency (SIE). The health care chain. Center emergency Coordinator.
Pre-hospital Decalogue. Phases.
Chain of survival. Links.
Injuries mechanisms depending on the nature of the disaster. Wounded in explosions. Crush syndrome. Compartment syndrome. Amputations. Inhalation of gases or particles. Traumatic asphyxiation.
Therapeutic objectives in disaster medicine.
Therapeutic targets in the areas of rescue, relief, and base.
8. professional module: Psychological support in emergency situations.
Contents: a) recognition of the behavior dysfunctions: introduction to general psychology.
Development of the personality. Theories and types.
Developmental stages of the human being. Fundamental characteristics.
Principles of psychological care. Human needs.
Defense mechanisms of personality.
Experiences associated with the process of getting sick. Anxiety. Uprooting. Devaluation.
Psychological adaptation mechanisms before the experience of disease.
Out of adjustment emotional reaction: anxiety, phobias, panic and depression.
Neuropathologic lasting reaction.
Severe psychological reaction.
Reactions to psychological and behavior: normal and pathological.
(b) psychological support to patients: factors stressors.
Objectives of psychological support.
The role of the patient. Emotional activity. Theory of emotion.
Control of crisis situations. Duel. Tension. Aggressiveness. Anxiety. Anguish.
Strategy of emotional control.
Protocol and technique of performance with the family in crisis.
Psychological first aid. Behavior of the population to a disaster. Precritico period. Period of crisis. Period of reaction. Postcritico period.
Reaction conmocion-inhibicion - stupor.
(c) psychological support intervention teams: functions of the psychosocial team. Containment measures.
Psychology of teamwork.
Techniques of communication and group relationship.
Psychological reactions of the members of intervention.
The role of the health professional. Role of the patient. The helping relationship.
Stress: etiology and pathophysiology.
Typical factors of a picture of stress.
Techniques of psychological help for intervention teams. Self-help techniques. Emotional ventilation techniques.
(d) communication psychosocial: elements of communication. Issuer. Receiver. Message. Communicative channels.
Types of communication. Verbal language. Non-verbal language.
The communication difficulties. Messages that hinder communication.
Basic skills that improve interpersonal communication. Active listening. Negotiation. Assertiveness.
Techniques of communication and group relationship.
Indicative of physical and psychological ill-treatment in verbal communication and non-verbal of the patient.
9. professional module: Coordination of equipment and emergency units.
Contents: a) preparation and execution of exercises and drills: drills and exercises. Instruments for their development and driving: script of the simulacrum, procedures and protocols of driving, and safety plan.
Participants: team management, driving and support and speakers. Main characteristics, requirements and functions.
Training for action in exercises and drills.
Scenarios of exercises and drills: main elements, security and atmosphere.
Evaluation of exercises and drills. Application of instruments and methods of evaluation. The Organization and assessment of those participating.
(b) information, informative and formative actions of emergency and civil protection: fields of training action in the field of civil protection and emergency: professional recycling, prevention of occupational hazards, implementation of plans for civil protection and self-protection, team first intervention, second intervention teams and promotion of the preventive culture.
Structure and development of training activities.
Development of training and information activities. Demos and use of equipment.
Motivation resources and environments.
Dynamization of group activities.
Individualized attention. Orientation.
«Design for all» conditions.
(c) supervision of the activities of communications centers or emergency operating rooms: the centers of communication or operating rooms. Types. Functions.
Systematic work. Chain of command and responsibility. Characteristics of the work of the operators of communications centers or operating rooms: I deal with the citizen, workload peaks and valleys that it can generate situations of routine and work under pressure, need for decision-making and treatment of malicious calls, among others. Professional profile.
Emergency communication: communication codes in emergencies, receive calls and data collection protocols and protocols of dispatch and transfer of information.
Institutional communication procedures. The communications centres and emergency operations rooms communications systems and equipment. Uses and benefits.
Coordination of mobilization procedures and operational means and resources. Means and potential sources of funding resources: capacity, availability, response time, continuous location and warning systems.
Types of incidents, accidents and dangerous occurrences. Levels of severity and emergency levels.
Documentary and cartographic bases.
Simulation of evolution of dangerous occurrences and incidents.
(d) coordination of efforts in emergencies: emergency co-ordination centres.
Definition of the severity of an incident from information derived from different sources.
Channeling and inter-agency communications address.
Organic situation in command of an operational structure.
Supervision and verification of the availability of the materials needed for the intervention. Operating procedures.
Use of emergency information databases.
Negotiation and conflict resolution techniques.
Flow charts of institutional structures.
Use of meteorological information. GIS tools
(e) monitoring of the activities and performance of emergency centers: emergency centres. Functions. Systematic work. Chain of command and responsibility.
Professional profile of the operating personnel.
Work teams. Composition and functions.
Administrative management of the personnel of the Emergency Center.
Management of equipment and material means for emergency operations.
10. professional module: Training and job counseling.
Contents: a) actively seeking employment: evaluation of the importance of lifelong learning for the labour and professional career of the technician in emergencies and Civil protection.
Analysis of interests, skills, and personal motivations for the career.
Identification of learning paths related to the technician in emergencies and Civil protection.
Responsibility for own learning. Knowledge of the requirements and the expected fruits.
Definition and analysis of the professional sector of the title of technician in emergencies and Civil protection.
Own career planning: labour targets, medium and long term, consistent with needs and preferences.
Realistic and consistent with the current lineup and the projected targets.
The process of job search in small, medium and large companies in the sector.
Opportunities for learning and employment in Europe. Europass, Ploteus.
Job search tools and techniques.
Evaluation of the self-employment as an alternative for the professional insertion.
The process of decision-making.
Establishment of a list of personal consistency check between career, training plan and aspirations.
(b) management of the conflict and work teams: methods for resolution or deletion of the conflict. Assessment of the advantages and disadvantages of teamwork for the effectiveness of the organization.
Equipment in the field of emergencies and civil protection according to the roles played.
Analysis of the formation of the work teams.
Characteristics of an effective team.
Participation in the task force. Analysis of the possible roles of its members.
Conflict: characteristics, sources and stages.
Methods for resolution or deletion of the conflict: mediation, conciliation and arbitration.
(c) employment contract: the right to work.
Intervention by the public authorities in labour relations.
Analysis of the individual employment relationship.
Determination of excluded labour relations and special labour relations.
Modalities of work and measures of promotion of the procurement contract.
Rights and duties arising from the employment relationship.
Working conditions. Wages, working time and working rest.
Modification, suspension and termination of the employment contract.
Representation of workers.
Collective bargaining as a means for the reconciliation of the interests of workers and employers.
Analysis of a collective agreement applicable to the professional field of emergencies and Civil Protection technician.
Collective labour disputes.
New organization of work environments: outsourcing and teleworking, among others.
Benefits for workers in the new organizations: flexibility and social benefits, among others.
d) Social Security, employment and unemployment: the system of Social security as a basic principle of social solidarity.
Structure of the Social security system.
Determination of the main obligations of employers and employees in matters of Social Security: affiliation, high, low, and quote.
The protective action of Social Security.
Classes, requirements and amount of benefits.
Concept and yielded situations by unemployment.
Systems consulting of workers regarding their rights and duties.
(e) evaluation of occupational hazards: importance of the culture of prevention at all stages of the professional activity.
Assessment of the relationship between work and health.
Analysis and determination of working conditions.
The concept of professional risk. Analysis of risk factors.
The evaluation of risks in the enterprise as the basic element of the preventive activity.
Analysis of risks linked to security conditions.
Analysis of risks linked to environmental conditions.
Analysis of risks linked to psychosocial and ergonomic conditions.
Specific risks in the field of emergencies and civil protection.
Determination of possible damage to the health of the worker which can arise from the detected risk situations.
(f) planning of prevention of risks in the enterprise: rights and duties in the area of occupational risk prevention.
Responsibilities in the area of occupational risk prevention.
Prevention in the company management.
Representation of workers in prevention.
Public organisations related to the prevention of occupational risks.
Planning of prevention in the company.
Emergency and evacuation in environments of work plans.
Development of an emergency plan in a small or medium company in the sector.
(g) implementation of measures of prevention and protection in the enterprise: determination of individual and collective protection and prevention measures.
Protocol of action in a situation of emergency.
First aid. Medical emergency. Basic concepts.
Application of first aid techniques.
Training to workers in the field of emergency plans.
Surveillance of the health of workers.
11. professional module: Enterprise and entrepreneurship.
Contents: a) entrepreneurship: innovation and economic development. Main features of the innovation activity of intervention in emergencies and civil protection (materials, technology and organization of production, among others).
Entrepreneurial culture as a social need.
The enterprising character.
Key factors of entrepreneurs: initiative, creativity and education.
The collaboration between entrepreneurs.
The action of entrepreneurs as employees of an organization related to the intervention in emergencies and civil protection.
The action of entrepreneurs as entrepreneurs in the sector of intervention in emergencies and civil protection.
The risk in entrepreneurial activity.
Entrepreneur concept. Requirements for the exercise of the business activity.
Personal goals versus business objectives.
Business plan: business idea in the field of intervention in emergencies and civil protection.
Good practices of entrepreneurial culture in the activity of intervention in emergencies and civil protection at the local level.
(b) the company and its environment: basic functions of the company.
The company as a system.
The general environment of the company.
Analysis of the general environment of an organization related to the intervention in emergencies and civil protection.
The specific environment of the company.
Analysis of the specific environment of an organization related to the intervention in emergencies and civil protection.
Relations of an organization of intervention activities in emergencies and civil protection with its surroundings.
Relations of an organization of intervention activities in emergencies and protection civil with the whole of society.
The culture of the company: corporate image.
The social balance.
Social responsibility and ethics of the companies in the sector of emergencies and civil protection.
(c) creation and implementation of a company: company concept.
Types of company.
The responsibility of the owners of the company.
Taxation in enterprises.
Choice of the legal form. Size and number of partners.
Administrative procedures for the formation of a company.
Economic feasibility and financial viability of a company related to the intervention in emergencies and civil protection activities.
Analysis of the sources of financing and budgeting of a company related to the intervention in emergencies and civil protection.
Aid, grants and tax incentives for SMEs concerning the intervention in emergencies and civil protection activities.
Business plan: choice of the legal form, study of economic and financial viability, administrative procedures and management of grants and subsidies.
(d) administrative function: concept of accounting and basics.
Accounting operations: registration of the economic information of a company.
Accounting as a true picture of the economic situation.
Analysis of accounting information.
Tax obligations of the companies.
Requirements and deadlines for the submission of official documents.
Administrative management of a company's intervention in emergencies and civil protection activities.
12. professional module: Training in workplace.
Contents: a) identification of the structure and business organization: structure and business organization of the emergency and civil protection sector.
Activity of the company and its location in the emergency and civil protection sector.
Organizational chart of the company. Functional relationship between departments.
Logistical organization of the company. Suppliers, customers and marketing channels.
Working in the field of company procedures. Systems and methods of work.
Human resources in the enterprise: requirements of training and professional, personal and social competences associated with different jobs.
Quality system established in the work center.
Security system established in the work center.
(b) application of ethical and work habits: personal attitudes: empathy, punctuality.
Professional attitudes: order, cleanliness, responsibility and security.
Attitudes towards the prevention of occupational and environmental hazards.
Hierarchy in the company. Communication with the team.
Documentation of professional activities: classification, coding, renewal and disposal methods.
Recognition and application of the internal rules of the company, work instructions and standard operating procedures.
(c) intervention in the activities of control, mitigation and fire, forest and urban areas: preparation of the equipment and tools of intervention in fire. Grounding point and operation.
Mobilization of resources for intervention.
Observation and information on forest fire monitoring facilities.
Control and wildfire mitigation activities. Measures of self-protection.
Extinction of fire in an urban environment. Measures of self-protection.
Rehabilitation of first level of assets or areas affected by fires.
Intervention in coordination with air facilities.
Intervention report: origin and evolution, intervention and improvement measures.
(d) intervention in incidents of natural, technological or anthropic origin: preparation of the zones of intervention by risks caused by hazardous substances. Measurements of the risk caused by the substance that causes. Control and mitigation techniques: levees and control of spills, among others. Application of security measures.
Assurance of stability and sanitation of facades and structures collapsed, partially collapsed or at risk of collapse. Application of security measures.
Application of the required techniques of neutralization, dilution, cleaning or removal. Decontamination of persons affected and involved. Measurements of pollutants present in the environment, buildings or people. Application of security measures.
Techniques of containment, bilge water or sludge and opening of means of drainage infrastructures, buildings, or land. Application of security measures.
Restoration of normal tasks. Application of security measures.
Support people at potential risk by the absence of basic services (transfer of water purification, water containers and generators, among others).
Logistical support in areas of camps or temporary shelters, removal of dead or alive animals and medical emergencies (transfer of organs, blood or other elements). Established protocols.
Devices of foreseeable risk by activities or human concentrations (large agglomerations by activities sporting and festive, forced landings of aircraft and prescribed Burns, among others). Established protocols. Application of security measures.
Coordination with other competent public services during the intervention.
(e) intervention in operational rescue and rescue of persons: techniques of intervention according to the situation of persons subject to search and rescue.
Preparation of equipment and tools for intervention in rescue and salvage operations.
Tasks and roles assigned in people search operations.
Activities of rescues at height. Standards and security protocols.
Release of people trapped in lifts or elevators or transport accidents. Release and mobilization techniques. Standards and security protocols.
Aquatic rescue of victims in the middle. Standards and security protocols.
Removal of people in confined or open spaces. Demolition techniques, mobilization and entiba to the collapsed material (Earth, stones or snow, among others). Mobilization of the victim. Standards and security protocols.
Application of the techniques of basic life support.
Application of techniques and procedures for psychological support to victims in different rescue situations.
(f) cooperation in the management of teams or units: participation in the management of human resources (determination of schedules, shifts and relay, and administrative functions, among others) and of material means (Organization and management of the store, resource allocation and monitoring of occupational hazards, among others).
Preparation of drills and training, informational or promotional actions. Established safety rules.
Perform scheduled outreach and training activities.
Participation in the management of an emergency coordination centre.
Maintenance of vehicles, equipment, tools and installations of surveillance and intervention.
Maintenance of the equipment of individual and collective protection of specialized material and self-contained breathing equipment.
Inspection of buildings, industrial facilities and power production facilities.
Adequacy and availability of systems and means of self-protection plans emergency.
Reports for the evaluation of the actions developed: detected risks, performance of services in which it has participated and training actions, among others.
Annex II sequencing and weekly hourly distribution of formative cycle of medium level professional modules: technical emergencies and Civil Protection professional module duration (hours) Prime (h/week) second year course 2 quarters (h/week) 1 quarter (hours) 1528. Maintenance and checking of the functioning of the material used in the prevention of risks of fire and emergency 140 4 1530. Operative intervention in urban firefighting 240 8 1532. Operative intervention and rescue 240 8 1533 activities. Inspection of facilities, events, and facilities for the prevention of fires and emergencies 70 2 0055. Initial health care in emergencies (1) 210 6 1536. Enterprise and initiative entrepreneur 60 2 1529. Surveillance and intervention in 170 8 1531 forest fires. Operative intervention in events of natural, technological and anthropogenic 170 8 1534. Coordination of equipment and 150 7 0058 emergency units. Psychological support in situations of emergency (1) 60 3 1535. Training and labour orientation 90 4 1537. Training in workplace 400 400 Total in the formative cycle 2,000 30 30 400 (1) transverse professional modules to other titles of vocational training.
Annex III spaces and equipment minimum space: space training surface m² 30 students 20 students 60 40 multipurpose classroom classroom technical coordination of emergency 100 100 technical classroom of initial health care emergency 60 40 technical classroom of maintenance of vehicles, machinery and equipment of emergency and civil protection 400 400 technical classroom of maintenance and repair of special equipment and tooling 50 50 lab 60 50 Area of drills and operational interventions (1) risk analysis
2,500 2,500 area of intervention in forest fires (1) 3,000 3,000 (1) not necessarily located in the educational space.
Minimum equipment: space training equipment multi-purpose classroom.
Computers installed in network, system imaging and internet.
Technical coordination of emergency room.
STRUCTURED in: to) areas for coordination team (groups of 6-8 students) practices.
(b) zone for monitoring and control practices.
Each area equipped with at least:-a PC for every 2 students, connected network, equipped with geographic information system (ArcGIS, ArcVIEW, Autodesk Geospatial or similar), software for simulation of hydrologic, seismic, volcanic emergency scenarios, forest fires and emergency operations management software.
-Two modules of the integrated communications system.
-Audiovisual media that enable generation communications.
-Flat, topographic maps, panoramic photos and Ortho photos.
-Database of risks. Database operational (dangerous goods and others).
-Tablet for demonstrations.
Initial healthcare emergency technical classroom.
Computer, canon of projection and screen.
Medical equipment for emergency care.
Equipment for immobilization. Equipment for transfer (stretchers). Vacuum mattress.
Dumis with simulation of pathologies.
Semi automatic defibrillator.
For every two students is also required: A basic adult mannequin, a child basic mannequin, a resuscitation mask adult-ball.
Technical classroom of maintenance of vehicles, machinery and equipment of emergency and civil protection.
Equipment for the cleaning of EPIS, hangers for further drying.
Two work tables, equipped with panel of tools and clamping screw.
Appropriate power systems sized.
Welding and cutting equipment.
Equipment for grinding, pickling and painted elements.
Air compressor for cleaning, painting and other actions.
Equipment for the engine and lubrication of elements, parts or vehicles, and driving pneumatic systems.
Classroom technical maintenance and repair of special equipment and tooling.
Checking for leaks in masks for respiratory protection equipment.
Equipment for checking and repair of masks and their components.
Equipment and systems for washing, sterilization (sink of high capacity with faucet spray rinse) and drying (drying of masks and elements equipment), as well as of control and manual packaging for later use.
Compressor for filling of bottles of breathable air pressure of 300 bar and 225 bar, with security system for bottles or system of fourth watertight protected according to current regulations.
Equipment for checking the sealing of suits chemical protection A-1 or level 3 (tight gas), disinfection and cleaning.
Risk analysis laboratory.
Desk, equipment of mechanical ventilation, cabinets for the storage of materials and hazardous chemicals and material safety.
First aid kit, eyewash and fire extinguishers.
Trays of stainless steel in different sizes.
Metal brackets to support the trays.
Elements for the trial of neutralization of acids and bases.
Elements for the distillation of sawdust and flammability of gases.
Agitators, reducers, coolers and distillers.
Systems of nebulization and spraying of flammable liquids.
Sheets of metal mesh of different sizes.
Simulators for explosions and flashover.
Flammable limits Simulator.
Explosions with powdered solid cylinder.
Airtight containers for solid waste collection.
Thermometers and timers.
Transparent polycarbonate building Simulator.
Measuring equipment of climatic data, dry thermometer, wet thermometer, anemometer and wind vane.
Drills and operational interventions (1) area.
In these areas there must be covered areas with benches for rest and slates to organize actions that must perform and evaluate those carried out.
AREA of buildings: Simulator building enabling acting at various levels on the basis of a flush assumptions, as well as different levels below ground, as well as simulate different rooms and varied activities.
The Simulator must have the possibility of fires inside and outside, and facilitate maneuvers access by dry column equipped with stairs, as well as provide simulators from balconies and windows in order to work outside with ladders of different configurations. The outside should be large enough for the deployment of water lines, ladders and load from hydrant water lines.
The same simulated building or otherwise, must have holes for trial of forced access, as well as spaces where can recreate maneuvers with lifts, forklift or similar.
Training space has to be able to simulate an industry, workshop or production centre, where to recreate fire situations or incidents involving hazardous materials.
It has to have independently or integrated in the past, the possibility of viewing and working with flashover.
Drills and operational interventions (1) area.
MANEUVERS outside zone: Zone designated to host simulations of fire or incident with dangerous goods outside as heavy vehicles, railway, air, light vehicles. Possibility to test salvage vehicles and entrapment of victims.
Rack of pipes for chemical simulation and storage tanks for simulated fire, leak or spill.
Simulator helicopter for manoeuvres of embarkation, disembarkation, deployment of elements transport water, manoeuvring safety and rescue.
Simulator for various vertical rescues that similar to varied situations.
Large enough to work with lines of water and foam.
AREA of COLLAPSES and SUBSIDENCE rescue: Area with structural elements and other heavy and diverse learning configurations of lifting, removal or opening of gaps in these elements.
Simulation of building with pathologies or area collapsed for the test of shoring, bracing, demolitions, restraint, hoisting and opening holes, as well as for the location of victims, removing rubble and opening trenches or galleries inside.
AREA simulation natural and technological hazards: area of land for the recreation of dikes containing handmade and hand tool, with specific machinery and structural or land holders.
Space with possibility of incorporating maneuvers of cutting with chainsaws and withdrawal of elements of various goods.
Space to simulate gas leaks on public roads, gas fire and maneuver of approach and trim boxes or air wrench, to different sizes.
Simulator of well and/or confined spaces to test rescue in confined spaces.
Pond water for test pumping, dewatering and water surface (1) rescue maneuvers.
Area of drills and operational interventions (1) media and materials equipment: equipment and materials to be used in different manoeuvres, must be able to accommodate and transport, on mobile units allowing to simulate the stages of intervention and secure location in vehicles and media tactics.
It has to have material and equipment sufficient to test extinguishing fires, rescues of different kinds, pumping, lighting, cutting, lifting and separation, fastening structural parts, pads of hoisting and fastening, communications equipment and personal protective equipment. Rescue in the presence of electrical material. Hand tools.
Exposure meter. Thermal camera. Chemical suits. Respiratory protection.
Pumps, gensets, work with electrical equipment.
Simulator of loading vehicles and aerial means of cargo ashore through different options (normal entrance, manhole...).
Area of intervention in forest fires (1) carrying out of the practices of intervention in forest fires will be used for some of the areas and equipment in the Area of drills and operational interventions, linking here only those areas and facilities that have not been included in the previous section.
Points of water does not necessarily work or fixed or portable pools in order to enable bulges or pressure by altitude maneuvers.
Tower or surveillance, or incorporated into other Simulator booth.
Field free with zones of varying slopes to perform maneuvers with water lines in progression up and down, pumping, portable pools filled and emptied by pressure. (They can be multi-purpose as described above).
Tools: Hand tools of extinguishing forest fires, clearings and burnings.
Elements to accommodate and transport equipments and tools towards places and that allow home maneuvers from a point of moving water.
Personal protective equipment.
Stations and other equipment of communication and transmission of information.
(1) not necessarily located in the educational space.
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