Order Ecd / 1539/2015 Of 21 July, Which Establishes The Curriculum Of The Training Cycle Of Higher Level Corresponding To The Title Of Technician In Dental Hygiene Is Established.

Original Language Title: Orden ECD/1539/2015, de 21 de julio, por la que se establece el currículo del ciclo formativo de grado superior correspondiente al título de Técnico Superior en Higiene Bucodental.

Read the untranslated law here: http://www.boe.es/buscar/doc.php?id=BOE-A-2015-8474

Royal Decree 769/2014, of September 12, by which the title of Senior Technician is set to Oral Hygiene and fix his minimum educations, acting in accordance with Royal Decree 1147/2011, of 29 July, the general organization of vocational training of the education system, defined in Article 9 the structure of vocational training diplomas and specialization courses, based on the National Catalogue of professional qualifications, establishes the guidelines set by the European Union and other aspects of social interest and implements the aforementioned title of Senior Technician in Dental Hygiene.

The Organic Law 2/2006 of May 3, Education, provides that education authorities develop the curriculum of vocational training qualifications, from the core curriculum and the conditions set out in Article 6 bis.4 . The educational institutions will develop and complete, if necessary and as established by the education authorities, the curriculum of the different stages and cycles in using their autonomy as stated in Chapter II of Title V of that Act.

Royal Decree 769/2014, of 12 September, in its sole repealing provision repeals the Royal Decree 769/2014, of 12 September, establishing the curriculum of the formative cycle of corresponding upper degree to the title set Higher Technician in Dental Hygiene, established under the Organic Law 1/1990 of 3 October on the General Organisation of the Educational System.

In accordance with the above and once the Royal Decree 769/2014, of September 12, has set the professional profile of the title of Senior Technician in Dental Hygiene, basic aspects of the curriculum and other aspects of academic management that ensure a common training and guarantee the validity of certificates throughout the national territory, it must now determine, in the field of management of the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport, expansion and contextualization of the contents of the professional modules included in this title, respecting the professional profile of the same.

The needs of an integrated labor market in the European Union require that the teaching of vocational training pay special attention to the languages ​​of member countries, incorporating in its educational offerings. In this sense, this training course in the curriculum incorporates English language training, responding to the provisions of Royal Decree 1147/2011, of 29 July.

In addition, the curriculum of this training cycle is established from respect for pedagogical, organizational and management of institutions providing vocational training, promoting these teachers work in equipment and the development of training plans, research autonomy and innovation in their teaching field and actions that promote continuous improvement of educational processes.

Moreover, vocational training centers will develop the curriculum established by this order, taking into account the characteristics of students, with special attention to the needs of people with disabilities.

Finally, it should be noted that this training cycle curriculum integrates scientific, technological and organizational aspects of the teachings set to ensure that students acquire an overall view of the productive processes of the professional profile of senior technician in Dental Hygiene.

In the process of preparing this report has been issued by the State Board of Education.

For all the above, in virtue, I have:
CHAPTER
I
General provisions


Article 1. Purpose.

This order is to determine, from the core curriculum established in Royal Decree 769/2014, of September 12, by which the title of Senior Technician is set to Oral Hygiene and minimum teaching requirements are established, the curriculum training cycle higher grade corresponding to that title.

Article 2. Scope.

The curriculum established by this order shall apply in the territory management Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport.
CHAPTER II

Curriculum


Article 3. Curriculum.

1. The curriculum for the teaching of vocational education system corresponding to the title of Technician in Dental Hygiene, established in Royal Decree 769/2014, of September 12, is determined in the terms set out in this order.


2. The professional profile of the curriculum, which is expressed by the general competition, professional, personal and social skills, and qualifications and competency units of the National Catalogue of Professional Qualifications, is included in the title of Senior Technician in Dental Hygiene, referred to above.

3. The general objectives of the curriculum of the training program, the objectives of the professional modules expressed in terms of learning outcomes and assessment criteria are included in the title of Senior Technician in Dental Hygiene, referred to in paragraph 1 of this article.

4. The contents of the professional modules that make up the present curriculum, adapted to the socio-economic situation and the prospects for economic and social development of the environment, are set out in Annex I to this order.

Article 4. Adapting to socio-productive environment.

1. The curriculum covered in this training cycle is established by taking into account the socio-economic reality and geographical characteristics, socio-productive and labor environment implementation own title.

2. Vocational training centers have the necessary pedagogical, organizational and economic management for the development of teaching and adaptation to the specific characteristics of the socioeconomic, cultural and professional environment autonomy.

3. The centers authorized to offer this training cycle materialize and develop those that are most suited to the characteristics of their students and their productive environment, flexibly and use of their pedagogical autonomy, within the general framework of the educational project organizational and curricular measures under the terms established by the Organic Law 2/2006 of Education.

4. The curriculum regulated in this order training cycle will take place in the teaching programs and curriculum development, enhancing or creating a culture of prevention of occupational hazards in the spaces where different professional modules are taught, as well as promoting a culture of environmental respect, excellence at work, compliance with standards of quality, creativity, innovation, gender equality and respect for equal opportunities, the "design for all people" and universal accessibility, especially in relation to people with disabilities.

Article 5. Adaptation to the educational environment.

1. The vocational training centers managed by the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport will develop the curriculum established by this order, taking into account the characteristics of students and the environment, with special attention to people with disabilities, accessibility and resources necessary support to ensure that these students can take these teachings under the same conditions as the rest.

2. Also, the teachings of this cycle will be held with a flexible and open methodology based on self-learning and adapted to the conditions, capacities and personal needs of students, so as to allow the reconciliation of learning with other activities and responsibilities.

Article 6. Duration and sequencing of the professional modules.

1. The total duration of the teaching for this training cycle, including professional training module in workplaces, is 2000 hours.

2. The professional modules of this training cycle, where offered based provision, be organized in two academic years and adjust to the time sequencing and weekly distribution defined in Annex II of this order.

3. The first academic year will take place entirely in the school. To take the second course, will have to pass the professional modules involving a whole, at least eighty percent of the hours of the first course.

4. the right of registration of those who have passed some professional module in another Autonomous Community in the terms set out in Article 48.3 of Royal Decree 1147/2011, of 29 July, the general organization of vocational training set will be ensured education system.

5. In general, during the third quarter of the second year, and after reaching the positive evaluation in all professional modules completed at school, professional training module will be developed in workplaces.


6. Exceptionally, and in order to facilitate the adaptation of the number of people enrolled to the availability of training positions in companies, about half the students of second course may develop such professional training module in workplaces during the second quarter of the second course, as long as they have positively passed all the professional modules of the first academic year.

7. Notwithstanding the foregoing, and as a result of the timing of certain economic activities that can prevent the development of professional training module in workplaces can be adjusted to the above assumptions, this could be organized in other overlapping periods with the development of the economic activity own professional profile title.

8. In any case, the evaluation of professional training module in workplaces will be conditional upon the positive assessment of other professional modules of the training cycle.

Article 7. Professional Module project.

1. Professional module project is interdisciplinary and incorporates technological and organizational variables related to essential aspects of the professional competence of the title of Senior Technician in Dental Hygiene.

2. In general this module will be taught by teachers who exercises mentoring training in workplaces.

3. Professional module project will be developed during the last period of the training cycle, combining individual tutoring and collective, so that at least 50% of the total duration is conducted in person and complete with tutoring distance in which the information and communications technology will be used.

4. In any case and before the professional training module in workplaces, the responsible teachers should anticipate teaching and learning activities that facilitate the development of professional project module.

5. Professional evaluation of this module will be conditional upon the positive assessment of other professional modules of the training cycle, including Training in workplaces.

Article 8. Bilingual Education.

1. The curriculum of this training course incorporates English language in an integrated manner at least two professional modules including make up the entire training cycle. These modules will be taught by teachers with a teaching assignment in them and which also possesses the corresponding to level B2 of Common European Framework of Reference for Languages ​​language qualification.

2. In order to ensure that bilingual education is provided in both academic courses of training cycle continuously, professional modules of both courses are chosen.

3. The devices that can be taught in English are those listed in Annex III.

4. As a result of the greater complexity of the transmitting and receiving teachings in a different mother tongue, professional modules taught in English will increase their collective credit hours, three hours per week for all the modules that are taught in the first year and two hours for developed during the second year. In addition, teachers imparting these professionals have assigned modules in their individual schedule, at least three hours a week for preparation. These hours will have the same character as teaching hours.

5. Exceptionally and temporarily until 2020 character when teachers with teaching attribution does not have the level of English required by these professional modules, will share a total of three hours per week for all the modules that are taught in the first year and two hours for developed during the second course with a teacher or a teacher of English specialty. In this case, the programming of these modules include at least one work unit or teaching to be held exclusively in English and other teaching units incorporate teaching and learning activities taught exclusively in English in the allotted time.

6. Exceptionally, and for those who request it, in the case of students or students with disabilities who may have difficulty in oral expression (cerebral palsy, deafness ...) easing measures and / or alternative will be established in the requirement for delivery of modules in English, so that they can take all the teachings of the professional modules in their mother tongue.
CHAPTER III



Faculty, spaces and equipment

Article 9. Qualifications and accreditation of teacher requirements.

1. The specialties of teachers with teaching award in the professional modules that make up the teachings set for the title referred to in Article 1 of this order, and the equivalent for the purposes of teaching qualifications are those listed in Annexes III A and III B Royal Decree 769/2014 of 12 September.

2. In order to ensure compliance with Article 12.6 of Royal Decree 769/2014, of 12 September, for the delivery of modules that comprise professionals in private centers or other publicly owned educational administrations, is it must prove that it meets all the requirements set out in that Article, the following documentation:

A) photocopy of official academic qualifications required, according to the qualifications listed in Annex III C of Royal Decree 769/2014 of 12 September. When the degree presented is linked with the professional module to be impart, it is deemed itself encompasses the objectives of that module. Otherwise, in addition to the degree, the documents referred to in paragraph b) or c) shall be provided.

B) If it is desired to justify educations leading to the degree provided encompass the goals of the vocational modules it is intended to impart:

Personal academic certification of studies, original or certified copy, issued by an official center in stating the previous studies detailing the subjects.

Programs and cursados ​​the studies provided by the person concerned, original or certified copy thereof, sealed by the University or authorized officer or corresponding teaching center.

C) If it is necessary to justify through work experience which has developed its activity in the family linked to the professional sector, at least for three years, its duration will be accredited by the relevant supporting official document, to be added:

Certification employer company or organization which specifically record the activity of the person concerned. This activity must be implicitly linked to learning outcomes of professional module is intended to impart.

For those who are self-employed, statement by the person concerned of the most representative activities related to learning outcomes.

Article 10. Spaces and equipment.

Spaces and equipment that must meet the vocational training centers to allow the development of teaching, are set out in Annex IV of this Order and shall comply with the provisions of Article 11 of Royal Decree 769 / 2014, September 12, and the rules on equal opportunities, "design for all people" and universal accessibility, risk prevention and health and safety in the workplace.
CHAPTER IV


Other offers and form of these teachings

Article 11. Offer a distance.

1. The professional modules offered at a distance, when the nature require, ensure the students achieving all the objectives expressed in learning outcomes through classroom activities.

2. Provincial Directorates and Departments of Education take the necessary measures and dictate the precise instructions to the centers that are authorized to offer this training cycle based provision for the implementation and operation of the supply of the same distance.

3. The centers authorized to offer vocational training courses remotely appropriate curriculum materials will have to be adapted to the provisions of the fourth additional provision of Organic Law 2/2006 of 3 May.

Article 12. Combined offer.

In order to meet the needs and interests and give the possibility to combine training with work, with other activities or situations, offer these lessons for adults and young people in special circumstances may be combined between regimes face teaching and distance simultaneously, provided that the same modules can not pursue an education in both modes simultaneously.

Article 13. Offer for adults.


1. The professional modules of this training cycle competency units associated with the National Catalogue of Professional Qualifications may be a modular offering designed for adults.

2. This training will be developed with an open and flexible methodology, adapted to the conditions, capacities and personal needs allowing them to combine education with other activities and responsibilities, complying with the provisions of Chapter I of Title IV of Royal Decree 1147/2011, of July 29. In addition, such training will be capitalized to achieve a vocational qualification, whose preparation will be necessary to prove the requirements set access.

3. In order to reconcile learning with other activities and responsibilities, the Provincial Directorates and Departments of Education may establish specific measures to comply with Article 41 of Royal Decree 1147/2011, of July 29 and enable face supply and distance simultaneously.

4. In order to promote training throughout life, the Directorate General of Vocational Training of the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport may authorize the Provincial Directorates and Departments of Education teaching in centers of competence, of professional training modules organized into shorter units. In this case, each learning outcome, with evaluation criteria and their corresponding block of content will be the minimum partition and indivisible unit.

First additional provision. Authorization to impart these teachings.

Provincial Directorates and Departments of Education dealt with the General Directorate of Vocational Training authorization to impart the teachings of this training cycle, in whole or in part, in requiring attendance and distance learning centers that request and meet the requirements required under current legislation.

Second additional provision. Enabling language teachers in bilingual education.

The teachers who will teach in English must hold before the start date of each academic year, the corresponding language habilitation, for which purpose the Ministry of Education, Culture and Sport will hold a empowerment procedure before the start of each course.

Third additional provision. Teacher training for bilingual education.

The Provincial Directorates and Departments of Education scheduled courses and training in English for all teachers of vocational training will teach in vocational modules capable of being taught in English, who are obliged to attend to them until they get the required authorization. These measures shall apply until at least 2020.

The training bid will be of three types:

A) Intensive training through a course conducted, preferably in the modality, during the month of September.

B) long-term training throughout the school year, through a course that combines classroom and online, to be held after hours must stay in the training center. During the period of implementation of professional training module in workplaces, this course will intensify and will take place, if possible, within hours must stay in the center.

C) Training Anglophone country, through courses, that if possible, include cultural visits and institutions and attending conferences, and to be held at the end of the course after completion of school activities in training centers.

Single transitional provision. Replacing titles related to these teachings.

1. Students who, at the end of the school year 2014-2015, fulfills the conditions required to take the second course the title of Senior Technician in Dental Hygiene, established by Royal Decree 537/1995 of 7 April, on September 12, the under the Organic Law 1/1990 of 3 October on the General Educational System, and which has not passed any of the professional modules of the first year of that title, will have two calls in each of the next two years to overcome these professional modules. After this period, in the 2017-2018 school year, will apply validations, for overcome modules set out in Article 15.1 of Royal Decree 769/2014, of September 12, regulated by the Organic Law 2/2006 of 3 May, Education.


2. Pupils who, at the end of the 2014-2015 school year, does not meet the conditions required to take the second course the title of Senior Technician in Dental Hygiene, established by Royal Decree 537/1995 of 7 April, under the Act organic 1/1990 of 3 October on the General Organisation of the Educational System, will apply validations set out in Article 15.1 of Royal Decree 769/2014, of September 12, regulated by the organic Law 2/2006 of 3 May, Education.

3. Students who, at the end of the 2015-2016 school year, does not meet the conditions required to obtain the title of Senior Technician in Dental Hygiene established by Royal Decree 537/1995 of 7 April, under the Organic Law 1/1990 of 3 October on the General Educational System, will have two calls in each of the next two years to overcome these professional modules except module training in the workplace for which there will be a course supplementary school. The students that after this period had not obtained the title will apply validations, for overcome modules set out in Article 15.1 of Royal Decree 769/2014, of September 12, regulated by the Organic Law 2/2006 of 3 of May.

First final provision. Application of the order.

Is authorized to the Directorate General of Vocational Training, in the scope of its powers, to take the measures and issue the necessary instructions for the implementation of the provisions of this order.

Second final provision. Implementation of these teachings.

1. During the first year of the 2015-2016 training cycle to be implemented referred to in Article 1 of this order and stop the lessons taught first year covered by the Organic Law 1/1990 of October 3, Ordination General Educational corresponding to Royal Decree 537/1995 System of 7 April, on September 12, by which the title of Senior Technician is set to Oral Hygiene.

2. During the second year of the 2016-2017 training cycle to be implemented referred to in Article 1 of this order and stop the lessons taught second year covered by the Organic Law 1/1990 of October 3, Ordination General Educational corresponding to Royal Decree 537/1995 System of 7 April, on September 12, by which the title of Senior Technician is set to Oral Hygiene.

Final disposition third. Entry into force.

This order shall enter into force on the day following its publication in the Official State Gazette.

Madrid, July 21, 2015-The Minister of Education, Culture and Sports, Inigo Mendez de Vigo and Montojo.
ANNEX I

Professional Modules


1. Professional Module: Reception and logistics in the dental clinic.

Code: 0730.

Contents:

A) Organization of activities in the unit or dental clinic:

Services and clinics for dental care.

Team of a dental clinic.

Facilities and dependencies of a dental clinic.

Waste management of a dental clinic.

Programming work of a unit or cabinet.

Management programs dental clinic and databases.

B) Application process for receiving patients:

Processes of care for people in receipt of the clinic or service oral health:

Features and conditions of dealing with people.

Types of assistance in the service or dental clinic.

Criteria that determine the quality of care to people.

Regulations.
Communication techniques
:

Transmission of information.

Communication elements.

Characteristics of information and language.

Care Processes own receipt of a dental clinic activities:

Correspondence management.

Sending and receiving packets.

Please phone, fax, voice mail or e-mails.

Patients Citation:

Subpoena documents.

Monitoring and control appointments.

Editing appointments.
Billing
Services:

Payment systems. Preparation of bills and budgets. Rates.

Documents for collection and payment services. Types, elements and legal document requirements. Budgets. Bills. Checks. Receipts.

Marketing strategies related clinics and oral health services:

Language and business letters.

C) Management patient files:

Computer software for managing patient data:

Databases.


Types of applications and utilities.

Introduction and data modification.

Obtaining products as listed or summaries of activities.

Data verification.

Update databases.

Performing backups.

Patient Data Management:

Facts affiliation.

Clinical patient data.

Facts entities responsible for performance.
Legislation and regulations in force
:

Security document on data protection.

Organic Law on Protection of Personal Data (LOPD).

D) Managing clinical documentation:

Health Organization:

Primary and specialized care. clinical services.

Public and private health care network. Features.

Clinical Documents:

Types, characteristics and indications of the various documents.

Selection and classification of documents.
Medical history
:

Sections and documents included. Custody documents.

Conditions of completion.

Rules.

Types of medical records.
Other health documents
:

Subpoena documents. Applications. Frills. Requests. Interclinical documents.

Reports. Supporting documents. Informed consent.

Corresponding documentation management systems own quality of dental clinics.

Completion and processing of documents:

Criteria and rules for filling in documents.

Submissions, claims and document archiving.

Quality requirements document management.

Computer software for completing and processing of documents.
Data protection
:

Confidentiality and professional secrecy.

Current legislation regarding documentation, data protection and rights and obligations related to documentation.

E) Making the preparation and implementation of equipment:

A dental clinic equipment:

Features. Applications.

Technical commissioning, use, maintenance and shutdown.

Control of cleaning, disinfection and sterilization. Replacement systems instrumental in cabinets.

Technical equipment maintenance:

Fault management. Periodic reviews.

Documentation of equipment and machinery.

Instructions and safety data sheets.

Occupational hazards and precautions associated with handling equipment.

F) Organization of the acquisition and storage of materials and instruments:

Instrumental, products and basic materials in a dental clinic:

Classification. Characteristics.

Catalogs.
Purchasing
:
Documents
purchase and payment. Orders. Delivery notes. Bills.

Tax obligations.

Sanitary stores Management:

Distribution and product placement. Storage systems.

Product maintenance conditions in health stores.

Documentation stores.

Control stock. Inventorying. Making chips store.
Order Management
:
Ordering
.

Receiving products.
Verification of conditions
products.

Occupational hazards and precautions associated with the use and handling of products.

G) Application of standards occupational risk prevention and environmental protection:

Personal and environmental risks in dental clinics. Risk identification. Risk factors and situations:

Physical factors of the work environment. radiation protection.

Chemical factors in the work environment.

Biological factors. biological protection. Vaccinations.

Psychosocial factors.
Safety in dental clinics
:

Determination of prevention of occupational hazards. Prevention and protection against risks. Media and personal protective equipment. Collective prevention and protection. Signaling.

Safety systems applied to machines and equipment.

Situations own a dental emergency. Actuation systems. Medicine cabinets.
Regulations
risk prevention in dental clinics. Acomplishment of the working risk prevention norm.

Environmental Management. Waste management:

Classification and storage. Waste collection and treatment.

Regulations governing waste management. Compliance of environmental protection.

Methods and standards of order and cleanliness.

Ethical commitment to the values ​​of conservation and protection of environmental and cultural heritage of society.

2. Professional Module: Study of the oral cavity.


Code: 0731.

Contents:

A) Identification of the formation and eruption:

General Embryology.
Embryology maxillofacial
:

Embryology and dental anatomy. Odontogenésis.

Embryology of the oral cavity. Salivary glands.

Histological Embryology: enamel, dentin-pulp complex and cement.

Origin, evolution and development of periodontal insertion and protection.

Chronology of the eruption.

Dental Morphology:
Morphology
expires.

Final morphology.

Histology and morphology of the teeth and dental tissue support.

Dental Groups:

Nomenclature.

Formulas.

Dental records.
Dental Occlusion
:

Occlusal relations.

Intermaxilares Relations.

B) Recognition of craniofacial anatomical region:

Osteology of the skull and face.
Myology craniofacial
:

Specific and auxiliary muscles of mastication.

Mimetic muscles.

Muscles of the tongue.

Cranial, facial and ATM Joints:

Anatomical features.

Jaw movements.

Boca: anatomy, histology and physiology.

Salivary Glands.

Thyroid.

Angiology of the head and neck. vascular bundles.

Cranial Nerves. autonomic nervous system of the head and neck.

C) Functional assessment of estomatogmático device:
Respiratory
:

General concepts.

Head and neck structures involved in breathing.

Anatomy and physiology of phonation.

Anatomy and physiology of swallowing.
Salivation
:

Characteristics saliva.

Physiology Salivary secretion: mechanism and control of salivary secretion. Salivary buffer.

Main skeletal and tooth movement.

Stimulation procedures, collection and measurement of salivary secretion.

Tests for stimulating the buffering capacity of saliva.

Salivary bacteriological cultures.
Measures
aseptic handling crop and preparations.

D) Recognition of carious lesions:

Biofilm. plaque:

Normal microbial flora.

Plate types.

Formation process supragingival and subgingival plaque.

Etiological and predisposing factors of plaque formation.

Indices plate. Decay rates.

Pathogenic factors in caries:

Newbrun diagram.

Classification of carious lesions:

According to its depth.

Depending on your location.

According cavity preparation: Black cavities.

Evolution of cariósica injury.
Diagnosis of caries
:

Material recognition and exploration.

Anamnesis.

Odontographs.

Dental X-rays.

Bacteriology decay.

Salivary bacteriological cultures.

General clinical complications and organic decay.

Importance of diet in preventing tooth decay:

Immediate principles, minerals and vitamins.

Cariostatic Food, cariogenic and anticariogenic.
Cariogenic potential
Index (CPI).

Aseptic measures in the preparation of material exploration and manipulation of crops.

Control plaque. Prevention and treatment.

E) Recognition of periodontal disease:

Anatomy and physiology of the periodontium:

Concept and types of periodontium.

Functions.
Gingivitis
:

Etiology: initiators and modifying factors.

Overall clinical picture of gingivitis.

Evolutionary phases.

Types.

Treatment.
Periodontitis
:

Etiology: initiators and modifying factors.

Overall clinical picture of periodontitis.

Evolutionary phases.

Types.

Clinics and general complications of PD.

Treatment.

Mucositis and periimplantitis: etiology, risk factors, and clinical diagnosis.

Instrumental and equipment in the examination and treatment of EP:

Periodontogramas.

Instrumental specific examination and treatment.

Preparation and handling.

Bacterial cultures.

Technological advances in screening and treatment: laser periodontics, periodontal probes and electronic gingival crevicular fluid analysis.

F) Identification of lesions of the oral cavity in relation to pathological features:

Normal oral mucosa.

Basic lesions of the soft tissues:

Macroscopic lesions.

Microscopic or histopathologic lesions.
Specific diagnostic tests
:

Past history and symptoms.

Exploration.


Biopsy.
Neoplasms
:

Inflammatory Seudofibroma.

Mucocele.

Epuli.

Papillomavirus.

Precancer: Erythroplasia and leukoplakia.

Oral cancer.

Main diseases of the oral cavity:

E. Bacterial: impetigo, TB, cheilitis, granulomas, cellulite and GUNA.

E. Viral: VHS, VHZ, HPV and coxsackie injuries.

Mycosis: oral candidiasis.

Injuries of unknown cause: Lichen planus and pemphigus.

Ulcers.

Dental pathology: anomalies of tooth development, number, size, shape and unity.

Malocclusions: types.

Dental trauma and jaws.

Preventive approach based on the existing pathology.

G) Identification of alterations in the oral cavity in connection with systemic diseases:

General clinical history. interdisciplinary medical documentation.

Oral and maxillary metastases.

Main systemic disorders with oral manifestations:

ETS.

TB.

HIV.

Anemias. Leukemias.
Injuries
physical, chemical, heat and cold.

Allergic diseases.
Dental Pharmacology
:

Routes of administration.

Analgesics. NSAIDS. Antibiotics.

Local anesthetics.

Gemostatic. Antiplatelet agents. Blood thinners.
Injuries
oral drugs: aspirin, oral contraceptives, post-chemotherapy, phenytoin and local anesthetics.

Pediatric patients and elderly: major oral diseases.

Management of patients with general pathology.

H) Identification of risk factors in special patients:

Dental Attentions in patients with systemic disease:

Diabetes mellitus.

Ischemic heart disease: IAM.

Cardiovascular disorders: hypertension.

Hepatic impairment: HBV, HCV and VHD.

Renal impairment: IRC.

AIDS.

Anticoagulated patient.
Infective endocarditis
:

Epidemiology.

Etiopathogenesis.

Guidelines prophylaxis.

Specific dental performances:

Pregnancy.

Drogodependientes.

Bedridden.

Oral Pathology disabled patients:

Mental retardation, cerebral palsy, epilepsy and Down syndrome.

Evaluation of the treatment plan for these patients based on:

Commitment patient behavioral (aggressive and collaboration).

Medical Commitment.

Socioaffective Commitment (expectations and real possibilities of treatment).

3. Professional module: Exploring the oral cavity.

Code: 0732.

Contents:

A) Verification of the operation of dental equipment:

Parties of the team:

Dental chair: head, back and seat.

Dental unit: as the support system and the type of the instrumental support.

Column.

Extractors and oral evacuation aspiration of saliva, surgical aspiration and spittoon.

Operative lamp.

Pedal.

Compressors.

Stool.
Functions of the chair
:

Patient support.

Facilitate the work of staff.
Chair movements
:

Up and down.

Support.

Trendelemburg.

Automatic reset.

Memorized positions.

Adaptable elements:

Techniques assembled and disassembled.
Operation of the rotary instruments
:

Turbine.
Contra-
.

Handpiece.

Micromotor.
General Care Team
:

Material necessary.
Maintenance
first level.

Quality criteria at each stage of the process.

B) Preparation of instruments and equipment:

Potentially pathogenic microorganisms:

Types.

Epidemiological chain.
Infection Prevention
:

Classification of preventive measures.

Clinical history.

Biological barriers.

Physical barriers.

Cleaning, disinfection and sterilization

Concept.

Preparation of barrier materials.

Treatment of material and equipment.

Cleaning: Manual and ultrasounds.

Disinfection: environmental disinfection, disinfection of impressions, working models and prostheses, disinfectants and antiseptics.

Packaging.

Sterilization: physical methods, chemical methods and control of the sterilization process.

Quality Control.

C) Conduct oral history and exploration:

Working position and postural control:

Patient positioning.

Areas of movement.

Operator ergonomic position and support staff.

Technique to four six hands.
Anamnesis oral
:

Significant data.

Health questionnaires.

Exploration orofacial
:

Preparing the work area: instruments and equipment. Classification and instrumental situation.

Exploration techniques: iinspección, palpation, percussion and transillumination.

Basic Maneuvers in the art four hands: lighting, extraction and transfer of instruments.

Signs of normal scan.

Pathological criteria oral examination: caries, periodontal disease, malocclusion and other diseases.

Documents for registration.
Digital photography
:

Image.

Capture the image in medical history.

Attitudinal criteria in the process.

D) Application of techniques for imaging of dental radiology:

Fundamentals of Radiology.

Applications of ionizing radiation.

Features of equipment and X-ray beams:

Imaging Systems: Radiographic and radiovisiography movies.

Basic operating procedures.

Dental radiological techniques:

Intraoral X-ray periapical, interproximal and occlusal.

Extraoral radiography.

Special radiographic techniques: ortopantomografía, Sialography and others.

Techniques Revealed:

Parameters of a processing operation.

Success criteria for radiographic revealed.

E) Application of radiation protection measures and quality in dental radiology:

Biological effects of ionizing radiation.

Magnitudes and measurement of radiation.
Radiation protection
:

Dosimetry.

Control areas.

Management monitors radiation.

Legislation and basic legislation in radiodiagnosis facilities.

Classification and signaling areas.

Basic Radiation Protection.

Specific radiological protection in dental radiology facilities.
Estimation of dose
working staff and users.

Dose intensity variation.

Quality assurance program.
Interpretation of results
basic quality controls.
Estimation criteria
quality radiographic image.

Administrative technical requirements.

Specific care needs.

User information.

Communication.

F) Application of standards occupational risk prevention and environmental protection:

Personal and environmental risks in dental clinics.

Hazards Identification.

Risk factors and situations:

Physical factors of the work environment. radiation protection.

Chemical factors in the work environment.

Biological factors. biological protection. Vaccinations.

Psychosocial factors.
Safety in dental clinics
:

Determination of prevention of occupational hazards. Prevention and protection against risks. Media and personal protective equipment. Collective prevention and protection. Signaling.

Safety systems applied to machines and equipment.

Situations own a dental emergency. Actuation systems. Medicine cabinets.
Regulations
risk prevention in dental clinics. Acomplishment of the working risk prevention norm.

Environmental Management.
Waste management
:

Classification and storage. Waste collection and treatment.

Regulations governing waste management. Compliance of environmental protection.

Methods and standards of order and cleanliness.

Ethical commitment to the values ​​of conservation and protection of environmental and cultural heritage of society.

G) Identification of attitudes and emotional states in patients:
Specific needs care
:

Care in childhood and adolescence.

The family in the query.

Family intervention programs.

Needs and adult care.

Needs and elderly care.

Needs and care of people with disabilities.
User information
:

Selection information.

Plan for collaboration in exploration and other oral care techniques.
Communication
:

Verbal and nonverbal communication.

Empathetic and assertive behaviors.

Alternative communication.

4. Professional Module: Oral Intervention.

Code: 0733.

Contents:

A) Making sealed pits and fissures:

Tooth surfaces for sealing:

Identification techniques.
Sealers
Classification:

Because of its composition: methacrylates, cyanoacrylate and glass ionomer.

Depending on whether they are free of inert filler.


By the start of polymerization: self-curing and light-curing.

By their appearance: clear or translucent or opaque and colored.

Other: hybrids and fluoride.

Dental isolation techniques:

Absolute: rubber dam, clamps or staples, portaclamps and bow Young.

Relative: cottons and other cellulose plates.

Preparation of material.
Preparation of tooth surfaces
:

Etching acid.

Technical Application of pit and fissure sealants:

Preparation of material.

Etching acid.

Placement and extension of the sealant.

Polymerization.
Control
occlusion.

Criteria for evaluating the effectiveness of sealants:

Display sealant over time.

Quality criteria at each stage of the process.

B) Application of topical fluorides:

Fluoride salts Types:

Sodium fluoride.

Tin fluoride.

Acidulated phosphate fluoride.

Sodium monofluorophosphate.

Amine fluoride.

Mechanism of action of fluorides:

Preeruptivo.

Posteruptivo.

Routes of administration of fluoride:

Systemic: fluoridation of community water fluoridation school water, supplements in tablets or solutions and dietary fluoride.

Topical: professional, aqueous solutions, varnishes and gels.
SELF
: dentifrices, mouthwashes, gels and others.
Dosage of fluorides
:

Fluoride toxicity.

Application techniques topical fluorides:

Techniques in buckets: types.

Techniques for self-application.

Fluoride application technique in buckets:

Preparation of material.

Cleaning and drying the tooth surface.

Attaching the tray in the mouth.

Cleaning the excess fluoride.

Care after application of fluorides.

C) Elimination of dental calculus:

Dental Calculations:

Etiology.

Pathogenesis.

Location: supragingival and subgingival.

Composition.
Definition of technical
:
Detection
supra and subgingival calculations.

Display.
Probing
.

Radiográfica.

Tartar removal.

Manual: curette (Universal and Columbia).

Ultrasound.

Scaling and root planing.

Polishing the tooth surface.
Indications and contraindications
:
Indications and contraindications
tartar removal.
Indications and contraindications
scaling and root planing.

Preparation of materials and instruments:

Manual tartar removal. Curette. Types and sharpening of scalers.

Tartar removal with ultrasound. Tips. Ultrasound.

Scaling and root planing.

Instrumental for polishing:

Rubber cups or glasses.

Abrasive paste.

Polish strips.

Brushes prophylaxis.
Spray
bicarbonatado prophylaxis.
Conducting technical
:

Manual tartar removal.

Tartar removal with ultrasound.

Scaling and root planing.

Polishing surface.
Preventive measures
:

Oral hygiene measures performed by the patient.

Action by the professional.

Complications and corrective measures.

Quality criteria at each stage of the process.
Verification
calculus removal:

Technical.

D) Elimination of extrinsic dental stains:
Definition of dental staining
:
Extrinsic
.
Intrinsic
.

Differential diagnosis between extrinsic and intrinsic.

Removal techniques:

Tooth Pulido.

Preparation of materials and instruments:

Abrasive paste.
Contra-
.

Polishing cups and cups.

Making removal techniques:

Prevention measures.

Quality Control.

E) Polishing of fillings:

Identification to be polished surfaces:

Identification techniques.
Justification polishing
:

Criteria: smooth surface.

Types of materials to be polished:

Amalgam.

Composite resins.

Instrumental abrasive according to the material to be polished:

Polishers.

Discs: paper and plastic.

Mounted polishers: amalgam and composite resins.

Rotary instruments for polishing fillings:
Contra-
.

Preparation of material.

Selection of parameters in the rotary instruments:

Speed.

Refrigeration.

Performing technique:

Polishing technique seals.

Checking the polished surface:

Technical verification of noninterference with the occlusion.

F) Elimination of plaque:


Classification of mechanical plaque control methods:

Toothbrush: characteristics, types and brushing techniques.

Dental Floss: types and techniques of use.

Other: chopsticks, stimulators, dental irrigators, toothpaste and mouthwash.

Classification of chemical plaque control methods:

Clorhexidina.

Hexetidine.

Quaternary ammonium derivatives.

Triclosan.

Fluorine.

Antibiotics.

Ratio components with plaque removal:

Toothpaste components: abrasives, binders, humectants, detergents, flavorings, preservatives, colorings, water and therapeutic agents.

Mouthwashes components: detergents, flavorings, preservatives, coloring, astringent, alcohol, water and therapeutic agents.

Stain plaque:

Types.

Technical.

Elimination of plaque on dentures:

Technical.

Plaque removal program at the dental clinic:

Performance criteria.

G) Application of control techniques dentine hypersensitivity:
Enumeration of stimuli cause
:

Heat.

Chemical.

Mechanics.
Etiology
:

Dental pathology: cavities. destructive processes enamel. Cracked tooth.

Fractures.

Blanqueamientos.

Surgical procedures.

Other.
Symptoms
:

Pain.

Location.
Checking by scanning
:

Exploration techniques.
Treatment
:
Preventive
.

Etiologic.
Symptomatic
.
Desensitizing preparations
:

Types.

Application criteria.

5. Professional Module: Epidemiology in oral health.

Code: 0734.

Contents:

A) Planning monitoring programs and epidemiological studies:

Epidemiology. Definitions. Measurement of phenomena in epidemiology:

Calculation of frequency measurements. Incidence. Prevalence.

Calculation of measures of association. Relative risk. Odds ratio.

Demographics. Demographics static. Dynamic Demographics:

Definitions. Goals. demographic indicators. Information sources.

Epidemiological studies. Characteristics. Methodology. Classification. Applications:

Experimental studies. clinical trials. Community Studies.

No experimental studies. descriptive studies. ecological studies. Prevalence studies. Analytical studies. Cases and controls. Cohorts.

Epidemiological surveillance. Characteristics. Techniques. Epidemiological surveillance networks.

Stages of research in epidemiology:

Planning. Field work. Analysis of results.

Planning epidemiological studies:

Formulating objectives.

Defining the study population. Sampling techniques. Sampling rates.

Selection and definition of variables. Measurement scales.

Planning data collection. Methods.

Planning data evaluation.

B) Determination of level indicators oral health:

Health and disease. Health indicators. Classification.

Oral health. Community Dentistry.

Oral health indicators. Characteristics. Collection and calculation.

Caries indices for temporary and permanent dentition.

Indices of periodontal disease. Rates of gum disease. Indices plate.

Malocclusion indices.

Fluorosis indices and others.

Documentation for recording data.

Sheets. Odontographs. Periodontogramas. WHO documentation.

C) Data collection in epidemiological studies:

Methods of obtaining observational data:

Physical and Investigations.

Methods of obtaining data based on surveys:

Interviews. Preparation techniques.

Questionnaires. Processing techniques.

Secondary data. Documents and bibliographical sources related to oral health.

Quality control data collection. common mistakes.

Training and calibration of examiners. Variability and reliability.

D) Identification of levels of oral health of a community:

Data Evaluation Methods:

Processes tab surveys.

Computer analysis of data. applications.
Statistical data analysis
:

Descriptive statistics. Parameters centralization and dispersion.

Correlation.
Reporting
:

Sections of reports.
Interpretation
reports. Consultation reports and other literature sources.


Computer applications in epidemiology.

E) Information on epidemiological data:

Factors that decrease and factors that increase the risk of oral pathology:

Risk factors. etiological factors. Prevention factors. Protective factors.

Eating habits. Hygiene habits. Frequenting habits health services and self-exploration.

General epidemiological characteristics of infectious diseases, non-infectious and cancer.
Epidemiology of oral diseases
:

Distribution. Incidence and prevalence. Evolution. Factors involved.

Causes and consequences of some diseases.

Changes in the evolution of health and diseases.

Technical information and communication of results.

Presentation of results. applications. Graphics. Boards.

Technical data query. Bibliographical sources. Data from official bodies.

6. Professional Module: Education for oral health.

Code: 0735.

Contents:

A) Obtaining information on oral health:

Health and disease. public and community health. natural history of disease and prevention levels. Community Dentistry.
Determinants of health
:

Protective and harmful factors for oral health.

The lifestyle as a condition of the level of oral health.

Health Education. Goals. Contents. Application areas.

Information collection techniques:

Features groups according to their conditions (cultural level, habits, disability and others).

Characteristics by age groups.

Sources of information. epidemiological data.

Indicators of health and oral health.

Surveys. Interviews and questionnaires.

B) Organization of educational and health promotion:

Health planning. Levels and stages of health planning.

Program planning and advocacy and health education:

Phases of planning.

Detection needs. Priority setting.
Formulating objectives
:

Classification goals.

Requirements for the formulation of objectives.

Methodology. Classification methods:

Direct methods: class, conference, interview, case studies and others.

Indirect methods: visual and posters, sound like radio, television and audiovisual and computer portals, among others.

Design and sequencing of activities:

Classification of educational activities.

Advocacy and prevention.

Work schedules.

Selection and preparation of resources:

Resources. Types: human, material and financial.

Computer Resources and age of people.

Materials. Types. Processing techniques. Applications.

Computer software used in health promotion activities.

Education projects promoted by oral health institutions.

C) Preparation of oral health information:

Selection of content for the prevention of oral diseases:

Criteria for selection.

Sources of information. Bibliography. Internet.

Information to be transmitted in promotion of oral health:

Pathogenesis, consequences and evolution of some oral diseases such as cavities, plaque and periodontal disease.

Dietary habits related to health and diseases of the oral cavity.

Harmful and beneficial habits related to oral health: alcohol, snuff and other drugs.

Techniques for self-care of the oral cavity. Self-examination. Brushing techniques. Use of fluoride mouthwashes and dental floss. Prostheses and orthodontic care.

Existing benefits and services related to oral health. Periodic reviews.

Education programs for health in childhood, adulthood and senescence adolescence.

Education programs for health in people with specific characteristics:

Pregnant women. People with disabilities. Sick people. Athletes.

D) Information on oral health for individuals and groups:

Technical Communication and information:

Communication elements. Types. Channels.

Requirements. Difficulties. Assertiveness.
Motivational techniques
:

Motivating factors. Reinforcement.

Behavior Modification in health processes:

Information. Motivation. Resources and support systems.


E) Implementation of education activities and promotion of oral health:

Analysis and interpretation of education programs for health:

Analysis of campaigns promoting oral health.

Information Consultation institutions and government agencies.

Quality Criteria for the selection of literature sources.

Development education activities and health promotion:

Application of different techniques.

Using different resources and materials.
Using
applications.
Application of techniques
group:

Group dynamics and techniques. Methodology. Indications.

Adaptation to different groups.

F) Implementation of evaluation techniques in education programs for health:

Definitions. Objectives and functions of evaluative action:

Decision making.

Types of evaluation.

Technical and assessment tools:

Questionnaires. Methods of observation. Records. epidemiological sources.

7. Professional Module: Conservative, periodontics, surgery and implants.

Code: 0736.

Contents:

A) Application of techniques help in conducting fillings:
Extension of caries
:

Detection techniques.

Description of the intervention:

Sealing techniques.
Filling materials
:

Silver amalgam: composite and other resins.

Material and instrumental anesthesia:

Topical anesthesia.

Anesthetic syringe.

Instrumental fillings:

Instrumental for opening and cleaning of tooth decay.

Instrumental for sealing and polishing.

Isolation Field:

Absolute.

Relative.

Instrumentation techniques:

Four hands.

Six hands.

Identification of defects in the seal.

Quality criteria in conducting technical assistance in the seals.

B) Application of techniques aid in root canal treatment:

ID extent of injury pulp:

Radiographic Detection.

Description of the intervention:

Duct sealing techniques.

Materials used in root canal treatment:

Disinfectants.

Gutta-percha.

Other.

Material anesthesia:

Topical anesthesia.

Syringe.

Instrumental used in root canal treatment:

Instrumental for preparing ducts.

Instrumental for sealing.

Isolation Field:

Absolute.

Relative.

Instrumentation techniques:

Four hands.

Six hands.

Quality criteria in conducting technical aid in root canal treatment.

C) Application of techniques aid in the elimination of intrinsic dental stains:

Definition of intrinsic dental stains:

Types.
Extension
staining.

Etiology of stains.

Description of the intervention:

Internal bleaching techniques.

Materials used in tooth whitening:

Hydrogen peroxide.

Carbamide peroxide.

Instrumental used in tooth whitening:

Intraoral lamps.

Instrumentation techniques:

Four hands.

Six hands.

Topical application of whitening elements:

Technical.
Monitoring and control
:

Programming in the query.

Techniques.

Quality criteria in conducting technical assistance in the elimination of intrinsic dental stains.

D) Application of techniques help in periodontics:
Interventions in periodontal surgery
:

Reduction surgery periodontal pockets.

Regenerative surgery.

Periodontal surgery.

Disinfection of oral cavity:

Povidone iodine.

Clorhexidina.

Other.

Description of the intervention:

Surgical techniques.
Instrumental used
:

Scalpel.

Scissors.

Curette.

Other.
Operative field
:

Lighting.

Equipment Preparation:

Material anesthesia.

Instrumental according surgery.

Instrumentation techniques:

Four hands.

Six hands.

Quality criteria in conducting technical assistance in periodontics.

E) Application of techniques aid in dental extractions and oral surgery:

Sequence tooth extraction:

Anesthesia.

Syndesmotomy.

Dislocation.

Extraction.

Classification and differentiation of the instruments used in dental extractions:

Forceps: upper arch and lower arch.


Punches: upper arch and lower arch.

Classification instruments used in oral surgery:

Separators cheeks.

Scalpel.

Periosteal.

Separators tissues.

Rongeur.

Limas bone.

Other.

Instrumental preparation for mining:

Material anesthesia.

Instrumental according piece to be removed.

Postoperative instructions.

Hemorrhage.

Pain.

Inflammation.

Instrumentation in third molar extraction:

Technical.

Instrumentation on extracting canines:

Technical.

F) Application of techniques help in implant placement:
Parts of an implant
:

Root.

Pataforma.
Sequence intervention
:

Milling bone.

Implant placement.

Instrumental used in implant placement:
Motor
implant.

Strawberries.

Expanders.

Material anesthesia:

Topical anesthesia.

Syringe.

Disinfection of oral cavity:

Povidone iodine.

Clorhexidina.

Other.

Instrumentation techniques:

Four hands.

Six hands.

Instrumental used in making printing and prosthesis on implants:

Print cuvettes.

Pillars print.

Transfer printing.

Analogs.

Boxes implant surgery.

8. Professional Module: Prosthetics and orthodontics.

Code: 0737.

Contents:

A) Completion of the clinical record:

Medical and dental anamnesis. Habits of the patient.

Specific documentation in therapeutic prosthetic and / or orthodontic.

Edentulous and partially edentulous patient: anatomical and physiological characteristics.

Major alterations in skeletal and dental pathology.

Odontographs.

Instrumental for taking pictures. Digital photography. Buccal and facials.

Cephalometry.

Teleradiography.

Treatment plan. Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs).

Informed consent.

B) Preparation of material and equipment for making printing:

Patient information.

Preliminary and final prints.

Printing materials: types, properties and applications.
Pails
:

Standard: upper jaw, lower jaw and pediatric.

Individual cuvettes.

Preparation of equipment and instruments by type of prosthesis:

Fixed prosthesis: preparation pillars.

Removable prostheses: partial (metal or resin) and complete.

Joint prosthesis.

Prosthesis on implants.

Preparation of equipment and instruments as orthodontic types:

Braces: fixed and removable.

Splints.

Computer software for scanning printing.

Decontamination, servicing and maintenance of printing.

Current legislation on waste and environmental protection.
Optimal conditions Shipping
negative to the dental laboratory.

C) Planning modeling and occlusion records:

Model-making materials. Casts:

Types of plasters.

Chemical properties. Physical properties.

Handling.
Types of materials
records occlusion. Dental Waxes:

Composition.

Mechanical properties.

Waxes dental use.

Specific Instrumental for making records. Preparation and manipulated.

Obtaining the vertical dimension. facebow.

Intraoral and extraoral Registry.

Shipping prosthesis according to laboratory protocol.

D) Adaptation and retention of the prosthesis:

Prostheses Full PR: indications, materials, adaptation and maintenance.

Prosthesis PPR:
Case classification
partial tooth loss.

Materials.

Anchoring elements: armor in upper and lower jaws, bases or chairs, bars, occlusal or indirect retaining stop, direct retainers, and attaches major and minor connectors.

Joint prosthesis materials.
Fixed prosthesis
:

Crowns: types.

Bridges: types.

Inlays.

Fixed implant.

Provisional prosthesis.

Applications of different types of dentures.

Computer for designing prosthetic applications. DAO systems (CAD-CAM).

Final adjustment. Articulating paper.

Maintenance and hygiene of prosthetic appliances: Patient instructions.
Emergencies in prosthetic appliances
:

Fractures.

Passes.

Overdentures.

E) Procedure aid treatment:


Indications for orthodontic treatment. Disgnatias. Malocclusions.

Diagnosis:

Anamnesis and objective examination (oral, facial, respiratory, swallowing and phonation). Habits of sucking and swallowing.

Pictures: facial and intraoral.

Radiographs: ortopantomografía, cephalometric radiography hand and wrist (carpal index).

Cephalometric analysis.

Plaster models.
Orthodontic devices
:

Fixed.

Removibles.

Microimplants.

Orthopedic devices: fixed and removable (TEO, posteroanterior and chin rests traction).

Bands. Or orthodontic wire arches. Ligatures. Brackets.
Splints
materials and types.

F) Adaptation and preservation of braces:

Material, instruments and equipment for placement and removal of orthodontic devices:
Cementing
bands.

Placing brackets.
Ligation
arches.

Removing the appliance at the end of orthodontic treatment.
Pulido and reviewed
end.

Archive and backup programs computer-aided design and evolution of treatment.

Complications of orthodontic treatment.
Maintenance
orthodontic appliances.

User Training in home oral hygiene in orthodontic devices:

Mobile devices.

Fixed devices.
Emergency in orthodontic appliances
:

Movement of the arches.

Orthodontic wax.

Distal cutting pliers.

Aid application techniques in orthodontics.

9. Professional module: First aid.

Code: 0020.

Contents:

A) Initial assessment of emergency assistance:

Emergency systems. Medical emergencies.

Objectives and limits of first aid.

Legal framework, responsibility and professional ethics.

Types of accidents and their consequences.

Vital signs of commitment to adult, child and infant:

Cardiorespiratory stop.

Heart rhythm disorders.
Methods and materials
protection of the area.

Personal self-protection measures. Security measures.
First aid kit
:

Classification of material: basic materials and useful accessories.

Features of use.

Storage systems.

Maintenance and revision.

Priorities for action in multiple victims.

The simple triage. Simple methods triage.

Assessment by severity criteria.

Signs and symptoms of urgency:

Level of consciousness Rating:

Taking vital signs: pulse and breathing.

Basic Scanning in an emergency:

Scanning protocols.

Methods of identifying alterations.

Signs and symptoms.

Medical and health terminology in first aid.

Protocol transmission of information.

Rating performance safely and self-confidence.

B) Application of life support techniques:

Objective and priorities of basic life support.
Control
airway patency:

Technical opening of the airway.

Cleaning techniques and unblocking the airway.
Basic CPR
:

Mouth-to-mouth breathing.

Mouth-nose breathing.

External cardiac massage.

Semi-automatic external defibrillator (AED):

Operation and maintenance of the automated external defibrillator.

Protocol use.

Data collection a semi-automatic external defibrillator.

Assessment of the injured person.
Initial Care
injury by physical agents:

Injuries: fractures, dislocations and other traumatic injuries; foreign bodies in the eye, ear and nose; wounds and bleeding. Choking.

Heat or cold: burns, heat stroke, hyperthermia, hypothermia and frostbite.

Electricity protocols in electrocution.

Radiations.
Initial Care
injuries chemical and biological agents:

Types of chemicals and drugs.

Routes of entry and injuries.

Performances as toxic and gateway.

Bites and stings.

Anaphylactic shock.

Initial care in emergency organic pathology:

Protocols in emergency cardiovascular disorders: coronary heart disease and heart failure.

Protocols in respiratory disorders: respiratory failure and bronchial asthma.

Protocols in neurological disorders: stroke, seizures in children and adults.


Initial Performance at the impending birth.

Limited to matters within their jurisdiction Performance.

Application of standards and security protocols and personal self-protection.

C) Application of immobilization and mobilization procedures:

Management Protocol victims.

Evaluation of the need for transfer:

Situation in the area.

Risk identification.

Indications and contraindications for the transfer.

Security positions and wait.

Immobilization techniques:

Fundamentals of performance against fractures.

Indications of immobilization.

General immobilization techniques.

Mobilization techniques:
Indications
mobilization at risk.

Simple mobilization techniques.

Manufacture of stretchers and immobilization materials.

Protocol personal safety and self-protection.

D) Application of techniques of psychological support and self-control:

Basic Communication Strategies:

Communication elements.

Types of communication.

Communication difficulties.

Basic techniques of communication in stressful situations.

Communication with the injured.

Communication with relatives.

Assessment of the role of first responder:

Reactions to stress.

Basic techniques of psychological help to intervening.

Facilitative interpersonal communication techniques: basic skills that enhance communication.

Factors that predispose to anxiety in situations of accident or emergency.

Mechanisms and techniques of psychological support.

10. Professional Module: General Pathophysiology.

Code: 1370.

Contents:

A) Recognition of the overall structure and organization of the human organism:
Analysis
the hierarchic structure of the body.

Cytology.
Histology
components, characteristics and function of tissues.

Classification systems of the body.

Body Topography:

Terminology direction and position.

Regions and body cavities.

B) Identification of the development process of the disease:

The pathological process.

Impaired function and normal cell structure:

Adaptive changes.

Reversible and irreversible cell damage.

Semiología. Symptoms and signs.

Phases and disease progression. Complications and incidences of the disease.

Clinic disease. Diagnosis. Forecast. Treatment.

Disease groups.
Diagnostic Procedures
:

Clinical analysis.

Determination of electrical activity.

Diagnostic techniques through the image.

Cytological and histological study.

Therapeutic resources.

Clinical terminology.

C) Recognition of immune system disorders:

Natural and specific immunity: antigens and antibodies.

Immune system cells.

Cytokines.

Histocompatibility antigens.
Immune system disorders
:

Hypersensitivity reactions.

Autoimmune Diseases.

Immune deficiency syndromes.

Active and passive immunization.

D) Identification of the characteristics of infectious diseases:
Infectious agents
:

Transmission and dissemination of infectious agents.

Infectious chain.

Injury mechanisms of microorganisms.

The inflammatory response. Components.

Acute inflammation. Morphological patterns of acute inflammation:

Suppurative inflammation.

Granulomatous inflammation and mononuclear.
Inflammation
cytopathic-citoproliferativa.

Necrotizing inflammation.

Chronic inflammation and scarring.

Main human infectious diseases:

Gastrointestinal infections.

Viral and bacterial respiratory infections.

Opportunistic infections.

STDs.

Infectious Therapeutics.

E) Identification of tumor development process:

Classification and epidemiology of neoplasms.
Molecular basis of cancer
:
Oncogenes
.

Cancer suppressor genes.

Biology of tumor growth.
Carcinogens
:

Chemical.

Radiation.

Oncogenic virus.

Defenses against tumors. tumor antigens. Immunosurveillance.

Local and general manifestations of tumors: tumor effects in the body.

Grading and staging of the tumor.

Prevention, diagnosis and treatment:

Screening and early diagnosis.


Diagnostic tests.

Therapeutic possibilities.

Most common malignancies.

F) Recognition of disease manifestations:
Pathophysiology Respiratory
:

Respiratory physiology.

Respiratory diseases. Respiratory insufficiency.

Disorders acid-base balance.
Cardiovascular diseases
:

Cardiocirculatory physiology.

Cardiac and vascular manifestations. Heart failure.
Gastrointestinal disorders
:

Digestive physiology.

Digestive, liver, biliary and pancreatic disorders.

Renal and urinary tract pathology:

The formation of urine.

Renal and urinary tract disorders. Renal insufficiency.

G) Recognition of haemodynamic and vascular disorders:
Hemostasis and coagulation
:

Normal Hemostasis.

Coagulation cascade.

Formation of thrombi and emboli.

Arterial and venous thrombosis.

Pathophysiology edema.

Impact lock irrigation. Infarction:
Classes
heart attacks.

Factors influencing the onset of a heart attack.

Pathologies related to alterations in blood flow:

Ischemic heart disease.

Pulmonary embolism.

Stroke.

Hypertension.

H) Recognition of eating disorders and metabolism:

Food and nutrition.

Pathophysiology of supply:

Nutritional, vitamin and mineral deficits.

Obesity.

Pathophysiology of glucose metabolism:

Metabolism and hormonal regulation of glucose.

Pathology of carbohydrate metabolism.

Diabetes. Hypoglycemia.

Diagnostic tests.

Disorders lipid metabolism:

Lipoproteins.

Metabolism and lipid transport.

Atherogenesis.

Dyslipidemia.

11. Professional Module: Draft oral hygiene.

Code: 0738.

Contents:

A) Identification of needs of the productive sector and the organization of the company:

Identification of the functions of the job.

Structure and organization of business sector.

Company activity and its location in the sector.

Organizational chart of the company. functional relationship between departments.

Industry trends: productive, economic, organizational, employment and others.

Working procedures in the field of business. Systems and working methods.

Determination of excluded special labor relations and labor relations.

Collective agreement applicable to the professional field.

The company culture: corporate image.

Systems quality and safety standards in the sector.

B) Design of projects related to the sector:

Analysis of the local reality, the business supply sector in the area and the context in which it will develop the professional training module in workplaces.

Gather Information.

General structure of a project.

Development of a working script.

Planning project implementation: objectives, content, resources, methodology, activities, timing and evaluation.

Feasibility and timing of the project.

Review applicable regulations.

C) Planning project implementation:

Sequencing of activities.

Development of work instructions.

Developing a risk prevention plan.

Documentation necessary for planning project implementation.
Compliance
safety and environmental standards.

Indicators of quality assurance of the project.

D) Definition of procedures for monitoring and evaluation of project implementation:

Proposed solutions to the goals outlined in the project and justification of the selected.

Definition of project evaluation procedure.

Determination of assessable variables.

Documentation required for project evaluation.

Quality control process and final product.

Record results.

12. Professional Module: Training and Guidance.

Code: 0739.

Contents:

A) Active Job Search:

Rating the importance of lifelong learning for employment and career of senior technician in Dental Hygiene.

Analysis of the interests, aptitudes and motivations for personal career.

Identification of training pathways related to senior technician in Oral Hygiene


Accountability own learning. Knowledge of the requirements and expected results.

Definition and analysis of the professional sector of the title of Senior Technician in Dental Hygiene.
Career planning
own:

Establishment of employment goals, medium- and long-term support needs and preferences.

Realistic and consistent with the current and projected training objectives.

Job search process in small, medium and large companies.

Learning opportunities and jobs in Europe. Europass, Ploteus.

Techniques and instruments job search.
Rating
self-employment as an alternative for employability.

The decision-making process.

Establishing a personal checklist of coherence between career plan, training and aspirations.

B) Conflict management and work teams:

Evaluation of the advantages and disadvantages of teamwork for the effectiveness of the organization.

Classes of equipment in the field of oral health care according to the functions they perform.

Analysis of the formation of work teams.

Features of an effective team.

Participation in the team. Analysis of the possible roles of its members.

Definition of conflict: characteristics, sources and stages of conflict.

Methods for conflict resolution or suppression: mediation, conciliation and arbitration.

C) Employment contract:

The labor law.

Intervention of public authorities in labor relations.

Analysis of the individual employment relationship.

Determination of excluded special labor relations and labor relations.

Employment contract modalities and measures to promote recruitment.

Rights and duties arising from the employment relationship.

Working conditions. Wages, working time and rest from work.

Modification, suspension and termination of the employment contract.

Representation of workers.

Collective bargaining as a means of reconciling the interests of workers and employers.

Analysis of a collective agreement applicable to the professional field of senior technician in Dental Hygiene.

Collective labor disputes.
New environments
organization of work: outsourcing and telecommuting, among others.

Benefits for workers in the new organizations: flexibility and social benefits, among others.

D) Social, Employment and Unemployment Security:

The Social Security system as a basic principle of social solidarity.

Structure Social Security system.

Determination of the main obligations of employers and employees in Social Security: affiliation, high, low and trading.

The protective action of the Social Security.

Classes, requirements and level of benefits.

Protectable Concept and unemployment situations.

Systems advice workers about their rights and duties.

E) Evaluation of occupational hazards:

Importance of preventive culture in all phases of professional activity.

Evaluation of the relationship between work and health.

Analysis and determination of working conditions.

The concept of professional risk. Analysis of risk factors.

The risk assessment in the company as a basic element of preventive activity.

Analysis of risks linked to security conditions.

Analysis of risks linked to environmental conditions.

Analysis of risks linked to ergonomic and psychosocial conditions.

Specific risks in the field of oral hygiene.

Determination of potential damage to the health of workers that may result from risk situations detected.

F) Planning risk prevention in the company:

Rights and duties in the prevention of occupational hazards.

Responsibilities in prevention of occupational hazards.

Prevention management in the company.

Representation of workers in prevention.

Public bodies related to the prevention of occupational hazards.

Planning prevention in the company.

Emergency plans and evacuation work environments.

Development of an emergency plan in a small or medium enterprise sector.

G) Implementation of preventive and protective measures in the company:

Determination of prevention measures and individual and collective protection.


Protocol for action in an emergency.

Training workers on emergency plans.

Health surveillance of workers.

13. Professional Module: Enterprise and Entrepreneurship.

Code: 0740.

Contents:

A) Entrepreneurship:

Innovation and economic development. Main characteristics of innovation activity in oral hygiene (materials, technology and organization of production, etc.).

The entrepreneurial culture as a social necessity.

The entrepreneurial nature.

Key factors of entrepreneurs: initiative, creativity and training.

The collaboration between entrepreneurs.

The performance of entrepreneurs as employees of a company related to oral hygiene.

The performance of entrepreneurs as entrepreneurs in the field of oral hygiene.

The risk in entrepreneurial activity.

Concept entrepreneur. Requirements for the exercise of business.

Personal goals versus business goals.

Business plan: the business idea in the field of oral hygiene.

Good practices of entrepreneurial culture in oral hygiene activity at the local level.

B) The company and its environment:

Basic functions of the company.

The company as a system.

The overall business environment.

Analysis of the general environment of a company related to oral hygiene.

The specific environment of the company.

Analysis of the specific environment of a company related to oral hygiene.
Relations
oral hygiene company with its environment.
Relations
oral hygiene company with the whole society.

The company culture: corporate image.

Social responsibility.

The social balance.

Business ethics.

Social and ethical responsibility of companies in the oral hygiene industry

C) Development and implementation of a company:

Business concept.
Types
company.

The responsibility of the owners of the company.

Taxation in business.

Choice of legal form. Size and number of partners.

Administrative procedures for establishing a business.

Economic feasibility and financial viability of a company related to oral hygiene.

Analysis of funding sources and budgeting of a company related to oral hygiene.

Grants, subsidies and tax incentives for SMEs related to oral hygiene.

Business Plan: choice of legal form, study of economic and financial feasibility, administrative procedures and management of grants and subsidies.

D) Administrative function:

Accounting concept and basics.

Accounting operations: registration of economic information of a company.

Accounting as true picture of the economic situation.

Analysis of accounting information.

Tax obligations of companies.

Requirements and deadlines for submission of official documents.

Administrative management of a company related to oral hygiene.

14. Professional Module: Training workplaces.

Code: 0741.

Contents:

A) Identification of the structure and organization business:

Structure and business organization of oral hygiene sector.

Company activity and its location in the oral hygiene sector.

Organizational chart of the company. functional relationship between departments.

Logistics company organization chart. Suppliers, customers and marketing channels.

Working procedures in the field of business. Systems and working methods.
Human Resources
company training requirements and professional, personal and social skills associated with different jobs.

Quality system established in the workplace.

Security system established in the workplace.

B) Application of labor and ethic habits:

Personal attitudes: empathy, punctuality.

Professional attitudes: order, cleanliness, responsibility and safety.

Attitudes towards the prevention of occupational and environmental risks.

Hierarchy in the company. Communication with the work team.

Documentation of professional activities: classification methods, coding, renewal and disposal.

Recognition and application of the internal rules of the company, work instructions, standard operating procedures and others.


Organization and cleanliness of the workplace or for the development of the activity area.

Communication and coordination with the responsible person in each situation and team members.

C) Making and receiving administrative activities related to the management of the cabinet:

Care for people at the reception and by telephone.

Convocation of patients and changing appointments.

Using user files in different formats.

File documentation.

User information about assistive intervention.
Warehouse management
:

Checking the level of stocks of materials.
Ordering
.

Storage and distribution of material and products.

Obtaining reports and summaries of activities.

Performing equipment maintenance.

D) Preparation and conditioning of the query:

Checking the operation of dental equipment.

Selection of instruments and materials as planned intervention.

Placing the person in the dental chair as intervention.

Patient information on everything related to treatment.

Position in the oral cavity surgery.

Dispensation the physician of instruments.

Waste Management and disposables.

Cleaning, disinfection and sterilization of instruments.

E) Conducting examinations of oral cavity:

The anamnesis.

Exploration of the oral cavity.

Anomalies and diseases of the oral cavity.

Register and encoding data in the medical record.

Calculation of indicators of oral health.
Performing and recording
salivary test.
Dental Radiology
:

Obtaining dental radiographs.

Digital Image Processing.
Unveiled
of radiographs.
File
of radiographs.

F) Performing oral care intervention activities:

Selection of equipment and materials needed.

Sealing pits and fissures.

Use of topical fluorides.

Polishing of fillings.

Elimination of calculations and dental stains.

User information on oral hygiene techniques.

Maintenance of artificial limbs and braces.

Review protocols and monitoring of patients.

G) Holding of health education and promotion of oral health:

Obtaining information on the level of oral health for performing activities of health promotion.

Identification of levels of individual and group oral health.

Programming education activities and promotion of oral health.

Resources information and education and health promotion.

Technical information and motivation.
ANNEX II


Sequencing and weekly schedule of professional modules

Higher Level Training Course: Oral Hygiene




professional module





Duration (hours)





First year (h / week)





Second course






2 quarters (h / week)





1 trimester (hours)






0730. Reception and logistics at the dental clinic





105





3


















0731. Study of the oral cavity





170





5


















0732. Exploration of the oral cavity





135





4


















0733. Oral Intervention





180





6


















Hours reserved for English.





90





3


















1370. General Pathophysiology (1).





190





6



















0739. Training and career counseling.





90





3


















0734. Epidemiology in oral health





105











5












0735. Education for oral health





115











6












0736. Conservatively, periodontics, surgery and implants.





120











6












Prosthetics and orthodontics 0737.





120











6












0020. First aid (1).





40











2












0740. Enterprise and entrepreneurship.





60











3












Hours reserved for English.





40











2












0738. Project in oral hygiene





40

















40






0741. Training in workplaces





400

















400






Total in the training cycle





2,000





30





30





440





(1) cross-professional modules to other vocational training titles.
ANNEX III


Modules that can be taught in English

0731. Study of the oral cavity.

0733. oral intervention.

1370. General pathophysiology.

0734. Epidemiology in oral health.

0735. Oral health education.

0736. Conservative, periodontics, surgery and implants.

0737. Prosthetics and orthodontics.
ANNEX IV

Spaces and minimum equipment

Spaces
:





training area




Surface m²






30 students





20 students






multipurpose classroom.





60





40






art classroom oral hygiene.





100





80




Minimum Equipment
:





training area




equipment






multipurpose classroom.





Installed on network computers, projection system and internet.

Media.

application software.






art classroom oral hygiene.





anatomical dental models and phantoms.

5 equipped with dental equipment: dental chair, dental unit, operating light, compressors, vacuum system, vacuum motor, pedal and stool.

Ultrasonic scaler (ultrasonic tips) with and without bicarbonate. Three-function syringe. Turbines. Handpieces. Contra. Micromotors.

Radiology and dental equipment radiovisiography with light table, radiation protection equipment, intraoral x-ray film holders and revealing.

intraoral camera and digital photographic equipment.

Articulators and facebow. Mounting platens.


Cleaning equipment, sterilization and instrumental conditioning: ultrasound, autoclaves, sterilizing ball, instrumental packaging equipment and sealing or thermosealing.

modeler vacuum for making individual trays and whitening machine.

Vibrators amalgams and plaster. Trimmers.

Lamp light neutral and light curing.

Vitalometer.

Chronometers.

Stove crops.

System for polymerizing resins.

Instrumental and print media and emptying.

Instrumental exploration.

Instrumental shutter.

Endodontics box.

Periodontal instruments and equipment.

Instruments and equipment oral surgery.

Material implants and instruments.

Orthodontic material.

Equipment and first aid kits.