Spanish pig farms have evolved gradually in recent years as deep in all aspects that has given rise to a new productive, health, economic and environmental reality. This new reality has placed the sector of pig meat in one of the first places within the Spanish agricultural final production and one of the most prominent in the productive reality of the European Union.
Profound developments in the sector, at the same time has given you a tremendous dynamism, which has left narrow and outdated legislative framework until now existing, necessitating, therefore, adapt it and put it at the height of the current needs.
Indeed, from the health point of view, the incidence of diseases in pig farms, the serious economic effects arising from them and recent epidemiological studies advise avoiding high concentrations of animals in the same area, through the limitation of capacity on farms, as well as the establishment of certain measures of isolation of farms , these two fundamental aspects to prevent the spread of diseases.
On the other hand, it is necessary to preserve natural resources and protect the environment, preventing the possible negative effects, to the effect, it could generate intensive farming. The intensification of pig farms and their concentration in certain areas and municipalities raises the need to reconcile the creation of wealth, caused by this important livestock activity, with the requirements of a proper environment and a health balance.
All this leads us to the need to manage the future growth of this sector, setting up a new regulatory framework as regards planning, pursuing, as last end, the harmonious growth of the same, promote a more rational location in the territory of its facilities, protect the environment and reduce to the maximum the spread of diseases. In addition, all these aspects of pig production, increasingly large and complex, require to unify them in a single text, expanding and perfecting the regulations, new regulations that ensure a comprehensive view of this sector.
In its processing have been consulted the autonomous communities and organizations representing the sectors concerned.
By virtue, on the proposal of the Ministers of agriculture, fisheries and food and environment, according to the Council of State and after deliberation by the Council of Ministers at its meeting of March 3, 2000, available: article 1. Object and scope of application.
1. the present Royal Decree establishes the basic rules by which regulates the application of measures of health and zootechnical management of pig farms, including among them the maximum productive capacity, minimum conditions of location, zootechnical, health infrastructure and equipment, allowing a correct and effective development of livestock in the pigmeat sector, in accordance with the current legislation on hygiene , animal health, welfare of animals and the environment.
2 excepted from this Regulation: to) in extensive farms, which will be subject to specific regulation.
(b) for subsistence farms and small holdings, except in regards to their registration in the register of pig farms.
3. the members of a mixed system of production confined production facilities are also obliged to comply with what in this Royal Decree is set.
Article 2. Definitions.
1. for the purposes of this Royal Decree shall apply, as far as the swine is concerned, the definitions contained in article 2 of the Royal Decree 1048 / 1994 of 20 may, concerning minimum standards for the protection of pigs, as well as in the Royal Decree 205/1996, 9 February, which establishes a system for the identification and registration of animals of the bovine species swine, sheep and goats, in what does not object to this standard.
2 also means: to) intensive exploitation system. Used by farmers when they lodge their animals in the same facilities, where power is supplied them a fundamentally based on compound feed, including outdoor exploitation, called «camping system» or «cabins».
(b) extensive exploitation system. Used by farmers on farms whose animals are fed mainly on grazing and generally in the ecosystem of the dehesa, according to what established the Royal Decree 1132 / 1981, April 24, on health and zootechnical management of extensive pig farms.
(c) mixed operating system. Used by farmers on farms in which parts of the two previous systems coexist.
(d) production in phases. It is the intensive system, which includes periods of breeding, rearing or transition and/or bait animals, when the facilities corresponding to each phase or part of them, are located in different geographical locations under the same owner or producer group, in which only pets are own farms grouped in the system under its zootechnical orientation, applying a unique health program adapted to the needs of each production phase. For use by farmers, required them to present a memory comprising the production programs, health, description of phases and components in farms, modules and ships and general, in each of the phases biosafety program.
(e) artificial insemination Center. It is the facility where the collection of semen from boars for its commercialization and application in artificial fertilization takes place. These centres adhere to provisions in the order of 31 October 1978 which establishes the specific rule on AI in pigs and set out in the Royal Decree 1148 / 1992 of 25 September, laying down animal health requirements, applicable to intra-Community trade and imports of semen of domestic animals of the porcine species.
(f) Centre of grouping of players for culling. It is the installation in which breeding animals gather from culling of different holdings of origin, destined for slaughter, with a maximum time of stay of 48 hours and under the control of the competent bodies of the autonomous communities.
(g) quarantine centers. Any installation which are maintained in observation and sanitary control players before their final transfer to farms or artificial insemination of destination resorts.
(h) local veterinary unit (UVL). Throughout the geographical area which is under the control of the official veterinary service.
(i) UGM. Greater livestock unit. Equivalent to one adult bovine.
(j) operation for self-consumption. It is considered as such, used for animal husbandry with exclusive destination for family consumption, with a maximum production per year from five pigs of bait.
(k) reduced exploitation. It is considered thus, which is home to a number less than five breeding sows, and can keep a number not greater than 25 seats of bait. In any case, exploitation may not entertain a number of pigs exceeding the equivalent of 4.80 LUs.
(l) core of pig production. Shall include as core of pig production, the set of holdings of different owners, which are located in a common area, with a veterinarian responsible for the implementation of the common health programme, for all farms and have appropriate biosecurity measures, among which included the following: 1st closing perimeter within which all corresponding to the core holdings will be included.
2nd single health Ford, entrance to the enclosure.
(m) areas of pig production. They are understood as areas of pig production, the productive areas of the municipalities of fewer than 1,000 inhabitants, where farms with a capacity not exceeding 33 UGM to be installed and that are incorporated in a grouping of health Defense (ADS), maintaining a common health programme, under the direction of a veterinarian responsible and placed at a minimum distance from the inner cities to be determined by the autonomous communities.
n) manure management center. It is the public or private entity that intermediary form between the ranchers and farmers, is in charge of collecting the manure for agricultural recovery and, where appropriate, for treatment.
n) program selection or multiplication. It is the program of improvement that is defined in the annex II of Royal Decree 723/1990, of 8 June, on the selection and reproduction of purebred pigs, and only annexed to the Royal Decree 1108 / 1991, July 12, on the zootechnical standards applicable to breeding pig hybrids.
Article 3. Classification and pig farms.
Pig farms are to be classified in the following categories: to) by zootechnical orientation.
1 selection. They are that are dedicated to the production of animals of purebred or hybrid. They can be: a) holdings of selection of pure breeds, benefiting from what is established in the Royal Decree 723/1990.
(b) selection of hybrids farms, benefiting from the provisions of the Royal Decree 1108 / 1991.
2 multiplication. They are those devoted to the multiplication of animals of breeds or strains selected, pure or hybrid, coming from holdings of selection, whose main purpose is the obtaining of animals intended for breeding, through the implementation of the relevant programmes zootechnical and health, and can generate your players for the resetting.
Players used in these farms will be registered in herd books or in the relevant official records.
3 growing of players. They are those devoted to the rearing or fattening of pigs resulting from a single operation of selection or multiplication, whose destination is the reproduction or marginally, the stage of finish or bait. Also, the incorporation to this exploitation of piglets from several holdings belonging to the same program of selection or multiplication, may be authorised, provided that the following conditions are fulfilled: to) keep the same health care program for all its holdings, and under the same technical direction of the corresponding technical director vet program selection or multiplication.
(b) programme selection or multiplication farms are located within the same community autonomous and, preferably, in the same province.
4. transition from breeding Primiparous Women. It is exploitation, which exclusively houses from a single holding of origin Primiparous, females to be fertilized and marketed as pregnant ewes generally. Also the incorporation to this exploitation of females may be authorised from a same program selection or multiplication Primiparous, subject to the conditions laid down in the preceding paragraph.
5. production. That, are in a single productive unit or using the production system in phases, are dedicated to the production of pigs for fattening and slaughter, and can generate your players for the resetting. International destination thereof, are subdivided into holdings: to) closed cycle. It is the case, in which the entire productive process, i.e., birth, breeding, growing and bait, takes place on a single farm, using only its own production.
(b) production of piglets. Those are in which the production process is limited to birth and rearing to weaning, and can extend the same to the rearing of piglets for their subsequent bait in authorized out-of-State.
(c) mixed type: farms that send part of piglets born in your installation for your growing and/or authorized out-of-State bait.
6. transition of piglets. It is exploitation, which is home to piglets from another holding or those included within a production system in phases for its transfer to the feedlot.
7 bait: Are those devoted to the fattening of animals destined for slaughter.
8 guidelines for zootechnical selection, multiplication, rearing of breeders, breeding Primiparous and production and bait transition will develop cropping systems in phases.
(B) by its productive capacity: pig farms are classified according to their production capacity, expressed in UGM, in accordance with the equivalence established for each type of livestock in annex I, as follows: 1. first group: farms with capacity up to 120 UGM.
2. second group: farms with a capacity included between the ceiling of the former group and up to 360 UGM.
3. third group. Farms with a capacity included between the ceiling of the former group and up to 864 UGM.
4 Panel: pig farms in selection, multiplication, grouping of players centers are included here for culling, artificial insemination centres, farms for rearing of players, the transition from breeding Primiparous and quarantine centers.
5. in no case may authorize the installation of farms with a capacity of more than 864 UGM.
Holdings independent for purposes of capacity, production units belonging to a holding system in stages, are considered provided that compliance with the provisions of this Royal Decree concerning distances between those members of the farm production units.
Article 4. Health status of the pig farms.
1 a effects of animal health and in relation to different diseases, pig farms are classified as: to) exploitation of special health protection (EPSE): EPSE title may be granted, at the request of the holder, a swine herd which satisfies the conditions listed in the order of 21 October 1980 for which complementary standards to combat African swine fever and other diseases of pigs are given , pursuant to the Royal Decree 791/1979, of 20 February, and which is assisted permanently by a veterinarian, who will conduct a health program continued, aimed at the prevention and control of diseases of pig. In addition, be maintained officially free of African swine fever and classical swine fever.
(b) exploitation of proven health (ESC): the title of ESC may be granted, at the request of the holder, the swine farm which meets the requirements set out in the order of 21 October 1980. In its health aspect, such exploitation must be permanently assisted by a veterinarian, who will conduct a health program continued, aimed at the prevention and control of diseases of pig.
(c) holdings free or officially free of certain diseases: so qualify on the basis of compliance with the requirements of the specific standard of each disease.
2. operations of selection and multiplication, to keep their livestock qualification, must be qualified as ESC or EPSE. By Royal Decree, on a proposal from the Minister of agriculture, fisheries and food, these conditions will be changed by the corresponding to holdings free or officially free of diseases to be determined according to the rules.
3. the competent authorities shall provide certifications relating to farms that meet the above requirements.
4. the Ministry of agriculture, fisheries and food, in accordance with the autonomous communities, will establish the unique model applicable to all State certification.
Article 5. Minimum conditions of operation of farms.
One.-pig farms, as a general rule, must comply with the relevant sectoral legislation and the following conditions: to) on equipment and handling: 1. If necessary, to achieve a greater economic feasibility or adaptation to new technologies, the competent bodies of the autonomous communities may authorise the implementation, by several holdings, of the same program from destruction of carcasses adopting for this purpose a specific program of shared management.
2. the loading and unloading of pigs must be sufficient health guarantees and animal welfare, complying at all times it legislated on these matters.
3. on holdings which have centres of semen for exclusive use within the same collection, hygiene and bio-security measures distribution in its facilities and management.
4 artificial insemination centres and operations defined in article 3.A, except those of bait and transition of piglets, included in a system of production in phases, only be authorized the entry of animals from other farms, if you are bound to play.
((B) on animal welfare and agri-environmental protection: to) must be met requirements on minimum clearances and husbandry conditions established by the Royal Decree 1048 / 1994.
(b) manure: management of manures from pig farms may be carried out using any of the following procedures: 1. valorisation as fertilizer organo-mineral: for the agricultural recovery as fertilizer organo-mineral, farms must: 1 have manure lagoons encircled and waterproofed, naturally or artificially, avoiding the risk of filtration and contamination of surface and groundwater ensuring that loss be prevented by overflow or geotechnical instability, with the size necessary to store the production of at least three months, allowing proper management thereof.
2nd respect as minimum distance, on the distribution of manure on the ground, that of 100 metres, with respect to other holdings of the group first, and 200 meters, on the farms included in the rest of the groups defined in article 3. (B) and to the urban areas. In relation to water courses, will be respected the regulation of public water domain, which develops the preliminary titles I, IV, V, VI and VII of the law 29/1985, 2 of August, waters, approved by Royal Decree 849/1996, of April 11, and the provisions in the various river basin plans.
3rd accreditation, to the competent body of the autonomous region, which have sufficient surface area agricultural, own or concerted, for the use of the manure as fertilizer, fulfilling the following:
-In vulnerable areas, the maximum amount of manure applied on this surface, coming or not pigs, and its nitrogen content, calculated pursuant to annex I, shall be subject to the established in the Royal decree 261/1996, and must present a plan of management and production of manure, in accordance with annex II and with the action programmes drawn up by the autonomous communities.
-For the rest of the territory (not vulnerable areas), holders of holdings only present the plan of management and agricultural production of manure, in accordance with annex II, when the content of nitrogen, applied from manure or not pigs, calculated in accordance with Annex I, exceeds the value of 210 kg of nitrogen per hectare per year.
The recovery will take place individually by each farm. You can be done through a program of common management for several holdings, prior authorization from the competent body of the autonomous region.
2. the treatment of manure composting, artificial drying and others: activities for recovery and removal of the manure subjected to composting, artificial drying and other similar processes will be carried out as set out in articles 13 and 14 of the law 10/1998, of April 21, waste.
3 elimination of by dumping manure: manure through landfill disposal shall be subject to the authorization regulated in articles 92 et seq. of law 29/1985, 2 of August, waters, and in chapter II, title III of the regulation of public water domain, which develops the preliminary titles I, IV, V, VI and VII of law 29/1985 2 August, water, approved by Royal Decree 849/1996, of April 11.
4. delivery centers of manure management: management of manures from pig, either as organo-mineral or treatment farms, may be carried out by the center of management of manure, that will pick them up at farms and, where appropriate, treat them or recovered, under its responsibility, in accordance with stated in the preceding paragraphs. These centres must be licensed and registered as such in the competent body of the autonomous region. In any case, this activity will be held so as to avoid the spread of diseases.
Farms that deliver manure to a Management Center must prove its delivery by means of the corresponding contract.
Two.-pig farms of new facility shall comply, in addition to the conditions laid down in paragraph one of this article, the following: to) location: 1. sanitary separation.
In order to reduce the risk of spread of infectious diseases in pigs, sets a minimum distance between the holdings of this species, as well as between them and other establishments or facilities which may constitute a source of contagion.
) the mentioned minimum distance will be 1 km between operations in the second and third groups established in Article 3B), and these to the first group holdings, urban, areas municipal and private burial of animal corpses and centralized facilities for common use for treatment of manure and municipal wastes. And in the case of holdings of the ad hoc group, the minimum designated between them and the remaining groups will be 2 km.
(((b) for farms classified within the group first, establishes a minimum distance of separation between them, of 500 meters, and must keep the minimum distances set out in paragraphs to), c) and (d)), with respect to: holdings of the groups second, third, urban, municipal bodies or private burial areas, centralized facilities for common use for treatment of manure , holdings of the Panel, slaughterhouses, meat industries, markets and establishments processing and disposal of dead bodies and centres of concentration. Farms to be installed as well not may increase their production capacity over 120 UGM, limit set for the group first.
((c) the same distance criteria established for the special group of Article 3B) shall apply with respect to slaughterhouses, meat industries, markets and establishments of transformation or disposing of corpses.
(d) concentration centers, referred to in the Royal Decree 434/1990, 30 March, which lays down the health conditions applicable to intra-Community trade of live animals of bovine and swine species, modified by Royal Decree 156/1995, of February 3, will be located at a minimum distance of 3 Km with respect to any type of exploitation Centre or unit of pigs, as well as industries, establishments and facilities referred to in the preceding paragraph and urban.
(e) in addition, on all farms, buildings, including facilities for the treatment of manure, must be positioned closer than 100 meters the important thoroughfares, such as railways, highways, expressways and roads of the national network, and more than 25 metres from any other public highway.
(f) in relation to the special circumstances of a geographical nature or for reasons of insularity, the autonomous communities may authorize installation of nuclei of pig production, provided that they fulfil the conditions laid down in this article. The minimum distance between the aforementioned nuclei will be 1 km.
(g) in the case of farms belonging to an ADS, and in order to facilitate the exit of pig farms located in urban, the grouping of farms in nuclei of swine production out of them and their installation in rural areas, may be authorized by considering these nuclei as a unique exploitation and with the same requirements in terms of distances to meet between them and other holdings , than those listed in this article. In any case, the total maximum capacity of the core exceed 864 UGM. For the authorization of these cores in production, it will be indispensable condition involving the holdings of the same in an ADS.
(h) in accordance with the provisions of the Royal Decree 1880 / 1996, of 2 August, which regulates livestock health advocacy groups, in the case of a new exploitation is in place within the territorial scope of an ADS and that do not belong to it, or if you unsubscribe in the ADS, in both cases You must provide proof of compliance, at least, of the health programmes established by the ADS and approved by the autonomous community or to be set and approved in the future, which will have the character of minimum, within the territorial scope.
(((i) however stated in paragraphs a) and b), the installation of farms with a capacity not exceeding 33 UGM in swine production areas and local authorities less than 1,000 inhabitants, with the condition that farms incorporated an ADS, maintaining a health programme in common, under the direction of a veterinarian responsible to be placed at a minimum distance from the inner cities to be determined by the autonomous communities may be authorized. Farms and installed may not increase its production capacity above 33 UGM.
Depending on the evolution of these production areas, adequate measures to avoid, if necessary, the dissemination of diseases of this kind shall be adopted.
Also, and, however, as indicated in paragraph e), the autonomous communities shall set the distance of these holdings public roads which are not railroads, highways, expressways and roads of the national network.
In any case these holdings will not be built closer than a: 500 metres from another belonging to the first group, 1,000 meters of another belonging to the groups second and third, 2,000 meters of another belonging to the ad hoc group of Article 3B and slaughterhouses, meat industries, markets and establishments of transformation or disposing of corpses, and 3,000 metres of concentration centers.
(j) the island autonomous communities may vary the minimum distances between farms in the present Royal Decree, according to the characteristics of the areas in which it is located and additional complementary measures to be established, unless they reduced them in any case in more than one 20 per 100.
2. limitation of livestock density.
The installation of holdings in municipal terms included in areas declared as vulnerable by the corresponding Autonomous Community limited its stocking, taking into account that only may be recovered agricultural manure in this vulnerable area in the terms established in the Royal decree 261/1996, of February 14, on the protection of waters against pollution caused by nitrates from agricultural sources.
(B) on infrastructure.
1. from the ground.
The area of land occupied by the exploitation must be wide enough to allow for the correct development of the livestock business.
(a) the disposition of its buildings and facilities, tooling and equipment will make it possible, at all times, the realization of effective disinfection, disinsectization and deratization.
b) will be placed in an enclosed area, which isolate it from the outside, and have systems of protection against possible transmission of diseases.
(c) there will be also a sanitary Ford or any other effective system in their access to disinfect the wheels of vehicles entering or leaving the same. As well as system pressure for disinfection of the rest of the vehicle.
(d) they must have a system of collection or treatment and disposal of corpses, with sufficient health guarantees and protection of the environment.
e) must implement and maintain programs and health policies against the major diseases of the species subject to official control. To this effect, they will have the proper Lazaretto for observation and kidnapping of animals. In any case, biosecurity measures will be applied rigorously.
(f) in addition to the above, on farms: 1 you will have clothing of personnel and equipment for cleaning and management for the exclusive use of the exploitation.
2nd foot baths at the entrance of each place, ship, or Park.
3rd new installations must be designed to prevent entry into the enclosure of supply of feed, loading and unloading of animals and slurry removal vehicles, and must perform these operations from off-farm.
(g) on farms must be available from a book of visits where you write all that occur, as well as the number of registrations of vehicles which entered into exploitation.
Article 6. Identification of the animals.
1. in General, all animals must be identified and marked as soon as possible and, in any event, before leaving the holding.
2. in the case of animals which, from a system of production in phases or a selection or multiplication operation, pass through a holding where an intermediate period of his productive life, takes place as: transition and/or rearing of players or transition from piglets to your bait back, they should be highlighted, with the number of these intermediate holdings before being sent to the exploitation of final destination.
3. animals destined for slaughter must reach the same identified with the number corresponding to the holding of origin of the same.
4. not be enforceable identification and marking expressed in the preceding paragraphs, in the pigs identified in accordance with the provisions of the Royal Decrees in 723/1990 and 1108 / 1991.
5. for the transport of animals, within its territory, the autonomous communities may be approved their own identification systems. However, for the free movement thereof, outside the geographic scope of the autonomous region, throughout the territory of the State, what ever your destination, is determined that farmers may be interchangeably used as national identification systems ear tag, tattoo, or hammer tattooist, including identification data: the abbreviation of the province or territory alternative the number of the municipality within the province and the number of exploitation within the corresponding municipality. In animals of non-white layers, is used the eartag, provided that tattoo or tattoo hammer systems hindered the identification of them.
Article 7. State Register of pig farms.
1. the register of pig farms, managed by the Ministry of agriculture, fisheries and food is divided into different sections, according to the categories article 3 makes reference, and includes the data in the registers of holdings managed by the competent bodies of the autonomous communities.
2. in order to exercise its activity, all pig farms should be registered in the register of pig farms of the corresponding autonomous community.
3. data that must appear on the register will be, at least, the following: registration number.
Identification of exploitation.
Identification of the holder of the exploitation.
Classification of exploitation.
Number of places by category of animal.
In addition, this record, will provide data on the capacity of each production phase and updated census of animals on the holding.
4. the records of pig farms in the autonomous communities will be computerized and management system will, in any case, high, low, and modifications, which are carried out, in the same to have immediate reflection in the State Register of pig farms, which will have computer access all the autonomous communities.
5. the book of registration of holdings. As set out in article 4 of the Royal Decree 205/1996, all farms must be its record book, approved by the competent authority, containing at least the data specified in the model in annex II-3 of the Royal Decree.
6. the termination or suspension of the activity for a period exceeding one year will mean the drop in registration. However, by cause and upon request of the person concerned, it may be authorized, without causing low, the suspension of the activity for a period of time not exceeding three years.
7. for farms already included in the register of pig farms prior to the entry into force of this Royal Decree, additions and changes of zootechnical orientation, may be authorized provided that they comply with the measures provided for in this Royal Decree and do not exceed the limits of volume given in Article 3B. In these cases, it will not be necessary, the fulfilment of the conditions of location, prohibition of entry for feed supply vehicles, loading and unloading of animals and slurry removal, even when they must take appropriate measures to minimize health risks, that will be, at least those laid down in paragraph two. B.) 2 of article 5 of the present Royal Decree. These authorisations shall be directed preferably to get closed cycle farms.
8. the competent bodies of the autonomous communities maintain permanently updated the register of pig farms, as stated in paragraphs 3 and 4 of this article.
Article 8. Authorization and registration of new holdings.
1. from the entry into force of this Royal Decree, to be approved farms of new creation, should have been entered in the register of pig farms. To be able to be entered in the register, new farms will have to have the municipal license of activity and evidence compliance with the requirements of this Royal Decree.
2 may register temporarily of pig farms, and may be authorized their operation, gradually those farms of new creation, which, having municipal license of activity and having accredited the fulfilment of the requirements of this Royal Decree, carried out all of the health and environmental exploitation of infrastructure works, even if you lack to complete the construction of the facilities corresponding to any of the stages of production and granted the definitive registration when construction is complete in its entirety. Such termination must be accredited before the competent body of the autonomous community, within a maximum period of 12 months, from the date of provisional registration. If, after this term such works, not been completed will be cancelled both the provisional registration of pig farms, and the operating license.
3. in the future, it may be granted approval of enlargement, or zootechnical shift, to designated holdings in this article, always that continue to fulfil the provisions of this Royal Decree and do not exceed the limits of production capacity referred to in Article 3B).
Article 9. Inspections.
1. the competent bodies of the autonomous communities will be zootechnical, health and environmental inspections to check compliance with the conditions and requirements set out in the rules of management and regulation of pig farms, as well as monitor and control programs of all kinds are on farms.
2. with the aim of carrying out the necessary health checks, holders of pig farms shall communicate, within a maximum period of 48 hours, the entrance of any type of pigs on his holding to the competent bodies of the autonomous community, in the form in which they determine it.
3. in the period of twelve months, the Ministry of agriculture, fisheries and food, in accordance with the autonomous communities, shall draw up the corresponding Royal decree whereby the basic rules of inspection of pig farms, which, without prejudice to the powers of the autonomous communities, will establish the minimum criteria corresponding to holdings, State inspection is approved.
Article 10. Infractions.
1. offences and penalties will be provided for in the law and regulation of Epizootics, on December 20, 1952; Law 10/1998, of April 21, waste; in the Royal Decree 1945 / 1983, of 22 June, governing the infringement defense of the consumer and of the agri-food production, and in article 103 of law 50/1998, of December 30, measures fiscal, administrative and Social order, without prejudice to any other regulations can be applied.
2. the gravity of the infringement, in accordance with the applicable law, may make the temporary suspension or cancellation of the title of the exploitation, loss of authorization for the exercise of the activity.
3. If criminal responsibility is apart of the violations committed, these will be passed to the corresponding courts.
First additional provision. Normative development.
1. by order of the Ministers of agriculture, fisheries and food and environment, and audience of the autonomous communities, agricultural professional organizations, the producer sector and, where appropriate, other social and economic organizations will be established, within a maximum period of ten months from the entry into force of this Royal Decree, the following technical requirements (: a) the method of calculation that will allow determine objectively the level of nitrogen applied on the ground, according to the losses by gasification since the beginning of the storage period.
(b) the criteria that establish the fixing of the maximum quantities of nitrogen concentration, which can be applied on the surface of non-vulnerable areas.
2. the provisions referred to in the present Royal Decree, concerning the valorisation as manure from pig farms manure organo-mineral, shall be applicable in the referred terms in it, as long as there is for all the agricultural waste the normative development of the additional fifth of the law 10/1998, of April 21, waste disposal.
(3. with the exception of the provisions on rafts of manures, as as soon as there is no regulatory development referred to in paragraph 1 of this additional provision and notwithstanding what is established in the Royal decree 261/1996, will not be enforceable by the competent public administrations the obligations set out in paragraphs B) .b).1 and 4 of article 5.uno of the present Royal Decree second additional provision. Skill-related title.
The provisions of this Royal Decree shall have the character of State regulations, under cover of the provisions of article 149.1.13. ª of the Constitution, which attributes to the State competition on the bases and the coordination of the general planning of economic activity; item 149.1.16. ª, which attributes to the State the exclusive competence on the bases and coordination of health care, and article 149.1.23. ª, attributed to the State the competence to enact basic legislation on protection of the environment.
First transitional provision. Farms existing or pending authorization.
1 provisions on rafts of manure in the 5.uno article. ((B) .b) shall be subject to compliance within the period of twelve months, in the case of holdings situated in vulnerable areas, and twenty-four months, in the case of non-vulnerable areas.
2. all existing holdings prior to the entry into force of this standard that are not registered in the register and those other registered, which have increased their capacity or amended his classification by its productive orientation, may apply to the competent body of the autonomous community registration or the regularization of their status in the register of pig farms in the period in which the autonomous community determined and not more than eighteen months. Such regularization or registration applies to stated in the present Royal Decree, including the provisions of article 5.dos, with the exception of the limitations corresponding to existing productive capacity to the entry into force of the Royal Decree itself, to the location of farms and to the prohibition of entry for feed supply vehicles loading and unloading of animals and the withdrawal of semi-fluid and liquid manure. In the municipalities of fewer than 1,000 inhabitants, where they have established swine production areas and for farms with a capacity of less than 33 UGM, included therein, you can be considered additional exception to those listed previously in this section, the alternative of installing sanitary Fords or pressure systems in common use for washing and disinfection of vehicles. In addition, and depending on the circumstances of installation of these farms in these areas, alternative systems may be used so that the farms are protected from the outside, preventing the entry of people and uncontrolled animals. Expiry of this period, holdings which meet the above conditions will be entered in the register of pig farms with finality.
Provided that they fulfil the conditions laid down in article 5.uno, the owners of farms who do not meet the minimum measures referred to in article 5.dos of the present Royal Decree will be entered in the register of pig farms on a provisional basis and will have a maximum period of 24 months to prove their regularization.
3. If after the deadlines mentioned in this transitional provision he is not credited by holders of holdings the fulfilment of the provisions of this Royal Decree, will cancel the registration of pig farms, without prejudice to the imposition of sanctions that would place.
Second transitional provision. Pending authorization holdings.
Farms in phase of administrative processing prior to the entry into force of this Royal Decree shall benefit for its approval to the requirements of this Royal Decree.
Sole repeal provision. Repeal legislation.
1 are repealed the following provisions: a) Decree 2641 / 1971, of 13 August, whereby the rules on zootechnical and Health Organization of pig farms.
(b) order of November 7, 1974, that creates the log of pig farms.
(c) order of 23 June 1976 on registration of pig farms.
2. any other provision, of equal or lower rank, is repealed in everything that is opposed to the present Royal Decree.
First final provision. Faculty of development.
It allows the Ministers of agriculture, fisheries and food and environment, within the scope of their respective competencies, to enact the provisions necessary for the development of this Royal Decree.
Second final provision. Review.
This Royal Decree shall be reviewed five years of its entry into force.
Third final provision. Entry into force.
This Royal Decree shall enter into force the day following its publication in the "Official Gazette".
Given in Madrid on March 3, 2000.
JUAN CARLOS R.
The first Vice-President of the Government and Minister of the Presidency, FRANCISCO Cascos FERNÁNDEZ annex I equivalence in LUs of the different types of pig and the nitrogen content of the manure at the beginning of the period of storage of livestock (square) liquid manure and similiquido - (m3/year) nitrogen content - Kg/square/closed cycle equivalence in UGM Cerdà year * 17.75 57,60 0.96 sow with piglets up to weaning (from 0 to 6 kgs) 5.10 15.00 0.25 bristle with piglets up to 20 kgs.
6.12 18.00 0.30 bristle replacement 2.50 8.50 0.14 piglets from 6 to 20 kgs 0.41 1.19 0.02 pork from 20 to 50 kgs 1.80 6.00 0.10 pork from 50 to 100 kg.
2.50 8.50 0.14 pork bait from 20 to 100 kgs.
2.15 7.25 0.12 0.30 18.00 6.12 boars * includes the mother and their offspring until the end of the bait.
Annex II production Plan and management of manure 1. Name and address of the holder of the intensive livestock farm.
2 location and description of the exploitation, by mentioning the types of animals, the production system and the number of seats available at the facilities.
3. system of collection and facilities planned for the manure storage.
4. annual production of manure in accordance with Annex I.
5. Description of management planned for the manure, noting the amount of which will be allocated directly to fertilization.
6. surface agricultural or forestry fertilized by the producer and the target identification.