On Protection And Preservation Of Monuments, Museums Gods, Of Excavation And Of Objects Of Antiquities' And Art

Original Language Title: Sulla Tutela E Conservazione Dei Monumenti, Dei Musei, Degli Scavi E Degli Oggetti Di Antichita' E Di Arte

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LAW ON THE PROTECTION AND CONSERVATION OF MONUMENTS, OF MUS EI, EXCAVATION AND ANTIQUES 'AND ART June 10, 1919 N. 17 TITLE I. Art. 1. - are subject to the provisions of this Act the immovable and movable things that have historical, archaeological, artistic and paletnologico. It does not include the buildings and objects of art of living authors or whose execution does not rise to more than fifty years. Art. 2. - The things in the previous article are inalienable since they belong to the state, in brotherhoods, in ecclesiastical moral authorities of any nature and to non-profit organization recognized. The Congress of Studies on compliance of the Government Commission for the Conservation of Monuments conclusions set out in Title 2, may permit the sale and the barter of these things from one to another of the bodies dubbed when no damage comes to their storage and not it is crippled public enjoyment. Art. 3. - The Government mayors, parish priests, rectors of churches, and in general all moral authorities administrators, will present the above Commission the descriptive list of things in art. 1 of moral Entity pertaining to their administration within three months from the date of publication of this Act. Art. 4. - The list shall indicate the serial number of all objects, the origin, the subject represented, the century where they belong, the school author, as well as a brief historical illustration of the same. Art. 5. - The list will be made in duplicate, one to be kept by the owners, the other by the Commission. Art. 6. - you will not perform law innovations of the collections, without the authorization of the Commission. In any case in the new systems will not be changed, the numbering of the objects. Where some change in it is absolutely necessary, with the new number it will be kept out the old. The restoration of the paintings must always precede the Commission's approval, with the exception of simple repairs, cases of extreme urgency and real conservation work. Art. 7. - The Congress of Studies, after consultation with the Commission, has the right to provide, where necessary, the integrity and security of these things, making them carry and cherish in public institutions temporarily. Hearing the opinion of the Commission, the Congress of Studies also has the power to restore, if necessary, supplement the things and take all appropriate providences and prevent deterioration. The expenditure will be owner Entity, to the extent that the same body is able to support them. Against the judgment on the necessity of the expense and the Entity's ability to support it it is given recourse to the Great and General Council. Art. 8. - The movable or immovable property, pertaining to the moral authorities surricordati will be described in the lists behind invitation addressed to the directors of the same Entities. If the term art. 3 of this Act the directors they have not submitted the lists, or have submitted the willfully inaccurate lists, the Commission will report to the Law Commissioner for air giudiz action as Title III. Art. 9. - In the churches, their addictions and other sacred buildings, things of art and antiquities will be freely visible. Special rules and precautions, in agreement with the Commission, should be adopted for existing valuable things in these churches and buildings. Art. 10. - The things pertaining to these institutions will have to be fixed to the place of their destination in the way that the Commission will estimate more 'appropriate to ensure their preservation and custody. None of the above things can be removed without the consent of the Commission. For any remozione occurred contrary to the provisions of clauses without the consent of the Commission, this will elevate the process v rbale to be transmitted to the Law Commissioner, which will precede the effects of Title III of this Act. Art. 11. - The one who, as owner or holds a simple title of ownership of things in art. 1, can not transmit the property or dimetterne possession without making the complaint to the Commission. Art. 12. - The Government shall have the right to buy it at the same price stated in the sale contract. This right must be exercised within two months from the date of termination; the term will be extended up to four months. During this time the contract is subject to the condition of the decisive year of pre-emption right and the alienation may not carry the tradition of the thing. Art. 13. - The things in art. 1, whether movable or immovable, if deteriorated or present danger of
deterioration or the owner does not provide the necessary restorations in a period appointed by the Commission, may be, whether furniture, exported in a safe place, or expropriated, if you treat her property. It 'still in the Government's right to proceed ex officio to the restoration of buildings and works of art that are recognized bisognevoli. Art. 14. - And 'prohibited the export from the territory of the Republic of the things that have great historical, archaeological and artistic. The owner or possessor of things and objects of art which intends to export them, will have to make complaint to the Commission, which will judge the matter. Art. 15. - Within the period of two months, which may be extended to four, the government will buy the thing sued for export. The purchase will follow the price stated dall'esportat ee it, during the term aforesaid, it shall be bound by the Government. In the case of the export ban, if the offer is not accepted, it will cause the judgment of an expert Commission, which will determine the placing price-based estimate of the value of the thing within the United Italy. The Commission expert above will be appointed half by the exporter for half by the Commission. When you have an equality of votes, it will decide an arbitrator chosen by mutual agreement, and where such agreement is missing, the arbitrator shall be appointed by the Law Commissioner. Art. 16. - The things provided for in art. 1 can not be pressed d, removed, modified nor restored without the authorization of the Commission. Against the refusal it is given ricors judicial authority. Art. 17. - When you find things real estate subject to the provisions of this Act may be prescribed in cases of new buildings, reconstructions, plans, distances, measurements and other necessary regulations so that new developments are not damaging the prospect or the light required from the monuments themselves. Art. 18. - The Government may perform excavations for archaeological intent at any point in the territory of the State, when the Council so decrees be declared convenience. The owner of the property where you eseguiscono excavations will have right to remuneration for non-profit and for the damage that was derived. When the compensation that can not settle amicably, it will be determined by the rules established by the law on expropriation. Things discoveries belong to the state. Of them will be released to the owner of a fourth part, or the equivalent price, at the option of the Commission. The value of things is established as art. 15. Art. 19. - For the public utility declaration follows the law on expropriations. But in the fund will not be estimated taking into account estimated value of items of archaeological interest, it is considered able themselves come around. Art. 20. - Will the Commission grant or private entities licensed to perform archaeological research, as long as they submit to the supervision of government officials and observe all rules that these will be imposed in the interests of science. Discoveries of things will be issued to organizations or individuals, or half the price equivalent to half, chosen by the Commission. The value of things will be valued as art. 15. The license will be withdrawn immediately unless you os Ervino the requirements laid down in the first part of this article. The Government may also revoke the license, when you feel like a substitute for such institutions or individuals in the initiative or in the continuation of the excavation. In this case, however, it will have to indulge them reimbursement of expenses for the excavations already carried out without prejudice to their possible participation in the fourth of the things that had already been discovered at the time of license revocation. Art. 21. - Both the accidental discoverer of artefacts and monumental remains, as the holder of them, must make immediate denunciation competent authority and to have them temporarily storing leaving them intact until they are visited by such authorities. These are objects that you can not otherwise provide for the custody, the discoverer will remove them in order to better ensure the security and preservation until the visit above. The commission will make them visit within 15 days of the complaint of the things fortuitously discovered and will be released half or the equivalent price to the owner, without prejudice to the rights granted to the finder to the owner he said according to the law. Art. 22. - The same option will be up to the Government When, be it things discovered after excavations of which the license had been granted to institutions. Art. 23.
- Disposals made against the prohibitions contained in this law are null and void. Art. 24. - When it is submitted to the Commission and for it to the Chairman of Articles 26 and 29, or with both false statement or concealed or mingled with other types of objects, so as to suggest the intention to subtract, will apply the penalties provided for in Article. 33 of this Law. TITLE II. Art. 25. - And a Governmental Commission 'established for the preservation of monuments and antiquities and art objects. Art. 26. - The Commission gives opinion on any subject relating to the protection and preservation of monuments and antiquities and art objects. Art. 27. - It may on its own initiative make proposals relating to the conservation of the monuments, the execution of excavations, and purchases of antiques and art objects. Must disengage all the tasks set out in the first title of this Act. Art. 28. - The Commission shall consist of not less than 12 commissar appointed by the Council. The Conservatives Library and Museum and Archives are part of Government to law. The Commission shall appoint among its members the President and the Secretary. Art. 29. - The Commission shall meet at the headquarters of the Museum, when the President deems it appropriate. The President, at least two days before the Commission meeting, send the invitation to the individual Commissioners. The meeting is valid when engaging at least six Commissioners. Art. 30. - The functions of the Commissioners are free. Art. 31. - No verbal or extract of the minutes of the Commission may be published nor communicated to a person unrelated. Art. 32. - The Superior Congress will assist the Commission for the Study of competence functions. TITLE III. Art. 33. - The directors and employees of moral entities which act in contravention to the provisions of this Act, shall be punished by a fine ranging from a minimum of 5 to a maximum of L. L. 100, depending on the gravity of the infringement. Art. 34. - Equal penalty will be imposed against anyone adversely damage to historical records, monuments, antiques and art anywhere in the territory of the Republic and those who are responsible for excavation and underground disposals. Art. 35. - Heads of Offices, the Bursar of Unfilled benefits, the Government Auditors and all agents can be given a discharge of these infringements with factual reports to the Commission.