On State Policy Of The Russian Federation In Respect Of Compatriots Abroad

Original Language Title: О государственной политике Российской Федерации в отношении соотечественников за рубежом

Read the untranslated law here: http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?doc_itself=&infostr=x&backlink=1&fulltext=1&nd=102059861

RUSSIAN FEDERATION FEDERAL law on State policy of the Russian Federation in respect of compatriots abroad adopted by the State Duma March 5, 1999 the year approved by the Federation Council of the year March 17, 1999 (as amended by the federal laws on 31.05.2002 N 62-FZ;
from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ; from 31.12.2005. N 199-FZ;
from 18.07.2006. N 121-FZ; from 23.07.2008 N 160-FZ;
from 25.07.2009 N 214-FZ; from 23.07.2010 g. N 179-FZ;
from 02.07.2013 N 185-FZ; from arrival N 203-FZ) this federal law comes from the fact that the Russian Federation is the successor and pravoprodolzhatel' of the Russian State, the Russian Republic, Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR) and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR);
Institute of Russian nationality related to the principle of continuity (continuity of) Russian statehood;
relations with compatriots abroad are an important aspect of external and internal policy of the Russian Federation;
protection of fundamental rights and freedoms of man and citizen contributes to political and social stability, the strengthening of cooperation among peoples and States;
compatriots living abroad have the right to rely on the support of the Russian Federation in the enjoyment of their civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights, identity;
coordinating councils compatriots and tips (the Commission) to represent the interests of compatriots compatriots abroad in the bodies of State power of the Russian Federation and bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation; (As amended by federal law from 23.07.2010 g. N 179-FZ) activities of the Russian Federation in the field of relations with compatriots abroad is carried out in accordance with the universally recognized principles and norms of international law and international treaties of the Russian Federation, taking into account the legislation of the States of residence. (As amended by federal law from 23.07.2010 g. N 179-FZ) this federal law establishes the principles, objectives and main directions of the State policy of the Russian Federation in respect of compatriots abroad, bases of activities of bodies of State power of the Russian Federation and bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation on the implementation of this policy. (As amended by federal law from 23.07.2010 g. N 179-FZ), Article 1. The concept of national 1. Compatriots are those born in one State, residing or domiciled in it and having signs of common language, history, heritage, traditions and customs, as well as the descendants of those persons in the direct descending line.
2. Compatriots abroad (hereinafter referred to as the compatriots) are citizens of the Russian Federation permanently resident outside the territory of the Russian Federation.
3. Compatriots also recognizes individuals and their descendants living outside the territory of the Russian Federation and generally related to peoples historically residing on the territory of the Russian Federation, as well as made a free choice in favor of spiritual, cultural and legal context, with the Russian Federation persons whose relatives in the direct ascending line previously resided on the territory of the Russian Federation, including: persons employed in citizenship of the USSR residing in the States of the former USSR who have obtained the nationality of those States or stateless;
natives (the emigrants) from the Russian Government, the Russian Republic, Soviet Union and the Russian Federation, which had the appropriate nationality and citizens of foreign States or stateless persons.
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law on 23.07.2010 g. N 179-FZ), Article 2. Other concepts used in the present Federal law in this federal law also uses the following concepts: abroad, outside the territory of the Russian Federation;
nationality-the existence of nationality or citizenship of the Russian State, the Russian Republic, Soviet Union, the Russian Federation or of the foreign State;
a citizen of the Russian Federation, residing abroad, the person holding the nationality of the Russian Federation, residing on the territory of a foreign State; (As amended by federal law from 23.07.2010 g. N 179-FZ) a stateless person-a person not belonging to the citizenship of the Russian Federation and has no evidence of citizenship or citizenship of a foreign State;
participants (parties) of the Russian Federation's relations with compatriots-governmental bodies of the Russian Federation, bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and bodies of local self-government; (As amended by federal law from 23.07.2010 g. N 179-FZ) of the Russian Federation nationality-nationality people, the main ethnic areas which are in the Russian Federation; (Repealed-the Federal law from 23.07.2010 g. N 179-FZ) identity-native language, traditions and customs of the compatriots, especially their cultural heritage and religion.
Article 3. Recognition and reaffirmation of belonging to

1 compatriots. Citizens of the Russian Federation outside the territory of the Russian Federation are compatriots by virtue of nationality. A document confirming their affiliation to compatriots, serves as a document proving the citizenship of the Russian Federation.
2. recognition of their compatriots persons stipulated by paragraph 3 of article 1 of this federal law, is an act of self-identification, backed up by public or professional activities for the preservation of the Russian language, the native language of the peoples of the Russian Federation, the development of Russian culture abroad, strengthening the friendly relations of the States of residence of compatriots to the Russian Federation, supported by voluntary associations of compatriots and protection of the rights of compatriots or other evidence of the free choice of individuals in favor of spiritual and cultural relations with the Russian Federation.
3. Fellow is entitled to register with public associations of compatriots in accordance with the statutes of these associations and to receive the documents (certificates) confirming their membership in public associations.
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law on 23.07.2010 g. N 179-FZ), Article 4. (Repealed-the Federal law from 23.07.2010 g. N 179-FZ), Article 5. The principles and objectives of the State policy of the Russian Federation in respect of compatriots 1. The State policy of the Russian Federation in respect of compatriots is an integral part of the internal and foreign policy of the Russian Federation and is a combination of legal, diplomatic, social, economic, organizational measures, measures in the field of information, education, culture and other measures undertaken by the President of the Russian Federation and the State bodies of the Russian Federation and State Government bodies of constituent entities of the Russian Federation, with the participation of local governments in accordance with the Constitution of the Russian Federation , international treaties of the Russian Federation, the laws of the Russian Federation to implement the principles and objectives established by this federal law.
2. the State policy of the Russian Federation in respect of compatriots is based on the principles of partnership and cooperation, as well as on the recognition: the inalienable and supplies to everyone from birth of fundamental human and civil rights and freedoms;
the need to ensure civil, political, social, economic, cultural and other rights and freedoms of compatriots, as well as their legitimate interests in the countries of residence, in accordance with universally recognized principles and norms of international law;
interaction between States in the field of rights and freedoms.
3. the objectives of the State policy of the Russian Federation in respect of compatriots are to State support of compatriots, including ensuring the legal protection of their interests, as well as the conditions under which they would be able to live as equal citizens in foreign countries or to return to the Russian Federation.
4. In accordance with the universally recognized principles and norms of international law, international treaties of the Russian Federation, the laws of the Russian Federation, as well as taking into account the legislation of foreign States, the Russian Federation has compatriots promotion and safeguarding of human rights and freedoms, including the rights: to use Russian language and native languages of the peoples of the Russian Federation for the development of spiritual and intellectual capacities;
to establish and maintain free communication between compatriots and the links with the Russian Federation, as well as to receive information from the Russian Federation;
create national-cultural autonomy, public associations and religious organisations, the media and participate in their activities;
to participate in the work of non-governmental organizations at the national and international levels;
participate in the development of mutually beneficial relations between the States of residence, and the Russian Federation;
carry out free choice of place of residence or to exercise the right to return to the Russian Federation.
5. For compatriots who have contributed greatly to the support of the Russian Federation and developing relations with the Russian Federation, measures of moral encouragement.
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law on 23.07.2010 g. N 179-FZ), Article 6. Legislation in the field of relations with compatriots legislation in the field of relations with compatriots is based on universally recognized principles and norms of international law, the Constitution of the Russian Federation, international treaties of the Russian Federation and consists of this federal law and other federal laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, laws and other normative legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and municipal legal acts. (As amended by the federal laws on 31.12.2005. N 199-FZ; from 23.07.2010 g. N 179-FZ)

Article 7. Framework of relations with the citizens of the Russian Federation living abroad 1. The Russian Federation shall guarantee its citizens protection and patronage abroad.
2. Citizens of the Russian Federation, residing abroad, shall enjoy rights and bear the same obligations as citizens of the Russian Federation, residing on the territory of the Russian Federation, except for cases stipulated by international treaties of the Russian Federation and the legislation of the Russian Federation in compliance with the laws of the State of residence.
3. Citizens of the Russian Federation living abroad during their stay on the territory of the Russian Federation shall enjoy the rights and bear the same obligations as citizens of the Russian Federation, residing on the territory of the Russian Federation, except for the cases stipulated by the Federal law.
4. Persons holding dual nationality, one of which is Russian, may not be restricted in their rights and freedoms and are not exempted from the duties under the citizenship of the Russian Federation, unless otherwise stipulated by an international treaty of the Russian Federation or federal law. (As amended by the Federal law on 25.07.2009 N 214-FZ) Article 8. (Repealed-the Federal law from 23.07.2010 g. N 179-FZ) Article 9. (Repealed-the Federal law from 23.07.2010 g. N 179-FZ), Article 10. (Repealed-the Federal law from 23.07.2010 g. N 179-FZ), Article 11. (Repealed-federal law on 31.05.2002 N 62-FZ) Article 11-1. Questions of nationality in relations with compatriots 1. Fellow citizens have the right to acquire Russian citizenship through a simplified procedure in accordance with the international treaties of the Russian Federation and the statutory legal acts of the Russian Federation in the area of citizenship.
2. the Russian Federation contributes to reduce the number of stateless persons among the compatriots on the basis of the universally recognized principles and norms of international law.
(Article supplemented by federal law from 23.07.2010 g. N 179-FZ) Article 12. Entry into the Russian Federation, movement on the territory of the Russian Federation and leaving the Russian Federation fellow Order of entry to the Russian Federation, movement on the territory of the Russian Federation and exit of compatriots from the Russian Federation establishes the international treaties of the Russian Federation and federal laws.
Article 13. The legal status of fellow-foreign citizens and stateless persons on the territory of the Russian Federation during their stay on the territory of the Russian Federation compatriots, who are foreign citizens or stateless persons enjoy the same rights and bear the same obligations as citizens of the Russian Federation, except in cases established by the Constitution of the Russian Federation, international treaties of the Russian Federation, federal constitutional laws and federal laws. Article 13-1. Promoting voluntary resettlement of compatriots to the Russian Federation, governmental bodies of the Russian Federation and bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation facilitated the voluntary resettlement of compatriots to the Russian Federation.
(Article supplemented by federal law from 23.07.2010 g. N 179-FZ) Article 14. Foundation for the realization of the State policy of the Russian Federation in respect of compatriots 1. The main directions of the State policy of the Russian Federation in respect of compatriots determines the President of the Russian Federation in accordance with the Constitution of the Russian Federation and the present Federal law.
2. the protection of fundamental human and civil rights and freedoms in relation to compatriots is an integral part of the foreign policy of the Russian Federation.
3. Cooperation between the Russian Federation and foreign States is implemented, taking into account a State's compliance with the universally recognized principles and norms of international law in the field of fundamental rights and freedoms of man and citizen. (As amended by federal law from 23.07.2010 g. N 179-FZ)
4. discrimination against Russian citizens living abroad, can be used as a basis for the revision of the policy of the Russian Federation in relation to a foreign State in which such discrimination takes place.
5. failure to comply with a foreign State the universally recognized principles and norms of international law in the field of fundamental rights and freedoms of man and citizen against compatriots is the basis for the adoption of the State bodies of the Russian Federation provided for by international law measures for the protection of the interests of compatriots. (As amended by federal law from 23.07.2010 g. N 179-FZ) Article 15. Support fellow in the field of fundamental human and civil rights and freedoms 1. Compatriots are entitled to rely on the support of the Russian Federation in ensuring their basic freedoms and civil, political, economic, social, cultural and other rights stipulated in the International Covenants on human rights;

in its action against discrimination on grounds of race, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, belonging to compatriots, property status or any other circumstances;
in securing their right to equality before the law.
2. support to compatriots in the field of fundamental rights and freedoms of man and citizen shall be carried out by the Russian Federation in accordance with the universally recognized principles and norms of international law, international treaties of the Russian Federation and the legislation of the Russian Federation, taking into account the legislation of foreign States. (As amended by federal law from 23.07.2010 g. N 179-FZ) Article 16. Support fellow citizens in the economic and social fields 1. In the implementation of the State policy of the Russian Federation in respect of compatriots governmental bodies of the Russian Federation and bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation to stimulate the cooperation of Russian persons (individuals and organizations) with fellow actors, contribute to the creation of joint ventures, partnerships and companies, the participation of compatriots to invest in the Russian economy, promote communications Russian persons (individuals and organizations irrespective of form of ownership) with foreign enterprises employing primarily the development of mutually advantageous cooperation abroad between them in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and laws of foreign States. (As amended by federal law from 23.07.2010 g. N 179-FZ)
2. State authorities of the Russian Federation and the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation may provide social support for socially vulnerable categories of compatriots on the basis of the international agreements of the Russian Federation and in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. (As amended by federal law from 23.07.2010 g. N 179-FZ)
3. humanitarian assistance to compatriots who are in emergency situations, may be granted under the conditions and in the manner established by the Government of the Russian Federation.
Article 17. Support fellow in the field of culture, language, religion and education (as amended by federal law from 23.07.2010 g. N 179-FZ dated December 30, 2008) 1. Bodies of State power of the Russian Federation and the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation supported the compatriots in the preservation and development of their cultural heritage and language, which are integral elements of the identity of the compatriots, in obtaining equal access to education at all levels and in the native languages, and shall take appropriate action to that end in accordance with the international treaties of the Russian Federation, the laws of the Russian Federation, taking into account the legislation of foreign States.
2. State authorities of the Russian Federation and the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation carry out all-round cooperation with national-cultural autonomies compatriots in foreign countries where there are specified autonomy.
3. Compatriots to meet the cultural, scientific and informational needs are given the opportunity to use the Russian scientific and cultural centers in foreign countries.
4. in order to facilitate the countrymen to preserve and develop their cultural heritage bodies of State power of the Russian Federation and the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation: provide assistance to cultural centres, cultural and educational organizations, libraries, archives, museums, theatres, musical and choreographic ensembles, art studios and other professional and amateur creative collectives of compatriots;
contribute to the study of the cultural heritage of compatriots;
promote all kinds of cultural exchange between the Russian Federation and compatriots.
5. State authorities of the Russian Federation and the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, contribute to the preservation of Russian compatriots and native languages of peoples of the Russian Federation, the creation of conditions for their study and use for education and information in those languages in accordance with the international treaties of the Russian Federation, the laws of the Russian Federation, taking into account the legislation of foreign States. (As amended by federal law from 23.07.2010 g. N 179-FZ)

6. State authorities of the Russian Federation and the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation to contribute to education in educational organizations of compatriots and scientific organizations in the Russian Federation. Unless otherwise stipulated by federal laws when hiring teaching on State accreditation of educational programmes to the compatriots who are not citizens of the Russian Federation, is available on an equal footing with citizens of the Russian Federation the right to access to education, subject to the submission of documents or other evidence, respectively: (as amended by the Federal law of 02.07.2013 N 185-FZ) of the USSR citizenship, nationality or lack thereof at the time of presentation for those who were the USSR citizenship;
accommodation in the past on the territory of the Russian State, the Russian Republic, Soviet Union or the Russian Federation, the appropriate nationality at departure from that territory and nationality or lack thereof at the time of presentation-for people (emigrants);
kinship in the direct ascending line with specified persons for the descendants of compatriots;
accommodation-for all these individuals.
(Paragraph as amended by federal law from 23.07.2010 g. N 179-FZ), 6-1. While compatriots who are not citizens of the Russian Federation, the special rights do not apply when hiring teaching on State accreditation of Bachelor and specialist degrees programmes offered by certain categories of citizens of the Russian Federation in accordance with the Federal law of December 29, 2012 year N 273-FZ "on education in the Russian Federation, unless otherwise stipulated by an international treaty of the Russian Federation. (As amended by the federal laws of 02.07.2013 N 185-FZ; from arrival N 203-FZ) in the case of the quota on the intake of foreign nationals for training on the basic professional education programs or additional professional programs at the expense of the federal budget on a mandatory basis takes into account the interests of the compatriots, irrespective of their nationality. (As amended by the Federal law of 02.07.2013 N 185-FZ) Russian Federation promotes education in Russian compatriots and native languages of the peoples of the Russian Federation, including the study of Russian history and Russian cultural heritage. To this end, efforts are being made to train teachers, develop with the participation of fellow professionals, textbooks, manuals and programmes taking into account the peculiarities of organization of educational process in the States of residence of compatriots and the supply of such textbooks, textbooks and programs.
(Para supplemented by federal law from 23.07.2010 g. N 179-FZ)
7. the Russian Federation with a view to the creation of educational space, which takes into account the rights and interests of compatriots, draws the line at providing with States their stay coherent education policy, conclude international agreements on the recognition and the establishment of equivalence of diplomas, degrees and ranks of scientists. (As amended by federal law from 23.07.2010 g. N 179-FZ)
8. the Russian Federation, recognizing the role of religious organizations in the consolidation of the compatriots, contributes to socially significant initiatives, faith-based organizations in providing spiritual assistance to compatriots, preserving their native language and culture. (Para supplemented by federal law from 23.07.2010 g. N 179-FZ), Article 18. Support fellow in the field of information 1. The Russian Federation supported the compatriots in the receipt and dissemination of information, use of information in Russian and native languages of the peoples of the Russian Federation in the territories of the States of residence of compatriots, the establishment media, maintenance and development of information links between States stay compatriots and the Russian Federation. (As amended by federal law from 23.07.2010 g. N 179-FZ) governmental bodies of the Russian Federation take measures to disseminate information about the implementation of the State policy of the Russian Federation in respect of compatriots and compatriots in the Russian Federation and the States in which they live.
2. the Russian Federation creates the necessary conditions for the transfer of information from the Russian Federation his countrymen through radio broadcasting, television broadcasting and distribution of periodicals and other publications, films, audio and video over the Internet in Russian and their native languages compatriots through measures of internal nature and international treaties of the Russian Federation. (As amended by federal law from 23.07.2010 g. N 179-FZ)

The Russian Federation the Russian media engaged in informing fellow, financial and logistical means to carry out this task in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
3. the Russian Federation supports belonging to compatriots media in accordance with international treaties of the Russian Federation, the laws of the Russian Federation and legislation of the State in whose territory those media function.
Article 19. The powers of the Russian Federation in the field of relations with compatriots Powers of the Russian Federation in the field of relations with compatriots are: establishing the foundations of State policy of the Russian Federation and its implementation;
the adoption of the federal laws, changes in federal laws and monitoring;
the adoption of the federal trust and federal programs; (As amended by federal law from 23.07.2010 g. N 179-FZ), the conclusion of international treaties of the Russian Federation, to protect the interests of compatriots and monitoring made by undertakings; (As amended by federal law from 23.07.2010 g. N 179-FZ) other powers determined by federal laws.
Article 19-1. The powers of the organs of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in the field of relations with compatriots Powers of bodies of State power of constituent entities of the Russian Federation in the field of relations with compatriots are: development and adoption of laws and other normative legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in accordance with the federal laws;
development, adoption and implementation of programmes of the Russian Federation;

the establishment of bodies of State power of constituent entities of the Russian Federation to coordinate work on support compatriots boards (commissions) compatriots to implement State policy in respect of compatriots in collaboration with non-governmental organizations and public associations of compatriots; (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 23.07.2010 g. N 179-FZ) of managing subjects of the regions promoting linkages with coordinating councils compatriots, establishing contacts with fellow actors, foreign enterprises, which employ mostly fellow countrymen residing in the States concerned; (The paragraph is supplemented by federal law from 23.07.2010 g. N 179-FZ) other powers determined by federal laws.
(Article supplemented by federal law from 31.12.2005. N 199-FZ) Article 19-2. The participation of local governments in implementing public policies against fellow local self-government bodies shall have the right to participate in the implementation of State policy in respect of compatriots issues not related to issues of local importance.
(Article supplemented by federal law from 23.07.2010 g. N 179-FZ), Article 20. (Repealed-Federal Act of 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ), Article 21. State management and control in the field of relations with compatriots State management and control in the field of relations with compatriots: at the federal level, the Government of the Russian Federation and specially authorized federal body of executive power; in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, bodies of executive power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. (As amended by federal law from 23.07.2010 g. N 179-FZ), Article 22. The duties of the State in the field of relations with compatriots governmental bodies of the Russian Federation shall be obliged to: (as amended by federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ) develop and implement measures on realization of the State policy of the Russian Federation in accordance with this federal law;
help compatriots in realizing the fundamental human and civil rights and freedoms, enshrined in the legislation of States in which they reside or stay, international treaties of the Russian Federation, the legislation of the Russian Federation, as well as measures for their protection and rehabilitation; (As amended by federal law from 23.07.2010 g. N 179-FZ), guided by this federal law in dealing with issues of compatriots.
Article 23. Financing of activities in the field of relations with compatriots (as amended by the Federal law on 31.12.2005. N 199-FZ dated December 30, 2008) 1. Financing of activities in the field of relations with compatriots is financed from the federal budget and the budgets of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in accordance with the powers established by federal laws. (As amended by the Federal law on 31.12.2005. N 199-FZ)
2. (repealed-Federal Act of 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ)

3. In the Russian Federation may be created public funds and other public associations, formed to support fellow citizens and their associations. Bodies of State power of the Russian Federation and the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and encourage charitable activities of natural and legal persons in the field of relations with compatriots in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. (As amended by federal law from 23.07.2010 g. N 179-FZ) Article 24. (Repealed-Federal Act of 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ), Article 25. State monitoring relations with compatriots in the Russian Federation maintained State monitoring relations with compatriots, including the collection, analysis and assessment of information on the situation of their compatriots, the creation of a data bank, anticipating situations and research.
State monitoring results shall be brought to the attention of the State authorities of the Russian Federation, bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, of the other parties (the parties) of the Russian Federation's relations with compatriots, countrymen, organizations, public associations, the mass media of the Russian Federation and foreign States.
Procedure for State monitoring of relations with compatriots set the authorized federal body of executive power. (As amended by federal law from 23.07.2008 N 160-FZ) Article 26. Representation of interests of the compatriots in the bodies of State power of the Russian Federation and bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation 1. The highest representative body providing interaction compatriots with the State bodies of the Russian Federation and State Government bodies of constituent entities of the Russian Federation is the World Congress of compatriots, which is conducted at least once every three years. Between gresses compatriots can be world conferences.
2. the delegates of the World Congress of compatriots and compatriots world conferences are elected by public associations of fellow countrymen conferences in the States in which they live.
3. in the period between world congresses of compatriots and compatriots world conferences representing the interests of compatriots in the bodies of State power of the Russian Federation and bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, the coordination of the activities of the coordinating councils of compatriots in their States of residence ensures the world Coordinating Council of Russian compatriots, which is an agency of the World Congress of compatriots.
4. To coordinate the activities of public associations of compatriots from among their elected leaders coordinating councils.
5. When State authorities of the Russian Federation and bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation can be formed representative public consultative bodies-Councils (Commission). The procedure of formation, purpose and functions of the boards (commissions) compatriots establishes the State bodies of the Russian Federation and State Government bodies of constituent entities of the Russian Federation on agreement with the authorized federal body of executive power in the light of the legislation of the Russian Federation and the legislation of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, respectively.
(Article in the Editorial Office of the Federal law on 23.07.2010 g. N 179-FZ), Article 27. The entry into force of this federal law this federal law shall enter into force on the day of its official publication.
Russian President Boris Yeltsin in Moscow, the Kremlin May 24, 1999 N 99-FL