On State Policy Of The Russian Federation In Respect Of Compatriots Abroad

Original Language Title: О государственной политике Российской Федерации в отношении соотечественников за рубежом

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RUSSIAN FEDERATION FEDERAL LAW On State Policy of the Russian Federation for Compatriots Overseas , adopted by the State Duma on 5 March 1999 Approved by the Federation Council on 17 March 1999 (In the wording of federal laws 31 May 2002 N 62-FZ; of 22.08.2004 N 122-FZ; 31.12.2005 N 199-FZ; dated 18.07.2006 N 121-FZ; of 23.07.2008 N 160-FZ; of 25.07.2009 N 214-FZ; of 23.07.2010 N 179-FZ; of 02.07.2013 N 185-FZ; of 23.07.2013 N 203-FZ) This Federal Law assumes that: Russian Federation has a successor and legal successor of the Russian State, the Russian Republic, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic The Socialist Republic (RSFSR) and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR); Russian citizenship is associated with the principle of continuity of Russian statehood; relations with Foreign Affairs are an important area of external and of the domestic policy of the Russian Federation; protection of fundamental human and civil rights and freedoms contributes to political and social stability, strengthening of cooperation between peoples and nations; Living abroad has the right to rely on the support of the Russian Federation in the exercise of its civil, political, social, economic and cultural rights, preservation of identity; coordinating councils compatriots and councils (commissions) of compatriots represent the interests of compatriots abroad in the bodies of state power of the Russian Federation and the bodies of state power of the subjects of the Russian Federation; (in the wording of Federal Law dated 23 July 2010. N 179-FZ ) Russian Federation's activities in the field of relations with compatriots abroad shall be conducted in accordance with generally recognized principles and norms of international law and international law. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (In the wording of Federal Law of 23 July 2010) N 179-FZ ) This federal law establishes the principles of the [ [ Russian Federation]]'s [ [ state policy]] for compatriots abroad and the foundations of the activities of the organs of the Russian Federation OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (In the wording of Federal Law of 23 July 2010) N 179-FZ) Article 1. The countryman 1. Compatriots are persons born in the same State, living or living in the same State, with the characteristics of a common language, history, cultural heritage, traditions and customs, as well as descendants of those persons in a direct descending line. 2. Citizens of the Russian Federation who permanently reside outside the territory of the Russian Federation are citizens of the Russian Federation abroad. 3. Compatriots are also recognized as persons and descendants who live outside the territory of the Russian Federation and generally refer to peoples who have historically been resident in the territory of the Russian Federation, as well as those who have freely chosen to do so the spiritual, cultural and legal ties with the Russian Federation of a person whose relatives have previously lived in the territory of the Russian Federation, including: Persons held in the citizenship of the USSR, living in States; who became a member of the USSR, who acquired the nationality of those States or became by stateless persons; persons (emigrants) from the Russian State, the Russian Republic, the RSFSR, the USSR and the Russian Federation, which had the relevant nationality and became citizens of a foreign State or persons without citizenship. (Article in the wording of Federal Law of 23 July 2010) N 179-FZ) Article 2. Other concepts used in this Federal Law This Federal Act also uses the following concepts: abroad-outside the territory Russian Federation; citizenship-citizenship or citizenship of the Russian State, the Russian Republic, the RSFSR, the USSR, the Russian Federation or a foreign state; OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION g. N 179-FZ stateless person is a person who is not a citizen of the Russian Federation and has no proof of citizenship or citizenship of a foreign state; parties (parties) OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Federal Act dated 23 July 2010. N 179-FZ ) , the nationality of the Russian Federation-the nationality of the people whose main territories are located in the Russian Federation; (Uexpelated-Federal Law dated 23 July 2010. N 179-FZ ) Identity-native language, traditions and customs of compatriots, peculiarities of their cultural heritage and religion. Article 3: Recognition and confirmation of belonging to compatriots 1. Citizens of the Russian Federation who live outside the territory of the Russian Federation are nationals of the Russian Federation. A document confirming their membership in the Russian Federation is a document certifying the citizenship of the Russian Federation. 2. Article 1, paragraph 3, of this Federal Act provides for the recognition of their identity as an act of self-identification, supported by public or professional activities for the preservation of the Russian Federation. Support of public associations of compatriots and protection of Russian citizens, development of Russian culture abroad, strengthening of friendly relations between the states residing with the Russian Federation, support of public associations of compatriots and protection of Russian citizens of the Russian countrymen or other Selection of persons in favour of spiritual and cultural relations with the Russian Federation. 3. Compatriots are entitled to register in public associations of compatriots in accordance with the statutes of these associations and to receive documents (certificates) confirming their membership in public associations Compatriots. (Article as amended by Federal Law of 23 July 2010) N 179-FZ) Article 4. (Spconsumed by the Federal Law of 23 July 2010). N 179-FZ) Article 5. The Principles and Objectives of State Policy Russian Federation in Relation to Compatriots 1. The State policy of the Russian Federation in respect of compatriots is an integral part of the domestic and foreign policy of the Russian Federation and is a set of legal, diplomatic, social, economic, social and economic rights. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Participation of local authorities in accordance with the Constitution OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 2. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION " The need to ensure civil, political, social, economic, cultural and other rights and freedoms of compatriots, as well as their legitimate interests in the States of residence, in accordance with universally recognized principles, principles and rules of international law; Interaction States in the field of safeguarding the rights and freedoms of compatriots. 3. The objectives of the State policy of the Russian Federation in respect of compatriots are to provide State support to their compatriots, including in ensuring the legal protection of their interests, as well as the conditions under which they could the quality of equal citizens to live in foreign countries or return to the Russian Federation. 4. In accordance with the universally recognized principles and norms of international law, international treaties of the Russian Federation, the legislation of the Russian Federation and the legislation of foreign States, the Russian Federation provides To assist compatriots in the realization and enjoyment of human and civil rights and freedoms, including rights: to use the Russian language and the native languages of the peoples of the Russian Federation for the development of spiritual and intellectual potential; set up and communicate freely between of the Russian Federation; and to receive information from the Russian Federation; and to establish national and cultural autonomy, voluntary associations and religious organizations of compatriots, and the mass media. and participate in their activities; participate in the work of non-governmental organizations at the national and international levels; to participate in the development of mutually beneficial relations between States of residence and Russian Federation; to make free choice of space or the right to return to the Russian Federation. 5. For compatriots who make a noticeable contribution in support of the Russian Federation and development of relations with the Russian Federation, measures of moral encouragement are envisaged. (Article in the wording of Federal Law dated July 23, 2010. N 179-FZ) Article 6. Legislation in the field of relations with compatriots The law in the field of relations with compatriots is based on generally recognized principles and norms of international law, the Constitution OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Russian Federation and Municipal legal acts. (...) (...) N 199-FZ; dated July 23, 2010. N 179-FZ) Article 7. The basis of relations with citizens of the Russian Federation, living abroad 1. The Russian Federation guarantees its citizens protection and protection abroad. 2. Citizens of the Russian Federation living abroad shall enjoy the same rights and duties as citizens of the Russian Federation living in the territory of the Russian Federation, except in cases established by international treaties. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 3. Citizens of the Russian Federation living abroad shall enjoy the same rights and duties on the territory of the Russian Federation as citizens of the Russian Federation living in the territory of the Russian Federation. the exception of cases established by federal law. 4. Persons with dual nationality, one of whom is Russian, may not be restricted in their rights and freedoms and shall not be exempt from the obligations arising from the Russian Federation's citizenship, unless otherwise provided by an international treaty The Russian Federation or the federal law. (In the wording of Federal Law No. N 214-FZ) Article 8. (Spconsumed by the Federal Law of 23 July 2010). N 179-FZ) Article 9. (Spconsumed by the Federal Law of 23 July 2010). N 179-FZ) Article 10. (Spconsumed by the Federal Law of 23 July 2010). N 179-FZ) Article 11. (Spconsumed by Federal Law of 31.05.2002) N 62-FZ) Article 11-1. Issues of citizenship in relations with compatriots 1. The Russian Federation has the right to acquire citizenship of the Russian Federation in a simplified procedure in accordance with the international agreements of the Russian Federation and the legislative acts of the Russian Federation in the sphere of citizenship. 2. The Russian Federation contributes to the reduction of the number of stateless persons among compatriots on the basis of the generally recognized principles and norms of international law. class="doclink "href=" ?docbody= &prevDoc= 102059861&backlink=1 & &nd=102140340" target="contents "title=" "> dated July 23, 2010. N 179-FZ) Article 12. Entry into the Russian Federation, movement of the Russian Federation and departure from the Russian Federation Order of entry into the Russian Federation, movement in the territory of the Russian Federation OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Article 13. The legal status of foreign nationals of citizens and stateless persons in the territory of Russian Federation While on the territory of the Russian Federation, compatriots who are foreign Citizens or stateless persons enjoy the same rights and duties as citizens of the Russian Federation, except in the cases laid down in the Constitution of the Russian Federation, international treaties of the Russian Federation, and federal Constitutional laws and federal laws. Article 13-1. Promotion of the voluntary relocation of Compatriots to the Russian Federation Voluntary migration of compatriots to the Russian Federation. 23.07.2010 N 179-FZ) Article 14. The basis for the implementation of the state policy of the Russian Federation in relation to the compatriots 1. The President of the Russian Federation, in accordance with the Constitution of the Russian Federation and the Federal Act, determines the main directions of the State policy of the Russian Federation concerning compatriots. 2. The protection of fundamental human and civil rights and freedoms for compatriots is an integral part of the foreign policy of the Russian Federation. 3. The Russian Federation's cooperation with foreign States is realized , taking into account the State' s compliance with generally recognized principles and norms of international law in the field of fundamental rights and freedoms of man and citizen. (In the wording of Federal Law of 23 July 2010) N 179-FZ ) 4. Discrimination against citizens of the Russian Federation living abroad may be grounds for a review of the policy of the Russian Federation against a foreign State in which such discrimination occurs. 5. The failure of a foreign State to respect the universally recognized principles and norms of international law in the field of fundamental human and civil rights and freedoms for compatriots is the basis for the adoption by the State authorities of the Russian Federation. The Federation is a party to the international law of measures to protect the interests of compatriots. (In the wording of Federal Law of 23 July 2010) N 179-FZ) Article 15. Support for compatriots in the field of fundamental rights and citizen and citizen 1. Compatriots have the right to count on the support of the Russian Federation: in ensuring their fundamental freedoms and civil, political, economic, social, cultural and other rights under the International Covenants on Human Rights. persons; in their actions against discrimination on grounds of race, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, membership of compatriots, property situation or any other circumstance; in Ensuring their right to equality before the law. 2. The Russian Federation, in accordance with the generally recognized principles and norms of international law, international treaties of the Russian Federation and the Russian Federation, shall support compatriots in the field of fundamental human and civil rights and freedoms. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (In the wording of Federal Law of 23 July 2010) N 179-FZ) Article 16. Support for compatriots in economic and social areas 1. In the implementation of the State policy of the Russian Federation in respect of compatriots, the State authorities of the Russian Federation and the bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation stimulate cooperation in cooperation between the Russian Federation and the Russian Federation. Russian individuals (individuals and entities) with economic entities of compatriots, promote the creation of joint organizations, partnerships and societies, participation of compatriots in investments in the Russian economy, promote the ties of the Russian individuals (individuals and entities) " irrespective of their form of ownership) with foreign enterprises, which work mainly compatriots, develop mutually beneficial cooperation between them in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and the law. of foreign States. (In the wording of Federal Law of 23 July 2010) N 179-FZ ) 2. The State authorities of the Russian Federation and the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation may provide social assistance to disadvantaged groups of compatriots on the basis of international agreements. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION N 179-FZ ) 3. Humanitarian assistance to compatriots in emergency situations may be provided on conditions and in accordance with the procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation. Article 17. Support for compatriots in the field culture, language, religion and education (In the wording of the Federal Law dated 23.07.2010. N 179-FZ ) 1. The State authorities of the Russian Federation and the bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation support compatriots in the preservation and development of their cultural heritage and language, which are integral elements. The identity of compatriots, their equal access to education at all levels and in their mother tongues, and take appropriate action to that end in accordance with international treaties of the Russian Federation, legislation OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 2. The State authorities of the Russian Federation and the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation cooperate fully with the national and cultural autonomy of their compatriots in foreign countries, in which There are autonomous entities. 3. The Russian centers of science and culture in foreign countries are given the opportunity to use the patriots to satisfy the cultural, scientific and information needs. 4. In order to assist compatriots in the preservation and development of their cultural heritage, the State authorities of the Russian Federation and the authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation: The centers, cultural and educational organizations, libraries, archives, museums, theatres, music and dance ensembles, art studios and other professional and amateur creative groups of compatriots; contribute to the study of the cultural heritage of compatriots; contribute to all forms of cultural exchange between the Russian Federation and compatriots. 5. The State authorities of the Russian Federation and the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation contribute to the retention of the knowledge of the Russian Federation's Russian language and the native languages of the peoples of the Russian Federation. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (In the wording of Federal Law of 23 July 2010) N 179-FZ 6. The State authorities of the Russian Federation and the bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation, contribute to the education of their compatriots in educational organizations. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION If not otherwise established by federal law, in the admission of non-citizens of the Russian Federation to receive State accreditation, educational programmes for compatriots who are not citizens of the Russian Federation shall be granted on an equal footing with citizens of the Russian Federation. The Federation has the right of access to education, provided they submit documents or other evidence, respectively: (In the wording of the Federal Law dated 02.07.2013 N 185-FZ)Citizenship of the USSR, nationality or lack thereof at the time of presentation of the USSR citizenship; OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION direct ascending line relative to specified persons-for descendants countrymen; living abroad-for all of these persons. (Revision of the Federal Law of 23 July 2010 N 179-FZ 6-1. At the same time, compatriots who are not citizens of the Russian Federation are not subject to special rights in receiving training on the undergraduate and graduate programmes of the bachelor's degree programmes. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (In the wording of the federal laws of 2 July 2013, } N 185-FZ; of 23.07.2013 N 203-FZ)In the case of a quota for the enrolment of foreign nationals for basic vocational training programmes or additional professional programmes at the expense of the federal budget The interests of compatriots, regardless of their nationality, are taken into account in the budget. (...) (...) N 185-FZ) Russian Federation contributes to the receipt by compatriots of education in the Russian language and native languages of the peoples of the Russian Federation, including the study of Russian history and the Russian cultural heritage. To this end, training of trainers, the development of textbooks, teaching aids and programmes, taking into account the characteristics of the organization of the educational process in the States of residence, is being developed with the participation of specialists. compatriots and the supply of such textbooks, teaching aids and countrymen programmes. (Item padded-Federal law dated 23.07.2010. N 179-FZ) 7. In order to create an educational space that takes into account the rights and interests of the compatriots, the Russian Federation is pursuing a policy of working with the States of their residence in the area of education. International instruments on the recognition and equivalence of educational, academic and academic instruments. (In the wording of the Federal Law of 23 July 2010, N 179-FZ) 8. The Russian Federation, recognizing the role of religious organizations in the consolidation of compatriots, promotes socially significant initiatives of religious organizations in providing spiritual assistance to compatriots, preserving their native languages and culture. (Paragraph is amended by the Federal Law of 23 July 2010). N 179-FZ) Article 18. Support for Compatriots in the Information Area 1. The Russian Federation supports compatriots in obtaining and disseminating information, use of information in the Russian language and the native languages of the peoples of the Russian Federation in the territories of the countries of the Russian Federation. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (In the wording of the Federal Law of 23 July 2010, N 179-FZ ) The State authorities of the Russian Federation are taking measures to disseminate information on the implementation of the State policy of the Russian Federation concerning compatriots and on the situation of compatriots in the Russian Federation. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 2. The Russian Federation shall create the necessary conditions for the transmission of information from the Russian Federation through television broadcasting and radio broadcasting, distribution of periodicals and films, and films. * audio and video materials, via the Internet in Russian and the native languages of compatriots, by means of domestic measures and the conclusion of international treaties of the Russian Federation. Federal Act dated 23 July 2010. N 179-FZ) Russian Federation provides Russian media with information to compatriots, financial and logistical means for carrying out this task in accordance with OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 3. The Russian Federation supports the mass media belonging to compatriots in accordance with the international treaties of the Russian Federation, the legislation of the Russian Federation and the legislation of the state, in the territory of the Russian Federation. of the media. Article 19. The powers of the Russian Federation in the field of relations with compatriots The Russian Federation's powers in the field of relations with compatriots are: Establishment of the basis of State policy of the Russian Federation. Federation and its implementation; promulgation of federal laws, federal changes and enforcement of federal laws; class="ed"> (In the federal law dated 23 July 2010. N 179-FZ ) concluding international treaties of the Russian Federation aimed at protecting the interests of compatriots, and controlling the performance of its obligations; Federal Law of 23 July 2010 N 179-FZ ) other powers defined by federal laws. Article 19-1. Powers of public authorities constituent entities of the Russian Federation in the field relations with compatriots Powers of bodies of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation In the field of relations with compatriots, they are: development and adoption of laws and other regulatory legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in accordance with federal laws; Subjects of the Russian Federation; establishment of federal subjects of the Russian Federation to coordinate the work of supporting compatriots of the compatriots ' councils (commissions) in order to implement state policy in relation to Compatriots in cooperation with non-governmental organizations and public associations of fellow citizens; (Paragraph added is the Federal Law of 23 July 2010 N 179-FZ ) encouragement of relations of economic entities of regions with coordinating councils of compatriots, establishment of contacts with economic entities of compatriots, foreign enterprises, who are predominantly Russian nationals living in the respective States; (Paragraph is amended by the Federal Law of 23 July 2010). N 179-FZ other authorities defined by federal laws. (Article padded-Federal law from 31.12.2005 N 199-FZ) Article 19-2. Participation of local self-government bodies in the implementation of state policy with regard to compatriots Policies concerning countrymen in matters not classified as local matters. (Article padded-Federal law dated 23.07.2010. N 179-FZ) Article 20. (Spconsumed by Federal Law of 22.08.2004) N 122-FZ) Article 21. State administration and control in the field of relations with compatriots State administration and control in the field of relations with compatriots are carried out: at the federal level-the Government OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Federal Act dated 23 July 2010. N 179-FZ) Article 22. The duties of the state in the field of relations with compatriots of the State authorities of the Russian Federation are obliged: (In the wording of Federal Law from 22.08.2004. N 122-FZ to develop and implement measures to implement the Russian Federation's state policy in accordance with this Federal Law; to assist compatriots in the exercise of fundamental rights; and OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION class="ed"> (In the federal law dated 23 July 2010. N 179-FZ ) guide this Federal Law in matters relating to compatriots. Article 23. Funding for relations with compatriots (In the revision of Federal Law from 31.12.2005 N 199-FZ) 1. Financing of activities in the field of relations with compatriots is carried out at the expense of the federal budget and the budgets of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation in accordance with the powers established by federal laws. (In the wording of the Federal Law of 31 December 2005, N 199-FZ 2. (Spconsumed by Federal Law of 22.08.2004) N 122-FZ) 3. In the Russian Federation, public funds and other voluntary associations can be established to support compatriots and their voluntary associations. The State authorities of the Russian Federation and the authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation encourage charitable activities of natural and legal persons in the field of relations with their compatriots, in accordance with OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (In the wording of the Federal Law of 23 July 2010, N 179-FZ) Article 24. (Spconsumed by Federal Law of 22.08.2004) N 122-FZ) Article 25. State monitoring in the field of relations with compatriots In the Russian Federation State monitoring of relations with compatriots is conducted, including the collection, analysis and evaluation of information on the situation of compatriots, establishment of a data bank, forecasting of the situation and conducting of research works. The results of the state monitoring shall be brought to the attention of the State authorities of the Russian Federation, the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and other participants (the parties) of the Russian Federation's relations with the Russian Federation. by fellow citizens, organizations of countrymen, public associations, the mass media of the Russian Federation and foreign countries. The procedure for conducting state monitoring in the field of relations with compatriots shall be established by the federal executive body authorized by the federal executive authority. (In the wording of Federal Law from 23.07.2008 N 160-FZ) Article 26. Representation of the interests of compatriots in the State power of the Russian Federation and the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation 1. The World Congress of Compatriots is the supreme representative body for the interaction of compatriots with the authorities of the Russian Federation and the bodies of state power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, which is held at least once every three years. World Conferences of Compatriots can be held between the World Congresses of Compatriots. 2. The delegates of the World Congress of Compatriots and World Conferences of Compatriots are elected by public associations of compatriots at the Conferences of Compatriots in the States of their Residence. 3. In the period between the World Congresses of Compatriots and World Conferences of Compatriots, the Representation of the Interests of Compatriots in the State Authorities of the Russian Federation and the State Authorities of the Actors of the Russian Federation The World Coordinating Council of Russian Compatriots, which is the body of the World Congress of Compatriots, provides coordination of the activities of the coordinating councils of compatriots in the countries of their residence. 4. Coordination councils are elected to coordinate the activities of public associations of compatriots from among their leaders. 5. The bodies of the State authorities of the Russian Federation and the bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation may establish representative public advisory bodies-councils (commissions) of their compatriots. The procedure for formation, tasks and functions of the councils of compatriots shall be established by the State authorities of the Russian Federation and the bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, in agreement with the federal authorities. In the light of the legislation of the Russian Federation and the legislation of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, respectively. (Article in the wording of Federal Law dated 23.07.2010. N 179-FZ) Article 27. Entry into force of this Federal Law This Federal Law shall enter into force on the date of its official publication. President of the Russian Federation B. Yeltsin Moscow, Kremlin 24 May 1999 N 99-FZ