On Introducing Changes And Additions Into The Law Of The Russian Federation "on Employment In The Russian Federation

Original Language Title: О внесении изменений и дополнений в Закон Российской Федерации "О занятости населения в Российской Федерации"

Read the untranslated law here: http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?doc_itself=&infostr=x&backlink=1&fulltext=1&nd=102040866

RUSSIAN FEDERATION FEDERAL LAW on amendments and additions to the law of the Russian Federation "on employment in the Russian Federation" adopted by the State Duma March 22, 1996 year approved by the Federation Council of the year April 11, 1996 (as amended by the federal laws on 31.12.2005. N 199-FZ;
from 30/11/2011 N 361-FZ), Article 1. To the law of the Russian Federation "on employment in the Russian Federation (RSFSR Congress of people's deputies and the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, 1991, no. 18, art. 565; Gazette of the Congress of people's deputies of the Russian Federation and the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation, 1992, no. 34, art. 1974; A collection of the acts of the President and the Government of the Russian Federation, 1993, no. 52, art. 5086; Collection of laws of the Russian Federation, 1995, N 5, art. 346) changes and additions read as follows: "the LAW of the RUSSIAN FEDERATION on employment in the Russian Federation, the present law defines legal, economic and organizational foundations for State policies to promote employment, including State guarantees for the exercise of the constitutional rights of citizens of the Russian Federation on labour and social protection against unemployment.
State guarantees for the implementation of the rights of citizens of the Russian Federation, residing abroad, are determined by international treaties (agreements) of the Russian Federation.
Chapter i. General provisions article 1. Employment of citizens 1. Employment is an activity of the citizens associated with the satisfaction of personal and social needs, does not contradict the legislation of the Russian Federation and generally bringing them earnings, labour income (hereinafter-earnings).
2. citizens has the exclusive right to dispose of their capacities for productive, creative work. Forced labour in any form is not permitted, unless otherwise provided by law.
Unemployment citizens cannot serve as a basis for bringing them to administrative and other responsibility.
Article 2. Engaged citizens Involved are considered to be citizens: working under an employment agreement (contract), including performing work for remuneration on a full or part-time work, as well as having a paid job (service), including seasonal, temporary work;
engaged in entrepreneurial activities;
independently to ensure themselves job;
engaged in subsistence fisheries and selling products under the treaties;
carrying out work under civil law contracts (contracts), as well as members of producers ' cooperatives (fishermen);
elected, appointed or approved by a paid post;
doing military service, as well as service in the organs of Internal Affairs;
passing a classroom course training in general educational establishments, vocational institutions, secondary vocational and higher vocational education and other educational institutions, including training in the federal public service employment (hereinafter referred to as the employment service offices);
temporarily absent from work due to incapacity for work, leave, retraining, training, suspension of production caused by the strike, or other causes.
Article 3. The procedure and conditions for the recognition of unemployed citizens 1. Unemployed recognised able-bodied citizens who do not have work and earnings, are registered in the employment service bodies in order to find suitable work, seeking work and ready to get down to it. If this does not take into account the payment of severance pay and average earnings saved citizens dismissed from organizations (military service) irrespective of their organizational-legal form and ownership (hereinafter referred to as the Organization) in connection with the liquidation, downsizing or State.
Procedure for registration of unemployed persons is determined by the Government of the Russian Federation.
2. The decision on recognition of a citizen registered in order to find suitable employment, unemployed persons was adopted by the employment services in the place of residence of a citizen not later than 11 days from the date of presentation of the employment service bodies, passport, work record or documents in their stead, documents proving his professional qualification certificates on average earnings over the past three months, according to the last place of work, and for first-time job-seekers (previously not worked) without profession (specialty)-passport and document on education.
In the case of the help view on average earnings over the past three months, according to the last place of work in foreign currency of employment service offices carry out remittance of foreign currency into rubles at the official rate, effective on the day of dismissal.
If you cannot provide a suitable job employment services to citizens within 10 days from the date of their registration with a view to finding suitable work these citizens recognized unemployed from the first day of presentation of the documents.
A decision on recognition of disabled unemployed persons was adopted by the employment services in accordance with the Federal law "on social protection of invalids in the Russian Federation".
3. Unemployed cannot be recognized as citizens:

have not attained the age of 16;
in accordance with the pension legislation of the Russian Federation are granted a pension for old age (age), based on seniority;
rejected within 10 days from the date of their registration with the State employment service bodies in order to find suitable work from two options suitable work, including work of a temporary nature, and for the first time job seekers (firstjob), do not have a profession (specialty)-in the event of two failures of receiving training or of paid work, including the work of a temporary nature. A citizen may not be offered the same job (training in the same profession) twice;
not arise without good reason within 10 days from the date of their registration with a view to finding suitable jobs employment service offices to offer them suitable jobs, and also does not arise in the period prescribed in the employment services for their registration as unemployed;
convicted by court order to punitive deduction of earnings without deprivation of liberty, as well as to the penalty of deprivation of liberty.
4. Citizens who in accordance with the established procedure denied recognition of their unemployed, are entitled to a further request to the employment service bodies in two weeks ' time to address the issue of recognition of their unemployed.
Article 4. Suitable and unsuitable work 1. Such work is considered to be appropriate, including the work of a temporary nature, which corresponds to the suitability of the employee, taking into account the level of his training, the conditions of the last job (with the exception of remunerated public work), health, transport accessibility of the workplace.
2. Maximum distance from place of residence suitable employment of unemployed persons is determined by the relevant local government authority in the light of the development of public transport network in the area.
3. Paid work, including the work of temporary nature, requiring or not requiring (taking into account age and other characteristics of citizens), meeting the requirements of the labour legislation of the Russian Federation, is considered appropriate for citizens: first-time job-seekers (previously not worked) that do not have a profession (specialty);
refusing to increase the (restore) qualification according to profession (speciality), get the related profession or be retrained after the end of the initial (12-month) period of unemployment;
registered at the employment service bodies for more than 18 months, as well as more than three years are not working;
seeking employment service offices after the end of seasonal work.
4. Suitable work cannot be considered if: it is associated with a change of place of residence without the consent of the citizen;
working conditions do not conform to the rules and regulations on occupational safety and health;
the proposed earnings are below the average wage of a citizen, calculated over the past three months, according to the last place of work. This provision does not apply to citizens, the average monthly earnings which exceed the average wage in the Republic of the Russian Federation, province, regions, cities, Moscow and St. Petersburg, an autonomous region, autonomous prefecture. In this case cannot be considered suitable if the proposed earnings below the average wage in the Republic of the Russian Federation, province, regions, cities, Moscow and St. Petersburg, an autonomous region, autonomous prefecture.
Article 5. State policy in the area of promotion of employment 1. The State pursues a policy of promoting the realization of the rights of citizens to full, productive and freely chosen employment.
2. State policy in the area of employment promotion aims to: workforce development;
ensuring equal opportunities for all citizens of the Russian Federation, irrespective of nationality, gender, age, social status, political beliefs and attitude to religion in the realization of the right to voluntary work and to free choice of employment;
creation of conditions for a dignified life and free development of man;
support for employment and entrepreneurial initiatives of citizens carried out in the framework of the rule of law, to promote the development of their capacities for productive, creative work;

social protection in the field of employment, special events to promote the employment of citizens, particularly in need of social protection and experiencing difficulties in finding work (disabled; citizens having the content of persons who on the conclusion of an authorized body requires constant care, assistance or supervision; persons released from places of deprivation of liberty; young people under the age of 18 years, for the first time seeking work; persons of pre-pensionable age (two years before the onset of the age of entitlement to retirement pension for old age (age); refugees and internally displaced persons; citizens discharged from military service, and members of their families; single parents and parents with many children bringing up under-age children, children with disabilities; families in which both parents recognized as unemployed; citizens exposed to radiation during the Chernobyl and other radiological accidents and catastrophes);
Prevention of mass and reducing long-term (over one year) unemployment;
encouraging employers, maintain existing and creating new jobs primarily for citizens who particularly need social protection and experiencing difficulties in finding work;
the combination of autonomy authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, bodies of local self government in securing employment with the consistency of their actions in implementation of the federal programme to promote employment;
coordination in the field of employment with other areas of economic and social policies, including investment-structural policy, social security, regulation of growth and income distribution, warning inflation;
coordination of the activities of State bodies, trade unions and other representative bodies of workers ' and employers ' organizations in the formulation and implementation of measures to provide employment and control;
employment in places of residence of the small-numbered indigenous peoples and national minorities of the Russian Federation in accordance with their national and cultural traditions, as well as historical forms of employment;
international cooperation in solving employment problems, including issues related to the employment of citizens of the Russian Federation outside the territory of the Russian Federation and foreign citizens on the territory of the Russian Federation, respect for international labour standards.
Article 6. The legislation of the Russian Federation on employment 1. The legislation of the Russian Federation on employment consists of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the present law and other federal laws and normative legal acts, regulating relations in the sphere of employment, and adopted in accordance with the federal laws of laws and normative legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
2. the legislation of the Russian Federation on employment also applies to foreign citizens and stateless persons, if otherwise not stipulated by federal laws or international treaties of the Russian Federation.
Article 7. The power of the federal bodies of State power, bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, bodies of local self government in the implementation of the State policy in the field of promotion of employment 1. The powers of the federal authorities in the implementation of the State policy in the field of employment promotion include: implementing a basic State policy in promoting employment, prevent mass unemployment in the territory of the Russian Federation;
adoption of federal laws and other regulatory legal acts setting forth the General principles of State policy in the sphere of employment;
development and financial security of federal targeted programmes in the area of employment promotion;
formation and control of target use of funding measures to promote employment (State Employment Fund of the Russian Federation; hereinafter referred to as the Employment Fund);
defining minimum and mandatory standards in the Russian Federation social and economic security of citizens against unemployment;
coordination of activities of bodies of State power of constituent entities of the Russian Federation on employment issues;
formation of the basic principles of social protection for employees of insolvent organizations and carrying out structural changes in production.

2. State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, in accordance with its competence to resolve fully the issues associated with the development and implementation of public policies to promote employment in accordance with national and cultural traditions, as well as historical employment, ensuring the realization of citizens ' rights stipulated by this law and other laws and normative legal acts defining public policies in promoting employment, particularly in need of social protection and experiencing difficulties in finding work.
3. The legislation of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, bodies of local self-government, as well as collective agreements may provide for other not contradicting this law the conditions and procedure for the payment of the unemployment benefit, passing the re-registration of unemployed, clarifications provided in article 4 of this law, the definition of suitable employment, reinforcing social protection of citizens, including the extension of payments and increase in unemployment benefits, remuneration for labour on paid public works as well as scholarships to the training period at the expense of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
4. In cases of mass lay-offs and difficulties in their further employment executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, bodies of local self-government on the proposal of the State employment service bodies, trade union bodies or other representative bodies of workers may be suspended for up to six months to decide on release or decide to conduct a phased release during the year, implementing the financing of these activities at the expense of the respective budgets.
CHAPTER II. The employment RIGHTS of CITIZENS Article 8. The right of citizens to choose their places of work 1. Citizens have the right to choose their place of work by simply contacting the employer (Organization (legal person) or physical person citizen enters into an employment relationship), or by mediation the employment service bodies free of charge, or by other organizations to promote the employment of the population.
2. the decision on employment issued by concluding a labour agreement (contract) between the employer and the person recruited for the job.
The procedure and conditions for the conclusion of labour agreements (contracts) for employment shall be governed by the laws of the Russian Federation on labour.
Article 9. The citizens ' right to advice, vocational guidance, vocational training, retraining, improvement of professional skill and to receive information in the employment service bodies 1. Citizens are entitled to free consultation and free information in the employment service bodies in order to choose the scope of activities, employment opportunities, vocational training.
Minors aged 14 to 18 years of age are also entitled to a free consultation and free information in the employment service bodies to career choices and opportunities for vocational training.
2. Unemployed citizens also have the right to free vocational guidance, vocational training, retraining and improvement of professional skill in the employment service bodies.
Article 10. The right of citizens to professional activities outside the territory of the Russian Federation citizens have the right to an independent job search and employment outside the territory of the Russian Federation.
Article 11. The right of citizens to appeal the actions of employment service bodies and their officials, citizens have the right to appeal against decisions, actions or inaction of State employment service bodies and their officials in the higher authority of the employment service, as well as in the Court in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
CHAPTER III. STATE GUARANTEES in the area of employment, Article 12. State guarantees in the exercise of the right of citizens to work 1. The State guarantees citizens of the Russian Federation: the freedom to choose the type of activity, including work with different labour regimes;
occupational safety and health, legal protection against unjustified dismissal or unreasonable refusal of employment in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation on labour;
free assistance in finding suitable work and job placement through the mediation of employment service bodies.
2. the State guarantees unemployed citizens: free vocational guidance, vocational training, retraining and improvement of professional skill in the employment service bodies;
provision of social support;
compensation in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation in material costs in connection with a focus on the job (learning) in another locality upon the proposal of the State employment service bodies; (Repealed-the Federal law dated 30/11/2011 N 361-FZ), the possibility of concluding a fixed-term employment contracts (contracts) to participate in paid public works, organized by age and other characteristics of the citizens.
Article 13. Additional guarantees of employment for certain categories of population

1. the State provides additional guarantees for citizens, especially those in need of social protection and experiencing difficulties in finding work, through the development and implementation of targeted programmes to promote employment, create additional jobs and specialized organizations (including for disabled), establishing a quota for employment of disabled persons, vocational guidance services, as well as through training on special programmes and other measures.
2. The quota for the employment of people with disabilities shall be in accordance with the Federal law "on social protection of invalids in the Russian Federation".
The introduction of a quota mechanism and its size is determined by the Government of the Russian Federation.
3. citizens freed from organizations in connection with the downsizing of the State or in accordance with concluded collective contracts (agreements) are guaranteed after saving the queue for housing (improvement of living conditions) at the previous workplace, as well as access to hospitals, and their children, nursery school on equal terms with nationals working in this organization.
4. Wives (husbands) of military personnel and citizens discharged from military service, all other things being equal, have a priority right to work at the State and municipal unitary enterprises.
CHAPTER IV. EMPLOYMENT regulation and Organization (repealed in part in the new wording of article 14-the Federal law from 31.12.2005. N 199-FZ) Article 15. Federal public service employment 1. Federal public service employment is organizationally independent service on the territory of the Russian Federation, focusing on: assessment of the status and employment forecast, information on the situation in the labour market;
development and implementation of federal, territorial (provincial, regional, district, municipal) and other targeted employment promotion programmes, including programmes to promote the employment of citizens, under the risk of dismissal, as well as citizens, particularly need social protection and experiencing difficulties in finding work;
assist citizens in finding suitable employment, and employers in recruiting the necessary staff;
Organization if necessary, vocational guidance, vocational training, retraining and advanced training of the unemployed;
implementation of social payments in the form of unemployment benefits, scholarships in training period in employment service bodies, providing financial assistance to unemployed citizens and family members of the unemployed in their content.
Its work shall be governed by, and will organize the appropriate federal body of executive power which is to exercise their authority creates a territorial bodies.
2. territorial employment service offices are not structural subdivisions of the relevant bodies of executive power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, bodies of local self-government.
3. the subjects of the Russian Federation in the territories, urban, rural settlements and in other territories of the employment service bodies coordinate their activities with the relevant bodies of executive power, bodies of local self-government within their competence.
4. employment service Bodies in conjunction with the State bodies of the Russian Federation, bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, bodies of local self-government is exercised by the development and implementation of public policies in promoting employment.
5. Services related to the promotion of employment, employment services are provided free of charge.
Article 16. Statistical reports and information on employment For objective assessment of labour market conditions and the employment situation in the Russian Federation's State statistical reporting is installed.
Employment service bodies shall exchange, on a grant basis, with bodies of State statistics and tax bodies, its migration service authorities and other interested State bodies reporting documentation and information required of each party to perform its functions.
Article 17. Bringing into the territory of the Russian Federation foreign labour Involvement into the territory of the Russian Federation foreign labour is the priority right of the Russian Federation.
Attract and use on the territory of the Russian Federation foreign labour are carried out in accordance with the procedure determined by legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 18. Licensing activities related to employment of the citizens of the Russian Federation outside the territory of the Russian Federation

Activities related to the employment of the citizens of the Russian Federation outside the territory of the Russian Federation on the territory of the Russian Federation is carried out only by Russian legal entities on the basis of licences issued in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 19. Licensing activities to promote employment in the provision of services to citizens in employment, professional orientation and psychological support for the unemployed and underemployed population is carried out by legal entities on the basis of licences issued by executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation on the findings of the employment service bodies.
Article 20. Coordinating employment promotion committees with a view to developing a coherent decisions on the identification and implementation of employment policy at the Federal, territorial levels within the social partnership coordinating committees are created to promote employment of representatives of associations of trade unions and other representative bodies of employees, employers, employment service bodies and other interested State bodies, public associations, representing the interests of citizens, particularly in need of social protection.
Organization and work of the committees are determined by the parties represented in the committees.
Article 21. Participation of trade unions and other representative bodies of workers in employment promotion 1. Trade unions and other representative bodies of workers shall be entitled to participate in the formulation of public policies in promoting employment.
2. Trade unions and other representative bodies of workers have the right to make proposals to the local authorities about the postponement or suspension of the implementation of activities related to the massive release of employees;
promote social guarantees for workers in the field of employment, employment (service), separations, benefits and compensation, in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
3. mass release of workers associated with the rationalization of production, improvement of Labour Organization, liquidation, reprofiling of the organization or its departments, total or partial suspension of production at the initiative of the employer, may only be made subject to the prior (not less than three months) notice in writing of the relevant trade union bodies and other representative bodies of workers.
4. the executive authorities, employers spend on the proposal of the trade unions and other representative bodies of workers mutual consultation on employment.
On the basis of consultations may be agreements providing for activities designed to promote employment.
5. Trade unions and other representative bodies of employees has the right to claim compensation from the employer for inclusion in a collective agreement concrete measures for employment.
6. the proposals of trade unions and other representative bodies of workers in connection with a massive release of workers sent to the relevant authorities and employers shall be subject to review in accordance with the procedure established by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 22. Funding for the promotion of employment 1. Funding for measures to promote employment (Employment Fund) are formed at the expense of compulsory insurance contributions of employers, compulsory insurance contributions wage workers if necessary, appropriations from the federal budget, the budgets of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and local budgets, voluntary contributions from businesses and individuals, including foreign, other income, including funds recovered from employers for violation of the requirements provided for in this Act and are accumulated in the accounts of the institutions of the Central Bank of the Russian Federation and other authorized banks.
2. Mandatory insurance contributions to the employment fund, allocations from the federal budget, federal contributions part of the employment fund categories of employers and employees, pay insurance premiums and exempt from taxes, revenues and expenditures of the Employment Fund and report on their implementation shall be approved by the federal laws on the proposal of the Government of the Russian Federation.
3. The Employment Fund is not a legal entity, located in the operational management and the disposal of the national employment service and spent on the financing of measures to promote employment.
4. The Employment Fund is a public fund extrabudgetary activities of the Russian Federation and the Federal State property.
The employment fund are not included in the federal budget.
Funds not used in the reporting year, shall not be subject to seizure and move on to the next fiscal year.

5. The Fund employment generated through compulsory insurance contributions of employers, compulsory insurance contributions wage workers if necessary, appropriations from the federal budget, the budgets of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and local budgets shall be exempt from taxation in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation on taxes.
Article 23. Training, further training and retraining of unemployed citizens 1. Training, skills upgrading and retraining of the unemployed can be found in the employment service bodies, if suitable work cannot adjust: because of the lack of citizen the necessary professional qualifications;
You must change the profession (specialty occupation) due to the absence of work that is responsive to citizen skills;
citizen lost the ability to work under the old profession (speciality).
2. training, skills upgrading and retraining of unemployed citizens carried out in educational establishments for vocational and further education, training centres of the employment services or other bodies, educational institutions, educational organizations or units in other educational institutions in accordance with concluded employment services contracts.
3. the right of priority to undergo vocational training, further training and retraining are unemployed persons with disabilities, unemployed citizens following the six-month period of unemployment, wives (husbands) of military personnel and citizens discharged from military service, graduates of educational institutions, as well as citizens seeking work for the first time (previously not worked) that do not have a profession (speciality).
4. Education authorities at the request of the employment services are information about vocational qualification structure of issue and number of graduates in need of employment.
Article 24. Organization of public works 1. The executive bodies of the subjects of the Russian Federation, bodies of local self-government on the proposal and with the participation of the State employment service bodies in order to ensure temporary employment holding paid community work in organizations under their ownership, and under the treaties-in other organizations.
2. Persons wishing to participate in public works, is a fixed-term employment contract for a period of up to six months. Right of first refusal to enter into conclusion of such a treaty shall enjoy unemployed citizens who do not receive unemployment benefits, unemployed citizens registered by the employment service bodies for more than six months. Citizens registered with the employment service bodies also have the right to participate in public works.
3. Remuneration of citizens employed on public works shall be carried out in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Between citizen participation of the unemployed in public works projects financed by the Fund of employment they installed additional payments to earnings in the amount owed them unemployment benefits. In doing so, since the conclusion of a fixed-term employment contract on participation in public works, the maximum period for granting additional payments in the total calculation should not exceed six months.
4. To the citizens employed in public works, subject to the law of the Russian Federation on labour and social insurance.
5. Financing of public works shall be made at the expense of the organizations in which these works are organized, and attract funds, if necessary, the subjects of the Russian Federation and the employment fund.
6. Regulation on the Organization of public works approved by the Government of the Russian Federation.
Chapter v. INVOLVEMENT of employers in EMPLOYMENT Article 25. Assist employers in employment 1. Employers contribute to the State employment policy based on: compliance with the terms of agreements (contracts) that regulates labour relations in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation;
implementation of the measures imposed by the legislation of the Russian Federation on labour law, collective agreements and agreements on the protection of workers in case of suspension of production or release of employees;
employment assistance, training and provision of the legislation of the Russian Federation in excess of the additional material support dismissed workers at the expense of other organizations and employers;
creating conditions for training, further training and retraining of workers. When calculating taxable income the amount of balance sheet profit organizations is reduced by the amount of money spent by employers on these goals;
develop and implement a social plan of the Organization, which provides for the conservation and rational use of the creative potential of employees, their social protection, improved working conditions and other benefits;

compliance with the quota for the employment of people with disabilities;
employment defined by executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and bodies of local self-government, the number of citizens, particularly in need of social protection, or reservation of certain types of work (professions) for the employment of such persons.
2. employers in a timely manner, not less than three months, and the authorities are in full employment and Trade Union body or other representative body of employees information about possible mass dismissals of workers, the number and categories of workers that they can touch, and the period during which they are scheduled to take place, and shall bear responsibility in accordance with the established procedure.
3. employers are obliged to submit monthly employment service bodies: information about applying for this organization procedures on Insolvency (bankruptcy), as well as the information necessary for the implementation of the vocational rehabilitation and employment of persons with disabilities;
information on availability of vacancies (positions), the implementation of quotas for admission to employment of persons with disabilities, employment fund enumeration of compulsory insurance contributions and making mandatory fees in the event of failure or inability to comply with quotas for the employment of people with disabilities.
4. employers by transferring funds to the employment fund fully reimburse the cost of the employment service bodies on the creation of special employment and vocational training, further training, retraining in connection with the employment of workers who received occupational disease or disability in this organization.
5. In the event of failure or inability to comply with quotas for the employment of people with disabilities, employers contribute monthly to the employment fund mandatory fee for each netrudoustroennogo within the quotas.
Order and dimensions make this mandatory fee shall be established by the Government of the Russian Federation.
6. in case of refusal of employment without valid reasons previously stated graduates vocational institutions, secondary vocational and higher vocational education organization produce targeted financial contributions to fund the employment of the employee's average earnings in this category for the year.
7. When hiring a citizen directed by the employment service, the employer within five days returns in service of employment direction with the day of reception of the citizen to work.
In case of refusal to hire the citizen directed by the employment service, the employer makes towards employment service mark on the bottom of the appearance of a citizen and a refusal of employment and returns the direction of the citizen.
Article 26. Employers ' rights 1. The employer has the right to employ citizens directly accessing it on an equal footing with citizens of the direction of the employment service bodies.
2. employers, trudoustraivajushhie to work in excess of the minimum number of graduates of professional, educational institutions, persons released from places of detention, as well as citizens, particularly in need of social protection and experiencing difficulties in finding work are eligible for tax incentives established by the tax legislation of the Russian Federation.
3. employers have the right to receive free employment service bodies information on the status of the labour market.
4. If necessary, the employment service bodies can fully or partially offset the costs to employers in advance of training citizens freed from the organizations, in order to ensure their employment as well as for training of nationals released from other organizations.
5. the employer shall have the right to appeal against the actions of the authority of the employment service in higher authority employment services, as well as to the Court in accordance with the law.
CHAPTER VI. SOCIAL GUARANTEES and compensation Article 27. Benefits and compensation to workers dismissed from the organizations Employees, disengaged from organizations in connection with their liquidation, downsizing or State, when the employment contract is granted benefits and compensation in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation on labour.
If the liquidated organizations funds intended for disposable citizens, compensation shall be made in the manner and under the conditions established by law.
Article 28. Guarantees of social support of unemployed 1. The State guarantees unemployed: unemployment allowance;
payment of scholarships during training, further training, retraining in the employment service bodies;
the opportunity to participate in paid public works;
reimbursement of expenses in connection with voluntary relocation to another area for employment, on the proposal of the State employment service bodies;

payment in the amount owed to unemployment benefits (scholarships) through the employment fund of the period of temporary incapacity to work for citizens who have lost their jobs and earnings during the 12 months prior to the official recognition of their unemployed but not exceeding 30 calendar days within a 12-month period of unemployment or the entire period of training in employment service bodies.
2. The time during which the citizen in accordance with the procedure established by law receives unemployment benefits, scholarship, taking part in paid public works, the time required for moving in the employment service bodies in another locality and employment, as well as the period of temporary incapacity for work, maternity leave, call for military training, engaging in activities related to the preparation for military service, with the performance of public duties do not interrupt the seniority and seniority shall count.
3. all types of allowances and other benefits for unemployed shall be subject to indexation in accordance with the law of the RSFSR on the indexation of income and savings in nationals of the RSFSR ".
Article 29. Dimensions scholarships paid to citizens during vocational training, further training and retraining in the employment service bodies 1. During training, further training and retraining in the employment service bodies citizens stipend: dismissed from the organizations during the 12 months preceding commencement of unemployment, and during this period, paid work not less than 26 calendar weeks on a full working day (week) or part-time (weeks) with conversion to 26 calendar weeks with a full working day (week) in the amount of 75 per cent of their average earnings measured over the past three months, according to the last place of work, but not lower than the statutory minimum wage and not higher than the average wage in the Republic of the Russian Federation, province, regions, cities, Moscow and St. Petersburg, autonomous oblast, autonomous district;
seeking to resume work after a long (over one year) break job seekers for the first time (previously not worked), and also dismissed from the organizations during the 12 months preceding commencement of unemployment, and during this period of paid work for less than 26 calendar weeks in the amount of scholarships, established by the State for educational institutions in the field, but not less than the amount of the unemployment benefit provided for this category of citizens;
lost ability to perform work due to an accident at work or occupational disease-at the expense of the respective organizations in the amount of 100 per cent of average earnings, calculated over the past three months, according to the last place of work, but not lower than the statutory minimum wage and not higher than the average wage in the Republic of the Russian Federation, province, regions, cities, Moscow and St. Petersburg, the autonomous region autonomous district.
2. If a citizen passing vocational training, further training and retraining in the employment service bodies, persons on its content, the amount of his scholarship is increased by half the legal minimum wage in respect of each of those persons. The maximum size for the improve scholarships cannot exceed the polutorakratnoj values of the statutory minimum wage.
3. Citizens living in the regions of the far North and similar areas as well as areas and areas where the district coefficients to apply wage for accommodation in severe climatic conditions, and ongoing vocational training, further training or retraining in the employment service bodies in these areas during their training scholarship is paid taking into account the district factor. While citizens dismissed from organizations within the 12 months preceding commencement of unemployment, and during this period, paid work not less than 26 calendar weeks, the average wage for the calculation of scholarships is calculated without taking into account the wage coefficient district.
4. to the citizens who have been exposed to radiation during the Chernobyl and other radiological accidents and disasters and recognized in the established order the unemployed during the period of fellowship training, further training or retraining in paid employment service bodies: permanent residency on the territory of the settlement area with privileged socio-economic status, provided training in the territory of the zone is increased by 20 per cent;
permanently resident in the settlement area entitled to relocation provided instruction in the elevated zone at 50 percent;

residing in the evacuation zone to their resettlement in other areas subject instruction areas increased to 100 per cent.
Financing costs associated with the fellowship at a higher rate, is financed from the federal budget.
5. citizens aimed the employment services on vocational training, further training or retraining, scholarship is calculated from the first day of their training.
6. the amount of the scholarship may be reduced by 25 per cent for a period of one month or payment may be suspended for up to one month in cases of failure or irregular attendance for no good reason.
7. in accordance with the sentence or court order with scholarships paid to citizens during vocational training, further training and retraining in the employment service bodies, produced all kinds of deductions (alimony, compensation and other retention), but not more than half of the bursary received.
8. the employment service can optionally pay a fare (to school and back) and living expenses of citizens, aimed at employment service, vocational training, further training or retraining in another locality.
Article 30. Procedure for determining the size of the unemployment benefit 1. Benefit unemployed persons laid off for any reason, is set as a percentage of the average wage, calculated over the past three months, according to the last place of work, if they are within the 12 months preceding commencement of unemployment, had paid work not less than 26 calendar weeks on a full working day (week) or part-time (weeks) with conversion to 26 calendar weeks with a full working day (week).
2. Unemployment in all other cases, including first-time job seekers citizens (not previously worked), do not have a profession (speciality), wishing to resume work after a long (over one year) break, as well as citizens dismissed from organizations within the 12 months preceding commencement of unemployment, and during this period of paid work for less than 26 calendar weeks, should be set at the level of the minimum wage.
3. If there are persons on the content of the unemployed, the allowance is increased to one half of the minimum wage on each of them. The maximum amount of supplements may not exceed polutorakratnoj values of the statutory minimum wage. If both parents are unemployed, an increase in allowance for persons on their content, is produced by each parent.
4. Citizens living in the regions of the far North and similar areas as well as areas and areas where the district coefficients to apply wage for accommodation in severe climatic conditions, the unemployment benefit is established taking into account the district factor. While citizens dismissed from organizations within the 12 months preceding commencement of unemployment, and during this period, paid work not less than 26 calendar weeks on a full working day (week) or part-time (weeks) with conversion to 26 calendar weeks with a full working day (week), the average wage of the day of accrual of the unemployment benefit is calculated without taking into account the wage coefficient district.
5. the citizens who have been exposed to radiation during the Chernobyl and other radiological accidents and disasters and recognized in the prescribed manner to the unemployed, the unemployment benefit is paid a supplementary allowance: permanently residing on the territory of the settlement area with privileged socio-economic status, subject to permanent residence in the territory of the zone until January 1, 1991 year-amounting to 50 per cent of the statutory minimum wage;
permanently resident in the settlement area entitled to relocation of the statutory minimum wage;
residing in the evacuation zone to their resettlement in other areas-twice the amount of the statutory minimum wage.
Financing of expenditure relating to the payment of the unemployment benefit supplement, is financed from the federal budget.
6. in accordance with the sentence or court order with unemployment benefits produced all kinds of deductions (alimony, compensation and other retention), but not more than half received unemployment benefits.
Article 31. Conditions and terms of payment of the unemployment benefit 1. Unemployment benefit is paid to citizens recognized in the established order the unemployed.
2. The decision on the appointment of unemployment benefits was adopted simultaneously with the decision on recognition of a citizen of the unemployed in the manner prescribed by article 3 of this law.

3. the duration of payment of benefit in each period of unemployment may not exceed 12 months in summary terms for 18 calendar months, except as otherwise provided in this law.
4. to the citizens recognized in the prescribed manner by the unemployed, the unemployment benefit is calculated from the first day of recognition of their unemployed.
5. In the event of failure on the expiry of suitable work remunerated 18 calendar months of unemployment, the unemployed person is entitled to unemployment benefit in the amount of the minimum wage, unless otherwise provided by this law.
6. Unemployment benefit is paid at least twice a month subject to a re-registration of unemployed persons in employment service installed, but no less than twice a month.
7. State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and bodies of local self-administration may install and longer benefit period or provide for terms extending their payments at the expense of the respective budgets.
Article 32. The order extending the payment of unemployment benefits to citizens with work experience, giving the right to a retirement pension (old-age) 1. Citizens, whose seniority in accordance with the pension legislation of the Russian Federation gives them the right to a retirement pension (old-age), including pensions on preferential terms, but who have not reached retirement age, the period of payment of unemployment benefits increases in excess of the 12 months on two calendar weeks for every year of service in excess of the required period. The total period of the payment of the unemployment benefit may not exceed 24 calendar months in the total calculation within 36 calendar months.
2. On the proposal of the State employment service bodies in the absence of opportunities for employment of unemployed citizens, dismissed in connection with the liquidation of the Organization, downsizing or State and irrespective of any breaks in employment seniority entitling reaching full retirement pension (old-age), including a pension on preferential terms, with their consent, the pension shall be prepared ahead of time, but not more than two years before the legislation of the Russian Federation of statutory retirement.
3. Expenses related to early retirement, shall be covered by the Pension Fund of the Russian Federation with the subsequent reimbursement from the employment fund.
Article 33. Dimensions of unemployment benefit citizens dismissed from organizations on any grounds, retired from military service and from the internal affairs agencies Dole citizens dismissed from organizations for any reason during the 12 months preceding commencement of unemployment, and during this period, paid work not less than 26 calendar weeks on a full working day (week) or part-time (weeks) with conversion to 26 calendar weeks with a full working day (week) as well as retired from military service and from the internal affairs agencies and recognized in the prescribed manner, accrued by the unemployed: in the first three months of unemployment in the amount of 75 per cent of their average monthly wage (salary), calculated over the past three months, according to the last place of work (services);
in the next four months at a rate of 60 per cent;
in the future at a rate of 45 percent, but in all cases, not lower than the statutory minimum wage and not higher than the average wage in the Republic of the Russian Federation, province, regions, cities, Moscow and St. Petersburg, an autonomous region, autonomous prefecture.
Article 34. The size of unemployment benefit to other categories of unemployed citizens 1. Citizens seeking work for the first time (previously not worked) who do not have a profession (speciality), wishing to resume work after a long (over one year) break, as well as citizens dismissed from organizations for any reason during the 12 months preceding commencement of unemployment, but did not have during this period 26 calendar weeks of paid work and recognized in the established order the unemployed, benefit is paid in the amount of the minimum wage.
2. citizens who have completed vocational training, further training and retraining in the employment service bodies and recognized in the established order the unemployed, unemployment benefits are paid:

dismissed from the organizations for any reason during the 12 months preceding commencement of unemployment, and during this period, paid work not less than 26 calendar weeks on a full working day (week) or part-time (weeks) with conversion to 26 calendar weeks with a full working day (week) in the first three months of unemployment in the amount of 75 per cent of their average monthly earnings measured over the past three months, according to the last place of work in the next four months at a rate of 60 per cent in the future at a rate of 45 percent, but in all cases, not lower than the statutory minimum wage and not higher than the average wage in the Republic of the Russian Federation, province, regions, cities, Moscow and St. Petersburg, autonomous oblast, autonomous district;
dismissed from the organizations for any reason during the 12 months preceding commencement of unemployment, but did not have during this period 26 calendar weeks of paid work, first time job seekers (not previously worked), do not have a profession (specialty), as well as seeking to resume work after a long (over one year) break in the amount of the minimum wage.
Article 35. Termination, suspension of payment of the unemployment benefit, reducing its size 1. Unemployment benefits may be suspended or terminated, its size can be reduced by the employment services.
2. Payment of the unemployment benefit is terminated with a simultaneous withdrawal from registration as unemployed: recognition of citizen employed on the grounds provided for in article 2 of this law;
training, further training or retraining in the employment service bodies, with payment of a stipend;
long (over a month) the non-appearance of the unemployed in the employment service bodies without a good reason;
relocation of the unemployed in another locality;
attempts to receive or obtain unemployment benefits fraudulently;
the condemnation of the person receiving the unemployment benefit to punitive deduction of earnings without deprivation of liberty, as well as to the penalty of deprivation of liberty;
in accordance with the pension legislation of the Russian Federation of the old-age pension (old-age), based on seniority.
3. Unemployment benefits may be suspended for up to three months in the following cases: failure during unemployment from two options for suitable employment;
dismissal from the last place of work for labour discipline infringement and other responsible actions stipulated by the labour legislation of the Russian Federation, as well as citizen contributions aimed at employment services training, with places for fault;
violations of terms and conditions of the unemployed it re-registration as unemployed. Suspension of payment of unemployment benefits is made on the day following the day of the last appearance of the re-registration of unemployed persons;
abandonment of citizen education in employment service bodies.
The period for which unemployment compensation is suspended, is counted in the total period of the payment of the unemployment benefit and is not counted towards seniority.
4. the payment of unemployment benefits is not made in periods of temporary disability of the unemployed, as well as disability lasting more than 30 calendar days within a 12-month period of unemployment;
maternity leave;
the departure of the unemployed from their places of permanent residence in connection with training in the evening and extramural institutions professional education;
the recruitment of unemployed persons for military training, engaging in activities related to the preparation for military service, with the execution of public duties.
These periods are not included in the total period of payment of unemployment benefits and extend it.
5. the amount of the unemployment benefit can be reduced by 25 per cent for a period of up to one month in cases: failure to appear without good reason to negotiate on employment with the employer within three days from the date of the employment services;
failure to appear without good cause in employment service offices to obtain directions to work (study).
6. The decision to discontinue, suspend the payment of the unemployment benefit or reduce its size accepted employment services with the required notification of the unemployed.
Article 36. Material and assistance 1. Unemployed citizens who have lost their right to unemployment benefit in connection with the expiration of the established by the legislation of the Russian Federation concerning the employment period of its payment, as well as persons on the content of the unemployed, the employment services can be provided in the period of his unemployment, material and other assistance, including grants for the use of nursery school, shelter, utilities, public transport, health services and catering.
To persons on the table of contents of the unemployed include persons who have not attained 18 years of age (students-24 years) living in the unemployed citizen means having no independent sources of income, and with it related.

To persons on the table of contents of the unemployed are persons: scholarship, pension and unemployment benefits;
located on State maintenance (students of vocational schools, orphanages and children's homes);
students of special schools and children in orphanages, for content that guardians are not charged, as well as in boarding schools with full State support.
2. If necessary, the employment service offices can provide material assistance to citizens, aimed their vocational training, further training or retraining.
Article 37. Voluntary insurance in case of loss of job, citizens may enter into agreements with insurance companies a contract of voluntary insurance in case of loss of job. Order, the frequency and conditions of insurance are determined by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
(Repealed in part in the new edition of Chapter VII (articles 38, 39)-Federal Act of 31.12.2005. N 199-FZ), Article 2. The President of the Russian Federation and to entrust the Government of the Russian Federation to bring its legal acts in accordance with the law of the Russian Federation "on employment in the Russian Federation" (as amended by this federal law).
Article 3. This federal law shall enter into force on the day of its official publication.
The President of the Russian Federation, b. Yeltsin, Kremlin, Moscow April 20, 1996 N 36-FZ