About Communication

Original Language Title: О связи

Read the untranslated law here: http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?doc_itself=&infostr=x&backlink=1&fulltext=1&nd=102034279

Expired-the Federal law dated 07.07.2003 N 126-FZ (January 1, 2004 year) U.S.A. FEDERAL Communications Act passed by the State Duma of the year January 20, 1995 (text as amended by the federal laws of 06.01.99 N 8-FL;
from 17/07/99 N 176-FZ) this federal law establishes the legal basis for activities in the field of communications, under the jurisdiction of the Russian Federation (Federal Communications, hereinafter the communication), defines the powers of the public authorities to regulate such activities, as well as the rights and obligations of natural and legal persons involved in such activities or benefiting from the relationship.
To the federal context includes all network and construction of telecommunication and postal communications in the territory of the Russian Federation (except for industrial and technological networks).
Chapter i. General provisions article 1. Appointment of communications Communications is an integral part of the productive and social infrastructure of the Russian Federation and operates on its territory as an interconnected industrial-economic complex, designed to meet the needs of citizens, public authorities (management), defence, security, law enforcement in the Russian Federation, natural and legal persons in the services of telecommunication and postal communications.
Means of communication with computing technology make up the technical basis for the collection, processing, storage and dissemination of information.
Development and sustainable and quality work are essential conditions for the development of society and the State.
Article 2. Key terms used in the present Federal law for the purposes of this federal law, the following terms apply: telecommunications (telecommunications)-any transmission or reception of signs, signals, writing, images, sounds, by wire, radio, optical and other electromagnetic systems;
the postal service-the kind of connection that represents a single industrial-technological complex technical and transport facilities, providing reception, processing, shipment and delivery (delivery) mail, as well as the implementation of postal money transfers; (As amended by the Federal law of 17/07/99 N 176-FZ) telecommunication networks-technological systems that provide one or more types of gears: telephone, Telegraph, facsimile, data transfer and other types of documentary communications, including the exchange of information between computers, television, audio and other kinds of radio and wire broadcasting;
integrated network of communications of the Russian Federation-technologically complex conjugate of telecommunication networks on the territory of the Russian Federation, secured a common centralized management;
public telecommunication network-an integral part of the integrated network of communications of the Russian Federation, open for use by all natural and legal persons in the services that these persons cannot be denied;
departmental communication network-telecommunication network of ministries and other federal bodies of executive power, created to meet the industrial and special purpose bordering on public telecommunication network;
the in-house and technological communication network-telecommunication networks of federal executive bodies, enterprises, institutions and organizations that are created for internal control activities and processes that do not have an exit on the public network;
dedicated communications network-telecommunication networks of individuals and legal entities, landlocked on public telecommunication network;
enterprises, institutions and organizations of communication (hereinafter referred to as the company)-legal persons irrespective of their form of ownership, providing electrical services or postal services to physical and legal persons as the main activity;
State enterprise communications-enterprise communications relating to the objects of the federal property or property subject of the Russian Federation;
operator, natural or legal person entitled to provide the services to electrical or postal communications;
communication services-product activities for reception, processing, transmission and delivery of mail or telecommunications messages;
users of communication-natural and legal persons who are the consumers of telecommunication services;
license-a document setting out the powers of the natural and legal persons in accordance with this federal law and other legal acts for the implementation of activities in the field of communications;
certificate-a document certifying that a properly identified the equipment or service connection correspond to requirements of normative documents;
terminal equipment-connect to subscriber lines and in the use of technical means for subscribers to telecommunication signal generation for transmitting or receiving specified subscribers information on communication channels;
-the technical means used to form, process, transmit or receive messages or mail telecommunications;

postage-addressed written correspondence, parcels and direct mail containers. (As amended by the Federal law of 17/07/99 N 176-FZ), Article 3. The scope of this federal law this federal law applies to relationships related to the provision of services and work in the field of communications, in which participating public authorities, operators, individual officials, as well as users link.
With regard to communication operators outside of the Russian Federation and carrying out their activities in accordance with the laws of the foreign States, this federal law applies only to part of the settlement order provision of telecommunications services in the territory of the Russian Federation.
Article 4. The General Regulation in the field of communications this federal law defines basic provisions on communications in the Russian Federation.
Relations in the field of communication not regulated by this federal law, shall be regulated by other federal laws and other legal acts adopted in the Russian Federation, as well as the laws and other normative legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, within the limits of their powers.
Regulations and orders to regulate the management of communications networks, organizational and technical sustainability of networks, as well as the technical operation of communications issued by federal bodies of executive power in the sphere of communications, are mandatory for all natural and legal persons providing communication services or users, regardless of their location and forms of ownership.
Responsible for the overall management of communications in the country rests with the Government of the Russian Federation and authorized federal executive authorities in the field of communications.
Article 5. Principles for action in the field of communication Activities in the field of communication is carried out on the basis of: equal rights of individuals and legal entities to participate in activities in the field of communications and the use of its results;
combination of interests of the Russian Federation and constituent entities of the Russian Federation;
freedom pass messages across networks and telecommunications, mail and freedom of transit mail throughout the territory of the Russian Federation;
the interests of users of communication;
development of entrepreneurship and the restriction of monopolistic activities in the face of various forms of ownership in networks and communications;
ensure the reliability and manageability of network communication to a given its technological features on the basis of common standards on the territory of the Russian Federation, in accordance with the recommendations of the International Telecommunication Union and the Universal Postal Union;
ensure priority production of means of communication and the application in operation produced communications in the Russian Federation in accordance with the State scientific and technical policy; (As amended by the Federal law of 06.01.99 N 8-FL) introduction of world achievements in the field of communication, attracting and using foreign material and financial resources, advanced foreign technology and management expertise;
promotion of international cooperation in the field of communication and development of the world communications;
accountability and ownership of communications companies federal authorities;
the release of the federal bodies of executive power in the sphere of communications from business functions.
In accordance with article 56 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation and article 13 of the present Federal law during a State of emergency throughout the territory of the Russian Federation and in its separate areas in accordance with the procedure established by federal constitutional law, the action of the first and third paragraphs, the first part of this article may be limited.
CHAPTER II. NETWORK connection, article 6. Integrated network of communications of the Russian Federation Integrated network of communications of the Russian Federation is a technologically complex conjugate of public telecommunication networks and departmental telecommunications networks in the territory of the Russian Federation, secured a common centralized management regardless of affiliation and forms of ownership.
Development and improvement of the integrated network of communications of the Russian Federation taking into account technological unity of all telecommunication networks and facilities for their comprehensive utilization, efficiency and sustainability.
State in accordance with the federal programme for the development of integrated network of communications of the Russian Federation at the expense of the federal budget and the budgets of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation supports the enterprises of communication in the implementation of federal and regional programmes and activities to improve the reliability of integrated network of communications of the Russian Federation and the establishment of a standby reserve of communications equipment and cable products, ensuring the development of all types of networks that are members of the network.
Article 7. Public telecommunication network

Public telecommunication network as an integral part of the integrated network of communications of the Russian Federation intended to provide telecommunication services to all natural and legal persons on the territory of the Russian Federation and includes all telecommunication networks, which are under the jurisdiction of the Russian Federation, in addition to dedicated and departmental communication networks, regardless of their affiliation and forms of ownership. Responsibility for the operation and development of the public telecommunication networks rests with the federal bodies of executive power in the field of communications.
When building and equipment take into account public telecommunication networks the requirements of ensuring the reliability of the network under the influence on it of destabilizing factors.
Article 8. Departmental communication network, dedicated communications network of natural and legal persons Departmental communication network established and operated to ensure the production and special needs of federal bodies of executive power are their responsibility and exploited them. Departmental communication network can also be used to provide communication services rendered to population and other users with respect. Conjugation of departmental communication networks of public telecommunication network is carried out on a contractual basis, while ensuring the conformity of the technical means and communication structures of departmental networks of communication requirements and technical standards established for public telecommunication networks, and obtaining a license in accordance with the provisions of article 15 hereof.
The dedicated communication network on the territory of the Russian Federation can be created by any natural or legal persons, including foreign investors, having recognized legal status. On the provision of telecommunication services provided by the operators of dedicated networks extends licensing requirement in accordance with article 15 of the present Federal law.
When pairing selected networks with network public telecommunication network specified pass into the category of public telecommunication networks.
Order pairing of departmental and dedicated communication networks with public telecommunication network shall be established by the Government of the Russian Federation.
Article 9. Network management needs, defence, security and law enforcement in the Russian Federation Government communication is ensured by specially authorized bodies, determined by the President of the Russian Federation. These bodies provide specific types regard governmental bodies of the Russian Federation and the Organization, exercising within the limits of their powers, the preservation of State secrets. The rights and duties of the specified connection are determined by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
The link for the needs of Defense, security and law enforcement in the Russian Federation are protected by connection the relevant federal bodies of executive power. They have the right, without prejudice to the substantive activities use their network and communications for transmitting or receiving user connection for commercial purposes. In this case, the provision of communications services licensing requirement applies in accordance with article 15 of the present Federal law.
Channels of public telecommunication networks and departmental communication networks for the purposes of control, defence, security and law enforcement in the Russian Federation is granted on lease basis in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Procedure for the preparation and use of the public telecommunication networks for the needs of management, defense, security and law enforcement in the Russian Federation shall be determined by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Federal bodies of executive power bodies in the area of communications, connection, other federal bodies of executive power, telecom operators irrespective of their form of ownership, are obliged to ensure the priority provision of channels of communication for management needs, defence, security and law enforcement in the Russian Federation and to take immediate and urgent action to replace communication channels or their recovery in case of damage.
Article 10. Postal services the postal service, under the jurisdiction of the Russian Federation, is a single technological network of institutions and vehicles to ensure reception, processing, shipment and delivery of mail, transfer of funds, as well as organising on a contractual basis, forwarding, shipping and distribution of the periodical press, the delivery of pensions, allowances and other payments to the target destination.
Freedom of transit of postal items and mail is guaranteed throughout the territory of the Russian Federation.
Public communication (public postal service of special communication of the federal body of executive power conducting management activities in the field of telecommunications, and the Federal courier communications) form a network for the exchange of postal mail. (As amended by the Federal law of 17/07/99 N 176-FZ)

Postal activities in the Russian Federation and the Federal courier connection is governed by federal laws.
The postal service also include units fel'd'egersko-postal service of the Defense Ministry of the Russian Federation.
The State at the expense of the federal budget provides economic support to the development and functioning of the postal service, provides social protection for its workers.
Postal services can be provided by non-State enterprises of postal communication based on licenses issued in the prescribed manner.
CHAPTER III. MANAGEMENT in the field of communications, article 11. The system of federal bodies of executive power in the sphere of communications communications management is carried out in accordance with this federal law federal bodies of executive power in the sphere of communications, merged into a single system, in accordance with the established procedure. The bodies within the limits of their authority are responsible for the condition and development of all kinds of communication.
Structure and organization of activity of federal bodies of executive power in the field of communication shall be determined by the provisions, approved by the Government of the Russian Federation.
In order to execute this Federal Act, the purpose of the federal executive authorities in the areas of communications, within a single system, are: development of proposals on State policy in the field of communications and ensure its implementation, the General Regulation in the field of communications;
inter-branch coordination collectively functioning and development of telecommunications;
Organization and maintenance of State supervision and monitoring of activities in the field of communications;
development of proposals on State policy in the field of distribution and use of radio frequency spectrum and ensuring their implementation;
development of projects of development programmes in the field of postal services and to ensure their implementation.
Article 12. Regulate the use of radio frequency spectrum and orbital positions of communications satellites in regulating the use of the radio frequency spectrum and orbital positions of communications satellites is the exclusive right of the State.
Development and implementation of policies and procedures for the allocation of radio spectrum, efficient use of the radio frequency spectrum and orbital positions of communications satellites in accordance with the interests of the Russian Federation in accordance with international treaties and agreements of the Russian Federation provided by the Government of the Russian Federation.
To ensure the electromagnetic compatibility of radio facilities, the Government of the Russian Federation establishes the procedure for the allocation of radio frequencies, special conditions of development, design, construction, acquisition, use and importation from abroad of radio-electronic means and high-frequency devices, and also defines a series of measures to protect radio from industrial interference.
Means of communication, including for the purpose of broadcasting, and other technical means, which are sources of electromagnetic radiation, are subject to registration in accordance with the procedure established by the Government of the Russian Federation.
Frequency attribution of enterprises can be changed in the interest of public administration, defence, security and law enforcement in the Russian Federation with regard to enterprises in compensation damages associated with the move to other frequencies.
Article 13. Network management communications in emergencies and in situations of Emergency Management emergency communications networks in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation, federal bodies of executive power in the field of communications, in collaboration with the centres communication control of governmental bodies, the armed forces of the Russian Federation, federal bodies of executive power in the field of civil defence, emergencies and elimination of consequences of natural disasters, as well as other federal bodies of executive power responsible for departmental communications network.
During disasters, quarantines and other emergency situations, stipulated by the legislation of the Russian Federation, authorized State bodies have the right to priority use, as well as the suspension of the activities of any telecommunications networks and facilities regardless of affiliation and forms of ownership.
In order to coordinate efforts for the Elimination of the circumstances giving rise to the Declaration of a State of emergency, in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation on the State of emergency can be formed ad hoc provisional bodies links, which are wholly or partially matching the powers of federal executive authorities in the areas of communications and liaison bodies of constituent entities of the Russian Federation on the territory of the State of emergency.
Losses incurred by non-State enterprises in connection with the use of telecommunications networks and facilities of these companies in the cases referred to in paragraph 2 of this article, shall be reimbursed at the expense of the respective budgets.

Article 14. Interaction of enterprises of connection with bodies which are carrying out investigative activities communication enterprises, telecom operators, irrespective of affiliation and forms of ownership, operating in the territory of the Russian Federation, in the design, construction and operation of communication networks are obliged in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation to cooperate and offer authorities involved in investigative activities, the possibility of carrying out of operatively-search actions in communication networks, to take measures to prevent the disclosure of organizational and tactical techniques of carrying out these activities.
In the case of the use of telecommunications for criminal purposes prejudicial to the interests of the individual, society and the State, authorized State bodies in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation shall have the right to suspend the operation of any telecommunications networks and facilities regardless of affiliation and forms of ownership.
Article 15. Licensing of activities in the field of communication Activities of natural and legal persons associated with the provision of communications services is carried out on the basis of duly obtained and executed a license for that purpose in accordance with this federal law.
Types and validity periods of licences, the conditions of their issuance, suspension or termination, as well as other licensing issues are governed by the laws of the Russian Federation.
Issuing, changing conditions, or the extension of licences for activities in the field of communications, as well as termination of the licenses of the Ministry of communications of the Russian Federation are made in accordance with this federal law and regulation on licensing in the field of communications, approved by the Government of the Russian Federation.
Licensing of activity in the field of communication for the purpose of broadcasting, as well as assigning the frequencies listed frequencies used and planned to use for broadcasting purposes shall be based on broadcast licenses without competition Ministry of communications of the Russian Federation in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation on the application of physical and legal persons owning, using and communication managers, used for broadcasting purposes or have the intention to join the ownership, use and management of means of communication used for the purposes of broadcasting.
Licenses are not required in cases where the network has in-plant or technological appointment;
used to provide communication services exclusively for the needs of management, defense, security and law enforcement in the Russian Federation, referred to in article 9 hereof;
concentrated in one complex of premises or more complexes adjacent to each other, either installed on the vehicle, vessel, aircraft or other mode of transport.
License or any rights granted may be transferred in whole or in part by one legal entity to another entity only after receiving the last of the new license.
Natural and legal persons engaged in the field of telecommunications without licence or in violation of the procedures for its use, responsibility, established by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Misconduct by the Federal Executive Body in the field of communications on licensing activities in the field of communications may be appealed in a court or arbitral tribunal.
Article 16. Certification of telecomunication means and all means of communication used in the integrated network of communications of the Russian Federation shall be subject to compulsory verification (certification) for compliance with established standards, other standards and technical requirements.
Certification may also be subject to communication services provided by the public telecommunication networks.
Certification of communication facilities in the Russian Federation is the Federal Executive Body in the field of communication by authorized testing centres (laboratories), accredited in accordance with the established procedure in the federal executive authorities in the field of standardization, metrology and certification.
Upon completion of the certification procedure for each sample means of communication by the Federal Executive Body in the field of communications issued certificate of established sample.
The order of carrying out of certification is determined by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Guilty of violating the rules of certification of telecomunication means and responsibility established by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Chapter IV. BASICS of ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES in the field of communications, article 17. Ownership of network and communications equipment on the territory of the Russian Federation communication enterprises are established and operate on the basis of the unity of the economic space, diversity of ownership and competition.

Network and communications equipment in the Russian Federation may be federal property, property of subjects of the Russian Federation, municipal property, as well as the property of individuals and legal entities acting as operators, including foreign organizations and foreign nationals.
List of networks and means of communication that can only exist in federal property is determined by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 18. Changing the ownership of network and communication network ownership Change and communication, are federal property, is made in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Foreign investors can take part in privatization of State and municipal enterprises of connection in accordance with the conditions prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Changing the ownership of network and communication is allowed provided that such a change does not violate the technological mode of functioning communication networks, as well as the rights of natural and juridical persons to use the services of communications.
Article 19. Investment in the development of communications and financing its activities, investments in development of communications are carried out in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation on investment activity.
Decision on public investment in development of communications in the Russian Federation at the expense of the federal budget are made based on federal government programs of development of communication in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Federal Government program of development of communication are developed by federal bodies of executive power in the sphere of communications, taking into account the suggestions of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and confirmed by the Government of the Russian Federation.
State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and bodies of local self-government on the basis of socio-economic development plans of the respective territories determine the direction and develop the programme of investment in the development of communications carried out at the expense of the respective budgets.
Funding for communication activities at the expense of the federal budget is carried out on the basis of Federal Government communications and development programmes provided for in the federal budget on a separate line.
The cost of communication activities to the needs of Defense, security and law enforcement in the Russian Federation provides for in the federal budget, consisting of expenditures, respectively, on defence, security, law enforcement.
Natural and legal persons involved in the implementation of projects for the development and maintenance of a connection may, in the prescribed manner be given guarantees, soft loans, tax and other privileges.
Foreign investment in communications can be guaranteed in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation on foreign investments.
Article 20. Competition in the areas of communications, federal bodies of executive power in the sphere of communications, together with the federal bodies of executive power in the field of antimonopoly policy and support new economic structures, to promote and maintain fair competition in the provision of communication services through the application of normative documents and the fulfilment of the conditions of licensing in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Operators bear the established by the legislation of the Russian Federation responsible for the abuse or permitting any other action, preventing competition or restrict it.
Article 21. Tariffs for communication services tariffs for communication services are established on a contractual basis.
In cases stipulated by the legislation of the Russian Federation, for certain types of communications services provided by communication enterprises, rates may be regulated by the State.
Call emergency services (fire, police, ambulance, emergency gas service, mountain rescue service, and others), all natural and legal persons is free of charge.
Interconnection fees are established on the basis of contracts, terms and conditions agreed between the relevant communication enterprises. Disputes on these issues are dealt with by a court or arbitral tribunal.
Chapter v. RELATIONS COMMUNICATION ENTERPRISES, State authorities, LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENT BODIES, enterprises and organizations Article 22. Relationship communication enterprises, public authorities and local self-government bodies at the design and development of cities and other human settlements, residential areas and systems of individual buildings and constructions of bodies of architecture and urban planning and design organizations are required to provide in accordance with the regulations in the construction of buildings for enterprise communications.

In the design and construction of buildings and structures in case of need, in accordance with the regulations to accommodate communications provides separate premises.
State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and local government authorities are required to provide enterprises regard to rent separate rooms in existing (or built) residential or other buildings, relevant technological standards, in the manner determined by the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
Communications workers working and residing in rural areas, local governments are provided accommodation, fuel, land and other lands, and other social benefits established for employees of agricultural enterprises in the area.
Article 23. Land use in the development of communications networks to link land include land, rendered in the prescribed manner to the property or transferred their owners in permanent or urgent use, including rent, natural and legal persons engaged in providing telecommunications services.
The order of granting of lot lands, the establishment of security zones and create firebreaks, modes of their use are determined by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Upon cessation of activities in the field of communications of persons referred to in paragraph 1 of this article, the cessation of land rights is effected on the grounds and in the manner established by the land legislation.
Landholdings, including security zones and firebreaks provided by the persons referred to in paragraph 1 of this article shall be determined in accordance with the rules of land allocation for this activity and project design document, approved in the prescribed manner.
Natural and legal persons referred to in paragraph 1 of this article, in accordance with established procedure the right to carry out the construction of buildings and structures of communication provided land for these purposes, as well as use in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation located on them real estate. These persons may also build communication structures on roofs, pillar supports, bridges, reservoirs, tunnels, underground railways and other engineering installations, as well as to establish and maintain communications in consultation with landowners, land users, including tenants, these plots of land, buildings or structures. Owners, land users, including tenants, have the right to refuse communication enterprises in the production of the above mentioned works only on the grounds provided by laws and other legal acts adopted in the Russian Federation. In the event of a dispute issue can be resolved in a Court of law or arbitration.
Migrate or rebuild communication structures caused by new construction, expansion, reconstruction of human settlements and buildings, roads and bridges, exploration of new lands, reconstruction of melioration systems, mining, manufactured building at his own expense in accordance with the standards and specifications of the owners or users of networks and communications. Increasing the capacity of means of communication is carried out by the enterprises of connection.
Upon completion of the work on the land, building or construction of enterprise communication or the customer at their own expense, have the obligation to bring the land, building or structure in original condition or reimburse the owner, lessee or zemlepol'zovatelju damages.
In case of withdrawal land or restricted rights offensive foreign land and other real estate (easement) when carrying out design work redemption price, as well as the fee for the use of land and other real property are installed in the order specified by legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 24. Protection means, communication structures, the radio-frequency spectrum and orbital positions of communications satellites Means, structures of communication, radio frequency spectrum and orbital position communications satellites are protected by the State.
Order of protection means, communication structures and radio spectrum shall be established by the Government of the Russian Federation.
In order to protect the established procedure for the use of radio frequency spectrum and orbital positions of communications satellites by the legislation of the Russian Federation may establish restrictions on the manufacture and import into the Russian Federation of radioelectronic facilities that create denormalized interference operation of electromagnetic systems.

Natural and legal persons involved in damage to assets, communication structures, unauthorized connection to networks and communication, violations of the established procedure for the manufacture, acquisition, importation, use and registration of radio-electronic means and high-frequency devices, use of frequencies for the operation of radio-electronic means and high-frequency devices all appointments, as well as creating denormalized harmful interference to radio or television reception, bear responsibility in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation, including reimbursement of possible expenses for damage repair and reparation enterprises due to loss of profits.
Article 25. Elimination of consequences of accidents on communication networks the Elimination of consequences of accidents on networks is carried out by the relevant government departments involving telecommunication operators.
Federal bodies of executive power, bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, as well as local authorities immediately render enterprises regard assistance in eliminating the consequences of accidents on communication networks, providing if necessary manpower, vehicles and other means of post-paid at the expense of the relevant communication enterprises, and by a decision of the public authorities-at the expense of the respective budgets.
Work to eliminate the consequences of accidents on networks does not require the consent of the owner (tenant) of the land, building or structure where means of communication. Damages caused to the owner (owner, tenant) shall be compensated at the expense of the relevant business relation. Enterprise communications, vozmestivshee loss may produce regress requirements to the person causing the damage.
Work to eliminate the consequences of accidents on networks include the rehabilitation and reconstruction of the means of communication, have suffered as a result of accidents, as well as the necessary environmental measures.
Compensation for operators, other individuals and legal entities for loss resulting from accidents on the networks, at the expense of the insurance funds or the person who has caused harm.
By the decision of the federal bodies of executive power, bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation or local authorities for compensation for operators, other individuals and legal entities for loss resulting from incidents on communications networks, may also be carried out at the expense of the respective budgets.
Article 26. The use of vehicles of postal Enterprises shall be entitled on a contractual basis to carry mail on all routes and lines of railway, sea, River, air and road transport, accompanied by postal workers or pass it on to the carriage under the responsibility of the transport organizations.
No transportation company shall refuse conclusion of contract for the carriage of mail by regular domestic and international routes, adherence to its vehicles.
In the production of urgent emergency engineering works to restore damaged networks and communications vehicles available to enterprises regard the owners of vehicles out of turn.
Vehicles belonging to enterprises may have special symbols and without the consent of the enterprises of connection cannot be used to provide services and to perform work relating to activities in the field of communications.
CHAPTER VI. USER RIGHTS Article 27. The right to the use of telephones all users connection to the territory of the Russian Federation on equal terms, have the right to send messages across networks of telecommunication and postal communications.
No user connection, on the territory of the Russian Federation may not be denied access to public telecommunication networks.
Users and operators have the right to connect to public telecommunication networks of their communication networks and terminal equipment in accordance with the established by the Government of the Russian Federation the connection conditions which are issued by the respective operators or stipulated in the licence.
You can connect to networks only certified in the prescribed manner.
Article 28. Quality telecommunications services operators are obliged to provide users relevant communications services on quality standards, technical standards, certificates, terms of the contract on the provision of telecommunications services.
Article 29. Priority use of telephones and communications network owners should provide absolute priority to all messages relating to the safety of life at sea, land, air, outer space, urgent actions in the areas of defence, security and law enforcement in the Russian Federation, as well as reports of major accidents, catastrophes, epidemics, epizootics and natural disasters.
Article 30. Benefits and advantages when using communication

For certain categories of public officials, diplomatic and consular representatives of foreign countries, representatives of international organizations, as well as individual citizens ' groups when using electrical and postal service may establish benefits and advantages in part the order of precedence of use and amount of payment for communication services.
The list of benefits, as well as officials and citizens who are entitled to benefits is determined by the legislation of the Russian Federation and the normative legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, as well as international treaties and agreements of the Russian Federation.
In granting benefits to pay for communication services in accordance with this federal law or other legal acts adopted in the Russian Federation, as well as regulatory legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation the reimbursement of lost earnings link enterprise is made at the expense of the federal budget or the budget of the relevant constituent entity of the Russian Federation.
In other cases, when granting benefits to pay for communication services reimbursement of lost income due company produced a natural or legal person who benefits at its own expense.
The procedure for compensation of public enterprises communication shortfall as a result of the application of benefits and regulated public revenue tariffs is determined by the Government of the Russian Federation and the State bodies of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
Article 31. Protection of the rights of the users due rights Protection of users due to the provision of services of telecommunication and postal communications quality, obtaining information about such services and their perpetrators, as well as the mechanism of realization of these rights shall be governed by the laws of the Russian Federation.
Normative legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation regulating relations in the field of communications, in accordance with the powers of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, cannot restrict the rights of users of the links established by the relevant federal laws.
Article 32. Secret connection, confidentiality of correspondence, telephone conversations, mail, Telegraph and other messages sent over networks of telecommunication and postal communications, protected by the Constitution of the Russian Federation.
All operators are obliged to enforce the secrecy of communication.
Information about mail and transmitted over the telecommunications networks, as well as messages they send and the message may be issued only to senders and recipients or their legal representatives.
Wiretapping, telecommunication messages, delay, inspection and seizure of mail and correspondence, obtaining information about it, as well as other restrictions on the secrecy of communication is permitted only on the basis of a judicial decision.
Officials and other persons, workers who regard violation of these provisions shall bear responsibility in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 33. The safety of the mail and other deliveries operators are responsible for the safety of the accepted mail and other deliveries, delivery them to their destination within the prescribed time-limits.
List of items prohibited in the mail, is established by the Government of the Russian Federation.
State-owned enterprises have the right to withdraw postal mailings, content which is prohibited to transfer, as well as destroy or allow deleting mail, the contents of which poses a risk to the health and lives of postal employees or third parties, if this danger cannot be eliminated by other means.
Article 34. Mail with a declared value, the sender mail may announce its value within the value of the investments.
In the event of loss or damage to mail with a declared value operator shall compensate for the damage to the sender in accordance with legislation of the Russian Federation.
CHAPTER VII. DETAILS of PROVISION of TELECOMMUNICATION SERVICES, article 35. Use of languages and alphabets in the activities of communication enterprises throughout the territory of the Russian Federation on networks of telecommunication and postal communications service paperwork is carried out in the Russian language as the State language of the Russian Federation.
The addresses of the sender and receiver of telegrams and parcels sent within the Russian Federation, should be in Russian, and the addresses of the sender and the receiver of telegrams and parcels sent within the territories of the republics within the Russian Federation, may be made out in the official language of the respective Republic within the Russian Federation subject to the repetition of the sender and recipient addresses in Russian.
The text of the telegram must be written in Russian or Latin alphabet letters in any language.
International messages transmitted by telecommunication and postal communications are handled in the language defined by the provisions of international treaties and agreements of the Russian Federation.
Article 36. Accounting and reporting in the field of communication

Activities in the field of communications in the technological processes of transmitting or receiving of messages and information on the enterprises of connection regardless of their location in the territory of the Russian Federation applies a single accounting and reporting time-Moscow.
In the international context, the accounting and reporting time is determined by international treaties of the Russian Federation.
CHAPTER VIII. RESPONSIBILITY for ACTIVITIES in the field of communications, article 37. Responsibility for activities in the field of communications, federal bodies of executive power, bodies of executive power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, bodies of local self-government, as well as natural and juridical persons engaged in implementing activities in the field of communications of violation of this federal law, other federal laws and other legal acts adopted in the Russian Federation shall bear responsibility in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Telecom operators are liable for the loss, damage valuable postage, mail attachment loss in the amount of the declared value, the distortion of the text of the telegram, changed its meaning, not delivering telegrams or handing out telegrams to the addressee on the expiry 12:00 am since its filing in the amount as a telegram fee (except for telegrams addressed to locations that do not have).
The amount of liability for nonperformance or improper performance of public enterprises of postal communication responsibilities for sending or delivering other registered postage is determined by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
If there is a violation of the user connection, the rules for the operation of telecommunications network terminal equipment used on non-certified network equipment, as well as with the untimely payment of telecommunication services operator has the right to suspend a user's access connection to telecommunications network to address the deficiencies, except as provided in article 29 of this federal law, with compensation to the user context operator revenue losses and compensation for the injury caused by the operator due to damage or downtime.
Employees of State-owned enterprises regard bear material responsibility before their businesses due for loss or delay the delivery of all kinds of postal and telegraphic communications, loss or damage to mail attachments admitted (occurred) through no fault of their own, in the amount of liability incurred by the company due to the consumer if a measure of responsibility does not provide for the relevant federal law.
Operator shall not be liable for nonperformance or improper performance of obligations to transfer or receive messages either by sending or delivering mail, if it is proved that such non-fulfillment or improper fulfillment of obligations occurred due to the fault of the user connection or due to force majeure.
Article 38. The order of presentation of the claims and lawsuits If non-performance or improper performance of obligations in the provision of telecommunications services or the execution of works in the field of communication, the user shall have the right to make a communication operator providing services or performing the work, the claim, including the claim for damages.
The claim shall be presented in writing and are subject to mandatory registration in the prescribed manner.
The claims shall be presented as follows: claims related to the failure to deliver, late or defective provision of communication or failure to perform or improper performance of work in the field of telecommunications (except for claims under the wire communications), within six months;
for claims involving the non-delivery, delayed delivery, damaged or lost mail, within six months;
for claims involving the non-delivery, delayed delivery or distortion of the Telegraph administration, within a month.
Written responses to the claims must be given in the following terms: the claims set out in paragraph 1 of section 3 of this article, within two months;
on all types of out-of-town mail within two months;
for local mail within five days;
on the wire-departures during the month.
The claims associated with the subscription and delivery of newspapers, magazines and other periodicals, the timing of claims and consideration make up year for legal entities. Time limits for individuals to make claims on specified grounds are determined by the legislation of the Russian Federation on the protection of consumers ' rights.
Rejecting the claim in whole or in part or a lack of reply within the prescribed time frame for its consideration, the applicant has the right to sue in a court or arbitral tribunal.

Claims related to the administration or receiving postal or telegraphic communications may be presented as operator, taking the post or telegraph administration and operator at your destination departure.
Article 39. Reparations reparation for the injury caused by activities in the area of communications, produced voluntarily or by decision of a court or arbitral tribunal, in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
CHAPTER IX. DISPUTE RESOLUTION on activities in the field of communications, article 40. Dispute resolution in carrying out activities in the field of telecommunications disputes arising from the implementation of activities in the field of business communication, as well as communication between users and communication enterprises shall be settled in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
When undertaking communications urgent works on restoration of communication structures located on agricultural land or other land, not having status of land communications, if the owner (owner of the lessee) of land and enterprise communications have not agreed on the amount of the compensable injury or if the owner (owner, renter) refused to participate in the drafting of the Act, these circumstances cannot constitute an obstacle to recovery and do not relieve the owner of communication structures of reparation.
Article 41. Dispute resolution when using international networks Disputes on communication activities between communication enterprises located on the territory of the Russian Federation and the territories of foreign States shall be settled in the manner prescribed by the respective international treaties and agreements of the Russian Federation.
Chapter x. INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION Article 42. International cooperation Russian Federation promotes international cooperation in the field of communications, as well as solve problems of legal regulation of activities in the field of communications.
International cooperation in the field of communications is based on international treaties and agreements of the Russian Federation.
In international activities in the field of communications, the federal body of executive power in the sphere of Communications serves as a liaison and administration within the limits of the powers conferred by international treaty, represents and defends the interests of the Russian Federation in the field of telecommunication and postal communications when interacting with the administrations of other countries and international organizations, as well as coordinating international activities in the field of communications carried out by all natural and legal persons of the Russian Federation.
Foreign organizations or citizens engaged in activities in the field of communications in the territory of the Russian Federation shall enjoy the legal regime established for natural and legal persons in the Russian Federation, to the extent specified mode is provided by the State to individuals and legal entities of the Russian Federation.
Article 43. The law applicable to international cooperation in the field of communication, natural and legal persons of the Russian Federation participating in international projects in the field of communication, enter into contracts with foreign organisations and citizens in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation, if these instruments are not provided for the application of the law of another State.
CHAPTER XI. The entry into force of THIS FEDERAL LAW Article 44. The entry into force of this federal law this federal law shall enter into force on the day of its official publication.
The President of the Russian Federation, b. Yeltsin, Kremlin, Moscow, N 15 February 16, 1995-FZ