About The Postal Service

Original Language Title: О почтовой связи

Read the untranslated law here: http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?doc_itself=&infostr=x&backlink=1&fulltext=1&nd=102037003

Expired-the Federal law of 17/07/99 N 176-FZ RUSSIAN FEDERATION Federal Act on postal services adopted by the State Duma on July 5, 1995 onwards this federal law establishes a basis for State regulation of activities in the area of postal services in the Russian Federation, the rights and obligations of the State authorities of the Russian Federation, bodies of State power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, bodies of local self-government, other actors in the field of postal services as well as regulates legal relations arising between postal organizations and users of postal services.
This federal law is aimed at ensuring the constitutional rights of citizens of the Russian Federation on the transfer, receive and disseminate information.
Chapter i. General provisions article 1. Basic concepts for the purposes of this federal law, the following terms apply: postal service-reception, processing, shipment and delivery of mail, as well as postal and telegraphic transfers; the postal service General use is an integral part of a unified postal service of the Russian Federation, which is open for use by all citizens (natural persons) and legal persons and the services which these individuals may not be denied;
international postal exchange of mail between postal organizations under the jurisdiction of different States;
postal Organization-legal persons irrespective of their organizational-legal forms and forms of ownership, performing as principal activity the provision of postal services; postal objects-subdivisions postal organizations (post offices, post offices, prizheleznodorozhnye branch of post transportation in railway stations and airports, post offices, postal service, postal offices, postal items and others);
postal network-a set of postal service and postal routes;
postal service tools-equipment and transport postal services used to provide postal services;
mail-local and nonresident letters and postcards, parcels and small packages, parcels, post containers, publications in appropriate packaging;
written correspondence-mail in the form of ordinary and registered letters, postal cards, parcels and small packages;
distribution of publications-subscription intake, processing orders for publications, forwarding, transport and delivery of publications;
zip code-conditional numeric designation of the postal address to assign to the object of the postal service, reception and delivery of postal items;
public signs of postage-stamps and other signs, affixed postage and confirming payment of postal services;
nominal thing-a device for drawing on documents and postage stamps with the designation of the object names, dates of admission and delivery of postal items;
secret connection-the confidentiality of correspondence, telephone conversations, postal, Telegraph and other communications;
mailbox-mailbox installed shapes and sizes designed to collect letters and postcards;
Subscriber postal special wardrobe cabinet with drawers installed in homes, as well as the hard site in the countryside to get recipients of mailings;
mail cabinet wardrobe-special stronghold, designed for temporary storage of mail at the hard site, or to obtain the addressee's mail;
postal services-product activities for reception, processing, shipment and delivery of mail, postal and telegraphic transfers;
universal services-postal services for receiving, processing, transport and delivery of written correspondence, postal and telegraphic transfers; rates for these services shall be governed by the laws of the Russian Federation.
Article 2. Appointment of postal services postal services in the Russian Federation by State enterprises and institutions, as well as in other postal organizations and is intended to provide postal services to citizens, bodies of State power of the Russian Federation, bodies of State power of constituent entities of the Russian Federation, local self-government bodies, legal persons.
Article 3. The legislation of the Russian Federation on postal relations in the field of postal services in the Russian Federation are regulated by this federal law, the Federal law "on communication", other federal laws and legal acts of the Russian Federation, laws and other normative legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, within their mandates, as well as international treaties of the Russian Federation.

Legal acts on the issues of technical-organizational sustainability of the postal networks, as well as on the maintenance of postal communication, issued in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation authorized federal executive body in the field of postal services, are mandatory for all postal organizations under the jurisdiction of the Russian Federation.
Article 4. Types of postal services in the Russian Federation in the Russian Federation Act: public postal service carried out by State-owned enterprises and institutions, as well as other organizations of postal connection;
the special relationship the Federal Executive Body in the field of communications;
the Federal courier communications;
fel'd'egersko-postal services of the federal body of executive power in the area of defence.
Article 5. Management of the postal service management in public enterprises and institutions, property which is federal property, carried out by the authorized federal body of executive power in the field of postal services-federal service of postal communication.
The Federal postal service enters into a unified system of federal bodies of executive power in the sphere of communication and shall have the right to establish their territorial bodies.
State-owned enterprises and postal agencies, created on the basis of property held in federal ownership, are organizations of the Federal postal service.
The Federal postal service provides implementation of State policy in the field of postal services and is responsible for the regulation of postal organizations in the Russian Federation.
Legal status of the Federal postal service is defined by the President of the Russian Federation.
The position of the Federal postal service is approved by the Government of the Russian Federation.
Article 6. Principles of the postal activities in the field of postal services in the Russian Federation is based on: the rule of law;
accessibility of postal services for all natural and legal persons;
respect for the rights and interests of users of postal services;
the freedom of transit of postal items and mail throughout the territory of the Russian Federation;
equality of rights of citizens (natural persons) and legal entities to participate in activities in the field of postal services and the use of its results, with the exception of the provision of universal postal services;
respect for the rights of users of postal services to the secrecy of communication;
Regulation of postal activities under a single postal territory under the jurisdiction of the Russian Federation;
postal network sustainability and manageability;
Unity standards, as well as other requirements of technical and economic policy in the field of postal communications throughout the Russian Federation.
Article 7. Guarantee the availability and quality of Basic postal services guarantees the availability and quality of postal services are: the provision of postal services within the territory of the Russian Federation with equal rights of access to postal services for general use for all users of postal services;
the work of organizations of the Federal postal service, agreed with local authorities and user-friendly postal services;
ensure adequate quality of the postal organizations of postal services customized for users of postal services;
the maintenance and development of the Federal service of postal communication.
Article 8. The exclusive rights of the Federal postal service Federal postal service is granted exclusive rights to issue State philatelic and postal code assignment of postal objects on the territory of the Russian Federation, as well as the manufacture and use of nominal things for organizations of the Federal service of postal communication.
The Federal postal service installs samples, dignity and validity of State philatelic items, determines their circulations and themes, organizing the publication and distribution of State philatelic items.
Article 9. Universal postal services postal service provides on the territory of the Russian Federation providing their organizations of universal postal services.
Article 10. The contractual postal services.

The Organization of the Federal postal service deliver on a contractual basis, receiving, processing, shipment and delivery of parcels, mail containers, distributing publications, delivery and payment of pensions, allowances and other payments to the special purpose, provide telephone and reception services and the transmission of telegraphic messages, implement securities, receipt and collection of cash proceeds, admission fees for public services and perform other activities allowed by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Postal organizations is carried out on the basis of licenses. License for carrying out activities in the area of postal services, as well as certificates and postal services are issued by the Federal Executive Body in the field of communications, in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 11. Network management of postal communication in emergencies network management of postal communication in emergency situations shall be conducted in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation Federal Executive Body in the field of communications, in collaboration with the Federal service of postal communication control centres, government bodies, the armed forces of the Russian Federation, federal bodies of executive power in the field of civil defence, emergencies and elimination of consequences of natural disasters, as well as other federal bodies of executive power in charge of postal communication tools.
State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and bodies of local self-government shall assist organizations of the Federal service of postal communication in the aftermath of emergencies.
CHAPTER II. BASICS of ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES in the field of postal connection, article 12. The property of the postal service postal Funds in the Russian Federation may be federal property, property of subjects of the Russian Federation, municipal property and property of legal persons.
Postal organizations regardless of their organizational and legal forms and forms of ownership provided postal objects, land, roads and other assets, property and non-property rights in the property, rent, economic management or operative management in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
The property of State enterprises and establishments of the Federal postal service, including the postal service and postal communication tools is federal property and not subject to privatization.
Property organizations of the Federal postal service, located in federal property, owned by such organizations on the basis of agreements on the right of economic conducting or operative management or lease agreements concluded by the organizations of the Federal Executive authority for the management of State property or its territorial bodies in accordance with the civil legislation of the Russian Federation.
In order to implement the provision of postal services postal organization can use on a contractual basis property of natural and legal persons.
Article 13. State support of the postal service the State provides organizations the Federal postal service financial support through: capital investments in the creation and development of industrial, transport and social infrastructure of postal connection;
providing financial and logistical assistance for the development and functioning of postal connection;
provide, in the prescribed manner of soft loans, tax and other benefits.
Specific measures for financial, logistical and other economic support activities in the field of postal communications are established by the legislation of the Russian Federation, laws and other normative legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
In some cases, the State may provide financial support to other postal organizations.
Article 14. Financing of the activities of the organizations of the Federal postal service financing of activities of the organizations of the Federal postal service is implemented through: income derived from the provision of postal services by the organizations of the Federal postal service;
the federal budget;
funds received from other legally permitted activities, as well as from the contractual services provided for in this federal law.
Article 15. Investment activity in the field of postal communication investing in the development of postal services are carried out in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation on investment activity.
Decision on public investment in the development of the postal service are made on the basis of Federal programs for the development of postal services in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation.

Federal programs in the field of postal services being developed by the Federal postal service, taking into account the suggestions of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and confirmed by the Government of the Russian Federation.
Article 16. Antimonopoly Policy in the field of postal communication activities in the field of postal services on the territory of the Russian Federation shall be exercised in accordance with the policy of demonopolization and development of competition.
Postal organization occupying a dominant position on the market of postal services, with the exception of the provision of universal services, and committing acts that have or may have as their result the significant restriction of competition, abuse of other natural and legal persons, creating and maintaining a deficit of postal services or raising tariffs on them, shall be liable in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
This responsibility is incurred for: retirement funds of postal connection;
unwarranted termination of postal services;
the conclusion of treaties on the delimitation of the market of postal services or restriction of competition;
creating other obstacles to expanding the market for postal services.
The Federal Executive Body in the field of communications, Federal postal service in collaboration with the Federal competition authority shall promote and support fair competition in the provision of postal services in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 17. Tariffs for postal services tariffs for the services provided by postal organizations are established on a contractual basis.
Tariffs for universal postal services shall be governed by the laws of the Russian Federation.
The order of reimbursement of postal organizations income lost as a result of controlled and feed-in tariff is determined by the Government of the Russian Federation.
State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation may install regulated and reduced rates for the reimbursement of lost earnings of postal service organizations at the expense of the respective budgets of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
CHAPTER III. RELATIONSHIP POSTAL ORGANIZATIONS and STATE AUTHORITIES of the CONSTITUENT ENTITIES of the RUSSIAN Federation, bodies of local self-government.
RELATIONSHIP POSTAL ORGANIZATIONS and other organizations Article 18. The placement of the postal service, the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and bodies of local self-government shall assist postal organizations and their employees in the provision of postal services.
The design and development of cities and other human settlements, residential districts and complexes, buildings, structures, including homes, bodies of State power of constituent entities of the Russian Federation are required to provide in accordance with the regulations in the construction of buildings to accommodate the postal service.
State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and local government authorities are required to provide postal organizations to rent separate rooms in existing (or built) residential or other buildings, relevant technological standards, in the manner determined by the State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
Postal organizations are entitled to accommodation of mail service objects according to technological norms with the car, railway stations, airports, sea and river ports and harbours.
Land plot for construction of buildings and structures for prizheleznodorozhnyh post offices, offices of auto-mail transportation, railway stations, airports, sea and river ports and wharves must be given in the immediate vicinity of the station, and buildings under construction of urban post offices and postal communication nodes in the central part of the city, ensuring conditions for the exchange of mail delivered cars, postal cars, planes, ships and river boats.
Subscriber mail cabinets are installed on the first floors of multi-storey houses building organizations. The cost of acquiring and installing subscriber mail cabinets are included in estimates of the construction of these houses. Maintenance of user's mail cabinets housing maintenance organizations is carried out, the owner or owners of the houses.
Mail delivery organizations located in multi-storey buildings, is carried out in the mail cabinets strongholds established by these organizations on the ground floors of buildings. Installation and maintenance of such cabinets are carried out by the recipients of the mail.
The Organization of the Federal postal service have the right to place mailboxes on the walls of residential and administrative buildings, in other places convenient to collect letters and postcards.
Article 19. Postal organizations guarantees the State implements social protection for employees of organizations of the Federal postal service.

Labour relations, including guarantees and workers ' compensation Federal postal services shall be governed by the laws of the Russian Federation, normative legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, as well as international treaties of the Russian Federation.
It organizations of the Federal postal service in the performance of their duties are entitled to free travel on all kinds of urban passenger transport (except taxis) and in rural areas also in road public transport (except taxis) commuter and intercity. Reimbursement for these purposes is made at the expense of the organizations of the Federal postal service.
The executive bodies of the subjects of the Russian Federation and bodies of local self-government gives organizations the Federal postal service office accommodation.
Benefits to employees of institutions of the Federal postal service, working and living in rural areas, are provided in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 20. The use of vehicles for the carriage of postal items postal Organizations are entitled to conditions of contract to carry the mail on all routes and lines of road, rail, air, sea and river transport, accompanied by postal workers or transfer specified departure for carriage under the responsibility of the transport organizations.
No transport organization cannot refuse a contract for the carriage of mail on a regular domestic and international routes, route its vehicles, if the proposed terms and conditions of the contract shall not entail loss of transport organization.
The Federal Executive Body in the field of railway transport in accordance with the Treaty arranges another postal-baggage trains, includes postal and express trains of carriages of passenger trains and ensures receipt of mail trains of wagons to the platforms, convenient for loading and unloading.
Vehicles of organizations of the Federal postal service have decals-white diagonal stripe and the inscription "pochta". These vehicles have the right of unimpeded travel on all the streets of the settlements and the roads of the Russian Federation, as well as refuel fuel out of queue along with cars operational and special services.
The carriage of postal items, as well as accompanying postal vehicles organizations of the Federal postal service not subject to licensing. Vehicles of organizations of the Federal postal service may not be used for the provision of services and execution of works, not related to activities in the area of postal services, without the consent of these organizations.
The carriage of postal items, as well as accompanying postage, on permanent and temporary passages through the rivers, canals and reservoirs are manufactured out of turn. The costs shall be reimbursed at the expense of the organizations of the Federal postal service.
CHAPTER IV. RIGHTS of USERS of POSTAL SERVICES Article 21. Rights of users of postal services, natural and legal persons have an equal right to the enjoyment of postal services on the territory of the Russian Federation.
Postal service organization must be equipped with the necessary technological equipment and means of mechanization, have available for users of postal services information on tariffs, rules of communication services, the timing of mail forwarding, mode of operation, as well as other information, to facilitate access to the postal service.
Users of postal services have the right to free access to information on their rights, services, tariffs on them, the timing of mail forwarding, as well as the annual reports on the activities of the organizations of the postal service.
Postal organizations inform users of postal services on its activities through the media, take into account the suggestions specified users to improve their services.
Postal organizations for information about their activities, new services, advanced achievements in the field of engineering and technology of the postal service are eligible for the preparation and dissemination of advertising messages in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation on advertising.
Rights of users of postal services are protected by this federal law, the Federal law on "civil legislation of the Russian Federation, laws and other normative legal acts of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
Article 22. Secret connection, confidentiality of correspondence, telephone conversations, postal, Telegraph and other messages is protected by the Constitution of the Russian Federation.

Information about mail, telephone conversations and telegraphic and other communications, as well as those of departure (messages) can be issued only to senders and recipients or their legal representatives.
Delay, inspection and seizure of mail and correspondence, wire-tapping and reports, as well as other restrictions on the secrecy of communication is permitted only on the basis of a judicial decision.
All organizations are required to ensure compliance with postal secrecy of communication.
Officials and other persons, workers of the organizations involved in the postal service, the violation of these provisions shall bear responsibility in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 23. Safety of postal items postal Organizations are obliged to ensure the safety of the mail and taken money.
Premises in which mail processing and storing money, should be equipped with the necessary equipment and means of fire alarm systems.
Automobiles, mail vans, aircraft, sea and river vessels, carrying mail and cash must be equipped so as to prevent access by unauthorized persons.
The Organization has the right to have a postal service postal security units and appropriate remedies.
Chapter v. RESPONSIBILITY for ACTIVITIES in the field of postal connection, article 24. Responsibility for violation of legislation when implementing the activities in the field of postal service federal bodies of executive power, bodies of executive power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, bodies of local self-government, postal organization, involved in the implementation of postal violation of this federal law and other federal laws and other legal acts of the Russian Federation shall bear responsibility in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 25. Responsibility of postal organizations and their employees postal Organization bear property liability for users of postal services for loss, damage, non-delivery or delay in delivery of postal items, for failure to comply with the secrecy of communication, causing damage to the specified user, and order determined by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
The Organization of the Federal postal service are required to ensure that users of postal services in written correspondence set target dates. The collection frequency standards written correspondence from mailboxes, Exchange, shipping and delivery, and target dates for delivery of written correspondence are developed by the Federal postal service and approved by the Government of the Russian Federation. Postal organizations are obliged to provide information to users of postal services on the standards and terms of delivery in writing upon request.
In case of loss or damage to mail with a declared value, the sender or the recipient has the right to compensation for lost or damaged mail in the amount corresponding to the declared value.
The size of the liability for nonperformance or improper performance of duties by postal organizations receiving, processing, transporting and delivery of other registered postage is determined by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Postal organizations are not responsible for loss, damage, non-delivery or delay in delivery of mail, if any occurred due to force majeure or mail attachment properties.
Questions of liability for loss and damage of international mail shall be governed by the laws of the Russian Federation and international treaties of the Russian Federation.
For loss or delay of mail delivery, loss or damage to mail attachments, failure of periodicals, the loss amounts of workers organizations of the Federal postal service, the fault which caused the damage shall bear responsibility in the manner prescribed by labour legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 26. Responsibility of users of postal services postal services Federal Organizations have the right to withdraw postal items whose content is prohibited to transfer, as well as destroy or allow deleting mail, the contents of which poses a risk to the health and lives of postal workers or third parties, if this danger cannot be eliminated by other means.
List of items prohibited in the postal network, as well as the procedure for their removal and destruction shall be established by the Government of the Russian Federation.

Users of postal services shall bear responsibility in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation for the damages caused to other mail or processing workers, and the resulting attachment specified in the users mail items prohibited to transfer, or as a result of improper packaging of forwarded attachment.
Those responsible for vandalizing mailbox, mailbox, mail cabinets UM cabinets strongholds, theft, destruction or damage of postal items, as well as those responsible for damage to vehicles, property and other equipment postal organizations shall bear responsibility in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 27. Responsible for the forgery, use or release of the fake State philatelic and nominal things those responsible for manufacturing or selling fake State philatelic and nominal things, bear responsibility in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 28. The order of presentation of the claims and lawsuits If non-performance or improper performance of obligations to provide postal services postal services user, within six months from the date of mailing postal organization shall have the right to make a claim, including a demand for damages.
The claim shall be presented in writing, are subject to mandatory registration in the prescribed manner and shall be considered within the time frame stipulated by the Federal law "on communication".
Claims and lawsuits can be brought against organizations like the postal service at the place of reception, and destination of your mail.
The claim for the tracing of international mail are accepted and dealt with in accordance with the procedure and terms stipulated by the legislation of the Russian Federation and international treaties of the Russian Federation.
Article 29. Reparations reparation for the injury caused by activities in the area of postal services, is carried out voluntarily or by decision of a court or arbitral tribunal, in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
CHAPTER VI. ESPECIALLY the PROVISION of POSTAL SERVICES Article 30. Use of languages and alphabets in the activities of the organizations of the postal service in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation on the whole territory of the Russian Federation in organizations of postal communication service paperwork is carried out in the Russian language as the State language of the Russian Federation.
Addresses of the sender and the recipient of mail sent within the territory of the Russian Federation should be in Russian. Addresses of the sender and the recipient of mail sent within the territories of the republics within the Russian Federation, may be made out in the official language of the respective Republic within the Russian Federation subject to the repetition of the sender and recipient addresses in Russian.
International mail handled in the languages defined in accordance with the international treaties of the Russian Federation.
Article 31. Accounting and reporting in the field of postal services in the implementation of activities in the field of postal communication in technological processes in organizations of postal communication regardless of their location in the territory of the Russian Federation applies a single accounting and reporting time-Moscow.
International postal accounting and reporting time is determined on the basis of the international agreements of the Russian Federation.
CHAPTER VII. INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION Article 32. International cooperation international cooperation in the field of postal services is carried out in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation and international treaties of the Russian Federation.
Relationships in the provision of services to the international postal service is regulated by international treaties of the Russian Federation, including in the framework of the Universal Postal Union.
In international activities postal Federal postal service serves as the postal administration of the Russian Federation and within the limits of authority determined by the Government of the Russian Federation, represents and defends the interests of the Russian Federation in the field of postal communication when interacting with the postal administrations of other countries in international organisations.
CHAPTER VIII. The entry into force of THIS FEDERAL LAW, Article 33. The entry into force of this federal law 1. This federal law shall enter into force on the day of its official publication.
2. invite the President of the Russian Federation to bring into compliance with this federal law issued by the legal acts.
3. To entrust the Government of the Russian Federation: align with this federal law issued by the legal acts;

prepare and bring to the State Duma within three months in accordance with the established procedure proposals for amendments and additions to legislation of the Russian Federation in connection with the adoption of this federal law;
adopt legal acts ensuring the implementation of this federal law.
Russian President Boris Yeltsin in Moscow, the Kremlin August 9, 1995 N 129-FZ