The Federal Railway Transportation

Original Language Title: О федеральном железнодорожном транспорте

Read the untranslated law here: http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?doc_itself=&infostr=x&backlink=1&fulltext=1&nd=102037133

Lost effect, with the exception of article 17, which is valid until the entry into force of the Federal law that defines the list of occupations employees of railway transport, the strike which is illegal and not allowed-the Federal law dated 10.01.2003 N 17-ФЗ RUSSIAN FEDERATION FEDERAL LAW on the Federal rail transport adopted by the State Duma July 20, 1995 onwards this federal law determines the economic, legal and organizational basis of the activities of the Federal Railways (hereinafter-rail) his place and role in the economy and the social sphere of the Russian Federation regulates its relations with State authorities, other modes of transport, legal entities and citizens, who are the owners of the railway transport objects, as well as passengers, senders and recipients of cargo, freight and baggage.
Section i. General provisions article 1. The role of rail transport in economy and social sphere of the Russian Federation rail transport is the backbone of the transport system of the Russian Federation and aims, in collaboration with other transport modes in a timely and qualitatively to provide in domestic and in international rail transport needs communications and services, the livelihoods of all sectors of the economy and national security of the State, the formation of the market of transport and related services, effective business development. The State shall regulate and monitor the activities of railway transport, the development of its logistical base, and meets the basic needs of Government needs.
Railway transport relate to natural monopolies, which defines the special terms and conditions for the development and functioning of rail transport.
Article 2. Basic concepts in this federal law applies the following concepts: rail transport-one of the types of public transport, is run by the Russian Federation, is a single production-technological complex with its industrial enterprises and institutions and social purpose, public administration by the Ministry of railways of the Russian Federation (hereinafter referred to as the Federal Executive Body in the field of railway transport);
the railway is the main state unitary enterprise of railway transport, providing centralized management and in conjunction with other railways and transport needs of the economy and population in transportation in the region served by the region on the basis of the regulation of industrial and economic activity of the enterprises and establishments within its composition;
Charter of railways of the Russian Federation, federal law defines the rights, duties and liability of railways, legal persons and citizens, including freight forwarders and other entities acting on their behalf, using the services of railway transport and other transport modes involved in live mixed traffic;
market of transport services-transportation of passengers, cargo, freight and baggage, maintenance and repair of vehicles, secondary support and other kinds of works (services) related to transportation;
industrial-technological complex of railway transport-unified network of railways; enterprises engaged in repair and modernization of rolling stock and containers, production or supply of spare parts, equipment, and materials, the provision of means of communication, collection and processing of information on technology, research and development in the field of engineering, technology and development of railway transport; enterprises and training institutions in the field of railway transport; enterprises and institutions in the social sphere;
traffic safety-rail transport activities of the organs of State power and local self-government bodies, enterprises, institutions and citizens aimed at the smooth functioning of the railways and the avoidance of accidents in the conveyance process, as well as at reducing the consequences of accidents;
band-land drainage of railway transport held by earthy, artificial structures, linear-travel and other buildings, railway links, railway stations, protective planted and travel devices;
security zones-land required to ensure the safety, durability and stability of structures, devices, and other objects of railway transport, as well as land with mobile ground adjacent to lands of railway transport;

transportation process-a set of organizationally and technologically interconnected actions and operations performed by enterprises and other units of the railways in the preparation, implementation and completion of the transportations of passengers, cargo, freight and baggage;
railroads in general use-the railway lines on which railway stations are opened for these operations for the reception and dispatch of trains, receiving and issuing of cargo, freight and passenger service and luggage, shunting work;
direct mixed message-transport modes of transport under a single transport document (invoice), compiled on the whole route;
passenger-citizen (physical person) with travel documents and making the trip in train;
cargo rail transport object (products, minerals, materials, etc.), adopted by the railway in accordance with the established procedure for carriage, for timely delivery and preservation of which the railway is envisaged in the Charter of the railways of the Russian Federation;
luggage-things other material values sent by the passenger for personal purposes for a fee in a baggage car to the station of destination specified in the ticket and the passenger;
gruzobagazh-cargo, other tangible assets carried in passenger and postal-baggage trains;
dangerous goods are substances, materials, products, wastes of production and other activities which, because of their intrinsic properties subject to certain factors may in the process of transportation, handling, and storage cause an explosion, fire or damage technical equipment, devices, buildings and other objects of railway transport, as well as deaths, injuries, poisoning, Burns, or disease in humans, animals, harm surrounding natural Wednesday;
special transports-a single type of traffic, providing transportation of special cargoes to meet critical Government and defence needs;
international rail-passenger transport, cargo, freight and baggage between the Russian Federation and foreign States, including railway links with the States members of the Commonwealth of independent States.
Article 3. The legislation of the Russian Federation on railway transport 1. The legislation of the Russian Federation on rail transport is based on the Constitution of the Russian Federation and consists of this federal law, the Charter of railways of the Russian Federation and other federal laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation governing rail transport and to ensure its proper operation.
2. If an international treaty of the Russian Federation in the field of railway transport stipulates other rules than those stipulated by this federal law, the rules of the International Treaty of the Russian Federation.
Article 4. Property of railway transport 1. Property companies, institutions and railway transport objects relate exclusively to federal property.
2. Management of enterprises, institutions and property and railway transport objects are implemented in the order established by the Civil Code of the Russian Federation Act, State and municipal unitary enterprises, this federal law, other federal laws, other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation and international treaties of the Russian Federation.
Decision on property in economic management and operational management for railway transport enterprises and institutions was adopted by the Federal Executive Body in the field of railway transport.
For sale belonging to enterprises of railway transport on the right of economic management of immovable property, renting it out or dispose of that property in any other way, without changing the law federal ownership to this property are made by these enterprises, with the consent of the federal body of executive power in the field of railway transport.
Sale, Exchange, leasing, providing free of charge for temporary use, charge balance of rolling stock and containers that are federal property, produced without changing this property rights shall be exercised with respect to the specifics of rail transport operations by the Federal Executive Body in the field of railway transport or on behalf of the railways in the manner determined by specified federal authority.
Sale of rolling stock and containers to individuals and legal entities with the right to change federal ownership to this property shall be made in the manner prescribed by the Russian Government.

Funds generated from operations with property under this paragraph shall be credited to the total amount of revenues in rail transport and can be sent only to the acquisition of rolling stock and containers, the development of production capacities and construction of objects of social sphere of these enterprises, the balance of which is this property. Enrollment in the budgets of the various levels of tax on profits earned by enterprises of railway transport from the operations of the property is made in the manner and amount prescribed by the tax legislation of the Russian Federation.
3. railways and rail transport and other property, directly providing the transportation process and the implementation of the emergency rehabilitation, not subject to deregulation and privatization.
The privatization of other enterprises, facilities and other property of railway transport with the determination of terms and conditions of their spending allowed in the order determined by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Section II. Lands and PROTECTED AREAS of RAIL TRANSPORT Article 5. Land railway transport 1. The lands of the railway transport are federal land values provided gratis to the permanent (indefinite) use of its enterprises and institutions for the implementation of the special tasks assigned to them. The lands of the railway transport include lands designated for railroads and stations (including the disqualification), as well as under the protection and renovation of the structure, trees, buildings and other objects necessary for the operation and reconstruction of railways with the prospect of their development.
For the purposes of a temporary nature, the railway transport enterprises and institutions may be granted land under lease.
2. procedure of land use of railway transport within the allotment is determined by the Federal Executive Body in the field of railway transport, taking into account the requirements of the land legislation of the Russian Federation.
The dimensions of the land (including the dissipation) are determined in accordance with the approved standards in the prescribed manner, to the design and estimate documentation and general development schemes of railway lines and stations and drainage sites is subject to the priority of their development in accordance with the land legislation of the Russian Federation.
3. Land rail transport must comply with urban planning and environmental requirements set by federal bodies of executive power, bodies of executive power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, bodies of local self-government, sanitary and other regulations.
Article 6. Protected areas of railway transport in order to ensure public safety and normal operation of the railway and other railway transport objects (including from industrial sites and other modes of transport), located on federal lands in areas prone to landslides, collapses, razmyvam, mudslides and other dangerous influences, protected areas are established.
Procedure for establishing protected areas, their dimensions, mode of use of land set aside for these purposes, shall be established by the Government of the Russian Federation.
Section III. CONTROL SYSTEM for RAIL TRANSPORT, the creation and TERMINATION of ACTIVITY of the ENTERPRISES of RAILWAY TRANSPORT Article 7. Management on railway transport 1. Transportation process management on the railway transport is carried out centrally and falls within the exclusive competence of the federal body of executive power in the field of railway transport. Regulation of economic activities of railways, other railway transport enterprises and institutions, including constituent railways and are legal persons with regard to whom the railways perform management functions in the field of the Organization and to ensure the conveyance process is carried out by specified federal body in accordance with its competence.
State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and bodies of local self-government, public and other organizations and citizens have no right to interfere in the activities of railway transport associated with the transportation process, except for the cases stipulated by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
2. the competence of the federal body of executive power in the field of railway transport, functions, powers and responsibilities of railways, other railway transport enterprises and institutions, including constituent railways are determined by this federal law, other federal laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, as well as statutes and regulations approved by specified federal authority or on its behalf-railways.

3. Supervision of railway transport enterprises and institutions, along with the Federal Executive Body in the field of railway transport carry out other federal bodies of executive power, which, in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation responsible for such controls.
Article 8. Creation, reorganization and liquidation of enterprises of railway transport 1. Creation, reorganization and liquidation of the railways are made by the Federal Executive Body in the field of railway transport on the decision of the Government of the Russian Federation.
The chiefs of the railways are appointed and dismissed by the Government of the Russian Federation on the nomination of a federal body of executive power in the field of railway transport, coordinated with the relevant bodies of executive power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. Contracts with the chiefs of the railways and charters concludes railways claims to the Federal Executive Body in the field of railway transport.
2. the establishment, reorganization and liquidation of other enterprises of railway transport, based on the right of economic management, including constituent railways associated with the Organization and provision of transportation process, carried out by the Federal Executive Body in the field of railway transport.
Termination of activity (closure) of railway lines is carried out by specified federal authority in consultation with the relevant bodies of executive power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
Approval of the statutes of the enterprises and institutions that are part of the railways, as well as the conclusion of labour agreements (contracts) with their leaders are carried out in the manner determined by the Federal Executive Body in the field of railway transport.
Section IV. FUNDAMENTALS of RAIL TRANSPORT OPERATIONS in the field of Economics and finance Article 9. Fundamentals of transportation of passengers, cargo, freight and baggage by railway transport 1. The carriage of passengers, baggage, freight and cargo by rail in domestic traffic are carried out in the manner and under the conditions which are set by the Charter of railways of the Russian Federation, the rules of carriage of passengers, baggage and freight on the railways of the Russian Federation and rules of cargo transportation.
2. The carriage of passengers, baggage, freight and cargo by rail in international traffic in transit through the territory of the Russian Federation are based on relevant international agreements of the Russian Federation.
3. Quality indicators transport (delivery times, cargo, freight, baggage) and passengers, consignors and consignees of goods, freight and baggage, required for railroads and other businesses related to transportation and services are installed in the order specified by the Charter of railways of the Russian Federation, the rules of carriage of passengers, baggage and freight on the railways of the Russian Federation and rules of cargo transportation.
Article 10. Tariffs for the carriage of passengers, baggage, freight and cargo on the railways of the Russian Federation 1. Tariffs for the carriage of passengers, baggage, freight and cargo on the railways of the Russian Federation shall be based on the State budget, pricing and tariff policy in accordance with the Federal law "on natural monopolies" in accordance with the procedure determined by the Government of the Russian Federation. Tariffs for carriage in international traffic shall be established in accordance with relevant international treaties of the Russian Federation.
2. Additional works and services related to the carriage of passengers, cargo, freight and baggage, shall be borne by the railways of the senders, recipients, and passengers at prices determined in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 11. Basics of financial-economic activity of railway transport 1. Railway transport enterprises and institutions are carrying out financial and economic activities on the principles of combination of State regulation and market relations.
2. Economic relations between Railways (including the distribution of income from transport calculations in connection with nesohrannymi cargo and damaged technical means), enterprises for repair of rolling stock and manufacture of spare parts, other railway transport enterprises and institutions related to the Organization of and provision of transportation process, governed on the basis of common technology work in the manner determined by the Federal Executive Body in the field of railway transport as well as concluded at its basis agreements between these companies and institutions.

The procedure for the formation of income received from the railways transport, is set by the Federal Executive Body in the field of railway transport, taking into account the specific contribution of each railroad transportation process.
3. Construction and modernization of main railway lines, objects, call destination, acquisition of railway rolling stock belong to the Federal State needs and should be made in the prescribed manner at the expense of the federal budget funds and own funds of railways.
Construction and reconstruction (including electrification) of railway lines, stations, pedestrian bridges and tunnels, platforms and other facilities for passenger rail transport public service region and acquiring trains and diesel trains for commuter services may be carried out at the expense of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, local budgets, funds railways, as well as through voluntary contributions by interested organizations and citizens.
4. in order to address cross-sectoral challenges of railway transport in the federal body of executive power in the field of railway transport in accordance with the decisions of the Government of the Russian Federation created centralized funds and reserves, including those for economic and social development of railway transport enterprises and institutions.
5. the procedure of assessment of income tax (income), as well as other payments to the federal budget, the budgets of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and local budgets on the enterprises carrying out and providing the transportation process is determined by the Government of the Russian Federation.
6. Tickets for rail passengers are sold at full price, with the exception of citizens federal laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation established incentives for travel on the railways.
When granting privileges to certain categories of citizens travel on railway transport compensation grace passage is financed from the federal budget or the budget of the relevant constituent entity of the Russian Federation in accordance with the procedure determined by legislation of the Russian Federation.
Procedure for sale of tickets on the railway transport is determined by the Charter of railways of the Russian Federation and rules of carriage of passengers, baggage and freight on the railways of the Russian Federation.
7. Calculations of senders and receivers of cargo, freight and baggage with enterprises of railway transport for carriage, additional fees for cargo operations and use of rolling stock, as well as fines and penalties are carried out in accordance with the procedure determined by the Charter of railways of the Russian Federation, other federal laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, international treaties of the Russian Federation and concluded based on these agreements.
Railway transport enterprise shall have the right to hold before them for the transportation of goods in ensuring due to freight and other charges for carriage in the manner determined by the Civil Code of the Russian Federation and the Charter of railways of the Russian Federation.
Section v. SAFETY, security of GOODS and RAILWAY TRANSPORT OBJECTS, organization of work in special CONDITIONS, Article 12. Organization of traffic safety, vehicle and other technical means 1. Railway transport companies provide safe for life and health of passengers travelling conditions, transportation of cargo, freight and baggage, security of trains and other railway vehicles, including the shunting operations, exploitation of transport and other technical means, related to the transportation process, occupational safety and environmental protection of railway workers Wednesday.
2. Organization of safety and operation of transport and other technical facilities transportation process related to railway operations, includes: legal regulation in the field of safety and operation of transport and other technical devices associated with transportation process;
technical design of public, economic and social policy and its implementation on the basis of the practical measures to prevent violations of traffic safety and operation of transport and other technical means, related to the transportation process;
monitoring of compliance with the requirements of federal laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation regulating legal relations in the field of traffic safety, vehicle and other technical means, related to the transportation process.
3. Organization of safety, operation and other technical means, related to the transportation process for rail transport is carried out by the Federal Executive Body in the field of railway transport.

4. State policy in the field of traffic safety and operation of transport and other technical facilities of the railway transport is carried out in accordance with this federal law, the Federal law "on protection of the population and territories from natural and human-caused emergencies", other federal laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, federal targeted programmes.
5. In rail transport operate special service, monitoring the security of trains, as well as emergency and rehabilitation unit, eliminating the consequences of accidents on the railways. Provision for these units, as well as the procedure for classification, investigation and recording of violations of traffic safety, contends the Federal Executive Body in the field of railway transport.
Article 13. Basic provisions on safety 1. Territory, train stations, train stations and other units of railways associated with transportation process, passenger platforms and railway lines, on which the movement of trains and shunting and loading and unloading operations are high risk zones and protected if necessary.
Stay outsiders in these areas without exigency is prohibited. Rules for finding the citizens and placing objects in high risk zones, spending in these works, and crossing the railway tracks are established by the Federal Executive Body in the field of railway transport.
2. Rolling stock, including specialized, and containers, elements of the upper structure of railway tracks and other technical means and mechanisms supplied by rail transport, as well as services provided to passengers shall comply with the requirements of traffic safety, occupational health and environmental safety of the respective acts and are subject to mandatory certification on conformity to the specified requirements.
Organization of works on obligatory certification is carried out by the Federal Executive Body in the field of railway transport within the framework created by them in accordance with the Federal law "on certification of products and services" certification system in railway transport. A mandatory certification is carried out by the participants in the certification scheme in accordance with federal laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation.
3. Objects in the territories which are producing, storing, loading, transportation and unloading of dangerous goods, should be removed from the railway lines and installations at a distance that ensures their safe operation. Minimum distances from the specified objects to the rail track and structures crossing railroad tracks, places of common use pipes, communication lines, power transmission and other facilities, as well as the construction and maintenance of such facilities at the intersection and convergence with railroad tracks installed regulations of the relevant federal bodies of executive power undertaken in consultation with the Federal Executive Body in the field of railway transport.
Responsibility for ensuring the established standards in the construction and operation of gas, pipelines and other structures, crossing the railroad tracks public or are in the immediate vicinity, as well as for the safe operation of these installations lies with their owners.
The owners of these structures are required to promptly inform the railways on the occurrence of an emergency threatening the safety of traffic, for appropriate action.
4. the owners of the dangerous goods and special cargoes, transported by rail, sending and receiving such goods shall guarantee the safety of their transportation, loading and unloading, have tools and mobile units required for the Elimination of consequences of accidents and emergencies in case of their occurrence during the carriage of these goods.
Railways are obliged to ensure the safety of the transportation of dangerous goods and special cargoes and within the performance capabilities of the available recovery funds to participate in the Elimination of consequences of accidents in case of their occurrence during the carriage of these goods.
5. Basic provisions on technical operation of railways and procedures of railway employees during their operation shall be established by the Federal Executive Body in the field of railway transport.
6. Place crossing railroad tracks with roads (railroad crossings) are determined by the rules of technical operation of railways of the Russian Federation, construction norms and rules.

The order of operation of railway crossings, opening and closing them is set by the Federal Executive Body in the field of railway transport in consultation with the Federal Executive Body in the field of Internal Affairs and the Federal Executive Body in the field of transport.
7. Violation of traffic safety and operation of transport and other technical means, related to the transportation process responsible persons bear responsibility stipulated by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 14. Protection of goods and objects on railway transport 1. Cargo security in transit and railway stations, the protection of railway transport, as well as conducting fire prevention, fire supervision and liquidation of fires in railway transport are carried out by units of the militarized guard of the Federal Executive Body in the field of railway transport. Provision of militarized protection the Federal Executive Body in the field of railway transport shall be approved by the Government of the Russian Federation.
List of cargoes subject to the protection and maintenance of those units, according to the procedure determined by the Government of the Russian Federation. The order of protection and maintenance of such goods shall be established by the Federal Executive Body in the field of railway transport.
2. protection of the most important sites of railway transport and special cargo units of the internal troops of the Federal Executive Body in the field of Internal Affairs and other authorized entities. Lists of such objects and goods shall be established by the Government of the Russian Federation.
3. protection and support of individual goods are carried out by consignors or consignees in the order specified by the Charter of railways of the Russian Federation.
4. protection of public order and the fight against crime on the railway transport are ensured by the bodies of Internal Affairs on transport and territorial units of the militia in cooperation with units of the militarized guard, railway transport enterprises and institutions.
Article 15. Organization of the work of the railway transport in special circumstances 1. Railway transport enterprises and institutions shall take immediate steps to eliminate the effects of wrecks, accidents, natural disasters (floods, fires, snowdrifts and others) which have caused disruption to rail transport. For the implementation of these measures, they should have a supply of material and technical resources, a list of which is determined by the Federal Executive Body in the field of railway transport.
2. Executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and bodies of local self-government, enterprises and institutions provide rail transport assistance in eliminating the consequences of crashes, accidents, natural disasters, threats to life and health, safety and security of cargo, as well as in a complex crime situation.
The procedure for compensation for the cost of the executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and bodies of local self-government relating to assistance in the eradication of wrecks, accidents, natural disasters, determined by the Government of the Russian Federation.
3. The internal affairs authorities and the internal troops of the federal body of executive power in the sphere of internal affairs in cases stipulated by the legislation of the Russian Federation shall ensure the rule of law on railway transport. Where necessary, the organs of Internal Affairs on transport take steps to ensure the personal safety of railway workers from the raz'ezdnym nature of the work (in the performance of their duties) on sections of railways in regions with a high incidence of crime situation.
4. The Federal Executive Body in the field of railway transport, railways, other enterprises and railway transport agencies fall within the Russian system of prevention and action in emergencies.
5. If as a result of force majeure, war, embargo, epidemics and other circumstances that are of an extraordinary nature, there were obstacles to further transport of cargo, freight and baggage, depriving enterprises of railway transport opportunities to deliver them to their destination or to the proper recipient, as well as if for these reasons, the expired time limit for storage of cargo, freight and baggage, specified in the order, established by the company Charter of railways of the Russian Federation and other normative acts of the Russian Federation on behalf of the sender or recipient of goods, freight and baggage, as well as in cases of non-submission deadline specified in the order shall have the right to pass them and implement or if it fails to pass (implement) the goods, gruzobagazh and luggage-return them to the sender.

While the amount received by the enterprise of the railway transport for the transferred (sold) gruzobagazh cargo and luggage net of amounts owed to the company, shall be transferred to the recipient specified in the shipping documents, they will pay for the cost, and sender-in all other cases.
6. The amount received for the sale of the railroad cargo, freight and baggage that have no documents, transferred to the revenue of the Federal Executive Body in the field of railway transport for reimbursement of claims paid by the railroad for not arriving to destination cargo gruzobagazh and baggage. In case the recipient fails (sender) of that amount means beyond the period of limitation shall be transferred to the federal budget.
SECTION VI. Labour relations and DISCIPLINE of RAILWAY WORKERS Article 16. Labour relations and a guarantee of railway employees 1. Labour relations, including guarantees and compensation of employees of railway transport enterprises and institutions governed by this federal law, the labour legislation of the Russian Federation, as well as international treaties of the Russian Federation.
2. features of working hours and rest periods, working conditions of rail transport certain categories of employees whose work is directly connected with the movement of trains, are set by the Federal Executive Body in the field of railway transport.
3. employees, taken at the posts relating directly to the trains must pass professional selection, receive appropriate training and health, necessary for the performance of official duties, in the manner determined by the Federal Executive Body in the field of railway transport.
These workers, and persons exposed to harmful and adverse working conditions are in accordance with the established procedure mandatory medical clearances and examinations.
4. employees of railway transport enterprises and institutions related to the Organization of and provision of transportation process, cannot be made on the decisions of public authorities to do other work, except in cases provided for by the legislation of the Russian Federation and laws of constituent entities of the Russian Federation.
5. employees of railway transport enterprises and institutions annually are entitled to free travel on the rail in a manner and under conditions determined by the Government of the Russian Federation.
For the employees of the railway transport enterprises and institutions, translated into another job as a result of an industrial injury or occupational disease or retired on disability employment injury, occupational disease or other impairment of health, arising through no fault of the employee, the right to free travel on railway transport and other benefits set by federal laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation of railway workers the expense of these enterprises and institutions.
6. Employees of the militarized guard units of the Federal Executive Body in the field of railway transport in the performance of their duties have guarantees of legal and social protection provided for by the legislation of the Russian Federation for the staff of the Interior.
Conditions and pay, issues of personal security, guarantee the legal and social protection of workers in units of the paramilitary guards, as well as guarantees and compensations provided to employees of railway transport enterprises and institutions with the raz'ezdnym character of labor in the performance of their duties during their stay on the territory of other countries, are determined by the Government of the Russian Federation and international treaties of the Russian Federation.
Article 17. Discipline in rail transport 1. Discipline of railway employees is regulated by the legislation of the Russian Federation on labour law and regulation on discipline employees of railway transport of the Russian Federation, approved by the Government of the Russian Federation.
2. Termination of employment as a means of resolving collective labour disputes on the railways is not allowed.
These cases work stoppage is a flagrant violation of labor discipline and lead to the imposition of disciplinary sanctions.
Section VII. Foreign-economic activity, RELATIONSHIP RAILWAY TRANSPORT with other modes of transport, legal entities and citizens, who are the OWNERS of the RAILWAY TRANSPORT OBJECTS Article 18. External trade activity of railway transport

Organization of transportation of passengers, cargo, freight and luggage in international rail and direct international mixed messages, development of international transport links and foreign trade activities are carried out by the Federal Executive Body in the field of railway transport in accordance with federal laws, other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, international treaties of the Russian Federation.
Article 19. Interaction of enterprises of railway transport with other modes of transport, legal entities and citizens, who are the owners of the railway transport objects 1. Rail transport in the transport of passengers, cargo, freight and baggage in mixed traffic communicates with the sea, air, road and river modes of transport.
2. The carriage of passengers, freight and baggage live mixed traffic is carried out in accordance with the rules approved by the Government of the Russian Federation.
3. Carriage of goods in a live mixed communication shall take place on the basis of the Charter of the railways of the Russian Federation, the rules of transportations of cargoes in live mixed traffic, as well as statutes, codes, regulations and tariffs governing transport on the applicable mode of transport.
4. Carriage of goods in direct international mixed communication shall take place on the basis of relevant international agreements of the Russian Federation.
5. Relationship of the railway transport enterprises with legal entities and citizens, who are the owners of the railway transport objects, as well as the procedure and conditions for the operation of railway sidings and handling of their rolling stock on the railway tracks for general use is determined by this federal law, the Charter of railways of the Russian Federation, other normative legal acts of the Russian Federation and concluded based on these agreements.
6. citizens and legal persons who are the owners of the railway transport objects, constructing new railway lines for the transport of goods and passengers with access to the railway for common use, as well as designing and producing rolling stock, carry out the design and construction of lines and rolling stock referred to in consultation with the Federal Executive Body in the field of railway transport.
Relationship of enterprises of railway transport with specified legal persons and citizens in the ownership of the railway lines with access to the tracks of general use are determined by this federal law, the Charter of railways of the Russian Federation, other federal laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, as well as concluded based on these agreements.
Section VIII. RESPONSIBILITIES in RAIL TRANSPORT Article 20. Responsibility of enterprises of railway transport 1. Railway transport enterprise shall not be entitled to refuse to transport the passenger and cargo sender paid correctly and making travel documents for travel or transportation of cargo, freight and baggage, except in cases provided for in the Charter of the railways of the Russian Federation, the rules and conditions of carriage, as well as international treaties of the Russian Federation.
2. railway transport Enterprises engaged in the transportation process, are responsible for damage caused to life and health of passengers or other persons using the services of railway transport, as well as persons affected by rail transport operations, in the manner prescribed by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
3. railway transport Enterprises in the field of transport of goods bear responsibility in the form of fines in amounts determined by the Charter of railways of the Russian Federation for failure to implement the plan of transportations of cargoes, failure and delay harvesting of cars from driveways, unauthorized occupation, damage to or loss of wagons and containers belonging to the senders and recipients of goods or rented them.
Railway transport enterprises along with liability for delay in delivery under safe transport bear property liability for failure to provide safety of transported cargo (including in connection with the delay in their delivery), freight or baggage from calculating their price stated in the invoice, contract, contract on delivery of the cargo, baggage, freight, taking into account the value-added tax and inflation. In determining the mass of goods allowed maximum measurement accuracy, set the appropriate federal body of executive power.
If nesohrannoj shipping, freight and baggage with a declared value railroad bears property responsibility in the amount of the declared value or the percentage of the insured value, corresponding to lost, corrupted or damaged part of the cargo, freight or luggage.

Railway transport enterprises for the failure, improper or untimely performance of obligations for the carriage of passengers, freight and baggage, as well as goods nationals for personal purposes bear limited liability in the manner and amount determined by the Charter of railways of the Russian Federation and rules of carriage of passengers, baggage and freight on the railways of the Russian Federation.
The responsibility for the failure of railway transport, improper or late execution of obligations of passenger transportation, storage and transport of goods, freight and luggage in international traffic shall be determined in accordance with the international treaties of the Russian Federation.
Grounds for exempting rail transport companies from liability for non-performance, improper or untimely fulfillment of obligations on transport are determined by the Charter of railways of the Russian Federation, international treaties of the Russian Federation and concluded based on these agreements.
4. enterprises of railway transport in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation are responsible for the harm caused to the environment through their own fault, and Wednesday for inappropriate content lands of railway transport.
Article 21. Liability of senders and receivers of cargo, freight and baggage, other organizations and the enterprises of railway transport passengers 1. Senders and receivers of cargo, freight and baggage, other organizations, as well as passengers when using the services of railway transport and finding at its factories and facilities are required to comply with the requirements of this federal law, the Charter of railways of the Russian Federation, other normative legal acts of the Russian Federation, acting on the rail.
2. legal persons that are senders and recipients in the field of transport of goods bear responsibility in the form of fines in the amount established by the Charter of railways of the Russian Federation for: failure to plan transport of goods;
use without authorization of the railway wagons and containers common network;
delay (simple) wagons and containers for loading, unloading or transhipment in excess of established technological standards, as well as in anticipation of the filing under unloading, reloading, or for other reasons, sender-dependent;
violation of regulatory requirements for the supply of products for export, resulting in delay of wagons and containers customs, border or other forms of control;
reloading of wagons, containers exceeding carrying capacity;
neochistku rolling stock and containers after unloading;
damage or loss provided the railway rolling stock or shipping containers, swap devices and packaging facilities;
presentation of goods prohibited for transport or cargo that requires special precautions during carriage, with an incorrect indication of the name or properties of the goods.
3. liability of senders, recipients, and passengers for nonperformance or improper performance of obligations related to the carriage of cargo, freight and luggage in international traffic, shall be determined in accordance with the international treaties of the Russian Federation.
Grounds for excluding senders, recipients, and passengers from responsibility for non-fulfillment or improper fulfillment of the obligations arising from the transportation of cargo, freight and baggage, shall be determined by the Charter of railways of the Russian Federation, international treaties of the Russian Federation and concluded based on these agreements.
4. Officials and citizens for violating the rules regarding the use of means of rail transport, rules of order and safety rules of fire safety, sanitary and Antiepidemic rules on railway transport, damage, devices, vehicles and their interior equipment bear in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation administrative responsibility, if these violations are, by their nature, do not give rise to criminal liability.
5. Damage caused by rail transport as a result of the intentional blocking of transport communications and other unlawful acts that violate its unimpeded and safe operation shall be reimbursed to enterprises and institutions of railway transport guilty of citizens and legal persons, as well as the federal bodies of executive power, bodies of executive power of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and bodies of local self-government in cases where as a result of their actions (inaction) of sufficient measures have not been taken to prevent and suppress the intentional blocking of transport communications and other unlawful acts in order established by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Article 22. The order of presentation and consideration of claims and lawsuits

1. If failure, inadequate or untimely performance of passenger transportation, storage and transport of goods, freight and baggage, passengers, senders and recipients may bring rail transport related businesses claims in the manner and within the time limits established by the Charter of railways of the Russian Federation as well as international treaties of the Russian Federation.
2. Rejecting claims in whole or in part or a lack of reply within the established time frames for their consideration passengers, senders and receivers of cargo, freight and baggage shall have the right to sue the railway transport enterprises, respectively, in court, arbitral tribunal or the arbitral tribunal within six months from the date of receipt of the response, or from the date of expiry of the time limits laid down in the Charter of the railways of the Russian Federation to respond.
The order of presentation of the claims and passengers, consignors and consignees of goods, freight and baggage in the implementation of the international rail transport is determined by the relevant international treaties of the Russian Federation.
3. Claims of railway transport to the passengers, senders and recipients that are associated with the transport of passengers, storage and shipping of goods, freight and baggage shall be presented within the time prescribed by the Charter of railways of the Russian Federation.
Rejecting the claims, in whole or in part or a lack of reply within the deadlines established for their consideration, railway transport enterprise shall have the right to sue in court, arbitral tribunal or the arbitral tribunal within the six-month period. The specified period is calculated in the manner prescribed by the Charter of railways of the Russian Federation.
Section IX. OTHER ISSUES of organization and activity of RAIL TRANSPORT Article 23. Accounting and reporting time in rail transport in order to ensure continuous transportation process centralized management in enterprises and railway transport agencies directly involved in the transport, regardless of their location in the territory of the Russian Federation establishes a single accounting and reporting time-Moscow.
Article 24. Language used in rail transport rail transport applied Russian language as the State language of the Russian Federation.
Information on railway stations, railway stations, trains and other places serving passengers, consignors and consignees of goods, freight and luggage alongside the State language of the Russian Federation may be in other languages, taking into account the interests of the local population and railway transport.
Article 25. The insurance of passengers, certain categories of employees of railway transport, cargo, freight and baggage 1. Passengers of railway transport (except for passengers of railway transport, following international and suburban) for route by train, as well as employees of railway transport from the raz'ezdnym nature of labour, seconded to areas where a State of emergency, or in areas with a high incidence of crime situation, carrying out control and inspection functions on trains employees on militarized guard units during the execution of their duties are subject to compulsory personal insurance against accidents.
2. The procedure and conditions of compulsory personal insurance of passengers and certain categories of employees of railway transport are defined by the relevant federal law.
3. In rail transport in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation on insurance along with compulsory personal insurance may be voluntary personal insurance of passengers, as well as voluntary cargo insurance, freight and baggage.
Article 26. Mobilization preparation of railway transport 1. Mobilization preparation of rail transport is an essential task of the Government to strengthen the security of the State and is exercised in peacetime in accordance with Russian legislation, decrees of the President of the Russian Federation and the decisions of the Government of the Russian Federation with a view to preparing to ensure the needs of the armed forces of the Russian Federation, other troops and military formations of the Russian Federation, the immediate needs of the economy and population of the country in transit.
2. Financing of the activities on mobilization training of the railway transport is carried out in accordance with the procedure set out by the Government of the Russian Federation.
3. manual mobilization preparation and civil defence of the railway transport is carried out by the Federal Executive Body in the field of railway transport.
4. Responsibility for the proper state of mobilization training and civil defence at enterprises and institutions of railway transport carry their heads.
Article 27. Licensing of separate types of activity

in rail transport, Licensing of separate types of activity carried out in railway transport by citizens (natural persons), as well as legal entities outside the railway system, is carried out by the Federal Executive Body in the field of railway transport in the manner to be determined by federal law.
Section x. FINAL PROVISIONS Article 28. The entry into force of this federal law 1. This federal law shall enter into force on the day of its official publication.
2. Not applicable in the territory of the Russian Federation on the date of entry into force of this federal law, the USSR law "on rail" (Congress of the USSR people's deputies and the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, 1991, no. 18, p. 519); the Decree of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR "about the introduction of the USSR Act" on rail "(Congress of the USSR people's deputies and the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, 1991, no. 18, art. 520). 3. The President of the Russian Federation and to entrust the Government of the Russian Federation to bring its normative acts in compliance with this federal law.
4. The Government of the Russian Federation to adopt regulations to ensure the implementation of this federal law.
Russian President Boris Yeltsin in Moscow, the Kremlin August 25, 1995 N 153-FZ