The Federal Railway Transportation

Original Language Title: О федеральном железнодорожном транспорте

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Uwasted the power, except Article 17, which works until of the federal law defining the list workers ' occupations common rail transport is illegal and not is illegal-Federal Law dated 10.01.2003 g. N 17-FZ RUSSIAN FEDERATION FEDERAL LAW Federal Railways adopted by the State Duma on 20 July 1995 The law defines the economic, legal and organizational basis of the activities of the federal railway transport, its place and its role in the economy and social sphere of the Russian Federation, regulates its relations with the public authorities, other modes of transport, legal persons and citizens who are owners of railway transport facilities, as well as passengers, consignors and consigees of goods, cargo and baggage. Section I. GENERAL PROVISIONS Article 1. The role of railway transport in the economy and the social sphere of the Russian Federation Rail transport forms the basis of the transport system of the Russian Federation and is designed to interact with other modes of transport In a timely and qualitative provision of the needs of the population for transportation and services, the activity of all sectors of the economy and national security of the state, the formation of the market and related services, effective development business. The State shall regulate and supervise rail transport, develop its material and technical base, and meet the basic needs of public needs. Rail transport is a natural monopoly, which determines the special conditions for the development and operation of rail transport. Article 2. Basic concepts This Federal Act applies the following basic concepts: rail transport is one of the public transport modes and is under the jurisdiction of the Russian Federation, is a single industrial and technological complex with its constituent enterprises and institutions of production and social purpose, the State administration of which is implemented by the Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION (hereinafter referred to as the federal executive authority in the rail); Railway is the main state unitary enterprise of rail transport, which provides centralized control and in cooperation with other railways and modes of transport the needs of the economy and the population in transport in the region served by the regulation of industrial and other activities of the enterprises and institutions of its composition; charter of the railways of the Russian Federation- federal law defining rights, duties and responsibilities railways, legal persons and citizens, including freight forwarders and other organizations acting on their behalf, using railway transport services and other modes of transport involved in a direct mixed message; The market for transport services is the transport of passengers, goods, cargo and baggage, maintenance and repair of vehicles, ancillary and other work (services) related to transport; productivity and technological infrastructure Transport-a single rail network; enterprises that repair and upgrade rolling stock and containers, production or supply of spare parts, equipment and supplies, communications, collection and processing Technological information, scientific developments in the field of technology, technology and the development of rail transport; enterprises and training institutions in the field of railway transport; enterprises and institutions of the social sphere; safety of traffic-activities of railway bodies Transport, State and local government bodies, enterprises, institutions and citizens aimed at the smooth functioning of railways and the prevention of emergency situations in the transport process, as well as on the reduction of the consequences of possible accidents; striations strip-land of railway transport occupied by earthworks, artificial structures, linearly-travel and other buildings, railway lines, railway lines by stations, protective forests and travel devices; protected areas-land necessary to ensure the safety, strength and stability of structures, devices and other objects of railway transport, as well as land with movable soil adjacent to the ground rail transport; transport process-a set of organizational and technologically related activities and operations carried out by enterprises and other railway divisions in preparation, implementation and Completion of the carriage of passengers, goods, cargo and baggage; Rail lines-the railway lines on which railway stations are located, which are open to carry out the relevant reception and departure of trains, the reception and delivery of goods, cargo and luggage, and passenger service, production of manoeuvres; direct multimodal transport, carried out by different modes of transport under a single transport document (consignment note), drawn up for the entire journey; passenger is a citizen (natural person) who has travel documents and travelling by train; goods and objects of rail transport (articles, minerals, minerals, materials and others) taken by the railway in accordance with the established procedure for carriage, for the timely delivery and preservation of the goods by which the railway carries the liability stipulated by the charter of the Russian Federation's railways; luggage-items, other material values sent by a passenger for personal household purposes for an individual fee in the baggage car before destination station specified in passenger's travel document; Cargo goods, other goods transported in passenger and postal baggage trains; dangerous goods-substances, materials, articles, wastes of production and other activities which, because of their intrinsic properties The presence of certain factors may in the process of transport, in the production of loading and unloading, cause the explosion, fire or damage to the equipment, devices, installations and other objects of the railway as well as death, injury, poisoning, burns, or diseases of humans, animals, damage to the natural environment; special transport is a special kind of transport, which provides transport of special goods to meet the most important state and defence needs; international rail transport-the transport of passengers, goods, cargo and luggage between the Russian Federation and foreign States, including rail transport with the States members of the Commonwealth of Independent States States. Article 3. Russian Federation legislation on the transport of rail transport 1. Russian legislation on rail transport is based on the Constitution of the Russian Federation and consists of this Federal Act, the charter of railways of the Russian Federation, other federal laws and other regulatory bodies. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 2. If the international agreement of the Russian Federation in the field of railway transport establishes rules other than those stipulated by this Federal Law, the rules of the international treaty of the Russian Federation shall apply. Article 4. Rail transport property 1. The properties of the enterprises, institutions and railway facilities are exclusively for federal property. 2. The management of enterprises, establishments and administration of property and railway transport facilities are carried out in the order established by the OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION of the Russian Federation. The decision on the consolidation of property in the economic management and operational management of railway enterprises and institutions is taken by the federal executive authority in the field of railway transport. Sale of owned railway vehicles to the law of the real estate, lease or dispose of that property in a manner other than the law of the Federal The ownership of such property shall be made by these enterprises with the consent of the federal executive authority in the field of railway transport. Sales, exchange, lease, loan, non-rebalancing, rolling stock and federal-owned containers without changing the ownership of the property, In the case of railway transport by the federal executive branch in the field of railway transport or on its behalf by railways in the manner specified by the Federal Authority. The sale of rolling stock and containers to citizens and legal entities with a change in the law of federal ownership of such property shall be carried out in the manner determined by the Government of the Russian Federation. Funds received from property transactions under this paragraph shall be credited to the total income of railway undertakings and may only be sent for the purchase of rolling stock and containers, The development of production capacities and construction of social facilities of these enterprises, on the balance of which the property is located. The calculation of the various levels of the tax on profits received by the railway companies from the said transactions with the property is carried out in the order and size established by the tax legislation of the Russian Federation. 3. Railways, as well as objects and other property of the railway transport directly involved in the transport process and the carrying out of the emergency rehabilitation work, are not subject to dispossession and privatization. Privatization of other enterprises, facilities and other property of railway transport with the determination of the terms and conditions of railway transport is permitted in the manner determined by the legislation of the Russian Federation. Section II. LAND AND STORAGE AREAS OF RAIL TRANSPORT Article 5. Land of the railways 1. The land of the railways is of federal importance, provided free of charge to permanent (permanent) use by its enterprises and institutions to carry out the special tasks entrusted to them. The railway land includes land allocated to railway stations and stations (including the withdrawal lane), as well as protective and fortified spaces, buildings, buildings, installations and other facilities necessary for the operation of the railway. reconstruction of the railways taking into account the prospects for their development. For purposes of a temporary nature, railway undertakings and institutions may be provided with land under lease conditions. 2. The procedure for the use of railway land in the area of the withdrawal is determined by the federal executive authority in the field of railway transport, taking into account the requirements of the land legislation of the Russian Federation. The size of the land plots (including the recusal band) shall be determined in accordance with the established standards, design and estimated documentation and general schemes for the development of railway lines and stations, and the withdrawal of sites. In accordance with the land legislation of the Russian Federation, it is carried out in accordance with the order of their development. 3. The land of the railway transport shall correspond to the urban and environmental requirements established by the federal executive authorities, the executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and the local authorities. (...) (...) Article 6. Protection zones of rail transport In order to ensure the safety of the population and the normal operation of railway tracks and other objects of rail transport (including industrial installations and other types) (c) Protection zones are set up in areas prone to landslides, landslides, washers, villages and other hazards. The Government of the Russian Federation sets out the procedure for establishing the protection zones, their size and the regime for the use of the land allocated for such purposes. Section III. RAILWAYS MANAGEMENT SYSTEM, CAPACITY-BUILDING AND PREVENTING ACTIVITIES OF RAIL RAILWAY TRANSPORT Article 7. Railway Transport Office 1. The management of the railway transport is centralized and falls under the exclusive competence of the Federal Executive in the field of railway transport. Regulation of the economic activities of railways, other railway undertakings and institutions, including those of railways and legal entities, to which railways are performing functions in the area of organization and maintenance of the conveyor, shall be carried out by the said federal authority in accordance with its competence. State authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and bodies of local self-government, public and other organizations and citizens shall not be entitled to interfere in the activities of rail transport related to the transport process, OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 2. The competence of the federal executive branch in the field of railway transport, the functions, powers and responsibilities of railways, other enterprises and railways, including railways, are defined by this Federal Law, other federal laws and other normative legal acts of the Russian Federation, as well as by the statutes and regulations approved by or on behalf of the said Federal authority-railways. 3. In addition to the federal executive authorities in the field of railway transport, other federal executive bodies are responsible for monitoring the activities of railway enterprises and institutions. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Article 8. Establishment, reorganization and liquidation of enterprises railway transport 1. The establishment, reorganization and liquidation of railways is carried out by the federal executive authority in the field of railway transport by decision of the Government of the Russian Federation. The directors of railways are appointed and dismissed by the Government of the Russian Federation following the submission of the federal executive branch in the field of railway transport, agreed upon with OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION The contracts with the railway directors also conclude the railway regulations by the federal executive authority in the field of railway transport. 2. The establishment, reorganization and liquidation of other railway undertakings, based on the right of economic management, including those forming part of the railways related to the organization and maintenance of the transport process, shall be carried out by the federal executive authority in the field of railway transport. The termination of the activity (closure) of the railway lines is carried out by the said federal authority in agreement with the relevant executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. Approval of the statutes of the enterprises and institutions forming part of the railways, as well as the conclusion of contracts of employment with their leaders, shall be carried out in accordance with the procedure defined by the federal executive branch of the Government of the Republic of Korea. in the field of rail transport. Section IV. RAILWAYS IN THE FIELD OF ECONOMY AND FINANCE Article 9. The basis for the organization of the carriage of passengers, goods, and the load of goods and baggage in rail transport 1. The transport of passengers, goods, cargo and baggage by rail in the internal communication shall be carried out in the order and under the conditions established by the charter of the railways of the Russian Federation, the rules for the carriage of passengers, luggage and of the Russian Federation and the rules for the carriage of goods. 2. The transport of passengers, goods, cargo and baggage by rail in the international traffic in the territory of the Russian Federation is carried out in accordance with the relevant international agreements of the Russian Federation. 3. Transport quality measures (time of delivery, safety of goods, cargo handling, baggage) and the servicing of passengers, consignors and consigees of goods, cargo and baggage, which are mandatory for railways and other enterprises involved in their carriage; and The service shall be established in accordance with the procedure laid down in the charter of the railways of the Russian Federation, the rules for the carriage of passengers, luggage and cargo by rail of the Russian Federation and the rules for the carriage of goods. Article 10. The tariffs for the transportation of passengers, cargoes, cargo, cargo and luggage on the railways of the Russian Federation 1. The tariffs for the transportation of passengers, cargo, cargo and luggage on the railways of the Russian Federation are established on the basis of state budget, price and tariff policy in accordance with Federal Law "About natural monopolies" in the order determined by the Government of the Russian Federation. Transportation tariffs in international traffic shall be established in accordance with the relevant international agreements of the Russian Federation. 2. Additional works and services related to the carriage of passengers, cargoes, cargo and baggage are paid for by railways by senders, recipients and passengers at prices determined in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. Article 11. { Railways } { Railways } { \b } { \b } Railway enterprises and institutions carry out financial and economic activities on the principles of a combination of state regulation and market relations. 2. Economic relationship between railways (including distribution of income from transport, calculation of non-security movements of goods and damage to technical equipment), rolling stock repair and spare parts production facilities by means of a unified operation in the manner determined by the federal executive branch of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan of rail transport, as well as to be concluded at its Basis of the treaties between these enterprises and institutions. The procedure for the formation of the income of the railways as a result of transportation shall be established by the federal executive authority in the field of railway transport, taking into account the specific contribution of each railway to the transport process. 3. Construction and reconstruction of main railway lines, mobilization facilities, acquisition of railway rolling stock belong to the federal state needs and are carried out in the prescribed manner The federal budget and its own means of railways. Construction and reconstruction (including electrification) of railway lines, railway stations, pedestrian bridges and tunnels, passenger platforms and other railway transport facilities for the people of the region and acquisition Train and suburban diesel trains may be carried out at the expense of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, local budgets, railways, and voluntary contributions from interested organizations and citizens. 4. Central funds and reserves are established in accordance with the decisions of the Government of the Russian Federation in order to meet the sectoral objectives of rail transport in the federal executive branch in the field of railway transport. Number for the material and social development of railway enterprises and institutions. 5. The order of contributions of the tax on profit (income), as well as other payments to the federal budget, the budgets of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and local budgets for enterprises carrying out and ensuring the transport process shall be determined by the Government. of the Russian Federation. 6. Passengers for railway transport are sold to passengers at full cost, except for citizens, who enjoy federal railway privileges and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation. Transport. When granting certain categories of citizens privileges in rail transport, the preferential travel entitlements are provided from the federal budget or the budget of the respective subject of the Russian Federation. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION The procedure for the sale of rail tickets is determined by the charter of the railways of the Russian Federation and the rules for the carriage of passengers, luggage and cargo by rail of the Russian Federation. 7. The calculation of the consignor and the consignee of the goods, the cargo handling and luggage with the railway transport enterprises, the additional charges for the goods operations and the use of the rolling stock, and the payment of fines and penalties, shall be carried out in the order, OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Railway enterprises shall have the right to retain the goods they have transmitted in order to secure the freight charges and other carriage charges due in accordance with the Civil Code of the Russian Federation; and OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Section V. SAFETY OF MOVEMENTS, STORAGE OF GOODS AND OBJECTS RAIL TRANSPORT, ORGANIZATION OF WORK IN SPECIAL CIRCULATION Article 12. Organization of traffic safety, vehicles and other technical means 1. Railway enterprises provide safe conditions for the life and health of passengers, transport of goods, cargo, and baggage, safety of train and other railway vehicles, including at Manoeuvres, operation of transport and other technical means related to the transport process, protection of railway workers and protection of the natural environment. 2. The Organization for the Safety of Movement and the Exploitation of Transport and Other Equipment related to the Railway Transport Process includes: legal regulation in the field of traffic safety; and Vehicles and other technical means of transport; development of public technical, economic and social policies and its implementation through practical measures to prevent violations the safety of traffic and the use of transport and other technical Vehicles connected with the conveyor; to monitor compliance with the requirements of federal laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation in the field of traffic safety; The operation of transport and other equipment related to the conveyor process. 3. The organization of traffic safety, the operation of transport and other equipment related to the railway transport is carried out by the federal executive authority in the field of railway transport. . 4. State policy in the field of traffic safety and operation of transport and other technical means in railway transport is carried out in accordance with this Federal Law, Federal Law " About protecting populations and territories from natural and technological emergencies ", other federal laws and other regulatory legal frameworks OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 5. In railway transport there is a special service responsible for controlling the safety of train movements, as well as emergency-recovery units that eliminate the consequences of railway accidents. The regulations of these units, as well as the procedure for classification, investigation and accounting of traffic safety violations, are approved by the federal executive authority in the field of railway transport. Article 13. Basic Safety Provisions 1. The territories of railway stations, railway stations and other sections of railways connected with the transport process, passenger platforms and railway lines, on which train movements are carried out and manoeuvres are carried out and Loading and unloading is an area of high danger and is protected if necessary. The presence of unauthorized persons in designated zones is prohibited without official necessity. The federal executive authority in the field of railway transport establishes the rules for the location of citizens and the location of objects in areas of increased danger, work, travel and crossing of railways. 2. The rolling stock, including the specialized, and the containers, the elements of the upper structure of the railways and other technical means and mechanisms supplied by rail transport, as well as the services provided to passengers, shall be comply with the requirements of traffic safety, labour protection and environmental safety established by the relevant acts and shall be subject to mandatory certification for compliance with these requirements. The organization of compulsory certification is carried out by the federal executive branch in the field of railway transport in accordance with the Federal Law "On certification of products and services" of the Certification Scheme in rail transport. Compulsory certification is carried out by the participants of the certification system in accordance with federal laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation. 3. Facilities in which the production, storage, loading, transport and unloading of dangerous goods are carried out shall be removed from the public track of the general use and the structures at a distance that ensures their safe operation. Minimum distances from specified objects to railway lines of general use and constructions, junctions, lines of communication, electricity and other facilities, as well as norms The construction and maintenance of such facilities at the intersection and junction with the railway are determined by the regulatory legal acts of the respective federal executive authorities taken in agreement with the federal authority in the field of railway transport. Responsibility for the provision of established standards for the construction and operation of gas, oil pipelines and other installations that cross the railway lines of the general use or are in close proximity to them, and The owners of these facilities are also responsible for the safe operation of these facilities. The owners of these facilities are obliged to inform the management of the railway in a timely way of the occurrence of emergency situations that threaten the safety of the movement for appropriate action. 4. The owners of dangerous goods and special goods transported by rail, which send and receive such goods, shall guarantee the safety of their carriage, loading and unloading, and have the means and mobile units necessary for the liquidation of the goods. emergency situations and consequences of accidents in the event of their occurrence during the carriage of these goods. The railways are obliged to ensure the safety of transport of dangerous goods and special cargoes and, within the capacity of the available recovery, to take part in the elimination of the consequences of accidents in cases of their origin in the transport of these goods. 5. The main provisions for the technical operation of railways and the procedure for the operation of railway employees in their operation are established by the federal executive authority in the field of railway transport. 6. The railway juncts (railway crossings) are defined by the rules of technical operation of the railways of the Russian Federation, construction rules and regulations. The procedure for the operation of railway crossings, their opening and closing shall be established by the federal executive authority in the field of railway transport in agreement with the federal executive branch in the field of transport. and the federal authority in the field of transport. 7. For violation of traffic safety rules and operation of transport and other equipment related to the conveyor process, the persons responsible are liable under the law of the Russian Federation. Article 14. Protection of goods and facilities on the railway 1. Protection of goods in transit and railway stations, protection of railway installations, as well as fire prevention, fire control and elimination of fires in railway transport are carried out of the Federal Executive in the field of railway transport. The Regulations on the paramilitary protection of the federal executive authority in the field of railway transport are approved by the Government of the Russian Federation. The list of goods to be guarded and escorted by those units is approved in accordance with the procedure to be determined by the Government of the Russian Federation. The protection and maintenance of such goods shall be established by the federal executive authority in the field of railway transport. 2. The protection of the most important railway facilities and special cargoes is carried out by the internal troops of the federal executive authority in the internal affairs and other authorized units. The lists of such facilities and goods shall be fixed by the Government of the Russian Federation. 3. The protection and maintenance of certain goods is carried out by consignors or consignees in the manner prescribed by the charter of the Russian Railways. 4. The protection of public order and the fight against crime in rail transport is provided by the internal affairs agencies in transport and the territorial units of the militia in cooperation with paramilitary units, and the institutions of rail transport. Article 15. Organization of rail transport in special circumstances 1. Railway enterprises and institutions take immediate measures to deal with the consequences of accidents, accidents, natural disasters (overwrites, floods, fires and others) that caused disruption to railway operations. In order to implement these measures, they must have a stock of material and technical means, the list of which is determined by the federal executive authority in the field of railway transport. 2. The executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and the bodies of local self-government provide assistance to enterprises and institutions of railway transport in dealing with the consequences of accidents, accidents, natural disasters that threaten life and Human health, safety and security of goods, as well as in a complex crime situation. The Government determines the procedure for compensating the costs of the executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and the local authorities involved in the provision of assistance in the liquidation of accidents, accidents and natural disasters. of the Russian Federation. 3. The internal affairs bodies and the internal troops of the federal executive authority in the internal affairs of the Russian Federation in the cases provided for by the legislation of the Russian Federation ensure the rule of law in rail transport. Where appropriate, the inland transport authorities shall take measures to ensure the personal safety of railway workers with the separation of labour (in the line of duty) on the railway sections of the railway system. Complex crime-prone regions. 4. The Federal Executive branch in the field of railway transport, railways, other enterprises and railway institutions are part of the Russian system of warning and action in emergency situations. 5. If, as a result of force majeure, military actions, blockades, epidemics and other circumstances of an extraordinary nature, there have been obstacles to the further transport of goods, cargo handling and luggage, which deprive the enterprises of the railway Transport of the possibility to deliver them for designation or to deliver to the appropriate recipient, and if for these reasons the deadlines for the storage of goods, cargo and baggage have expired, the specified enterprises in accordance with the procedure established by the charter of the railways OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION on behalf of the consignor or the consignee of the goods, the cargo charisma and the baggage, and in the event of failure to receive, within a specified period of time, the specified order, to transfer and/or dispose of them or if it is impossible to transfer (implement) the goods, cargo and luggage- Return them to the sender. At the same time, the amount received by the railway company for the goods transferred (sold), cargo charms and baggage, less the amounts due to the enterprise, shall be transferred to the consignee named in the transport documents, the payment of the cost to them and the consignor in all other cases. 6. The amount received by the railway for carrying out cargo, cargo and luggage for which there are no documents is transferred to the revenue of the federal executive authority in the field of railway transport for claims paid railway for unarrived cargo, cargo and baggage. In case of no demand by the recipient (sender) of the said amount, the funds will be transferred to the income of the federal budget upon expiry of the period of limitation. SECTION VI. RAIL RELATIONS AND DISPLACEMENT RAIL TRANSPORT Article 16. Labour and employee guarantees Rail transport 1. Labour relations, including guarantees and compensation, employees of enterprises and establishments of railway transport are regulated by this Federal Law, the legislation of the Russian Federation on labour and international treaties of the Russian Federation. 2. The special features of the working time and rest time, the working conditions of certain categories of railway workers, the work of which are directly related to the movement of trains, are established by the federal executive authority in the in the field of rail transport. 3. Employees who are directly connected to the movement of trains must be professionally qualified, have the appropriate training and health required for the performance of their duties, in accordance with the procedure determined by by the federal executive authority in the field of railway transport. These workers, as well as those exposed to harmful and unfavorable conditions of work, are subject to compulsory medical examinations and examinations. 4. Employees of railway undertakings and institutions associated with the organization and maintenance of the transport process may not be involved in the decisions of the public authorities for the performance of other work, except in the cases stipulated by the law. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 5. Employees of enterprises and establishments of the railway transport annually enjoy the right to free transport on the railways in the order and on the conditions to be determined by the Government of the Russian Federation. For employees of enterprises and establishments of railway transport transferred to other work as a consequence of an occupational accident or occupational disease or retired disability pension due to occupational accident, The right to free transport by rail and other benefits established by federal laws and other regulatory instruments is preserved by occupational disease or other damage to health resulting from the worker's fault OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION enterprises and institutions. 6. The members of the paramilitary protection units of the federal executive branch in the field of railway transport are guaranteed legal and social protection under Russian law. THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Conditions and pay, personal security, guarantees of legal and social protection of employees of paramilitary units, as well as guarantees and compensation provided to employees of enterprises and institutions The Government of the Russian Federation and the international treaties of the Russian Federation shall determine the railway transport with the connector nature of work while they are in the territories of other States. Article 17. Discipline in rail transport 1. The discipline of railway workers is regulated by the legislation of the Russian Federation on labour and the Regulation on the discipline of railway workers of the Russian Federation, approved by the Government of the Russian Federation. 2. Termination as a means of resolving collective labour disputes on railways is not permitted. The reported cases of termination are a gross violation of labour discipline and are subject to disciplinary action. Section VII. EXTERNAL TRANSPORT, INVOLVEMENT OF RAILWAY TRANSPORT WITH OTHER TYPES OF TRANSPORT, JUDICIAL, LIBERTIES AND CITIZENS RAIL TRANSPORT Article 18. Foreign economic activities of the rail transport Organization of the carriage of passengers, goods, cargo and baggage in international rail and direct international mixed traffic, development of international transport transport links and foreign economic activities are carried out by the federal executive authority in the field of railway transport in accordance with federal laws and other regulatory legal acts of the Russian Federation, OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Article 19. The interaction of railway enterprises transport with other modes of transport, legal entities and citizens who are owners of railway transport objects 1. Rail transport in the transport of passengers, goods, cargo and luggage in a mixed message interacts with sea, air, road and river transport modes. 2. The transport of passengers, cargo and luggage in a direct mixed message shall be carried out in accordance with the regulations approved by the Government of the Russian Federation. 3. The transport of goods in direct mixed messages shall be carried out on the basis of the charter of the railways of the Russian Federation, the rules for the carriage of goods in direct mixed messages and the charters, codes, regulations and tariffs governing carriage by by the appropriate mode of transport. 4. The transport of goods in a direct international mixed message is made on the basis of the relevant international agreements of the Russian Federation. 5. The legal relations of railway enterprises with legal persons and citizens who are owners of railway transport facilities, as well as the procedure and conditions for the operation of railway access routes and the treatment of belonging They are defined by this Federal Law, the charter of the railways of the Russian Federation, other normative legal acts of the Russian Federation and the contracts concluded on their basis. 6. Citizens and legal persons who own railway facilities, constructing new railway lines for the carriage of goods and passengers on the way to the common rail, as well as design and The rolling stock, design and construction of the lines and rolling stock in agreement with the federal executive authority in the field of railway transport. The legal relations of railway enterprises with the above-mentioned legal persons and citizens with railway lines with access to the railway lines are defined by this Federal Act. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Section VIII. RAILWAY ACCOUNTABILITY Article 20. The responsibility of the rail transport 1. Railway enterprises are not entitled to refuse to carry a passenger and the consignor who has paid for and correctly issued travel documents for the passage or carriage of goods, cargo and baggage, except in the cases provided for by the Statute. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 2. Railway enterprises carrying out the transport process shall be liable for damage caused to the life and health of the passenger or other person using the services of the railway transport, as well as of the person injured in the railway transport. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 3. Railway transport enterprises in the field of carriage of goods are liable to fines in the amounts determined by the charter of the Russian Federation's railways for failure to comply with the plan for the carriage of goods, not to supply and delaying the carriage of wagons. from access roads, unauthorized occupation, damage or loss of wagons and containers belonging to or leased by the consignor and the consignee. Rail transport enterprises, together with the liability for delay in the delivery of goods, are responsible for the failure to secure the goods to be transported (including in connection with the transport of goods). with the delay in their delivery), cargo charms or baggage from the calculation of their price specified in the invoice, contract, contract for delivery of cargo, cargo handling, baggage, taking into account the value added tax and inflation. In determining the mass of goods, a margin of error of the measurements may be taken, as determined by the relevant federal executive authority. With the unsecure transport of goods, cargo and luggage with declared value, the railway shall be liable to the value of the declared value or share of the declared value corresponding to the lost, damaged, or damaged part of the cargo, cargo handling or luggage. Railway enterprises for non-fulfillment, improper or untimely execution of obligations for the transport of passengers, cargo and luggage, as well as goods of citizens for personal household purposes, carry limited obligations OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Liability of railway companies for non-fulfilment, improper or untimely execution of obligations for the carriage of passengers, the storage and transport of goods, cargo charisma and luggage in international traffic OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Grounds exempting the enterprises of railway transport from liability for failure, improper or untimely fulfillment of obligations on carriage are determined by the charter of the railways of the Russian Federation, OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 4. The railway transport enterprises in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation are responsible for the damage caused by their fault to the natural environment and for the improper maintenance of railway land. Article 21. Liability of consignors and consigees, cargo and baggage, other organizations, and passengers in front of railway undertakings 1. The consignor and the consignee of the goods, the cargo handling and baggage, other organizations, as well as passengers in the use of railway transport services and their facilities and facilities are obliged to comply with the requirements of this Federal Act, OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 2. Legal persons who are the consignor and the consignee in the field of goods transport are liable to fines in the amount established by the charter of the railways of the Russian Federation for: failure to carry out a plan for the carriage of goods; Use without permission of the railways of wagons and containers of the general network; delay (s) of wagons and containers under loading, unloading or trans-shipment of more established technological norms, as well as in waiting for them to be submitted for unloading, overloading or for other reasons depending on The consignor; violation of regulatory requirements for the supply of goods for export, resulting in the delay of wagons and containers by customs, border or other controls; loading capacity; non-cleaning of rolling stock and containers after unloading; damage or loss of railway rolling stock or containers, demountable vehicles or containers packaging; production of goods prohibited for carriage, or of a consignment requiring special precautions with the wrong indication of the name or properties of the goods. 3. The liability of the senders, recipients and passengers for failure or improper performance of obligations related to the carriage of goods, goods and luggage in an international communication is determined in accordance with international treaties of the Russian Federation. The charter of railways defines the grounds for the release of the consignor, the recipients and the passengers of the liability for failure or improper performance of obligations arising from the carriage of goods, cargo and baggage OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 4. Officials and citizens for violation of the rules for the use of railway vehicles, rules of order and safety of traffic, rules of fire safety, sanitary and anti-epidemic regulations on In accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation, rail transport, damage to devices, vehicles and their internal equipment shall incur administrative liability if these violations do not involve themselves Criminal responsibility. 5. Damage to rail transport resulting from the deliberate blocking of transport communications and other illegal activities that impinge upon its unhindered and safe operation is reimbursed to enterprises and railway institutions. by the federal executive authorities, the executive authorities of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation and the local authorities in cases where, as a result of their actions, (no action) taken necessary measures to prevent and punish OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Article 22. Order and review of claims and claims 1. In case of non-execution, improper or untimely execution of obligations for the carriage of passengers, the storage and transport of goods, cargo charisma and luggage, passengers, consignors and consigees have the right to present railway undertakings to the relevant enterprises. The transport of the claim is in accordance with the procedure and deadlines set by the charter of the railways of the Russian Federation, as well as the international treaties to which the Russian Federation is a party. 2. When the claims are rejected in whole or in part or non-receipt of a response within the time limits established for their consideration, the passengers, the consignor and the consignee of the goods, the cargo handling and the baggage claim have the right to bring claims against the railway companies. The court, the arbitral tribunal or the arbitral tribunal, respectively, within six months from the date of receipt of the reply or from the day of expiry of the time limits established by the Statute of the Russian Railways for reply. The procedure for presenting and considering claims by passengers, consignors and consigees of goods, cargo and baggage in the conduct of international rail transport is determined by the relevant international agreements of the Russian Federation. THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 3. The claims of railway companies to passengers, consignors and consigees relating to the carriage of passengers, the storage and transport of goods, cargo charisma and baggage shall be submitted within the time limits established by the charter of the railways of the Russian Federation. THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION When rejecting a claim wholly or partially or not receiving a response within the time limits set for their consideration, the railway enterprises are entitled to file claims before the court, the arbitral tribunal or the arbitral tribunal within the period of time. The six-month period. The period shall be calculated in accordance with the procedure established by the charter of the railways of the Russian Federation. Section IX. OTHER MATTERS OF THE ORGANIZATION AND ACTIVITIES OF THE RAILWAY TRANSPORT Article 23. Cost-reporting time on the rail transport In order to ensure the continuous centralized management of the transport enterprise and in rail transport institutions directly involved In transport, irrespective of their location, a uniform accounting period is established in the territory of the Russian Federation-Moscow. Article 24. The language of communication used in the railway transport In rail transport the Russian language is used as the official language of the Russian Federation. Information at railway stations, railway stations, trains and other places of service for passengers, consignors and consigees of cargo, cargo and baggage, together with the State language of the Russian Federation, may also be carried out on in other languages, taking into account the interests of the local population and railway transport. Article 25. Insurance of passengers, separate categories railway workers, goods, cargo, and baggage 1. Rail passengers (excluding rail passengers, the following in international and suburban traffic) by train, as well as rail workers with disconnection of labour, Seconded to areas of emergency or to areas with complex crime-prone areas performing check-and-inspection functions in trains, paramilitary guards for the period of their performance to be subject to compulsory personal insurance (...) (...) 2. The procedure and conditions for the compulsory personal insurance of passengers and certain categories of railway workers shall be determined by the relevant federal law. 3. In railway transport, in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation on insurance, voluntary personal insurance of passengers may be carried out along with compulsory personal insurance, as well as voluntary insurance of goods, Cargo handling and baggage. Article 26. Mobilizing railway transport 1. Rail transport training is the most important state task for strengthening the security of the state and is carried out in peacetime in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation, presidential decrees OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION the economy and the population of the country in transport. 2. The financing of activities for the mobilization of railway transport is carried out in accordance with the procedure set by the Government of the Russian Federation. 3. The Rail Transport and Civil Defence Guidelines for Emergency Training and Civil Defence are being implemented by the Federal Executive in the field of railway transport. 4. The responsibility for the proper condition of mobilization training and civil defence in enterprises and in railway institutions is the responsibility of their managers. Article 27. Licensing of selected activities on railway transport Licensing of certain activities carried out by citizens (natural persons) in railway transport, as well as by legal persons, is not part of the railway system and is carried out by the federal executive authority in the field of railway transport in accordance with the procedure established by federal law. Section X. FINAL PROVISIONS Article 28. Entry into force of this Federal Law 1. This law shall enter into force on the date of its official publication. 2. The Law of the USSR "On Railway Transport" (Bulletin of the Congress of People's Deputies of the USSR and the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, 1991, N 18, art. 519); the decree of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR "On the enactment of the USSR Law on Railway Transport" (Vedomas of the Congress of People's Deputies of the USSR and the Supreme Soviet of the USSR, 1991, N 18, st. 520). 3. Invite the President of the Russian Federation and instruct the Government of the Russian Federation to bring its normative legal acts into conformity with this Federal Law. 4. The Government of the Russian Federation shall adopt the normative legal acts implementing this Federal Act. President of the Russian Federation Yeltsin Moscow, Kremlin 25 August 1995 N 153-FZ