Expired-the Federal law from 22/08/2004, no. 122-FZ of the RUSSIAN FEDERATION FEDERAL LAW on State support for the mass media and publishing adopted by the State Duma of the Russian Federation October 18, 1995 year approved by the Federation Council of the year November 15, 1995 (text as amended by the Federal law dated 22.10.98 N 159-FZ) this federal law regulates the State support of mass media and publishing, privatization of enterprises to ensure their functioning, and aims to ensure the constitutional right of citizens to receive complete and impartial information.
Chapter 1. Basic concepts of Article 1. The basic concepts used in the present Federal law for purposes of this federal law refers to: under the State support of mass media-a set of institutional, organizational, technical, legal, economic and other measures imposed by the State in order to safeguard the rights of citizens to receive objective information, to freedom of speech, as well as to ensure the independence of the media;
under the mass of information intended for the general public printing, audio, audiovisual and other communications and materials;
under medium-periodic printed publication, television, radio, video, kinohronikal'naja program, other forms of periodical spreading of mass information;
under the periodical publication-newspaper, magazine, Almanac, newsletter, other Edition, has a permanent name, the current number and goes in at least once a year;
under the television, radio, video, kinohronikal'noj program-a set of periodic audio and audiovisual messages and materials (transmission); has a permanent name and appears (in a stream) at least once a year;
under the production of media-circulation or copies of an individual accommodation of the periodical printed publising, separate edition of television, radio, kinohronikal'noj programs, or copies of audio or video programs;
under media distribution-for sale (subscription, delivery, distribution) periodicals, audio or video programs, broadcast tv and radio (broadcasting), demonstration of newsreel programmes;
edited by the media organization (regardless of form of ownership), which is carrying out production and release of the media;
under the Publishing House of the State-owned enterprise or organization of any form of property, carrying out training, production and release of the book and other printed materials;
under the Printery-enterprise of State ownership or organization of any form of property, carrying out the logistics issue of newspaper and book and magazine production;
under the Organization of television and radio broadcasting (the broadcasting company-TRK)-the governing body of manufacture, installation, placement in time and dissemination using electromagnetic waves (air, cable, wire and other electromagnetic systems) audio (radio), Visual and audiovisual (television) media and data to obtain direct viewers and radio listeners;
under the sending Centre (HRC)-radio-television transmitting centers (RTTC), radio (DC) and other organizations providing telecommunications including television distribution services and (or) radio programmes produced by tv and radio broadcast organizations;
Information Agency-the governing body of the collection and dissemination of information;
under Organization for dissemination of printed periodicals-organization conducting the implementation of periodicals both in Russian Federation and in other States;
under a monopoly enterprise, organization, recognized as such in accordance with competition law;
under the mass media advertising-media, in which advertising exceeds 40 per cent of the individual rooms of the periodical, and in tv and radio programmes-25 per cent of the volume of the broadcasting;
under the medium of an erotic nature-periodic printed publication or tv and radio programmes, which are generally and systematically exploit the interest in sex.
Chapter 2. Tax, customs, currency and other financial regulation Article 2. Tax regulation exempt from value added tax turnover on realization of media products, books, education, science and culture, as well as editorial, publishing, printing and book production products related to education, science and culture, newspaper and magazine production.
Exempt from value added tax services for transportation, loading, unloading, transshipment of periodical publications and books related to education, science and culture.
Not taxable profit received editorial media, publishers, news agencies, broadcasting companies, organizations for the dissemination of printed periodicals and books, bring centres of production and dissemination of media products and books related to education, science and culture, part of the boost in the federal budget.
Not taxable profits earned by enterprises and organizations from printing services for the production of books related to education, science and culture, media products, in part channeled into the federal budget.
Not taxable profit received editorial media, publishers, news agencies, broadcasting companies and organizations for the dissemination of printed periodicals and books and directed them to financing capital investment on their main profile. Non-taxable profit share, directed on these purposes, not limited.
Article 3. Customs regulation periodicals and books relating to education, science and culture, imported to the customs territory of the Russian Federation and exported from this territory media editors and publishers, are exempt from customs duties and taxes linked to imports and exports.
Paper, printing materials and printing media, audio and video, a technological and engineering equipment, imported to the customs territory of the Russian Federation to the editorial media, publishers, news agencies, broadcasting companies, printing companies and organisations and used by them for production of media products and books related to education, science and culture, are exempt from customs duty.
Article 4. Currency regulation Editorial media, publishing houses, printing companies and organizations, broadcasting companies, news agencies, the Organization for the dissemination of printed periodicals are exempt from obligatory sale of foreign currency received from exports of books related to education, science and culture, newspaper, magazines, audio and video, if it is used for the purchase of equipment and materials needed for the production of media products and books related to education, science and culture, and its expansion.
Article 5. Other financial and economic regulation of Editorial media, publishers, news agencies, broadcasting companies use the services of the organizations of postal, Telegraph and telephone communications on tariffs established for budgetary organizations.
Editorial media, publishing houses, printing companies and organizations, news agencies, broadcasting companies, organizations for the dissemination of printed periodicals and transmission centres pay rent in buildings that are federally owned, on tariffs and rates not exceeding established for organizations in the sphere of culture.
Editorial media, publishers, news agencies, broadcasting companies are transferred to the economic management of the premises they own or use in the course of its production and business activities.
Article 6. Specifics of tax, customs, currency and other financial regulation Benefits referred to in articles 2-5 of this federal law do not apply to books and periodicals advertising and erotic nature and mass media advertising and erotic nature.
Benefits referred to in articles 2-5 of this federal law, shall be applied in the manner and under the conditions determined by the relevant legislation of the Russian Federation for tax, customs, monetary and budgetary questions.
Chapter 3. Especially the privatization of enterprises, providing production newspaper, magazine and book production, privatization of enterprises that issue of the newspaper, magazine and book production, is carried out in accordance with the current legislation of the Russian Federation on privatization, taking into account established by this federal law features.
Article 7. Limitations on privatization are not subject to privatization, publishing and printing companies, related exclusively to the federal property objects: printing companies, which are all monopolists at the market of goods (services);
printing companies, equipped with high technology for high quality release and high-quality print products;
Publishers-monopolists at the national market of goods (services);
enterprises-monopolists, to ensure the functioning of the printing industry.
Publishing and printing companies within the scope of this article, could go public in the manner provided for in article 8 of this federal law, only by the decision of the Government of the Russian Federation not earlier than at the expiration of three years from the date of entry into force of this federal law.
Article 8. Especially the privatization of publishing and polygraphic enterprises relating to the objects of the federal property printing companies located in the territories of subjects of the Russian Federation, relating to federal property and non-monopoly for the production of newspaper, magazine and book production in the territory of the Russian Federation, as well as printing companies, included in the system of a decentralized print newspapers and magazines are converted into joint stock companies.
25.5 per cent of the shares in federal property for a period of three years.
24.5 per cent of ordinary shares is transferred to akcioniruemym printing enterprises on a pro bono basis.
50 per cent of the common stock is transferred on a pro bono basis for legal entities-editorial media and publishing, producing products for this printing company and transformed into a joint-stock company of open type or parties. Shares are distributed between them in proportion to the volume of manufactured products in kind.
Editorial media, publishing houses, printing organizations have the right to sell some shares, attracting investors of their choice, provided that the profile of their activities.
To participate in the distribution of shares by private subscription Edition are not allowed the media and publishing, producing products advertising and erotic nature.
Article 9. Privatizing publishing and printing enterprises that are not monopolists or passed into the ownership of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation privatization of publishing and polygraphic enterprises in federal property and non-monopoly, as well as publishing and printing companies, passed into the ownership of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation shall be carried out in accordance with this federal law and the regional programmes of privatization.
Chapter 4. On the procedure for the entry into force of this federal law by virtue of Article 10. The deadline for the entry into force of this federal law this federal law shall enter into force on the day of its official publication.
Articles 2, 3, 5 of this federal law shall enter into force on January 1, 1996 year and lose force on January 1, 2002 year. (As amended by federal law from 22.10.98 N 159-FZ) of Article 4 of this federal law shall enter into force from January 1, 1996 year and shall cease to have effect with the January 1, 1999 year. (New paragraph 3 amended by federal law from 22.10.98 N 159-FZ) Article 7-9 of this federal law shall enter into force on the day of its publication and shall apply until the approval of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation of the State program of privatization of State and municipal enterprises in the Russian Federation.
Article 11. Enforcement of compliance with this federal law legal acts of the President of the Russian Federation and to entrust the Government of the Russian Federation to bring its legal acts in compliance with this federal law.
Russian President Boris Yeltsin in Moscow, the Kremlin December 1, 1995 N 191-FZ