About Grain

Original Language Title: О зерне

Read the untranslated law here: http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?doc_itself=&infostr=x&backlink=1&fulltext=1&nd=102023495

W a c o n RUSSIAN FEDERATION on grain (as amended by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation from 21.12.93 N 2232; federal laws from 02.12.94 N 53-FZ;
from 01/10/2003 N 15-FL; from 2/2/2006 N 19-FZ;
from 16.03.2006 N 41-ФЗ; from 18/07 N 242-FZ) this Act is designed to fully satisfy the needs of the Russian Federation in the food, forage and seed grain production at the expense of their own based on the maximum balance between grain producers and the State.
Chapter I substantive provisions Article 1. Grain is a national treasure of the Russian Federation, one of the major factors in the sustainability of its economy. The State supports the grain producers targeted reduced investment, pricing, credit and fiscal policies.
Chapter II State support for production and processing of grain Article 2. The State annually funded government programme of research and development on plant breeding, seed production, manufacture, handling, storage and processing of grain, leguminous and oil-bearing crops, as well as on the development of technologies aimed at the rational use of grain.
State: compensates for grain producers to not less than one third of the costs incurred per ton of grown grain, and not less than one half of the costs incurred per ton of ecologically clean grain and seeds sold in federal or regional funds. In determining the amount of compensation taken into account actual expenditures during the previous year and the projected rate of inflation estimated for the year;
compensates producers grain 50 per cent of the cost of purchasing grain harvesters;
compensates producers grain 50 per cent and 30 per cent of enterprises hlebopriemnym own costs for construction and renovation of material and technical base of drying, processing, storage of grain and seeds.
The manner of financing State programmes of compensation and reimbursement, taking into account regional characteristics is determined by the Government of the Russian Federation.
State expenditures to support grain production and processing are submitted to the State budget of the Russian Federation on a separate line. (Repealed article 2 in relation to Government support of the production and processing of grain-the Federal law dated 02.12.94 g. N 53-FZ), Article 3. Grain producers realize it at contractual prices State and regional customers, as well as in the grain market.
Every year in January-February, the Government of the Russian Federation in consultation with the executive authorities of the Republics comprising the Russian Federation of an autonomous region, autonomous okrugs, krays, oblasts, representatives of public associations, expressing the interests of grain producers and its consumers, establishes the grain lower guaranteed level purchasing prices, taking into account the world market price. Contractual prices subject to indexing at the time of the purchase of grain, taking into account inflation.
(Part three of lapsed federal law from 02.12.94 N 53-FZ) to provide additional loans to producers of grain the State organizes and maintains a system of collateral. Keystone grain is carried out in accordance with the law of the Russian Federation "on pledge". Grain producers involved in mortgage transactions on a voluntary basis. (Article 3 suspended pending a decision on the Act, the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation-the edict of the President of the Russian Federation from 21.12.93 N 2232) article 4. The State guarantees the producers of grain purchase total against the implementation of grain and products of its processing, with highlights and maintained clean grain for the production of baby foods.
The Government of the Russian Federation, the executive authorities of the Republics comprising the Russian Federation of an autonomous region, autonomous okrugs, krays, oblasts may impose additional measures on material resource to stimulate grain producers to sell it to the relevant funds. (The effect of article 4 is suspended until a decision on the Act, the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation-the edict of the President of the Russian Federation from 21.12.93 N 2232) chapter III Funds grains, their formation and use of Article 5. In order to meet the needs of the Russian Federation in the food, forage and seed grain created Federal Fund regional funds and grain grain republics within the Russian Federation, the autonomous oblast, autonomous okrugs, krays, oblasts.
Article 6. The amount of the Federal Foundation of grain shall be determined by the Government of the Russian Federation and is financed by purchases of grain on a contractual basis in the areas of its commodity production in the territory of the Russian Federation and, if necessary, through purchases of grain and beyond.
Article 7. Volumes of regional funds for grain republics within the Russian Federation, the autonomous region and autonomous areas, territories, oblasts are determined by the relevant executive authorities and are formed through purchases of grain on a contract basis from its producers both in its administrative borders, and beyond.

Article 8. The Government of the Russian Federation and to the executive authorities of the Republics comprising the Russian Federation of an autonomous region, autonomous okrugs, krays, oblasts, on the basis of annually produced grain production and use balances conclude between themselves agreements on the ratio of its procurement in the Federal and regional funds grain to a specific territory or on the amount of subsidies from the Federal Fund.
In case of failure of grain output, provided for the balance of the production and use of grain for the current year, a separate Republic within the Russian Federation, an autonomous region, Autonomous Okrug, edge, forming Federal grain in this territory and regional fund of the grain produced in the ratio defined by the specified contract. (Article 8 suspended pending a decision on the Act, the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation-the edict of the President of the Russian Federation from 21.12.93 N 2232) article 9. In order to organize the procurement and supply of grain in the Federal Fund for the Government of the Russian Federation defines the State customer status, functions and powers which establishes special provisions.
The State authority may, on a competitive basis to transfer executive bodies, enterprises, institutions and organizations part of its role in the formation of purchase orders and deliveries of grain to the Federal Fund. (As amended by the federal laws from 01/10/2003 N 15-FL; from 2/2/2006 N 19-FZ) State the employer is responsible for ensuring Federal Fund volumes of grain.
State customer annually in January represents the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation report on the use of financial and material resources and ensuring the needs of the Russian Federation in bakeries over the past year. (Article 9 suspended pending a decision on the Act, the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation-the edict of the President of the Russian Federation from 21.12.93 N 2232) article 10. For producers of grain, in other it suppliers for grains delivered to the Federal Fund for grain, as well as for purchases of grain abroad public customer under the State guarantee loans, allocated budgetary loans and currency.
Article 11. (Repealed-Federal Act of 2/2/2006 N 19-FZ) Article 12. For producers of grain and other suppliers for grain delivered in regional funds grain republics within the Russian Federation, the autonomous oblast, autonomous okrugs, krays, oblasts, the relevant regional customers loans under the guarantee obligations of the executive authorities of the Republics comprising the Russian Federation of an autonomous region, autonomous okrugs, krays, oblasts.
Article 13. Grain producers contract with State or regional customer delivery of grain or by-products in federal or regional funds.
(Second part repealed Federal Act of 2/2/2006 N 19-FZ)
(Part three of the repealed Federal Act of 2/2/2006 N 19-FZ) Article 14. Grain and products of its processing, purchased in the Federal Fund for grain, are the property of the Russian Federation. Federal grain Fund administered by the Government of the Russian Federation.
Federal Fund for grain is used: to meet the needs of grain and products of its processing grain-producing territories, cities, Moscow and St. Petersburg, Russian Federation armed forces, special infant food industry, alcohol and starch and syrup industries;
to highlight missing on balance on current year grain volumes to the territories, with the limited capacity of its production;
to provide grains territories in order of natural with the subsequent return of loans from the new harvest;
for the formation of the State reserve grain;
for export. (Article 14 suspended pending a decision on the Act, the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation-the edict of the President of the Russian Federation from 21.12.93 N 2232) article 15. How to use regional funds grain republics within the Russian Federation, the autonomous region and autonomous areas, territories, areas defined by their executive bodies, which are responsible for ensuring that all requirements of the Territories concerned in the grain, with the exception of the needs identified in the second part of article 14.
Chapter IV Article 16 grain market. The State shall promote the formation and development of the grain market, regulates relations in the trade and procurement operations with grain.
Article 17. (Deleted-the Federal law dated 01/10/2003 N 15-FZ), Article 18. (Deleted-the Federal law dated 01/10/2003 N 15-FL) chapter V export and import of grain

Article 19. Export of grain shall be by decision of the Government of the Russian Federation agreed with the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation, on licenses issued in the prescribed manner. (Article 19 suspended pending a decision on the Act, the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation-the edict of the President of the Russian Federation from 21.12.93 N 2232) article 20. A decision on the volume of purchases of grain and products of its processing import grain if necessary Federal Fund was adopted by the Government of the Russian Federation by agreement with the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation and is carried out centrally through the State of the customer.
The executive authorities of the Republics comprising the Russian Federation of an autonomous region, autonomous okrugs, krays, oblasts, trade organizations and other organizations, enterprises and institutions shall have the right to conduct independent procurement of grain abroad at the expense of own currency resources. (The effect of article 20 is suspended until a decision on the Act, the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation-the edict of the President of the Russian Federation from 21.12.93 N 2232) (VI) (repealed-federal law 18/N 242-FZ), Article 21. (Repealed-federal law 18/N 242-FZ), the President of the Russian Federation, b. Yeltsin Moscow, House of Soviets of Russia May 14, 1993-4973 N (I)