On Defence

Original Language Title: Об обороне

Read the untranslated law here: http://pravo.gov.ru/proxy/ips/?doc_itself=&infostr=x&backlink=1&fulltext=1&nd=102018636

Expired-the Federal law dated 31.05.96 g. N 61-FL w and c o n the defence the RUSSIAN FEDERATION (as amended by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation from 24.12.93 N 2288) this law determines the framework and organization of defence of the Russian Federation, the rights and responsibilities of government bodies, local self-government bodies, enterprises, institutions, organizations, officials and citizens in the area of defence, structure and organization of the armed forces of the Russian Federation responsibility for violation of legislation of the Russian Federation on the issues of Defense, as well as other rules relating to defence.
R a w d e l i. General provisions article 1. The basics of defense in this law under the defence refers to the system of political, economic, military, social, legal and other measures to ensure the readiness of States to protect itself against armed attack, as well as proper protection of population, territory and sovereignty of the Russian Federation.
Defence is an element of security and one of the most important functions of the State.
Defence is organised and carried out in accordance with international law, the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the current legislation of the Russian Federation and the military doctrine of the Russian Federation.
For the defense of using armed struggle created the armed forces of the Russian Federation and sets the conscription of citizens of the Russian Federation.
To the defence by means of armed struggle may be border guards, Interior troops, troops of the Ministry of security of the Russian Federation, Government communications troops, provide liaison with military authorities, railway troops of the Russian Federation, the civil defence forces (hereinafter referred to as other troops) that perform tasks in the area of Defense, established by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
The list of forces referred to in this article, is exhaustive.
The existence and the establishment in the Russian Federation, other military formations must be prosecuted by law.
Article 2. Organization of Defense Organization of the Defense includes: legal regulation in the field of defence;
prediction and assessment of the military threat;
the development of defence policy and military doctrine of the Russian Federation;
construction, preparation and maintenance of the necessary readiness of the armed forces of the Russian Federation, as well as planning for their use;
development, production and improvement of weapons and military equipment;
mobilization training authorities, local self-government bodies, enterprises, institutions and organizations, the economy, territory, communications and population of the country;
creating wealth in the public stocks and mobilization reserves;
planning and implementation of activities of civil and territorial defence;
maintaining state and military secrets;
the development of military science;
coordinating the activities of bodies of State power and administration and local self-government bodies in the field of defence;
civilian control over expenditure on defence and the Department of Defense of the Russian Federation is not limited by law;
international cooperation for collective security and common defence;
other activities in the field of defence.
Article 3. The legislation of the Russian Federation on the issues of Defense of the Russian Federation Legislation on defence is based on the Constitution of the Russian Federation and consists of this law, and other laws of the Russian Federation regulating relations connected with the security of the Russian Federation, military duty and military service, State service replacing military service (alternative service), the status of military pensions of persons discharged from military service, defence budget, civil defence, mobilization, military situation , procurement of armaments, defence status of the enterprise, the State secret, land, other legislative acts of the Russian Federation.
Regulations on defence, acting in USSR remain valid if they do not contradict the legislation of the Russian Federation on defense, to complete their withdrawal by authorized bodies.
R a w d e l II. The POWERS of the organs of State power and administration in the field of DEFENCE, Article 4. The powers of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation in the field of defence, the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation determines military policy and adopts the basic provisions of the military doctrine of the Russian Federation;
carries out legislative regulation in the field of defence and socio-legal protection of servicemen, persons discharged from military service, and members of their families;
approves the text of the oath, obshhevoinskie charters, banners and flags of the armed forces of the Russian Federation;
considers and approves the defense budget in detail;
approve the Community budget upon the submission of the President of the Russian Federation, composition and size of the armed forces of the Russian Federation and other troops, sets the number of positions in the armed forces of the Russian Federation, replaced generals and admirals;

establishes military ranks;
approves the regulations on the procedure for military service and execution of the public service to replace military service (alternative service);
carries out the control over execution of the legislation of the Russian Federation on defense;
consents to the appointment of the Minister of defence of the Russian Federation and his deputies, Chief of the General staff of the armed forces of the Russian Federation and deputy commanders of the species, territorial and functional commands of the armed forces of the Russian Federation;
otreshaet from the post of Minister of defence of the Russian Federation on the grounds and in the manner stipulated by the Constitution of the Russian Federation;
ratify and denounce international treaties of the Russian Federation on joint defence and military cooperation, on the issues of collective security and disarmament;
takes decisions on the use of the armed forces of the Russian Federation outside the Russian Federation, in accordance with its international obligations;
decides on General or partial mobilization, and on entering lifting martial law throughout the territory of the Russian Federation or in its particular areas, declaring a State of war, on the establishment and abolition of bodies of State power and administration in time of war, the cessation of war and peace;
defines the powers of the President of the Russian Federation to conduct nuclear and other special testing, the use of nuclear weapons.
The Committee of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation, in charge of Defense: considering a draft defence budget and making proposals thereon to the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation;
discusses the nominations for the posts in the armed forces of the Russian Federation, replaced generals and admirals, and gives its opinion to the President of the Russian Federation. (Paragraphs, the second, fourth, sixth, eighth-twelfth, fourteenth, fifteenth part one, part two, article 4 recognized not acting and not subject to application of the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation from 24.12.93 N 2288) article 5. The powers of the President of the Russian Federation in the field of defence, the President of the Russian Federation: is the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces of the Russian Federation;
is the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation draft substantive provisions of the military doctrine of the Russian Federation;
approves the concept and construction plans, plans of the armed forces of the Russian Federation, a plan of mobilization of the Russian Federation armed forces, mobilization plans for the economy, as well as plans for training and mobilization reserves accumulation and operational equipment territory for defence;
approve state programs and plans for the development of weapons and military equipment within the allocations;
mandated nuclear and other special tests in accordance with the test programs, approved by the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation;
appoint, with the consent of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation Minister of defence of the Russian Federation and his deputies, Chief of the General staff of the armed forces of the Russian Federation and deputy commanders of the species, territorial and functional commands of the armed forces of the Russian Federation and independently to heads of departments of the Russian Federation Defense Ministry and the General staff of the armed forces of the Russian Federation, the commanders of the associations, commanders, as well as exempt them from Office or accepts their resignation in the same manner;
assigns in manner prescribed by law, military ranks generals and admirals;
approves the regulation on the Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation and the General staff of the armed forces of the Russian Federation;
endorses the plan of civil defence of the Russian Federation and the provision on territorial defence;
claims on the recommendation of the Minister of defence of the Russian Federation plans deployment of the Russian Federation armed forces and other troops, the deployment of military objects, objects to eliminate weapons of mass destruction and nuclear waste on the territory of the Russian Federation;
conduct negotiations and sign international treaties of the Russian Federation on joint defence and military cooperation, on the issues of collective security and disarmament;
declares a State of war, total or partial mobilization, martial law throughout the territory of the Russian Federation or in its particular areas in case of a sudden armed attack on the Russian Federation followed by urgent making these issues for consideration by the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation;
orders to the armed forces of the Russian Federation on the conduct of hostilities, on the use of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction within the limits of authority determined by the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation;
enacts normative acts of wartime be removed and no longer in effect, forms and abolish public authorities in time of war, in accordance with the law of the Russian Federation on military situation;

decrees on conscription of citizens of the Russian Federation for military service (with an indication of the number of conscripts). (Paragraphs third, seventh and fourteenth article 5 non-recognized and not subject to application of the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation from 24.12.93 N 2288) article 6. The authority of the Government of the Russian Federation in the field of defence, the Government of the Russian Federation is responsible for the State of the armed forces of the Russian Federation;
directs the activities of its subordinate bodies of the State administration on defense;
introduced in the Russian Federation Supreme Council proposals on the draft defence budget;
arranges equipping the armed forces of the Russian Federation and other troops with weapons and military equipment, the provision of material means, resources and services in accordance with the orders of the Defense Ministry of the Russian Federation;
provides implementation of State programmes and plans for the development of weapons, as well as the preparation of citizens for military specialties;
ensures the creation of the infrastructure of the Russian Federation armed forces and other troops;
determines the order in which the military account and prepares proposals to the President of the Russian Federation on the contingents of the Russian Federation citizens subject to conscription, military training and mobilization;
organizes elaboration and execution of mobilization plans and targets, plans and State mobilization reserves accumulation;
makes decisions on establishing, realigning and abolition of government defense enterprises, research and development organizations; military academies, institutes and colleges, military departments in educational institutions of higher professional education, as well as defines how citizens on military specialties and officer cadres;
the limits of the powers granted in the fulfilment of the obligations contained in international treaties of the Russian Federation on defense;
organizes the work of subordinate bodies on social welfare of servicemen, persons discharged from military service, and members of their families;
sets benefits for civilian personnel of the armed forces of the Russian Federation and other troops, as well as for the defence of the workers and employees of enterprises, institutions and organizations, depending on their working conditions;
defines the Organization, objectives and overall civil and territorial defence planning, as well as monitoring of the implementation of the approved plans;
determines the order in which the activities and the logistics of the military commissariats;
establishes an order of transfer, lease, sale and disposal of weapons and military equipment, defense installations and other military equipment;
organizes monitoring exports of weapons and military equipment, strategic materials, advanced technologies and dual-use goods;
conducts international negotiations on military issues, defines the measures for confidence-building between States and mutual lowering of the level of military threat, the creation of collective security.
Article 7. The powers of the authorities of the republics within the Russian Federation, the autonomous region and autonomous areas, territories, oblasts, cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg and self-governance bodies in the area of defence, the State authorities and management of Republics within the Russian Federation, the autonomous region and autonomous areas, territories, oblasts, cities of Moscow and St. Petersburg and local authorities in coordination with military authorities within its territory : ensure compliance with legislative and other normative acts of the Russian Federation in the field of defence and socio-legal protection of servicemen, persons discharged from military service, and members of their families;
carry out preparations for the territory and communications for defence purposes;
organize military registration and training of citizens of the Russian Federation for military service, their recruitment, military training and mobilization;
ensure the needs of military units and institutions of the Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation in the manner prescribed by laws and other normative acts in force in the territory of the Russian Federation;
implement the execution of mobilization plans and assignments;
participate in planning and undertaking activities to provide civil and territorial defence;
contribute to the higher bodies of State power and administration proposals to improve the Organization of defence.
R a w d e l III. DUTIES of enterprises, institutions, organizations and CITIZENS of the RUSSIAN Federation in the field of DEFENCE, Article 8. Duties of enterprises, institutions and organizations in the area of Defense enterprises, institutions and organizations irrespective of their form of ownership and departmental subordination in accordance with legislative and other normative acts of the Russian Federation:

perform the contractual obligations, and in wartime and Government orders to create, manufacture, supply and repair of weapons and military equipment, military materiel and resources for contracting works and provision of services for the needs of the Russian Federation armed forces and other troops;
take part in civil defence activities;
carry out the activities envisaged mobilization plans and tasks, plans and State mobilization reserves accumulation on a contractual basis, unless otherwise provided by law;
create the necessary conditions for their employees to perform their military duty; the related costs are offset by enterprises, institutions and organizations of the Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation.
Article 9. Duties and rights of citizens of the Russian Federation in the field of defence, citizens of the Russian Federation in accordance with the law: perform military duty or voluntarily come into military service on a contractual basis;
participate in the activities of civil and territorial defence;
can create businesses and civic organizations to promote defence;
provide for the needs of the wartime defence of the on demand operating authorities buildings, facilities, vehicles and other property owned, with subsequent reparation by the State.
Officials in accordance with their position are required to know and perform their functions on matters of defence, if any legislative and other normative acts of the Russian Federation.
R a w d e l IV. The ARMED FORCES of the RUSSIAN FEDERATION Article 10. The armed forces of the Russian Federation and their purpose, the armed forces of the Russian Federation-State military organization, representing the basis of defence of the Russian Federation.
The armed forces of the Russian Federation intended to repel aggression and defeat the aggressor, as well as to perform tasks in accordance with the international obligations of the Russian Federation.
Attraction of parts, units and other units of the armed forces of the Russian Federation to perform tasks that are not related to their purpose, is permitted only on the basis of law or by order of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation. (Part three of article 10 is not valid and is not to be applied-the edict of the President of the Russian Federation from 24.12.93 N 2288) article 11. The armed forces of the Russian Federation Armed forces of the Russian Federation consist of management bodies, associations, links, military units, institutions, military academies, institutes and schools.
Part of the armed forces of the Russian Federation may be part of the joint armed forces or be under a unified command in accordance with the international treaties of the Russian Federation.
Members of the armed forces of the Russian Federation may not consist of parts, units and other groups, whose activities are not related to the purpose of the armed forces of the Russian Federation and securing their livelihoods.
Article 12. Acquisition of the Russian Federation armed forces Manning the armed forces of the Russian Federation military personnel is carried out on a voluntary basis-by contract, as well as through recruitment of citizens of the Russian Federation for military service to extraterritorial principle.
The actual number of personnel in the armed forces of the Russian Federation of the peace time (without special decision of the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation) cannot exceed 1 percent of the population of the Russian Federation. (Part two of article 12 is not valid and is not to be applied-the edict of the President of the Russian Federation from 24.12.93 N 2288) in the armed forces of the Russian Federation may not perform military service citizens who have reached the age of 60.
The armed forces of the Russian Federation also equipped with civilian personnel.
For mobilization expansion of the armed forces of the Russian Federation created the necessary reserves.
Article 13. Civilian personnel of the armed forces of the Russian Federation of civilian staffing in the armed forces of the Russian Federation shall be determined by the Government of the Russian Federation, and a list of replaceable civilian staff posts-Minister of defence of the Russian Federation.
Labour relations civilian personnel with military command, depending on the position held shall be governed by the laws of the Russian Federation on labour and public service.
Legislative acts of the Russian Federation on labour, wages, pensions, social and legal protection of citizens act in respect of civilian staff of the armed forces of the Russian Federation regardless of the announcement of their introduction by orders of the military command.
Civilian personnel of the armed forces of the Russian Federation shall have the right to establish trade unions.
Article 14. Direction and management of the armed forces of the Russian Federation

The overall management of the armed forces of the Russian Federation to carry out the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation, the President of the Russian Federation, the Supreme Commander of the armed forces of the Russian Federation and the Government of the Russian Federation, within the limits of their powers defined by the Constitution of the Russian Federation and the present law. (Part one of article 14 is not valid and is not to be applied-the edict of the President of the Russian Federation from 24.12.93 N 2288) direct management of the armed forces of the Russian Federation carries out the Defence Minister of the Russian Federation, through the Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation. The main body of the operational control of forces and the Navy of the armed forces of the Russian Federation is the General Headquarters of the armed forces of the Russian Federation.
The post of Minister of defence of the Russian Federation, his deputies and other officers in the armed forces of the Russian Federation may be replaced by civilians.
The functions of the Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation and the General staff of the armed forces of the Russian Federation shall be determined by the present Law, the regulation on the Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation and the General staff of the armed forces of the Russian Federation. For their implementation in the Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation and the General staff of the armed forces of the Russian Federation creates the appropriate management and service.
The Office of the armed forces of the Russian Federation is carried out through the respective staffs.
To manage groups of the armed forces of the Russian Federation may be created functional and territorial command.
To direct and control forces and the Navy, personnel training of the armed forces of the Russian Federation uses the State language of the Russian Federation.
Leadership and management of the Russian Federation armed forces in wartime are defined by applicable law.
Article 15. The functions of the Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation, the Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation: implements the policy in the field of construction of the armed forces of the Russian Federation in accordance with the decisions of the Supreme bodies of State power of the Russian Federation;
participates in the formulation of proposals to the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation, the President of the Russian Federation on military policy and military doctrine of the Russian Federation;
develops proposals for the draft defence budget and present them to the Government of the Russian Federation;
develops projects of long-term government programmes and annual work plans in the interests of defence;
coordinated, funded and within its competence, monitor the work done in the interests of defence;
commissions and funds on a contractual basis, scientific-research and experimental-design works in the field of Defense, production and purchase of arms and military equipment, food, clothing and other equipment, material and other resources, as well as contract work and services for the needs of the armed forces of the Russian Federation within the allocated funds for this purpose;
funds and provides educational and material base on a contractual basis, public organizations, engaged in the preparation of citizens for military specialties for the armed forces of the Russian Federation;
organizes the work of preserving State and military secrets in the armed forces of the Russian Federation;
takes place in consultation with the Committee of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation responsible for Defense, personnel policies in the armed forces of the Russian Federation;
carries out financial, technical and logistical support of the armed forces of the Russian Federation;
in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation, military service and provides social protection for military personnel, civilian personnel of the armed forces of the Russian Federation, of persons discharged from military service, and members of their families;
cooperates with the military of other States;
submits proposals to the Government of the Russian Federation to take advantage of the armed forces of the Russian Federation for socio-economic development of the Russian Federation;
organizes the military scientific research;
develops and submits for approval by the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation General military draft charters;
carries out other functions provided for in the Regulation on the Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation and the General staff of the armed forces of the Russian Federation. (Paragraphs third, tenth and sixteenth article 15 non-recognized and not subject to application of the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation from 24.12.93 N 2288) article 16. The functions of the General staff of the Russian armed forces general staff of the armed forces of the Russian Federation is developing plans to use the armed forces of the Russian Federation and mobilization plans as well as plan the operational equipment of the territory of the Russian Federation in the interests of defence;

develops proposals for military doctrine of the Russian Federation, structure, composition, deployment and the tasks of the armed forces of the Russian Federation, their equipping weapons and military equipment, military training and defence budget;
exercises operational control of fleet forces and the armed forces of the Russian Federation;
conducts intelligence activities for the defence and security;
organizes training for mobilisation and deployment of the armed forces of the Russian Federation;
supports the required combat readiness of the armed forces of the Russian Federation;
organizes the operational training of officers and troops;
carries out military-research strategic nature.
Article 17. The deployment of troops and naval forces, the deployment of troops and naval forces are carried out in accordance with the objectives of defence and socio-economic potential of the regions of the Russian Federation.
Plan for the deployment of troops and naval forces being developed by the General staff of the Russian armed forces in coordination with the Government of the Russian Federation, the Government of the Russian Federation republics, autonomous region and autonomous areas, territories, oblasts, cities of Moscow and Saint Petersburg and is approved by the President of the Russian Federation on the recommendation of the Minister of defence of the Russian Federation.
The redeployment of troops and naval forces within the territories allocated for use by the Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation, is exercised by the Minister of defence of the Russian Federation in accordance with the relevant authorities of State power and administration, and from the link and above-with the permission of the President of the Russian Federation.
The deployment of troops and naval forces outside the Russian Federation is permitted only with the approval of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation. (Part four of article 17 is not valid and is not to be applied-the edict of the President of the Russian Federation from 24.12.93 N 2288) article 18. Restricting the activities of public and other organizations and associations in the armed forces of the Russian Federation and other activities of public organizations and associations that pursue political goals, as well as the education of their structures in the armed forces of the Russian Federation are not permitted.
Do not use posts and funding the armed forces of the Russian Federation for the establishment of structures and the implementation of the activities of all public and other organizations and associations, in addition to the established by the legislation of the Russian Federation.
Are prohibited from conducting any political agitation, including election, on the territory of military units, formations and institutions of the armed forces of the Russian Federation.
Article 19. The rule of law in the armed forces of the Russian Federation to oversee the legality and investigation of crimes in the armed forces of the Russian Federation are entrusted to the Procurator of the Russian Federation and its subordinate prosecutors.
Legal protection of the military, civil and criminal cases within the armed forces of the Russian Federation is exercised by the courts.
R a w d e l V. STATE of WAR. MARTIAL LAW.
MOBILIZATION. TERRITORIAL DEFENCE.
CIVIL DEFENCE Article 20. State of war, State of war is declared in the event of an armed attack on the Russian Federation to another State or group of States.
Since the announcement of a State of war or the actual outbreak of hostilities comes a time of war, which expires with the announcement of the cessation of hostilities and their actual termination.
Article 21. Martial law introduced martial law throughout the territory of the Russian Federation or in its particular areas with the Declaration of a State of war, imminent threat of armed attack by another State or group of States to the Russian Federation.
Martial law regime is defined by the law of the Russian Federation on the military situation.
Article 22. With the announcement of general mobilization or partial mobilization are on translation(transfer) of the armed forces of the Russian Federation or parts thereof on the organisation and composition of the military of the time, as well as on the transfer of enterprises, institutions and organizations or their parts with peace on the military situation.
The procedure for preparing and conducting mobilization activities shall be determined by the law of the Russian Federation on mobilization.
Article 23. Grazhdanskaya oborona grazhdanskaya oborona is organised in order to protect the civilian population and economic objects from the dangers that arise when hostilities.
Tasks and civil defence organization shall be governed by the law of the Russian Federation concerning civil defence.
Article 24. Territorial defence territorial defence is organized and implemented in order to protect facilities and communications in the territory of the Russian Federation from enemy action, sabotage and terrorist acts, as well as the establishment and maintenance of a regime of martial law.
Common tasks and organization of the territorial defence shall be determined by the President of the Russian Federation.
R a w d e l VI. Final clauses article 25. Financing of defence

Defence funding is provided from the federal budget of the Russian Federation through the allocation of funds to the Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation in accordance with the law of the Russian Federation on the defence budget.
Financing of defence expenditures without coordinating with the Ministry of defence of the Russian Federation is not allowed.
Article 26. International aspects of defence of the Russian Federation in the Organization and implementation of Defense abides by the rules of international law, international treaties and agreements to which it is a party.
Military assistance to other States, the Russian Federation has under international treaties to which it is a party. The specified assistance and other types of military-technical cooperation is carried out under the supervision of the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation.
International treaties on defense issues with the participation of the Russian Federation shall be subject to ratification by the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation. (Part of the second and third article 26 non-recognized and not subject to application of the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation from 24.12.93 N 2288) article 27. Responsibility for violation of legislation of the Russian Federation defense officials of government bodies, local self-government bodies, enterprises, institutions and organizations irrespective of their form of ownership and departmental subordination and citizens guilty of failure to fulfil their duties of defence or defence tasks shall bear disciplinary, administrative, civil or criminal liability in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation.
The President of the Russian Federation, b. Yeltsin Moscow, Russia September 24, 1992 House Tips N 3531-I