On Defence

Original Language Title: Об обороне

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Overtaken by Federal Law from 31.05.96 N 61-FZ A A K O ' N The Russian Federation (In the wording of the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation from 24.12.93 g. N 2288) This Law defines the basis and organization of the defence of the Russian Federation, the rights and duties of state power and government bodies, local governments, enterprises, institutions, OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION P a l e l I. GENERAL PROVISIONS Article 1. The defence framework In this Law, the defence is understood to be the system of political, economic, military, social, legal and other measures to ensure the State' s readiness to defend itself against an armed attack, as well as the protection itself THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Defense is an element of security and one of the most important functions of the state. The Defence shall be organized and implemented in accordance with international law, the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the legislation in force in the Russian Federation and the military doctrine of the Russian Federation. " The Armed Forces of the Russian Federation shall be established for defence with the use of means of armed struggle and a military duty of the citizens of the Russian Federation shall be established. The border forces, the internal troops, the troops of the Ministry of Security of the Russian Federation, and the troops of the government liaison with the military may be involved in defense with the use of means of armed struggle. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION The list of troops referred to in this article is exhaustive. The existence and establishment of other military units in the Russian Federation are prosecuted under the law. Article 2. Defence Organization Defence Organization includes: Defence Legal Regulation; Forecasting and Military Threat Assessment; Military Policy Development and Military of the Russian Federation; construction, preparation and maintenance of the necessary readiness of the armed forces of the Russian Federation, as well as planning their use; Military equipment; mobilization training of bodies State administration and management, local authorities, enterprises, institutions and organizations, the economy, territory, communications and the population of the country; reserves; planning and implementing civil and territorial defence activities; ensuring the preservation of state and military secrets; development of military science; authorities and local government bodies Self-government in defence; civilian control over defence spending and activities of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation in an amount not limited by law; international cooperation for collective purposes security and joint defence; other activities in the field of defence. Article 3. Russian legislation on matters of defence is based on the Constitution of the Russian Federation and includes this Law, as well as other laws of the Russian Federation. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION dismissed from military service, defence budget, civil defence, mobilization, martial law, arms procurement, status of defence enterprise, State secrets, land use, other legislative acts of the Russian Federation. The Defense Regulations in force in the USSR remain in force in part not contrary to the legislation of the Russian Federation on defence matters until they are completely repealed by the authorities. P a l e II. THE CREDENTIAL OF THE GOVERNMENT OF THE GOVERNMENT OF THE STATE The powers of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation in the field of defence are the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation: defines military policy and accepts the main provisions of the military doctrine of the Russian Federation; provides defense and socio-legal protection for military personnel, persons dismissed from military service and their families; approves the text of the military oath, general military statutes, flags and flags OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Article 2 approves the defense budget; asserts, upon the proposal of the President of the Russian Federation, the composition, structure and strength of the armed forces of the Russian Federation and other forces, establishing the number of posts in the armed forces OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION services); is monitoring execution OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Federation; ratifies and denounces international treaties OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION compliance with its international obligations; makes decisions on general or partial mobilization, on the introduction and lifting of martial law throughout the territory of the Russian Federation or in certain areas of the Russian Federation, on the declaration of a state of war, on the establishment and abolition of organs of public authority and the administration of " The President of the Russian Federation shall determine the powers of the President of the Russian Federation for the conduct of nuclear and other special tests and the use of nuclear weapons. The Defence Committee of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation: considers the draft defense budget and submits its proposals to the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation; of the Russian Federation, replaced by the President of the Russian Federation. (Paragraph 2, fourth, sixth, eighth, Part One, article 4, part two, is found not to be in force or to be -Decree of the President of the Russian Federation N 2288) Article 5. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Draft basic provisions of the military doctrine of the Russian Federation; approves concept and plans of construction, plans to use the armed forces of the Russian Federation, mobilization plan of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation Federation, mobilization plans and plans Preparation and accumulation of mobilization reserves and operational equipment of the country in the interest of defence; approves state programs and plans for the development of weapons and military equipment within the allocated funds; authorizes the conduct of nuclear and other special tests in accordance with the tests approved by the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation; , with the consent of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation, the Minister of Defence OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION The General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, commanders of associations, commanders of compounds, as well as relives them from office or accepts their resignation in the same manner; is assigned in the manner prescribed by law; Military ranks of generals and admirals; OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION is negotiating and signing international treaties of the Russian Federation OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION In the case of a sudden armed attack on the Russian Federation, with immediate immediate introduction of these issues to the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation; is ordered by the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation to the conduct of military operations for the use of nuclear weapons and Other types of weapons of mass destruction within the limits of the powers defined by the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation; put in effect the normative acts of wartime and terminate them, form and abolish bodies The State Administration of Military Time, in accordance with the law of the Russian Federation on martial law; has issued decrees on the recruitment of citizens of the Russian Federation for military service (with the number of conscripts). (Paragraphs 3, 7, and 14 of Article 5 are found to be non-applicable and non-enforceable-Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of 24.12.93 g. N 2288) Article 6. The power of the Government of the Russian Federation in the field of defence The Government of the Russian Federation: is responsible for the state of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation; of its subsidiary bodies of the State Defence Administration; submits proposals to the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation on a draft defence budget; organizes the equipment of the armed forces of the Russian Federation, and weapons and military equipment, their security of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation; ensures the execution of state programs and plans for the development of weapons, as well as training of citizens in military accounting specialties; provides the infrastructure of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation and other forces; determines the order of military accounting and prepares proposals to the President of the Russian Federation on contingents OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION military and mobilization fees; will organize and execute mobilization plans and tasks, plans for accumulation of mobilization and government reserves; makes decisions to create, reprofile, and eliminate State defence enterprises, research and development organizations; military academies, institutes and schools, military departments at educational institutions of higher professional education, as well as order Training of citizens in military and military skills Officers ' personnel; organized within the limits of the authority given to the obligations contained in the international treaties of the Russian Federation on defence matters; organized the work of the subordinate bodies on Social security of servicemen, persons dismissed from military service and members of their families; provides benefits for civilian personnel of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation and other troops, as well as for workers and employees of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. enterprises, institutions and organizations, depending on their working conditions; defines the organization, tasks, and general planning of civil and territorial defence, as well as control over the implementation of approved plans; defines the scope of activities and logistics Military commissariats; establishes the procedures for the transfer, rental, sale and destruction of weapons and military equipment, defence installations and other military equipment; arranges for the export of arms and military equipment; of strategic materials, best practices and dual-use goods "The international negotiations on military matters determine measures to strengthen trust between States and reduce the level of military danger and create collective security," he said. Article 7. Powers of the public authorities and of the republics of the Russian Federation, the Autonomous Region, the autonomous regions of the autonomous districts, regions, regions, cities of Moscow and St of local selfgovernment in the field of defence of the State and republics of the Russian Federation, the Autonomous Region, the Autonomous Regions, the Autonomous Regions, the Regions, the Cities of Moscow and St Petersburg and the Bodies of local self-government in cooperation with the within its territory: shall ensure the implementation of legislative and other normative acts of the Russian Federation in the field of defence and the social and legal protection of military personnel, persons dismissed from military service and members of their families; conducts activities for the preparation of the territory and communications for defence purposes; organize military accounting and training of citizens of the Russian Federation for military service, their conscription, military duties and mobilization; provide the needs of military units and institutions OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION in the planning and execution of civil and territorial defense activities; they submit to the supreme organs of state power and the management of the proposal to improve the organization of the defence. P a l e l III. Representatives of the MFA of the Russian Federation to the Duties of enterprises, institutions and organizations in the field of defence Enterprises, institutions and organizations, irrespective of their authority and form of ownership, in accordance with the legislative and other regulatory framework OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION: to fulfill treaty obligations, and in wartime-and state orders for the creation, production, supply and repair of weapons and military equipment, other military equipment and resources, contractual OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Other troops; take part in civil defence activities; carry out activities called for mobilization plans and assignments, plans for accumulation of mobilization and government reserves on the treaty The basis, if not otherwise determined by law; create the necessary conditions for their employees to perform their military duties; the related costs are reimbursed to the enterprises, institutions and organizations of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation. THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Article 9. Duties and rights of citizens of the Russian Federation Federation in the field of defence Citizens of the Russian Federation, in accordance with the law: Conscription or voluntarily enter military service takes part in civil and territorial defense activities; can create businesses and public organizations that contribute to the strengthening of defence; provided in wartime for want Defence at the request of the existing authorities of the building, Vehicles and other property in their property, with subsequent reimbursement by the State. Officials in accordance with the post are required to know and perform their defence functions, if any, by legislative and other regulatory acts of the Russian Federation. P a l e IV. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION The armed forces of the Russian Federation are intended to repeals the aggression and infliction of aggression against the aggressor, as well as to perform tasks in accordance with the international obligations of the Russian Federation. "The involvement of the Russian Federation's units, units and other formations in the performance of tasks not related to their intended use is permitted only by law or by resolution of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation." OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 24.12.93. N 2288) Article 11. The composition of the armed forces of the Russian Federation is composed of the authorities, associations, formations, military units, institutions, military academies, institutes and schools. Part of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation may be part of the combined armed forces or be under the joint command in accordance with the international treaties of the Russian Federation. The Armed Forces of the Russian Federation cannot include parts, units or other formations whose activities are not related to the mission of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation and the provision of their vital activities. Article 12. Staffing of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation Federation of the Russian Federation Armed Forces of the Russian Federation is carried out on a voluntary basis under the contract, as well as on the basis of the appeal of citizens of the Russian Federation Federations to military service on extraterritorial principle. The actual number of soldiers in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation of peacetime (without a special decision of the Supreme Council of the Russian Federation) cannot exceed 1 per cent of the population of the Russian Federation. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION 24.12.93. N 2288) In the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, citizens who have reached the age of 60 cannot serve in the armed forces. The Armed Forces of the Russian Federation are also staffed by civilian personnel. " The necessary reserves are created for the mobilization deployment of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. Article 13. Civilian personnel of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation The number of civilian personnel in the armed forces of the Russian Federation is established by the Government of the Russian Federation, and the list of the replacement staff is provided by the Government of the Russian Federation. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION The employment relations of civilian personnel with military command, depending on their position, are governed by the legislation of the Russian Federation on labour and the civil service. The legislative acts of the Russian Federation on labour, remuneration, pension, social and legal protection of citizens are applicable to the civilian personnel of the armed forces of the Russian Federation, regardless of their status. Their imposition by military command orders. The civilian personnel of the Russian Armed Forces are entitled to form trade unions. Article 14. OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Decree of the President of the Russian Federation class="doclink "href=" ?docbody= &prevDoc= 102018636&backlink=1 & &nd=102027852" target="contents "title=" "> from 24.12.93 y. Russian Federation's Minister of Defence, through the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation. The General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation is the main body of operational control of troops and forces of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. The positions of Minister of Defence of the Russian Federation, his deputies and other officials in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation may be replaced by civilians. The functions of the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation and the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation are determined by this Law, the Regulations on the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation and the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. of the Russian Federation. To implement them, the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation and the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation shall establish appropriate offices and services. The Armed Forces of the Russian Federation are administered through the respective headquarters. Functional and territorial commands may be created to manage the factions of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. The Russian Federation uses the State language of the Russian Federation to manage and control troops and forces of the Navy. The Russian Armed Forces ' leadership and management in wartime is determined by the relevant law. Article 15. The Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation, the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation: implements the policy on the construction of the Russian Federation's armed forces in accordance with the decisions of the supreme organs of the Russian Federation. of the Russian Federation; participates in the elaboration of proposals to the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation, the President of the Russian Federation on military policy and the military doctrine of the Russian Federation; Proposal for a draft defence budget and submits them to the Government OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Defence-based; orders and funds on a contractual basis research and development work in the field of defence, production and procurement of arms and military equipment, food, etc. equipment, material and other resources, and contractual works and services for OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Specialties for the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation; arranges for the preservation of state and military secrets in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation; is in coordination with the committee of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Service and social protection of military personnel, civilian personnel of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, persons dismissed from military service and their family members; cooperates with military authorities of other states; makes proposals to the Government of the Russian Federation OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION class="ed"> (third, tenth and sixteenth paragraphs) are not recognized Decree of the President of the Russian Federation N 2288) Article 16. The functions of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation: is developing plans for the use of the armed forces of the Russian Federation and mobilization plans, as well as the plan of operational equipment of the territory of the Russian Federation in the interests of defence; is developing proposals on the military doctrine of the Russian Federation, the structure, composition, deployment and tasks of the Russian Federation's armed forces; weapons and military equipment, training of military personnel Personnel and the defence budget; exercises operational control over the troops and forces of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation; carries out intelligence activities in the interests of defence and security; organizes the mobilization and deployment of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation; supports the necessary combat readiness of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation; forces; conducts military research Strategic and operational. Article 17. The deployment of troops and forces of the Navy is carried out in accordance with the objectives of defence and socio-economic capabilities of the regions of the Russian Federation. " The plan of the deployment of troops and forces of the Navy is drawn up by the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation in coordination with the Government of the Russian Federation and the constituent republics of the Russian Federation, The President of the Russian Federation, on the proposal of the Minister of Defence of the Russian Federation. The redeployment of troops and forces within the territories allocated to the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation is carried out by the Minister of Defence of the Russian Federation in coordination with the relevant bodies of the State The President of the Russian Federation The dislocation of troops and forces outside the Russian Federation is permitted only with the approval of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation. (Part Four of Article 17 is considered to be non-applicable and non-applicable-Decree of the Russian Federation N 2288) Article 18. Restriction of the activities of public and other organizations and associations in the Russian Armed Forces of the Russian Federation Activities of public and other organizations and associations pursuing political goals, as well as The formation of their structures in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation is not permitted. It is prohibited to use the posts and financial resources of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation to create structures and carry out the activities of any public or other organizations and associations other than those established OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION It is prohibited to conduct any political agitation, including pre-election, on the territory of military units, formations and institutions of the Russian Federation's Armed Forces. Article 19. The Office of the Procurator-General of the Russian Federation is responsible for ensuring the rule of law in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. the procurators subordinate to him. " The courts are carrying out legal protection of military personnel, consideration of civil and criminal cases in the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. P a Y e V. STATUS OF WAR MILITARY POSITION. MOBILIZATION. TERRITORIAL DEFENSES. CIVILIAN TRAFFIC Article 20. The state of war The state of war is declared in the event of an armed attack against the Russian Federation of another State or group of States. Since the declaration of the state of war or the actual beginning of hostilities, there is a time of war that comes to an end with the announcement of the cessation of hostilities and their de facto cessation. Article 21. Military provision Military provision is introduced throughout the territory of the Russian Federation or in certain areas of the Russian Federation with the declaration of a state of war as well as the immediate threat of an armed attack by another State, or OF THE PRESIDENT OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION " The martial law regime is determined by the Russian Federation law on martial law. Article 22. Mobilization of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation or their part on the organization and composition of wartime, as well as for the transfer of enterprises, institutions and or parts thereof from a peaceful to a military position. The law of the Russian Federation on mobilization determines the procedure for the preparation and conduct of mobilization activities. Article 23. Civil defence Civil defence is organized to protect civilians and economic objects from the dangers of warfare. The tasks and organization of civil defence are determined by the Russian Federation's Law on Civil Protection. Article 24. Territorial defences Territorial defence shall be organized and carried out for the purpose of protecting objects and communications in the territory of the Russian Federation against the acts of the enemy, acts of sabotage and terrorism, as well as establishing and Maintenance of martial law. Common tasks and organization of territorial defense are determined by the President of the Russian Federation. P a l e VI. FINAL PROVISIONS Article 25. Defence funding is provided from the federal budget of the Russian Federation through the allocation of funds to the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation in accordance with the Russian Federation Law on the defence budget. Financing of defense expenditures without coordination with the Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation is not permitted. Article 26. The international dimension of defence , the Russian Federation in the organization and implementation of defence, complies with international law, international treaties and agreements to which it is a party. Military assistance to other States is provided by the Russian Federation on the basis of international treaties to which it is a party. This assistance and other forms of military and technical cooperation are carried out under the supervision of the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation. International treaties on defence affairs with the participation of the Russian Federation are subject to ratification by the Supreme Soviet of the Russian Federation. (Parts Two and Three of Article 26 have been declared non-current and non-applicable -Decree of the President of the Russian Federation N 2288) Article 27. Liability for violation of the law of the Russian Federation for Defence Matters , officials of the State administration and management bodies, local authorities, enterprises, institutions and organizations The disciplinary, administrative, civil or judicial authorities responsible for the failure to comply with the obligations of the defence or the citizens responsible for the failure to perform defence duties, regardless of their subordination and form of ownership, are responsible for failure to perform their duties of defence or to prevent them from performing their duties. of the Russian Federation THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION President of the Russian Federation Yeltsin Moscow, House of the Russian Federation 24 September 1992 N 3531-I