Law No. 67 Of 25 April 1997 On Vine And Wine

Original Language Title:  LEGEA nr. 67 din 25 aprilie 1997 viei şi vinului

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Law No. 67 of 25 April 1997 on vine and wine published in PARLIAMENT ISSUING the OFFICIAL GAZETTE nr. 81 of 5 May 1997, the Romanian Parliament adopts this law.


Chapter 1 section 1 Wine Production Areas of the culture of the vine Article 1 In Romania, vines are grown, especially in traditional areas dedicated to this activity, especially on hills, sand, and other lands with favourable conditions. Intended areas of vines, wine-growing areas referred to as, are subject to the territorial delimitation.


Article 2 (1) of the vine Plantations are grouped, the territorial, wine regions, wine-producing vineyards, and fields. Definitions are given in annex 4. 1. (2) the vine Plantations located besides the baselines of vineyards and wine-growing centers are considered live sparse.
  


Article 3 of the national wine heritage belong to the following categories of courts: a) vine plantations, plantations of fruit rootstock, mother plantations supplying top-graft cuttings or cuttings, rooting for, and schools;
  

b) wine-growing areas lands resulting from grubbing-up of vines in the period of preparation for planting;
  

c) other land inside the compound of the wine, by their location, complement or joining existing wine-growing and massive posing conditions to be cultivated with vines.
  


Article 4 (1) the Ministry of agriculture and food and ensure that the updating work of delimitation of the wine-growing areas, including those intended for the production of wine and other wine products with designation of origin.
  

(2) wine-growing Areas delimited to produce wines, products of must and wine and table grapes with a designation of origin include land located in a vineyard or a viticultural due to natural conditions, varieties of vines under cultivation and cultivation technologies applied, allow obtaining high quality products, characterized by the originality of the quality properties we recommend to wear the name of the place in which they were produced.
  


Article 5 (1) territorial delimitation works of wine-growing areas are highlighted in this agricultural Cadastre as a subsystem, called Cadastral vineyard, and pursue objectives: (a) wine-growing areas), in which are included the categories of land referred to in art. (3);
  

b) identification and delimited for the production of wines with a designation of origin;
  

c) record of vineyards and land suitable for growing vines on plots and holders.
  

(2) the Ministry of agriculture and food together with the national Office of cadastre, Geodesy and Cartography shall establish rules for drawing up the vineyard Register, having regard to the General provisions of the law on cadastre and real estate advertising nr. 7/1996.
  


Section 2 Manufacture of vinepropagating material in article 6 (1) the wine is allowed the use of the following types of material: a) grafted cattle;
  

b) cattle varieties nealtoite fruitful;
  

c) cattle stocks.
  

(2) the cattle can be planted on grafted onto any type of soil, and the nealtoite, only on the sands.
  

(3) for the production of livestock are permitted the following categories of propagation material: a) top-graft cuttings;
  

b) cuttings from fruit varieties for rooting;
  

c) graftable rootstock cuttings or rooting.
  

(4) the propagation material referred to in paragraph 1. (3) must come from the mother or plantations from recognised and authorised vineyards for multiplication.
  


Article 7 the production, quality control and marketing of vinepropagating material and the seed are carried out in compliance with the provisions of law No. 75/1995 regarding the production, quality control, marketing and the use of seeds and seedlings, as well as the registration of varieties of agricultural plant species.


Section 3 of the establishment, maintenance and cutting of vineyards Article 8 (1) varieties of vines that are in culture is in the following categories: classify recommended, authorized, tolerated and forbidden.
  

(2) the Ministry of agriculture and food provide drafting work for zoning of the varieties of vine authorised and recommended for culture, within each area, and regularly updating it.
  


Article 9 establishment of plantations of vines shall be carried out in the wine-growing areas. On land outside of winegrowing areas may be set up only for plantations to satisfy local consumption, on surfaces, preferably grouped near the settlements, located mainly on land in the slope, on the terraces of the rivers or on other land less favourable to other agricultural crops.


Article 10 (1) In wine-growing areas or in the outskirts of wine-growing areas, out of the vine on a 0.1 ha over surface of economic or family and extending over the limit of existing ones can be made only on the basis of the authorization of planting, issued by the General Directorates for agriculture and food regions According to the regulation for the application of this law. In order to obtain the authorization of planting area greater than 3.0 ha is required by the applicant of a project to establish a plantation of vine, endorsed by the research unit in wine in the area.
  

(2) for the purposes of family Through this law, means the spouses and unmarried children, if their household together with their parents.
  

(3) General Directions for agriculture and food, the district shall notify the local public administration authorities in whose territorial RADIUS is situated on land for which authorization has been granted for planting.
  


Article 11 (1) the establishment of plantations of vines in the area of more than 0.1 ha of economic or family, as well as expanding existing ones over this surface is only recommended and authorized varieties. Modification of existing plantations assort via grafting, can only be made by using different varieties of these categories.
  

(2) it is prohibited to direct producer hybrids and planting in the areas under vines and the near localities situated in the wine-growing areas outside, as well as the use of seedlings of hybrids derived from cattle producers to plant directly into the gaps from vineyards with noble varieties from the premises.
  

(3) in the wine-growing areas in addition, direct producer hybrids planting can be done on the surface of less than 0.1 ha of economic or family, but to ensure the family consumption.
  

(4) failure to comply with the provisions of paragraphs 1 and 2. (2) and (3) as a consequence, in addition to sanctioning with contraventional fine, according to this law, and the cutting of a plantation. If the offender does not comply with the measure of grubbing-up within a maximum period of 6 months from the discovery of the offence, the Directorate-General for agriculture and food will proceed to County plantation and deforestation will compel the payment in the case at all costs.
  


Article 12 (1) the holders of vineyards have the obligation to execute the maintenance work of the vineyards, particularly treatments for the control of pests and diseases, appropriate technical conditions and in periods of time, as provided for in the regulation for the application of this law.
  

(2) the vines intended for the production of wines with a designation of origin will be subject to a special scheme of control with regard to compliance with the conditions laid down by the culture technical regulations issued by the national Office of appellations of origin for wine and Other wine products (I.N.D.O.V.), on the basis of the order of the Minister of agriculture and food, through which the right was granted for the production of wine with a registered designation of origin.
  

(3) the work to be performed Through the plantings will not be destroyed or damaged fittings pedo-and hidroameliorative.
  


Article 13 the grubbing-up of vines in the area greater than 0.1 ha is made only on the basis of the authorization of the grubbing-up of vines, issued by the Directorate-General for agriculture and food district, according to the rules laid down by the Ministry of agriculture and food.


Section 4-the production of grapes in article 14 (1) according to their technological characteristics, the grapes may have the following destinations: a) in fresh condition;
  

b) wine;
  

c) raisin industrialization: manufacturing, juices, jams, compotes and rectified concentrated musts.
  

(2) Table Grapes intended for marketing in the new State must comply with the quality standards laid down by standards. Table grapes of varieties, unfit for consumption in fresh State, can be grown. Wine can be harnessed only table wines or can be used for producing wine for distillation and vinegar.
  

(3) Table Grapes obtained from varieties cultivated in areas with favorable conditions, recognized for their vocation, characterised by qualitative traits, determined by technical regulations drawn up by the Ministry of agriculture and food, can be monetize with designation of origin.
  


Chapter 1 Section 2 wines Wines and tobacco products must and wine Article 15 Wines, depending on their qualitative characteristics and composition, as well as production technology, can be classified into: table wines, quality wines and special wines, as follows:


of table wines) are obtained from varieties of high production, cultivated in the wine-growing areas specialized for this purpose. In addition, they can also be obtained from wine grape varieties for quality wines whose grapes do not satisfy the conditions laid down for this category. In the category of table wines belong and those obtained from the sparse vineyards, as well as those resulting from grapes of the varieties, which do not meet the quality standards laid down by standards for consumption in fresh State.
  

Types of table wines must have an actual alcoholic strength of not less than 8.5% vol. Under this alcoholic products may be put on sale for consumption of wine.
Definitions of alcoholic strength is given in the annex. 2;

b) quality wines are produced from varieties with superior technological qualities, grown in the wine-growing areas devoted to this destinations, after its own technology.
  

The actual alcoholic strength of the wine quality must be at least 10% by volume.
Some of these wines, which are distinguished by the originality of their printed on the place of production of the variety, or the range of varieties, culture and wine-making technology used, fall into the category of high-quality wines with a registered designation of origin.
Release for consumption of quality wines with a registered designation of origin shall be carried out under the name of producing area bounded-typically, the Centre of the wine-growing region — and of the variety or varieties and the assortment of quality wines without a designation of origin, by indicating the vineyard area of production or, where appropriate, of the variety or the assortment of varieties;

c) special wines are produced from musts or wine, through the application of approved treatments, and determined by the characteristics of the technological qualities of the raw material and the technology used to produce them.
  

The category of special wines: sparkling wines, aerated sparkling wines, aromatized wines, liqueur wines and wines also other authorized under the law.
It is prohibited the use of synthetic substances to obtain aromatised wines.


Article 16 (1) of the grape must may be obtained, apart from wine: grape juice, grape must, concentrated grape must, rectified concentrated grape must, wine, mistel, and other approved products.
  

(2) the wine can be obtained the following products: fortified wine, wine alcohol of vinous origin, wine, and vinegar from wine distillate can be obtained "vinars" and be wine.
  

(3) the main by-products obtained from grape wine industries are cattle and wine yeast. By processing them can get spirits, alcohol of vinous origin, as well as other products.
  

(4) it is prohibited to use any product for obtaining quality wines regardless of the technologies used.
  

(5) the conditions for obtaining the products derived from musts, wines and wine-making by-products shall be determined by the implementing rules of this law.
  


Article 17 (1) Wine, made from grapes of direct producer hybrids, is intended for consumption by the family to obtain alcohol of vinous origin, and vinegar.
  

(2) Notwithstanding, the wine of hybrids may be marketed as such, provided for the description of hybrids.
  

(3) the wine resulting from a blend between hybrids and wine come from noble varieties of wine will be considered hybrids and will be disposed of under the conditions laid down in paragraph 1. (2) Section 2 of the wines and tobacco products must and wine with a registered designation of origin, article 18 (1) a wine may bear a designation of origin, on the condition that it be established by tradition and by a reputation resulting from qualitative characteristics of the product, determined by natural factors and human.
  

(2) wines with designation of origin can be obtained by special conditions governing the production, varieties range or range of varieties, the sugar content of grape picking, the natural alcoholic strength of the wine, the maximum production per hectare, methods of wine-making culture, processes, analytical and organoleptic examination, packaging, labelling and control.
  

(3) the designations of origin may be granted some special wines and distillates supposed aging as well as other wine products which fulfil the conditions laid down in article 21. 15. Article 19 (1) wines with designation of origin are those obtained from grapes produced within the area delimited for the name approved by order of the Minister of agriculture and food, provided that the wine, storage, conditioning, ageing and bottling their in the same area.
  

(2) in special cases and under strict control, storage, conditioning, ageing and bottling of wines with a designation of origin can be done in specialized units, located in out of it were produced grapes. In these cases, the label will mention a compulsory unit that has carried out the bottling.
  

(3) In very exceptional and limited-term, may be authorized for the production of such wine, wine in specialized units, located in an area adjoining that in which grapes were produced.
  


Section 3 of the conditions of quality and production of wine and grape must products, wine and wine-making by-products Article 20 Wines and other products obtained from grape must, wine and wine-making by-products must correspond, at the time of their release for consumption, composition and quality characteristics laid down in its rules of application of this law and by the standards in force.


Article 21 (1) Practices and treatments used in wine and beverage based must, wine and wine-making by-products must ensure a good development, conservation and development of the products concerned. Their application must not lead to changes in the composition of these drinks in addition to the normal limits, building-is keeping their traits of naturalness and authenticity.
  

(2) practices and treatments authorized to apply in the production of musts, wines and other products derived from grape must, wine and wine-making by-products shall be established by the regulation for the application of this law, they will be permanently placed by the agreement with the progress made in this area.
  

(3) in the years with unfavorable conditions for accumulation of sugars in the grapes may be authorized in exceptional cases by the Ministry of agriculture and food, through the national Office of vine and wine (O.N.V.V.), raising the potential of the wines alcoholic equivalent to not more than 2% alcohol by volume, provided that the total alcoholic strength of wines not exceed that obtained in the normal , it neputind be greater than 12.5% vol.
  

(4) the falsification of wines or grape-based beverages, wine and wine-making by-products shall be prohibited and punishable by law. It is considered as falsification: diluting the wine with water; the concealment of defects or alterations in the wine by adding that cause changes in taste, aroma and natural composition thereof; preparation of yeast and corn flakes drinks with added sugar, as well as the use of any illegal practices in the regulation of this law.
  


Article 22 (1) the sale of wine products made from raw materials other than grapes shall be prohibited.
  

(2) Beverages obtained from wine, which does not satisfy the conditions laid down in this law, as well as those laid down in the implementing regulation shall bear the trade name under which it will be used not the word wine alone or through association with other terms.
  


Article 23 Wines and tobacco products must, wine and wine-making by-products, imported or intended for export must comply with the composition and quality criteria laid down in the internal rules of production and consumption, as well as international norms. For products intended exclusively for export, at the request or with the acceptance of external client can use other technological practices and treatments, as well as other composition limits authorised in the importing country.


Article 24 (1), Manufacturers of storage and wine merchants with high needs to make a statement, which shall be submitted to the local public administration authorities, in which are stored products, before august 15 of each year.
  

(2) within 15 days after the end of fermentation of the must, but not later than 1 December of the year of harvest, wine producers are required to draw up a statement of the harvest, which is submitted to the local public administration authorities within the wine is stored, as well as those of the place of residence. In the case of the application of the right to use a protected designation of origin, a copy of the statement of the harvest will be filed and authorities designated for this purpose.
  

(3) producers who have a total area of up to 0.1 ha family are exempted from making declarations of stocks and harvest.
  


Article 25 (1) the right for winemaking and other meat products must and wine with a registered designation of origin, within a certain area, shall be provided by the certificate of accreditation issued by bodies authorised for this purpose.
  


(2) the right of use by producers of certain designations of origin for particular batches of wine products, shall be granted annually, through the issue of certificates for attesting the designation of origin, by the bodies authorized for this purpose, on the basis of the checks carried out by the specialists of Ministry agencies, agriculture and food, in relation to compliance with the conditions for the cultivation of vines and wine production and control laboratories authorized upon organoleptic and chemical characteristics of the wines.
  

(3) the certificate of designation of origin withdraws mandatory inspection bodies empowered for that purpose, whenever it finds, to the manufacturer or dealer, as in the case of wine, regardless of its stage of development, no longer meets the conditions laid down for quality designation.
  

(4) record keeping stocks of wine with a registered designation of origin is that producer outfit is required to enroll in a special register all deliveries, up to the limit of the amount certified.
  


Article 26 the production for marketing of wines, special wines, the vinarsurilor, other beverages and wine, must and wine vinegar, can be done only by economic agents and private manufacturers, authorized by the Ministry of agriculture and food, the Ministry of health and the Ministry of industry and trade.


Section 4 of the Harnessing of the other wines and wine products article 27 Marketing of wines and products of must and wine shall be carried out by private operators and producers through trade and retailing, according to the law.


Article 28 manufacturers and traders of goods in bulk are required to keep track of them, according to the rules laid down in the regulation for the application of this law; you are relieved of these obvious producers holding a living surface of up to 0.1 ha.


Article 29 (1) import and export of wine and other wine products shall be made in accordance with the regulations in force concerning foreign trade operations.
  

(2) the quality of wines and other drinks derived from musts, wines and imported distilled should be proven by statements of conformity, certificates of quality, analysis bulletins issued by the laboratories recognised in your home country, whereby the manufacturer confirms that the product meets the quality level guarantee. Confirmation of certification from countries of origin of the products and the content of the labels is done by the importers. Certificates will contain, to the extent that Convention of the States otherwise, recognition-identification information such as manufacturer's identification mark, product name, the main technical characteristics of reference, date of manufacture, the date of minimum durability. Verification of compliance with the qualitative conditions will be made by testing these products in authorized laboratories or on the basis of mutual recognition with similar bodies in other countries, under the international norms recognized and applied in Romania.
  

(3) wines and other drinks derived from musts and wine imported in bulk, will be marketed under the denomination of which they were imported.
  

(4) the products delivered to export wine will be accompanied by the documents specified in the regulations in force and the parties ' contract.
  

(5) the State ensures the protection of domestic production in wine by setting customs duties to imported similar products, including alcohol, spirits and syrup production, up to the maximum level permitted by the agreements and international conventions to which Romania is a party.
  


Article 30 Wines and other beverages must and wine can be released for consumption in the form of bottled or neîmbuteliată (bulk). Bottling is mandatory in the case of grape juices, wines with designation of origin, vinarsurilor, special wines, with the exception of pelinului.


Article 31 (1) Labelling is mandatory for all wines and beverages based of must and wine, put into usage in the form of bottled.
  

(2) in the labelling system compulsory indications are used or, where appropriate, voluntary, according to the specifications laid down by the regulations in force.
  

(3) the inclusion on labels of entries, însemnurilor or artwork, liable to create confusion on the origin, nature or category of the product is prohibited.
  


Chapter 3 the guidance and coordination of the realisation of the wine production Article 32 for the performance of duties related to the orientation of the activities in the field of wine growing and winemaking, as well as for the guidance and control of technical achievement in production of wine, be established and operated under the Ministry of agriculture and food: a) the State Inspection for technical checks on wine;
  

b) National Office of vine and wine (O.N.V.V.);
  

National Office c) appellations of origin for wine and Other wine products (O.N.D.O.V.).
  


Article 33 of the State Inspection for technical inspection to supervise the application of the Wine law in achieving production of grape, wine and other wine products, including those with a designation of origin, focusing on: (a) establishing compliance) and grubbing plantations;
  

b) compliance with practices and treatments used for the production of wine and other wine products, analytical control of wine and drinks, with a view to their marketing, through approved laboratories;
  

c) exercise control at all stages of technical production of wines and other products with designation of origin, as well as the issuance of the necessary documents for certifying the products in question, prior to marketing;
  

d) execution of technical expertise and the analyses in the area of achieving the production of grapes, wine and other wine products.
  


Article 34 national Office of vine and wine (O.N.V.V.) is a specialized body with scientific and technical character, subordinated to the Ministry of agriculture and food, having legal personality and the next activity: a) justification based on studies and analyses, strategy that Romania develop in the area of viticulture and wine-making and participation in establishing the methodological framework of business in this sector in accordance with the interests of the national economy and producers, as well as with international regulations;
  

(b) endorsement of the work of delimitation) of wine-growing areas, zoning vine varieties, establishing the types of wine and other grape products and wine, approved for production, including those with a designation of origin, as well as other works on the development of the wine sector;
  

(c) technical rules) give an opinion on the establishment of conditions for the culture of the vine and the production of wine and other wine products with designation of origin;
  

d) initiating and supporting action by the propaganda of the wine events of national and international profile, as well as the Romanian liaison with international bodies.
  


Article 35 national Office of appellations of origin for wine and Other wine products (O.N.D.O.V.) operates as a specialised body of the Ministry of agriculture and food, with legal personality, having the following activity: the issue of documents required for) an attestation of quality wine products with designation of origin and compliance with their provisions, before trading;
  

b) initiating and carrying out actions in order to protect appellations of origin of wine products, nationally and internationally.
  


Article 36 the functions and mode of organisation and functioning of the bodies referred to in article 1. 32-35 shall be determined by the implementing rules of this law, which shall be approved by decision of the Government.


Chapter 4 Sanctions Article 37 violation this law shall entail liability, administrative or criminal liability, as appropriate.


Article 38 Constitutes offences the following facts: a) grubbing-up of vines under conditions other than those laid down in article 21. 13, and the destruction or damage of pedo-improvement and hidroameliorative, which are punishable under art. 217 of the penal code;
  

b) falsifying or wine or grape must based beverages, wine and wine-making by-products, as well as their sale, knowing that they are counterfeit or substituted, which are punishable under art. 297 or, where appropriate, article 3. 313 of the penal code.
  


Article 39 the following acts Constitute offences, unless they have been perpetrated in such conditions that, according to the criminal law, be considered offences: a) the establishment of plantations of vineyards in the area of more than 0.1 ha of economic or family or extending over the limit of existing ones, without a permit issued by planting Directorates General for agriculture and food regions under the provisions of art. 10;
  

(b) the establishment of plantations) greater than 0.1 ha or extending over this limit to existing ones with the other than those recommended and authorized under the provisions of art. 11(2). (1);
  

c) planting in the areas directly hybrids of vine or near localities situated in the wine-producing areas outside under the provisions of art. 11(2). (2);
  

d) commercialization of wines direct producer hybrids in conditions other than those covered by article 6. 17;
  


e) release for consumption and marketing of wines and other products obtained from must and the wine that does not meet the requirements for quality and composition, determined by the regulation for the application of this law and by the standards in force under the provisions of art. 20 and 21;
  

f) use of appellations of origin in the marketing of wines and wine products, without fulfilling the conditions laid down by the Ministry of agriculture and food for the granting thereof under the provisions of art. 25;
  

g) producing, for marketing purposes, special wines, the vinarsurilor, other beverages and wine, must and wine vinegar, without a permit issued under the provisions of art. 26;
  

h) failure, by manufacturers and traders of goods in bulk, the rules of evidence are collected according to the provisions of art. 28;
  

I) import and export of wine and other wine products, in conditions other than those laid down in article 21. 29;
  

j) release for consumption of wine-based drinks and must and wine bottled form, without complying with the provisions of article 7. 31. Article 40 (1) the Offences referred to in articles. 39 of this law shall be imposed as follows: (a)) with fine of 500,000 to 1,000,000 lei lei, the white and rosé wines. a), b), d), (e)) and (h));
  

b) fine from 1,000,000 to 2,000,000 lei lei, the white and rosé wines. f), (g))) and (j));
  

c) fine from 2,000,000 to 4,000,000 lei lei, the white and rosé wines. c). (2) administrative Fines shall also apply to legal persons.
  


Article 41 Finding contraventions and penalties provided for in this law shall be made through the report concluded by persons specially authorized by the Ministry of agriculture and food, the Ministry of finance, Ministry of health and the Office for the protection of consumers, in relation to the powers delegated to them by the acts of their organization and operation.


Article 42 Offences covered by this law are applicable to them and the provisions of law No. 32/68 on the establishment and sanctioning violations.


Chapter 5 final provisions Article 43 Definitions of key terms used in this law are contained in the appendices. 1 and 2 which are an integral part of it.


Article 44 of the conditions of territorial delimitation of areas under vines (1), the rules for the establishment, maintenance and clearing of plantations, the conditions to be satisfied by the wines and grape must products, wine and wine-making by-products own for direct human consumption, the conditions for the award of the designation of origin and wine in this category, the technological practices and treatments authorised the rules of implementation, record keeping and evaluation of wine products, those relating to trade, as well as other measures shall be laid down in its rules of application of this law, drafted by the Ministry of agriculture and food, the Ministry of finance, Ministry of industry and trade, Ministry of health, the Institute of standardisation and of the Office for consumer protection. Regulation approved by Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers.


Article 45 in order to knowledge of the evolution of the vineyard and the establishment of the heritage of measures for vine-growing, agriculture and food Ministry is authorized to organize the census every vineyard heritage 10 years.


Article 46 shall be exempt from the provisions of art. 10, 11, 13, 20 and 21 of the living areas and lots of grapes, as well as drinks that are used in investigational or educational interest in the research, teaching, testing or varieties tested products; the limits of derogation shall establish by regulation the scope of the present law.


Article 47 depending on the level of inflation rate, the amount of administrative fines provided for in art. 40 is updated by decision of the Government.


Article 48 the present law shall enter into force within 90 days after its publication in the Official Gazette of Romania. On the same date shall be repealed: a) the law on vine and wine No. 21/1971, published in Official Gazette No. 156 of 17 December 1971;
  

b) H.C.M. nr. 1.167/1959 concerning the State's sale of grapes, wine and natural spirits, and its subsequent amendments, published in the collection of decisions and provision of the Council of Ministers No. 41 of 21 October 1959;
  

(c) any other provisions to the contrary) the present law.
  

This law was adopted by the Chamber of Deputies and Senate in the Township meeting of 10 April 1997, in compliance with the provisions of art. 74 para. (1) and of article 23. 76 para. (2) of the Constitution of Romania.
PRESIDENT of the CHAMBER of DEPUTIES ION DIACONESCU SENATE PRESIDENT PETRE ROMAN Annex 1 definitions of wine-growing regions and groups of varieties 1. The vineyard area represents the geographical area of the culture of the vine, which include wine regions, vineyards and wine-making centers.
2. wine-growing Region encompasses a large territory cultivated with vineyards, characterized by natural conditions of climate and relatively similar relief, as well as through production and directions.
3. The Vineyard is a natural and traditional territorial unit, characterized by specific conditions of climate, relief, soil and varieties cultivated, through methods of wine-making culture and procedures used, which, on the whole, conducive to the achievement of grape and wine production with similar qualities.
4. The Center is the territory comprising vineyard plantations of vines in one or more townships, which does or does not make an integral part of a vineyard and constituting a territorial unit characterized by specific factors of climate, soil and assortment, as well as technical and technological conditions. Wine Center includes a smaller area than the vineyard.
5. wine-growing territory of the land is restricted in a viticultural, encompassing live plantations located on the same form of relief. Natural factors, as well as the conditions of culture and technology relating to wine-growing land are similar throughout the area cultivated with vineyards, ambiguously obtaining quality products with specific qualities.
6. recommended Varieties are those that harness the best environmental conditions and put its worth in the highest degree, their qualitative and productive potential in the areas in which they are grown. Recommended varieties are approved in extension of the plantations.
7. authorized Varieties are those that, through their biological and technological qualities, are asking their potential value in quality and quantity, in the conditions of their habitat. Authorized varieties can be expanded in a complementary manner along with the recommended ones.
8. The Varieties are tolerated in the culture, but which behave less satisfactory or unsatisfactory conditions in the areas concerned. As a result of this, the varieties tolerated cannot be promoted in the new vineyard plantings in wine or having a mediocre or poor behavior.
9. The varieties prohibited are those that, through their biological or technological characteristics, influencing negatively the quality of wine products obtained on a vineyard or a wine Center. In this category belong, first of all, the direct producer hybrids.


Annex 2 definitions of musts, wines and other products derived from grape musts and wine 1. Fresh grapes are fruit of the vine used in vinification, matured or in a certain stage of supramaturare, which may be crushed or pressed with ordinary means and that come spontaneously in alcoholic fermentation.
2. Grape must is obtained through liquid product leak free, or by physical processes from fresh grapes. It is recognized that in the case to have an actual alcohol content not exceeding 1% by volume.
3. The case is cut off the wort fermentation process by applying an alcoholic, whose alcohol content not exceeding 1% by volume.
4. Concentrated grape must is the product obtained by drying uncaramelised partial or cut fresh grape must carried out by a method other than authorized, the direct fire heating. It is obtained from wine grape with a sugar concentration of at least 145 g/litre, has a content in sugars of less than 650 g/litre and can have an alcohol content not exceeding 1% by volume.
5. rectified concentrated grape must is the product obtained by partial dehydration of grape must or wort freshly cut, done through an authorized method other than the direct fire heating, which has undergone some treatments approved for deacidification purposes and eliminate other compounds than sugar. It is obtained from wine grape with a sugar concentration of at least 145 g/litre, has a content in sugars at least 740 g/litre and can have an alcohol content not exceeding 1% by volume.
6. Grape juice is unfermented liquid product but fermentable obtained by application of approved treatments, grape must or by reconstitution of concentrated grape must or concentrated grape juice. It is recognized that the grape juice to have an alcohol content acquired not more than 1% by volume.

7. Mistelul is the product obtained by the neintrat fortification of grape must in fermentation. He may have an actual alcoholic strength of between 12 and 15 percent in volume, and must be used for getting to must have a sugar content of at least 145 g/litre. Fortification is made with food or alcohol with alcohol of vinous origin, with an alcoholic strength of at least 96% vol. or/and with a distillate of wine with an alcoholic strength of between 52 and 86% by volume. Mistelul is used primarily as a raw material for making special wines.
8. Tulburelul is developing wine perfection of alcoholic fermentation, yeast, unseparated with a total alcoholic strength of not less than 8.5% vol. He may be released for consumption until the end of the harvest.
9. Wine is the drink produced exclusively by alcoholic fermentation, full or partial, of the fresh grapes, crushed or nezdrobiţi, or of grape must. The actual alcoholic strength of the wine may not be less than 8.5% vol.
10. The sparkling wine is the product with the carbon dioxide content of endogenous origin exclusively obtained through secondary fermentation, wine fit for consumption or by natural fermentation of the must of fresh grapes that grow in the bottle which is bottled as a finished product, a pressure of not less than 3.5 bars at a temperature of 20 degrees c. 11. Sparkling wine is the product with the carbon dioxide content of all or part of exogena origin, obtained from wines fit for consumption, which develop in the bottle which is bottled as a finished product, a pressure of at least 2.5 bari at 20 degrees c. 12. Wine is a product made from wine or from grape must with added fresh concentrated, aromatic substances extracted from plants which have been admitted by the law, wine, food, sugar, alcohol and other special wines. The proportion of natural must, wine or specially used in the preparation of the wine must be at least 70% of the finished product.
13. Liqueur wine is a product that can be obtained from grape must or wine, as well as a mixture of both, with the addition of concentrated grape must, rectified concentrated grape must, wine distillate with an alcoholic strength of between 52 and 86% by volume of alcohol of vinous origin or grinding food, alcohol with an alcoholic strength of not less than 96% Vol, mistel, used separately or in combination. Grapes used as raw material for the manufacture of liqueur wines must have, picking, a sugar content of at least 204 g/litre. Alcoholic strength by volume of liqueur wines is between 15 and 22% by volume, and their content in sugars is not less than 80 g/litre. Part of the acquired alcoholic strength of the final product, which may not be less than 4% vol or more, must originate from partial or total fermentation of sugar of grapes, musts or wines.
14. Wine fortified for distillation is the product obtained from dry wine with addition of wine distillate, which presents an alcoholic strength of between 18 and 24% in volume.
15. alcoholic drink "Vinars" obtained by the ageing of wine distillate, in contact with oak wood, in the manufacture of which were used treatments and practices authorized and which was brought to an alcoholic strength of not less than 36% of trading volume, according to the assortment.
16. Wine Vinegar is the product obtained by the fermentation of wine or anhydride mixture fermentable wine in a proportion of not less than 70% by volume. Total acidity of the wine vinegar is not less than 60 g/l, expressed as acetic acid.
17. alcohol is alcohol of vinous origin obtained exclusively by distillation and rectification to extract from grape wine, corn flakes or wine yeast.
18. Rape-grapes is a secondary product resulting from pressing the fresh grapes or boştinei, it can be fermented and nefermentată (fresh).
19. wine Yeast is formed into containers as a result of fermentation of the wort, wort or wine storage and application of approved treatments on the musts and wines as well as separated by filtering or centrifuging.
20. The actual alcoholic strength (by volume) is the number of volumes of pure alcohol contained in 100 volumes of the product under consideration, at a temperature of 20 degrees c. 21. The potential alcoholic strength by volume (volume) means the number of volumes of pure alcohol which can be achieved by total fermentation of the sugars, contained in 100 volumes of the product under consideration, determined at a temperature of 20 degrees c. 22. The total alcoholic strength is the sum of the actual alcoholic strength and potential capabilities.
23. natural alcoholic strength by volume is the total alcoholic strength of the product before any enrichment.
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