Law No. 826 Of 4 April 1936 Regarding The Colonization Scheme

Original Language Title:  LEGE nr. 826 din 4 aprilie 1936 privitoare la regimul colonizării

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Law No. 826 of 4 April 1936 regarding the colonization scheme published in PARLIAMENT ISSUING the OFFICIAL GAZETTE nr. 82 of 7 April 1936 CHARLES II, by the grace of God and the will of the King of Romania's national team, all from the face and future Legislative Assemblies, health: voted and adopted, and we sanctionam what follows: chapter I General article 1 Dispoziţiuni on the remaining available under land reform laws and the law on the Organization of the Dobrudja-new real estate fund, which constituiesc of colonization may be colonized residents that meet the following conditions: a) To have a maximum age of 45 years;
  

b) have their political rights exercise;
  

c) To be satisfied with the service and have not suffered punishment for desertion;
  

(d)) to be married, have children or widowed with children;
  

(e)) to be ground and manual worker to have plugaria as the only occupation;
  

f) To produce health certificates that are not sick, neither they nor their family members, tuberculosis or syphilis.
  


Article 2 have preference to populate those precedents, particularly rigid conditions will fulfill one of the very top below: a) to be demobilizati;
  

b) To dispose of the capital trebuincios for injghebarea a household and for payment of the amounts due;
  

c) have their science book;
  

d) have graduated from a school of agriculture grade I and II.
  


Article 3 the priests, teachers, small businessmen and officials, may be colonized in the centers where they work, if they meet the above generally, with the exception of para. e under art. 1. Article 4 Lots kind of colonization will be not more than 10 ha of land and culture 2,500 sqm House seats.


Article 5 Evaluation of colonization in each centre is done per hectare, after the rules fixed below, taking into account quality, economic situation and intended use of the land: a) for land arising from expropriation or resulting from the application of the law on the Organization of Dobrudja-the new State-owned, will be taken as the basis of the rules laid down by the respective laws, adding the proper share of the expenses incurred, with possible improvements as well as interest in respect of those expenses with respect to time;
  

b) for land arising through Exchange or amalgamate, it will take as the basis of the price resulting from the acts or the to amalgamate, adding the expenses incurred with the improvement works and the entire amount of interest, with respect to time.
  


Article 6 half the value of consignments of colonization will be borne by the State and the other half will remain the responsibility of the colonistului.


Article 7 using this newfound power charge State is compared with all amounts that fall in its task, according to dispoziţiunilor. 5 and 6. Anuitatea will be divided and paid in quarterly installments, 60 on 1 May and 1 Noemvrie each year. The rates shall be payable on completion of the sale. Until the conclusion of the contract of sale and purchase, settlers place will pay commercial Administration Colonizarilor, rent what will fix the Steering Committee and will give the flow towards the State's tax collection bodies.


Article 8 Transition property colonistului batch will be made by ' an act of sale concluded between the settler and the State represented by the administration of the colonizarilor, of the other part. The Act of buying and selling will be exempt from any stamp duty and registration.


Lots of article 9 Israeli soldiers will not be able to be divided into smaller portions than half the batch-type of colonization. Lots larger than 10 hectares will be able to divide into portions of 5 ha. The settlers will have whenever the right to use the provisions of art. 133 and 134 of the law of land reform, the Old-Kingdom, whose provisions shall extend to the Israeli soldiers from across the country.


Article 10 Batches Israeli soldiers won't alienate any voluntary or enforced execution than the other colonists or sons of their own, and for endowing children with respect for the condiţiunilor. 9 above. Voluntary disposal, except those for inzestrarii children, are forbidden during five years Dale date when the settlers have become owners through transcription and intabulării sale/purchase contracts concluded according to art. 8 of this law. For the disposal, after the expiry of 5 years, the opinion of the Administration of trade Colonizarilor and approval of the Ministry of agriculture and the fields are required.
Disposal of any kind, made any way and in any form whatsoever with breaking the dispoziţiunilor above, am and remain null and void. The nullity of the public order and e can be requested by any of the interested parties, the public Ministry and by third parties, up to 5 years after the date of sale.


Article 11 Dispoziţiunile art. 127, 128, 129, 130 and 131 of the law on land reform to the old Kingdom extend over all Israeli soldiers from all parts of the country in compliance with art. 9 of this law.


Article 12 of law using this newfound power lose ownership of the batch which was awarded with the quality loss of the Romanian citizen. Stripping away the colonistului owner, will be done by judicial procedure laid down in article 21. 139 of the law on land reform to the old Kingdom.


Article 13 in cases of dispossession, the whole batch of colonistului, including the lot and existing buildings, reenter the State heritage.
Using this newfound power stripped will be compensated by agriculture and Areas, for buildings with commercial value, established by Justice, and for the land with the amounts actually paid to the account of the price, reduced by the equivalent use.
Using this newfound power stripped benefits from root crops caught.


Article 14 in the case of the forced execution of real estate property of a settler by any lender, become due in full all debts of any nature that you would have using this newfound power to the State in this case, the lender is obligated to notify the Chaser headquarters, under the penalties provided for in the last paragraph of this art. and the Ministry of agriculture and areas.
The liquidation amount due colonistului will do, first covering is the State for any debt resulting from the tax, then the administration of the settlement for any debt what would have using this newfound power and only after that other creditors in the order of entry of their claims.
Any execution done in cons above, dispoziţiunilor is null and void and cannot be relied on as against the State.


Article 15 plots resulting from deposedarile. 12, will make new colonizari, notably the colonization dispossessed heirs colonistului, if they meet the rigid conditions of the face.


Article 16 the settlers without evidence of ownership of the lots may be cut off from the presence of colonization and hence deposedati administratively, if it is found that does not satisfy the following essential conditions: a) to be established together with their families in their respective centres;
  

(b) to cultivate personal consignments).
  

Its findings will be made individually by means of a report drawn up by a trained body of the Ministry of agriculture and Commercial Areas or administration of Colonizarilor, assisted by the Deputy Mayor of or or and two witnesses settlers.
Exclusions will be made only by administrative channels and will be based on these reports, and orders of dispossession, relied on any detentori you lots, will be brought to fruition by an organ of the Ministry of agriculture and Commercial Areas or administration of Colonizarilor, assisted by a representative of the public force.
Using this newfound power stripped will result in compensation for existing constructiunile, and to harvest the roots attached.


Article 17 contained in article Dispoziţiunile. 137 and 139, of the law on land reform to the old Kingdom, expands upon the colonists from all parts of the country.


Chapter 2 special Dispoziţiuni article 18 acquired Land or what the State will acquire through purchase, through the exercise of the right of pre-emption, or the other way, it will affect the whole colonizarilor.


Article 19 assessment of batches coming from the lands specified in art. precedent will be made, taking into account the price resulting from the acts of buying or convenţiune.


Article 20 Each inhabitant colonized these lands will be obliged to pay the whole price as State amount which served to purchase the lot awarded.


Article 21 at the time of authentication sales contract concluded under art. 8 of this law, the settlers forming part of this exclusive category, are obliged to pay the State at least a tenth of the price payable for the rest of the price they will be debited to pay and forced flow in half-yearly instalments and 18 successive equal to 1 May and 1 Noemvrie each year. Non-payment of two instalments for consecutive draws contract for sale without somaţiune or release delay and dispossession of colonistului Bearing State from amounts actually paid the equivalent use of the lot.


Article 22 the land referred to in art. 18, attributable to the Israeli soldiers, they can be also colonized and those that meet rigid conditions. 1, para. b, c, d and f.


Article 23 settlement plans covering all these lands, will provide lots of culture, with variable strains after requirements, up to a maximum of 25 ha.


Chapter 3 Dispoziţiuni transitorii



Article 24 all actions of dispossession and based on the existing provisions of articles. 50 and 54 of the Act on the settlement on 17 July 1930 and from the presence of art. 137 of the law for the reform of the old Kingdom, will continue their course of law, if the grounds are identical to the Ordinances of the present law. If contrary actions will continue their course only after that will be modified for the purposes of the requirements of the law.


Article 25 in respect of all lands affected by colonization and distributed transactions in batches contained, Israeli soldiers or settlers leased, leaseholders or leaseholders, am and remain permanently debited for rent owed to the State.
The minutes of agricultural bodies trained proving use of land.
For rent receivable or attached, the minutes are enforceable and leaseholders will not be able to dispute the debts of prevalandu the exception of non-rental contracts.


Article 26 the settlers will be debited from the State, with a value of constructiunilor, the State made of materials, inventory, seeds and any aid that has been granted.
The minutes of teaching materials, agricultural tools and seeds, and receipts signed by settlers, are titles which are debitarile and are not definitive.
The annuities without interest and shall assign as for value of the land in six-monthly instalments payable 60, 1 May and 1 Noemvrie each year, starting after 7 years from the presence of these AIDS.


Article 27 All colonists without distinction will enjoy during their 10-year exemption from the rock settlement of State and County taxes.


Article 28 all operations of colonization that took place July 1, 1934, which from before the promulgation of the present law shall ratify without any exception.
The provisions of Chapter 1 of the law of the face, out. 1-3, applies to the colonists who benefited from the previous regime of colonisation.


Article 29 A special regulation will desvolta dispoziţiunile contained in this law.


Article 30 of the law of opposites dispoziţiunile All face am and remain repealed.
This law was voted by the Senate at its meeting on 26 March 1936 dela and adopted unanimously by the one hundred and twenty votes.
Vice President, c. ALIMANESTIANU (L.S.S.)
Secretary, Matthew Valance that law was voted by the Assembly of deputies at its meeting on 30 March 1936 dela and unanimously adopted one hundred fifteen votes.
Vice President, v. BARCA (L.S.A.D.)
Secretary, Gerald h. Gajjar Promulgăm this law and categorise them as it is vested with the seal of State and published in the Official Gazette. Given in Bucharest on 4 April 1936.
(L.S. St.)
CHARLES Minister of agriculture and areas, given that V.P. Sassu Justice Minister Valeriu Pal — — — — — — — —-