Law No. 2 in 1 April 1982 on the Organization of production and rational use of the resources of the ISSUING NATIONAL ASSEMBLY feeds, Published in OFFICIAL GAZETTE No. 37 on April 7, 1982 in fulfilment of the provisions of the national programme for the development of livestock, the plan for the development of agriculture and food industry, as well as the autoconducerea programme and territorial autoaprovizionarea, requires the realization of livestock at all, ensuring production of fodder needed for each species and category of animals, feeding them in conditions of maximum economic efficiency, compliance difficulties referred to cutting of animals and on this basis, obtaining insurance, livestock productions in good condition to supply the population with agricultural products and to satisfy other needs of the national economy.
Livestock development under conditions of high economic efficiency requires harnessing the upper and full feed resources existing in agriculture and other branches of national economy.
To this end, the Socialist agricultural enterprises must provide the corresponding areas crops plans to obtain the necessary quantities of feedingstuffs, with regard to the species and categories of animals and birds that they hold, to take measures for the execution of all work at a technical level properly and promptly, so as to achieve full realization and production of feedingstuffs to be exceeded.
An important role in feedstuff have pastures and natural fanetele. Exploiting all resources of forage on pasture and hay fields requires it to be grown as any agricultural crop and suprainsamantarea areas in relation to the requirements of a reasonable furajari.
Socialist economic units, in the production process, by-products or waste with nourishing value that can be used in animal nutrition must take steps to collect and proper storage of these products, as well as for their use in their own herds of animals feeding or delivery to agricultural units growing animals and birds.
Food constitutes the determining factor in the value of the genetic potential of the animal, its content infleuntind directly the extent, quality and efficiency of the entire zootechnical productions.
It is necessary for all sectors of the livestock to ensure rational, feeding efficiency, all species of animals, on the basis of a scientifically developed, leading to the achievement of the established production of meat, milk, eggs and other animal products.
The introduction of cutting-edge technologies for preparation and administration of feedingstuffs for the purpose of increasing consumption and nutrient intake of forage resources, widespread use of coarse nutreturilor-especially for feeding cattle and sheep, reducing the costs of concentrated on specific product through their rational use, in the form of combined fodder and feed mixtures nutritional requirements corresponding to each species and category of animals represents a task of importance to all farm animals, Socialist clerking in order to increase and decline of the livestock production.
In order to improve the legal framework for the organisation of production and of rational resource feed.
National Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Romania adopts this law.
Chapter 1 General provisions Article 1 Are considered fodder for the purposes of this Act, all products of vegetable origin, animal, mineral, and synthesis, which, used in animal feed, ensure normal vital functions and the value of their production potential.
All quantities of fodder, without distinction of origin and the holder, are the National Fund.
Article 2 according to nutritional characteristics and origin, is as follows: nutreturile classify of fibrous nutreturilor) group;
b) group nutreturilor Succulents;
c) coarse nutreturilor group;
d) group nutreturilor concentrates;
e) energy group of substances;
f) Group of substances;
g) Group of feed additives;
h) group. preparations
Nutreturilor classification groups is provided in the annex, which forms an integral part of this law.
Fibre, fodder coming from natural or cultivated fanetele, succulent fodder produced on arable areas intended for that purpose, of products of the food industry-brewing, noodles, rice, and others-from packages and beet leaves or from a mixture of a green plant with a by-product plant (semisiloz), coarse fodder plant production results from cereal straw, corn cobs, ciocalai , heads of sunflowers, the grape of any kind-can not be used, with the exception of distributed through industrialisation plan rather than as fodder.
Burning, destruction under any other form any degradation of vegetal products times that can be used in animal feed, either directly or after a previous preparation, are prohibited and are punishable under the law.
Article 3 In accordance with the principles of self-management and territorial autoaprovizionarii, Socialist agricultural enterprises, State and cooperative enterprises, are obliged to carry out their tasks in full breeding and provide coverage in totality, from its own resources, to feed the entire needs of the herd that you hold.
Article 4 in order to enhance feed resources according to which conditions in different areas of the country, the Socialist agricultural enterprises are obliged to provide for the enlargement of culture plans of feed grain varieties and hybrids with maximum production potential and to adopt technologies of harvesting, storage, preservation and cutter to feed grain with high percentage of moisture.
In favourable areas will expand areas planted with potatoes, other root vegetables and bostanoase, using high-yielding varieties which can be used with high efficiency in animal feed.
Article 5 Socialist agricultural enterprises are obliged to take measures for the collection, transport and storage in good condition at the place of consumption of the entire production of coarse fodder and other feed by-products plant, avoiding any loss or degradation of these, to ensure the conservation, preparation and use of these feeds, keeping all their nutritional value.
Also, Socialist agricultural enterprises will take measures for the collection, storage, preservation and use of the complete feed by-products and waste feed and nutritional value waste resulting from industrial activity or obtained from other units.
Article 6 in order to achieve the production of meat, milk, eggs, wool and other animal products, at the level prescribed by the production plans, Socialist agricultural enterprises are obliged to ensure rational feeding of each species and category of animals, to abide by the rules and technologies of growing and caring for animals, to take action for the Elimination of unjustified costs and waste of feed.
At the same time, the Socialist farm managements will take measures for the rational use and intensive cattle-breeding farms from space, as well as for the Organization and arrangement of ingrasatoriilor, crescatoriilor, saivanelor, stables and in accordance with the rules and feeding technologies approved according to law.
Article 7 for the implementation of strict rules for the care and feeding of the rational animal, governing bodies of agricultural Socialist units shall allocate, in the Salesian, most workers and well trained, will provide stability, thorough training and raising of their professional qualification.
Management of agricultural unities are obliged to take Socialist Action for appropriate organization of labour, strengthening of law and order and discipline, responsibility in the overall activity of the members of the zootechnical farms, to comply with strict rules and technology growth, care and feeding of the animals.
Article 8 members of agricultural production cooperatives and other inhabitants of villages and municipalities have a duty under the law to increase livestock and poultry, to capitalize on at State Fund, through acquisitions, OK and as big quantities of agricultural products.
In order to ensure the necessary fodder for livestock and poultry, members of agricultural cooperatives and individual producers are obliged to grow rationally and efficiently all the areas they hold, to take steps fundraising, preservation and use of forage resources available to them, to apply the standards and technologies of rational animal feeding and birds.
Salesian and other working people who work in the agricultural cooperative units benefit from the law as retributie and in the form of participation in profits, both for its own consumption and for feeding of animals from the household. Producers who deliver animals, poultry and milk-based contracts, the State shall, in relation to the quantity and quality of the products delivered, fodder concentrates, according to law.
Agricultural production cooperatives members who incurred the delivery of animals and animal products to fund State benefits, according to the decision of the general meeting of the cooperative by granting priority feed volume and areas of land for the production of animal feed in the second, and, in the case of those who take animals herbivores or animal products from these , the allocation of harvest areas for meadows with payment in kind.
Article 9 of the single State agro-industrial Councils and cooperatives will take measures for judicious allocation of livestock species and categories within the units and components will ensure, together with the heads of these units, achieve herd and animal production.
Unique Council also is responsible for the growth and diversification of the production of animal feed, as well as the development of feed in base units in its composition, providing entirely from own production, the demand for feed for livestock and of the fulfilment of its duties to the State Fund.
Article 10 the executive offices of the popular communal councils together with farm management will draw up the Socialist fodder balances for each of the municipalities to provide for the manner of ascertaining the total quantity of feed needed for livestock farm belonging to the Socialist and members of agricultural cooperatives of production and other individual producers.
Article 11 the Ministry of agriculture and food industry together with the Academy of agricultural and forestry Sciences and research institutes in the field responsible for the development and improvement of technologies for the use in feedingstuffs of all fodder resources from agricultural production and processing industry in order to increase the degree of use of forage resources and their nutritional intake and the nutreturilor primarily volume also The Ministry of agriculture and food industry together with the Academy of agricultural and forestry Sciences will take measures to improve the work of the Institute of biology and animal nutrition, focusing on increasing the effectiveness of applied research and engineering in the fields of coarse and succulent fodder, green fodder, combined fodder, biostimulators and premixes.
Article 12 the Ministry of agriculture and food industry, the National Union of agricultural cooperatives of production, as well as committees and the executive offices of the popular councils, municipal district, city and municipal services, responsible for carrying out the tasks of the plan on the production of Forage harvesting, transport, storage and preservation of their compliance with the standards and technologies farm preparation, administration and use of the entire quantity of fodder and are obliged to take measures for the guidance and control of agricultural production units in application of all the rules feeding of the animals, observing strict veterinary regulations and zooigiena regarding housing, feeding, grooming, animal reproductia and exploitation, and to strengthen law and order and discipline in all the livestock units.
Chapter 2 Organization of production nutreturilor Article 13 Socialist agricultural enterprises are obliged to ensure that the production of fodder from its own resources, to the level required by the plan, in accordance with the structure of the species, breed, and age classes of livestock.
Each unit will establish agricultural Socialist, through plans, areas intended for fodder, which ensures the total requirements of nutrients, including concentrated fodder and fodder reserves allowing the feedstuff in normal conditions in the periods with lower yields.
Also, besides the livestock unit shall be provided for land areas required for forage crops and grazing animals.
Article 14 For use with maximised efficiency of all areas intended for the production of fodder and a maximum quantity of forage per hectare agricultural enterprises will use Socialist species and varieties with high yield and high content of nutrients and will expand the areas of perennial legumes in pure culture or in mixture with grasses perennial, up to at least 60% of the surface of the arabila is specified for the base feed.
Farm managements are responsible for the enforcement of Socialist works from a technical level properly and promptly, according to the specific requirements of each forage crops, its destination and the pedoclimatica.
Article 15 The agricultural production unit will also be extended for successive crops on all relevant areas and irrigated areas and the establishment, in the second, to separate stiuletilor for insilozarea and cocenilor.
For succulent fodder resources increase agricultural enterprises will expand Socialist beet crops feed semizaharata, kale, cabbage and parsley autumn rape, in areas that meet the conditions of climate and soil favorable to obtaining high yields in these cultures.
It will also ensure scientific fertilization through the use of natural fertilizers as a priority, of all areas intended for fodder grown plants and will be extended to these areas cause, mainly through arrangements that make use of local water resources.
Article 16 agricultural enterprises and other socialist owners of natural grasslands are obliged to include the areas of pastures and meadows in the culture and to introduce them to periodically in rotation with other crops within the crop rotation.
Areas of pastures and hay fields not included in the programming of rotation within the crop rotation will be included in the annual plans of improvement and landscaping, building a, necessarily, cleaning, fertilizing and their suprainsamantarea or reinsamantarea.
In order to ensure rational grazing and higher production of green mass Socialist agricultural enterprises and other keepers of the meadows are obliged to organize their tarlalizarea and their pasunarea by rotation, at times.
The work of decorating, cleaning, fertilizing and other actions to improve the grasslands are obliged to participate, according to the law and approved work programmes, members of agricultural cooperatives, production staff worker from the State agricultural enterprises, as well as other inhabitants of villages and municipalities.
Article 17 Enterprises for the production of compound nutreturilor will achieve the full required combined fodder mixtures, protein-vitamin supplements and minerals and zooforturi, observing strict structures laid down in recepturile of manufacture, in accordance with established quality standards and will deliver these products to the agricultural units of rhythm, responding, together with them, the achievement of the prescribed products animal husbandry.
In addition, enterprises for the production of compound nutreturilor will ensure the recipient units, the creation of stocks of fodder, on recipes, normed consumption over a period of not less than 5 days.
Enterprises for the production of compound nutreturilor are obliged to take measures to reduce losses of permanent technological, as well as for the reduction of production costs, in order to increase economic efficiency of these activities, and agricultural enterprises and cooperatives, the beneficiary of combined fodder, will act to improve production in the livestock sector, thereby reducing feed delivery prices to regain profitability growth in this sector.
Article 18 Committees and the executive offices of the popular councils will take the measures foreseen by the law for the distribution of natural grassland in their administration, and land pasunabile from forestry, agricultural establishments, associations of Socialist breeders cattle and sheep, as well as other manufacturers who take delivery of animals and animal products from the State Fund.
Article 19 the Ministry of agriculture and food industry, the Academy of agricultural and forestry Sciences and executive committees or offices of the popular councils responsible for organizing seed lots are needed to produce the total quantity of seed of fodder plants, including natural pajistile, in accordance with the provisions of law No. 13/1971 relating to the production, use and quality control of seeds and propagating material for agricultural production materials.
Areas of fodder plant seed lots are not to be included in those intended for the production of fodder.
Academy of agricultural and forestry Sciences in charge of organizing the production of elite seed in quantities appropriate for all cultures.
Article 20 to ensure production nutreturilor required of all livestock from Socialist agricultural enterprises, the Ministry of agriculture and food industry and committees or executive offices of the popular councils are responsible for the use of all the areas terrain provided for forage crops, including for successive crops and grassland seeded and natural, for the sole purpose of obtaining feeds from crops of greatest efficiency. The productions obtained on these lands will be exclusively used in animal feed.
Fodder crops and fodder productions, expressed in quantity and nutritional values, constitute indicators of single national plan for economic and social development.
The Ministry of agriculture and food industry will determine, on the unity of great beef, standards for surface nutreturilor of production volume, differentiated degree fertility of the land resources of Roughages and natural pajistile in each district.
Article 21 the Ministry of chemical industry together with the Ministry of Forest Economy and construction materials, the Ministry of agriculture and food industry and the Ministry of health will provide the entire necessary production of active substances for use in animal feed, synthetic amino acid, enzyme products, chemical and hormonal biostimulators, antibiotics, synthetic nitrogenous substances, antioxidants, and other non-proteinaceous additive materials to ensure scientific and efficient use of forage resources.
Chapter 3 the collection, storage and preservation of fodder Article 22 Socialist agricultural enterprises and other holders of natural grassland areas are seeded, of land intended for fodder crops, including successive crops, and crop areas, orchards, vineyards and other agricultural crops from producing products that can be used in animal feed, have the obligation to ensure the collection, gathering transport, storage and appropriate conservation of the entire production of fodder, in order to use them with high economic efficiency in feedstuff.
Article 23 Socialist agricultural enterprises are obliged to harvest all of the coarse feed-straw, straw, grape, sunflower heads and other fodder by-products productive vegetable leaves and beet tops, remnants of vegetable and others, taking appropriate measures for the adjustment of cutting devices and other harvesting machinery mechanisms so as to ensure the complete elimination of any sampling and product losses.
Fundraising fodder plant production by-products shall be carried out simultaneously with the collection of basic products, such as, at the completion of each parcel of gather, feed results to be transported and stored in its entirety to consumer.
Technologies adopted by Socialist agricultural units for the collection, transport, storage, preservation and preparation of coarse fodder and other fodder by-products plant must preserve all the nutritional value of them, so that their use in animal feed to lead to the achievement of animal production.
The quantities of straw, straw, grape leaves and beet tops and other agricultural by-products plant you need collected, stored and preserved for their use in animal feed constitutes the single national plan indicators of economic and social development.
Any loss of weight or quality degradation of these sorts of fodder to those guilty, attracts the responsibility according to the law.
Article 24 Socialist agricultural enterprises are obliged to store and preserve all of the feed in the appropriate conditions in silos and warehouses located in the vicinity of the saivanelor stables, shelters and other places for feeding animals, so as to avoid unnecessary transports and forage losses and ensure the animals ' feeding time.
Article 25 the quantities of green fodder that exceed current consumption needs in the vegetation period of plants, as well as the production of brewing, oilcake, vegetable gardens from leftovers and canned food factories, will be insiloza mixed with coarse nutreturile building-is increasing consumption and nutrient intake.
Nutreturile gross which is not insilozeaza and remain to be used as such will be stored and conserved properly, evitindu any form of waste. These feeds will be prepared in quantities necessary daily intake or short periods through chopping and treatment with chemicals, saramurare or other technical processes, which enabled them to increase the nutritional value, the level of consumption and digestibility.
Article 26 of the Socialist economic Units which, in the manufacturing process, by-products-fodder meal, Bran, rice, noodle, brewing, or nutritional value waste that can be used in animal nutrition, are obliged to take measures for the collection and storage of these products properly, avoiding waste and any loss through degradation, as well as for the use of the quantities needed to nourish their own herds of animals, or delegating delivery units with other economic units and livestock According to the law.
Article 27 for refuse and other resources available, besides Socialist works canteens, catering, tourist huts and other such establishments are obliged to organize activities for raising livestock and poultry, to cover their own needs, within the rules, as well as for the delivery of quantities of goods from the State Fund.
Article 28 For mechanization of production, harvest, preservation and preparation of feedingstuffs shall be organized bands specialized, permanent, properly equipped at all units and zootechnical farms for other large units will organize a specialized band across the Board State and unique materials cooperative.
Resorts for agricultural mechanization will ensure, through specialized centres, keeping in mind the machinery and installations for preparing feedingstuffs maintenance and repair on time and properly.
Article 29 the Ministry of agriculture and food industry, the Academy of agricultural and forestry Sciences along with high-profile institutes responsible for the development and production technology in generalization of fundraising, storage and preservation of fibrous nutreturilor, succulent and coarse, with reduced consumption of energy and fuels, as well as the generalization of the system of training of nutreturilor through the cutter in quantities to cover in full the normed requirement.
In addition, the Ministry of agriculture and food industry, the Academy of agricultural and forestry Sciences in conjunction with the Ministry of industry of construction machinery will ensure uptake and production machinery and installations of harvesting, transport, preparation and distribution of feedingstuffs on the basis of technical and economic studies of assimilation, developed by beneficiaries; machines and installations will have various sizes and capacities, so that they can be used in the most economical manner, in different areas of the country.
For breeders of livestock will produce personal farmsteads and small capacity machines, adapted to the specific conditions of growth and exploitation of animals from different areas of the country.
Chapter 4 Using rational feed article 30 agricultural enterprises and other socialist owners of animals are obliged to comply strictly with the rules of feeding for each species and category of animals and birds, to use the feed ration, to ensure increased economic efficiency of fodder consumed and, on this basis, the biological potential of the animals.
Also, in order to assimilate the complete nutreturilor, corresponding to a yield of the agricultural enterprises will provide integral quantities of drinking water be determined according to the technologies of feeding and reserve required for a reissue, and animals for their food preparation. For this purpose will be achieved through the use of local resources and possibilities, simple, inexpensive, easy to maintain, capture, transport and distribution of water in places accessible permanently.
Article 31 the rules of feeding species, types of animals and birds and per unit of product in relation to the nutritional values of fodder as well, under those rules, the maximum quantities of concentrated feedingstuffs shall be determined by Decree of the State Council. feeding Rules laid down in paragraph 1. 1 are required for all State and cooperative farming.
Article 32 In feedstuff shall take account of the increase in the share of volume and reducing fodder consumption concentrated in the ratiilor structure, based on the application of modern methods and technological processes, which ensure their superior capitalization, by raising their consumption and nutrient intake.
Nutreturile concentrated use in feeding cattle, sheep and pigs within the limits of maximum rules laid down under the law building-full feed is the administration of standardized volume.
Article 33 In breeding and fattening pigs, feeding of animals should be based on the use of standardised quantities of corn and barley with high humidity, insilozate, potatoes, Greens, root vegetables, pumpkins, melons and other succulent fodder.
For feeding dairy cows, cattle for meat, the adult youts cattle and sheep breeding, and sheep for wool, will ensure the direct consumption, at the place of production, the nutreturilor and other green fodder, the volume through grazing.
During the summer, fodder for all classes of cattle and sheep consists of green mass of natural pastures, on pajistile, on land seeded from the forest on which the grazing and forage crops, and from winter, from nutreturile Succulents, coarse and fibrous.
Article 34 in order to apply the technologies of preparation of feedingstuffs, the Ministry of agriculture and food industry and general directions for agriculture and food industry and the municipality of Bucharest, will take all measures as Socialist agricultural enterprises with direct support of the resorts for agricultural mechanization, to expand the Organization's fodder kitchens, equipping them with machines, plants and equipments for preparation grades of feeds used in animal feed and to follow strict compliance in their activities the standards and technologies feeding of the animals.
Article 35 the purpose of knowledge quality permanent all feed grades under the nutritional content and report the condition of health, Ministry of agriculture and food industry, together with the executive committees of councils and popular of Bucharest, will take measures to improve the work of specialized laboratories. They will perform the analyses physicochemical and bacteriological micologice of fodder, which will calculate the nutritional values of all feedingstuffs and shall ensure the control and guidance of agricultural units for conservation, preparation and use of feedingstuffs, acordindu them the necessary support to the establishment of the structure ratiilor that will feed use in the specific conditions of each unit for production tasks.
In large farms and cattle-breeding complexes will be laboratories equipped with the absolute minimum of equipment and instrumentation to determine the quality of the stock of all the range of feed used in animal nutrition.
In accordance with the results of the analysis of specialized laboratories, Ministry of agriculture and food industry shall, where appropriate, the standards of State-law-approve or technical rules branch for each feed, and equipment, which will determine the appropriate quality fodder, production animaliera what should be carried out compulsorily.
Chapter 5 Responsibilities and sanctions violation of Article 36 of this law shall entail disciplinary, administrative, civil or criminal material, as appropriate, those culprits.
Article 37, Failure by staff employed under a contract of employment in agricultural enterprises and Socialist members of agricultural cooperatives of production. 3, 5, 13, 14, 32 and 30, paragraphs 2 and 3. 2 of this law constitutes the irregularity, if the acts are committed in such circumstances that, according to the criminal law, be regarded as offences.
Offences referred to in paragraph 1. 1 shall be imposed with a fine from 500 to 2,000 lei: in determining the sanction will realize the gravity of the contravention and concerning livestock production influences.
Article 38 the finding of violations under article 4. 37 and the sanctions are carried out with record concluded by mayors and specialists specifically empowered the Ministry of agriculture and food industry or, where appropriate, of the General Directorates for agriculture and food industry and the municipality of Bucharest.
Against the minutes in respect of violation and enforcement of the sanction may make the complaint within 15 days of its notification. The complaint shall be lodged to the organ in which the agent is discovered.
Violations of this law are applicable to the provisions of law No. 32/68 on the establishment and sanctioning violations.
Chapter 6 final provisions Article 39 In order to implement the provisions of this act immediately in all agricultural enterprises, the Ministry of agriculture and food industry, the National Union of agricultural cooperatives of production, the executive committees of councils and popular Bucharest city councils are unique state and cooperative agribusiness and farm management are required to ensure: (a) thorough knowledge of) the structure of the law by all specialists in agriculture the members of the cooperative, mecanizatorii, all staff working in the cattle breeding;
b) debate in the General Assemblies of the State agricultural and cooperative in all groups of people working with livestock sector establishments or working in the area of forage production of law;
c) Organization of publicity actions, by displaying in the workplace and other media, has regulations on the production, collection, storage, preservation and rational use of the feedingstuff, the responsibilities of State bodies and cooperative, all the working people working in agricultural Socialist and other units with the livestock sector;
d) making known to the signing of the law by all staff working in the livestock sector or concerning production and use of nutreturilor.
Management bodies and establishments referred to in paragraph 1. 1 shall control the manner in which it was provided and the popularization of knowledge of the provisions of this Act and respond directly to the application exactly.
Article 40 on the date of entry into force of the present law shall repeal the law. 22/1971 for organizing the production of rational resources and fodders, the decision of the Council of Ministers No. 566/1973 for establishing offences and punish the legal norms governing the Organization of production and rational use of the resources of fodder, as well as any other provisions to the contrary.
This law was adopted by the National Assembly at its meeting on 1 April 1982.
The great National Assembly President NICOLAE GIOSAN Annex NUTRETURILOR CLASSIFICATION No. crt.
Group nutreturilor name of nutreturilor in Group 1.
Group of fibrous nutreturilor) fan;
b) flour and pellets dehydrated green plants;
c) fibrous feed flour 2.
Group nutreturilor insilozate fodder to juicy);
c Green fodder);
3. Group nutreturilor coarse cereal straw has);
b) maize straw;
g) poultry waste.
4. Group nutreturilor to concentrate) concentrated grown;
c) vegetable origin protein flours;
d) animal protein flours;
e) grain Manager (gozuri).
5. Group of vegetable fats to energy) for use in animal feed;
b) animal fats for use in animal feed;
c) sugar for animal feed;
6. Group of minerals) macroelements;
7. Group of feed additives of) vitamins;
b) amino acids;
c feed antibiotics);
d) enzymatic substances;
g non-proteinaceous substances, synthetic nitrogen).
8. the Group feed preparations combined fodder);
d) saliva substitutes.