Law No. 4 Of 1 July 1981 Communal

Original Language Title:  LEGE nr. 4 din 1 iulie 1981 gospodăriei comunale

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LAW No. 4 of 1 July 1981 communal ISSUING NATIONAL ASSEMBLY and published in OFFICIAL GAZETTE No. 48 of 9 July 1981 the Communist Party Programme of the Socialist faurire society and advancing multilateral developed Romania toward Communism is in the center of the whole works on building of new orinduiri, welfare and happiness of man, material and spiritual progress of the whole people.
Judicious allocation of means of production throughout the country, increasing the rate of production forces, economic and social development of all the impetuous urban and rural localities, ensuring all citizens better conditions of work and life.
The State allocates part of national importance for the realization of a complex of social and economic measures to ensure the proper management of localities, satisfying the ever-increasing measure of General requirements for the work and life of the inhabitants of cities and municipalities.
In accordance with the pace of development and within the framework of the objectives listed in the single national economic and social development is necessary for communal refine based on self-administration principles of workers ' self-management, economic-financial and autofinantarii. At the same time it is necessary to ensure maximum efficiency of use of financial and material means, improving quality and diversifying public services and increasing the level of technical equipment of buildings.
The overall activity of communal household must be carried out under the direct leadership of the popular councils which are responsible for the proper organisation and conduct of the training of all citizens in solving the public interest in the life of each of the localities.
All citizens, as owners, producers and beneficiaries of national wealth, have the duty to participate in patriotic and active in the localities in which self-management live and work, the achievement through the work of some buildings technical papers, to contribute material, according to the law, the municipal development and beautification of all municipalities, cities and municipalities.
In order to establish uniform legal framework and improvement of communal responsibility, strengthening the popular councils, communal household units, other units and Socialist citizens, National Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Romania adopts this law.


Chapter 1 basic principles Article 1 communal shall be administered according to the State party's policy and economic and social development of the motherland, in a unified conception, to organise rational, modernising, beauty and harmonious development of all localities, ensuring you use with maximum efficiency of material and financial means, the value of local resources for creating better conditions in all work , and living the life of citizens, the corresponding program to raise the living standards of the population.


Article 2 the overall activity of communal household shall be conducted in accordance with the provisions of the plan for economic and social development in territorial, integral part of the single national plan for economic and social development, while complying with the strict studies, sketches and details of territory and settlements, approved according to law.


Article 3 depending on the character of urban or rural, the size, scope and future prospects of its development, economic and social conditions, the specific activity of communal household is organized and carried out in a manner which differentiated as follows: a) in Bucharest;
  

b) in counties and municipalities of residence in other municipalities;
  

c) in cities;
  

(d)).
  


Article 4 execution of communal household as well as other technical-urban works is done in a phased manner in relation to the possibilities of the national economy, through the use in greater measure of how local resources, building-using land is economical, with strict observance of the building perimeters, suitable programmes for economic and social development of communities, with a view to the gradual disappearance of the essential differences between the village and the city.


Article 5 popular Councils ensure coordination of design and execution of all work related to building projects, regardless of the beneficiaries or contractors thereof, as provided by law, in order to achieve in a unitary conception of technical-urban works, conservation and maintenance of functioning of existing facilities, avoiding disposal and recovery of the carriageway and repeated to the sidewalks, streets and other ways of communication as well as preventing their degradation.


Article 6 popular Councils responsible for leadership, guidance and coordination of all activities of communal household from municipalities, towns and municipalities and organize this activity on the basis of self-administration principles of workers ' self-management, economic-financial and autofinantarii.
For the application of the new farm economic-financial mechanism in the work of the municipal councils, the popular household are obliged to take measures for the proper management and use of financial and material means with which they are entrusted, strict observance of the rules laid down by the law of consumption, reducing costs and eliminating material losses, particularly energy, fuel and water, as well as for increasing revenue to continue local budgets from communal household in order to cover the necessary expenditure in its entirety of the proper conduct of the activity.
Material and financial means of communal household units ensure through the provision, by the population and Socialist units, economic activities and cost effective services, as well as citizen participation in carrying out of works and communal duties established by law.


Article 7 communal household activity should aim at the realization, in accordance with the law, to supply drinking water, local transport, heating and housing of social-cultural objectives, administration and maintenance of State-owned housing stock, public lighting, as well as sanitation, maintenance of streets, other ways of communication and of green areas and amenities, environmental protection, recycling of reusable materials, organization and development of other activities which contribute to the good of the citizens of the respective territory.


Article 8 in the exercise of their powers in the field of communal councils, based its entire business folk on the strengthening of the link with the citizens, and promote the initiative and their participation in road works, of strengthening settlement by whites, banks, water supply, sewerage facilities, green areas and recreational places, putting in value of all local resources as well as to other works that contribute to the proper management and the beautification of communities.


Article 9 the inhabitants of municipalities, towns and communes have the duty to contribute material and to work under the conditions provided by law, to carry out building works, repairs and maintenance of buildings and technical facilities and the performance of other works of public interest and exercise, according to the law, the control of the working people as to how the activities shall be carried out by the communal household.
Popular councils are obliged to organize, according to the law, citizens ' assemblies in which the town councils of communes, towns and municipalities, as well as the Presidents of the executive committees of the District Councils, this popular will, to debate the development programmes, reports on the fulfilment of the decisions adopted, as well as measures for citizens ' participation in the execution on time and in good condition to the urban-household works.
Popular councils organize collective made up of working people, specialists in different fields of activity, lawmakers and best householders who, along with representatives of organizations of the Socialist democracy and unity and citizen committees, monitoring compliance with the legal provisions in the field of communal.


Chapter 2-Organization and conduct of communal household in the Bucharest Article 10 in Bucharest, the capital of the Socialist Republic of Romania, is organized according to the importance of political, social and economic health was failing, following main activities: (a) communal household) drinking water supply and industrial, through communal networks in centralized, and Socialist units; channeling and household wastewater treatment and stormwater; development in the perspective of a modern network of water and sanitation;
  

b) public transport with trams, trolleybuses, buses and the Metro, as well as the transport of goods and other goods for the population and Socialist units;
  

c) building, upgrading and maintenance of streets and other traffic arteries; the achievement in perspective of a street network and pedestrian modern, direct connections between the main residential districts, central area, as well as with industrial platforms;
  

d) Organization and optimization of traffic and pedestrian, introducing modern systems of circulation;
  


e) housing and heating of the socio-economic units district heating and other heating systems, harnessing resources with higher yields of fuels and energy sources, the use of new energy sources;
  

f) public lighting;
  

g) management and maintenance of State-owned housing stock;
  

(h) development of complex networks) providing services to the population and Socialist units comprising the washes and laundries, car repair, coserit, domestic services and others; upgrading of establishments that provide services;
  

I) sanitation measures, collection and recovery of household waste and road-building, draining stagnant water places, deratizarii and dezinsectiei;
  

j) environmental protection, reducing the harm and control of other pollutants factors;
  

k) maintenance green areas, parks, public gardens, sports grounds, recreational places for children, proper use of own, developing the Lakes leisure bases around Moscow, according to sketches of systematization;
  

l) managing of cemeteries and crematorium, according to legal regulations.
  


Article 11 the Board of Bucharest city folk is responsible for the proper organization and realization of communal administration, effective use of all the means and facilities used in this activity, providing services and communal household, in which the following main tasks end exercise: a) the centralized system, the supply of drinking water and industrial realization of appropriate connections between different power supplies quality supervision of the water from rivers, dams and fronts the underground lakes, pumping systems and organization of water pump stations for supplying water to the upper levels of the buildings and of the objectives set at high odds; take steps to ensure the rational use of water sources and to avoid wastage and loss of adduction finalizrii running networks, distribution and consumer;
  

b) controls the compliance of the industrial units and other units of Socialist obligations foreseen by the law for securing water sources, its own recirculation and waste water treatment;
  

c) organizes road through circulation routes optimized thanks to the priority carriage of fluidity, industrial zones and improve circulation during periods of performance; take action for the rational exploitation of the fleet and of other means of transport for local use, increasing the coefficient for the use of its strict observance of the rules, and improving the training of personnel; seeks public transport linking carriage rail interurban, and air;
  

d) take steps to repair and maintenance of streets, stock degradărilor remedy for the good condition of the road and pedestrians; ensure, in conformity with the sketches of systematization, modernising and building traffic arteries, we aspire to those priority which runs public transportation; sets the parking spaces and public display;
  

c) provide housing and heating units through socio-economic development of the district heating network, as well as more efficient use of other heating systems, increasing yields in the use of energy resources, the use of new sources of energy; take steps to automate power plants and thermal points, their economical operation and for harnessing the heat sources of industrial platforms reusable, employment and energy consumption of standardized fuels, making repairs and revisions during the summer, fuel savings, to be used in cold periods of the year, attracting residents and associations of citizens in actions of saving fuel and energy;
  

(f) take measures to ensure the) public lighting, under the conditions provided for by law;
  

g) ensure the proper management and maintenance of the housing stock, controls how the citizens comply with laws concerning the use of housing, hygiene and cleanliness, Interior courtyards, pathways and green spaces of the related real estate, is responsible for administering and carrying out maintenance and repair works of the housing by the State, under the conditions provided for by law;
  

h) ensures the cleanliness of streets, squares and other public places, snow removal, system, collecting in containers tipizati, transportation and storage of household waste and road-building, sorting and recovery of reusable material resources through specialized centres and units; take mechanization of sanitation;
  

I) develop and diversify small industry and the provision of services by the population and Socialist units in the field of communal administration;
  

(j) take measures) regulations for the protection of the environment, with the support of citizens action for maintenance and management of green areas, parks, public gardens, sports grounds, places of recreation, playground for children, dendrofloricola production bases, lakes and leisure bases around Moscow and take measures for their development strict accordance with sketches, and details of town-approved, according to the law;
  

k) establishes, under the law, the prices and tariffs for communal household activities;
  

l) ensure, according to the law, Foundation and realization of investments in the field of communal, focusing on the sharing of the facilities needed for industrial zones or platforms and housing assemblies in the vicinity thereof;
  

m) establish communal household activities to be implemented by the popular sectors of the municipality councils, promote the implementation of their initiative into action effective communal household;
  

n) any other duties set out meets the regulations in the field of communal.
  

Popular Bucharest City Council carries full responsibility in front of the municipality's inhabitants for the proper organisation and conduct of communal household activities.


Chapter 3-organization and conduct of communal household in counties, cities, towns and municipalities section 1 role of County Councils in organising popular and communal household activity Article 12 the County Councils are responsible for all the popular activity of communal household that takes place in cities, towns and townships within the County and are required to establish the necessary measures for the execution of works technical-urban and other communal household activities in compliance with plans and sketches of systematization , taking into account the specific conditions, urban or rural, character size, significance and prospects of development of the settlements.


Article 13 popular Councils and County initiates studies concerning the development of communal correlated with directions of economic and social development of administrative-territorial units and ensure all communal activities in the household economic and social development in territorial aspect.


Article 14 popular Councils are obliged to distribute the district for communal household in each municipality, city or commune means materials and other resources provided through the plan, with due regard for the rules and norms of consumption and to take the necessary steps for entering a severe regimen of savings, reducing costs, fuels regulated materials and energy use with the household spirit of material base economy, attract new resources and energy.


Article 15 In communal activities, popular County Councils have an obligation to ensure that increasing the use of all the resources of raw materials and existing energy locally, following in particular: a) the water supply through the use of simple systems, from rivers, ground cloths, and other sources;
  

(b) the use of local materials for) maintenance of houses, roads, bridges, podetelor, reclamation of land, settlement of unsanitary water, construction and maintenance of dams and flood defence;
  

c) warming housing through the use of combustible materials resulting from the cleaning of forests or from residues that cannot be harnessed effectively in another way, as well as harnessing new energy sources;
  

d collection development activities) and the use of reusable material resources.
  


Article 16 the County Councils are responsible, according to the popular law, guidance and coordination of all activities providing services in every city, town or Township, good organization of the units provide, regardless of the subordination, in order to exploit the material resources and local workforce and in good condition to satisfy the requirements of the population.
In the development of services for the population, the popular County Councils are obliged to take measures to increase the volume of services provided by the household and communal services and extending their range, in conditions which ensure execution as well as lower costs and achieve rentabilitati.


Article 17


Popular County Councils are obliged to provide for the establishment of financial means necessary to cover the full costs of each of the household and communal settlements, through the development of profitable activities, ensuring the collection of tariffs and taxes, as well as through the use of other resources, established according to the law.
Also popular are the county councils obliged to monitor and follow up the execution, in accordance with the provisions of the plan, the budget of revenue and expenditure of the household and communal establishments, employment and the reduction of production costs and efficient usage of planned, all means at their disposal, cost-effective activities to ensure increased participation of communal household income due to the formation of the local budget.
Popular County Councils shall, according to law, the prices and tariffs for communal household activities that takes place within the counties.


Article 18 County Councils are responsible for the popular good organisation of activity of administration and maintenance of the housing stock, controls how the Councils of municipalities, towns and municipalities to fulfil their obligations in this area and observe the citizens of legal provisions on the hygiene and cleanliness of housing, household courtyards, annexes, imprejmuirilor, part of the carriageway and pavements in front of the buildings.


Article 19 popular Councils are obliged to follow the operation and to control the way in which the Councils of municipalities, towns and municipalities ensure citizen participation in the work of interesînd proper management of localities, as well as strict observance of the laws relating to the control of the working people accomplishing actions of communal household.


Section 2 of the Organization's activities in the municipalities of communal household, towns and municipalities in municipalities article 20 in the municipalities are organised in function of the economic and social importance, size and degree of development, the following main activities: (a) communal household) power supply via the public network with potable water and industrial development of power sources, channeling and waste water treatment household, industrial, and stormwater;
  

b) public transportation of persons and goods and other goods for the population in the village, under the conditions provided for by law;
  

c) construction and maintenance of streets and other ways of communication, upgrading, especially the main lines;
  

d) housing and heating units differing socio-economic, district heating and other systems with local opportunities and harnessing of reusable energy resources, as well as through the use of new sources of energy;
  

e) public lighting;
  

f) management and maintenance of State-owned housing stock;
  

g) services including laundries and dry cleaners, auto repair, public baths, coserit, domestic services and other services to households and Socialist units;
  

h) sanitation snow removal, including through the involvement of citizens, collection, transportation and storage, sorting and valuing as reusable resources to household waste and street;
  

I) environmental protection, reduction of drug related harm and fighting any pollution factors;
  

j) maintenance of parks, public gardens, the other green areas, leisure and children's playgrounds;
  

k) managing of cemeteries and crematoria, according to legal regulations.
  

B. in article 21 cities in cities, municipal household activities are carried out in relation to existing buildings and technical facilities, with the number of inhabitants, with local materials and with prospects of development.


Article 22 Main communal household activities are what cities are the following: the supply of drinking water), particularly through the use of simple systems of closely-related sources by building wells and wells, through the carrying out of installations of adduction finalizrii running from local sources and water treatment with minimal cost;
  

b) evacuation and local stormwater systems, purging them;
  

c) transport of persons, goods and other goods for the population and Socialist units, usually in cities and in spas with a population of over 15,000 inhabitants; in other cities and spas can arrange transportation, according to the law, taking into account the popular County Councils of distances, geographic configuration of location and economic objectives and areas of housing;
  

d) public lighting;
  

e) management and maintenance of State-owned housing stock;
  

f) maintenance, upgrading and construction of streets, bridges and podetelor, primarily through impietruire, imbracaminti through the use of lightweight materials;
  

g) services and small industry for the population and Socialist units, differentiated according to the development and specifics of the city;
  

h) use, as a priority, directed from the local resources for housing and other social and economic objectives;
  

I) cleaning, snow removal and street performing other actions of sanitation;
  

j) collection, sorting, storage, reusable material resources, harnessing of household refuse and street;
  

k) environmental protection, land reclamation and consolidation of unsanitary water banks.
  

Communal household activities in cities shall as a rule, with the contribution of material and in the work of the inhabitants.
C. common Article 23 municipalities, communal household activities are carried out, in particular, with direct participation, through the work of its inhabitants. The main activities of communal household what organized and held in common are the following: a) ensuring drinking water through wells, wells, dams from sources close to the springs, in compliance with hygienic-sanitary norms and to protect against polluting agents; stormwater discharge through open channels and ditches, collecting wastewater in septic tanks and other similar works, ensuring protection of groundwater quality cloth;
  

b) maintenance and repair of roads, bridges, impietruire, podetelor in particular, the arrangements of the ground with its other work, using local materials; cleanliness of roads, arranging and adincirea pits, snow removal, perform other actions of sanitation;
  

c) collection, sorting and storage of reusable material resources under conditions which do not affect the land;
  

d) harnessing resources for local heating, twigs, and other debris buddies logs resulting from the cleaning of forests, as well as material resources and reusable energy from mechanization of agriculture or other features of the area;
  

e) ensure public lighting;
  

f) evacuation of household waste by households, with each use, where appropriate, as fertilizer;
  

g) reinforcing dykes, water-banks and other flood protection works, reclamation of land, unsanitary pits, upon the completion of action centers of the villages;
  

h) arranging communal public baths and other services for the population.
  


Section 3 of the popular councils Powers of municipalities, cities and municipalities in the field of communal councils of. duties of municipalities and cities of article 24 Councils of municipalities and cities are responsible for all activity of communal household in which purpose, mainly the following tasks: to ensure the water supply) drinking and industrial use, proper maintenance and operation of installations to avoid wastage and loss of water networks, capitalizing on new sources of water from nearby areas, as well as being banned from aductiunile distances there cloths of groundwater;
  

b) shall arrange for maintenance of sewerage and wastewater treatment plants;
  

c) controls the compliance units Socialist obligations foreseen by the law for providing their own water sources, industrial recirculation and waste water treatment;
  

d) ensure growth coefficient of use of means of transport for local use, and the operation of such means as provided by law;
  

e) shall ensure the maintenance, upgrading and construction of streets and other ways of communications; organizes circulation circulation routes road agencies across optimized and fluidity of movement; establish parking spaces and public display;
  

f) take measures to ensure the housing and warming economic and social, as well as for the preparation and supply of domestic hot water, in compliance with the rules; follow the capitalization of reserves of capacity from existing heating systems, fuel and energy saving and the use of new energy sources;
  

g) take measures to ensure public lighting in the conditions provided for by law;
  


h) take measures, in accordance with the law, for the Administration and maintenance of the housing stock, controls how the citizens comply with the rules relating to hygiene and cleanliness, the household courtyards, annexes, to imprejmuirilor, and the way in which they comply with their legal obligations as tenants;
  

I) shall ensure sanitation measures, and for the collection of household refuse and street, and the recovery of materials and energy resources, land reclamation reusable swamps, draining stagnant water, deratization and disinfection;
  

j) develop and diversify small industry and the provision of services by the population and Socialist units in the field of communal administration;
  

k) take the measures prescribed by law for the protection of the environment, with the support of citizens action for the maintenance of green areas, leisure from the administration of municipalities and cities, as well as for arranging them, in strict accordance with the outlines and details of town-approved according to the law;
  

l any other duties) shall meet as provided by law in the field of communal.
  

B. tasks of the Councils of municipalities Article 25 popular Councils of municipalities shall organise, lead and coordinate all activities of household and communal components thereof, in which the end: subject to debate and approval) in meetings of the citizens ' programmes and measures required for the proper management of the Commons;
  

b) take measures to mobilise the inhabitants of the municipalities of the shipment, with their equipment, broken stone, ballast and other materials, and to conduct their own works for the maintenance and repair of roads, bridges, podetelor, cleaning and arranging the pits, reinforcing the banks of waters, maintenance of levees for flood protection and for other such works;
  

c) shall monitor compliance with by all citizens of the obligations foreseen by the law for the proper maintenance of the dwellings, household courtyards and annexes, imprejmuirilor, care, cleaning and sanitizing them, and for the maintenance and cleaning of streets, roads and ditches;
  

d) controls and ensure, together with law enforcement, compliance with the rules of hygiene maintenance fîntînilor, wells and other sources of drinking water, storage of household waste, sewage discharge, deratizarea, dezinsectia, and reclamation of outbreaks of infection;
  

e the residents action movement) of cleaning and sanitation of forests, gathering cioturilor, branches and other woody debris; provide the breakdown between inhabitants of the timbers in the contribution ratio of each, to be used as fuel;
  

f) supports citizens to execute simple installations for use of new sources of energy-wind, solar, biogas and the like-and the use of all head of water for the purpose of constructing small hydro;
  

g) take steps to antrenarii residents, within the framework of the common races organised between the making of beauty and good management of localities;
  

h) ensure the identification and the value of local resources in order to achieve communal household activities;
  

I work with) interurban units of the Ministry of transportation and Telecommunications in transportation of citizens towards the other settlements;
  

j) pursue enforcement in terms of communal household; reports in civic meetings on how to achieve communal household activities.
  


Chapter 4 how to achieve the main activities of household and communal section 1 in the field of water supply and sanitation project In Article 26 localities in the network of water supply and sanitation, municipal household units provide: a) operation of drinking water supply and industrial-capture, processing, transmission, storage, pumping and distribution of water in order to meet quantitative and qualitative requirements of the population and Socialist units by harnessing the priority of local sources and the use of simple systems-wells, shafts, Springs dams;
  

b underground water), taking over from rivers or lakes, as well as sewage and runoff after treatment by adopting optimum technical and economic solutions for the use of food sources, the closest receptors and shortest paths;
  

(c) development of water transport) to avoid water from distant sources or non-economic;
  

d) surveillance of zones of protection for captarilor, plants, tanks, pumping stations, aqueducts and other special constructions and water supply shall be responsible, under the law, drinking waters;
  

e) new works referencing the water supply and the development of the capacities of existing sewage works and waste water treatment plants, as well as the concomitant achievement; development of networks for the distribution of drinking water and sanitation, in particular, to meet the demands imposed by new housing complexes;
  

f) implementation and operation of installations and networks for the collection, transport, and disposal of wastewater and stormwater, sewer systems and local-pits, ditches, septic tanks and others-as well as baths, Riverside beaches and other public facilities.
  


Article 27 the supply of drinking water to ensure population a priority over any other utility water.
Executive committees of the District Councils and the popular Bucharest may approve the use of water for drinking and other purposes, to the extent that there is availability versus the demand for drinking water for the population.


Article 28 Units of communal household in order to use water, they shall be responsible for: a rational exploitation of installations), corresponding to the technological parameters designed quantitative and qualitative;
  

b) maintenance and maintenance of installations and of the entire water supply system in a State of permanent operation, as well as sewerage and sewage treatment to avoid streets inundarii and other ways of communication;
  

c losses elimination) distribution networks and eliminating wastage of water to consumers.
  


Article 29 communal household units, in order to ensure fulfilment of the obligations under the law of Socialist development in units of water, take measures to: (a) tracking completion of fully distributed) of tasks incumbent upon the law of industrial units for industrial water from own sources and wastewater treatment to be discharged into the public sewer network;
  

b) continuous monitoring of how Socialist units connected to the public supply networks, drinking water and industrial tasks delegated to them with regard to the rational use of water, the reduction of energy consumption, fetched water through repeated use, employment rate, approved in the production of drinking water, industrial water use to the full capacity of their own water sources in perfect condition, maintenance of functioning of the installations;
  

c) tracking of how the units that have their own water sources, which satisfies the conditions of that pathogenetic germ, maintain them in working order;
  

d the utilisation) a prohibition on public sanitation wastewater with flow rates or concentrations of pollutants which exceed those permitted by the technical regulations or which are provided for in the contracts for such services;
  

working with e) units are taking what wastewater in sewage network, in conducting the study, research, experiments and development of projects for the establishment and implementation of the most efficient technologies, plant, machinery and equipment for waste water treatment and sludge treatment.
  


Section 2 of the local transport of people and goods Article 30 villages in the local transport of people, goods and materials, local transport units ensure: the study and determination of requirements) the transport needs of the population and Socialist units, pursuit of these changes requirements for vehicle fleet necessary maintenance and repair databases , needs replacement parts and labour;
  

b) establishing routes for the movement of trams, trolleys and buses, development of graphs of traffic-related travel needs in good conditions of the population;
  

(c) the use of means of optimisation) transport by reducing to a minimum the number of stops required, increasing the velocity of circulation, ritmicitatii insurance and safety, reducing the consumption of fuel and electricity, strengthen staff discipline;
  

d) supervision and control of the movement of vehicles on trails, the intervening force for troubleshooting faulty vehicles and installations and to unlock paths.
  


Article 31 for the rational and efficient means of transport, local transport units shall be responsible for:


the appropriate technical condition) the maintenance of vehicles and ancillary facilities, increasing the use of coefficients of the vehicle fleet;
  

b) cleanliness and appearance of your vehicles;
  

(c) improvement of the system of autotaxare) to the means of transport of persons and control the application of this system;
  

d fuel savings) employment, lubricants and electrical energy in their savings to approved standards, and removing any defuse;
  

e the appropriate databases) Endowment for maintenance and repair of vehicles and the quality of maintenance and repair works;
  

(f) increase the effectiveness of local transport) through the use of enhanced efficiency of the base materials, ensuring optimal conditions for travel and reducing operating expenses.
  


Article 32 in order to strengthen the discipline in the work of local transport, are obliged to ensure that working conditions and training of staff are obliged to ensure that working conditions and personnel training, the improvement of worker training, observance of its order and safety in road circulation.
Staff from local transport worker is obliged to contribute actively to the achievement of all the tasks of the unit, to demonstrate and to have a worthy behaviour in their relations with citizens, to ensure the proper operation and maintenance of transport vehicles, installations and other machines that respond to comply strictly with the work schedule, rosters, rules of the road and help to save fuel lubricants, and electrical energy.


Section 3 (a) in connection with the production and distribution of thermal energy Article 33 In the localities where it organizes the production and distribution of thermal energy, communal household units provide: a) the distribution of heat produced in the district heating power stations of the electricity Ministry's subordinate, subordinate units in other ministries or popular councils, for the purpose of warming, socio-cultural units and other consuming units as well as for the purpose of preparation and supply of domestic hot water.
  

Socialist units and other legal entities may pursue, in accordance with the law, the sources of thermal energy for own consumption, where communal household units can not ensure integral thermal energy;

b) limitation of that work with oil fuel, increasing the efficiency of installations from thermal power plants, the removal of deficiencies in the maintenance and operation of boilers, thermal networks and points, with consumption replacing facilities large and small power plants in central focus; taking action for the gradual transition of the coal plants that work with hydrocarbons;
  

c) optimum functioning, safely and with greater economic efficiency of production and distribution of thermal energy in order to reduce the consumption of fuel and electricity, as well as for compliance with the approved rules of consumer law;
  

d) rational operation of installations for the production and distribution of thermal energy corresponding to the parameters of the operation and adjustment of these parameters according to the outside temperature, so as to ensure heating temperatures as provided by law;
  

(e) improving the efficiency and modernisation) machinery and installations for the production of thermal energy, elimination of energy waste, fuel saving, expanding the use of solid fuels and other energy sources;
  

(f) compliance with strict rules) fuel consumption established for dwellings and directed from the dhw, introducing rigorous discipline in this area, and eliminating all forms of waste;
  

g) the reconstitution savings in hot periods of the year, against the rules, a reserve fuel to be used in the winter months, antrenînd to that end, residents associations and citizens.
  


Article 34 communal household units are obliged to perform during periods of summer maintenance work and repair of thermal power plants, and power distribution networks, with a view to obtaining optimum yields, reduce costs, eliminate wasteful fuel of any kind and strict classification standards approved consumer as well as for the proper servicing and supplying heat to the public.


Article 35 communal household units are obliged to take measures to expand the individual heating system stoves, solid fuel local inferior and any other local systems that capitalize on such fuels.


Section 4 of the management and maintenance of housing State property Article 36 the Housing Administration of State property shall ensure, in accordance with the provisions of law No. 5/1973 concerning the management of the housing stock and the regulation of relations between landlords and tenants, the popular councils through specialized units placed under them.


Article 37 Citizens as beneficiaries of the housing from the State housing stock, have the obligation to respect strictly the legal provisions in force relating to the management of the housing stock and the regulation of the relationship between landlord and tenant.
For proper maintenance and housing management, citizens have the obligation to: (a) use), basics of constructions and installations as well as parts of the Township building and annexes thereto;
  

b) to carry out timely maintenance, repair and replacement of the building and installation elements, according to the legal rules in force;
  

(c) keep and) maintain the cleanliness and hygiene of housing, Interior courtyards and related building green spaces;
  

d) to pay rent regularly established, their shares of the costs of maintenance and repair parts and service facilities of the building, as well as Township and other expenses arising out of the use, under the conditions provided for by law;
  

e) comply with the rules of socialist coexistence and contribute to preventing and mitigating some of the housing dispute.
  

Failure to comply with the legal obligations devolving upon the employers concerning the use of rented housing from the State housing stock draws their escape in the cases and under the conditions provided for by law No. 5/1973 concerning the management of the housing stock and the regulation of relations between landlords and tenants.


Article 38 with a view to the proper gospodariri of the housing from State-run administration of the popular councils, specialized units subordinated to ensure:) at the time and in appropriate conditions of maintenance and repair of buildings, the annexes and the related construction and installations assigned the task of those units, as provided by law;
  

b) use of dwelling areas according to their intended use in compliance with the legal rules in force;
  

c) guidance and supporting associations of residents in activities with their participation, to the proper management and maintenance of housing parts and service facilities, according to the law.
  


Article 39 the popular Councils are responsible for the proper management of the housing located in their administration and have an obligation to exercise permanent control over how specialized units perform the tasks delegated to them under the law in this area, and to take appropriate measures.
At the same time, popular councils are obliged to ensure compliance with strict hygiene standards and to control the way in which citizens ensure the hygiene and cleanliness of housing, household courtyards, annexes, imprejmuirilor, walkways and driveway parties in front of buildings.


Section 6 in the field of public lighting Article 40 public lighting of localities ensure, on the basis of contracts concluded under the law between the popular councils and units of the Ministry of electric power, differentiated, depending on the category and the importance of settlements.


Article 41 the popular Councils are obliged to monitor compliance with the strict technical rules of public lighting related to the location of the lighting and the intensity of its standardized achievement and to take measures to ensure the public lighting in terms of efficiency, differential during periods of summer and winter, with strict observance of the norms of consumption of electricity have been approved according to law with avoiding any form of waste.


Article 42 the popular Councils are required to control the rational use of electric street lighting networks, performing maintenance, repair and modernization, as well as those for maintaining aesthetic and functional appearance of plants.


Section 6 in the field of maintenance, modernization and construction of streets, roads and other ways of communication and traffic organisation Article 43 in maintenance, construction and modernization of streets and other ways of communication, communal household units ensure the execution of the work in strict accordance with the sketches of systematization and the achievement of new goals, based on studies of movement.

Also, household units are obliged to ensure communal identification degradărilor street network and fix them in the shortest possible time of their occurrence, as well as judicious use of monetary funds, machinery, vehicles, installations and materials, through the adoption of solutions and technologies with low economic performance, aiming to harnessing and utilization in large measure as local materials.
The Organization of work in order to execute the works for the construction, modernization and maintenance of the road network, street units communal household responsible for determining measures required to avoid road traffic stînjenirii.


Article 44 In the Organization of the road inside the settlements, communal household units are obliged to establish measures to: (a) together with) the establishment of specialized bodies, general studies in accordance with the sketches of settlements corresponding to the stages of economic and social development;
  

(b) the road traffic) to organize settlements on the basis of general traffic studies, in order to ensure optimised traffic routes, the fluidity and safety of vehicles and pedestrians through the road works and installations of circulation, road signs, markings and other installations and facilities;
  

c) ensuring the technical-material base and specialized personnel necessary to achieve modernisation works, maintenance and installation of signalling and traffic routing, and other works for smooth operation and safety of traffic in the locality;
  

d) execute and maintenance in perfect working order the installations for directing traffic, indicators and road markings, the improvement and modernisation of means of road signage, as well as fittings, maintenance and operation of parking lots;
  

(e) vehicles in the parking lot) to organize settlements in places that end, streets and other public spaces, under the conditions laid down by the executive committees of councils and popular of Bucharest;
  

f) popularization of the traffic rules in turn.
  


Section 7-the salubrizarii Article in the field of 45 localities In organizing salubrizarii settlements, communal household units provide: a) cleaning, collecting and informed public transport from time to time and in places determined by the committees and the executive offices of the popular councils and road household waste and those of the same class, to rubble and debris resulting from demolition as well as their exploitation and neutralization in compliance with hygienic-sanitary norms;
  

b) collection, from the premises established or, where appropriate, the citizens of household objects no longer needed agricultural population, and other reusable materials, as well as sorting, storing and their exploitation;
  

(c) efficient use of machinery), materials and personnel in order to ensure permanent worker of sanitation settlements;
  

d) immediate intervention with the tools, equipment, and labor force participation of population in order to evacuate the snow, for the normal operation of the network of roads and pavements;
  

e) rendered in organizing actions of localities where there are organized specialized units;
  

f) combating harmful insects from recreational areas, parks and other green spaces, public places deratizarea, draining the stagnant waters, places the draining swampy land and take the necessary measures to avoid their formation in localities;
  

g) sanitation works of localities, so as to avoid pollution of the environment factors.
  


Article 46 In measures of sanitation of localities, deputies and permanent commissions of the popular councils, committees of citizens, public organizations, the Socialist Youth, as well as associations of lodgers are bound to entail the participation of the population, by working together with other means of szeklerland 2009 and for the good condition of these actions.


Section 8 of the green areas in the field of spatial planning 47 Article maintenance and arrangement of green areas and recreational places are communal household units with strict observance of sketches and details of town-planning, approved according to law.


Article 48 communal household units, with wide participation of citizens, take measures to: (a)) conserving and protecting existing plant beautification Fund, green areas and seating;
  

b) producing dendrofloricol necessary green areas, in particular development of perennials and shrubs;
  

c) maintenance of surfaces and the shores of lakes, as well as other lakes and ponds from localities;
  

d) maintenance and operation of a better equipped and other leisure amenities intended for cultural and educational events.
  


Chapter 5, citizen participation in activities of communal household Article 49 Residents of municipalities, towns and municipalities participate in establishing and carrying out all the measures concerning the realization of modernization, you beautify towns and municipal development.
Citizens participate in the meetings organized under the law for discussion of technical development programmes of land settlements and reports presented by the popular councils in the area of communal administration, as well as the adoption of decisions relating to work designing what is achieved with the contribution of material and in the work of the population, to debate all issues relating to the proper management of the locality.


Article 50 for the purpose of implementing the works infaptuirii-household labour, people have the duty to participate by working with tools, and other szeklerland 2009 themselves, depending on the specifics of the work. The actions organized by the popular councils, with the support of parliamentarians, standing committees, committees of citizens and residents ' associations.
To meet the needs of the settlements, residents pay taxes established by law and communal they contribute to citizens ' assemblies lover family in financial, for the development of works of public interest.


Article 51 tenants associations, organised forms of participation of citizens in the proper management and maintenance of communities and to the achievement of the various buildings, actions are required to take steps to mobilise the members of associations and persons living with them at actions for upgrading, maintenance and beautification of green spaces, workplaces, the cleaning of walkways and pathways snow removal, ice, and the Plantar and other trees of such actions.
General meetings and committees of associations of lodgers pursuing permanent manner in which their members, landlords or tenants, comply with regulations relating to saving consumption of drinking water, electricity and heating and gas, taking appropriate measures to eradicate any form of loss or waste.


Article 52 of the Inspection Teams of the working people shall exercise, under the law, the powers of control in units of communal activities for household water supply and thermal energy, transportation, waste disposal, and maintenance of public parks, gardens and green spaces, storage, collection, sorting and recovery of reusable material resources and on other activities of communal household.
Citizens have the right to have recourse to the law, the competent authorities any deficiencies produced in communal household and making proposals for overcoming them and improve.


Article 53 the main communal household activities that are carried out with the participation of: a) the water supply works, fitting new water sources, their maintenance, the construction of wells, shafts, springs, dams and other water transport also works;
  

b) arranging and regulating watercourses, construction and maintenance of levees, execution of other flood defence works;
  

c) maintenance and repair of streets, roads, bridges, ditches and podetelor;
  

d street cleaning, removal) of snow, the draining of swampy land, land consolidation slippery;
  

e) maintenance green areas, leisure land sports and children's playgrounds, planting fruit trees, bees, trees, shrubs and flowers;
  

f) collecting reusable materials, storage and sorting them in workplaces.
  


Article 54 the inhabitants of municipalities, cities and municipalities are responsible for maintaining the State of cleanliness in their own households, at the premises of residential buildings, as well as on the sidewalks and the carriageway from their right, for ensuring the aesthetic appearance of the corresponding housing and imprejmuirilor, care of plantations and courtyards from the facades and are required to participate in the actions of deratization and disinfection.
Furthermore, citizens are obliged to hand over the collection of materials and objects from their own households, you no longer are required to store domestic residues in places and to maintain cleanliness in these places.

The obligations laid down in paragraph 1. 1 relating to housekeeping, and the aesthetic appearance of the hygienic-sanitary conditions, properly, and Socialist units.


Article 55 Citizens who use bransamentele water and heat, as well as sewer connections, have the following obligations: a to observe the technical regulations) relating to the functioning of these installations, apparatus and control measure and to avoid their degradation;
  

b) contribute to the judicious management of the water and the heat provided, avoiding any form of waste;
  

c) to maintain cleanliness in the homes of enterprise installations and ensuring access to it;
  

d) to allow staff authorized by the leadership of communal household access to enterprise and home installations, to carry out the registration and execution of maintenance and repair.
  


Chapter 6 household facilities and communal Relations with citizens, with other socialist establishments and legal persons Article 56 popular Councils and communal household units from cities, towns and municipalities, in order to satisfy the demands of citizens, have, in the main, the following obligations: a) to respond promptly to the requests of the citizens and to secure the settlement, proposals and complaints to be valid;
  

b to ensure) attainment of operative work and required citizens and fixups for restoring interrupted services temporarily neintirziata;
  

c) to ensure that drinking water, heat and other utilities, in compliance with the rules set out under the law, as well as channeling, raising household waste and providing other services of communal household permanently or periodically;
  

(d) to take measures to) improve quality of communal household benefits corresponding to the demands of the inhabitants.
  


Article 57 in the performance of their duties, communal household units: a) issued under the law permits or agreements for services and communal household as well as for the execution of the interior installations of water supply and sewerage, thermal energy;
  

b) establish conditions of use under which the land is located or which are surrounding buildings or facilities of water supply, sewerage, heating, transport, or prohibit holders of these lands making any work or storage of materials that could stinjeni the smooth operation of such construction or installation;
  

c) introduced restrictions of water consumption or heat or interrupt their supply in cases of force majeure or unreasonable usage times abusive, instiintind, timely, beneficiaries;
  

d) installed on buildings and other constructions, regardless of the title which are owned, motor carriers, anchorages and metallic gauges for networks and communal household installations;
  

e) removes, in compliance with legal norms, tree branches, shrubs, roots, and if their vicinity of networks and urban facilities could produce damage or stinjeni their operation would good.
  

For the purpose of exercising control over the functioning and technical condition of the household and communal facilities for carrying out maintenance and repair works of their authorized staff of communal household units with access to buildings and premises of their owners, as stipulated in the contract.
If, by way of allocating powers, communal household units produce any damage, at an estimated loss will be compensated according to the law.


Article 58 construction of new networks for water supply, sanitation, distribution of thermal energy and electrical, transport and other communal household, and developing existing networks are made, under the conditions and with the approval of law, into a unified conception, with routes, avoiding the cross and rigorously legal norms regarding the use of land and systematization of public networks, so as to eliminate the repeated interventions in public circulation routes structure or their degradation.
Natural or legal persons are obliged to permit temporary use under the conditions laid down by the law of the land in their possession, for the purposes of maintenance or repair of structures and installations for water supply, sewerage, heating, sanitation, transportation and other communal household works.


Article 59 the occupation of agricultural land or forest fund for use by the communal household units in the performance of their duties, shall be made only with the approval of and under the conditions provided by law for the removal from agricultural production plant or forest fund, aiming to the proceedings to be carried out, as a rule, during periods in which farmlands are cash crops.
The work of urgent interventions to remedy the damage or deranjamentelor at construction or household installations situated on communal land or forming part of the forest may be carried out immediately, with notice of holders of such land.
In the cases referred to in paragraph 1. 2 units of communal household will ask the executive committees of the District Councils or popular Bucharest, within 24 hours from the time of the damage or deranjamentelor, approving the continuation of the work of interventions. Approval is given within 48 hours of the request.


Article 60 For temporary use, for a period greater than 30 days, the land, regardless of their keepers, communal household units will pay rent.
For State property rent is equal to the charge for the use of land set out in the annex. 2. in law No. 59/1974 concerning the Land Fund. In the case of land-owned economic units required to pay fees for using them, will pay rent on behalf of this charge.
For land owned by cooperative organizations or other persons or bodies, the executive committees of councils and popular of Bucharest will determine rates for annual rent, without exceeding the maximum rate prescribed by the laws and courts of areas which are not rents with the housing.


Article 61 communal household units are obliged, after completion of work, to bring land and the objectives that have been affected in the State in which they were prior to the commencement of such works.


Article 62 the provision of drinking water and industrial heat, taking over the public network of sewer water Street and the same category, as well as the provision of other services of communal household, permanently or periodically, on the basis of the contract concluded between communal and household units.
Contracts concluded with legal and physical persons, beneficiaries of the services of water supply or sewer shall contain conditions concerning the quantity and quality of water supplied to or discharged, as well as the measures to be applied under the law, in the event these conditions.
Where the beneficiaries are natural persons or legal entities other than Socialist units, the contract ends with pre-payments of an amount which shall not exceed the amount of the average consumption or service for 45 days.
The amount paid pursuant to paragraph 1. 3 shall be returned at the end of the contract, after deducting debts owed.


Article 63 Units of communal household are entitled exclusively to execute works of branching or connections for water supply and sewerage, thermal energy, and to mount devices measure and control. If urban networks, these works can be carried out and construction-Assembly units, with the prior consent of communal household units.
The full cost of branşamentelor, connections and devices of measure and control, calculated at the prices applicable to the State Socialist units shall support holders of ownership or administration of property on which such work is performed.
Bransamentele and connections implemented the terms of this article, as well as measure and control appliances fitted, are recorded as fixed assets in the inventory of household expenditures, and authority to repair or replace their support of these units.


Article 64 Water Consumption and thermal energy are established, as a rule, based on records of measure and control. Before the installation of these devices, the setting of costs is made in system paushal, by comparison with similar consumption subscribers equipped with such devices, according to criteria established by the Committee on Issues Popular Councils.
Where there is only one measure and control device for multiple beneficiaries, they can install on their own, such devices, for settlement between the beneficiaries of consumption.
Socialist units are required to procure their own funds and to require the fitting of communal household units of measure and control for the services referred to in paragraph 1. 1. Article 65


Socialist units are obliged to establish, in accordance with the law, dams, drinking water when the specifics of production, or industrial water and to maintain in working order the sources of drinking water, with the conditions of that pathogenetic germ.
Socialist units connected to the public supply networks, drinking water and industrial are obliged, in order to use more rational water taken, to take measures to reduce water consumption through repeated use of its approved flow rates, employment, in the production of drinking water, industrial water use to the full capacity of their own water sources maintenance operational installations with compliance with the technical regulations in force.
Also, the units participate in Socialist conditions stipulated by law, to the development of the urban-household works.


Article 66 of the communal household services is made on the basis of the tariffs established by law.
Communal household services rendered contract writing, fixing the amounts for payment is made monthly or quarterly. Payment of the sums owed by Socialist units can be made and effort or chenzinal, settlement amounts for payment will be made at the end of the month or the quarter expired.


Article 67 individuals and legal persons, other than the beneficiary of the Socialist units, household and communal services, are obliged to pay the invoice amount within 5 days of the awarding of the disbursement. Payment can be made and from current accounts at savings and banking units Consemnaţiuni or at.
Lateness in payment amounts due after the expiry of the payment rises 1% draw for each day of delay.
If the amounts due, including any mark, have not been paid within 40 days of expiry of the period referred to in paragraph 1. 1 unit of communal household furnishing may suspend performance of the contract.


Article 68 Holders of the right of use of buildings that do not have installations of water supply and sanitation, but which are located in the streets equipped with public drinking fountains and sewers, are considered the rightful Subscriber for such services and forced to pay them, according to the criteria established by the Committee on Issues Popular Councils.
Holders of the right of use of the property for the service is carried out for the removal of household waste, street and those of the same class are considered to be subscribers of law for this service and forced to pay.


Chapter 7 final provisions Article 69 the Committee for Popular Councils ensure the realization of the party and rule policy in the field of communal and fulfils the function of a central co-ordinating body on national economy in this area.
In fulfilling its duties, the Committee for Popular Councils cooperates with the ministries and other central organs concerned and issue technical rules concerning the operation and maintenance of buildings, installations and machinery, control of communal household servants and rules enforcement, modification, revision and repair of Interior installations of water, sewage and thermal energy what is executed by authorised installers.
The management of cemeteries and crematoria settlements shall be made on the basis of regulation type developed by the Popular Councils Problems together with the Ministry of health.


Article 70 communal household units organised on the principle of workers ' self-management and economic and financial self-administration preparers, according to its law, its own budget of revenue and expenditure, which form an integral part of local budgets.


Article 71 communal household units are organized according to the volume and complexity of the activities, under the popular councils and of the municipality of Bucharest, with uniform standards established by the law structure.
Subunits of communal household responsible for the work which it carries and the popular councils of localities in which it works.


Article 72 Establishment and sanctioning of offences in the field of communal administration is done by Decree of the State Council.


Violation of article 73 of this law shall entail, as appropriate, disciplinary, material, administrative, civil or criminal sanctions to those guilty.


Article 74 the present law shall enter into force 90 days after the date of its publication in the Official Gazette of the Socialist Republic of Romania.
On the date of entry into force of the present law shall repeal the law. 129/1938 of the organization which have a communal, republished in the Official Gazette nr. 48 of 26 February 1944, as amended, and any other previous legal provisions in the field covered by this law.
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