Law No. 1 Of 1978 Concerning Problem Solving Activity Proposals, Appeals, Complaints And Requests Of The Working People

Original Language Title:  LEGE nr. 1 din 1978 cu privire la activitatea de rezolvare a propunerilor, sesizarilor, reclamaţiilor şi cererilor oamenilor muncii

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LAW No. 1 of 1978 concerning problem solving activity proposals, appeals, complaints, and requests the working people ISSUING NATIONAL ASSEMBLY and published in OFFICIAL GAZETTE No. 24 of March 27, 1978 in carrying out the programme of the Communist Party of faurire socialist society and advancing multilateral developed Romania toward communism entails the widening the participation of the whole people in the development, drafting and implementation of all decisions concerning economic and social development of the country.
Proposals and complaints addressed to the organs of the party, State and the importance of the public represents a form of direct participation and effective working people at the head of State and public affairs, an expression of affirmation of rights and freedoms, stipulated by the Constitution, the development and adincirii of Socialist democracy.
Resolving letters of the working people and good organization of permanent concerns of audiences constitutes the party and rule for the strengthening of the link with the masses, for systematic and multilateral consultation, in order to solve optimum problems edificarii socialist society and improving the institutional framework for the realization of workers ' self-management.
Management units, committees and Socialist executive offices of the popular councils, other Central and local organs of the State have an obligation to act with efficiency and removing proposals to solve the shortcomings pointed out by the people at work to prove greater receptiveness toward their justified demands, to manifest the spirit of responsibility towards the citizens ' complaints and the settlement of shortcomings noted. Taraganare and manifestations of formalism or negligence in dealing with proposals, applications and complaints of the working people in conflict with the General rules for the management and organisation of our socialist society which by essence to aims to ensure a wider use of the experience of the initiative, and creative people working in all sectors of activity.
For the improvement of the work of the review and resolution of complaints, appeals, motions and applications are working people, increasing the responsibility of the State bodies in ensuring that the rights and legitimate interests of citizens, in accordance with the decisions of the party and the country's laws, it is necessary to improve the legal framework of this activity.
To this end, the National Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Romania adopts this law.

Chapter 1 General provisions Article 1 the right of petition guaranteed by the Constitution, all citizens, constitute an expression of Socialist democracy, the direct link of the party and rule with the masses of working people, a form the importance of participation of citizens in the management of all sectors of activity, from debating and resolving economic and social life, in accordance with the decisions of the party and the country's laws.

Article 2 the people working are entitled to address the organs of the party and State, public organizations and Socialist units with any issues of personal interest, to require explanation and resolving them according to legal provisions.
Also, people have the right and duty of labour to refer the matter to the competent organs of the party and the State, as well as public organizations, any problems of general interest concerning the improvement of economic and social activity, the defence and development of public property, the strengthening of legality, order and discipline, asserting in the whole social life of Socialist ethics and equity principles, combating manifestations of birocratism, removal of shortcomings and gaps irregularities and abuses in the work.

Article 3 the overall activity of examination and resolution of complaints, appeals, motions were requests of the working people is carried out under the direct leadership of the organs and organizations of the party.
State organs, public organizations and Socialist units are obliged to examine and to clarify all issues of personal interest or citizen petitioned general through letters or audiences and are responsible for resolving them with maximum efficiency, reprimanding and according to decisions of the party and the country's laws.

Article 4 Bodies of collective leadership of ministries, other State bodies of all socialist units and organizations of the public, are obliged to secure the proper organisation and conduct of all activities and the examination of proposals, applications and complaints of the citizens.
Ministers, heads of enterprises, institutions, organizations and other socialist establishments responsible for the objectivity of public research, for reliability and justetea of the conclusions drawn and the legality of the measures established for accuracy and promptness of response data.

Article 5 Letters of the working people will be resolved through direct research, spot on.
The bodies in charge of settling the appeals and complaints will consider, as a rule, signed letters and petitions, applications and complaints submitted in the audiences.
It is mandatory in all cases obedience of the person referred to in the letter.

Article 6 no person has made good-faith, with oral or written complaints bodies and organisations of the party, State or public, may not be liable, in any way, liable for it. Any act of persecution against those who made such complaints shall be imposed according to law.
Sanctions, also according to the law, defamation or slander a person, through letters and audience.

Article 7 persons who manifest the bureaucratic attitude towards the working people, the letters taraganeaza solving them, tries to cover blemishes or accept superficial solutions in dealing with complaints and requests that do not comply with the obligation to receive citizens in the audience, will be put up for discussion in the groups to which they belong, appropriate measures taking into account 6-se.

Chapter 2 Examining and resolving complaints, proposals, complaints and applications Article 8 right of petition shall be exercised through the motions, Petitions, complaints and requests addressed to the organs of State power, State administration, Court, prosecution bodies, institutions, economic units, State and cooperative organizations and other public organizations.

Article 9 the State bodies and organisations and the public, all socialist units are obliged to analyse with the utmost care the letters to citizens and to entrust them to some frames with a thorough professional preparation and policy experience and work with an impeccable conduct in society, which in its entire activity have given proof of reprimanding the enforcement.

Article 10 Notifications and complaints directed against the Socialist leadership activity units, of a State or public body is investigated and resolved by the hierarchically superior bodies.
You are prohibited from submitting to search appeals and complaints from persons or bodies whose work relates them.

Article 11 examination and resolution of complaints, appeals and proposals, as well as communication to citizens, the answers must be done as soon as possible, without exceeding of receipt the following deadlines: a) 40 days for those addressed to the organs of the Central Party, Government and public organisations;

b) 30 days for those addressed to County party committees, the municipal party Committee, the county councils of Bucharest's popular and popular Bucharest City Council;

c) 20 days for all other bodies of the party, State and public organizations, as well as for economic and social units.

In cases when the issues raised competencies other bodies or organizations, letters will be sent to them, to resolve it within 5 days.
For sensitive letters, which require a longer time-scales specified above, may be the most extended 30 days the bodies who have received letters towards resolution. In exceptionally way for specific proposals, complaints and complaints that cannot be resolved within this period may approve extensions.
Applications to all organs of State will settle within 20 days.

Article 12 The central State bodies and NGOs in all units will be a monthly socialist collective composed of frames that will control how the settlement proposals and intimations of the working people, intervening directly, for the adoption of measures that might be required.

Chapter 3 the functions and responsibilities of the management organs of the economic and social State and public, as well as article 13 of the popular councils Leaders, businesses and institutions of all socialist units shall ensure investigation and solving problems fast and thorough raised by people working with strict observance of the legal provisions.
Directors and other managerial work with the frames of Socialist units are obliged to receive daily staff worker who wishes to raise issues concerning the work of the unit.
For the issues of working people in the unit, governing bodies are obliged to establish a day of delivery per week.

Article 14

Directors of State agricultural enterprises, you resort to agricultural mechanization and other socialist units shall determine the days will travel to farms, stations, other brigades or subunits which are located at great distances from the headquarters units and will analyze and solve, to spot the problems posed by their staff.

Article 15 of the working people in Central Councils, businesses and other socialist units head bodies of cooperative units and other public organizations will analyze problems systematically through letters and seized audiences and will debate the General meetings of working people how to solve them.
Executive offices of councils working people will investigate and solve them are letters addressed directly.

Article 16 Mayoralties in the Commons will set one day a week at the headquarters of the audience Council for receiving citizens who have to solve personal problems and they shall lay down for the same purpose, a weekly travel programme in villages to receive in audience of concerned citizens.
For matters relating to economic activity and social policy that takes place in the commune, town halls are obliged to receive citizens whenever at the Council's headquarters are located.
Executive Office of the Council will be informed of the communal people's monthly incoming letters on the appeals within the audiences, and how to solve problems raised by citizens.
Popular communal Council will consider on a semi-annual basis in briefings, research and the resolution of problems by the citizens through letters or audience, presenting their conclusions regarding matters of general interest in the citizens ' assemblies in villages or on the commune.

Article 17 executive committees or The offices of the popular councils, municipal and County (City) will be presented monthly briefings on the settlement proposals, appeals, complaints and applications of citizens, as well as the issues raised in the audience. On a semi-annual basis within the framework of the sessions of the municipal councils, city folk and County will analyse, on the basis of the reports of committees or executive offices, how to settle the Bills establishing the measures of improvement of activity in this area and informing the citizens on the solving of problems of general interest.

Article 18 Presidents, Vice-Presidents, Prime-Deputy Chairmen and executive secretaries of Bureaux of committees or councils will receive the popular audience, each in one day per week, on the citizens of the respective administrative-territorial unit, operational and settlement agencies across legal problems.

Article 19 Letters that relate to issues of particular importance to be discussed and resolved under the leadership and guidance of the executive committees to direct the Presidents of the county councils were popular. In the same way it will proceed and when received more proposals, complaints and complaints about the same problem in the same place or locality, or when they are signed by the collective citizenry.

Chapter 4 Duties and responsibilities of the central State organs article 20 in the executive offices of the governing boards of ministries and other central organs shall submit monthly and semi-annual information, leadership councils will analyze the work to resolve the issues raised in the letters and to audiences within these institutions and will take appropriate action.

Article 21 Ministers and other leaders of the central bodies will receive in audience, during each week, in the days and hours scheduled; Ministers, Secretaries of State, Prime Ministers, the Ministers deputies deputies, Secretaries of State, the other leading cadres of the organs of the central State will receive the citizens in the audience the other day than those laid down for the driver.

Article 22 the Central Bodies of State administration shall inform the biannual Council of Ministers concerning the main conclusions drawn from the examination and resolution of complaints, appeals, motions and requests people to benefit the causes they generate and the measures taken to improve the work.

Article 23 the Council of Ministers will review the quarterly, based on the reports received from the central bodies of State administration, how to solve the proposals, complaints and appeals, and will report on a semi-annual basis the State Council the conclusions drawn, the measures taken and to be taken further.
The Government will organize receiving in audience of citizens twice each month, first Deputy Prime Minister and Deputy Prime Minister.

Article 24 under the auspices of the Council of State of the Socialist Republic of Romania organized a Committee, composed of members of the Council of State, parliamentarians, representatives of the Socialist Unity Front, Central Council of workers ' Control of economic and Social Activity, as well as other central organs of the party and the State, which will review the half-yearly activity for the resolution of complaints, appeals, motions and requests addressed to the working people of the State Council and will report to the State Council the conclusions drawn from this analysis.

Chapter 5-keeping and Receipt, tracking solution proposals, appeals, complaints and requests in article 25 Organs and organizations of the State or the public will ensure, through their specialized apparatus, reception, record-keeping and tracing them to solve applications are addressed, as well as communication of the response to the petitionari.

Article 26 State bodies and organisations or the public are obliged to bring to the attention of those interested in the legal conditions which must be satisfied by applications whose problem-solving competencies, their indicind and take the necessary resolution.

Article 27 all proposals, complaints and complaints will be considered obvious persons responsible for receiving, tracking their record-keeping and problem solving.

Article 28 those persons responsible for receiving, tracking and record keeping, information and proposals on resolving the complaints presented by the heads of State bodies and organisations or public, on the basis of indications, pursuing their proper resolution, and communication petitionari, in response to the time limits laid down by this law.

Article 29 of the State bodies and organisations or the public are obliged to examine and solve, in compliance with the provisions of the present law, proposals, complaints and complaints addressed to the organs of the press and to communicate redactiilor, stipulated by art. 11, research and action taken.

Article 30 Bodies of Central and local press, radio and television audiences and letters will be used to mobilize the creative initiative of working people in the implementation of the plan and all production tasks for care for the public, in order to comply with the promotion of legality and Socialist ethics and equity. The mass media have an obligation to pursue the settlement of informind, seized the public facts on how these issues were resolved by the respective bodies.

Chapter 6 final provisions Article 31 Proposals, referrals, complaints and applications addressed to State organs and public organizations or receive, examine and resolve themselves in compliance with the present law, to the extent that specific legal provisions is not fixed another regulator.

Article 32 the Decree nr. 534/1966 concerning the receipt, review and resolve complaints, requests, complaints and proposals by citizens, become law. 21/66, as well as any other provisions to the contrary, shall be repealed.

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