Law No. 7 of the Law on 1 July 1977, the quality of products and services ISSUING NATIONAL ASSEMBLY and published in OFFICIAL GAZETTE No. 63 of 9 July 1977 in the realization of the objectives of the programme of the Communist Party of faurire socialist society and advancing multilateral developed Romania toward communism, according to technical progress promotion, appropriate technical and scientific revolution conquests, requires the deployment of a permanent and sustained activities for raising the quality of products and services in all sectors of production materials.
Ministries, other Central and local bodies, Socialist units shall ensure the continual raising of product quality and services, essential condition to increase economic efficiency, the higher the recovery of social work, to enhance participation in international trade circuit of material values.
Workers, leaders, technicians and engineers, all men-manufacturers, owners of means of production, on the beneficiaries of social production-are directly interested in lifting the quality of products and services, for the development of a permanent national wealth and, on this basis, to satisfy the conditions of the material and spiritual life demands of our people.
The quality of products and services is one of the most important forms of materialisation of creative ability of the discipline and skill are Socialist Labor front, through which the workers participate in the improvement of the economic activity technical equip, labour productivity growth, capitalizing on the efficiency of the country's resources, the population demands, increasing the competitiveness of Romanian products on the market.
Status of mass opinion stimulates all the working people for improvement of production materials to the company, with the products and services of a high quality level, with corresponding economic efficiency.
In order to increase their co-operation and contribution payable by raspunderilor ministries and other Central and local bodies, economic entities and their staff in the field of quality of products and services, National Assembly of the Socialist Republic of Romania adopts this law.
Chapter 1 General provisions Article 1 In the Socialist Republic of Romania quality improvement of products and services constitute a permanent obligation of all groups of people working, economic units, ministries and other State bodies and public associations.
The State shall ensure, through the single national plan economic and social development, the conditions for improving the performance and competitiveness of products and quality services in accordance with the latest achievements of contemporary scientific-technical revolution, with social labor efficiency growth requirements, recovery enhancement raw materials, including fuel and waste energy.
Article 2 the level of quality of products and the basic rules for its verification shall be determined in a uniform manner through the standards, technical regulations, specifications, which is approved by the organs provided for in the law or contracts and are required for all economic units, and producing works currently executing or receiving products and services for scientific research and engineering design, technical inspection bodies, ministries, other Central and local bodies.
Article 3 the quality of products is achieved through compliance with the technical requirements, design, economic, aesthetic and functional reliability, continuous improvement, which gives them a high degree of social and economic utility.
Completion and delivery of goods or the provision of services must comply with the quality parameters referred to in the standards, technical regulations, specifications and contracts. Groups of people working, economic units and bodies of management control, have the obligation to take all necessary measures for any deviation from the norms of quality. Any violation of the quality parameters shall be imposed according to law.
Article 4 ministries, Central and local bodies, industrial plants and businesses have an obligation to ensure that the manufacture and delivery of products with the quality parameters at the pick up the best performance achieved in the country and worldwide, according to the reduction of the consumption of raw materials, fuel and energy, replacing raw materials and materials, permanent growth with low labour productivity.
They also are obliged to ensure the provision of services which meet at a higher level of quality and efficiency, the demands of the population and the needs of the national economy, the introduction of modern methods in execution, diversification of services, increasing the timeliness and solicitudinii towards beneficiaries.
Article 5 collective bodies to advise the leadership of enterprises, ministries, other central organs of the Central and executive committees of Councils popular works technical-economic councils.
Technical and economic councils are obliged to analyse complex multilateral and documentation execution and carrying out of the works, technical rules and standards, specifications and to propose technical and economic solutions that would lead to raising the quality of products and services, reducing costs, improving manufacturing technologies and methodologies technical control, raising economic efficiency.
Article 6 scientific research Units and engineering, together with productive units, will be developed within the framework of the technical documentation of the semi-finished products, parts, sub-assemblies and products, technological program of quality control, which will feature module and performing control operations at the reception on the manufacturing phases, and finally, for each product, the necessary means and qualification of the staff to run the control.
Power plants and industrial enterprises are obliged as the introduction into manufacturing new products to ensure the measure and control apparatus, test stands and other conditions provided for in the programmes of technological quality control.
Article 7 quality control products and services shall be carried out by the workers who run them, and other craftsmen leaders of the production process. They are responsible for compliance with the standards of quality in the performance of technological operations to each product and shall refer the matter immediately to the driver defects arising in a hierarchical manufacturing process which can not act directly, in order to remove their operative.
Commissions for quality of working bodies, units of the people's councils, labor watchers and examines the level of quality of production and are obliged to propose solutions for improvement continue.
Technical control bodies exert quality control over the flow of manufacturing and finished products according to and methodology of control programmes.
Article 8 Councils working people, trade unions, other public organizations and mass will act on a permanent basis with a view to mobilising the creative initiative of workers, technicians, engineers of all personnel from economic units, for raising the quality of products and services.
Chapter 2 basic conditions and normative technical documents that define the quality of industrial products Article 9 Conditions of normative documents and technical quality of industrial products, mandatory for all scientific and engineering research, design, production, for the ministries, other Central and local bodies, shall be determined under the provisions of this law.
Section I Conditions of main groups of quality industrial products of machine-building industry. Article 10 in the construction industry, the products must be carried out with the technical and economic parameters and reliability raise; the main conditions of the quality products of wide use are: a) for castings, forgings, and heat treated-matritate: shapes and sizes within the prescribed tolerances, physical-mechanical characteristics and chemical structure of technical standards, appropriate and homogeneous appearance minimum process additives, maselote loss, network and casting burrs reduced: b) for complex technological equipment, equipment heat and hydropower, thermal engines yield: and safety in operation, proper use of high reliability, high degree of automation and antirust protection, low specific weight and dimensions, minimal consumption of energy, fuels and ease in maintenance and repair;
c) for machine tools: dynamic qualities, precision machining, high productivity, economic working regimens, high degree of automation equipment and auxiliary equipment, gauge and low mass per unit of power, achieving strong and big moments with small impulses, aesthetic and ergonomic features, minimum energy consumption, preserving qualitative characteristics over time, reliability and protection of man in the process;
d) for means of transport: capacities and optimal speed, maximum security, minimum level of pollution, high anticorrosive protection, comfort, ergonomic and aesthetic features, the reduced ratio between weight and load capacity, minimum consumption of energy, fuels and lubricants, low cost maintenance;
e) for tractors: traction power corresponding to low, fuel and lubricants, grip the terrain, adaptability, mobility, manageability and high functionality, ergonomic features, low cost maintenance;
f) for machinery and equipment intended for agriculture and food industry: resistance, adaptability, mobility, maneuverability, ease of maintenance and repair, the ergonomic features, high anticorrosive protection under conditions of outdoor storage;
g) for high capacity and transportability: optimal resistance and high degree of automation, protection and safety, maneuverability and high functionality, low specific weight;
h) for switchgear, motors and transformers: optimum efficiency, safety in operation, providing protection against electrocution, specific minimum loss, miniaturization, unit weight and reduced materials consumption;
I) for refrigerators, vacuum cleaners and other consumer goods durable: high level of specific parameters, yield, durability, safety, maneuverability, high aesthetic and ergonomic features, ease of maintenance and repair, low specific weight;
j) for televisions, radio-cassette players, tape recorders, receivers and other consumer goods: high reliability, sensitivity, selectivity, fidelity, resistance to shocks and vibrations, protection and superior finishes, reduced costs of repairs;
k) for active and passive electronic components: precision and high stability of specific characteristics, miniaturization;
l) for measure and control and automation: precision, resistance to shocks, vibrations and environmental protection class, high maintenance characteristics during normed, dimensions and reduced weight.
B. mining Article 11 In mining, products must provide a rational valorization of minerals contained in the zacamint and main product groups, to meet the following basic features: a) ores: useful substance, purity, granulation and physicochemical characteristics of the corresponding documentation for entry into service of respective;
b) concentrates and other mining products: employment levels of useful items and reducing regulated components regarded as impurities;
c) calorific value coal: content, ash, moisture, grit and lack of foreign bodies, in accordance with the laws of respective;
d) at titeiuri gross and treated: impurities and low salt content, selecting appropriate processing technology requirements;
e) gaz metan: calorific content of impurities and according to the technical documentation of the work in question.
C. metallurgy Article 12 In metallurgical industry products should have an advanced degree of processing, capitalizing on top of the metal, low fuel consumption and energy and to meet the following conditions: (a) qualitative basis) for laminated steel obtained by hot plastic deformation in the form of simple profiles and shaped wires, sheets, strips, tubular products: chemical composition within the prescribed limits for each steel grade technological, mechanical characteristics, and structure, shape and size within the limits laid down in the corresponding destination tolerantelor and method of processing;
b) for steel products obtained by cold plastic deformation in the form of tubes, plates, strips, bars, pipes, drawn wires: high dimensional precision, technological and mechanical characteristics superior to discharge or to drawing, structural uniformity;
c) welded tubes and profiles of the band cold-formed steel: welded seams make, in accordance with the rules for geometric shape, dimensions and tolerances;
d) for plates, strips, pipes, bars from stainless or refractory high corrosion resistance of the surface and intercristalina, maintaining the mechanical properties at high temperatures, low grade surfaces with roughness;
e) to table and strip steels silicoase: electric and magnetic properties, size with limited tolerance;
f) plates, strips, pipes and wires with protective coatings-galvanizing, cositorie, rolling: thickness uniform, uniformity and adhesion of the topcoat, high resistance to physical and chemical agents;
g) plates, sheets, strips, pipes, rods, profiles, metal partitions and non-ferrous alloys: high purity chemical composition limits, mechanical properties, structural and technological enhancement, electric resistivity and low shape and dimensions in the tolerant terms;
h) electrodes, welding wires and fluxes: chemical composition, properties of each better weldability steel grades, increased grip, resistant to atmospheric agents and the competitive aspect;
I) for refractory products in the form of bricks, blocks, special shaped parts, concretes, mortars, powders and thermal-insulating plates: homogeneous chemical composition, physico-chemical properties, high durability and tolerant terms;
j) for abrasive products in the form of discs, various profiles and support: Abrasives grit, uniform adhesion and high toughness, resistance to wear and shock;
k) for siderurgici electrodes and other carbunoase products: high compressive strength and low resistivity, electric shocks, the shape and dimensions in terms of the specific consumption, tolerance and increased durability over time.
D. chemical Article 13 in the chemical industry, products must have the quality parameters to ensure a high level of recovery of raw materials; the main product groups of the basic qualitative conditions are the following: a) for chemical fertilizers and pesticides: high content of active substance, conservabilitate and increased selectivity, low toxicity;
b) for inorganic products: useful, low concentration of impurities;
c) for petroleum products: high efficiency of use, physico-chemical stability;
d) for fibre and yarns chemical: physical and mechanical characteristics and high machinability, high capacity, and time stability at thermic treatments-pressing section;
e) rubber and plastic products: structure, homogeneity of the physical-chemical characteristics and increased efficiency in processing;
f) tires, air chambers with technical articles in rubber and plastic products: increased resistance to wear and tear, shocks, oils and solvents, safety in mining, dimensional stability and physical-mechanical characteristics;
g) for drugs: pharmacological and therapeutic action effective, content of active substance prescribed, minimum side effects, high degree of purity and health requirements, appropriate sterilization;
h) for paints and varnishes, dyes: great hiding power, resistance to weathering, and washing, light uniformity, short drying times;
I) cosmetic products: guaranteed hygiene and sanitary qualities, stability over time, persistent olfactiva;
j) for washing products, SOAP and detergents: power washing, proper hygienic and sanitary conditions, lack of toxicity.
E. industry of building materials and wood-processing industry Article 14 in the building materials industry must ensure superior capitalization of resources of the country, through the manufacture of durable, lightweight, inexpensive to replace the deficient and expensive materials, to lead to the development of economic construction and to meet the following main features: a) for cement and cement products : stable and resistant to mechanical uniformity over time;
b) precast concrete: high bearing capacity, lightweight, minimal consumption of steel-reinforced and dimensional precision;
c) insulation materials: high thermal insulation capacity, hidrofuga, noise, respectively;
d) ceramic products for masonry: compressive strength appropriate, lightweight;
e) fine ceramic products: form and color, dimensional accuracy, surface finish, flatness and uniform pores within the tolerances prescribed;
f) heating fixtures: heat transmission coefficient and high tightness, low specific weight, finish properly.
Article 15 in the wood processing industry, furniture and other products must meet physical, mechanical properties, durability, dimensional variety suitable for use, high degree of finishing, functionality, convenience and aesthetic appearance, under the optimal pace of recovery logs.
Procure and cartons intended for printing must meet characteristics of imprimabilitate normed by ensuring a high level of physical parameters, mechanical and chemical, some minimum variations thereof, as well as a high degree of finish allowing optimal processing in production processes.
F. light industry and food industry Article 16 In light industry, the production must be diversified, taking into account the requirements of the beneficiaries, the demands of the population of all ages, the need for adaptability to changes in operational fashion, under the recovery of raw materials, superior materials and the development of products that meet the following quality features: a) the fabrics: resistance, dimensional stability, high level of machinability keeping their over time and the pressing section of thermal treatments-variety of colors, and design, lightweight;
b) clothes and knitwear: high degree of finishing, appearance, durability, dimensional stability, comfort to wear and maintenance, keeping their in time to wash times cleanup;
c the footwear and leather goods): durability, resistance to weathering, diversity, wearing comfort, easy maintenance;
d) to household items and household goods: tensile strength, multifunctionalitate, safety of operation, easy maintenance, aesthetic appearance, appropriate use.
Article 17 In the food industry, products must have high nutritional values, guaranteed to be hygienic and sanitary, to match the preferences of the population and to meet the following requirements: (a) qualitative basis) the meat product: superior taste qualities, stability of the health status and health throughout the duration of the warranty, high protein properties;
b) milk and milk products: content of the standardised proteins, fats and bacterial loads;
c) to canned meat, vegetables, fruits, fish: the optimal proportion of components, taste and aromatic qualities of high, throughout the period of validity;
d) on bread and other bakery products: freshness, ripening and proper porosity, diverse diversity;
e) to sugary foods: nutritional values, taste and aroma, attractiveness, diversity;
f) from fruit juices and soft drinks: nutritional values, and aromatic taste, attractive, diversified.
Section II normative technical documents that define the quality of industrial products article 18 parameters of the quality of industrial products are provided in the standards, technical regulations, technical standards branch, specifications, approved by law enforcement agencies as provided by law, and contracts.
Through normative technical documents referred to in paragraph 1. 1 technical conditions shall be determined by the quality, constructive, functional and reliable, rules and methods for checking of quality, special packaging requirements, marking, storage and transportation, all of the products, as well as specific protection rules climate and environmental conditions of the countries in which they are to be exported.
For equipment that is delivered in parts and it assembles at the place of installation, the normative technical documentation shall specify the rules for installation and commissioning, to be followed to ensure the proper officials and achievements of technical-economic indicators referred to, as well as examinations and samples are taken at the place of installation.
Article 19 ministries, other Central and local bodies, industrial and Central enterprises, research units and engineering responsible for the quality of the technical normative documents developed and strict application of these documents after approval.
Also, will act for the periodic review of quality parameters, bringing them to the level of performance achieved by similar products in your country or worldwide.
With the establishment of the quality parameters of the product, and shall specify the parameters of parts and sub-assemblies, components that are required for all establishments shall cooperate to achieve the product in question.
Quality standards in the industry and Republican are required for local industry and co-operative, as well as for any other socialist establishments engaged in productive activity.
Article 20 on the basis of quality standards and technical documentation of the approved undertakings shall be required to draw up producing "the product technique" for machines, equipment and installations, as well as for appliances and other durable goods laid down by the Ministry or central body coordinating the branch.
"Technical book for the product" will feature description, parameters, duration of use, normata fields of use, maintenance and preservation of its conditions, periods of overhaul technique, sets of spare parts and subassemblies required for each category of repair and any other data on the operation of the product to the projected parameters.
Supply units and, where appropriate, commercial ones, are obliged to supply only products accompanied by "technical book of the product".
Article 21 ministries, industrial plants, businesses have an obligation to ensure that workers, engineers, technicians, the entire staff of execution and control to know thoroughly the provisions of standards, technical regulations, specifications and contracts, to raise their professional qualification, standing in the furtherance of industrial products in strict accordance with the quality standards.
Article 22 in order to increase the competitiveness of Romanian products externally, the Ministry of foreign trade and economic cooperation together with the International Chamber of Commerce and industry will ensure the availability of technical norms and other materials relating to product quality, used on the international market.
Chapter 3 Ensuring product quality, section I, article 23 Observance of technological discipline and economic Ministries, industrial plants, businesses and other economic units responsible for strict observance of technological discipline in the manufacturing process.
Technological discipline is achieved by deploying production according to design documentation and technological process and products approved as provided in rules and regulatory standards, technical specifications and contracts.
Article 24 shall prohibit economic entities to approve exceptions to the constructive and technological documentation, as well as certified to standards, technical regulations, specifications and contracts. Not derogating measures taken to reduce costs, increase labour productivity, modernization of technological processes, typing parts, sub-assemblies and products provided to ensure the maintenance or improvement of the product quality.
Exceptions to technical documentation approved by the law of economic units, can give exceptionally and on very limited time ministries or central organs coordinating of the branch, with the opinion of the scientific research institutes and technological engineering.
If technical standards branch and other technical documentation approved by the ministries and other Central and local bodies, derogations can give exceptionally and on time limited by the Ministry or central body coordinating the branch Coordinator with the National Committee for science and technology and the State General Inspectorate for quality control of products.
Derogations from the State standards should be granted only on the organ it has approved the proposal of the ministries, other Central and local bodies concerned, with the approval of the National Council for science and technology and the State General Inspectorate for quality control of products.
With the approval of the derogarii, organs referred to in paragraph 1. 2 and 3 will be established and measures required to eliminate the causes that led to it.
In all cases, proposals for derogation shall be made only with the consent of the receiving unit times.
Article 25 power plants, industrial enterprises and other economic units are responsible for preparing and organizing appropriate production, technical assistance in all trade through technical and managerial frameworks, optimization of the manufacturing process and internal transport, strengthening law and order and discipline in each job.
At the same time, are obliged to take measures to reduce specific consumption to continue, under strict respect for standardized quality.
Section II-of the Duties and responsibilities of ministries, other Central and local bodies and economic units article 26 ministries, other Central and local bodies are responsible for making the qualitative level of the subordinate units ' production, in which purpose are obliged to take measures to ensure: (a) producing units) to equip the production means that they have the necessary accuracy and productivity, with measure and control , laboratory equipment, all necessary tools, devices and checkers, stands referred to the technological documentation and quality control and promote the use of scientific methods for checking quality and reliability;
b technical conditions) creation and organizational materials to ensure product quality through specialization and profiling, the concentration of production;
c) Organization, direction and control of the activity of technical quality and Metrology in subordinate units;
d) decide how verification before delivery, the quality and reliability of products unique items of great complexity, to which there may be no complete evidence in producing plant, with the consent of the beneficiaries and the establishments of scientific research and engineering;
e) ensuring the qualitative level of all products in responsible industry profile;
f) designing programs to improve the quality of raw materials, semi-finished products, finished products, technological processes and their fulfillment;
g) building cooperation between establishments, in conditions which ensure the level of quality of the raw materials, sub-assemblies, assemblies, and entering in the finished product;
h) Organization and technical assistance to producer units for the installation, testing, commissioning and handing out mining machinery and advanced technological facilities, which it assembles and is finally proving to the place of installation;
I) conditions necessary for the preparation of skilled labor to the level of technological and managerial assistance for verification of machines and installations;
j) organizing in-service behaviour tracking deliveries, as well as data processing, for use in the improvement and the redesign of products or creating new products.
Article 27 of the Industrial Plants, businesses and other economic units are responsible for compliance with the provisions of the standards, technical regulations, specifications, technical documentation and other contracts for the manufacture and delivery of products, in which purpose are obliged to take measures to: (a) the manufacture of) the introduction of new products only after approval and after having taken all measures and technical and organizational materials to ensure the quality of products;
b), previously used for checking the functional and technical parameters in order to ensure that the conditions laid down in the contract, the qualitative products offered for the first time to export, or require additional technical conditions partner against internal standards in force;
c) designing programs to improve the quality of raw materials, semi-finished products, finished products, including those that are the subject of cooperation in the production and analysis of the fulfilment of their monthly;
d) use in manufacture only raw materials that meet the conditions laid down in the quality standards and other technical standards, specifications, and contracts;
e) organisation and smooth running of technical quality control in accordance with technological control programmes and ensuring their classification in this activity of workers, instructors, technicians and engineers with a good training and experience in production;
f) laboratories and of the equipment of production machines measure and control, laboratory equipment and test stands required for determining the characteristics of the physical, mechanical and chemical properties of raw materials, materials, semi-finished products and finished products;
g) technical documentation improvement, technological control programmes, preparation of proposals for the improvement of the standards and other technical rules in line with technical progress and quality requirements;
h) operation of machinery, installations or equipment metering and control, modernization of the designed parameters, checking, maintenance and certification, in accordance with the law, to their officials, within the limits of accuracy;
I) conditions necessary for preparation of workers and environmental specialist personnel for acquiring theoretical and practical knowledge concerning the quality of the works and products;
k) pursuing systematic reaction to the recipients of the products supplied and to establish, on the basis of measures for raising the quality of production;
l) periodic analysis of the work done to ensure the quality of products, sections, units and job workshops, presentation of reports in the General Assemblies of the people working on the qualitative level of the products, in order to promote the initiative to all personnel in order to improve product quality.
Article 28 technical and economic councils, ministries, other Central and local bodies in Central enterprises are obliged to analyse: (a) qualitative level) of products in manufacturing and to propose measures for its improvement;
b) to ensure the adoption of technical solutions that lead to renewing and upgrading products, high efficiency;
c to inform only those) documents and normative technical documents to ensure implementation of functional features and technical-economic enhancement;
d) pursue the improvement of control technology.
Projects of normative documents and technical documentation execution of products shall be subject to approval by the governing bodies of the collective only accompanied by conclusions and proposals of the technical-economic councils.
Article 29 Units of scientific research and engineering responsible for quality technical solutions regarding the design and manufacture of the products defined in the documentation they have produced, providing technical assistance, prosecution of capitalizing operating results and continuous improvement of the products from their profile.
Article 30 the beneficiary Units are obliged to carry out reception with products from contracts and to take only those that meet quality standards.
Violation of the provisions of paragraph 1. 1 attract and liability for damages caused by recipient units brought to public property.
Article 31 establishments responsible for any quality deficiency occurred within the period of warranty, as well as hidden defects resulting from manufacture, arising during the use normata and are obliged to establish, under the terms stipulated in the contracts agreed with customers and designers, measures and deadlines for remediation or replacement of defective products. Where suppliers do not accept the remedy or replacement products, beneficiaries will repay them, demanding compensation.
Through the period of guarantee shall mean the time limit within which the reconditioning or replacement of the product is done on behalf of and at the expense of producing unit, unless it proves that quality deficiency is not attributable.
The term of the warranty shall run from the date of delivery of the product. In the case of complex machinery and installations made by cooperation production, the term of guarantee flows, with respect to all suppliers, from the date of delivery of such machinery or plant.
Through the period of use normata means the range within which the product under the conditions of exploitation, storage and transport determined according to technical rules and norms, it is necessary to maintain the functional characteristics unchanged.
Products with limited usage terms, establishments are obliged to enrol on the product or on the packaging of the product, where appropriate, the year and month in which the duration of the warranty expires or period of use normata.
Article 32 Commercial Establishments are responsible under the law of quality of the goods sold, thanks to remedy or replacement of defective products on account of the producing units.
The Statute of limitations of action against commercial unit establishment, for the recovery of damages resulting from failure to comply with the quality requirements, run from the date of the payment of damages of the unit.
Article 33 the supplier be responsible towards the beneficiary during the period of warranty for damage by deviations from the projected parameters due to quality deficiencies of machinery, installations and durable goods delivered.
Article 34 the transport Units, and those that keep their products, responsible for maintaining the integrity and quality of their work, and their correct handling and storage of the takeover until the handover.
Article 35 producing Units and units of foreign trade are obliged to ensure compliance with strict requirements on quality and technical performance of the goods intended for export, in accordance with contractual provisions.
The Ministry of foreign trade and International Economic Cooperation and foreign trade enterprises will control, through their own plants represented and factories, how to put it into production and goods contracted for export and will participate in establishing and carrying out programmes of measures for the adaptation of production to the requirements of the stock of quality demanded by the market.
Foreign trade enterprises are obliged to receive and to take over from producing only products falling within the parameters of quality. Foreign trade enterprises carries full responsibility under the law for downloading from the manufacturer and its delivery to the external customers of goods which do not meet the conditions of the contract.
Section III-Duties and responsibilities of the staff of the economic entities in article 36 officers and other leaders of economic entities responsible for carrying out all the tasks incumbent upon the establishment in the field of quality and ensure all material conditions, technical and organizational measures necessary for carrying out production in strict conformity with the technical documentation, execution of technical excellence to control in the manufacturing process, the delivery of appropriate quality products.
In case of deviations from the norms of quality, will take measures to stop the removal of deficiencies in manufacturing, to resume production and determination of liability of the convicted persons.
Article 37 heads of sections and workshops ensure each working bands responsible for the material conditions necessary for product quality and production process according to the technology of manufacturing and control, to provide technical assistance, to take the necessary measures to eliminate the causes which may cause deviations from the norms of quality and respond along with leaders the quality of products manufactured and delivered.
Article 38 Leaders and rulers of the work have an obligation to ensure the proper organisation and conduct of the production process, to ensure that every job to comply with rigorous discipline in production and manufacturing technologies of the workmen, to control the products executed by them, do not admit to improper circulation of products throughout the manufacturing and to have adequate stopping execution of operations in the event of deviations from the norms of quality.
Leaders are responsible together with the workers for any quality deficiency resulting from misconduct.
In order to prevent such problems, foremen must investigate the causes of deviations from the norms of quality, to take measures to eliminate them and to organize debates on achieving qualitative parameters of products within the framework of their work.
Article 39 the workers responsible for the quality of the products and are obliged to comply strictly with the technological discipline, to carry out operations in accordance with the technical documentation to verify their quality through self-control and to remedy the deficiencies found, to present the first track or master fitter, control product to be demanding any deviations from the norms of quality. You also need to actively participate in all activities organized to raise the level of quality of production and improvement of manufacturing technologies.
Article 40 Researchers, technologies and other specialists who participate in the preparation of technical documentation and are responsible for endorsing the values of parameters of quality and economic efficiency of products designed to achieve them in production.
Designer and technologist responsible for introducing the projects of technical solutions established by researchers, by certified documentation.
Article 41 Staff units with foreign trade activity is guilty of contracting to export products to the specific conditions of the country's inadequate destination, as well as the provision of some foreign contracts in qualitative characteristics other than those provided by the manufacturer, is responsible under the law for the damage caused.
Chapter 4 technical inspection of product quality Organization Section, the functions and responsibilities of the staff of the technical control of the quality control work of article 42 of the technical quality is organized according to the law, as a service, Office, community control, independent laboratories and working bands, depending on the complexity and tehnicitatea products, the number of workers, instructors, technicians and product specialists with higher education as necessary from the technical and technological documentation.
Services, offices and independent collectives of technical quality control are subordinated unit's head and the County inspectorates and the municipality of Bucharest for the control of product quality.
Article 43 Personnel from technical control of quality must be approved by the County inspectorates and Bucharest city for quality control of products, on the basis of specialized knowledge verification.
Appointment, change, termination or disciplinary action sanction job Service staff, offices and independent collectives of technical quality control is done by the head of the unit, or with the consent of the County Inspectorate of Bucharest for the control of product quality. For the head of these compartments is required the consent of the State Inspectorate for quality control of products and hierarchically superior body of the unit.
Article 44 Staff controlling units technical quality shall have the following obligations: a) check the quality of raw materials, parts and sub-assemblies at sourcing and placing them into manufacturing, and precision adjustment of the means of production and of the equipment of measure and control compliance with the strict quality standards for packaging and dispatch of products;
b) reject the products with quality problems, refer the matter to the head of the hierarchy in the case of serious infringements to the rules of quality and propose the necessary measures for the Elimination of deficiencies;
c) participate in the establishment of control technologies, check out the equipment with instrumentation and control measure, test stands and mounting platforms, require management unit manufacturing documentation improvement.
In article 45, the Chief Technical Officer of quality control is required to ensure the smooth operation of the entire quality control activities in the unit, in which purpose: a) responsible for organising the control of product quality at all stages of manufacturing, seeks compliance with technological programmes for the control of product quality;
b) promotes modern methods of control and initiates actions to raise the professional qualification of quality controllers;
(c) refer the matter to the unity and leadership) organs of State General Inspectorate for quality control of products over irregularities relating to the quality of products; proposes abolishing of build and stop the delivery of goods which do not meet;
d) organizes and directs the work of the unit intended for laboratory verification of the quality of raw materials, materials, parts, subassemblies and finished products;
e) check, economic contracts, the parameters of quality of the raw materials, materials, semi-finished products, work and benefits set out therein and shall countersign them if they correspond to the quality standards.
Article 46 Staff involved in technical quality control from the central ministries and has the obligation to pursue the fulfilment of measures for raising the quality of our products and to control how quality assurance products in subordinate units.
Section II inspection and confirmation of quality Article 47 for technical quality Control is performed on the raw materials, semi-finished products, parts, materials, sub-assemblies, entire workflow manufacture and finished products, methods, frequency and with the means set forth in the technical documentation of the product. Quality confirmation is done by applying the visa control on goods or documents accompanying their manufacturing flow and finally.
Reporting as production goods products rejected at quality control is prohibited.
Article 48 the beneficiary Units are obliged to check the quality of execution of technological machinery, installations and products of high technical complexity, on the phases of manufacturing, and finally, to indicate any deficiencies and to take the necessary measures to remedy them.
In the case of complex installations, control operations shall be carried out by the units of scientific research and engineering on the basis of contracts concluded with the beneficiary.
For certain products, in particular machinery and equipment with a high degree of complexity, control operations shall be carried out on the basis of contracts concluded with the beneficiary, the specialized units through their profile in the operation of such products.
For products intended for export, foreign trade enterprises will perform quality control with specialized organs of control, on a contract basis, according to the law.
Article 49 Products delivered only accompanied by certificates of quality, collateral, newsletters or other analysis quality certification documents issued by establishments and the basics of material and technical supply, under the signature of the head of unit and the driver's compartment. Where the driver or the head unit control compartment delegate to others the right to sign the certification document, meet together.
Content and design quality certification documents shall be determined by the central body of the unit producing agreement with General State Inspectorate for quality control of products.
Confirmation of the quality of products sold to households is made by certified warranty, in the case of durable products or through quality certification documents, drawn up by the manufacturer upon delivery with high trade unit, in the case of other products.
Article 50 to stimulate the manufacture of high quality products with a high degree of competitiveness, quality mark is hereby established.
The quality mark is a symbol that is applied to the product, the manufacturer attests that they have the best performance achieved in the country and the world.
The right application of the brand quality is determined by the trademark certificate issued by the State Inspectorate for quality control of products.
The nomenclature of the products to which it applies the quality mark is approved through the national plan unique economic and social development.
The unit apply on products quality trademark symbol is responsible for compliance with these products the characteristics of the brand.
Article 51 of the State Inspectorate for quality control of products, ministries and other central organs shall control compliance with the legal requirements concerning units application QM.
If the products do not fall under the provisions of the certificate of the trademark or their economic and technical performance are lower than those made at the international level, the Inspectorate will withdraw the unit producing the right application of QM.
Article 52 the granting and withdrawal of QM is done according to the law.
Section III-Duties and responsibilities of the State General Inspectorate for quality control of products Article 53 of the State Inspectorate for quality control of the products administered, along with ministries, other Central and local bodies, and the State party's policy in the field of quality control and technical quality of the products and shall carry out the following main tasks: to ensure, together with) the ministries and other Central and local bodies enforcement, organization and control of product quality, developing and carrying out programs to improve the quality, setting and achieving quality indicators to be included in the five-year and annual plans;
b) controls to ensure product quality control operations, carried out with his own staff, initiates actions to raise the professional qualification of the staff of quality control from the technical units;
c) directs and controls the elaboration of technological programmes for the control of product quality, promote the use of modern methods of control;
d) control, as stipulated by law, the insurance business of the quality of imported goods;
e) delivery of goods prohibited substandard in terms of quality and establishes measures for the Elimination of deficiencies and to recover damages from the perpetrators, being aware about this banking organs;
f) draw up legislation for technical quality control; authorize, direct and supervise the work of the laboratories perform analyses, measurements and tests to verify the quality of products;
g) organizes, together with the heads of the units, with commissions for quality and with trade unions and youth, debating the employment cases deviations from quality standards.
Article 54 of the State Inspectorate for quality control of products prepared with încunoştinţarea prior to the central or local organs, stopping of production where: a) were introduced into manufacturing unapproved products in accordance with the law;
b) does not meet the product quality and reliability parameters approved in the approval;
c) increases the volume of refuse and systematic operations remediation;
d) missing equipment or measure and control it works improperly;
(e) serious deficiencies persist) in manufacturing and in technical quality control and metrology.
It also prohibits the transition to manufacturing of new products in the series when the notes that were not achieved technological programme for the control of product quality.
The measures provided for in paragraph 1. 1 and 2 shall be entered in the register of sole control of the unit.
Ministries, other Central and local bodies, power stations and industrial enterprises are obliged to apply measures to remove the causes of operative who determined the stopping or prohibition of production and to establish the liability of the convicted persons.
Article 55 Inspectors responsible for the control of product quality according to law: the Act of inspection) shall be borne by them;
b) inclusion in the documents of some inspection findings that do not correspond to reality;
c) nesemnalarea infringement of laws in force ascertained at the control or failure to take at the time, under the conditions prescribed by law, necessary measures for ensuring the quality of products.
Chapter 5 Insurance and quality control services Article 56 Units that provide services are obliged to ensure that the work performed to satisfy the quality parameters referred to in regulatory or technical standards, contracts, needs and preferences and to meet the following basic conditions to the main groups of benefits: a) for repairs and other maintenance work at the buildings durability and resistance over time hidrofonica, moisture and thermal, tightness, aspect;
b) for repairs to heating, water, gas, electricity and other related works: restoration in term of security functionality, normed, safety and continuity in service;
c) for apparel made to order and rebuilds of clothing, footwear and leather goods: executing all operations foreseen in the technical standards of quality, the use of auxiliary materials in accordance with the basic raw material, which ensures resistance, aesthetic appearance, superior finish, the observance of the model and other conditions agreed with beneficiaries;
d) for maintenance and repairs to cars, refrigerators, television sets and other durable goods and household: conditions of operation and safety parameters normati;
e) for operations carried out by washes, cleaners and dyers: shape, color, aesthetics and hygiene conditions.
Article 57 of the technical Rules for works of repair and maintenance to durable goods and its verification rules shall be determined by the providing unit, together with the establishment, who are obliged to provide technical documentation, spare parts, as well as personnel specialisation. Such rules shall be approved by the central or local units in master case, in agreement with the Council on the coordination of consumer goods production.
For the other categories of benefits, quality and conditions of verification rules are approved by the legislative organs to which the units providing services with specialized inspections agreement or, as the case may be, of the General State Inspectorate for quality control of products.
At the request of the beneficiaries, the conditions shall be determined by the quality and the performance contracting.
Article 58 For work done in the context of the benefits of services, guarantee drives, according to the law, their quality, and are obliged to carry out corrective action within the time limit concerned, free of charge.
Certifying the quality and terms of warranty will be included in the accounts.
The units are obliged, at the request, as the complaint or referral to the buyers, to carry out the repair, maintenance or overhaul periodic, timely and good quality of products sold through commercial units.
Article 59 Workers units providing the service have a duty to carry out operations in accordance with the provisions of the regulatory acts, contracts or orders, to check the quality of the work, to improve continuously its professional knowledge and actively participate in organized actions for raising the quality of services.
The staff of establishments that provide services must have a civilized behavior, the worthy, respectful daughter and correct manifest in relation to population is multilingual.
Article 60 heads of establishments that provide services, engineers, technicians and foremen are responsible for the organisation of work, the supply of material and rhythmic with spare parts, the proper functioning of the machinery and facilities and the provision of services, in compliance with the quality conditions, contracts and orders.
Article 61 article. 42-45 on the Organization and duties of the personnel of technical quality control is applied properly and in the work of technical checks on the quality of the provision of services.
Technical quality control benefits shall be made according to the methods and means determined by the technical standards and norms referred to in art. 57. Article 62
Ministries, other central executive bodies, the committees of the popular councils, cooperatia handicraft and cooperatia shall take measures in order to meet the conditions of the quality requirements of the population in the field of provision of services, through the organisation of specialised units, fixed and mobile, enlarging and modernizing both in urban areas and in rural ones.
To this end, the bodies referred to in paragraph 1. 1, with the support of the Council for the coordination and direction of the business of supply and providing services to the public, will draw up a list of services and will act to improve their regular so as to ensure the modernization and diversification of all categories of services, extension services for domestic labour, reducing the relief the terms of their provision, saving time.
Article 63 in the activity of transport, post and telecommunications, trade, tourism and catering quality assurance and control of benefits shall be subject to the rules specific to them.
Article 64 the quality Control is exercised by specialised control bodies, persons empowered for that purpose by the economic units and personnel involved in the control of ministries and other central organs or local coordinator.
Chapter 6 liability for infringements of the rules on quality products and services Article 65 Staff responding units, according to Socialist material law, for any damage caused as a result of the delivery or receipt of products with quality deficiencies.
The cost greatly and bonificatiilor paid reviews, as well as costs for products intended beneficiaries fixups interns in order to extinguish the claims of quality, it will highlight the separate heads of units being obliged to ensure their recovery from the guilty persons.
Article 66 the Chief Technical Officer of quality control material is responsible, together with the Director of the unit for any damage produced due to the delivery of goods or execution of works with quality deficiencies.
Article 67 the staff of ministries, other Central and local bodies and Inspectors General Inspectorate for quality control of products responsible for the acceptance of shipment of products with quality problems, to the extent that contributed to the damage occurrence or, as appropriate, commensurate with the category of employment remuneration of persons.
Article 68 Persons placed in work are responsible, under the present law, for damages caused by the violation, because of their quality standards through the gauntlet of rejection or partial times downgraded products.
Article 69 is considered definitively Rebut the product which does not comply with the provisions of the standards, technical regulations, specifications or contracts and cannot be used, than possibly as raw materials or as material for the production of other goods.
Partly it is understood through scrap product that does not meet the provisions of standards, technical regulations, specifications or contracts and that, subject to remedial operations, efficient economically, it becomes a product or can be harnessed as a downgraded.
A downgraded product is considered the product does not comply with the provisions of the standards, technical regulations, specifications or contracts but may be capitalized according to legal norms, at reduced prices.
For the purposes of this article, shall mean products semi-finished products, parts, subassemblies and finished products.
Article 70 single national plan for economic and social development will determine maximum losses for this sector-specific products, as well as the criteria for breakdown of units by the coordinating ministries and central bodies.
For the purposes of this Act, goods quality defects which are inherent to the technology used constitute technological losses.
As to the amendment of specific factors, the ministries and other central organs coordinating are obliged to reduce the maximum limits fixed pursuant to paragraph 1. 1. Article 71 leaders of economic entities, the staff and the staff involved in quality control, responsible for material damage caused by the fault of their own, by causing rejection or downgraded as a result of a breach of their duties according to law and regulation on the organisation and operation of the unit.
Article 72 workers through non-observance of production and technological discipline have caused their fault, scrap or downgraded shall not be remunerated for the work performed the surgery that caused rebutul or downgraded, even if it falls within the maximum permissible limits laid down in accordance with article 5. 70. the leader or Foremen of production which has been found rebutul times and established product downgraded the person guilty of it will enter in the voucher thing labour value which would be due in the case of workers working in agreement or will fall on the worksheet corresponding time timekeeping operation, if workers are remunerated in directing.
Article 73 Workers responsible for material damage caused by the fault by causing their scrap or downgraded over the maximum permissible limits laid down in accordance with article 4. 70. Liability is established at the proposal of the other WOS leaders direct the production process, who found a downgraded product rebutul or the person who has caused them.
Article 74 if rebutul or downgraded product was caused by two or more persons, the liability of each is established due to the extent that it contributed to cause the damage.
If it cannot be determined the extent to which each person contributed to the waste challenge or downgraded, the product the total amount of damage so caused, intended to respond to each shall be fixed in proportion to the remuneration of each category of employment, from the date of establishment for the damage.
Article 75 the evaluation of environmental damage caused by rejection or downgraded shall be as follows: a) if rebutul can be partially resolved to meet standards requirements, technical standards, specifications or contracts shall take into account the expenses incurred for this purpose;
b) if the product can be downgraded, exploited according to legal provisions, at a low price, take into account the difference between the price of the product quality and appropriate price what is valorisation;
c) If partially subject to rebutul remedial operations can be harnessed as a downgraded product, the expenditure referred to in points. Add to) the price difference calculated according to the provisions of subparagraph (a). b);
d) if rebutul use may be capitalized as raw material or material for the production of other goods, take into account the difference in price between the production costs of the product and the price of scrapped raw material or material that replaced it;
e) if rebutul can not be definitively asserted as raw material, it shall take into account the production costs of the product and scrapped.
Pursuant to article 76. 75 b) and (c) subparagraph (c)) shall take into account the legal retail price set for the corresponding products.
In the case of products not having legal retail price set, but also the price of delivery, this shall be taken into account, the applicable coefficient of 1.05. If the price is equal to the price of production, the coefficient is 1.25.
In the case of criminal liability, assessment of damage will be done adaugindu the amount determined according to the provisions of paragraph 1. 1 and 2 and of article 5. 75, unrealised benefits unit. If the amount so calculated shall not cover the production costs of the goods in question, it will take into account these costs.
Article 77 liability for causing rejection or downgraded shall be fixed by decision of the imputation of payment or commitment, under the labour code.
Article 78 liability for causing rejection or downgraded shall not give and apply to the same facts, the wage reduction law retributiei after the quantity and quality of work.
Chapter 7 sanctions in violation of Article 79 relating to the quality of products and services attract the obligation of persons convicted to pay compensation established by law.
Article 80 Violation intentionally or due to rules concerning the quality of products and services, that the deed constitutes offence, shall be punished according to criminal law.
Article 81 Constitutes the offence provisions of this law and shall be sanctioned with fines: from 3,000 to 6,000 following facts: a) delivery of goods refused or evaded inspection quality;
b) neorganizarea on manufacturing flow of fixed and mobile inspection and control;
(c) the failure of the measure) and controls, stands and mounting platforms, technical documentation, execution and control;
d) development, advising and approval of technical documentation that does not include the control technologies and the necessary conditions to carry out;
e) neanalizarea causes that give rise to products of inadequate quality and failure to take measures to eliminate them, and the failure to comply with time-limits for the application of established measures.
II. From 1,000 to 3,000 lei the following acts:
f) Decides in the contracts quality parameters and the methods of verification;
g) non-receipt of the products by the recipients or the supplier's receipt stages of manufacture, and finally, under the provisions of the contract;
h) introduction in manufacture of some components or subassemblies without endorsement or technical quality control without accompanying documents confirmed by him;
I) breaking the execution or documentation of the methodology;
(j) failure to provide conditions for maintaining) the integrity and quality of the products;
k) to prevent any form of control bodies and powers provided by law.
III. From 500 to 1,000 lei the following acts: l) delivery or reception of products without a certificate of quality and delivery of goods without or without the application of technique card packaging, in accordance with the law, the date of manufacture and the duration of use or date of minimum durability;
m) quality certification through a certification standards provisions inconsistent technical rules or contracts;
n) improper sampling, analyses or quality tests; keeping contraprobelor under conditions other than those laid down in the technical documentation;
a) breaking the rules of quality in the performance benefits of services;
p) nementionarea on the accounts, as part of the benefits of services, data on warranty work.
The acts referred to in this article shall constitute offences if they were not committed in such circumstances that, according to the criminal law, be regarded as offences.
Article 82 the finding of violations under article 4. 81 lit. a)-n) and the application of sanctions, are carried out by: a) Chief Inspectors and Deputy Inspectors, heads the General Inspectorate for quality control of products, for offences committed by staff of ministries, other Central and local bodies of economic units;
b) heads and inspectors of the County inspectorates adjuncts and Bucharest to control product quality and Inspectors General Inspectorate for quality control of products, for offences committed by personnel of economic entities, with the exception of the Directors-General for industrial plants;
c) inspectors from the County inspectorates and the municipality of Bucharest, for offences committed by personnel of economic entities, with the exception of the Directors-General, directors, Chief accountants and engineers ' heads.
The finding of violations under article 4. 81 lit. a) and p) and penalties shall be made by the staff involved in control of specialized inspections under the conditions prescribed by law, as well as the staff of ministries, other Central and local bodies, which have subordinated units providing services or coordinate benefits, empowered by their leaders.
Article 83 the finding of violations under article 4. 81 and sanctions shall be barred after the lapse of one year from the date of Commission of the offence. In the case of machinery and technological installations, the limitation period is two years.
Article 84 Against report of violation may make the complaint within 15 days from the date of its communication. The complaint, accompanied by a copy of the minutes shall be submitted to the organ in which the agent is discovered.
Article 85 inasmuch as this law lacks, offences referred to in articles. 81 le are applicable provisions of law. 32/68 on the establishment and sanctioning violations.
Article 86 violation of rules regarding the quality of products and services and attract disciplinary sanctions provided for in the labour code.
In the case of an approval for exceptions to quality parameters, in contravention of the provisions of art. 24, the guilty person disciplinary sanction the sale contract.
Chapter 8 final provisions the provisions of article 87 of the law face applies to cooperative organizations and other public organizations.
Article 88 the present law shall enter into force 30 days after its publication.
On the date of entry into force shall be repealed law No. 2/1970 concerning insurance and quality control of products, published in the Official Gazette, part I, no. 28 of 28 March 1970, Decree nr. 282/1973 concerning the certification of quality of products, works and services, published in the Official Gazette, part I, no. 71 of 17 May 1973, and Council of Ministers Decision No. 2502/1969 establishment and sanctioning of violations to the rules relating to the conditions laid down for qualitative products in import and export, published in the Official Gazette, part I, no. 159 from 31 December 1969.