Law No. 721 19 July 1917 To Amend Articles 19, 57 And 67 From Constituţiune

Original Language Title:  LEGE nr. 721 din 19 iulie 1917 pentru modificarea articolelor 19, 57 şi 67 din Constituţiune

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Law No. 721 19 July 1917 to amend articles 19, 57 and 67 from Constituţiune published in PARLIAMENT ISSUING the OFFICIAL GAZETTE nr. 98 of July 20 1917-FERDINAND I, by the grace of God and the will of the King of Romania, the national, to all present and future health: Camerile review, on the basis of article 128 from Constituţiune voted and adopted and we sanction non-what follows: article 19 Property of every kind as well as loans and advances to the State are sacred and inviolable.
No one may be expropriated except as public interest established and after a legalmente just and prior compensation.
Through the public interest means comunicaţiunea, public safety, defense of ţărei and those of military interest, cultural, historical or archeologic, irigaţiuni, falling water, drying up of puddles of water courses, start, sanitation, înpădurire or creation of areas of forest protecţiune, merging the small rural properties and land, setting up of industrial establishments indicated by special law construcţiunile public buildings, by the State, counties or municipalities, as well as any other work in the public interest.
Paragraphs 4, 5 and 6 of article 6. 19 remain.
I. national interest increases the extent of rural peasant proprietăţei through the expropriation of farmland as far as the next, and generally in order to sell peasants growers of land predominantly peasants mobilize in this category, or their families if they were killed because of or during răsboiului.
It will expropriate entirely: a) of cultivable Crown of Rural House and all moral persons public or private, fundaţiuni, etc., even when acts of fundaţiune, donaţinne, dispoziţiuni or any other wills under any title would provide directly or through any kind of prohibitive clauses neînstrăinarea or they would be given another afectaţiune;

b) rural Properties in total, covering subjects of foreign States, whether they are foreign nationals through their origin, whether they have become strangers by marriage or otherwise;

c) rural Properties in total, covering of absenteiştilor.

Of all these properties, as well as from State properties-who also will sell peasants growers of Earth-the State will be able to reserve lands to be used in that a special destinaţiune or to which they will be able to give such a special destinaţiune responding to a general interest.
II. it will expropriate private properties from a rural expanse of 2 million hectares of land productive. Expropriation shall be carried out on the basis of a progressive that will determine the law of expropriation, which will begin with the scale properties with an 100-acre expanse dela up productive land, minimum intangible.
The extent of the properties will be after their legal status on 15 August 1916, taking account of the effect of the succession, however, opened up to this time, which from the promulgation of the General expropriation legei.
In calculating these 2 million hectares will not enter the properties who are entirely expropriază, and which are referred to in paragraph 1. I, the letters a and b, but only the letter c, in which from the portion to be used in their.
Recorded land are excluded from the presence of the petroleum expropriation above until a îndindere of 12,000 hectares across the country with condiţiunea as the owner who would be subject to exproprierei of such land to give an equal stretch of land destined to the same county or in a nearby County.
III. exproprierele Over the land referred to in paragraph 1. (I) the letters a, b and c and paragraph 1. II, the law of expropriation will provide, for the mountain regions, the establishment of communal izlazuri formed by the expropriation of private properties, which do not fall into the above category, but the surface of the soil trebuincios.
IV. Price of land expropriated for the cause of national utilitale will fix the last resort of the courts of appeal, and his pay will be able to make it into production issued by the State, depreciation and interest bearing at 5% per annum, is credited as being the nominal value fair value.
V. work for drawing up the General and special laws of expropriation for the national utility will start immediately. These laws will be promulgated not later than within a period of şease months dela release planning.
The general law of expropriation for the national interest, that will desvolta the principles contained in this article, will vote in accordance with the last paragraph of art. 128 of this Constituţiune.
Dispoziţiunile they will be included in this article they rightfully belong.

Article 57 the Assembly of Deputies is composed of deputies elected by Romanian citizens, through universal adult, equal, direct, secret and compulsory ballot with reprezentărei based proportional.
The electoral law will lay down the method compunerei the Chamber of Deputies.

Article 67 Senate consists of elected senators and from senators.
The electoral law will lay down the composition of the Senate.
Principles of electoral law regarding the composition of the Senate deputies and Adunărei being regarded as constitutional dispoziţiuni must be included in this article.
These principles will vote in accordance with paragraph of article 128 of this Constituţiuni.
This law was voted by the Assembly of deputies at its meeting on 14 June 1917 from the rock and was adopted by a majority of one hundred and thirty votes, against 14.
President, V.G. Morţun.
Secretary, n. P.
This law was voted by the Senate at its meeting on 20 June 1917 from the rock and was adopted by a majority of seventy-nine votes against 5.
President, Em. Panda.
(L. S.)
Secretary, Dr. M. Sadoveanu.
Promulgăm this law and categorise them as it is vested with the State seal and published by the Official Gazette.
Given in Iaşi, on July 19, 1917.
(L.S. St.)
FERDINAND, Council of Ministers President Ion I. C. Brătianu.
Justice Minister, M.G..