Recommends The Government To Carry Out The Legislative Changes That Suit The New Scientific And Technological Knowledge And To Improve The Safety Of Toys, Before And After Your Market Entry

Original Language Title: Recomenda ao Governo que proceda às alterações legislativas que se adequem aos novos conhecimentos científicos e tecnológicos e que melhorem a segurança dos brinquedos, antes e depois da sua entrada no mercado

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Luísa Mesquita Mrs-1-draft resolution n. º 517/X/(4th) Recommends the Government to carry out the legislative changes that suit the new scientific and technological knowledge and to improve the safety of toys, before and after your market entry.

The Portuguese Association for consumer protection-DECO-between June and July 2008, tested 22 toys on sale in Portugal, also procedure followed by some other European counterparts, recital legislation both in the Member States in particular, Directive 88/378 wants/EEC of 3 May 1988 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States concerning the safety of toys. Of the toys tested (22) only in Portugal, 14 failed. The Protest: "DECO Inspection of the 22 evaluated products, 9 showed excessive levels and banned from flatatos, a toxic substance. [And that] The Act of child lead to mouth a toy with this chemical can have serious consequences on health. " [Were found] "illegal levels of formaldehyde and cadmium. These chemical threats are invisible but call into question the health of the young. In extreme cases causing serious lung problems and even death. "; [toys] "without the compulsory information on labelling, toys with very small parts and sharp and easy disassembly and packaging dangerous". Since 1993 the DECO makes this evaluation work and, without exception, continue to find serious security problems in toys placed on the market available to the parents and children.
Louise-2-Deputy Mosque in July 2008, the Food and economic Safety Authority (EFSA) seized 1053 toys, during supervision of 110 economic operators. Also in September 2008 the RAPEX rapid alert system of the European Union, received 47 notifications concerning insecurity of toys available on the market. However, a new European directive that aims to increase the safety of toys, demanding that the precautionary principle is present from conception to manufacture the products, was adopted in 12/18/2008 by the European Parliament. Is a text that modernizes the previous Directive 88/378/EEC of 3 May 1988 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States concerning the safety of toys, in place for more than 20 years and, therefore, has gaps arising, in particular, of the fact that the market has continued to receive new products/toys that use new technologies and new materials and hence result other types of risks to the health and safety of children. Faced with the reality and gravity of the matter in question, there is no reason, on the contrary, that Portugal take, measures to ensure the safety of children up to 14 years as provided for in the new directive. Scientific research allows currently eliminate more unwanted health risk lens. You cannot continue to allow the use of carcinogenic, mutagenic or toxic substances in toys. It is essential to ensure that the toys are subject to evaluation by an independent laboratory before your placement on the market. It is imperative to protect as fully as possible the children, while most vulnerable consumers. The new scientific knowledge available and the serious statistical data related to the risks that are known to involve emergency measures. It is important to note that approximately 80% of the toys sold in the EU are imported, and during the year of 2007, were withdrawn from the market milhões toys, for security reasons, manufactured out of the EU.
Luísa Mesquita Mrs-3-thus, the Parliament recommends that the Government, under the constitutional provisions and regulations applicable, to carry out the legislative changes that suit the new scientific and technological knowledge and to improve the safety of toys, before and after your market entry: 1 – Ensuring rigorously toy safety requirements, prohibiting the use of chemicals classified as carcinogenic , mutagenic or toxic to reproduction and substances and allergenic metals; 2 – Lowering the legal limits of all substances, whose level of security cannot be guaranteed, considering the evolution of scientific knowledge; 3 – Forcing the strict information of physical and mechanical properties of toys; 4-Strengthening the effectiveness and efficiency of the inspection activity with effective, proportionate and dissuasive consequences; 5-Encouraging the use of non-dangerous substances or technologies where suitable alternatives exist and technically feasible; 6 – Forcing the issuance of security certification of all toys placed on the market.

Assembly of the Republic, 24 June 2009 Mrs (Luísa Mesquita)