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1 DRAFT law No. 685/X ELEVATION of CASTRO LABOREIRO, MUNICIPALITY of MELGAÇO, DISTRITO of VIANA DO CASTELO, village JUSTIFICTIVA I NOTE 1-GEOGRAPHIC SITUATION Castro Laboreiro confronts with the lands of Galicia in the North and East, with the village of Gavieira in the municipality of Arcos de Valdevez South and West, and with Lamas de Mouro to the West. Castro Laboreiro has a horizon line with neighboring Spain, where you can take the county road of Ameijoeira (which borders the Galician village of Entrimo).
2-GEOGRAPHIC AREA the parish of Castro Laboreiro has about 88.5 km2. To the North, integrates a wide plateau area which reaches 1,335 m altitude. South opens the Laboreiro River Valley and, in the extreme south of the parish, the river flows to a dimension that does not exceed 350 metres. This Division of the territory into two distinct levels came to shape up the population in Castro Laboreiro. This network of settlement has its origins in the medieval period and will progress to the South, along the Valley, and to the East, earning the proximity of the plateau, conquering lands to the mount and creating a complex road network connecting the places.
3 – GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION the village of Castro Laboreiro is located on the plateau of the same name, in the middle of the Serra da Peneda, on a large area within the National Park of Peneda Gerês. It is the county seat of twenty-five kilometers. "Through the analysis of cartography 2, an axis that part of the port of the Knights (Lamas de Mouro), towards the village of Castro Laboreiro. Here, extends South, along the Valley of inverne iras, by the right bank of the Laboreiro. Another axis follows parallel to this, in the Valley, by the opposite bank while the right bank of the river the road gives connection to places in the extreme south of the parish and by the left bank access to Galicia.
II BRIEF ACCOUNT the largest HISTORICAL riches of this locality are concentrated on your scenic beauty and cultural heritage, consisting of your millennia of human occupation, which, as far as we know, took home (in Castro Laboreiro), on recent prehistory. It's in the Castro Laboreiro plateau that we find the most indented traces of occupation, materialized in dozens of megalithic funerary monuments. "We can say that the humanization of the plateau de Castro Laboreiro is attested and accelerating from the beginning of the Atlantic climate period (5000 BC), accepted chronology for the monuments studied at Portela do Pau and included in the aforementioned set of about a hundred megalithic tombs (tumuli, dolmens/antas and presenters) dispersed and distributed by the plains of altitude" (the Peneda-Gerês National Park , 2008:19). The adventure of human occupation continued. In the days following, between the Neolithic and the early Middle Ages, the traces are quite fuzzy. From the iron age, is suspected of an occupation materialized, possibly for a settlement on the hill where it is deployed, the castle of Castro Laboreiro which could, according to some authors, this is a possible castro romanized. Several remains of romanization were referred to and identified by Fr. Hannibal Rodrigues, especially bridges, in your work of 1985, Roman Bridges and romance of Castro Laboreiro. More recent studies point to a probable medieval chronology, (within the Romanesque style), or even modern, most of these traces. Troubled times ' of the high middle ages the information is scant. Will be from the middle ages that the history of this parish intensifies. 3 of this period, is the castle of Castro Laboreiro the most striking monument. The castle was erected on top of a hill south of the village of Vila (central place of Castro Laboreiro and headquarters of the parish), and "... Although some documentary references allow support to exist a previous Castle, the fortification that currently there remains date from the second half of the 13th century, and the building your generally attributed to King d. Dinis. At the time of the design of Duarte Dharmas, a small housing cluster deployed outside of the fortress, in the North the Church band drawn by Duarte Dharmas also is no longer the same ... the present parish church is reconstruction of the modern era, saving only the medieval times an interesting baptismal font with insculturada decoration of the Romanesque tradition. " (Sources: 1998). Castro Laboreiro has been the county seat between 1271, with a Charter granted by King Afonso III, 1855. Had, however, new Charter granted by King Manuel I, in 1513. The century of Charter of d. Manuel I date, too, the pelourinho, a Manueline copy of second half of the 16th century, with inscription that gives the date of construction, the era and location. This monument was dismantled in 1860, to build the "big house" and its elements were spread over several houses of the place, having been reconstituted by Fr. Hannibal Rao in 1985. After the Castro Laboreiro position as county seat, in the mid-19th century, Castro Laboreiro became part of the municipality of Melgaço. III DEMOGÁFICOS ASPECTS the resident population in Castro Laboreiro, according to the latest census (2001), has a population of 996 people, of which 448 are men and 548 are women. This phenomenon is a reflection of the migratory flow that was most striking from the second half of the 20th century. The precarious conditions of life, the harsh climate of the mountain, the shortage of financial resources, the absence of the State, forming the set of motivations that drove the migratory processes, in the 60. The decrease of the population in the 80 and 90 will have most of the mortality rate derived from the ageing of the population than with population. 4 we must not forget that the phenomenon of ageing is a phenomenon at European level. What most stands out, in these circumstances, it is no longer the permanence of the population in your land, but the relationship that the Celtic cause Castro Laboreiro, depositing in this territory as their main concerns, your affection and interest. It should be noted that many other families from other areas of the country, have today in Castro Laboreiro housing of weekend and holiday, which, together with the tourists occupy the houses, so another type of occupation and of revitalization. In recent times we have seen the demand of families from the major urban centres, fixed residence in the parish.
IV SOCIO-ECONOMIC SITUATION, RELIGIOUS and CULTURAL there was a time when the main economic activities were linked to agriculture, pastoralism and ranching. With the progressing of time arises in recent decades more activity linked to construction, trade and services, in particular those related to the catering, accommodation and tourism. Agriculture predominated the vegetables, potatoes and cereals, and rye. The quantity and quality of community mills and ovens are the evidence that the cereal production was very important in this community. These buildings today are considered a historical and ethnographic legacy of great interest. The livestock breeding pig-centric, of cattle, sheep and goats in private homes and empty lots in the parish. With the increased establishment of pigs (bísaro pork creation) arises, a series of local producers linked to production of the famous Smokehouse of Castro Laboreiro. The production of honey is another activity that deserves relevance. The construction is an activity that in recent decades has a prominent place, both with the increase of new construction with the restoring and refurbishing of existing buildings. The artisan production in the parish is turned to weaving in artisanal looms. In terms of public transport, the parish is served by bus and public transport are located a number of car hire taxis. In Castro Laboreiro 5 there is a put of CTT and the distribution of mail is done door to door every day. Other indicators deserve reference such as basic sanitation, public lighting throughout the parish, water, garbage collection and cleaning of public spaces. In the parish of Castro Laboreiro, we can find, pharmacy, sports park, headquarters of the Borough Council, civic centre, inter-paroquial Centre of the high Moor, restaurants, cafes, tourist home, pastries and bakery, minimarket, fish supplies, drugstore, commercial establishments connected to building materials, builders, funeral parlor, library, information, Museum and the Kennel that is dedicated exclusively to the creation of the indigenous breed of dog from castro Laboreiro. In the field of health has a health clinic, to meet the needs of the local population. At present, in Castro Laboreiro, many of its natural formation and secondary. Exists in Castro Laboreiro, a Associação Cultural e Desportiva, Clube do Cão de Castro Laboreiro, Center for the study of the Laboreiros Hills and the Association. Equity in the Castro Laboreiro possesses: the your majestic castle, with the rank of a national monument since 1910; the most important set of bridges, in which some of them date back to Roman times, all of them with the classification of property of public interest since 1986, except for the new bridge or cava da velha which hosts the national monument classification since 1986; the pillory that we can observe on the terrace in front of the Church of Castro Laboreiro, is property of public interest since 1933; We cannot fail to mention the Church with Romanesque and moth with the classification of property in the public interest. Deserve attention yet the buildings where we ran the judicial court and the Town Hall. Are still worthy of note, many other buildings, such as: community ovens, community, community and Mills threshing floors some paths. For everything that has been said, we can conclude that Castro Laboreiro was and is a parish with a wealth unmatched in equity and historical terms. The religious aspect is also very striking, having practically everywhere in the parish chapels, where happen the religious festivals dedicated to the Patron Saint, meaning a moment of faith and fellowship. In the cultural field, in recent times we have been 6 an increment of activities, aimed for the public and for the local community, from theatre, music, lectures etc. Castro Laboreiro, in heraldic terms, is a coat with red shield, a gold dog surmounted by Crown of silver; ameiada silver surround. Silver mural crown of four towers. White listel with caption in black "CASTRO LABOREIRO", official approval legitimized.
SYNTHESIS of 1-whereas, during many centuries Castro Laboreiro was town and county seat. 2-Castro Laboreiro, with your castle was a national defense territory, and that since 1271 until 1855, was the county seat, allowing you to have autonomy and its own identity that have, over time, had developed a historical role of remarkable importance. 3-whereas it is important to assign the category of village the Castro Laboreiro, since it is after all to recognize a statute that always argued and broke, this recognition is of elementary justice. 4-the General and local interests concerned as well as the repercussions tell administrative, economic and financial, of the desired change, obviously, so the advise and require, for the benefit of the people of Castro Laboreiro. 5-whereas, at present, satisfies what is stipulated in law No. 11/82, both historical reasons (article 3(b) of this law), as is provided for in article 14 of the same law, where they consider not just historical reasons, but also cultural and architectural order, and because actual conditions to be asserted gathers as village because it has more than half of the requirements explained and required in article 12 of the aforementioned law, specifically the collective equipments, because there are the following:-medical station-Pharmacy-Museum Library 7-public and Collective Transport-Several commercial establishments, hotels and tourism-Associação Cultural e Desportiva and Center for the study of the Hills Laboreiro-Civic Center-Put of CTT-6 whereas the spatial indexes economic, social, cultural and so justify. 7-whereas the historical legacy of Castro Laboreiro turns out to be of paramount importance, both in archaeological and heritage strand.
Given all the motivations and reasons contained in the grounds of the present manifestadoras exposed urban and socio-economic developments of Castro Laboreiro, under constitutional provisions and regulations applicable, the undersigned members of the parliamentary group of the Socialist Party, present the following Bill: sole article
Is elevated to the category of Castro Laboreiro, situated in the Village area of the municipality of Melgaço, distrito of Viana do Castelo.
Palácio de s. Bento, March 12 2009 members,
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