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Elevation Of The Village Of Arões (São Romão), In The Municipality Of Fafe, District Of Braga, A Village

Original Language Title: Elevação da povoação de Arões (São Romão), no município de Fafe, distrito de Braga, à categoria de vila

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It is in the year 1014, that for the first time appears a document appearing in the Vimaranis

Munumenta Historical, .which refers to the Arons ' freguesia designating it as " commandment of

Arones ".

There are some who understand that Arons derives from Aron (derived from the Germanic ara-altar).

There are still who ascribe the name Arons to a plant, the will.

However, the understanding is that such a plant only appeared in the Séc. XVIII, when in the Séc. XI already if

knew Arones.

Arons is not, however, exclusive to two freguesies of the Fafè concelain, before there is also

in the concelhos of Macieira de Cambra and of Vila do Conde.

In those of Fafe, as is the case of Arons S. Romão, there are the places of Torre, Quinta and others,

that well denote the existence there of a villa in the old days of the Middle Ages.

It is known that the villas were in general designated by the name of the owner-organizer in


A magnate of the Séc is known. IX and X that very well may have been and was for sure, the

founder of the villa or "commandment Arones" or Aronis.

Son of Fernando and of unknown mother, it is called Ero in documents ranging from 899 a to 926.

He married Adosinda and was the grandfather of Hermenegildo Goncalves, husband of the Mumadona celebérrima

Dias, founder of the Monastery of Guimarães.

It is without doubt Ero the father of Gundesinho-"Gundesindus Eroni".

The genitive Eroni instead of Eronis, or rather, next to Eronis, does not surprise anyone,

because as it says and shows José Leite de Vasconcelos, on the pg. 105 of the Portuguese Anthroponymia,

is found in ern Germanic names.

The étimo of Arons is, for, in (villa) Eronis, Herdade de Ero.

It was, for, Ero Fernandes who organized the territory of Arons and conferred on it the name itself.


The first of the "Arons" is D, Gil Guedes of Arons, son of D. Guedes Gomes and of D. Urraca

Henriques Portocarreiro.

The division of Arons into two freguesies, Arons S. Romão and Santa Cristina, dates already from the first

Respondents (1220), being on that occasion abbot of S. Romão, Gomes Martins. Some of the

leiras of Arons S. Romão were the property of the King, but the freguery was not from the royal patron.

It is not known though who the patron was.

In Respondents of D. Afonso III (1258), respect of Arons S. Romão, refers to a

fifth is from Martim Gil and his sister.

In addition to this, the church of S. Romão de Afões owned a couple in S. Lourenço de Golães

where D. Martim Gil enjoyed certain rights of partnership with the Monastery of St. ° Tirso.

In The Respondents of D. Dinis (1290), refers to the following: " sam Romaom's freguesia

darõoes. The chemist who call Arons that he of D. Domez and of Lourenço Ganso he prouado

that the honorable uiram who sse would wake up the witnesses and douuida from afar ".

It was for sure in that place that it lived Ero Fernandes, the organiser of the herty. In 1290, still

there lived their descendants in the possession of immemorial rights and in the enjoyment of exemptions due to

quality people.

In 1301 D. Dinis ordered to do other Inquiries and says Aparício Gonçalves, respondent of

1308: " in the ffreguisia of sam Romão darons achey that the quintaam they call the Darons and of

Steuam Garso (Goose) and of other children dsomething that the honrra ".

It is therefore vast the history of the freguesia of Arons S. Romão, who beyond that counts still with

a monument to its Romanesque Church, the origin of which divides scholars. Incidentally, Arons S.

Roman was part of the Guimarães's concelain until 1853, when he went on to integrate the comarch

from Fafe, at the time of the major administrative reform of the kingdom made in that year.

In 1874 it owned only 764 inhabitants. At the beginning of the sèc. XX already had 894.1733 ern 1970.3258

in the year 2001 and today it already exceeds the 4000 inhabitants.

From a village strictly connected to agro-husbandry and handicrafts, Arons S. Romão à much that

has taken a "leap" to the tertiary sector, currently having a strong deployment in the sector

textile, but also in footwear, furniture, marbles, civil construction, production

and export of quality wines, in automotive and other assistance.

Possesses today an economic dynamism and a set of equipment, which take it attractive,

reason why every day that passes more inhabitants has. The fact that you find yourself half way

between the cities of Fafe and de Guimarães is also a factor of great attraction.

The church of Arons-national monument.

The Bulletin of the National Monuments, n ° 59, which is fully devoted to the Church of S.


Roman of Arons, says that this church was founded by D. Gomes de Freitas, in the séc. XI.

The Church of Arons consists of one single rectangular ship, like almost all other

romantic churches built in the rural areas, in our country, covered by roof of wood

with coffins. It has a beautiful chapel-mor, of two tramos, covered by square abrob. The

she sê acede by a triumphal arch of broken archiving that, like the divisional arc of the

cebeceira, settles on capitels decorated with vegetalist motifs, those of the capela-mor-where

run frisks, with scouts, palsocks and lanceolate-and themed those of triumphal arc-

punishment and redemption, animals devouring the sinners and birds drinking from the same cup. Of the

portals highlight for the axial, situated on the western facade-Nascent / Poente axis, once

which reinforces the pathway, altar entrance, is a simple, little-deep, no-columns portal, has

written in the eardrum of the door the Christian symbol "Agnus Dei", that according to elements

discovered would have a richer decoration in the archiving, osattempting the exterior, a "theory"

of heads of animals biting the torus of the frame. Transpost o main portal penetrate

in a space that is structure in function of one ship, relatively higher in comparison

with the chapel-mor, explaining itself perhaps by the late period of its construction.

The church has only one side door, facing south, with a eardrum filled by


This temple is composed of two rectangular blocks separating functions by volumes. Has

a block added to the body of the ship that today plays, the function of sacristia, to the

same time that serves as a support to the sinking tower, both of which are later construction.

Transposed the main gate we penetrate into a space that structures in one's function

ship, relatively higher compared to the capela-mor, explaining perhaps by the

late period of its construction.

The coverage of this temple, like almost all the Romanese-like temples of these dimensions, is from

wood, but subsequently lined with decorative coffins.

Typical element of the Romanesque building the choir, located at the bottom of the church, has here, in the church

of S. Romão de Arons, a function more to albergate the faithful than by affirmation of a

architectural culture. It's a little bit developed chorus.

The transition between the body of the ship and the body of the chapel-mor makes itself transposing the triumphal arch. The

bedside, with higher pavement and the noblest part of the church, is where they meet

decorative washers.

This one finds itself divided by two tramos with capitels similar to the triumphal arch and with

typically Romanesque decoration.

The penthouse is performed by a cannon pumpple, which such as the triumphal arch is quite



The interior luminance is small, typically Romanesque detail. The light of day comes in

solely by a few frests, all at the same height, rather narrow, type watchmen The

counterstrengths are used as a constructive solution, being important in the structure of the

building, as they are used where greater weight is exerted-in the chapel-mor which is vaulted.

The heavy vaults of the romantic churches exerted great pressures.

To ensure the soundness of the building, massive columns and very thick walls were needed,

in which only if they could make narrow covers, located compulsorily above the

points of support, which should be strengthened also from the outside, by powerful


Laterally, the blind arcades, for their heavy and deep aspect, also play the

function of counterstrengths.

In the body of the ship the second line of counterstrengths lies by the start-up, precisely in the

same point where there is a difference in the apparatus of the stone.

This church has suffered, over the times, diverse works that have been altering its

original characteristics of Romanesque work, which led to the Directorate General of Buildings and

National monuments to include it in their lifesaving works.

It was restored, having it removed everything that somehow could amskinate or

de-characterize primitive construction, and reopened to worship in 1935.

This church inserts itself into a set of small churches and rural chapels with solutions

quite simple architectural and modest decoration that developed in Portugal

in the Romanesque period, adapting to the economic, social conditions and the characteristics of the

places where they were edified.

On the current issue:

Arons S. Romão is the freguesia that limits the Fafe's concelain to the pool with the concelain of

Guimarães, in the district of Braga-Minho.

It has a territory with 6.6 Km2 of area and continuous.

Dists about 3 km from the city centre of Fafe, which is the nearest town and about 5 km to the

center of the city of Guimarães.

The closest population clusters are the so-called Fafe and Guimarães cities.

It is also situated about 35 km from the capital of the district that is Braga.

It has a population of 3258 (Censuses of 2001), currently already exceeding 4000;

about 3000 voters; about 1500 families; about 1500 fires.

It has today toponymiy that covers all its territory, yet still refer to the many places


as Portela, Torre, Quinta, Lama, Bouçó, Porinhos, Penedo, Oleiros, Fergers, Pinhoi,

Teixeiras, Suvaco, Staging, Bhear, Preled, Devese, Lage, Lameiro, Rechin, Sub-


Arons S. Romão is currently an eminently industrial freguesia, the textile being its

main sector, however, in the area of marbles and blocs also has a strong

increment and, still, in the agricultural area, with special emphasis on the production, of wine, of the

which stands out the one of the Fifth of the Naíde, which has already for several times been awarded. There's still a

strong labour component in the area of civil construction and trade.

To its main structuring track is EN 206 that links Fafe to Guimarães and is being prepared the

project by IEP for the construction of the Arons Node to allow access to EENN 101 and

206 / Liaison of Guimarães Circular to the Variant of Fafe.

It has diverse daily careers to its mid-hour Fafe / Guimarães bonding service in half an hour,

from 9 pm to 18 pm, and from 7 am to 9 pm and from 18 pm to .20 hours of 15 in 15.

-And from 20 p.m. and up to 24 o'clock hourly.

At the level of institutions and equipment Arons S. Romão is well served.


Headquarters of the Junta de Freguesia, with an exterior multibank;

Extension of health, with several doctors, nurses and administrative staff;


Two schools of the basic education;

Daycare, kindergarten and The TL;

Field of football;


Home of seniors with various beds and home support;

Several restaurants;

Various minimaries and groceries;

Various tales;

Several cafes;

Textile and other industries;

Several carpentaries;

Bakeries and confectioneries;

Civil construction companies;

Diverse comération;

A taxi;


Repair shops for cars and mopeds;

Workshop of marbles.

Large-sized blocker;

Companies for the sale of construction materials;

Regional donate of recognized quality;


In addition, Arons S. Romão still has a strong activity in the associative area with the

Arons Football Club, the Orphean, the Association of the Reformers and Pensionists of Arons, the

Folk Ranch of Arons, Training Center for the Youth of Arons, Lar Padre

Valdemar Gonçalves and the Musical Aronis Group;

It has two churches, two public chapels and a cemetery.

At the festive level, Arons S. Romão has diverse novices of nominee, as they are: the Festa of the

Sir, on the August 15, the Feast of Saint Anso, on the last weekend of July, the Festa

of Our Lady of Fatima, in the beginning of May.

Has a wine labeled - Fifth from Naíde.

As already ago referred to, the freguesia of Arons S. Romão possesses the Church of Arons, from 1237,

single National Monument in the Fafe concelho (see detailed note). Has still the House of

Arrochela, where will have pernotated the Queen D. Maria II, in 1853, the Brasonada Casa de Estrumes,

the house of the Passal, and still the Chapel of St. Anso and concomitant Via Sacra.

Arons S. Romão is, for, a freesthesia that brings together the necessary conditions and fulfils the

legal requirements demanded, at its elevation the village, and such a fact will, for certain, contribute to broadening

its growing development and will encourage the installation of the few services and equipment

of which it still lacks it.

In these terms, and under the applicable constitutional and regimental provisions, the

Underwriters, belonging to the Group the Parliamentary Party of the Social Democratic Party,

present the following draft law:

Single article

It is elevated to the category of village the settlement of Arons S. Romão, situated in the area of the municipality of



Assembly of the Republic, December 23, 2005

The Deputies of the PSD