Recommends To The Government The Free Distribution Of Fruit And Vegetables In Schools And Other Measures Aimed At Preventing And Combating Childhood Obesity

Original Language Title: Recomenda ao Governo a distribuição gratuita de frutas e legumes nas escolas e outras medidas dirigidas à prevenção e combate à obesidade infantil

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Read the untranslated law here: http://app.parlamento.pt/webutils/docs/doc.pdf?path=6148523063446f764c3246795a5868774d546f334e7a67774c336470626d6c7561574e7059585270646d467a4c316776644756346447397a4c334271636a4d354f4331594c6d527659773d3d&fich=pjr398-X.doc&Inline=false

Draft resolution N. º 398/X draft resolution N. º 398/X â € œ Recommends to the Government the free distribution of fruit and vegetables in schools and other measures is prevention and is fighting childhood obesity.  € ‡ is ƒ the EXHIBITION GROUNDS (I) â € “ the strategy for Europe in matter of related health problems is nutrition , overweight and obesity. On 30 May 2007, the European Commission has set a strategy in matter of related health problems is nutrition, overweight and obesity, including information campaigns and education especà stay aimed at public vulnerable, in cooperation with the Member States. In the latest three decades, not to overweight and obesity in the population of the EU have increased dramatically, especially in children. This trend, according to the white paper on a strategy for Europe in matter of related health problems is nutrition, indicates a worsening of the bad food and the reduction of the music fan activity on the population of the EU, which predispà µ and the increased incidence of several chronic diseases ³ nicas such as the cardiovascular diseases, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, stroke, certain cancers, perturbaà of µ s Ma-muscle esquelà © practices and mental diseases. In the long run, this will have a negative impact in the hope of life and significarà for many, a lower quality of life. The European Commission presented in July 2008 1 8 proposal for the creation of a EU-wide programme, designed to distribute, the free chapter, fruits and vegetables to school children of 1. ° basic education cycle. With this initiative, the European Commission aims to promote, with the school population, healthy food habits that, according to the studies carried out, will have the tendency to keep throughout life.
The program provides the disponibilizaà of 90 million µ s euros (co-financing of 50%, and 75% for the region of the convergà µ), to cover about 26 µ s millions of children in the 27 Member States of the European Union already in next next school year ³ (2009/2010). In the EU, it is estimated that there are about 22 µ s millions of children overweight, of which more than 5 million are obese µ. According to the report, ³ River Commission approved the environment, public health and Food safety of the European Parliament, on 25 September, predicts th that until 2010 more than 1.3 million µ s of children will be overweight or become obese. The improvement of feed can play an important role in combating this problem, the World Organization of health of Nations µ United Nations considers as one of the most serious challenges of rivers public health in the 21ST century, and whose prevention must be a priority in public policies in Poland. The Poland tica Agrà common glue is your time, an instrument of the Commission as regards is conducting the objectives in matter of public health, through the reform of the Common organization of the market (CMO) in fruit and hydrangea products adhesives. In this reform, the Commission has undertaken to encourage the distribution of excedentà production in the public schools and holiday centres for children. On the other hand, the Commission did still use other instruments to encourage a food more healthy in Europe through the promotion of the consumption of fruits and vegetables, such as conducting the sensibilizaà campaigns and information aimed at young consumers, as well as the creation of a project that encourages the consumption of fruit at school , with community co-financing.

(II) â € “ obesity as A major problem of public health obesity is a huge problem of public health, by high prevalence, chronicity, morbidity and mortality that accompanies it, as well as by the difficulty and complexity of your treatment, as is presented in the national plan for health 2004-2010.
Obesity is a growing problem in Europe. It is estimated that the prevalence of your various paà ses lies between 20 and 35%, particularly worrying trend among children of the strata are ³ ³ cio-economic disadvantaged monkeys. Portugal is one of the EU's largest paà ses the prevalence of children with overweight, possessing an estimated rate in 34%, or one in every three Portuguese children have excessive weight and one in 10 is obese. The numbers of this scourge have been triple in many of the European ses paà since 1980. The growth rate of this disease in Europe has followed a trend such that annually gather more 400 000 children to the number of the 14 million who have excessive weight, of which 3 million are obese. The ses paà Mediterranean nicos feature the highest prevalence rates of obesity, especially Italy (37% of the population). Childhood obesity is to reach more and more children and young people. A European study, from Denmark, reveals that the Portuguese adolescents are among the most obese people in Europe, with the consequent cardiovascular disorders, respiratory ³ rivers, ortopà doctors and others. Alarming is also the appearance of children with diabetes type II, are ndroma until there is little exclusive for adults. College of nutrition from the port, following of a study on juvenile obesity in Europe (European project â € œ Pro €  Children), recommended to the Government to withdraw the bars and school canteens to susceptà products contributing to the increase in obesity in children and young people, as is the case of ucarados actions and soft drinks without fruit , French fries and other fried foods and sugar ucarados. Studies directed at public schools and private network showing solidarity, concluded that eating barely ³ refeità rivers, but you eat even worse in buffets and bars of the same schools. The offer school food proved to be essentially repetitive, low in fruits and vegetables and foods rich in sugar and salty ucarados. These data are of great relevà because instance shows that the food provided to children and to

teenagers in Portuguese schools offers huge character references and a significant nutritional excess ³ Rico shoes. In short, they are referred to a great number of factors that are at the base of the alarming increase of the numbers of obesity â € “ the epidemic of the 21ST century, as does the Organization of World Health. According to the last Report ³ River over the 2002 World Health, the feed is directly or indirectly related to high blood pressure, cholesterol, obesity and overweight, and consequently with the resistance is insulin, diabetes and various chronic pathologies ³ only disabling compromising quality, and hope of life.

(III) â “ € The Garden-frutà glues in food fruits and vegetables are essential to be food in the Mediterranean diet, so praised by nutritionists. Beyond a free importantà role in the digestive process, the fruits and the vegetables have a proven and relevant role in the prevention of several cancer types throughout the digestive tract. From the nutritional point of view, are the food little sidewalk ³ rich, rich in fiber, vitamins, minerals and antioxidants. ‰ is derived from the polifenà ³ is, compounds that have an extraordinary ability to function as antioxidants, or capturing free radicals of oxygen ©, that these foods protect cells against the oxidaà and aging, and thus run counter to the development of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular diseases. The change of eating habits of family lias with a Portuguese progressive abandonment of the Mediterranean diet only what we have witnessed in recent years, has caused a lower consumption of cereals, fruit and vegetables. Portugal, currently, a low-hortofrutà adhesives, especially on tracks various younger age (according to data of the European project â € œ Pro € , only Children 23.2% of girls and 18.1% of boys with 15 years refer to consume hydrangea glues daily). In fact, our paà s features a subsequent © by increasing the consumption of garden-frutà glues. It is estimated that the consumption of these foods in Portugal if encrypt in 312 g/person/day (175 g/person/day of fruits and 147g/person/day of hydrangea glues, being the soup the main source of consumption of hydrangea glues), a value below the average minimum daily intake recommended by the WHO/FAO-400 g/person/day. A food healthy is the first step to prevent obesity , in particular childhood obesity which is currently the most common childhood disease in Europe. Is ‰ with this premise that the Assembly of the Republic the health community initiative in the fight against childhood obesity, within a broader framework of Poland preventive practices of public health on overweight, obesity and chronic diseases ³. Children and teens with overweight or obesity are those who practice less music fan activity and have less correct eating habits (several hours without eating, lack of fruit and vegetables, food low in fiber). A food healthy reinforces the learning potential and well-being of children and adolescents. In this context the National Health Plan 2010 provides the adopting of a health program directed to overweight and obesity, in a multidisciplinary and intersectoral approach. Children and adolescents require special attention in the fight against obesity and the promotion of habits of healthy life, even because it is considered that it is in working with these various Ethereal tracks that will be able to obtain greater gains in health correlated with that disease. Due to the Global strategy of feed, music FAN Activity and health adopted by the World Health Assembly in May 2004, a partnership in the à ¢ scope of µ s United Nations between the World Organization of health (OMS) and the Organization of Nations µ s for the food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) implemented in € œ, â initiative for the promotion of fruit and Hydrangea colasâ € . This global initiative aims to increase the consciencializaà of the importance of the adequate consumption of the cios benefà hortofrutà adhesives, particularly in prevention of â € ³ œ chronic diseases only transmission not available (cardiovascular diseases, gastrointestinal cancers, type II diabetes and obesity) â € .

IV â “ € row garden-frutà glue on Portuguese agriculture fruit and hydrangea products adhesives constitutes a very important component of national agriculture. The weight of the value of production increased from glue hydrangea

significantly in quinquà © 2001-05 domain, corresponding to 13.6% of production agrà national glue. Since the production of fruits showed a slight subsequent © increasing in equal perà odo, to move from 13.0% to 12.1%. The national production of fruit is dominated by the page ND ra, representing 42% of production in the sector, followed by Apple (29%) and citrus fruits (14%). Hydrangea adhesives products are dominated by the tomatoes for the industry, followed by diced melon (21%), carrots (15%), cabbage (12%), peppers (10%) and fresh tomatoes (5%), according to the latest data from the National Institute of Estatà Arts-Estatà Agrà statistics 2007 colas. The concentration of supply and the preparation for the sale of fresh fruits and hydrangea glues, are carried out on fruit plants with significant dimension, in parallel with other µ s installation of smaller dimension. To your commercial distribution in fresh, refrigerated or processed, has been experiencing very significant changes, translated in the reinforcement of the role of large distribution, in parallel with changes in µ standard of consumption. At the same time we are witnessing is the reduction of the market share of traditional retail establishments and the establishment of specialized trade. Fruit consumption has doubled in the last 20 years, but as the hydrangea products adhesives, has had large oscilaà of µ s. A moderate increase until the middle of the Decade of 90, a sharp growth in the years 1995 to 1999, and a subsequent © increasing from 2000. The evolution of prices has been much sharper in the consumer that the producer, which is, actually, an important aspect with reflections in the consumption habits of the Portuguese. Currently, there is a greater cost component split of purchasing power, with a demanding consumer available in the segment to acquire higher quality products or with any differentiation, alongside a quantitatively more representative segment where the price continues to be the main element in the purchase decision. Within the framework of the reform of the Common organization of the market (CMO) in fruit and hydrangea glues, the Portuguese Government, in July last presented to the services of the European Commission the National strategy for this sector so that, in order to complement the other instruments of support, in particular the Rural Development Programme (2007-2013 PRODER), could not, at the end of your perà odo of the entire duration present a positive balance on innovation and profissionalizaà and the induction of competitiveness gains in fruit and hydrangea glues. The garden-frutà glue is priority, in Portugal and considered strategic in the PRODER. Has a great potential for growth given the condition µ s climatic, weather and may not achieve good level of competitiveness in international markets, and that a relevant importance in the agrà sector and in the national economy. Beyond the increased support to investment that includes program, the benefits still interesting in aid à ¢ scope of agri-environmental Measures of the CAP. With this aid, the producer adheres to the Biological production ³ gica or mode of Integrated production, pledging to use farming practices environmentally friendly, and still use fitofà is rmacos is not aggressive to ecosystems and not resà producing duos have xicos ³ in those foods. This membership of farmers is those aid, and increasing environmental awareness by producers, allows you to create a final product garden-frutà glue of higher quality and greater safety for human consumption. On the other hand, taking into consideration what is located on pelà cula (bark) and on subpelicular pulp a good portion of vitamins and polifenà ³ is present in fruit, makes perfect sense to choose the fruits resulting from biological production ³ gica or integrated production and promote the intake of fruit â œ dentadaâ €  is € , practical method, and healthy consumption of these foods. The program proposed by the EU Commission distribution, the free chapter, fruits and vegetables to school children of 1. ° basic education Cycle can contribute positively to the valorizaà of µ s production and local markets and thus promote the increase in the consumption of domestic products. The promotion of healthy eating habits in school is a crucial factor for obtaining sustainable results available in the long term in the fight against obesity. In Portugal, 1. º basic education encompasses a universe of 480,000 children.



V â € “ the education to feed healthy the education for health, within the educational community â € “ school and family lia, is a tico credit factor for the success of the fight against obesity, in the context of the promotion of balanced feed and the habits of healthy life in fact , the National Program of School health, inserted into the National Health Plan 2010, includes, inter alia, the promotion and the protection of health and the prevention of the disease within the educational community. The control of nutritional quality of the menus in schools or the prohibition of the sale in schools of foods and beverages high in fat, salt or sugar, as is proposed in the report ³ River recently approved in the European Parliament on the white paper on the related health problems is nutrition, overweight and obesity are some of the important measures for the prossecuà of this objective. It should be noted that these measures already are a reality in schools in Belgium, Norway and England. Children and teenagers should constitute the priority of the policies of Poland education to feed healthy. In this light, the free distribution of fruit and vegetables in schools seems like an important measure, especially in a broader context of formation pedagà ³ gica on food and health. The school can contribute decisively to the adopting of healthier behaviors, and is therefore in an ideal position to promote these µ s action of sensibilizaà and information both from the educational community wants to the surrounding community. As is emphasized in the National Programme of School health, â œ à € School competes, too, educating for values, promote health, the formation and participation of students, a vica code process of acquisition of competence that references support the lifelong learning and promote autonomy. This particular aspect â €  compliance with the guiding principles of princà ⠀ œ European network of health promoting schools of € , which aim to ensure the interaction of school/family read/half, a partnership between the sectors of health and education, that the issue of the Guide â € œ education school-based food-a reference to an offer healthy food €  velâ by Ministry of education the institutional cooperation between the Directorate-General of health and the direction-General for innovation and curriculum development is a good example. In Portugal, there are a few recent projects pedagà gicos ³ in this domestic domain that deserve our featured, such as the draft â € œ Perasâ €  school and intended for pre school pupils and 1 cycle of basic education in the municipality of “ bidos (Municipal Chamber partnership of “ and Granfer â € company bidos “ fruit Producers , CRL, which offers two pieces of fruit per week) and the draft â € œ Healthy School velâ € , which is the result of a partnership between the Association of Apple producers of alcobaa (APMA) and the civilian Government of Leiria and runs until the end of this school year in 19 schools of this district. In the framework of the initiative ¢ will be available a fridge for the bar of schools with Apple products of alcobaa and will be held training classes the vica, µ s action of sensibilizaà with health professionals and study visits to orchards and markets. Even in this part of the projects pedagà ¢ ³ gicos, deserves special reference the important dynamic role that the Ministry of health, through the Platform against obesity, can play both school wants to the Portuguese population. This is a strategic measure, taken on the national level, not politically created in 2007 and to develop cross-sectoral synergies, governmental and civil society level. The project HI (childhood obesity), the platform against obesity proposed µ and a multifaceted strategy where the epidemiological knowledge ³ art through the conducting of research that allows to know the prevalence of childhood obesity and the food and other behaviors of children, as well as the prevention in the school environment assume maximum expression in order to stabilize the growth of the epidemic in next 4-5 years next ³ and reverse the current trend of growth until 2015. For your time, authorities very dynamic agents, which gradually have come to assume important responsibilities in the area of education, in particular to the level of pre-school and 1. ° basic education cycle, deserve particular emphasis. Local authorities currently generate more than 6000 schools and in this perspective are partners in imprescindà operacionalizaà of preventive health programs directed is population.

In short, we believe it is essential to ensure a compromise Poland, primarily between the sectors of health, agriculture and education, the promotion of increased consumption of fruits and vegetables by the Portuguese population and in particular by the populace. There is an urgent need to find answers, multi-sectoral integrated and lasting in the fight against the epidemic of the 21ST century â € “ obesity. Is ‰ need to act as soon as possible with µ s action and concrete measures for the resolution of this serious problem of public health.

In these terms, and therefore, the Assembly of the Republic, under the handle b) article 156 nea. the Constitution of the Portuguese Republic, decides to recommend to the Government: 1) membership to the Community Program of free distribution of fruit and vegetables in schools, taking into attention that. a. the school population covered by this free distribution be required schooling ³. b. the hortofrutà scanner to distribute products, have preferably national origin, and are as a result of the Biological production ³ logic or the mode of Integrated production. 2) the preparation of a national programme for the promotion of the consumption of HortofrutÃ, under the guidance of the WHO/FAO µ, multi-sector oriented (agriculture, health and education), involving civil society, parents and people in charge of education, local authorities, the institution µ s public and private sector, and that is synonymous with the rgico © Poland existing national policies;

3) the operationalization of a multidisciplinary Observatory for the monitoring of the program of distributing fruit and vegetables in schools, of their national goals and objectives, as well as their impacts on the health of the school population, the fruit and vegetable sector, and food habits of the Portuguese, particularly of the most disadvantaged socio-economic groups. 4) withdrawal of food they sell and calorie. 5) continuation and strengthening of the Food education program in middle school, with an effective mobilization of the educational community in this important design-Educating for healthy lifestyles.

Palácio de s. Bento, November 6 2008 MEMBERS