Promotion Of Energy Use Of Agricultural Biomass

Original Language Title: Promoção do aproveitamento energético da biomassa agrícola

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1 draft resolution No. 199/X (promotion of energy use of agricultural biomass) Decree-Law No 189/88 of 27 May, approved the rules for the activity of production of electrical energy by natural or legal persons governed by public or private.

Subsequently, Decree-Law No 168/99 of 18 may, came to review the rules applicable to the production of electric energy from renewable resources, contained in Decree-Law No 189/88, and in particular: a) completely Changed applicable rate for sale of electricity produced from renewable resources and established the principles necessary for internalising environmental benefits provided by these facilities , allowing the implementation of rates usually designated by green tariffs;

b) Reorganized the regulatory process by concentrating on it to the General provisions, the establishment of principles and defining rights and duties;

c) Changed the mechanisms leading to the definition of points of interconnection of production facilities, in order to ensure greater transparency of procedures and to ensure a more complete fairness of treatment of various promoters, while limited situations in which, going on in projects portfolio that make unavailable certain points of interconnection, there were no policies to achieve immediately, the construction of their premises.

Decree-Law No 339-C/2001 of 29 December, would come later to also introduce amendments in Decree-Law No 189/88, with the aim of establishing a differentiated 2 remuneration for technology and operating regime, with emphasis on renewable energies, and, at the same time, appropriate to highlight that although emerging technologies, as was the case of wave energy and photovoltaic solar energy , showed a high potential in the medium term, in order to provide them with conditions for the realisation of projects.

Decree-Law No 339-C/2001 recognized, also, in parallel, the permanent nature of the environmental contribution of the installations covered by the legislation in question and therefore eliminating any temporal limitation. To conclude, this legislation stipulated in order inovatória, the payment of an income payable by companies holding wind farms to the municipalities where the same were deployed.

Decree-Law No. 33/2005 of 16 February, came to adjust the measures to promote increased production of electricity from renewable sources in the energy bill supported by consumers.

Based on a change in the assumptions that had been at the base of the preparation of the Decree-Law No 339-C/2001 of 29 December, in particular with regard to the price of CO (index 2) and the price of electricity market arrangements, this legislation has adapted the remuneration framework of renewable energy sources through an update of the values contained in the respective formula at the same time ensuring that remuneration for a period sufficient to allow the recovery of investments made and the coverage of the expectation of minimum economic return of the promoters.

In this new regime were considered wind farms, hydropower with performance up to 10 MW, solar photovoltaic power to 150 MW, with residual forest biomass fuel and animal biomass, biogas energy recovery and energy recovery of municipal solid waste. The diploma left out, however, other technologies such as seat your production from other types of biomass, such as from agriculture. 3 The agricultural biomass could be a strong contribution to reducing the dependence of residual forest biomass and subdivided, in attention to your specificity, in three distinct types:  biomass of agricultural production Devoted;

 Waste Agricultural biomass;

 Waste biomass of Agricultural Industries.

The previously defined agricultural biomass, can be a strong contribution to reducing the dependence of residual forest biomass.

They, therefore, then, more in detail these three types of biomass.

the Biomass of Agricultural Production) dedicated to agriculture can make a strong contribution to the production of electricity in thermal power stations, by promoting and boosting agricultural production, in particular at the level of dedicated energy crops, which can be used as biomass.

These energy crops by your high calorific value, may be substituted for, or work in addition to the use of residual forest biomass, in thermal power stations.

Energy crops with greater potential and production efficiency are the Thistle and the cane.

(b) Agricultural Residues biomass) 4 the waste of agricultural activity, such as those resulting from the production, collection and processing of raw materials within the agricultural sector, can be used as biomass.

The agricultural waste liable to exploitation as biomass are: 1. Waste herbaceous as cereal straw and waste that are on Earth after your collection, such as: 1.1. Residues of the cultivation of cereals, such as wheat, barley, oats, rye, sorghum and rice; 1.2. Waste of horticultural productions; 1.3. Residues from the production of dried fruit; 1.4. Residues from the production of rice; 1.5. Wastes arising from agro-industrial sector growing, such as the cultivation of cotton, sunflower and oilseed rape; 1.6. Residues of crops dedicated to the production of vegetables for human consumption and animal feed;

2. Waste from pruning, such as pruning of olive groves, vineyards, citrus and fruit trees.

c) Agricultural Industries Waste biomass waste from agricultural industries resulting from activities of processing raw materials within the agricultural sector have strong potential for use as biomass for energy production. The waste likely to exploitation as biomass are:  residues from the production of olive oil, such as olive-residue oil;  5 wastes from the production of olives, such as the olive pit and washings;  Waste resulting from the extraction of vegetable oils, with the sunflower oil and rapeseed;  Waste wine production industries;  waste from the industries of fruit production in canned;  waste from the brewing industry;  Waste production industries of fruit juices.

Now, without the values forecast minimally attractive remuneration cannot face and support investments for the energy use of these products and substances which, however, can take a significant relevance to the national energy balance.

We must, therefore, the remuneration criteria of Decree-Law No. 33/2005, attributable to energy produced from agricultural biomass a "Z", compatible with the costs associated with agricultural production, which should be equivalent to the currently assigned to residual forest biomass – that is, 8.2.

Furthermore, the adoption of this measure will constitute a Dynamising factor of national agriculture, by indirect financing that comes to provide farmers, resolving, on the other hand, environmental problems resulting from the tip of the residues from agricultural industries.

In these terms, the Parliament recommends to the Government the adoption of measures to promote the energy use of biomass from agriculture, in particular by means of an amendment to Decree-Law No. 33/2005 of 16 February, attributable to the remuneration of the energy produced a "Z", 6 compatible with the costs associated with the agricultural production , which should be equivalent to the currently assigned to "residual forest biomass" (8.2).

São Bento Palace, 22 March 2007.

The Members of the parliamentary group of the Social Democratic Party,