Regulation Of The Minister Of Labour And Social Policy Of 14 March 2000 On The Safety And Health At Work For Manual Transport Works

Original Language Title: ROZPORZĄDZENIE MINISTRA PRACY I POLITYKI SPOŁECZNEJ z dnia 14 marca 2000 r. w sprawie bezpieczeństwa i higieny pracy przy ręcznych pracach transportowych

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On the basis of article. 23715 § 1 of the labour code are managed as follows: Chapter 1 General provisions § 1. [Range] The regulation defines: 1) for employers relating to ensure the safety and health at work for manual transport works, 2) requirements for your organization and how to perform manual work, taking into account the requirements of ergonomics, 3) permissible mass of moving objects, loads or materials, 4) permissible values of forces needed to move objects.

§ 2. Whenever a regulation is talking about: 1) "manual transport works"-shall mean any type of transportation or support items of cargo or materials by one or more employees, including moving them through: floating, lifting, stacking, pushing, pulling, carrying, pushing, rolling, or transport, 2) "precarious work"-shall mean the manual handling of objects, loads or materials not more than 4 times per hour If the total execution time of these works does not exceed 4 hours per night, 3) "auxiliary equipment" shall mean measures to limit the threats and nuisances associated with manual handling of objects, loads or materials and to facilitate the exercise of those activities; These measures include in particular: belts, ropes, chains, slings, hooks, levers, roller, ticks, litter, baskets, joists, hoists and winches, pulleys and rope pulleys, adjustable ramps, wheel-barrows and carts.

§ 3. 1. The employer shall take appropriate technical and organisational solutions to eliminate manual transport works.

2. in the event of inability to eliminate manual transport works, the employer – in order to reduce the nuisance and the risks associated with the performance of these steps – is obliged to organize work appropriately and equip employees with the necessary auxiliary equipment and personal protective equipment.

§ 4. 1. The employer is obliged to carry out a risk occurring by manual work of transport, in particular taking into account: 1) staged mass object, its type and center of gravity, 2) conditions of work environment, including temperature and humidity, and the level of factors harmful to health, 3) Organization of work, including specific ways to do work, 4) the individual worker's predisposition, such as physical , the age and State of health.

2. risk assessment referred to in paragraph 1. 1, should be carried out in organizing manual work, as well as after any change in the Organization of work. On the basis of the risk assessment, the employer is obliged to take action to remove the identified threats.

§ 5. 1. Before allowing an employee to hand transport work the employer is obliged to: 1) train employees in the field of safety and health at work, including in particular with regard of valid ways to perform manual work, as specified in separate regulations, 2) provide employees with information about the staged item in particular: the mass and the position of its centre of gravity, especially in the case where the mass is unevenly distributed across the 3) inform about all aspects of occupational safety and health and ergonomics requirements, including the results of the risk assessment referred to in paragraph 4, and of the security measures to prevent injuries, especially injuries of the spine.

2. where it is found that the way the work is invalid and pose a risk-the employer is obliged to ensure the suspension of the work until the appropriate actions to eliminate these threats, taking into account the measures referred to in paragraph 1. 1. Chapter 2 General provisions concerning the Organization of the manual work of transport § 6. [The Organization Manual transport works] 1. the Organization Manual transport works, including working methods should ensure, in particular: 1) reduction of long-term physical exercise, including the provision of appropriate breaks for rest, 2) to eliminate the excessive burden of the musculoskeletal system of the employee, and particularly of back injury, associated with the rhythm of work forced labour process, 3) to minimise a manual handling of objects, 4) to take account of the requirements of ergonomics.

2. The manual movement of items – where possible – you must provide auxiliary equipment properly selected to their size, weight and nature, providing safe and convenient work.

§ 7. [1] 1. Organizing manual transport works, you must take into account the need to avoid manual handling items: 1) the object is too heavy, too big, unwieldy or difficult to grasp as assessed by the person in charge employees, 2) the article is unstable or its content can move 3) is located so that it requires to keep or operate at a distance from the trunk of the employee, or tends to bending or twisting the trunk of the employee 4) shape or structure of the item can cause injuries in an employee, especially in the event of a collision, 5) energy expenditure required to lift and move items exceeds 2000 kcal (8375 kJ) per shift, 6) the movement of the subject can only be carried out by twisting the trunk, 7) the work requires trunk worker of angle greater than 45 °, or act as the movement in the unstable position, 8) may experience sudden movements of the subject , 9) post or its surroundings prevents movement of the subject at an altitude which provides security or with proper body position the employee, 10) the surface is uneven, hazardous when moving or is slippery in contact with the bottom of the employee's shoes, 11) floor and have different levels of working surface, which forces the movement of objects at different heights, 12) floor or surface foot rest is unstable, 13) item reduces the field of view of the employee 14) temperature, humidity and ventilation are living up to the work.

§ 8. 1. [2] On the work relating to the manual handling of objects, you should ensure that sufficient space, especially in the vertical plane, allowing the behavior of correct body position of the employee at work.

2. It is unacceptable to manual handling of objects through rooms, stairs, hallways or doors too narrow in relation to the size of these items, if this accident risks.

§ 9. 1. Surface, after which they are moved manually items should be equal, stable and nieśliska.

2. Transition, transport routes and tracks and track, after which they are moved objects, shall comply with the requirements of occupational health and safety specified in separate regulations.

§ 10. The employer, in which are carried out work on the manual handling of bulky items, fragile, with changing the Centre of gravity and the other, which, by reason of their weight, shape or properties may cause accident, specifies in a release in accordance with art. 2374 § 2 of the labour code the statement detailed rules for safe conduct for the movement of such items. This statement should specify in particular ways when moving these items: 1) [3] article unwieldy or difficult to grasp and maintain should be moved by using appropriate AIDS, nieograniczającego field of vision, providing security, 2) items, which the center of gravity when set in position to lift and after lifting would reside above the Middle height of the object should not be moved manually unless you want to move the item uses the handles located above the center of gravity, 3) rolls of tape, wire, cable, etc. items during their transfer should be protected from development and twisting, 4) in the event of having to move the subject kept more than 30 cm from the trunk of the body, shall be reduced by half of the permissible mass of the item per one employee, as defined in § 13 para. 1, or perform these steps for at least two employees.

§ 11. 1. Sharp protrusions of objects moving should be secured so as to prevent the formation of injuries.

2. packaging items moved manually should be made with durable materials and should not pose a threat for accident related in particular to their shape, including sharp edges. If the shape or size of the package intended for manual handling of objects makes it difficult or impossible to secure their movements, the packaging should be fitted with suitable handles.

3. The positioning of objects in packages should ensure their stability during movement.


§ 12. 1. it is prohibited to move and roll items after ramps, not associated consistently with the construction of the building, with an inclination of more than 15 °, and moving up the stairs with an inclination of more than 60 °.

2. the maximum slope of the stocks related to the building and on the road transport and in storage determine separate rules.

3. It is being an employee between the shunting items after ramp set joists.



Chapter 3 movement of objects by one employee § 13. [The mass of items] 1. The weight of the items raised and carried by one worker may not exceed: [4] 1) 30 kg – at work fixed, 2) 50 kg – at work a part-time job.

2. It is unacceptable to manual handling items weighing more than 30 kg to a height of more than 4 m or a distance exceeding 25 m.

§ 14. During the two-move objects force used by employee is needed to start moving the item may not exceed the value: 1) 300 N-pushin', 2) 250 N-when pulling, the given values specify the component of the force, measured parallel to the ground.

§ 15. Force values used by the employee to move items devices for manual handling of objects (in particular, levers, cranks, wheels) may not exceed: 1) 250 N, in the case of support, namely, 2) 120 N, in the case of support for one-handed operations.

§ 16. It is permissible to manually roll items round shapes (in particular, large pipe diameters), provided the force values as defined in § 14, and subject to the following requirements: 1) the mass of the hand przetaczanych items to the horizontal must not exceed 300 kg per employee, 2) the mass of the hand wtaczanych items on stocks by one employee may not exceed 50 kg.



Chapter 4 of the Team moving items § 17. [Team moving items] 1. Moving objects, the length of which exceeds 4 m and a weight of 30 kg, should be done as a team, provided to employee accounted for the weight not exceeding: 1) 25 kg – at work fixed, 2) 42 kg at work a part-time job.

2. [5] team is not allowed to move objects at a distance exceeding 25 m or exceeding 500 kg.

§ 18. 1. when a team moving objects, it must be ensured: 1) selection of employees in terms of height and age and supervision of an experienced employee within the scope of application of appropriate ways of manual handling of objects and work organisation, designated for this purpose by the employer, 2) spacing between the employees of at least 0.75 m, and use appropriate AIDS.

2. Move items long and weight should be done using AIDS to transport such items as little tilted their above ground level.

3. in the case of moving items on the shoulders of the team referred to in paragraph 1. 2, you must provide to employees: 1) be and left moved the item at the same time, and on command, 2) were on one side of the moved item 3) used personal protective equipment to protect the shoulders.



Chapter 5 movement of materials which are harmful and dangerous to § 19. [Movement of materials which are harmful and dangerous] 1. Organization and methods of work relating to the manual handling of materials likely to pose a threat due to their properties (corrosive, poisonous, pollen) should eliminate or reduce these risks.

2. Requirements for the movement of the molten metal, explosives and gas cylinder used shall determine separate rules.

§ 20. 1. it is prohibited to move by one employee of liquid materials – hot, corrosive or harmful properties, which the weight along with and exceeds 25 kg.

2. glass Balloons with acids or other corrosive liquids should be transported on special wheelchairs.

3. in exceptional cases, balloons, referred to in paragraph 1. 2, can be moved by two workers in tough baskets with handles.

4. it is prohibited to move balloons, referred to in paragraph 1. 2, on your back or in front of you.



Chapter 6 the movement of cargo through the raised hand carts and wheelbarrows, § 21. [Permissible mass cargo staged on the trolley] 1. [6] Allowed the weight of the load has increased on the trolley in a flat of hard surface, including the mass of the cart, not exceed: 1) 350 kg – on a 2-on the radial 2) 450 kg-on a 3-or 4-.

2. [7] The movement of cargo in a wheelchair after gradients greater than 5% of the weight of the load, including the mass of the cart, not exceed: 1) 250 kg-on a 2-kotowym, 2) 350 kg-on a 3-or 4-.

3. It is unacceptable to manual handling of loads in wheelchairs after gradients surface larger than 8% and a distance greater than 200 m.

4. should Trolleys provide stability when loading and unloading.

5. the Trolleys moved on Rails and bogies placed on gradients should have efficient brakes.

§ 22. 1. The weight of the load has increased on a rail in a landscape, including the mass of the trolley, must not exceed 600 kg per employee.

2. Movement of cargo on the trolley on the track gradients greater than 2% of the weight of the load, including the mass of the cart, do not exceed 450 kg per employee.

3. it is prohibited the movement of loads on rail on track gradients greater than 4%, and at a distance of more than 400 m.

4. The distance between cars on the track gradients should be at least 25 m, and between sets of a few trucks – at least 50 m.

5. The brakes of railway trucks moving in the set should be functional, so as to guarantee a quick stop Assembly. All trucks entering the set should be connected together.

6. dump Carts should have a well-functioning security device against accidental tipping over a traditional Shepherd's huts or chest and immobilize the trucks while tilting the traditional Shepherd's huts or chest.

§ 23. 1. How to load and distribution of loads on carts and in 1907 should provide their balance and stability during movement.

2. Items carried on shall not project beyond the outline of the trolley and obscure the field of vision. In exceptional cases, it is permissible for transporting items in terms of failure to comply with these requirements, unless the work is carried out under the supervision of providing secure its execution.

§ 24. 1. The weight of the load has increased to teach, including the mass of the wheelbarrow, may not exceed: 100 kg-after hard surface and 75 kg-unpaved surface.

2. it is prohibited the movement of cargo to teach after gradients greater than 8%, and at a distance exceeding 200 m.



Chapter 7 the movement of cargo by using manually driven cranes § 25. [Cranes] Cranes must have clear labelling specifying their allowable capacity.

§ 26. 1. Applied to the movement of cargo rings, pulleys and hoists should be attached to the holding strength of beams, hooks, girders or other structures in a way that ensures safe operation.

2. Used winches and capstans should be fixed to the ground in a way that is against their movement.

§ 27. Winches and capstans should have efficient brakes and to prevent reverse rotation of the shaft or drum.

§ 28. Used pulleys and the rope should be selected so that it was not possible to deadlock or shake the ropes.

section 29. 1. cable systems used during the movement of cargo shall comply with the requirements of Polish standards.

2. it is prohibited to use ropes and chains of damaged or poorly strength or improperly fitted.

3. The length of the rope or chain should be such that, when expanded, necessary for shifting, remaining on the drum at least 2 coils.

§ 30. How the cargo on the hook should prevent its collapse or violent change.

§ 31. Raising or lowering loads in the location of workers should be preceded by a warning signal. Being the employees under a suspended load.



Chapter 8 final provisions § 32. [The application of the provisions of Regulation] The provisions of the regulation shall apply mutatis mutandis to the manual handling of people or animals.

§ 33. The provisions of the regulation shall not affect the requirements set out in the regulations, experienced autonomously and requirements for the manual handling of loads as specified in the rules about the work of the wzbronionych of women and adolescents.

§ 34. Repealed Regulation the ministries of labour and social welfare and the health of 1 April 1953 on safety and health at work of workers with manual lifting and transferring of loads (OJ No 22, item 89).


section 35. Regulation shall enter into force on 1 January 2002.

[1] § 7 shall be inserted to be determined by § 1 paragraph 1 regulation of the Minister of labour and social policy of 18 March 2009 amending Regulation on safety and health at work for manual transport works (OJ # 56, item. 462.) Revision came into force on April 22, 2009.

[2] § 8 paragraph 1. 1 in the version agreed by § 1 paragraph 2 of the regulation of the Minister of labour and social policy of 18 March 2009 amending Regulation on safety and health at work for manual transport works (OJ # 56, item. 462.) Revision came into force on April 22, 2009.

[3] § 10 paragraph 1 in the version set by § 1 paragraph 3 regulation of the Minister of labour and social policy of 18 March 2009 amending Regulation on safety and health at work for manual transport works (OJ # 56, item. 462.) Revision came into force on April 22, 2009.

[4] § 13 para. 1 in the version agreed by § 1 paragraph 4 of the regulation of the Minister of labour and social policy of 18 March 2009 amending Regulation on safety and health at work for manual transport works (OJ # 56, item. 462.) Revision came into force on April 22, 2009.

[5] § 17 para. 2 in the version agreed by § 1 paragraph 5 of the regulation of the Minister of labour and social policy of 18 March 2009 amending Regulation on safety and health at work for manual transport works (OJ # 56, item. 462.) Revision came into force on April 22, 2009.

[6] § 21 para. 1 in the version agreed by § 1 paragraph 6 of regulation of the Minister of labour and social policy of 18 March 2009 amending Regulation on safety and health at work for manual transport works (OJ # 56, item. 462.) Revision came into force on April 22, 2009.

[7] § 21 para. 2 in the version agreed by § 1 paragraph 6 of regulation of the Minister of labour and social policy of 18 March 2009 amending Regulation on safety and health at work for manual transport works (OJ # 56, item. 462.) Revision came into force on April 22, 2009.

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