Read the untranslated law here: https://www.vestnesis.lv/ta/id/97429
Updated 2006-09-26., Latvian Journal No. 153 (3521) Cabinet of Ministers Regulations No. 1002 Riga 2004 30 November (pr. No 68 76) procedures implement programming document "Latvian rural development plan for the rural development programme 2004-2006" Issued under the agricultural and rural development Act article 5 the seventh subparagraph 1. determines the programming document "Latvian rural development plan for the rural development programme 2004-2006" (programming) implementation procedures.
2. in order to ensure the implementation of the measures referred to in the programming document, field support service development of the measures provided for in the implementation guide or guidelines.
3. Programming the following support measures: 3.1 the administration. " Agri-environment "with sub-measures: 3.1.1." The development of organic production ";
3.1.2. "maintaining biodiversity tend to";
3.1.3. "of the watercourse";
3.1.4. "agricultural genetic resources";
3.2. "less favoured areas and areas with environmental restrictions";
3.3. "early retirement";
3.4. "aid to producer groups. ';
3.5. the "supporting semi-subsistence farm restructuring";
3.6. the "standard of achievement";
3.7. "technical assistance".
4. the rural support service issued logon and stops application for programming the aid measures referred to in the newspaper "Gazette", above it in coordination with the Ministry of agriculture.
5.Uz these rules referred to in paragraph 3, support measures may apply for any legal or natural person who meets the requirements contained in the programming document, the aid measure.
6. supports the applicant logs into the rural support service for submitting the application and programming at specific aid measure concerned the necessary documents. The application shall state: 6.1 support measures, to which the applicant;
6.2. the rural support service customer registration number;
6.3. the name of the legal person and the business form or the physical person's name;
6.4. address for correspondence, telephone number;
6.5. the application date and time;
6.6. add other documents in accordance with annex 10 of the programming document.
7. the applicant shall submit the application: 7.1 field assistance service or training shall be sent by mail;
7.2. after the field support service request within two calendar weeks from the date of receipt of the letter, with a written response;
7.3. further changes to provide the news for two calendar weeks provides field support written information.
8. the application of this rule 3.3., 3.4, 3.5 and 3.6. measures referred to in and accompanying documents the appearance of the Field support service within three months, but about 3.1. and 3.2., the measures referred to in six months. On application and document examination field support service to adopt appropriate decision: UR8.1.par the granting of aid;
UR8.2.par the refusal to grant an allowance.
9. The provisions of paragraph 8 of the decision contested and appealed the rural support service in accordance with the procedure prescribed by law.
10. If the tenderer does not support time provides an answer to the rural support service letter or provide information about the changes to give the news, under the programming support is reduced or not granted.
Prime Minister i. Emsis Minister of Agriculture m. Roze Editorial Note: the entry into force of the provisions to the 7 December 2004.
(The Cabinet of Ministers of 30 November 2004, the Regulation No 1002)
Latvia's rural development plan for the rural development programme 2004-2006 table of contents 1 Introduction 2 the national territory and territorial divisions 2.1 2.2 2.3 Climate landscape area 2.4 territorial divisions 2.5 consistency with nuts level 3 Latvian rural development plans of action and target no 1 area 3.1 the target of Latvia no 1 area 3.2 rural development plan target area 4 planning the appropriate geographical level 5 description of the current situation of the target area 5.1 General 5.1.1 and 5.1.2 of the rural prosperity economy 5.1.3 5.1.4 rural infrastructure environmental quality and biodiversity 5.2 national rural development policy strategies 5.2.1 5.2.2 covered areas of financial support for Special action 5.2.3 rural development policy development 5.3 5.4 Summary previous SWOT programming period the results and impacts of the strategy, its 6 description of objectives, rural development priorities and the geographical coverage of the Latvian rural development plan 6.1 the EU and national policy 6.2 strategy priorities and objectives, the Latvian rural development plan 6.2.1 rural development plans of Latvia's priorities, objectives and principles for the implementation of the measures and their implementation in 6.2.2 objectives 6.2.3 6.2.4 integrated approach compliance with the principle of gender equality in the implementation of the strategy the strategy's coordination with international 6.2.5, EU and national requirements and regulations 6.3 other measures and effectiveness 6.3.1 rural development impact on national rural development policy objectives and action strategies 6.3.2 impact on rural development measures 6.4 measures specific to geographical coverage
6.5 the initiation and implementation of time 7 measures the impact on the economy, the environment, social sphere 7.1 total amount of financing of the Latvian rural development plan for the implementation of the measures 7.2 expected impacts of funding allocation table 8 9 rural development plan measures 9.1 event: agri-environment Sub-measures: 9.1.1 organic development Sub-measure 9.1.2: maintaining biodiversity tend to 9.1.3 Sub-measures: installation of buffer strips 9.1.4 Sub-action: farm animal genetic resources conservation measure 9.2 : Less favoured areas and areas with environmental restrictions for the purpose of the event: early retirement 9.3-9.4 measure: aid for producer groups 9.5 event: support for semi-subsistence farms restructuring Measures: standard 6.4 objectives 6.0 technical assistance 6.1 rural development measures 10 single programming document, the need for technical assistance, training, research and demonstration projects for the implementation of the plan 10.1 10.2 10.3 training research demonstration projects technical assistance need 10.4 11 authorities 11.2 11.1 Ministry of agriculture rural support service 12 implementation of the plan , including monitoring, evaluation and public information Measures for coordination of the implementation of 12.1 12.2 12.3 the Committee supports the implementation of the measures on the administration of payments in 12.3.1 General principles of administration of each measure 12.3.2 Administration specifics 12.4 control and sanctions and penalties to control 12.4.1 General principles of good management practice 12.4.2 control 12.4.3 each event the nature of control and sanction 12.5 plan monitoring and evaluation 12.6 public information 13 the involvement of the social partners the results of 14 balance or coherence between the different support measures 15 compliance and compliance with EU support 15.1 15.2 With national instruments support instrument in annex 1.
Annex. Situation analysis indicators 2.
Annex. Good housekeeping practice conditions 3.
Annex. Biologically valuable grasslands for 4.
Annex. National law, ratified conventions, strategic documents and EU legislation 5.
Annex. The rural development plan strategy evaluation 6.
Annex. ZM operational strategies impact assessment SHEET measures 7.
Annex. PAGE goal, indicators and results to be achieved during the implementation of PAGE 8.
Annex. Socio-economic partners 9.
Annex. The origin of the Latvian local varieties of important agricultural animal characteristics and benefits 10.
Annex. Documents LADA 11.
Annex. Sanctions and penalties in the field development plan within 12.
Annex. Calculation of the aid measure: less favoured areas and areas with environmental restrictions end 13.
Annex. Calculation of the aid measure: agri-environment 14.
Annex. Calculation of the aid measure: the achievement of a standard 15.
Annex. A list of sites in accordance with EC Regulation 1257/99, article 19 is set as less favoured areas 16.
Annex. The proposed Natura 2000 sites 17.
Annex. The newly introduced EU standards, which are eligible in accordance with the objectives of: standard 18.
Annex. Animal units under the Group of animals in extensive grazing activities 19.
Annex. The national pension system 20.
Annex. Ex-ante evaluation of the recommendations included in the plan introduction 1.
Based on the fact that the institution responsible for the implementation of rural development measures in accordance with the EC Regulation No 1257/99 and no 445/2002 established the Ministry of Agriculture of LATVIA, the Ministry has developed and presented by the European Commission in Latvia's rural development plan for the implementation of rural development programmes (hereinafter referred to as the plan) co-financing of aid programming for the period 2004 to 2006. Development, implementation of the plan and its implementation mechanisms are consistent with the requirements defined in EC legislation.
The plan's goal is the development, within the EU and national legislation requirements, provide the eligible actions targeted and reasonable conditions of Latvia's national and EU co-financed by the use of the financial support that the Latvian rural development 2004-2006 time period.
The implementation of the plan, the goal is to raise farm income level, to develop and increase the effectiveness of production holdings, subject to the environmental requirements and the various fields of economic activity and income and to keep the field Population Plan structure. The descriptive parts of the plan (1-5) describes the purpose of the implementation of the plan area, defined the main challenges and describes the national policy to support rural development, shown on a SWOT analysis, results. Strategic plan (6-8) are defined in the national strategic objectives, rural development plan, development priorities, the support measures and the results achieved in the implementation of the plan. Parts of the plan of action (9-15) includes a description of the measures to be implemented in all, the Administration and monitoring of implementation, the bodies involved in the implementation of the plan of cooperation and coherence of the plan by the EU and national policies and other support measures. The annexes to the plan includes additional information which is very important in the process of implementing a plan to ensure legibility.
The plan preparation process. The plan has been developed by the Ministry of Agriculture of LATVIA in close cooperation with the European Commission, the competent authorities of Latvia, in particular, the Latvian State agrarian economic Institute, and different levels of economic and social partners (see annex 8).
Based on my research, the results of seminars and discussions, the drafting of the plan created the expert group prepared a general assessment of the situation on Latvian rural socio-economic development, highlighting the main problems and the national rural development policy tasks undertaken in the primary needs. In close cooperation with all partners, and engaging in discussions of Latvian society, the Group of experts defined the priorities and the plan based on public interest, chose plan priority measures to be implemented. at the beginning of 2002, the Ministry of agriculture conducted a survey (questioning the rural population, entrepreneurs, local authorities and public bodies) and co-financed by the EAGGF for the EU proposed additional rural development measures, which should be a priority to be included in the rural development plan and the single programming document for 2004-2006 period. Aggregated results indicated that the measures to be included in the plan after the required sort in this order: agri-environment, less favoured areas and areas with environmental restrictions; Aid for producer groups; Early retirement; Afforestation of agricultural land and supporting semi-subsistence farm restructuring. Turn on the current implementation of the single programming document shall include measures the company chose the following: investments in agricultural enterprises; Transformation of rural areas and the promotion of development; Local action for development (LEADER +-type measure); Aid to young farmers; Training; Agricultural product processing and marketing improvement, forestry development. Plan mechanism for the implementation of the measures of the Group of experts, subject to the rural community of Latvia's interests and through the national rural development aid policy (t.sk. The implementation of SAPARD) the experience gained and the EU and national legislation, developed a plan for the implementation of the measures and monitoring mechanisms.
The plan of implementation of the measures for the development of the mechanism were established 10 working groups that were involved in specific issues, experts, policy makers and decision makers at national, regional and local level, measures for administering and control institution representatives, representatives of non-governmental organizations and the public. Each working group worked for one plan measures (agri-environment sub-measures in-at), the horizontal working group worked on the entire process of managing improvement measures. Measure development process, each working group met six times.
The development process of the plan of management and evaluation plan was developed by the National Steering Committee, which said about it in the plan implementation mechanisms should be coordinated with other national and regional mechanisms to be implemented, it will complement and solve problems relevant for all levels of scale.
2. the national territory and territorial divisions 2.1. Area of the whole territory of Latvia occupied by the 64589km2. Most of the way Woods – 44.5%, as well as agricultural land-38,3% which, taken together, would also form the Latvian countryside. After the State land service (SLS) data of the Earth by its usage in the last five years have not significantly changed.
table 1. Land by land use type 1 January 2003 the land uses in the thousand ha% agricultural land 2474.4 38.3 Woods 2877.2 44.5 Scrubs 116.6 1.8 swamps 257.9 4.0 227.9 3.5 yards beneath the waters of 90.7 1.4 roads other land 282.4 4.5 131.8 2.0 together in Latvia 6458.9 100.0 source: SLS Earth balance 2003 State the length of the North-South direction is 210 km width Western-eastern direction – 450 km. Latvia is located in Northern Europe, the South-East coast of the Baltic Sea. The total land border length is 1368km, but the sea border length is 494km. Latvia shares land borders with Estonia to the North, on the South by Lithuania and Belarus, and in the East – with Russia.
2.2. Landscape in Latvia average height is 87m above sea level. The highest point in Latvia-Gaiziņkalns 311, is 6 m above sea level, it is located in Vidzeme-Rod plant in Madona district. Although the Earth's terrain is mostly flat in Latvia, almost half are located in the hilly territory of Latvia. Up to 100 m height above sea level is located 200 m from 100 up to 57%, 40.5% and higher than the 200-m-2.5% of the national territory.
Latvia has 140 lakes larger than 1km2, and river with a total of 12400 length 38000km. 777 rivers are longer than 10 km (the longest is the Daugava and Gauja, venta), and the largest of the Lakes is Lake lubāna (81km2).
2.3. The climate in Latvia is located in a region with intense wet air mass movement from the Atlantic to the Europe continent-Oke. The national annual average 120-140 crosses the cyclone, 170-200 days is precipitation.
The average rainfall per year is approximately 680mm and the average evaporation is 450 mm, thus precipitation exceeds evaporation of 250 mm in the summary, but especially lietaino years – even about 500 mm, causing runoff.
Water balance in crop year is very different. Intense runoff observed in March, April, October, November, but moisture deficit – in June, July and august.
The annual average air temperature is + 6 ° C in Riga, the average air temperature in January is-4.7 ° C and July-+ 16.9 ° c.
2.4. administrative territorial breakdown of current Latvian administrative territorial divisions (see map 1) in 1991, the law on the administrative territory of the Republic of Latvia and the establishment of settlements status ". The Republic of Latvia shall consist of Vidzeme, Latgale, Kurzeme and Zemgale; It shall be divided into the following administrative areas: in cities and districts of the Republic, which are in turn divided into districts in cities, counties, peine. District towns can be rural areas. Riga is the capital of the Republic of Latvia.
1. card. Latvian administrative territorial divisions at the beginning of the year 2000, local and district (regional) Administration administrative areas take 2 types of local authorities:-local government (City Council, District Councils, Parish Councils, which are elected representative of the citizens);
-district municipality (Council of local authorities that are delegated to the representative) and the town halls of the Republic (which is elected local citizens).
Both types of municipal works independently of their specific competence likumā1.
By 1998, the administrative and territorial reform law local authorities began the merger process of the final act for 2004 November 30 and is directed to over 102 County izveidošanu2. Latvian administrative area number 1 January 2003 in the see table 2.
table 2. Administrative area number 1 January 2003 in the regional local government authorities To district 26, 2003 15 counties 7 (which combines a territorial unit of a city as a district of the city, town or County in rural areas)
37 district town of 22 cities with rural areas areas 461 parish To 5 2005 regional 102 local authorities – municipal counties source: CSP administrative territorial units (the EUROPEAN TREATIES: LOOKING BACK) regional reform are realized progressively during the period up to 2005. Up to March 2005 is a transitional period for large scale regional authorities. During this time, being strengthened and developed 5 planning regions and districts saved. Regional Development Act (2002) stated that the regional development planning, coordination and collaboration of local authorities creates five planning regions: Kurzeme, Latgale, Riga, Vidzeme and Zemgale.
The Cabinet of Ministers of 25 March 2003, regulations No 133 "rules for planning regional areas" are defined in the five regions of the territory planning. Territorial location see map 2.
2. the card. Latvian territorial breakdown of planning regions, 2003 2.5. compliance with the Latvian Government NUTS3 level has decided that the nuts and I nuts II level corresponds to the whole territory of Latvia, which is further divided into five NUTS III level. The area does not meet the five regions of the territory planning (see map 3). They are: Riga, Zemgale, Latgale, Vidzeme and Kurzeme region.
table 3. Statistical region nomenclature level in Latvia I, nuts level 1 national level 2 nuts II State level 3 NUTS III Region: Riga, Kurzeme, Latgale, Vidzeme, Zemgale 4. Nuts level IV district of the city + the 5th level nuts V parishes + discharge + district city source: www.csb.lv the NUTS classification description 3. card. The territorial divisions of Latvia Statistical regions, 2003 3. the rural development plan and target no 1 area 3.1. target no 1 area the EU and Latvian conversation "section in the regional policy and structural instruments" are agreed that to 2006 Latvia fit EU territorial units for statistics (nuts) II of the nomenclature of the level territory, corresponding to the EU structural funds ' objective 1 ' regions. "Objective 1" area defined so as to provide support for the development and promotion of structural changes in those regions, where the gross domestic product (EACH) per capita is below 75% of the EU average. Whereas Latvia meets this criterion, it is recognized as "objective 1" area (Latvia's single programming document).
3.2. the objectives of the rural development plan for the implementation of the plan, the territory of the target area is the whole territory of Latvia. Specific areas of implementation of each measure are set out in Chapter 9.
After the territorial districts of the completion of the reform in 2005, the newly approved Plan is revised and the target area status.
As all rural areas of Latvia is the No. 1 Target of the rural territory, then it is subject to all of the No 1 Target support conditions.
4. planning the appropriate geographical level specified in the plan strategy is common to the entire area and in addition to binding regional subdocument is not. In accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1257/99 (4., 5., 6., chapters) and (EC) No 445/2002 and accession agreements in addition to the measures laid down in the conditions defined for each measure may have its own target area for implementing the common objectives for the plan.
5. Description of the current situation of the target area 5.1 General Chapter provides an insight into the most important sector of the rural economy development, the demographic and social situation and the quality of the environment.
Note: the target of the plan, the analysis of the territory "rural" includes administrative territories: counties, cities with rural areas, County.
5.1.1. the human resources and the well-being of the population in 2001 220.127.116.11. early in the year were 2 364 254 inhabitants, of which 32% 757 695 or lived in the country. The average population density in the country was 36, 6iedz./km2, rural areas – 11.7 population./km2.
table 4. The population of Latvia, 1935-2001 indicator units in 1935.
2001. Population total thousand.
the population in 1906 2080 2667 2364 thousand.
the proportion of rural population 1197 980 778 758% 62.8 47.1 29.2 thousand Inhabitants in 32 cities.
residents of Riga 709 1100 1889 1606 thousand.
the proportion of the population of Riga 385 575 910 757% population density 32 20.2 27.6 34.1 national average population. Population density is 29.5 32.2 41.3 36.6/km2 average of population assistance. Source:/km2 18.5 15.5 15.5 11.7 CSP Latvia 2000 census results, 2002; 1935, 1959 and 1989 in the urban and rural population is given according to Administrative Division in a given year, comparing with other countries, Latvia is very sparsely populated There is a rural area with a population density of/km2.2iedz. in 1990 started structural changes in agriculture, low income from agricultural activities, not existing financial resources for investment, limited agricultural output outlets (especially local), lack of economic experience independent non-agricultural businesses, in the social and economic infrastructure deterioration are the reasons that the economically active population immigrated from the countryside to the cities, especially to the central part of the country and its regions-Riga. As a result, the field has become very sparsely populated. Annex 1 shows the territorial differences in population density in each area. 33. Annex table 1 summarises the key indicators, which represent the demographic differences between cities and the countryside.
18.104.22.168. the demand for educated and highly skilled workforce in Latvia is growing. This factor significantly affected development. People with low skills and inadequate training are subject to the risk of unemployment and the social consequences.
the 2000 census data show that in relatively rural areas are least population with a higher education, but most – of the population aged 15 years-with primary education (LVA, 2002, by CSP 2000 census results). The current situation is described in detail in the chapter "employment on farms, farmers age and education".
table 5. The proportion of the population by level of education from the age of 15,% level of education in rural areas in the country rural area minimum-maximum population aged 15 – 82.0 79 70 86 less than 0.3-2.5 3 4 classes of primary school education 13 6 1-16 5.9 elementary education 28 14-41 overall 26.5 secondary education 21 8-31 average 31.0 special education 20.2 14 5-23 higher education 7 1-14 source 13.9 : LVA, by CSP 2000 census results, in 2002, adult education and lifelong learning available to the rural population increase of farmers and other persons involved in agricultural skills and knowledge in accordance with the memorandum of lifelong learning in the EU, and will prepare forest holders and other persons involved in forestry forestry practices to promote forest economic, ecological and social functions.
22.214.171.124. employment the main economic activity is farming fields. In agriculture, hunting and forestry in rural skaits4 from 1997 to 1999 is dropped, and currently these sectors as a whole employed approximately 140 thousand inhabitants. in the 2001 Census of agriculture results show that in General in the fields of agricultural production, including self-catering, are involved in 271, 2tūks. 45.0% 5 or from all of the rural population.
According to the labour force survey results in agriculture, hunting and forestry employed population during the period from 1996 to 2003 in Latvia has fallen on 3.2 percent (from 16.6% respectively to the total number of workers from 13.40%) (see. table 6).
table 6. In agriculture, hunting and forestry workers population (aged 15 to 74 years) employed population, thousand.
% of all workers in 1996 2000 2001 2002 2003 1996 2000 2001 2002 2003 total 156.5 131.8 141.1 146.9 135.0 16.6 14.0 14.7 14.9 13.4 in agriculture, hunting in 112.3 104.4 14.4 12.0 12.3 136.3 112.5 118.2 11.4 10.4 forestry 21.6 30.6 3.0 2.1 2.1 2.4 3.5 20.1 19.4 22.9 source: CSP, labour force survey, 2003 in different rural areas of importance for the agricultural sector in employment and in the provision of income is different. The other major employer in both urban and rural areas is the forestry and wood processing, and its growing importance – as shown in table 6, in this sector the number of employed population from 1996 to 2003 increased from 2.1% and 3.0% of the employed population in the country. Very slow growing employment in other sectors because the economy in enabling industries have relatively limited alternatives. Rural residents lack financial capital, ideas and knowledge in business, to develop existing ones and to identify all possible sectors.
According to the labour force survey results (see. 7. table), the average employed a number of women and men from the 2001-2003 has grown both in cities and the countryside. Cities have grown, the average population, the number of men and women, but fields of 1.7% (from% in 2001 to 136.6 134.9% in 2003) has decreased the average number of women employed. Fields experiencing growth of employed men aged 15 to 34 and from 45 to 54 years, but cities – all age groups, except the aged 35 to 44 years. The increase of women in the countryside has aged 15 to 24 and from 35 to 54 years ago, but the city, aged 15-24 and 45 to 74 years. This means that both the cities and the countryside women after 40 years of age when the child care reduce the more active part in the labour market, and this results in an increase in the number of women employed. The statistical results show that men are most active in the economically active rural population, and are thus prospective future areas of development.
table 7. Employed population by gender and age (aged 15 to 74 years, on average, 000 population) City in the 2001 2003 cities fields together Man.
Together the men.
Together the men.
Together the men.
Total 663.4 325.9 337.5 296.6 160.0 136.6 704.3 349.0 355.3 302.5 167.7 134.9 age: 15-24 25-34167.6 67.8 37.2 30.6 30.5 19.3 11.2 76.5 43.3 33.2 34.2 22.6 11.6 35-44188.5 45-85.8 81.8 74.0 41.2 32.8 172.5 91.0 81.5 74.7 43.6 31.0 90.9 97.6 85.6 44.9 40.7 187.6 90.9 96.7 84.5 43.4 41.1 55-64 54159.7 69.7 90.0 59.3 29.7 29.7 165.8 74.8 91.0 67.8 35.2 32.6 69.9 36.4 33.2 35.1 19.2 15.9 84.4 39.7
65-74 10.3 6.0 4.4 12.2 5.8 6.4 17.4 9.2 8.2 8.0 4.0 4.0 44.7 33.4 18.9 14.5 source: CSP, labour force survey, 2002 and 2003 in accordance with the results of the LFS unemployment rate fields in early 2003 was 7.8%, lower than the national average – 10,6%. The actual unemployment rate is significantly higher in the fields, as is common in some hidden unemployment forms, such as unpaid work involved family members share in the fields, but the city of 11,2%-0.4%, part time workers, the proportion is 14.4% fields, but in the cities, only 8.5% 6. Latvia has observed an increase in the number of the unemployed, particularly among young people who do not have professional education or even basic education, as well as no work experience to compete in the job market, or lacking knowledge and capital to start your own business.
The essential problem is the unemployment rates of the pre-retirement age (starting from 50 years) among the rural population. Most of these people want to work, however, due to insufficient qualifications, they are unable to compete in the labour market. In addition, the number of jobs in the countryside is limited and they are not ready or they do not have enough capital to start a business. Pre-retirement age people returning to the labour market make it difficult also psychological difficulties. Many people do not have enough self-confidence to offer themselves in the labour market or to gain new skills (Ministry of welfare, 2002).
126.96.36.199. Income and prosperity despite the fact that the economic indicators are constantly improving, public welfare level is still low. Personal income growth has been very uneven. Material welfare of polarization, as well as the number of poor people rises. In addition, the feminisation of poverty is. In accordance with the overall social inclusion memorandum in 2002, 16% of the population were exposed to the risk of poverty.
Household budget survey data suggest that real income per household member in each year from 1996 to 2000 has decreased significantly with increasing difference between urban and rural incomes (see. Figure 1).
Figure 1. Urban and rural household income in 2000 prices source: LVA by CSP, "household budget" for 1997-2000, Janson, Krastiņš.
in 2000, the 20% poorest households accounted for 10% of total household income, average income per person in the household was 31 LVL (€ 53.17) and 27% of all people came from households with low income. In addition, 20% of more more prosperous households with only 18% of the population accounted for 40% of the total household income.
Despite the fact that the average monthly salary of employees in the national economy in 2001 reached 159 LVL (see. 32. the table in annex 1.), fields workers it is about 30% lower. Looking at the region, the highest after tax income to the household in 2002 was in the Riga region – 102.43 LVL (58.44 LVL), the lowest – Latgale. More than half of all household income after tax deductions work salary (61%), one-fifth (21%) – 9.4% in pensions and only have the "net income" from agricultural production and private business. (CSP, the labour force survey in 2002).
Ministry of welfare studies show that relatively large rural community living in poverty and growing household subsistence purposes is maintained in a natural farm. The essential difference between the national one population full subsistence minimum goods and services basket value, which is defined in the 87LVL country, and average household income per capita-52LVL field. Despite the fact that 57% of expatriates (see fields. 1. the annex table 33) is the working age population, only 28% of the rural population's main source of livelihood is economic activity, including the operation of semi-subsistence farm. (see. 8. table) table 8. The rural population of the following reported the main livelihood source, 2000. the main livelihood in rural areas in the State in the territory of the source Field is the minimum-maximum economic activity 29 9-43 pension 34.7 24.5-38 24 13 benefits and other financial assistance 7 0.5-5.4 29 other persons or bodies in the maintenance of the Other 32 10-51 30.4 livelihood source 5 12 0-30 source : LVA, by CSP 2000 census results, 2002. one of the concerns that are increasingly more apparent in Latvia, is poverty. To describe poverty and poverty, is used in poverty risk threshold which the European Community Statistical Bureau Eurostat use of international comparisons, and the at-risk-of-poverty rate. According to the Eurostat methodology on the poverty risk threshold considered to be 60% of the national median ekvivalentajiem7 income. Comparing national poverty indicators are used in the monetary poverty indicators, which in December 2001 in Laeken approved the Council of Europe. Source of information is the household budget survey data for the period from 1997 to 2002, with the exception of 2001, in the year the survey was terminated. table 9 shows the poverty line for a household composed of one person, and households, which is 2 adults and 2 children up to 14 years.
table 9. At-risk-of-poverty threshold illustrative of vērtībās8 month, LVL, which is 1997 1998 1999 2000 2002 Households one person household, which has 43 47 49 50 59 2 adults and 2 children (aged 0 to 14 years) 89 100 103 106 124 source: household budget survey of the CSP, 2003 noted that the poverty threshold specified (1999) is one of the lowest in the 10 countries that in May 2004, joined Savienībai9. Comparison of Latvia with 15 countries in the European Union shows that the poverty risk threshold the EU Member States in 1999 was 3.3 times higher: household, which is one person, the poverty threshold for the 15 EU countries were purchasing power standards 7263 (PPS) relative currency values, while in Latvia it was only 2196 PO.
Figure 2 shows changes in the poverty population in the proportion, if their income is below 60% of national median income of equivalency. During the period from 1997 to 2002, the poverty risk ranged within koeficients10 from 16 to 17%, while the 15 European Union countries, the figure in 1999 was 15%. Essential that children under the age of 14 years are at higher risk of poverty, and the at-risk-of-poverty rate ranged from 17 to 21%.
Figure 2. At-risk-of-poverty rate of Women Employed is much more pa-kļaut the risk of poverty than men. Thus, for example, in 2002 the poverty risk factor in relation to paid work women workers was 9% and men – 8%. Self-employed person is much more risk of poverty: at-risk-of-poverty rate for women was 23%, but men – 21%.
According to the household budget survey data with the increase in the number of children in families also increases poverty risk factor. Thus, for example, the poverty rate for families with one child was 15%, families with children 2-16% and for families with 3 and more children – 26%.
Assessing the situation across the country, in 2002, both men and women were exposed to the same risk of poverty. The highest poverty risk factor was the group from 0 to 15 years, namely the children and their parents were exposed to the greatest risk of poverty. Population aged over 65 years were relatively less exposed to the risk of poverty. In this group there is also a significant difference between the sexes – 13% of women and 6% of men were exposed to the risk of poverty (see. 3. picture).
Figure 3. At-risk-of-poverty rate by age and sex, the lack of statistical data limits the opportunity described social exclusion as fields increasing negative phenomenon, based on a rural community stratification of different social groups and their growing psychological, social and economic problems. However, it is clear that poverty and unemployment are the major groups of social exclusion the main risks and the reduction is a key long-term objective of social policy in Latvia.
The future social tension increases the further restructuring of the agricultural sector, which in practice related to the reduction in the number of workers in agriculture. Along with this increase even more the need for population education and rural economic diversification supports measures that reduce the income of the rural population's dependence on subsistence agriculture, promoting agricultural activities in the fields of development of enterprises and ensure agricultural workers from retiring to the reorientation of the other lines of business.
5.1.2 188.8.131.52. Rural economy agriculture during the period from 1996 to 1999, the share of agriculture in GDP decreased to 2.4% (1996 was 6.9%), and the last three years stabilised 2.8 – 3.0% (see Figure 4).
After the CSP data agricultural gross value added in 2001 compared with the previous year at current prices increased by 16.3%. The volume of gross value added increased by 7.0%, while the price index – 8,7%. [1,163 = 1,070 * 1,087]. Agriculture into final production gross value added in 2001 increased by 20.8% (base prices) 11, mainly increased 7.2% of prices for production and decreasing production resource prices by 0.3%, while the overall increase in the volume of production in plant production and animal husbandry was only 4.1%.
Agricultural final production structure in 2001 (base prices) animal husbandry accounted for 52% (including milk – 24% – 13%, pork, eggs, 6%), crop production – 42%, (including grains, potatoes, 18%-8%, vegetables-4%), but the rest of the agricultural products – 6%.
in 2001, the primary agriculture 12.5% were employed 12 workers from the economy. The increase in the agricultural sector, the number of employees will fall.
Figure 4. Agricultural GDP dynamics, 1996-2001, (current prices) source: CSP food processing still occupies a prominent place in the Latvian processing industry – it makes 27% of all Latvian industry total output and employing 22% of industrial workers. in 2000, the country operated approximately 225 agricultural products processing enterprises. In recent years, has begun the processing undertaking agricultural production concentration, small business declining, production is concentrated in the larger EU compliant plants.
Also in 2001, the agricultural goods (not including fishery products) the negative balance of foreign trade balance has increased by 10milj. LVL. in 2001, has since 1996 been sharper export volume growth, compared with the previous year – about 48%. Import volume in 2001 increased by 14%. The largest proportion of agricultural export structure was drawn up in the milk and milk products — 12, 8milj. LVL; cereals-6, 1milj. LVL; fruit and vegetables canned, juice-5, 3milj. LVL. 184.108.40.206. Agricultural land resources and their quality resources. Agricultural area (UAA) of the total territory of Latvia (01.01.2003) 38.3% or 2473, takes 8tūks. ha, from the roughly 76% is arable land. 23% meadows and pastures takes, 1% for permanent plantings. 63.0% of the overall area of the melioratīv has been performed by LIZ in the construction, which is involved in the management of both public and private land owners.
Fertility. If the climatic conditions of Latvia in General, the ability to provide diverse agricultural production, the lack of soil fertility is a disincentive. The more fertile the soil is Zemgale-Dobele and Jelgava district. Further to the East-the direction of Rezekne-soil more fertile and not getting rougher, but still is able to give good cereals, grass or legume crops.
Most common is the podzolēt soil that is relatively mazauglīgāk and characteristic of forests. It takes approx. 54.5% of soils in the area. After the genesis of them is typical of acidic soil reaction, low organic content and have poor to carry nutrients to the plants. Very fertile, rich in organic matter the soil takes up about 7% of all agricultural land. The other belongs to the mazauglīgāk category of the soils.
In Latvia exist land quality assessment system (see. Table 10), in which plots of land with crop production the most adequate conditions and most of the Earth's capacity is assessed with 100ball. (A. Boruk, 1996). System was introduced according to the yield of rye to the ha of agricultural land, which is fixed for 1 ball to 70 kg/ha in rye.
10. table. Land quality evaluation system of the balls land use the land quality, the way the ball very well over the average medium relatively poor poor arable land 70-100 50-70 40-50 20-40 12-20 meadow 50-60 40-50 30-40 20-30 5-20 pasture Natural 40-50 30-40 25-30 15-25 5-15 source: a. Boruk, regional specialisation of agriculture and territorial arrangement of Latvia, Riga, 1996. of annex 11. card is seen in the average assessment of the quality of the land in each parish.
Acidity. The Latvian soils, most after the genesis of characteristic acidic reaction (5.5 pHkcl and below). Consequently, about 40% of agricultural land requires liming. Acid soils it is not possible to make a permanent agricultural production and get high quality products of the physico-chemical properties, low microbiological activity and plant nutrient deficiency.
Over the past 10 years, the liming of soils acid in Latvia has declined from 150-catastrophic 200tūks. ha per year to an average of 7.5tūks ha per year in the last three years. This effect lasts only about 10 years, and with this increased each year costs. This results in increased soil buferspēj, reduce the variety of environmentally harmful organic and inorganic compounds in runoff from soils and Toxics adverse impacts to soil and agricultural products. Thus reduce water eutrophication of ecosystems and the threat to human and animal health.
The moisture regime. The Latvian climate with relatively short summer is particularly important to the early culture-plant spring sowing. Spring for 10-15 days before you can process and sow the fields drained than not drained. Lietaino in the autumn harvest from the fields, sometimes even drenēt can not be removed. Draining is necessary in Latvia approximately 94% of the agricultural land in the area, which, compared to other European countries, is significantly more. In Estonia, the draining is necessary in Lithuania-72%, 60%, and in Germany-only 31% of the agricultural land.
To stream the excess moisture, the country has made the construction of hidromelioratīv million or 63% 1.56 ha agricultural land, including 37 000 ha area at flooding and economic activities of the needed soil moisture regime provides the polder system with 45 State-run existing pumping stations. Although agricultural land is farm production asset, their maintenance is independent only from him. According to the drainage system of the premises and equipment belonging to distinguish between national systems of construction and drainage devices, sharing drainage system and the construction of the device, and the one holding the drainage system and the construction of the device. The whole complex work in close interaction, and one part of maintenance can cause damage to the whole region.
Drainage systems have been built before the 20-30 years, and you need to repair or reconstruction, which leads to substantial costs. The upgrade also need 10 pumping stations of the polder, which regulates the moisture regime in a significant number of LIZ.
Real situation shows that most private drainage object is not properly managed and maintained, due to lack of funding or just not owner.
Use. During the period from 1990 to 1999, decreased agricultural production, introducing modern technologies and increasing productivity per ha LISA, has increased agricultural land area. After the SLS data for the production of agricultural products (01.01.2002.) is used about 1, 8milj., and after SLS data LIZ ha is not being used in 21% of the total UAA ha.
Approximately 44, 6tūks. LIZ with the brush overgrown ha (of which 14, 0tūks. ha-drained land). Not harvested under these 10 years will continue and aizaug-equestrian bogging with low bushes. There is a danger that this land can be excluded from the production and aizaug of the economic chain and, with bushes, will degrade the environment of rural landscape and existing quality (Habitat, wildlife populations), but in the future they will cause economic losses to the State, because the decrease in recreational potential development opportunities. While the recovery will require very high costs.
Recognizing further the development of agriculture, a new intensive technologies, crop yields increase in certain areas, food production will need to continue in the samazināties13 area of LIZ.
It would have a negative impact on the rural environment in which enduring agricultural activities. Latvian traditional landscape, alternating between employment, originates in the forests, agricultural lands, swamps, natural pasture land, rivers and lakes that create fragmented tiled landscape. This landscape is important for Latvia to traditional plant and animal species distribution. Many bird and animal species is Habitat, due to agricultural activity, providing feeding and breeding area. Abandoned lands as a result of the increase would decrease with the number of agricultural species.
One solution is to increase the area of non-traditional crops, as well as non-food raw materials and products (rape – biofuels – ethanol, grains, flax, textile, pulp, krāšņumaug, landscaping, etc.), as well as gradually turn to alternative agriculture. In certain regions a part of land is already being gradually wooded, used for the production of forest animals, sport, leisure, tourism and other non-agricultural or non-agricultural directly related activities.
Unused LIZ afforestation is one of the solutions for part of their holdings in agricultural activity, does not see his perspective. While the holdings in the future wants to save LIZ can focus on areas of alternative economic development in these areas.
National and EU direct aid program ("agricultural land acquisition lending program", "agricultural long-term investment lending program", SAPARD aid programs "investments in agricultural enterprises" and "environment-friendly farming methods" as well as "non-agricultural business development program") to help restructure the use according to LIZ host field to the selected management objectives. Information about each support program objectives and the conditions of implementation see 220.127.116.11. chapter.
18.104.22.168. the structure of agricultural holdings After the 2001 agricultural census in Latvia is 180tūks rezultātiem14. the holding; 99.8% of them are private farms. One farm manages land on average 33, 2 h (t.sk. 20, 1haLIZ), but the backyard farm — 12, 2 h (7, 4 h Lisa) area (see. 34. of annex 1). 42% of the land reform created by the farm consists of a single (2-15) parcels of land that are distant from each other and that is not beneficial. This makes it hard and pushes up the economic activity. 35. Annex table 1 shows the distribution of farms by land size classes after LIZ.
39.4 thousand. 21.9% of the holding or the total number of farms surveyed no agricultural activity did not occur. The possession or use of the farm was almost 800 000 ha of land, but the 140.8 thousand. economically active possession or use of the farm was 2800.1 thousand ha land, from 1834.0 000 ha LIZ (see table 11).
table 11. Agricultural land use is economically active agricultural holdings LIZ uses and the area reclamation State 000 ha total number 140835 LIZ 1834.0 including drained from the 939.2: need a drainage system reconstruction, repair 79.7 need betterment 81.0 arable land 1178.1 including: sown area set-aside 226.0 856.2 Fallows 88.3 permanent plantations 20.8 Meadow Pasture 246.4 217.2 unused agricultural land 171.5 source : CSP, the 2001 Census of agriculture, CSP, 2003 59.8% of the total number of farms in 2001, the output produced for own consumption needs, without selling anything. Each fourth farm is one that sells for less than half of the production. Only 11.8% of the total is holding more than half the products manufactured for sale, and they managed only 38% of the agricultural land.
22.214.171.124. employment on farms, farmers age and education on average each farm employs 1, 9cilvēk, but only every fourth is employed on full time. Despite the fact that income from agricultural activity is low, approximately 36% of all farm workers, it is the main source of income (see. 12. table).
12. table. The number of employees in the holding-% of the bināt Does the holding number employed thousand.
all in all the number of employees holding 271.2 100 agricultural number 265.5 97.9 including work: full time 66.2 24.4 part-time day 199.3 73.5 workers who benefit from working on the farm pamatieņēmum 97.8 36.1 source: CSP, the 2001 Census of agriculture, CSP, 2003 details the number of employees and load distribution along the economically active area of LIZ groups see annex 1:35. table.
Farms are mostly employed people who are older than 50gad. 37.5% of the total number of farm owners (see. 13. table) under the national pension system receives agricultural revenue in additional income-pension.
13. table. Agricultural natural person as sole owner and age structure of the farm owner's share in the total number of 127383 = 100% and 41.7 50-54 50 55-59 60-9.9 10.9 and older 37.5 source: CSP, the 2001 Census of agriculture, CSP, 2003 agriculture census, only 21.4% of the economically active farm managers have higher or other professional agricultural training (see table 14). Most of the roughly 70% of Heads of farms agricultural knowledge is acquired only practical experience. Economic knowledge for the operation of the market economy in most farm managers are not sufficient and you will get practical experience. Many farm leaders unable or afraid to take credit for the farm for further development of their safety, not because of lack of business experience required for initiation and skill, do not have sufficient knowledge about product sales markets. Miss producer cooperation in exchange of information and the development of joint economic activity, stimulating economic bottom and safest for commercial development.
Table 14. The driver of the farm īpašnieku15 and the breakdown by level of education of agricultural holdings in each group after holding a share of Farm products sold to the owners of the level of education up to the age of 50 years, the proportion of farm group in a specified level of education production group does not sell = 100% only 39682 practical experience in agriculture 5.56 Professional elementary education 73.47 education in agricultural higher education in agriculture 16.76 4.21 production sale up to 50% = 100% only 13257 practical experience in agriculture 57.08 primary vocational education in agriculture 10.99 27.40 higher education in agriculture production is sold from 4.54 50-100% = 10525 100% practical experience only 34.61 primary agriculture 19.89 vocational training in agriculture, agricultural higher education 34.62 10.88 source: CSP, Latvian agriculture 2001 Census provisional results, 2002.
Consulting and training of farmers in Latvia provides mainly BO SIA Latvijas agricultural advice and educational support center (LLKC) with 26 district offices. Rural entrepreneurs can get help there with agriculture and non-agricultural business related issues, t.sk. business plan development. Producers and processors it is possible to get information about sales opportunities, agrarian economy of Latvia (LVA) European Institute of agriculture market promotion centre. But such opportunities regardless of age used economically active and knowledgeable farmers who are often already commercially capable of holding managers. To check for solutions to motivate most farmers (those products manufactured or marketed self-sufficiency only in part) to a more active economic activities.
The country is implementing a variety of support programs (see. 126.96.36.199. section), as well as being developed and supported by LLKC.
at the beginning of 2002, the Ministry of agriculture was held 33 vocational training institutions. It is possible to learn the about 90 educational programs. Of which 25% are agricultural profile education programs, training duration is 2, 3 and 4 years, 90% of the audience are people with basic education.
Agricultural University of Latvia ensures the highest academic and professional training in agriculture, mežzinīb, woodworking and mežinženier, veterinary, food, rural socio-economic development, engineering, information technology and environmental management specialty, but traditional faculties of agriculture there has been a reduction in the number of student who would bother in the future development of this sector. The agricultural sector's profitability is not sufficient to motivate young people to the sector-specific special education, but companies – to invest in the preparation of professionals in other countries.
188.8.131.52 respectively. efficiency of production and farm income agricultural producers ' income, compared with other sectors, is low and dependent on climatic conditions, seasonality, price changes, and production of the country implemented support policy. The small interests of banks (high interest, brief credit repayment term) farmers until the middle of 2002 there have been limited opportunities for the modernisation of production to attract considerable investment and capital formation savings with a long repayment period, but while the same income is not sufficient to carry out the modernisation of the investments themselves. Most of the farms are using end-of-life equipment and technological equipment (in 2001 from farmer-owned tractors only 24% was under 10 years), which pushes up the production process. Also, most agricultural buildings, structures and the production technology used does not meet the requirements of modern production. Although State aid measures are being implemented and are available on the EU support programmes, still most of the farm is relatively low specialization of production and the level of technological development, but little about economic management continue to hinder the efficiency of production, as well as product quality and competitive opportunities.
The livestock sector in priority – milk production – a topical problem is the fragmentation of production. slaucamaj 70.5% of the cows is in herds with cows to 10 (see. 37. the table in annex 1). The development and potential use of prevent the high production, processing and marketing costs, inadequate product quality, working capital and investment funds.
A similar situation has beef and pork production. Currently, 83% of the number of bovine animals present on the holding, with the number of bovine animals to 5. Pig production in only 3% of the total number of farms is holding with 20 and more, but only 36% of the pigs swine farms, which are located in their home and keeping in line with the EU's environmental, health, hygiene and animal welfare requirements.
As soil fertility is relatively low and the growing season is short (see. 15. Annex 1 map "growth period length (days) in European countries"), the natural productivity of crops in crop production is low and lags behind crop production in the EU countries. Cereal yield during the period from 1996 to 2001, ranged from 1 to 2, 2t 9t/ha/ha (EU average of 4.7 t/ha), potato yields of 11 up to 15, 2t/ha, 9t/ha (EU average 15, 7t/ha). Holdings which crops are grown in large areas, applying intensive technologies, crop yields are much higher than the average of the country, such as the grain 3-6t/ha. Very different due to the similar agro climatic conditions in different areas, significant differences in farmers ' income in the regions of Latvia – Latgale, Kurzeme and Vidzeme they are smaller than, for example, Zemgale.
23.1% of the total number of farms main revenues derive only from 11.2% of agricultural holdings, gaining additional income from other economic activities. Agriculture (excluding taxes) net income per farming away is critical because-land on average 60 LVL per month (this is only 52% of workers ' average net wage in the country in 2001, see annex 1.32).
184.108.40.206. the origin of the local livestock and crop varieties crops. On the basis of the Convention on biological diversity ", each country is responsible for the conservation of biological diversity in its own territory, t.sk. the level of genetic diversity. Plant genetic resources conservation, restoration and the Biology Institute of the LU plant genetics laboratory and continue the Latvian crop genetic resource bank. Create a database containing information about different crop varieties for Collections. Founded in cooperation with the leading global plant genetic resources centres for the exchange of experience and information, good cooperation evolved in Northern gene banks for a computerized information center.
The Latvian conditions grown varieties are more susceptible to plastiskāk, the most common plant disease, with potentially high yields and economically competitive. The motor importation of foreign varieties, which have not been assessed in Latvia, is uneconomical. Therefore, you must continue for many years work in the making of new varieties following crops: summer and winter wheat, winter rye, barley, summer, oats, peas, potatoes, alfalfa, clover, grasses. Particular attention should be paid to the improvement of qualitative characteristics of plants, early priority should be breed.
After Latvia plant variety information the National Council in 1999 to grow the list of recommended varieties, total cereal and leguminous plants in the Group-51 variety – of which 20 39% is in Latvia or bred; 27 varieties of potato-13 of them, or 48% is the variety; grassland-34 varieties of them 24 71% in Latvia or bred.
Scientific work in progress of crop genetic resources, research and extension, the final line of the new biological and technological characteristics, breeding methods to speed up the selection process was conducted, as well as for modern biotechnology methods of crop breeding in Latvia.
Farm animals. In Latvia in recent years, significant reduction in food-producing animals and the number of poultry keeping and feeding of changed circumstances, which do not generally provide the main food and quality of procurement, not to the internal market, not exports. Saturate the market with cheap imported products and seductive, which creates the vital need to develop competitive local production. Livestock products competing in the main task is to improve animal breeding, because cheap and high-quality production is highly productive for the herds, which suited to local conditions, resistant to disease, well used in fodder and gives a lot of high-quality and tasty production. Regardless of the selection work methods in animal production-tīraudzēšan and crossover, it is important to achieve the desired results.
To ensure the country breed the animal gene pool retention, improvement, breeding and evaluation of animal Favorites, at least half of the total number of animals in each population monitoring should be ensured, i.e. individual productivity and animal origin, to ensure productivity and product quality data acquisition to the efficient use of the herd and animal breeding value. This work practically address the variety and the breeders ' Union national breeding information data processing center.
With LR ZM July 31, 2001, order No. 235 varieties were approved livestock production Advisory Council and also a variety of animal genetic resource conservation Advisory Council. It is determined that 5 of the Latvian local livestock herds for preservation of varieties of specific State aid paid to disappear the unique circumstances of Latvia suitable varieties for the creation of the necessary genetic material, is required to sufficiently large herds exist in Latvian Brown varieties and the varieties of Latvian blue cows, horse breed of SUV type horses, pigs and white varieties of Latvian tumšgalv breed sheep. Characterization of varieties is in annex 9.
220.127.116.11. organic farming, non-traditional agricultural sector and agricultural activities on-farm organic development. Organic production is associated with the restrictions in the use of pesticides and fertilizers, as well as to limit the non-synthetic soluble fertilizer and weak. Hence the organic product production is less than intensive production holdings. 2. the fertility and the biological activity of the soil is maintained with organic fertilisers and appropriate crop rotation, weed and pest control uses the agrotehnisko measures. All organic production stages must be subjected to inspection, up to trade. All the producing, processing, trade or imports the products with an indication of the method of organic farming, is subject to the inspection system. This organic production pushes up. To ensure the competitiveness of organic farming and to compensate income foregone, need support to organic producers. in 1998, following the Organization of Latvian organic associations and developed EU Regulation No 2092/91 applicable provisions had only 39 certified organic farm in the area of 1426h. At the beginning of 2003 the number of certified farms already reached 352 farm (their placement in Latvia see 15. of annex 1). Only last year the certified area increased from 0.2% to 0.7% of total agricultural land area. Organic production takes place mainly in the agricultural sectors as cereal and vegetable, dairy farming and bee-keeping (production changes see table 15). Whereas it is not developed for the processing of organic products, mainly marketed unprocessed products: mainly vegetables, buckwheat, honey and apiculture products.
15. table. Organic production 1999-2002, tons of Products in 1999.
Cereals meat milk 170 208 2186 228 1300 3692 270 potatoes and vegetables fruit honey 91.7 263 349 87.6 9.2 28 69.8 Source: Latvian organic farming organisations in Latvia has two public bodies acting in the field of organic farming: organic farming association-an organization founded in 1995, and the supervising authority "environmental quality" – created in November 2000.
Has created the organic certification system, in which the organic certificates are issued by the "environmental quality" and agricultural technical certification and testing centre, but the State supervision and control is carried out by the food and veterinary service.
Organic certification system provided by 22 April 2004 the Regulation No 414 BOM ' organic monitoring and control procedures ".
The main focus for the development of organic farming in Latvia is placed on organic products in the internal market, increasing the organic agricultural products processing development and organic farming educational system.
The development of organic farming is being promoted with government subsidy program, where you can get support payments for previously certified areas, areas that are 2. transitional year, as well as for livestock and poultry.
Non-traditional agricultural sector. A small number of farms engaged in non-traditional crop (cranberries, medicinal plants, mushrooms, etc.) and animal husbandry (fur animals, deer, quail, etc.) production.
Zvērkopīb. In Latvia, with industrial production of fur animals engaged in an Association of 14 Zvērkopīb zvērsaimniecīb. They grow mostly mink, Arctic fox and sudrablaps. in 2001, created a farm which rears šinšill.
Mushroom cultivation. Latvia under three types of mushrooms-mushrooms, shiitake mushrooms and austersēn. Created 9 large-scale growers farm mushrooms with a total growing area of 6650m2. Currently, the sector provides more than 180 jobs. The annual quantity of fresh mushrooms growing market is 18-20%. The cultivation of Austersēņ coordinate Austersēņ breeders ' Association. Production volumes have increased, however, the actual realization of these products and outlets.
Shiitake mushroom growing in Latvia to coordinate the shiitake mushroom growers ' Association. Shiitake mushroom growers is a big production export opportunities. Fresh mushroom exports to Germany alone give profit 0.25 million. LVL per year.
Rabbit keeping. In Latvia, the rabbits are raised for meat and skin quality. This leads the industry with good breeding material can provide enough holding, which is a large breed of rabbit pamatganāmpulk, so that in 2001 the number of rabbits in Latvia has increased by 35%.
Quail, pheasant and ostrich breeding. More common is quail breeding. Quail eggs are being bred and also production. Production is realized both in supermarkets and restaurants of Latvia. Quail business is well developed in the world, and it is the perspective of the industry in Latvia. However, these non-traditional agricultural sector is more actively searching for markets, as well as the need to expand their production cars.
Latvia currently has 2 farms, grown pheasants and 5 farm grown ostriches. Ostrich meat is a perspective direction of agriculture. To deal with this bird breeding, requires large investments.
Wild animal breeding. Latvia currently has about 20 fully fitted in the wildlife garden. Do not complete or under construction is about 18 gardens. Mostly here in red deer and fallow deer are reared. The total land area is 5723, fenced areas 1463 ha ha. The total number of wild animals around 2000. in General, the members of the Association are reared on the farm animals, of which 867 since March 2000 has grown on 31%.
Medicinal plant cultivation. In General may be regarded as a medicinal plant cultivation is relatively favorable, but the process is very labour intensive. Preparing medicinal plants market, attention should be paid not to grow and harvest, but for the preparation of pharmaceutical products according to requirements. Popular culture in Latvia is Valerian, Chamomile, Marigold, caraway, mint, marjoram and St. John's wort.
Yet the demand for non-traditional agricultural products exceeds supply, but to be competitive in this sector in the EU, it is necessary to start the production of investment, development and education.
Non-traditional and organic farming for more development on the farm obstructing both the knowledge and the lack of finance, both unconscious market opportunities for disposal of the goods.
Non-agricultural activities of agricultural holdings. The main non-agricultural activities in rural farm tourism, forestry, wood processing, aquaculture, the cultivation of agricultural products, as well as during the work outside the holding, such as the work of the municipal, city, etc. table 16 shows the additional income sources and the number of farms, which generate income from agricultural production and alternative activities.
Not affiliated with agricultural production activity development farms impede the underdeveloped infrastructure, lack of initial capital and inadequate levels of knowledge about the business.
table 16. Number of additional sources of income and the sale of agricultural products produced in relation to the additional income generating industry produced agricultural output the share of group sales do not sell sell sell together up to 50% of 50-100% rural tourism 193 59 76 328 handicraft 228 81 41 350 agricultural products processing 124 124 196 444 forestry woodworking 589 234 275 1098, 4182 1681 1912 7775 cancer etc. breeding fishing 126 42 22 190 70 36 57 163 energy production Outsourcing, using 36 5 6 47 farm equipment sector 5757 1673 1041 8471 831 684 849 2364 Other total source: 11437 4240 3904 19581 CSP, Latvian agriculture 2001 Census provisional results, 2002.
To promote farm Active restructuring of its operations, in addition to a source of income for the country are implemented by national and EU co-financed support programs. Rural activity limited to agriculture, the lack of alternative ideas and financial resources. Sometimes a field population need to create awareness of the need to change something in their farming in order to increase their income and well-being. There are both national and foreign aid programmes co-financed implementation specialists is involved in the promotion of local initiatives and training (see. 18.104.22.168. section).
22.214.171.124. Economic cooperation slowly developing mutual cooperation between producers, as well as between agricultural producers and processors, and this limits the production and marketing process of rationalisation and efficiency and thus earnings growth.
In Latvia, legal cooperation of farmers in a more pronounced form is a cooperative society. in 2002, the survey results showed that the real work in Latvia 57416 cooperative society, whose profile is agriculture.
The less or more is active in the following sectors: agriculture, cereal manufacturers in gaining more profit kooperējot the transport and the use of grain dryers;
– dairy, where small producers cooperate to jointly cover the transportation costs, which would be relatively high, if each individual every day would have to be delivered to the nearest production processing establishment or collection point;
-agricultural production-related machinery in the provision of services;
-vegetables, fruits and sugar beet cultivation, which, with certain exceptions, cooperation is poorly expressed.
The main cooperative society building goal is to enable its members to the cooperative society to realize their farm production, to support their members an effective production process and in the preparation of production realization (first processing, packaging, recycling, etc.). Low activity of producers cooperative society in the making or refrain from engaging in is associated with little understanding of the nature of such organization, structure, objectives and income distribution. Brake factor cooperative society building is the initial cost of getting started, and the company later in its management.
Legally it governed by the cooperative society law. Amendments to the law adopted on 20 June 2002, provides a new type of cooperative society of agricultural service cooperatives, which provide services to the agricultural producers, but does not deal with agricultural products. in 2002, the national support for the promotion of cooperation in fields received 32 cooperative society, which in 2001 net sales averaged approximately 200 thousand. LVL, but maximum – close to a million. The average number of members – 112, which ranged from 10 to changed 19517. further development of cooperative societies are required to guarantee the agricultural producers ' income level, and requires financial support.
Latvia taking over and applying the conditions of Latvia, world experience, at the end of 2002 was drawn up new rules for agricultural service cooperatives, which determined the recognition of producer groups for the recognition criteria, procedures and operational control. It is the objective of the implementation at the national level to develop financial support mechanisms to support the operation of such firms, thereby encouraging additional Latvian entrepreneurs/producer cooperation, facilitating the legal conditions of the operators in the implementation of economic cooperation and administrative work.
126.96.36.199. Processing of agricultural products and food production in 2002, launched the single national food surveillance and control services, food and veterinary service (PVD)-ensuring food safety, quality and hygiene control throughout the food chain according to the modern concept of "from farm to fork". in 2002, the food company identification and registration according to the classification of the company data and the creation of a registry of food businesses are important prerequisites for national monitoring and control capacity and development, resources needed for monitoring purposes.
2003 January 1 PVD accounting was 14792 food companies. Specify the number of controlled companies contributed to the changes in the food chain surveillance law, which said that by the end of 2002 all food businesses must register with the register of enterprises of the food the PVDA. Thus were discovered in addition to controlled objects.
As an individual, a very complex and important measure of economic development of Latvia and the planned operation in the EU common market were the animal products processing plant evaluation of compliance with EU requirements, and agreed on prevention action plan and deadlines. The result was welcomed in several EU experts and inspectors ' visits. Only those companies that will receive a certificate of compliance with EU requirements, after Latvia joined the EU will be eligible for food distribution throughout the EU without restrictions.
As a food and veterinary service (see information. 17. table), 1 January 2003 was supervised at 1001 with herbal product processing establishments and 699 with animal product processing establishments, of which 18 are entitled to export their products to EU countries.
17. table. Under the supervision of existing PVD plant and animal products processing companies (on 01.01.03.)
The activity of the company has the right to have a transitional period in the number of export to EU for grain milling companies 51 cereal products establishments 399 sweets production companies 25 fruit and vegetable processors of food packaging 51 companies 163 Fat production company 18 sugar production company 2 mixed products establishments 16 culinary and semi-finished production companies 43 grain intervention storage 233 total plant products processing enterprises 1001 fishing products processing enterprises milk spike 128 10 29 17 milk processing companies 59
8 11 grading and packaging companies 19 egg products establishments 2 honey and apiculture products processing plants slaughter 73 225 12 meat processing companies and food not specific to 168 usable products and processing companies 8 total animal product processing enterprises 699 18 52 source: PVD data, ZM, agricultural annual report 2003 1.39. and 40. There is a table with information about sales of food products on the domestic and external markets by product group in 2001 and 2002. in a year.
188.8.131.52. The forest industry, geographical location, quantity and quality of forests is determined by the nationality of the country of Latvia, in which the forest sector plays a major role in the economy of the country and its products serve not only to meet domestic consumption, but occupies a significant place in foreign trade.
in early 2003 the total forest area occupied 2.87 million. HA or 44.5% of all national territory. On January 1, 2002, in the Latvia stands volume production of saving was 544 million cubic meters and the total annual increase in stock – 16.3 million cubic meters.
Land reform law of property at the time of distribution of the type in respect of forest areas in 2002 on January 1 was the following: State-owned forests-50.4% total area-43.1%, municipalities, private companies and other forests cover 6.5 percent of Latvia's total area of forests.
Logging and wood processing in the country by private companies _ more than 300 mežiz-working company and more than 2,000 industry companies, of which about 1400 is a sawmill. Forest sector employs around 6% of the total employed population of Latvia.
Forest sector acts as a stabilising factor in rural areas for economic, ecological and social development. Forest and forest products provide essential support to the many farmers in their economic activities, as well as promote the development of rural infrastructure.
Forestry and timber industry provides jobs in both urban and rural populations.
The forest sector's direct contribution to gross domestic product of Latvia in accordance with the expert rating is 10-14 percent. About 85 percent of all production is exported.
in 2001, exported wood products total value was 503 million. LVL, which accounted for 40% of the total value of exports of Latvia. 87 percent of this production Latvia exported to European Union countries.
Exports the largest percentage of your values gave the lumber-45%, and the logs (pulpwood mainly) – 13%, 11%, furniture, plywood, 9%, fuel wood and other products, 3%-19%. From 1993 on lumber exports have increased almost ten times that in 2001, reaching 2.85 million m3.
Regeneration ensures continuous and efficient stands volume production to restocking. In recent years, the total restoration of the forest is increasing, although the increase is still not sufficient.
Forest restore volume growth is explained by the fact that the main is also increasing the cut area curls. Mandatory renewable area in 2001 was 3947.3 ha 20889.4 ha of national forest and other forests, but in 2002 – 3990.8 ha 29768.8 ha of State forest and the other forests. The forest is restored, both natural and artificial. in 2001, 63% of national forests and restore the area restored artificially, 37% natural, but other Woods and 61%-39%-an artificial natural. Artificial forest renewal requires higher costs, but this way renewal can be carried out with the most desirable and economically valuable tree species. Artificial forest renewal expenditure per hectare produces 220 to 250 lats.
The forest is used not only for timber production, but also the value of wood production. Forest timber values are not wild berries, fruits, nuts, mushrooms and medicinal plants under the forest law, parties may obtain, at the discretion of the owner or legal possessor is specified by the own limitations in accordance with the law. In addition, the forest area are used for recreation, hunting, wild animals in fenced areas. The most popular places in Latvia, which residents and tourists use leisure, walks, as well as for the purpose of education is the national parks and nature parks. Quite a popular recreational hunting. Latvia has around 1000 Hunter collective. Its-time animal production enclosures have been issued 20 authorizations, but actually his time 15-breeders.
Farmers are also private forest operators, the development of such activities in the holding is the prospect of an additional source of income, particularly in creating mutual cooperation with other forest managers-farmers and tourism businesses.
184.108.40.206. other economic activities in General in the fields of business activity is low, it shows the number of active enterprises and employed population. Almost half of the parishes of Latvia, active companies (not including farmers and backyard farms) number does not exceed five. Latvia also has 12 parishes where there is no active business. These people are employed in the natural only in their peasant or backyard farms, the institutions and bodies (e.g., county councils, schools, health care facilities). Business primarily develops in such directions as trade, services, transport, processing and agroservis woodworking. Some areas of the evolving service provider business, but the major obstacle to their development is the low purchasing power of the rural population. Major investors and job creators are food and wood processing companies, which are also the most significant and economically strongest fields.
The main problems of independent businesses in fields are: – insecurity, lack of experience and skills, as well as business started without sufficient knowledge of the product sales markets, so it is very difficult to develop business plans and development prospects;
– insufficient accumulated capital, limited facilities for receiving credit, lack of seed capital to start a business;
-undeveloped economic infrastructure outside the Riga region.
5.1.3. Infrastructure fields in recent years has diminished in both the educational institutions, libraries, cultural houses, health authorities, and other public service institutions, such as the post office. Each municipality is responsible for the primary services, t.sk. maintenance and improvement of the infrastructure in its territory. These functions are funded from the municipal budget field whose revenue is dependent on economic activities and employment of the population in the territory (LR municipal budget). More than 80% of the rural funds received from financial cohesion fund, which means that most rural municipalities with their own funds could not fully perform statutory functions. Previously created economic and social infrastructure is gradually worn, its maintenance in rural areas is relatively expensive due to the dispersion of the population and little economic environment. In addition, within the rural population trends and the reduction of social and economic infrastructure maintenance in the future only to sadārdzinās. This in turn means that the future will be limited to the development of tourism and with the related and not related to enterprise development in the area.
5.1.4. in the Field of environmental quality and biodiversity of species in the whole Latvia 220.127.116.11. are registered in animal, plant 18047 5396 and about 4000 species of mushrooms (see. 18. table). All groups of organisms in a significant part of the total number of species the species resident in the associated with field.
18. table. Rare and endangered wild species in Latvia the number of threatened, vulnerable and rare wild species, group of species, the number of species number% of total number of species of mammals birds reptiles 320 67 21 64 15 23 7 2 29 13 5 38 amphibians, freshwater species Bezmugur-kaulniek 66 7 11 in Vascular Plants 0.8 17540 135 (a flowering plant and filic) 498 127 25 Abt 1678 284 17 Moss mushrooms. approx. 4000 38 Lichen 492 32 6 source: 0.7, species and habitats project (1998-2000).
Of the world's endangered species are present in Latvia six mammal species, five species of birds and two fish species (IUCN Red data list, 1996).
Fauna of Latvia holds 62 mammal species. The large majority (63%) of the Latvian mammals inhabit the forest habitats, about 24% of the species associated mainly with cultural landscapes, parks, etc., or also with the open water bodies. The open landscape of the habitats concerned only five species (e.g., dietary Apodem for Skipjack Agraria, grey Hare of Lep Europaea), but the typical sinantrop are three species – the House mouse Mus muscul, gray and black rats (norvegicus and Ratt Ratt-ratt).
Many mammalian species, alternately use a variety of habitats, feeding on one another, used as hiding place, such as Roe deer, Capreolus capreolus and red deer Cervus elaphus, mostly staying in the Woods, but the feed goes to the open habitats, grasslands, pastures, fields or clearing.
Bird fauna of Latvia is relatively rich, thanks to the geographical situation of the territory and for breeding, to rest and feed abstraction useful habitat diversity. The Baltic Sea and its coasts are abundant Eurasian remote northern birds used for traditional seasonal migration route, along which they give to their wintering areas in Western Europe, Africa and the Middle East, but in the spring to nesting sites in the Northern tundra and taiga. At the actual travelers (at least 140 species) belong to white Storks Ciconia ciconia, field larks Alaud arvensis, all species of bird (Sylviina), typical of the caurceļotāj (55-60) in Latvia do not nest at all, or nest in small numbers (small swans Cygnus columbian, sowing geese Anser fabal). At passage, coming to spend the winter, only around 15 species belong e.g. the Buteo buteo bikšain Lagopus, Bombicill garrul of the Waxwings. Quite a lot is "the wrong guest" species, which is not usually found in Latvia. In Latvia, 223 species of birds breed, among them also many parts of the world very rare species such as the sea eagles Haliaeet albicilla, čūskērgļ, circaetus Gallicus, black storks Ciconia nigra.
From Latvia common bird species are mentioned in 152 the European Union birds directive, and almost all (99%) of the species – the 1979 Berne Convention on the conservation of European Wildlife and natural habitats conservation ".
A cool climate and amphibian reptile species count is high. Nearly half of the species listed in the Red data book of Latvia.
18.104.22.168. The agricultural land of the diversity of ecosystems in recent decades to the extensive agricultural land in large areas with naturally different terrain and hydrological conditions play an important role in maintaining biological diversity. The Latvian agricultural landscape-specific part is more protected in Europe species population. For example, the White Stork (Ciconia ciconia) population in Latvia constitutes more than 10 000 pairs. Little Eagle (Aquila pomarina), nesting in the outskirts of fields and feeding in the agricultural landscape, Latvia's population is approximately 2 400 over the large and comprises 13% of the European population. in 1999 the Latvian agricultural land was 26 000 to 30 000 (Crex crex) turns over the nesting place. However, in recent decades, there is also the opposite trend: field Falcon (Falco tinnuncul) and rain (circus cyane) is greatly diminished.
Although the current reduction of agricultural intensity generally affects biodiversity, also exhibit negative trends. Large arable land and meadow areas aizaug with weeds and bushes.
The fastest decrease the Meadow plant species distribution, which require continuous over-grazing. As far as rapidly declining and the wet meadows and pastures characteristic species distribution, because the meadows where they grow, are not suitable for mowing techniques, as well as not requiring the use of pasture. Turn the dry grassland in addition to the threat of possible afforestation overgrowth because their productivity is low and long gone. Currently, meadow and pasture (grass) area occupies about 570tūks., which is 23% of ha agricultural land or 8.8% of the total national territory. After the Latvian Fund for Nature 2000-2002 inventory results in natural lawns takes only 0.4% (approximately 25, 6tūks. ha) from all over the country. About 18, 6tūks. ha is considered biologically valuable meadows (meadow location see annex table 41 biologically valuable grasslands).
Meadows occur in about 40% of protected plant species. Coastal Meadows is a rare species of birds very important habitats like the Dunlin (Calidris Alpine) grasslands Sandpiper (Tringa totana), black puskuital (Limosa Limosa a) and gugatn (for Philomach pugnax). The most important meadow complexes are located around the cardboard and Liepāja Lake, Kalnciems, Brody, lubāna, lowland, Daugava, Gauja, the Venta River and other river valleys and Rand meadows.
Although traditional methods of farming and grazing meadows promotes the preservation of biodiversity, intensive use areas threatened use of chemical fertiliser, as well as traditional farming methods. It promotes overgrowth of grassland with shrubs.
Major meadows covered areas shown on map 4.
4. card. Major meadows in Latvia source: SAPARD 22.214.171.124. Rivers and lakes in Latvia has 140 Lakes (larger than 1 km2) and 12400 River with a total length of 38000km. 777 rivers are longer than 10 km. The majority, especially waterfowl species, the diversity is found in shallow coastal lagoons, such as cardboard, Liepāja, Engure, Kaņier and Babīte Lakes. Engure Lake and its surroundings are one of the species most wealthiest areas of Latvia. There's a flowering plant and fern 800 plant species, of which 40 are protected. At least 30 rare bird species, which are threatened elsewhere in Europe, nesting in the vicinity of Lake Engure. Lubāna Lakes and lowland is considered one of the most important inland wetland complexes in the Baltic countries, especially migration, focuses a great number of birds.
According to the CORINE Biotopes database information% 22.6 Lake area is included in the protected areas. Lake biodiversity impact the process of eutrophication.
Latvia is among the Baltic Sea countries, which are stored in the salmon spawning grounds in the rivers. Salatsi River is the largest natural salmon spawning grounds in the Austrumbaltij. Latvian rivers live about 26000 Beaver and Otter almost 5000. River population of cancer recovery a sign of improvement of the quality of water in small rivers. According to the CORINE Biotopes database information 20.3% River area has a specific protection regime. Contaminated effluent and agricultural run-off can threaten River ecosystem biodiversity. From 1998 to 2000 the water biological quality studies show that 66% of rivers have low levels of contamination and about 21% are clean or nearly clean. However, about 90% of all lakes are subject to anthropogenic eutrophication. Nitrogen and phosphorus effect was observed in both inland waters and at sea.
90-years decreased significantly in these gutter-water, noteč agricultural land pollution by nitrates and phosphates and point pollution from fertilizer and pesticide storage facilities. However, with the stabilization of the economic situation and the development of more intensive farming methods, the total pesticide and fertiliser use is gradually increasing (see. Figure 5).
Figure 5. Of plant protection products in the most intense use of pesticides and fertilizers is making central parts of Latvia. The most intense crop production is made for the cereals and sugar beet cultivation. A more detailed map see map 16 "fertiliser use on agricultural lands." Most agricultural runoff has affected the river Lielupe basin, which also has been the main reason for the particularly sensitive areas for designation in this area.
126.96.36.199. Groundwater Latvian background groundwater nitrate concentrations are much smaller than the maximum permitted drinking water level due to low anthropogenic stress (compared with EU countries Latvia has extensive agricultural activity, and low population density). The observed variable levels of nitrate is based on several factors, primarily, in the aquifer to monitor norobežotīb. Thus, the nitrate problem is described separately in respect of water sējslān not enclosed, partially enclosed water does not sējslān and not sējslān not delimited by the water.
Nitrates pollute not delimit the water does not sējslān in devon, which is usually used for the supply of water to the Central Latvia. Nitrate concentrations in the aquifer of the designated water is usually below the lower limit of detection, i.e. 0.005 mg N/l is not delimited aquifers the nitrate mainly for two reasons:-Glaciolakustrīn and the clay sediments of the glycogen protective qualities.
-Rapid reduction of the nitrate ammonia due to deep groundwater beneath the red-ox (0-100 mV).
In addition, 92% of uk salaries and tested pirmskvartār partially delimited aquifers the nitrate concentration is lower than 0.005 mg N/l maximum partially delimited aquifers the nitrate concentrations are found in 0.3-0.8 mg N/l, i.e. they are at least 14 times lower than the maximum level for drinking water.
Low nitrate concentrations above the delimited and partly delimited aquifers does not mean that these aquifer are completely free from contamination. Elevated ammonia concentrations in some locations may arise from the primary forms of nitrate in groundwater resulting in reduced form of nitrogen.
Diffuse pollution of nitrate concentration in the average increase to 1.0-1.5 mg N/l is found in shallow groundwater in intensively cultivated arable land and pasture. The maximum amount for drinking water (11 mg N/l) are exceeded in some long term pārmēslot of the little places where the easy cut is at the top of the geologic proof coarse sand, as well as to point sources of pollution, such as fertilizer waste repositories, earlier agroķīmiskaj warehouses URu.tml.
In general the problem of nitrate Latvian bottom-waters is a local character and not only confined aquifers in considerable concentrations of nitrate. However, the secondary agricultural ammonia can endanger the future centralised water supply.
188.8.131.52. Air quality due to the economic recession in the early 1990s greenhouse gas emissions decreased significantly. The total amount of emissions in 2000 was approximately 34.4% from 1990 levels. It is expected that in the next 20 years the level of emissions will not reach the level observed in 1990, thus, Latvia will follow Kyoto Protocol. However, in Latvia, in accordance with bilateral agreements participating in projects aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions, thereby contributing to global air quality objectives.
184.108.40.206. Soil degradation soil of Latvia is currently considered uncontaminated. The main problems with the quality of the soil creates an enlightened economic activity in agriculture and industry, as well as natural processes such as soil fertility and reducing acidification. Side effects of land degradation are surface water ecosystems degradation, deterioration of the countryside and the reduction of biodiversity. Soil pollution affect food quality and human health. (Agricultural University of Latvia).
Water in the soil erosion area of 380 000 or 24.3% of the agricultural land in Latvia (MAY, 1995). Erosion caused by wind and water and promote the individual topography and land use form where water erosion is the most powerful impact on agricultural land. The abandoned land is located mainly in the areas of irregular and hilly in topography and less fertile soils, where conditions are not favourable for agriculture. Thus, it can be assumed that the impact of soil erosion in Latvia at present is significantly impaired.
Wind erosion threatened agricultural land area is 230 000 ha, or 14.7% of the total agricultural land area (MAY, 1995). Wind erosion in Latvia can occur easily in agricultural soils mainly in early spring and autumn periods, if the soil is dry. The creation of protection zones for the protection of the coastal dunes were started in the 19th century. 1980 – protection zone in 1990 included the Baltic coastal region of land projects carton. A detailed breakdown of the two forms of erosion, see 5. map.
5. card. Wind and soil erosion in agricultural area 5.2. National rural development policy strategies 5.2.1. coated areas of continuous agricultural, forestry and rural development policies, the improvement of the management process, including structural changes in institutional mechanisms, support policy planning principles and quality, presents a more favourable environment for the gradual and targeted sectors and also the development of the territory.
In accordance with the Cabinet of Ministers of 27 March 2001 meetings of Protocol No 13 34. paragraph (3) the Ministry of Agriculture has asked a further parallel to the agricultural sector development policy issues, coordinate the Latvian rural development programme that covers a wider range of issues. Consequently, the Ministry has taken the existing national program updates, event coordination and monitoring of the implementation of the programme.
The Ministry of agriculture has developed and the Cabinet of Ministers has accepted the 2002 23 April with Protocol No 17.26. paragraph field problem solving and rural development concept, which includes work on a new strategic document for the development of rural development policy. In compliance with the new trends in the field and all the national strategic development, EU accession, as well as for ensuring that rural development aid policy is strategically planned and implemented with full legal capacity, coordination and financing of the action programme. The concept is certainly key, or the strategic objectives of the national rural development policy, and they put as the new rural development programme cooperation, long-term strategic objectives:-to promote the dynamic development of the rural economy, thus enabling the rural population to rise in level of prosperity;
-to maintain the rural population and ensure rural area city level equivalent to various social infrastructure services;
– ensuring sustainable rural resources and effective use of, maintaining and preserving the tidy and biologically diverse countryside and landscapes for future generations.
Since Latvia is currently undergoing and introducing new methods of development and financial programming, using the underway the EU experience, detailed situation awareness and creating databases that help plan of granting of the aid needed to adapt a more objective evaluation of supporting tools development process, achieving results, after which the rate of the national aid policy effectiveness. The new rural development strategy, the information acquired and existing legislation will be the basis for the planning and support of various funding available for targeted management and efficiency to achieve the strategic objectives defined. The following key factors: – the implementation of the strategy in a regional approach to development;
-sustainable economic development;
-development of human resources, reducing social izslēgtīb;
– biodiversity in rural environment;
population of the territory and the availability.
The objective "to promote the development of the rural economy dynamic, thus enabling the rural population to the growth of wealth" is being implemented to achieve and/or planned for the implementation of measures to agriculture and its products: cross-sector work (under the agriculture and rural development law and policy strategy in 2003 ZM-action defined for 2005): – manufacture and realization of the external and internal market requirements and competitive products that would be of particular interest to specific (niche) for the development of local products and outlets;
-maintain the available agricultural land resources suitable for production quality, maintain the Latvian countryside and characteristic agricultural biodiversity landscape; keep, improve and promote the local livestock and poultry genetic diversity of varieties;
– ensure the population income and wealth growth;
the forest sector (under the forest law and business strategy in 2003 ZM-action defined for 2005):-the management of its forests and increasing the value of the resources contained therein, maintain and enhance biological diversity and ensure people a safe access to recreational purposes;
-developing technologies and providing no cooperation with other sectors, produced and realized the local and external market competitive products that would be of particular importance in plant-st production of added value;
-stabilize its economic and social impact on rural economy and the environment, rural employment and increase prosperity;
soil protection (in accordance with the law "on environmental protection" and the "Law On agriculture and rural development" project):-implementation of the national policy on environmental protection, nature protection, natural resource protection and rational exploitation of regional development planning, building and soil apakšslāņ.
-for the owner/user/holder's failure to concede that human activity is degraded or damaged soil.
Fisheries (under the Fisheries Act and the policy strategy in 2003 ZM-action defined for 2005):-the management and increasing the fish resources and the diversity of aquaculture in inland water-body, maintain and enhance biological diversity and ensure its availability for recreational purposes (tourism, fishing and rural development), as well as increase their economic impact on the rural economy and rural income growth;
-the realization of external and internal market requirements and competitive fish and aquaculture production, in which a special place should be specific (niche) sales;
-comply with the requirements of environmental protection, reducing fish and aquaculture production, product processing-related adverse impacts on the rural environment; agriculture, forestry and fisheries related economic activities (under the small and medium enterprises development national programmes, the national employment plan, operation strategy in 2003 ZM-2005 specific actions, etc.):-the appropriate use of all the resources available in the environment, thereby contributing to employment and wealth in the rural population growth;
-maintain and develop the countryside as an attractive living, working and recreation site for any;
– ensure that the rural economy the flexibility to change the external and the internal market and to maintain a steady rural prosperity;
Tourism (under the rural tourism development program): – ensure that cleaned up the Latvian rural environment within the existing cultural and historical heritage and scenic qualities for any availability;
-ensure high quality and environmental requirements of appropriate economic infrastructure population mobility, communication and economic needs (according to the national investment programme);
-improve, increase and diversify rural job skills (according to the national employment plan, welfare sector investment strategy 2003-2007 and Student lending guidelines);
-create and support the economic cooperation group/organization that promotes and supports rural economic development, with the participation of socially excluded population groups in business, thus reducing poverty (under the commercial law of LATVIA, cooperative society law, agricultural and rural development Act, the welfare sector investment strategy 2003-2007).
The goal of "maintaining the rural population and ensure rural area city level equivalent to the availability of a variety of social infrastructure services" measures were taken to achieve and/or planned for the implementation of measures to:-streamlined and develop social infrastructure (education and training, health and social security system, culture, etc.) and cleaned up and maintain historical and cultural/heritage (under the public investment programme);
-create and support local initiatives in economic and social life in the territory, to facilitate the activation of cooperation of the population's social and economic activities in the territory and reduce the izslēgtīb of the various social groups of the rural villages/communities;
-create and support a variety of social groups/organizations of social assistance issues and initiate economic activities in rural areas (according to the welfare sector investment strategy 2003-2007);
-improve and streamline local administration, regional administrations by ensuring the circulation of information, and reduce the informational nature of the izslēgtīb in the periphery (in accordance with the LR law on regional development and administrative and territorial reform law).
The target "to ensure sustainable rural resources and effective use of, maintaining and preserving the tidy and biologically diverse countryside and landscapes for future generations" to attain the adopted legislation and strategic documents – LR likumi18, MKnoteikumi19 and implemented the national biological diversity program (1999). Latvia has acceded to various international konvencijām20 and going national legislative alignment with the directives of the European Union environmental jomā21 to: – all types of economic activities to ensure environmental protection and the environmental requirements of housekeeping that leaves a minimal negative impact on the ecology of the rural environment (nature, air, climate, soil, water) and maintain a tidy fields of characteristic Latvian landscapes;
-maintain, protect and promote both nationally and internationally recognised diverse wild populations, species and habitats;
-protect and maintain both nationally and internationally, cultural and historic amenities (parks, nature parks, coast, etc.);
– protect, replicate and promote the local origin of valuable breeds of agricultural breeding animals and crops that are nationally and internationally recognised as threatened populations.
Latvian rural development strategic objectives is currently used in both the national budget and foreign aid, co-financing for different applications, and target investments and private equity, where the binding occurs with different support programs or changes in laws or procedures.
5.2.2. Financial support for agricultural development support to 220.127.116.11. national subsidy programmes. The competitiveness of national agricultural development provides support in the form of grants. In accordance with article 16 of the law on Agriculture subsidies must not be less than 2.5 per cent of the annual budget total expenditure is covered by grants from general revenues (see. 6. image). The purpose of subsidies, like all the agricultural policy goal is to create agriculture industry, which could be integrated into the single European market and the Andean world produced according to market requirements, the production of goods in competition with other countries for the product quality and production costs. To achieve this aim, certain major activities of State aid:-the production technological modernization;
-quality control throughout the production and the sales process;
-product market promotion and development.
Figure 6. The total amount of grants 1994-2001 (million. LVL) source: LADA and ZM subsidy programmes of Many remains unchanged, is resumed in previous years also canceled the program. The following support: support for liming and reclamation, support crop production, livestock production, support credit guarantee fund, support, technical support, milk production competitive, fisheries and other support.
21. the year 2000 was founded in March of farmers organizations Cooperation Council (the status of certain agricultural and rural development Act), which is represented in the entire agricultural sector of non-governmental organizations and associations. The Council is an advisory status, and its mission is to provide consultation and information exchange between farmers ' organizations, the Ministry of agriculture, other governmental, non-governmental organizations and foreign partners. 2001 26 February, established a public organization marketing Council. Marketing combines the organization interested in Latvian agricultural and food marketing strategy and marketing. Marketing combines the Latvian agricultural and food producer civic organizations to promote local produce sales on the domestic and foreign market. Marketing Council's main role is to coordinate and combine the Latvian agricultural and food marketing organization interested in a job in designing merchandise for grocery and organizing events for the better recognition on the buyers. Quality product trademark "quality product in Latvia" is created with the objective to raise the Latvian agricultural and processed products competitiveness in the internal market, promoting local agricultural production, the share of recognition and sales.
Agricultural long-term investment lending program. Faster agricultural development company will provide the BOM accepted agricultural long-term investment lending program that basic tasks is to create farms affordable long-term financing deals, accelerate investment in optimal size of farm building and promoting the competitiveness of agricultural holdings. The realization of the programme involves the Latvian mortgage and land bank. The objective of the programme is to provide Latvian farmers to receive cheaper credit resources. Lending in particular contributed to the subsidy program and the implementation of the SAPARD agricultural production development and technological modernization, which created a demand for credit from the farmers ' side.
Agricultural land acquisition lending program. The objective of the programme is to apply the mechanisms of effective agricultural land market, to support the European Union competitive, standards-compliant production area and land consolidation of development, promote the effective management of agricultural land. The realization of the programme involves the Latvian mortgage and land bank, which provides long-term (15-25 years) credits for the purchase of agricultural land.
18.104.22.168. support for rural economic diversification into non-agricultural business development programme (NUAP). The overall objective of the programme is the promotion of rural economic development, supporting non-agricultural business, improving infrastructure, improving rural landscape according to business needs and respecting the environment. The realization of the programme involves the Latvian mortgage and land bank loan and grant allocation of rural development funds for the granting of the guarantee, if the host does not have sufficient credit guarantee. Involved in the regional development agency of specialists in local initiatives, training and entrepreneur.
22.214.171.124. The credit guarantee business has created a field of State JSC "rural development fund" (hereinafter referred to as LAF) granting guarantees to entrepreneurs – borrowers, if not enough kredītnodrošinājum.
Since 1997, when LAF started to guarantee loans granted loan guarantees totaling 466 of 4, 83milj. On the basis of these assurances. LVL rural entrepreneurs received loans totaling about 16, 10milj. LVL. Starting with the year 2002, LAF also guarantees the SAPARD programme and long-term investment lending program may be credited.
126.96.36.199. the special pre-accession programme for agriculture and rural development (SAPARD), the EU Agriculture Commissioner f. Fischler 2001 December 6 approved the decision (2001/885/EC) on the transfer of management to the Republic of Latvia. The decision was published in the official journal of the EU in 2001 12 December (L327/45), which means that the rural support service (LADA) accreditation is recognized by the European Commission.
Total public financing for the 2000-2006 period is 203milj. EUR, of which EU funding is 152milj. EUR.
1. The support programme "investments in agricultural enterprises": – Sub-theme 1.1. "machinery, equipment and modernisation of buildings";
-Sub-programme 1.2. "afforestation of agricultural land;
– Subprogramme 1.3. "land-use planning";
2. The support programme "agricultural and fishery products processing and marketing development" subprogramme 2.1. ":-agricultural and fishery products processing and marketing optimization";
3. "a programme of support for rural economic diversification, encouraging alternative sources of income":-3.1. Sub-programme "diversification of the rural economy by promoting alternative sources of income";
4. The support programme "general improvement of rural infrastructure": the subprogramme 4.1-"general improvement of rural infrastructure";
5. The support programme "environment friendly farming methods: – subprogramme 5.1" "organic development";
– Subprogramme 5.2. "biodiversity and rural landscape conservation";
-Sub-programme 5.3. "reduction of agricultural run-off";
-Accompanying measure 1. "training";
-Accompanying measure 2 "technical assistance".
188.8.131.52. The SME lending program
at the beginning of the year 2000, launched the SME lending program aimed at small and medium enterprises financing, stimulating job creation and start-ups and insufficient security for the project financing.
Was involved in the implementation of the programme of the Latvian mortgage and land bank (LHZB) to loans to enterprises with preferential conditions.
184.108.40.206. the partnership programme in September 2000 in Latvia was launched in the UK Department of international development-funded project in the Baltic States, known as the rural partnership program. Project period of 3 years, and its total funding is 1, 9milj. pounds sterling (about 1, 71milj. LVL), and it includes Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia. The project objectives are: – to reduce poverty and social izslēgtīb at atpalikušāk in the territories of the Baltic States by promoting rural and regional development;
– to promote socially and economically excluded groups into the local community development activities, in particular through partnership and participatory methods and capacity grew older-stināšan local municipalities.
The project covers only the poorest rural areas of Latvia, part of Latgale. In the course of the project realization is designed for a small support fund of the district partnership projects in the community. Financial resources are limited and are allocated for community social activation only some rural municipalities. Project implementer provides that after the project of the municipality will be able to better analyze the local needs, plan and realize solutions with the help of partners, will be developed on the basis of local development projects and introduced jointly in cooperation with local initiative groups, NGOs, municipalities and the private sector, as well as increased knowledge of the EU structural funds and their use.
5.2.3. the specific actions of rural development policy for the development of less favoured areas 220.127.116.11. status in order to compensate for naturally faces the agricultural production process and hence the efficiency of production and farm income affects the conditions of Latvia-specific similar agro climatic factors: a short growth and crop harvesting season; a large amount of rainfall to sowing and harvesting period, which alternate with large drought crop vegetation period; in late spring and early autumn frosts; as well as the dependence of the soil drainage system; compared with European countries, relatively low soil fertility, which lowers crop yields; excessive soil acidity, wind, water and agricultural soil erosion; in late spring and early autumn frosts that farmers, particularly in the production of plant products, high production costs because the land required to improve soil quality, drainage systems and maintain a polder pump station; relatively short period of time to ensure the sowing, planting, harvesting; ensure the cereal drying and large warehouse building of various special chemicals URu.tml. storage.
Manufacturing costs in the livestock raising livestock holding pens during the autumn, winter and spring period. So you need a more expensive production buildings and homes, livestock, manure storage warehouse construction and maintenance, proper technique and its use costs; feed preparation and storage in warehouses and stores.
The Latvian countryside characteristic rare occupancy and the growing field of human emigration to the cities affect that rising economically, especially in the sparsely populated "economically blank", the proportion of the territory where the social and economic infrastructure maintenance is becoming more expensive.
Due to low income or even losses in agriculture, associated with similar agro climatic conditions are insufficient financial resources for investment in manufacturing productivity and efficiency improvement and development into non-agricultural activities. This is the reason commercial agricultural disruption and subsistence farming to continue.
The economically active population, especially one that can provide commercially viable business development and management, emigration to the central part of the State to limit the potential for economic development.
A rare population and natural farming limits the type of farmers in commercial production and non-agricultural service sales opportunities in the local market, which serves as a replenishment source farm income.
Commercial and farm management areas as a result of the reduction in lower quality land management, rose bushes of abandoned and overgrown areas, degrade the LIZ total rural landscape, and its maintenance becomes increasingly dependent on still existing farm operations.
Because of the high costs of the individual takes place gradually in the form of centralisation of social services in cities.
The national rural development policy problems so far were addressed through national subsidies:-differentiation by LIZ cadastral values the differences in different regions, thereby promoting land management and farming areas with a variety of similar agro climatic conditions;
-Special assisted area detection, enhanced economic development and special financial aid (loans, grants, etc.) to the existing operators in these areas, t.sk. farmers through financial aid programs – NUAP, SMEs (see previous chapter).
The Council of Europe (EP) Regulation No 1257/99 article 13-21 is designed for dedicated support system less developed Member States of support for rural areas. In accordance with article 17-21 of less favoured areas (LFA) areas may be considered: (a)) in mountain areas (article 18);
(b) agricultural production) less favoured areas (article 19), of which:-natural conditions is low productivity, and consequently, the agricultural sector in economic activities in the area are below the averages in the agricultural sector as a whole;
-the land is with a difficult soil, low productivity and limited potential, which can increase, investing, or primarily through extensive livestock production;
-is a small or dwindling population, the maintenance of which is primarily dependent on agricultural activity, but the number decreased accelerated rate, endangering the region's viability and occupancy.
(c)), which is the specific handicaps (article 20).
According to EC Regulation No 1257/99 to 74.4% of article 19 all national territory or 48, 05tūks. km2, which includes agricultural land, forests, inland waters, bogs, building site URu.tml. are defined as less-favoured areas in Latvia. This area contains 72.7% or 1.81 million ha of agricultural land, including arable land, meadows, pastures, long-gadīgo in the plantations. In accordance with article 19 and the EU guidelines for the identification of the territory of the MLA was used four indicators to determine the eligibility of each of the local authorities (see the MLA 19. table). To establish the Latvian ML used indicators, which provides in article 19 defined criteria – quality and agricultural productivity, rural income level and their dependency on agricultural activity, population.
Soil quality and productivity in Latvia is measured in balls. The limit used to determine the MLA, has 38 Ballroom. Having regard to the climatic conditions of Latvia, it is considered to be the minimum level of fertility in relation to agricultural land, to ensure the commercially viable farming (a. Boruk, 1996). Further information regarding the local levels see the annex 1 map.
The rural population for determining income municipal level best available source is income tax collected per capita. Other indicators, such as income or GDP per person of persons, is available only to the district level. Taking into account the significant differences in the income of the big cities and communities, almost all the rural area under 77.5 LVL per capita limits. Further information regarding the local levels see the annex 1 map.
Population density in Latvia is one of the lesser's most highly populated countries in Europe. Given the high concentration of the population in the vicinity of Riga, most rural areas below the population to 18.1 sq. km border. Further information regarding the local levels see the annex 1 map.
Also fixed the ML has significantly dependent on agricultural production, whereas almost 28.9% of the population is engaged in agricultural production. Further information regarding the local levels see the annex 1 map.
In the light of recent events in the European Union in relation to the less favoured area status, the Latvian authorities reevaluate the following area status for the next programming period 2007-2013. Involved in the agriculture community will be fully informed about the planned changes to the less favoured area status.
19. table. For the purpose of determining the Latvian ML indicators depending on the fertility of the Earth Latvia MLA are grouped:-ML category 1 territories, URt.sk., LIZ 253252 ha;
-MLA category 2 territory, URt.sk., LIZ 812304 ha;
-MLA category 3 areas, URt.sk., 743847 ha LIZ.
ML's first category is determined, homogenize the less favoured areas where soil fertility is fertility over 38 parties. The average soil fertility is 39.7 Ballroom.
The second category includes the parish where soil fertility is from 35 to 39 Parties (including 8 parish with higher soil fertility, which is located in the entertainment and the surrounding area are other parishes with the same interval). The average soil fertility in this category is 37.1 Ballroom.
The third category includes the County with the lowest soil fertility with soil fertility, which is lower than the fertility 31.4 ball.
The arrangement of the territory is viewable 6. map and list of local territory level is shown in annex 15.
7. card. Protected natural areas protected natural areas in Latvia is agricultural land, which are intended for certain specific aprobežojum the agricultural activity, such as fertilizer and chemicals, the prohibition on the use, transformation of land for other purposes, etc. Of the total agricultural land in those territories in 2000 was about 87, 7tūksth, which is around 3.5% of the total UAA in the country. These areas are found in the EU habitats and species, of which the maintenance and preservation of the importance of extensive farming activities. This value is at risk, if the stay is not resumed agricultural activity, but changes in agricultural activity, in turn, may threaten the conservation of biodiversity. These areas are important recreational and tourism development, because every year the demand for rural tourism services in those areas where the object is used as the destination of historical landscape values.
in 2002 the Cabinet of Ministers approved the European interest kritērijus22 specially protected natural areas (Natura 2000) in Latvia. You have created the European importance of nature conservation sites (Natura 2000) list for submission to the European Commission for approval. Any potential Natura 2000 sites also are accepted on especially protected natural areas and included in the relevant provisions Of the BOM "natural parks", "natural", etc., the European Commission barring potential Natura 2000 list will be evaluated in the context of the boreal region (i.e. taking into account also Estonia, Lithuania, Finland and Sweden, the relevant territory) by 2006, which means that the Natura 2000 network of sites will be established in Latvia only.
Currently, after site inventory data, approximately 70% of national specially protected natural areas are included in potential Natura 2000 sites list to ensure EU Habitat and species protection. It is expected that by 2006, when the Natura 2000 network will be created, this area can increase the share to 10%.
Any proposed action that can significantly affect the European importance of nature conservation sites (Natura 2000), environmental impact assessment, taking into account the protection of the territory and the evaluation of the joint activities envisaged. If the activity has a negative impact on the European significance of protected areas (Natura 2000), allows it to be carried out only in cases where this operation is the only solution to the significant public interest in social or economic needs and includes compensatory measures in the European sense of natural protected areas (Natura 2000) network.
Under the EPA Regulation No 1257/99, article 16 on the areas which are especially aprobežojum in the economic activities of the rural environmental quality and biodiversity conservation purposes in Latvia are classified all areas where farming is restricted by the existing national legislation on specially protected natural areas and which have potential Natura 2000 status of the beneficiary.
The EU birds and habitats directive requirements work in Latvia, including potential Natura 2000 sites, the list was carried out the following projects-"species and habitat protection plans, inventory development and nature protection structure development in Latvia in connection with the EU birds and habitats directive matching" (1998-2000). (which was developed the criteria and methodology for the selection of the territory) and "specially protected areas system in coordination with the EMERALD and Natura 2000 network of protected areas" (2000-2003). In the course of the project potential Natura 2000 sites was carried out inventory and prepare for the potential Natura 2000 sites.
In the course of the inventory data collected will be entered into according to the format established in the EU Natura 2000 database, which will be improved and will include all up to the end of 2003 the proposed Natura 2000 sites. The database will include information on habitats and species, their distribution and the priorities identified impacts/hazards of territory of area URu.tml. Of the above the responsible authority is the Environment Agency.
As the habitats and birds directives provide for the obligation to ensure a Natura 2000 area protection, Latvia has decided to establish a new special protection areas (SPA) (potential Natura 2000 sites) and add them to the existing Spa. Proposals for new potential Spa categories was based on the areas identified species and habitats. It was defined in the most appropriate status, which will ensure the protection of species and habitats.
The Natura 2000 network creation and maintenance is regulated by the following laws of the Republic of Latvia: – law "On especially protected natural territories" (02.03.1993., with amendments adopted up to 20.12.2002.);
– Cabinet of Ministers Regulations No. 199 "European importance of protected natural areas (Natura 2000) criteria in Latvia" (28.05.2002);
Order of the Minister of the environment – no 80 ' on nature protection management regulations "(06.05.2002.);
Order of the Minister of the environment – No 108 "for the establishment of the Natura 2000 site" (04.04.2003).
According to the national legislation of Latvia Spa must be determined before accession. Spa list is submitted for the approval of the Cabinet of Ministers of 1 April 2004. In accordance with the law "About specially protected natural areas" of potential Natura 2000 sites list confirmed the Minister of the environment and will send it to the European Commission before the date of accession. The database will be sent to the European Commission before accession. This area of the map to view the map 8. The full list of the sites to see in annex 16.
8. card. The proposed Natura 2000 sites in Latvia, the red-green of the existing protected areas – the new protected areas within this plan actions to be taken are designed to ensure that the proposed Natura 2000 sites does not in any way impair or are not ruined by this plan as a result of the measures to be taken.
18.104.22.168 size. Particularly sensitive areas designation for the protection of water and soil pollution by nitrates from agricultural noteč monitoring studies show that diffuse pollution leaking from soils with intensive farming (arable land share of 80-90%) is usually about two times (in 1998, 14.7 kg/ha Nkop. 0.27 kg/ha and Pkop.) than from the extensive agricultural areas in apsaimniekotaj with the proportion of arable land 4-10% (in 1998, 8.6 kg/ha and 0.14 kg/ha Nkop Pkop.). River basin runoff distribution in the Gulf of Riga due to reach more than 70% of the total diffuse pollution load.
According to the EP Directive 91/676/EEC has been issued the MK 18 LR 2001. Regulation No. 531-December "regulations on the protection of water and soil from pollution by agricultural activity with nitrates". The Rules lay down specific sensitive areas covered by increased requirements for the protection of water and soil from agricultural activities pollution by nitrates, and it borders (hereinafter referred to as the particularly sensitive area), as well as the selection criteria and management arrangements.
Particularly sensitive is the boundary of Bauska, Dobele, Jelgava and Riga District administrative area boundaries, with the exception of Riga and Jurmala City administrative territory (see map 10). These areas are the most fertile and crop production in the most intensive use of agricultural land (about 364tūks. ha or 15% of the national total LIZ), in which the proportion of arable land is medium composed of LIZ 87%. This area is also a problem in the arable land as wind erosion and the uniformity of the countryside or the large field array uniformly, which occurred 70-to-80-year reclamation period. These areas host approximately 24tūks. ha farm, which is about 14% of all farms in the country.
9. map. Particularly sensitive areas in Latvia particularly sensitive area management agenda is set at the Ministry of Agriculture of the action programme, which provides for specific conditions of good agricultural practice or observance of them in agricultural activities. Cabinet of 16 March 2004, has approved the programme of action and adopted the necessary amendments to the Cabinet of Ministers Regulations No. 531. They are effective from March 27, 2004. Action programme defines some of the mandatory measures in respect of: – the period when certain types of prohibited the fertilizer into the soil;
-manure storage capacity;
– restrictions on the land application of fertilizer to steeply sloping ground, following good agricultural practice and taking into account the particularly sensitive nature of the area.
Good farming practice/rules of the action programme includes measures, prohibitions and restrictions, which are mandatory for farmers particularly sensitive areas, but significant to farmers on a voluntary basis in other areas. Particularly sensitive areas status reassessment and assignment takes place every four years.
5.3 summary the SWOT based on Latvian countryside and agricultural sectors the existing situation and development trend of recent years, the evaluation suggests that there is a development of such restrictive problems (see priority order): – the critically low population density in rural areas, which continue to fall, threatening the rural population and the social and economic security of infrastructure;
-low productivity, efficiency and the income of agricultural production due to the similar agro climatic conditions would create additional costs, fragmented and outdated production techniques and technology;
-too low income to make investment and increase prosperity in rural areas;
-lack of experience and knowledge in agricultural and non-agricultural business development and business management;
-most of the farm production to meet environmental, animal welfare, hygiene rules which restrict the competitiveness of farmers or call termination of agricultural production;
– high unemployment and limited employment opportunities outside agriculture, therefore the rural income generating and maintaining the countryside of Latvia is very connected with agricultural production;
-EU and local habitats, landscapes and LIZ degradation, population decline will not use LIZ.
20. table. SWOT analysis 5.4. previous programming period the results and impact of EU candidate country as Latvia up to now have had the opportunity to use EU funds pirmsstrukturālo rural and agricultural development in the framework of SAPARD programme. (see. 5.2.2. the Department) as the SAPARD programme was approved at the end of 2000 and the paying agency-field support service (also national support scheme managers) – was only approved at the end of 2001, the availability of financial support for the implementation of projects is just two years. Continually assessing and analyzing the process of implementation of the programme, the Ministry of agriculture, in accordance with the programme monitoring Committee has made a variety of improvements and clarifications of the programme during this period. It has significantly raised the efficiency of EU aid and had made a greater investment in the field, especially in the development of agriculture. Experience gained progressively allowed to prevent gaps in programs and streamline the support administration, control and monitoring procedures, as well as expanding the range of beneficiaries, while the beneficiaries increased understanding of EU co-financed support conditions, especially on the quality of the documentation prepared by the accuracy of project implementation. The SAPARD programme has made a great contribution to public awareness of EU co-financing principles and requirements. Unfortunately, there are also shortcomings in the realization of the programme, but the fix is dependent on changes to the conditions of the SAPARD programme. The fundamental problem that limits the use of the program is not sufficient for the host field in the financial amount of capital formation in the relatively large projects under SAPARD for the implementation, such as similar agro climatic conditions suitable for agricultural production buildings reconstruction or manure storage construction URu.tml. Despite the fact that the bank is favourable for the SAPARD project lending, mostly they are loans for modernisation of technical or holding economic activity diversification projects. Justification it is in terms of financing small and less risky loans and due to the payment of the aid up to 50% of eligible expenditure, repayment of the credit is very fast and secure. To partially address the problem and encourage entrepreneurs to realize greater consolidation of investment projects, with the support of the Ministry of agriculture has set up a credit guarantee mechanism for those farmers who have insufficient credit guarantees. But even that is not enough because banks do not willingly choose to issue long-term loans for large projects in the agricultural sector, where revenue is relatively low.
The SAPARD programme, Latvia has gained considerable experience with regard to actions to be financed in the post-accession period from the EAGGF Guidance section. These measures are appropriate to the situation of Latvia established a mechanism of implementation. Many of the recommendations mentioned in Latvian agricultural and rural development support programs mid-term evaluation of SAPARD, is taken into account in drawing up the single programming document in accordance with the measures of an outbreak. Some of the most important are: – the reduction of bureaucracy, which facilitate the procedures for the submission and also allow smaller companies to get funding;
-more attention should be paid to rural development not only for agriculture, thus ensuring a balanced choice.
The great lack of the SAPARD programme was the inability to implement any of the agri-environmental measures. In the light of these objectives, the complexity of managing SAPARD is not sufficiently served on the administration of the teaching tool. However, some preparatory work has been carried out in preparing the biologically valuable grasslands map, which is also used for similar actions under the administration of the plan. Thus, these measures have slightly benefited from studies carried out a medium-term evaluation of SAPARD. However, one of the conclusions is the recommendation to increase the levels of compensation because it could cause minor within the SAPARD support farmers ' interest.
In addition, three under this plan the measures to be implemented are new and are scheduled only in the new Member States. Thus the appropriate experience for these measures is not even at European level. Therefore, as a new EU Member State Latvia implement also financed this part, you must create a new mechanism for the implementation of the measures or national support schemes should be applied in the EU. The following table shows all the potential offered by the EAGGF and the EC in addition to co-financed rural development measures, existing and used to date experience of the implementation of the EAGGF measures each.
6. Description of the strategy, its objectives, rural development priorities and the geographical coverage of the Latvian rural development plan 6.1. EU and national policy of the EC Regulation No 1257/99 provides that there is no need to specify how and to what extent the EU co-financed rural development measures contributes to the overall development of Latvia's strategic objectives. Pursuant to EC Regulation No 1257/99, article 43 specifies the development strategy, priorities, objectives and measures in the Plan of implementation which aims attracting EU financial assistance, partly to support the Latvian rural development strategic objectives (see. Chapter 5).
Common agricultural policy (Cap) form a set of rules and procedures governing the agricultural production, marketing and processing in the EU, and increasing attention to rural development. According to article 33 of the Treaty, the CAP objectives are: – to increase agricultural productivity, ensuring the technical progress, the rational development of agricultural production and the optimum production factors, in particular, the use of the labour force;
– ensure adequate living standards for the rural population, increasing the level of income for the farming population;
-stabilize the market;
-to ensure the availability of products;
-provide consumers with products at reasonable prices.
EC Guidelines for the 2000-2006 programming period part 3 "urban and rural development and their contribution to balanced development of the territory" is defined the following priorities: – stronger agricultural sector;
-improving the competitiveness of rural areas;
-the environment and the maintenance of the European cultural heritage.
National policy for rural development programme defined long-term strategic objectives (see section 5.2.1), and the implementation of the plan, the strategy is designed in accordance with the national development plan for national development set long-term objectives: – the EU average GDP per capita level is reached;
-smooth the development of the territory of the country;
-The Latvian economic transformation of the knowledge economy.
Based on Latvian rural development policy laid down in the long term strategic objectives (see. 5.2.1. the chapter) and in Chapter 5.3 of certain rural areas in the existing development challenges and opportunities, the main challenges and opportunities for the development of the 2004-2006 period are set 6 strategic planning in the area of financial support, which is the basis of both national and EU co-financed rural development measures, the plan's priorities and objectives, results and the determination of the amount of financing. They are: – rural economic diversification;
-improving on the structure of agricultural holdings;
-animal welfare, hygiene and product quality improvement;
improving the quality of products and sales expansion;
-the maintenance of biodiversity and countryside and improving the environment and reducing agricultural pollution;
-saving of rural population, it is the horizontal area.
Financial aid planning for areas considered rural economic diversification, the improvement of the structure of agricultural holdings and the biodiversity conservation of the environment and the countryside, which together with the other able to ensure horizontal areas-rural population-preservation (see. 21. table).
2004-2006 period the national implementation of measures financed by the budget are laid down in the national mechanisms for aid programmes. EU rural development measures co-financed implementation mechanisms are set in two strategically important documents – plan and single programming document.
Single programming document (SPD) is a programming document EU structural funding 2004-2006, and it includes the Latvian Government's strategy and priorities, which are routed to the structural funds. Latvia will receive funding from the EU structural funds-all 4 of the European regional development fund; The European Social Fund; The European agricultural guidance and guarantee fund; The financial instrument for fisheries guidance.
In accordance with the programming of the structural funds and the vademecum Guide 2000-2006 programming document requirements are raised in the following medium-term objectives: – promoting employment and competitiveness;
– human resources development;
During the period from 2004 to 2006 in Latvia will be available for 554.2 million. € Structural funds. The Cabinet approved the priorities for the use of financial support are: 1. a priority. The promotion of sustainable development;
2. priority. The promotion of entrepreneurship and innovation;
3. priority. Human resources development and promoting employment;
4. priority. Rural and fishery development;
5. priority. Technical assistance.
Each of the priorities include various support measures, which directly and indirectly affect the development of rural areas. In the implementation of the measures is intended to close its institutional coordination starpēj-providing financial support for the principle of additionality and concentration.
6.2. the strategy, priorities and objectives of the Latvian rural development plan 6.2.1. Latvian rural development plan priorities, objectives and principles for the implementation of the priorities defined in the plan, the following factors: – the national policy defined strategic objectives, the Latvian rural society and identified national development policies in rural and agricultural development priorities/objectives;
– rural current situation analysis, SWOT analysis, rural and agricultural development policies implemented measures efficiency rating, problems and development opportunities (see. 5.3. section) and financial aid planning the 2004-2006 period;
-Latvia's single programming document 2004-2006 the objectives and priorities, especially 4. priority "rural and fishery development ' and include developmental measures, whose implementation is May 2004-2006 period to attract EU co-financing;
– The EU rural development and agricultural support policy objectives and principles for the implementation, as well as the possible changes thereto;
– the EU and Latvia granted a total amount of funding for the implementation of the measures in accordance with the EC Regulation No 1257/99 and Regulation EC No 445/2002, the Latvian and EU negotiation process achieved agreement on the main principles for the implementation of the measures;
-calculations to predict the direct payments, market price support and rural development measures, the likely effect on the agricultural sector and rural development as a whole;
-During the implementation of the SAPARD programme commitments for payment of the aid;
– rural development partially be based on non-agricultural activities and services so as to prevent economic and social decline and depopulation of the trend of fields;
-to support measures to eliminate inequalities and to promote equal opportunities for men and women;
-the results of consultation with the various social partners.
On the basis of the above, the Government puts forward the following priorities in the implementation of the plan: 1. priority – effective, flexible and sustainable resource-based development of the rural economy.
Priority objective is to support projects which, lasting through all the resources available in the territory, will contribute to efficient and flexible economic development throughout rural area and provide rural economic prosperity.
2. priority – biodiversity in the field of environmental conservation.
Priority actions to support measures for sustainable agricultural activity, thereby maintaining the biodiversity and landscape quality of cleaned up, promoting the preservation of the rural population.
The design and implementation of the plan in compliance with the following principles: – implementing compliance with international and national awards, in particular the EU environment policy;
– The implementation of the plan for funding limitations, which stipulates that:-the results of the implementation of the measures is to promote the Latvian rural policy objectives;
-the measures to be implemented are not likely to be financed from other sources or otherwise;
-within the framework of the plan of actions co-financed must give additional impetus to the rural development measures are financed under the single programming document and the national policy support measures set out in the 2004-2006;
-the usefulness of the implementation of the measures are economically evaluated;
– the implementation of the measures will contribute to more than one strategic objective and priority;
– the implementation takes into account other EU instruments used;
– measures are focused on local issues.
21. table. Strategic support planning in connection with the SWOT analysis identified main problems and development opportunities in rural areas based on the relationship between the key challenges/opportunities and the 2004-2006 period, specific financial aid planning, implementation of the plan, the objectives of the 2004-2006 period are: – to maintain sustainable agricultural activity in a less-favoured area, thus protecting the population and rural environmental quality (t.sk. landscape, habitats and the diversity of the population);
-increase the competitiveness of agricultural holdings and to promote the increase of income;
-to increase employment opportunities outside agricultural production;
-improve agricultural product quality and the production process compliance with standards;
– to promote environment-friendly economic activities, providing for the characteristic landscape of Latvia and the living environment of wild populations;
-improve agricultural product quality first-processing and product marketing.
Each of the objectives included in one or both of the priorities of the plan, which also provides a single programming document 4. priorities – rural and fisheries development-implementation (see. Table 22).
6.2.2. measures and their objectives on the basis of the implementation Plan priorities, objectives and support the planning and make public the survey results, the Government together with the partners in cofinanced UNDER the EAGGF was chosen for the implementation of rural development measures that may be the greatest significance and impact of problems in the field and the development of their communities.
Priorities include EU Regulation No 1257/99 (1-9) and set in addition to the EU, and proposed another level of rural development measures, to be implemented in rural areas of Latvia with rural development plans, the single programme document (In addition), and the national policy for the implementation of the measures laid down in the mechanisms.
5. in the annex to the plan 44. the table shows the rural development plan and the common Program-defined field in the document development hierarchy and relationship.
22.214.171.124. priority 1: "Effective, flexible and long lasting of using resources in rural economic development" priority actions to support sustainable projects that use of all available resources in rural areas, will contribute to efficient and flexible economic development throughout rural area and provide rural economic prosperity.
126.96.36.199.1. Measures for the rural development plan (part of the EAGGF, guarantee co-financing) of achieving the Standard (Regulation (EC) No 1257/1999, as amended by Regulation No 1783/2003, 21.) the purpose of the measure is to contribute to the attainment of EU standards of environmental protection, animal welfare, hygiene and safety in the farms.
Early retirement (EC Regulation No 1257/99, article 10) the purpose of the measure is to promote farm acquisitions and development, changing and improving its management, as well as attracting new and/or economically active people;
Aid for producer groups aims to encourage the formation of producer groups, the efficient operation of the Central pirmap-work and marketing process (t.sk. acquisition of new markets), and providing sufficient output volume in the market for a single quality standard.
Support for semi-subsistence farms over-well (Regulation (EC) No 141/2004, article 2) the purpose of the measure is to promote the restructure of semi-subsistence farm operation and develop commercially viable and competitive economic activity;
188.8.131.52.2. measures under the single programming document (part of the EAGGF, guidance co-financing) investments in agricultural enterprises (EC Regulation No 1257/99, article 4).
Measures aimed at improving the efficiency of agricultural production and promote commercial and competitive development of the farm to grow farm income level and farmers ' economic and social well-being.
Aid for young farmers (EC Regulation No 1257/99, article 8).
The purpose of the measure is to promote the involvement of young people in the agricultural sector.
Agricultural product processing and marketing improvement (EC Regulation No 1257/99, article 25).
The purpose of the measure is to promote the processing of agricultural products, increase of competitiveness of production of internal and external markets and ensure sales opportunity development and expansion.
Rural transformation and development (EC Regulation No 1257/99, article 33).
With the improvement of land-related activities are intended to reduce the natural and climatic conditions, the negative effects on farms to ensure sustainable agricultural land productivity and fertility and to ensure the conditions of competitive production.
To agricultural activities and activities close to agriculture-related diversification activities, as with crafts and rural tourism development related activities are intended to promote sustainable employment opportunities in the rural areas, improving the current, creating new and diverse employment opportunities.
With the countryside related activities are intended to promote the traditional open countryside and prevent the degradation of the ecosystems specific to Latvia.
With the expansion of farm and related activities are intended to increase farmers and forest owners ' ability to use high-quality consulting services to improve the competitiveness of agricultural holdings.
Forestry development (EC Regulation No 1257/99, article 30).
The purpose of the measure is to promote the development of sustainable forestry, forest resource quality improvement in the competitiveness of forestry, environmental protection and improvement of forest biodiversity conservation.
Local action for development (LEADER +-type measure).
The purpose of the measure is to support rural communities in the process of change and to promote their comprehensive cooperation possible.
Training (EC Regulation No 1257/99, article 9).
The purpose of the measure is to enhance the rural knowledge and skill level, the retraining, thus facilitating mobility, provide occupation for EU lifelong learning memorandum guidelines.
184.108.40.206.3. national policy measures and other policies: the common agricultural area payments.
State aid allowed by EU assistance conditions for agriculture. st
Legislative relief in rural and agricultural development (for example, a fuel excise tax refund, credit, etc.).
220.127.116.11. priority 2 – "biodiversity conservation of the rural environment" priority actions to support measures for sustainable agricultural activity, thereby keeping the biologically diverse environmental and landscape quality and cleaned up stimulating the rural population survival.
Objectives to be achieved at the level of the measure see PAGE 7 of this document measures. in the annex, the SPD-SPD program Appendix.
18.104.22.168.1. Measures for the rural development plan (part of the EAGGF, guarantee co-financing), agri-environment (EC Regulation No 1257/99, article 22).
Event target: to introduce and promote agricultural methods that save and improve biodiversity and reduce environmental pollution;
– encourage high-quality production, processing and marketing;
-to preserve, protect, reproduce and disseminate local origin important varieties of agricultural crops and breeding animals, which are nationally and internationally recognised as threatened populations.
The event consists of four sub: – the development of organic production;
-biodiversity maintenance lawns are excluded;
-installation of buffer strips;
-farm animal genetic resources.
Less favoured areas and areas with environmental restrictions (EC Regulation No 1257/99, 16 and 19).
Event objectives: – promoting sustainable agricultural activity that uses environmentally friendly methods;
– ensure the income increase holdings in less-favoured areas.
22.214.171.124.2. national policy measures and other policies: law benefits/limitations of the biodiversity conservation of the rural environment.
6.2.3. the integrated approach to compliance compliance with the integrated approach in the development and implementation of the plan shall determine the following: Plan a strategy were met national and EU rural development policy objectives, as well as the implementation of the agricultural and forestry sector development policy.
Both page and they have been selected within the SPD measures implementing the essence of the most appropriate to support planning and implementation which will provide a synergistic effect on the main field problem solving and promoting rural development (see. 21. table).
It follows from the foregoing (see. 22. table), the most fundamental meaning is the following: implementation plan-agri-environment; Less favoured areas and areas with environmental restrictions, and support for semi-subsistence agricultural holdings restructuring. While the single programme document within-training (horizontal), investments in agricultural enterprises, rural transformation and development, and agricultural product processing and marketing.
Each of the measures affect the specific objective of the plan. 23. the following table shows all rural development measures in addition to the plan and objectives, as well as the results achieved in the implementation of the plan.
24. the following table shows the possible beneficiaries of aid from the various measures in the SPD if the beneficiary fulfils the conditions of the measure.
All rural development measures provides that applicants may be eligible for support and receive support in accordance with the conditions of each measure, in addition to the aid can get into single area payments and be eligible for national aid measures in accordance with their terms.
Table 22. The relationship between the State and the impact of specific areas of granting of the aid and the EU rural development measures co-financed by the purpose and principles of the mechanism of implementation 6.2.4. the principle of gender equality in the implementation of the strategy plan for the implementation of the measures and mechanisms tālākīstenošan States that both sexes have equal chances to qualify for and receive support in all the activities of the plan if they were able to execute each event under certain conditions and meets the criteria for receiving aid.
The plan's measures "supporting semi-subsistence farms restructuring" and "early retirement", which aim is the further development of economic activities, job preservation and creation, are not supported in the project, whose implementation is being promoted as a result of gender inequality. This output will be also made on the basis of sex. Other measures do not need to carry out monitoring, on the basis of sex because the payments are made on the basis of the area or event "Standard delivery" case, the measure is intended for holdings which have difficulties with newly introduced standards. Information campaign on all the measures of the plan will be aimed to ensure access to information for both sexes.
6.2.5. the coherence of the strategy with the international, EU and national requirements and regulations for the implementation of the measures of the plan, the mechanism follows a variety of international, EU and national laws and regulations, which means that the implementation of the measures will be in line with them. List of regulatory acts by PAGE measures is provided in Chapter 9.
Whereas the growing importance of environmental issues in the common EU policy, EC Regulation No 1257/99 and no 445/2002 lays down the requirements for the support of rural development activities.
Regulation No 1257/99, article 5 requires that all farmers receive support for investments in agricultural enterprises, there must be investment-holding, agricultural production will be coordinated with certain minimum standards regarding the environment, hygiene and animal welfare. The sooner these requirements provide additional support in the field of EU companies in achieving EU standards of environmental protection, animal welfare, hygiene and safety.
Regulation No 1257/99 article 14 require farmers who receive support from the event "less favoured areas and areas with environmental restrictions", have followed the good management practice to mandatory requirements for the protection of the environment, hygiene and animal welfare, as well as those who are nominated in accordance with the requirements laid down in EU legislation on the protection of the environment.
Regulation No 1257/99, article 23 requires that all farmers who receive support from the measure "agri-environment", the good farming practice throughout the farm and observe the events in which it participates, the specific rules that comply with good management practices (see. Annex 2).
The main international, EU and national requirements and regulations governing international assistance Latvia has acceded to the Convention: – for the Bern Convention (1979) "on the conservation of European Wildlife and natural habitats conservation" (LR law on the 1979 Berne Convention on the conservation of European Wildlife and natural habitats conservation "(17.12.1996);-the Bonn Convention (1979)" On the protection of migratory wild animals "(LR law on the 1979 Bonn Convention on the conservation of migratory species of wild animals (25.03.1999);"-Rio de Janeiro Convention (1992) "on biological diversity" (LR law on 5 June 1992, the Rio de Janeiro Convention on biological diversity "(08.09.1995.), BOM, order" On 5 June 1992 in Rio de Janeiro Convention on biological diversity "(No. 60/10.02.1999)).
The EU and national legislation, the most relevant of those EU legislation is a directive "on the conservation of wild birds" No. 79/409/EEC (1979); directive on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora "No 92/43/EEC (1992); Regulation No 1257/1999/EC "on the European agricultural guidance and guarantee fund (EAGGF) support for rural development and determine the correction and cancellation of the Statute"; EU Council Directive No 91/676 EEC "for the protection of water against agricultural nitrate pollution caused by". General waste directive (Directive 75/442/EEC on waste).
Water directive: Directive 76/464/EEC on pollution caused by certain dangerous substances discharged into the aquatic environment of the community, Directive 80/68/EEC on the protection of groundwater against pollution caused by certain dangerous substances.
Sewage sludge directive: Directive 86/278/EEC on the protection of the environment, and in particular of the soil, when sewage sludge is used in agriculture.
PINK directive: Directive 96/61/EEC on integrated pollution prevention and control.
Directive 91/414/EEC concerning the placing of plant protection products on the market and the thematic strategy on the sustainable use of pesticides.
Although the EU is not a single forest policy, Ministerial Conference on the protection of forests in Europe (MKMA) promotes sustainable forestry in Europe. MKMA is cooperating with European countries at the highest political level. Latvia participates in the MKMA work and participate in expert-level meetings, which take place during the period between conferences. This measure is designed in accordance with the policies set out above.
Environmental protection legislation national "national biological diversity program" strategic objectives are: a) to save and restore ecosystems and their natural structure diversity;
b) to maintain and promote the local wild species diversity;
c) save wild species, as well as crop and livestock genetic diversity of varieties;
(d)) to promote traditional landscape structure preservation;
e) provide wildlife resources in a balanced and sustainable use.
the year 2000 was adopted the law on the protection of species and habitats "and under the Cabinet of Ministers Regulations No. 396-" rules on particularly protected species and limited use of specially protected species list "and no 421-" rules for specially protected habitat types list ".
"Protection zone" law was adopted in 1997. It States in the Baltic Sea and Gulf of Riga coastal zones, as well as water and watercourses protection zone detection procedures and general rules. This law is an important habitat for the conservation of migratory species, the migration path of continuity, as well as water quality maintenance. Fertilizers, pesticides, oil products and other chemical substances safety zones are limited. In no case is not allowed the use of those substances 10 m area along the water. There are restrictions established in the forestry and construction (see annex 2).
According to the law on pollution 2001 December 18, MK adopted Regulation/531. "On the protection of water and soil from pollution caused by agricultural activity with nitrates". These rules contain requirements which must be observed to reduce the pollution caused by agricultural activity with nitrates. They provide for particularly sensitive areas covered by increased requirements for the protection of water and soil from agricultural activities pollution by nitrates, as well as the selection criteria and management arrangements. In these areas, landowners and users, making agricultural activities, have to follow good farming practices (see annex 2).
un23 20, 2002. in August, the Cabinet of Ministers adopted regulations No. 365 "regulations on sewage sludge and compost utilization, monitoring and control", which shall also determine the order in which it is allowed to implement sewage sludge in soil.
in December 2000, the Latvian Parliament adopted a new law on waste management (effective from March 1, 2001), by which the Latvian legislation is enforced in the EU Directive 75/442/EEC on waste and 91/689/EEC on hazardous waste requirements. On the basis of the new law, the Ministry of the environment has developed and the Cabinet in august 2002 is approved by the waste management plan 2003-2012. Its design has complied with the requirements of the directive, taking into account all existing strategies and programmes on waste management. Improved the system of authorization and key improvements to the waste management system provides for the authorisation of waste collection, storage, and handling. From 1 January 2003 the Latvian statistical system of waste comply with the EU requirements.
In Latvia the legislation in force concerning environmental impact assessment, integrated pollution prevention and control and the industrial accident risk assessment and risk reduction are in accordance with the relevant EU directives – Council Directive 85/337/EEC on public and private projects on the environment and the Council Directive 97/11/EC amending Directive 85/337/EEC on public and private projects on the environment , Council Directive 96/61/EEC on integrated pollution prevention and control, Council Directive 96/82/EC on the major-accident hazards control of dangerous substances.
Council Directive No 91/414 (EEC) the rules relating to the registration of plant protection products, the placing on the market, use and control are fully implemented in Latvia with the plant protection act, and two Cabinet regulations: "registration of plant protection products in order and Regulation No 315 ' plant protection products ' distribution, storage and use". Natural and human health system in Latvia registration of plant protection products in practice is implemented in accordance with the requirements of the community. Plant Protection Act regulates the physical and legal persons in the field of plant protection, to prevent the introduction of harmful organisms, propagation and reproduction in the national territory, as well as to ensure that measures for the protection of plants and plant protection products does not have a negative effect on human health, animals and the environment, prevent accumulation of pesticide residues in foodstuffs, soil and water above the permissible level.
The legislation of Latvia does not regulate soil protection policies. The law is designed for environmental monitoring, URt.sk., soil management and control. Latvian law and regulations provide a general reference to soil protection, but it does not properly identify a national authority that would be responsible for the rational and sustainable use of the soil and long-term soil protection policies.
Animal welfare requirements for the general welfare of farm animals for holding down the 9 October 2001 the Cabinet of Ministers Regulations No. 435 agriculture animal general welfare requirements, compliance with which is raised by 1999 on 9 December the Parliament adopted the "law on the protection of Animals". The law determines the rights and obligations in the field of animal protection. The Cabinet of Ministers established the keeping of farm animals and the procedure for use and determine the welfare of each of the species of livestock keeping and use, agricultural trade, requirements of farm animals for slaughter, as well as for the protection of livestock, the rights and obligations of the holder. The law States that animals used in agriculture and monitoring shall be carried out by the food and veterinary service. The transport of animals is governed by 5 September 2000 the Cabinet of Ministers Regulations No. 309 "animal transport rules".
Hygiene 1998 adopted 19 February "Food Act" and 2001 monitoring of 26 April 2000 adopted the "law" lays down veterinary hygiene requirements food business is governed by the maximum amount of pollution, marking, requirements to ensure human health and life, the healthy food.
"Veterinary law" contains the requirements for the movement of products of animal origin, including requirements for diseases of animal origin.
Good housekeeping practices in terms of good housekeeping practice conditions see annex 2.
6.3. Other measures and effectiveness 6.3.1. rural development impact on national rural development policy objectives at the beginning of the Chapter, and in Annex 44. and 5.45. the table shows coherence and complementarity between the single programming document priorities and measures, and the national rural development policy in Latvia, as well as assess each SITE and the SPD measures impact on the rural development policy rural development defined needs.
6.3.2. action strategies and the impact on the implementation of rural development measures to the Ministry of agriculture, responsible for agriculture, forestry, fisheries and the common rural development policy, has developed a strategy for 2003-2005, in which it is established the lines of action, priority measures to be adopted to improve and implement the development policy of each sector.
The primary activities of the program budget planning, implementation and monitoring of the effectiveness of the commencement of the 2003-2005 period the following strands: – safe, healthy and quality food; This is intended to take effective measures to ensure the entire food chain;
– rural economic growth; This is intended to take measures to promote competitiveness and: – increase income in the agricultural, food processing, fisheries, forestry and rural development sectors;
– ensure effective and high quality professional, the highest, in the fields of lifelong learning opportunities;
– promoting rural business development, increase the field host professional and economic knowledge, preparation of farmers speed up European Union (EU) for the structural funds and EU integration, consultancy and training organization in all areas of Latvia;
Latvia's natural resources protection and sustainable use, it provides the framework to take measures aimed at:-the Latvian forest management that satisfies the public's ecological, economic and social needs;
-fish resources and sustainable management and use;
-ground potential conservation, rational use, fertility and economic value, as well as production cost reduction and increase of competitiveness of agricultural holdings;
-crop and livestock movement monitoring and conservation and protection.
Policy planning, monitoring and support for policy measures and legislation, monitoring and support activities in areas that are within the competence of the Ministry of agriculture.
ZM measures impact on every plan of support measures is given in annex 6.46. table.
6.4. Specific measures for the geographical coverage of Regulation EC No 1257/99 Chapter 5 activity "less favoured areas and areas with environmental restrictions" is implemented in the areas identified only ML and areas that have a potential Management status.
MLA support payments on the territory of the ha are spatially differentiated, and it amounts to the ha is determined in accordance with similar agro climatic conditions and socio-economic problem of criticality. MLA status is assigned to the local government level, and support this measure receives a farm, which is located in the following municipalities of the area. MLA is the territory in annex 15. The list includes the territory of the local government that administrative area is managed by the State to the end of 2003. Since Latvia is undergoing a territorial reform aiming to combine local authorities to reduce the number of these areas, the list includes the number of the name can be changed. But will not change the combined territory of the geographical area that has been assigned a ML status, except when the administrative reform towards a reunited municipality, and one of them will have LFA area status. About MLA status the whole area or transfer will be decided in each case separately, assessing the current situation of the newly created municipality. Analog will deal with the question of status changes, the merger between municipalities with different categories of areas. The MLA The number of municipalities in the list can also be changed and revised in connection with the increase of agricultural production in the ML, which are constantly monitored. Any changes in the list of MLA will be explained in the annual report of the implementation of the PAGE.
Natura 2000 sites in Latvia in certain Management areas of potential official status of their Management by the management, the list of sites obtained approval from the European Commission. It is expected that the evaluation of this list may take up to 2006. This measure support is granted to those beneficiaries who managed areas are located in areas where the year 2004 is included in the list for submission to the European Commission. If, during the period from 2004 to 2006 are included in this list of new areas, the respective area managers can apply for support under the conditions of the measure. All this during the implementation of the plan of reciprocal commitments are taken to continue in the next programming period. If the results of the evaluation of the European Commission, one of the territories on the list obtained the status of the management commitment will continue, but after it ended, they are not restored.
This territory area may take all or part of the local government area.
ML and potential Management areas may overlap geographically, meaning that the local authorities in the territory, which has a status, you can find the ML in one or more areas that are included in the list of potential Management areas. Maybe it's that the whole municipal territory has been granted such status.
The agri-environment sub-measures measure "maintenance of biodiversity" and "tend of the watercourse" is implemented in the target areas: Sub-measure "biodiversity maintenance tend to" natural Fund of Latvia and counted until the beginning of 2004, naturally found valuable grass areas, as well as the natural grasslands in potential Natura 2000 sites, which are not biologically valuable grasslands in status. If the inventory until the end of 2006, continuing or supplementing the list of Natura 2000 sites, in addition to being informed of new areas, then they are included in the target area and lawn keepers concerned can apply for aid under this sub-action.
Sub-measure "installation of buffer strips" with legislation in certain particularly sensitive areas in Latvia in which agricultural producers must comply with specific conditions (Good agricultural practice) for the protection of soil and water from pollution by nitrates.
6.5. The initiation and implementation of all the measures are implemented in the period from 2004 to the end of 2006, commitments for this period according to the conditions of each measure shall remain in force for a certain time, which can range from 5 years to 15 years. Financial support for the respect of the continuation of the next programme period.
Since Latvia is the first period of the programme, and in addition introduced new EU support measures, measures of some of the plan's launch time in the programming period 2004-2006 is set at different, thus balancing the amount of administrative work for the beneficiaries, the examination and evaluation of the dossier, and allowing aid applicants to prepare high-quality deliverables documents claiming to each of the selected measures. Despite the measures taken in the public, the essential reason for this approach is the rural population to respect the maximum available for the use of the provision and the potential support of the applicant's actual provision of awareness of the consequences in the future, associated with each plan's conditions and commitments (see table measures 25 mutual relationships, the aid rates and volumes, funding sources and the date of commencement of the event).
25. table. Aid rates, measures of the relationship and the source of funds, implementation time 7. Implementing measures impacts on economy, environment, social sphere, the objectives of the action plan and the results achieved, as well as the implementation of the plan for monitoring and evaluation of the effectiveness of the indicators and targets are laid down the PAGE level (see. 22. table), both at the level of each measure. Event monitoring indicators are contained in annex 7, but each measure achieve results by year, event descriptions.
Some measures of impact indicators are difficult to interpret because the numerical implementation of the direct and indirect contribution to the social and economic development of their communities. Particularly difficult is to assess the implementation of agri-environmental measures impact on wild populations, as well as to assess the overall impact of the measures for the maintenance of the landscape. Also, it is relatively difficult to distinguish between the measures implemented under the plan, the impact and effectiveness of other measures the impact and effectiveness of field development of Latvia.
Whereas Latvia 2004-2006 programme period is the first, and many of the feasible measures so far in the national rural development policy is implemented, it is difficult to determine the measure; the impact of the implementation of social, economic and ecological area, particularly at farm level. Despite the plan laid down indicative results and objectives to be achieved, the level of the measures and priorities of the effectiveness of the implementation of the plan, it is intended that the first period of the programme implementation monitoring system introduced in t.sk. collect information about beneficiaries, will become the information base the next program periods for objectives to be determined.
7.1. the total amount of financing rural development Plans of Latvia during the 2004 to 2006 EAGGF guarantee and the State budget co-financed measures the total contribution to rural development will be EUR 410 125 001. (see. 8. section), of which 36 569 825 EUR is earmarked for the single area payments. The total funding amount includes also the SAPARD implementation during the execution of commitment towards the beneficiaries of aid under "agricultural land afforestation," which is expected for 2006, EUR 13 216 625.
Part financed by EAGGF guidance measures public co-financing from 2004-2006 is EUR 137 956 335, but by attracting private capital, EUR 93 683 993 total contribution will be EUR 231 640 328.
Rural development funding for the total exploitable volume, including private funding is EUR 642 187 676.
Rural development plans of Latvia for the implementation of EU and national funding granted distribution based on: – each event directly or synergistic rural problems and development incentives (SWOT analysis) and the achievement of the objectives of the plan, as well as its consistency with the implementation of the State aid laid down (see. Table 22). The biggest compliance with national requirements concerning the award of aid measures are: "agri-environment" (12 points from Max. 12), the "less favoured areas and areas with environmental restrictions" (10 points from a possible 12); "Standard delivery" (10 points from a possible 12);
– the implementation of each measure the maximum utility of the Latvian situation directly (see Chapter 14 of the reasons);
– administrative capacity in the implementation of each measure (see justification in chapter 14);
– rural areas host absorbatīv the capacity to use aid opportunities in each of the measures (see Chapter 14 of the reasons).
27. the following table shows the annual distribution of funding between measures, it measures the change in the period from 2004 to 2006.
7.2. the plan of implementation of the measures expected in Latvia in a European context, the impact has been considered relatively peripheral and sparsely populated critically (rural area-11, 7iedz./km2), but the geopolitical significance and development perspective. Within the EU single room and becoming one of the EU's peripheral regions, rural areas socio-economic development will drive specific and only fields characteristic identification of differences, political and financial emphasis on the specific conditions of use of the influence of rural development.
Latvia joined the EU and joining the single market puts the need to speed up the Latvian agricultural and forestry workers in the sector the company more competitive, thus becoming competitors with equivalent consumer needs both an internal and external market. In order to achieve the production produced in Latvia, the level of competitiveness in the market, the Government has decided to implement rural development measures: "investments in agricultural enterprises" (the SPD priority 4) and "Standard" and "achievement of supporting semi-subsistence farms restructuring" to promote active agricultural producers to invest in the development of production. Support for three years, is to ensure competitive growth holding at least 30%, and the resources to provide higher production efficiency, product quality and stable earnings growth. Whereas the implementation of the SAPARD programme, experience shows that due to the similar agro climatic conditions generated low income or even losses in agriculture, Latvian farmers have very limited opportunities to get a "head start" credits his holding competitive, then measure "less favoured areas and areas with environmental restrictions" (together with a single area payment) should provide a stable medium-term income attract investment, particularly in the areas of capital investment than similar agro climatic conditions suitable for the construction of buildings , reconstruction or environmental protection infrastructure construction waste storage alignment. All activities (t.sk. the measures "rural transformation and development") give a synergistic effect on economically active and potential entrepreneurs, the continuation of the rural area, job retention and creation of other rural residents, which means employment and income growth of rural residents. In addition to agricultural production, processing and marketing the first-the rationalisation process with the aim to reduce costs, increase and stabilize paaugst-holding annual income support measures are being implemented, "aid for producer groups". Is required for existing and newly formed producer groups actively in all rural areas, and in each of those groups that represent each sector and involved at least 10% of the commercial farms. Development cooperation will not only provide a direct impact on the growth of economic efficiency and stability in farm income, but will permit farmers to exchange experience and information. Particularly encouraged the development of the cooperation would be between semi-subsistence farms, as well as their inclusion in one of the existing groups of producers to ensure their products stable sales and earnings.
Farmers ' demographic structure is characterised by a high proportion of pensioners in the number of farmers in the common (38%). Despite the available educational opportunities, most of these farmers are relatively flexible new production technologies, diversification of the economic activities with the aim to generate revenue, as well as insufficient assets to track market trends and search for new sales markets. Event "young farmers" (4 SPD. priority) will create additional opportunities for young, educated people and get support from new or prematurely retired master's take over ("early retirement") in the development of the farm. Early retirement options are at least 10% of the owners of the farm whose age meets EU conditions for receiving the pension, and you might be able to use owners, who have big farms and high potential, but the owner does not want to continue the agricultural activity.
Farm income increases affect not only the modernisation of the production process or a shift to alternative agricultural sectors, but also to the agricultural development of the services in the farm. It is particularly important to semi-subsistence farms, that number is currently around 34tūks. Supporting diversification of activities will provide the flexibility to change the farm's agricultural product market and keep a stable level of income. To facilitate this process, the implementation of the measures "rural economic diversification" (4 SPD. priority) and "supporting semi-subsistence farms restructuring". Giving support to small projects, to enable the measures to develop their own commercial farming and raise the income of at least 30% of the existing semi-subsistence farms. Also here action ' less favoured areas and areas with environmental restrictions "(together with a single area payment) can provide a stable medium-term income investment income in addition to fundraising and development.
Although the country exists in a variety of courses, they are sometimes not enough and not adapted to the field of economic and social development needs. Therefore, the action "training" (the SPD priority 4) is required to existing and potential entrepreneurs in the field could use this plan available (particularly measures environmental qualities in the maintenance and reproduction), and the implementation of the plan would make the maximum contribution. Rural residents are given the opportunity for the various courses that they can learn the skills of entrepreneurs, development planning, business plan development, marketing skills and learning issues and other innovative things related to ' agri-environment ' measures, etc., prepare the documents to support the claim, reporting, as well as a more accurate understanding of the EU and national legislation.
Due to low income and limited opportunities in agriculture to start another business, the current Latvian rural population level decreases every year, because economically active population moves to cities, which have more employment opportunities, as well as the best environment for business start-up. These trends do not endanger the reduction the economic viability of rural, scenic quality and limit the maintenance of biodiversity.
Support payments from "agri-environment" and "less favoured areas and areas with environmental restrictions" would have an incentive to farms not only to comply with the requirements of environmental protection and to maintain the biodiversity of the cleaned up the environment, but also create the conditions for their use in the development of non-agricultural activities, particularly in the service sector. Watching the current trends in the central part of the country-50 km radius around Riga, especially urban population change of attitude can predict that the attractive countryside that will have high-quality infrastructure for daily mobility and sustainable economic activity, facilitate gradual population definitely "return" in this environment to life or, as well as the season will make it aesthetically appealing and State residents, foreign tourists and recreational purposes.
The measure "less favoured areas and areas with environmental restrictions" in particular promote the rural landscape and habitat conservation. In particular, it is important in areas with a large proportion of abandoned land. Whereas ML payments based on acreage and is not related to the intensity of agricultural production or production, the measure does not contribute to the intensity of less-favoured farming areas.
Fields provide the existence of wild populations in suitable environment which, together with the economic activity of the human form and nature of the landscape. The quality of the landscape and wildlife biodiversity in existence is the same economic consequences, and it is sensitive to the effects of the various activities and development. But despite this, many of the rural environment and the diversity of economic opportunity is the source, and use correctly, they have the ability to affect rural economic development and well-being of the population, such as tourism and other recreational services that interest is a natural with the existing values.
In Latvia the provisions adopted internationally and nationally recognized sites (including national parks, reserves, monuments of nature URu.tml.), the most valuable landscape and historical heritage and nature protection (law and legislation list in annex 4) cause injury to those farms that LIZ is in those areas of the area as farmers are forced to engage in extensive agricultural activity, which is not as lucrative but protects and maintains valuable habitats and species. Therefore, many of them broke the land management and develop other economic activities for income generation. The measure "less favoured areas and areas with environmental restrictions" will create entitlement to aid land management in potential Natura 2000 sites, while the measures "rural transformation and development" and "support for semi-subsistence farms" will create opportunity for restructuring the area managers use the environment diversificēšan for economic activities (leisure tourism), with the purpose to gain additional income.
In Latvia, as in the EU countries, there are a variety of wild animal species and different habitats for breeding and maintenance that is required for proper quality management of agricultural lands in the area. Environmental cleanliness to maintain agricultural production is implemented good management practices and applied to all the territory of Latvia, but there are two particularly important types of problēmteritorij that is necessary to take specific additional steps that should be paid. First, the biological value of natural grassland, which occupy around 0.4% of the national territory and which need to take extensive measures in agriculture particularly valuable and recognised EU conservation of plant species. (measure "agri-environment" under "maintaining biodiversity tend to" Chapter 9.1.2.) Secondly, regions with a relatively high fertility land because arable land is used intensively in agricultural production and which is necessary to take measures for the population of wild species, feeding uzturviet for saving (measure "agri-environment sub-measures" buffer strips "installation").
Both measures in the first years will ensure that farmers are aware of the need and started to apply specific measures for environmental saudzējušo holding area and are developed and improved agri-environmental compensation mechanism and experience base perspective.
Due to the relatively high environmental quality, external market opportunities, Latvian farmers ' competitiveness in the organic production of agricultural products in Latvia, this industry is defined as one of the perspektīvākaj agricultural sectors niche products. The large area and the increase in the number of farms in recent years attest to the fact that a large part of the holding your future sees this. Every year, growing organic produce sales in the domestic and external markets, driven by consumer demand for organic production. See more farmers to export expansion and therefore started to merge and think about product recycling. To the wider public, farmers in particular semi-subsistence farm managers, increase the interest to engage in organic farming and reduce the cost burden during the transition period, the measure "agri-environment" within the compensation in the form of support is provided to farms that already practising organic farming, processing and marketing its products, and the farms that are in transition due to organic farming methods of the farm. However, to actively develop production processing, to learn new and share existing experience, identify and develop market outlets, organic producers in addition to creating greater opportunity to receive support for the measure "investments in agricultural enterprises" (4 SPD. priority), "support for producer groups" and "learning" (the SPD priority 4).
8. funding allocation table during the implementation of the programme from 2004 to 2006 the total public funding for rural development plan of the measures introduced will be EUR 410 125 001. The part of the EAGGF contribution will be EUR 328 100 000.
26. table. The overall financial plan for 2004-2006, EUR 27. table. The total funding breakdown by measures 2004-2006, EUR 9. Rural development plan measures 9.1. Agri-environment measure: This measure is the legal basis of Regulation (EC) No 1257/1999 section VI (22-24), of Regulation (EC) No 445/2002, Chapter 6 (13-21).
Justification on the basis of the Convention on biological diversity ", each country is responsible for the conservation of biological diversity in its own territory, t.sk. the level of genetic diversity. The territory of Latvia in the EU countries stand out with special ecological environment quality and diverse wildlife population, therefore it is politically recognised that one of the Latvian rural development perspectives are closely linked to the preservation of the quality of the environment and development, and it is dependent on the economic field population, ensuring the availability of these qualities for any member of society.
Fields provide the existence of wild populations in suitable environment which, together with the economic activity of the human form and nature of the landscape. The quality of the landscape and wildlife biodiversity in existence is the same economic consequences, and it is sensitive to the effects of the various activities and development. But, despite this, many of the rural environment and the diversity of economic opportunity is the field sources, properly using, could affect rural economic development and well-being of the population, such as tourism and other recreational services that interest is a natural with the existing values.
Due to the relatively high environmental quality, external market opportunities, Latvian farmers ' competitiveness in the organic production of agricultural products in Latvia, this industry is defined as one of the perspektīvākaj agricultural sectors niche product for production, employment and income of farmers in the fields. Holding the choice to switch to organic farming depends on the organic produce markets for development opportunities, consumer requirements by clean production and the ability to suffer less damage in the two year period when holding switch to organic farming.
Event target: to introduce and promote agricultural methods that save and improve biodiversity and reduce environmental pollution;
– encourage high-quality production, processing and marketing;
-to preserve, protect, reproduce and disseminate local origin important varieties of agricultural crops and breeding animals, which are nationally and internationally recognised as threatened populations.
The event consists of four sub: – the development of organic production;
-Biodiversity maintenance lawns are excluded;
-Installation of buffer strips;
-Farm animal genetic resources.
Under this measure, the Sub-measure "organic development" can be combined with a Sub-measure agriculture conservation of animal genetic resources "in the same area.
Sub-measure "organic development" integrate with Sub-measure agriculture conservation of animal genetic resources "in the same area. Farm level possible combine the Sub-measure of the watercourse "areas not covered under" maintaining biodiversity tend to ".
Sub-measure of the watercourse "may be combined with a Sub-measure agriculture conservation of animal genetic resources" in the same area.
Sub-measure agriculture conservation of animal genetic resources "can be combined with any other measure" agri-environment sub-measures ".
Combining the sub-measures, the total payment may not exceed the provisions of Regulation (EC) No 1257/99 the limits laid down in annex.
9.1.1. Sub: organic development of This legal basis is under Regulation (EC) No. 1257/1999 section VI of article 22A).
in 1998 was only certified organic farm with 39 1426h area. At the beginning of 2003 the number of certified farms already reached 352 (their placement in Latvia see 16. of annex 1). Only last year the certified area increased from 0.2% to 0.7% of total agricultural land area. Organic production takes place mainly in the agricultural sectors as cereal and vegetable, dairy farming and bee-keeping. Whereas it is not developed for the processing of organic products, then mostly marketed unprocessed products: mainly vegetables, buckwheat, honey and apiculture products. The development of the production would be required to promote the establishment of regional cluster, which cover the entire territory of the existing organic farms. Farm-product manufacturer merger groups product collection, pre-treatment and processing, packaging and distribution, market research and promotion as well as collaboration contracts with major processing plants for the processing of certain products and higher value added in the production and marketing of products, especially external market. Internal market and export potential and expansion is attributed to organic vegetable and fruit production, t.sk. processing and marketing, as well as other local product development and marketing in the EU market. Organic production is associated with the particular constraints of fertiliser and pesticide use. Hence the organic product production is less than intensive production holdings. 2. the fertility and the biological activity of the soil is maintained with organic fertilisers and appropriate crop rotation, weed and pest control uses the agrotehnisko measures. All organic product production stage up to inspection subject to trade, and all the producing, processing, trade or imports the products with an indication of the method of organic farming, is subject to the inspection system. This organic production pushes up. To ensure the competitiveness of organic farmers and compensate income foregone, need support to organic producers.
Objective to increase under organic management areas at least 50% (in 2006 compared to 2003);
– To promote the organic production of agricultural products and marketing to increase the volume of the marketed production of 60% (in 2006 compared with 2003).
Eligible activities to support the farm, which produces organic products.
-To support the holding of a move to organic production of agricultural products.
Target area measure area is the whole Plan's target area.
The beneficiaries of Aid under this measure may be natural or legal persons: – which has received in accordance with the provisions of Regulation (EEC) No 2092/91 of the rules of the institutions accredited in Latvia of issued certificate of conformity, organic farming. For more detailed information, see the chapter 126.96.36.199.
– or that are in transition to organic production.
Obligations of the beneficiary of the aid, the applicant can receive if: – the entire holding is applied good management practices (see. Annex 2);
– the holding in Regulation (EEC) No 2092/91 conditions (which represents nationally accredited certification body);
– the applicant assumes the agri-environmental commitments in the area concerned for five years, including the first payment approval;
– the applicant operated at least 1 organic ha LIZ area forms a field that is not less than 0.2 ha.
Holdings that are in transition to organic farming, should be issued formal transition document – certificate or certificate.
Agricultural holdings which already apply organic methods, must be made out in the organic farming method supporting certificate.
Amount of support payment is made as follows: the status of the holding payment EUR/ha 1. year of transition transitional year 139 139 2. Farm has been issued the certificate of organic agriculture 82 detailed payment calculation see annex 13.
The beneficiary may receive a payment for the same area for each year of the transition period only once.
Payment amount calculation is based on the profit obtained and the additional costs associated with compliance with the agricultural methods outside the framework of good farming practice.
The limits for the area concerned, the beneficiary is not eligible for aid under the measure "agri-environment" "biodiversity maintenance lawns are excluded."
Implementation time sub-action is implemented from 2004.
The Administration supports the applicant apply for aid under this sub-action, submitting necessary documents (see. 10. annex) LADA. Support payment administration, control and sanctions see 12.3. – 12.4. chapter.
Support the applicant apply for aid under this measure plan 2004-2006 in the implementation period, but mutual obligations remain in force for at least 5 years from the first year when support payments are approved for organic production LIZ or used during the transition period managed LIZA.
Relation to other measures, the beneficiary may receive a single area payment aid from other EU co-financed, State budget financed by the rural development measures in accordance with their terms. Organic producers groups may receive support for event "aid for producer groups". This sub-action support will not be cumulative with other aid measures within this plan.
Expected results results 2004 2005 2006 transitional period the area apsaimniekojoš in the number of holdings (1) the transitional period 450 300 150 certified area ha (1) 19 800 13 200 6 600 during the transitional period the existing area of the farm apsaimniekojoš (2nd year) transitional period 200 450 300 certified area ha (2) 9500 19 800 13 200 supported organic farm the number of supported 350 550 1000 certified organic farms in the area ha 16900 26400 46 200 number of supported holdings in total 1000 1300
1450 the area together, Organic farming certified 46 200 59 400 66 000 ha area of annual growth% 28.6 11 organic farm the number of annual increase,% 30 11 organic farm growth until 2007, 45% increase in the area of certified until 2007, 42.8% of environmental impact during implementation of this plan is monitored as follows: environmental impact – the impact of organic agriculture on agricultural pollution reduction;
– greater biodiversity agricultural land.
9.1.2. Sub: maintaining biodiversity tend this sub-action legal basis of Regulation (EC) No. 1257/1999 section VI) article 22 c.
Justification of the agricultural lands are species rich grassland ecosystems. Traditional farming methods over centuries contributed to the species of plants and animals adapt to the regular mowing and grazing. The importance of grassland is characterised by the fact that one-third of the flowering plant species tend to occur in life. in 1940 Latvia natural grassland areas took about 23% of the national territory. On several occasions, when the political system changed also the structure of land use. Many of the natural grassland in aizaug, or have been converted to arable land, as well as intensive management of cultivated pastures and lawns are excluded in the configuration settings. Consequently dropped many plant species distribution. Latvian specially protected plant list one third consists of plant species associated with the spread of grass. Currently the grass area (meadows and pastures) takes about 569tūks. HA, that is 23% of the agricultural land or 8.8% of the total national territory. After the Latvian Fund for Nature 2000-2002 inventory results in natural grassland (pasture and Meadow) takes only 0.4% (approx. 25.6 000 ha) of the country, but only about 18, 6tūks. HA is considered biologically valuable grasslands. (location and grass areas see annex table 41).
Latvia has seen two types of natural grassland degradation. First intensively farmed areas degrade and disappear in the wild plant species diversity. While the environment is not suitable for mechanical action affects the decrease in hiding places, nesting and feeding areas for birds and other fauna.
Other degradation processes is the biologically valuable grasslands overgrowth. Due to the cessation of agricultural activity or tighten the grass area less productive are not managed, and its aizaug with the bushes.
To maintain and protect the species richer grass ecosystems, promoting the use of environmentally-friendly methods of agricultural activities and environmental protection (in accordance with national and international regulations) requirements for extensive economic activities in natural grassland areas.
Eligible activities of lawn maintenance in an environmentally friendly manner, through the following activities:-extensive grazing;
– late mowing the grass.
The target of the Sub-action concerns the territory of Latvia's natural biological laid down the Foundation for valuable grass (t.sk. river floodplains) (see. 3. the annex table 41 biologically valuable grasslands).
The beneficiaries of Aid under this measure may get a natural or legal person engaged in agricultural activities.
Obligations of the beneficiary, the applicant can receive aid if: – the right is applied throughout the farm management practices (see. Annex 2);
– the holding managed organically valuable Lawn area is at least 1 ha of fields that are not less than 0.3 ha;
-the tenderer undertakes in the area for which an undertaking, master the rules of appropriate measures for a period of five years from the first annual payment is authorised;
-extensive grazing should be both in the case of 0.65 up 0.74 animal units on the farm noganīt the biologically valuable grasslands ha 23 (distribution of animals under the animal units see annex 18);
-in the case of the late mowing mowing to occur after 10 July to 10 September, and flat grass must be novāc24 or to take away from the field.
Amount of support payment is made as follows: activities to be carried out: EUR/ha per year of Extensive grazing of grass mowing in areas Still 138 138 support payment volume calculation (see. 13. in annex) is based on earned income for part of the additional cost of 1 ha of lawn area and LIZ 20% interest rate.
The limits for the area concerned, the beneficiary is not eligible for aid under the measure "agri-environment", "organic development".
Implementation time sub-action is introduced starting with the year 2004, provided that it is biologically valuable grasslands developed a digitized format card.
The Administration supports the applicant apply for aid under this sub-action, submitting necessary documents (see. 10. annex) LADA. Support payment administration, control and sanctions see 12.3-12.4. chapter.
Support the applicant apply for aid under this measure PAGE 2004-2006 period, but the implementation of the mutual obligation of support applied for the area shall remain in force for 5 years starting from the first year, when the aid approved payment for loss of earnings compensation and related activities.
Relation to other measures, the beneficiary may receive a single area payment aid from other EU and national budgets for co-financing for rural development measures and sub-measures (subject to the above restrictions), in accordance with their terms. This event is associated with a single programming document measure "countryside".
Expected results results 2004 2005 2006 number of holdings biologically valuable lawns managed in compliance with the conditions of the measure of biologically valuable grasslands 1400 2800 4000 area harvested in accordance with the conditions, the ha Managed area 12000 14000 21000 among biologically valuable grasslands area% 47 55 82 environmental impacts during implementation of the plan will be monitored following environmental impact:-landscape conservation, to prevent overgrowth by bushes of meadow;
-bird nesting habitat required for conservation;
– ensure the conditions for the cultivation of protected plant species that depend on extensive grazing and mowing;
– more biodiversity.
9.1.3. Sub: buffer strips of This sub-action is the legal basis of Regulation (EC) No 1257/1999 of 22. Title VI a) article.
The reasoning adopted in 1997 "protection zone Act" defines the zone of surface ūdensobjekt of the General rules of protection, with the objective of preserving the habitats of migratory species, a migratory path of continuity, as well as water quality maintenance. Vegetation buffer strips are able to withhold products makes soil erosion, protect water sources from contamination with plant nutrients and sediment. This is particularly important in areas with a large proportion of arable land.
Under the EU's nitrates directive 91/676/EEC No 2001 December 18, is the BOM issued Regulation No. 531 "on water and soil conservation of the agricultural activities of pollution with nitrates". These provisions lay down special sensitive areas covered by increased requirements for the protection of water and soil from agricultural activities in water and soil caused by contamination with nitrates, as well as the selection criteria and management arrangements. Particularly sensitive areas, land owners and users, making agricultural activities must comply with the conditions of good agricultural practice (see. Annex 2). Latvia on sensitive environmental areas are defined in Dobele district, Bauska, Jelgava district and Riga District. The great part of this territory is the more prolific and the production of plant products vis-more intense use of agricultural land, in which the proportion of arable land reached even 90% composed of LIZ. Particularly sensitive areas of the map to view Chapter 188.8.131.52 size.
In addition, due to intensive land use in these areas need 70 and 80s reclamation has created a large field array in seamlessly, destroying many species of living and feeding areas. Intensively farmed areas virtually disappeared for the maintenance of biodiversity important landscape elements-individual trees and shrubs, ponds or groups. Location of arable land is used directly to the road, because the road protection zone conditions forcing landowners to manage land, prohibiting the planting of Woody. To increase biodiversity, the maintenance of elements to be saved also in these intensely farmed areas, creating and exploiting buffer strips of soil.
This sub-action will complement the EU nitrate directive 91/676/EEC no targets, however, are not reimbursed for any of the national legislation resulting from this directive provided for the mandatory provisions. The law establishes the conditions of LATVIA restricts plant chemical protection products and fertilisers, but does not prohibit the agricultural activity. This sub-action is implementing activities that are in addition to the LR of the Zone set out in law, namely the requirement to create a zone of lawn provide a higher protection of the environment.
Sub goals:-to promote environmentally-friendly methods and environmental protection requirements according to economic activities in sensitive environmental areas in the territory, where there is a particularly high risk of soil and water pollution;
-to increase the area's wild plant and animal species conservation and habitat protection areas with a high intensity of use of arable land.
Eligible activities the establishment and preservation of Grass as: – water buffer strips along rivers, lakes, water reservoirs and drainage systems novadgrāvj;
– the buffer strips of soil.
The target area covers the Sub-measure Bauska, Dobele, Jelgava and Riga districts plan objectives in the territory (under the nitrates directive) sensitive environmental sites designated under national legislation (Regulation No. 531 BOM "regulations on the protection of water and soil from agricultural activity with nitrate pollution").
The beneficiaries of Aid under this measure may get a natural or legal person whose occupation area is located in the territory of this sub-action target.
Obligations of the beneficiary, the applicant can receive aid if: – the right is applied throughout the farm management practices (see. Annex 2);
-the next 5 years is provided in the management of the watercourse;
– the buffer strips are created perennial grasses;
-the length of the watercourse is at least 100 m. water buffer strips, if:-the agricultural lands have created buffer strips of water fields that are not less than 0.3 ha;
– water buffer strips along rivers, lakes and water reservoirs is 10 m from the shoreline, but standing for pamatkrast-from the top edge; drainage novadgrāvj, buffer strips the width of 4 m from the edge of the ditch;
– undertake mowing at least once a year not earlier than July 10, and no later than 10 September, flat grass is harvested;
Buffer strips of soil, if:-the agricultural lands have created buffer strips of soil fields that are not less than 0.3 ha;
-field is created around 4 m buffer strips of soil;
– undertake mowing at least once a year not earlier than July 10, and no later than 10 September, flat grass is harvested;
– the buffer strips to create fields that the optimum size is at least 20 ha.
Support the nature and extent of the payments to the beneficiaries can receive annual support payments to cover loss of income not obtained due to the establishment of buffer strips.
Total activities EUR/meter per year of buffer strips of soil
creation and maintenance of vegetation buffer strips of 0.180 creation and maintenance along the rivers, lakes and water reservoirs, where the width of the watercourse is the 10 m buffer strips of vegetation 0.256 creation and maintenance along the ditches where the watercourse width is 4 m from the edge of the ditch 0.102 support payment volume calculation (see. 13. in annex) is based on earned income for part of the additional cost of 1 ha of lawn area and 20% interest rate. Compensation does not include expenses incurred in connection with the nitrates directive 91/676/EEC provided for the performance of the duties.
Restrictions on a particular area of the bar can get support payments in only one of the activities. Possible overlaps in the case payment is made according to a specific calculation of vegetation buffer strips.
Introduction the introduction of time Sub being launched by 2004. In the case of the watercourse of the ditch are installed starting in 2005.
The Administration supports the applicant apply for aid under this sub-action, submitting necessary documents (see. 10. annex) LADA. Support payment administration, control and sanctions see 12.3-12.4. chapter.
Support the applicant apply for aid under this measure Plan the 2004-2006 period, but the implementation of the mutual obligation of support applied for the area shall remain in force for 5 years starting from the first year, when the aid approved payment for loss of earnings compensation and related activities.
Relation to other measures, the beneficiary may receive support from other EU co-financed, State budget financed by the rural development measures in accordance with their terms. This sub-action will not overlap with the provisions of Regulation (EC) No 1782/2003, article 54 of the conditions for land set-aside, because Latvia has decided not to implement the payment scheme for land set-aside.
Expected results results 2004 2005 2006 number of holdings in the area is managed in compliance with the conditions of the measure 70 100 200 Managed areas in relation to the total area of sensitive environmental areas of arable land,% 5 10 15 environmental impacts during implementation of the plan are monitored by such effects on the environment: – the reduction of agricultural run-off;
-green channel effects on biodiversity.
9.1.4. Sub: farm animal genetic resources conservation legal basis of this sub-action is Regulation (EC) No 1257/1999 of 22. Title VI a) article.
Justification for the genetic variability of farm animals saved Latvia has assumed obligations by accepting in 1995 signed the Rio de Janeiro Convention on biological diversity. In accordance with EU Regulation No 445/2002 article 14 and annex 1 of the regulation a variety is considered to be at risk if it contains not more than 7500 cattle, sheep and goats, 10000 15000 pigs. Latvia is currently in such status in Latvia of bovine breed blue and white pig breed from Latvia. Variety characteristics and advantages are in annex 9. In critical condition is also the Latvian vehicle horse breed, because currently there is more demand in Latvia after sports horses. In Latvia it is important to improve productivity of the herd and the introduction of new modern varieties, but equally important is to maintain the local farm animal genetic resources with their typical features. Has been developed and is being implemented in farm animal genetic resources conservation program, which is the basis for determining the actions of local breeds of livestock a major conservation and especially in terms of the number of endangered breeds of animal reproduction.
Sub-action aims to preserve, protect and replicate local stem important varieties of agricultural breeding animals that are nationally and internationally recognised as threatened populations.
The target area for this sub-action is implemented in the whole territory of Latvia.
The beneficiaries of the natural or legal person – flock owner, engaged in agricultural production.
Obligations of the beneficiary, the applicant can receive aid if: – the right is applied throughout the farm management practices (see. Annex 2);
– the breeders ' organisation has issued an opinion on the conformity of the animal farm animal genetic resource conservation criteria under the livestock breeding of varieties; under EU law, all animals are identified and included in a central database. Breeders ' organization sorts Flock Register register;
– the applicant further five years after conclusion of the contract for the support of European animals undertakes not to sell or bestow or not, except in special circumstances (gone to the animal's productive age, sickness, accident, in which the animal is partly hurt and is not curable, etc.).
Support the nature and extent of the payments to the beneficiaries can receive an annual payment of the aid for the cultivation of varieties of animals. Payment of aid for the animal of the year is as follows: the amount of the duty is EUR/Animal for the animal of the year Latvian brown cow breed animal 131 Latvian blue cow breed animal 199 white swine Latvian breed of animal tumšgalv of Latvia's 148 Shepherd animal 75 varieties of Latvian horse ride-type animal aid volume 198 calculation see annex 13. In the case of a merger under the total payment may not exceed the provisions of Regulation (EC) No 1257/99 the limits laid down in annex.
Introduction the introduction of time Sub is being launched in 2004.
The Administration supports the applicant apply for aid under this sub-action, submitting necessary documents (see. 10. annex) LADA. Support payment administration, control and sanctions see 12.3-12.4. chapter.
Support the applicant apply for aid under this measure Plan the 2004-2006 period, but the implementation of the mutual obligations remain in force for a period of 5 years from the first year, when the aid approved payment for the animal in question.
Relation to other measures, the beneficiary may receive a single area payment aid from other EU co-financed, State budget financed by the rural development measures in accordance with their terms.
Expected results results 2004 2005 2006 Latvian brown cow breed animals 5000 5200 5500 Latvian blue cow breed animals of Latvia 250 300 350 varieties of white swine animals of Latvia tumšgalv-400 450 500 sheep breed animals 400 450 500 Latvian horse breed animals 500 550 600 environmental impacts during implementation of the plan are monitored by such effects on the environment: – conservation of local breeds;
-loss of genetic resources risk prevention.
9.2. measures: less favoured areas and areas with environmental restrictions for the purpose of protecting the legal basis of Regulation (EC) No. 1257/1999 title V (articles 13-21) to Regulation (EC) No 445/2002, Chapter 5 (11-12).
Justification less favoured areas in Latvia is determined in accordance with the EC Regulation No 1257/99 article 19 defines the criteria for the less favoured regions of Latvia is definitely 74.4% of the total area of the country in which the 1.81 million. HA of agricultural land, including arable land, meadows, pastures, plantations (see outdoor. Chapter 5). Less favoured areas in the whole assessment takes account of similar agro climatic conditions of Latvia, especially soil fertility, moisture, acidity and hilly topography and short vegetation period, affects the cost of crop cultivation in crop production and relatively low productivity. While in Latvia, the specific climatic conditions and the need to keep the cattle barn in autumn, winter and spring period pushes up the cost of livestock production, in particular the need for more expensive production costs is by building homes and livestock manure storage, warehouse, construction and maintenance, as well as special techniques. The short vegetation period limited in time and pushes up the cost of animal feed preparation and storage warehouses and storage period, when animals are kept in pens.
Due to low income or even losses in agriculture, which affects similar agro climatic conditions, their own financial resources for investment in production to improve productivity and efficiency or opening into non-agricultural activities is insufficient or non-existent, but the use of bank loans is limited. This is the reason commercial agricultural disruption and subsistence farming or continuation of the depopulation of the area – economically active population to the State central departure part or district centres. Consequently, the fact that social and economic infrastructure costs for the rest of the rural population, especially the needs of entrepreneurs, growing areas of unmanaged LIZ degrade overall rural landscape. This development will lead to a trend that not only tourism, but also other non-agricultural activity development opportunities decline.
Implementation of the measure is to provide additional support for farm income, in order to ensure a sufficient level of development to carry out the investment holding.
Depending on the soil fertility of the MLA are grouped as follows: – class 1 ML, in which 253 252 ha LIZ;
– category 2 ML, containing 812 304 ha LIZ;
– category 3 ML, which is 743 847 ha LIZ.
In accordance with the EC Regulation No 1257/99, article 16 on the areas which are especially aprobežojum in the economic activities of the rural environmental quality and biodiversity conservation purpose, Latvia are classified all areas where farming is restricted by the national legislation on specially protected natural areas and located in Natura 2000 sites list for submission to the European Commission and a potential Natura 2000 status of the beneficiary.
According to the 2001 Census of agriculture data farm owned 42% 1 5 hectares of agricultural land, but 1/3 of them belong to the 1-2 hectares of agricultural land. Whereas the small farm fields plays a major role in the development of the long-term, it is provided that the beneficiary every year in agricultural activities at least 1 ha of agricultural land.
The objective of the measures to promote sustainable agricultural activity that uses environmentally friendly methods;
-increase revenue farms, which are located in less-favoured areas.
The destination area destination area is the measure of the plan the following areas: 1. the target group-less favoured areas pursuant to EC Regulation No 1257/99, article 19 (see list in annex 15);
2. target group – in accordance with the EC Regulation No 1257/99 article 16 specially protected natural areas, which include potential Natura 2000 sites list for submission to the European Commission for assessment. The proposed list of sites to see in annex 16.
Specially protected natural areas in which business activities are restricted, can be included in one of the objective 1 areas of the group.
The beneficiaries of the aid can get a natural or legal person engaged in agricultural activities.
The conditions for receiving the aid beneficiary may receive support if: – the beneficiary every year in agricultural activities in the area of at least 1 h LIZ, a field that is not less than 0.3 ha;
-the land is maintained in good agricultural stāvoklī25.
In addition, beneficiaries who claim to support less favourable areas, must meet the following requirements:-good is used throughout the farm management practices (see annex 2);
– the applicant a further 5 years from payment of the refund shall undertake to pursue their farming activity in a less-favoured areas;
– compliance with the hormone directives 96/22EEC and 96/23/EEC.
Support payment and extent of payments under this measure may be granted to the permanent grassland, arable land, the volume of cereals and perennial vegetable garden in accordance with the European Commission (Eurostat) the statistical purposes.
Duties are as follows: according to the (Regulation No 1257/99) article 19 a designated area for EUR/ha ML category of category 1 33 ML ML ML 2 category 3 category 46 64 under (Regulation No 1257/99), article 16 of the designated area for EUR/ha does not overlap with other ML-38 ML 1 overlaps with the category overlaps with 33 ML 2 category 30 overlaps with the MLA 3.26 detailed calculation of categories see annex 12.
Restrictions in 2004, support payments can get on areas for which is eligible for the single payment area.
Measure the time introduction is being launched in 2004. Under "areas with environmental restrictions" is launched after the introduction of potential Natura 2000 sites in the Cabinet of Ministers for approval and territory boundaries in digitized format map.
The Administration supports the applicant apply for aid under this measure, submitting necessary documents (see. 10. annex) LADA. Support payment administration, control and sanctions see 12.3-12.4. chapter.
If applied every year to support areas total calculated the aid payment exceeds this measure provided for in the annual amount of funding, the amount of the payment of the aid for the ha in each of the target groups (t.sk. categories) in a given year can be proportionally reduced (up to 50% on ha).
Support the applicant apply for aid under this measure plan 2004-2006 implementation period.
Relation to other measures, the beneficiary may receive a single area payment aid from other EU co-financed, State budget financed by the rural development measures in accordance with their terms.
In addition to the benefits of this sub-action aid recipients are given the SPD priority 4 rural development measure "investments in agricultural enterprises".
Expected results results 2004 2005 2006 number of supported holdings in MLA category 1 territories 14 589 14 589 14 589 MLA category 2 territory 45 552 45 552 45 552 MLA 3. category area 47 414 47 414 47 414 area for which aid is received, the class 1 ML ha area of 225 000 235000 240000 ML category 2 territory 560 000 644 000 708400 ML 3. categories in the territory specially protected 460 000 529 000 581900 natural areas-Natura 2000 sites 0
15000 17000 supported specially protected natural areas (Natura 2000 areas) area, income level, the difference in% 17 19 between the territory of farms and ML average country,% 20 25 30 9.3. Event: early retirement the legal basis of Regulation (EC) No 1257/1999 title IV (10-12), the provisions of Regulation (EC) No 445/2002, Chapter 4 (7-10).
Justification farmers ' demographic structure is naturally high in older people among the total number of farmers. After the 2001 agricultural census provisional results from 50 to 54 years is 9.8% of the farm owners, 10.7% are between the ages of 55 to 59, but 37.8% are older than 60gad. Despite the available training opportunities and financial support for the development of the farm, most of the older farmers show no interest in new production technologies for the diversification of economic activities, not enough assets to track market trends and search for new sales markets. Therefore the fields existing production resources are not fully utilized, passive management also has a negative impact on the territory's overall economic and social development. Rural development is important for the two aid measures.
The measure "early retirement" creates an opportunity for older farm owners who do not wish or are unable for various reasons to continue and develop the economic activity, give away, sell, or long periods to give to rent his holding or part of it to another, receiving early retirement aid and keeping some resources for food production and domestic consumption, to his family. Early retirement in the support group also included those employees engaged and income received from working on the farm, which the owner stopped commercial operations.
While the event "young farmers" (4 SPD. priorities for rural development measures) creates an opportunity for young, educated and farmers who want to create a new, expanding the already existing or to take over producing agricultural holdings of older farm owners, under the conditions of the measure and the amount of the aid.
The purpose of the measures to promote farm acquisitions and development, changing and improving its menedž the file and getting new and/or economically active people.
The target area for this measure plan target area.
The beneficiaries Are determined that this event early retirement support may receive: 1) natural person – the successor of the holding;
2) a natural person – the successor of the farm workers on the farm.
This measure is not related to a specific industry.
The conditions for receiving the aid of the successor to the holding must comply with the following conditions:-he/she is at least 55 years old and not yet reached the State old-age pension age appropriate to the moment when he/she is approved for aid;
average revenue from operating activities 4 the previous year concluded no less than 2 (ELV) economic ANDROID sizes, it is 2 400 EUR, and operating income for the most part are from agricultural activities;
– for their economic activities in the last 4 years are deducted in the State Revenue Service (SRS), on the report while having the time of submission of the application;
-fully stopped commercial agricultural activities;
-He/she may continue non-commercial farming activity and use of the building;
-is not less than 55 years old but not yet of a State retirement pension age appropriate to the farm at the time of check-in;
– has made the agricultural activity of the 10 years before the return of the holding;
-the farmer who rents the farm, may exempt the land to the owner provided that the lease is terminated and the provisions of Regulation (EC) No 1257/1999, article 11 (2) the transferee of requirements.
The transferee of a person receiving/buying/leasing the farm, its part or just below: – the successor of the holding takes over from management or the holding of fully or partially takes over released land;
-have to prove the economic viability of the farm for the next three-year period;
-economic viability is determined by a simplified business plan, in which is shown positive cash flow and project implementation in the following year after the implementation of the project;
-transferee of appropriate education and professional skills acquired in formal agricultural education or with a certificate certifying professional qualifications in agriculture under the Ministry of Agriculture approved program;
-the transferee of a farm shall be entitled to continue to develop the agricultural activity on a holding in the existing industry as well as their change, including, the development of non-agricultural activities, forestry and ecological reserve.
Farm workers returned in qualify for receipt of the pension early if: – full stop agricultural activities; not less than 55 years old but not yet of the national old-age pension corresponding to the age;
-in the last five years at least half of his working time worked on the holding's Assistant or workers;
– the successor of the holding holding has completed at least two years;
-has worked full time for the last four years before the successor holding early retirement;
-is the social security system.
The nature and amount of the aid beneficiary, the successor of the holding-you can receive a monthly pension for a period of 15 years from the moment of decision, approval, but no longer than up to the age of 75gad.
The annual amount of the pension is calculated by the formula: If I = 0 then P = > I + (Is-I)/I, but not greater than the Is-f, which calculated the annual amount of the pension that is adjusted in dollars;
-I-beneficiaries of the holding of the 4-year period preceding the conclusion of the annual profit or loss before tax deductions (ls);
-Ir-SUD are holding 2002-2004 period, the average annual profit or loss before tax deductions (in LCY);;
-I-SUD, the average holdings economic size (ESU) in 2004.
If I = 0 then P Ir < + 0.4 * (I), but not less than the national minimum monthly job algu26 in a year.
If P is greater than EUR 15 000, then the amount of the pension is 15 years, 000EUR.
If the successor, of early farm retirement beneficiary, after approval of the aid started to receive national old age pension, the amount of the pension early is reduced by the amount of the national retirement pension.
The beneficiary of the aid-worker-holding can receive a monthly pension from the moment of approval of the decision to the State old-age pension age, but for not more than 10 years.
The farm worker's annual pension is determined Is the extent, within the limit of EUR 3 500 per year and the total limit-up to 35 000 euro.
Limit commercial agricultural activity, which is the successor of the farm continues make in accordance with Regulation (EC) No 1257/1999, 11 (1) of the last part of the article may not be granted under the common agricultural policy.
Introduction the introduction of the measure of time is launched in 2005. The measure is expected to be launched in 2005, according to the assessment it is the since the earliest time when farmers as potential beneficiaries could make such responsible decisions based on EU accession experience.
The Administration supports the applicant together with the transferee of applying for support under this measure, submitting necessary documents (see. 10. annex) LADA. Support payment administration, control and sanctions see 12.3-12.4. chapter.
The applicant may apply for support for this measure Plan the 2004-2006 period and the implementation of the commitments entered into shall remain in force for a specified time, but the amount of the pension is granted from 1 January 2007 may be revised according to the new program.
Relation with other measures this measure is linked to the measures provided for in the SPD for "young farmers". The transferee of a can receive support for event "young farmers" in accordance with Regulation No 1257/99 provided for in article 8.
Expected results results 2004 2005 2006 number of granted pension holdings of 500 1000 – the successor to the t.sk. beneficiaries women 250 500 retired farm workers 150 300-t.sk. beneficiaries women 75 150 farms in the area for which the transfer concluded new contracts 14000 28000 9.4. Measure: aid for producer groups, the legal basis for this measure is Council Regulation (EC) No 1257/99, as amended by Annex 2 to the Treaty of accession section 6 of the "Agriculture", 33d article.
Justification the agricultural service cooperatives or producer groups within the meaning of the EU activities aimed at its members opportunities to principles of cooperation to realize their farm production, to support their members an effective production process, product sales preparation (pretreatment, packing, processing, etc.) and marketing process, thereby reducing costs and product manufacturing process, and its delivery to the consumer. While the producer group members is necessary to ensure the supply of produce to market requirements according to the quality and volumes.
To economically stronger via activation of host groups, national legislation is being improved to ensure greater collaboration and the availability of financial support already active groups. Despite the growing interest in the cooperation of operators of your sales opportunities and boosting marketing spending, reducing braking factors are considered for the administrative costs necessary for the initial start of the cooperation and the active and targeted management work in subsequent years. the survey carried out in 2002 showed that the real work in Latvia 57427 cooperative society, whose profile is agriculture.
The last amendments to the Cooperatives Act provides for new types of cooperatives, agricultural service cooperatives, which provide services to the agricultural producers, but does not deal with agricultural products.
For the public, it is estimated by the previous year's economic indicators in accordance with the following criteria: 1. the members of the Society through the exercise only in its agricultural products produced on the holding;
2. minimum turnover between the public and the members of the public are 5000 LVL, 3. Minimum turnover among the public and members of the public not less than 75% of the company's total turnover;
4. distribution of Surplus to members of the public are made in proportion to the services provided to members of the public to the scope;
5. at least 25% of the surplus funds are invested in the development of society.
in 2002, the national support for the promotion of cooperation in fields received 32 cooperative society, which in 2001 the average net turnover was approximately 200 thousand. lats, but the maximum-close to a million. The average number of members – 112, which ranged between 10 to 195.28 taking over and applying the conditions of Latvia, world experience, at the end of 2002 was drawn up new rules for agricultural service cooperatives, which determined the recognition of producer groups for the recognition criteria, procedures and operational control. It is the objective of the implementation at the national level to develop financial support mechanisms to support the operation of such firms, thus further stimulating the Latvian entrepreneurs/producers cooperation, facilitating the legal conditions of the operators in the implementation of economic cooperation and administrative work.
The purpose of the measures to encourage the formation of producer groups and of the effective operation of the centralised marketing of primary and process (t.sk. acquisition of new markets), to ensure sufficient output volume in the market for a single quality standard.
The target area is on the whole territory of Latvia.
The beneficiaries of Aid under this measure may receive legal persons recognised as producer groups in accordance with the national legislation. In accordance with the national legislation they are cooperative society. Cooperative society provides services to the members of the cooperative society and recognised by the Commission in accordance with the recognition of the Republic of Latvia Cabinet of Ministers 17.06.2003. Regulation No. 328 adopted "regulations on the agricultural service cooperative society registration required documents and procedures for the recognition of society" and the order of the Ministry of agriculture.
In accordance with Cabinet of Ministers Regulations recognition of cooperative societies is carried out every year. Recognition is performed with regard to cooperatives, which produced the Treaty establishing the European Community listed in annex 1 of the goods, except for the fruit and vegetable sector.
Producer groups are assigned to support their operation and management. The aid is fixed at a flat rate depending on the producer group's annual turnover.
The type of support and the volume of aid to producer groups is calculated as a certain percentage of the annual sales of products and services – net change in value (see table below). Net annual turnover is specified according to the State revenue service submitted in the report. If the annual net turnover of less than EUR 1000000, the annual amount of aid is calculated in the regressive sequence starting at 5% (see table 1 below.). If the annual net turnover of more than EUR 1000000, then for the part exceeding EUR 1000000 applying regressive rate of annual starting from 2.5%. (see below in table 2.). The total amount of assistance per producer group may not exceed a maximum amount of EUR 100000 in year 1, but 5-year EUR 50000.
Calculation of the aid of producer groups, the annual net annual maximum net aid year turnover turnover volume of EUR 1000000 1.
1. year 5% 2.5% 2.5 year 100000 2% 5% 4% 100000 3 year year 80000 4 2.0% 3% 1.5% 60000 5. year 2% 1.5% 50000 support is paid once a year, at current year receipt of documents to be submitted and approved.
Restrictions on aid to the producer group may receive during the first five years since the recognition (recognition for the first year is 2004 or later, the evaluation of the previous year's operating result).
Support for this measure is assigned to the cooperatives, which operate in the Treaty establishing the European Community listed in annex 1 of the commodity production sector, except for the fruit and vegetable sectors. These sectors, especially in the fruit and vegetable sector, which provide support to producer groups of the common market organisation, support for this measure.
The time the event starts in 2004.
The Administration supports the applicant apply for aid under this measure, submitting necessary documents (see. 10. annex) LADA. Support payment administration, control and sanctions see 12.3-12.4. chapter.
Support the applicant apply for aid under this measure Plan the 2004-2006 period, but the implementation of the mutual obligations remain in force for a period of 5 years from the first year, when the aid is approved.
Relation with other measures of beneficiaries may be eligible for other Plans and SPD finance and national budget funded rural development measures in accordance with the conditions laid down therein.
Expected results results of supported producer groups 2004 2005 2006 number 35 50 65 new recognized group of producers number of producer groups 35 15 15 average annual growth in turnover,% 10 10 9.5. Measures: support for semi-subsistence farms for the restructuring of the legal basis is Council Regulation (EC) No 1257/99, as amended by Annex 2 to the Treaty of accession section 6 of the "Agriculture", article 33b.
Justification in the 2001 agricultural census shows that Latvia is 180tūks. farm and agricultural production employs 271, 2tūks. roughly 45% of the whole rural population. 59.8% of the total number of farms in 2001, the output produced for own consumption, without selling anything. Every third farm is one that sells for less than half of the production. Only 11.8% of the total is holding more than half the output of produce for sale. Very slow growing agricultural production activities not related to rural development, in the field of agriculture is dominant in the economy relatively limited alternatives, as well as the rural population lacks financial capital, ideas and knowledge in business, to develop existing ones and to identify all possible sectors.
The national policy has been implemented in the financial aid programs that offer opportunities to start, diversify or develop an existing business. Rural residents are being offered loans at preferential terms and payment of the aid for the implementation of the project. Due to the limited financial support for the country it is not possible to give all applicants that potential project implementers is a major relief to business start-up, particularly during a bank loan to cover part of the interest, finance short-term economic needs, finances various legal Affairs for organizing URu.tml.
Support opportunities this event will allow to increase the capacity of the holding, which so far have received little support from credit institutions and investment measures "investments in agricultural enterprises" and "diversification of the rural economy".
The purpose of the measure is to promote the measure semi-subsistence farms, restructure activities and develop commercial and competitive economic activity.
The target area is the target of the plan area.
The beneficiaries of Aid under this measure may get a natural or legal person who:-economic activities and report to the State Revenue Service (SRS);
-economic turnover, not including subsidies paid as national or EU support for agriculture and rural development, for the last year at least entered into and shall not exceed 10 000EUR 1000EUR;
-income from agricultural production accounts for at least 50% of the total turnover of economic activity.
The conditions for receipt of the aid to receive aid, farmers must submit a farm development plan SUCH that:-(a) confirming the economic viability of farming in the future;
– (b) contains details of the investments required;
– (c) describe the activity and purpose.
After three years are reviewed compliance with the above farm development plan. If the objectives in the plan within three years of the period of review are not met, further support is given, however, the aid does not have to be repaid.
Can I get support if the LADS are confirmed by a farm development plan (content development plan see annex 10) five years ago, which may include: – investment in new plant and equipment, building construction, reconstruction and rehabilitation and the necessary building materials, examination and permanent investments in grain volumes;
-business plan for operating the net turnover increase by at least 30% during the first three years.
The farm is considered as economically viable, if it has a positive cash flow for the first five-year period, starting from the third year after you log in.
The amount of the aid the aid is awarded every year at a flat rate of EUR 1 000 in the period up to 5 years.
Restrictions apply to the applicant cannot support the measure "early retirement".
The time the event starts in 2004.
The Administration supports the applicant apply for aid under this measure, submitting necessary documents (see. 10. annex) LADA. Support payment administration, control and sanctions see 12.3-12.4. chapter.
Support the applicant apply for aid under this measure Plan the 2004-2006 period, but the implementation of the mutual obligations remain in force for a period of 5 years from the first year, when the aid is approved.
Relation with other measures support the recipient is entitled to receive additional payment single area, eligible for national aid measures, and aid from other rural development support measures in accordance with their terms.
Expected results results 2004 2005 2006 is awarded annually to support the development of economic activity – 6000 4000 5000 t.sk. women 3000 2000 2500 beneficiaries supported companies – 6000 10000 15000 t.sk. beneficiaries women 3000 5000 7500 operating income growth, Create and save 30% of full-time jobs annually created and saved 100 200 300 full-time jobs 100 300 600 9.6. Measure: this measure attainment of the Standard legal basis of Regulation (EC) No 1257/99, as amended by Regulation (EC) No 1783/2003 and (EC) no 567/2004 , Va section (article 21).
Justification introducing a CAP for Latvia in many sectors it is set to be achieved in the EU environmental, animal welfare and hygiene standards.
Most costs related to the implementation of environmental protection policies in agriculture is attributed with the nitrates directive (the directive Selects From 91/676/EEC.) and the directive on integrated pollution prevention and control (IPPC Directive 96/61/EC) requirements. Investments in fertilizer and its application of storage requirements, as well as the best technologies, the Latvian conditions it is capital intensive and expensive. If a small number of agricultural enterprises have been established in accordance with the EU standards for manure storage, but most of its holdings is substantially reconstructs or recreated. A similar situation is with the organic fertilizers into appliances. in 2000, the study found that 92% of the apsekotaj farms was not the proper collection and storage of the fertilizer plant.
In accordance with the programme of action particularly sensitive sites, covered by increased requirements for the protection of water and soil from agricultural activities pollution by nitrates (in effect from 18 March 2004) fertilizer plans must be developed in all holdings in the area is 10 ha and more, but the fruit and vegetable farms-3 ha and larger areas of soil agroķīmisk of the research must be carried out every five years. Currently, the research of the soil agroķīmisk of particularly sensitive areas has only 10.4% agricultural land.
To implement the requirements of the European Union, Latvian legislation "animal protection law", which was adopted on 29 December 1999, included the provision that the Cabinet Cabinet Minister delegates adopting rules on animal welfare.
In accordance with Commission Directive 89/362 (EEC) on general conditions of hygiene in milk production holdings in chapter I of the annex (7): pigs and poultry should not hold the cowshed or premises where cows are milked. Pursuant to Directive No 92/46 (EEC) standards for raw cow's milk must meet the following standards: – a plate count at 30 OC (per ml) 100 000 ² (rolling geometric average over a two-month period, with at least two samples per month);
-somatic cell count result of control (1 ml) 400 000 ² (rolling geometric average over a three-month period, with at least one sample per month).
By the food and veterinary service of the information collected for monitoring and control of compliance with animal welfare and hygiene requirements is that the accommodation premises (premises for keeping of animals, milk collection, milk-processing room and storage room, room/separate location feed storage and room/separate location sick, wounded animals) does not answer the requirements of 21% of the apsekotaj farms; animal husbandry and care conditions of 7.3% no response from apsekotaj farms; milk collection, pre-treatment and storage hygiene (udder inspection on mastitis and milking, animal training milking, milk cooling, storage and temperature regime, milk containers, inventory and milking equipment, dairy sales, quality milk, and staff hygiene and sanitary booklet) did not correspond to 18% of apsekotaj farms.
With chicken welfare rules changes that took effect from 1 May 2004, has increased the size of cages and they are the following:-each laying hens must be caged area of not less than 550 cm2 that is determined by measuring the horizontal surface of the cages, which use free laying hens without restrictions;
-cages must be at least 40 cm high 65% of the cage area and not less than 35 cm high for the rest of the cage.
In accordance with Regulation No 567/2004, in order to determine the level of annual support costs may be taken into account in connection with the investments necessary to comply with the standards laid down by the community before the date of accession and which from this day or at a later date is binding. This option can be used only in the first three years of the period of support, an annual ceiling of EUR ir25000 per farm. This investment in the period, the decrease in force.
The purpose of the measure to the achievement of the EU standards of protection of the environment, human, animal and plant health and animal welfare farms.
The destination area destination area is the measure of the plan's target area. The exception is action in relation to the storage of manure and fertilizer construction plans that are implemented only in particularly sensitive areas.
The beneficiaries of the aid can get holding the required EU standards.
Eligible activities the aid beneficiary may receive aid for meeting standards on protection of the environment, human, animal and plant health and animal welfare on the following activities:-manure storage construction of particularly sensitive areas;
-ensuring standards of hygiene in milk production (milk milking investment and milk cooling equipment);
-cow sheds for standards to ensure the hygiene of milk (the movement of pigs);
-alteration of cages, to ensure the welfare of laying hens, etc full list of these standards, see annex 17. Eligible activities must not be aggregated with aid measures referred to in Regulation (EC) No 1257/99 section 1 because the investments made to comply with the above standards may receive aid only this event and is not entitled to support Regulation (EC) No 1257/99, Chapter 1. Other other investment can get support of Regulation (EC) No 1257/99 Chapter 1, subject to the relevant conditions. The food and veterinary service shall issue the necessary documents regarding the standard of hygiene in milk production, livestock standards and the welfare of laying hens. Regional environmental administration issue documents concerning the storage of manure.
To make the necessary corrections in the single programming document in the Appendix, this measure will be implemented from November 1, 2004.
The conditions for receiving the aid commitments of Support you can get if you have received a nationally recognized the opinion of the competent national authority for the production of the non-compliance with EU standards.
Compensation for the investments made will not exceed EUR 25 000 per farm per year.
Compensation for income obtained and the extra cost will not exceed EUR 10000 per farm per year.
Income foregone and additional costs associated with standards compliance is not taken into account until the end of the investment period.
The applicant shall provide the relevant standard implementation plan, in which it is confirmed that the standard will be achieved, and that the area in question is approved by a nationally recognized by the competent national authority.
In the case of investment aid recipients must ensure compliance with the relevant standards by the end of the investment period, as attested by a nationally recognised by the competent national authority.
Support the nature and extent of the applicants can get the support of the investment costs associated with the standards.
Manure storage construction of particularly sensitive areas This activity provides investment in manure storage facilities to comply with the nitrate directive 91/676/EEC. In accordance with the laws of the abovementioned Directive should introduce holdings is five or more animal units. The size of the payment of the aid for investments is determined depending on the volume of manure storage: storage of manure in Offset-type tion amount (€/m3) of solid manure storage up to 300 m3 of solid manure storage 64 over 301 and more m3 liquid manure storage 53 up to 1500 m3 Construction costs 53 €/m3 47 hygiene standards provision of milk production (milk milking investment and milk cooling equipment) this activity provides support to the dairy milking and milk cooling equipment purchase to comply with the directive (EEC) No. 92/46 conditions uncooked milk in those holdings in which the provisions of this directive are implemented. The size of the payment of the aid for investments is determined depending on the number of cows on the farm: milk cooling equipment acquisition holding the size of the Refund amount (EUR/animal) holding, which is up to 10 cows 236 farms is 11-25 220 cows farms is 26-50 cows 197 farms have more than 50 cows milk milking equipment 181 acquisition holding the size of the Refund amount (EUR/animal) holding that is up to 10 cows 197 farms is 11-25 cows farms is 238 26-50 cows 230 farms, with more than 50 cows 213 standards quarters to ensure milk milking hygiene (unbundling) this activity is designed for farms where the cows and pigs are kept in the same room, which is contrary to the Commission's directive (EEC) 89/362 on general conditions of hygiene in milk production holdings. Within this activity, the farmer has three choices:-new home construction;
-new home construction and previous swine pigs home conversions for headquarters;
-pig home for home rebuilding.
The cost of the new headquarters of pigs and swine establish old home conversions for headquarters are the following: the amount of the refund for the animals (EUR/animal) production pigs home rebuilding on the cow's seat pregnant sows 161 home rebuilding on the cow's headquarters at 745 boar home rebuilding on the cow's home to the home construction 1491 fattening pig sow 176 home construction home construction to 812 boar 1623 Cages alterations with the aim of ensuring the welfare of laying hens for This activity to comply with the Directive No 99/74 on the welfare of laying hens under certain conditions. The amount of the refund of contributions shall be determined on the basis of the cost of rebuilding after the caging laying hens: the number of the animal, the amount of compensation (EUR/animal) caged rebuilding 9.00 If compensation applies to animals, then payment is made on the application, the beneficiary at the time owned animals.
If the total amount of compensation for the investments made under this measure shall not exceed EUR 25 000, the total amount paid to the beneficiary during the first year of application.
If the total amount of compensation for the investments made under this measure is from 25 000 to 50 000 EUR, then first login in the year the beneficiary paid EUR 25 000, but in the second year the remaining amount is paid.
If the total amount of compensation for the investments made under this measure is above EUR 50 000, then the first and second years of the annual cost of EUR 25 000. paid in the third year the remaining amount, a maximum of 75 000 per beneficiary.
Detailed calculation see annex 14.
Constraints support is given, if there is no compliance with the standards due to the fact that the applicant does not comply with the standards that are already included in national legislation.
This measure will fund investments do not receive any additional funding from national or EU.
Measure the time introduction is being launched in 2004.
The Administration supports the applicant apply for aid under this measure, submitting necessary documents (see. 10. annex) LADA. Support payment administration, control and sanctions see 12.3-12.4. chapter.
Support the applicant apply for aid under this measure plan 2004-2006 implementation period.
Relation with other measures support the recipient is entitled to receive additional payment single area, eligible for national aid measures, and aid from other rural development support measures, with the exception of the measure "early retirement". The measure is closely related to the 4 SPD. priority measures "investments in agricultural enterprises", "rural transformation and development".
Expected results results 2004 2005 2006 Supported the holding of at least 2000 2500 3000 annually the number of farms that are in a specific area of production of aggression according to EU standards of supported holdings in busy 0 1000 2750 area 48 100 75 250 90 825 9.7. Technical assistance for the legal basis is Council Regulation (EC) No 1257/99, as amended by Annex 2 to the Treaty of accession section 6 of the "Agriculture" 33 article.
Justification the imposition of PAGE administrative capacity is vital to the success of the European Union to Latvia as one of the Member States in the implementation of aid. Activities include technical assistance services. These services are required to support the implementation of the related costs.
The purpose of the measures This measure aims to provide assistance in particular programs and possible future implementation and monitoring of the amendments. The measure covers the costs relating to the governance PAGE, implementation, monitoring and financial control. Eligible activities include project preparation, selection, appraisal and monitoring. The measure also covers costs related to the organisation of the monitoring activity, t.sk. costs related to experts and expenses audits and spot checks, t.sk. implementing cost control personnel.
Beneficiaries the beneficiaries with regard to activities within this measure is Ministry of agriculture and rural support service.
Eligible activities eligible for support in the preparation, monitoring, evaluation and control measures, necessary for rural development Measures for the implementation of programming document includes, in particular: (a)) research;
b) measures of technical assistance, exchange of experience and information with partners, beneficiaries and the public;
(c) the installation of a computer system, operation) and cooperation management, monitoring and evaluation;
(d) the improvement of the methods of valuation) and practical exchange of information in this field;
(e) the preparation of the monitoring information) and submission under the Committee on agricultural structures and rural development document "Common indicators for monitoring rural development programming for 2000-2006".
The conditions for receiving the aid payments under this measure is carried out in accordance with the provisions of the public procurement itself. Activities within this measure does not overlap with the SPD measure 4.1.6. "local action development" (Leader +-type measure) and 4.1.7. "training" measures.
Receipt of payment of the aid and the volume of technical assistance include costs relating to: (a) studies: studies) in support of the preparation of the programming documents for the activity and the implementation of measures;
(b)) technical assistance measures: i.e. the financing of expert help or advice to Supervisory Committee in relation to the monitoring and implementation of measures, opinions on the implementation of the programme, officials and staff training URu.tml.;
c) exchanges of experience and information delivery partners and beneficiaries: i.e. seminars, study trips; potential beneficiaries targeted communication, information and publicity campaigns, t.sk. printing and distribution costs URu.tml.;
d) informing the public: that is the issue of the brochure and information on rural development programmes; information campaigns;
(e) the setting up, operation system) and cooperation management, monitoring and evaluation (URt.sk., staff training);
(f) the improvement of the methods of valuation) and the exchange of information on successful practices in this field;
(g) meetings of the Monitoring Committee).
This list is drawn up on the basis of Commission recommendations (guidance "of rural development measures in the technical questionnaire" for the transition from SAPARD to post-accession rural development (2004-2006).
In the time of introduction of the measure being launched in 2004.
All proposals for the Administration to evaluate these measures in the Ministry of agriculture.
Relation with other measures this measure is linked to all other measures.
Expected results results 2004 2005 2006 number of studies carried out: 5 7 9 the implementation of measures of technical assistance, the exchange of experience and information with partners, beneficiaries and the public, the number of computer systems management created 31 37 43, for the conduct of monitoring and evaluation: the assessment methods 1 1 1 improvements and practical exchange of information in this area: the oversight of information 17 18 19 number 1 2 2 9.8. Rural development measures in the single programming document in accordance with the EC Regulation No 1257/99, 35. , 40, article 41 a specific rural development measures, the implementation of which is co-financed by the EAGGF guidance part and they are included in the single programming document priorities. 4. The detailed mechanism is determined by the implementation of the single programming document for the programme complement: – measures: investments in agricultural enterprises;
-measures: support for young farmers;
-event: agricultural product processing and marketing;
-measures: the transformation of rural areas and the promotion of development;
-measures: forestry development;
-event: local action development (initiative LEADER +-type measure);
Each of the above measures are directly or indirectly related to the activities of the plan (see. Chapter 6). The program of the single programming document measure set out in the appendix contains information about applicants for aid provide benefits or limitations in cases where the applicant receives support in one or more of the plan's measures.
10. the need for technical assistance, training, research and demonstration projects for the implementation of the plan in accordance with the EU Regulation No 1257/99, article 43, paragraph 1 of this plan is to support the implementation of the measures and the planned results are assigned to provide financial support for carrying out the necessary studies, demonstration projects, training, and technical assistance for the implementation of the plan. The aid is starting with the year 2004, and the target area is defined in the whole territory of Latvia.
Have made many studies that were mainly being implemented with the support of the State subsidy. In connection with the demonstration project for EU technical assistance PHARE programme launched its aid from 1995 to 1998. Later, the demonstration projects were carried out with the support of the State subsidy.
Concerning training of the Latvian Agricultural Advisory and education support centre is responsible for the development of agricultural personnel qualification the organisation, which is carried out in accordance with the agreement between the Centre and the Ministry of agriculture.
It is essential to mention the bilateral cooperation agreement between Latvia and the Netherlands. Individual projects were supported in the pimsiestāšan program "help the Latvian rural development plan by the European Community support for rural development from the EAGGF funds".
10.1. studies financial aid is subject to the following study guides: a) the economic and social development in rural areas, with a view to evaluating the measures, especially the "less favoured areas and areas with environmental restrictions", the impact of the implementation of rural development in Latvia and to develop proposals for the development of policy to support the next program period;
b) environmental conservation and diversity of quality improvement, rural landscape, the local origin of genetic resources research, organic farming and its products processing development, etc., with a view to developing a measure "agri-environment" and increasing its importance in the policy to support the preparatory work in addition to the implementation of the activities supported in the next programme period and prepare to support the range of users within the framework of this measure;
c) trends in the rural economy, rural business development and diversification of activities, development of economic cooperation in the field of business development, entrepreneur (t.sk., farmers, artisans, etc.) and services market research and quality improvement, with the aim of improving the implementation of aid policy in the next programming period, carried out research on trends, to help assess the implementation of the plan in the field of employment and to identify bottlenecks;
(d) the quality of production and sales) of the opportunity, primary production, and marketing process development, market research and new product development, with the aim of ensuring the information base available to entrepreneurs about agricultural production, marketing of primary and process improvement opportunities in this and in future EU programmes;
e) local initiatives to develop rural cooperation in social and economic areas, with the aim to evaluate development opportunities and develop policy to support local community development in this and in future EU programmes.
10.2. Training training is one of the most significant measures in this and subsequent periods of the program designing plans. Its priority objective is to help rural residents use this plan available (particularly measures environmental qualities in the maintenance and reproduction) and ensure that the plan defined results to be achieved and the maximum implementation of measures each bring maximum contribution.
10.3. Demonstration projects as the plan support is provided in many of the rural population and innovative areas such as agri-environment measures is also supported demonstration projects, the implementation of which the purpose is to demonstrate and advise interested parties of the start-up in the following areas. The total allowable costs to the demonstration project will not exceed EUR 100 000.
10.4. the need for technical assistance technical assistance include costs associated with:-the independent experts, the Group of experts and partners activity financing, if it is necessary to plan or set of measures in improvement of the mechanism, the plan of implementation of the measures and the continuous monitoring of the process of statistical data collection, qualitative analysis and assessment, and the preparation of an annual report on the effectiveness of the implementation of the plan, financing, public information needs, etc. 11. Authorities 11.1 Ministry of agriculture in accordance with EC Regulation 1257/99 article 41 on plan development and implementation is the responsibility of the LR The Ministry of agriculture.
Ministry of agriculture oversees the implementation of procedures for the development and implementation of the field support service (hereinafter-the LADIES), provides talks and conducting correspondence with the EU Commission, as well as the report of the EU Commission, the Monitoring Committee, Cabinet, and inform the public of the results of the implementation of the plan. If necessary, the Ministry of agriculture in rural development department shall prepare or collect from other organizations submitted amendments and additions with a view to submitting it to the Monitoring Committee and the EU Commission. The Department performs Plan Monitoring Committee secretariat functions and inform the public and the institutions involved in the implementation of the plan for the Monitoring Committee or the EU Commission. During the implementation of the plan, the Ministry of agriculture in rural development department will attract experts to plan the development and oversee the implementation of the plan, the permanent monitoring of conduct, as well as being responsible for the technical assistance and financial resources management.
11.2. the rural support service payment agency functions under the supervision of the Ministry of agriculture and the EU co-financed measures for the administration of the accredited field support service. LADA provides administration of the measures, control over the fulfilment of the conditions of the aid and, if necessary, applies the sanctions. Together with the Ministry of agriculture and associate experts, develop a plan for implementing SUCH procedures, submit application forms, information materials designed to support the applicants invitation to qualify for aid, as well as other additional documents required in support of the Administration, control and sanctions.
The Ministry of Agriculture of the LADA, the Monitoring Committee of the plan, the EU Commission on the use of financial resources, as well as inform the public.
If needed, the LADS prepare proposals to the Ministry of Agriculture for the necessary changes of administration, control measures or monitoring mechanisms, as well as addressing outstanding issues. LADA is entitled to amend, to inform the public about these amendments, have received approval from the EU Commission.
LADA provides and maintains a common information system for Central and regional administrations to work serving the implementation of the plan of procedure (amendments t.sk.) the same interpretation, database maintenance and information sharing, etc. 7. LADA regional governments 12. implementation of the plan, including monitoring, evaluation and public information 12.1. coordination of the implementation of the measures the Ministry of agriculture in rural development department is responsible for coordination of the implementation of the plan. Each of the Department's rural development department is responsible for each of the implementation of the action plan. If you are in doubt of the implementation plan, the Department is responsible for prevention.
After the hearing, the applicant documentation control and acceptance measures "agri-environment", "less favoured areas and areas with environmental restrictions", "aid to producer groups" LADA and shall draw up a report on the Monitoring Committee and the number of beneficiaries and the estimated funding needed for payment of the aid at the end of the year. If necessary, Paris, France, in cooperation with the ZM prepares proposals for the Monitoring Committee on the reallocation of funding between measures, if any of the measures, the financing is partially or completely unused.
28. table. The coordinating body for the implementation of the measures in the event of Payment the agency responsible for the implementation of agri-environment agency field support and Rural Development Department of the service areas and less favoured rural areas support the rural development department and the limits of environmental protection service early retirement Field Support Department of rural development and service support to producer groups in the field support the Department of rural development and service support for semi-subsistence field support Department of rural development and farm restructuring Service Standard achievement field support Department of rural development and services in collaboration with the veterinary and the food Department technical assistance to Field support rural development Department of ZM service 12.2. Monitoring Committee pursuant to EC Regulation No 1257/99, article 48 of the implementation of the plan for monitoring and evaluation purposes, has established a Monitoring Committee.
The Monitoring Committee is created within a period of three months after the approval of the program. The Monitoring Committee shall periodically review this program towards the objectives laid down.
The Monitoring Committee's main functions are the following: – approve the amendment plan and amendment to the compliance to follow existing rules and procedures;
– assess and approve ZM and reports for plan LADA implementation, review and accept SUCH proposals for funding reallocation between measures in the relevant year;
-to examine the report on the implementation of the plan and the effectiveness evaluation;
– monitor and verify the work related to the mid-term evaluation of the plan;
-follow the plan's strategic objectives, priorities and defined results;
– to monitor the effective implementation of the plan;
– coordinate measures to inform the public about measures and possible amendments;
-to provide the Monitoring Committee views the annual report;
-to make proposals on the activities carried out by the paying agency, the management authority and other public authorities regarding the implementation of the programme.
Committee Chairman and members shall be appointed and the Cabinet of Ministers. Plan monitoring Committee consists of representatives from the participating in the implementation of the plan, the authorities and other partners. The Secretariat of the Monitoring Committee shall perform the functions of the Ministry of agriculture, which supports the circulation of information and its public availability. The Supervisory Committee shall meet 4 times a year, and during these meetings can be called different partners as experts in matters under consideration.
The Committee may set up working ruins (which is allowed to participate to the experts who are not members of the Committee), which prepares a report to the Committee and reports on different issues. The Committee does not intervene directly in the administration of the programme. The members of the Committee should participate in meetings and to perform certain tasks of the Committee. All the information about the meeting is directed through the Ministry of Agriculture. The European Commission representatives participate in meetings as an advisor. Committee decisions are taken by mutual consent. If such agreement is reached, the Commission shall decide the question of the applicable procedure to resolve the issue, t.sk. the establishment of the Working Group for this purpose.
During the meeting, the Committee adopted decisions on the basis of consensus, and the Secretariat shall forward it in writing to each Member of the Committee.
12.3. the administration of the payment of the aid measures in 12.3.1. General principles of administration as a payment agency, LADIES in collaboration with the Department of rural development and as the coordinating institution of the measures of the plan is to plan each event responsible for: (a)) administrative tasks: – invitation to tender;
the applicant and the beneficiary of the aid in the examination of the documentation submitted, control and approval;
– the determination of contractual obligations between the LADS and the beneficiaries;
-collecting information about the support measures to be implemented in accordance with the guidelines set out in the plan and EU indicators;
– provision of information assessment of the effectiveness of the implementation of the plan for ongoing monitoring of performance.
(b) the payment of) support tasks: – payment approval;
-payment is made;
-accounting of commitment and payment.
The LADIES aid started the application and the applicant documents acceptance required support (the list of documents to be submitted the claim to the support measures see annex 10), take control of the documents submitted, approved the payment of the aid to the beneficiaries according to the conditions of each measure.
SUCH payments are made to beneficiaries in national currency. LADA shall maintain a record of each payment and provide the beneficiary of the payment requests submitted timely processing. The transfer is made directly to the beneficiary's account. For every payment made LADA shall keep records including information about the amount, expressed in national currency. Supported only in payment requests which exceed EUR 50.
Exchange rate fluctuation risk the Republic of Latvia. Costs related to currency exchange rate fluctuations are not financed from the EAGGF.
Measure "agri-environment" and "less favourable for the action areas and areas with environmental restrictions" for the purposes of the reference area is the same as regards the single area payments.
Good housekeeping practice rules relating to agri-environmental measures and less favoured areas are checked in accordance with the guidelines of the Commission document VI/10535/99 Rev. 7. Rules are checked, if necessary with the help of the exchange of information between the relevant authorities.
In the case of uncertainty, LADA will contact the applicant by letter. The applicant is obliged to reply to the received LADA letter within 14 days of the receipt of the letter. If the applicant without justification does not respond to the letters, then the LADIES event in support of the applicant is rejected.
12.3.2. the specifics of each measure for the administration of all the agri-environment sub-measures binding requirements: If the area applied for aid increases, the beneficiary submits a new application at least on the same terms.
(a) the development of organic production) support, the applicant shall submit SUCH application and the necessary documents (see. 10. annex) together with the application for the single payment area.
Every year, the beneficiary is obliged by a deadline to submit SUCH information (certificate or a copy of the certificate) for the certified area for the current year.
(b) the maintenance of biodiversity) tend to support the applicant shall submit the application and SUCH required documents (see. 10. in annex).
If the beneficiary wants 5 years to increase the area in which the activity of the agri-environment sub-measures under this conditions, the beneficiary shall submit a new application for the LADIES to additional areas, in the light of the above application procedures and time.
(c) the installation of the support buffer strips), the applicant shall submit an application to the LADIES and the necessary documents (see. 10. in annex).
d) livestock genetic resources conservation for assistance within the framework of this sub-action, the applicant shall submit an application to the LADIES and the necessary documents (see. 10. annex) certifying the subsidy to the eligibility conditions.
If the animal is eliminated due to the particular circumstances, as attested by a certificate issued by an official veterinarian, the beneficiary must inform the LADIES and VCIDAC. If the current year has increased the number of animals which satisfy the conditions for receipt of the aid, the beneficiary shall submit a new application.
Less favoured areas and areas with environmental restrictions for the purpose of supporting the applicant shall submit the application and SUCH required documents (see. 10. annex) together with the application for the single payment area. If the area is farmed areas with restrictions on economic activities in accordance with the target group, the applicant highlights the field block map of the area concerned. Support payments are paid simultaneously with the single area payments.
If the area applied for aid increases, the beneficiary submits a new application at least on the same terms.
Early retirement and a successor to the farm workers) in support, the applicant shall submit the application and the required documents (see. 10. annex) for approval before a specified date, the LADIES. In the case of a positive evaluation of the LADA switch pension agreement with the applicant, the owner of the farm-pension from the moment it is submitted legal documents on the property (the property purchase agreement, gift agreement, property) or lease.
LADA shall inform the State social insurance agency (VSA) for liabilities with a premature pension beneficiary. On my own-starpēj collaborators contract shall inform the LADIES on the VSA of early retirement beneficiary under the national pension scheme and sends the national pension monthly amount payable.
LADA inform beneficiaries of early retirement for a month before the State retirement age for early pensions payable monthly reduction in the amount of State pension age. In the transitional period, the excess amount is deducted from the cost of early retirement after receiving information from the VSA national pension and national pension payable. Deductions may not exceed 70% of the monthly amount of early pension payable. If State pension exceeds the amount of the pension early, then the beneficiary shall repay the excess premature pension LADA amount for those months that have also received State pension.
If the beneficiary dies, the period in which the agreement is in force for early retirement, his monthly pension for any remaining period continue to be paid to the person in accordance with the national legislation has been approved by the law of succession.
(b) the holding of the beneficiary), together with the receipt of early retirement for the documents submitted by the applicant was the beneficiary of the farm look LADIES documents (see. 10. in annex), evaluate the business plan for the development of the farm received a further 5 years and in the case of a positive assessment, concluded an agreement with the recipient of the holding of not less than 5 years. LADA confirms the early pension beginning from the next month after the transfer of the holding, which represents legally justified. Each year the farm holder shall submit a report on SUCH economic activities during the reference year and the previous year's report, or a closed income statement (copy) mark on the environment.
Aid for producer groups support an applicant shall submit an application to the LADIES and the necessary documents (see. 10. in annex). LADA with the beneficiary agree on the granting of aid for five years, including the logon of the year. The beneficiary shall submit current year the LADIES recognition of compliance with the Commission's opinion to the producer group, as well as the previous year's report concluded in accordance with the LR law on annual accounts "with the MIDDLE mark on receipt (copy).
Support for semi-subsistence farms to support the restructuring of the applicant shall submit the application and SUCH required documents (see. 10. in annex). LADA with the beneficiary agree on the granting of aid for five years, including the logon of the year. Farm development plan reviews in the LADA is entitled to raise the industry's experts. The beneficiary shall submit an annual report on the review of the LADIES made during the year for work in accordance with the previously submitted a farm development plan and the annual report income statement "revenue from operating activities" (copy) in accordance with the law "on personal income tax", with reference to the ENVIRONMENT or to submit an annual report. If the beneficiary wishes to make amendments to the development plan of the holding, they are aligned with the LADS.
Compliance with standards support, the applicant shall submit the application and the required documents (see. 10. in annex). LADA looking documents confirm support and agree with the beneficiary for reimbursement from a nationally recognised competent bodies that the opinion of relevant EU standards in the area of the holding is achieved, the time of submission. The beneficiary shall submit a report each year on the LADIES the year under review the works carried out in accordance with the previously submitted plan of achieving the standard.
12.4 12.4.1. Control and sanctions and penalties to control general principles as the paying agency shall make SUCH beneficiary controls in accordance with Regulation EC No 445/2002, article 6 of Chapter 2, under certain requirements and, if necessary, applies a fine san-functions. LADA made both administrative control, and check in on the site.
The LADS take administrative control for all the applications submitted. Administrative controls are comprehensive and include a cross-check as needed with the integrated administration and control system. Control is documented on detailed and standardised control pages. If needed, the LADS control process from competent authorities (national and EU) attracts experts.
If it is established that the applicant supplied incorrect information with regard to serious negligence, that the calendar year in question shall be excluded from all rural development measures under Regulation (EC) No 1257/1999 to the relevant section.
If you provide false information intentionally, the beneficiary shall be excluded also in relation to the next calendar year.
The above penalties are applied without regard to other penalties provided for in national legislation.
LADA is entitled to require the applicant to submit supporting documents each year to ensure more effective control of the aid conditions and cover a wider range of applicants for aid.
In accordance with article 61 (445/2002) LADA make spot checks of the applicant related to the existence of aid, covering at least 5% of the total number of applicants for aid.
On-the-spot check shall cover at least 5% of the aid applicants a year and LAPparedzēto for all types of field support pasākumus29. On the site are certainly candidates to be tested on the basis of a risk analysis and representative enough of random elements in accordance with Regulation (EC) no 2419/2001 in article 19. Control cover all aid commitments and obligations of the applicant, which you can check out on the site laikā30. All test results are documented. If necessary, the control process involving relevant matters LADA competent (national or EU level) institution experts. Spot check and perform different administrative control.
If you violate the conditions for receiving the aid of the measures in a LADA in accordance with Regulation No 445/2002, article 64 shall be entitled to apply the sanctions provided for in annex 11: – to reduce the current or the next annual support payments in one or more activities;
-suspend the payment of aid to a year or longer in all relevant activities or activities that support the applicant is approved for aid;
-to stop the activity or undertaking any activities that support the applicant receives support;
-to stop the operation of the undertaking and have to repay the aid received, as well as exclusion from individual or all assistance in subsequent years.
In addition to SUCH national legislation controls, the competent institutions shall take annual control of national legislation in compliance with the requirements of the applicant's farm aid. The institution shall inform the LADIES about their controls irregularities found.
The LADIES and their controls, evaluate the results and information provided by the competent institution and, if necessary, take appropriate measures, which are set out in annex 11 of the PAGE and the entry into force as of the moment when the plan is approved and the European Commission has opened a login to the support plan.
12.4.2. good housekeeping practices controls for LSP control paying agency should create a special control system which includes: 1) the verifiable conditions, which can be checked on the spot. Support the applicant is informed of the GCC.
2) spot checks: – on-the-spot checks of the training analyst-payment Agency inspectors are trained to be able to establish the conditions of the GCC.
– tests the Inspector fills in the control message that contains all the GCC. In addition, the inspector shall inform the competent authorities if you suspect that the applicant does not comply with the requirements of the LSP. The competent authority shall carry out the examination and of its results inform the LADA. The aid is not paid before the competent authorities notification of the result of the examination BRONSON.
-Comprehensive checks are performed on all applicants for aid who are selected for carrying out checks on the spot.
3) administrative support the applicant's commitment to support the tenderer declares that he is aware of the provisions of the GCC and that he respected them.
– mutual information system-a system according to which the competent authority is obliged to notify the LADA of the alleged infringements.
-In the case of administrative checks are verified recent certificates issued by the competent authorities.
12.4.3. control of each measure and the nature of the penalties if the applicant for agri-environment shall refer all or part of the holding to another person during the commitment period, which is a condition for the granting of aid, the beneficiary is entitled to the farm to take over the commitment for the remainder of the commitment period. If the commitment is not taken over, the beneficiary shall repay the aid received.
EC Regulation No 445/2002, article 30 provides for the reimbursement of the aid received is not applicable where the applicant who has already received payment for three years of commitments, fully cease agricultural activities.
(a) the development of organic production) area in the case of pārdeklarācij LADA penalties in accordance with the EC Regulation No 2419/2001 in article 32 (1).
If the applicant terminates the application of the methods of organic farming in agricultural activities, support for the current year, the applicant did not receive support. Support the applicant is entitled to the support of each transition year the areas only once.
b) biodiversity maintenance lawns are excluded in the case of area pārdeklarācij LADA penalties in accordance with the EC Regulation No 2419/2001 in article 32 (1).
Extensive case of over-grazing LADA compares the information submitted by the applicant on the number of cattle on the farm VCDIAC.
(c) the installation of the watercourse area) pārdeklarācij case of LADS apply sanctions in accordance with EC Regulation No 2419/2001 in article 32 (1).
d) agricultural conservation of animal genetic resources submitted by the appearance of all the LADIES in the first year and the current year's applications and take control of the number of animals and membership support for applicants using the VCIDAC register existing information, as well as on-the-spot checks.
Less favoured areas and areas with environmental restrictions for the purpose of protection of the area in the case of pārdeklarācij LADA sanctions in accordance with EC Regulation No 2419/2001 in article 32 (1).
The LADIES aid for producer groups shall examine all applications and take control of the aid conditions. Evaluation criteria for the current year support is recognition of a producer group Commission opinion on the compliance of the beneficiary groups. If the producer group's annual recognition process is not recognized, the contractual arrangements between the LADS and the beneficiary of the remains, but the annual payment of the aid in accordance with the conditions of the measure are not paid.
Support for semi-subsistence farms restructuring
The fourth and fifth years following the first year of the receipt of the payment of the aid take control of LADA (t.sk.-spot), assessing the economic relevance of a farm development plan submitted and the conditions for receipt of the aid. Evaluation criteria for successful economic development in the three-year eligibility period is the annual income declaration in annex D3 or the annual report of the company reported operating income increases by 30%.
Achievement of the standard control of LADA (t.sk.-spot), assessing the progress made towards compliance with EU standards the standards implementation plan submitted and the conditions for receiving the aid. Evaluation criteria are recognised at national level for the competent national authorities in the EU's opinion on the standard of achievement and/or opinion holding that the work has been carried out in accordance with the standard implementation plan.
The LADIES take control of livestock number and affiliation of the beneficiary using the VCIDAC register existing information, as well as on-the-spot checks.
12.5. The implementation of the plan, monitoring and evaluation in accordance with EC Regulation No 1257/99 Chapter 4 Article 48 (2) of Regulation No 445/2002, article 53 of Chapter 5 for Latvia and the EU Commission is to ensure the monitoring of the implementation of the plan, which is done based on agreed procedures. Monitoring includes a pre-determined and agreed physical and financial indicators for the collection, evaluation and the development of a final report for submission to the Commission and to the public. The annual report must contain the following information:-any amendments to the conditions relating to the implementation of the measures;
– the main socio-economic trends or changes in national, regional or industry policy;
-measures and priorities, progress and attainment of the General objectives, using quantified indicators;
-Ministry of agriculture and the measures taken by the Monitoring Committee in the plan of implementation of the measures to increase the effectiveness of the measures in the following issues: monitoring, financial control and evaluation, data collection and processing procedures, the summary of the main problems in the implementation of the measures and the Elimination of the measures taken;
– Activities carried out, ensuring compliance with EU policies.
To establish an effective monitoring system, which serve as information base for the evaluation, together with Ministry of agriculture rural support service and to attract experts creates a list of indicators for the collection of data. The list of indicators will be included in the EU Commission's guidelines and action plan and the priorities set at the level and additional identified indicators necessary for the attainment of the objectives of the plan for quality evaluation.
To ensure that the evaluation process was conducted in accordance with the EC Regulation No 445/2002, article 54 is involved in independent national experts, who have experience in such work and that their competence is an approach to indicators and additional information. Experts prepared assessment is Yes-provides answers to questions that are defined by the EU Commission in consultation with the Ministry of agriculture. Whereas the implementation of the plan is the responsibility of the Ministry of agriculture, it is necessary to ensure adequate financial resources in the evaluation process, the results of the monitoring and the availability of the supplementary information, if necessary.
In accordance with the provisions of Regulation No 445/2002, article 55 of Chapter 5 before submitting to the Commission, the Ministry of agriculture provides a plan Ex-ante assessment, which evaluates the implementation of the plan and measure the quality of the facility, compliance with EU policy, identifies key issues and make proposals for the implementation of the plan and the improvement of the mechanism.
In accordance with the provisions of Regulation No 445/2002, article 56 of Chapter 5, the Ministry of agriculture provides the implementation of the plan, the Ex-post evaluation at the end of the period of programming. Both Ex-ante and Ex-post evaluation of the Ministry of agriculture has to be linked in this assessment, the competent experts.
12.6. the public information public information on this plan's measures ZM 2003-2006 implementing the information strategy, which until the middle of 2004 through the regional administrations, the LADIES of the mass media, work and training workshops in the regions, various consultancy organizations, municipalities and agencies, etc., cooperation partners shall inform the public about the 2004-2006 Plan of action chosen, mechanisms for the implementation, control and potential beneficiaries, financial benefits in any event, engaging, as well as changes in national policy to support the activities funded. And inform the public of this period's main goals, tasks and results, and also outlined a program for the next period, the possible development of each plan. To potential beneficiaries should be able to use the support already in the first year of this period, and plan assigned finance would be used effectively, supported the Advisory service activities of active regions in ways as each lead and potential beneficiaries of the economic benefit of: – the assessment of the possible problem determination and solution assurance of his holding company to promote the development of/;
-information on legislation, commitments and the consequences of failure for each plan;
-the availability of other support measures co-financed by other EU funds or which are financed exclusively from the national budget;
-other issues related to each of the interested parties and potential beneficiaries of the assessment and use of the 2004-2006 period.
Since 1999 the Ministry of Agriculture website (http://www.zm.gov.lv) is freely available all of the information related to legislation, policy, and funding. Every Member of the public with these websites is the ability to speak, give suggestions, report problems, participate in the discussion. The biggest national periodical rural residents ' newspaper ' and other newspapers and magazines regularly publish information on this plan.
From 2004 to the end of 2006, the main focus is to support the training of the applicant, advising, and information about additional options, the amendment procedure of the measures, if the plan is accepted by the Monitoring Committee on the implementation of the plan's effectiveness. But still made public information on the progress of implementation of the plan of action and a new fundraising and advising applicants for aid.
Through the implementation of the plan, the interim evaluation, and inform the public of the progress of the implementation of the plan, the real results achieved in the process of implementing a plan to later in January 2007.
13. the involvement of the social partners in formulating the results of implementation of the plan, the strategy and the measures to be implemented, and consulted the Commission and the EU partners in the EU, all cooperation partners in Latvia (see annex 8) both at the level of policy making, both administrative and non-governmental organizations and the potential users of the support level. The survey was carried out at the level of local authorities, involving rural entrepreneurs and other rural population in the choice of priority measures.
All of the consultation process and the results of the survey were taken as a basis for the development of the plan.
The plan of measures for the establishment of the mechanism works in 10 groups, one of which was a measure of the level 5 and 6 was a measure "agri-environment" Sub-measure level. In each of the groups were involved in specific issues, experts, policy makers and decision makers at national, regional and local levels, activities and expertise in administering institution representatives, representatives of non-governmental organizations and the public. Each working group worked for one plan (the "agri-environment" event-sub) and one horizontal group – at all events the administration process improvement. The process of developing measures of each work group met 6 times. In the period between the meetings of the Working Group, the participating representatives consulted with others, thus covering more and more remote and engage the public.
After the first Plan the project development it was published for public consultation. All proposals received were collected, evaluated and included in the plan. the plan of improvement process involving foreign experts (Netherlands Government funded project rural development plans of Latvia's development), which carried out the first draft evaluation Plans, prepared concrete proposals which, together with the results of the public consultation was included in the second draft of the plan. The plan's second project was presented to the Ex-ante evaluation and proposals prepared by its embedded in the plan (see annex 20). The document was sent to the Cabinet and after acceptance sent to the European Commission.
"Agri-environment" event has been designed in close cooperation with non-governmental organizations. Already preparing the SAPARD to be implemented under the agri-environmental measures, the large investment made by the Latvian Fund for nature, creates a basis for future programming under the rural development plan. Arrangements are negotiated with the agricultural and environmental Advisory Council. This Council consists of the Ministry of agriculture, Ministry of environment, farmers and representatives of environmental organizations such as the World Wildlife Fund, the Wildlife Fund of Latvia, Latvian organic organisation Association URu.tml.
During the implementation of the plan, the social partners have the most important role, on the basis of the following tasks: – within their competence, to get involved and help the LADS and more effective exercise plan objectives and, within their competence, to engage in the process of implementation of the plan;
– help to inform and advise field public information (different target audience) on support availability or amendment;
-to represent the different interests of the target groups in the decision-making process (particularly in the Monitoring Committee of the plan);
-the collaboration and involvement of the wider community, to collect suggestions for improvements or shortcomings of conventional measures and mechanisms to inform the public on possible amendments to the implementation of the measures;
– ensure rural training and advice in support of its claim, the more effective use of and reporting on the use of aid.
14. balance or coherence between the different support measures the distribution of funding between measures are argued, on the basis of the following considerations: administrative capacity in the implementation of each measure; rural areas the capacity of host absorbatīv support opportunities in each of the measures; the implementation of each measure the maximum utility directly (see the situation of Latvia. 29. table).
Whereas many of the plan's measures-2004 national support policies have not been implemented (see. 5.4. section) and their administrative and institutional mechanisms are gradually, basis for the 2004-2006 period, every event is handled by a specific date. Funding and allocation between measures and changes to it over the years to determine the real measure of the possible initiation of administrative and monitoring capacity, limited field of the absorbatīv capacity of the host, the great society part relatively little experience of EU co-financed measures, short of actual needs optimal solution options to ensure the long-term effect on the overall rural development.
LADA as the Agency to administer payment of 21 EU co-financed rural development measures, as well as the other support schemes for agriculture and market policies, it is necessary to build a rational and simple mechanisms for the implementation of the measures. Therefore, Plan events that are similar to this implementation of national support schemes ("aid to producer groups. '; "Agri-environment: development of organic farming", "agri-environment: the conservation of animal genetic resources"), creating and implementing procedures LADA can be used the experience of the preceding years. The event "less favoured areas and areas with environmental restrictions" and "agri-environment: organic development" implementation is closely linked to the single area payment, which not only allows you to streamline the support mechanism and simplify the administration of funds for rural entrepreneurs, but also provides for the granting of aid to those farmers who are thinking to develop agricultural production.
"Agri-environment measures: maintaining biodiversity tend" and "agri-environment: installation of the Watercourse and" technical assistance "to create the mechanisms for implementation are used during the implementation of SAPARD is created, but the measures introduced:" biodiversity and rural landscape conservation "and" reduction of agricultural run-off "and" technical assistance ".
New administration and control of the aid scheme is to create measures "supporting semi-subsistence farms restructuring", "Standard", "achieving early retirement".
Area payments for this period of implementation of the plan should be considered as a reference/base years during which is implemented in the database and the data processing system of land use and types of registration by the crops harvested by each beneficiary in the area and the corresponding area payments.
Assessing the financial distribution and balance between all co-financed by the EAGGF for rural development measures, the largest share of funding (see. 30. table) exits the business activity development (priority 1 of the plan included measures), especially for business-building projects.
Despite the fact that the "agri-environment" action is very important both in Latvia and in other countries, the financial contribution and its annual increase for the implementation of this measure for the 2004-2006 programme period is relatively small compared to the "less favoured areas and areas with environmental restrictions". Funding "agri-environment" sub-measures increased significantly in the next programme period. There will be increased capacity (expert quality and growth) in environmental planning, administration and supervision, for a first experience in the management of agri-environmental requirements will be identified and registered in the database of the Latvian biologically diverse natural values, land managers will be informed about it being in their country and they will be trained in the skills of their management. "Agri-environment" event in the eligible activities will be added, and each of them will be created in the Administration and monitoring of the aid mechanism.
Knowledge of the socio-economic situation in the Latvian countryside and pressing needs that must be resolved in the first programming period, for the implementation of this plan, the largest funding measure was granted "less favoured areas and areas with environmental restrictions". It is expected that the maintenance of the population in rural areas will be a short-term measure. The measure will reach the potential beneficiaries as soon as possible, so in a way this event will form the basis for sustainable rural development in the future. Short period for this event (along with the "supporting semi-subsistence farms restructuring") is to stop the rapid depopulation of rural areas and further investment in the development of the Latvian farmers ' competitiveness in the EU, as most of similar agro climatic conditions of Latvia is disadvantaged compared with the rest of the EU.
Programming period is used as a time to build up a strong administrative base of informational "agri-environment" for the implementation of the measures, whereas the amount in the next programming period should be extended.
Due to the legal basis of the late event "Standard delivery" will be reviewed to ensure full legislative and rules provided for in this programming period the use of available resources.
29. table. The plan of implementation of the measures of the administrative efficiency of the financing, acquisition and suitability for use assessment 15. Coherence and compliance with EU support instruments 15.1 in accordance with EC Regulation No 1257/99, article 40 conditions all field support measures are put forward for funding such a document. Financed by the EAGGF guarantee part of support measures is justified in detail and put forward for funding rural development plan, which is prepared by the Ministry of agriculture, but the part financed by the EAGGF guidance aid measures are justified in detail and put forward for funding under the single programming document for the development of which is the responsibility of the Ministry of Finance of LATVIA. Other EU measures co-financed by the structural funds, contributing to rural development (see annex 5) is based in the single programming document for the financing, and for their implementation and management is the responsibility of the Ministry of finance in cooperation with other ministries. The structural funds regulations defined general conditions for co-financing availability one of the measures to ensure that all the measures are implemented in accordance with EU policies, especially environmental policies. The rural development measures will be under the habitats and wild birds directives (92/43/EC and 79/409/EC) and, where appropriate, the directive on public and private projects on the environment (85/337/EEC, amended by 97/11/EC). In addition, all feasible steps to be carried out in accordance with the environmental legislation of Latvia. In cases where the applicable Community environmental legislation has not yet been implemented in national legislation, the relevant EU directive is directly applicable to the implementation of it.
15.2. the national aid instruments in implementing rural development measures of Regulation EC No 1257/99, only Latvia financed national co-financing public funding and additional support shall not be granted in any of the measures.
1. Annex. Situation analysis indicators 31. table. Economic development indicators 1997.
in 2000 2001.
2002. (increase compared to the previous year) gross domestic product (in comparable prices) 8.4 4.8 2.8 6.8 7.9 6.1 private consumption public consumption 0.3 6.1 0.0 4.9 1.1 3.7 7.4 8.0 7.2-1.9-2.4 4.8 gross fixed capital formation-4.0 20.0 20.7 44.0 17 7.6 consumer prices 8.4 4.7 2.4 2.6 2.5 2.5 (percentage to the gross domestic product, if other is not specified) of the general budget of the fiscal balance (excluding privatisation revenues) 0.6-0.9-4.2-2.1-2.8-national debt 12.0 10.4 13.1 13.1 14.8 14.6 2.5 external trade balance-15.1-15.4-18.5-14.8-17.6 17.1 balance of payments-current account-6.2-9.8-10.6-6.9-9.6-7.8 received during the year foreign direct investment 9.3 5.8 5.2 5.7 2.1 5.0 registered unemployment rate (%, end of period), the proportion of jobseekers 7.0 9.2 9.1 7.8 7.8 8.5 (% of the economically active population) 15.1 14.1 14.3 14.1 13.1 12.0 dollar rate against SDR (end of period) 0.7997 0.7997 0.7997 0.7997 0.7997 0.7997 p-the forecast source : Report on the development of the Latvian economy, the Ministry of Economics of LATVIA, 2002 table 32. Wages and other income (average per month, in LCY) in 1996.
in 2000 2001.
Workers ' average monthly income:-gross-99 120 141 150 159 lats LVL 79 88 103 109 115 net income available to Households on average per household member per month (household budget survey) 51.50 55.45 64.73 69.19 ...
The social insurance institution accounting for existing pensioners age pension paid the average of the population One full 37.82 42.24 58.18 57.79 58.16 subsistence minimum basket of goods and services 73.78 78.78 83.18 84.47 86.93 workers value the real wage index (percentage against the corresponding period of the previous year) 91.2 103.6 102.9 103.0 103.5 source: report on the development of the Latvian economy, the Ministry of Economics of LATVIA, 2002.33. table. The main rural representative indicators, 2000. The indicators in the country towns of Republic-field field like a whole.-territory of cities rijā31 minimum-maximum population share,% 100 14, 8: population density, 49.3 184.108.40.206 938 1741 2-13.5/km2 417 the number of family members in the household 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.9 2.2-3.8 to the working age population share, 18 19 16 21 14-30% decline in the proportion of the age 59 59 60 57 47-64% above the working age population share% 23 22 24 22 13-35 Demographic economic load 1000 population 833 823 768 934 607-2259 32uz source: CSP, the results of the Census 2000 34. table. 2001 agricultural holdings surveyed skaitīšanā33 number, land area, and the average size of holdings in the area of land on farms, 000 ha of average farm size, ha farm status Sa-Set-including Set-including for land allocation target of platība34 farmers agricultural area farmers in Izu-vanity vanity number of Izu-inherit-inherits-jam zeme35 jam in the land total 180263 3586.2 2228.7 19.9 12.4 farms 1871.1 1136.4 33.2 20.1 56412 backyard holdings of personal palīgsaimniecīb 114288 1389.0 843.6 12.2 7.4 7753 68.2 42.1 8.8 5.4
State and local government bodies incorporated companies of the holding 94 12.2 8.2 130.3 87.7 Other farms 185.5 346.6 273.3 941,216.9 775 source: 28.6 12.8 71.9 33.8 Latvian agriculture 2001 census, CSP, 2003 table 35. Economically active groups of holdings by agricultural land, the agricultural Holding number group group for Holding a national common share respective indicators,% farmers farmers farmers overall, after the full vanity is vanity in ha vanity working day cause-full – – – – – – – – – – – – – – bināt day employed Syme-LIZ farmers, activity in number-vanity vanity in% from the field-the number of countries average number of causes-the holding in one bināt the average job-sa-sa-number one to compare the number of vanity is vanity in the country in total = 100% 140835 1834 265.5 24.9 1.9 0.5 k ha = 100% k = 100%
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