Rules For The Latvian National Development Plan 2007-2013

Original Language Title: Noteikumi par Latvijas Nacionālo attīstības plānu 2007.-2013.gadam

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Cabinet of Ministers Regulations No 564 Riga, July 4, 2006 (pr. 20. No 35 §) rules on the Latvian National Development Plan 2007-2013 issued under the regional development law in article 14 (1) of the rules approved by the Latvian National Development Plan 2007-2013. Prime Minister a. Halloween regional development and local Government Minister m. kučinskis (Cabinet of 4 July 2006 regulations no 564) the Latvian National Development Plan 2007-2013 Riga 2006 contents (I) which is the national development plan? (II) NATIONAL GROWTH MODEL "PEOPLE FIRST" (III) QUALITY OF LIFE-KO MEANING? (IV) the national development plan strategy 1. Educated and creative people 1.1. quality and affordable preschool and primary education, secondary and higher education competitive 1.2. preparation of the Workforce according to labour market demand 1.3. lifelong learning human creative potential and life quality growth 1.4. Educational infrastructure modernization of technological excellence in the company 2 and flexibility of applied science 2.1 results of commercialization, innovation and technology transfer of knowledge application 2.2. increasing competitiveness of enterprises in the new competitive enterprise 2.3 creation 2.4. Creative industries development 2.5. Natural and energy resources and sustainable 3. efficient use of scientific and research development 3.1 basic sciences excellence 3.2. Fundamental and applied scientific and research potential and development of scientific infrastructure modernisation 3.3 scientific institutions V safe and stable DEVELOPMENT prerequisites 4. national and community development 4.1 good governance as a policy of sustainable development, safeguard The stability and balanced 4.1.1. growth oriented macroeconomic policy implementation planning and forecasting 4.1.2 system development Capacity of local 4.1.3 and 4.1.4 of the regions Public Administration Act capacity 4.2. safe and cohesive civil society, a non-governmental public, 4.2.1 and 4.2.2 private sector cooperation. the single building the culture of 4.2.3. Internal Security 4.3. the growth in the international dimension of business and 5 Arranged living room 5.1. growth regions 5.1.1 development of Polycentric regions-the possibility of 5.1.2. Riga-the Baltic Sea business, science and culture in the Metropolis Region between 5.1.3, cross-border and transnational cooperation in the European Union competitiveness 5.2. Modern infrastructure and services development in energonodrošinājum 5.2.1 5.2.2 of ICT infrastructure and services development and general availability of public networks 5.2.3. Multimodal, integrated, accessible and secure citizens transportation system 5.2.4. Public Services (water, waste management, heating, etc.) development and Infrastructure Services 5.2.5. various types of human activity and life styles of People increases prosperity 6 6.1. sustainable healthy human society in 6.1.1. Human health as the value 6.1.2. Sustainable social security system 6.1.3. support for families with children and the promotion of Inclusive 6.2 births and job market noturoš 6.2.1. Access to places of work and the diversity of regions 6.2.2. support for employment Available housing 6.3 and tidy living room 6.3.1. Varied offer of 6.3.2 Social housing integrated residential neighborhoods create 6.3.3. Groomed and open to cultural and heritage of judiciously used and 6.3.4. save the environment via the national development plan implementation and monitoring Annex: Glossary of abbreviations (I). That is the national development plan? The objective and tasks of the national development plan (NDP) is designed in accordance with the LR law on regional development and have medium-term planning document for the period 2007-2013. The objective of the plan is to promote balanced and sustainable development of the country and ensure the competitiveness of Latvia in other countries. This is our contribution to the common strategy of the EU Member States and the implementation of the Lisbon agenda. Reconcile points of view and building a common understanding of the development of the country in the near and far future, NAP raised the development of Latvia's strategic objectives and define the main lines of action that will ensure the stable growth of the State and society. NAP task is to focus public attention on a single goal, ensuring the coordination and complementarity of activities, the financial resources of the targeted redirect national development objectives and the necessary prerequisites. It is therefore very important to have a NAP policies and proposals put forward into other planning documents, their mutual interlinking and funding support.   National development plan is a document, meaning that NDP marks a turning point in the development of the country and offer solutions to the questions: • what will our Latvia after seven and more years? • How to ensure national competitiveness increase? • What must be human-Latvian future creator? LR Satversme stipulates that the Parliament and the Government of LATVIA are the main drivers of the development process and they must be able to create and implement policies that ensure the growth and prosperity of the population rises. The Government has an important role in the development process of all the participants, the private-public, non-governmental sector into the single national growth scenario. While everyone should take part-ownership of your choice, your creative potential and active life position. NAP measures or financial plan, but a strategic document that • puts medium-term objectives and priorities; • promotes common understanding and involvement of the public; • focus attention and financial resources of the State and society to sustainable development; • establish guidelines for all levels and sectoral planning documents. The status of the strategic document also determines the structure, raising the NAP strategic objectives and determining the priorities for this purpose. The plan also sets out specific lines of action, the main challenges. Under "secure and stable conditions" in view of the important strategic objective areas. NAP strategic objective cannot be achieved in the coming seven years, but it is essential to make the right decisions, right now, to ensure a coordinated and focused approach to well-being and a high quality of life in the future. This plan set out in the national development strategy will need to learn about and adopt the Latvian people, because only the results sure people will be able to understand and support the various decisions, their work and targeted your child welfare, would be useful in Latvia and with the lepos. II. National growth MODEL "people first" Latvian development scenarios since Latvian independence there is lot-become well established democratic polity, real liberal and open function in the market economy, Latvia successfully integrated into international structures. But done is only the most immediate and overall national development has not been sufficiently consistent and coordinated. Taking a NAP, it was clear that you need a political agreement on the long-term development of the country. Researching the development of the country, a group of scientists concluded that there are three possible scenarios: • Backwardness scenario – will continue coordinated development process: plant the base level, the development rate decreases sharply, intensifying tensions in society, future objectives top problematic, Latvia becomes a second-class EU country. • Stagnation scenario – the development process adjusts more slowly; one generation Latvia fails to achieve during the EU average standard of living; the society lost motivation for long-term investment, transactions, and also education. • Growth scenario – a continuous, rapid and balanced development at all levels through our comparative advantage and putting our existing resources according to a common national long-term development goals. 2005 the Saeima of LATVIA on 26 October confirmed the Group of scientists developed the conceptual document entitled "growth model for Latvia: people first", which is based on human-centered approach and the choice of growth scenario. Increase the quality of life of the people is named for national growth target. The growth of resource-familiarity neither Latvian nor the natural wealth of cheap labour will fail in the long term, to serve on the State's growth in consumption. Our main resource to reach developed countries characteristic of society and each individual's standard of living, has a population of knowledge and wisdom, the efficient and purposeful use. Following the pattern of growth in knowledge driven workforce quality, capital and technology development. An educated and knowledgeable society becomes the State's internal and external security guarantee. Knowledge management, coordinated and directed their creation, accumulation, distribution and use as a complex process of getting on the economic and social life, including all the basic State and society. Unlike many countries that have the ability to choose multiple development paths or combine them, our country has no alternative way to the knowledge economy. The document stresses that the knowledge potential of Latvia's population is unable to perform this task, but need immediate coordinated action to increase the use of it and because the delay may cause irreversible effects. The development process and the basic principle of the action – the creation of equal opportunities for all and each of the members of the public the personal responsibility for using these options. The objective of growth-the INCREASE of the quality of life of PEOPLE in the country's growth objective must be for everyone to understand population and invigorating. The knowledge of the country's development resources, people will prevail as the creator and bearer of knowledge becomes the main driver and beneficiary of development. Each person's major expectations associated with prosperity, security for himself and his closest, with health and secured old age, with clean air and fresh water, with the opportunity to learn and creatively express yourself with a desire to travel and yet, and yet ... The interests of the people, values, priorities and perceptions of a good and happy life is so diverse and so different, subjective and deeply personal. Years and experience krājot, the change also affects the value of the scale. Various aspects of this value and set it to form the people's quality of life. The choice of such a target close to the growth of resources and coherence of the objectives, which becomes an essential precondition for growth. The deep human desire to live better, to achieve their quality of life is a priority for every human being and thus society as a whole. Individual quality of life with all the nation's quality of life, creating the national interests of our country. III. QUALITY OF LIFE-KO MEANING? Quality of life is a complex social, economic, political term covering a wide population lives. It describes both the individual consumer level, available in both social services and the quality, as well as the opportunity to get an education, live a long and healthy life, to participate in the political life of the country, as well as any type of discrimination based on sex, ethnic origin, race, religion, disability, sexual orientation and age eradication, thus creating opportunities for individuals to realize their potential public welfare in the process of building. So the quality of life in a natural, economic, social, and political environment, which can be described with different indicators. Some aspects of quality of life resulting from the NAP process time in the existing situation analysis. Material well-being is anyone to question of population. It is related to all the national economic development. After creating the foundations of the market economy in the early 1990s in Latvia can quickly and efficiently create a stable macroeconomic environment, which for several years served as the basis for sustainable economic development and the transition from a planned to a market economy. Rapid economic growth, a functioning market economy, as well as the advantageous geographical location and a high quality natural environment are the main strengths of Latvia. Joining the EU has contributed to the acquisition of new markets and business regulatory legislative alignment. At the same time analysis shows that part of the development of the factors is also your negative traits. For example, in recent years, the rapid growth increasingly fosters the formation of disproportion in the economy. About the show and the rising inflation and the high current account deficit of the balance of payments. More and more economic indicators suggest that the economy's supply unable to meet growing domestic demand. This means that the current rapid growth is fragile, and even a small external or internal economic turmoil may lead to lasting economic development stagnation and take the well-being of the population of unrealized improvement opportunities. Human welfare directly affects the stable job and adequate remuneration. Low employment rates (especially the economically weak in developed parts of the country), long-term unemployment (including young people), the risk of social exclusion, undeclared employment in the troubled company. On the main social problems of the environment considered social stratification and the growing income gap between urban and rural populations and between the Central and the peripheral populations. Latvia has the lowest wages, the minimum wage and pensions in the EU, which is one of the reasons to drain the Western European or Scandinavian countries. Latvian business based on SMEs with relatively low productivity levels and the formation of new businesses do not always provide good jobs. However, the small business the main advantage is the ability to quickly respond to changes in the market, thus, the change in trends in the international market and the increase in demand for a separate sector, experiencing extensive specialisation options, such as organic farming, eco-tourism, information technology and other knowledge-based areas. In General, the low business activity and self-employment is related to the initiative and lack of gumption and administrative barriers for business. Although Latvia has certain economic sectors that have scientific, innovation and knowledge intensive production potential, their share in the economy right now is small. Progress towards the knowledge economy hampered by technology transfer and innovation gap. In Latvia, the lack of innovative companies, public and private investment in research and development of science. Latvia in the area of human resources specialty is relatively high population level of formal education. On the rising of workers with higher education, the proportion of overall improving workforce quality and professionalism. However, both entrepreneurs and professional school and university graduates say they are not satisfied as to the quality of education. Training equipment, education and science institutions infrastructure is modernised, improving collaboration with entrepreneurs, promoting practical skills and scientific and business cooperation. Vocational school prestige is low, increasing primary school leavers, the number of young people. Not built up an effective lifelong learning system people are competitive and personal refinement. The quality of human resources is also a threat to the population of the poor health situation and the difficult access to primary health services, low birth rates and relatively high neonatal mortality rate, incidence of alcoholism and other addictions. These are not only essential in everyone's quality of life, but also in national development and aspects. Human health and well-being affecting housing quality. Unfortunately, the residential fund recover slowly, every fifth House is at the end of the emergency situation, or almost half of all buildings are lielpaneļ structures, which require insulation. Housing and heating network physical condition affects the costs for maintenance of the apartment. The incidence of most concern to social mazaizsargāto citizens, pensioners and families with children. The country lacks a rental housing, particularly housing for the majority of the population income according to the price. Both the resources and the quality of life is also a determining factor in the course of time the infra-structure of paths and roads, energy, water and other supplies, building. Much of the equipment and premises in low energy efficiency, their physical and moral depreciation doesn't always satisfy their users and may endanger or impede sustainable development. At the same time, it should be noted that the infrastructure construction, modernization and maintenance costs per person in Latvia has a relatively high density of small settlements. Latvia does not have enough of their energy resources. Energoatkarīb of external supplies in critical situations can lead to a serious threat to the Latvian economy and the company's ability to operate. Although in recent years have developed considerably different public services, not throughout the country this happened evenly. So, for example, 2-5 km to the nearest shop and a school to go to every fourth citizen of Latvia, but to bus stops-each fifth. Regional policy is to promote all the country balanced and polycentric development to Latvia would be an attractive space for work, life and recreation not only this, but also future generations. Riga agglomeration development dynamics shows that the capital city of Latvia can become a Baltic Sea State metropolis. However, other regional development is uneven, the territorial administrative reform is progressing slowly, the small municipality of work ability is limited. Planning regional development programmes, developed strategies and support for their implementation can contribute to investment and targeted Kurzeme, Zemgale, Vidzeme, Latgale and Riga regional prosperity, providing citizens with new opportunities for work and leisure, promoting cooperation and exchange of experience with other regions. Quality of the environment is the Foundation of human life and economic activity. It is one of the most important factors affecting the quality of life. Compared to other European countries the quality of the natural environment in Latvia is higher. This is characterized by a greater biodiversity and higher economic activity in the area of environment, more stable ecosystem balance, lower environmental pollution. Latvia's natural environment is a national value and significant national and regional resources. Coastal wetlands, moist forests, intact bogs, as well as natural, live animals be considered national and between folksy meaning natural wealth. However, the area of the environment also shows economic activity, especially industrial and agricultural, as well as the low level of population density in most part of the country. Quality of life is an integral part of the saved, available and groomed and cultural heritage. Culture is an integral part of the welfare society's priority, its role in the preservation of the national identity is compelling. While multinational society of Latvia, a special place is also the cultural diversity. The importance of the security aspects of the historically determined by Latvia's geopolitical situation, and also a wide range of internal processes. Location of economically active and politically significant Baltic Sea region creates not only the benefits but also the risks both for Latvia as a country and its people, everyone in determining the need to be constantly aware of the possible risks of sustained boom and reduce their impact. Overall, Latvia has enough ability and strength to make use of their own strengths, approaching and future quality of life achieved the equivalent existing in developed countries. IV. National development plan strategy the country reforms and integration in international organisations (EU, NATO, etc.) generally have a positive influence on the development of the country, opening opportunities to further growth in the future. Latvia has achieved one of the highest economic growth rates in the EU. It is important to continue this evolution and population level of prosperity and quality of life are rapidly approaching the level of developed countries. Latvia is to create the conditions for economic activity, allowing new political reality and advantageous geographical location and its partners use the prosperity, becoming effective gate West-East business way. One development path to choose in order to be competitive in the national economy? NAP is a challenge within the next seven years to create the conditions for the transition from today's model of the economy, characterized by low skilled workers and production of low value-added manufacturing, to the innovative (knowledge) development model. In a knowledge-based economy inovācija1kļūs one of the main factors of competitiveness. Innovative development in both corporate and national level are deliberately planned and organized, continuous process with the objective of increasing productivity and labour resources used in the process, reduce production costs or the provision of services. Research become integral part of the production cycle. A significant increase in the value of production research, experiment, marketing and other intangible elements. This process can also be described as an economic intelektualizācij, meaning both the higher education of the workforce, knowledge and practical skills level, both the machine "intelektualizācij", making them more people filled in the past. The success of the transition to the innovative development required more support to the Latvian company efforts to modernise technology, moving and absorbing knowledge from other countries or other local businesses, in cooperation with the academic staff and researchers. In the short term to support innovation and the mid and high technologies should become the main growth and also the source of the value added in the traditional, relatively low technology sectors, as can be seen, for example, agriculture, the food processing industry, transport, construction, forestry or wood processing. The future challenge is to be ahead of competitors by at least one technological new product cycle or with economically cheaper equivalent of technological products. Such technological excellence requires not only a high level of innovative products, but also a high human innovative thinking or innovative cultural level. This in turn raises the new increased requirements to the entire educational system, in particular the education of a lifetime. Existing investments in human capital development has not been enough to Latvia would be able to compete with the developed countries of the world new technology development and implementation. Education does not match labour market requirements can become a root cause of the economic restructuring and the slow growth rates in the near future already. The national development plan the strategic objective and priority are: education and knowledge of TAUTSAINIECĪB growth and technological excellence ¤ educated and creative people do business technological excellence and flexibility in health science and research development strategic objective and priorities selected in the knowledge that the full return of the NAP during the investments made in education and research, will be at the seven-year period, but the achievement of technological excellence and continuous maintenance is a critical task. The objectives are selected for realizing that the plan should be implemented with our existing limited resources, concentrating efforts in certain priority directions. The choice of priorities identified the need to achieve a break in education, science and production structure to form a solid material and intellectual foundation for people's quality of life to increase progressively in Latvia.
    1. Educated and creative PEOPLE to continue uninterrupted and at all levels, balanced national development, to create educated and knowledgeable society, coordinated and orderly driving knowledge creation, accumulation, distribution and use. In this context, a key role is the Latvian educational system by developing a creative and ambitious personality, providing knowledge and skills throughout their lives. The quality of education to meet in today's society and the economy ever growing requirements. The State is to ensure everybody in basic general and secondary education quality of higher and vocational education opportunities, as well as access to preschool education in all regions of Latvia. The learning process is focused on the ability to learn independently and to use them to deliver widespread use of knowledge in any field of human activity. Knowledge becomes a national strategic wealth and main economic resource, which provides the opportunity for people to become active or the employer for highly qualified specialists-worker who is able to achieve high productivity. 1.1. quality and affordable preschool and primary education, secondary and higher education for a COMPETITIVE knowledge society high-quality primary and secondary-general or vocational-education is the minimum starting capital, without which there can be no human full and successful integration of the household and the labour market. Higher education forms the basis of the knowledge society is therefore important to ensure quality higher education opportunities for all who wants it. Particular importance should be given to significant science, medical and engineering students, as well as the proportion of higher qualification specialists (master and doctorate). The quality of education and the desire to learn is closely related to the education of the society and each individual's consciousness, with the ability to properly assess the importance of education. Sustainable interest in learning and success promoting the masterful work of teachers. Renewal of education prestige associated with a significant increase in the remuneration of teachers, teaching methodology and the development of new motivated specialists into the education system from pre-school to University, which is able to attract students and promote the creative potential of every student's prosperity. An important aspect of quality education is also extensive information on middle vocational and higher education and the professions offered a range of educational programmes, individual ability, appropriate choice of the profession on the basis of the successful fitness professional or graduate program assessment. Challenges: (1) to achieve a high-quality universal knowledge and skills, including natural science, environmental science and Mathematics subjects, by developing learning content, methodology and training of students ' achievements assessment system of primary and secondary education degrees; (2) getting the basic compulsory education and gradually move to a compulsory secondary education (General, secondary vocational). Take preventive work with failing students and their parents of primary and secondary education level; (3) it educators and academic staff professional and research skills to the competency that ensures competitiveness not only in European, but also on a global scale, thus contributing to the educators and education workers in prestigious, providing a continuous significant pay increases; (4) the quality of vocational training and improving the attractiveness, improving vocational training programme content, the profession standard, students and graduates qualification system, providing qualifications and modern economic requirements for practical training and practice; (5) evaluate and periodically renew a lesson content, involving social partners, to ensure compliance with the requirements of the modern and latest discoveries, and provide the association with the upper-level learning content; (6) educational institutions, universities and school management and educational policy making and assessment body work ability (capacity) building; (7) the modernisation of University studies, with a particular emphasis on engineering science and natural science education program for enhancing the attractiveness and professional studies program offerings, as well as the expansion of the practice of providing students; (8) public support for master's and doctoral studies, especially in engineering and natural science programs; (9) the higher education quality and availability, its integration into the common European higher education area (the world); (10) e-resource development and the expansion of the use of information technology skills at all levels of education; (11) ensure persons with special needs access to education in all its forms and degrees; 1.2. preparation of the WORKFORCE according to the demand of the labour market through basic and medium vocational as well as higher education institutions and the proposed programme provided knowledge and skills match the needs of the economy, new people into the labour market is noticeably lighter and rises in education investments. The task of the educational system is to have educated people compete in the labour market, develop people's initiative, Enterprise and creativity. The limited availability of human resources can be offset by increasing the availability and quality of education at all levels, with the high transition intensity from the average to the highest educational degree, drastically reduce training and stopped by the Studio. The economy develops, changes in demand in the labour market-the company introduces new technologies that reduce the number of workers. New companies that offer other types of work. The ability to adapt and to retrain people for employment provides a lifetime of work. While the limited human resources, the country is interested to participate in the labour market as possible of the working population, and facilitate professional-oriented adult education systems offer. Challenges: (1) create a labour market analysis and forecasting of medium-and long-term framework to make the regular labour market, including factors affecting European and global scale, research and monitoring, ensuring economic demand and supply balance in the education sector, to improve vocational and higher education institutions and student financing incentive system; (2) to involve the social partners and the development of public-private partnership initiatives in education as an effective instrument of cooperation between the educational offerings of equilibrium and labour market demand (for example, involving businessmen/representatives in the development of standards for the profession as a lecturer in the training process, and as a practical training and practice managers). Build enterprises training practice; (3) promote awareness/desire to engage in business and to achieve a balanced engineering, natural science, mathematics, information technology and health care, and environmental science education thematic group program received the number of vocational and higher education; (4) improve the supply of higher education to the labour market, developing an interdisciplinary and inter-university study programmes; (5) modernising vocational training systems to ensure the quality of education and labour market requirements; (6) improve career development support system, providing vocational guidance and career advice for citizens education and life; (7) create a national support of vocationally oriented lifelong learning offerings and introducing non-formal education system for the recognition of the results; (8) support workers training skills or retraining in enterprises and sectoral employers ' organisations; (9) providing support for social exclusion risk groups into the labour market. 1.3. lifelong learning human creative potential and quality of life, growth, building a knowledge society in Latvia need to recognize and accept the lifelong learning as a means to promote human development, employment and adaptability, active civic participation and social inclusion, personal pašpilnveid. Educated and civilized people can and want to know more, learn something new, take the personality throughout life. Art, folklore, traditions, architectural heritage is the value of getting people helps to build a positive attitude towards life and a desire to participate in public processes. The uneven socio-economic development opportunities in different fields and cities, various social groups of the population are also in the field of education. Expanding the availability of lifelong learning, to use education and cultural center, sports, medical and social care institutions, churches, non-governmental organizations and other institutions involved in formal and non-formal education program offerings, creating diverse cooperation between education providers and applicants. Challenges: (1) strengthen public understanding of lifelong education as an essential condition for the development of the knowledge society and to create a versatile high quality in all regions of the offers of lifelong learning for adults that provides high competence for work, civic participation and social inclusion of the personal pašpilnveid; (2) developing formal and informal, including basic skills and vocational education offer people with low education levels, social groups with limited opportunities for education, and those who do not evaluate learning opportunities and not be used in place of (including the rehabilitation institutions, prisons, army, etc.) and places of work, to provide flexible and high quality offer "second chance" education and training of abstraction (for example, e-learning, evening (shift) high schools and part-time studies); (3) to implement lifelong learning strategies, creating a lifelong learning system, paying special attention to quality and flexible lifelong learning programme offers; (4) use the educational and cultural potential of harmonious personality growth throughout their lives, with modern technologies and solutions for expanding the availability of human resources in the cultural creative ability and talent and develop knowledge deepening; (5) to build a knowledge society needs appropriate and accessible cultural information system and services, the development of the lifelong learning programme and the various groups in society needs creative and interactive e-content products; (6) to increase the existing district, town and parish children/youth and adult education center capacity and to support the establishment of new centres; (7) to provide state aid for adult education providers (human resources, teaching resources, program order) and adult informal education support institutions. 1.4. The modernization of the infrastructure of education in all degrees of education institutions, making provision for quality educational process requires educational institutions material base modernization and network optimization, providing all the population groups of equivalent educational opportunities for preschool, elementary education, secondary general and vocational training institutions, as well as ensuring quality education for training (training) update. Investment in education, as in any other economic sector, must be economically justified. The end result is to be achieved at the lowest cost, properly choosing the necessary investments. The educational structure of modernisation and infra development is closely linked with the cost effectiveness of the education system. To achieve the building maintenance expenditure reduction, and human resources rational use. Higher education institutions ' buildings and utilities, technical support materials, laboratory and Institute of machines and equipment, scientific equipment and other research infrastructure needed to restore sight in all universities. Professional training institutions infrastructure and training facilities cannot ensure economic development for labour training quality, do not enable the learner to learn the requirements of the labour market knowledge and skills, particularly engineering, production and processing. Challenges: (1) universities, University and College buildings/year of construction (study and research), access for persons with functional impairments; (2) equipment, supplies, equipment, acquisition of technology, modernization and installation of higher education institutions, including those that provide educational programs for learning opportunities to persons with functional disabilities; (3) all levels of State and local education authorities, building renovation, updating facilities and equipment, materials, technical support, access to the upgrading of persons with functional disabilities; (4) State and local institutions of secondary education to provide quality science learning the required material resources; (5) the necessary modern ICT infrastructure, ensuring all grades and types of education; (6) the school library, instructional video and record library and electronic training program update and replenishment; (7) sports infrastructure improvement and/or access to educational institutions; (8) to ensure the availability of physical education for children and young people with disabilities and improve special education infrastructure. 2. Enterprise TECHNOLOGICAL excellence and flexibility in national economic foundation has successfully developed business based on free market principles. Currently, the Latvian company bases form the SMEs, most of them operating in industries with low added value and high capacity of natural resources by using cheap labour, relatively labour-intensive production processes and "low" technology. It also reflected the State investments and export structure. To ensure economic competitiveness in the world market, it must be based on a technologically superior to large, medium and small companies which are able to rely on a flexible global or local changes in the economy. It is therefore necessary to stimulate new and new high added value innovative company formation, as well as to facilitate the transition to high-value-added products already existing companies. At the same time with an effective technology transfer from foreign countries must create favourable prerequisites for the internal intellectual resources focus (endogenous) innovative development. Upgradeable in Latvia resulting intellectual property (inventions, technologies, product) economy and supported the creation of the Latvian enterprises, increasing the number of patents developed in Latvia, especially the high technology sector, developing science and technology commercialization infrastructure, creating closer links between research and scientific institutions, enterprises and the institutions connected with the real market situation. Latvian enterprises is stimulated further involvement in world markets, the first step in obtaining the expertise necessary for successful export business. Special attention should be paid to the economic energy resources and raw materials consumption establishments, "cleaner production" principle and the best available technologies to reduce the production process and the product produced adverse effects on the environment and human health. 2.1. The COMMERCIALIZATION of the results of applied science, innovation and TECHNOLOGY transfer of applied research and innovation in modern technology contributes to national economic development, so support for science and innovation becomes a critical tool for improving the competitiveness of the Latvian economy. Also the competitiveness of any company depends directly on its capacity to absorb new knowledge and quickly bring to the market new products and services. Investing in science resources and existing skills, new ideas, discoveries, techniques, publications, patents and new training methods. However, a new product-service or process and technology-they are only in cooperation with the production. The commercialization of knowledge is an important task to ensure the practical realization of the idea of research-intensive and transformation products with high added value. The country's primary task is to provide support for the complete new product creation and creation cycle and contribute to the development of the market research-based science and innovation system development. It includes science, technology and business, and-the most important-support environment for new knowledge and technology transfer on the market, as well as a private operator in order to research centres. Innovation activities (knowledge commercialization, technology transfer, innovation, etc.) must operate in close relationship in a single dynamic system. This system will create prerequisites for investment in science and innovation in the highest possible return for economic, social and environmental benefits. National policies (fiscal, economic, State aid, industrial, educational, etc.) to promote innovative activities, for example by introducing tax breaks and providing other support to scientific work and business capital investment in new products, supporting new innovative business creation, that is, technology transfer support system. Challenges: (1) to promote higher education and scientific research institutions of the implementation of the results of the company, such as promoting literacy (competence) in the Center; (2) create knowledge transfer and commercialization support (infrastructure) to ensure Latvian scientific potential in marketing new products, improve Latvian companies access to new technologies, and promote the creation of technology sales in Latvia, abroad; (3) to increase support for the applied science and motivate scientists to focus on the business problem solving; (4) to foster new technology absorption and transfer to the Latvian enterprises from foreign countries by encouraging foreign investment in technology-intensive sectors. 2.2. the application of KNOWLEDGE to increase the competitiveness of enterprises ' competitiveness is determined by their ability to implement the same enterprise knowledge management. In this area, significant gaps exist in most, including traditional, eksportspējīg and their place in the economy of the proven industry companies. Greater government support may be needed in the critical stages of innovation management as the new business and technological development idea and product development, internal business process restructuring under new challenges, quality management systems and standards, sales process and sales market for upgrading, wider use of external expertise in the services, the Division of labour. To prevent failures, it is necessary to increase public support through innovation support measures to increase the absorption of knowledge, growth and export capacity of production and business processes for faster restructuring and the modernisation of technology. Challenges: (1) improve company know-how and knowledge management skills, support for measures that increase the productivity, innovation, production and marketing services; (2) develop a new producer, supplier and service provider business cooperative forms of cooperation in support of the industrial cluster (cluster) and the development of competitiveness in the traditional eksportspējīg and the new manufacturing and service sectors (ICT, wood processing, mechanical engineering, electronics, food, creative industries, pharmaceuticals, biomedicine and biotechnology, as well as financial, transport and logistics, medical and tourist services, etc.); (3) to ensure the presence and interest of Latvia, direct representation in foreign markets by promoting the acquisition of new export markets and strengthening the international competitiveness of Latvian businesses; (4) to ensure regular dialogue with Latvia's most important economic partner Governments to effectively represent the interests of operators of Latvia on the world market; (5) to reach the EU average productivity figures in traditional sectors, improve the competence of enterprises for the external market, to promote the integration of Latvian exporters ' global supply chains. 2.3. CREATION of new competitive enterprises new competitive business formation not only contribute to the growth of internal competition and sector development but also stimulate faster application of knowledge and will significantly advance the export rise to the Tween. It is necessary to create a favourable public attitudes towards business and understanding of the role of business in promoting national development and human economic activity and new businesses with a variety of incentives and support mechanisms. Of particular interest is to promote new innovative business development in the regions of Latvia. Challenges: (1) to promote public interest, especially young people, to become entrepreneurs and set up their own businesses, travel business prestige and reputation, as well as realizing the business launch programs, training, motivation and advice; (2) to ensure uniform and effective support for business start-up (mentor konsultācijas2, financial support mechanisms-the granti3 pirmssēkl, the "business angel" tīklu4, fondi5, microcredit, seed investment guarantees, risk capital funds, resources, centri6, etc.); (3) create a support infrastructure for new companies in their early stages of development (business incubators, etc.); (4) increase financial resources (startup capital, credit) availability, reduce administrative barriers at national and local level for start-ups; (5) in particular, to promote businesses in the regions of Latvia including new innovative companies in traditional sectors. 2.4. Development of the creative industries in order to make efficient use of Latvia's creative and cultural resources, to improve the existing creative industry productivity, expand and diversify the economic activities of human creative forms, turning human creative potential economic benefits, the Latvian economy as one of the perspectives have to be integrated into creative industriju7 the industry. To achieve this industry in Latvia as high growth rates as in other countries of the world must pay attention to the creative industry specific needs and to develop their innovative potential and systematically extended experience in the field of creative industries. Challenges: (1) build a creative entrepreneurial culture in society and promote understanding of the nature of creative industries, the structure and potential in Latvia; (2) creating a favourable environment and institutional support for new creative businesses and professionals the competitive creative industries, and its recognition as equivalent to other self already proven economic sectors; (3) create an active public and private partnerships to commercialise creative potential; (4) to promote the timely inclusion of future technology, creative industry in product development and collaboration with other sectors, which Latvia has confirmed its competitiveness; (5) promote cross-sectoral cooperation in two directions: Latvia-exchange of foreign countries and vice versa; (6) create creative industry cluster (cluster), including its continuous operation providing a quantity of SMES involving educational institutions and universities, the supplier industry, State institutions and developing a long-term strategy for the sector. 2.5. the natural and energy resources SUSTAINABLE and efficient use of land, as one of the main natural resources, has become extensive use, decreased production, increased natural agricultural land transformation-overgrowth, bogging. At the same time agricultural area and the forest is the basis of more traditional sectors in Latvia (forestry, wood processing, agriculture, etc.) and provides a large number of jobs in the countryside. These sectors are running mostly small companies that natural and energy resources are used in the mazproduktīv. Promote innovative and higher-value-added products of the following companies are also learning new market niches, increasing productivity and increasing the income of workers. Wood is not only the main Latvian export, but also a significant energy resource with other available in Latvia, alternative energy sources (biomass, geothermal, wind and solar energy, etc.). There is a possibility to use the mineral waters and oil resources, develop new products, using peat and sapropel, promote the production of building materials. The territory of Latvia is rich in water resources, with both underground and surface waters. Groundwater in Latvia provides high-quality drinking water, while surface water resource efficiency can ensure the fisheries development and people's rising prosperity not only domestic, but also in the coastal areas. Latvian nature and heritage will enable the fastest developing tourism and create new jobs in the countryside, because tourism resources are available throughout the country. Understanding the attitude of society can contribute to the rational management of natural resources and sustainable use and restoration, as well as reduce the load on the nature. Challenges: (1) develop a higher added value, especially in the forestry and agricultural sectors, efficient and sustainable use of available natural resources; (2) to stimulate the energy intensive nature and the use of innovative business development and reduce environment pollution discharged by promoting the best technical solutions and latest technologies; (3) promote renewable resources and alternative energy sources for heating and the production of energy, including promoting the biomass cogeneration; (4) to preserve agricultural land, agricultural production and increase investment in the agricultural sector and the transport of fuel fuel feedstock production; (5) introduce the ecodesign principles in production and consumer education; (6) to ensure a rational, environment-friendly and sustainable use of resources the subsoils in the economy; (7) encourage the reuse or recycling of resources, as well as waste, food processing by-products, scrap and recycling; (8) to support environmental management systems and other voluntary environmental protection oriented enterprise deployment of instruments and institutions, as well as to continue the integration of environmental aspects into sectoral policies. 3. Scientific and research development innovation is the process by which a business is carried on the fundamental and applied scientific research accumulated knowledge potential. Without science and research resulting in scientific potential is the successful development of the knowledge economy. Following the creation of the knowledge potential are crucial in science and research to the quantity of people and qualifications. Currently in Latvia, including the scientific staff with doctoral degrees, the percentage is significantly lower than in other EU countries. The last decade has resulted in a serious threat to the development of knowledge economy in Latvia. Research and development has not been sufficient total finansējums8. One of the most important consequences of the scarcity of funding is involved in scientific activity of researchers. There is no academic and research staff renewal processes, outdated school of scholars and scientists. Universities and other science and research institutions must be open. Targeted use of the potential of knowledge and renewal of assets within the European, especially the northern region, the area of science and technology in the research and commercial activity of the accumulated values accumulated there, is one of the ways you can speed up your Latvia scientific potential development. Doctoral candidates and researchers work exchange opportunities, joint project development, exchange of research results, etc. 3.1. Basic Sciences high level excellence in science is the fundamental basis of applied scientific and competitive innovation process development in Latvia. Future basic sciences main development centers will be the University's new doctoral candidates preparing the scientific tradition, while promoting the education provided by the University also quality rise. Universities for the training of doctoral candidates need to involve all outside universities existing intellectual and material potential. Important is to create the prerequisites for scientific research in sectors in which Latvia is an appropriate industry potential and development prospects, strengthening scientific brainpower and developing relevant applied research in innovative technology. Challenges: (1) increased funding for basic science research quality; (2) to focus academic resources and fundamental science in the academic environment competitive international universities as a guarantee for the development of Latvia, as well as the regional University centres of excellence in science; (3) to support scientific excellence in priority areas; (4) to promote the integration of science of Latvia, European and World Science. 3.2. Fundamental and applied scientific and research potential and the development of science and research for achieving excellence is required under human resources. To promote the new influx of researchers in scientific institutions and motivate young people to focus on the Scientist Careers, you must first run the scientific staff remuneration reform. Academic fees should vary according to the results of his work. The entire scientific staff remuneration must be competitive not only in Latvia, but also in the international labour market. Have implemented various measures that motivate youth to focus on Science, including support for new doctoral candidates. To ensure a competitive new students and scientists at the preparatory level, it is necessary to build national support programmes for top level professional study of the country significant foreign specialties best universities, and visiting the invite specialized training course for reading the State higher education institutions. Challenges: (1) take measures to increase the remuneration of research staff (wage system reform); (2) use all the opportunities offered for international students available in Latvia and scientific exchanges; (3) develop the doctoral grant and scholarship system and build public support for top-level professional Studio for Latvia and abroad, make a study of the support system for young researchers at doctoral degree; (4) to promote research in universities, promoting scientific advances in society and raising young people's interest in science studies; (5) to ensure the unity of research and universities; (6) to develop intellectual property (such as patents) protection, transaction and financing system; (7) to attract visiting scientists and foreign works of Latvian higher education and scientific institutions; (8) the spur from Latvia after the scientists and new return to work of experts in scientific institutions of Latvia. 3.3. The modernization of the scientific infrastructure in scientific institutions major scientific activities is a prerequisite for the development of the modern scientific infrastructure and modern scientific equipment. Requires investment in new, modern buildings, which may make the experimental research and commercialization of research results. Modern, comfortable and appropriate scientific work space and equipment being attracting young people to science and to build contacts with foreign partners and thus bringing Latvian scientific competitiveness. Investments in scientific institutions in building the necessary infrastructure, these institutions should promote the focus around the centres of excellence and competence, thus encouraging synergies among the various scientific institutions, universities and the private sector, research centres, and will ensure not only a more efficient use of infrastructure, but also speed up the development of the knowledge potential of Latvia. Challenges: (1) scientific infrastructure modernisation of higher education and scientific institutions in all regions; (2) promote innovative business and applied research for the development of infrastructure throughout the country; (3) to support the investment of operators in science (research centres, equipment acquisition, etc.), providing a different (financial, administrative) support tools; (4) provide scientific collections, libraries, archives and other media as part of the scientific infrastructure maintenance and development. V. SAFE and stable DEVELOPMENT prerequisites 4. national and community development 4.1 good governance AS a sustainable growth policy with good SECURITY management understand State and local government institutions to function and work of the Organization of the modern State and local authorities, service availability and quality. Currently, State and local authorities provide residents around 900 different service. At the company's plant prasīgum to the quality of the work of the institutions, staff attitude and the requirement to reduce the bureaucratic and administrative barriers that restrict business and reduce the quality of service. Each person is entitled to expect and receive friendly attitudes and in-depth information in any public administration. Of good governance suggest the extensive communication between the State, local authorities and the public, non-governmental organisations and social partners active involvement in State, municipal and public issues. It also includes long-term planning, short-term challenges under the raised long-term objectives, resource protection, control of the short-and long-term objectives, the monitoring of the development process. To be more focused and proactive in managing to push the transition to sustainable development of the country and to ensure balanced progress in the development process throughout the national territory, it must be based on the Act on municipalities and regions. Need to improve government institutions running ability and trust in public administration institutions, reducing and eliminating corruption opportunities and by promoting cooperation between the political and administrative management, as well as improving the efficiency of public administration. 4.1.1. the stability and balanced growth oriented macro-economic policy stable implementation of the macroeconomic environment is a prerequisite for balanced and long period of sustained economic growth. National economic policies should be designed to achieve the objectives of the short-term growth does not promote the accumulation of disproportion, which could create obstacles to the smooth development of the economy in the medium and long term. National macroeconomic policy makers need to ensure an effective balance between the diversion of economic resources supply side capacity to act and the internal and external economic balancing security, preventing drastic fluctuations in the cyclical economic growth formation. At the same time should promote economic increase in the degree of flexibility both work and product markets, thus increasing the economic ability to adapt quickly to internal and external shocks. It is important to use effectively the further economic integration of opportunities provided by the admission of Latvia to the EU. One of the essential aspects in this context are targeted and reliable government policy making and timely and smooth introduction of the euro in Latvia. Latvia's accession to economic and Monetary Union will provide significant economic stability and growth, and will open up opportunities for future economic growth, increasing investor confidence in the Latvian economy and declining capital costs, dampening transaction costs and increased international economic cooperation opportunities. Challenges: (1) to ensure price stability and balance of payments current account deficit reduction; (2) to provide productivity balanced wage increases; (3) increase the flexibility of the labour market; (4) to promote competition in product markets. 4.1.2. the planning and forecasting system development national development planning system is an instrument for sustainable economic development, the medium-term budgeting, cooperation and coordination at all levels of governance. Policies, decisions, and actions coordination must take place at national, sectoral, regional and local level. The effective operation of the system will increase the country's overall competitiveness. To ensure coordinated policy development planning documents, in particular, the setting of priorities, impact assessment, and financial planning, the importance of planning and forecasting skills development at all levels of Government. You need to constantly take a qualitative economic and socio-economic development of the territory's trend analysis, policy and evaluation of the impact of the measures, the State aid assessment of the effectiveness of the instruments, as well as in cooperation with the social partners, to develop recommendations to Governments, regions, municipalities and Government departments. Challenges: (1) to implement a medium-term budget planning and financial management; (2) improve the development planning system; (3) go to the national long-term development planning, linking social and economic development of the territory in the process and the planning and financing of the planned activities; (4) identify and support the priority sectors that provide opportunities for sustainable development; (5) introduce strategic planning at regional and local level of Government, providing the association with national and sectoral strategies and programmes; (6) to strengthen the planning, research and forecasting knowledge, skills in public administration. 4.1.3. Legal capacity of municipalities and regions Made local administrative area, the merger of the municipalities of research projects and studies the largest (by population) in the municipal building. Small local authorities cannot ensure the decision-making and Executive separation, there is a relatively high administration costs of a weight, but in contrast-low administrative capacity. Insufficient amount of municipal services performance and inadequate financial ability does not guarantee development. It is necessary to expand the regional features (compared to the existing area features) and to establish a more stable financial base that ensure a higher level of autonomy of these authorities. Currently the regional reform and the local territorial reform is of paramount importance to the regional development and planning context. Challenges: (1) complete the local administrative territorial reform, creating a functioning local municipalities-cities, counties; (2) to improve local government funding system; (3) to implement the regional reform, creating economic growth capable of regions and regional authorities; (4) to make the public administration as regards the principle of the extension to the municipal workers; (5) to achieve a strategic management and business principles (methods) municipalities; (6) promote the involvement of local and regional social dialogue. 4.1.4. The Public Administration Act strengthening the capacity of the public administration reform are improved policies development and implementation process, ensure transparency of the legal framework and the simplification of administrative procedures, strengthen the work of the regulatory authorities, public institutions and improve the public's interaction, as well as the promotion of cooperation of national regulatory authorities and coordination of operations. Continue alignment of the institutional system further. To targeted increased public administrations operate and strengthen the country's legal system, the Administration's ability to actively and confidently to defend national interests and participate in the development of EU policies and other international processes, requires high professionalism. Personnel administration in the frequent turnover suggests the need for human resources planning, education and management methods and employed in the public sector wage system reform. Public administration transparency and openness of activities dialogue with citizens can ensure the public trust and support for the necessary changes towards a goal. Challenges: (1) improve policy planning and the quality of the laws according to the principles of good regulation; (2) further to involve non-governmental organisations and the social partners in policy development and decision-making processes; (3) improve public administration service availability, quality and circulation of information in developing E-Government solutions; (4) to reduce administrative barriers to business and citizens; (5) to ensure EU funds and other financial resources effective management; (6) create a modern personnel, wage and training system for workers in public administration; (7) to introduce a quality management system in all public administration institutions; (8) to prevent corruption in public administration institutions.

4.2. the safe and cohesive CIVIL SOCIETY, Latvia's national security is a value and which is-independence, territorial indivisibility, the Constitution established the democratic rights of the people, the equipment, farm market, language and national identity-protection and food security, cooperation and the protection of the interests of the population and assurance. Public civic maturity that manifests as a high feeling of responsibility and obligation to their country and fellowmen, individuals active in engaging the various social processes and openly expressing their opinions and ideas, and otherwise open-minded tolerance and respect for the decisions of the majority, even if they do not comply with the individual's beliefs. On the cohesion of society shows gender, ethnicity, culture, education, and wealth, unity of individuals the benefit of the General measures, increased stratification process slowing down. One of the aspects of the development of civil society is the ability of all nationalities different cultural environment to maintain their language. National language functions fully able to carry out only targeted industrialised, groomed and rich language. National language policy aims to ensure Latvian language-the official language of the Republic of Latvia and the EU official languages-sustainability, linguistic quality and competitiveness. Secure is the company whose development is based on sustainability principles and shared values, which members are confident in their social and physical security because the country relies on existing institutions. The building of civil society in the policy objective is to achieve the position that there is no impediment for citizens to cooperate and public issues. Particularly encouraged compatriots living abroad, involvement of public interest in the discussions. 4.2.1. the public, non-governmental and private sector cooperation in important national and democratic development successful condition is for the public sector-national, municipal, non-governmental organisations, the social partners and the private sector. Maintenance of a continuous dialogue between the two groups, their ability and willingness to respect each other, to engage in activities that complement, rather than conflict, accelerating the cohesive society civil and creating process, consistency and reliability. Public activities in Latvia is involved in only a small part of the population least rooted in tradition and charity volunteer work. Still a large number of the population of Latvia believes that does not receive sufficient information about the work of non-governmental organizations, can influence the events in your life and in society, and therefore the atsvešin of public administration. In fact, the country is not a serious legal and institutional obstacles to the participation of citizens in public activities. Challenges: (1) ensuring effective non-governmental organisations involved in the legislative and decision-making processes by increasing the activity of non-governmental organisations and ownership in the consultation process of the draft decision; (2) to strengthen trade unions and employers ' organisations, as well as their associations, delegating to them the more functions, such as labour market forecasting in its field of competence, and getting a long term plan of the economic development process; (3) to support children and youth NGO activities, thus contributing to the reduction in the number of stray children and promoting young people's active and loyal life position; (4) create a sustainable model for EU policies to the public and national interests. Developing national positions and creating an EU policy, to ensure the widest possible participation of the society, including social partners and NGOs; (5) promote non-governmental organization networks and capacity alignment in Latvian territorial cut; (6) independent and independent financial funds local community group (called the Community Fund) to support the initiative; (7) promote public administration tasks to non-governmental organisations, to create active cooperation between the public and private sectors, to ensure that the partnership is becoming an important mechanism for public services and infrastructure. 4.2.2. the single building the culture of the geopolitical situation and history in Latvia caused the multicultural society that globalization affected can become even more diverse. The Latvian people to cultivate respect and tolerance towards otherness. The Latvian civil society is a common cultural area characterised by cultural diversity and the common values. The existence of a single cultural area activates different socially, ethnically and religiously diverse group of cohesive formation of civil society. Picture of national culture and national identity and expressing the importance of each group in the national cultural values, which form the core of national significance cultural institutions and heritage. National cultural values, characterized by excellence and originality, become Latvian image presentations and people's self-esteem training brand. Cohesive civil society participating in the cultural life of Latvia and the preservation of national cultural values, expression and jaunradīšan. Cultural diversity and differences serves as a human-enrichment and development opportunity. Challenges: (1) promote public involvement and active participation in diverse cultural processes, including expanding the cultural equivalent of the use of resources for social development for vulnerable groups in society; (2) maintaining and developing the Latvian language richness and diversity of its expressions, to provide Latvian language-the official language of the Republic of Latvia and the EU official languages-function implementation, legal security, the linguistic quality and competitiveness; (3) to promote intercultural dialogue and understanding between different ethnic Latvian society, religious and social groups; (4) maintaining and supporting the excellent national cultural values; (5) improve the Latvian cultural heritage conservation, protection, and accessibility of the research, with special attention to the education of the public about the role of cultural heritage in sustainable development of the country. 4.2.3. Internal Security To Latvia would be secure and stable, must continue to improve the internal security system capacity and cooperation with foreign counterparts, paying special attention to the context of the international criminal kriminogēn evaluation and identification of the situation in other countries. Sustainable security based on the trends that may affect the future of Latvia during the period, forecasting. Greater attention should be given to the international criminal activities in Latvia. Latvia's internal security to ensure the most complete is the need to implement targeted actions to combat crime, which becomes increasingly complex, in Latvian law enforcement agencies need more advanced and more appropriate logistical support to successfully be able to respond to the global process. To ensure public support for the security system and to promote crime prevention measures. To protect the population from the consequences of the disaster need to improve the civil protection system, thereby guaranteeing national capabilities in a timely and effective response to natural and human-induced disasters. Challenges: (1) promote better cooperation between the departments, including cooperation with international crime-fighting institutions; (2) to improve the civil protection system and promoting inter-institutional cooperation in this field; (3) improve counterterrorism involved cooperation between the institutions; (4) to improve and modernize the system in the fight against illicit traffic in narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances circulation, human trafficking and economic crime; (5) improve interinstitutional cooperation in the field of asylum; (6) improving the law enforcement institutions of the logistical support, as well as develop the Informatics and communications technology; (7) develop risk management involved in staff training; (8) to promote cooperation between the institutions, subject to copyright and intellectual property protection, improving the existing system in the fight against the infringements in this area; (9) to improve the capacity of law enforcement institutions and to develop contacts with the public. 4.3. the growth in the international dimension of Latvia-as a small and open country-it is not possible to look at the development outside the global context. However, globalization and various international processes, the growing interaction is not perceived as a threat to the Latvian national identity and sovereignty. These processes are, on the contrary, measured as the opportunity. Fully within the international movement and respecting such internationally recognized values as democracy, the rule of law, respect for human rights, peaceful coexistence and solidarity of the country, Latvia will be able to provide both a national security and sovereignty and economic prosperity. The main tasks to promote international space development and growth of Latvia, is the effective representation of national interests within the EU, closer integration in the Baltic Sea region, promoting cooperation with countries outside the EU (particularly eastern neighbours), active participation in collective security initiatives, advocacy of economic interest in the global market, the promotion of unity of the Latvian diaspora-Latvian identity and development, as well as Latvia's positive image in the world. Challenges: (1) fully use the presence of Latvia in the EU, effectively representing the Latvian national interests through all available EU tools-general policy, legislation, financial support; (2) to continue active dialogue with EU Member States and other partners, ensuring a regular exchange of visits and diplomatic missions network development; (3) promoting NATO as a collective defence organisation, the role of the Latvian and world security, as well as to contribute to the European security and defence policy development; (4) actively promote the development of bilateral economic relations and to represent the interests of Latvia in international economic organizations; (5) create and actively implementing the European neighbourhood policy, as well as to promote Latvia as a new donor engagement in the implementation of development cooperation; (6) implement the measures of the Latvian resident abroad ethnic, linguistic and cultural identity and development, as well as their sense of belonging to their ethnic homeland fortification; (7) develop and implement a unified national image concept to promote the visibility of Latvia. 5. Organized business and living room 5.1. growth in the regions of the regional development objective is to promote and ensure the balanced and sustainable development of the country, taking all of the territory of the country and some of the characteristics and capabilities, reducing the unfavorable differences between them, as well as to maintain and develop each of the site's natural and cultural characteristics of the characteristics and potential for development. Different areas it is possible to choose different paths of development, based on a specific site-specific characteristics and comparative advantages. The nature of Latvia is monocentrisk in settlements with a strong central Center-mostly in Riga, at the same time there is a large, fairly evenly distributed across the city. Such lasting settlements structure is (has been) as an obstacle to the development of the region, although it contains significant growth potential, which can be activated using the polycentric development approach. The existing city network in addition to the capital city of Riga, which-in development is essential to ensure the competitiveness of the country internationally, targeted to develop also other centres until they become strong enough to promote growth in the region. Investment concentration in networking and support highly qualified human resources Association will allow more efficient use of limited resources, creating the prerequisites for the region and hence to increase the competitiveness of the country. Settlements according to the structure of quality living spaces encourage creating regional and national identity consciousness grew. 5.1.1. Polycentric development-opportunity Polycentric development regions, creating a network of cities, creating the preconditions for a balanced national development. Cities should become significant in each region and the driving force behind the development of the entire country, where potential and prospective direction is determined by the regional spatial planning process, cooperation between the public authorities, municipalities, non-governmental organizations and the public. Urban creation and strengthening of networks increases the complementarity of this town and is an effective tool for development of the balance required for the use of synergies. Challenges: (1) to provide a unified development planning system in the country to achieve vertical and horizontal cooperation at all levels of planning, based on the regular national development analysis and the possibility of correcting the necessary sectoral development plans according to the balanced development of the regions; (2) develop and implement territorially differentiated regional development support tools, to ensure complementarity, creating favourable preconditions (organized infrastructure, business incentives and aiding the launch of the special event and the existence of services, etc.) economic development; (3) to strengthen the capacity of planning regions, providing both material and technical base and human resources; (4) promote urban-rural cooperation, creating new and strengthening existing functional links between urban and rural areas; (5) emphasize and incorporate spatial planning regional and local cultural diversity and quality as the territory of sustainable development and competitiveness. Diversify and strengthen the heritage and contemporary cultural socio-economic impacts; (6) the principle of the use of PPPS for regional development. 5.1.2. Riga-the Baltic Sea business, science and culture in the metropolis is the capital of Latvia Riga and extensive regions, the center of which impact across its administrative and national borders. Riga region as European and Baltic Sea region-wide business, scientific and cultural development of the Centre of excellence is important to strengthening the global competitiveness of Latvia. State of the structure of polycentric settlements is one of the preconditions to ensure the excellence of the Riga region, created the potential and resources to further transfer to other regions of Latvia and vice versa. Such interaction will not only promote balanced regional development in Latvia, but also ensure the competitiveness of the region of Riga in the Baltic Sea region and beyond its borders, and the Latvian integration into international economic environment as a link between the Eastern and Western markets, and as a country with a knowledge-based and competitive economy on the world scale. Mutually agreed and balanced Riga and other Latvian regional development can ensure the highest possible quality of life, work, education, leisure and entertainment opportunities for all people in Latvia, living, working, investing, or just to visit. Challenges: (1) to ensure the quality of the region of Riga and functional spatial structure, which guarantees high quality and accessible transport services in the region of Riga and all State residents, and guests, ensuring effective Riga region association with the trans-European transport network; (2) promote Riga as economically competitive in the Baltic Sea region Metropolitan growth, developing cooperation between business and research institutions, flexible responsive business environment, based on innovative technologies in the production and services, logistics services and tourism services; (3) to promote the Riga as Latvia's education, science and the development of centres of excellence, encouraging cooperation between the responsible State and local authorities, economic operators and NGOs, as well as students, scholars and scientists of different patterns of NGO international cooperation and Exchange; (4) to provide a diverse and high quality of life and the cultural environment of Riga region, by developing services, promoting various large-scale measures, inter alia, the progress of creating the required infrastructure, maintaining and developing the heritage values of Riga. 5.1.3. The region in between, cross-border and transnational cooperation and competitiveness in the European Union any cooperation of the regions aims to create synergies between them, jointly addressing the tasks which would be less efficient individual or economically unfounded regions acting alone. Latvian regions relatively widely used in all levels of cooperation, but its content is usually limited to exchanges of cultural, social and environmental infrastructure services, municipal management, little attention being paid to new production techniques and types of service introduction, cross-cultural market demand, joint economic projects. Regional cooperation with its neighbours within the country and across its borders are of particular interest-you need it to reduce the physical impact of the border regions, to assist in resolving specific border areas development issues and explore development potential on both sides of the border, to prevent "blank" area, as well as strengthen the joint responsibility for the development of possible conflict prevention and resolution in a timely manner. Challenges: (1) to continue a single territory of Latvia and its integration in the networks of international cooperation and promote the polycentric system of competitive urban formation in the Baltic Sea region while promoting the common Northern European identity; (2) strengthen the municipalities and regions internal and international cooperation in addressing regional and trans-European network developing policy issues, as well as improving the linking (logistic, physical) between international/national/regional/local transport networks; (3) to strengthen cooperation in the elaboration of development strategies, implementation and spatial planning using neighboring policy and cross-border, transnational cooperation and opportunities; (4) promote neighbourhood environment monitoring system approximation to EU requirements for the conservation of the environment, cross-border emissions. 5.2. MODERN infrastructures and services in today's evolving quality requirements according to the national, regional and local infrastructure is one of the most essential preconditions to ensure the country's long-term economic growth and competitiveness in the global market. Modern and high quality infrastructure includes both traffic, utilities and social infrastructure, and various kinds of services connected with the use of the infrastructure. The country stable and secure development requires energy sufficiency, as well as high quality and steady economic and population supply with energy. Significant economic growth and competitiveness gains are possible to achieve, on the basis of comprehensive information and communication technologies (ICTs) in public administration, business and households. ICT opportunities, effective and innovative use of education, science, employment, work and family life, interests, health, social, cultural, tourism and other areas, in order to facilitate access to knowledge, employment and public and private sector services and information. 5.2.1. Development of energonodrošinājum energy sufficiency is the country's economic growth, quality of life and an issue of national security. Latvia's energy security will increase by encouraging the use of local energy resources, eliminating the isolation of Latvian electricity market, as well as diversifying the primary energy resources supply. Therefore, special attention should be given to the development of energy both in Latvia and in the Baltic Sea area and in Europe, exploring the energy supply diversification opportunities and participating in projects that focus on stable electricity, oil and gas supplies. Improving energy supply infrastructure and realizing energy efficiency measures, to improve the availability and adequacy of energy consumers and to reduce the impact on the environment. to increase gradually the level of subsistence and primary electricity and renewable energy. Challenges: (1) to promote the Baltic and European energy interconnection of systems development, which focused on the Baltic energy supply system for the integration of the European systems; (2) the diversification of primary energy resources and to increase electricity supply subsistence; (3) to support investment in energy production from renewable energy resources; (4) to promote the competitive production of biofuels and more. 5.2.2. Ict infrastructure and services development and general availability of public networks in the development of ICT infrastructure and ICT capability facilitates the effective and efficient use of national socio-economic growth, competitiveness and quality of life of the population. Modernising ICT infrastructure, public authorities should aim for a population needs-based services. The development of electronic services to be promoted, offering a variety of service delivery channels, improving service availability and security, easing the administrative burden for citizens and businesses. To develop the information system infrastructure, ensuring consistency of information systems and security, by promoting the widespread availability of information. To increase the population of expertise working with ICT, create specialized applications for specific e-government functions. To promote the development of digital content, the development and use in all sectors of the country. To provide broadband network and access it in all areas of the country, to improve access to the internet. Challenges: (1) promote public service elektronizācij and development; (2) to provide State and local government information system interoperability and contribute to State and local government information system development; (3) ensure the computerisation of the education system and to improve the educational skills of staff to work with the new ICTs; (4) to provide State and local authorities, including health, employment, social, cultural and other sectors, with the necessary ICT infrastructure and internet connections and to improve staff skills to work with the new ICTs; (5) providing access to broadband data transmission networks and the public internet access point development, promoting the balanced development of the regions; (6) promote the use of ICT for business and households, in order to ensure broad access to services and information. 5.2.3. Multimodal, integrated, accessible and secure citizens transportation system efficient, flexible and safe transport infrastructure provision is considered to be indispensable prerequisites for economic development because it enhances productivity and ensure persons and the free movement of goods. In addition, the international importance of transport infrastructure development, with particular attention to cross-border projects, is essential for the integration of national markets, especially in the context of the enlarged EU. A modern transport system is one of the high-quality business and living environment for the children. The efficiency of the transport system and the quality of the services provided increased by integrating the various modes of transport and service options offered. This allows you to provide citizens and entrepreneurs, as well as State guests convenient traffic and high-quality transport services. Challenges: (1) to ensure the international importance of the quality of transport infrastructure and development, including arranging all the main roads of the country, modernizing the railway infrastructure, ports, airports, maintaining full Latvian and EU air traffic control systems, thereby ensuring their full integration into the trans-European transport network and its connections with Eastern neighbours; (2) to provide regional and local transport infrastructure improvement in quality, allowing sufficient funding for road maintenance and field to organize road; (3) to increase road safety and to maintain them at a level that at least half the reduce road traffic fatalities; (4) to encourage State and local cooperation to promote balanced and integrated development of the transport system in the country; (5) provide transportation and logistics services diversification, creating an integrated and multi-modal public transport system that provides the competitive operation of the European and world market of transport services; (6) to position of Latvia as a transit and Logistics Center in Asia-Europe trade flows; (7) to ensure the development of public transport: public transport services available at national, regional and local level and service quality, optimizing the route network, the priority modes, saving the railway passenger transport and ensuring their availability to all social groups; (8) to promote environmentally friendly transport development and reduce the risks associated with the transport of dangerous goods; (9) to develop infrastructure, particularly shopping towns in Latvia, and to promote the use of as an alternative to shopping and transport. 5.2.4. the public services (water, waste management, heating, etc.) in the development of the public service as a whole include water management, waste management, heating and other similar kinds of services and it infrastructure. This service enhances the validity of the environmental quality of life, increase economic activity, promoting efficient and sustainable energy use. Challenges: (1) arrange for water infrastructure in accordance with environmental protection requirements; (2) to improve the quality of urban infrastructure, eliminating wasteful energy use; (3) to develop a common policy for energy efficiency investment in heating systems and business energy efficiency of buildings; (4) create a sustainable waste management system, municipal, hazardous and radioactive waste management support infrastructure at the national, regional and local level; (5) to ensure equal public services for all citizens of the country, according to the structure of the State settlements. 5.2.5. Infrastructure and services for different kinds of human activity and life styles of life Make an integral part of the environment is the ability to receive services according to different groups ' needs and interests. People need education, health and social care, recreation and entertainment (cultural) (sports), expert advice, contacts with the management, security and judicial authorities and public organizations. Despite the fact that not all of these services for people in need every day, also the service industry to be profitable, so these services as far as possible to approximate the population, creating the preconditions for it development centers, according to the importance of each Center, on demand and with operational security services infrastructure-buildings, staff, the necessary connections to public service networks. Challenges: (1) providing all types of service "minimum basket" the output level of each Center and create conditions to receive these services, at the same time setting for each type of service provision of responsible institutions; (2) the bridging between the regions of Latvia is of any quality and affordability of services; (3) leisure and active lifestyle services diversification,, kultūrvēsturisko and using local natural resources; (4) create opportunities for citizens to engage with different types and levels of physical activity, thus developing each person's spiritual and physical potential. 6. Human prosperity increases 6.1. Healthy human SUSTAINABLE public health is one of the core values of the people, it is the quality of life, personal and family well-being. Health care is an essential component of public health. It includes both medical and pharmaceutical care and focuses on health security, maintenance and renewal. Still, the number of family physicians in Latvia is insufficient, so the population is not always possible to receive timely health care services. Health care services must be improved by modernizing infrastructure, including developing the use of information technology, the introduction of e-health services, as well as providing health care with appropriate human resources. Social services include social work, social care and social and vocational rehabilitation services, and it provides both national and local government bodies. To ensure protection of the population in situations of social risk, the State Social Insurance Act and the State social benefit system. The cost of pensions, under the benefits and rewards according to the payment of social security contributions and provides financial support to specific groups of persons belonging to the universal benefit. While the local government provided social assistance provides social protection for citizens who reached the deficiencies or other social risk situation. 6.1.1. Human health as the value of each individual's health affect the biological, social, economic, environmental, and lifestyle habits associated factors. They will also be significant impact on sustainable community development as all public health. In order to create the prerequisites for good health throughout life, the need to promote and develop preventive and preventive measures, creating a public opinion, which is the value of a healthy lifestyle, as well as to continue to improve the health care system. Different health habits contribute to the spread of poverty and social exclusion risk population. To create public awareness of health as a value, it is essential to promote cooperation between the State and NGOs for people already from an early age to be better informed and involved in their own health, deal with physical activity and healthy diet. Challenges: (1) improve access to health services for the populations of the developing healthcare infrastructure, especially focusing on primary health care and the emergency medical assistance; (2) in the long term, provide and develop human resources in health care; (3) create a balanced State and individual responsibility for the conservation and improvement of health, build community awareness about healthy lifestyles and nutrition, and to engage the public in the fight against the diseases of addiction (alcohol, drugs, psychotropic, toxic substances, gambling or gaming addiction); (4) promote community integration of mental health care (to develop community-based mental health services and mental health issues in the governing bodies involved in cooperation, to educate the public about mental health and mental disorders); (5) to promote the importance of preventive measures; (6) to gradually increase the funding for health care and improve citizens ' awareness of the possibilities to get State paid health care services; (7) promote new, evidence-based treatment methods; (8) develop e-health solutions and the use of information technology; (9) to reduce newborn and infants (up to 1 year old) mortality; (10) to encourage people, especially children and young people, active involvement in sports; (11) promote public and NGOs that work with families, children, youth, social exclusion risk groups, including HIV-infected persons, cooperation in health care; 6.1.2. sustainable social security system in the light of demographic trends (population decline and ageing population) and their impact on national economic development, great importance to obtain a social security system's long-term stability. The high proportion of shadow economy, a relatively high level of unemployment, the low average salary, as well as regional differences determined that from social insurance contributions to the dependent pension amount is often not sufficient, therefore, it is necessary to take measures which contribute to improving the quality of life of seniors. Although overall State social benefits are observed in the positive trends (increasing the amount of benefits, a new form of State social benefits introduction), but the part about the State social benefits are too small to specific population groups could provide effective State support. The possibility to receive social assistance and social services is one of the indicators that characterize the risk of social exclusion on the quality of life of the population and promote their reintegration in society. To ensure the quality of services, expand their range and zoom in to the residence of the person, the services necessary for you to arrange and to modernise the social service system infrastructure and to provide municipal authorities support the development of alternative care services. Challenges: (1) to maintain the social security system's financial stability and promoting the development of the system; (2) promote progress towards adequate retirement security; (3) promote greater public awareness of the importance of social security systems; (4) develop public financial support for persons in certain social situations; (5) develop social assistance and public system of social services, including social and day care centers, increase State and local social service quality, modernizing service institutional infrastructure; (6) improve the access of social assistance services, bringing them to the residence of the person, and the development of new social types of services; (7) to develop the social dialogue between the country and the socially disadvantaged groups. 6.1.3. support for families with children and the promotion of birth family is the basic unit of society, the society launched the update of the physical and moral value of the inheritance occurs. Support for families, besides receiving the allowance, but also all public welfare promoter. The national policy for the improvement of the demographic situation, mainly focused in two directions-the child protection/child and family law, and State support for families with children in the social security system. A large part of the State social benefits are specially designed for families with children, however, individual State social benefits (for example, the State family benefit) small amount do not provide sufficient support. Support families can take as a living and working environment that facilitates parents involvement in the work, allows to combine work and care for the family-flexible forms of work and family responsibilities have access to appropriate care services. Little social exclusion risk group children and young people (children and young people with a basic education completed, low motivation, from dysfunctional families, orphans, and children and young people with special needs) integration in the education system and the labour market. You need to create the initial prerequisites the latest community members for successful social integration, development of social rehabilitation system and promoting the orphan and without parental care for the remaining children in the families. Challenges: (1) develop public support for families during child-raising according to the child's age and needs; (2) promote access to educational institutions and their accessibility and alternative child care services; (3) to create a family-friendly work environment, and to promote cooperation in this area with employers; (4) the aid policy and the system of social services for families with children, the development and provision of adequate infrastructure; (5) the family type care system development for orphaned and without parental care for the remaining children (adoptive family, adoption, guardianship promotion); (6) create a national system of support to promote the availability of housing for families with children. 6.2. the inclusive and NOTUROŠ labour market work is one of the most important human values: it not only provides a means of subsistence, but also a basis for creative thinking, self-actualization and social contacts. Cities and regions in particular need to create favourable prerequisites for creating jobs closer to residences as possible because it reduces wasteful migration and contributes to the development of the region. Creating adequate mechanisms that encourage citizens to participate in the darbspējīgo in the labour market, as well as living and working abroad return to Latvia in Latvian. To reduce undeclared employment and the implementation of measures to promote employment, an important role is to strengthen partnerships for employment at local level. Attention should be paid to the social exclusion of population groups in the labour market. 6.2.1. Access to places of work and the diversity of regions of high unemployment regions the main causes are an underdeveloped business, small number of self-employed and poorly developed infrastructure. The total population of Latvia has a relatively low proportion of the self-employed. Insufficient public awareness about entrepreneurship or self-employment, the initiation of the administrative procedure does not contribute to job-creation. At the same time expanding the labor force exit. In many sectors, employers are experiencing labour shortages. The substantial differences between Riga and other Latvian territory and economic activity and GDP per capita terms makes coherent and employment-friendly tax and benefit systems development at the national level. Challenges: (1) promote the formation of various jobs and availability through support for self-employment and entrepreneurship in all regions; (2) promote wage rises, especially lower paid employee categories, increasing the minimum wage, raising the non-taxable minimum taxes, increasing the population's income tax allowances for dependent persons; (3) promote labour internal geographical and occupational mobility; (4) to promote the access to jobs, the economically inactive population capacities, in particular young people and the social exclusion of population groups under-parents after parental leave and pre-retirement age people, people who have attended, people with disabilities, people who are long-term unemployed, etc.; (5) provide for broader access to information about job vacancies, training and retraining opportunities according to labour market demand; (6) improving working conditions, promoting labour relations, occupational safety and health at work legislation; (7) promote labour productivity; (8) promote labour in return for leaving the Latvian labour market. 6.2.2. support for employment the employment policy objective is employment and reduction of unemployment, based on the successful economic growth. The unemployment rate among people with low education and skill levels are relatively high. It is due to a lack of professional qualification, knowledge and skills mismatch in the modern labour market requirements that do not support the development of the knowledge society (information technology, communication skills, business knowledge, language and national language). Challenges: (1) to develop measures for the prevention of possible unemployment (unemployment reduction preventive measures), in particular for young people and persons after maternity leave and pre-retirement age people; (2) to improve and diversify assets and preventive measures of employment, providing individual approach with the objective of promoting the competitiveness of people in the labour market (especially the unemployed profiling and consultation according to the causes of unemployment); (3) reduce undeclared employment; (4) long-term unemployment and social exclusion risk groups into the labour market (motivation program, practice, job customization and development of other measures); (5) flexible work time and practical application form; (6) support for local employment initiatives and employment-friendly partnerships in development, especially by encouraging the involvement of the employer exclusion risk population employment promotion. 6.3. the available home and cleaned up the living room one of the most important human well-being (quality of life) is the dwelling in a comfortable environment and groomed. At the same time in the living room of the tidy existence is a prerequisite for the preservation of human health and active life. Market economy conditions of the housing availability in General determines the overall standard of living in the country, so the country's participation in housing development from a macro-economic point of view should be valued as a significant contribution to the nation's development. Housing choices, "said owner/tenant housing material condition and the understanding of consumer priorities-how high his priority scale of consumption in housing and how much he is ready for it. Living space concept includes not only individuals belonging to the property or his residential dwelling, but also private and public spaces around the House as a whole, including the natural and cultural environment, which is an integral part of quality living spaces. 6.3.1. Varied offer of housing in Latvia after the change of the form of property ownership is more than 80% of the housing. Changed the source of financing housing construction and social objectives. Now it is mainly funded by private capital, which implemented the construction of economically active areas, which have the highest housing demand and selling prices. State and local government support are currently directed only to the needy, and the crisis had reached a population of housing issues. The average income of the population does not match a relatively high payments for housing prevents existing housing stock maintenance and efficient update. At the same time it creates the preconditions for the more prosperous because segregation households choose to move to a higher quality homes. Subject to the different population of solvency, the need to create the prerequisites for housing offers diversification, rental sector, including the social rented sector's development, population funds cooperation in construction, public-private partnership projects, as well as the development of new construction areas. Challenges: (1) promote the efficient use of existing housing ( advanced management, updating and upgrading); (2) to create the conditions for a diverse housing supply, to increase the availability of housing for the population groups with different income level; (3) the effective implementation of a comprehensive help system in the housing sector, the Division of duties and responsibilities between the State, municipalities and individuals; (4) a system for the monitoring of the quality of new housing; (5) introduce financial support instruments for the promotion of housing services for certain target groups (for example, families with children, young professionals). 6.3.2. social integration of residential neighborhoods create residential neighborhoods in the planning and shaping of the importance of planning. In deciding on the future of existing residential neighborhoods or new building based on planning proposals may see all municipal development and rational development to choose the most cost-effective option. Residential Fund should be created, taking into account the production and services enterprises and institutions. This would enable local authorities to reduce the cost of the necessary infrastructure and increase the comfort of the citizens by providing easy access to public transport, service institutions, etc. Creating a varied offer of housing while necessary to promote functional versatile and socially inclusive residential neighborhoods. It will contribute to the reduction of negative trends as urban residential segregation by income level of the population. Residential neighborhoods of functional versatility, bringing the population to necessary services, will improve the quality of life in General, challenges: (1) public-private partnership using the principle of creating a functional and versatile living environment; (2) to promote the improvement of the living environment for all groups in society, in particular the socially vulnerable layers (seniors, children and people with special needs); (3) promote the site membership of consciousness and the development of local communities of people running ability. 6.3.3. Groomed and open to cultural and heritage of cultural quality, consisting of retained and accessible cultural heritage and diverse cultural traditions and creative expression, is one of the sustainable and balanced spatial development. Each citizen of Latvia has the right to quality living environment and the obligation to take care of its sustainability assurance. The participation of all population groups, cultural development and heritage care is one of the civil society component and unifying factors. Challenges: (1) to promote the balanced development of culture process, ensuring the availability of culture across the territory of Latvia, paying special attention to the availability of professional art; (2) to preserve and strengthen the heritage district and local cultural diversity and identity, cultivate and maintenance of County and local cultural traditions, rituals, oral work, language dialects and dialectal URu.tml.; (3) to encourage and support local history. Develop local tourism by building on Latvian history, culture and nature-oriented tourism sensing products; (4) create a high quality urban and rural cultural landscapes, harmoniously combining the heritage trail, natural objects and the newly created contemporary values; (5) create a permanent cooperation and dialogue between the areas planners, architects, environmental designers and the local population. 6.3.4. Reasonable use and save the environment in Latvia has a large ecosystem and their natural structure, as well as local wild species, agricultural plant and animal varieties. Diverse and high quality environment is a value that must be respected by promoting the country's development in General. This diversity is necessary for healthy living environment and sustainable development in Latvia, the country's international commitments and also as an identity mark. To preserve biodiversity and to ensure the protected species and habitats favourable conservation status, it is especially important to balance economic activities and possible areas of natural protection requirements. Civil society is of crucial importance to public information and involvement of the wider environmental issues, thus increasing public awareness of environmental values and awareness of the need to provide quality living space to the next generation. Challenges: (1) promote biodiversity and protected areas for the conservation and wise use; (2) promote the involvement of protected natural areas in the economic chain, identifying different economic zones and barring the creation of socio-economic reasons, leveraging funding management; (3) promote public participation in environmental protection and conservation, citizens timely and true information on the quality of the environment and natural resources; (4) to promote the development of education about the environment, as well as to promote education for sustainable development and to raise environmental awareness among the population; (5) to support the sustainable use of the natural environment for recreation and population to promote ecotourism; (6) promoting natural, including climate change and industrial risk assessment, mitigation and monitoring; (7) promote degraded ( polluted) area rehabilitation and revitalization; (8) to promote public awareness on water, energy saver and municipal waste sorting. Vi. The national development plan implementation and monitoring of the Saeima of LATVIA, affirming the conceptual document entitled "growth model for Latvia: people first", made the country's long-term development goals – gradually 20-30 years to provide a significant increase in the quality of life of the people. National development plan-the main national medium-term planning document-the public and the politicians agreed on the main direction of development of the country and the most important tasks to be undertaken in the coming years, in order to promote this objective. NAP concentrate politicians, officials, and all the public attention to a single goal, the main lines of action and tasks to be solved. Essential for the implementation of the plan has associations with other planning documents and other growth-enhancing measures, programmes and activities, the development and implementation of their mutual complementarity. To implement the NAP must ensure:-the concerted action; — concentration of financial resources; -effective use of aid; -public participation and awareness; -process monitoring; -flexibility in the course of the implementation of the plan (to learn from experience). NAP and the sectoral priorities of regional development is financed from State and local budgets, foreign financial assistance funds, leveraging private financial capital, as well as with European Union policy instruments. Each of the parties, on the understanding, both the Government and public authorities as well as municipal and regional councils, non-governmental organizations, the private sector, their responsibility and capabilities necessary to provide for specific measures for the implementation of the NAP. The Cabinet of Ministers of LATVIA is responsible for NAP implementation by providing policy planning documents for compliance with NAP, aligning activities and identifying the responsible. To ensure the development of forecasting and research function, you create a highly professional research database research strengthens the national and sectoral development planning capacity, ability to analyze and predict the development of the territory and industry averages, provides macroeconomic analysis. The results of research institutions fulfil the function of "public goods". Regional development and local government Ministry will coordinate and monitor the implementation of the NAP objectives set tasks. The Ministry regularly inform Cabinet on the implementation of the NAP, as well as provide extensive public information and involvement in the NAP implementation process. The national registry and the regional development and local government Ministry and the Secretariat of the Ministry provides the industry/sector strategies and in compliance with the country's development put forward long-term and medium-term objectives and linking with regional and local planning documents, promoting the decentralisation of the public authorities, citizens and services cooperation with the regions. Regional Council and local government is the main driving force behind the development of cities and countryside. With public and private sector support for its growth and entrepreneurship, education, housing, public transport and other services, availability and quality, encourages its citizens to active citizenship and quality of life improvement. Social partners and non-governmental organizations is an important component of civil society and the driving force. Active line and shares the involvement in solving problems, social dialogue and participation in local activities are just some of the aspects that characterize the importance of these partners in the implementation of the NAP and wider public involvement. Entrepreneurs and scientists are invited to actively support national strategic objectives to achieve tasks, search for creative solutions not only innovation, new technology and competitive products, but also practical implementation, in cooperation with all levels of educational institutions and municipalities. Each person with their creativity, openness and a positive attitude toward the future of the country can make a significant contribution to their own and their family's welfare building. The success of the necessary preconditions for the implementation of the NAP are:-the Government's strong support for NAP implementation, budget planning; -local and regional capacities and increasing their role in planning the development of the territory; -activity and participation of the population, as well as State and local support for local initiatives and leaders; -the activities of non-governmental organizations, to promote greater communication between the State and society; -the territory of the socio-economic development and spatial planning objectives and features of selected balance national, regional and local level.
Annexes glossary of renewable natural resources-natural resources to recover the natural process or you can renew or add to human activities. development-public positive environmental, cultural, social, environmental and economic progress. foreign investment-an investment that the country invests in a non-resident. Foreign investment, which is being carried out with the aim to ensure sustained interest and company management effective control, known as foreign direct investment. unemployment rate-the proportion of unemployed persons in the economically active population, as a percentage. unemployed-a person who is able and willing to work on the labour market prevailing wages, but unable to find work. biodiversity-the variety of living organisms form in all environments, including terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; It includes diversity within species, between species and between ecosystems. business incubator-structure that support and promote the business activities of any form in any economic sector. Its basic activity is to promote the creation of new firms by providing its "incubation period", usually 3-5 years, with premises, infrastructure services and business consulting practices. human capital (human capital)-human capacity for effective Cap operation, their knowledge, skill and experience. Investment in human capital are health care, education, vocational training and other activities that make people more productive economically. human resources-human ability and quality, quantity available, to produce goods and provide services. Human muscle and brain. natural resources-natural parts, including the Earth, soil, Earth, air, water, flora and fauna, which are economic, social or cultural value. Distinguish between renewable and non-renewable natural resources. degraded areas-abandoned building or operating activities contaminated sites which affect or can affect human health and safety, as well as the landscape, cultural and natural heritage. diaspora-what nation, ethnic or religious group that lives outside the ground in which it arose. gender equality-the men's and women's role in society is recognized as equivalent, they are granted the same rights and the same responsibilities, ensure equal access to resources and their use. Gender equality means ensuring both genders equal rights and opportunities. standard of living-human material welfare level, determined by the size of their income or the various goods and services consumption quantity of units (for example, the number of passenger cars per 1000 inhabitants, the number of televisions per capita). residential Foundation – House, apartment, or one more room and utility room as a whole (e.g. corridors, hallways) living in the building in the capital all year round, regardless of whether they are currently inhabited or not inhabited. Housing stock is used as aggregated statistics or other records. The European Union-regional international organisation, consisting of 25 European countries. in 1992, it established the European economic community on the base, which at the beginning was laid in 1957 with the aim of promoting economic integration among the Member States. ecodesign-the integration of environmental aspects into product design with the aim of improving the environmental performance of the product throughout its whole life cycle. economic growth-the economy of goods and services produced. It usually is measured by real GDP growth. economically active population-workers and non-working residents who are actively looking for work. Includes both economically active civilian population, and the person that day in the army. Electronic Government (e-Government)-public service and public administration, through the implementation of information and communication technologies. electronic services (e-services)-the information society services, which are provided at a distance using information and communication technologies. e-health – means of modern information and communications technologies in health care processes with the objective to provide citizens, patients, health care professionals, health care providers, as well as health policy makers ' needs. the formal education system, including primary-, secondary and higher education, learning program certifies national or internationally recognized educational or professional qualifications. basic sciences-explores, analyzes and explains the general patterns in nature and society, regardless of their practical usage. In the short term, it is not usually for commercial use, but it promotes Latvian scientists worldwide science competition in the space, raising the quality of higher education in the country, and with it the ability to raise finance to research. globalization-the public and the world economy changes resulting from the substantially increased international economic cooperation and cultural mixing. gross domestic product (GDP) during the calendar year, the country produced end product and service market value. ((Calculated in three ways: 1) adding together all the income obtained in the economy-wages, interest, profits and rents; 2) adding together all types of expenses-consumption, investment, government spending and net exports (exports minus revenue expenditure on imports); 3) summing up the economic sector value added tax plus product minus subsidies.) sustainable development-public welfare, the environment and economic development in an integrated and balanced, satisfying the population's current social and economic needs and ensure respect for the environment, without compromising the needs of future generations capabilities, as well as ensure the conservation of biological diversity. Information society-human sustainable development process, contribute to the expanding knowledge management where the company developed and developing as a highly educated individual in the community and in which the knowledge economy the whole society and each individual's quality of life. information and communication technologies (ICT)-technology that provides quick information acquisition, processing, storage and distribution. infrastructure-the economic component of the territorial structure of the transport, communications, energy, water and other network and system objects, as well as housing and education, health, culture, sports and other citizens care and their layout in a territory. Innovation (innovative actions)-innovation-the process by which new scientific, technical, social, cultural or any other field of ideas, developments, and technologies are implemented and competitive marketable product or service. innovative development-public benefit guidance process widely used new ideas, developments, and technologies; the company's responsiveness to innovation idea, technology or other areas. intellectual property – property that includes copyright, inventions, new technologies and products and any entity owned by the company. investment-individual, company or Government spending with the aim of increasing their capital. From the perspective of individual economic subjects of investments is considered also to ownership of existing capital. But from a national perspective on investing in general investments is considered the only new capital formation. Investment is economic growth is a necessary condition. capacity-the ability to accumulate power, unable to run this job. competence center-kooperējot to one or more companies and university research institutes to be used or the laboratories created nationally and/or internationally competitive research centre, which serves the new required knowledge and intellectual value creation komercializējam. This concept of culture-in the widest sense is all that special spiritual, material, intellectual and emotional features that have a public or social the group, and to the art and literature also includes ways of living and coexistence, value systems, traditions and beliefs. The role of the individual's culture, society and national growth gets in one of three ways: as a way of living and coexistence, the reinforcement of community identity, both as a tool for development and resources, as well as a value in itself and as a development objective. applied science-solves problems arising from fundamental studies of the lessons learned in implementing the practice or addressing the questions raised in practice. Applied scientific studies rapid commercial use. monitoring-the process of observation. monocentrisk-with one centre; settlements, dominated by one Center. a multicultural society-where each minority group is an integral part of society and relations between them are generally based on mutual tolerance. multimodal-various modes of transport linking the single transport system. lifelong learning-new knowledge, skills and vocational lifelong learning. renewable natural resources-natural resources that are not recovered for a relatively short period of time, or not renew at all, such as coal, peat, oil, etc. informal education – outside formal education implemented education needs, providing new knowledge, skills and experience. employment rate-the proportion of the working age population (from 15 to retirement age) population patent-document that acknowledges and certifies that the technical idea or project is the invention or industrial sample, indicates that the first signed up for (i.e., priority belongs to), what is it and who owns the exclusive rights to the invention. a person with special needs-a person who has a functional disturbance, becoming the person with a disability or threatening a person with a disability have occurred. added value-the value to add to intermediate consumption (raw materials, purchased materials, semi-finished products) in the production of goods or services. civil society-the society pašorganizēšan system that occurs and functions outside the national institutes, although not necessarily from them whatever. polycentric-with many centres; settlements, where there are several equivalent or complementary centres. pre-retirement-age population-persons to State old-age pension to age the rest no more than five years. public administration, public administration-national (Central), regional and local levels of government institutions. preventative measures-measures to prevent potential discrepancies or undesirable situations. the creative industry-industry, based on the individual creative activities, skills and talent, and to which, by creating and using intellectual property, has the potential to bring prosperity and creating jobs. It covers architecture, advertising, arts and cultural industries, design (including fashion, graphic design and applied art), film, computer games and interactive software, music, new media, publishing, radio and television, and the production of creative industries is a complex process, which, in cooperation with the public, private and non-governmental sector, the creation of ideas, interacting and sharing. region – by geographical, economic, political, cultural, or other characteristics of the separated unit of the territory. revitalization-an ancient building complex (area) functional activation, adaptation to the new social function. planning region-Latvian territorial entity which, by mutual agreement, establish the local government regional development planning, coordination and cooperation between local authorities. reconstruction of the existing building complex-work to existing or new features it needs. integration of society-the individual and group cooperation and common understanding. Integration aims to build a democratic, cohesive civil society, based on common fundamental values. bailout-contaminated site remediation and recovery at least to the extent that the future of human health or the environment are not compromised and the area may be used for a specific economic activity. seed or start-up capital-funds allocated to study, assess and develop an initial business idea. Seed capital is the venture funding in the earlier stage, it is usually important technologically intensive projects to enable the entrepreneur to create, explore and develop the initial product prototype, which later forms the basis for the next business. synergy-the creative energy that occurs by a number of parties involved, for example. ideas, how to, inspiration. social dialogue is a mechanism for cooperation and consultation between the State, employers and employees to coordinate the mutual interests of economic and social policy. Social dialogue takes place at the national (bilateral and tripartite), regional, sectoral and company level. social exclusion-an individual or group of people could not included in society, poverty, unemployment, lack of education, discrimination or other circumstances. social inclusion-the process aimed at the eradication of poverty and social exclusion risk subjects to provide facilities, services and resources you need to fully participate in the society's economic, social and cultural life, as well as greater opportunities for participation in decision-making and access to fundamental rights of the person. the risk of social exclusion groups-groups of people who have been denied or impeded access to sufficient income, receive different services and goods which are essential to the effective functioning of the society. social partners employers ' and workers ' organisations and their associations who engage in social dialogue and conclude the agreement. technology (knowledge) transfer-specific technology (knowledge, skills, technology of production) for the transfer of other users. One country create technology application in another country with the aim of creating new products, processes or services. technology park (science and technology park)-human resources, knowledge and infrastructure complex, which created favorable conditions for higher education, research and production of research-intensive complementary development. Include the scientific research, the University or the Institute, one or more of the technological centers, business incubators or industrial zone and under the direction of activity specialized counseling offices or malls. Mission-to ensure commercialization of science iestrāž, creating links between research laboratories and technological products manufacturing companies. urbanization and the concentration of production-population cities, cities and growth, urban lifestyle. knowledge economy-the economy, which relies on the development of human knowledge/intellectual potential. the knowledge society-a society where economic processes driven by information and knowledge. "The development of the access to information and the ability to manage, timely and progressive investment flows invested in intangible values-social capital, public understanding of its important role in the economic process. knowledge of media-every person who gradually accumulate knowledge and created your knowledge potential. the potential of knowledge-knowledge that is not being used, but which have accumulated. the knowledge society-a society, which has a base value of knowledge. the commercialization of science in the research institutes-the value of a financial return; This work: the means by which universities and research institutes create new intellectual values to convert the commercial benefits. Means the transfer of research results to production companies by mutual consent and for a certain remuneration. land transformation-conversion of agricultural land for non-agricultural land.
Abbreviations, CSP-Central Statistical Bureau of the EU-the European Union ICT-information and communication technologies in the GDP-gross domestic product of LATVIA-Republic of Latvia SMEs-SMEs MK-Cabinet NAP-national development plan NATO-North Atlantic Treaty Organization NGO-non-governmental organisations PPP-public private partnerships in trans-European transport network TEN-for _____ _____ _____ _____ _____ 1 innovation-the process by which new scientific, technical, social, cultural or any other field of ideas, developments, and technologies are implemented and competitive marketable product or service 2 Mentor advice-expert or practitioner's advice support, advice, or recommendations less experienced person, organization or business for the cartel. 3 Pirmssēkl grants (pre-seed funds-English cur.) -financing institution or scientific inventor as an individual to verify or improve new technological ideas viability as the basis for starting a new business. Pirmssēkl grants (before the founding of the company) are used to bridge the gap between research funding and investments in a company. 4 business angels (business angels-English cur)-wealthy individuals that support new technological ideas realization, attending as a private investor in start-ups. 5 seed or start-up capital-funds allocated to study, assess and develop an initial business idea. Seed capital is the venture funding in the earlier stage, it is usually important technologically intensive projects to enable the entrepreneur to create, explore and develop the initial product prototype, which later forms the basis for the next business. 6 Resource Center-an organizational structure to prudential, informational and technical assistance to promote the involvement of citizens in business. 7 creative industry-industry, based on the individual creative activities, skills and talent, and to which, by creating and using intellectual property, has the potential to bring prosperity and creating jobs. It covers architecture, advertising, arts and cultural industries, design (including fashion, graphic design and applied art), film, computer games and interactive software, music, new media, publishing, radio and television, and the production of creative industries is a complex process, which, in cooperation with the public, private and non-governmental sector, the creation of ideas, interacting and sharing. 8 in 2003, 0.39% of GDP in 2004, 0,42%; The EU average of 1.93% of GDP. In Latvia, the private sector financed 20% science spending, the EU-more than 50% of regional development and local Government Minister m. kučinskis