Regulation Of The Minister Of Forestry Number P. 70/menhut-Ii/2008 Year 2008

Original Language Title: Peraturan Menteri Kehutanan Nomor P.70/Menhut-II/2008 Tahun 2008

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BN 96. doc NEWS REPUBLIC of INDONESIA No. 96, 2008 DEPARTMENT of forestry. The Rehabilitation Of The Forest. Land. The guidelines. REGULATION of the MINISTER of FORESTRY number: p. 70/Menhut-II/2008 ABOUT the TECHNICAL GUIDELINES of FOREST and LAND REHABILITATION with the GRACE of GOD ALMIGHTY the MINISTER of FORESTRY, Considering: a. that the destruction of forests and land which resulted in a drop in power and an increase in water runoff resap surface water keeps going so that raises a variety of flood, landslide and drought; b. that the destruction of forests and land caused by the activities, hence the recovery and improvement of forest functions and critical land is the responsibility of all parties; c. that the restoration and improvement of forest functions and critical land should be made through the forest and land rehabilitation activities with the harness all the potential and capabilities of the Government, local governments, business entities, and the public are coordinated; d. that based on considerations as referred to in letter a, letter b, letter c, and the need to set a regulation of the Minister of forestry Technical Guidelines on Forest and land Rehabilitation; www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 2 Remember: 1. Act No. 41 of 1999 on Forestry (State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 167 in 1999, an additional Sheet of the Republic of Indonesia Number 3888) as amended by Act No. 19 of 2004 concerning the determination of the Replacement Government Regulations Act No. 1 of 2004 on changes to the Act No. 41 of 1999 on Forestry into law (Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 86 in 2004 Additional Sheets, the Republic of Indonesia Number 4412); 2. Law Number 32 of 2004 concerning Regional Government (State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 125 of 2004, an additional Sheet of the Republic of Indonesia Number 4437) as amended by Act No. 8 of 2005 about the determination of the Replacement Government Regulations Act No. 3 of 2005 about the change in the Law Number 32 of 2004 concerning Regional Government into law (Republic of Indonesia Sheet 2005 Number 108 Additional Sheets, the Republic of Indonesia Number 4548); 3. Act No. 33 of 2004 concerning the Financial Equalization Between the Central Government And the regional Government (the State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 126 in 2004, an additional Sheet of the Republic of Indonesia Number 4438); 4. Government Regulation Number 35 Year 2002 about Reforestation Funds (State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 67 in 2002, an additional Sheet of the Republic of Indonesia Number 4207) as amended by the Government Regulation Number 58 in 2007 (State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 131 in 2007, an additional Sheet of the Republic of Indonesia Number 4776); 5. Government Regulation No. 55 of 2005 about the Equalization Funds (State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 137 in 2005, an additional Sheet of the Republic of Indonesia Number 4575); www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 3 6. Government Regulation No. 6 in 2007 about the grammar of the forest and the preparation of forest management Plans, as well as the utilization of the forest (State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia number 22 in 2007, an additional Sheet of the Republic of Indonesia Number 4696) as amended by regulation of the Government of the Republic of Indonesia number 3 in 2008 about the changes to the Government Regulation number 6 of 2007 (Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Year 2008 number 16 Additional Sheets, the Republic of Indonesia Number 4815); 7. The Government of the Republic of Indonesia Number 38 in 2007 About Government Affairs Divisions between the Government, local governance and local governance of the province, Kabupaten/Kota (State Gazette of the Republic of Indonesia Number 82 in 2007, an additional Sheet of the Republic of Indonesia Number 4737); 8. the President of Republic of Indonesia Regulation Number 89 in 2007 about the movement of forest and land Rehabilitation National; Decide: Define: FORESTRY MINISTERIAL REGULATION ABOUT REHABILITATING The FOREST TECHNICAL GUIDELINES And LAND. CHAPTER I GENERAL PROVISIONS article 1 in this rule is: 1. Forest and land Rehabilitation (RHL) is an effort to restore, maintain and improve the function of forests and land so that power support, productivity and its role in supporting the system buffer life stay awake. 2. River basin (DAS) is an area of land which is one unit with the river and its tributaries, which serves to hold, store and stream water derived from precipitation to the lake or into the sea, which naturally limits on land is the dividing topographic and limits in the sea to the River with the waters that still affected the activity of the Mainland. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 4 3. Forests and critical land is forest and land that is inside and outside forest areas that are no longer functioning as the media regulator tata water and land productivity so as to cause a disruption of the balance of the WATERSHED ecosystem. 4. Land is the area of land outside the forest area. 5. the forest area is designated a specific area and/or specified by the Government for the sustained existence as permanent forest. 6. Reforestation is an effort of planting tree species on forest forest area damaged in the form of empty land, reeds or undergrowth to restore forest functions. 7. Greening the recovery efforts is critical land outside the forest area vegetatively and civil technical function to return the land. 8. The enrichment plants are activities multiply the diversity by means of the utilization of space grows optimally, through tree planting. 9. Maintenance of forest is an activity for maintaining, securing and improving the quality of the plants, reforestation activities results greening plant and the enrichment plant. 10. The Central Government, hereinafter referred to as the Government, is the President of the Republic of Indonesia that holds the powers of the Government of the Republic of Indonesia as stipulated in the Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia in 1945. 11. Local Government is the Governor, Governor, or Mayor and the region as organizer of local governance. 12. The Minister is the Minister delegated duties and responsibilities in the field of forestry. CHAPTER II ORGANIZATION of the article 2 (1) RHL is meant to restore, maintain, and improve the function of forest resource and land production functions, functions well protected or conservation functions being performed gradually. (2) the activity of RHL as mentioned on paragraph (1) is carried out in the forest area and outside forest areas. (3) RHL as mentioned on paragraph (2) was organized according to the order specified priority WATERSHED based on the criteria of priority WATERSHEDS. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 5 article 3 Target activity of RHL includes forest area and not a forest area, with attention to the priority on the damaged forest/rawang and critical land on Priority WATERSHEDS, particularly on: a. the upper reaches WATERSHED that often cause floods, droughts, and landslides; b. regional watershed (catchment area) of reservoirs, dams and Lakes; c. regional resapan water (recharge area) in the upper reaches of the WATERSHED; d. areas of border rivers, springs, lakes, reservoirs; and e. the lower DAS tsunami disaster-prone, seawater intrusion, and coastal abrasion. Article 4 (1) RHL activities referred to in article 2 is done based on the elements: a. the planning; b. organizing/institutional; c. implementation activities; d. monitoring and control (2) Planning as mentioned in subsection (1) letter a consists of: a. the plan of rehabilitation techniques of forest and watershed lands (RTkRHL-DAS); b. management plan forest and land rehabilitation (RPRHL); and c. the annual plans of forest and land rehabilitation (RTnRHL). (3) Organizing/institutional activities in RHL as referred to in paragraph (1) letter b is intended to govern the duties and establishment of institutions/institutional, the role and function of the stakeholders involved in the implementation of the activities of the RHL. (4) the implementation of the activities of the RHL as mentioned on paragraph (2) Letter c is carried out through activities: a. reforestation; b. greening; c. maintenance; d. enrichment plant; www.djpp.depkumham.go.id


2008, no. 96 6 e. application of the technique of soil conservation and production of vegetatively building soil conservation in civilian technical and critical land unproductive. (5) Supervision and control of the activity of RHL periodically referred to in subsection (1) the letter d, implemented a tiered basis in accordance with the role and function of each. (6) RHL Activities as referred to in paragraph (4) is carried out on the basis of the technical guidelines on Forest and land Rehabilitation, as listed in the annex which is an integral part of this regulation. CHAPTER III article 5 FINANCING (1) Financing for RHL sourced at: a. Budget revenues and Expenditures of the State (STATE BUDGET) and budget income and Expenditure area (BUDGETS); b. Reforestation Fund; and/or c. other sources which are not binding, in accordance with the legislation. (2) organizing the RHL production and forest in protected forest which has saddled the permit utilization of the forest or permission to use a forest area funded by the holder of the permit. (3) conducting of RHL production and forest in protected forest which rights management has delegated to the STATE-OWNED forestry areas or institutions given the right management of forest area with the aim of specifically financed by STATE-OWNED Forestry or agencies. (4) the Government can provide a special assignment to the STATE-OWNED forestry or forest management to implement the unity of RHL in protected forest in the region it works and/or around the area of his work with funds from the STATE BUDGET/BUDGETS. Article 6 (1) activities of the RHL in the form of tree planting in the forest area is carried out by moving the contractual basis of potential national or regional business entities and involve the community throughout their funds are available or in swakelola. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 (2) activity of RHL planting trees outside forest areas was carried out in swakelola cooperation agreement via mail (SPKS) with farmer groups. (3) the making of the crop reforestation by considering certain conditions and security aspects can be implemented through surgery swakelola Bhakti National Army (TNI) of Indonesia. CHAPTER IV TRANSITIONAL PROVISIONS article 7 With the establishment of Regulations the Minister of forestry, forest and land rehabilitation that had been implemented in the form of the activities of the national movement of forest and land Rehabilitation or rehabilitation programs of forest and other land remains valid, enforceable and tailored to the regulation of the Minister of forestry. Chapter V CLOSING PROVISIONS article 8 of Regulation Ministry of forestry began to take effect on the date set. So everyone knows, this Minister of forestry Regulation enacted by its placement in the news of the Republic of Indonesia. Established in Jakarta on December 11, 2008 the MINISTER of FORESTRY M.S. KABAN h. Enacted in Jakarta on December 17, 2008 the MINISTER of LAW and HUMAN RIGHTS Republic of INDONESIA, MATTOANGIN www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 8 TABLE of CONTENTS ANNEX REGULATIONS the MINISTER of FORESTRY NUMBER p./MENHUT-V/2008 TECHNICAL GUIDELINES on FOREST and LAND REHABILITATION CHAPTER i. INTRODUCTION I-a. BACKGROUND ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... I-B. INTENTS AND PURPOSES ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... I-C. POLICIES CONDUCTING OF RHL ... ... ... ... ... ... I-D. SCOPE ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... I-E. UNDERSTANDING ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... I-CHAPTER II. PLANNING II-A. PLAN THE REHABILITATION ENGINEERING DAS ... ... ... ... .... II-B. REHABILITATION MANAGEMENT PLAN............ II-C. ANNUAL REHABILITATION PLAN.................... II. DRAFT REHABILITATION ACTIVITIES ... ... ... ... ... ... .... II-CHAPTER III. THE PROVISION OF SEEDLINGS III-A. ORIGIN OF SEEDS ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... III-B. CRITERIA AND STANDARD QUALITY SEEDS ... ... ... ... .... III-C. CRITERIA AND STANDARDS THE SEEDBED AND THE COLLECTION POINTS WHILE ... ... ... ... ... ... ... III. ASSESSMENT OF SEED OF ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... CHAPTER III-IV. REFORESTATION IV-A. TARGET LOCATIONS ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... IV-B. TYPES OF PLANTS ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... IV TYPES OF ACTIVITIES-C. REFORESTATION ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... IV. IMPLEMENTATION OF REFORESTATION.................................. IV. RESULTS OF THE ACTIVITIES ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... IV-CHAPTER V. GREENING V-A. FOREST FOLK/ENRICHED ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... V-B. CITY FOREST........................................................ V-C. GREENING THE ENVIRONMENT............................... V-CHAPTER VI. REHABILITATION OF MANGROVE FORESTS AND COASTAL FORESTS VI-A. REHABILITATION OF MANGROVE FOREST..................... VI-B. REHABILITATION OF COASTAL FOREST............................ CHAPTER VI-VII. The APPLICATION Of SOIL And WATER CONSERVATION ENGINEERING VII-A. MAKING DAM Controllers (DPi) ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... Vii-B. MAKING Retaining Dam (Ncc)....................... VII-www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 of 9 c. CONTROL ABYSS (gully plug) ... ... ... ... ... ... .... VII. THE CREATION OF THE WELL RESAPAN WATER (CFS) ... ... ... VII-E. MAKING TERRACE ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... VII – F. MANUFACTURE OF DAM WATER................................... VII-G. MAKING RORAK............................................ Vii-H. STRIP Grass (Grass Barrier)........................... VII-I. PROTECTION RIGHT LEFT/THE CLIFFS OF THE RIVER .... VII-J. SEWER WATER AND TERJUNAN WATER.................................................. VII-K. RESAPAN BIOPORI HOLE................................ CHAPTER VII-VIII. COMMUNITY EMPOWERMENT VIII-A. IMPROVEMENT OF KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS......................................................... VIII-B. DEVELOPMENT OPPORTUNITY OF TRYING ... ... ... ... .... VIII-C. GRANTING ACCESS THE LEGALITY ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... VIII-D. GRANT INCENTIVES ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... VIII. DEVELOPMENT COOPERATION BETWEEN SECTOR .... VIII-F. DEVELOPMENT MARKET ACCESS........................... VIII-G DEVELOPMENT PARTNERSHIP EFFORT................ CHAPTER VIII-IX. EVALUATION OF PLANT AND SOIL CONSERVATION IX-A PLANT ASSESSMENT........................................... IX-B. ASSESSMENT OF SOIL CONSERVATION/BUILDING TECHNICAL CIVIL ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... IX-DATA PROCESSING C............................................. IX. ASSESSMENT OF THE RESULTS ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... CHAPTER IX-X. X-SUPERVISION AND COACHING A. COACHING ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... X-B. SUPERVISION....................................................... X-C. REPORTING.......................................................... X-www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 10 list of TABLES table 1. The criteria and standards of origin of Seeds ... ... ... ... ... ... ... III-table 2. The criteria and standards of quality of Seeds ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... III – table 3. Standard quality criteria, the seedbed and the collection points while ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... III-table 4. The Terms Plant Reforestation ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... IV-table 5. The suitability of certain types of mangrove plants with environmental factors ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... Table vi-6. The ecological properties of tree types of the beach and the way pembiakannya ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... Table vi-7. Types And Benefits Of Herbaceous Land Conservation Efforts In Order To ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... VII-table 8. Extensive Measurements Plants Results recap on every patch of Planting/location ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... IX-table 9. Tally Sheet Plant Assessment............................ IX-table 10. Recapitulation of the long road that is planted in Turus province...................................................... IX-table 11. Recapitulation per cent grow plants on every patch of plants/Planting Locations Produce Group..................................................... IX-table 12. Recap Of The Percentage Grow Plants Turus Road Per Province....................................... IX-www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 11 list of pictures picture 1. The array's Straight lines and Plant ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... V-picture 2. Examples of Cropping Intercropping Patterns with Lines ... ... V-Figure 3. An Example Of A Direct Contour Lines Planting ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... V-Figure 4. Enriched Limit Planting Pattern example Possession at Moor ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... V-Figure 5. Examples of Enriched Planting Pattern/Inserts on the grounds of Moor ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... V-Figure 6. Zoning Of Natural Mangrove............................................. Vi-Picture 7. Alternative Cropping Patterns Of Pure ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... Vi-Figure 8. All kinds of Intercropping Techniques........................ Vi-Figure 9. Planting clumps is ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... Vi-figure 10. Dam controllers (watertight type) ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... VII-Figure 11. Dam Beam with construction wood/bamboo ... .... VII-figure 12. Retaining dam construction with Wicker twigs, wood/bamboo ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... VII-Figure 13. Retaining dam construction bronjong with wire ... VII-Figure 14. Controlling The Abyss (Gully Plug) ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... VII-Figure 15. The Well Resapan Water.................................................... VII-16 Images. Terrace Flat ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... VII-17 Pictures. Terrace Gulud............................................................... VII-Figure 18. Terrace Credit ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... VII-Figure 19. Individual Terrace ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... VII-20 Images. Garden Terrace ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... VII-figure 21. The flow of the decision making process for the creation of the dam the water............................................. VII-22 Images. Dam The Water................................................................ VII-figure 23. Rorak (dead end) ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... VII-24 Images. Grass strip............................................................... VII-figure 25. Left/Right Protection Building The River Bank ... VII-26 Images. SPA and Terjunan Buildings.................................... VII-27 Pictures. Hole Resapan Biopori............................................ VII-www.djpp.depkumham.go.id


2008, no. 96 12 ATTACHMENT of REGULATION of the MINISTER of FORESTRY number: p. 70/Menhut-II/2008 date: 11 December 2008 TECHNICAL GUIDELINES on FOREST and LAND REHABILITATION CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION a. background to the destruction of forests and land in Indonesia has reached + 100.7 million ha, in a forest area ± 59.2 million ha, and outside forest area ± 41.5 million ha (Baplan, 2002). The condition of forests and land is becoming a target of forest and land Rehabilitation codes (RHL) are prioritized for immediate treated. RHL effort has been carried out intensively since 1976, either through presidential instruction program of greening and forestation as well as sectoral activities. Since 2003 the activity of RHL are through a national movement of forest and land Rehabilitation (GNRHL/Gerhan) through the budget STATE BUDGET were sourced from Reforestation Fund (DR). In addition, the activity of RHL is also funded by the Fund for the results of natural resources Forestry Fund Reforestation (DBH-DR) 40% which is part of the Special Allocation Fund, DR (DAK) Forestry, GRANT or other source of funding. Based on the results of the identification of critical land in 358 DAS priority critical land into a decline of roughly 77 million ha. From the critical land area of priority for the rehabilitated area of 30.1 million ha (Ditjen RLPS 2006). While the rate of deforestation is still recorded ± 1.08 million ha/yr (Baplan 2006). The destruction of forests and land is worrying many parties because of the impact on the ecosystem damage and imbalances in order Watersheds (DAS) as well as the disruption of community life in the WATERSHED is mainly in the lower reaches. The Ministry of forestry has established five policy priorities where one of them is the policy of Rehabilitation and conservation of forest resources. The policy is based on the mandate of article 40 to article 43 of ACT No. 41 of 1999 regarding the Organization of Forest and land Rehabilitation (RHL). During this execution of the RHL refers to the implementation of the guidelines is still influenced by the system of funding, so that each source of funding the activities of its own guidelines, RHL publishes such guidelines implementation Gerhan, RHL-DBH Funds DR., DAK-forestry, which generally have the same provisions. Therefore, technical guidelines for RHL from various sources of funding, then set one "RHL technical guidelines". www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 13 b. goals and purpose RHL technical guidelines is intended to provide a reference to all the parties in organizing the activity of RHL. As for the goal is for the implementation of the activities of the RHL can achieve success in accordance with the expected. C. Organization of the RHL Policy within the framework of the Organization of Forest and land Rehabilitation established general pattern, criteria and Standards of forest and land Rehabilitation by Minister of forestry as a basic policy and reference implementation activities. The general pattern, criteria and Standards of forest and land Rehabilitation in question used as a basis in the planning, implementation, construction and control. 1. The general pattern of forest and land Rehabilitation as mentioned load: a. principles of organization of Forest and land Rehabilitation; and b. the basic approach of organizing forest and land rehabilitation; The principles of organization of forest and land rehabilitation as the letter a include: a. the use of WATERSHEDS as units of management; b. the clarity of authority; c. understanding the tenurial system; d. participation costs (chost sharing); e. application of the system of incentives; f. community empowerment and institutional capacity; g. participatory approach; h. transparency and accountability. The basic approach is as stated on the letter b include the following aspects: a. politics, that RHL accommodate global issue so that it becomes the opportunity and obtain support and sufficient political commitment in the social organization of the RHL b.; that the RHL is expected to provide benefits to the community include opportunities to work and strive. c. the economy; that RHL intended to increase the income of the economy and society. d. ecosystem; that RHL organized in the framework of the management of WATERSHEDS with attention to power support land and land suitability as well as paying attention to the diversity of types and levels of vulnerability to pests and diseases. e. institutional and organization; that the necessary legal certainty RHL to guarantee continuity of use and land management. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, 14 2 No. 96. The criteria and standards of the RHL includes aspects: a. the area which include the certainty of handling area as determined by the analysis of ecosystem based planning units of DAS, the clarity of the status of the land and the mastery by function area. b. institutional arrangements that include a competent human resources, effective organizations according to their respective authority framework, and the working relationship. c. Technology which includes the application of technology is determined by the land suitability or tread/site, the level of participation of the community, and the provision of sufficient input. D. Scope the scope of the (old) RHL technical guidelines include: planning, implementation activities (provision of seeds, Reforestation, Afforestation, rehabilitation of Mangrove Forests and Coastal Forests, the application of soil and Water Conservation Techniques), and the supporting activities of the RHL, among others, community empowerment, as well as coaching and supervision. E. Understanding 1. The area of seed production (APB) is the source of the seed which was constructed specifically or is derived from the seeds of the stands are identified and then improved the quality or through logging of trees of the phenotype is not good. 2. Building governing chasm (Gully Plug) is a small dam which passes the water created in the trenches, transverse Groove trench construction with stone, wood or bamboo. 3. Building terjunan building terjunan water is created on each specific distance in sewer water (depending on the slope of the land) are made from stone, wood or bamboo. 4. Seeds is plant material or any portion thereof that is used to multiply and plant derived or developed from vegetative material or generative material. 5. Seeds of forest plant young plants is the result of multiplication and or breeding of seeds and is a candidate for the tree. 6. River basin (DAS) is an area of land which is one unit with the river and its tributaries, which serves to hold, store and stream water derived from precipitation to the lake or into the sea in a natural limit on land, which is dividing the topographic boundary in the sea and up to the area of waters affected the activity of the Mainland. 7. River basin (DAS) Priority was a Watershed because conditions are good in terms of forest area and land degradation as well as the interests of the environment and society, need to get treatment immediately with the activity of RHL. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 15 8. Special Allocation Fund (DAK) Forestry is funds sourced from the STATE BUDGET revenue is allocated to regions based on numeric percentage to fund the needs of specific areas with the aim to help fund specific activities in the field of forestry which is the Regional Affairs and in accordance with national priorities. 9. Funds for the results of natural resources Forestry Fund Reforestation (DBH SDA Forestry DR) is a fund sourced from the STATE BUDGET revenue is allocated to regions based on numeric percentage to fund the needs of the region in the framework of the implementation of decentralization which comes from natural resources forestry. 10. retaining Dam is a small dam which passes the water with the construction of the bronjong stone or bamboo/wood trucuk made on the flow of the River/Gorge with a maximum height of 4 metres which serves to control the deposit/sedimentation/erosion and surface flow (run-off). 11. governing the small dam is a Dam which could hold water (did not qualify) with construction waterproofing, soil homogeneous, urugan concrete (arc type) to control erosion, sedimentation, flooding, and irrigation and drinking water and built on a river/Creek flow with maximum height of 8 metres. 12. Office of County/city is delegated the following duties and responsibilities in the field of Forestry in the area of Kabupaten/Kota. 13. the Office of the Department was delegated duties and responsibilities in the field of Forestry in the region of the province. 14. The dam water is a reservoir of water-shaped pool that serves to hold rainwater/water runoff or seepage water on land the rainwater that is useful as a source of water to meet the needs in the dry season. 15. Forest City is a whole ecosystem in the form of a stretch of land which bertumbuhan trees that are compact and meetings in urban areas either on State land as well as land rights, defined as forest city by the competent authority. 16. mangrove forests is a formation of the trees that grow on alluvial soils in coastal areas and around the mouth of the river that are affected by tides sea water and is characterized by the presence of species of Avicennia Spp (fires), Soneratia spp. (Kike), Rhizophora Spp (Mangroves), Bruguiera Spp (Tanjang), excoecaria Lumnitzera (Tarumtum), Xylocarpus Spp (Nyirih), Nypa fruticans and Anisoptera (Palm). 17. Forest beach is a formation of the trees that grow on the edge of the beach and is located above the highest tide line. These kinds of plants: Casuarina equisetifolia (Fir); Teminalia catappa (Terminalia Catappa); Hibiscus (Hibiscus Tiliaceus) filiaccus; Cocos nucifera (coconut); and Arthocarpus altilis (Jackfruit/Artocarpus integer). 18. the people's Forest is a forest that grows above the ground which burdened the property or other rights outside the forest area with extensive conditions minimum 0.25 ha, the closure of the timber plant canopies and other plants more than 50%. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id


2008, no. 96 16 19. The forest area is in rawang forest areas that are not marked with the productive potential of the niagawi trees less than 20 m³/ha. 20. The type of timber is a species of forest plant which produced lumber for building construction, furniture and household appliances. 21. Plant type Multi Purposes Trees Species (MPTS) is a species of plant that produces wood and not wood. 22. The types of plants local flagship (TUL) is a species of native or exotic favored certain advantages because society such as wood products, fruit and SAP and its products have high economic value and is defined by the Bupati/Walikota Plant Perbenihan Hall on the recommendation of the forest (BPTH) on behalf of the Director General of the RLPS. 23. The Garden Seeds (KB) is the source of the seed that was built with the seed that comes from the tree plus test result offspring (Seed Orchards For) or vegetative material trees of the tree plus test results the test results or offspring of clones (clones of Seed Orchards). 24. The Garden Trim (KP) is the source of seeds to be built from materials that have been tested to produce material in the form of vegetative cuttings, buds, roots, leaves, plant tissue in order to reproduce seeds of plants. 25. The institutional or social institution is the system behavior and the relationship of activities to meet the special needs in the life of society, which includes the following three components (a) the organization or container of an institutional, (b) institutional function from within the community and (c) the regulations set by the institutional system in question. 26. Soil conservation is an effort to use the land within the limits of its capability and protect it from limiting climate and topography that remain so as to secure the sustainability of its utilization. 27. Critical land is land that is inside and outside forest areas that are no longer functioning as the media regulator tata water and land productivity so as to cause a disruption of the balance of the WATERSHED ecosystem. 28. Resapan Biopori Holes are holes in the ground that is formed due to the various activities of the organisms in it, such as worms, rooting plants, termites and other soil fauna. The holes that form will be filled the air and will become a place of passage of water in the soil. 29. Community empowerment is the efforts taken in order to improve the ability and independence of the community through (a) the creation of ambience or climate that allows the development of potential or community-owned power, (b) strengthen the potential or power owned community, and (c) protect the public through pemihakan to the community to strengthen its competitiveness. 30. Plant Maintenance is the treatment of the plant and the environment in the area and a specific period of time in order to grow healthy plants and qualified in accordance with the standard specified results. 31. is RHL activities Greening carried out outside the forest area. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 17 32. Planting enriched reforestation activities is the addition of tree saplings on a forest area that has the stands in the form of rawang saplings, stakes, poles and trees of a number of 500 – 700 stems/ha, with a view to enhance the value of forest stands are very good quality as well as quantity of the corresponding function. 33. the people's forests is enriched Planting activities addition of saplings of trees that have the stands in the form of saplings, stakes, poles and the poles a number of 200-250 stems/ha, with a view to increasing the value of tegakannya is good quality as well as quantity according their functions. 34. environmental Greening is greenwash of the field with an effort to carry out the planting in the garden, the green line, residential, Office and others. 35. The protection of the River Bank left/right is the implementation of soil conservation well vegetatively as well as technical civil right left/the river bank. 36. Propagul is another form of seeds or fruit at the stage of its development is already formed would stem plants while fruit/seed is still found in its parent tree. 37. Reforestation is an effort of making the plant type of forest trees in the forest area of empty land in the form of broken/open, the reeds or undergrowth and forests rawang to restore the function of the forest. 38. forest and land Rehabilitation (RHL) is an effort to restore, maintain and improve the function of forests and land so that power support, productivity and its role in supporting the system buffer life stay awake. 39. The rehabilitation of mangrove forests is the attempt returns a function of mangrove forests are degraded, to conditions that are considered good and able to carry the function of ecological and economical. 40. The plan of river basin Rehabilitation Engineering (RTR-DAS) is technically organized RHL for each WATERSHED. 41. The rehabilitation management plan (RPR) is the management plans in the framework of the Organization of forest and land rehabilitation in accordance with the authority of the Government, provincial, Kabupaten/Kota according legislation. 42. The annual Plan of rehabilitation (RTR) is a more detailed physical plan each year in the region of Kab/Kota, which is an elaboration of the RPR and used as input in the preparation of the regional development work plan (RKPD). 43. The draft Rehabilitation Activities (RKR) is a design detail (bestek) RHL activities than one that will be implemented in each site/location. 44. The regional medium-term development plan hereinafter abbreviated RPJMD is a planning document for the period of 5 (five) years. 45. The annual Regional development plan, henceforth called the local government work plan (RKPD), is the regional planning document for the period of 1 (one) year. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 18 46. The channel is Rorak deadlocked with the size of the width and in the appropriate local conditions as the spooler while the water from the surface to their flow into the ground which in turn sediment and leftover plant material/waste plant which he carried will be deposited. 47. Sewer water (SPA) is a channel of water that were made perpendicular to the direction of contours with a certain size (as a State of precipitation, slope of the land, the speed of the water seeped into the ground/soil type) reinforced with gebalan grass. 48. The system of lines is a pattern of planting with the cleanup along the path that made the hole a certain distance with crops. 49. cemplongan System is a technical field does cleansing with plantings in total i.e. done around the hole that will be planted on the sloping land that is applied on the soil is sensitive to erosion. 50. The system of intercropping is a pattern planting undertaken by planting annuals and plant the sidelines among the array's staple crops (timber/MPTS). 51. The Strip of grass (Grass Barrier) is a pattern to the way farmer planted staple crops in the form of a strip of grass between the MPTS in intermittent rain made the field of cutting slopes. 52. The terrace is soil conservation created by excavation and pengurugan of land, formed the main building in the form of field sports, guludan and waterways which follow the contours, and can also be equipped with building sewer as complement of the water and terjunan water perpendicular to the contours. 53. The Forest Seed Selected (TBS) is the source of the seed with a nice new phenotype has important properties include: straight, not disabled, and branching. 54. The stands are Unidentified Seeds (TBT) is the source of the seed with the average quality used to generate the seed and its location can be identified with precision. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id


2008, no. 96 19 CHAPTER II PLANNING System planning of forest and land Rehabilitation (RHL) have a tiered structure comprising a plan of Rehabilitation Engineering DAS (RTR DAS), Rehab management plan (RPR), the annual Plan of rehabilitation (RTR) and draft Activities RHL (RKR). A. Plan Of Rehabilitation Engineering DAS (RTR DAS). 1. plan the Rehabilitation Engineering DAS (RTR-DAS) is indicative of the activity plan of the RHL spring detail compiled based bio-physical conditions in units units of DAS, and depth of analysis of the level of Sub WATERSHEDS. 2. RTR-DAS arranged for a period of 5 years. 3. In the preparation of RTR DAS refers to: a. a forestry Plan; b. Spatial Plan area (RTRW) and Forest Use Plan Kesepakan (TGHK) ECE has done in harmony. In the event that there is not yet a map Matching between Ece and RTRW TGHK legitimate then it should refer to the concept map Matching Matching and planned on a legally clear allocation and is not problematic. c. Integrated WATERSHED management plan. 4. RTR-DAS contains: a. the biophysical Conditions including land DAS inquiries, status and function of the area, a source of water, and so on; b. forest and land rehabilitation Plan in the form of making plants (vegetative) and the creation of soil and water conservation building (technical civil); c. the development of water resources; and d. institutional development; e. Map plan RTR-DAS. 5. Preparation of the RTR DAS tailored to the interests and problems encountered. In the region of DAS compiled too broad, then the area can be arranged in a Sub or a combination of several Sub DAS DAS DAS that is in question. 6. In the planning target priority RHL DAS considers: a. Insecurity of natural disasters indicated the frequency of floods, landslides and drought in the region of DAS for the last 5 years, the occurrence of tsunamis/abrasion seawater in coastal areas of actual or potential can lead to disaster for the community. b. Protection of buildings in an area of vital importance for the life of the community WATERSHED such as reservoirs, lakes, springs, irrigation as a source of water and energy need to be preserved. 7. RTR DAS composed by a work team composed of representatives of relevant agencies. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 20 teams district/municipality formed by the Bupati/Walikota related. Cross-district/city teams formed by the Governor. To DAS who was in the area of cross-province, the team consists of representatives of the relevant agencies of the province along with the associated instance of representatives district/city, and formed a joint decision with the Governor. To DAS who are in one district/city, a work Team composed of representatives of agencies BPDAS, UPT PHKA, provinces and Kabupaten/Kota level agencies. Likewise for DAS who was at cross County/City, the team consists of representatives of the relevant agencies at the Kabupaten/Kota, BPDAS, UPT PHKA and Office of the province. 8. RTR DAS composed a year before the year of organizing (T-1), with the format of the presentation of the book plans, data and map scale 1:100,000 up to 1:50, 000. B. the rehabilitation management plan (RPR) 1. RPR is a management plan was drawn up in the framework of the Organization of the appropriate authorities of the Government, RHL provincial government, government district/city according to applicable legal regulations. 2. Administrative Region organized by RPR Kabupaten/Kota, RTR DAS, and forest management Plans as well as the potential resources available both human resource, infrastructure or funding. 3. the RPR arranged in forest areas and outside forest areas by using unit analysis of the DAS/Sub DAS, and is part of a medium term development plan 5 years the area in question. 4. the RPR contains among others: biophysical conditions region, policy and strategy, target location, types of activities, institutional, financing, governance, and map management plan of rehabilitation. 5. the RPR in the forest area conservation compiled by UPT Ditjen PHKA together with UPT Ditjen RLPS. RPR in a protected forest area, forest production and provincial scale Tahura compiled a Team appointed by the Governor, rated by BPDAS and set by the Governor. RPR in a protected forest area, forest production and scale Tahura Kabupaten/Kota and outside forest areas prepared by a team appointed by the Bupati/Walikota, rated by BPDAS and are assigned by the Bupati/Walikota. 6. Specification of Plans drawn up appropriate units manage arealnya and spelled out in: a. the area target: DAS/Sub WATERSHEDS, provincial, Kabupaten/Kota, kecamatan, village, forest area (HP, HL, HK) and outside forest areas. b. indicative priorities and Objectives broad RHL (total goals, target 5 years and annual projections). c. RPR arranged for a period of 5 years. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 21 d. RPR presented in book form the paper, numerical data and map scale 1:100,000 up to 1:50, 000. C. Annual Rehabilitation Plan (RTR) 1. RTR is a more detailed physical plan each year in the region of Kab/Kota, which is an elaboration of the RPR and used as input in the preparation of the regional development work plan (RKPD). 2. RTR arranged 1 year prior to the year of implementation (T-1). 3. RTR contains among other things: a. recapitulation of the whole activity of RHL are planned, including the site (Sub/Sub, DAS DAS), the type and volume of activities either vegetative or technical civil. b. details of any type of activity which contains:-site (DAS, Sub DAS, district, village, forest area and forest area outside)-the Volume of activity (Ha/unit) – cost-time-Institutional Governance-coaching, training, mentoring and guidance. -Monitoring and evaluation c. RTR Map (scale 1:25000) 4. RTR in forest area conservation compiled by UPT Ditjen PHKA together with UPT Ditjen RLPS. RTR in the protected forest, forest production and provincial scale Tahura compiled a Team appointed by the Governor, rated by BPDAS and set by the Governor. RTR in the protected forest, forest production and scale Tahura Kabupaten/Kota and outside forest areas prepared by a team appointed by the Bupati/Walikota, rated by BPDAS and are assigned by the Bupati/Walikota. 5. RTR is submitted to the Governor: a. b. the Bupati/Walikota. c. Forestry Forestry province of Kabupaten/Kota e. Bappeda province/Kab/kota f. Hall management of Watersheds (BPDAS) are concerned. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 22 d. Draft Rehabilitation Activities (RKR) 1. RKR is a design detail (bestek) RHL activities than one that will be implemented in each site/location. 2. RKR made on any tread/site which refers to the location and area of the RTR. As for the standard price of materials and wages are taken into account in a rational and reasonable (based on regional HSPK the prevailing minimum wage, as well as the availability of budget) 3. RKR as reference in the implementation and control of physical activity and the use of the budget in each location as well as the time schedule set. 4. RKR as input in drawing up the work plan and budget (RKA) and unit of Work Device area (SEGWAY). 5. RKR compiled one (1) year prior to the activity carried out (T-1) or in certain conditions can be implemented in the current year (T-1). 6. RKR consists of Vegetative RKR and Civil Technical RKR. In general the RKR activities contain: a. a general treatise (outlines the conditions of the biophysical, social, economic and institutional culture around the site); b. the condition of land before implemented activities. c. Overview of the work and the implementation schedule (description of the type of work that will be done and the time pelaksnaan each type of work); d. volume details the needs of materials/tools and labor of every kind of activity (ranging from preparation to implementation); e. details of costs needs the materials/tools and labor of every kind of job (starts from preparation to implementation); f. draft vegetative map (scale 1:10000 – 1:5000), map technical civil draft scale of 1:500-1:100) g. Appendix (list price of materials/tools and wages, construction drawings/bestek, and map the situation, and others). 7. For activities to be implemented in vegetative multiyears (in plural), then the draft is made at once for 3 (three) years (nursery and planting in the first year, the second I in maintenance and maintenance II in the third year). 8. Out line RKR is as follows: TITLE SHEET FOREWORD TABLE of CONTENTS LIST of ENDORSEMENT SHEET TABLE LIST the IMAGE MAP of the SITUATION (which indicates the location of the activities) i. INTRODUCTION a. Background b. purpose and Objectives II. GENERAL TREATISE www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 23 a. Biophysical b. Socioeconomic Institutional Culture c. III. DRAFT TECHNICAL a. Overview of the work and Schedule the implementation details of Needs b. materials, tools and labor of Every kind of work C. Details of the cost of procurement of materials, tools and labor of every kind of job. IV. DRAFT MAP RKR a. Map Design (Technical/civilian Vegetative) b. Map Situation image attachment (Shack, PIN, cropping patterns and layout, signage, construction drawings (for building soil conservation). 9. RKR activities compiled by the team formed by the head of the Agency that carries out the activities of the Satker/RHL, supervised by BPDAS, rated by the head of Department/Sub fields that deal with the Planning Department at the district/city. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id


2008, no. 96 24 CHAPTER III the PROVISION of SEEDLINGS of a. origins of the seedling Making plants require high quality seeds, namely seedlings originating from sources certified seed (Seed stands are Identified, Selected Seed stands are/TBT/TBS, seed production Area/APB, Garden Seeds and Crop/KB/KP). The seeds are not yet clear the origin must be equipped with a certificate of seed. The criteria and standards of origin of seeds are as loaded in table 1 below: table 1. The criteria and standards of the origin of the Seed Origin Criteria Standards 1. Unclear Genetic quality of Affidavits Affidavits Seedlings Seeds 2. Genetic quality of seed Quality at minimum Certificate Clearly TBT b. Criteria and standards of quality of the seeds. The criteria and standards of quality of the seeds are used as table 2 below: table 2. The criteria and standards of quality of the seeds of the group type of the standard Criteria 1. Wood, the local Flagship Plant 1. The growth of 2. The media Plants 3. Height of at least 1. Normal (healthy, single berbatang, woody) 2. Compact 3. 30 cm (Pinus merkusii types Except, at least 15 cm high and already there is a squirrel tail) 2. Plant City, forest road turus 1. The growth of 2. The media Plants 3. Height 1. Normal (healthy, single berbatang, woody) 2. Compact 3. > 1 m 3. Mangrove 1. The growth of 2. Media 3. High non propagul 1. Normal (Non propagul: healthy, single berbatang, Woody Propagul: healthy, at least there are 4 leaves) 2. Compact 3. at least 20 cm 4. Beach 1. The growth of 2. Media 3. Height 1. Normal (healthy, single berbatang, woody) 2. Compact www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 25 Standard Criteria type of Group 3. 20 – 50 cm 5. MPTS 1. The growth of 2. Media 3. Height 1. Normal (healthy, single berbatang, woody) 2. Compact 3. Tailored to the needs of the Organization of the pattern; Glue for seedlings/green, height is calculated from the position plugin/connection c. criteria and Standards the seedbed and place a temporary Collection to obtain a good seed quality, and reduce the risk of damage to the seeds to planting, seedbed is required and the collection points (TPS) that match the criteria and quality standards. Based on the nature of its location, the seedbed and TPS are classified in two types: dry land and the seedbed of mangrove nursery. The quality of the seedbed and the TPS using criteria and standards such as in table 3 below. Table 3. Standard quality criteria, the seedbed and the collection points while the group type of the standard Criteria Description 1. Seedbed/TPS dry land 1. Location 1. Near the location of planting 2. Close to the water source 3. Free hard wind and flood 2. Facilities and infrastructure 1. It has an area of open and/or shade area 2. Have the means watering 3. Seed handling equipment TPS does not require equipment handling seed 2. The seedbed of mangrove/TPS 1. Location 1. Close to the location of planting 2. Exposed to the ups and downs of sea water 3. Flood free, hard wind and waves 2. Infrastructure and facilities Have an area open and shade area www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 26 d. Assessment of seed of one of the factors supporting the success of plants is the availability of quality seed in sufficient amount and the right time. The provision of seedlings is not appropriate (quality, quantity and time) can cause plant growth is not optimal. The stages in the implementation of the assessment of seed are as follows: 1. Organizing a. goal setting, Location and time of the assessment assessment Goals Goal 1) is the seed which was held through the provision of seeds by the III or Swakelola. 2) Site Assessment implemented in place of the gathering while being close to the planting area in accordance with the requirements. 3) time assessment of seedlings at the nursery is ready for planting based on reports submitted pengada seeds or plants to manufacturing contractors implementing satker. b. Implementing the assessment the assessment of seed carried out by a team of Appraisers/Inspectors jobs (TPP) or Independent Appraisers Institute (LPI) appointed by the head of the Satker. 2. Methodology Implementation a. implementation assessment Preparation preparation of seeds by LPI/TPP include: 1) understanding of the Contract and the instructions of the implementation assessment of the Seed. 2) Conduct coordination with related satker and pengada seedlings to discuss plans, time and place of the assessment of seed. 3) prepared the materials and the necessary tools. 4) form the implementing team (team work). 5) explanation of technical implementation assessment to managing team (team work). b. implementation of the assessment of Seed genetic quality Assessment 1) Quality Assessment made on the basis of a certificate document genetic resources seeds or seedling quality certificate and purchase invoice. Purchase invoice is not required when the seeds came from the source of the seed which is managed by pengada seed is concerned. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 27 2) examination of seed Seedling is examined on the basis of quantity and quality. An examination of the census conducted in quantity while the quality checks carried out sampling the sampling intensity of 3% with a systematic random sampling method. The seeds are broken and not worth planting, replaced with seedlings that are eligible. 3) results Assessment a assessment Results of genetic quality) of seed poured on the checklist (example 1). b) examination results of seed poured in the tally sheet (example 2) c) recapitulation of data the calculation of the amount of seed poured as example 3. d) based on the results of the recapitulation number of seeds made the assessment of seed of Event News (example 4). c. submission of Seeds based on News Events assessment of Seedlings received from the LPI/TPP, Satker procurement seeds handed over to users seedling seedlings (plant maker) equipped with the news submission event Seedlings (example 5). In the performance assessment of seeds by LPI/TPP, Satker procurement seeds formed the Committee of Examiners/recipient of the goods/services is in charge of monitoring the implementation of the assessment of seed by LPI/TPP. Monitoring results submitted to the head of the Satker for consideration of payment services consultancy assessment seedlings. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 28 example 1. REPORT The RESULTS Of The ASSESSMENT Of GENETIC QUALITY Of Service/BPDAS/BPTH:.......................................... The Name Of Pengada Seeds: ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... Alamat :………………………………………………………………………… Type Of Plant: ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... Group type: wood, TUL/plants, roads, forest city turus/mangrove/beaches/Reproduction Methods: seeds of MPTS/cuttings/green/graft/tissue culture/Certification of seed Source: stump Affidavits/TBT/TBS/APB/Kebun seed/seedling number of prune Orchards created: establishments that publish a certificate of seed sources......................................... Location Of Seedbed:D esa ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... Kec…………........................................................... Kab/Kota ………….................................................. Prop……………....................................................... Day and date of judgment: ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... Certificate data source of seeds and seed: No. mutations. The number of seeds the seeds according to the certificate of Clearance TBS TBT APB KB KP Description: Affidavits; TBT: seed stands are identified; TBS: seed stands are selected; APB: the area of seed production; KB: garden seed; KP: gardeners prune. Witnessed by: Pengada Seeds (the light of) Certifiers/LPI (Light) Note: the statement is true or not-top assessor seedlings produced comes from a seed that was purchased by the makers of the seedbed. This statement is based on the top of the document review process and quality certificates for seed nursery (attached). www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 29 example 2. TALLY SHEET INSPECTION Agency SEEDS/BPDAS/BPTH:.......................................... The Name Of Pengada Seeds: ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... Alamat :………………………………………………………………………… Location of seedbed:D esa ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... Kec…………........................................................... Kab/Kota ………….................................................. Prop……………....................................................... Day and date of examination: ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... Type of plant: ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... Group type: wood, TUL/plants, roads, forest city turus/mangrove/beaches/reproduction Methods: seeds of MPTS/cuttings/green/graft/tissue culture/Certification of seed Source: stump Affidavits/TBT/TBS/APB/Kebun seed/crop Gardens. No. raised the certificate source **) number of seeds (stem) Received 1 2 ... ... ... ... DST. The number of * *) Noted: Affidavits or TBT (seed stands are identified) or TBS (seed stands are selected) or APB (area for seed production) or KB (garden seed) or KP (gardeners prune) or MP (special certified MPTS). Witnessed by: Pengada Seeds (the light of) Certifiers/LPI (Light) www.djpp.depkumham.go.id


2008, no. 96 30 example 3. RECAPITULATION Of DATA CALCULATION The AMOUNT Of SEEDS On Duty/BPDAS/BPTH:.................................... Nama Pengada Bibit : ................................................................................. Lokasi Persemaian : ................................................................................. Tanggal Rekapitulasi : ................................................................................. No. Type the number of the seeds according to the certification of the source (the stem) of the number of Affidavits by the type of TBT TBS APB KB KP J u m l a h per class certificates ... ... ... ... ... ... Description: Affidavits; TBT: seed stands are identified; TBS: seed stands are selected; APB: the area of seed production; KB: garden seed; KP: prune orchards; MP: special certificate MPTS. Witnessed by: Pengada Seeds (the light of) Certifiers/LPI (Light) www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 31 EVENT NEWS example 4 ASSESSMENT of PLANT SEED FOREST and LAND REHABILITATION number: BA ... ... On this day ... ... ... ... date ... ... months............ two thousand years of ... ... ..., we the undersigned below: N a m a:................................................................. Position:................................................................. Alamat : ……………………………………………………….. Based on a work warrants of KPA events......................................................... year ... ... ..., have conducted an assessment of the seeds on behalf of the contractor.......................... Counties............................. with the following results: the seeds are produced ... ... ... the stem. Seeds can be accepted ... .... the stem, consisting of: No. The type of number (stem) Details the amount according to the genetic quality (stem) TBS TBT Affidavits APB KB KP 1 2 ... ... Ff Amount Description: Affidavits; TBT: seed stands are identified; TBS: seed stands are selected; APB: the area of seed production; KB: garden seed; KP: gardeners prune. The details of the attached seed data and become an integral part of a news event. So this event made news with actual and for use as appropriate. Witnessed by: Pengada Seeds (the light of) Certifiers/LPI/TPP (Light) www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 32 EVENT NEWS example 5 HANDOVER SEED number: BA. ...... On this day ... ... ... ... date ... ... months............ two thousand years of ... ... ..., is housed in a ... ... ... ... .., we the undersigned below: 1. N a m a/NIP:................................................................. Rank/Goals. Ruang : .......................................................... Position:................................................................. Alamat : ……………………………………………………….. in this case because his Office acting for and on behalf of.................., hereinafter called the FIRST PARTY. 2. N a m a : ……………………………………………………….. Rank/Goals. Ruang : .......................................................... Position:................................................................. Alamat : ……………………………………………………….. in this case because his Office acting for and on behalf of.................., hereinafter referred to as the SECOND PARTY. In the News Event Handover this seed stating things as follows: FIRST PARTY gave to the SECOND PARTY and the SECOND PARTY has received from the FIRST PARTY ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... With the signing of the Handover Event News Seed RHL (financed from STATE BUDGET Sources/BUDGETS/DBH-SDA Forestry DR/other sources which are not binding) *, then the authority and responsibility to the............................ have switched from the FIRST PARTY to the SECOND PARTY. So news of the Handover Event created this duplicate Seeds 2 (two), signed by both parties and has the same legal power. THE SECOND PARTY, THE FIRST PARTY,........................................................................ Know ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... * strikethrough. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 33 CHAPTER IV a. REFORESTATION Target Site Target location is protected forest reforestation activities, forest soils are poor production/critical unencumbered right or not in the process of permitting the backup area for Forest/Plant industry (HTI)/Forest Plants (HTR), as well as a conservation forest (except the core zone of nature reserve and National Park). B. types of plants 1. The requirements of one of the factors supporting the success of plants is the availability of quality seedlings with a sufficient amount of proper time and in accordance with the functions of forests and agroklimatnya. Type of plant reforestation on every function of the forest should meet the requirements as follows: table 4. The Requirements Of The Plant No Reforestation. The function of Forest Plant Requirements 1 2 3 1. Protected forest a. length b. Berdaur Rooting in c. Evapotranspirasi low. d. Producing wood/resin/skin/fruit 2. Forest Conservation a. length b. Berdaur Rooting in c. Evapotranspirasi low. d. Plant timber is kind of endemic/indigenous/local. e. MPTS is a native type that can be used by the local community. 3. Forest Production a. Fast Growing commercial value of high b. c. silvikulturnya Technique has been mastered. d. Easy procurement of seed and seedling quality. e. tailored to market needs. 2. The number of trunks and the number of plants per unit area and planting distance is determined by the function of forests, kelerengan field, silvikulktur properties of each type of plant and the availability of www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 34 budget. While the number of plants for enriched activities observing the plant population that already exists. In general the number of trunks and are often used for reforestation are:-5 meters x 5 meters (400 stems/ha)-5 metres x 2.5 meters (800 stems/ha)-3 meters x 3 meters (1110 stems/ha)-3 metres x 2 metres (1666 stems/ha)-3 meters x 1 meter (3333 stems/ha) 3. Composition to meet the interests of the ecological, economic and social activities, the mixing plant can be held reforestation between types of timber and the type of MPTS, with composition as follows: a. Forest Production: Minimum 90% timber, a maximum of 10% of the MPTS (manufacturer of wood/resin/fruit/skin). Types of timber plants adapted to the needs of the market and agroklimat. b. protected forest: Minimum 60% timber, maximum 40% MPTS (manufacturer of wood/resin/fruit/skin). Types of timber plants for reforestation protected forest is a type of wood that is berdaur long. c. Forest Conservation (except the nature reserve and the National Park's core Zone): Minimum 90% timber (a type of endemic/indigenous/local), to a maximum of 10% of the MPTS (original type which can be utilized by local people). C. type of reforestation activities based on the density of the forest condition before, so reforestation is distinguished into 2 (two) activities namely planting and enriched plants. Enriched plants intended to increase population in forest stands that have the form of rawang saplings, stakes, Poles, trees and a number of 500 – 700 stems per Ha. For the location of the populations of the forest/saplings less than 500 stems/ha, was the target of planting activities while in a population greater than 700 stems per ha held enough safeguards so that the forest is expected to be back. D. implementation of Reforestation of 1. The preparation of the Institutional Set-up a. Activities include the preparation of the implementing organization and coordination with relevant parties for the preparation of the site, seed and labor that will do the planting. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 35 b. preparation of facilities and infrastructure. 1) preparation of the draft making plants for dipedomani in manufacturing plants, among others, the suitability of the location/block/hide targets making plant reforestation. 2) preparation of documents required for the construction work of the plant. 3) preparation of materials and tools (work, shingle Shack, pin limits, marker, GPS/theodolit gauge, compass, altimeter and others) and the work equipment. The making of a work hut and pemacangan nameplate corresponding places. 4) preparation of seed plants. c. Preparation area 1) Division of block/hide location already definitive further divided into blocks and plots. Wide each block 300 ± ha, divided into plots covering an area of CA. 25 ha. Area of approximately 300 Hectares was widely effective (net), excluding the road checks, which can be used as the limit of the block/hide. To extents of less than 300 Ha remain to be used as a block. As for the location with a relatively small area (≤ 50 Ha) merged with the nearby location so that it becomes a block. Broad effective every swath of ± 25 ha, the boundaries between compartments made possible in the form of natural boundaries. When the boundaries between compartments in the form of artificial limits, as well as enabled for line stub. Certain locations such as the abyss, rivers and so on are not included in the calculation of the definitive wide (dienclave). 2). The making of the road checks Road checks are made in the block between one another. Road checks in addition to the examination also at once for the road transport of tools and materials needed. Manufacturing techniques follow the applicable provisions of the roads making the size of the field conditions. 3). The implementation of the Component work planting plantings include: a) cleaning of farm b) creation/procurement and erection or stakes limit c) the making of the crop line d) the manufacture and installation of marker e) manufacture of plant holes f) distribution of seedlings to plant hole g) planting h) fertilization (basic and advanced) i) making the work Shack j) manufacture of nameplate www.djpp.depkumham.go.id


2008, no. 96 36 k) the maintenance of the current year which include weeding, pendangiran and stitching is. The number of seeds to the stitching is is ± 10% of the total planted. 4) Maintenance I Implemented in the second year, with components of the work of weeding, pendangiran, eradication of pests/diseases and the stitching is. The number of seeds to the stitching is on maintenance I as much as 20% of the total planted. Maintenance I can do if the percentage of growing plants in the year I at least 70%. 5) Maintenance II Implemented in the third year, with the components of the work of weeding, pendangiran, and eradication of pests/diseases. Maintenance II can be done if the percentage grow plants after maintenance I at least 90%. Advanced Maintenance 6) For certain types of plant maintenance can be continued up to the fifth year all funds allow. d. protection and safeguards the protection and safeguarding of the eradication activities include plant pests and disease as well as the prevention of a fire hazard. Prevention of the danger of forest fires during the dry season by means of the creation of a Board warning fire hazard, a routine patrol and make a fire watch tower (all available funds). E. results of Activities Materialize plant reforestation on forest conservation, protected forest and forest production on location and acreage that are in accordance with the draft. The results of the activities after the maintenance II, submitted to the heads of Agencies Implementing Satker and later was handed over to the Bupati/Walikota/Governor/Ditjen forest protection and nature conservation (PHKA) for further proceedings. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 37 chapter V a P E N G H I J A U A N organization of Forest and land Rehabilitation activities (RHL) outside the forest area vegetatively (greening) include the creation of the people's Forests/Forest City manufacture enriched, and greening of the environment. A. the people's Forest/Enriched people's forest development goals/enriched is the realization of forest plants outside the forest area (land belonging to the people) as land rehabilitation efforts are not productive (vacant land/critical) in DAS priority aimed to restore function and improve land productivity with a variety of crops in the form of wood and non-wood, provide employment opportunities, increase income and seek community farmers group, independence , as well as improve the quality of the environment and reducing the pressure of forest logging. 1. Location Requirements a. people's land, which according to the suitability of the land and economic considerations are more appropriate for the forest folk. b. the land belongs to the people who were displaced and are in the upper WATERSHED. c. Ground the village, the land of clan/custom, free State land and other land that is abandoned and not state forest area. d. the land belongs to the people/the land of the village/other existing land plant timber but still needs to be done enriched plants. e. the locations above can be used as the location of the creation of the people's Forests when forest density number//saplings of trees that there are less than 200 stems/Ha, whereas for enriched when totaling more than 200 stems/Ha. Vast forest acreage f. people/25-Ha at least enriched effectively. 2. Implementation of the making of the making of the Crop plants enriched the people/forest covers the following activities: a. Preparation 1) institutional Set-up farmer groups are directed to carry out preparation of the manufacturing plants of the forest folk, among others: a) Following dissemination extension and training. b) drafting activities together escort. c) set up his land for the location of the activities of the manufacturing plant. d) hosted a farmers group meetings. e) setting up the administration of the farmers group. f) drawing up internal rules/agreements device farmer groups. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 38 2) Setup Setup Activities Plant Acreage acreage of crops is done by the following stages: a) the Erection of the sign boundary and measurement field, to determine the broad and certainly making it easier for layout calculations need seeds. b) determination of the direction of escape. c) determination of the shelter while the seeds will be planted. 3) Making infrastructure a) manufacture of Board shacks and identifier in a field that contains a description of the location, area, types of plants, the name of the farmer groups and the number of participants and the making of the crop of forest people and resource budget. b) manufacture of road inspection/trail and bridge or in the people's forest plant location, if necessary. b. Planting aspects in the construction of the plant include the techniques of planting, planting, maintenance, protection and safeguarding of forests. 1) techniques Planting techniques of planting can be developed in accordance with the condition of the land and refers to the draft which has been compiled. As for the pattern is as follows: a) the technique of planting in open land include: (1) the array's straight lines and plants (2) plant intercropping system with lines (3) planting of contour line direction (4) System on the rocky land pot b) techniques of planting on the grounds of Moor and the grounds include: (1) limits the possession of enriched Planting (2) Enriched planting/cultivation while the inserts in the enriched done on places that are still empty in between existing plants , by remaining attentive to the silvikultur plants are concerned. 2) Selection type of plant Selection types in accordance with the draft which has been compiled and is based on Community interest, suitability of the agroklimat as well as market demand. 3) Planting Planting is done at the beginning of the rainy season which includes activities: a) the cleaning field, tillage and planting hole making www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 39 b) Manufacture and installation of marker c) allotment of basic fertilizer (manure/bokasi) d) distribution of Seed Planting Seeds e) f) maintenance of the current year which includes advanced fertilizing, the stitching is an amount of 10% of the seeds were planted initially, weeding and pendangiran. g) system for special pots, seedlings at least 50 cm high, on a plant marker mounted bottle drip irrigation/other appropriate materials and the closure of the plant holes with fertile soil from other places. Things to note in the planting of the forest people, namely: a) Seedlings that will be planted first detachable bag plastiknya so as not to interfere with the growth of the next b) Seeds placed in the soil (plant hole) as deep as the root neck c) so that the taproot Tip remained straight d) Soil around the stems should be compacted soil Surface e) should be flat or somewhat convex so that is not flooded. People's forest planting can be done in two ways as follows: a) Intercropping Intercropping (interplanting, mixed planting) is a pattern of planting undertaken by planting annuals as the plant broke in between the array's staple crops (wood/MPTS). This pattern is usually implemented in the possession of the land is narrow and densely populated, land is still quite fertile and flat or gently sloping topography. Tillage can be done intensively. b) single plant (monoculture) cropping Pattern this is a pattern of similar plants, which give priority to certain products, both wood and non wood. Cropping patterns can be developed in accordance with the conditions of the land as follows: a) the planting Pattern in open land (1) straight lines and escape this pattern of planting crops according to land with a flat rate of kelerengan but are sensitive to soil erosion. Escape of the plant made with straight trunks regularly and the number of plants of 400 Stems/Ha. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 40 examples of the way the plant settings on this pattern is as shown in Figure 1. viewed: ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι = Description: timber and plant MPTS figure 1. The array's Straight lines and Plants (2) Cropping intercropping patterns line. This is appropriate for planting pattern of land with a flat rate of kelerengan s/d slope land is not sensitive to erosion. Escape of the plant made with straight trunks. Because it uses patterns of intercropping planting, then the distance between plant lines need more width to the number of plants of 400 stems/Ha. Among the staple crops can be used for intercropping annuals or plants, and sela. How to plant arrangements on this pattern is as shown in the following figure 2: ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι Description:-: line food crops (crops intercropping)-ι: plant timber/MPTS figure 2. Examples of Cropping Intercropping Patterns with Lines (3) Planting along contour lines. The cropping pattern is suitable for land with a somewhat steep kelerengan s/d steep. Planting is done with the system cemplongan with a total of 400 plants Stems/Ha. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id


2008, no. 96 41 how to setting plants in this pattern is as shown in Figure 3 below: Description: ι = plant timber/MPTS Figure 3. Examples of Direct Planting of contour lines planting Pattern b) Moor land generally land on the Moor already there is kayuan wood or plant crops MPTS. In the framework of the development of the forest people, in the land which the number of trees and the child is more than 200 stems/Ha can be done enriched plants. The new plant is enriched in the forest land to a maximum of 200 stems/Ha. The pattern of the cultivation of the Moor land include: (1) Planting enriched at the possession of the land the way plant arrangements on this pattern is as shown in Figure 4: ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι η η η η η ι ι η η η η η η η ι ι η η η η η η η ι ι η η η η η η ι ι η η η η η ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι η:-Description: kayuan wood Plants that already exist. -ι: plant kayuan wood on the boundary of land ownership (new crop) Figure 4. Enriched Limit Planting Pattern example Possession at Moor ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι ι www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 42 (2) Planting enriched/inserts how to setting plants in this pattern is as shown in Figure 5. η η ι ι η ι η ι ι η ι η η ι η ι η η ι η ι ι ι η ι ι ι η ι η η η ι η ι η ι ι η ι η ι η ι ι ι η ι η ι η:-Description: plant kayuan to the existing wood-ι: plant enriched timber kayuan (new crop) Figure 5. Examples of Enriched Planting Pattern/Inserts in Land cultivation Techniques Which can be done via 3 system, namely: a) the system Cemplongan. Cemplongan is a technique of planting system implemented with the creation of the planting hole and the disc of the plant. Tillage is only implemented on the dish pit around the plant. Cemplongan system implemented at land-land that tilts and sensitive to erosion. b) System Line. This technique is implemented with the creation of the planting holes in the array's path, with the cleaning of the field along the line of the plant. This technique can be used on hillsides with mountain belt plant (countur planting). c) System tugal (zero tillage) this technique is implemented without a sports ground (zero tillage). Plant holes made with tugal (diruncingi wood rod ends). This technique is suitable for the manufacture of plants with seeds directly mainly at the area with the slope of the slopes are quite high, but the soil is fertile and sensitive to erosion. c. plant maintenance plant maintenance done until the third year, that is, the maintenance of the I in the second and third year II at maintenance. Component maintenance work I include: 1) Weeding 2) Pendangiran 3) stitching is www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 43 number of seedlings for the stitching is on maintenance I as much as 20% of the number of plants grown in the first year. 4) Fertilization: Do fertilization by manure/appropriate artificial measure. 5) Watering: Done during the dry season to keep plants from death, it is mainly in the manufacture of plant pot system. 6) protection and safeguarding of Plant Protection activities include plant pests and disease eradication and prevention of the fire hazard. Security is done to prevent damage to forests from a variety of disorders. Plant maintenance can be performed with the following conditions: 1) Maintenance I do if the success percentage of the growing plant after the current year embroidery ≥ 60% the second year, and maintenance when the percentage of the first year's maintenance plants ≥ 80%. 2) plant on the first and second year percentage growth of less than those observed in the specified NGOs. Component II maintenance works include: 1) Weeding 2) Pendangiran 3) protection and safeguards plants d. Results of activities Materialize people's healthy forest plant in a particular area with the number of plants of the forest people, enriched the forest peoples in accordance with the draft. The results of the activities of the manufacturing plant after maintenance II was handed over from the Head Office of Kabupaten/Kota to the Regent for the next plant maintenance, which is then submitted to the public and known by the local village chief/Head. B. Forest City Forest City Development is intended as an effort to repair the urban environment with the aim to realize the environment a healthy urban area, neat and beautiful in a certain overlay so that it is capable of repairing and maintaining the microclimate, aesthetics, resapan and water balance of urban environments. 1. The target location is an empty stretch of land activities in urban areas either on State land as well as land rights, defined as forest city by the competent authority in accordance with the requirements set forth in www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, PP No. 96 44 Number 63 in 2002 of Forest City. Forest City as part of the Green open spaces in urban RTRW allocation accordingly. 2. Wide minimum forest city is 0.25 ha in one stretch of a compact (fused). 3. Components of the activities include the preparation of a draft, the provision of seeds, planting, maintenance I and II. 4. The activities of the preparation of the design, planting and maintenance is implemented in swakelola. Implementation of Forest City Development 1. Getting started 1) Socialization in order success making the forest town of socialisation to growing public awareness of the meaning of the importance of forest city. Socialization involves relevant agencies, the public, as well as NGOs and universities. 2) preparation of the organization that will carry out the planting. 3) Setup Setup activities in the area of the Stage area are: a) the determination of the physical design based on the shape and type of forest city will be built b) manufacture and mounting peg limits. This activity was carried out after confirmation from various parties held related to obtains assurance of location in accordance with draft c) determination of the direction/location of the plant d) manufacture of signage that contains a description of the location, area, year of planting, the number of plants, and plant type e) the making of a work hut 2. Planting a. components of a job planting include: 1) cleanup of land 2) pembutan and installation of marker 3) making the planting hole 4) planting 5) fertilization 6) maintenance of the current year include: a) weeding b) pendangiran www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 45 c) stitching is (the number of seedlings for the stitching is the current year amounted to 10% of the total planted originally) b. Maintenance I, includes: 1) weeding 2) pendangiran 3) stitching is (the number of seedlings for the stitching is year II is 20% of the amount grown in I). 4) eradication of pests and diseases. Maintenance I can do if the percentage of growing plants (after years running the stitching is held) ≥ 60%. c. Maintenance II, includes: 1) Weeding 2) Pendangiran 3) eradication of pests and diseases. Maintenance II can be done when the percentage of growing plants (after stitching is held in observance of the year I) ≥ 80%. 3. Things to note before planting: a. Medium seeds compact and easily removed from poly bag. b. the condition of plant holes had been well prepared and not flooded. c. conditions of seedlings in a healthy state and meet the standards/criteria that have been set to grown. 4. The technique of Planting a. Time planting in order to be adapted to the growing season. b. the removable media from poly bag plants carefully so as not to damage the plant rooting system. c. seeds and plant holes placed on the media with an upright position. d. plant Hole hoarded with soil, which has mixed fertilizer base to higher than ground level. 5. The results of the activities of the forest city development activity Results are there plants in a certain area in accordance with the draft. The results of the activities after the maintenance II, submitted to Regent/Mayor for further management. C. Environmental Greening greening plants Making environment is intended as an attempt of environmental improvements on the land-the land for public facilities, good offices, residential and burial grounds, schools (public, boarding school, University campus), www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 46 pages of religious buildings (temples, churches, mosques, monasteries etc.), to improve the quality and comfort of the micro-climate of the surrounding environment. 1. The target site activities are public facilities land and social facilities as well as a stretch of empty land include page place of worship, offices, schools and localities. Activities are implemented in order to improve the quality of the environment through tree planting kinds of wood and MPTS. 2. activities include the preparation, planting and maintenance. 3. Implementation of the planting was carried out in community based organizations/Scout/student/NGO/Cbos. Implementation of making Greening the environment 1. Planting Plantings carried out by community self-help basis, proposers are geared to fit the technical rule of planting in General. 2. Plant Maintenance maintenance of the plant include the stitching is, weeding, fertilizing and pendangiran implemented by NGOs. 3. The implementing organization is Implementing greening plants making environment is a society that is proposed. 4. The results of the Activity results of the activities of the manufacturing plant tertanamnya plant is the environment greening greening the environment at locations planned. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id


2008, no. 96 47 CHAPTER VI REHABILITATION of MANGROVE FORESTS and COASTAL FOREST a. rehabilitation of Mangrove Forests 1. The target location of the Target location of the mangrove forest rehabilitation activity is in the forest area in a protected forest, the forest of terdeforestasi production (whose land is poor/critical and not encumbered by rights and not backed up/licensing process for the development of forest plants-HTI/HTR), as well as Children of the forest Kingdom (Tahura) managed by district/city, and outside forest areas on the stands of mangrove land that has been degraded/deforestation so disturbed ecological function , social and economic. In addition, the rehabilitation is conducted on a wooded coastal mangroves, according to the Presidential Decree No. No. 32 of 1990 where protection of this area is done to conserve mangrove forests as a shaper of mangrove forest ecosystems and places of berkembangbiaknya various sea life besides as protection of sea-water removal and protection of cultivation in tow. A wooded coastal mangrove criteria was 130 times the average value of the difference of the highest and lowest tides annual measured from the lowest low tide line toward the ground. 2. The provision of Seedlings Providing seeds for the purposes of the activities of the rehabilitation of mangroves can be done by making or through the provision of seeds. To ensure the implementation of the provision of seeds running effectively and efficiently, it is necessary to note the following matters: a. the determination of appropriate seed needs draft includes the location of the seedbed, types, amounts and terms of the seeds, good for planting, the stitching is the current year, as well as for the maintenance of the stitching is I. b. preparation of the stages and schedule of activities provision of seedlings by observing the time for planting in the field. c. implementation of the provision of seedlings can be done through: the making of seeds and/or procurement of seed by third parties/companies pengada seeds. d. Making the seeds: 1) preparation of a seed) of seed Gathering the necessary materials is the fruit or seed that is mature and good quality. The collection of seeds by way of taking the fruit ripen or quoting directly from the parent tree and the extraction of the seeds from the fruit. The collection is done repeatedly with a specified time interval. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 48 b) the selection and handling of Fruit seeds or seeds that were derived from selected ripe fruit, healthy, fresh and free of pests. Characterize the maturity of the fruit can be seen from the color of cotyledon hipokotil color, weight, fruit or other characteristics. c) seed Storage the storage of seeds can not be done for the long term. Seed storage it is recommended that no more than 10 days, stored in a shady spot in a bucket containing brackish water. Should be maintained so that the root is not already growing so it was forced to cut the time of seeding. 2) to propagate a) to obtain a good seed quality, and reduce the risk of damage to the seeds to planting, seedbed is required and where the collection while the appropriate criteria and quality standards. b) Non propagul Seeds from the seed of Sonneratia alba can be disemaikan directly on the pot is set up on the raised. But the Avicennia marina and Xylocarpus granatum disemaikan raised on land in advance because his seed is easily washed away by the tidal water of the sea. c) seeds that have been sown in the pot-the pot raised the seedbed is left exposed to seawater ebb once so wet. d) Seedlings in the nursery should be under with nets or coconut leaves which only gives the possibility of entry of sunlight by 50-70%. Better yet if the shade is also installed as a wall that surrounds the ranks raised. One month before planting seedlings in the field, the shade should be opened for the establishment. e) water Watering done once a day in the raised tides at the time when the tide is low, whereas in the raised ground watering is done twice a day. 3. The making of the crop plant manufacturing activities Implementation refers to the technical design has been compiled and validated by the competent authority. Before planting, it should be noted some physical factors supporting the success of planting: tidal seas, waves and the suitability of the season kind of surroundings/zoning as well as the involvement of the local community. a. Preparation 1) institutional Set-up, the preconditions of the local beach communities will be involved in the activities of rehabilitation of mangrove forests in the form of extension, the formation of farmer groups and mentoring. 2) Procurement and infrastructure preparation of materials and the making of the work, shingle Shack, PIN, www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 49 marker and preparation of measurement tools (GPS/theodolit gauge, compass, altimeter and others) as well as other work equipment. 3) Structuring a plant area) based on his design, carried out the arrangement of land for the suitability of the location and the area of planting. b) preparation of the planting area: (1) measurement of areal boundaries redrawn, the outer limit of the peg construction acreage for planting; (2) the making of the crop line starts with the determination of the direction of the array's length against a tidal plant appropriate cropping patterns that have been designed on location and planting acreage in question; (3) Cleaning line of trash, planting trees, twigs and pieces of wood as well as wild plants; (4) construction of the marker corresponding trunks, mounted upright on the acreage for planting; (5) the completion point for the seeds (in each area for planting). b. the selection of plant type 1) type of selected plants that match the footprint analysis and results poured in the draft. 2 types of mangrove plants) adapted to the various zoning of plants, namely by observing the resistance to the tides and water levels, among other things: the zone of Rhizophora, Avicennia, Bruguiera zone zone, and the dry zone as well as nipah. Naturally the mangrove ecosystem in zoning based on the types of plants that grow is as follows: Figure 6 figure 6. Zoning Zoning Mangrove Natural Mangrove Forests. From left to right: 1. Avicennia alba; 2. Rhizophora apiculata; 3. Bruguiera parviflora; Bruguiera gymnorhiza; 4. Nypa fruticans; 5. Xylocarpus granatum; 6. 7. Excoecaria agallocha; 8. Pandanus furentus; 9. Bruguiera cylindrica. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 50 mangrove plant type Conformity with environmental factors can be checked in the table 5. Table 5. The suitability of certain types of mangrove plants with environmental factors. Type of Salinity (o/oo) Tolerans kekuata thd i n waves wind & Tolerans i sand an bladder thd Toler ansi thd Lump ur is defined penggena ng Rhizophora mucronata 80s 1 2 3 4 5 6 (mangrove) 10-30 S MD S 20 hr/bln r. stylosa (tongke) 10-30 MD S S 20 hr/bln r. apiculata (tinjang) 10-30 MD MD S 20 hr/bln Bruguiera parvilofa (anesthesia) 10-30 TS MD S 10-19 hr/bln b. sexangula is (tancang) 10-30 TS MD S 10-19 HR/bln b. gymnorhiza (tancang red) 10-30 TS TS MD 10-19 hr/bln Sonneratia alba (Kike punch) 10-30 MD S S 20 hr/bln s. caseolaris (padada) 10-30 MD MD MD 20 hr/Xylocarpus granatum bln (nyirih) 10-30 TS MD MD 9 hr/Heritiera littoralis bln (Pterospermum) 10-30 STS MD MD 9 hr/bln Lumnitzera racemora (Tarumtum) 10-30 STS S MD several times/yr. Cerbera manghas (b) 0-10 STS MD MD Nypa fruticans seasonally Inundated (Palm) 0-10 S TS STS 20 HR/bln Avicenia spp. (fires) 10-30 MD TS S Description: S = appropriate, MD = moderate, TS = unsuitable, STS = not very Appropriate c. Planting 1) implementation of the planting in the forest area and outside forest areas is done by applying different types of crops and cropping patterns as www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 51 contained in the draft (with the number of plants per acre minimum and maximum 10000 1100 stem stem fits the conditions of the field). 2) implementation of a planting season should begin on the waves of calm and of the line closest to the ground to avoid a huge wave. 3) Planting: a) the planting of the seed with the seed-planting with can do to seed type propagul. On the planting acreage of muddy or soggy, about one third of the length of the seed/fruit plugged into an upright in the mud with the future sprouts upward. On the planting acreage of muddy hard, first created a hole for planting. To keep the fruit does not drift carried by the waves, the fruit should preferably be tied on the marker. Planting with fresh-picked fruit or withheld and directly cultivated a growing percentage yields are generally higher than a fruit that has been stored for more than one day. b) Planting with seedlings Planting with seedlings can be done for all types of mangrove plants the seeds with the worthy and ready for planting. In areas that are directly influenced by the tides, the planting is done at the time of the receding ocean waters. And in the area of the former pond done closing the floodgates opened when planting and after planting is complete. Planting with seedlings generally produce a high growing percentage compared with fruit planting directly. 4) some alternative crop patterns that can be applied as follows: a pure cropping Patterns) (1) pure Cultivation include planting or sowing evenly and strip (line) on the planting acreage that has prepared the draft accordingly. The spread of the plant can be seen as in Figure 7. (2) how can the planting directly with fruit/seed or using seed that has been prepared. (3) for planting evenly or planting strip (line) trunks is adapted to conditions in the field. The stitching is the current year a maximum of 10 percent; (4) on a large wavy suggested footprint planted with type of Rhizophora sp, with intermittent interval patterns, seed is bound on the marker. And on a muddy footprint in the Rhizophora mucronata types should use. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id


2008, no. 96 52 b) cropping intercropping Pattern of ponds (Sylvofishery/wanamina) (1) planting of intercropping of ponds was carried out as with penananam pure, but combined with the farming activities. In addition to planting on the embankment is also done in the Court of the Causeway and in accordance with the draft; (2) how can the planting directly with fruit/seed or using seed that has been prepared. Planting distance is adjusted to the condition of the field; the stitching is a maximum of 10 percent; (3) the pattern of intercropping of ponds (sylvofishery/wanamina) consists of 4 (four) kinds of ways: traditional trench empang, komplangan, open trenches and empang kao-kao. Various combinations as in the following: Figure 8 c) the pattern of planting a clump (1) pattern of planting a clump is meant for sturdiness, trapping the mud or hara and according to media sand labile x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x – – – – – – – sea –-–-–-–-–-–-–-–-–-–-–-–-–-–-–-–-x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x x – – – – – – – sea –-–-–-–-–-–-–-–-–-–-–-–-–-–-–-–-Strip Strip a. Planting Evenly b. Planting Strip (line Figure 7. Alternative Cropping patterns of Pure Seed Trench pictures 8. Various techniques of Intercropping www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 53 Island sea waves will be. Cropping pattern is better suited for mangrove ecosystems on the island – a small island. (2) the cultivation of the clumps is undertaken as is the case with the planting of saplings planted, however pure the meeting formed a clump-clump. The number and the distance between the clumps per acre and number of saplings planted in each clump is adapted to the conditions of the tread. (3) the planting was done at the time of the receding sea water either during the day or night. On the same island, at the Western extreme of the planting season was conducted in eastern regions, otherwise on the eastern extreme of the planting season is done in the West. (4) at the time of planting seedlings, plastic bags (Poly Bag) media sow need not be disconnected but quite torn or perforated bottom 3 – 5 holes with the diameter of a pencil. (5) the current planting acreage in the ebb and flow is strong enough and enough bins or bring much and potentially intrusive mangrove saplings, it needs to be made of fence materials resistant to sea water for a certain time. 4. Plant Maintenance plant maintenance is performed on the current year (T + 0), the first year (T + 1) and the second year (T + 2). a. Weeding Weeding is meant to liberate the staple crops of mangrove plant bully. In the area of inundation or tidal area generally do not need to be implemented, but weeding in a dry area to do weeding until 2 year old plants (maintenance of the second year). DST Dst clumps of Sea Island Beach 9 pictures of puppies. It is a way of planting a clump of www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 54 b. stitching is 1) stitching is done to replace dead plants/languish, and tried to use a type of seed; 2) implementation of the stitching is on the current year plant maintenance carried out 15-30 days after planting; 3) implementation of the stitching is in the forest area of the country in the first year plant maintenance (maintenance) and costs the Government do if the percentage grow plants year running after embroidery > 70% and maintenance II done in percentage grow plants after maintenance year I > 90%. For the outside area is 60% of the year I and year II 80%. 4) number of stitching is on the maintenance of the current year by 20%, whereas in the first year of maintenance of 10%. c. type of weed/pest control plant pests that are frequently encountered and attacked on the plant mangrove (Rhizophora, type spp), both in the seedbed and after planted is the crab/crabs (Crustacea, SP.), leaf and stem, Caterpillar mushroom roots, tritip and weeds (usually MOSS). There are several ways to control pests/weeds. To cope with the attack of the crab: first, seed/seedlings planted mangroves more or more meetings in the region often plagued the crab/crabs with the expectation of some seeds/seedlings will get away from distractions and can grow. Second seed/seedlings grown at once two and meetings in one hole, thus the crab cannot climb up and bite the rod tightly. Third, wrap the seeds/seedlings with bamboo or plastic bottles. As for overcoming the pest attack or Boletus is with the use of insecticides is carefully limited, the other way is the destruction of the plants are exposed to pest attack. And against weeds do weeding regularly until the seeds/seedlings of mangrove grows and is strong enough to compete with weeds. Pest control/weed plant maintenance can be performed on the current year, or the first year and second year. B. rehabilitation of Coastal Forest 1. Target the target Location the location of the rehabilitation activities of forest beach is a beach on the border of the forest on the terdeforestasi protected forest, forest production (whose land is poor/critical and not encumbered by rights and not backed up/licensing process for the development of forest plants-HTI/HTR), as well as Children of the forest Kingdom (Tahura) managed by district/city, and the border of the beach outside the forest area which stands its beach has undergone a degradation/deforestation so disturbed ecological function , social and economic. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 55 Criteria border along the mainland coast is measuring proportionate to the shape and the physical condition of the beach, a minimum of 100 (one hundred) meters from the highest tidal point towards the ground (Law No. 27/2007 and Issued No. 32 of 1990). Meanwhile, according to Presidential Decree No. No. 32 in 1990, the border of the beach is a specific area along the coast that have important benefits to maintain the sustainability of the function of the beach. Protection against the border of the beach do to protect the coastal areas of activity that disrupts the continuity of functions of the coast. 2. The provision of Seedlings Providing seeds for the purposes of forest rehabilitation activities can be done by making the coast or through the provision of seeds. To ensure the implementation of the provision of seeds running effectively and efficiently, it is necessary to note the following matters: a. the determination of appropriate seed needs draft includes the location of the seedbed, types, amounts and terms of the seeds, good for planting, the stitching is the current year, as well as for the maintenance of the stitching is I. b. preparation of the stages and schedule of activities provision of seedlings by observing the time for planting in the field. c. implementation of the provision of seedlings can be done through: the making of seeds and/or procurement of seed by third parties/companies pengada seeds. d. to obtain a good seed quality, and reduce the risk of damage to the seeds to planting, seedbed is required and where the collection while the appropriate criteria and quality standards. 3. The making of the crop plant manufacturing activities Implementation refers to the technical design has been compiled and validated by the competent authority. a. Preparation 1) institutional Set-up, the preconditions of the local beach communities will be involved in the activities of coastal forest rehabilitation in the form of extension, the formation of farmer groups and mentoring. 2) Procurement and infrastructure preparation of materials and the making of the work, shingle Shack, pin boundary marker, and preparation of measurement tools (GPS/theodolit gauge, compass, altimeter and others) as well as other work equipment. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 56 3) Structuring a crop acreage) based on his design, carried out the arrangement of land for the suitability of the location and the area of planting. b) preparation of the planting area: (1) measurement of areal boundaries redrawn, the outer limit of the peg construction acreage for planting; (2) the making of the crop line starts with the determination of the direction of the array's plants fit the pattern of cultivation that have been designed on location and planting acreage in question; (3) Cleaning line of trash, planting trees, twigs and pieces of wood as well as wild plants; (4) construction of the marker corresponding trunks, mounted upright on the acreage for planting; (5) the completion point for the seeds as the site collection temporarily (in each area for planting). b. the selection of plant type 1) ecological nature of tree types is as follows: table 6. The ecological properties of tree types and ways of pembiakannya beach. No. This type of Breeding Habitat for soil type 1 Sea Pine (Casuarina spp.) Regosol/entisol heavy clay, above line pairs, poor soil humus Shoots the roots and seeds 2 Ketapang (Terminalia catapa) Regosol/entisol Soil sandy and stony seed, cuttings, grafting, saplings natural 3 Waru (Hibiscus spp.) Regosol Soil tertier the entisol/periodic dry Cuttings and seeds 4 Jackfruit (Artocarpus altilis) Regosol/entisol sandy clay Cuttings root, stem cuttings 5 Nyamplung (Callophylum innophylum)/Alluvial sandy clay Regosol Seeds 6 coconut (Cocos spp.) Regosol entisol sandy clay/Fruit/Seed 2) type of selected plants that are most suitable and adapted to the physical condition of the field, social, economic and cultural as well as the readiness of the local community as stated in the draft. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id


2008, no. 96 57 c. Planting Implementation of forest rehabilitation plants making the beach outside the forest area and inside the forest area is done by applying the cropping pattern as stated in the draft. Cropping patterns that are applied to the planting/green belt evenly or planting lines along the coast. Planting activities components include: 1) Cleaning disc of planting around the marker; 2) Making the planting hole in accordance with the purposes of each of these types of plants are contained in the draft; 3) Planting the seeds having regard to, among others, land of urugan around the stem must be solidified, avoid damage to the roots, permukaaan heap should be somewhat convex so that is not flooded. d. plant maintenance plant maintenance is performed on the current year (T + 0), the first year (T + 1) and the second year (T + 2). 1) Weeding Weeding is meant to liberate the staple crops of the plant pest, weeding was carried out till 2 year old plants (maintenance of the second year). 2) stitching is a) stitching is done to replace dead plants/languish, and tried to use a type of seed; b) implementation of the stitching is on the current year plant maintenance carried out 15-30 days after planting; c) implementation of the stitching is plants on plant maintenance first year in forest areas is done in percentage grow plants year running after embroidery > 70% and maintenance year II is done after the percentage grow plants year I > 90%. d) implementation of the stitching is plants on plant maintenance first year outside forest areas is done in percentage grow plants year running after embroidery > 60% and for the observance of the year II is done after the percentage grow plants year I > 80%. e) amount of stitching is on the maintenance of the current year by 20%, whereas in the first year of maintenance of 10%. 3 a) pest control/pest Type weeds, plants that are often encountered and attacked on the beach is the Caterpillar plant leaves and stems, roots and Mushrooms upas (Cryptococcus neoformans, Phytopthora palmivora) as well as weeds. Pest control/weed plant maintenance can be performed on the current year, or the first year and second year. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 58 CHAPTER VII IMPLEMENTATION of SOIL and WATER CONSERVATION ENGINEERING one of the activities in the forest and land Rehabilitation (RHL) is the application of soil and water conservation engineering in addition to reforestation, afforestation, the money and the enrichment plant. Soil and water conservation is an effort to comply with the terms of the land use – the terms required in order not to damage the soil. Soil and water conservation has the main objective to preserve soil and water from loss and damage through erosion control, sedimentation and flooding so that land and water can be utilized optimally and lestari to sebesar-besar people's prosperity. The application of soil and water conservation engineering includes engineering, technical and civil vegetative chemically. Application of vegetaif technique in the form of planting vegetation remains, cultivation halls, strip of grass and others – other technical form of civilian implementation, manufacture of building dam, dam control anchoring, terrace, water pembuagan tract, resapan, Wells dam, the trench stalemate (rorak), protection of right of left of the River Bank and others – to another, as well as the application of chemical engineering in the form of the granting of mulch, bituminous chemicals (soil conditioner). The success of the application of the technology of soil and water conservation is very depending on suitability and land capability, low cost and impact on the improvement of the welfare of society, and in its execution is directed to implement technologies that are environmentally friendly and can be accepted by the community. The application of soil and water conservation engineering have all applied in the broad field of scale because it was discovered some weaknesses and other technical reasons. In these guidelines the implementation of soil conservation that is often conducted in forest and land rehabilitation activities are: a. Dam controllers (DPi) b. Retaining Dam (Ncc) c. Controllers chasm (gully plug) d. Water Dam (Dam) e. Resapan Water Wells (CFS) f. Rorak (dead end) g. Strip grass (Grass News) h. Protection Right left/the river bank I. Sewer water (SPA) and building a water Terjunan j. Terrace k. Biopori www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008 , No. 96 59 a. Making Dam controllers (DPi) the purpose of the building of the dam controller: 1. Control the sediment/water flow on the surface soil derived from catchment in we. 2. Raise the water level of the surrounding ground. 3. place a water supply for the Community (households, irrigation, livestock and others). 1. Location Requirements a. critical potential and critical land, vegetation in the catchment area has not been effective in controlling erosion/sedimentation b. very high erosion and Sedimentation c. stable soil Structure (body Weirs) d. Broad DTA 100-250 ha e. Height maximum 8 meters Weirs f. average Slope area catches of 15-35% g. vital building Security Priorities 2. Stages of Implementation a. Preparation 1) Institutional Set-up a) Meetings with communities/groups in the framework of socialization implementation plan governing the making of dam. b) establishment of organization and preparation of the work programme. 2) Procurement and infrastructure procurement of equipment/equipment for the type of preferred sapras and consumables. The manufacturing facilities and infrastructure are being made with a view to facilitate implementation of the work in the field, among others: a) the making of the entrance b) Making the work Shack, hovel in materials and nameplate 3) Structuring the work area a) Cleaning the field b) Measurement back c) Mounting pin limit b. 1) Making Execution profiling dam 2) Stripping, excavation and Foundation of the building 3) Making conscientious Channel 4) Creation/compacting the body of Weirs 5) Making the taking and sluice channel 6) manufacture of building pelimpah (spill way) www.djpp.depkumham.go.id

2008, no. 96 60 7) manufacture of other buildings for means of management: the road inspection 8) Mounting gebalan grass c. Maintenance the maintenance building Dam controllers (DPi) includes: 1) Maintenance Agency Weirs and channels pelimpah and the channel dividing 2) repair of gebalan grass d. executor As executor in the manufacture of Dam Controllers is third-party or community groups accompanied the officer under the coordination of Forestry Field Office of Kabupaten/Kota. e. schedule of activities implementation phases in accordance with the implementation schedule contained in the draft. f. Results of activity Results of activity is building the Dam (DPi) made in accordance with the draft, submitted the head Forestry Kab/Kota to the Bupati/Walikota who then handed over to the head of the village to the utilization and maintenance. Figure 10. Dam controllers (watertight type) b. Making Retaining Dam (Ncc) Aim to build a retaining dam: Controlling sediment and surface water flow from the upstream catchment 1. Location requirements a. critical land and potentially critical b. Sedimentation and erosion is very high c. water resource Security/building vital d. Broad DTA 10-30 ha e. Maximum height 4 meters, f. Tilt flow 15-35%. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 61 2. Stages of Implementation a. Preparation 1) Institutional Set-up a) Meetings with communities/groups in the framework of socialization. b) establishment of organization and preparation of the work plan. 2) Procurement and infrastructure Procurement facilities and prasaranan (sarpras) take precedence for this type of equipment and consumables. Execution of the work in the field, among others: a) the making of the entrance b) Making the work Shack/hut in materials and nameplate 3) Structuring the work area a) Cleaning the field b) Measurement back c) Mounting pin limit b. implementation of Manufacture 1) installation of profile building 2) excavation of the Foundation of the building 3) Penganyaman/creation bronjong 4) Mounting bronjong 5) Charging the binding bronjong bronjong 6) c. Maintenance the maintenance of the building include the retaining dam : 1) Cleanup seresah 2) Maintenance bronjong d. Implementers Implementers in the manufacture of retaining dam is a community group or third parties accompanied by Officers of the field coordination Office under the Forestry district/city. e. schedule of activities implementation phases in accordance with the implementation schedule contained in the draft of the f. Outcomes the results of activities in the form of building retaining dam (Ncc) made with the appropriate amount of construction and design, and for its maintenance was turned over to the village chief in NGOs. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 62 Figure 11. Dam Beam with construction wood/bamboo figure 12. Retaining dam construction with Wicker twigs, wood/bamboo Figure 13. Dam construction with Retaining wire bronjong c. Governing Making the abyss (Gully Plug) the purpose of Governing the building of the abyss (Gully Plug) repair of damaged land in the form of the abyss/ditch due to gerusan of water in order to prevent the occurrence of the chasm/ditch that gets bigger, so the erosion and sediment control. 1. Location Requirements a. critical land and potential critical b. Slope > 30% erosion occurred and ditches/furrows c. very intensive land management or open land high Sedimentation d. e. high rainfall maximum flow in the slope of f with 5% www.djpp.depkumham.go.id


2008, no. 96 63 2. The location and number of buildings the placement of building control abyss on one Groove made in the "series" (order) with the principle of "Head to Toe" i.e. the base the top (upper) becomes the upper benchmark building below. Thus on one river flow can be made governing the chasm at least 3 building unit. 3. the stages of Implementation a. Preparation 1) Institutional Set-up a) Meetings with communities/groups in the framework of socialization b) establishment of organization and preparation of work plan 2) Procurement and infrastructure procurement of equipment/equipment for the type of preferred sapras and consumables materials. Being the creation of infrastructure to facilitate implementation of the work in the field including: a) the making of the entrance b) Making the work Shack/hut in materials and nameplate 3) Structuring the work area a) Cleaning the field b) Measurement back c) Mounting pin d) profiling field b. 1) Making the stabilization of the ends of the Gorge is done through: a) the creation of terraces and water terjunan building b) Pelandaian slope c) Making the channel diversion surrounding the top of the 2 Stabilization cliffs) is done through the : a) the Pelandaian slope/Cliff b) Strengthening slope/Cliff 3) stabilization of the base of the Gorge against the governing building escaped the water and building controllers did not qualify the water 4) Making governing building chasm c. Maintenance the maintenance building control abyss include: 1 Building Maintenance) and terjunan 2) Maintenance channel diversion d. executor As executor governing making the abyss are community groups, forestry extension officers who accompanied the field (STREET VENDORS) with a work unit Office of Kabupaten/Kota. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 64 e. stages and phases in the implementation schedule of activities in accordance with the implementation schedule contained in the draft. f. results of the Activity results of the activities of the Governing buildings chasm (Gully Plug) that has been built according to the design, and to its maintenance was turned over to the village authorities. Figure 14. Controlling the abyss (Gully Plug) D. Manufacture of the well Resapan water (SRA) the purpose of the building of the well Resapan Water to reduce surface flow and increase ground water in an effort to restore and optimize the function/work every system component layout of the water Basin (DAS) in accordance with its capacity. 1. Location Requirements a. residential area crowded with high rainfall water Balance deficit b. (needs > inventory) c. surface flow (run off) high d. Vegetation land cover is 30 cm (4) wide terrace ± 1.5 m (4) Terrace leaning into ± 1% (5) outside terrace planted with crops cover terrace (6) suitable for plantation crops planted/annual (7) suitable for land with slow absorption. Figure 19. Individual terrace www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 70 b) benefits (1) the control of soil erosion (2) Increased water infiltration (3) reduction of the surface flow of the image. Garden terrace f. Manufacture Water Dam (Dam) the purpose of the building of the dam water is: a. Hold and drain the water in the pond is a reservoir of b. Backup water supply for different needs during the dry season 1. Candidate Location Location requirements as stated in the RTT dam. For the selection of the location of the tread (site) is done by means of an inventory of some candidate for the location of the dam water with the following criteria: a. critical Area and water shortage (deficit) b. wavy Topography with a slope of 30 m water pump ground in Shallow ground water 30 m deep well Pumps < pantek Texture light Drums and a Permeable Reservoir no clay Texture/Dam water is not permeable figure 21. The flow of the decision making process for the manufacture of dam water www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 71 Figure 22. The dam water 2. Stages of Implementation a. Preparation 1) Preparation of reference and a draft Study) institutional dam has passed, b) meeting with communities/groups in the framework of socialization c) formation of organization and preparation of the work programme. 2) manufacture of equipment Procurement and infrastructure/sapras to types of equipment and consumables materials. The manufacturing facilities and infrastructure are being made with a view to facilitate implementation of the work in the field, among others: a) the making of the entrance b) Making the work Shack/hut material 3) Structuring the work area a) Cleaning the field b) Measurement back c) Mounting pin/profil b. implementation of Manufacture 1) excavation of soil (slope deposits 100%, 2.5-3 m depth). 2) manufacture of pelimpah channels and channels water divider 3) Compacting/water dam body coating with clay, limestone, plastic or stone couples with 4) Mounting gebalan Lawn Maintenance c. 1) gebalan grass Maintenance 2) repair of the dam wall of water compaction/3) Dredging mud d. Implementing Organization As executing the creation of the dam is the local community groups under the coordination of the service of the Kabupaten/Kota. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 72 e. schedule of activities implementation phases in accordance with the implementation schedule contained in the draft. f. results of the activity of Building the dam that had been made to the draft, and for the maintenance of the apparatus is turned over to the village/farmer groups. G. Making Rorak (dead end) which is rorak Making water conservation efforts is to hold water and applied to the soil and intended to reduce the flow of surface and accommodate sediment/erosion due to deposition. Thus the goal of making rorak is to: a. reduce the flow of surface water. b. Enhancing the process of deposition of sediments in order not to get carried away the flow of surface water to the area underneath, and can be used to produce compost when combined with mulch. c. increase the groundwater. 1. Location Requirements a. region/location surface flow and high levels of sedimennya such as farmland, orchards, lawns, forests, curb b. has kelerengan between 8%-25%. 2. the stages of Implementation a. Preparation of field 1) Measurement back 2) fixing the placemark rorak 3) Procurement of materials and tool b. 1) Making Rorak Rorak-rorak made between staple crops (annual/annuals/hard). 2) Form rorak can be either plain pits (superficial or deep) or in the form of a dead channel (channel lengthwise but not connected with the other channel or drain water). 3) Size rorak (width and inside) tailored to the rainfall, the types of plants and their necessity. 4) Rorak/channel stuck very much to function also as well peresapan. c. Maintenance move the sediment on the sporting field to rorak. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 73 figure 23. Rorak (dead end) d. Executor As executor is rorak making community groups accompanied by a forestry field extension officers (PKL) under the coordination of the local Service district/city. e. stages and phases in the implementation schedule of activities in accordance with the implementation schedule contained in the draft. f. results of the Activities which have been built according to Rorak draft and after completion of the maintenance period was turned over to local authorities with news events management/maintenance to be done further by farmer groups. H. Strip grass (Grass Barrier) Goal unsettled pattern planting with grass strips (grass barrier), namely to slow the flow of surface and hold the soil/sediment are eroding/washed the flow so as to reduce the rate of erosion, provide fodder from grass trimming results as well as the formation of a natural terrace because drifting was arrested by the strip of grass underneath. 1. Location Requirements a. dry land upstream WATERSHEDS and outside forest areas b. slope (15 – 40)% c. nutrient poor soil conditions. d. an intensive effort of land cultivated by the community. 2. the stages of Implementation a. Preparation of field 1) preparation of technical design 2) Measurement back 3) fixing the placemark escape grass www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96) 74 4 processing/penggemburan ground 5) Procurement of materials and tool Making grass strip b. 1) Planting grass along the contour 2) manufacture of gutter terrace/channel at the top of the grass strip. 3) planting the staple crops along the contour c. Maintenance maintenance activities in the form of fertilization, the stitching is plants, spraying pests and diseases as well as cleaning drains. Figure 24. Grass strip d. executor As executor of the grass strip is making community groups accompanied by a forestry field extension officers (PKL) and the local NGO or under the Coordination Office of Kabupaten/Kota. e. stages and phases in the implementation schedule of activities in accordance with the implementation schedule contained in the draft f. results of the activities of the Strip of grass that has been built according to the design and after completion of the maintenance period was turned over to local authorities with news events management/maintenance to be done further by farmer groups. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id


2008, no. 96 75 Table 7. Types And Benefits Of Herbaceous In Order NO. Land Conservation Efforts. TYPES of GRASS PLANT CHARACTERISTICS and FUNCTION TERMS GREW 1. 2.3. 4.5. 6.7. Elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum) Bengal Grass (Pannincum maximum) Grass Mexico (Euchlaena maxicana) Grass (Brachiaria decumbens) Bede Lawn Lampung (Setaria sphacelata) Grass Makari-Curry (Pannicum coloratum) Sudan Grass (Sorghum sudanense)-in closing the land of grass cut. Closing-soil-Grass cut-Grass cut as a cover the ground. Cut the grass-Grazing if maintained short anyway. -Grass-land as a cover crop-Pasture-Grass-land as a cover crop-Pasture-Grass cut silage Material (preserving forage fodder) and hay (dried grasses as animal feed)-Grazing-land-cover As long (6th productive)-Grows well in areas of rainfall > 1000 mm-the aim of staple crops are planted. -Planting of cuttings or the NC-PowerPoint instead of torn bodies of old clumps. Similar forms of rice plant-Growing well in the lowlands with precipitation 100-875 mm. -Broad-leaved plants similar to corn. -Grows well on low. (0 – 1200 a.s.l.) with 2000 mm of rainfall. -Slower growth if rainfall is low. -Radiating form the stolon. -Low-Power adaptation can live in the steep and poor soil berlereng and resistant injakan. -Can be planted the same ber legume planting distance 40x40 cm. -Berumpun, the leaves are soft and hairy root-Growing pd altitude 200-3000 m with a rainfall of 760 mm or more. -Can be planted along with Legume Siratro, Desmodium, and others-Berumpun but not selebat Setaria sphacelata or Pannicum maximum-Grow on soil structure weight, not inundated, with rainfall is 550-760 mm or more. -Can be planted along with Legume Siratro, Desmodium, and others-long, forming clumps. The dense leaves and strong, smooth and rough edges. -Grow well at an elevation of 0-1200m above sea level. -Grow on rainfall of 500-900 mm-can be planted along leguminosa www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 76 8. 9.10. 11.12. 13.14. Vetiver grass/Vetiver (Vetiveria zizanioides) Grass (Brachiaria brizantha) Signal Grass (Brachiaria ruziziensis) Ruzi Grass (Brachiaria mutica) The Grass (Paspalum dilatatum) Australia Grass (Digitaria decumbens) Pangola Grass (Chloris gayana) Rhodes – as erosion control/ground cover. -Grazing the grass cut for hay (dried grasses as animal feed)-ground-Cover light Grazing (sheep, goats)-in closing the land-Grazing-Land Cover cut-Grass-Grazing-Land Cover cut-Grass-Grazing the grass cut for hay (animal feed)-Cover the ground. -Grazing-Land-Cover has a stringy root system that is strong and deep. -Scented fragrance-Root resistant to pests and disease. -Planting using cuttings or old clumps. rupture -Long life, fast-growing stems and leaves are stiff and rough-underfoot-resistant and resistant to dry-nitrogen fertilizer-Responsive towards either Living at an elevation of 0-1200m with rainfall 1500 mm-long life, growing vertical and horizontal. -The rod extends and each book stolon grow roots. -Wide and smooth-Leaf Grows at altitudes of 0-1000 m and 1000 mm of rainfall. -Annual plant, growing and creeping things. -Each book stolon growing roots and branches, stems and leaves are hairy. -Hold the puddle, the soil sour and salty land cannot bear. -Grow upright, height 60-150 cm.-Hold step on, preferred livestock, high nutrition. -Broad and deep Rooting, resistant to dry-grown at altitude 0-2000 m with a rainfall of 900-1200 mm-can be planted along leguminosa-rapid growth and creeping, formed the expanse. -Grow available dry or stagnant-grown on to a 200-1500 m altitude specifications and rainfall of 750 – 1000 mm or more-can be planted along legumenosa. -Long life, spread and thrive with stolon-resistant to heavy grazing and preferred livestock-resistant keringtapi can't stand the shade. -Grow at altitudes of 0-3000 m with rainfall 762 – 1300 mm www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 77 15. African Star grass (Cynodon plectostachyrus)-Grazing-Land Cover-can be planted along leguminosa-Grow upright and spread to form expanses of Stolon-meetings on the ground and grow strong root-resistant Stampede-grown on lowlands with a rainfall of 500-800 mm i. Protection Right left/the river bank protection efforts Benefit the left/right side of the river bank, among others: a. prevent the occurrence of landslide b. prevent erosion goes into river c. Pressing the occurrence of floods d. improving the quality of river water e. Pressing the occurrence of the superficiality of the river 1. Requirements location of open land in the left/right of the river bank that is easy for landslide/erosion, steep, craggy border that hairless River and rainfall is high. 2. the stages of Implementation a. Preparation of field 1) preparation of technical design 2) Measurement back 3) fixing the placemark left/right side of the building the river bank 4) Procurement of materials and tool-making building b. left/right protection the River Bank through some alternative or combination of alternatives according to the following conditions. 1) Planting of grasses, shrubs and trees; the plant must have a heading in the rooting and green tree 2) Mounting trucuk bamboo; can use pieces of bamboo, as well as directly with bamboo Plant Maintenance c. 1) the stitching is good grass plants, shrubs or trees grow 2) Repair against trucuk when damaged d. Executor As executor of making protection of right/left side of the river is the community groups accompanied by a forestry field extension officers (PKL) under the Coordination Office of Kabupaten/Kota. e. stages and phases in the implementation schedule of activities in accordance with the implementation schedule contained in the draft. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 78 f. Building Activity Results protection left/right side of the river bank that has been built according to the design and after completion of the maintenance period was turned over to local authorities with news events management/maintenance to be done further by farmer groups. Figure 25. Left/Right Protection building the river bank j. Sewer water and Building a water Terjunan the benefits of the SPA is to direct the flow of water to safety from the erosion of a cliff at the same time meresapkan water into the ground. The benefits of building terjunan water is the completeness of the water so that the SPA fell on the SPA does not cause erosion and cause landslides. 1. Requirements for the location of the Farm business or other open land is mainly located on slopes with steep and kelerengan levels of soil types easy slopes and landslides. 2. the stages of Implementation a. Preparation of field 1) getting started making SPA required are: a the preparation of technical design) b) parent peg Construction upright contours which is us/shaft. The maximum distance between two pegs 5 m. c) peg Construction helpers in the right/left of the parent to represent the width of a PIN over the SPA. 2 terjunan buildings manufacture) preparation being done are: a) Erection peg pegs over the SPA to determine the location of the terjunan, the distance between the two pin adjusted to the width of the field of sports. b) terjunan building Layout should be more into than on the talud terrace and on the ground original (not land of urugan). www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 79 c) excavation of soil according to the PIN that has been dipancang in a direction perpendicular to the bottom depths of 0.5-1.5 m measured from the field of sports. b. Making 1) creation of a SPA building) the excavation of land fit the profile of peg pegs as deep as maid at least 50 cm from the field of sports terraces and wide basis 50 cm according the draft b) basic SPA at terrace stools made with 0.1-0.5% slope outwards so that the difference in height of the base of the funnel is a 5 m is 0.5-2.5 cm c) any distance 1 m along the gebalan grass planted wide SPA 20 cm transverse SPA. 2) manufacture of building terjunan a) two or three pieces round bamboo was planted into the ground 0.5 m, are located on the surface mounted channel as tall as buildings terjunan. b) transverse mounted side Bamboo terjunan, bamboo exterior skin is placed on the outside. c) installation of bamboo arranged starting from the bottom with both ends entered into the top-right of the left wall of the SPA and tied on a bamboo round. c. Maintenance 1) channel of the sediment Cleanup 2) Repairs damaged when either because bamboo is already rotted or because of other consequences. d. the implementing Organization As executing the creation of sewer water and terjunan is a group of community forestry extension officers accompanied the field (STREET VENDORS) under the Coordination Office of Kabupaten/Kota. e. stages and phases in the implementation schedule of activities in accordance with the implementation schedule contained in the draft. f. results of the activities of the water and sewer terjunan building which has been built according to the design and after completion of the maintenance period was turned over to local authorities with news events management/maintenance to be done further by farmer groups. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id


2008, no. 96 80 Picture 26. SPA and Terjunan k. Hole Resapan Biopori (LRB) Resapan Biopori Hole is appropriate technology and eco-friendly to address flooding by way of increasing the power resapan water, turning organic waste into compost and reduce emissions of greenhouse gases (CO2 and methane), and make use of the role of land use activities and the root of the plant and resolve the problem posed by the puddles as the disease dengue fever and malaria. 1. The location Requirements for every 100 m2 of land ideally Biopori Resapan Hole (LRB) created by as much as 30 points with distance between 0.5-1 m with a diameter of 100 cm and into 10 cm each hole could accommodate 7.8 liter trash. Kitchen waste can be composted within 15-30 days, while the garden waste in the form of leaves and twigs can be composted within 2-3 months 2. Stages of Implementation a. Implementation 1) Making holes with a drill, to facilitate the making of holes can be helped given the water so that the soil is more conducive. 2) drill Tool is inserted and after full land (approximately 10 cm soil depth) soil is issued, to be appointed, then back again the hole deepens until before the face of the ground water (30 cm up to 100 cm). 3) LRB in straight flow is 0.5 – 1 m, while for LRB tree quite made 3 holes with the position of the equilateral triangle. 4) On the lip of the hole with cement, hardening is done and can be replaced with a short piece pralon. This is to prevent the occurrence of soil erosion. 5) Then at the top were given iron seat. 6) enter the organic waste (kitchen waste, leftover garden/grounds) to the LRB. Do not include inorganic waste (such as iron, plastic, batteries, etc) www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 81 7) when garbage is not much enough is placed in the mouth of the hole, but when the trash pretty much could have helped put the stick with a blunt, but shouldn't be too dense because it will interfere with the process of peresapan water. b. Maintenance 1) Holes Resapan Biopori should always be loaded organic waste 2) kitchen organic waste can be taken as compost after two weeks, while garden rubbish after two months. Old compost making is also subject to the type of land where the making of the LRB, the ground clays are somewhat longer process of destruction. The taking is done with drill tool LRB. 3) when it is not taken then the compost will be absorbed by the ground, LRB should still be monitored so that the loaded organic waste. c. the implementing Organization As executing the making Biopori Resapan Holes are community groups/individuals. d. stages and phases in the implementation schedule of activities in accordance with the implementation schedule contained in the draft. e. results of the activities of the hole Resapan Biopori which has been built according to the design of further maintenance by community groups/individuals. Figure 27. Hole Resapan Biopori www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 82 CHAPTER VIII COMMUNITY EMPOWERMENT community empowerment is an attempt to improve the ability and independence community in benefiting forest resource and land optimally through capacity development and granting of access in order to increase the welfare of the local community. In the framework of the forest and land Rehabilitation (RHL), conducted through community empowerment approach: a. an increase in knowledge and skills enhancement of knowledge and skills are intended to enhance the capacity of farmer groups in organizing RHL, both technical aspects, institutional or administrative aspects. Increased knowledge and skills is done through activities: 1. Training the training aims to improve the understanding of the community to the problem of technical, institutional and its administrative HR RHL activities. Thus there are 3 (three) group training, i.e. training of technical, institutional and administrative training. The training given to all perpetrators of RHL, i.e. elements of society, the elements of the implementing agencies and escort activities. Training can be held by the Government, the Government of the province, City or County Government, NGOs and other relevant institutions. a. technical training technical training intended to improve the knowledge of the community towards technical RHL, which include technical planning and execution of the RHL. Type – the type of technical training among others: participatory planning, participatory mapping, breeding, production and maintenance of plants, soil conservation, etc. b. Institutional institutional Training Training is intended as an effort to promote the knowledge society towards capacity development group RHL. The kinds of institutional training among other things: the establishment of organization and kepengurusannya, drafting the rules group (AD/ART), etc. c. Training administasi Training Administration intended as an effort to improve public knowledge in the management of the administration of the activities of the RHL. Type – type of training administration: its administrative HR administration activities, financial administration, reporting, etc. 2. Mentoring Mentoring is an effort to improve the capability of implementing RHL group by way of institutional development, development of technical ability www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 83 and administration, business development, technology development, the expansion of market access, as well as coaching groups. Mentoring activities include group consists of organizational development group, preparation of the plan of implementation of the activity of RHL, RHL, conducting administrative groups and project administration etc. Mentoring activities aim to: a. Enhance the ability of the group to manage and develop institutional groups b. upgrade group in drawing up the planning of RHL c. upgrade group in performing the activity of RHL d. upgrade the Group's efforts in developing the RHL e. increase the ability of problem solving in group f. Group improving the ability in developing cooperation within the Group and build a working networking between farmer groups and other institutions. Basically the activities of mentoring is the obligation of the Government in its implementation can work together with other parties. Implementing mentoring situation among other things: a. the officer Forestry Field extension officers (PKL) and the forestry officer or others. b. College, public service agencies, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), or other institutions that have the capacity and awareness in RHL group empowerment. 3. Outreach Outreach is a non formal education aimed at changing the behavior of the community is a party to that care about the preservation of the functions of forests and land. Counseling should be done on an ongoing basis, because behavior change can not necessarily be the case, but through a process generally consists of knowing, willing and able to undertake the preservation of forests and land through the RHL activities. The target extension is a whole community living and life related to preservation of forest and land, both of which are directly or indirectly in the implementation of the RHL. The extension is implemented through various approaches, such as exercise; field trips; lectures; exhibitions; the dissemination of brochures, leaflets and magazines; the campaign; the race; demonstrations; appointment speech; discussion groups; field trip etc. The extension was implemented by the Forestry Field extension officers (PKL) and the Forestry Officer or others. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id


2008, no. 96 84 b. Development Opportunity of trying the activities implemented with RHL principles utilizing the capabilities of local seoptimal possible. The use of ingredients make the use of the materials available on the site and in accordance with the provision of the necessary technical requirements. The local community should be placed as the subject and the main stakeholders in the implementation of RHL, so as to foster a sense of belonging and responsibility on the community groups. C. the granting of access to the legality of the regulation of the Minister of forestry Number P. 37/Menhut-II/2007 about the forest's community provides opportunities to local people to get legal access to manage forests sustainably in the form of Forest Treks (Judg.). The Organization of the Community Forest is intended as an effort to develop the capacity of local communities and communities in managing forests sustainably in order to guarantee the availability of jobs for the local community to solve economic and social problems that occur in the community. Forest and land Rehabilitation activities that technically meet the location conditions for conducting of Judg., preferably given facilitation to obtain a business license in order to make the local community management of Judg. got the chance to improve the kesejahteraannya as well as the sustainability of forest functions can be realized. D. grant of Incentive Activities RHL is very related to the existence of the community, both as individuals and as members of groups. Peranserta the society must be encouraged on an ongoing basis, so that the activities of RHL is right – can actually be a responsibility shared by the provider of the land so that it can reduce the burden of the Government. One of the efforts to encourage the participation of such communities is through the granting of incentives to community groups who have the concern and has showed the success in implementing the RHL. Forms – forms of incentives among other things: the giving of awards, anjangsana, field trip, granting ease against access permitting capital assistance, etc. E. The Development Of Cooperation Between The Sectors. In order to improve the productive economic activities in the activity of RHL, the Government is expected to provide support through the roles of relevant agencies in the integrated cross-cutting program. These activities are intended to improve the welfare of community groups implementing RHL which significantly has been demonstrating its success. Cooperation between sectors of the dimasudkan as an attempt to explore the potential of community empowerment program that resides in each sector, for optimised community empowerment of participants in RHL. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 85 development of cooperation between sectors is carried out through integrated cooperation coordination facilitated local governments. In pelaksanaanya local Government can be aided by other agencies as facilitators. F. development of market access market access is a very important part of the activity of RHL. RHL activities should be implemented in an integrated from the implementation, maintenance and marketing results. Often marketing results is not planned so that occur over supply or there are no market access. Development of market access can be done in several ways, among others: 1. Promotional activities through various media information 2. Business appointment activities among farmers with business institutions 3. Build media market information 4. Implement trade visits between region 5. Facilitate co-operation partnerships. G. development of Partnership development effort of the partnership Effort in the activities of RHL is a form of cooperation between farmers groups RHL with business partners (forestry companies and other companies) that form a bond of cooperation on the basis of agreements and mutual needs, mutual strengthening and. Elements of business partners are State-owned enterprises (SOEs), the area owned enterprises (BUMD), Privately owned enterprises (BUMS) or cooperative. Business partnership is vitally important to the improvement of the welfare of farmers groups this activity, because the RHL can provide certainty crusade against results – results that will be obtained in RHL activities. For the development of this business partnership required facilitation by local governments which in practice can work together with other institutions who have a concern for community empowerment. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 86 CHAPTER IX BUILDING PLANTS and EVALUATION of SOIL CONSERVATION an evaluation is intended to find out the success rate of the manufacturing plant and soil conservation. While the goal is teridentifikasinya the physical condition of the plant and building soil conservation as the basis for the management of Forest and land Rehabilitation (RHL) further. A. assessment of the crop 1. A. Assessment Ordinance Plant reforestation and afforestation 1) assessment of the plant include: extensive measurements plants; the number and type of plant; as well as counting the percentage to grow healthy plants. 2) assessment of the plant carried out in any location, inside the forest area are conducted on each swath in accordance with design, while outside the forest area was conducted on land making crops every farmer groups according the draft. 3) For assessment of plants inside and outside forest areas, the method is used using the method of Systematic Sampling with Random Start while enriched for the manufacture of plants by the method of Purposive Sampling. The magnitude of the Sampling Intensity (IS) tailored to the availability of budget. 4) Data and information collected includes: a) in forest areas (1) administrative regions the Government (provincial, Kabupaten/Kota, Kecamatan, village), the name of the DAS/Sub DAS, extensive forest area, functions. (2) observation Data measuring swath of plants includes type of plant, plant life and healthy plants growing conditions. b) outside the forest areas (1) administrative regions the Government (provincial, Kabupaten/Kota, Kecamatan, village), the name of the DAS/Sub DAS, broadly, the name of the farmer groups, the number of members of a group of farmers, labor companion and extension officers. (2) observation Data measuring swath of plants includes type of plant, plant life and healthy plants growing conditions. b. Plant Turus Road 1) assessment of plant turus road include: measurement of the length of the road that are planted; the number and type of plant; and counting the percentage of healthy growing plants. 2) plant Assessment turus way done along the way who cultivates in each location in accordance with the draft. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 87 3) for assessment of plant turus way done by the census. 4) Data and information collected includes: a) administrative regions the Government (provincial, Kabupaten/Kota, Kecamatan, village), street names, length and number of roads turus plants grown b) observation Data of the plant species of plants include road turus, plant life and healthy plants growing conditions. c. Agroforestry/Wanatani 1) Valuation of the plant include: extensive measurements plants; the number and type of plant (timber, MPTS); the success of annuals; calculating percentage grow staple crops. 2) assessment of staple crops and the season is done in each location, inside the forest area are conducted on each swath in accordance with design, while outside the forest area was conducted on land making crops every farmer groups according the draft. 3) For assessment of staple crops and season inside and outside the forest area, the method is used using the method of Systematic Sampling with Random Start-up Sampling intensity (IS) in accordance with the availability of budget. 4) Data and information collected includes: a) in forest area • Administrative Region Government (provincial, Kabupaten/Kota, Kecamatan, village), the name of the DAS/Sub DAS, extensive forest area, functions. • Observation Data measuring swath of plants includes type of plant, plant life and healthy plants growing conditions. b) outside the forest area • Administrative Region Government (provincial, Kabupaten/Kota, Kecamatan, village), the name of the DAS/Sub DAS, broadly, the name of the farmer groups, the number of members of a group of farmers, labor companion and extension officers. d. forest/Mangrove Coasts 1) assessment of the plant include: a) extensive Measurement location of planting b) Counting the number of clumps, the number of plants per clump and the distance between the clumps of c) Calculating percentages of healthy plants grow 2 plants Assessment done in) any location, inside the forest area are conducted on each swath in accordance with the draft, while www.djpp.depkumham.go.id


2008, no. 96 88 outside the forest area was conducted on land making crops every farmer groups according the draft. 3) For assessment of plants inside and outside forest areas, the method is used using the method of Sampling intensity line system (IS) in accordance with the availability of budget. 4) Data and information collected includes: a) in forest area • Administrative Region Government (provincial, Kabupaten/Kota, Kecamatan, village), the name of the DAS/Sub DAS, extensive forest area, functions. • Observation Data measuring swath of plants includes type of plant, plant life and healthy plants growing conditions. b) outside the forest area • Administrative Region Government (provincial, Kabupaten/Kota, Kecamatan, village), the name of the DAS/Sub DAS, broadly, the name of the farmer groups, the number of members of a group of farmers, labor companion and extension officers. 2. the method of Assessment a. Crop reforestation, afforestation, turus Road 1) plant Area inside and outside forest area a) Unit Unit unit Unit Assessment assessment of plants in forest area are a swath set forth in the draft which has been passed, while outside the forest area is on land making crops every farmer groups according the draft that has been passed. Extensive Measurements Plants b) extensive Measurements plants made against the realization of widespread planting in extensive acreage planted in units of the Ha and compared against a broad plan of appropriate plant design. Extensive measurements plants done by mapping the swaths planting results using GPS, theodolit or other measurement tool. The results of extensive measurements plants poured in a map with a scale of 1:5000 or 1:10,000, and calculated the vastness. The results of the calculation of the next direkapitulasi as in table 8. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 89 Table 8. Extensive Measurements Plants Results recap on every patch of Planting Location/No block/Plots/units (Planting Site) Extensive Plant plan (Ha) Realization (Ha)% 1 2 3 4 5 Description: spacious plant realization of Percent (%) = x 100% Measurement Results Plan c) assessment of the plant crop Assessment conducted through sampling by the method of Systematic Sampling with Random Start, i.e. the first measurement swath created randomly and hide the next popular consultations were made to measure. The Sampling intensity (IS) in accordance with the availability of budget. The placement of the measurement swath covering 0.1 Ha, oblong (40 m x 25 m) or circular diameter 17.8 m. distance between the center point plots measure tailored to magnitude IS used. When IS 5% then the distance between the center point of the swath of measure is 100 m North-South and 200 m West – East, whereas to obtain quality results of the measurement, the distance between the outer limits with the measurement swath of plants is determined for a minimum of 50 m and a maximum of 100 m. sampling results thus obtained will be able to meet the principle of representativeness with the Sampling Intensity (er) by 5% or any patch of measure represents 2 ha. d) as a guide in making the assessment of implementation of the measurement swath of crops, need to be made a diagram of scheme the withdrawal measure plots of plants is mapped with a scale of 1:10,000. The schema diagram lists geographical coordinates point belt that is easily found in the field. An example of making the withdrawal scheme diagram plots measuring rectangular shaped plant as follows: • Prepare plant wide measurement results map scale of 1:10000 • Specify on the map is the first measurement swath of point randomly. • Create a transek line through the point of the swath of the first measure, i.e. vertical lines and horizontal lines which intersect at the point of measuring the first swath. Vertical lines cut perpendicular to the array's plant and a horizontal line aligned array's plant. • Create the next transek line in transek line against popular consultations were the first with the distance between the vertical line 2 cm and the distance between the horizontal lines 1 cm. • Create a swath of measure size 4 mm x 2.5 mm on the transek line with the intersection of the line transek as its central point, so that www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 90 deployment location of the measurement swath can represent the entire area of the plant is assessed. For clarity, as in the diagram in the following scheme: 2 cm Description: • For enriched plants was done with sampling purposive method (withdrawal measure swath intentional), by choosing Hide measure that have characterized certain represent the entire population. • Determination of phases in purposive sampling, at an early stage is conducted extensive measurements plants at once sets the coordinates of the location of the location of the planting. Next specify the location of the measurement swath in the map by choosing locations that can represent. • When there is a judgment in a location exposed to natural disasters, and suffered damage done extensive measurements, plant type and causes damage to the plant • to facilitate re-examination (re-cheking) crop assessment results, in the field labelled form of the identifier pin ends are painted red and given the identity number and date of the measurement swath of observations on all the axis plots measure. • Data and information collected includes swath: ~ Administrative Government Region (province, Kabupaten/Kota, Kecamatan, village), DAS DAS/Sub, function, extensive forest area, the name register of the block and Swath ~ Data recorded and measured at each of the measuring data covering swaths (plant plant type, the amount of plant life, higher plants and healthy plants growing conditions and ancillary data (fisiografi land, State of lower plants , soil conditions and disorders of plants). 1 cm cmcm: Limits acreage of crops: First measure the Swath (randomly determined) size 4 mm x 2.5 mm: Hide the next Measurement is determined systematically www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 91 the living plant Data on every patch of the measure noted on the Tally Sheet as shown in table 9. Table 9. Tally Sheet Plant Assessment Province: Name: Name: District Officer Kel. Tani: Sub: Jml members: village: Hide/location: Field extension officers no. Compartments Measure: DAS/Sub WATERSHEDS: Coordinates: The Intensity Of Sampling: ...% Area: ... ... Ha Sheet To: Jml Seeds: .... Btg No. Crop Condition Plant height (cm) less healthy Healthy Languish Description 1 1. Fisiografi Land: 2 a. 3 b. Flat Ramps 4 c. Rather Steep 5 d. Steep 6 2. The State of the Vegetation Under Dense 7 8 a. 9 b./meetings Are 10 c. Rarely 11 d. no/net 12 13 3. The condition of Soil 14 a. Loose fertile/15 b. Less fertile loose/Dst c. thin. d. Rocky. n. 4. The number of Plant disorders Grazing a. 1. Wood Fire b. a. c. Teak Pests Diseases b................. 2. Mango MPTS a. b ... ... ... .... c. …….. The Assessment Officer, ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... .... www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 92 b. Plant Turus Road 1) Unit Location Unit Assessment assessment unit of the plant is a long Street road turus targets set out in the draft were planted with certified. 2) measurements of the length of the Measurement path length Turus turus road which has been planted with can be done by using the GPS gauge/measuring tape/theodolit or through observation of the number of kilometres on roads turus pal who has planted, which carried out the Census for the entire length of the road. Measurement results are then diploting/dioverlay on the map of the plant plans and calculated its length as well as created a recap as in table 10. Realization of long road turus percent planted retrieved from the realization of the long-divided crop length plans plant multiplied 100%. Table 10. Recapitulation of the long road that is planted in Turus province. No Long Kabupaten/Kota Turus cultivated Road (km) Long Road Turus Realization% of plans realization of 1 2 3 4 5 b. assessment of Building soil conservation/civilian Technical 1. A. Assessment procedures Assessment carried out in the whole building location soil conservation made do with the way the census. b. the Data and information collected against the manufacture of building administrative data includes soil conservation of Government (County, district, village, name of location), the name of the DAS/Sub DAS, the coordinates of the location, type of building soil conservation, capacity building of soil conservation. c. assessment of the Criterion of making the building soil conservation is working, less work, doesn't work (fails). 2. Assessment methods assessment Objectives a. building soil conservation is dam controllers, retaining dam, Wells resapan, gully plugs, dam, and others in accordance with the location and the types of activities that are listed in the draft at each village. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id


2008, no. 96 93 b. Assessment carried out by watching the building of the soil conservation direct sesui kinds of its activity, compared with c. Conduct record-keeping number of buildings against soil conservation in accordance with the type of building, its condition (good, broken) and corresponding function (function and doesn't work) in the territory of the village. d. to know the condition of building soil conservation used 3 criteria, namely function, lack of functioning and does not work. C. Data processing 1. The success of plants inside and outside forest areas a. Percentage grow plants per cent grow plants calculated by way of comparing the number of plants in a swath size with the number of plants that are supposed to exist within the swath of the measure in question. T = (Σ/Σ ni hi) x 100% = (h1 + h2 + .... + hn)/(n1 + n2 + ... + nn) x 100% where: T = percent (%) grow healthy plants hi = the number of healthy plants found on the swath of measure to i ni = number of plants that are supposed to be there on a swath of measure to i assessment of Plants in the forest area and outside forest areas are carried out in a stretch of land with unit area (Ha) rated its success as follows : 1) in the forest area of the plant the current year (the assessment phase I), the percentage grew the plant declared: a) Successfully ≥ 70% b) less successful < 70% plant after Maintenance I (Assessment phase II), the percentage grew the plant declared: a) Successfully ≥ 90% b) less successful < 90% plant after Maintenance II (Assessment phase III), the percentage grew the plant declared: a) Successfully ≥ 90% b) less successful < www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008 90% , No. 96 94 2) outside the forest area of the plant the current year (the assessment phase I), the percentage grew the plant declared: a) Successfully ≥ 60% b) less successful < 60% plant after Maintenance I (Assessment phase II), the percentage grew the plant declared: a) ≥ 80% b) less successful < 80% plant after Maintenance II (Assessment phase III), the percentage grew the plant declared: a) ≥ 80% b) less successful 80% of calculation < percentage grows on every patch of the next result direkapitulasi/location as in the table 11. Table 11. Recapitulation per cent grow plants on every patch of plants/Planting Locations Produce a swath of Groups/location: area: No. Measuring the number of swaths of plants (btg)% grow plants Growing Plan Criteria 1 2 3 4 5 6 average b. Plant high Flatness of the plant is the average plant height obtained with high merata-ratakan each individual crop compared to the High number of plants average per swath of measure T = (Σ/Σ ni ti) where: T = high average crop in a swath of High ti = measuring each individual plant in a swath of measure to i ni = number of crops on plots measuring to i www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008 , No. 96 95 c. State Plants Under plant Conditions under which note is the main types and its density in a qualitative scale (rare, medium or meeting) d. Field field State State note is marshland, or dry, Rocky and kelerengannya 2. Turus Road Assessment percentage grow plants was done with 100% crops calculation method (census). Percentage grow plants calculated by way of comparing the number of plants that grow with a plan the number of plants that are supposed to be in accordance with the draft. 1) Percent Percentage grow plants grow plants calculated by way of comparing the number of healthy plants that grow with a plan the number of plants that are supposed to be in accordance with the draft. T = (Σ Hi/N) x 100% where: T = per cent grow plants (%) Hi Σ = the number of plants the way healthy living turus N = the number of plants of the planned road turus according with the design calculation of the percentage grow plants next direkapitulasi as path turus in table 12. Table 12. Recap Of The Percentage Grow Plants Per Province Road No. Turus. KAB/Kota Road Length (km) number of plants (btg)% grow plants Growing Plans 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Description Amount to determine the success rate of planting turus path is as follows: a) Successfully ≥ 60% b) less successful < 60% www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96) 96 2 Percent Healthy Plants healthy plants calculated Percent by way of comparing the number of healthy plants with the amount of plant life on the road is graded turus S = (B/H) x 100% where : S = Percent Of Healthy Plants (%) B = the number of healthy plants in the way H turus = the number of plants that live on the health assessment of road turus plants are classified in the three (3) criteria, that is healthy, less healthy and ailing with a sign as follows: a): the plant grows Healthy fresh, straight trunks and heading close b) less healthy: plants yellowing or colored header is not normal, twisted or bent-stem fork very low c) Languish : Plant growth is not normal or stricken with pests and diseases, so if kept small is likely to grow well. 3) high High Flatness Plants Plants is the average plant height obtained with high merata-ratakan each individual crop compared to the number of its vegetation K = Σ Pi/H = (P1 + P2 + ... + Pn)/H x 100% where: K = high average Pi = plant height of each individual plant H = the total number of plants that live on the road D turus. Assessment of Results 1. Plant plant assessment Results are grouped according to the type of planting activities undertaken (within and outside the forest area) then do the recapitulation as follows: a. the results of the assessment of the plant direkapitulasi on every block and a swath of b. results of plants classified in each block for each of the compartments of the plant categories are successful, less successful and failed. c. Recommendations the results of the assessment of the plant for the next activities 2. Building soil conservation soil conservation building assessment Results are grouped in accordance with the type and then do the recapitulation as follows: a. Klasifikasikan the condition of building soil conservation in accordance with the type at each location/village by category function, lack of functioning and failed. b. Recommendations the results of the assessment of building soil conservation for the next activity. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 97 CHAPTER X COACHING and SUPERVISION of a. Construction 1. The construction of the technical activities of forest and land Rehabilitation (RHL) conducted by the Ministry of forestry cq. Directorate General Of RLPS. 2. The construction of operational activities carried out by the provincial government RHL cq. Office of the Government of the province and Kabupaten/Kota is cq. Office Of District/City. B. Supervision 1. Supervision and control of the Organization of the RHL conducted by Minister of forestry cq. Director General Of The RLPS. 2. Supervision and control of the Organization of the RHL conducted by district/city Governments in accordance with the guidelines and Provincial development policy undertaken by the Governor and Regents/Mayors. C. Reporting 1. The physical and financial implementation of the report of the activities of the RHL consists of monthly reports, quarterly and annual. The format of the report in accordance with the provisions of the legislation. 2. Report on the activities carried out by the RHL Kabupaten/Kota a. compiled by the Head Office of Kabupaten/kota submitted to Regent/Mayor with copy to the head of Department and head of the BPDAS Province. b. based on the report on grain 2.a. above, the Bupati/Walikota delivered a report to the Minister of forestry cq. Director General of the RLPS with copy to the Governor and Secretary General of the Ministry of forestry. 3. Report on the activities carried out by RHL Implementing Technical Unit/UPT (UPT Ditjen RLPS and Ditjen PHKA), compiled by the head of the UPT is submitted to the Director General of the RLPS with copy to Ditjen PHKA, head of Department and head of the Provincial Office of Kabupaten/Kota. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 98 4. RHL activities report carried out by STATE-OWNED ENTERPRISES (Perhutani and PT. Inhutani) a. compiled by the head of the Unit submitted to the Director with a copy of the provincial head of Department, head of Department and head of the Kabupaten/Kota BPDAS. b. based on the report on grain 4. a. above, the President delivered a report to the Minister of forestry cq. Director General of the RLPS with copy to the Secretary General of the Ministry of forestry. www.djpp.depkumham.go.id 2008, no. 96 99 CHAPTER XI P E N U T U P Forest and land Rehabilitation (RHL) is one of the strategic priorities of the policy efforts of the construction of a national forestry lately driven into a movement for the achievement of the handling of critical land on Priority WATERSHEDS. In order for the activity of RHL from various sources budget can be more efficient and effective implementation and the achievement of business goals and objectives optimally, it requires steady implementation system, integrated and coordinated in harmony began planning activities, implementation, institutional development, to monitoring and control. Therefore required the support of all parties to bring about the success of the RHL. Technical guidelines in order to further this RHL is used as a reference in its implementation. MINISTER of FORESTRY H.M.S. KABAN www.djpp.depkumham.go.id