Twenty-First Regulation On The Implementation Of The Federal Immission Control Act

Original Language Title: Einundzwanzigste Verordnung zur Durchführung des Bundes-Immissionsschutzgesetzes

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Twenty-first Regulation implementing the Federal Immission Control Act (Regulation on the limitation of hydrocarbon emissions in the refuelling of motor vehicles-21). BImSchV)

Non-official table of contents

21. BImSchV

Date of delivery: 07.10.1992

Full quote:

" Regulation on the limitation of hydrocarbon emissions in the refuelling of motor vehicles in the version of the Notice of 18 December 1992. August 2014 (BGBl. 1453), as defined by Article 7 of the Regulation of 28 June 2008. April 2015 (BGBl. I p. 670) is changed "

:The new version by Bek. v. 18.8.2014 I 1453
Modified by Art. 7 V v. 28.4.2015 I 670

For details, see the menu under Notes
This regulation is used to implement the European Directive 2009 /126/EC Parliament and the Council of 21 October 2009 on Phase II of petrol vapour recovery during refuelling of motor vehicles at petrol stations (OJ L 327, 28.12.2009, p. 36).

footnote

(+ + + text-proof from: 1.1.1993 + + +)
(+ + + Official note of the norm-provider on EC law:
Implementation of the
EGRL 126/2009 (CELEX Nr: 32009L0126) + + +)

Non-Official Table of Contents

Content Summary

§ 1 Scope
§ 2Definitions
§ 3 Construction and operation of petrol stations
§ 4Measurement openings
§ 5Monitoring
§ 6Labeling duty
§ 7Exceptions to approval
§ 8Standards accessibility
§ 9Administrative Offences
§ 10Transitional
Appendix 1
(to § § 3 and 5)
Determination of the efficiency and tightness of gas recirculation systems according to the VDI Policy: VDI 4205 sheet 4, August 2005
Non-official table of contents

§ 1 Scope

This regulation applies to the construction, nature and operation of petrol stations, to the extent that fuel tanks of motor vehicles are fuelled by petrol or fuel mixtures, and the petrol stations are authorised in accordance with Section 4 of the Federal Immission Protection Act is not required. Non-official table of contents

§ 2 Definitions

The following definitions apply in this Regulation:
1.
Exhaust Purification: a gas recirculation system for the central recovery of gasoline and fuel mixtures from fuel vapors;
2.
automatic monitoring device: a device that detects malfunctions of the equipment for the fuel vapour/air mixture repatriation itself, signals it, and automatically triggers the shut-off function after 72 hours;
3.
qualified person: the person qualified according to § 2 (7) of the operating safety regulation of 27. September 2002 (BGBl. 3777), as last amended by Article 5 of the Law of 8. November 2011 (BGBl. I p. 2178), qualified person;
4.
existing gas station: a gas station that is before the 1.
5.
Bioethanol: ethanol of 100% by volume produced from biomass or the biodegradable fraction of waste and for which the following is: used in fuel mixtures;
6.
Throughput: the annual total amount of gasoline and fuel mixtures from a storage tank of a petrol station has been refilled in moving containers;
7.
Emissions: the air pollution from an installation to fuel vapors; the concentration data refer to: the undiluted exhaust volume in the normal state (273 Kelvin, 1 013 hectopascal) after deduction of moisture content of water vapour;
8.
Operation: an operation in the sense of the Section 3 (2) of the Regulation on the treatment of substances hazardous to water of 31 December 2008 March 2010 (BGBl. 377), which also has equipment and equipment for fire and explosion protection as well as knowledgeable persons with the necessary knowledge of fire and explosion protection;
9.
Gas recirculation system: an equipment that supplies the fuel vapor that escapes from the vehicle tank during refuelling of a motor vehicle to a storage tank on the Petrol station area or back into the tap;
10.
Fuel vapour-air-mixture: the ratio between the volume of the fuel vapour which is the the gas recirculation system, and the volume of the petrol or fuel mixture at atmospheric pressure;
11.
correction factor: factor to be used for the injection of the gas to the atmosphere. Consideration of the different density of air and fuel vapour-air mixture;
12.
Fuel vapors: gaseous compounds made from petrol or Fuel mixtures evaporate;
13.
Fuel mixtures: petroleum derivatives with a share of more than 10 and less than 90% by volume of bioethanol, which is the UN number 3475. Table A in Part 3, Chapter 3.2.1 of Annexes A and B to the European Convention of 30 June 1995. On the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Road (ADR) in the version of the notice of 7 September 1957. April 2009 (BGBl. 396), most recently in accordance with the 21. ADR-amending Regulation of 7. October 2010 (BGBl. 1134).
14.
Storage tank: a fixed tank or fixed container for the storage of petrol or fuel mixtures at a petrol station;
15.
publicly appointed and sworn expert: a according to § 36 of the Industrial Code of 22. February 1999 (BGBl. 202), as last amended by Article 8 of the Law of 23. November 2011 (BGBl. 2298), publicly ordered and sworn experts;
16.
Oil derivatives: oil derivatives with a share of up to 10% by volume Bioethanol which corresponds to the UN No 1203 of Table A in Part 3, Chapter 3.2.1 of Annexes A and B to the ADR and which are intended for use as fuel for ottomotore;
17.
Tankstelle:a device for delivering gasoline and fuel mixtures from storage tanks on motor vehicles;
18.
Impact: the amount of fuel vapor trapped over the gas recirculation system, expressed as a percentage of the amount of fuel vapor that would escape into the atmosphere, if the equipment does not exist;
19.
authorised monitoring centre: monitoring centre, which is the sixth monitoring body in accordance with Article 17 (5) of the Equipment and Product Safety Act of 6 April 2011. January 2004 (BGBl. 2), as last amended by Article 3 of the Law of 7. July 2005 (BGBl. 1970), or in accordance with Article 37 (5) of the Product Safety Act of 8. November 2011 (BGBl. 2178), respectively, in conjunction with Section 21 (2) of the Ordinance on the Safety of Safety and Security of the 27. September 2002 (BGBl. 3777), as last amended by Article 5 of the Law of 8. November 2011 (BGBl. 2178), has been designated by the competent State authority for the examination of installations in need of surveillance pursuant to the first sentence of Article 1 (2), first sentence, points 3 and 4 of the operating safety regulation, and by the Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, and by
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§ 3 Establishment and operation of petrol stations

(1) Gas stations shall be constructed and operated in such a way as to ensure that the fuel vapors displaced in the vehicle tank during refuelling of vehicles with petrol or a fuel mixture in accordance with the state of the art by means of a gas recirculation system, and be supplied to the storage tank of the gas station.(2) Gas stations may be operated only if the gas recirculation system used has been confirmed by a certificate issued by the manufacturer that the gas recirculation system has been certified by an approved inspection body or by a publicly appointed and sworn In accordance with the procedure laid down in Annex 1 (1), experts under test conditions shall not be less than 85% of the efficiency of the hundred. The certificate shall be kept at the place of business and shall be submitted to the competent authority upon request.(3) Gas recirculation systems without vacuum support shall be constructed and operated in such a way that
1.
only those dispensifiers in which a denser is used can be made to the vehicle tank of the vehicles, the tank filler neck of which is suitable for gas recirculation,
2.
the free gas passage in the vehicle. Return system is ensured with sufficiently low flow resistance,
3.
the counter pressure at the tap valve does not indicate the maximum value according to the manufacturer's specifications
4.
The return lines from the spigs to the storage tank have a stalled slope of at least 1 percent and
5.
The pin valves have no cracks, holes or other defects that can lead to leaks.
(4) Gas return systems with Vacuum support shall be established and operated in such a way that
1.
shall be the volume ratio between the volume of the the recirculated fuel vapour/air mixture and the fuelled fuel 95 does not fall below the hundred and does not exceed 105 of the hundred,
2.
no external air via the equipment of the fuel pump into the gas recirculation line, and thus the entire gas recirculation system is tight,
3.
during the gas recirculation, apart from safety-related releases, no fuel vapors via the gas recirculation system and the connected devices are released into the atmosphere and
4.
the function of the gas recirculation system is continuously checked by an automatic monitoring device that meets the requirements of paragraph 5.
(5) The automatic monitoring device referred to in paragraph 4 (4) shall automatically have
1.
faults in the functioning of the gas recirculation system automatically , and to signal the disturbances detected to the filling station staff,
2.
in the event of malfunction of the gas recirculation system, which is the Petrol station personnel will be signaled for more than 72 hours to automatically interrupt the fuel flow,
3.
Auto-function faults automatically ,
4.
in the event of malfunction, which is longer than that in point 2 of the filling station staff. shall be signaled to automatically interrupt the flow of fuel.
A disturbance of the functioning of the gas recirculation system shall be in place if the continuous assessment of the fuelling operations is carried out by the automatic The monitoring device shows that the volume ratio between the recirculated fuel vapour/air mixture and the fuelled fuel, averaged over the duration of the refuelling process, in the case of ten refuelling processes in a sequence either 85 is less than the hundred and exceeds 115 per cent. The assessment referred to in the second sentence shall include only such refuelling operations, the duration of which shall be 20 seconds or more, and in which the fuel flow rate shall be 25 litres per minute or more.(6) By way of derogation from paragraph 1, refuelling stations may also be constructed and operated in such a way that the fuel vapors displaced in the vehicle tank are fully detected and that an exhaust gas purification device with a material recovery of the fuel vapors is detected. The degree of purification of which is not less than 97 of the hundred. A combination of this plant technology and the one referred to in paragraph 1 shall be permitted.(7) Paragraph 1 shall not apply to
1.
existing petrol stations within the meaning of Section 2 (4), which shall be subject to an annual throughput of petrol or fuel mixtures of 500 cubic metres or less,
2.
existing petrol stations within the meaning of § 2 (4), which are located under permanent living or working spaces, and which have an annual throughput of Petrol or fuel mixtures of 100 cubic metres or less,
3.
the refuelling of vehicles which are not fuelled by a gas recirculation system
4.
Gas stations that are used to refuelling new vehicles in automobile plants.
unofficial table of contents

§ 4 measurement openings

The operator of a gas station has to check the requirements of § 3 (3) (2) or (3) or (4) (1) before the Installation of suitable, tightly sealable measuring openings. Non-official table of contents

§ 5 Monitoring

(1) The operator must notify the gas station before the competent authority is put into operation.(2) The operator shall establish compliance with the requirements laid down in § 3 (3) or (4) by an approved monitoring body or by a publicly appointed and sworn expert at the following intervals:
1.
for the first time up to six weeks after the gas recirculation system is put into operation and then
2.
every two-and-a-half years when delivering fuel mixtures,
3.
every five years when delivering Petrol.
Sentence 1 shall apply with the proviso that compliance with the requirement laid down in Section 3 (4) (3) shall be complied with by the approved monitoring body or by a publicly appointed and sworn expert by a Density testing shall be determined in accordance with the procedure laid down in Annex 1 (2). Compliance with the requirement laid down in Article 3 (4) (1) shall be determined with a measurement on each tube of the pump; this requirement shall be deemed to have been complied with if, in the case of each individual measurement, the duration of the refuelling operation the average volume ratio between the recirculated fuel vapour/air mixture and the fuel tanked within the tolerance laid down in § 3 (4) (1) remains. The review is to be carried out in accordance with the VDI guideline: VDI 4205 sheet 2, July 2003 edition, and the VDI guideline: VDI 4205 sheet 3, edition November 2003.(3) The operator has to comply with the requirement for the degree of purification of an exhaust gas purification device according to § 3 (6) at the following intervals by means of measurements announced in accordance with Section 29b of the Federal Immission Protection Act (Federal Immission Protection Act) Note:
1.
for the first time at the earliest three months and no later than six months after the exhaust gas purification device is put into service and then
2.
every three years.
(4) returns a check as specified in paragraph 2 or 3 that the requests are not met,
1.
instate the petrol station immediately and
2.
through an approved monitoring center, by carry out a re-examination within six weeks of the inspection by a publicly appointed and sworn expert or by a body announced in accordance with Section 29b of the Federal Immission Protection Act, within six weeks of the review.
() The results of the verifications referred to in paragraphs 2 to 4 shall be subject to the drawing up of a report by the operator. The operator shall keep the respective report at the place of business five years from the date of preparation. A copy of the relevant report shall be forwarded to the operator of the competent authority within four weeks of the inspection.Notwithstanding the requirements set out in paragraphs 2, 4 and 5, the operator shall verify a gas recirculation system at the following intervals from a qualified person to a satisfactory condition and shall immediately, in the event of deficiencies, be subject to a technical operation maintenance:
1.
with negative pressure support and an automatic monitoring device in accordance with § 3, paragraph 4, at least once every two and a half years,
2.
without negative pressure support in accordance with § 3 (3) at least quarterly.
In the case of exhaust gas purification devices in accordance with § 3 (6), notwithstanding the The requirements set out in paragraphs 3 to 5 as set out in the first paragraph of paragraph 1. The results of the checks carried out in accordance with the first and second sentences and the repair measures carried out shall be recorded in writing and these results shall be recorded by the approved monitoring body or by the experts appointed and sworn in. shall be submitted during the examination referred to in paragraph 2.(7) The operator shall ensure that the disturbances which are signalled by an automatic monitoring device pursuant to Section 3 (4) number 4 are immediately remedied by a specialist establishment. The signalised faults and the repair measures carried out shall be recorded in writing.(8) The operator shall keep the records referred to in the second sentence of paragraph 7 and the second sentence of paragraph 9 at the place of operations three years from the date of preparation and shall submit them on request to the competent authority.(9) The operator shall have the annual throughput of petrol and fuel mixtures to the 1. February of each year shall be recorded for the previous calendar year. The records shall be kept at the place of business three years from the date of preparation and shall be submitted to the competent authority upon request. The obligations under sentences 1 and 2 shall be deleted if the requirements laid down in § 3 are fulfilled. Non-official table of contents

§ 6 Labelling obligation

(1) The operator has a sign, sticker or other in the area of the dispensiness columns. Communication no later than 1. The Commission will be able to provide a clear message to consumers about the existence of the gas recirculation system and the automatic monitoring system.(2) Paragraph 1 shall not apply to the service stations referred to in Article 3 (7). Non-official table of contents

§ 7 Approval of exceptions

The competent authority may, at the request of the operator, make exceptions to the requirements of § § 3 to 6, where, taking into account the particular circumstances of the individual case, individual requirements of the Regulation cannot be met or can only be met with disproportionately high expenditure and risks to employees and third parties and to harmful Environmental impacts are not to be expected. Non-official table of contents

§ 8 Accessibility of the standards

VDI guidelines referred to in this regulation are published by Beuth Verlag GmbH, Berlin, and deposited at the German National Library in an archive-protected way. Non-official table of contents

§ 9 Administrative Offences

is an administrative offence within the meaning of Section 62 (1) (7) of the Federal Immission Protection Act, who intentionally or negligently
1.
does not properly set up a gas station or does not operate correctly, contrary to § 3, paragraph 1,
2.
contrary to § 3, paragraph 2, sentence 1, a petrol station operates,
3.
contrary to § 3, paragraph 2, sentence 2 or § 5, paragraph 6 Sentence 3, paragraph 8, or paragraph 9, sentence 2, does not submit a document referred to therein or does not submit it in good time,
4.
contrary to § 3 (3) or (4), a gas recirculation system not properly built or not properly operated,
5.
contrary to § 4, a measurement opening is not set in time, or does not set up in time,
6.
contrary to § 5, paragraph 1, an ad not correct, not correct, not fully or not timely,
7.
contrary to § 5, paragraph 2, sentence 1, or paragraph 3, the compliance of a request referred to there is not or cannot be determined in time,
8.
contrary to § 5, paragraph 4, a gas station does not or does not instate in time, or fails to perform a rerun check, or does not make it in good time,
9.
contrary to § 5, paragraph 5, sentence 2, paragraph 8, or paragraph 9, sentence 2, a document named there not or not stored for the prescribed duration,
10.
contrary to § 5, paragraph 5, sentence 3, a copy not or not in good time,
11.
contrary to § 5 Paragraph 6, first sentence, of a gas recirculation system shall not be reviewed or shall not be reinstated in good time, or shall not be repaired in good time,
12.
contrary to § 5 (7) sentence 1 does not ensure that a signaled malfunction is remedied immediately,
13.
contrary to § 5 (9) sentence 1, the annual throughput is not, not correct or not
14.
14.
contrary to § 6 (1), do not apply a sign, sticker or notice, not correct or not in good time.
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§ 10 Transitional Regulation

Existing filling stations have the requirements of § 3 paragraph 1 at the latest from 1. January 2019, if they have
1.
an annual throughput of gasoline or fuel mixtures of more than 500 cubic metres up to 1 000 cubic metres or
2.
under permanent living or working spaces, and an annual throughput of petrol or fuel mixtures of more than 100 cubic metres up to 1 
The year 2012 is the year of reference for annual throughput. If the petrol station is not operated throughout the year 2012, the actual throughput is to be calculated to the year. Petrol stations, which are between 1. 1 January 1993 and 27 January 1993 In the case of fuel mixtures, the requirements of § 3 (1) shall not be met at the latest from 1 April 2012. January 2019. Non-official table of contents

Appendix 1 (to § § 3 and 5)
Determination of the efficiency and tightness of gas recirculation systems in accordance with the VDI guideline: VDI 4205 sheet 4, edition August 2005

(Fundstelle: BGBl. I 2014, 1458)
1.
Determination of efficiency
1.1
The efficiency of a gas recirculation system is based on the difference between the base emission and the residual emission according to the relationship

η=
η=efficiency in percent
EB =Base emission (mean value of the basic emission of the examined vehicle collective in grams per liter)
ER=residual emission (mean value of the residual emission of the tested fuel quantity of the examined fuel quantity) collective in grams per litre)

1.2
The measurement of the base emission is done when the emissions are switched off. Gas recirculation, the measurement of the residual emission under the same conditions when the gas recirculation is in operation. Both measurements shall be carried out on a sufficiently large representative vehicle collective. The residual emission shall be determined for each vehicle type for two positions of the bleed valve at the tank neck of the vehicle (normal position and a position rotated by at least 45 degrees with respect to the normal position).
1.3
The individual measurements for the determination of the basic and residual emission are in each case arithmetic for a measurement series. The representative vehicle collective is the result of the statistics of the vehicles newly registered in Europe in 2009. The measurements shall be carried out in the case of the maximum fuel flow indicated by the petrol pump manufacturer, but at least 38 litres per minute. A marketable tap valve is to be used.
1.4
The Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety can consult with knowledgeable representatives of the parties concerned for the first time as from 1. 1 January 2012 and thereafter at intervals of four years by way of derogation from point 1.3 shall disclose modified representative vehicle collectives.
1.5
The Vehicle tanks of the vehicle body to be examined must be conditioned prior to the measurements so as to contain fuel vapors with saturation concentration. For the measurements it is necessary to use summer or winter fuel with constant fuel quality in accordance with the season. The fuel temperature must be kept constant over the entire measuring period. The fuel temperature must not exceed 2 Kelvin from the target temperature. For the measurement duration, the ambient temperature should be in the range of more than 5 and less than 25 degrees Celsius.
2.
leak testing of Gas recirculation systems
2.1
Before the first entry into service of a gas recirculation system, after any substantial change to the system and no later than A leak test of the complete gas recirculation system shall be carried out for two-and-a-half years in the supply of fuel mixtures and five years in the delivery of petrol.
2.2
To check the tightness of the gas recirculation lines, the complete line system between the foot point of the pump and the storage tank is 200 kilopascal Overpressure should be applied in a suitable manner. A maximum pressure drop of 100 hectopascals is allowed within 30 minutes.
2.3
The tightness of the gas recirculation system between the base point The pump and the tap valve shall be tested in accordance with the requirements of the manufacturer, depending on the system, with overpressure or negative pressure. The test before commissioning is no longer required if a certificate issued by the manufacturer or the qualified person on the leak test is available.
3.
Setting the fuel ratio correction factor for fuel mixtures is for the adjustment, self-control and monitoring of the gas recirculation systems (to Example dry measurement according to the VDI guideline: 4205 sheet 3, November 2003 issue) a reduced correction factor (K factor) is required. The necessary reduction of the K factor in fuel mixtures with a bioethanol content of more than 5% by volume shall be carried out in accordance with the K factor indicated in the certificate for the respective fuel type.