JORF n ° 0298 December 24, 2013 page 21146 text no. 43 order of 14 December 2013 relative to the General requirements applicable to facilities under the scheme of the registration under the heading No. 2220 (preparation or preservation of food of plant origin) of the nomenclature of classified installations for the protection of the environment NOR: DEVP1307960A ELI: https://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/eli/arrete/2013/12/14/DEVP1307960A/jo/texte interested Publics : operators of installations classified for the protection of the environment (ICPE) under the regime of registration under the heading 2220 of the nomenclature of the ICPE (preparation or preservation of food products of plant origin).
Subject: creation of the General requirements applicable to facilities under the scheme of the registration under the heading No. 2220.
Entry into force: the text comes into force on January 1, 2014.
Notice: this order seeks to define the technical rules that must be implemented by the operators of the ICPE under the regime of registration under the heading 2220 to prevent and reduce the risk of accident or pollution.
References: this text can be accessed on the Legifrance (http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr) site.
The Minister of ecology, sustainable development and energy, having regard to Regulation (EC) no 1272/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2008 on classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures, amending and repealing directives 67/548/EEC and 1999/45/EC, and amending Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006;
Having regard to directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2000 establishing a framework for Community policy in the field of water.
Having regard to directive 2006/11/EC of 15 February 2006 on pollution caused by certain dangerous substances discharged into the aquatic environment of the community;
Having regard to the code of the environment, inter alia, articles L. 211 - 1, L. 220 - 1, L. 511 - 2, L. 512 - 7, D. 211 - 10, D. 211 - 11, R. 211 - 94 and R. 512-46-1 to r. 512-46-30.
Having regard to Decree No. 94-469 3 June 1994 relating to the collection and treatment of wastewater mentioned in articles L. 372-1-1 and L. 372 - 3 of the code of Commons, particular article 6 thereof;
Mindful of Decree No. 96-1010 of 19 November 1996 concerning equipment and protective systems intended for use in potentially explosive atmospheres;
Considering the Decree of 20 April 1994 concerning the declaration, classification, packaging and labelling of the substances;
Considering the Decree of 23 January 1997 concerning the limitation of noise emitted into the environment by installations classified for the protection of the environment;
Considering the Decree of 21 November 2002 as amended concerning the reaction to fire of building and landscaping products amended;
Considering the Decree of 14 February 2003 relating to the performance of roofs and roof coverings exposed to an external fire.
Considering the Decree of 11 September 2003 on the application of Decree No. 96-102 of 2 February 1996 and laying down the General requirements for samples submitted to declaration in application of articles L. 214 - 1 to L. 214 - 6 of the code of the environment and under the headings 22.214.171.124,126.96.36.199, 188.8.131.52\r or 184.108.40.206 of the nomenclature annexed to Decree No 93 - 743 March 29, 1993, as amended;
Considering the Decree of 11 September 2003 on the application of Decree No. 96-102 of 2 February 1996 and laying down the General requirements for the survey, drilling, creation of wells or underground work subject to declaration in application of articles L. 214 - 1 to L. 214 - 6 of the code of the environment and under heading 1.1.0 of the nomenclature annexed to the Decree n ° 93-743 March 29, 1993, as amended;
Considering the Decree of 22 March 2004 concerning resistance to fire of products, elements of construction and works;
Having regard to the Decree of 20 April 2005 amended taken in application of the Decree of 20 April 2005 on the programme national action against the pollution of the aquatic environment by dangerous substances;
Considering the Decree of January 31, 2008 amended on the register and the annual statement of emissions and waste;
Having regard to the order of 7 July 2009 on the procedures for analysis in air and water in the ICPE and reference standards;
Considering the Decree of 17 July 2009 laying down measures for the prevention or limitation of the introduction of pollutants into groundwater.
Having regard to the order of January 25, 2010 concerning the methods and criteria for assessing the ecological status, chemical status and ecological potential of surface water taken in application of articles R. 212 - 10, R. 212 - 11 and R. 212 - 18 of the code of the environment;
Considering the Decree of 26 July 2010 approving the national plan data on water;
Having regard to the opinion of the professional organisations concerned;
Having regard to the opinion of the High Council for the prevention of technological risks dated March 19, 2013;
Having regard to the comments made during the public consultation conducted from January 25, 2013, to February 14, 2013, in accordance with article L. 120 - 1 of the code of the environment, stop: Article 1 more on this article...
The General requirements of this order shall not apply to installations authorized before January 1, 2014, under the heading 2220 and recording from that date.
These provisions shall apply without prejudice to: ― particular requirements which may be accompanied by the order of registration in the conditions laid down by articles L. 512-7-3 and L. 512-7-5 of the code of the environment.
― of the other laws as well as diagrams, plans and other policy and planning documents approved.
Article 11 does not apply to plums drying facilities. The requirements of articles 5, 14 and 51 below are suitable for these facilities.
Article 2 more on this article...
For the purposes of this order, means: 'Activities covered by the heading 2220': ― the only packaging of raw materials, without any other treatment or processing on this product, is excluded, that they have been previously transformed;
― activities of cooking, canning, freezing, freezing, freeze-drying, dehydration, roasting and any other similar activity are covered by the heading 2220;
― If the only operation performed on packaged products is freezing or freezing without any other treatment or processing on this product, including by cutting and repackaging, blast freezing facilities outside this topic. Simple storage in a cold store is also excluded from the heading 2220;
"Chilling or refrigerating rooms": local storage or sorting of goods in which the temperature / humidity conditions are set and maintained according to conservation criteria for products, that they are refrigerated (positive temperature) or frozen or frozen (negative temperature);
«QMNA»: the flow (Q) monthly (M) minimum (N) of each calendar year (A). It is the flow of a stream flow;
'QMNA5': the value of the QMNA as it happens only one year out of five on average;
'Mixing zone': adjacent at the discharge where the concentrations of one or more pollutants may exceed the environmental quality standards. This area is proportionate and limited to the proximity of the point of discharge and does not compromise compliance with environmental quality standards on the rest of the body of water;
"EQs": environmental quality standard according to the Decree of January 25, 2010 above;
"Refrigeration circuit open": any system that allows the return of cooling in the natural environment after sampling water.
'Land application': any application of waste or effluent into or onto agricultural soils;
"Level of a smell or a fragrant mixture concentration": conventionally, the dilution factor must be applied to effluent so that it no longer felt as fragrant by 50% of a sample of population;
'Throughput of smell': conventionally, the product of the airflow rejected, expressed in m³/h, by the factor of dilution to the perception threshold;
"Emergence": the difference between the weighted equivalent continuous pressure levels has ambient noise (installation operation) and the residual noise (in the absence of the noise generated by the installation);
'Regulated emergence areas': ― the Interior of buildings inhabited or occupied by others, existing at the date of the filing of registration dossier, and their outside parties any nearest (Court, garden and terrace) excluding buildings located in areas intended to receive activities craft or industrial;
― Constructible zones defined by against third parties planning documents and published on the date of the filing of registration dossier;
― the Interior of buildings inhabited or occupied by third parties that have been implanted after the date of application for registration in the Constructible zones defined above, and their outside parties any nearest court, Garden, terrace, excluding those of buildings located in areas intended to receive of craft or industrial activities.
Chapter I: General provisions Article 3 read more on this article...
Installation is located, carried out, and operated in accordance with the plans and other documents attached to the application for registration.
The operator lists and justifies as necessary all arrangements for the design, construction and operation of the facilities in order to comply with the requirements of this order.
Article 4 more on this article...
The operator establishes and maintains a file containing the following documents: — a copy of the applications for registration and the folder that accompanies it.
― the registration file maintained and dated based on changes to the installation;
― the registration issued by the prefect order as well as any arrested prefectural pertaining to the installation;
— the results of the measurements on effluents and noise over the past five years.
The various documents provided by this order, namely: ― the registry bringing together all the statements of accidents or incidents made the inspection of classified installations;
― the location plan of risk (see);
― the register stating the nature and quantity of the detained dangerous products (cf. art. 9);
― the general plan of preparations (see);
― present product safety data sheets in the installation (cf. art. 9);
― the supporting documents attesting properties of the fire resistance of the premises at risk (see);
― the elements justifying the compliance, maintenance and verification of electrical installations, safety equipment and production materials (see);
― instructions operating (cf. art. 24);
― the register measurement of water sampling results (cf. art. 27);
― terms of collection systems of the effluent (see);
― the registry of results of measurements of key parameters to ensure the smooth running of the effluent treatment facility if it exists (cf. art. 40);
― the book spreading if it is appropriate (see);
― the register sheets of intervention established at the controls and operations on climate and refrigeration equipment using certain refrigerants (cf. art. 42(II)));
― the supporting establishment and renewal of equipment to reduce noise levels for the installations for drying plums (cf. art. 51.IIB);
― the registry of hazardous waste generated by the installation (cf. art. 54);
― the programme of monitoring of emissions (cf. art. 55);
― the technical elements to verify the absence of emissions in certain products by installing water (cf. art. 56).
This record is held at the disposal of the inspection of classified installations.
Article 5 read more on this article...
I. — General rules.
The facility is located at a minimum distance of 10 metres from the limits of ownership of the facility.
For plums drying installations, the installation is located at a minimum distance of 40 metres of the boundary of ownership of the facility.
In case of technical impossibility, an operator may request a development, in accordance with article r. 512-46-17 of the code of the environment, by proposing alternative measures to ensure a level of security of third parties and a limitation of noise for third-party equivalents.
The installation is located not above or below premises inhabited or occupied by others.
II. ― facilities located within establishments receiving the public (ERP) of type M.
If the installation is terraced premises inhabited or occupied by others, the walls, ceilings and adjoining floors are all REI 120.
Article 6 read more on this article...
Without prejudice to the urbanism regulations, the operator adopted the following provisions, necessary to prevent flights of dust and various materials: ― taxiways and parking areas for vehicles are furnished (forms of slope, coating, etc.) and properly cleaned;
― vehicles exiting the facility do not deposit of dust or mud on the taxiway. For that provisions such as the washing of wheels vehicles are provided in case of need;
― the surfaces wherever possible are grassed or vegetated.
the screens of vegetation — are set up, if possible.
Article 7 read more on this article...
The operator takes the appropriate provisions that allow to integrate the installation in the landscape.
The entire facility is kept clean and maintained permanently.
The vicinity of the installation, under the control of the operator, are constructed and maintained in a good state of cleanliness. The emissaries of rejection and their periphery are being particularly careful.
Chapter II: Prevention of accidents and pollution Section 1: General Article 8 more on this article...
The operator identifies, under his responsibility, the parts of the installation which, due to the characteristics qualitative and quantitative of the materials used in artwork, stored, used or produced, are likely to be responsible for a disaster that may have direct or indirect impact on the interests mentioned in article L. 511 - 1 of the environment code.
The operator has a general plan workshops and preparations indicating these risks.
Article 9 read more on this article...
Without prejudice to the provisions of the labour code, in particular has operator documents enabling them to know the nature and risks of the dangerous products in the installation, safety data sheets.
The operator maintains a record of the nature and quantity of the dangerous products held, to which is annexed a general plan of preparations. This register is kept at the disposal of the fire and relief services.
Article 10 more on this article...
The premises are kept clean and regularly cleaned in particular to respect the prohibition of storage outside the dedicated areas. Cleaning equipment is adapted to the risks posed by the products and dust.
All arrangements are made continuously to prevent the introduction and outbreaks of insects and pests as well as to ensure the destruction.
Section 2: Provisions constructive Article 11 read more on this article...
Generally, the constructive provisions relate that the ruin of a structural element does not ruin in chain of the structure of the building, including the surrounding premises, and is not conducive to the collapse of the structure outwards from the first room on fire.
The supporting documents attesting the fire resistance properties are preserved and kept at the disposal of the inspection of classified installations.
1. the premises at risk fire.
Fire risk premises are premises listed in article 8 as well as the storage of products and their packaging premises identified in the last paragraph of article 11.2.
Storage of combustible materials classified under the headings 1510, 1511 or 1530 are subject respectively to the General requirements in respect of each of these topics and are therefore not subject to the provisions of this order.
1.2 constructive provisions.
The premises at risk fire characteristics of reaction and resistance to the fire following minimum: ― all of the structure a minimum R 15;
― the exterior walls are made of materials A2 s1 d0 (B s3 d0 for chilling or refrigerating rooms if they are covered by the last paragraph of section 11.2;)
― the roofing and roofing covers meet the class and index Broof (t3);
― they are isolated from other spaces by a distance of at least 10 metres maintained free permanently and clearly identified or by walls, ceilings and floors which are all REI120;
― any communication with another local is through a door EI2 120 C fitted with a door or automatic closing.
2. other premises (including those housing the process referred to in section 2220).
Other premises, including those housing the process referred to in item 2220, the storage of the products (raw materials, intermediates and products finishes) and packaging (cartons, labels...) for less than two days of production covered by item 2220, and chilling or refrigerating rooms, the characteristics of reaction and resistance to the fire following minimum: ― all of the structure a minimum R 15;
― walls inside and outside of class A2s1d0 (Bs3d0 for refrigerated premises);
― the roofing and roofing covers meet the class and index BROOF (t3);
― any communication with another local is through a door EI2 30 C fitted with a door or automatic closing.
Refrigerated premises not covered by section 1511 are simple ground floor.
If local, refrigerated or not, dedicated to the storage of products (raw materials, intermediates and products finishes) and packaging (cartons, labels...) houses more than the quantity produced or used in two days by installing under heading 2220, this room is considered a local at risk of fire. The requirements of this article are not applicable and this local compliance with the requirements of section 11.1.2.
3 cases of the facilities within institution receiving public (ERP) type M.
For installations located within institution receiving public (ERP) of type M, the provisions of articles 11.1 and 11.2 do not apply. The constructive provisions to premises these facilities conform to technical rules contained in regulation ERP as well as in the specific articles relating to the M type.
The openings made in the separation walls (passage of ducts and pipes, conveyor belts, etc.) are fitted with devices ensuring a degree of resistance to fire equivalent to that required for such separative elements.
Article 12 read more on this article...
I. ― accessibility.
The facility has continuously to access at least to allow the intervention of the fire and relief services.
For the purposes of this order, "access to the facility" means an opening connecting port service or public and within the site sufficiently sized to allow the entry of rescue gear and their implementation.
Vehicles whose presence is related to the operation of the facility were stationed without causing discomfort to the accessibility of the gear by the emergency services from external traffic lanes at the facility, even outside the hours of operation and opening of the facility.
II. Accessibility of equipment close to the installation.
A channel 'gear' at least is kept open for traffic on the peri metrede installation and is positioned so that you can be blocked by the collapse of all or part of this facility.
This 'gear' track meets the following characteristics: ― the usable width is at least 3 metres, the height to the minimum of 3.5 metres and less than 15% slope;
― in the bends of less than 50 metres inside radius, inner radius R than 13 metres is maintained and a width of S = 15/R meters is added;
― the way resists the load-bearing capacity calculated for a vehicle of 160 kN with a maximum of 90 kN per axle, being distant from 3.6 meters at maximum.
― each peri metrede installation point is at a maximum distance of 60 meters of this track;
― no obstacle is prepared between access to installation or airway scales and the 'craft '.
In case of impossibility of implementation of one-way gear allowing traffic on the entire peri metrede installation and if all or part of the track is in deadlock, the 40 last metres of the part of the track in impasse are a useful minimum width of 7 metres and 20 metres in diameter turning area is provided at the end.
III. - Moving gear of relief within the site.
To allow the crossing of rescue gear, any section of track 'gear' of more than 100 linear meters has at least two so-called crossover, judiciously positioned, areas whose characteristics are: ― useful width of 3 meters in addition to track 'craft '.
― minimum length of 10 metres, with at least the same qualities of slope, force bearing and height track 'gear '.
IV. - Implementation from station scales.
Any facility located in a building of more than 8 meters high, at least a facade is served by at least one channel "scale" for traffic and development station of the aerial ladders. This scale is directly accessible from track gear defined in II.
Since this path, a scale going to at least the height of the building can be arranged. The track also meets the following characteristics: ― the usable width is the minimum of 4 meters, the length of the parking lot at least 10 metres, maximum 10% slope;
― in the bends of less than 50 metres inside radius, inner radius R than 13 metres is maintained and a width of S = 15/R meters is added;
― no air barrier hinders the manoeuvre of these scales in a vertical position of all the way;
― the distance from the facade is 1 metre minimum and 8 metres maximum for parallel to the building parking and less than 1 meter for perpendicular to the building parking;
― the way resists the load-bearing capacity calculated for a vehicle of 160 kN with a maximum of 90 kN per axle, being remote of 3.6 metres up and presents a minimum puncture resistance of 88 N/cm².
Furthermore, any facility located in a building of several levels with at least a floor located at a height greater than 8 meters over the level of access of relief, on at least two fronts, this "ladder" route provides access to openings.
These openings allow at least access by stage for each of facades featuring track scale and have a minimum height of 1.8 m and a minimum width of 0.9 metre. Shutter or the chassis component these access covers open and are still accessible from the outside and the inside. They are easily identifiable from the outside by the emergency services.
V. - Establishment of the hydraulic device from gear.
From each channel 'gear' or 'scale' is scheduled an access to all exits of the building or at least two opposite sides of the installation by a stabilized Road 1.40 metre wide minimum.
Article 13 read more on this article...
1. General rules.
Fire risk premises identified in article 11.1.1 with the exception of refrigerated premises and premises located within ERP, comply with the provisions of this article.
I. ― cantonment.
The premises are divided into townships of smoke to a maximum area of 1,600 square metres and a maximum length of 60 meters.
Each screen cantonment is DH 30 in reference to the standard NF EN 12 101 - 1, June 2006 version, and has a minimum height of 1 meter.
A zone of a minimum height of 1 meter below the level of the lowest point of the screen of cantonment is free of clutter.
The difference in height between the occupied of manufacturing and storage processes from the highest point and the lowest point of the screen of cantonment is greater than or equal to 1 meter.
II. — smoke.
The townships of smoke are equipped with upper part of natural smoke and heat (SHEVS) evacuation devices.
A SHEVS of utilised between 1 and 6 square meters is intended for 250 square metres of projected roof area.
The SHEVS are not located on the roof within 4 metres of "firewalls" separating the installation premises.
Smoke evacuation devices are composed of outfalls in automatic and manual control. The useful surface of all of these outfalls is not less than 2% of the area of each canton's smoke.
The action of a security command cannot be reversed by another command.
In normal operation, the reset (closing) is possible from the floor of the building, since the smoke control area or the cell to instances in the case of a building divided into several cantons or cells.
The manual controls of the SHEVS are easily accessible from the exits of the building or storage cells. These manual aperture controls are installed in accordance with the standard NF S 61-932, version December 2008.
The SHEVS in reference to standard NF EN 12 101 - 2, October 2003 version, have the following characteristics: ― System logon type B (opening + closing);
― reliability: class RE 300 (300 cycles of safety);
― overload opening snow classification: SL 250 (25 daN/m²) for altitudes less than or equal to 400 metres and SL 500 (50 daN/m²) for altitudes between 400 and 800 metres. The class SL 0 is usable if the siting region is not likely to be snowy or constructive provisions prevent the accumulation of snow. Above 800 meters, outfalls are class SL 500 and installed with constructive provisions preventing the accumulation of snow;
― class ambient temperature T (00);
― class B 300 heat exposure.
The outbreak of smoke extraction is not slaved to the same detection than that which is enslaved the sprinkler system there.
In the presence of an automatic extinguishing system, devices of automatic opening of outlets are adjusted in such a way that the opening of the organs of smoke cannot occur before the outbreak of the sprinkler.
III. — disposition of fresh air supply.
Of the inlets of fresh air with an equal area on the surface of the outfalls of the largest canton, local by local, are carried out either by opening on the front panel, or mouths connected to ducts, either by the gates of the local instances leading to the outside.
2 case of the facilities in establishments receiving the public (ERP) of type M.
Local housing facilities located in institutions receiving public (ERP) of type M are equipped, if the ERP rules, a smoke extraction system comply with technical rules on the smoke contained in the ERP regulation and the specific articles relating to the M type.
Article 14 read more on this article...
The installation is equipped with means for fighting fire appropriate to the risks and comply with the standards in force, including: ― to a means of alerting services for fire and rescue;
― of plans of the premises facilitating the intervention of the of fire and rescue services with a description of the dangers for each local, as provided in article 8;
― to one or more units of fire (water intakes, poles for example) of a public or private one dia metrenominal DN100 or DN150 implanted so that any point of the boundary of the facility is located within 100 metres of a device to provide a minimum of 60 cubic metres per hour for a period of at least two hours and the sockets comply with the standards in force to allow the Fire Department to aid to feed on these devices. Devices are distant between them 150 metres maximum (the distances are measured by routes on fire and emergency equipment). Otherwise, a destined to extinction at least 120 cubic meters water reserve is accessible in all circumstances and at a distance of the installation receiving the opinion of the departmental services for fire and rescue. This reserve has the sockets comply with the standards in force for the fire and rescue service to feed and provide a flow of 60 m³/h. The operator is able to justify to the prefect the effective availability of water flows as well as the sizing of any storage basin. The provisions of this point does not apply to plums drying facilities.
― for installations for drying plums, a position of water (hydrants, posts...), public or private, located within 200 metres of installation, or water (ponds, tanks, etc.) with a capacity of 60 m³;
― of fire extinguishers spread inside the facility if it is covered or close if it is not located in an enclosed room, on outdoor areas and in places risk specific close clearances, clearly visible and easily accessible. Extinguishing agents are appropriate to the risks from combat and compatible with the substances stored;
The means of fire fighting are able to operate efficiently regardless of temperature installation, and especially during freezing. The operator shall ensure regular checking and maintenance of material safety and firefighting in accordance with existing repositories.
Article 15 read more on this article...
Pipes carrying fluids dangerous or unhealthy and collection of effluent polluted or potentially are watertight and resist the action of physical and chemical products that are likely to contain. They are properly maintained and are subject to periodic examinations appropriate to ensure their good condition.
Section 3: Provisions of Article 16 in accident prevention read more of this article...
In those parts of the installation referred to in article 8 and identified as "that may be the cause of an explosion", electrical, mechanical, hydraulic and pneumatic installations comply with the provisions of the Decree of 19 November 1996 referred to above.
Article 17 read more on this article...
I. — General rules.
The operator shall keep at the disposal of the inspection of classified installations the elements justifying its electrical installations are carried out in accordance with the rules in force, kept in good condition and verified.
Metallic equipment are electrically grounded in accordance with the regulations and standards.
The materials used for daylighting do not produce, during a fire, drops inflamed.
The heating of the premises of production, storage and technical facilities can be achieved by hot water, steam generated by a thermal generator or another system with an equivalent level of safety.
II. — provisions applicable to cooling premises.
Technical equipment (systems of electrical reheating the frames of doors, defrost heaters, pressure balancing valves, etc.) present inside the cold rooms or on the walls of these is not a possible cause ignition or spread of leak.
In particular, if the local materials are not A2s1d0, the electric cables through are equipped with scabbards non propagators of flame, so as to ensure the absence of direct contact between the cable and the siding of the Panel or the insulation, metal siding to be drilled cleanly and deburred. Electric heating resistors are not in direct contact with insulation.
In addition, if the sandwich panels are not A2s1d0, luminaires are positioned to observe a minimum distance of 20 cm between the top of the luminaire and the lower insulation board siding. Other electrical devices are kept at a distance of at least 5 cm between the back of the equipment and the siding of the Panel. This provision is not applicable to insulated cables of less than 6 mm square section which can be installed in conduit attached to the panels.
The wires form a S at the level of the the luminaire's mains for water droplet and avoid the penetration of moisture.
Electrical outlets for the feeding of the refrigerating vehicles are installed on an A2s1d0 medium.
Article 18 read more on this article...
Without prejudice to the provisions of the labour code, the premises are adequately ventilated to avoid the risk of explosive or toxic atmosphere. The outlet to the atmosphere of the ventilation is placed as far as possible of the buildings inhabited or occupied by third parties and the suction of outside air intakes and high enough given the height of the surrounding buildings to promote dispersal rejected gas and at least 1 matau-top of the ridge.
The shape of the vent system, including in the nearest part of the outlet to the atmosphere, is designed to maximize the ascension and the dispersion of pollutants into the atmosphere (for example, the use of caps is prohibited).
Article 19 more on this article...
Each technical room, technical Cabinet or part of the facility identified under the provisions of article 8 due to the consequences of a loss likely to occur has an automatic fire detection. This detection actuates a perceptible alarm in any point of the building. The operator draws up a list of these detectors with their functionality and determines the maintenance operations to maintain their effectiveness over time.
The operator is able to demonstrate the relevance of the sizing for detection and appropriate extinguishing devices. It organizes biannual frequency at least checks, maintenance and tests which records are kept available to the inspection of classified installations.
In the case of installation of automatic fire extinguishing systems, these are designed, installed and maintained regularly in accordance with recognized repositories.
Section 4: Retention of Article 20 in accidental pollution devices read more on this article...
I. ― any storage of a liquid that might create a water or soil pollution is associated with a holding capacity with a volume at least equal to the greater of the following two values: 100% of the capacity of the largest tank.
50% of the total capacity of the associated reservoirs.
This provision is not applicable to the treatment of waste water ponds.
For storage of containers of lower unit capacity exceeding 250 litres, holding capacity is at least equal to: ― in the case of flammable liquids with the exception of lubricants, 50% of the total capacity of drums;
― in the other case, 20% of the total capacity of drums;
— in all cases, 800 litres minimum, or equal to the total capacity when that one is less than 800 l.
II. ― holding capacity is tight to the products that it may contain and resistant to physical and chemical fluid action. It is same for its shutter feature, which is kept closed.
(Or) tank (s) partner (s) can be controlled at any time.
Products recovered accident cannot be dismissed only in accordance with this order or are disposed of as waste.
The tanks or receptacles containing incompatible products are not associated with a same retention.
Storage of flammable liquids and other products toxic or dangerous for the environment is allowed under the ground level in tanks in ditch masoned or assimilated, and for flammable liquids, in the above conditions.
III. ― when preparations are in the open air, the retentions are emptied as soon as possible of stormwater is pouring.
IV. — the ground areas and local storage or handling of materials hazardous to human or likely to create a pollution of the water or soil is waterproof and equipped to collect washwater and widespread accidentally materials.
V. ― all measures are taken to collect all the water and runoff likely to be polluted in a claim, including waters used during a fire, so that they are recovered or treated to prevent any pollution of the soil, sewers, streams or the natural environment. This containment can be achieved by either internal or external to the installation. Internal devices are prohibited when hazardous materials are stored.
When installing external containment device, channeled material is collected, either gravity or through autonomous lift systems, and then converge on this specific capacity. Case of autonomous lift systems, the operator is able to justify at any instant a maintenance and maintenance of these devices. Regular tests are also conducted on such equipment.
In the event of internal confinement, flow vents are closed by default. In case of external containment, flow vents from these devices are equipped with an automatic filling device to ensure this confinement when likely to be polluted waters are likely. Any way is implemented to prevent the spread of fire by these flows.
The volume required to this confinement is determined as follows. The operator calculates the sum: ― the volume of stored liquids;
― the volume of water required for fire-fighting;
― the volume of water bound weather 10 litres per square metre of surface drainage to the work of containment where containment is external.
Extinction water collected are removed to the appropriate waste treatment centres.
Section 5: Provisions of Article 21 in operating more on this article...
Operator shall designate one or more persons referring with a knowledge of the conduct of the installation, the dangers and disadvantages that operation induced, products used or stored at the facility and the provisions to be applied in the event of incident.
Plums drying facilities are placed under the direct supervision of a person competent and able to intervene in case of accident or incident when the installation is running.
People outside the establishment were not free access to facilities.
Article 22 read more on this article...
In those parts of the installation listed in article 8, installation or repair work can be carried out only after development of a document or folder includes the following: ― the definition of hazardous activity and the corresponding specific prevention resources phases;
― the adaptation of equipment, facilities and devices in the nature of the operations to carry out as well as the definition of their conditions of service;
― the instructions to give to the people in charge of the work;
― the organization established to ensure the first aid in an emergency;
This document or folder is established, on the basis of an analysis of the risks associated with the work, and referred by the operator or by a person that he will be named. When the work is done by an outside contractor, the document or folder is signed by the operator and the external firm or whom they have named.
The previous compliance can be achieved through the development of the prevention plan defined in articles r. 4512-6 et seq. of the labour code when this plan is required.
In those parts of the installation with risks of fire or explosion, it is forbidden to make fire form any, except for work having been subject to a specific document or folder complies with the preceding provisions. This prohibition is displayed in clear characters.
Of the good realization of the work is checked by the operator or his representative before the resumption of activity. She is the subject of a registration and is held at the disposal of the inspection of classified installations.
Section 23 read more on this article...
I. — General rules.
The operator provides or the periodic audit is carried out and the maintenance of security and put fire-fighting equipment in place (outfalls, systems of detection and extinguishing, fire doors, column dry for example) as well as electrical and heating, in accordance with existing repositories.
Periodic checks of these materials should be entered in a register on which the follow-up given to these audits are also mentioned.
II. ― control of the production tool.
Without prejudice to the regulations for pressure equipment, the production tool (e.g. reactor, drying equipment, control/sterilization equipment, distillation apparatus, condensers, separators and absorbers, House of fermentation or tempered, ovens, cookers, tunnels of cooking, autoclaves, fryers, tubs and trays of preparation...) is regularly controlled in accordance with the recommendations of the manufacturer of this equipment.
Periodic checks of these materials should be entered in a register on which the follow-up given to these audits are also mentioned.
Section 24 read more on this article...
I. ― operating instructions.
Without prejudice to the provisions of the labour code, instructions are established, maintained and displayed in areas frequented by the staff.
These instructions indicate particular: ― the ban to bring the fire in a form, including the prohibition of smoking in areas of risk of fire or explosion;
― the prohibition of any burning in the open air;
― the requirement of the "permit" for the affected parts of the installation;
― the conditions of conservation and storage of the products, including the precautions for use and storage of incompatible materials;
― the procedures for emergency stop, safety of the installation (electricity, networks of fluids);
― measures to take in case of leakage on a container or piping containing hazardous substances;
― the terms of implementation of isolation of the collection network devices, laid down in article 20;
― extinguishing to use in case of fire;
― the warning procedure with the phone numbers of the person in charge of intervention of the establishment, the fire and rescue services, etc.;
― the obligation to inform the inspection of installations classified accident;
― rules defined in article 24 - II storage;
― the procedures for cleaning and recovery of materials in workshops provided for by article 29 - II.
II. ― terms of storage.
— Place of storage.
Storage of consumables in the premises of manufacturing is prohibited except during manufacturing.
All storage is prohibited in the attic.
B. ― rules of storage outdoors.
The maximum area of the islets on the ground is 150 square metres, maximum storage height is 8 meters, the distance between two islands is 2.5 meters minimum.
These islands are located: ― 3 minimum metres from the property limits;
― to a sufficient distance, but not less than 3 metres, external walls of the building to allow an intervention across the facades of the island disaster.
― Rules of storage within the premises.
A minimum distance of 1 metreest maintained between the Summit of preparations and the base of the roof or ceiling or any system of blowing or suction of air; This distance within minimum distance required for the proper functioning of the automatic fire extinguishing system, when there are.
Material stockpiled in bulk (bare products placed on the floor in heaps) are separated from other materials by a minimum distance of 3 metres on the open sides. A minimum distance of 1 metreest respected over the walls and structural elements.
Bulk packaged contents (products stacked one on the other) are stored as follows: ― the islets on the ground have a surface is limited to 150 square metres;
― maximum storage height is equal to 8 metres;
― the minimum distance between two islands is 2.5 meters.
Contents packed in stackable self-supporting containers (self-supporting container to be stacked) are stored as follows: ― the islets on the ground have a surface is limited to 150 square metres;
― maximum storage height is equal to 10 meters;
― the minimum distance between two islands is 2.5 meters.
Materials stored under positive temperature in bearing storage media such as shelving or racking (racks) are stored to a height of 10 meters in the absence of sprinkler.
Materials stored under negative temperature in bearing storage media such as shelving or the racking are stored at a maximum height of 10 meters in the absence of a (high sensitivity) detection with alarm transmission operation or an outdoor surveillance society.
Storage height of liquid dangerous substances within the meaning of Regulation (EC) no 1272/2008 is limited to 5 meters from the internal ground.
Chapter III: Emissions in water Section 1: General principles Article 25 learn more on this article...
The operation of the installation is compatible with the objectives of quality and quantity of the waters referred to in IV of article L. 212 - 1 of the environment code.
The values prescribed emission limits are those laid down in this order or those journals to downward and presented by the operator in his file in order to integrate the objectives presented in the paragraph above and respect, in the Middle off mixing zone, threshold values and environmental quality standards defined by the Decree of 20 April 2005 above supplemented by the Decree of January 25, 2010 above.
For each pollutant, the rejected flow is less than 10% of eligible flux through the middle.
The design and operation of facilities to restrict water flows and pollutant flows.
Section 2: Levies and Article 26 in water consumption more on this article...
Collection is not located in an area where permanent quantitative distribution measures were imposed in respect of article L. 211 - 2 of the environment code.
The daily maximum sampling carried out in the public network and/or the natural environment is determined by the operator in his registration dossier. Provisions are implemented in order to allow a use rational water depending on the products and processes in the presence. The techniques meet the State of the art of the profession in consumption and discharge of water. Monitoring of the water consumption of the installation is implemented and followed in time by the operator to ensure the rational use of water.
If water sampling is carried out, including by derivation, a watercourse in its accompanying table or in a body of water or channel powered by this stream or this slick, it is a maximum capacity of less than 1 000 m³/h and less than 5% of the flow of the stream or, Alternatively, of the overall throughput of the canal or water supply.
If water removal is done by drilling, wells, or underground work in an aquifer system, excluding accompaniment of stream water groundwater by pumping, drainage, diversion or any other process, the total volume taken is less than 200 000 m³ per year.
Refrigeration open circuit is prohibited.
Article 27 more on this article...
If the volume collected by drilling more than 10 000 m³/year, the arrangements for implementation, operation, monitoring, surveillance and the switching off of the levy works must comply with the provisions set out in the Decree of 11 September 2003 on the levies subject to declaration under the heading 220.127.116.11 in application of articles L. 214 - 1 to L. 214 - 3 of the code of the environment.
Water withdrawal facilities are equipped with a totalizing measuring device. This device is raised daily if the sample flow is likely to exceed 100 m³ per day, weekly if this flow is less. These results are shown on a record possibly computerized and stored in the folder of the installation.
Levy in stream water works do not interfere with the free flow of water. Only can be built into the bed of the watercourse of the works of levy do not require the authorization referred to in article L. 214 - 3 of the code of the environment. The operation of these structures is consistent with the provisions of article L. 214 - 18 of the same code.
When connecting on a public network or supply by drilling in water, the book is equipped with a backflow prevention device.
Article 28 more on this article...
Any completion of drilling is consistent with the provisions of article 131 of the mining code and the Decree of 11 September 2003 laying down the General requirements for the survey, drilling, creation of wells or underground work subject to declaration in application of articles L. 214 - 1 to L. 214 - 3 of the code of the environment and under the heading 18.104.22.168 nomenclature laid down in article R. 214 - 1 of the environment code.
When drilling in water, all provisions are taken to avoid to implement communication distinct bodies of water and to prevent any introduction of pollution of surface, including by planning appropriate with regard to installations of storage or use of hazardous substances.
Termination of use of a drill, the operator takes appropriate measures to the shutter or the filling of this book to avoid pollution of the groundwater.
The realization of all new drilling or decommissioning of a drill is brought to the attention of the prefect with all elements of the hydrogeological impact assessment.
Section 3: Collection and discharge Article 29 in more on this article...
I. ― collects effluent.
It is prohibited to establish direct links between wastewater collection systems to undergo treatment or be destroyed and the receiving environment, except for incidental cases where the safety of persons or facilities would be impaired.
Aqueous effluent discharged from facilities are not likely degrade the installation networks or release toxic or flammable products in these networks, possibly by mixing with other effluents. These effluents contain no substances likely to interfere with the proper functioning of the structures of the site.
Collectors conveying water polluted by flammable or likely to be, are equipped with effective protection against the danger of the spread of flames.
The collection of wastewater systems plan reveals collected sectors, the points of connection, manholes, inlets, lifting, measuring positions, manual and automatic valves... It is kept in the folder of the installation.
II. ― pre-treatment and treatment facilities.
In order to minimize the burden of the effluent, especially particles and organic material, the soils of the workshops, cold rooms and all workshops are dry-cleaned by scraper before washing.
Without prejudice to the health regulatory obligations, soils areas likely to collect waste water or washing of the installation are topped by an impermeable and sloped to permit to drive these effluents to a hole equipped with a siphon and connected to the drainage system.
The installation has a device of pre-treatment of effluents containing, at a minimum, a screening and, if applicable, a screening or any other alternative treatment.
Section 30 read more on this article...
The points of discharge into the natural environment are also reduced as possible.
Rejection structures allow a good dissemination of the effluent in the receiving environment and a minimization of the mixing zone.
Waste water discharge devices are designed so as to reduce as far as possible the disruption to the receiving environment in the vicinity of the point of rejection, based on the use of water in the immediate vicinity and downstream of it, and do not interfere with navigation.
Article 31 read more on this article...
On each pipe effluent discharge are provided a point of sampling and measurement (flow, temperature, concentration of pollutants...) points.
These points are located in a section whose characteristics (correctness of upstream behaviour, quality of walls, flow regime, etc.) can achieve representative measurements in such a way that the speed is not significantly slowed by thresholds or obstacles located downstream and that effluent be sufficiently uniform.
These points are arranged so as to be easily accessible and provide interventions safely. All provisions must also be taken to facilitate the intervention of outside organizations at the request of the inspection of classified installations.
Article 32 more on this article...
Stormwater unstained with no impairment of their original quality are evacuated by a specific network.
Likely storm water to be polluted by runoff on the lanes, parking areas, loading and unloading, storage areas and other impervious surfaces, are collected by a specific network and handled by one or several devices of adequate treatment for treating pollutants in the presence.
These treatment devices are in accordance with the standard NF P 16-442 (version November 2007) or any other European or international standard. They are drained (hydrocarbons and sludge) and curates when the volume of the sludge reaches half of the useful volume of the scrubber and in all cases at least once per year, unless justification provided by the operator relating to the postponement of this operation on the basis of regular Visual checks recorded and kept at the disposal of the inspection. The report of this operation will not exceed two years. Monitoring of hydrocarbon separators decanters cleaning sheets, the certificate of compliance to the standard and treatment of wastes destroyed or retired slips are put at the disposal of the inspection of classified installations.
When runoff throughout the installation surfaces (roofs, parking areas, etc.), rain corresponding to the maximum ten-year precipitation is likely to generate a rate out of these water treatment works exceeding 10% of the QMNA5 of the receiving environment, the operator sets up a book collection to meet decadal rain a rate less than 10% of this QMNA5.
If released in a collective work of collection, the maximum flow rate is set by agreement between the operator and Manager of the collection work.
Thus collected water may be discharged to the receiving environment after control of their quality and if necessary appropriate treatment. Their rejection is spread at the time as necessary to comply with the limit values laid down in article 36, subject to the compatibility of the releases with pollution levels defined below with the objectives of quality and quantity of the waters referred to in IV of article L. 212 - 1 of the environment code.
Article 33 read more on this article...
Venting direct or indirect effluent into groundwater are prohibited.
Section 4: Values emission limits Article 34 in more on this article...
All aqueous effluent are channelled.
The dilution of the effluent is prohibited.
Article 35 learn more on this article...
The requirements of this section apply only to direct discharges to the natural environment.
The operator justifies that the daily maximum rate exceeds not 1/10 of the interannual mean flow of the watercourse.
The temperature of the effluent discharged is less than 30 ° C and their pH is between 5.5 and 8.5 or 5.5 and 9.5 if there are alkaline neutralization.
Changing color of the receiving environment, measured at a representative point of the mixing zone, does not exceed 100 mg Pt/l.
The receiving waters, releases do not induce: ― a rise in temperature of more than 1.5 ° C for the salmonid waters at 3 ° C for cyprinid waters and 2 ° C for water shellfish;
― temperature 21.5 ° C for the salmonid waters, at 28 ° C for cyprinid waters and at 25 ° C for water intended for the abstraction of drinking water;
― a pH outside the following ranges: 6/9 for salmon, cyprinid waters and bathing water; 6.5/8.5 for water intended for food production and 7/9 for shellfish waters;
― increased more than 30% of suspended solids and a change higher than 10% the salinity for shellfish waters.
The provisions of the preceding paragraph shall not apply to the marine waters of the overseas departments.
Article 36 more on this article...
I. ― wastewater discharged to the natural environment, comply with the following concentration limit values, depending on the authorized maximum daily flow.
For each of the pollutants released by the facility, the daily maximum flow is to be specified in the registration dossier.
1 (MEST) total suspended solids applications chemical and biochemical oxygen (COD and BOD5) total suspended material: maximum daily flow less than or equal to 15 kg/d 100 mg/l maximum daily flow greater than 15 kg/d 35 mg/l in the case of a treatment by lagooning 150 mg/l BOD5 (on effluent not decanted): maximum daily flow less than or equal to 30 kg/d 100 mg/l maximum daily flow greater than 30 kg/day 30 mg/l cod (on not decanted effluent) stream daily maximum less than or equal to 100 kg per day 300 mg/l daily flow maximum greater than 100 kg per day 125 mg/l, however, values different concentration limits may be proposed by the operator in his registration dossier when installing sewage has a performance at least equal to 95% for cod BOD5 and MEST 2. Nitrogen and phosphorus global nitrogen containing organic nitrogen, ammonia nitrogen, nitrogen oxidized: maximum daily flow greater than or equal to 50 kg/day 30 mg/l in monthly mean concentration maximum daily flow greater than or equal to 150 kg/day 15 mg/l concentration average monthly daily maximum flow greater than or equal to 300 kg/day 10 mg/l in monthly mean concentration.
However, values different concentration limits may be proposed by the operator in his registration dossier when installing sewage has a performance at least equal to 80% for nitrogen phosphorus (total phosphorus): maximum daily flow greater than or equal to 15 kg/day 10 mg/l in monthly mean concentration maximum daily flow greater than or equal to 40 kg/day 2 mg/l concentration average monthly maximum daily flow greater than 80 kg/day 1 mg/l in monthly mean concentration however, values different concentration limits may be proposed by the operator in his registration dossier when installing sewage has a performance at least equal to 90% for phosphorus.
3. other pollutants SEH (in the case of releases that may contain fat products) 300 mg/l II. ― Moreover, for all other substances likely to be rejected by the installation, the operator presents in its concentration to which values they will be rejected. In any case, for the substances contained therein, the limit values of annex IV are observed.
Article 37 more on this article...
I. ― a collective sewage urban or industrial connection is allowed if this infrastructure for sanitation (network and sewage) is able to deliver and treat industrial effluent and sludge resulting from this treatment in good conditions. Authorization of spill and, where appropriate, a convention of spill are established with the competent authorities in charge of the sanitation and collection system network.
Values concentration limits for the effluent to the output of the installation before connection to a urban sewage do not exceed: ― MEST: 600 mg/l;
― BOD5: 800 mg/l;
― Cod: 2 000 mg/l;
― global nitrogen (expressed in N): 150 mg/l;
― total phosphorus (expressed in P): 50 mg/l.
The temperature of the effluent discharged is less than 30 ° C and their pH is between 5.5 and 8.5 or 5.5 and 9.5 if there are alkaline neutralization.
However, values release limits may be higher than the above values if authorized by permissions and eventual agreement spill and where it has been shown that the functioning of networks, wastewater treatment as well as facilities of the sludge treatment system is not affected by these exceedances.
For pollutants other than those regulated above, the limits are the same as for release into the natural environment.
For the flow rate, permission to spill into the public system sets the value to respect.
II. — also, for all other substances likely to be rejected by the installation, the operator presents in its concentration to which values they will be rejected. In any case, for the substances contained therein, the limit values of annex IV are observed.
Section 38 read more on this article...
The limit values above apply to samples, measures or means analyses carried out over 24 hours.
In the case where a self-monitoring is implementation, 10% of the series of the results of the measurements may exceed the prescribed limits, but not more than twice these values. In the case of a daily (or more frequently) self-monitoring aqueous effluents, these 10% are counted on a monthly basis.
In the case of instant samples no measurement result exceeds twice the prescribed limit value.
For nitrogen and phosphorus, on a sample of 24-hour average concentration does not exceed twice the limit values laid down.
For dangerous substances present in discharges from the and identified in the table in annex IV by a star, the operator shall present the measures accompanied by a timetable to remove the release of this substance into the aquatic environment 2021 (or 2028 for anthracene, and endosulfan).
Article 39 more on this article...
The channeled stormwater discharges meet the following concentration limits, subject to the compatibility of the releases with pollution levels defined below with the objectives of quality and quantity of the waters referred to in IV of article L. 212 - 1 of the environment code: total solids 35 mg/l cod (on not decanted effluent) 125 mg/l total hydrocarbons 10 mg/l Section 5 : Article 40 effluent treatment learn more on this article...
Processing facilities in the event of direct discharge into the natural environment and pre-processing facilities connected to a sewage collective, urban or industrial, when they are necessary for compliance with the limit values imposed in the rejection, are designed to cope with changes in flow, temperature or composition of the effluent to be treated particularly on the occasion of the startup or shutdown of facilities.
Treatment and/or pre-treatment facilities are properly maintained. The main parameters to ensure their good market are measured periodically. The results of these measurements are worn on a register possibly computerized and stored in the folder of the installation for five years.
If unavailability or malfunction of pretreatment and/or treatment facilities is likely to lead to an exceedance of limits imposed by this order, the operator takes steps to reduce the pollution emitted by limiting or stopping if necessary the activity concerned.
Article 41 more on this article...
The spreading of waste, effluents and by-products is allowed. The operator complies with the provisions of annex III concerning the technical provisions for the application.
Chapter IV: Emissions to air Section 1: General Article 42 more on this article...
I. ― dust, polluting gases or odors are captured at the source and channelled, except in the case of a bona fide technical impossibility. Without prejudice to the rules relating to hygiene and safety of the workers, releases conform to the provisions of this order.
Preparations of products powdery, volatile or odorous, that could lead to emission diffuse pollutants in the atmosphere, are confined (containers, silos, buildings closed...). Handling facilities, transfer and transport of these products are, unless justified technical impossibility, fitted with devices of rollover and aspiration to reduce emissions in the atmosphere. If necessary, the suction devices are connected to an effluent treatment facility to comply with the provisions of this order. Equipment and corresponding facilities also meet the prevention of the risk of fire and explosion (events for the drying towers, precipitators...).
The storage of other products in bulk is made as far as possible in closed spaces. Failing that, special provisions both at the design and construction (implementation depending on the wind...) of the holding are implemented.
When the storages of powdery products are in the open air, the moistening of the storage or the spraying of additives to limit flights by time dry are permitted.
II. — climate and refrigeration equipment using some refrigerants.
The conditions for placing on the market, use, recovery and destruction of the following substances: chlorofluorocarbons (CFCS), hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCS) and hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), used as a refrigerant in refrigerating or climatic equipment, are defined in articles R. 543 - 75 and following of the code of the environment. Intervention sheets established during the test for leaks as well as during maintenance and maintenance operations are kept by the operator in a registry by equipment held at the disposal of the inspection.
Section 2: Releases to the atmosphere Article 43 in more on this article...
The points of discharge into the natural environment are also reduced as possible. If multiple release points are required, the operator justifies.
Effluents are collected and rejected to the atmosphere, after any treatment, through chimneys to allow a good dissemination of releases. The form of ducts, particularly in their nearest part of the outlet to the atmosphere, is designed to maximize the ascent of gases in the atmosphere. The location of these pipes is as there may be no time slurping of the effluent discharged into nearby air vents or ducts. The contours of the ducts are not angular point and the variation of the cross-section of the ducts in the vicinity of the outlet is continuous and slow.
Article 44 read more on this article...
The points of measurement and sampling points are arranged in accordance with the conditions laid down by the reference methods specified in the Decree of 7 July 2009 above and equipped with the equipment needed to carry out the measures provided for by this order in conditions representative.
Section 45 read more on this article...
The height of the chimney (difference between the elevation of the outlet in the open air and the average height from the ground to the relevant place), expressed in metres, is determined in accordance with the provisions of annex II, on the one hand, on the basis of the level of emissions of pollutants to the atmosphere, on the other hand based on the existence of obstacles that may interfere with the dispersion of the gas.
Section 3: Values emission limits Article 46 in more on this article...
For the determination of the flows, channelled emissions and fugitive emissions are taken into account.
Methods of measuring, sampling and analysis of reference into force are determined by the Decree of 7 July 2009 referred to above.
Article 47 read more on this article...
The gaseous effluent flow is expressed in cubic metres per hour reported at standard conditions of temperature (273 k) and pressure (101,3 kPa) after deduction of the water vapour (dry gas). The gaseous effluent flow as well as the concentrations of pollutants are reported at a grade oxygen reference based on fuel (6% in volume in the case of solid fuels and biomass, 3% in volume in the case of liquid or gaseous fuels). Pollutant concentrations are expressed in gram (s) or milligram (s) per cubic metre narrated (s) to the same standard conditions.
For drying installations, measurements be made on wet gas.
Article 48 read more on this article...
For substances that may be released from the facility, gaseous effluents meet depending on the hourly flow, limit values of concentration laid down in the table contained in annex v.
Article 49 read more on this article...
The operator demonstrates in his file that he took all the necessary steps to limit odours from the effluent treatment. When there are potential sources of odors from large surface (storage ponds, treatment...) difficult to confine, they are located so as to limit the gene for the neighbourhood (distance...).
The operator demonstrates in its application that it has taken all necessary steps to avoid in all circumstances, with the exception of anaerobic treatment processes, the onset of anaerobic conditions in the basins of storage or processing, or in the channels open.
Flow of smell of gases emitted into the atmosphere by all fragrant channeled, ducted and diffuse sources does not exceed the following values: height (in m) issue DEBIT of smell (in uoe/h) 0 1 000 x 10³ 5 3 600 x 10³ 10 21 000 x 10³ 20 180 000 x 10³ 30 720 000 x 10³ 50 3 600 x 106 80 18 000 x 106 100 36 000 x 106 chapter V : Emissions into soil section 50 more on this article...
Off-plan for spreading any application wastes, by-products or waste on or in the soil is prohibited.
Chapter VI: Noise and vibration Article 51 in more on this article...
I. ― values limit noise. ― General case.
Noise emissions from the installation are not originally in areas regulated emergence of emergence than the eligible values defined in the following table: level of noise ambient existing in areas of emerging regulated (including installation noise) EMERGENCE eligible for the period ranging from 7 h to 22 h, except Sundays and days EMERGENCE holidays, eligible for the period from 22 h to 7 h , as well as on Sundays and days holidays than 35 dB (A) and lower or equal to 45 dB (A) 6 dB (A) 4 dB (A) greater than 45 dB (A) 5 dB (A) 3 dB (A) in addition, the noise level at the edge of ownership of the facility does not exceed when it is in operation, 70 dB (A) for the period of day and 60 dB (A) for the period of night unless the background noise for the period is greater than this limit.
In the case where the particular sound of the establishment is to tone marked within the meaning of point 1.9 of the Appendix of the Decree of 23 January 1997 referred to above, established or cyclical, the duration of its appearance does not exceed 30% of the duration of operation of the establishment in each day / night period defined in the above table.
II. ― values limit noise. ― Special case of plums drying facilities.
A. ― driers of plums, for periods limited to 45 days per year maximum for the period from 7 h to 22 h and 15 days per year for the period from 22 h to 7 h, the emergence of article 51.I values do not apply and shall be replaced by the values following : Level of noise ambient existing in areas of emerging regulated (including installation noise) EMERGENCE eligible for the period ranging from 7 h to 22 h, except for Sundays and holidays EMERGENCE eligible for the period from 22: 00 to 7: 00, and Sundays and days holidays than 35 dB (A) and lower or equal to 45 dB (A) 8dB (A) 6dB (A) greater than 45 dB (A) 7 dB (A) 5 dB (A)
In addition, the noise level at the edge of ownership of the facility does not exceed when it is in operation, 70 dB (A) for the period of day and 60 dB (A) for the period of night, except if the background noise for the period exceeds this limit.
The operator implements appropriate constructive steps to meet these values accompanied if necessary facilities to ensure their landscape integration (type Hedges).
― Equipment and maintenance to reduce noise emissions at source.
In the case of implantation of new installations or renewal of equipment, operator implementing technology to reduce noise levels and emergences (Panel placed in front of the burner or torch, etc.).
An operator shall conduct regular maintenance of these installations in order to prevent squeaking, the sound of the level of fans bearing, impact noise (carts waiting, flipping screens, etc.) and friction (cleaning of racks, chain against carts, etc.).
III. ― vehicles - construction equipment.
Transport vehicles, material handling and construction equipment used within the facility comply with the provisions in force concerning limitation of their noise emissions.
The use of all communication through the acoustic devices (sirens, horns, speakers, etc.), inconvenient for the neighbourhood, is forbidden, unless their use is reserved to the prevention and reporting of serious incidents or accidents.
IV. ― Vibrations.
The vibrations are in accordance with the provisions laid down in annex I.
V. ― monitoring by the operator of noise emissions.
A measure of the level of noise and the emergence is made by a person or an organization qualified in the first year following registration. This measure is renewed at any time at the request of the inspection. The measurements are made using the method described in the annex to the Decree of 23 January 1997 referred to above. These measurements are performed under representative conditions of the functioning of the facility over a period of half an hour at least.
Chapter VII: Waste Article 52 in more on this article...
The operator shall take all necessary steps in the design and operation of its facilities to ensure proper management of waste from its business, including: ― limit at source the quantity and toxicity of the waste by adopting clean technologies;
― sort, recycle, valuing its by-products of manufacturing;
― to ensure treatment or pretreatment of waste, including through physico-chemical, biological or thermal.
― to ensure, for the final waste whose volume must be strictly limited, storage under the best possible conditions.
Article 53 read more on this article...
I. ― the operator performs within its establishment the separation of waste (whether hazardous or not) so as to facilitate their treatment or disposal in specific sectors.
Waste and residues are stored before their reclamation or disposal, under conditions that are not risks of pollution (prevention of leaching by the meteoric waters, pollution of surface and groundwater, flights, and smells) to nearby populations and the environment.
The temporary storage before recycling or disposal of hazardous waste are realized on sealed and protected from meteoric water retention cups.
II. — the amount of waste stored on the site does not exceed: ― capacity produced in twenty-four hours to waste and by-products fermentable in the absence of local devices ensuring their containment or chilled;
― the monthly capacity produced or, in the case of external treatment, a normal batch of shipment to the disposal facility.
III. ― all arrangements are made to ensure that the storage devices are not source of gene or nuisance to the neighborhood and do not lead to pollution of the waters or soil by runoff or infiltration. Discharge into the natural environment of the overflows of the storage structures is prohibited. The storage in the open air structures are prohibited access to third parties not authorized.
Article 54 read more on this article...
Waste that cannot be recovered are disposed of in facilities regulated under the environmental code.
The operator establishes a register characterizing and quantifying all hazardous wastes generated by its activities (nature, volume, branch elimination, etc.). It emits a tracking slip as soon as these wastes shall be given to a third party.
Any free burning is prohibited.
Chapter VIII: Monitoring Section 1: General Article 55 more on this article...
The operator is implementing a program of monitoring of its emissions under the conditions laid down in articles 59 to 65 of this order. The measurements are performed under the responsibility of the operator and its costs.
Methods of measuring, sampling and analysis of reference into force are determined by the Decree of 7 July 2009 referred to above.
At least once a year, the measurements are performed by a body approved by the Minister in charge of classified installations chosen in agreement with the inspection of classified installations.
Section 2: Emissions in Article 56 in the water read more on this article...
That effluent are discharged into the natural environment or in a network connection to a collective sewage, a measurement is carried out according to the frequency indicated in the table below for the pollutants listed below, from a representative sample over a period of 24 hours proportional to flow.
Flow daily or continuously when the flow is greater than 200 m³/d Temperature daily or continuous when the throughput is greater than 200 m³/d pH daily or continuously when the throughput is greater than 200 m³/d cod (on not decanted effluent) semi-annual connected effluent monthly for discharges into the natural environment suspended solids total semi-annual connected effluent monthly for discharges into the natural environment BOD5 (*) (on effluent not decanted) semi-annual connected effluent monthly for discharges into the natural environment biannual global nitrogen for connected effluent monthly for discharges into the natural environment bi-annual total phosphorus for connected effluent monthly for discharges into the natural environment SEH (in the case of releases that may contain fat products) annual to the connected effluent quarterly for discharges into the natural environment (*) for BOD5 the frequency can be reduced if it is shown that the monitoring of another parameter is representative of this pollutant and where the measurement of this parameter is not necessary monitoring of sewage treatment on which the release is connected.
Pollutants that are not likely to be issued by the installation are not the subject of planned periodical measurements. In this case, the operator shall keep at the disposal of the inspection of classified installations the technical elements to verify the absence of these products by the installation program.
When pollutants are within the authorized contours, dilution such that they are measurable in terms of the rejection to the external environment or at the level of the connection with a sewer system, they are measured within the utorise perimeter before dilution.
The results of these measurements are worn on a register possibly computerized and stored in the folder of the installation for five years. The results of the measurements are transmitted quarterly to the inspection of classified installations.
For connected effluents, the results of the measurements carried out at a more binding frequency at the request of the Manager of the collective sewage are kept available to the inspection of classified installations.
Section 3: Impacts on surface waters Article 57 in more on this article...
When rejection occurs in a stream and it exceeds one of the following values: 5 t/d of cod;
20 kg/d of total hydrocarbons;
10 kg/d of chrome, copper, Tin, manganese, nickel and lead, and their compounds (expressed in Cr + Cu + Sn + Mn + Ni + Pb);
0.1 kg/d of arsenic, cadmium and mercury and their compounds (expressed As + Cd + Hg), the operator perform or have performed measurements of these pollutants downstream from its rejection (outside), at a rate at least monthly.
When rejection occurs at sea or in a lake and it exceeds one of the above streams, the operator establishes a plan of monitoring the environment adapted to local conditions.
The results of these measurements are sent to the inspection of classified installations within a maximum period of one month after the completion of the withdrawals.
Section 4: Impacts on groundwater Article 58 in more on this article...
Where the operation of the facility would lead to show direct or indirect of pollutants contained in the annexes to the Decree of 17 July 2009 above, surveillance is implemented to ensure that the introduction of these pollutants in groundwater does not cause degradation or trends upward significant and sustained concentrations of pollutants in groundwater.
Section 5: Annual statement of emissions Article 59 in more on this article...
Emissions of substances referred to in articles 59 to 65 of this order shall be, where appropriate, an annual return under the conditions laid down by Ministerial Decree of 31 January 2008 on the register and the annual statement of emissions and waste.
Chapter IX: Execution Article 60 in more on this article...
This order comes into force on January 1, 2014.
Article 61 more on this article...
The Director General of the prevention of risks is responsible for the execution of this order, which will be published in the Official Journal of the French Republic.
Annex A N N E X E S A N N E X E I technical rules for vibration installation is built, equipped, and operated so that its operation is not originally from vibrations in the surrounding constructions that may jeopardize the health or safety of the neighbourhood or constitute a nuisance to it.
The vibrations particle velocity, measured using the method described in this annex, shall not exceed the values defined below.
1 limits of the particle velocity.
1.1 continuous or similar sources.
Are considered to be continuous or similar sources: ― all machines emitting continuous vibrations;
― sources emitting pulses at relatively short intervals without limiting the number of emissions.
The limit values applicable to each of the three components of the vibratory movement are as follows: frequency 4 Hz ― 8 Hz 8 Hz ― 30 Hz 30 Hz — 100 Hz Constructions resistant 5 mm/s 6 mm / s 8 mm / s Constructions sensitive 3 mm / s 5 mm / s 6 mm / s Constructions very sensitive 2 mm / s 3 mm / s 4 mm / s 1.2. Impulse sources to repeated pulses.
Are considered as impulse sources all sources emitting repeated pulse, in limited numbers, the pulses at intervals fairly short but greater than 1 s and the duration of emission is less than 500 ms.
The limit values applicable to each of the three components of the vibratory movement are as follows: frequency 4 Hz ― 8 Hz 8 Hz ― 30 Hz 30 Hz — 100 Hz Constructions resistant 8 mm/s 12 mm / s 15 mm / s Constructions sensitive 6 mm / s 9 mm / s 12 mm / s Constructions very sensitive 4 mm / s 6 mm / s 9 mm / s regardless of the nature of the source where the frequencies corresponding to the particle speeds commonly observed throughout the measurement period approaching 0.5 Hz frequency of 8, 30 and 100 Hz, the value limit to remember is that corresponding to the immediately lower frequency band. If vibrations have frequencies outside the range 4-100 Hz, it should be a qualified institution approved by the Minister of the environment.
2 classification of constructions.
For the purposes of the limits of particle velocity, constructions are classified into three categories according to their level of resistance: ― resistant constructions: classes 1 to 4 constructs defined by circular No. 23 of 23 July 1986 concerning mechanical vibrations emitted into the environment by the classified installations for the protection of the environment;
― sensitive constructs: constructions of classes 5 to 8 defined by circular No. 23 of July 23, 1986;
― very sensitive constructs: constructions of 9 to 13 classes defined by circular No. 23 of 23 July 1986.
The following constructs are excluded from this classification: ― nuclear reactors and their related facilities;
― facilities related to General Security, except the constructions that contain;
― dams, bridges;
― water towers;
― facilities of long-range transport of gases or liquids other than water and pipes for water under pressure of greater than one metre diameter.
― tanks for storage of gas, liquid hydrocarbons or cereals;
― railway tunnels or road and other underground structures of similar importance.
― articles port such as dikes, quays and books lying at sea, including drilling rigs, for which the study of the effects of vibration is entrusted to a qualified organization. The choice of this organization is approved by the inspection of classified installations.
3. method of measurement.
3.1 Basic Elements.
The movement at a given point of a construction is recorded in three rectangular directorates with a vertical, the other two directions are defined relative to the horizontal axes of the studied work without taking account of the azimuth.
Sensors are placed on the main element of the construction (a load-bearing wall window support, point on the metal frame or concrete support in the case of a modern construction).
3.2 measuring equipment.
The measurement to use chain allows recording, depending on the time of the particle velocity in the frequency range from 4 Hz to 150 Hz for the magnitudes of the speed range from 0.1 mm/s and 50 mm / s. The dynamics of the chain is at least equal to 54 dB.
3.3 operating precautions.
The sensors are fully supportive of their support. They are not installed on coatings (zinc, plaster, tile, etc.) which can act as filters of vibration or cause parasitic vibrations if these coatings are not well attached to the main element of the construction. Except particular justification, a measure of the existing unrest outside the operation of the source is made.
A N N E X E I I rules of calculation of heights of chimney On first calculates the quantity s = k q/cm for each of the pollutants where: k is a coefficient that is worth 340 for gaseous pollutants and 680 for dust;
q is the instant theoretical throughput of the particular pollutant emitted to the chimney expressed in kilograms per hour;
cm is the maximum concentration of the pollutant considered admissible at the ground level of the normal installation expressed in milligrams per metrecube fact;
cm is equal to cr ― co where cr is a reference given by the table below value and where co is the annual mean of the concentration measured at the place.
POLLUTANT value of Cr oxides of sulphur 0.15 0.14 dust 0.15 hydrochloric acid 0.05 organic compounds nitrogen oxides: ― referred to a 7 ° of article 50;
1 ― referred to the 7 ° of article 50 c 0.05 lead 0.000 5 Cadmium 0.000 5 in the absence of measures of pollution, co may be taken at a standard rate as follows: oxides of sulphur oxides of nitrogen dust little polluted area 0.01 0.01 0.01 moderately urbanised or moderately industrialized area 0.04 0.05 0.04 highly urbanized or highly industrialized area 0.07 0.10 0.08 for other pollutants , in the absence of measures, co may be neglected.
It then determines which is equal to the largest of the s values calculated for each of the pollutants.
The height of the chimney, expressed in metres, must be at least equal to the thus calculated hp: hp = s¹/² (R Δ T) - ¹/6 where: s is defined above;
R is the gas flow rate expressed in cubic metres per hour and counted at the actual temperature of the gas ejection;
+ T is the difference expressed in kelvins between the temperature at the outlet from the chimney and the average annual temperature of ambient air. SI + T is less than 50 kelvins, adopting the value of 50 for the calculation.
If a facility is equipped with several fireplaces, or if there are in the vicinity of other releases of the same pollutants to the atmosphere, the calculation considered stack height is performed as follows: two fireplaces i and j, of heights respectively hi and hj, are considered as dependent if the three following conditions are simultaneously fulfilled: — the distance between the axes of the two chimneys is less than the sum : (hi + hj + 10) (in meters);
― hi is greater than half of hj;
― hj is greater than half of hi.
It thus determines the set of dependent reporting fireplace chimneys, whose height is at least equal to the value of hp calculated for the total mass flow rate of pollutant considered and the total volume flow of the gases emitted by all of these fireplaces.
If there are in the vicinity of natural or artificial obstacles liable to disturb the dispersion of the gas, the height of the chimney should be corrected as follows: ― the hp value is calculated taking into account other releases when there;
― are regarded as obstacles structures and buildings, including one housing the facility studied, simultaneously fulfilling the following conditions: ― they are located at a horizontal distance (expressed in meters) less than 10 hp + 50 axis of the considered chimney;
— they have a width greater than 2 metres;
― they are seen from the chimney seen under an angle greater than 15 ° in the horizontal plane;
― either hi altitude (expressed in metres and taken over the average level from the ground to the part of the reporting fireplace) a point of an obstacle at a distance horizontal (expressed in metres) the axis of the considered chimney di, and Hi defined as follows: ― If di is less than or equal to 2 hp + 10, Hi = hi + 5;
― If di is between 2 hp + 10 and 10 hp + 50, Hi = 5/4 (hi + 5) (1 ― di /(10 hp + 50));
― is the largest Hp of the Hi calculated values for all points of all the obstacles identified above;
― the stack height must be greater than or equal to the largest Hp and hp values.
The discharge velocity of the gas market continues is less than 8 m/s if the reporting chimney emission rate exceeds 5 000 m³/h, 5 m/s if this flow is less than or equal to 5 000 m³/h.
A N N E X E I I I provisions TECHNIQUES for spreading spreading waste or effluent complies with the following provisions, without prejudice to the provisions of the regulations for nitrates of agricultural origin (in the vulnerable areas bounded pursuant to articles R. 211 - 75 at R. 211 - 77 of the code of the environment, the provisions laid down in the action programmes to be implemented for the protection of waters against pollution caused by nitrates of agricultural origin) pursuant to articles R. 211 - 80 at R. 211 - 83 are applicable to the installation): has) Agronomically waste applied: the waste or effluent applied has an interest in land or the nutrition of crops and its application does not affect, directly or indirectly, to the health of human and animals, quality and plant health of crops or the quality of soils and aquatic environments and is being implemented so that nuisance be reduced to the minimum.
b) study prior to application: A preliminary study of spreading accurate efficacy (in conditions of employment) and the agronomic interest of waste or effluent under the parameters defined in section II below, the soil's ability to receive and plan detailed below spreading. This study justify the compatibility of the application with the identified environmental constraints and existing planning documents, such as the plans provided for in paragraph 9 of article R. 512 - 46.4 of the environment code.
The preliminary study includes, in particular: ― the characterization of waste or effluent to be spread: forecasted quantities, pace of production, agronomic value under the parameters defined in section II below, levels with regard to the parameters defined in tables 1(a) and 1(b) of section I below, physical state, pre-shipment (dehydration, pressing, liming...) distinguishing forms liquid, semi-solid or solid;
― indication of doses of waste or effluent to spread according to the different crop types to fertilize and forecast crop yields; the operator demonstrates in particular that it has sufficient surface for rules for nitrogen fertilization balanced within the limits of the exporting capacity of cultures;
― the location, volume, characteristics and the terms of employment of the storage of waste or effluent pending application; the identification of alternative routes for disposal or recovery;
― description of the characteristics of the soil especially in view of the parameters as defined in paragraph 2 of point II below and MTOs referred to table 2 in section I below, in the light of analyses dating from less than a year;
— demonstration of adequacy between farmland controlled by the operator or placed at his disposal by lenders of Earth and the flow of waste or effluent to be spread (productions, objectives yields, dose per hectare and return on a same plot time, periods of prohibition of application...).
c) Plan for spreading: in the light of the preliminary study, a plan for spreading is carried out; It is made: ― of a card at a minimum scale of 1: 25 000 to locate areas where spraying is possible given surfaces excluded application (cf. in particular g) rules of spraying). This map reveals the contours and the numbers of surface units to identify and areas excluded for spreading;
― of a document stating the identity and address of the land lenders who have signed a written contract with the operator, indicating in particular their commitments and reciprocal responsibilities;
― an array referencing surfaces located on the Cartographic support and indicating, for each unit, the numbers of islets of reference CAP or failing the cadastral references, the total area and the area potentially epandable and the name of the farmer.
Any change in the plan for spreading is brought before its realization to the knowledge of the prefect.
d) rules of application: 1. inputs of nitrogen, phosphorus and potash all sources, organic and mineral, on lands subject to an application, take account of the rotation of crops as well as the particular nature of the land and their nutrient content. Spread quantities and application periods are adapted to ensure the contribution of relevant soil or crops without exceeding the requirements, taking into account the contributions of any kind, including fertilisers, amendments and culture media. Organic fertilizer is prohibited on all legumes except the alfalfa and grass-legume association Prairie.
2 characteristics of the waste applied: the pH of the effluent or waste is between 6.5 and 8.5. However, different values may be accepted subject to favorable conclusions of the preliminary study.
The waste or effluent do not contain any elements or undesirable substances (pieces of plastics, metals, glasses, etc.) or pathogenic agents beyond the following concentrations: ― salmonella: 8 MPN/10 g MS (count according to the most probable number technique);
― enteroviruses: 3 MPNGU/10 g MS (count according to the technique of the most probable number of cytopathic units);
― Viable helminth eggs: 3 to 10 g Ms
The waste or effluent can be applied: ― if metallic trace elements concentrations in soil exceed one of the limit values set out in table 2 in section I below.
― therefore that one of items or unwanted elements contained in waste or effluent concentrations exceed the values limits listed in tables 1 a and 1 b of point I below;
― therefore that the stream, accumulated over a period of ten years, or compounds made by waste or effluent on one of these elements exceed the limit values set out in table 1 in section I below.
When waste or effluent is applied on pastures, the maximum flow of trace metal to take into account accumulated over a period of ten years, is to table 3 in section I below.
Effluents or wastes should not be applied on soils whose pH before spreading is less than 6, except when the following three conditions are simultaneously met: ― the soil pH is greater than 5;
― the nature of effluents or wastes can contribute to raise the soil pH to a value greater or equal to 6.
― the maximum cumulative flow of elements provided in soils is lower than the values in table 3 below.
3. Provisional programme of spreading: an annual planned program of application is established, in agreement with lenders farmers of land, no later than one month before the beginning of the transactions concerned. It also includes plots of the producer of waste or effluent when it is also farmer.
This program includes at least: — the list of the parcels concerned by the campaign as well as the characterization of culture systems (cultures before and after application, interculture period) on these plots;
― a characterization of different wastes or effluents (type (liquid, Pasty and solid), forecasted quantities, pace of production, as well as at least the levels of global nitrogen and mineral and mineralizable nitrogen available for the crop to fertilize, measured and determined on the basis of analyses dating less of one year);
― the results of an analysis of soil dating from less than a year on the para metreazote global and mineral and mineralizable nitrogen on each representative point of reference of each homogeneous zone.
― the specific recommendations for intake of waste or effluent (calendar and doses of spreading...);
— the identification of the persons or entities involved in the realization of the application.
This provisional programme is held at the disposal of the inspection of classified installations. It is sent at his request.
4. the characterization of waste or effluent to spread provided in the preliminary study is checked by analysis prior to the first application. Apart from the first year of application, the effluent or waste are analyzed periodically and in particular whenever changes in processes or treatments are capable of altering their quality (especially with regard to the metal trace elements and organic compounds content).
5. in the case of a new installation, the characteristics of waste or effluent and doses of employment data are updated and are addressed to the prefect at the end of the first year of operation.
6 waste solid or Pasty non stabilized are buried as soon as possible, within a maximum period of 48 hours, to reduce the olfactory nuisances and losses by volatilization. However, derogations from the requirement to landfill may be granted on justification in the registration dossier for crops in place provided that they are not intended for direct human consumption.
7. subject to the requirements laid down in application of the code of public health, the spreading of waste or effluent respects the distances and following minimum periods: NATURE of the activities to protect DISTANCE minimum scope
Wells, drilling, sources, water passing water intended for consumption in free flow, groundwater or semi-buried facilities used for the storage of water, that the latter are used for the drinking water supply or irrigation of vegetable crops 35 meters 100 meters terrain slope less than 7% greater than 7% slope rivers and water 5 metres of the shoreline 35 meters from the 100 metres from the 200 meters of the slope banks banks banks of less than 7 field % 1. Non-fermentable waste landfilled immediately after application 2. Other cases.
Slope greater than 7% 1. Solid and stabilized waste 2. Non-stabilized and solid waste sites for 200 metres Sites of aquaculture (fish and shellfish areas) 500 metres dwellings or premises occupied by third parties, leisure and hotel areas receiving public 50 meters 100 meters in the case of waste or effluent fragrant time minimum grassland or fodder culture three weeks before delivery to animals or harvesting of forage grass.
Land allocated to vegetable or fruit except for crops of fruit trees not spreading during the period from vegetation land intended for crops vegetable or fruit, in contact with the soil, or likely to be consumed in the State believed ten months before the harvest and during the harvest itself 8. Periods of spreading and spread quantities are adapted in a manner: ― to ensure the contribution of the useful elements in soils and crops without exceeding their needs taking into account of the contributions of any kind they can receive elsewhere;
― to prevent stagnation on the soil, runoff outside spreading plots, quick percolation;
― to prevent the accumulation in soil of substances to long term to degrade its structure or present a risk.
Spreading is forbidden: — periods where the ground is taken mass by freezing or abundantly snowy, with the exception of solid waste;
during periods of high rainfall and during periods where there is a risk of flooding;
― outside regularly worked land and grasslands or forests;
― on the grounds steep, in conditions that would result in their runoff outside the application scope.
9 detecting anomalies: any anomaly observed on soils, crops, and their environment during or as a result of the spreading of waste or effluent and likely to be in relation to these applications is reported without delay to the inspection of classified installations.
e) storage structures: permanent structures for storage of waste or effluent intended for spreading are dimensioned to cope with periods when the application is either impossible, or prohibited by the preliminary study. In addition, the operator identifies treatment facilities of waste or effluent to call overflow of these storage of waste or effluent.
Measures are taken so that the storage devices are not source of gene or nuisance to the neighborhood and do not lead to pollution of the waters or soil by runoff or infiltration. Discharge into the natural environment of the overflows of the storage structures is prohibited. The storage in the open air structures are prohibited access to third parties not authorized.
Temporary storage of waste, on plots of spreading and without development work, is allowed only when the five following conditions are simultaneously fulfilled: — waste is solid and little fermentable, otherwise, the duration of the deposit is less than forty-eight hours;
― all precautions have been taken to avoid runoff on or outside spreading plots or quick percolation to groundwater surface or ground;
― the deposit complies with minimum clearances for spreading to the point 7 except for the distance from dwellings or premises inhabited by third parties which is always equal to 100 metres. In addition, a distance of at least 3 metres from roadways and ditches is respected;
― the volume of the deposit is suitable for receiving parcels for the period spreading reasoned fertilization;
― the maximum duration does not exceed one year and return on the same location can intervene before a period of three years.
f) application workbook: A notebook of spreading, held under the responsibility of the operator, at the disposal of the inspection of classified installations for a period of ten years, shall include for each of the plots (or islets) receiving applied: ― the surfaces actually applied;
― the parcel references;
― the dates of application;
― the nature of cultures;
― the volume and nature of all materials applied;
― the global nitrogen applied original ICPE;
― the identification of legal entities or physical responsible for the spreading operations as well as the results of analyses performed on soils and materials applied with samples and measures dates and location.
This application workbook is filled in unalterable way at the end of each week during which spraying was carried out.
When waste or effluent is applied on plots provided by a lender of land, a slip signed by the operator and the lender of Earth is referenced and attached to the application book. This slip is established at the latest at the end of the construction of spreading and at least once per week. It includes the identification of receiving parcels, the volumes and the overall nitrogen applied.
g) soil Analyses: soil must be analysed on each representative point of reference of each homogeneous zone. Homogeneous zone means a part of homogeneous cultural unit from a pedological point of view not exceeding 20 hectares; cultivation unit, means a parcel or group of parcels operated according to a unique system of crop rotations by a single operator: ― after ultimate application, on the points of reference on each excluded plot of the perimeter of spreading;
― at least every ten years.
These analyses focus on the elements and substances listed in point II below 2: methods of sampling and analysis of soil are in accordance with the provisions of item (III) below.
Point i. ― thresholds in trace metal and organic substances table 1 a. ― levels limits in trace metal in waste or effluent metal trace limit value in waste or effluent (mg/kg DM) flow combined brought up by waste or effluent in 10 years (GSM) Cadmium 10 Chrome 1 000 1.5 copper 1 000 0.015 1.5 mercury 10 0.015 Nickel 200 0.3 lead 800 1.5 Zinc 3 000 4.5 Chrome + copper + Nickel + Zinc 4 000 6
Table 1 b. ― levels limit organic trace compounds in waste or effluent limit or effluent organic trace compounds in waste (mg/kg DM) flow combined MAXIMUM brought by waste or effluent in 10 years (mg/m²) case general application on pasture case general application on pasture Total of 7 main PCB (*) 0.8 0.8 1.2 1.2 Fluoranthene 5 4 7.5 6 Benzo (b) fluoranthene 2.5 2.5 4 4 Benzo (a) pyrene 2 1.5 3 2 (*) PCB 28 52, 101, 118, 138, 153, 180.
Table 2. ― Values limit concentration in soil trace ELEMENTS in soils limit value (mg/kg DM) Cadmium 2 Chrome 150 copper 100 mercury 1 Nickel 50 lead 100 Zinc 300 table 3. ― Cumulative flow maximum metal trace elements brought by waste or effluent for pasture or soil below pH 6 trace metal FLUX combined MAXIMUM brought by waste or effluent in 10 years (mg/m²) Cadmium 0.015 Chrome 1.2 copper 1.2 mercury 0.012 Nickel 0.3 lead 0.9 Selenium (*) 0.12 Zinc 3 Chrome + copper + nickel + zinc 4 (*) for grazing only.
Item (II). ― Elements of characterization of the agronomic value of waste or effluent and soil 1. Analysis for the characterization of the agronomic value of waste or effluent intended for spreading: ― material dry (%); organic (%) field.
― global nitrogen;
― ammoniacal nitrogen (in NH4);
― C: N ratio;
― total phosphorus (as P2O5); total potassium (in K2O); total calcium (in CAD); total magnesium (in MgO); trace elements (B, Co, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, Zn). CU, Zn, and B will be measured at the frequency for trace elements.
Other trace elements will be analyzed in the context of the initial characterization of waste or effluent.
2 analysis for the characterization of the agronomic value of soil: ― granulometry;
― same settings as for the agronomic value of waste or effluent by replacing the elements concerned: exchangeable P2O5, K2O exchangeable, exchangeable MgO and exchangeable CAD.
Item (III). ― Methods of sampling and analysis of soil sampling: soil samples must be carried out within a radius of 7.50 metres around the reference point identified by its coordinates Lambert, at the rate of sixteen incremental samples taken at random from the circle thus drawn: — preferably at the end of culture and before plowing before the establishment of the next;
― before a new potential application of waste or effluent;
― observing anyway enough time after a supply of fertilizer material to allow for their proper integration on the ground;
at the same time of the year that the first analysis and at the same point sampling.
The implementing of the incremental samples and constitution and conditioning of the samples comply with standard NF X 31 100.
Methods of preparation and analysis of soils: the preparation of soil for analysis samples is carried out according to NF ISO 11464 (December 2006). Extraction of trace metal Cd, Cr, Cu, Ni, Pb and Zn, and their analysis is performed according to the NF X 31-147 (July 1996). The pH is carried out according to NF ISO 10390 (May 2005).
Effluent and waste sampling: sampling methods can be adapted according to the characteristics of the waste or effluent from the following standards: EN 12579: organic, organic amendments, support of culture-sampling;
NF U 44-108: sludge from the works of treatment of urban sewage, slurry, sampling for the estimation of the average content of a lot;
NF EN ISO 5667 - 13: 2011: quality of water ― sampling — part 13: guidance on sampling of sludges.
NF U 42-051: fertilizer, theory of sampling and estimation of a lot;
NF U 42-053: fertilizer materials, fertilizers, reception of a large lot control, practical method.
NF U 42-080: fertilizers, solutions and suspensions;
NF U 42-090: fertilizer, calcium and magnesium, solid products, preparation of the test sample.
The chosen procedure gives rise to a record containing the following information: — identification and description of the product to be sampled (appearance, smell, physical state);
― object of sampling;
— identification of the operator and the various operations necessary;
— date, time and place of production;
― measures taken to curb the development of the sample.
― frequency of sampling in space and time;
― plan of location of elementary samples (surface and depth) with their characteristics (weight and volume);
― description of the method of constitution of the representative sample (at least 2 kg) from the primary samples (division, reduction, mixing, homogenization);
― description of sampling material;
― description of samples packages;
― shipment condition.
The presentation of this record can be inspired by the standard U 42-060 (minutes of sampling fertilizers).
Methods of preparation and analysis of effluents and waste: the preparation of the samples can be performed according to the NF U 44-110 relating to the sludge, organic amendments and mediums.
The extraction method which is not always standardized is defined by laboratory according to good laboratory practices.
Selected analyses can be selected from the lists below, using wherever possible of procedures provided that they are adapted to the nature of the waste to be analyzed. If standardized methods exist and are not employed by the laboratory, the methodology should be the subject of justification.
Table 4. ― Analytical methods for trace ELEMENTS method of EXTRACTION and preparation method analytical Element trace metal Extraction with water regia drying in the microwave or oven atomic absorption spectrometry; or emission spectrometry (AES); or coupled to mass spectrometry; (ICP) emission spectrometry or (Hg) fluorescence spectrometry Analyses on leachates: they can be made after extraction according to standard NF EN 12457 or column lysimeter and focus on pollutants selected on the basis of their presence in the waste, their solubility and toxicity.
The recommended analytical methods belong to the series of NFT 90 since it aqueous solutions.
A N N E X E I V ELVS for discharge AQUEUX in the environment natural I. ― wastewater discharged to the natural environment, respect the values following concentration limits: CAS No. 1. Controlled substances index phenols ― 0.3 mg/l cyanide 57-12-5 0.1 mg/l Manganese and compounds (in Mn) 7439-96-5 1 mg/l iron, aluminium and composed (in Fe + Al) ― 5 mg/l Tin (including tributyl tin cation and oxide tributyltin) 7440-31-5 2 mg/l 0,05 mg/l for both cation and oxide tributyltin compounds tributyltin halogenated organic compounds (in AOX or EOX) or halogen of absorbable organic compounds (AOX) ― 1 mg/l total hydrocarbons ― 10 mg/l fluoride and compounds (in F) (including fluorides) ― 15 mg/l 2. Dangerous substances in the characterization of the status of bodies of water Substances of chemical status: alachlor 15972-60-8 50 µg/l Anthracene (*) 120-12-7 50 µg/l Atrazine 1912-24-9 50 µg/l Benzene 71-43-2 50 µg/l diphenyl ethers brominated 50 µg/l (sum of compounds) Tetra BDE 47 Penta BDE 99 (*) 32534-81-9 Penta BDE 100 (*) 32534-81-9 Hexa BDE 153 run BDE 154 HeptaBDE 183 DecaBDE 209 1163-19-5 Cadmium and its compounds (*) 7440-43-9 50 µg/l 56-23-5 carbon tetrachloride 50 µg/l.
Chloro-alkanes C10 - 13 (*) 85535-84-8 50 µg/l Chlorfenvinphos 470-90-6 50 µg/l Chlorpyrifos (ethylchlorpyrifos) 2921-88-2 50 µg/l Pesticides (aldrin, dieldrin, endrin and isodrin) cyclodiene 309-00-2/60-57-1/72-20-8/465-73-6 50 µg/l (sum of the 4 mentioned drines) total DDT 789-02-06 50 µg/l 1, 2-Dichloroethane 107 - 06 - 2 50 µg/l Dichloromethane 75-09-2 50 µg/l Di(2-éthylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) 117-81-7 50 µg/l Diuron 330-54-1 50 µg/l Endosulfan (sum of isomers) (*) 115-29-7 50 µg/l Fluoranthene 206-44-0 50 µg/l Naphthalene
91-20-3 50 µg/l Hexachlorobenzene (*) 118-74-1 50 µg/l Hexachlorobutadiene (*) 87-68-3 50 µg/l HCH (sum of isomers) (*) 608-73-1 50 µg/l Isoproturon 34123-59-6 50 µg / lead and its compounds 7439-92-1 0.5 mg/l mercury and its compounds (*) 7439-97-6 50 µg/l Nickel and its compounds 7440-02-0 0.5 mg/l Nonylphenol (*) 25154-52-3 50 µg/l Octylphenols 1806-26-4 50 µg/l Pentachlorobenzene (*) 608-93-5 50 µg/l Pentachlorophenol 87-86-5 50 µg/l polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) 50 µg/l (sum of 5 target compounds) Benzo (A) pyrene (*) 50-32-8 Benzo (k) fluoranthene (*) + sum Benzo (B) fluoranthene (*) 205-99-2/207-08-9 sum Benzo(g, h, i) perylene (*) + Indeno (1,2,3-CD) pyrene (*) 191-24-2/193-39-5 Simazine 122-34-9 50 µg/l Tetrachloroethylene (*) 127-18-4 50 µg/l Trichloroethylene 79-01-6 50 µg/l composed of TBT (tributyltin-cation) (*) 36643-28-4 50 µg/l Trichlorobenzenes 12002-48-1 50 µg/l Trichloromethane (chloroform) 67-66-3 50 µg/l trifluralin 1582-09-8 50 µg/l Substances of the ecological state : Dissolved arsenic 7440-38-2 50 µg/l dissolved copper 7440-50-8 0.5 mg/l Chrome dissolved (including hexavalent chromium and its compounds, expressed as chromium) 7440-47-3 0.5 mg/l 0.1 mg/l for hexavalent chromium and its compounds dissolved 7440-66-6 Zinc 2 mg/l Chlortoluron ― 50 µg/l Oxadiazon ― 50 µg/l Linuron 330-55-2 50 µg/l 2.4 D 94-75-7 50 µg/l 2.4 MCPA 94-74-6 50 µg/l 3. Other relevant substances Toluene 108-88-3 50 µg/l Trichlorophenols 50 µg/l 2,4,5-trichlorophenol 95-95-4 50 µg/l 2,4,6-trichlorophenol 88-06-2 50 µg/l Ethylbenzene 100-41-4 50 µg/l Xylenes (amount o, m, p) 1330-20-7 50 µg/l biphenyl 92-52-4 50 µg/l Tributylphosphate (TBP Phosphate) ― 50 µg/l Hexachloropentadiene ― 50 µg/l 2-nitrotoluene 50 µg/l 1,2 dichlorobenzene 95-50-1 50 µg/l 1,2 dichloroethylene 540-59-0 50 µg/l 1.3 dichlorobenzene 541-73-1 50 µg/l dibutyltin oxide
818-08-6 50 µg/l monobutyltin cation 50 µg/l chlorobenzene 50 µg/l Isopropyl benzene 98-82-8 50 µg/l PCBs (sum of congeners) 1336-36-3 50 µg/l Phosphate TBP 126-73-8 50 µg/l 2-Chlorophenol 95 - 57 - 8 50 µg/l Epichlorohydrin 106-89-8 50 µg/l 79-11-8 chloroacetic acid 50 µg/l 2 nitrotoluene ― 50 µg/l 1,2,3-trichlorobenzene ― 50 µg/l 3.4 dichloroaniline ― 50 µg/l 4-chloro-3-methylphenol 59-50-7 50 µg/l II. -Unless otherwise specified, the limit values above apply to samples, measures or means analyses performed on twenty-four hours.
In the case where a self-monitoring is implementation, 10% of the series of the results of the measurements may exceed the prescribed limits, but not more than twice these values. In the case of a daily (or more frequently) self-monitoring aqueous effluents, these 10% are counted on a monthly basis.
In the case of instant samples no measurement result exceeds twice the prescribed limit value.
III. ― for the priority hazardous substances identified in the table above by a present star in releases of the installation, the operator presents the measures accompanied by a timetable to remove the release of this substance into the aquatic environment by 2021 (or 2028 for anthracene, and endosulfan).
A N N E X E V ELVS to releases gaseous environment in natural gases comply with the limit values shown in the table below depending on the hourly flow. Where the same pollutant is emitted by various channelled releases, the limit values applicable to each piped release are determined, where appropriate, on the basis of the total flow of all channeled and diffuse discharges. The limit values are reported to the standard conditions set out in article 49: you can consult the table in JOn ° 298, 24/12/2013 text number 43 you can refer to the table in the JOn ° 298, 24/12/2013 text number 43 you can refer to the table in the JOn ° 298, 24/12/2013 text number 43
II. - In the event of use of a technique of oxidation to remove VOCs, the oxygen content reference for the verification of the compliance with the limit values emission is measured in effluents in oxidation equipment output. The operator demonstrates in his registration dossier that it is not necessary to install a secondary energy recovery device.
III. — substances or mixtures that are assigned, or which must be affixed, H340, H350, H350i, H360D or H360 hazard statements F or the risk phrases r 45, R 46, R 49, R. 60 or R 61, because of their content of volatile organic compounds classified carcinogenic, mutagenic or toxic to reproduction under Regulation (EC) no 1272/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2008 on the classification labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures, are replaced, as much as possible by substances or mixtures less harmful, and at the earliest possible opportunity.
IV. — limit values apply to measures, samples and average analyses carried out over a period of half an hour.
In the case of instant samples no measurement result exceeds twice the prescribed limit value.
In the case of a self-monitoring permanent (at least a representative measure per day), none of the averages on twenty-four hours of normal operation exceeds the emission limits and no hourly average exceeds 1.5 times the value emission limit.
In the case of periodical measurements, the average of all measurements performed during a surveillance operation does not exceed the emission limits and none of the hourly averages is greater than 1.5 times the value emission limit.
Made on December 14, 2013.
For the Minister and by delegation: the Director General of the prevention of risks, P. Blanc