Yhteisaluelaki

Original Language Title: Yhteisaluelaki

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Read the untranslated law here: http://www.finlex.fi/fi/laki/ajantasa/1989/19890758

In accordance with the decision of the Parliament, provides for: the General provisions of the common area and the common article 1 of the real estate management and the use of a special benefit is in force, the provisions of this law.
This law does not apply to the yhteismetsälain (37/1991) yhteismetsää. This law does not apply to the other benefits of the common area or common use of the Administration and particularly in so far as it lays down. (2000/686)
YhteismetsäL 37/1991 is repealed by the Austrian ".at". See YhteismetsäL 109/2003.

the common area for the purposes of this section 2 of the Act for two or more of the property jointly.
Therefore, the joint special means for two or more of the entry into force of law related to the property jointly, fishing, or any other kind of land or water use in the region of another property in the area. Such a use of the right referred to above, which is in the common area, but is not based on a common area, shall also be considered as a special benefit. The same applies to the owner of the right of fishing on other than the territory of the farm. (2000/686)

Section 3 of the shareholders ' Committee (2000/686) the common area or common particularly benefit the shareholders are the owners of the real estate. The shareholders in the form of the shareholder. Fishing within the meaning of the Act (286/1982) as a partner in this fishing in accordance with the law. When a partner there is a variety of owners, the meaning of this law shall be considered the owner of these together. Partner real estate yhteisomistajaan shall apply to the provisions relating to shareholder only if this is provided below. (July 22, 2011/915)
If the status of the area concerned, along with the owner of the right to fish, the other is for their benefit, shall be deemed to constitute, together with the owner of the particular shareholder, with holdings depend on as each is right.

section 4 of the Shareholders shall be entrusted with the management of the common area or common particularly benefit and the benefit of the region, or other affairs.
For the operation of the shareholder, the shareholder to be accepted and to lay down rules (organized as a partner). (July 22, 2011/915) 5 of the common area or common to the use or treatment of particular benefit, or a shareholder of the other necessary expenses to run for shareholders, to impose fees, which is based on the proportion of each shareholder, or any other aspect of the timetable laid down by the shareholders.

section 6 of the Partner ' and corresponds to the common area or common matters relating to special benefits and be able to get the name and make commitments in performance of their duties under the law.
Common shareholders are not personally liable for the obligations of the shareholders.

Meeting of the shareholders of the power to exercise the section 7 of the decision of the shareholders ' meeting of the shareholders. The rules of the shareholders, it may be provided that the power of decision to use instead of the shareholders elected by the shareholders ' meeting of the representative body.
Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraph 1, the shareholders may also decide to partner on this issue, if all the shareholders are the decision unanimous.

section 8 of the shareholder meeting, each shareholder's share in the right to vote. The meeting of the Chairman and in the adoption of the voting list is part of the EU, however, meeting one vote each. Also other decisions in the meeting, you can do it this way, if the participants in the meeting, it was unanimously agreed. (July 22, 2011/915)
With regard to the right to vote, in the jointly-owned property using the yhteisomistajat arriving in the joint. If the yhteisomistajat not relating to the matter before arriving in the agreement, each of the joint owners shall have the right to vote only in the proportion of the corresponding assets that it owns.
If a shareholder has chosen to share in the common area of the whole kiinteistöönsä or common to a specific benefit, the successor in title may be acquired on the basis of the contribution of the President of the meeting of the shareholders by a shareholder after the share of ownership has passed to him. If a shareholder has chosen to only a portion of the contribution referred to above, the successor in title may be acquired on the basis of the contribution of the President of the meeting of the shareholders by a shareholder after the share of real estate it owns the property transferred to the shipment or his or the status of the accounts as is connected. The transferor and transferee may, however, agree to begin on the date of the first President of the transition. (2000/686), section 9, of the fight against organised a meeting of shareholders shall be convened by the Management Board of the shareholder or the office holder.
Organised a meeting of shareholders must be convened if shareholders, together represent at least the tenth part of all the shares, in accordance with the relevant for the purpose of writing it.

section 10 of the non-organised youth partner of the general meeting shall be convened by someone. He also takes care of other tasks related to the organisation of the meeting.
If the partner does not want to take care of non-organised youth partner to convene the general meeting and the rest of the Organization, he may request the institution of the national land survey to determine the official in the service of the NLS, which is responsible for the real estate calculations, to take care of the organisation of the meeting and a shareholder to convene. The fee for the implementation of the tasks referred to in this paragraph, in accordance with the payment of the State fee by the law, the State (150/1992). (13.12.2013/521), section 11, of the meeting of the Shareholders will be informed by letter if all shareholders or are otherwise certified. The notice of a meeting may also be given in such a way that a public notice in one or more locations in a newspaper of general circulation and will be announced to the shareholders of the card for the second letter, whose address is known.
If two or more people own property jointly, gives shareholders a letter of invitation with respect to supply one of the joint holders fulfils. A letter of invitation is sent to all the joint owners, however, that posting the request and shall notify this for the address.
The invitation is properly delivered, when the above letters is posted on and notification published at least 14 days before the date of the meeting.
The rules of the organized partner, it may be provided that the members of the meeting will be informed about the other in a reliable manner.

section 12 at a meeting of the Shareholders will decide only on those issues which have been mentioned in the notice convening the meeting.

section 13 of the meeting of the Shareholders shall have the Chair of the meeting by the person.
The meeting is to draw up a Protocol, in which the Chairman and at least one of the selected auditor sign for it at the meeting.

section 14 of the President of the election at the meeting to draw up a list, which shall be entered in the presence of shareholders as well as their ownership of real estate and their contributions to the likes of (the vote). The voting list will be adopted if a majority of the shareholders present.
At the meeting of shareholders, the shareholder may be represented by his authorized agent. Unless the statutes provide otherwise, no one is allowed to vote on the number of votes, which is more than thirty percent of the common shares held by the shareholders present at the meeting. (2000/686), section 15, of the decision of the meeting shall be deemed to, on behalf of the majority of the votes cast by is given. In the event of a tie for a decision of the head will be calculated according to the majority opinion. If the vote is tied, by a count of the result of the vote drawing opinion, if he is a partner. If the President is not a shareholder, or in the case of an election, that counts a lot.
The adoption of a decision of the shareholders is required, that the decision on the part of the two-thirds of the vote, the euro is worth at least a common voting and at least one third of the vote of the shareholders, if the decision means: 1) to the common area or common part of a sale or a special benefit, or the hiring of five years for a longer period;
2 the purpose of the common area of the permanent change);
3) change the rules of the of the shareholders;
4) debt;
5) to run to the shareholders;
6 the common areas, or the property of) the area into the adoption of the agreement on the common area of the partnership against;
7) the allocation of the shares of the shareholders ' gear units of water in a different way;
the transfer of fishing 8) fishing area to run; the use of water in the region of 9) fishing by means other than in such a way that each shareholder, or the fact that the right to legally use his fishing, fish in freshwater and marine habitats.
(2000/686), section 15, section 16, subsection 2, paragraph 1, and the decision referred to in paragraph 6, is to be subject to endorsement by the Court of Justice, if one of the shareholders present at the meeting. The decision is to lay down, if it was in accordance with the law and does not cause financial damage to shareholders who do not have a decision. (2000/686)
Subject matter of the proceedings before the Court may be taken only when the section 23 (1) of the time-limit for bringing an action as referred to in sub-section is finished. That, and the action referred to above shall be considered together.

If article 15 (2) of the decision referred to in paragraph 2 applies to the amendment of the purpose of the common area of the yhteismetsälain (109/2003) within the meaning of subparagraph (1) of article 1 of decision yhteismetsäksi, is subject to endorsement by the forestry centre concerned. The decision is to lay down, if the area is suitable for forestry yhteismetsänä. The decision, the matter can be resolved only when the section 23 (1) of the time-limit for bringing an action as referred to in sub-section is finished, or that have been rejected by the Court of Justice of the decision on the annulment of the decision of the shareholder, has the force of res judicata. (at issue/110) from the representative of the whole of the section 17 of the representative Council of the power to exercise voting shareholders of the combined audio and they represent a head.
A representative cannot be authorized for the second work meeting of the agent.
The representative of the meeting, the decisions of the other to meet and, where applicable, in effect, what the shareholder meeting and its decisions is provided for.

The rules of the shareholder, the shareholder section 18 of the regulations is Organized: 1) the name and address of the shareholder as well as the partner of the common area or common to a specific benefit;
2. the composition and duration of treatment);
3) who has the right to write the name of the shareholders;
4) when the annual shareholders ' meeting will be held and what the things it deals with;
5), provided by the fees;
6) how the Administration and the financial control of the shareholder will be arranged.
7) fiscal year, which may not exceed four years, unless the 32 (b) of the financial statements, and when a decision has to be made; (2000/686) 8) how the shareholder meeting is convened and other communications will be delivered to the shareholders; as well as the management of the Affairs of the other partner 9) for the necessary facts.
If the shareholder according to the rules in the decision of the authority to use instead of the shareholder meeting, the representatives of the Assembly, in addition to the rules of the State and is making the number and duration of his fellow citizens, as well as how they are chosen.
The rules and regulations of the shareholders shall be submitted to the regional Government Office for endorsement by the change, and they will enter into force, after the adoption of the decision has become final. The regional government agency shall lay down the rules, if they are in accordance with the law and do not pose harm to shareholders. (31.1.2014/99)

Care and Treatment of the article 19 of the monitoring trustee's task is to take care of the preparation and implementation of the decisions of the shareholders, as well as any other hands-on activities.
The President of the Management Board to use shareholder power to the Court of Justice and other authorities, as well as to represent the otherwise partnered.
The rules of the shareholders, it may be provided that the treatment can partner instead of the general meeting shall have the power to take decisions on the rules of small shareholder base in the area. (2000/686) of section 20 Unless otherwise provided in the rules, the Management Board has a quorum when at least half of the President as well as other members or their alternates are present.
Decision on the opinion, which the majority is in favour or, in the event of a tie, the Chairman of the opinion, which is endorsed.

section 21 of Each member of the Management Committee must be a personal Deputy. Board shall elect a Chairman and a Vice-Chairman from among its members.
The shareholders ' meeting may free care a member or alternate from his office term and elect a new Member or alternate member for the remainder of the term. If a member or an alternate member of the Board resigns or is prevented, the performance of his duties, shall be selected to permanently replace him for the remainder of the new person.

section 22 (2000/686) of the statutes may provide that the Shareholders participating in the community is the treatment, instead of or in addition to the one or more of the office holder. Toimitsijalla will be the making of a man.
If a shareholder has more of the monitoring trustee, in their välisestään Division of labour must be imposed by the rules of the shareholders. If partner has a Board, rather than the office holder, toimitsijasta is valid, what section 19 provides for treatment.
What section 21 of the Act provides, shall apply by analogy to the toimitsijaan and her making her husband.

The appeal and the proceedings pursuant to article 23 of the (2000/686) Shareholder, which believes that the treatment of the representative Council of the municipality or of the shareholders ' decision, not the result of legal order, or that it is otherwise contrary to the law or the rules, has the right to criticize the action against the decision of the District Court of the shareholder within a period of 60 days following the adoption of the decision. If the decision is made, paragraph 23 (a), a contributor is, however, entitled to bring an action against the shareholders of the District Court within 30 days of the date of notification of the decision on the request for an adjustment. Right to complaint redress is not a contributor, who is at the meeting contributed to the adoption of the decision by providing it with support. (July 22, 2011/915)
If the representative Council of the municipality or of the shareholders, the Board has been criticized for the decision, the Court may, prior to the final resolution of the issue of the implementation of the decision as soon as the permit, unless there are special reasons for not implementing make appeals to the point.

Article 23 (a) (2000/686) Notwithstanding the provisions of article 23 provides for the right of a shareholder, partner, the representative Council of the municipality, or organised care is the subject of a decision by may, subject to the decision not to require a shareholder meeting of the representative Council of the municipality or of the decision on the grounds that the decision is not the result of the legal order or who is a shareholder of the law, regulation or not in conformity with the rules, or a violation of his rights.
Your appeal must be submitted within a period of 21 days following the adoption of the decision. The treatment of the organized partner within 30 days of the conclusion of the complaint of the representative Council of the shareholders ' meeting must be called or convened to deal with the complaint or determine the requirement in the same period of time, the adjustment of the representative Council of the municipality or of the meeting are not placed on the shareholder register. Treatment in the community is also a right to the same time frame to resolve the management decision taken by the adjustment of the requirement.
Subject to adjustment, the adjustment to the requester cannot blame the decision by bringing a partner against the District Court within 30 days of the date of notification of the decision on the request for an adjustment.

section 23 (b) (31.1.2014/99), article 16 and article 18 of the decision referred to in paragraph 3, may be appealed by appealing to the Administrative Court as administrative act (586/1996). The competent court is the Court in whose district is located in the main part of the common area. Section 18 of the decision referred to in paragraph 3, it is also responsible for the administration of Justice, the Court is located in the main part of their real estate in the area to which the common special benefit.
The administrative court decision may be appealed only if the Supreme Administrative Court grants leave to appeal.

section 24 If a shareholder has taken to trial in unorganised forms, is the trial again objected to the cost of the trial, the shareholder obliged to not more than the amount which corresponds to the interest of a partner in the trial come to him.
If the partner shall decide that the special benefit of the common area or common trial or authorities to process it is not initiated or is not extended, or, in the absence of the shareholder interest in the common areas, or otherwise controlled by the municipality, in common with a special benefit in the proceedings before the Court or other authority, in this case, the shareholder shall, however, take action or otherwise control the partner of interest in the case. What's in it before the Court in the proceedings or otherwise or other authority in the present case is won, will be for the benefit of the shareholders. The other shareholders are obliged to participate in the proceedings or the costs incurred by the shareholder of not more than the amount of lobbying, which is equivalent to them the right to start or lobbying come in handy. (2000/686), section 25 (2000/686), in which the shareholder is a party to the proceedings before the Court or other authority, including the shareholder has the right to use the power of the President at the expense of its own share, notwithstanding the provisions of article 24.

Article 26 (2000/686) If a shareholder has organised, challenge or other notice shall be deemed to be delivered to the shareholders, when it has been notified to the Commissioner or the administrator of treatment.
A partner can be sued as a defendant, in unorganised forms the municipality of Chapter 11 of the code of judicial procedure in accordance with article 14.
If the rest of the otherwise non-organised sector, the Declaration may be made in accordance with the shareholders ' Committee of the challenge procedure for service of documents.
Meeting of the shareholders, the shareholders of a disorganised or all unanimously may, by decision, empower one or more of the shareholder or of any other person as a representative of the shareholder to receive and bring to a shareholder referred to in paragraph 2 and 3 of the Chairman, communications.

The implementation of article 27 of the common area or common part of a specific benefit to the shareholder's debt. To comply with a Court of Justice, shall apply to the execution the seizure and sale of immovable property is provided.

Miscellaneous provisions article 28 of decision of the meeting of the Shareholders will not be given at the expense of the shareholders or shareholder to anyone of the shareholders or any of the other apparently unjustified advantage.

Article 28 (a) (2000/686)


Shareholder shall have the right, unless the shareholder decides otherwise or unless otherwise provided in the regulations or unless the shareholders otherwise by law provide otherwise, the use of a common area, taking account of the intended purpose of it in such a way that it does not block other shareholders a similar way from using the area. Unless all shareholders is not possible due to the intended use of the region use to the same extent that the area needs, is to be organized in relation to the manner of agreeing or shareholder.
Subject to the decision of the shareholders, subject to the rules, or any other law, a shareholder may not, without the consent of the other shareholders or by the shareholders for permission to use common areas of the region in a way different from the purpose of use or take any other action on the cases where it does not cause any nuisance or inconvenience to other shareholders or to prevent them from taking advantage of this kind of way, in relation to the holding area.
If a contributor referred to in paragraph 1 or 2, the measure calls for any other use or area to the authorization provided for in the law, a shareholder has the right to get authorisation.

section 29 of the call to convene the monitoring trustee subject to the treatment or the shareholders ' representative Council of the municipality or of the meeting, which according to the rules of the meeting of the decision is to be kept at a specified time, the shareholder or the representative Council Member shall have the right to deliver the invitation at the expense of the shareholders. The same applies to the convening of a meeting, for which the claim is made in accordance with the first subparagraph of article 9, unless the call is not forwarded within three weeks from the time when the claim was presented to the marketing of the meeting of the Board or the administrator.

section 30 of the shareholder is the size of your information or section 10 of the request referred to in paragraph 2, or for other reasons had to put their own resources to deal with the shareholders, they have the right to get the costs back to the partner.
If the size of the shareholder, the shareholder is obviously wrongly called the meeting of the costs of the meeting, will remain in his disfavor.

section 30 (a) (2000/686), a member of the administration of treatment and the person is obliged to compensate the damage which he has intentionally or negligently caused to the shareholders. The same applies to this law or of the rules by breaking of the shareholder, the shareholder in limiting the damage.
So that the mediation, as well as to damages, the liability of two or more korvausvelvollisen is valid, what are the damages Act (412/1974), Chapter 2 and 6.
Action on compensation for damage caused to the shareholders may also be brought before the Court of the domicile of the shareholders.

section 31 (2000/686) a shareholder may have to the common area or the property of shareholders share in the common special benefit. Acquired share shall be accompanied by a shareholder, in relation to the shipment of their units in real estate, which is in effect what the kiinteistönmuodostamislain (554/1995) the share of Chapter 13 of the transfer of the property to another, or benefit. For the transfer to occur, even in the event that a shareholder of the real estate is located in another municipality.
A shareholder may have ownership of the property or the amount of the common area. How to connect to a common area in the field of real estate and the amount provided for in chapter 13 of the kiinteistönmuodostamislain. (July 22, 2011/915), section 31 (a) (2000/686) in a common area or a particular benefit to the shareholder is organized in the manner provided for in this Act, the common area or common to the special benefit of the compensation shall be paid to the shareholder.
The compensation shall be paid as referred to in sub-section 1 of the shareholders, if shareholders of a disorganised shareholder are known and, if they are significant. This allowance shall be paid to the shareholders, however, non-organised sector, if the compensation is low or the cost of shareholder relations, the settlement of payments in the amount or the amount of compensation are obvious. Unless the shareholder has not taken a decision on how compensation is to be paid to it, the compensation shall be deposited in the local Government Office. If deposited in the compensation will not be increased within 14 days, the regional government agency is required to set up the compensation amount to the Bank for account and depositing the money, the value of securities or shares, the deposit of a fixed amount or for relief from the rest of the debt would execute the obligation (281/1931). (July 22, 2011/915)
Deposited in the compensation shall be paid to the shareholders after the partner has organized, or to increase the compensation, as well as at its meeting decided to mandate for the selected agent. The compensation has been paid to the before a shareholder, the amount of the Agency's compensation is to be paid by the regional administration of the shareholder's share of the meaning of the chaotic, if a report on the contribution the amount of the shareholder to present reliable. (July 22, 2011/915), section 32 to the compensation paid is shared if the shareholder shareholders, each partner is personally responsible for the return of the funds, with interest, from now on, in the event that the financial resources will have to be a commitment, on the basis of the judgment or the equivalent, to return to the payer or his. Such fee will be charge a shareholder in the same order as the shareholder.

section 32 (a) (2000/686) of the Shareholders of the funds to be deposited to an account opened with the Bank on behalf of a shareholder, if the sum of the shares of the shareholders which represent at least the tenth part of all of the shares in it. A major shareholder of money transactions must be done through the Bank.

Article 32 (b) (2000/686) if the shareholder is not the accounting Act (1336/1997) according to keep accounts, and if the shareholders do not unanimously agree otherwise, partner of the documents relating to revenue and expenditure, and transactions of the exchange of letters shall be kept for at least six years from the end of the year in which the fiscal year is closed, so arranged that the connection between vouchers and entries can be readily ascertained.
Partner, which is engaged in a business or professional activities, on the basis of which the shareholder has, according to the accounting Act, keep accounts, is valid, what accounting is required by law.

section 32 (c) (2000/686) Shareholder shall have the right of access to the accounts of the shareholders in the shareholders and other documents relating to the activities of the shareholders. A contributor is entitled to use the professional, as well as the right to receive copies of the records and other documents. In this case, the shareholder shall have the right to receive compensation for the incurred by the shareholder, the shareholder documents reproduction and dispatch costs.

Article 33 (13.12.2013/521), the rules of the Shareholders shall be sent to the institution of the national land survey and the regional government agency of the extract from that contract giving in section 18, paragraph 1, sub-paragraph 1 and the information referred to in paragraph 2. As well as the institution of the national land survey and the regional government agency shall transmit the data to the Chairperson and the Vice-Chairperson of the Board or, in the event of toimitsijasta and his Deputy as well as their addresses.

Article 33 (a) (2000/686) if the size of the joint area is redeemed or distributed among the shareholders ' property or sold ulosottotoimin or otherwise for the benefit of the members of the decision of the meeting of shareholders, of the shareholders all liabilities due and payable, and the municipality shall be deemed to be dissolved, when the debt is paid. If all of the creditors of the shareholder, the shareholder is not known to be taken by the public, a shareholder challenge to the unknown creditors. If the assets are liabilities and shareholder in the shareholder register of the legal relationships between the shareholders, ylijää I have to share their keskensä according to the shares of the shareholder of the real estate.
In accordance with the common area is shared or sold, redeemed, treatment of, or restrict or, in the absence of these, someone else's shareholders shall notify the shareholder of the institution of the national land survey of unincorporated, 45 days after the date on which a shareholder of the debt has been paid. (13.12.2013/521)
Paragraphs 1 and 2 of the Act provides a common area for dissolution and the reversal of the shareholder, the shareholder's benefit applies, mutatis mutandis, to the common, particularly if the size of the benefit is divided between the common special partner in real estate or are terminated.

the implementation of this law, the provisions of article 34 shall be adopted, where the need for further regulation.

Date of entry into force and transitional provisions article 35 of this law shall enter into force on 1 September 1989, and it cancels some of the common areas and on 9 May 1940, comparable to the benefits of the law (204/40), as amended.
Before the entry into force of this law may be to take the measures needed to implement the law.

section 36 If the common area or common especially benefit administration that is before the entry into force of this law on certain common areas and organized a permanent basis comparable benefits in accordance with article 7 of the law, shall be deemed to constitute such an area, the community or in a beneficiary referred to in this Act, the shareholder members of the organised. This law shall apply to the organised ' shareholder the shareholder provisions, if laid down in its Statute, does not change the result.
If, prior to the entry into force of this law, the shareholders have agreed on the common area or common especially the entry into force of the agreement, the Administration will continue to benefit.
If required by law or regulation has been made to the law, which has come to this provision, a rule of the law applicable is this. THEY 22/89, l-tvk. Mrs. 10/89, svk. Mrs. 59/89

The change of the date of entry into force and the application of the rules: to 12 April 1995/566: this law shall enter into force on 1 January 1997.
THEY 227/94, (EC) No 45/94 2000/686 MmVM: this law shall enter into force on 1 January 2001.
If the water in the region at the time of entry into force of this law, the shareholders are organized, as well as yhteisaluelain in accordance with the laws of the shareholder in accordance with the fisheries as a fishing in accordance with the rules of the yhteisaluelain, as a shareholder, shall cease to be in force, and the rules are valid for the fishing in the shareholders, until such time as they have been changed into line with the provisions of yhteisaluelain. In so far as the rules are in conflict with the yhteisaluelain, the yhteisaluelakia, however.
In the case referred to in paragraph 2, the Executive Board of the joint fishing area will continue as a partner in the management of water, until the shareholders ' meeting of the members of the new Board.
THEY 198/1999, MmVM 6/2000, EV, 70/2000 at issue/110: this law shall enter into force on 1 March 2003.
THEY'RE 240/2002 13/2002, MmVM, EV 248/2002 22 December 2009/1465: this law shall enter into force on 1 January 2010.
Before the entry into force of this law may be to take the measures needed to implement the law.
THEY 161/2009, HaVM 18/2009, EV 205/2009 July 22, 2011/915: this law shall enter into force on 1 October 2011.
THEY are 265/2009 28/2010 MmVM, EV 307/2010 13.12.2013/918: this law shall enter into force on 1 January 2014.
THEY'RE 68/7/2013, 2013, MmVM EV 31.1.2014 102/13/99: the entry into force of this Act specifically provided for by law.
L 99/2014 shall enter into force in accordance with the 1.9.2014 L 75/2014.
THEY 121/17/2013, 2013, MmVM EV 186/2013