Read the untranslated law here: http://www.finlex.fi/fi/laki/ajantasa/1982/19820940
The Ministry of transport and communications on 26 March 1982 concerning the regulation of vehicle (233/82) in accordance with article 69 Chapter 1 General section 1 decided to: (8.9.1989/790), the scope of This decision applies to cars, trucks and more than 3 500 kg trailers of coupled kokonaispainoltaan baskets as well as the kind of vehicle loading and load. The decision does not, however, apply to extended-cab truck, which is on the wall separated from the rest of the truck.
section 2 Definitions for the purposes of this decision: 1) trucks on the road, with vehicle mounted or easily removable blank pallet or container, container or basket or a woman similar types of bodywork, which transported goods on the surface;
2) solid truck with truck bodywork, with a closed or closed side walls, you will end up with a roof;
3) in the open truck with an open or just the page and end with the sides of the pallet;
4) solid truck with truck bodywork, which is permanently attached to the vehicle chassis;
5) the container or any other truck on the road, with the truck body, which is a separate unit of the transport and storage, and for the various means of transport in the transport unit for Exchange; Exchange basket can be equipped with immobilized legs;
6) truck farm truck body part to which the truck immediately on the surface;
7) binding medium belt, wire rope, kettinkiä, rope, net or other kind of load verification instrument; It can be equipped with the most appropriate attachment plugs or lukoin;
8) clamping device means a device by which the binding instrument can be tightened; as well as 9) binding strap tape binding instrument in the countries, which are equipped with a clamping connectors or seals, and extortion.
Chapter 2 section 3 of the Truck body Truck body in a vehicle the truck body attachment on the vehicle will be without permanent muodonuutoksia take: 1) with the sum of the mass of the load and load the basket with an impressive force that is at least equivalent to the acceleration 17 m/s2;
2) sides and back with the sum of the mass of the load and load the basket with an impressive force that is at least equivalent to the acceleration 7 m/s2; and 3) vertically to the higher of the following forces: the mass of the vehicle with an impressive force that is at least equivalent to the acceleration 10 m/s2, or the sum of the mass of the load and load the basket with an impressive in power.
Exchange baskets for the attachment is to be a reliable and easy-to-use locking devices, which shall satisfy the requirements of paragraph 1 in accordance with strength.
The provisions of this article shall not apply to solid tehdasvalmisteiseen solid truck to a truck with a load compartment is directly related to the cockpit structure. Dump a load platform for attaching to the vehicle structure shall not apply to the requirement under article 1, paragraph 3, the vertical attachment. Article 4 (8.9.1989/790) Truck body etupääty in the cab protection basket must be etupääty on the vehicle or the driver's cab.
Etupäätyä or cab protection is not required: 1) marked a unique connection in the case of a semi-trailer towing the car, if the trailer is a etupääty, and not solely the ristiinkytkentään marked in the case of a semi-trailer towing the car. (8.9.1989/790)) in the actual trailer;
3) tank in the car and not the tank side of the trailer;
4. in the case referred to the vehicle for the transport of vehicles);
5) with special fixing and locking equipment exclusively for the carriage of the case referred to in the exchange of carrier on the vehicle; and 6) with the exception of erikoiskuljetusperävaunussa and erikoiskuljetusperävaunua, which is the traction of the car may not be used without permission for other than forwarding.
the dimensions of the protection of article 5 of the Etupäädyn or etupäädyn of the fixed baskets of the cab must be at least as wide and as high as the cab of the truck mode. The country and the case referred to in the transport of goods, or equivalent, is the mass of the load in the basket may be etupääty to be lower than that of the cockpit, does not, however, lower than the page margins. Etupäädyn semi-trailer, the height shall be not less than 1.6 m load area floor. Exchange truck body etupäädyn the height of the load compartment shall be at least 1.0 m from the floor. Etupäätyä responsible for the protection of the driver's cab must be at least as high as the cab and the width you want.
It's part of a fixed basket of etupäädystä or the protection of the cab of the truck, which extends above the bottom of the rear window of the cab, and that part of the exchange of the truck body or etupäädystä, which is higher than 0.60 m load area with floor-to-be to tilt, can be counted on down or removable. If the load on the front of the body etupäädyn is the crane, not etupääty be lowered as much as the crane requires.
section 6 of the Etupäädyn or the strength of the protection Etupäädyn and the cab driver's cab protection breaking down and repeämättä take I end up or forward facing for the sector of protection of an evenly distributed load, the amount of which is: 1) solid truck vehicle fitted with bodywork, the load area is directly linked to the structure of the cab, 15% of the maximum ceiling, identified by means of a vehicle or a truck with a minimum of 5 kN and not more than 30 kN;
2) permitted at least one-third of the vehicle, identified by means of a vehicle, up to a maximum of 60 kN; and 3) Exchange the ceiling allow at least one-third of the basket of the load on the manufacturer, but not more than 60 kN.
In accordance with the national standard of the ISO or similar container to the etupäädyn do not need to meet the requirements of paragraph 1.
section 7 of the anchorages the anchorages must be load in the basket.
Anchorages are not required: 1) in a container;
2) country-and in the case provided for the carriage of goods, or equivalent, is the mass of the load in the basket;
3) the transport of animals referred to in the basket;
4) exclusively puutavarapankoilla and page ranks equipped on the vehicle;
5) load in the basket, which is intended for the carriage of certain types of load and only decorated and where goods are transported on the mortgage is necessary; and 6) in the UK in accordance with the national standard, or the corresponding container.
section 8 of the Attachment points of the mounting points of the nimellislujuus basket nimellislujuuksien must have at least the following: the structure of the vehicle or load-bearing capacity of the floor of the truck body anchorage for a dead woman's body in the structure of the truck under the wall attachment of the 3.5 t 2.5 kN 3,5 – 6,0 5 kN t 5.0 kN more than 10 kN 20 kN 5.0 6.0 t kN Mounting point should withstand twice the load, when breaking down nimellislujuuteen wall mount point to affect the direction of the power shall not differ by more than 30 ° to the plane of the wall. Anchorage nimellislujuuksien shall be at least equal to the body of the vehicle or the load bearing capacity, the body of the truck in the basket, however, at least half of it.
under section 9 of the anchorages, the location and shape of the Mounting points must be at least six. The anchorages must be located symmetrically in relation to the cargo space on both edges of the inside or outside or on the inside and outside, so that they load can be safely and appropriately in a bind. The length of the distance between the anchorages must be not more than 1.2 m, for a special reason, however, most residents for 1.5 m. Anterior and the superlative form of attachment point must be less than 0.25 m from the front and rear, respectively sisäpinnasta. A dead woman in the truck body on the wall are placed in the lower anchorages shall not be less than 1.0 m above the floor and at a distance of at least 0.6 m from the separate attachment points of each other.
Solid tehdasvalmisteiseen solid truck to a truck-car shall not apply the requirements of paragraph 1 from the placement and the distance between the anchorages in the longitudinal direction when a specific structural reason requires a derogation from these requirements. (8.9.1989/790)
The anchor point must be worded in such a way, that a binding instrument can be fixed easily and reliably. The strength of the adhesion of the anchorage may be substituted for the corresponding binding instrument of blackmail.
Chapter 3 the number of Bunks, section 10 of the Stanchions and the strength of the Pankkoja must be a tree or other very long items for each of the bundles of at least two. Pankkoja is going to be so many and the page posts so that the posts that support the no permanent deformation when the pole to the top of the structure to a height of at least 2 m horizontally from the stanchion from the applies-to doc. poikkipalkin a quarter of the weight of the future Bank posts per load.
the structures of the vehicle structure or article 11 of the Stanchion equipment must be such that the two consecutive between was constructed from the bunch can be bound to the vehicle chassis or load in the basket. When the distance between successive stanchions is more than 2.5 meters, will bind to be carried out in two separate binding.
Laukaistavien alapäiden must be confirmed easily in the page provided with removable pinned or assurance. The Poles must be able to trigger a load from the direction of landing.
The wood was constructed from the poikkipalkin shall be equipped with an upward-facing, at least 10 mm korkuisella provide strong edges, which prevents trees with non-slip lengthwise.
Chapter 4, section 12 of the position of the load of the vehicle loading
The weight of the load will be distributed as soon as possible a steady load space in the North, and the load shall be made as soon as possible low. The Centre of gravity of the load will be as soon as possible, and close to the median longitudinal plane of the vehicle.
The truck will be, as far as possible, to support the load status of the etupäätyä. Parts of the objects presented, sharp is directed towards the rear.
An outbreak of Välikuormausten and is sufficiently taken care of load redistribution within the meaning of paragraph 1 and 2.
section 13 of the securing load Truck may not load the basket to move in such a way that it can interfere with the use of the liikenneturvallista of the vehicle and a substantial move forward in relation to the basket when the load will affect the power that is at least equivalent to the acceleration 10 m/s 2, or when the load will affect the pages or backup power, which is at least equivalent to the acceleration of 5 m/s 2.
You must use the load to ensure the support of the load, the bundling locking, or cloaking. The assessment of the quality assurance provided by the friction of the load strength retention capacity may be taken into account.
The truck must be protected by a truck with a blanket, when there is a risk that the load pölyää or rubs off the road edges capable of being directed.
If the verification of the load is used to load the mask or the network, it must be fixed in such a way that the air flow remove it while driving.
Chapter 5 of the regulation and article 14 of the Binding instruments to bind to the load the load movement of the forward cargo compartment to prevent binding nimellislujuuksien amount from both sides together must be at least equal to the weight of the load, as well as to the sides and back of the weight of the load, unless at least one half of the load support and friction between the load and the load compartment or load quality allow a smaller binding strength.
A new binding instrument must take nimellislujuuteen twice and the metal parts of the 1.4 times the load from breaking down.
Binding instrument, the condition is checked often enough. Damaged or wear and tear due to the deterioration in the binding, as well as improperly repaired equipment must not be used.
Tying the belt around your waist will be marking it in the nimellislujuudesta and the date of manufacture.
Article 15 of the Tightening device Clamping device shall be at least equal to the strength of its commitment with the strength of the instrument used. The clamping device must achieve at least 5% of the binding force of the nimellislujuudesta of the instrument responsible for the tightening of the clamping device with impact force of 0.5 kN a hand.
Compression device may also be a liquid or air pressure allows the continuous, provided that the car in the cockpit is a device that warns of extortion for the operation of the device too low fluid or air pressure.
section 16 of the Bind Offset is to be carried out safely and efficiently.
Forward movement of the load to prevent binding instrument must be as vertical, horizontal, and for no particular reason must not be more than 60 ° to the horizontal at an angle.
Binding instrument should not be the vehicle or the load from the sharp edge of the paper. If necessary, binding instrument must be protected in an appropriate manner.
Binding instruments must be properly jännitettyjä and their tension is, where appropriate, check the duration of the transport. An individual bond, or damage to, or detachment of, loosening the fastener must not undermine the other load binding. Binding instrument tightening device must be positioned in such a way that it increases the width of the vehicle.
section 17 of the special provisions for the transport of timber and container for the binding of the wood or the like long stuff is bound to the vehicle chassis or truck to cart in at least one of the binding. If the length of the goods transported is greater than 3 meters, must be used in at least two of the Association and where an object or a bunch of Poles supported against its base page at least two pystytolppaan on the same page.
The container, which can not be locked container locks, must be bound to at least one of the four binding yläkulmakiinnittimistä and, where appropriate, to support the load in the basket.
Chapter 6 Miscellaneous provisions in section 18 of the acceptance of the registration of the vehicle, the technical inspection body of the truck must be submitted by the vehicle manufacturer's certification of the stanchions and the baskets, the baskets of the mortgage on the vehicle and the truck attachment devices meet the requirements of paragraph 3 of article 6 of the cab, etupääty, or under the protection, and the bunks and load the anchorages strength requirements imposed on them. With a fixed solid truck with a tehdasvalmisteisesta truck of the car, where the load area is directly related to the cockpit structure, is also a car importer. (8.9.1989/790)
Exchange basket, however, is not in a container, the excise duty shall be to the manufacturer of the body to the issue of the shield, showing the basket identification number and the year of manufacture, the name of the manufacturer, the basket outside length, width, and height, the body's own weight, the ceiling load limit, as well as a basket of load anchorage points nimellislujuudet. The focus of the platform is a significant mass of the deposit at the bottom of the basket, to the left onto the tip of the tasasivuisella downwards triangle, the length of which is at least 100 mm.
18 (a) section (on 21 April 2009/259), the EC type-approved and approved in another EEA-State vehicle body the vehicle load in the basket and its mount on the vehicle shall not be subject to the decision of the 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9 and 10 of the Act, if the vehicle is equipped with a truck on the road, with: 1) the EC type-approved according to Directive 2007/46/EC; or 2) in another EEA country or one of the Åland Islands in small series type-or yksittäishyväksytty.
Article 19 of the authorization order of the Estonian motor vehicle registration centre shall, if necessary, more specific provisions on the application of this decision, as well as instructions for the various types of goods loading and load securing. The Estonian motor vehicle registration centre shall issue instructions binding on the indication of the date of manufacture of the nimellislujuuden and of the instruments. Inspection valid until may in individual cases, grant exemptions from the requirements of this decision, in accordance with the structure of the vehicle, if the corresponding security can be achieved in any other way.
Article 20 entry into force This decision shall enter into force on 1 January 1984.
This decision shall apply to vehicles and truck bodies, which will be the first time for this on or after the date of entry into force of the decision. 12, 13, 16 and 17 shall apply to the transport before the entry into force of the decision, however, the vehicles in their body structure and equipment.
Before the entry into force of this decision to continue to use the binding belts introduced even though the missing entry in the nimellislujuudesta and the time of production.
The change of the date of entry into force and the application of the acts: 8.9.1989/790: This decision shall enter into force on 15 September 1989.
on 21 April 2009/259: This Regulation shall enter into force on 29 April 2009.
Of the European Parliament and of the Council Directive 2007/46/EC, (32007L0046); OJ No l 263; October 9, 2007, p. 1
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