Patent Regulation

Original Language Title: Patenttiasetus

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Read the untranslated law here: http://www.finlex.fi/fi/laki/ajantasa/1980/19800669

The Ministry of trade and industry within the scope of the issues to deal with the presentation of a specific Minister, 15 December 1967, on patent law (550/67) on the basis of a patent application and the date of the patent application shall be made to section 1 of the Finnish National Board of patents and Registration Board (the Patent Office).
The international patent application, which includes Finland, shall be made to the authority or to an international organisation, which patenttiyhteistyösopimuksen (Treaty Series 57/1980) and its application to the competent receiving authority according to the rules. Patent Office on the authority provided for in article 45 to 50 and 51 (a) (27 October 2011/1097) of this regulation, the provisions relating to the application of the patent shall apply, unless otherwise specified, only;
the Finnish patent application 1);
the international patent application, 2), which has been extended in the case of Finland, according to article 31 of the patent law, or who is inadmissible under section 38 of the same Act: n; the application for a European patent, and (3)) which has been converted into a national patent application in the patent law according to article 70 of the s.
(15 February 1996/104) section 2 (the notifying parties/674) in the Finnish patent applications shall be brief (application paper), including attachments.
The application document shall be signed by the applicant or his agent, and it must be: 1) the applicant's name, domicile and address and, if the applicant is represented by an agent, the name, domicile and address;
2) the name and address of the inventor;
3 the invention in the patent application referred to in short and) practical;
4) If more than one applying for a patent, the notice on who of them is entitled or, if applicants use the agent, whom they are authorized to take against all jointly on behalf of the Patent Office;
5) if the application for a patent in accordance with section 8 (a) of the laws of the biological material deposit, notice of this;
the notification of the application of annexes 6); (27 October 2011/1097) of 7) if the applicant wishes to decisions concerning the application of the English language, on request. (27 October 2011/1097)
The application document shall be accompanied by: 1) a description of the invention and the drawing of the invention, patent, to illustrate the necessary requirements and summary;
2) if the applicant is not the inventor or is not the statement that will be established by the applicant the right to an invention.
The applicant must demonstrate to the mandate of the representative agent, except in a case of a man not authorized the application.
At the time of application, shall be confirmed by the payment of the application fee.


section 3 (27 October 2011/1097) If a document has not been drawn up in patent law in accordance with section 8, subsection 5 of refuse, it is for the applicant to give patent office also in Finnish, Swedish or English translation. When the question is from the rest of the document as a summary or explanation of the requirements of the patent and, in the case of a patent application or patent requirements of Finnish text, which is not included in section 21, the interpretative documents, the Patent Office may, however, waive the requirement for a translation or a translation of other languages than English or accept in Swedish or in English.


section 4 (18.7.2013/580), section 4, is repealed by A 18.7.2013/580.


section 5: in order to get the patent law provided for in article 9 of the new research, filing, the applicant must, in writing, request the patent authority and carry out the research authority, within three months of the date of payment by the date on which the application was made or shall be deemed to have been filed. If the patent application is not drawn up in a language accepted by the research authority, the request be accompanied by a translation of the application, the patent authority shall be appointed by the language.
If a large number of authorities is to be performed by the investigation referred to in subparagraph (1) (m), and the applicant wishes to specify which of these shall carry out an investigation, he will have the authority, in its request, indicate this.
The request shall be deemed to be withdrawn unless a patent application and the version at the end of the period provided for in paragraph 1, fill in the form set out in the international patent application requirements.


section 6 of the Patent Office shall mark the date of the patent application, the application is received at the Office, I.


7-8 § 7-section 8 is repealed A 27 October 2011/1097.




section 9 if there is an indication that the invention to which a patent has been applied for, has moved on to another, this is significant as the subject in the journal only, if the transfer has been established.


The privilege of section 10 (16 February 2006/144) in order to benefit from article 6 of the said patent law for the privilege of the pre-emptive right of the applicant in writing of the request as the basis for the first 16 months after the priority date of the application of the notified body. When the privilege is at the same time be informed of the basis for the claim, where and when indicated an application has been made and, as soon as possible, its number. The applicant may, within the period and under the same conditions above to increase the priority of the request, or a request to correct the privilege. If the addition or correction causes a change in the date, priviledge to be a statement to make, within one month from the priority date, either from the original 16, or the changing of the priority date, whichever 16-month period expires first. If, on expiry of the period of 16 months, but the date has not yet passed since the date of filing in four months, can the applicant make a declaration during these four months.
In the case of an international application for a patent, the privilege must be requested in the application. In this case, the applicant is informed where and when the basis for the claim reported to the application is made, as well as its number. The applicant may, however, add the privilege to request, or a request to correct the privilege by giving written notice to the receiving authority or the International Bureau of the world intellectual property organization, within 16 months from the priority date. If the addition or correction causes a change in the date, priviledge to be a statement to make, within one month from the priority date, either from the original 16, or the changing of the priority date, whichever 16-month period expires first. If the 16-month time limit has expired, but the international filing date has not yet passed four months, can the applicant make a declaration during these four months.
The privilege of the request referred to in paragraph 1 and 2 shall not, however, be able to add and fix it, when the application has become public.
If the application will be distributed according to section 22 of the priority of an application, the request is valid without a separate request with regard to the application of the new, by dividing the generated.


Article 11 of the 16 National Priority the applicant must within one month from the date on which the privilege is asked, to deliver to the Office as the basis for the claim to be a certificate issued by the authority receiving the application from the date of the application and the applicant's name, as well as a copy of the application certified by that authority. A copy of the form specified by the patent authority shall be provided. In the case of an international patent application for a certificate, issued by the Patent Office shall, however, only after the decision of the. Such an application may be the privilege of a document to give, in accordance with rule 17.1 patenttiyhteistyösopimuksen application the International Bureau of the world intellectual property organization or the application requested authority or to the submission of a request for priority document, the latter to the International Bureau. (16 February 2006/144)
The Patent Office may grant exemptions from the obligation to submit a certificate referred to in subparagraph (1) and a copy of the.
If a copy of the international patent application claiming priority from the underlying application is given in subparagraph (1) that the International Bureau, to the Patent Office a translation of the copy of the demand a copy of the patenttiyhteistyösopimuksen and the only application in accordance with rule 17.2.


Article 12 of the Privilege may only be based on the first application, that the invention has been made.
If the first application for the author or his successor in title has the same patent authority later made the same invention means the application, can be the basis for the subsequent application to submit the claim to the previous application, on condition that it had been cancelled, suspended or rejected it without becoming public, left, and that it had been the entry into force of any right and it was not the basis for the claim. If the privilege is achieved on the basis of the subsequent application, the previous application will no longer be able to invoke the privilege not to be achieved.

(3) repealed A 21 March 1997/246.



section 13 of the Privilege may also be part of the application.
The same application can be used to ask for the privilege of a number of different countries, on the basis of the applications also.


Patent specifications (14.6.1985/505) section 14 of the patent claim shall contain: 1) the title of the invention;
2) the notification technology, which compared to an invention is new (technology level), if such notification is required; as well as 3) Declaration of which an invention consists is new and unique.
Each claim must not contain more than one invention.
The invention shall, if possible, include either a product, equipment, method, or the user group.
A patent claim must not contain in relation to the matter which does not concern the invention for which it or the applicant to ask for exclusive rights in relation to the irrelevant.


Article 15 of the



A patent application may cover several versions of the patent claims. If the application has a number of claims, they shall be numbered consecutively and running the numbers.
The patent claim can be independent or a non-independent. A non-independent requirement is a requirement, which means an application in a form of implementation of the invention, patent claims and that, therefore, all the attributes of this requirement. The other requirement is an independent.
The patent claim can be connected to one or more of the non-Autonomous. A non-independent requirement can be associated with more than one requirement of the foregoing shall be subject to a patent. It will initially be a reference to such previous patent claim, and then the additional attributes that are relevant for the invention.


section 16 (26 June 1992/583) if the application is directed against a number of inventions, they have each other to depend on. Inventions shall be considered to be independent, if there is a technical connection of all inventions in such a way that they have in common one or more identical or similar technical special feature. Technical erityispiirteellä means a technical feature, which, taken as a whole, in each of the invention an invention consists in examining, constitutes a change to the State of the art.
For the purpose of assessing whether the inventions of the mutually dependent, it does not matter whether the inventions defined in separate claims or as alternatives in one claim.


The explanation (14.6.1985/505) section 17 of the invention must contain only what is necessary in order to clarify the invention. If it is necessary to apply a new or a profession, which is not generally accepted, it has to be explained. The characters and units of measure may not depart from them, which is usually used in the Nordic countries.
If the patent application a patent law in accordance with article 8 (a) of the deposit of biological material, the applicant shall submit the application attached to the biological material of the hallmarks of all the relevant information, which are known to the applicant. (the notifying parties/674), section 17 (a) (14.6.1985/505), section 8 (a) of the patent law as referred to in sub-section 1, the deposit shall be made in the deposit facility, which is located in Budapest on 28 April 1977 on the international recognition of the deposit of micro-organisms for the purposes of patent procedure (Budapest Treaty) international deposit authority, or any of the rest of the European Patent Office to accept the deposit facility. (15 February 1996/104)
In accordance with the agreement, the deposit shall be made in Budapest.
The patent Agency shall maintain a list of deposit institutions that are in conformity with the agreement, the Budapest international deposit authorities.


Article 17 (b) (14.6.1985/505) If the biological material has been deposited, the applicant shall notify the Patent Office in writing within a period of 16 months, when the application is made or, in the case of a request for priority is claimed, the date of priority of the date on which the depositary institution is asked to deposit and the deposit has been made and the number of the institution's deposit. International patent application information may be given in the same time limit, the International Bureau of the world intellectual property organization. (16 February 2006/144)
If the applicant requests that a patent application documents made public earlier than that of the patent law, section 22 (1) and (2) is provided for the information referred to in paragraph 1, shall submit, at the latest on presentation of the said request. If the applicant requests the publication of international patent application in the previous patenttiyhteistyösopimuksen in accordance with article 21, paragraph 2, point (b), the information shall publication of the request at the latest.
If the deposit is the Budapest Treaty application rule 5.1. in accordance with the delegated authority to another, from the international deposit, the applicant must notify the Patent Office of the transfer and the deposit of the new number.
The Patent Office may require that a copy of the deposit receipt issued by the institution of the deposit as a testimony to the fact that the information referred to in paragraph 1 and 3 are correct.


section 17 c (14.6.1985/505), section 8 (a) of the patent law of the new deposit as referred to in sub-section 2 of the will to make a new deposit in accordance with the provisions of the Budapest Treaty.
New deposit must be done within three months from the date of receipt by the depositary of the notification of the deposit has been received by the international authority for the deposit, that there will no longer be available. If the body has ceased its activity as an international authority for the deposit of biological material referred to in the Giro or in accordance with the agreement by the Budapest Office has ceased and the depositary shall not have received this notice within a period of six months after the International Bureau has published information about the case, a new deposit may, however, be made within nine months of the date of the said publication. The other deposit institutions, the above time limit for the submission of a new deposit will start when the European Patent Office has published the corresponding information on the matter. (the notifying parties/674)
The depositary shall, within four months of the conclusion of the new deposit and the deposit facility to be given by the Patent Office a copy of the new deposit. If section 17 (b) of subsection 1 or 2, in accordance with the time limit expires later, however, and without prejudice to receipt, within the time limit. The receipt must indicate the number of the patent application or of a patent deposit.


Executive summary (14.6.1985/505) section 18 of the summary should be based on the explanation given by the Finnish patent application and patent claims, as they are in the documents under section 21 or section 24, form the basic documents. The summary shall contain the title of the invention, must be drawn up in such a way that it is clearly a technical problem to which the invention relates, the invention of the main field of the invention contained in the principles, as well as the solution. A summary of the final form shall, as far as possible, be fixed before the application becomes a public patent law in accordance with article 22.
If the international application or a European patent application converted into a national application of the international search authority, or a summary of the position adopted by the European Patent Office, its content is acceptable. Otherwise, the Patent Office shall also make such an application. In the latter case, the provisions of paragraph 1 shall apply. (15 February 1996/104)


The changes to section 19 of the patent application, the patent claim may not be amended in such a way that it will contain something that did not occur in the document, that section 21 (1) or (2) or section 24, subsection 1, it is the master document. If a claim is amended in such a way that it will contain the new attributes, the applicant shall at the same time to announce where in fact is to be found in the interpretative documents.
After the Patent Office has issued a new study carried out by the same patent application, the opinion is not allowed to claim the invention in the claims it is independent of the earlier invention.
An international patent application has the novelty of the research of the opinion may be issued before the 52 (b) the expiry of the time limit laid down in article, unless an applicant to refuse. (14.6.1985/505)
Explanation and drawing the applicant is allowed to make changes or additions to the service only if it is necessary, on the basis of section 8 of the Patent Act. Changes or additions shall not cause, that the claim should be to grasp the issues, other than those who have a match in the interpretative documents.


Article 20 subject to the Patent Office, amendments or additions to be made to allow a patent to the demands of the task by providing a new document in which all of the requirements are specified in peräkkäisjärjestyksessä.


section 21 (27 October 2011/1097), patent law Finnish patent application according to section 38 of the patent application and be submitted to a national patent application an application for the document that you want converted is considered in the regulation in Finnish, Swedish or English-language explanation of the drawings and the claims contained in the application, when an application was made or shall be deemed to have been filed. If these documents are not included in the application, the document that you want to put it at the time of this in the first place given in Finnish, Swedish or English explanation and claims, if these contents clearly corresponds to the date of the proceedings before the content of the documents.
In accordance with article 31 of the patent law of a single and continuous international patent application into a master document shall be deemed to continue to be required: 1) if the application is the translation, in accordance with article 31 of the patent law of the explanation, the drawing and the claims as amended, that the translation was 52 (b) within the time limit laid down in article; or 2) in the case of an application drawn up in Finnish, Swedish or English, in accordance with article 31 of the patent law of the explanation, the drawing and a copy of the patent requirements.
If the patent application was made for the protection of the same invention, shall be informed that the application has been given to the patent authority and outside of Finland where the foreign filing date and the number is announced, a certified copy of the application for a later date, the Patent Office shall be deemed to have arrived at the same time, when the application in Finland was made.


Sharing and lohkaiseminen section 22 (27 October 2011/1097)


If the interpretative documents classes corresponding to the invention, the applicant may divide the application into multiple applications. Sharing can take place only before the patent law in accordance with article 19 of the Declaration has been issued. Sharing may not take place before the basic document in accordance with article 21. At the request of the applicant in the original application (the application) the application for an invention shall be deemed to have been a new, at the same time as the application for the position.


section 23 (27 October 2011/1097), If the requirements of the Appendix of the patent by the explanation given for the or, or in any other way in the patent application has been made to the interpretative documents of an invention, which is not apparent from the position of the lohkaisemalla, an application may be made, at the request of the applicant to the effect that the application for an invention, a new look to have been adopted when the document in which the invention is made, arrived at the Patent Office.
From the album can be made only before the patent law in accordance with article 19 of the Declaration has been issued. From the album may not take place before the basic document in accordance with article 21. The application must not only the protection of Lohkaisemalla on it, when occurred, what the position of the new document of the application documents.


section 24, the allocation or lohkaistaessa is an explanation of the drawings and the claims that will be provided in the application for the Patent Office, at the same time as the application for the new book, to look into a master document.
A new application shall be deemed to have been established by dividing or lohkaisemalla only if the application for it is made. In such an application shall contain the original application.


Section 25 of the public access to the application if the patent application documents are in section 22 of the patent law or on the basis of subparagraph (3) come into the public domain prior to issuance of a patent, is a summary of the press as soon as its final form has been established. The Patent Office may also decide on the application, together with a summary of the other parts of the operation. These documents will be available for an additional fee, to be established for each. (21 March 1997/246)
Patent law in accordance with article 22 of the public notice must indicate the application number and the date of arrival of the category, and a date of filing, the title of the invention, as well as the name and address of the applicant and of the inventor. Where priority has been requested, the public notice shall also indicate where the previous application, where an appeal is made, and the date of filing and the number. Where the application relates to a deposit of biological material, it will be to announce the call for applications. If the applicant is a patent law on the basis of paragraph 7 of article 22, requested that a sample of the biological material will be handed over only to a special expert, also reported to the public notice. (16 February 2006/144)
If the explanation of the international patent application, or a translation of the claims have been amended, article 52 (b) within the time limit laid down, but after a while the documents have become public, the change is an announcement. (14.6.1985/505), section 25 (a) (14.6.1985/505) section 22 of the patent law: in accordance with the first sentence of paragraph 8 to obtain the sample, the request must be drawn up of the Budapest Treaty the deposit application, in accordance with the provisions of rule 11 of the rules.
Samples of the applicant or of a patent shall be seeking the holder of a patent for a commitment not to use any of the deposited biological material or derived material for any purpose other than for the purposes of research and not to disclose any of the deposited biological material or derived material to anyone else before the application has been finally resolved, or, if the patent is granted, before the patent has expired, unless the applicant for or the proprietor of the patent the patent specifically give up this commitment. (the notifying parties/674) 3 is repealed A 21 March 1997/246.

The same insurance policy, which provides for the sample, you must provide a sample of the biological material derived from the commitment, which have survived the invention of the use of the characteristics of a deposited biological material that are relevant. (the notifying parties/674)
The undertaking shall be attached to the request.


Article 25 (b) (14.6.1985/505) section 22 of the patent law in accordance with paragraph 7 of the request for the surrender of the sample only to a special expert must be made within 16 months from the date of the patent application or, in the case of a request for priority is claimed, the date of priority of the date on which it was requested. (16 February 2006/144)
The Patent Office shall draw up a list of the persons, who have announced that they are available as experts and who are suitable for the job. The decision of the expert to the list of selected persons are made, as provided for in section 43.
If the sample may be released only to a special expert, sample request should indicate that will be used as the expert. The request shall be accompanied by a written undertaking by the applicant of a patent expert, not to use the samples for any purpose other than for the purposes of research and deny the sample to anyone else before an invention granted patent has ceased to be in force or before 20 years have elapsed from the date of the patent application, if the application has been resolved definitively without patents. This commitment will also apply to biological material obtained from the sample and the sample derived from biological material, which are relevant to the use of the invention of the deposited biological material. (the notifying parties/674)
An expert can be used for a person who is mentioned in the list, or that a patent applicant is accepted.


Article 25 (c) (the notifying parties/674) Notwithstanding the provisions of article 25 (a) and 25 (b) the applicant or the patent provides the holder of the patent for the commitment, derived from the biological material can be used to deposit a new patent.


25 (d) of section (14.6.1985/505) if the sample is requested, rather than an obstacle to patent law or by virtue of this regulation, not relative to the sample, the Patent Office will give this certificate. The Patent Office shall forward the request and the certificate the institution sample, where the deposit is. The Patent Office shall send a copy of the patent at the same time, at the request of the applicant for or the holder of a patent and a certificate.
If the Patent Office finds that it may give a certificate in accordance with paragraph 1, the Patent Office will notify you of this decision. It, which is the sample requested, can appeal against this decision by appealing to the market as the Government on the law of patents and registration of Finland (578/2013). The National Board of patents and registration of the decision of a Board of appeal or the decision mentioned above market law there is no appeal. (18.7.2013/580)


Section 26 of the patent application (18.7.2013/580) the patent referred to in section 2 of the Act, the conditions of the examination of the patent in the Patent Office shall take into account all by points.
The research is carried out by the Patent Office of Finland, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, the United States of America, Great Britain, France, Germany and the European Patent Office patent publications, published patent applications, publications, public address, or of those of the established international patent applications which have entered the public summaries, or abstracts, as well as in Finland on the basis of patent applications that have entered the public domain. In addition, you can explore more than just the one available in the literature, if it is considered appropriate.


26 (a) in the section (21 March 1997/246) If the Patent Office shall be adopted when dealing with the examination of the application of the relevant patent application, is communicated to the applicant. The Patent Office shall, subject to the question of the right to an invention, not better to point out the possibility of the adoption of the statement of claim to the provider, if the patent is granted.


the examination of a patent application, in terms of article 27, If deemed necessary, the Patent Office may have recourse to experts, who are not employed by the Patent Office.


section 28 of the Patent Office may request the applicant to provide a model, sample or other, or to carry out the investigation or when it is necessary to the invention of the attack.


section 29 of the patent for an invention, Which in Finland is seeking the place to which he has applied for a patent from the patent authority of Finland outside, is the patent law provided for in article 74 of the said limits shall be obliged to give a report on what has been said in the patent authority has announced to him the invention of novelty or patentability examination. The Patent Office may, by a decision of the Agency with a copy of the urges him to give it to, what for him has been notified, or insurance policy, for the examination of the application has not been received from the previous room.
If the patent law on the basis of article 74 (2) of the study, pursuant to the provision of patent applications to run on the outside of Finland, the Finnish Patent Office the patent authority may, in agreement with the patent authority of the results of research and the exchange of other material, to postpone an application with the patent authority of another country in the past similar to process an application until the latter to dispose of the application in so far as the agreement has become.
With the patent authority of the agreement referred to in paragraph 2 has been made, can the Patent Office to hand over even a public document on the tulematonta patent applications, if the patent authority has committed itself not to make the document public.


29 (a) section (the notifying parties/674)


If the patent authority considers that a patent may be granted, the authority shall before the patent under section 19 of the Act in accordance with the notification, send to the applicant documents that indicate the format in which the authority intends to grant the patent. In this case, the patent authority may invite the applicant, in accordance with the patent law of the country of domicile and to restore the documents to the authority within a specified time.


section 30 (18.7.2013/580) the issuance of a patent may be suspended only if the grant of the patent would take place before the application has become public on the basis of article 22 of the patent law. In this case, the issuance of a patent at the request of the applicant, be deferred until the application comes to the patent law on the basis of section 22 of the public.


The granting of a patent (21 March 1997/246) section 31 (21 March 1997/246) in accordance with article 21 of the Patent law, the patent publication printing should begin as soon as possible after, the date on which the applicant has passed the patent law in accordance with the third paragraph of article 19 of the printing fee.
Patent publication shall: 1) and the number of the patent application, the registration number of the journal and categories;
2 the name and address of the holder of the patent);
3 the holder of the patent attorney if represented), the name, domicile and address;
4) the name and address of the inventor;
5) title of the invention;
6) whether the patent application to the Finnish, international or a European patent into a national application for a converted;
7) if the patent is based on the Finnish patent application, the date of arrival and the date of filing of the application; (16 February 2006/144) 8) in the event of a patent based on the international application, the international filing date of the patent, as well as the date on which an application for a patent under article 31 of the law, or the date on which the application is the same law under the third paragraph of article 38 be deemed to have been filed, and the international application number;
9) if the patent is based on a European patent application converted into a national application on the filing date, in accordance with the European Patent Convention and the date on which the application arrived in Patent Office an application for a European patent for conversion, as well as the file number;
10) where priority has been asked, where is the basis for the claim reported to the previous application was made, the filing date and number;
11) if the application is generated by dividing the number of the application or lohkaisemalla, the position of the journal;
12) if the application includes the deposit of a biological material, a statement by the institution with which the deposit is, as well as the number that the institution has deposit; (the notifying parties/674) 13) application documents julkiseksitulopäivä;
14) date of issue of the patent; as well as 15) reference publications.


32 section (21 March 1997/246) the issuance of a patent means an alert will contain the information which, according to article 31 of the patent shall be notified in the publication, with the exception of the reference publications.


32 (a) section (27 October 2011/1097) Alert, which applies to patent law 27 (b) in accordance with the first subparagraph of article translation correction, shall include: 1. the name and address of the holder of the patent);
2 the registration number of the patent, and categories;)
3) the title of the invention, as well as 4) data from the date on which the correction of the translation and publication of the payment arrived in patent authority.


The claim (21 March 1997/246), section 33 (21 March 1997/246) in accordance with article 24 of the patent law, the claim shall include the following information: 1) the name and address of the opposing party;
2 the registration number of the patent, that is) against the name of the holder of a patent for an argument to be made, and the title of the invention;
3 the annulment of a patent or the opponent) does the patent protection of the limitation of in some respects;
4. section 25 of the Patent Act) to: (1) the matters referred to the argument based on the basis of the claim, and what other issues are presented; and 5) if the opposing party is represented by an agent, the name, domicile and address.
The opposition, as well as the patent proprietor and the opponent's subsequent pleadings and annexes shall be the Patent Office in as many copies as the number of the Agency.
If the opposing party is represented by an agent, is this show its mandate. section 34 (that the notifying parties/674) (21 March 1997/246) Unless objection is made in such a way as to article 24 (1) of the patent law provides the claim inadmissible. The argument does not make the claim, if the period of the Patent Office the documentation provided is not clear, what the patent against the complaint is made or who the opposition has done, or they have not been notified under section 33 of the information about the catch mentioned in paragraph 4.
If the argument when making the claim have not been complied with, the provisions on the other, the Patent Office calls on the opposing party within a specified time to eliminate the deficiencies. Unless the deficiencies remedied before the time limit, the claim will not be admissible.


Article 35 (21 March 1997/246) the holder of a patent shall be the adoption of the statements of all the opponent's pieces.
If the proprietor of the patent to give a statement in response to the opposition, the Patent Office shall decide on the need for a continuous exchange of pleadings.


The limitation of the patent (on 29 November 2007/1118) section 36 (29 November 2007/1118) If the Patent Office is of the opinion that the patent law 53 (a) a request pursuant to the first subparagraph of article is no impediment to the approval, the Patent Office shall inform the holder of the patent. The holder of the patent shall then submit to the patent law, article 53 (d) the documents referred to in paragraph 2 of the Patent Office within a period of two months. If the proprietor of the patent does not provide a basis for the limitation of the patent documents, and then run the patent law article 53 (d) the amount of the fee provided for within the time allowed, the request for limitation is deemed to be withdrawn.
When the patent law in accordance with article 52 (2) of the decision of the Court of Justice of the limitation of the patent has become final, the holder of the patent shall be limited to the patent explained, any drawings and the limited requirements of the Patent Office patent patents for a publication issued by the Patent Office within a period of two months. After this, the patent publication printing should begin as soon as possible. The Patent Office is restricted after the submission of the claims to ensure that they are, if necessary, available in Finnish and Swedish.


Article 36 (a) (29 November 2007/1118) of the patent law, article 53 (d) of the patent in accordance with the published notice shall indicate: 1) number in the register of the patent application, as well as the journal number and categories;
2 the name and address of the holder of the patent);
3 the holder of the patent attorney if represented), the name, domicile and address;
4) the name and address of the inventor;
5) title of the invention;
6) whether the patent application to the Finnish, international or a European patent into a national application for a converted;
7) if the patent is based on the Finnish patent application, the date of arrival and the date of filing of the application;
8 the international patent application if the patent is based on), the international filing date the date on which the application for the patent, as well as the date of the law according to article 31, or the date on which the application of the law under the third paragraph of article 38 be deemed to have been filed, and the international application number;
9) if the patent is based on a European patent application converted into a national application on the filing date, in accordance with the European Patent Convention and the date on which the application arrived in Patent Office an application for a European patent for conversion, as well as the file number;
10) where priority has been asked, where is the basis for the claim reported to the previous application was made, the date of filing and the file number;
11) if the application is generated by dividing the number of the application or lohkaisemalla, the position of the journal;
12) if the application includes the deposit of a biological material, a statement by the institution with which the deposit is, as well as the number that the institution has deposit;
13) the date on which the application documents became public.
14) date of issue of the patent;
15) reference publications;
limitation of the patent request 16) date of filing; as well as the date on which the limitation of a patent 17) has been adopted.
The section 36 of the patent referred to in paragraph 2 shall contain the information referred to in paragraph 1 of this article, with the exception of the information referred to in paragraph 17, and an indication of when the Court has made a final decision on the limitation of the patent.


The title is repealed by A 18.7.2013/580. (18.7.2013/580), section 37 (18.7.2013/580) section 37 is repealed by A 18.7.2013/580.


Article 37 (a) (15 February 1996/104) the Patent register shall include the following information in the Patent Office for granting patents and eurooppapatenteista, with legal effect in Finland.


Section 38 of the patent registry (21 March 1997/246) when the patent is granted, it is an important patent in the register. In that case, they shall be entered in the register of data according to article 31 of the patent shall be notified in the publication, with the exception of the reference publications.


section 38 (a) (15 February 1996/104) of the European patent shall be entered in the register, when the grant of the patent in the European Patent Office has been saying and when the payment has been completed, the applicant has provided a translation of the patent law 70 (h) in accordance with the first subparagraph of article.
In this case, shall be entered in the register: 1) the date on which the grant of the patent in the European Patent Office has been saying its decision;
2) date on which the patent law 70 (h) in accordance with article 1 of the first version and the payment are received and when the translation has been drawn;
3) date on which the term of the patent; as well as 4) data corresponding to those that occur in the first subparagraph of article 31, paragraphs 1 to 5, 10 and 13. (21 March 1997/246)

If the European Patent Office is finally decided that a European patent is revoked, is maintained in an amended form, or be dissolved, shall be entered in this register. If the proprietor of the patent shall, in cases where the patent is maintained in amended form, made a u-turn and passed the patent law 70 (h) the fee provided for in the first subparagraph of article, made this entry to the registry. (on 29 November 2007/1118)
If a translation of a correction referred to in subparagraph 1 or 3, shall be given, shall be entered in the register, when this has happened, and when the repair has been drawn.
The restriction shall be entered in the register of European patents in Finland, voimaansaatettu, when the restriction of a European patent in the European Patent Office has been saying, limited patent translation has been provided and payment. In this case, shall be entered in the register: 1) to the date on which the limitation of a European patent in the European Patent Office has been saying; and 2) the day when the patent law to 70 t in accordance with article version and the payment are received as well as the date on which the translation is announced.
(on 29 November 2007/1118)
If the European patent patent law is hereby repealed 70 t in accordance with the third paragraph of article shall be entered in this register. (on 29 November 2007/1118) section 38 (b) (21 March 1997/246) when the patents against which the opposition has been directed, by entry in the patent register is about. The label shall contain the following information: 1) the name and address of the opposing party;
2) if the opposing party is represented by an agent, the name, domicile and address; as well as the date of filing of the claim 3).
As a result of the claim on the force of law which shall be recorded in the patent register of the decision. In this case, the decision shall be entered in the register the date and its main contents.


39 section (27 October 2011/1097) section 25 of the patent law: as a result of the claim referred to in paragraph 5 of the decision, the alert will contain the registration number of the patent and the title of the invention, the patent holder of the categories, the name and the date of adoption of the decision.


section 40 of The annual fee has been paid, or an extension is granted, the settlement period is recorded in the register.
If the patent the patent on the basis of article 51 of the laws of the requested person is statute-barred, it is significant that in the register the date on which the patent ceased to have effect.
If the patent law according to article 71 (a) has been requested within the time limit, the annual fee would be considered to have been made, is that, without delay, make an entry in the registry. In case of a final decision is made.


41 section (18.7.2013/580) while the Patent Office has been informed of the transfer of a patent or application for a declaration of invalidity of the patent, the grant of a compulsory licence on an entry in the register, the patent.
When the Patent Office is delivered a copy of the resolution of the proceedings in the market (100/2013), Chapter 4, section 23, or patent law in accordance with article 66 (d), on entry in the register of patents. The solution obtained by the force of law, in addition to its main content is recorded in the register.
If the patent is limited to the Patent Office or a court, or to the Patent Office, it shall be recorded in the patent register. If a patent is restricted, shall be entered in the register the date when it is made, as well as categories. If the patent has been terminated, shall be entered in the register the date of withdrawal.


42 section of patent law, a patent as referred to in article 44 of the transfer or grant of a licence or the lien holder the right of entry shall include the name, domicile and address of the purchaser, the date of the transfer or disposal. The use of the permit shall, on request of the holder of the patent the right to grant a significant, whether or not other licences. Unless the issue of the transfer or grant of a licence or registration in the lien immediately be resolved, however, that the register has been requested.
If a patent is were confiscated, is recorded in the register, when the seizure has been reported.
On the change of the notification agent shall be entered in the register.
If the patent authority has received 17 (b) of article 17 (c) of the transfer or deposit the notification provided for in the third paragraph of article on the receipt of a deposit of biological material, the new transfer or a new deposit shall be recorded in the register. (the notifying parties/674) section 42 (a) ((hcis)/603), the Patent Office decision, which will be given to the automatic processing of underlining the commitment of the document, the signature may be marked by a machine.
The patent from the register and to the Patent Office on the day of the book provide automated data-processing applications, prepared a document to be signed by machine. This shall be mentioned in the document.


Alerts issued in respect of section 43 of the Patent Office shall be published in the Patent Office provided by alerts in the patent publication.


A special action the power under section 44 (29 November 2007/1118) the system of patent law, section 52 of the authority referred to in paragraph 4, it is the public prosecutor of the State Council, subject to the special reason, the other authority to drive.


International patent applications by the receiving authority of section 45 (16 February 2006/144), the Patent Office has international patent applications by the receiving authority, when the applicant or one of the applicants is a Finnish citizen, a natural person who has a domicile in Finland, according to Finnish law, a legal person, or someone who carries out the movement in Finland. Such an applicant can make the international patent application in the European Patent Office or the International Bureau of the world intellectual property organization.


on the authority of section 46 of the Patent Office shall receive, examine and provide a further international patent applications in accordance with the rules of patenttiyhteistyösopimuksen and its application.
When the Patent Office is acting as international patent applications on the authority, the applicant shall: 1) to the patenttiyhteistyösopimuksen application in rule 15.1 for the international filing fee within one month from the date of receipt of the application;
2) patenttiyhteistyösopimuksen application examination fee referred to in rule 16.1 novelty within one month of the date of receipt of the application;
3) patenttiyhteistyösopimuksen send payment as referred to in rule 14.1 of the application within one month of the date of receipt of the application; Rule 26bis patenttiyhteistyösopimuksen and 4) application fee for priority 3, within two months of the privilege of the end of the year.
(on 29 November 2007/1118)
If the fee shall be increased by the international application after the application has been received, but before the payment is made, you can run the korottamattomana within one month of the date of receipt of the application for payment. (16 February 2006/144)
Subject to subsection 2, the amount of the fee provided for in paragraphs 1 to 3 have not been carried out within the prescribed period or at the end of the period, it has been insufficient, comes to the Patent Office shall invite the applicant to carry out the missing payment within one month of the request. (on 29 November 2007/1118) section 47 (16 February 2006/144) the Patent Office shall, upon request of the applicant, against payment of a fixed separately of the fact that the previous statement to the Agency a copy of the application will be sent to the application in accordance with rule 17.1 (b) the International Bureau of the world intellectual property organization. Payment must be made in the same time as the request must be made in accordance with the said regulation.


48 section (16 February 2006/144) the task of an international patent application with the Patent Office is delivered in one piece. It shall be drawn up in Finnish, Swedish or English or in another language accepted by the Patent Office. The application of the international application shall be in English, even if the application itself is drawn up in Finnish or in Swedish.


Article 49 of the international patent applications with the Patent Office is considered a separate journal. The journal is not available to the public.


50 section (the notifying parties/674) the patent applicant, which does not have a registered place of business in Finland, must be a resident of the European economic area, which is entitled to represent him in the Patent Office in matters relating to the application.


section 51 (14.6.1985/505) subject to the relevant law on the defence of the country from the innovations (551/67), is not an obstacle to it, the Patent Office shall, in accordance with the rules of patenttiyhteistyösopimuksen and its application forward has received the international application at the International Bureau of the world intellectual property organization to continue.


Transmission of the international application to the International Bureau under section 51 (a) (21 March 1997/246) When the Patent Office is not competent to receive the applicant's, which has its home in the place of the Contracting States or who is a national of a Contracting State, it's an international application, the Patent Office shall without delay send the claim to the International Bureau in accordance with the rules of patenttiyhteistyösopimuksen and its application.
In this case, the applicant has to be carried out within one month of the date of receipt of the international application, the Patent Office sent the fee referred to in rule 12.1 patenttiyhteistyösopimuksen application. In this way, on behalf of the International Bureau received the international application shall be deemed to have been received on the date on which the international application was filed with the Patent Office. (16 February 2006/144)


International patent application (14.6.1985/505) section 52 (18.7.2013/580)


If an international application for a patent is made in a language other than the patent law in accordance with section 8, subsection 5 of the language, is required for the application version is resumed, the application of patent law according to article 31 and on presentation of the patent law in accordance with article 38, paragraph 1, sub-paragraph a research request. In this case, shall comply with this regulation, the provisions of article 3 of the translation.


Article 52 (a) (14.6.1985/505), the international application if the applicant has done everything according to article 31 of the patent law is required for the continuation of the application, but the Patent Office has not received a notification from the International Bureau of the arrival of the Office application, the Patent Office shall notify the International Bureau accordingly.


Article 52 (b) (16.12.2004/1200) the system of patent law the period referred to in article 34 shall be four months from the patent law section 31 (1) of the international patent application for the continuation of the expiry of the period laid down.


Article 52 (c) (14.6.1985/505) patent law in accordance with the first subparagraph of article 38 for the application must be filed within two months from the date of the receiving authority, or the International Office has sent to the applicant of the decision referred to in the said paragraph.
If the applicant shows that he has received the information referred to in subparagraph (1) later than seven days after the date of the information, the time limit shall be extended by the same number in the day as of the date of the information, have passed since the date on which the applicant received the information. However, the above time limit shall be reduced by seven days.


The creation of a supplementary protection certificate (21 March 1997/246) article 52 (d) (27 October 2011/1097) of the supplementary protection certificate provided for in article 70 (a) of the patent law.
For the purposes of the supplementary protection certificate regulations the supplementary protection certificate for medicinal products of the European Parliament and of the Council Regulation (EC) No 1782/2003 469/2009 and the creation of a supplementary protection certificate for plant protection products/2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the introduction of Regulation (EC) No 1782/2003 1610/96.


Article 52 (e) (27 October 2011/1097) of a supplementary protection certificate and on the extension of the period of validity of the supplementary protection certificate for medicinal products applications must be made in writing.
The application document shall be signed by the applicant or his agent, and shall include the supplementary protection certificate concerned, the information provided for in article 8 of the regulation. If more than one on the lookout for supplementary protection certificate, the application document should also be a statement about who among them is entitled or, if applicants use the agent, whom they jointly authorized by the Patent Office on behalf of all of us to receive notifications.
The applicant shall also provide additional information about the product, the Patent Office when this is necessary for processing the application.


Article 52 (f) (28 June 1994/595), the application must be made in Finnish or Swedish language, in accordance with the legislation in force. If the attached document has been drawn up in a language other than the above, the Office may require a translation in Finnish or in Swedish.


Article 52 (g) (28 June 1994/595) on the Patent Office to keep a diary of the received applications. On application by the person concerned shall be entered in the journal for each of the supplementary protection certificate, article 9 of the regulation, in addition to the information listed in paragraph 2: (27 October 2011/1097) 1 the number and filing date of the application in the journal);
2) if the applicant is represented by an agent, the name, domicile and address;
3) consist of the payments made and in your Inbox. as well as 4) the decisions.
(21 March 1997/246)
The diary and documents relating to the application are open to the public.


Article 52 (h) (27 October 2011/1097) of a supplementary protection certificate and on the period of validity of the supplementary protection certificate for medicinal products to the publication of the application for an extension of the supplementary protection certificate provided for in the relevant article 9 of the regulation. The alert must contain, in addition to an application for a supplementary protection certificate to the journal number and date of filing.


52 i section (27 October 2011/1097) of the application for a supplementary protection certificate or a supplementary protection certificate for medicinal products on the extension of the duration of the application is not allowed to be changed in such a way that it applies to a different product or a different basic patent.


Article 52 (j) (27 October 2011/1097), the Patent Office is not an application for processing the researched, whether an application for a supplementary protection certificate to the person concerned the creation of a supplementary protection certificate under regulation 3 of the condition laid down in point (d) of article 1.


Article 52 k (27 October 2011/1097) of the patent law to the provisions of section 15 and 16 shall apply to supplementary protection certificate concerned, article 10(2) of the regulation, the time limits provided for in paragraph 3.


section 52 l (27 October 2011/1097), the granting of the supplementary protection certificate and the period of validity of the supplementary protection certificate for medicinal products, on the extension of the supplementary protection certificate for the person concerned to the publication provided for in article 11 of the regulation. The alert must contain, in addition to an application for a supplementary protection certificate to the journal number, filing date and the registration number of the certificate.
The creation of a supplementary protection certificate shall contain the information referred to in subparagraph (1) above.


52 m section (27 October 2011/1097), the Patent Office shall keep a register of the supplementary protection certificates for granted. The register must be 52 (l) the information referred to in subparagraph (1) of section and, if the holder is represented by an agent, the agent's name, domicile and address. In addition to what is in the range of 40-42.


52 of the section (27 October 2011/1097) If the supplementary protection certificate, or the period of validity of the supplementary protection certificate for medicinal products with regard to the extension of the application has been rejected by a final decision or missed the old, is an announcement. The alert must contain the information referred to in section 52 (h).
The Patent Office announces the creation of a supplementary protection certificate to lapse, when this is the case the supplementary protection certificate, in accordance with point (d) of article 14 of this regulation at the request of a third party.


52 o § (28 June 1994/595) the supplementary protection certificate shall be carried out in the period of validity of the basic patent for a fixed annual fee for each period for the payment after the end of the year.
In addition to the payment of renewal fees shall apply, mutatis mutandis, to section 41 of the Patent Act: what paragraph 9(1) and (3).


52 p section (the notifying parties/674) the applicant and the holder of the supplementary protection certificate, which does not have a registered place of business in Finland, must be a resident of the European economic area represented by the patent law provides in article 12 and 71.


To receive an application for a European patent (15 February 1996/104) article 52 q (29 November 2007/1118) If the European patent application shall be the Patent Office, this is a significant date of arrival of the documents making up the application, shall issue to the applicant a certificate of the date of receipt of the documents, as well as inform the European Patent Office.
The application must be submitted to the European Patent Office in accordance with article 77 of the European Patent Convention, subject to the law of the relevant country's defence inventions (551/1967).


The conversion of a European patent application into national applications 52 r (15 February 1996/104) section (29 November 2007/1118) If the Patent Office arrives in the European Patent Convention a European patent in accordance with article 135 (2) the request for the conversion of the application into a national application, the Patent Office shall immediately forward the request and the request for a copy of the application in the designated States the patent authorities.


52 s section (15 February 1996/104) If the Patent Office an application for a European patent will arrive, which is shipped there to be converted to the European Patent Convention in accordance with article 135 national patent application, the Patent Office shall, without delay, inform the applicant thereof. (on 29 November 2007/1118)
Patent law in the 70 s and (2) of the application for payment and in accordance with the European Patent Office the translation must be within three months of the date on which the notification is sent to the applicant under paragraph 1. The payment of the application fee shall be calculated in the same way as patent law in accordance with section 8 of the application fee.


Applications for a European patent journal (15 February 1996/104) article 52 t (15 February 1996/104) the Patent Office shall keep a separate record of applications for a European patent, the public day with patent law in accordance with article 70 of the translation of the Patent Office.
The journal will be marked on each application the application number, the name and address of the applicant, the date on which the correction of the translation or, as well as the date on which the correction of the translation, or have been announced. In addition, the information shall be entered in the application, the filing date and that is mentioned in section 7, subsection 2, 4 – 6, 10 and 11. (16 February 2006/144)
When the patent law 70 (h) in accordance with article 1 of the first version has been issued, shall be entered in this journal, as well as the translation of it, when it is announced. The same goes for the kind of correction of the translation, which shall be adopted before the entry in the register of the patent in the patent.
When the patent law 70 t comply with the translation of the article has been given, shall be entered in the journal. (on 29 November 2007/1118)


An application for a European patent the European patent and translation (15 February 1996/104) 52 u section (27 October 2011/1097) of the patent law of the translation referred to in article 70 (h) shall be accompanied by details of the appointment of the invention, the patent number and the name of the holder of the patent. The translation is deemed not to have been adopted, unless this information is not associated with the translation.


52 v section (15 February 1996/104) patent law in accordance with article 70 of the translation shall be accompanied by information on the name of the applicant, the application number, as well as and. If this is not observed, the translation is deemed not to have been adopted.


52 x section (15 February 1996/104) Alert, which applies to patent law in accordance with article 70 (h) translation, shall include: 1) number in the register of the patent and categories;
2 the name and address of the holder of the patent);
3) the title of the invention;

4) patent application filing date;
5) when the European Patent Office has called its decision to grant a patent or to keep it maintained in an amended form; as well as 6) where priority has been asked to set up the claim, where they reported to the application is made, the filing date and number.
(27 October 2011/1097)
The alert, which applies to patent law in accordance with article 70 of the translation, shall include: 1 the number of the patent application and the journal);
2 the name and address of the holder of the patent);
3) the title of the invention;
4. from the date of the patent application); as well as 5) where priority has been requested as a basis for the claim, where they reported to the application is made, the filing date and number.
(27 October 2011/1097)
The alert, which applies to patent law to 70 t in accordance with article translation, shall include: 1) number in the register of the patent and categories;
2 the name and address of the holder of the patent);
3) the title of the invention;
4) patent application filing date; as well as 5) an indication of when the limitation of the patent in the European Patent Office has been saying and when the translation and publication of the payment arrived in Patent Office.
(on 29 November 2007/1118) 52 y section (27 October 2011/1097) correction of the translation of the patent in accordance with article 70 of the law (q) shall be revised the document written in the song, which are clearly present. The repair must be accompanied by a translation of the information in the patent or patent application number, as well as the name of the holder of the patent or the patent applicant and from. If the information is missing, the translation is deemed not to have been adopted.
The alert, which applies to patent law 70 (q) a translation of the article in accordance with the correction, shall include: 1) number in the register of the patent and categories;
2 the name and address of the holder of the patent);
3) the title of the invention;
4) data from the date on which the correction of the translation and publication of the payment arrived in patent authority;
The alert, which applies to patent law, section 70 q of the translation, in accordance with paragraph 2, shall include: 1) the number of the patent application the patent journal and category 2) the name and address of the applicant;
3) the title of the invention; as well as 4) data from the date on which the patent authority a translation patch arrived.


52 z section (29 November 2007/1118) of the Patent Act, section 70 t intended for translation must be provided and the fee paid within three months of the date the Patent Office, the European Patent Office has published an alert on the limitation of the patent.
The translation referred to in paragraph 1 must include an explanation of any drawings and the amended claims. The translation must be accompanied by the information, as well as the name of the holder of the patent to the patent register number, and address.
Patent law to 70 t the translation referred to in paragraph (2) is deemed not to have been adopted, except to comply with the provisions of paragraph 1 and 2.


Date of entry into force and transitional provisions article 53 This Regulation shall enter into force on 1 October 1980.
This Regulation shall be repealed with effect from 4 January 1968 of patent regulation (4/68), as amended.


54 section of the patent application, which has to be addressed and resolved before amending the patent law of 6 June 1980 (407/80), in accordance with the provisions in force at the entry into force of this Regulation shall apply instead of article 53 (2) of the regulation mentioned in the earlier patent.
Other than that referred to in paragraph 1, prior to the entry into force of this regulation, the application of this Regulation shall apply to patents on 2, 10, 11 and 17, instead of the earlier patent regulation, article 2, article 9 and 10.
The application, which was prior to the entry into force of this regulation, May 24, in spite of a look or lohkaisemalla.
For a patent, which was granted before amending the patent law, the entry into force of the law, referred to in subparagraph (1) shall apply to the earlier patent.
The patent which is the subject of a patent, article 51 of the law as it was prior to amending the patent law, the entry into force of the law, referred to in subparagraph (1) of this Regulation shall apply instead of article 41 of regulation 45 of the earlier patent.

The change of the date of entry into force of the acts and application: 14.6.1985/505: This Regulation shall enter into force on 1 September 1985.




of 26 June 1992/583: This Regulation shall enter into force on 1 July 1992.




applied/71: This Regulation shall enter into force on 1 February 1994.




on 28 June 1994/595: This Regulation shall enter into force on 1 July 1994.
If the supplementary protection certificate is applied for in accordance with article 19, paragraph 3 of the Council regulation, however, the starting year of the date on which the application was lodged has been drawn in accordance with article 52 (h). The first annual fee is due in this case, when two months have elapsed since the date of the said.




on 15 February 1996/104: This Regulation shall enter into force on 1 March 1996.
This Regulation shall apply to applications for concluded after the entry into force.




21 March 1997/246: This Regulation shall enter into force on 1 April 1997.
Before the entry into force of this regulation, article 12 of the Protocol annexed to the patent application shall be reversed.
If the database application is limited before the entry into force of this regulation, the fact that it consists of two or more independent inventions, shall apply to the application when a restriction that has been in force article 22.




the notifying parties/674: This Regulation shall enter into force on 15 July 2000.




16.12.2004/1200: This Regulation shall enter into force on 1 January 2005.




on 16 February 2006/144: This Regulation shall enter into force on 6 March 2006.
Section 10 of this Regulation shall apply mutatis mutandis to a protocol annexed to the application before entry into force of this regulation, with the amount of time used as the basis for the claim of 15 months from the priority date has not yet been completed.




on 29 November 2007/1118: This Regulation shall enter into force on 13 December 2007.




(hcis)/603: This Regulation shall enter into force on 1 October 2008.




27 October 2011/1097: This Regulation shall enter into force on 1 November 2011.




18.7.2013/580: This Regulation shall enter into force on 1 September 2013.