Notice On The Curriculum For Driver Training For Category D/e (Large Passenger Cars With Large Trailer)

Original Language Title: Bekendtgørelse om undervisningsplan for køreuddannelsen til kategori D/E (stor personbil med stort påhængskøretøj)

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Read the untranslated law here: https://www.retsinformation.dk/Forms/R0710.aspx?id=126336

Overview (table of contents) Annex 1

Annex 2

Annex 3

Annex 4

Annex 5

Annex 6

Annex 7

Annex 8

Annex 9

Annex 10

Annex 11

Annex 12 The full text of the ordonnance on curriculum for driver training for category D/E (large passenger cars with large trailer) 1)

Under section 56, paragraph 5, article 64, paragraph 5, and under the authority pursuant to section 134 (b) in the highway code, see. lovbekendtgørelse nr. 1058 of 4. November 2008, fixed:

§ 1. Teaching students with a view to the acquisition of a driving licence for category D/E shall be carried out in accordance with the curriculum of driver training for category D/E (large passenger cars with large trailer), which is annexed to this order.

§ 2. The notice shall enter into force on the 1. October 2009.

(2). Students who have begun driving training before the 1. October 2009, to complete the training and driving test in accordance with the existing rules referred to in article 6. Executive Order No. 522 of 19. June 1997 on curriculum for driver training to large towed vehicle (category E), up to the end of november 2009.
The national police, the 10. September 2009 Jens Henrik Højbjerg/Mogens Hendriksen Annex 1









 





CONTENT





 

 

 





0.





INTRODUCTION



 



 

 

 





1.





THE TRAILER INTERIOR DESIGN, EQUIPMENT AND DOCUMENTS, ETC.



 



 



1.1





The steering mechanism



 



 



1.2





Brakes



 



 

 



1.2.1





Service brakes



 



 

 



1.2.2





Emergency brake



 



 

 



1.2.3





Parking brakes



 



 

 



1.2.4





Supplementary brakes



 



 

 



1.2.5





Control of brakes



 



 

 



1.2.6





Moreover, statutory provisions on brakes



 



 



1.3





Electric installations, lights, reflectors, etc.



 



 

 



1.3.1





El-plant's function, lights and reflectors



 



 



1.4





Load-bearing parts



 



 

 



1.4.1





Supporting shared function, etc.



 



 



1.5





Engine, transmission and energy-and environmentally friendly driving



 



 

 



1.5.1





Energy-and environmentally friendly driving



 



 



1.6





Bodywork and structure, etc.



 



 

 



1.6.1





Bodywork, building and its fastening



 



 

 



1.6.2





Coupling devices



 



 



1.7





Interior fittings, vision and special equipment



 



 



1.8





Recording equipment (tachograph)



 



 



1.9





Wagon train's interconnection and documents



 



 

 



1.9.1





Legal provisions on interconnection



 



 

 



1.9.2





Detection and switching certificate



 



 



1.10





Special vehicles and conditions



 



 

 



1.10.1





Non-requiring registration trailers



 



 

 



1.10.2





Larger trailers



 



 



1.11





Bus control equipment



 



 

 



1.1.1





Control equipment



 



 

 

 

 

 





2.





INTRODUCTORY EXERCISES ON THE WAY



 



 



2.1





Preparation for running



 



 

 



2.1.1





Inspection, adjustment, etc.



 



 



2.2





Wagon train mirrors



 



 



2.3





Starting and stopping at the road edge



 



 

 



2.3.1





Start, gear control, starting and braking



 



 



2.4





Right turn on corners



 



 

 



2.4.1






Skills by oscillation



 



 



2.5





Reversing with målbremsning



 



 

 



2.5.1





Orientation and assessment of the length of vehicle combinations



 



 

 

 

 

 





3.





VEHICLE MANOEUVRING CHARACTERISTICS



 



 



3.1





Manoeuvring characteristics, etc.



 



 

 



3.1.1





Generally about various vehicles manoeuvring characteristics, etc.



 



 

 

 

 

 





4.





ROAD USER BEHAVIOUR



 



 



4.1





Road user behaviour, etc.



 



 

 



4.1.1





Perception, reaction, vision, health, other road users and the behaviour and attitudes, etc.



 



 

 

 

 

 





5.





ROAD CONDITIONS



 



 



5.1





Road conditions, etc.



 



 

 

 

 

 



 

 



5.1.1





Risk factors and road safety design, etc.



 



 

 

 

 

 





6.





BASIC RULES FOR DRIVING WITH VEHICLE COMBINATIONS, INCLUDING DIMENSIONS, WEIGHT AND LOADING



 



 



6.1





Instructions for traffic



 



 

 



6.1.1





Instructions for the traffic, etc.



 



 



6.2





Wagon train's width, length, height, weight, etc.



 



 

 



6.2.1





Wagon train's width



 



 

 



6.2.2





Wagon train's length



 



 

 



6.2.3





Wagon train's height



 



 

 



6.2.4





Wagon train's weight



 



 

 



6.2.5





Freight



 



 

 



6.2.6





Road traffic accident



 



 

 



6.2.7





Insurance obligation



 



 

 



6.2.8





The supply of the vehicle to other



 



 



6.3





Driving times and rest periods, as well as the use of recording equipment



 



 

 



6.3.1





Driving times and rest periods, etc.



 



 



6.4





Passenger transport, etc.



 



 

 



6.4.1





Road passenger transport



 



 

 

 

 

 





7.





EXTENDED EXERCISES ON THE WAY



 



 

 

 





8.





SPECIAL RISK FACTORS IN TRAFFIC



 



 

 

 





9.





MANEUVERS ON THE TECHNICAL INSTALLATIONS



 



 

 

 





10.





PREPARATION FOR DRIVING TEST



 



 



10.1





Conditions for obtaining a driving licence



 



 

 



10.1.1





Driving instruction



 



 

 



10.1.2





Setting for driving test



 



 

 



10.1.3





Licence categories and entitlements



 



 



10.2





Run the sample implementation



 



 

 



10.2.1





Requirements for the driving test



 



 

 



10.2.2





Theory test



 



 

 



10.2.3





The practical test



 



 



10.3






Moreover, statutory provisions on driving licences



 



 

 



10.3.1





The validity of driving licences



 



 

 



10.3.2





Withdrawal and recovery of driving licence



 







Annex 2

0. introduction

The overall objective of driver training for category D/E is:




1) to give students an insight into and understanding of the dangers and difficulties which drivers of articulated lorries in traffic, as well as meetings give them knowledge about the traffic rules and other legal provisions, that are important in this respect,

2) to give the students a knowledge of such combination of vehicles and their operation, that they can see encountered is missing of importance for safety,

3) to give the students skill in judging traffic critical and lead combination without danger to himself and others.



Driver training for category D/E should also be thought of as a superstructure on driver training for category D. Therefore, should the teaching to category D/E begin only when the foundations are in order, IE. When the student has acquired a driving licence for category (D). However, by repetition of learning the instructor tells the fabric to the respective categories ensure that student remains in possession of the basic knowledge and skills, in so far as they have a bearing on driving with large trailer, as evidenced by the comments on milestones.

This curriculum contains a detailed specification of training objectives divided into main sections and subsections.

Each main section begins with a brief description of the purpose of education. Then follows a breakdown in subsections indicating the main objectives and detailed milestones. Milestones represent the actual guidelines for teaching as well as assessment by the driving test, since they further clarifies what the student should know and be able to after finishing teaching.

For clarification of the performance requirements of the pupil are used the following expression in the delmåls descriptions:

The student must




4) be familiar with, will say that the pupil must be as informed about a topic, that it is not unknown for eleven, or that it can support and facilitate the understanding of a subsequently more targeted and more thorough training,

5) designate, means that in practice the student must be able to locate certain vehicle parts including control equipment,

6) read and understand the significance of, say, to eleven in practice to be able to use instruments and optical in the vehicle, understand the meaning of these and respond as necessary,

7) check means that the pupil without the use of tools in practice must be able to examine and adopt a position on whether the requirements set out in the relevant control section of the trailer are met, including could explain how checks are carried out,

8) specify the reasons, content or importance of, will say that the student should be able to find the correct answer among several possible on issues concerning road markings, the contents of a statutory provision and the like, as well as other matters of major importance,

9) Master Guide and manoeuvring skills and other skills, in other words, the pupil in practice must be able to orient themselves in a critical, deal with vehicle control equipment properly, perform maneuvers flawlessly as well as perform other skills correctly,

10) perceive and judge, will say that the student must be able to observe certain conditions in a traffic situation or on images, understand the importance of the relationship and how to respond to them, or find the correct answer among several possible on the question of the relevant facts,

11) recognize, will say that in practice, the student must be able to recognize the importance of instructions of the traffic, and observe the significance of these,

12) react appropriately, in other words, the pupil in practice must be able to lead wagon train and change the speed, location or direction in accordance with the rules of the road, for reasons of safety and traffic flow,

13) by exercise gain experience on, means that the pupil during the drive with cart train on driving technical facilities will have the opportunity to see cart train's reactions while performing certain maneuvers,

14) obtain any skill in, will say that the pupil during the drive with the combination of the technical plant must be able to operate the vehicle combination correctly, without the maneuver as a whole required flawlessly executed and

15) by exercise to achieve skill in, in other words, the pupil during the drive with the combination of the technical plant must be able to perform maneuvers correctly.



In delmåls the descriptions the performance requirements can be combined or requirements may be applied partially. E.g. is there in the performance requirement» recognize and specify the meaning of ' used descriptions from two performance requirements.

Performance requirement ' specify reasons for content or importance of ' is used at the theory test.

Performance requirement ' recognize ' used for the practical test.

At the theory test to be eleven out of situations on the photos could indicate the importance of the ' fx ' road markings, by finding the correct answer among several possible.

By the practical test, eleven in a traffic situation could ' recognize ' e.g., road markings and observe the significance of these.

There are about målbeskrivelserne not distinguish sharply between theoretical and practical teaching. This is because the consideration of that theoretical and practical teaching should be integrated as far as possible, and that therefore the instructor tells made more freely in the choice of teaching method and learning situation.

A sharp distinction between theory and practice is also less useful, since a lot of practical instruction, IE. the teaching of practical skills can be learned in a theory, very good room with the appropriate assistive devices, and part theory classes, IE. teaching in theoretical issues could usefully be imparted during practical exercises in the traffic.

Definitions

The student must have knowledge of the following definitions:




16) trailer is a vehicle after its interior design is intended to be towed by another vehicle.

17) trailers are classified into

a) trailer, which is mainly designed for the transport of persons or goods.

(b)) a semi-trailer which is mainly designed for the transport of persons or goods, and which is coupled to the towing vehicle in such a way that the vehicle and/or its load partially rests upon the towing vehicle.

c) Outboard tool (registration), which is a different trailer than trailer and semi-trailer, e.g. a caravan.

18) A trailer with a maximum authorized weight exceeding 750 kg is regarded here as a big trailer.

19) A car with trailer vehicle called a combination.

20) O3 and O4 trailers with rigid drawbar is called a centre-axle trailer.



Trailer/semi-trailer shall be divided in accordance with permitted gross vehicle weight/mass as follows:




21) O1 with a maximum authorised weight of the semitrailer and trailer with rigid drawbar assembled on the axle-of which does not exceed 750 kg.

22) O2 with a permissible maximum laden weight of the semitrailer and trailer with rigid drawbar assembled on the axle-on more than 750 kg but not exceeding 3,500 kg.

23) O3 with a maximum authorised weight of semi-trailer axle-axle trailer and picked on more than 3,500 kg, but not more than 10,000 kg.

24) O4 with a maximum authorised weight of semi-trailer axle-axle trailer and picked on more than 10,000 kg.



Trailer may, in accordance with specific rules be linked to a towing vehicle in the following ways:




25) fixed combination.

26) Variable combination.

27) Synsfri linkage.

Annex 3

1. The TRAILER INTERIOR DESIGN, EQUIPMENT and DOCUMENTS, ETC.

The purpose of education is to give the student knowledge about such a trailer interiors, equipment and documents, as well as an understanding of the trailer functions such that it facilitates the learning of correct and gentle treatment of the trailer/vehicle combination and a safe execution of the different maneuvers.

The teaching is also aimed to make the student familiar with the main legal provisions on the trailer equipment, so that the learner can determine whether it is in the legal position. The student must also have such an understanding of the signs of deficiencies, which reveals itself through the wagon train's functions and reactions, that the student can determine whether the proposed or ongoing drive with the vehicle combination is valid and sound.

Sections 1.1-1.7 addresses mainly trailers up to 3,500 kg permitted gross vehicle weight.

It should also be emphasized in teaching that the targets set out in the procedures for the inspection and testing of equipment is not exhaustive or comprehensive for all kinds of systems, and that the learner must be aware of the constant changes of the trailer interior design as well as of the legal provisions.

Teaching has finally designed to make the student aware of legal provisions on the most important administrative documents in connection with the carriage of the train operation.

1.1 the steering mechanism


When the steering is not usually on trailer category D, not the main section and includes milestones

1.2 Brakes

Main objectives

The student must learn about the transmission function and for signs of bugs that have a bearing on road safety.

The student must also be able to determine whether the statutory requirements for brakes are fulfilled as well as the main legal provisions on the brakes could.

Milestones

1.2.1 Operating brakes

The student must have knowledge of the braking system and its function:




1) service brake on trailer with a maximum authorized weight exceeding 3,500 kg to bus is usually a inertia brakes.

2) Inertia brake is activated by the trailer are pressed forward against the bus when this brakes. The more powerful the bus brakes des stronger presses the trailer against the bus (inertia force) and des stronger brakes trailer.

3) By reversing on uneven road or uphill pressure against trailer can be so large that the brake is activated. This may be avoided by using a special bakspærre-device.

4) Inertia force is transferred to the wheel brakes via shock rod into the control event, brake rods and brake cables. The greater the inertia force is, the longer the shock rod is pressed back.

5) event is usually equipped with an Inertia damper device which dampens shock rods normally located movement.

6) Shock Rod has a limited hiking (stroke). If shock rod can be printed in bottom position, braking force diminish significantly and eventually stopped.

7) service brake can also consist of a system that is connected to the service brake on the bus and where on the hængs line re activated either via electrical braking jets thaw signals or a special hydraulic system.



1.2.2 emergency brake

There is no requirement for emergency braking on trailer.

1.2.3 Parking brakes

The student must be familiar with the following features:




1) parking brake works on wheels brakes through special mechanical connections (wires or rods).



1.2.4 Additional brakes

There is usually no additional brakes on trailer category D.

1.2.5 Control of brakes

The student must be able to check whether the following conditions by the brakes have been met:




1) Shock Rod must not be pressed to the bottom position. This is checked by running slowly, carry out an ordinary slowdown and maintain braking position by turning on the car's parking brake. By this maneuver should as a general rule, continue to be the distance between the coupling head and the fixed part of the control section (which for example is found by squeezing protection bellows together and feel that distance).

2) the braking system shall have sufficient effect. This is checked by trying to pull on hængs line re thaw jet while the parking brake is fully applied.

3) Wires, brake rods and the like must be secured and undamaged.

4) any hydraulic brake transmission must be close.

5) Parking brake lever to activate easy, and must be able to be maintained in the activated position.



Signs of errors by brakes

The student must be able to specify reasons for the following signs of faults in the brakes and designate where errors may occur:




6) For long hiking in shock Rod may be due to the lack of adjustment of wheel brakes.

7) If the trailer encounters to the bus during braking, it can be a sign that the brakes do not work.

8) If the trailer brakes ' whale ', can be a sign error in the isolator.



1.2.6 Furthermore, statutory provisions on brakes

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following legal provisions and conditions:




1) the trailer must be fitted with a service braking system and the parking brake (certain less on hængs line re thaw you can, however, be without brakes).

2) service brake shall act on all the wheels and could brake the trailer safely, fast and powerful at all speeds and loads.

3) the service braking system shall be so arranged that the trailer brakes automatically in the event of breakage of the coupling device between the bus and trailer. This is done usually by means of a chain or wire between bus and trailer (safety chain).

4) On one-axle trailer with a maximum authorized weight of up to 1,500 kg is not required, to back the chain activates the brakes. On trailer with a maximum authorized weight exceeding 750 kg which are not equipped with brakes, there are no required safety chain.

5) service brake must be capable of being activated by normal afbremsning of the towing vehicle.

6) parking brake on the trailer must be able to keep this stopped on an inclined path (18%) and must be able to be standing tightened.

7) the parking brake on the bus must be able to keep the wagon train stopped on an inclined road (12%) and must be able to be standing tightened.



1.3 electrical installations, lights, reflectors, etc.

Main objectives

The pupil should learn about the electrical fixed function.

The student must also be able to check whether the statutory requirements for lamps, reflectors, etc. have been met as well as Förordning om el-could the main plants, lamps and reflectors.

Milestones

1.3.1 the electricity plant's function, lights and reflectors

The student must be familiar with the following conditions:




1) Lamps on a trailer must be electrically connected to the corresponding lights on the bus.



Legal provisions on the mandatory lighting devices and reflectors

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following legal provisions:




2) a trailer may only be equipped with prescribed or lighting and reflectors.

3) The required lighting and reflexes include:

a) two lamps with light positions, if the trailer width exceeds 1.6 m,

(b)) two lamps with a backlight,

c) two lamps with stoplights,

d) two lamps at the rear,

e) at least one rear registration plate lamp

f) two approved and tagged white forward facing reflexes, and

g) two approved and tagged red rear triangular reflectors placed with the tip upwards.

4) On a trailer, there is broader than 2.1 m, there must also be two forward-looking and two rear end-outline marker lamps, respectively, with white and red light, which can clearly be seen in the 300 m distance without dazzle.

5) Position light must be white and must clearly be visible for at least 300 m distance without dazzle.

6) rear lights must have a red light, which can clearly be seen in at least 300 m distance without dazzle.

7) trailers shall be equipped with approved and tagged yellow side reflectors and, provided that the total length of the trailer is longer than 6 m also approved and tagged yellow side-marker lamps, which is distributed in the trailer sides.

8) Side-marker lamps must clearly be visible for at least 300 m distance without dazzle.

9) Older trailers can be fitted with either side reflectors or side marker lamps.

10) rear registration plate lamps must illuminate the license plate so that it can clearly be read in at least 20 meters distance.



Statutory provisions on lighting and reflectors

The student must have knowledge of the following provision:




11) The lighting and reflexes include:

a) reversing lamps, worklights, extra rear position (side) lamps, rear end-outline marker lamps and forward-looking extra, extra side-marker lamps, rear fog lamps, side lamps, direction indicator lamps, rear direction indicator lamps, extra extra stop lamps, illuminate and extra reflexes.



Control of lighting, etc.

The student must be able to check whether the following characteristics of the lamps and reflectors are met:




12) All lighting and reflectors must be whole and clean, and all lamps shall be bright.

13) Stop lamps must give significantly stronger light than taillights.

14) lamps must Flash with yellow light, which can clearly be seen in sunlight.

15) rear registration plate lamps must have the white light that can illuminate the license plate.

16) Lamps in a two lamps must have the same color and brightness.

17) retro-reflectors shall be triangular and placed with the tip upwards.



Sign on error lights

The student must be able to specify reasons for the following signs of errors by the lamps and designate where errors may occur:




18) Lights that do not work, or works incorrectly, can be caused by an error (bad connection) in elstikket between bus and trailer.



The student must be able to set the following reasons to sign on error by lamps, etc.:




19) if the lamps flashes significantly faster than usual, it's usually a sign that one or more direction indicator lamps do not work.



1.4-bearing parts

Main objectives

The student must learn about the load-bearing function is shared and whether signs of errors that have a bearing on road safety.

The student must also be able to ascertain whether the legal requirements for the load-bearing parts are met as well as could the main law-bearing parts.

Milestones

1.4.1-bearing shared function, etc.

The student must be familiar with the following conditions and features:




1) trailers, load-bearing parts include the following:

a) Chassis/self-supporting constructions,

b) suspension, which consists of axles/bogies, spring brackets, spring bolts, lasker, springs and shock absorbers, and

(c)), which consists of wheel bearings wheels, rims and tires.


2) trailer weight transmitted to the road through the load-bearing parts.

3) Spring system function, along with any shock absorbers to smooth or record the forces that occur when driving on uneven road, as well as ensure the wheels in contact with the roadway.

4) suspension with leaf springs and rubber springs are the most common spring systems.



The student must be able to indicate the importance of the following conditions:




5) a deck may be constructed as bias ply or radial tires.



Risk ratio




6) driving with tires that are not intended for the current vehicle and the current run-time purposes, would result in a risk of tire damage and possible dæksprængning.

7) driving with tires that are damaged can also cause risk of dæksprængning. Dæksprængningen will usually happen at high speed and that is why the consequences so much the worse.

8) Errors in load-bearing parts (suspension, bearings, etc.) would result in a risk of collapse.

9) lack of afbremsning by vehicle at wheels shift, would result in a risk of damage to the vehicle and occupants.



Control of load-bearing parts

The student must be able to check whether the following characteristics of the load-bearing parts are met:




10) Tires must on all wheels have at least 1.6 mm tread depth in the main pattern. The wear should not be uneven and covered must be without damage.

11) Dækformen may not be abnormal.

12) Chassis frame and pull the rod must not be deformed, cracked, or damaged incidentally.



Legal provisions, moreover, about the load-bearing parts

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following legal provisions:




13) in suspension as a whole or in its individual parts must not be due to wear or similar occur significantly veils.

14) Tires, rims and wheel bearings must be undamaged.

15) Tires must be inflated to an air pressure according to the manufacturer's requirements.

16) Tyres on same axle must combined have a carrying capacity of which at least must correspond to the maximum axle load. Wear the ability shown by dækmærkningen. Tires must also be of a dimension and shape which correspond to the rim.

17) Tyres on same axle must be of the same dimension and type (except for emergency spare wheel).

18) the trailer must be sprung on all axles.



Signs of errors at load-bearing parts

The student must be able to specify reasons for the following signs of errors at load-bearing parts and be able to identify where errors may occur:




19) Uneven/crooked tire wear can be caused by errors in the suspension system, imbalance in the wheels or incorrect tire pressure. By impact of curbs or similar will there could be damage to the tyre (tread and casing).

20) Abnormal dækform close to the ground or abnormally hot tires after some time trial suggests incorrect tire pressure, which in the long run can destroy the deck. The tyre pressure should in that case be checked through the use of tyre pressure gauge.

21) Cracks in the paint or concentrated rust formation (rust stripes) on the chassis, frame or springs may be due to breakage. Rust formation around the bolts and studs suggest that they have loosened up due to wear or lack of maintenance.



1.5 engine, transmission and energy-and environmentally friendly driving

Main objectives

The pupil should learn about the particular environmental problems when running with a road train.

Milestones

1.5.1 Energy-and environmentally friendly driving

The student must be familiar with the following conditions:




1) when driving with a trailer bus motor will exert further especially when pulling away and drive up the hills. Therefore, it is important to switch to the appropriate gear so that the engine does not sejtrækker.



In addition, repetition after section ' Energy-and environmentally friendly drive ' in section 1.5.1 in the curriculum for driver training for category D.

1.6 bodywork and structure, etc.

Main objectives

The pupil should learn about the trailer body, structure and coupling device.

The student must be the main legal provisions on the trailer body, building and to buy lings an words ing.

Milestones

1.6.1 Bodywork, building and its fastening

The student must have knowledge of the following designations:




1) bodywork and structure includes the, which is mounted on top of the chassis frame (varelad, item box or bodywork to residential) or even load-bearing bodywork.



The student must be able to verify the following conditions:




2) To doors to possibly spaces reserved for the load are securely sealed/fastened.

3) To any tarpaulin is tightened.

4) That any load is placed and fastened securely (see section 6.2.5).



Risk ratio when builds

The student must have knowledge of the following risk factors:




5) a trailer with high building (e.g. a caravan) is particularly sensitive at increased risk for unstable crosswind drive as well as rollover in swing.



Legal regulations on bodywork and structure

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following legal provisions and conditions:




6) bodywork and structure must be firmly attached to the trailer load-bearing parts.

7) bodywork and structure should be no sharp edges or projections that may be unnecessary danger to other road users.

8) of the trailer wheels shall be so shielded, possibly by body design that other road users are protected against splashes.



1.6.2 coupling devices

The student must have knowledge of the following:




1) the coupling device is usually a ball coupling.

2) ball-coupling consists of a koblingsdel attached respectively to the bus and trailer drawbars.

3) Bus koblingsdel is shaped like a ball.

4) trailer koblingsdel is designed as a ball Bowl with locking device.

5) coupling device can also consist of a gear coupling.



Control of coupling devices

The student must be able to check whether the following requirements for the coupling device are fulfilled:




6) materially veils do not occur between the bus and trailer koblingsdel koblingsdel, judged by Visual inspection of the wear marks on the coupling parts and possibly by checking the wear indicator on the trailer koblingsdel.

7) Removable part of the coupling device must be properly mounted and secured.



Legal provisions and conditions, moreover on coupling devices

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following legal provisions and conditions:




8) coupling device must be firmly attached to the vehicle's load-bearing parts. Bolt connections must be secured against separation.

9) coupling device must be equipped with mechanical protection, which prevents the clutch can be triggered unintentionally.

10) the coupling half on the bus (approved and fitted in accordance with specific rules) and part of the trailer coupling must be designed for interconnection.

11) the functioning of the interconnected coupling parts must have sufficient mutual movement.

12) It must be registered in the Central Register of Motor vehicles that the bus has a coupling device.



1.7 Internet device, vision and special equipment

There is usually no special equipment on trailers of category D.

1.8 recording equipment (tachograph)

Provisions on control apparatus for vehicle combinations contained in the provisions for category D.

1.9 vehicle combinations interconnection and documents

Main objectives

The student must learn the provisions on interconnection and wagon train's documents. The student will also learn when these documents should be taken.

Milestones

1.9.1 legislative provisions on interconnection

Legal provisions on interconnection

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following legal provisions:




1) to a bus must be linked one trailer, if the bus is registered for this.

2) A bus can be registered to might be linked to a registration-only trailer either in fixed combination or in variable combination and for trailers with a maximum authorised weight of which does not exceed 3,500 kg also by synsfri linkage.

3) fixed combination means that the bus is registered to pull one particular trailer. Trailer registration number must be indicated on the bus registration certificate. Prior to registration to the bus and the trailer be sighted in combination with one another with a vision company.

4) Variable combination means that the bus is registered to draw more specific trailers, which then shall be indicated on the certificate of the bus coupling. Prior to registration to the bus together with those trailers be the sight of a vision company.

5) Synsfri interconnection means that bus and trailer can be disconnected without prior overall vision with a vision company. The bus and trailer must be individually approved and registered for the synsfri linkage. On the basis of registration certificates, the driver can determine whether the bus and trailer legally can be linked together, including that the trailer actual total weight does not exceed the indicated maximum trailer weight. By the practical interconnection, the driver can determine whether the wagon train's length and width of the trailer complies with the provisions.



Interconnection


The pupil must, on the basis of the certificates of registration and/or coupling could verify the legality of the following connections:




6) fixed combination, where bus and trailer are the sight and approved together.

7) Variable combination, where the bus is registered to draw more specific trailers.

8) Synsfri connection of bus and trailer.

9) the student must master the following skills by arming:

10) interconnect bus and trailer by placing the trailer ball Bowl on the bus coupling ball in such a way that the security device is activated, such as inspection of the wear indicator.

11) attach safety chain.

12) connect the elforbindelsen and check that the trailer lights work.

13) raise and strapping evt. support wheels.

14) Disengage the parking brake on the trailer before driving.



The student must be able to master the equivalent to disconnect the trailer, including can afbremse this.

1.9.2 detection and switching certificate

The student must be familiar with the following documents and legal provisions, etc.:




1) to a bus and a trailer can be used, they must be registered and must be issued registration certificates.

2) registration certificate, which shows bus unladen weight/run clear emphasis, its allowable gross vehicle weight as well as possibly what size trailer which may be coupled with the.

3) trailer registration certificate, which States the trailer unladen weight and permissible maximum weight.

4) Coupling certificate used by variable combination.

5) on the basis of registration certificates, the driver can determine whether the bus and trailer must be interconnected.

6) when driving with a trailer to the bus and trailer registration certificates are allowed. If bus is done clutch clearance, must this be taken. When driving abroad, the original certificates, or one of a motor Office issued copy, usually allowed.




When driving in Denmark may bring their own copies.





1.10 special vehicles and conditions

Main objectives

The pupil should learn about other trailers.

Milestones

1.10.1 non-requiring registration trailers

The student must have knowledge of the following provisions:




1) For these trailers, special rules apply to speed, type of construction and equipment. The weight of a non-registration-only outboard tool must not exceed it, the bus must be coupled weight wise.



1.10.2 Larger trailers

In addition to it in section 1.1 to 1.9 listed apply to larger trailers over 3,500 kg permitted gross vehicle weight the following requirements and conditions:

Steering

The student must be familiar with the following conditions:




1) If a trailer is equipped with steering, this usually consists of a rotating wreath, allowing the turning of the front wheels. Turning the collar consists of an upper and lower ring, mediate waterfront vistas placed a number of balls.



The student must be able to determine the contents of the following provisions:




2) materially veils in steering (turn the wreath) or in its individual parts must not occur.



Brakes

The student must be familiar with the following conditions:




3) service brake on larger trailers are usually compressed air-mechanical brakes, designed as a two-wire system.

4) one leader (the supply hose) transfers the compressed air from the bus to the trailer supply circuit.

5) the other leader (steering tube) used to adjust braking of the trailer.

6) Braking system can be built up as ABS brakes.



Emergency brake

There is no requirement for emergency braking on trailer.

The student must have knowledge of that bus emergency brake must enable the trailer service braking system, like the breach of or loss of supply langen must cause the trailer service braking is automatically activated.

The student must be able to specify reasons for the following signs of errors by the brakes:




7) Reduced braking effect suggests a lack of adjustment of brakes or incorrectly set, possibly faulty ALB-valve.

8) If the indicator for the ABS brake system does not turn off within a short time after starting, it is sign of failure in the ABS brake system and only drive to the nearest repair shop is allowed.



Lamps, reflectors, etc.

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following legal provisions:




9) trailer over 3,500 kg must regardless of the banks bear the 2 front position lamps, as well as re Flex plan ke.



Load-bearing parts

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following legal provisions:




10) on the trailer over 3,500 kg must be at least 1 mm depth pattern.



Coupling devices

The student must be familiar with the following conditions:




11) Bus koblingsdel consists of a coupling funnel, koblingshus, coupling bolt and automatic locking mechanism.

12) trailer koblingsdel consists of a towing eye with bushing.



The student must be able to specify reasons for the following signs of error coupling devices:

Noticeable Jolt while driving can be a sign of significant blur at the coupling parts.

When the trailer does not follow the bus track while driving straight ahead, it can be a sign of deformed drag triangle or drawbar.

1.11 Bus control equipment

1.11.1 Operating equipment

Repetition after learning plan for category B, section 1.1.1 ' Control equipment '.
Annex 4

2. preliminary EXERCISES on the WAY

The purpose of teaching into the initial exercises is to give the student proficiency in basic mastery of the combination at low speeds and make the student aware of vehicle combinations including length and width, special maneuverability, as well as the driver's orientation possibilities through the use of mirrors.

The exercises/segments can usefully be carried out at an appropriate place, e.g. a quiet industrial neighborhood outside normal working hours or an unused parking lot.

The individual maneuvers and exercises must be taught with so much certainty and precision, to eleven in the subsequent extended exercises under way mainly to concentrate on to customize the batch job to road and traffic conditions and the applicable rules of the road.

Each manøvres/practice precise content are laid down in the interim. The duration is determined by the individual student's needs. The individual maneuvers and exercises are considered learned satisfactorily when they can be performed with the degree of precision, as shown by delmåls descriptions. The individual maneuvers and exercises must be carried out with a combination of vehicles which comply with the provisions for the combination of category D/E, in the licence notice with relevant supporting documents.

When driver education to category D is considered fundamental to the programme to the category D/E, is that in milestones for the introductory exercises on the road alone set out conditions of special importance for driving with vehicle combinations.

2.1 Preparation to drive

Main objectives

The student must learn how to make the necessary security preparations for the batch job.

Milestones

2.1.1 Overhaul, setting, etc.

The student must master the following skills before departure:




1) clean the possibly dewy or soiled panes, mirrors and lenses.

2) Remove possibly solved the underlying objects from the instrument Board, sun visors and the square below and in front of the driver's seat.

3) ensure that there are no mounted objects that takes the view through the panes.

4) operate the doors close-and låsetøj.

5) set the driver's seat in order to achieve a comfortable driving position, the best possible vision and to be able to operate the bus equipment, including read instruments and optical.

6) buckle and adjust any mounted safety harness and headrest.

7) set the mirrors, so that the best possible vision is achieved, without it being necessary to change the driving position.

8) Could release itself quickly from the safety belt.

9) Operate the clutch, accelerator and brake pedals.

10) operate the gear and parking brake.

11) operate the switches for lights, signs and signals, markings, wiper and washer, fan and sun visor, etc.



The student must be able to read and understand the importance of instruments and optical.

The student must have knowledge of the following:




12) operation of the clutch, accelerator and brake pedal with inappropriate footwear, can result in a risk of incorrect operation.



2.2 Wagon train mirrors

Repetition of the partial objective 2.2.1 – 2.2.3 in the learning plan for category D.

2.3 starting and stopping at the road edge

Main objectives

The student must learn soft starting and stopping after careful orientation, among other things. having regard to the blind spots and the lack of opportunity for direct orientation by head turning towards the rear and along the right side of vehicle combinations.

The student will also learn how to stop or Park at the forward edge of the road in the driveway to the right side and including ensure safe rating vehicle combinations of width, the location of the wheels and carriage of the train length direction in relation to the road's edge.

Milestones

2.3.1 Starting, gear control, starting and braking

Orienteering skills

The student must master the following orientation skills by starting and stopping:





1) look ahead, to the sides and rear for traffic or other obstacles.

2) orient themselves towards the rear and along the wagon train's pages using mirrors.

3) Check blind spots by head turning, in so far as it is possible.

4) Judging from the rear kommendes speed, distance and intention.

5) Judge own acceleration ability compared to rear kommendes speed.



Maneuver-skills

The student must master the following maneuver-skills-starting and stopping:




6) start the engine correctly.

7) turn on the light.

8) Put in gear, give signs with Flashers and slacken the parking brake.

9) put the soft going, run a piece of straight ahead and stop with hand signals.

10) Provide characters for forward stopping at the road edge or other selection with stoplights and possibly turn signals and brake soft up to a halt.

11) stop at road edge, first with ample and later with limited maneuver space, and so that the right wheel is as close as possible to the road edge and stands alongside this.

12) Stop with hand signals, put in neutral, stop the engine and pull the hand brake.

13) turn off the lights.



2.4 right turn on corners

Main objectives

The student must learn forward and backward right turn on corners under the careful orientation.

The student must achieve certain skill in correct position before and during the oscillations, orientation of mirrors, properly ratbetjening and safe feeling for vehicle combinations (including the wheels positioning).

The student must learn to judge when to be made necessary corrections the reversing.

If it is appropriate for a convenient settlement of the exercise, the left turn.

Milestones

2.4.1 skills by oscillation

Orienteering skills

The student must master the following orientation skills by right turn:




1) look ahead, to the sides and rear for traffic or other obstacles.

2) orient themselves backward along the wagon train's pages using the bus mirrors.

3) Check blind spots by head turning, in so far as it is possible.



During reversing can be usefully open side Windows in order to orient themselves for sounds.

Maneuver-skills

The student must master the following manoeuvre skills at the forward right turn:




4) Give character to the right turn in the appropriate distance.

5) Adjust the speed with the shift to the appropriate gear.

6) keep the targeted exchange rate and steady rate towards the corner or side of the road.

7) Run so close to the road edge (or kantlinie) or kerb as possible, inter alia, to prevent cyclists and moped drivers in driving forward on the right side of the vehicle combination.

8) comply with any rights of way for any intersecting highway.

9) Commence right bend if there is plain line track, but by later ratdrejning than by bus without trailer.

10) Perform right bend being at the road's edge (or kantlinien) and do the bend as small as possible (keep right rear wheel as close to the road's edge as possible).

11) where space conditions make it necessary, provision should be made in good time before the oscillations are pulled to the left. Right bend must as far as possible, be completed in the right half of the road.



The student must master the following maneuver-skills by backward right turn in places where it can be done without inconvenience to the rest of the traffic:




12) reversing is carried out with very low speed.

13) Give character to the right turn in appropriate distance before the swing.

14) comply with any rights of way for any intersecting highway.

15) Perform right bend by allowing the right rear wheel on the trailer approximately follow the road edge (or kantlinie) or border stone in such a way that it is possible to continue roughly parallel to the edge on batch job backwards the way, which is backed in on.

16) Exit the maneuver with a road train stretched in approximate distance from the road edge.



At the latest after teaching in 7. section ' Extended exercises on the way ' to the student could master the reversing.

2.5 Backward driving with målbremsning

Main objectives

The student must learn to run backwards by thorough orientation of mirrors alone.

The pupil must also know målbremsning ensure safe feeling for wagon train's length.

Milestones

2.5.1 Orientation and assessment of the length of vehicle combinations

Orienteering skills

The student must master the following orientation skills by reversing with målbremsning:




1) View to the rear and along the wagon train's pages after traffic or other obstacles with the help of the bus mirrors.

2) judge the appropriate distance to selected targets for start of braking.

3) Certainly judge the location of the wagon train's tail (or any other protruding part) in relation to the selected targets.



During reversing can be usefully open side Windows in order to orient themselves for sounds.

Maneuver-skills

The student must master the following maneuver-skills by reversing with målbremsning in places where it can be done without inconvenience to the rest of the traffic:




4) reversing is carried out with very low speed.

5) Keep approximately straight course 20-30 metres during reversing.

6) Begin braking with adequate strength and in appropriate distance from selected targets and then stop with bagsmækken (or projections, incidentally) by the selected target.



At the latest after teaching in 7. section ' Extended exercises on the way ' to the student could master the reversing.
Annex 5

3. VEHICLE manoeuvring CHARACTERISTICS

The purpose of education is to ensure that the pupil, as necessary, is still possessed of knowledge of vehicle manoeuvring properties, as discussed in the curriculum for driver training for category (B).

3.1 manoeuvring characteristics, etc.

Main objectives

The student must have refreshed her knowledge about the different vehicles manoeuvring characteristics and the rules applicable to different conditions of orientation in order to be able to understand and assess the hazards in traffic and react appropriately to them.

Milestones

3.1.1 General on various vehicles manoeuvring characteristics, etc.

Repetition of milestones in 3.1.1 – 3.2.6 in the learning plan for category (B). Annex 6

4. USER CONDUCT

The purpose of education is to ensure that the pupil, as necessary, is still in the possession of knowledge of road user behaviour as discussed in the curriculum for driver training for category (B).

4.1 road user behaviour, etc.

Main objectives

The student must have refreshed her knowledge about the different basic psychological characteristics of one's own and other road users ' behaviour, the legal provisions on motorists driving ability and health and about showing special consideration for other road users in order to be able to understand and assess the hazards in traffic and react appropriately to them.

Milestones

4.1.1 Perception, reaction, vision, health, other road users and the behaviour and attitudes, etc.

Repetition of milestones in 4.1.1 – 4.7.3 in the learning plan for category b. Annex 7

5. ROAD CONDITIONS

The purpose of education is to ensure that the pupil, as necessary, is still in the possession of knowledge about road conditions, as discussed in the curriculum for driver training for category (B).

5.1 road conditions, etc.

Main objectives

The student must have refreshed his knowledge of risk factors by the roads in order to be able to understand and assess the hazards in traffic and react appropriately to them.

Milestones

5.1.1 Risk conditions and road safety design, etc.

Repetition of milestones in 5.1.1 – 5.2.6 in the learning plan for category (B). Annex 8

6. BASIC RULES FOR DRIVING with VEHICLE COMBINATIONS, INCLUDING DIMENSIONS, WEIGHT and LOADING

The purpose of education is to make the student familiar with some general legal provisions for driving with vehicle combinations in addition to the provisions that apply to category D.

The student should also be familiar with the legal provisions of the wagon train's dimensions, weight and loading.

6.1 notes on the traffic

Main objectives

The student must have refreshed his knowledge of instructions of the traffic.

Milestones

6.1.1 Instructions for traffic, etc.

Repetition of milestones in 6.1.1-6.1.2 in the learning plan for category D.

6.2 the Wagon train's width, length, height, weight, etc.

Main objectives

The student must learn the legal provisions for wagon trains and trailers, a maximum width, length, height and weight, as well as requirements for special caution when driving with the big read.

Milestones

6.2.1 Wagon train's width

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following legal provisions:











1)





A trailer must not be read with or without broader than 2.55 m, with the exception of e.g. end-outline marker lamps.





 



The width is measured over the parts that go furthest out to each side, with the exception of e.g. end-outline marker lamps.







2)





The trailer must never be more than 70 cm wider than the bus (35 cm to each side).











6.2.2 Wagon train's length


The student must be able to determine the contents of the following legal provisions:




1) A combination of vehicles may, with or without read cannot be longer than 18.75 m.

2) a trailer with or without read must not be longer than 12 metres.

3) distance between the bus trailing edge and forefront of let or building on the trailer or the registration-only outboard tool must not exceed 2 metres.



6.2.3 Wagon train's height

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following legal provisions:











1)





A trailer must not be read with or without higher than 4 m.





 



The height measured vertically from the roadway to the part of the vehicle/loaded, which ranks more than up.







2)





Regardless of the vehicle's height, the driver must ensure that the drive under bridges, wires and similar can happen without danger or disadvantage.











6.2.4 Wagon train's weight

The student must be able to indicate the importance of the following expression:




1) trailer axle or group of axles is the pressure is transmitted to the road by the wheels on one of the Alpine clay ne respectively bogie.



The student must be able to determine the contents of the following legal provisions:




2) maximum permissible laden weight is the trailer upon registration maximum weight of trailer with load.

3) A trailer gross vehicle weight and axle load must not exceed what is specified in the registration certificate.

4) a trailer must be fitted on each side with an inscription that indicates the maximum total weight (T), and maximum load (L).



6.2.5 Freight

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following legal provisions and conditions:




1) Goods shall be suitably located and fixed, and any tarpaulin securely bound.

2) Goods must not cover the flashers, lights and license plate, no slip or fall down on the road or otherwise be obstacle or hazard to traffic.

3) Cargo shall be so arranged that ensures an appropriate ball pressure. For small ball pressure or negative pressure will cause unstable ball drive. Usually trailers approved coupling press with a maximum 50-100 kg depending on the maximum authorised weight. The heavier the trailer is, the greater the pressure ball should be. It is recommended that 5-10% of the actual total weight of the trailer is resting on the ball, but not more than what the bus coupling device and the trailer is intended for.



In addition, repetition after learning plan for category D.

Marking of goods

Repetition after learning plan for category D.

6.2.6 traffic accident

Repetition after section 6.2.7 of the learning plan for category (B).

6.2.7 insurance obligation

Repetition after section 6.2.8 of the learning plan for category (B).

6.2.8 the supply of vehicle for other

Repetition after section 6.2.9 in the learning plan for category (B).

6.3 the driving and rest periods, as well as the use of recording equipment

Main objectives

The student must have refreshed her knowledge about the provisions on driving and rest periods, as well as the use of recording equipment.

Milestones

6.3.1 the driving and rest periods, etc.

Repetition of the sub-objectives 6.3.1-6.3.2 in the learning plan for category D.

6.4 passenger transport, etc.

Main objectives

The student must have refreshed her knowledge about the provisions on passenger transport, etc.

Milestones

6.4.1 road passenger transport

Repetition of milestones in 6.4.1 6.4.2-in the learning plan for category D. Annex 9

7. EXTENDED EXERCISES on the WAY

The purpose of teaching in extended exercises is to give the student skill in safely and considerately to customize the batch job to the changing risk conditions and risk opportunities as well as the applicable traffic rules on different types of roads with different traffic density during the execution of all normally occuring maneuvers.

Each practice precise content are laid down in the interim. The duration is determined by the individual student's needs. The individual exercises/maneuvers are considered learned satisfactorily when they can be performed with the degree of precision, as shown by delmåls descriptions. The individual exercises/manoeuvres shall be carried out with a combination of vehicles which comply with the provisions for the combination of category D/E, in the licence notice with relevant supporting documents.

The exercises/maneuvers to be conducted in an order which ensures that student continually transferred from a lighter to a more difficult exercise/maneuver. It will correspond to the order indicated in the training objectives.

Driver training for category D/E assumes that students have a driving licence for category D and thus someone driving experience. Therefore, it is not considered necessary to practice every maneuver separately.

The teacher's Guide to learning plan describes the requirements to practice lines for the execution of manoeuvres.

When driver education to category D is considered fundamental to the programme to the category D/E, is that in the interim the extended exercises on the road alone set out conditions of special importance for driving with vehicle combinations. In addition to this, the teaching, as necessary, include repetition of milestones in extended exercises on the way for driver training for category D.

The expanded exercises under way include the following maneuvers:

(The number in parentheses refer to the corresponding section in the curriculum for driver training for category D).

Starting and stopping at the road edge (7.1).

Location under gears (7.2).

Speed gears (7.3).

Changing lanes and merge (7.4).

Drive past the stationary vehicles and cutting, etc. (7.6).

Meeting (7.7).

Drive before or after other (7.8).

Overtaking (7.9).

To stop at a junction (7.11).

Gears in cross-(7.12)

Right turn at the intersection (7.13).

Left turns in cross (7.14).

Drive in the roundabout (7.15).

Drive on the highway (7.16).

Drive next to the other (7.17).

Stopping and parking (7.18).

Driving in the tunnel (7.20).

Main objectives

The student should be acquainted with the changed orientation and manoeuvring conditions under drive coupled with a large trailer and learn to master the combination usually occurring during the execution of the maneuvers.

To be in the teaching emphasis on practical exercises in the maneuvers, which involve special difficulties in driving with large trailer.

The student will also learn how to run onto and off the highway. Where conditions exclude driving on Highway, the instructor tells a special obligation to carry out the exercises on a major road with acceleration and deceleration lanes, see. hovedmåls description to Lesson 4 in the learning plan for category D.

Milestones

Starting and stopping at the road edge

7.1.2 risk factors

The student must have knowledge of the following risk factors-starting and stopping at the road edge:




1) Limited the Guide options from the driving position due to blind spots and the lack of opportunity for direct orientation rearwards by head turning.

2) Error rating of rear kommendes speed and distance, in particular by use of convex mirrors, and rear kommendes any willingness to make room.

3) Error evaluation of vehicle combinations acceleration ability.

4) need big maneuver space.



7.1.3 Orienteering skills

The student must be able to understand and assess the following risk opportunities by starting and stopping at the road edge and react appropriately to them:




1) Running and cutting, which can be hidden in the blind spots.

2) Narrow margins for manoeuvre that requires special attention to several things at the same time.



The learner must master guide and maneuver-skills-starting and stopping at the road edge listed under introductory exercises en route, section 2.3» starting and stopping at the road edge '.

7.1.4 manoeuvring skills

Repetition after learning plan for category D.

Location under gears

7.2.3 7.2.4 Orientation-and-maneuver-skills

Repetition after learning plan for category (B).

Speed gears

7.3.2 risk factors

The student must have knowledge of the following risk factors by single car accidents:




1) Bus with trailer tend fast saksning by braking in slippery or oily lead and by blocking of the brakes, especially while driving downhill.

2) crosswind sensitivity when driving with Increased trailer with high building.



In addition, repetition after learning plan for category D.

7.3.3 Orienteering skills

Repetition after learning plan for category D.

7.3.4 manoeuvring skills

The student must master the following maneuver skills on speed:




1) no more than run with the legal and safe speed.



In addition, repetition after learning plan for category D.

7.3.5 legislative provisions, moreover,

The student must be able to determine the contents of the following legal provisions regarding speed:





1) coupled with a registration-only Bus trailer may not run 70 km/h, also on the Expressway.

2) Bus coupled with a registration-only trailer must on the highway more than driving 80 km/h.

3) Bus with a maximum authorized mass exceeding 3,500 kg coupled with a registration-only trailer must in closer developed area, with the exception of motorways and expressways, most driving 50 km/h, also on lines with higher local speed limit.



Changing lanes and merge

7.4.3 7.4.4 Orientation-and-maneuver-skills

Repetition after learning plan for category (B).

Drive past the stationary vehicles and cutting, etc.

7.6.2 risk factors

The student must have knowledge of the following risk factors when driving past the stationary vehicles, pedestrians, etc.:




1) Combination requires good side distance to fun, education, etc., in particular by strong side winds.



7.6.3 7.6.4 – orientation and manoeuvring skills

Repetition after learning plan for category D.

Meeting

Frontal collisions are the incident type, resulting in the biggest consequences in connection with accidents with buses, and it is therefore important to learn the student to be aware of the possibilities in order to avoid these accidents. The student must learn to be aware and prescient as well as learn how important it is to comply with the speed limit.

7.7.2 – 7.7.4 Risk conditions as well as orientation and manoeuvring skills

Repetition after learning plan for category D.

Drive before or after other

7.8.2 risk factors

The student must have knowledge of the following risk factors when running in front of or after the other:




1) Wagon train's inferior braking ability gives the risk of collision of vehicle in front, which suddenly decreases the speed.



In addition, after repetition after learning plan for category D.

7.8.3 Orienteering skills

The student must be able to understand and assess the following risk opportunities by driving in front of or after the other and react appropriately to them:




1) Behind driving, pending the fast option or undoes started overtaking and pulls in behind the wagon train again.

2) Overtaking opportunity ahead for behind the running (e.g. cessation of bends or crossing of the hilltop) after driving over a longer stretch without the fast option.



In addition, repetition after learning plan for category D.

7.8.4 manoeuvring skills

The student must master the following maneuver-skills by driving in front of or after the other:




1) in good time to prepare for maneuvers and by hand signals or change of speed and position to clarify the intent of the terms to indicate.

2) Help behind running for overtaking, when conditions permit, by pulling as far to the right as possible and, where appropriate, reduce the speed, but refrain from waving behind propelled forward.

3) Keep sufficient safety distance to the front. This will in most cases be equivalent to 2-3 sec. time distance in normally lead depending on the driver's routine and road conditions.

4) Increase the distance to the vehicle in front, if road and traffic conditions, weather or centuries makes it necessary.

5) outside closer developed area, to be kept as much distance to the front, the rear coming that will overtake, have enough space to pull in front of.



In addition, repetition after learning plan for category D.

Overtaking

7.9.2 risk factors

The student must have knowledge of the following risk factors by overtaking:




1) trailer size, which at higher speed produces strong wind pressure to the rear or sheltered in crosswind, thus overtook cyclists and knallertkøreres management or market is affected.

2) Error rating by trailer length with the risk of pulling too early in front of the cyclists and moped riders, especially overtook.



In addition, repetition after learning plan for category D.

7.9.3 Orienteering skills

The student must be able to recognize and specify the importance of the following road signs:











1)





' Overtaking prohibited ' (C 51) prohibits the overtaking of vehicles other than two-wheeled bicycles and two-wheeled small mopeds. The ban can be reduced by SubPanel that it applies only to specific vehicles, e.g. bus with trailer.







2)





» Termination of overtaking ' (C 53).











In addition, repetition after learning plan for category D.

7.9.4 – codec.Pack.v7.9.5 manoeuvring skills and legal provisions, moreover,

The student must master the following manoeuvre skills at overtaking:




1) wait to pull on the right side of the roadway after overhalingen until it is certain that the trailer does not come too close to the overtaking.



In addition, repetition after learning plan for category D.

Forward drive against cross-

7.11.3-7.11.4 orientation and manoeuvring skills

Repetition after learning plan for category D.

Gears in cross-

7.12.2 Risk conditions.

The student must have knowledge of the following risk factors by gears in crossroads:




1) tend to run on own strength against weaker counterparts and therefore fail to fulfil own giving way.

2) Lack respect to cart train's inferior braking ability in the choice of speed during the drive against cross.

3) length of vehicle combinations and any protruding load error rating of cross-Tinah speed increases the risk of collision, especially in the drive after stopping where acceleration ability is poor.



Right turn in cross-

7.13.3-7.13.4 orientation and manoeuvring skills

The learner must master guide and maneuver-skills by forward right turn as listed under introductory exercises en route, section 2.4» right turn on corners '.

In addition, repetition after learning plan for category D.

Left turns in cross-

7.14.2 risk factors

The student must have knowledge of the following risk factors by left turn:




1) Error evaluation of the length of vehicle combinations, which can lead to blockage of the crossing or oncoming traffic course for early forward drive at the junction or by premature swinging out of the intersection.



7.14.3-7.14.4 orientation and manoeuvring skills

Repetition after learning plan for category D.

Drive in roundabout

7.15.2 risk factors

The student must have knowledge of the following risk factors when driving in roundabout:




1) Error evaluation of round the conception and thus the required oscillation sharpness, thus the access speed is often chosen for high.



7.15.3 Orienteering skills

Repetition after learning plan for category D.

7.15.4 manoeuvring skills

The student must master the following manoeuvre skills at driving in roundabout:




1) Adapt the speed through the roundabout in relation to carriage of the train-building and location of persons and baggage/cargo.



In addition, repetition after learning plan for category D.

Drive on Highway

7.16.1 Accidents

The student must have knowledge of the following circumstances of accidents on the Highway:




1) there is also a share in connection with the carriage train accidents changing lanes or merging, including for-and exit to Highway.



7.16.2-7.16.5 Risk conditions, orientation and maneuver-skills as well as Förordning incidentally

Repetition after learning plan for category D.

Drive next to the other

7.17.3-7.17.4 orientation and manoeuvring skills

Repetition after learning plan for category D.

Stopping and parking

7.18.3 Orienteering skills

Repetition after learning plan for category D.

7.18.4. Manoeuvring skills

The student must master the following maneuver-skills by stopping and parking:




1) Perform reverse parking against selected targets, as set out in section 2.5» reversing with målbremsning '.

2) Activate the parking brake, turn off the lights, remove the ignition key and ensure that any theft is in function.

3) Set and place the parking disc or buy parking ticket, where this is required.

4) wait to open doors until we are satisfied that it can be done without risk to others.



7.18.5 legal provisions

Repetition after learning plan for category D.

Driving in tunnel

Repetition after learning plan for category D. Annex 10

8. specific RISK FACTORS in traffic

Not taught in special risk factors, but refers to repetition for learning plan for category b. Annex 11

9. MANEUVERS on the TECHNICAL INSTALLATIONS.

Teaching on the technical plant must not be carried out.
Annex 12

10. PREPARATION for DRIVING TEST

The purpose of education is to give the student knowledge about conditions in order to prepare for the driving test and obtain driving licences for categories D/E, as well as to make the student familiar with the main legal provisions on driving licences.


Teaching has also intended to inform the student about the demands made by the driving test, and through evaluative tests in driving school give learners the opportunity to acquire experience on the conditions and procedures in the course of implementation of the theoretical and practical part of the test.

10.1 Conditions for obtaining a driving licence

Main objectives

The student must be informed about the most important legal provisions concerning driving instruction, application for a driver's license with the appropriate certificates, etc. as well as on what driving licences for categories D/E include.

Milestones

10.1.1 driving instruction

The student must have knowledge of the following legal provisions:




1) If you have not previously had a driving licence for category D/E, shall be before the driving test receive training in an approved driving instructor to category C, D and E.

2) teaching for category D/E may begin only when the student has acquired a driving licence for category D.

3) teaching must be in accordance with the learning plan for category D/E and include both the theoretical and practical curriculum.

4) to be in driving education used a lesson plan. The lesson plan must be drawn up in two copies, one of which shall be given to the student in accordance with the provisions in the licence notice. The lesson plan shall among other things are divided into lessons, respectively, in theory local (theoretical subjects) and in practical driving instruction (practice). After the end of each lesson, driving instructor and driver's pupil with their signatures in the schoolmaster's copy of the lesson plan confirm the implementation of the lesson.

5) During practice at regular way should an approved driving instructor to be in the next eleven vehicle combination. The instructor tells deemed to be the driver of the vehicle combination.

6) learning plan with accompanying teacher's Guide can be found on the national police force's website (www.politi.dk) and on www.retsinfo.dk.



10.1.2 Setting for driving test

The student must have knowledge of the following legal provisions:




1) driving licences shall be issued by the police after passing the driving test.

2) driving test shall be reported to the police examiner.

3) For military personnel and for personnel at Emergency preparedness must undergo a driving test for special run judges.

4) Setting for the driving test is done by completing and signing an approved application form and mail it to the municipality.

5) When teaching is completed, the instructor tells with his signature on the application form to confirm that the applicant has received training in accordance with the curriculum.

6) application form must be accompanied by:

a) medical certificate with information about applicant's health and State of health.

b) health card or similar proof of social security number.

(c)) look alike photo (portrait with no headgear) size 35 x 45 mm and without stamps, but with a doctor's endorsement on the back.



10.1.3 licence categories and entitlements

The student must have knowledge of that licence categories D/E gives the right to the following vehicles:




1) Combination in connection with driving licences for categories D consisting of a towing vehicle of a category D vehicle and a trailer with a maximum authorized weight exceeding 750 kg.

2) Large trailer in relation to category B (regular car).



10.2 Run sample implementation

Main objectives

The student must be informed of the applicable guidelines for running the test content and implementation and by the ex-ante evaluation tests in the run the school gain experience in test situation conditions.

Milestones

10.2.1 requirement for driving test

The student must have knowledge of the following legal provisions:




1) driving test the driving examiner must judge whether applicants have acquired the knowledge and skills that are determined by the description of milestones in the curriculum for that licence categories.

2) driving test shall be divided into a theory test and a practical test. Theory test must be passed before moving up to the practical test.

3) Applicants must know the theory test and the practical test bring the application for driving license and run the schoolmaster's copy of the lesson plan.

4) Applicants can not submit a driving test unless the driver training has been conducted in accordance with the provisions of the licence notice. This means that the theory test will only be presented when the learner has received training in teaching plan 1. title up to and including 8. section, as well as in the relevant sections from the teaching plan 10. section. The practical test may be presented when the learner has received instruction in all sections of the curriculum.



10.2.2 theory test

The student must be familiar with the following guidelines for the theory test and by evaluative tests in driving school have obtained knowledge of test conditions:











1)





The test usually has a duration of approximately half an hour.







2)





The test is written and implemented upon presentation of a randomly selected series among national police approved lysbilledsæt with spoken questions and corresponding check form for reply.







3)





Applicants who, because of special circumstances, there should be documented, cannot take an usual written examination, may be referred to a special test, where the qualified e.g. Narrator questions or stops the tape recorder between each question. Slide series and check forms shall also be used during special test. Dyslexia can not justify a special test.







4)





The enclosure will be closed at the agreed meeting time. Applicants who meets too late and after the test has begun, can not get access to the enclosure and must schedule new trial against payment.







5)





Applicants will be advised before the test on the sample implementation and conditions, including how the check form must be filled out, and it made abundantly clear that the use of assistive devices is not allowed.







6)





During the test have only driving examiner and the applicants access to the enclosure.







7)





At the theory test test aspirant must bring:





 



(a))






Application duly completed in working condition.





 



(b))





Special identification:





 

 



in)





Any previously issued driving licences (Community model (credit card-type)), or





 

 



(ii))





Valid passport, or





 

 



(iii))





the original baptismal or birth certificate names, as well as photo identification.





 

 



(iv))





If the social security number or date of birth and place of birth is not clear from the passport or driving licence must also be presented a paper credential issued by a public authority, of which social security number or name and birth place is clear.





 

 



v)





If there are changed its name, and this name does not appear in the above mentioned documents, should the name change be documented upon presentation of a marriage certificate, name certificate or documentation for review to marriage authority or the population register.





 



(c))





Run the schoolmaster's copy of the lesson plan in the duly completed condition.







8)





The test will be assessed after the national police force's paper.







9)





The result of the test shall be notified immediately after the test rating. Applicants must be informed which items in the curriculum that is incorrectly answered.












10.2.3 the practical test

The student must be familiar with the following guidelines for the practical test and by evaluative tests in driving school have obtained knowledge of test conditions:











1)





The trip time is devoted to the assessment of the applicant's skills and behaviour in traffic, shall not be less than 45 minutes.





 




In addition to the run time should be set aside time for verification of the applicant's identity, information on the test course, connection and disconnection of vehicles, control of the vehicle's equipment, the evaluation of the test cycle, etc. The probationary period may be extended if necessary and can be interrupted, if the applicant's driving skill is very poor.







2)





Test drive implemented with the examiner beside the aspirant in a combination of vehicles which comply with the provisions of annex I, and the Executive order on which licence applicants themselves must make available. The instructor tells the can, unless the applicant or the examiner has major objections to it, witness the test. As part of the test site quality assurance of the practical test, a sample can be further qualified by prior orientation of the instructor tells the witness test.







3)





During the test, the aspirant is considered as carriage of the train driver with the resulting responsibilities and obligations.







4)





The practical test starts with the private car and trailer side-by-side. Applicants must therefore start the test with the interconnection of the vehicles. The sample shall be discharged by unplugging at hængs line re thaw jet. If the vehicles of spatial reasons cannot be placed next to each other, the private car instead placed behind the trailer. The test is started by that person placed on past the trailer and the car briefly stops up on its side and then linking the vehicles. By the end of the test is disconnected the trailer.





 



During the docking maneuvers to category D/E instructor tells or another person may be able to help with providing information about the distance between car and trailer by means of signs and/or verbal instructions. After the vehicles are positioned so that further power-up can be carried out, must the aspirant does not receive additional help







5)





Skill of control of the trailer statutory equipment included as part of the practical test. During the review, applicants without the use of tools, examine and adopt a position on whether the parts tested, abide, including could explain how checks are carried out. In addition, the applicant could designate where the specified error may occur, as indicated in the learning plan section.







6)





The aspirant must run after the examiners instructions for routing and maneuvers. Instructions be given clearly and in good time to the aspirant can perceive and understand them and reach to prepare and perform the assigned. The examiner looking sample in such a way that applicants are not forced out of abnormal traffic situations or be encouraged to act against traffic rules and safety in General. The examiner should intervene with the use of the car of the train control equipment, if it is necessary for reasons of safety or in order to avoid collision.







7)





The maneuvers, which is rehearsed in the preliminary drills on their way, not by the test is carried out separately, but are included in connection with the normal operation of the vehicle combination while driving. However, behind the run run sel enter into at random, but can only be required performed with any precision.







8)





Individual less serious error may not in itself mean that the sample is judged as not-passed, since the applicant's driving should be assessed as a whole.







9)





The result of the test shall be notified immediately after the end of the test. Applicants who have not passed, must be informed, what skill requirements in the curriculum that is not satisfactorily fulfilled.







10)





By the practical test, the aspirant must bring:





 



(a))






The application is completed and signed.





 



(b))





Any previously issued driver's license.





 



(c))





Special identification:





 

 



in)





Any previously issued driving licences (Community model (credit card-type)), or





 

 



(ii))





Valid passport, or





 

 



(iii))





the original baptismal or birth certificate names, as well as photo identification.





 

 



(iv))





If the social security number or date of birth and place of birth is not clear from the passport or driving licence must also be presented a paper credential issued by a public authority, of which social security number or name and birth place is clear.





 

 



v)





If there are changed its name, and this name does not appear in the above mentioned documents, should the name change be documented upon presentation of a marriage certificate, name certificate or documentation for review to marriage authority or the population register.





 



(d))





Run the schoolmaster's copy of the lesson plan in filled condition.











10.3 Furthermore, statutory provisions on driving licences

Main objectives

The student must be informed about the most important legal provisions relating to driving licences.

Milestones

10.3.1 Running the card's validity

The student must have knowledge of the following legal provisions:




1) driving licence is normally valid until it is filled 50 years, but may in exceptional cases be issued with shorter validity and subject to specified conditions.

2) When the period of validity expires, the licence is renewed for shorter periods of time by applying to the municipality.

3) while driving, one must have the licence with him and, on request, show it to the police.

4) if the card is damaged or lost, you must contact the municipality in order to obtain a new one.



10.3.2 participation and recovery of driving licence

The student must have knowledge of the following legal provisions:




1) If police have reason to believe that a driver can no longer fulfil the conditions for having a driving licence, can the police involve or summon the person concerned to a controlling driving test.

2) Is leading the Court denied, can run the card usually only recovered after passing the controlling driving test. If the controlling driving test must be carried out by a first-time transferee, who previously carried out special driving instruction. The special driving instruction must be carried out in an approved driving instructor and must include at least a number of lessons in theory and in practical driving instruction room (practice).

3) If the right is denied as a result of drunk driving (or before september 1, 2005 for the alcohol drive) must be carried out to a course in alcohol and traffic (A/T course) and passed a controlling driving test.


4) first-time transferees of licences (i.e. holders of driving licences either to category A or category B) will by certain violations of traffic law get a driving ban or an unconditional disqualification. This applies to all who have not yet had the first driving licence for 3 years.

5) driving licence holders will get by certain traffic offences in addition to a fine also a» clip in the driving licence '. E.g. If you are running more than 30 per cent for strong, running out for red, or if children under the age of 15 years are not strapped in the car. 3 clips within 3 years leads to a suspended disqualification. Cut card apply to gross violations of traffic law, which does not in itself entail disqualification, but as exposing others to danger.

6) For first-time transferees of licences is the rules tighter, since driving ban is achieved already after 2 clips within 3 years.

Official notes 1) Ordinance contains provisions implementing Council Directive No. 91/439/EEC on driving licences (Official Journal 1991 L 237, p. 1), as amended, and certain parts of the European Parliament and Council Directive 2006/126/EC of 20. December 2006 on driving licences (the official journal of the European Union 2006 nr. L 403, page 18).